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Book Review Rings Clusters and Polymers of Main Group and Transition Elements. Edited by H. W

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Heats of Vaporization of Fluids. By I.: Mujer, K Svobodu and
J. Pick. Elsevier, Amsterdam 1988. 344p., hard cover
DFI 295.00.--ISBN 0-444-98920-X
The heat of vaporization is a thermodynamic quantity
which plays an important part in the design of many chemical engineering processes. This book gives a very good survey of the methods now available for estimating or experimentally determining the heats of vaporization of pure
substances and mixtures, with the emphasis on organic liquids.
It consists of eight chapters on pure substances, a further
eight on mixtures, and four appendices, and covers all important aspects of the subject. First the fundamental thermodynamic relationships between the heat of vaporization and
the vapor pressure, the specific heats, the phase composition
and the p , V,T data are summarized briefly but in an easily
comprehensible form. The various experimental methods
based on these relationships for determining the heat of vaporization, either by direct calorimetric measurements or
indirectly, are then described, together with many different
experimental arrangements and their respective advantages
and disadvantages. The empirical methods and correlations
used for calculating heats of vaporization are discussed in
detail, their application being illustrated by examples in every case. Azeotropic mixtures, mixtures containing non-volatile components, and those with components which associate, are given special treatment and the special points to be
noted in these cases are explained. In addition there is a
critical survey of the purposes to which heats of vaporization
of pure substances can be applied. The appendices give details of methods recommended as suitable for calculating the
p , KT data that are usually needed in applying heats of vaporization in practical situations. Extensive bibliographies
are appended to all the chapters.
The book aims to be a useful resource for all scientists and
process development engineers who need data on heats of
vaporization, and it fulfills this objective very well, though it
assumes that the user already has a basic knowledge of
thermodynamics. However, the price is very high, which
could result in copies of the book being mainly confined to
Riidiger N . Lichtenthuler [NB 1021 IE]
Physikalisch-chemisches Institut
der Universitat Heidelberg (FRG)
C, Hydrocarbons and Derivatives-Resources, Production,
Marketing. By J Schulze and M . Homunn. Springer,
Berlin 1989. xi, 239 pp., hardcover, DM 228.00.-ISBN
This book by Schulze and Homunn offers a good and
detailed insight into the industrial chemistry of C, compounds and their derivatives. The first half of the book is
devoted to the chemistry and process technology of the compounds, and the second is concerned more with economic
aspects such as the competitive situation and price structure
for these chemicals. The book contains a great deal of detailed information and numerical data, since both authors
have excellent connections with the chemical and petrochemicals industries; in fact one of them works in industry.
The book is divided into seven chapters. After an introductory chapter dealing with fundamentals such as the
properties and specifications of the C, hydrocarbons, Chapter 2 describes the processes currently used for the separation
or synthesis of C, hydrocarbons and the corresponding alde1490
Ver~RgsgeselIsrhaflmbH. W-6940 Weinheim, 1990
hydes and alcohols. This chapter is very concisely written
and assumes that the reader already has some basic knowledge. For example, the several variants of the Mobil process
are described in only a few sentences, the latest developments
of the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis are covered in one short
paragraph, and the production of I-butene by the SHOP
process is only mentioned in one sentence. By contrast Chapter 3, which describes processes for separating C, hydrocarbons and the wide-ranging chemistry based on these, including the latest developments, is very detailed. In Chapter 4 the
industrial processes based on butane, butenes and butadiene
are summarized in clear reaction schemes, supported by production figures. Chapter 5 is concerned with the market situation for C, products, and Chapter 6 evaluates the market
prospects for derivatives of C, hydrocarbons, taking as examples motor fuels and C,-based polymers. Chapter 7 then
gives a further short survey of the most important cross-relationships and recent developments in industrial C, chemistry.
This book is an unqualified must for everyone who is
involved with C, products and their marketing. The clear
product charts and process flow diagrams, the extensive bibliography (over 350 references, covering publications up to
1987 in some parts), and the remarkably detailed numerical
data make this book one of the most important available
works of reference on C, chemicals. However, it is not very
suitable for use as a student textbook, since considerable
previous knowledge is assumed.
