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Book Review Rmpps Chemie-Lexikon (Rmpp's Lexiden of Chemistry). By O.-A. Neumller

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Copolymers ( 2 ) of vinyl chloride and acrylic ester units can
bc prepared by free-radical copolymerization of vinyl chloride
with carbon monoxide in thc presence of an alcohol. A vinyl
chloride-acryloyl chloride copolymer ( I ) is first formed, and
at pH 6-10.5 and at 65-105 C. The free acids can be
obtained by acidification to pH 1.3--2. The alkali metal salts
of (2) are extremely suitable for the complcxing of nickel,
copper, zinc. and iron ions. The nickcl, copper. and zinc
complexes can be used for the control of the metal ion concentration of electroplating baths. Zinc and iron complexes are
suitable for the supply of complexed zinc and iron to growing
plants.The tetracarboxylicacid (2). R ’ =CH,COOH. R’= H,
can be used as a stabilizer for developers in color photography.
[DOS 2234905; W. R. Grace & Co.. New York (USA)]
[PR 201 IE--D]
this reacts further with the alcohol to form (2). [DOS
221 1380; Montecatini Edison, S. p. A., Milan (Italy)]
[PR 195 IE--W]
P-Hydroxy-x-amino acids ( 5 ) can be prepared in a four-step
process from the amino alcohols ( 1 ). The process can be
advantageously used r.y. for the synthesis of serinc from
R’1 i 3
Chelate-forming amino acids having the formula ( 2 ) are
formed as their alkali metal salts from aqueous solutions
of amino compounds ( 1 ) by reaction with epichlorohydrin
I
I
A2
A
HO-c-c i x r i 2
H-02
11’ H3
I
tilt.
It‘ H3
I
I
I
I
KZ NH-OH
(3)
I
II(‘Y
A
R2
2)
(1)
HO-C-C-CI\;
I
IJO-C-C--ZOIJ
1120
It1 K3
.
I
I
H
I
I
cat.
130-C-c-C00II
X 2NH-OH
(4)
rtl 1t3
I
I
130-C-C-COO11
A2A H 2
(5)
R ’ . R’, R ’ = H o r suhstitiitcd or unsuhstitutcd d i p h a t i c , iirom:itic. cycloaliphatic. or hetcrocyclic residues containins I - 8 C atoms
aminoethanol (yield 58 YO).[DOS 2326874; Snam Progetti
S. p. A,. Milan (Italy)].
[PR 202 IE---D]
BOOK REVIEWS
Rompps Chemie-Lexikon (Rompp’s Lexicon of Chemistry).
By 0 . - A . Neumiiller. Franckh’sche Verlagshandlung, W.
Keller & Co., Stuttgart 1973. 7th Edit. Vol. 2, D-G, 625
pp. + 18 p. Appendix, 21 5 figures, bound DM 125.--, ISBN
3-440-03852-1; Vol. 3, H-L, 659 pp.+ 19 p. Appendix,
170 figures, bound DM 125.--, ISBN 3.440-03853-X.
The publication of the first volume of the fully revised and
expanded “Rompp” (to appear in 6 volumes instead of 4)
was announced in October 1972”l. Volumes 2 and 3 (letters
D--G and H-L), which were edited under the direction
of 0 . - A . Nrumiiller with the assistance of K . Esser and K .
Sirkmunn, have now been published. The editors have set
themselves the ambitious target of completing the 7th edition,
for which a file of more than 160000 cards will have to be
dealt with, by 1975 at the latest. It is their intention that none
of the entries from the 6th edition should be incorporated
into the 7th edition without revision, and that new terms
from the current literature should be included at the same
time. On browsing through the volumes, in fact, one finds
frequent references to works published in 1972 and even 1973
to allow further reading on the problem in hand. In most
cases, however, sufficient information is given in the text under
the entries. The explanations of the entries are clear and
understandable. Special care has been taken to follow the
IUPAC nomenclature in the naming of chemical substances.
However, this does not mean that older names that are still
Anyrw. Chrm. i n f r m a f .Edit.
Vol. 13 ( 1 9 7 4 )
No. 7
in common use, such as Kaliumsulfhydrut and Kuliumsilicofluorid are omitted.
Many new terms are included in the 7th edition. For example,
on leafing through one finds H M O theory, hot melts, INDOR,
jogs, and KWIC index. Some entries already found in the
6th edition, such as Insecticides, have been considerably
expanded. Valuable references are made to recent commercial
products, suggesting that catalogs and brochures have been
carefully monitored and sifted. The care with which the
volumes published so far have been edited, composed, corrected, and printed is commendable.
There is no doubt that chemists will find the new “Rompp”
valuable in their daily work. However, it can also be warmly
recommended to workers in neighboring fields.
Christiun Wriske [NB 198 IE]
[ 11 Cf. Angew. Chem. internat. Edit. 1 I , 947 (1972)
Physikalische Organische Chemie (Physical Organic Chemistry). Reaction Rates, Equilibria, Mechanisms. By L. P. Hammett. Verlag Chemie, Weinheim 1973. viii, 41 3 pp., numerous
figures and tables, bound DM 59
More than 30 years ago, L. P. Hurnmetr gave an entire field
a name and a direction in his book “Physical Organic Chemistry”, which has now become a classic. In the present work,
487
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