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Book Review Specialist Periodical Reports General and Synthetic Methods Vols. 1 and 2. Senior Reporter G

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BOOK R E V I E W S
Specialist Periodical Reports: General and Synthetic Methods, Vols. 1 and 2. Senior Reporter: G. Pattenden. The
Chemical Society, London. Vol. 1: 1978, 445 pages, bound,
E 30.00, Vol. 2: 1979, 263 pages, bound, f 26.00.
The first two volumes of a new series of “Specialist Periodical Reports” are now available. They are literature surveys
for the years 1976 (Vol. 1) and 1977 (Vol. 2). The preparation
and reactions of the main types of organic compounds are
discussed, together with the use of novel reagents. The discussion is not limited to methods of wide and proven applicability, but also covers many reactions that are new and appear to have potential value in synthesis.
The present series differs from other similar series in that
the methods are arranged by type of compound rather than
by type of reaction. This makes the individual chapters more
absorbing reading than works of more encyclopedic nature.
The first five chapters are concerned with hydrocarbons,
aldehydes and ketones, carboxylic acids and their derivatives, alcohols, ethers, and halogen and nitrogen compounds.
Although in the case of the hydrocarbons it is mainly novel
reactions that are described, with the carbonyl compounds
the emphasis is on their synthesis, plenty of space being devoted to butenolides, a-methylenebutyrolactones, and macrolides, where there has recently been much activity. A further chapter is concerned with the synthesis of oxygen, sulfur, and nitrogen heterocycles, beginning with oxiranes and
going on to penicillins and cephalosporins. Similarly, new
,ring closure and annelation reactions for the preparation of
carbocyclic compounds are presented, particularly with regard to their use in the synthesis of natural terpenoids.
Account is taken of the ever-increasing importance of organometallic compounds in synthesis, and there is a detailed
description of transition-metal reagents which may be used
catalytically or stoichiometrically; many examples are given
to clarify the tremendous versatility obtainable by using
main group elements in synthetic operations.
Unfortunately, the expositions on such important topics as
synthesis planning and strategy are insufficient. Although
the examples of the synthesis of naturally occurring materials
are to some extent illustrative, the treatment of synthetic
strategems is quite arbitrary. Retrosynthetic and synthon
considerations are hardly mentioned, the concept of Umpolung has been misunderstood, and the treatment of methods
for the production of optically active centers is too bald.
A suitable amplification of the topics handled is provided
by the special chapter on phase transfer catalysis and complexing reagents. In addition, the reader interested in further
study will find at the end of each volume a collection of review articles published in that year which deal with synthetic
methods.
All in all, the first two volumes of the new series provide a
thorough survey of the development of synthetic organic
chemistry. They may be recommended to anyone interested
in new synthetic reagents who wants to keep up to date with
the range of synthetic methods available. However, the high
price makes them appear more suitable for libraries than for
a personal collection.
Herbert Siege1 [NB 482 IE]
Highly Conducting One-Dimensional Solids. Edited by J. T.
Devreese, R. P. Evrurd, and V . E. van Doren. Plenum Press,
New York 1979. xiii, 422 pages, bound, $ 51.00.
The second volume of the series “Physics of Solids and Liquids” contains seven papers by a total of ten internationally
884
famous experts. The book is intended primarily for physicists
who want to become acquainted with the physical peculiarities of one-dimensional metallic systems. The specific problems involved are presented in a short but very informative
introduction (A. J. Berlinsky) that can also be understood by
chemists. The following chapters on X-ray and neutron diffraction experiments (R. Comes and G. Shirane), “Charge
Density Wave (CDW) phenomena” (A. J. Heeger), and the
properties of “alloys” of various “organic” metals (T. D.
Schultr and R. A . Craven) contain the fundamental experimental results obtained up to about 1977 on three selected
one-dimensional metals (for the expert, these are TTFTCNQ, TSeF-TCNQ, and KCP). Next come three theoretical sections (L. J. Sham, V. J. Emery, H. Gulfreund, and W.
A . Little). The last two authors analyze the possible existence
of exciton high-temperature superconductors. The final
chapter (J. Burdeen) gives a critical comparison of the data in
the previous sections and their interpretation. A brief survey
of the possible future development of the field is appended.
The book gives a detailed and comprehensive presentation
of the essential theoretical models and the special experimental methods used for the study of one-dimensional metals, on the basis of a few well-chosen examples. Nevertheless.
the chemist will regret the absence of a brief summary of the
materials that have been synthesized and clearly characterized up to the present.
To judge by the literature references, the printing of this
book seems to have taken a very long time.
Heimo J. Keller [NB 483 IE]
Solid Electrolytes. General Principles, Characterization,
Materials, Applications. Edited by P. Hagenmuller and W.
van Goof.Academic Press, New York 1978. xvii, 549 pages,
bound, $ 52.00.
The field of solid ionic conductors or solid electrolytes has
rapidly developed and extended over recent years and the
process is still continuing. The attempt of the present book to
give a survey of the entire field is therefore welcome. The
book contains 32 contributions from a large number of authors and is divided into three parts.
The first part deals with the theory of ionic conduction in
solids, especially solids with very high conductivities, which
are sometimes called “super ionic conductors” or “optimized
ionic conductors”. Both transport mechanisms and the experimental methods used to characterize solid ionic conductors are discussed. These include AC measurements and scattering experiments, but unfortunately the standard methods
such as D C measurements, polarization measurements, and
measurements with electrochemical potential probes have
been omitted.
The second part contains most of the known solid ionic
conductors, arranged by substance classes. These include sodium-ion-conducting p-aluminas, oxygen-ion conductors
based on zirconium dioxide, fluorine-, copper- and silver-ion
conductors, etc.
Finally, in the third part, the most important practical applications of solid electrolytes are discussed. These include
high-temperature fuel cells, the sodium-sulfur cell as a highenergy accumulator, electrochemical measurement probes,
and other systems. Reference is also made to solids with
mixed ionic and electronic conduction, which are of importance as electrodes in galvanic cells.
This book will certainly be very useful for scientists working in the field of solid electrolytes, since not only does it perAngeu Chem In1 Ed Engl I 8 (1079) N u I 1
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