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Book Review Stereochemistry of Carbohydrates. By J. F. Stoddart

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investigations. This has led the editors to present a collection of articles designed to give the inorganic chemist an
understanding of modem spectroscopic methods and to
provide him with some ideas about the application of these
methods to his own particular problems. In the light of this
avowed aim, it is understandable that practically every
one of the nine contributions begins with a detailed introduction to the experimental and theoretical principles of
the methods. Descriptions of special applications follow,
some of them selected from the individual authors’ work.
The treatment is not always comprehensive, which is
scarcely surprising in view of the size of the book. One
exception is the article by Ballhausen concerning the spectroscopy of ionic crystals, in which one problem encountered in this area is examined in a highly interesting manner.
Many a chemist will find this article quite difficult reading.
The present work will be found useful by anyone wishing
to acquaint himself with the principles and range of
application of the methods discussed. The extensive literature cited provides the reader with easy access to the original
work. The specialist in this field will not find much in the
way of new information.
H.-G. Kuball
[NB 91 IE]
Molecular Acoustics. By A . J.Matheson. John Wiley &Sons
Ltd., New York-London 1971, 1st Edit., xvi, 290 pp.,
numerous figures and tables, bound E 5.50.
Very detailed information on the interaction between
molecules in the gas phase, in liquids, in solids, and in high
polymers can be obtained from investigations on the propagation of high-frequency sound waves. In addition to
questions of energy transfer in gases and liquids Matheson’s
book deals especially with problems that are of interest to
the chemist, such as the determination of energy barriers
in molecules exhibiting internal rotation, as well as viscoelastic properties of dilute and concentrated solutions of
polymers, including the rotational isomerization of polymers and the helix-coil transitions in polypeptides. The investigations in solution, such as the association of ions by
ultrasonic waves, are also discussed. A short chapter is
devoted to the propagation of sound waves in solids, including semiconductors and ferromagnetics, and the influence of dislocations on the damping of sound waves.
of a nucleus with strong radio-frequency pulses of short
duration, followed by Fourier transformations of the resulting time-dependent free induction signal, i.e. pulse
Fourier transform (PFT) NMR spectroscopy. The PFT
method is faster and more sensitive than the CW technique.
These advantages, supported by the development of commercially available PFT-NMR spectrometers, have helped
to open up PFT-NMR spectroscopy. The present monograph takes this into account and fills a gap in the introductory NMR literature.
Fundamental concepts such as nuclear energy states, relaxation, nuclear precession, and free induction are explained accurately and concisely. Vector calculation is
briefly reviewed to allow a better understanding of nuclear
magnetic processes. Two sections dealing mainly with
equipment present an outline of instrumental requirements
regarding the spectrometer, pulse unit, and computer. The
authors describe relaxation mechanisms and refocusing
and spin echo methods for the measurement of relaxation
times. They thus stress the growing importance of relaxation times as structural parameters alongside chemical
shifts and coupling constants. Topics touched upon in
two special sections include nuclear nutation and spin
echo experiments as well as possibilities for the use of the
pulse technique to follow diffusion, exchange, and molecular dynamic processes.
102 sources are cited for further reading on methods. The
absence of a section on pulsed homonuclear and heteronuclear double resonance, which can now be carried out
as a routine method, is hardly surprising in view of the
planned restriction of the book to about 100 pages,
particularly since introductory monographs on nuclear
magnetic double resonance already exist. The book is
systematically organized and clearly and skillfully written,
and should therefore present no difficulty even to the less
experienced reader.
Eberhard Breitmaier
[NB 93 IE]
Stereochemistry of Carbohydrates. By J. F. Stoddarr.
Wiley-Interscience,New York 1971.1st Edit., xi, 249 pp.,
numerous illustrations, bound, f 7.00.
Theory and Methods. By 7: C. Farrar and E. D. Becker.
Academic Press, New York-London 1971.1st Edit., 115
pp., bound $ 7.50.
