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Book Review Quantenmechanik und Theorie des Moleklbaues (Quantum Mechanics and the Theory of Molecular Structure) By W. M. Tatewski

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B O O K REVIEWS
Table of Ion Energies for Metastable Transitions in Mass
Spectrometry. By J. H. Beynon, R. M. Capnoli, A. W . Kundert and R. B. Spencer. Elsevier Publishing Company,
Amsterdam-London-New York 1970. 1st Edit., 506 pp.,
bound, Dfl. 70.00.
“Metastable ions”, i.e. ions which decompose on the way from
the ion source to the collector, play an important role in the
investigation of mass-spectrometric decomposition processes
because they yield information o n cleaved-off particles. Metastable ions lead to the formation of relatively broad bands in
the corresponding mass spectra. However, the low intensity of
such bands makes them difficult or impossible to detect.
To facilitate the task of detecting metastable ions Beynon, one
of the authors, has evolved an elegant method: normal ions from
the ion source of a double-focusing apparatus pass through the
field-free space with a kinetic energy E into the electrostatic
sector field. In contrast, metastable ions, which are decomposed
in the field-free space, carry only the fraction F = Em2/mlof
the kinetic energy of the parent ions, ml being the mass of the
parent ions and m2 that of the daughter ions. These ions can
only pass through the retarding potential if the voltage V in
the electrostatic sector field is reduced to the value Vm2/ml.
If the voltage is continuously changed from 0 to V, one obtains
a spectrum of the kinetic energies of all metastable transition
processes. Since in this case there is no overlap with the normal
spectrum, this technique constitutes a very sensitive method for
investigating metastable ions.
With the aid of the present tables the corresponding metastable
transition processes can easily be determined from the kinetic
energy values, which can be read off directly. This book will
therefore be an indispensable and time-saving tool for all laboratories in which IKE (ion kinetic energy) spectra are used
for the study of metastable ions.
Spiteffer [NB 923 IE]
Disinfection. Edited by M. A. Bernarde. Marcel Dekker, Inc.
New York 1970. 1st Edit., xiii, 466 pp., $ 24.50.
This book demonstrates that disinfection still belongs to an underdeveloped area of research. In many cases ultraconservatism
- “disinfection rituals” - stands in the way of the few new possibilities in the field of disinfection. In practice, disinfection IS
primarily a question of money and of suitable staff.
The book is aimed at all people working in research, hygiene,
and the foodstuffs industry who are interested in new discoveries
in the field of disinfection. Nineteen authors have contributed
to the book, most of them giving detailed reports on specialized
fields. The collaboration of the team of authors, however laudable in itself, sometimes leads to overlapping and unnecessary
repetition.
One is inclined to divide the book into a theoretical and a practical and technical part. The first part would have been improved
by condensing some parts and expanding others. Bacterial metabolism and mechanisms of action should perhaps have been put
in one chapter and the sites of action of the common disinfectants
and (in somewhat more detail) those of some antibiotics could
have been included in the metabolism and biosynthesis schemes.
A few basic theoretical aspects could also have been transferred
from the practical and technical section into the theoretical section which is rounded off with chapters on disinfection kinetics,
the destruction of resistant bacterial spores and viruses, the
scope for the application of gas disinfection, and the disinfection
problem per se (American hospitals).
Further reports on disinfection procedures in hospitals (Japan,
USSR) form the transition to the practical and technical section.
From this point on the book assumes something of the character
of a practical manual (which the editor wanted to avoid). Disinfection in the milk industry is treated in too much detail; there
Angew. Chem. internat. Edit. / Vol. 10 (1971) / N o . 2
is also a lot of information on the disinfection processes in the
foodstuffs, fish, and drinks industries.
The layout of the book is attractive. Some points of confusion
and a few printing errors should have been avoided.
Hans Bender [NB 920 IE]
Progress in Molecular and SubcellularBiology. Vol. 1. By B. W.
Agranoff,I. Davies, F. E. Habn, M. G. Mandel, N . S. Scott,
R. M. Smillie, and C. R. Woese, edited by E E. Hahn.
Springer-Verlag,
Berlin-Heidelberg-New York
1969.
1st Edit., vii, 237 pp. 32 figures, bound, DM 58.-.