Arno Behr [NB 1087 IE]
Henkel KGaA
Diisseldorf (FRG)
Rings, Clusters and Polymers of Main Group and Transition
Elements. Edited by H. W Roesky. Elsevier, Amsterdam
1989. 560 pp., hardcover DF1350.00. - ISBN 0-44488172-7
This volume, edited by a leading authority in the field,
H. W Roesky, features 11 chapters on a variety of topics
broadly described by the title. The book is in the type offset
format, presumably to effect savings on the costs and on the
time of the production process. Unfortunately, this has not
resulted in a price that would tempt many chemists, even
those active in the field, into a purchase. Nevertheless, the
authors have maintained a standard of presentation of the
material that is uniformly high, and there are only a few
errors. A brief subject index is also provided. As might be
expected the material is very much up to date (1989) and this
is a very positive feature of the volume. In some respects, this
collection of topics brings up to date and expands the relevant material for some of the chapters in the recently published two volume review monograph edited by Huiduc and
Sowerby entitled “The Chemistry of Inorganic Homo- and
Heterocycles”.[*’The extremely rapid developments in some
of the published areas described are readily apparent in a
comparison of the two publications.
However, it would be a mistake to characterize this volume as solely an updated version of the Huiduc and Sowerby
monograph. The majority of the topics are either unique or
only have partial overlap with material previously published.
Examples are the chapters on “Boron Hydride Clusters” by
N . N . Greenwood, “Polysilanes” by E. Hengge and H . Stiiger
(which complements the corresponding chapter on “Cyclopolysilanes” in the previous monograph), “Germanium[*] Angew. Chem. f00(1988) 1017; Angew. Chem. I n [ . Ed. Engl. 27(1988) 1107
0570-0833/90jt212-1490 h? 3.50+.25/0
Angew. Chem. Inr. Ed. Engl. 29 (1990) N o . I2
Carbon Rings” by P . Mazeroiies, and “Rings with Phosphorus Carbon Multiple Bonds” by E. Fluck and B. Neumiilier.
Other chapters deal with the very active interface between
main group and transition metal chemistry. Included in this
category are “Multiple Bonds between Transition and Main
Group Element Atoms“ by W A. Herrmann, “Organometallic IK Systems” by G. Huttner and H. Lung, and “Clusters of
Metals and Nonmetals” by K . H . Whitmire. A significant
portion of this material has been reviewed earlier by these
three authors but is here updated and expanded. Also included is a chapter by the editor on “Unsaturated 4,6 and 8membered Metalloheterocycles and Metal Polymers”. The
timeliness of this chapter, in the light of recent developments
in this field, can be gauged from the references, most of
which date from the 1980’s. Phosphorus-nitrogen ring systems are represented in a chapter entitled “Azaphospholes”
by A . Schmidpeter and K. Karaghiosoff: The vast array of
structural types and many novel classes of compound encompassed within the heading “Polynuclear Transition Metal Complexes with Sulfur Ligands” are reviewed by B. Krebs
and G. Henkel. The review includes both sulfide and thiolate
ligands. The huge scope of this chapter is reflected in over
400 references, even though 1,I -dithiolate and 1,2-dithiolenes, complexes with partial chalcogen spheres, and abiotic
dithio ligands are excluded.
In summary, this book covers the very rapid developments
in selected modern topics in the general area of inorganic
rings, clusters and polymers. The distinguished list of authors who are all major contributors to their respective fields
has ensured that the coverage is thorough. It is a book which
every research library should have.
Philip P . Power [NB 1074 IE]
Department of Chemistry
University of California
Davis, CA (USA)
ters 3 and k i n very bad English and with many typographical errors-deal with the occurrence of Fusarium and
mycotoxins in maize, wheat oats and rye, with special reference to Poland, while Chapter 5 contains a detailed discussion of problems in Mediterranean countries. Chapters 17 to
19 deal with subject matter which is similar, and in some
cases is even the same. In Chapter 6 a new variant of the
Artemia-saiina bioassay procedure is described. The following chapter is a survey of the literature on trichothecene
poisoning in fish. The chapters on the metabolism of trichothecenes in animals are lucid and comprehensible. Also
interesting are the chapters on the hyperparasitism of Fusarium on some species of Claviceps, and the role of cutinase
and cell-wall destroying enzymes in the process whereby
plants become infected with Fusarium. A very nice conclusion is provided by the final chapter on the occurrence of
Fusarium toxins in cereal crops and animal feeds in Europe.
