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Book Review Spectroscopy in Heterogeneous Catalysis. By W. N. Delgass G. L. Haller R. Kellerman and J. H

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BOOK R E V I E W S
Ullmanns Encyklopadie der technischen Chemie (Ullmann’s
Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry). Edited by E.
Bartholome, E. Biekert, H . Hellmann, H . Ley (deceased),
W . M . Weigert (deceased), and E. Weise. Vol. 5: Analysen- und Messverfahren (Analytical and Measurement
Techniques). Volume editor: H. Kelker. Verlag Chemie,
Weinheim 1980, 4th edition, xvi, 1010 pp., bound, DM
670.00.
This volume on analytical and measurement techniques
which forms part of the general series of Ullmann’s Encyclopediaf*lis unusual in its size: whereas the average number
of pages of the previous volumes was about 700, this volume, including the German and English subject indexes,
contains more than 1000 pages. Yet even at this size
the editor has had difficulty in accommodating the wealth
of analytical and measurement techniques relevant to the
problems of industrial chemistry. The surpassing way in
which he has achieved this will be seen in what follows.
Industrial measurement technology, including process
analysis, i. e. one half of the overall topic, takes up a bare
150 pages. (Control technology was covered in Volume 4.)
The present volume is thus predominantly devoted to analysis as such. Apart from the many essentially instrumental
analytical methods, various general and fundamental
problems and methods are dealt with. This is especially
true of the introductory chapter on “Aims and methods of
analysis” (25 pp.), which is also concerned with chemical
analytical methods; for example in the field of organic
chemistry it deals with elementary analysis and functional
group analysis. It is emphasized that, despite the very high
level of development of physical methods today, chemical
methods are still of great importance and in many cases
are irreplaceable. The other general chapters deal with digestion methods (27 pages), balances and weighing in the
laboratory (8 pages), evaluation of measurements (9
pages), and the use of computers in analysis (24 pages).
The instrumental techniques described are distillation (16
pages), chromatographic methods (142 pages, broken
down into fundamentals, gas chromatography, thin-layer
chromatography, and electrophoresis), structural analysis
by crystal diffraction (34 pages), spectroscopic methods
(249 pages, broken down into ultraviolet and visible, infrared and Raman spectroscopy, microwave gas spectroscopy, NMR and ESR, atomic absorption spectroscopy, emission spectroscopy, and X-ray spectral analysis), surface
studies (58 pages), mass spectrometry (28 pages), electron
microscopy (19 pages), polarimetry (16 pages), refractometry (10 pages), electrochemical techniques (34 pages), activation analysis (23 pages), radionuclides in analytical
chemistry (8 pages), particle measuring techniques (29
Pages) rheometry (23 Dapes), and thermal calorimetry (18
measuring techniques. All such problems can be very
quickly resolved with the aid of the detailed (14 pages)
subject index.
As is customary for Ullmann’s Encyclopedia, the authors of the individual chapters are recognized practical
experts. The overall appearance of this volume meets the
quality standards to which we have grown accustomed.
The editor states that his aim has been t o provide a guide
to the subject, and this must rank as a definite understatement, The reviewer would rather call this volume a standard work (over and above its position within the narrower
framework of the encyclopedia) that will prove indispensable to any chemist who needs to make use of the techniques of instrumental analysis.
Ulfert Onken [NB 561 IE]
Spectroscopy in Heterogeneous Catalysis. By W. N . Delgass. G . L. Haller, R . Kellerman. and J . H . Lunsford.
Academic Press, New York 1979, x, 341 pp., I17 figs.,
bound, $ 35.00.
Spectroscopic methods for the study of solid surfaces
and states of chemisorption are currently in a state of such
rapid development, both in numbers and in refinement,
that it is often far from easy to select and use the most suitable and effective method for a given problem. This is
where the present compilation should help those working
in research or industry: at the same time it should act as a
spur to fresh research and as an introduction to advanced
students. The topics covered are infrared spectroscopy and
Raman spectroscopy (Haller), diffuse reflection spectroscopy, including photoacoustics (Kellerman). Mossbauer
spectroscopy (Delgass). electron spin resonance and nuclear magnetic resonance (Lunsford), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (Delgass). With the exception of the XPES, the methods chosen can thus be applied under the
conditions of temperature and pressure usual for heterogeneous catalysis.
Each of the seven chapters comprises between 30 and 50
pages and begins with a short introduction outlining the
ranges, conditions of application, and limitations of the
method. There follow an introduction into the theoretical
fundamentals, a presentation of the experimental layout
and instrumentation, and a report on characteristic applications illustrated with examples selected from the literature. A distinction is always made between information o n
catalyst structures in bulk, on the surface, and on chemisorbed structures or complexes. Apart from the static state
of these structures particular stress is laid upon the deter
Houben-Weyl : Methoden der organischen Chemie. Band
IV/la: Oxidation 1. Compiled by H . Blome. 0. Buddenberg, P. Hartler, H . Kropf: E. Miiller. A . Weickmann, and
K . P. Zeller. Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart 1981. Ca.