Molecular biology has pleged itself, like a kind of religious
society, to a “central dogma” according to which DNA alone
regulates all life processes; it is always seeking new frontier regions in which to carry out its mission and establish regularities
that can be explained by physical phenomena. The law that derives from the central dogma is that of the “information flow”
(nothing is added to the clarity of this concept by the fact that
it is used so loosely and its meanings are so obviously varied),
controlled according to time, place, and quantity by membranes,
hormones, and nerve cells. Thus, after molecular genetics and
many other things, the study of nervous processes has now
caught the interest of molecular biologists.
The series “Progress in Molecular and Subcellular Microbiology” begins in a very promising way. The editors have commissioned several skilled and knowledgeable authors to write
within a wide, general framework. In a very well constructed section C.R. Woese deals with what intellectual and heuristic implications the solution of the genetic code had for molecular
biology. B. W. Agranoff has contributed a stimulating chapter
on the role of macromolecules in the cerebral function. H e
comes to the conclusion that the higher animals have a natural
behavior repertoire which is “1earnt”in a similar way to immune
body formation. A typical chapter on subcellular biology is that
which deals with the autonomic biosynthesis of chloroplasts,
written in lucid detail by R. M. Smillie and N. S. Scott. An
information molecule controls the formation of a complex structure: taking 5-fluorouracil as an example, H. G. Mandel describes what happens when artificial blockages and defects are
incorporated into such information molecules, while J. Davies
investigates the natural band width of the replication mechanisms.
All of these sections are informative and well presented, although many doubts remain as to the persuasive power of so
many ephemeral arguments. However, it is only recently that
exceptions to the central dogma and to the reliability of the
translation mechanisms have become known. The present book
is successful in its intention and will also serve to familiarize the
chemist with the thinking and the problems of the molecular
biologist.
L. Jaenicke
[NB 924 IE]
Quantenmechanik und Tbeorie des Molekiilbaues (Quantum
Mechanics and the Theory of Molecular Structure) By W.M.
Tatewski. Verlag Chemie GmbH, Weinheim/Bergstr. 1969.
1st Edit., 126 pp., numerous figures, stitched, DM 19.50.
The title of this book is misleading; it is not a n introduction to
current theory on chemical bonds and the electronic structure
of molecules. The author has instead set out to show, on the
basis of quantum mechanics, how well founded the concepts
and laws of classical structure theory are and where they can
be applied. He comes to the conclusion that at present it is not
possible in the case of polyatomic molecules to derive either
exactly or even approximately the concept of chemical bonding
145
or the structural formula from the general principles of quantum
mechanics. The only generally valid theoretical criterion for
the stability or instability of the states of a system of nuclei and
electrons is the presence of a minimum in the corresponding
energy surface.
The usual concepts of theoretical chemistry, for example valence
electrons, electron pair bonding, o-x-separation, and localization or delocalization of electrons, naturally have no place in
such a strict quantum theory of molecular structure. This
argument is presented in a very convincing manner, but it will
be of little help to the chemist in his attempts to understand
the relationships between the structure and properties of
molecules.
Martin KIessinger
[NB 930IEl
Lehrbuch der anorganischen Chemie (Textbook of Inorganic Chemistry). By A. F. Hollemann and E. Wiberg.
Walter de Gruyter & Co., Berlin 1971. 71st - 80th Edits.,
xxxii, 1209 pp-. bound, DM 58.-.
HolIeman’s textbook of inorganic chemistry, which in the fourth
decade of this century, having seen 21 editions, had been on
its last legs, was given an entirely new form by Egon Wzberg
in 1942. Teachers and students alike received the new work
with enthusiasm. It pointed the way for teaching in inorganic
chemistry and in less than 30 years appeared in another 50
editions.
Hitherto (21st-70th editions“]) the scope and content of the
work have been oriented primarily toward chemistry students
preparing for their preliminary examinations in inorganic chemistry. It also provided adequate information for those working
in other fields of chemistry and preparing for their diploma and
doctorate examinations. In the present editions (7lst-80th)
a wish long cherished by Wiberg has at last been fulfilled. The
textbook has been revised and, above all, expanded in such a
way that it can now also be used profitably by advanced inorganic chemists. Thus, the text has been extended to cover
1209 pages instead of the previous 766, the index of names
has been increased by a further 600 entries, and 6300 new keywords appear in the subject index. Introductory and comparative surveys, figures, tables, molecular and lattice structures, three-dimensional diagrams, short biographies, etymological derivations, and many other things besides have been
considerably extended. An extremely valuable feature is the
inclusion of 450 references to collective reviews and monographs: this gives interested readers easier access to sources
without further increasing the size of the textbook. The concentration o n problems of inorganic chemistry has unfortunately
meant that many technological processes have fallen the victim
of abridgement. These were a strong point of the earlier editions.
