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Book Review Smectic Liquid Crystals Textures and Structures. By G. W. Gray and J. W

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those scientists who publish in such journals that their
work is insufficiently cited.
For the preparative chemist as well as for those scientists
who have a need to know about the properties and reactivities of chemical compounds, three handbooks of chemistry which were published in German have been indispensable almost from the day of their respective founding: the
“Beilstein Handbuch der Organischen Chemie”, the
“Gmelin Handbuch der Anorganischen Chemie” and
“Houben-Weyl Methoden der Organischen Chemie”. Of
these, the Gmelin Handbook already has made the switch
from German to English. And now the Beilstein Handbook has done so as well. A comparison of the present volume with a previous one written in German shows that this
is not really such a very great change. There is little text in
a Beilstein volume and for many of the German scientific
words the English counterparts often are quite similar.
Nonetheless, this change from German to English will be
welcomed by all Beilstein users whose native language is
not German for it will facilitate their use of the Handbook.
It will be welcomed especially by the, alas, many who cannot read German at all.
The Beilstein Handbook celebrated its 100th birthday in
1981: in 1881 the first volume of the initial two volume set
appeared. With the publication of the second volume in
1883 the organic chemists of the day had available a register of about 15,000 compounds. In these two volumes
which totaled about 2200 pages they could find carefully
selected information about the preparation and properties
of these organic compounds, together with references to
the original literature, an immense help to anyone active in
organic research. F. K . Beilstein, the founder of the Handbook, born in Russia of German parents, spent his student
and early professional years in Germany, but returned to
Russia in 1866, at age 27, to become the successor of Mendeleeu at the Imperial Technical Institute in St. Petersburg.
However, his Handbook was published in Germany in the
German language. By the time of his death in 1906, the
third edition of his Handbook had just been published.
There is no doubt that it fulfilled an important need when
it first appeared and it won immediate acceptance by the
organic chemists of that time. Chemists of the latter part of
the 19th century were more literate in foreign languages
than the chemists of today and that the Beilstein Handbook was written in German presented no problems.
I n the succeeding years, through good times and bad,
the Beilstein Handbook has continued and grown. Its impact in the world of chemistry has been, right from the
start, considerable and it has become an indispensible aid
to the organic chemist. It is no exaggeration to say that no
library that services organic chemists can be considered
complete without a set of “Beilstein”. Nowhere else can
one find such a comprehensive coverage of critically selected data of organic compounds of all kinds. It would
appear that no stone is left unturned in this search for
facts. These are culled from original research publications,
patents, the review and monograph literature and theses.
The information provided for a given organic compound
may include its preparation, occurence in nature and isolation, physical properties, an indication of what spectroscopic properties have been reported, chemical reactivity
and transformations, key literature references. It is important to note that this coverage is not exhaustive in the sense
that all such information on a given compound is provided. As the present director of the Beilstein Institute has
pointed out, it is the task of the Beilstein workers to clarify
the inconsistencies found in the original research literature
Angen,. Chem. In/. Ed. Engl. 24 ( I 9 S j j No. 1 0
and omit incorrect data, to critically note ambiguous results, to ignore reported findings that are trivial in nature.
Thus, the Beilstein Handbook has as its commendable objective a critical evaluation of the organic literature. And
what a task this is! As noted already, the first two-volume
edition of the Beilstein Handbook of 1883 contained about
15,000 compounds. By 1940 about 400,000 compounds had
been reported in the research literature: in the ~ O ’ S ,already
one million. Today, one may estimate a count of nearly
five million! The Beilstein Institute at this point is nearing
completion of the Supplementary Series IV of the Fourth
Edition which covers the literature of the period 19501959. The next Supplementary Series V, which will cover
the period 1960-1980, will truly be a challenge since these
two decades have seen a veritable explosion of the organic
literature. We may be certain that the members of the Beilstein Institute will rise to this difficult challenge. The continuation of the life’s work of Friedrich Beilstein is in good
hands!
Dietmar Seyferth [NB 692 IE]
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (USA)
Smectic Liquid Crystals, Textures and Structures. By G. W.
Gray and J . W. Goodby, Leonard Hill, Glasgow 1984.
xvi, 162 pp., bound, L 46.00.-ISBN 0-249-44168-3
Textbooks on the liquid crystalline state or on liquid
crystals are a rarity. It is thus even more pleasing that this
new publication gives the first comprehensive survey. The
book has been written by internationally recognized experts for the practically oriented reader and for those interested in working with liquid crystals. It will contribute significantly towards ending the uncertainty still dominating
the original literature concerning the nomenclature of
smectic phases and thus could become the standard work
on srnectic liquid crystals.
The book consists of a textual section of 157 pages and
another portion with 124 photographs of the characteristic
textures of liquid crystalline phases taken under the polarizing microscope.
The text is clearly arranged. Nine chapters treat smectic
phases A to J and the 10th chapter additionally deals with
the most recent developments in phase classification and
structure. The nine chapters are largely uniformly set out.
