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Book Review Reaktionen an und in Festen Stoffen (Reactions on and in Solid Substances). By K. Hauffe

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citation of the X-radiation by a focused electron beam. Other
techniques such as those involvinggelectron and X-ray
absorption, electron scattering, and X-ray and electron
diffraction are treated more briefly because of their lesser
analytical importance. Electron microscopy is omitted.
The presentation is illustrated by means of many examples
that are taken from the literature or from the authors’ own
researches. An exhaustive list of references is added to each
of the five chapters; in particular, the last chapter, which
concerns actual examples from research, has a literature
appendix containing 238 references, arranged according to
subjects. In view of the wide range of material considered,
and the fact that it is partly new, it is not surprising that a
few errors occur, e.g. the explanation and numerical values
for resolving power o n p. 61 and some formulas and dimensions in section b o n pp. 83-89. An author index and a
(regrettably too short) subject index are attached. The book
will be a valuable help to all engaged in electron and X-ray
H . Massmann
[NB 678 IE]
microanalysis.
111 Cf. Angew. Chem. 75, 239 (1964).
Kernmagnetische Resonanz (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance).
By H. Sillescu. Springer-Verlag, Berlin-Heidelberg-New
York 1966. 1st Edit., viii, 136 pp., illustrations, D M 32.-.
Nuclear magnetic resonance spectra, particularly highresolution spectra of organic liquids, present the chemist with
clear relations to the parameters of a given molecule; the former assumption that theoretical calculations would be fruitful
in this field has indeed proved accurate during recent years.
However, for a thorough understanding the chemist needs
knowledge of sections of theoretical physics that had to be
sought out tediously from textbooks written for physicists.
In this area the present book fills a gap for German-speaking
chemists, in that the classical relations are briefly summarized
and applied to the operator formalism of quantum mechanics,
thence are derived the consequences that apply to nuclear
resonance spectroscopy, and indeed in a breadth and with a
detail that do not use a phrase such as “a short calculation
shows that” to fob off the chemist who is not always very
proficient in mathematics.
The theory of broad line nuclear resonance spectroscopy, as
well as that of high-resolution techniques, are treated very
thoroughly, but the double resonance methods that are so
important for the organic chemist are barely mentioned.
Chapters o n quadrupole coupling and relaxation phenomena
complete the physical section. However, the mathematical
appendix is likely to be too brief for the chemist who has had
only the minimum of training. In spite of its didactically
precise construction the book requires concentrated reading
by the beginner; for the expert it will be a welcome revision.
The production is good, but in the interest of a lower price it
could have been more economical.
E. G. Hofmann
[NB 667 IE]
Reaktionen an und in Festen Stoffen (Reactions o n and in
Solid Substances). By K. Hauffe. Anorganische und Allgemeine Chemie in Einzeldarstellungen (Inorganic and
General Chemistry), Volume 11. Springer-Verlag, BerlinHeidelberg-New York 1966. 2nd revised Edit., xii, 968 pp.,
525 illustrations, D M 148.-.
The first edition of this book was reviewed in this Journal [*I
over ten years ago. Since that time, “on and in”, as this book
is called in the laboratory, has proved a reliable guide to
research in the field of solid-state reactions, and what was
said then still applies today. The work rests on two foundations: disorder theory and diffusion theory. Great progress
[*] Cf. Angew. Chem. 68, 631 (1956).
242
has meanwhile been made in both areas, also in their relation
to solid-state chemistry, and not least through two symposia,
severally in Amsterdam and Munich. It is thus not surprising
that the author has wished to modernize his book; but it is
surprising that he has found the time and strength for such
an undertaking; the shear increase in size from 700 to 1000
pages shows how much had to be done. However, the
increased range and the increased documentation promotes
the book from the ground state of a textbook for students
into the conductivity band of a handbook for the active
research worker.
The general layout of the book has not changed. After a
general chapter o n defect phenomena, defects in ionic and
covalent crystals are treated as special cases, and boundarylayer phenomena receive particular emphasis. Then follows
the extensive chapter on diffusion, and thus the ground is
prepared for discussion of special groups of phenomena:
oxidation (scaling), formation of higher ionic compounds
(additions), reduction, and roasting. A final chapter briefly
collects together what has not yet been discussed in the
book: ceramics and metal ceramics, photography, catalyst
carriers, passivity, deformability, crystal growth, epitaxy.
Treatment of this very varied material is brought up to date
in the present edition. The means by which this was done are
as follows. The theoretical part of the chapter on diffusion
has been completely revised by C. Seyfert, a former collaborator of the author and now in Karlsruhe; it now provides
solutions for the most varied geometries and boundary conditions. Except for a number of additions, the atomistic part
of this chapter has undergone little change. The electrochemistry of ionic crystals has been included at appropriate
places in the text; progress since the first edition makes it now
possible to obtain some information about defects and
carrier activities from potential measurements on solid-state
cells.
New results o n the interaction of gases with semiconductors
are discussed in the hope that these phenomena will become
more important to catalysis and to the reduction of ores,
though progress in these directions is not yet remarkable.
Much new material has been added concerning oxidation of
metals and reduction of ores.
This book thus bears witness to steady progress in solid-state
chemistry with the help of solid-state physics, but progress is
not marked by spectacular breakthroughs. An impression,
admittedly a fleeting one, was formed by the reviewer that
the first edition, conceived originally as a whole, has not
absorbed the newer experimental material quite homogeneously, but that the latter has been treated more in the
form of abstracts and thus creates a kind ofdisturbance. This
was probably unavoidable and will certainly not stop “on
and in” from being, in the future as hitherto, a faithful
and indispensible aid for all solid-state chemists.
G.-M. Schwa6
LNB 676 IE]
Der Stoffwechsel im Zentralnervensystem (Metabolism in the
Central Nervous System). By N . Seiler. Verlag Georg
Thieme, Stuttgart 1966. xi, 139 pp., 23 illustrations, 11
tables, paperback, D M 24.-.
This volume in the monograph series “Biochemie und Klinik” (Biochemistry and the Clinic) gives a welcome survey
of present views on basic dynamic biochemistry, exemplified
for the central nervous system in physiological and pathological states. General metabolic processes, as they occur in
other organs, are first described as an essential preliminary
for understanding of special functions, and then the peculiarities of the central nervous system are set out. In this
way the metabolic problems such as anoxia, narcosis, and
mental illnesses which are so typical for the brain are explained. The author describes in particular detail the metabolic disturbances that so often lead to mental illness.
Angew. Chem. internat. Edit. / Yol. 7 (1968) No. 3
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