The author used a total of 25,000 personal index cards. It is
difficult to believe that one person could be capable nowadays
of preparing such a comprehensive work covering the whole
field of inorganic chemistry.
It would be impossible for such a book to be without any faults.
The critic should bear in mind, however, that this work is written
for inorganic specialists. A person who looks at inorganicchemistry e.g. from the point of view of an expert in bond theory,
molecular dynamics, or structural clarification will find little to
satisfy him. It is difficult to suit everyone. In the ultimate
analyses every critic should write a textbook for his own private
use.
Time will tell whether it was wise to expand the textbook so
much in one volume. I myself think that it would have been
better to have two 700-page volumes, an introductory one and
an advanced one. Young people who carry pleasure as their
banner and not work, who leave school incapable of independent academic work, who cling to the apron strings of their tutors
and instructors, and who have to have their knowledge predigested for them will not be able to manage this book if their
teachers do not break down the factual content into much smaller units and build up the students’ knowledge step by step.
Although the price of the book is fairly reasonable, some features are to be deplored. The covers of the two copies sent to
the reviewer were already torn when they were unpacked, one
of the pairs of red-green spectacles was faulty, and many bond
lines were incorrectly printed (pp. 396, 397, 409, 414, etc.).
The pop colors of the cover (orange on sky blue) are regrettable.
It is also surprising that the publishers should publish 10 editions at once instead oE taking into account the suggestions for
corrections received from readers after one or two editions. As
it is, errors will be perpetuated over many years.
It should also be pointed out that the index of names could
cause confusion as to the scientific significance of the entries,
although the frequency of the citations is governed mainly by
the output (monographs) of the authors quoted, and that the
chronological table on the history of inorganic and general
chemistry is made up, doubtless to the regret of all inorganic
chemists that have been working on research in the past few
decades, almost exclusively of discoveries in the field of physics
(preservation of parity, the first reactor built in West Germany,
the discovery of the antineutrino and of the Q particle, construction of the ruby laser, etc.).
The reader might be inclined to take these criticisms as an indication that the reviewer is concerned much ,more with the
faults of the book than with its good points. This could not be
further from the truth. If I were asked whether I could name
a better textbook on inorganic chemistry my unhesitating answer would be no.
Ulrich Wannagat [NB 932IEl
[l] Cf. Angew. Chem. internat. Edit. 4,265 (1965).
Regisrered names, rrademarks. etc. used in this journal, even wjrhout specific indication rhereof, are nor
10
be considered unprorecred by law.
0 Verlag Chemie GmbH, Weinheim 1971. - Printed in Germany by Herder Druck GmbH, Freiburg i. Br.
AII rights reserved (including rhose oftranslation into foreign languages). No part of this issue may be reproduced in any form - by photoprint, microfilm. or any other means nor trancmitted or translated into a machine language without the permmion in writing of the publishers Editoripl office: BoschsrraBe 12, 6940 Weinheim/Bergstr., Germany, Telephone 3791, Telex 4655 16 vchwh d.
Editor: H. Griinewald . Trsnsl~tionEditors: A I. Racksfraw and A. Stimson.
Publisben: Verlag Chemie GmbH. (Managing Directors h r g e n Kreuzbage and Hans Schemer) Pappelallee 3, 6Y40 WeinheudBergstr , Germany, and Academic Press Inc.
(Premdent Walter 3. Johnson), 111 Fifth Avenue. N e w York 3, N.Y., USA, and Berkeley Square House. Berkeley Square, London, W. I., England.
Correspondence concerning advertisements should be addressed to Verlag Chemie GmbH. (Advertising Manager W. Thiel), 6940 WeinheimIBergstr., Pappelallee 3,
P.O.Box 129/149 Germany, Telephone Weinhelm (06201) 3635, Telex 4655 16 vchwh d.
146
Angew. Chem. internat. Edit. / Vol. 10 (1971) / N o . 2
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