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Book Review Solid Supports and Catalysts in Organic Synthesis. (Organic Chemistry Series). Edited by K. Smith

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systems they have mainly limited their
treatment to the ideal cases that so seldom
occur in practice. J. L. Oscarson and
R. M. Izatt, in their contribution on
“Calorimetry”, give most emphasis to descriptions of types of calorimeters, with
less attention to the principles and applications of calorimetry, with the result that
the chapter is more a list of publications
than an aid to the user. The chapter “Differential Thermal Methods”, by J. BoerioGoates and J. E. Callenan, is of very uneven quality. with numerous printing
errors (including some in equations), an
inadequately researched literature coverage, and not enough references to up-todate monographs and reviews dealing
with new techniques and their applications.
These eight contributions together make
u p a volume in which much of the material
is of excellent quality but some is in need of
improvement. The editors ought to have
paid attention to achieving better coordination between the contributions (and less
repetition), ensuring that the same symbols were used for the same quantities
throughout, eliminating obsolete units,
and above all ensuring appropriate coverage of published work from outside the
USA (especially when highly relevant).
However. although the volume leaves
much to be desired, it and the series to
which it belongs should be in every library.
Heiko K. Cammenga
Institut fur Physikalische
und Theoretische Chemie
der Technischen Universitat
Braunschweig (FRG)
Solid Supports and Catalysts in Organic Synthesis. ( O r g a n i c Chemistry
Series.) E d i t e d by K. Smith. Ellis Horwood/Prentice Hall, New York, 1992.
XIV, 338 pp., hardcover $85.00.
ISBN 0-1 3-639 998-3
As K. Smith explains in the preface to
this book o n solid phase reagents and catalysts, it has been written especially with
the needs of organic chemists in mind. It
can be said at the outset that this aim has
been very well fulfilled. The twelve chapters by eminent authors provide the reader with information on almost every aspect of solid phase reagents in organic and
bioorganic synthesis. The individual contributions together make up a well rounded work, a praiseworthy achievement by
the editor.
The first part (61 pp.) describes the most
commonly used solid phases. The discusAnXew.
Chcnr.1/11. Ed. EiiRi. 1994. 33. N o . 5
sion is divided into inorganic phases (P.
Diddams) and organic phases (J. M.
Maud), affording an insight into the structures and properties of silica gels, aluminas,
graphites, clays, and zeolites, as well as a
variety of polymers, mostly polystyrenebased. The tables detailing and comparing
the different phases are an especially pleasing feature; the wealth of useful information provided includes structural type,
pore size, specific surface area, acidity,
manufacturers (!), and names of commercial products (!).
The second part (1 30 pp.) describes
“conventional” organic reactions using
solid state reagents. These are discussed
according to the types of support materials, namely amorphous inorganic supports (M. Butters), clays and graphites
(J. A. Ballantine), zeolites (M. Butters),
and polymers (J. M. Maud), rather than
under reaction types. This arrangement
gives a good overview of the areas of application of each type of solid phase, but
for the user wishing to carry out a particular transformation it is undeniably rather
inconvenient. This would not be a serious
shortcoming if there were a good index
enabling one to find particular reaction
types. Here, however, one of the book’s
few weaknesses becomes apparent, as the
subject index is much too sparse and does
not even enable one to find relevant sections. For example, if one is seeking information about the oxidation of alcohols,
under this heading the index refers one
only to Section 3.10.1 (oxidation of alcohols on SO,), failing to mention Sections 5.12.2 (oxidation of alcohols on zeolites) o r 9.6 (oxidation of alcohols using
biocatalysts). Under “Alcohols” one finds
no entry at all on this topic. Regrettably,
any number of such examples could be
given, and this diminishes the value of the
The third part (80 pp.) is devoted to biological applications, consisting of detailed treatments of solid phase peptide
syntheses (J. S. Davies), oligonucleotide
syntheses (H. A. White), and immobilized
biocatalysts (J. M. Woodley). Nonspecialists too will benefit from reading these clear
and readily understandable chapters.
Last but not least, the fourth part
(52 pp.) describes special applications. It
begins with a chapter by M. E. Fakley and
F. King on hydrogenations, which is unfortunately rather too brief. In the report
on microreactors by P. Laszlo which follows, one would again have liked some
more detailed information on the types
and applications of such systems. The
book ends with an excellent chapter on
the use of microwave radiation to activate
reactions on solid phases (G. Bram, A.
f- VCH Verlugsjysellschulr m h H , 0-69451 Weinheim, 1994
Loupy, and D . Villemin), including many
examples illustrating the considerable potential of this method, which has so far
been little exploited.
Despite some weaknesses (notably the
subject index), a few printing errors, and
minor inelegancies (floating substituents
in some of the structure diagrams), the
organic chemist will find in this book a
wealth of useful examples of reactions on
solid phases. The numerous literature references will be an additional aid to readers
seeking to become involved in the world
of supported reagents and catalysts.
Oliver Reisrr
Institut fur Organische Chemie
der Universitat Gottingen (FRG)
Solid State Chemistry. An Introduction. By L. Smart and E. Moore.
Chapman and Hall, London, 1992.
XII, 292 pp., paperback E 15.95.
ISBN 0-412-40040-5
L. Smart and E. Moore have set themselves the task of writing an introductory
textbook o n solid state chemistry specially
for students following a basic chemistry
course. It can be said at the outset that
they have succeeded very well. Each of the
eight chapters introduces its subject matter at a basic level, assuming very little
previous knowledge.
Chapter 1 is concerned with simple crystal structures, which are described in terms
of the occupancy of the holes in a closepacked arrangement of spheres. The twocolor illustrations (in green and gray) are
clear and self-explanatory. The only structure diagram that I would criticize is that
for quartz, in which the helical connection
of the tetrahedra is not obvious. Chapter 2 treats bonding in solids on the basis
of the band structure model, then Chapter 3 discusses lattice defects and nonstoichiometric compounds. The authors constantly seek to relate the subject to
modern technological applications; in this
chapter, for example, they describe oxygen ion conductors and the sodium-sulfur accumulator. Chapter 4 deals with
low-dimensional solids such as polyacetylene and the tetracyanoplatinates.
and discusses their anisotropic physical
properties. Chapter 5 introduces the
structural chemistry of zeolites, including
also modern techniques for the elucidation of zeolite structures such as solidstate 29Si NMR spectroscopy. Applications of zeolites are discussed. with the
main emphasis on their catalytic properties. Chapter 6 is concerned with the optical properties of solids, and again these
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