1440 pp., bound, DM 1250.00 (subscription price or
when ordered in advance DM 1125.00).-ISBN 3-13200704-8
Organic Syntheses. Vol. 60. Edited by 0. L. Chapman.
John Wiley & Sons, Chichester 1981. xii, 140 pp., bound,
L 17.50.--ISBN 0-471-09350-9
Coordination Chemistry. By J . P. Laurent. Pergamon Press.
Oxford 1981. 200 pp., bound. E 21.00.--ISBN 0-08025300-8
X-Ray Diffraction by Disordered and Ordered Systems. By
D. W. L. Hukins. Pergamon Press, Oxford 1981. ix, 164
pp., bound, E 11.95.-ISBN 0-08-023976-5
Einfuhrung in die chemische Thermodynamik. By G. Kortiim and H. Lachmann. 7th Edit. Verlag Chemie, Weinheim 1981. xii, 496 pp., bound, DM 98.00.--ISBN 3-5272588 1-7
Reactive Intermediates. Vol. 2. Edited by M. Jones, Jr. and
R. A . Moss. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester 1981. 396
pp., bound, L 38.85.-lSBN 0-471-01875-9
Max-Planck-Gesellschaft-Jahrbuch 1981. Published under the auspices of the Generalverwaltung der MaxPlanck-Gesellschaft. Verlag Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
x, 798 pp., bound, DM 70.00.-ISBN 3-525-85387-4
Shock Waves in Chemistry. Edited by A . Lifshitz. Marcel
Dekker, Basel 1981. ix, 390 pp,, bound, SFr 182.00.ISBN 0-8247-1331-1
Nature, Aim and Methods of Microchemistry. Edited by H.
Malissa. M. Grasserbauer. R. Belcher. Springer-Verlag,
Berlin 1981. viii, 340 pp,, bound, DM 88.00.-lSBN 32 1 1-81653-4
Datensammlung zur Toxikologie der Herbizide. 3rd instalment. Verlag Chemie, Weinheim 1981. 430 pp., looseleaf, DM 196.00.-lSBN 3-527-25883-3
Physikalische Chemie der Glasoberflache. Edited by H . H .
Dunker. VEB Deutscher Verlag fur Grundstoffindustrie,
Leipzig 1981. 425 pp., bound, ca. DM 104.00.-BestellNr. 54 I 628 8
Springer Series in Chemical Physics. Vol. 18: Modelling of
Chemical Reaction Systems. Edited by K . H . Ebert. P.
Deuflhard und W . Juger. Springer-Verlag, Berlin 198 I . x,
389 pp., bound, DM 72.00.-ISBN 3-540-10983-8
Komplexe Prozessanalyse. Several authors. VEB Deutscher
Verlag fur Grundstoffindustrie, Leipzig 1982. 124 pp.,
brochured. ca. DM 19.00.-Bestell-Nr. 541 692 3
Mossbauer Spectroscopy and Its Chemical Applications.
Edited by J . G. Stevens and G. K . Shenoy. American
Chemical Society, Washington 1981. 642 pp., bound,
$ 69.95.-lSBN 0-8412-0593-0
Gussputzen. By Arpad Voros. VEB Deutscher Verlag fur
Grundstoffindustrie, Leipzig 1982. 203 pp., bound, ca.
DM 44.00.-Bestell-Nr. 541 6229
Houben-Weyl : Methoden der organischen Chemie. Band V/
2b: Aromaten und Arine. Edited by C . Grundmann.
Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart 1981. xxxix, 797 pp.,
bound, ca. DM 680.00 (subscription price or when ordered in advance ca. DM 612.00).-lSBN 3-13-2027049
Biotechnology. Vol. I: Microbial Fundamentals. Edited by
H.-J. Rehm and G. Reed. Verlag Chernie, Weinheim
1981. 520 pp., bound, DM 495.00 (subscription price
DM 425.00).-lSBN 3-527-25763-2
Crystals-Growth, Properties, and Applications. Vol. 5:
Silicon. Edited by J. Grabmaier. Springer-Verlag, Berlin
1981. v, 199 pp., bound, DM 110.00.-ISBN 3-54010932-3
Polymer Science Overview: A Tribute to Herman F. Mark.
Edited by G. A . Stahl. American Chemical Society,
Washington 1981. 355 pp., bound, $ 35.95.-ISBN 084 12-0668-6
Source Book of Food Enzymology. By S . Schwimmer. Avi
Publishing Company, Inc., Westport, Connecticut 1981.
700 pp., bound, $ 93.50 (in den USA $ 85.OO).-ISBN 087055-369-0
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