The latest literature (up to 1988) is covered, and the tables
contain a great deal of clearly presented information.
Taken as a whole this multi-author volume is very nonuniform and i s not well balanced. The treatments of many of
the topics could have been shortened by leaving out all the
information that is duplicated from one chapter to another.
This editing should have been possible during the interval of
two years between the seminar and the appearance of the
In my view the book can only be recommended for phytopathologists, since that is where the main emphasis of the
contributions lies. Food chemists, biochemists and chemists
will benefit little from it, especially as there is already a good
choice of books on the mycotoxins field, including some that
are better than this one.
Heidrun Anke [NB 1083 IE]
Lehrbereich Biotechnologie
der Universitat Kaiserslautern (FRG)
Fusarium Mycotoxins, Taxonomy and Pathogenicity. (Series :
Topics in Secondary Metabolism, Vol. 2). Edited by J.
Chelkowski. Elsevier, Amsterdam 1989. xiv, 492 pp., hardcover DFl325.00.-ISBN 0-444-87468-2
Thermochemical Data of Pure Substances. Parts I and 11. By
I. Barin. VCH Verlagsgesellschaft, Weinheim/VCH Publishers, New York 1989. Part I: x, 87 pp. Index, pp. 1-816;
Part 11: vi, pp. 817-1739; hardcover DM 680.00.-ISBN
This book of about 500 pages is based on a seminar on the
topic named in the title which took place in September 1987
in Warsaw. It contains 26 contributions on various topics
relating to molds of the genus Fusarium and their toxic
metabolites. The emphasis in over half the articles is on the
phytopathological aspects, whereas the chemical and analytical aspects are not adequately covered.
The problems of Fusarium taxonomy are discussed in detail, though it is regrettable that in Chapter 10 only the
European species of Fusarium are treated. For those who are
not experts in taxonomy Table 1 of this chapter is very useful,
as this lists the different names used in the three “schools”
for a given species. However, the list of Fusarium metabolites
given in Chapter 1 is incomplete; it does not include the
apotrichothecenes, nor fumonisin B, which is mentioned in
Chapters 2 and 12. Not all the calonectrin derivatives are
listed. In the bibliography one searches in vain for the “Natural Products Database” produced by Berdy et al.; on the
other hand there are unnecessary references to many of the
older original papers. For many compounds only the trivial
name is given, not the systematic name nor the numbering.
Instead of log E the symbol E, is used, although the values
given for this are the same as those given in the literature for
log E. Chapter 2 gives a competent treatment of fusarin C.
One wishes that all the chapters were so well written. ChapAngew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 29 (1990) No. I2
Anyone who had the experience of using a thermochemical data collection such as “Barin, Knacke and
Kubaschewski” (1973,1977) for everyday reference, whether
for calculating reaction equilibria, estimating the ranges of
conditions under which species exist, or determining the cell
potentials of electrochemical chains, will welcome this updated work, with I. Barin as sole author.
Almost 2400 substances are covered, including 100 organic materials and, among inorganic substances, exotic species
such as C,, PuC,.,, and Th,N,O. The wealth ofcompounds
listed undoubtedly makes this collection of tables the most
complete data compilation of its kind in existence, and when
one also takes into account the attractive presentation, the
relatively high price of DM 680 becomes justified. It is also
of interest to the user to know that the thermodynamic information is also available in computer-readable form (though
this is unfortunately not included in the price). Comparing
this work with “Barin, Knacke and Kubaschewski”, not
only have some data been revised and new compounds included (thus confirming the need for this new version), but
also a number of previously listed substances have been
omitted. It would have been useful to give the reasons in
these cases, since even a rejection of earlier data contains
useful information.
k2rlagsgesell.whaft mbH, W-6940 Weinheim. 1990
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