A short introduction gives a general overview of the particular smectic phase followed by a description of the historical development of the investigations. The intelligibility of
the detailed discussion of the structure of the phase that
then follows is made easier by the large numbers of very
clear schematic presentations. Finally, there is a description of the textures of the phase with a direct reference to
the diagrams in the second part of the book. It is here that
the intention of the authors is particularly clearly expressed: Reading this part of the book encourages one to
sit at a polarizing microscope with the book and to investigate a known or new liquid crystal. Finally under the heading “Identlfication and Classijkation” significant aspects
of the textures are summarized, standard substances are introduced for mixture experiments, the characteristics of Xray diffraction data are mentioned briefly, and details are
given of the thermochemical data of phase transformations. A detailed list of references is attached to each chapter.
The polarization micrographs reproduce typical texture
pictures that were obtained without specific preparation
techniques. The colored plates are of good quality.
89 1
This book is recommended without any reservations to
all those who are concerned with or wish to concern themselves with liquid crystals. It will be an indispensable laboratory manual for the classification and identification of
smectic phases.
Heino Finkelmann [NB 679 IE]
Institut fur Makromolekulare Chemie
der Universitat Freiburg (FRG)
Organotin Compounds in Modern Technology. By C. J.
Evans and S. Karpel. Elsevier, Amsterdam 1985. x, 280
pp., bound, HFI. 195.00.-ISBN 0-444-42422-9
Chemical Analysis Series. Vol. 74: Auger Electron Spectroscopy. By M. Thompson, M . D. Baker, A. Christie, and J.
F. Tyson. John Wiley, Chichester 1985. vii, 394 pp.,
bound, L 95.00.-ISBN 0-471-04377-X
Orbital Interactions in Chemistry. By T. A. Albright, J. K .
Burdett, and M.-H. Whangbo. John Wiley, Chichester
1985. xv, 447 pp., bound, E 63.25.-ISBN 0-471-87393-4
IUPAC Solubility Data Series. Series Editor: A. S. Kertes.
Vol. 16/17: Antibiotics I: p-Lactam Antibiotics. Volume
Editors: E. Torndinson and A. Regosz. Pergamon Press,
Oxford 1985. xxii, 790 pp,, bound, E 125.00.-ISBN 008-029235-6
Analytische Chemie des Mangans. Edited by W. Fresenius.
By 0. G. Koch. Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1985. xvi, 266
pp., bound, DM 168.00.--ISBN 3-540-13588-X
Analytiker-Taschenbuch. Band 5. Edited by W . Fresenius,
H. Giinzler, W. Huber, I . Liiderwald, G. Tolg, and H.
Wisser. Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1985. xi, 348 pp., bound,
DM llS.OO.-ISBN 3-540-13770-X
Organic Reactions. Vol. 33. Edited by A. S. Kende. John
Wiley, Chichester 1985. xvii, 347 pp., bound, & 57.00.ISBN 0-471-80229-8
Pictorial Orbital Theory. By J. M . Tedder and A . Nechvatal. Pitman Publishing Ltd., London 1985. viii, 120 pp.,
paperback, L 4.95.-1SBN 0-273-01902-3
Lecture Notes in Chemistry. Series Editors: G. Berthier, M.
J. S . Dewar, H. Fischer, K . Fukui, G. G. Hall, H. Hartmann, H. H. Jaffe, J. Jortner, W . Kutzelnigg, K . Ruedenberg, and E. Scrocco. Vol. 37: Potential Energy Functions
in Conformational Analysis. By K . Rasmussen. SpringerVerlag, Berlin 1985. xiii, 231 pp., paperback, DM
48.00.- ISBN 3-540-13906-0
Annual Reports on Analytical Atomic Spectroscopy. Vol. 13.
Reviewing 1983. Edited by K . W. Jackson and L. Ebdon.
The Royal Society of Chemistry, London 1985. xii, 415
pp., bound, & 55.00.--ISBN 0-85186-687-5
The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry. Edited by 0.
Hutzinger. Vol. 1, Part D: The Natural Environment and
the Biogeochemical Cycles. Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1985.
xi, 246 pp., bound, DM 168.00.--ISBN 3-540-15000-5;
Vol. 2, Part C: Reactions and Processes. 1985. xiii, 145
pp., bound, DM 98.00.-1SBN 3-540-13819-6
Chromatographic Science Series. Marcel Dekker, Base1
1985. Vol. 30: Modern Chromatographic Analysis of the
Vitamins. Edited by A. P. De Leenheer, W. E. Lambert,
and M . G . M . De Ruyter. 576 pp., bound, SFr. 255.00.ISBN 0-8247-7221-0; Vol. 31: Ion-Pair Chromatography:
Theory and Biological and Pharmaceutical Applications.
Edited by M. T. W. Hearn. 1985. 312 pp., bound, SFr.
195.00. -ISBN 08247-7272-5
Polysaccharide. Eigenschaften und Nutzung. Eine Einfiihrung. Edited by W. Burchard. Springer-Verlag, Berlin
1985. ix, 314 pp., paperback, DM 88.00.--1SBN 3-54013931- 1
The Chemistry of Functional Groups. The Chemistry of the
Metal-Carbon Bond, Vol. 2: The Nature and Cleavage of
Metal-Carbon Bonds. Edited by F. R . Hartley and S . Patai. John Wiley, Chichester 1985. xiii, 904 p ~ . bound,
,
& 155.00.-ISBN 0-471-90282-9
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892
Angew. Chem. Ini. Ed. Engl. 24,1985) No. 111
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