This is a splendid book, and one for which we have been
waiting a long time. It should fmd general acclaim not
only among carbohydrate chemists but also among all
those interested in questions of stereochemistry. Carbohydrate chemistry has contributed a great deal-for
instance in the field of conformational analysis-that is
important for all chemists working in organic chemistry
and biochemistry, and it is therefore most pleasing that a
systematic review of this field has at last appeared. Most
chemists are unaware of the wealth of material in the form
of excellent model substances that carbohydrate chemistry
has to offer for the study of stereochemical and mechanistic
problems. The present book should considerably facilitate
access to material that can sometimes be quite tricky.
For example, it is worth recalling that the problem of the
anomeric effect was discussed for years among carbohydrate chemists before it became familiar to all chemists
as a phenomenon generally encountered in heterocycles.
Two basic recording techniques are now available to the
NMR spectroscopist. One is the normal continuous scanning of the Larmor frequency range of a nucleus, i.e. continuous wave (CW) NMR spectroscopy, and the other is
the simultaneous excitation of all the Larmor frequencies
The book provides a clear survey of all the most important
aspects of stereochemistry. It is divided into five chapters,
an introduction being followed by a discussion of the
problems of constitution and configuration, conformation,
physical methods, and isomerism. The book is written in
The author deals briefly with the experimenta1 methods
used for the measurement of the velocity, dispersion, and
absorption of sound. The fundamental theoretical views
are presented in an easily understandable manner.
The book can be particularly recommended to those who
wish a general picture of the possibilities offered by the
investigation of the propagation and absorption of sound
for the treatment of various chemical problems.
H. Gg. Wagner [NB 92 IE]
Pulse and Fourier Transform NMR. Introduction to
Angew. Chem. internat. Edit. J Vol. 12 (1973) J N o . 1
an up-to-date manner, and every effort has been made to
include the most recent results. In the circumstances, one
is quite prepared to make due allowance for the odd
shortcoming, brought about by the fact that one or two
of the chapters were written in some haste. The new nomenclature on conformations of five- and six-membered rings
in monosaccharides agreed by the British-American
commissions has been used, although it has not yet been
published by the IUPAC commissions. The nomenclature
is simple and should help to clear up some of the confusion
that has prevailed hitherto, so that it is likely to become
accepted. The book may be warmly commended to carbol
hydrate chemists and to all those with an interest in stereochemistry.
Hans Paulsen [NB 94 IE]
appended references. The arrangement of the tables can
be illustrated by the chapter on dissociation properties,
in which the material is grouped in the following columns:
name of substance, measuring method, measuring temperature, medium, pKmon0,pK,,,,, notes, references. Janik
bases his book on a total of 289 references extending up to
the end of 1970.
The book can be wholeheartedly recommended to anyone
working in this field, since it offers a great deal of information, and hence saves work, at a reasonable price. Since
it will quickly lose its up-to-date character with the passage
of time, however, it is advisable to buy it soon!
AIfred Maelicke
[NB 95 IE]
Physicochemical Characteristics of Oligonucleotides and
Polynucleotides. By B. Junik. IFI-Plenum, New YorkWashington 1971. 1st Edit., vii, 213 pp., bound$20.--.
Fast Reactions. By D . N . Hague. John Wiley & Sons,
New York-London
1971. 1st Edit., viii, 159 pp.,
numerous figures, bound 5 3 -_
The title of the book is inviting, as there has been no comprehensive treatise on the physical and chemical properties
of this group of substances since “Polynucleotides” by
Steiner and Beer, published in 1961. However, one soon
also begins to doubt whether this is possible in about 200
pages, since Michelson in 1963 was hard put to give even a
sketchy picture of the material from 421 sources in the
corresponding chapter of his book. What can one and
what should one expect, therefore, from such a bold title?
The book is divided into four chapters, which are followed
by four short appendixes. The first chapter deals briefly
with molecular beam experiments and also presents a very
short discussion of the diffusion-controlled reaction. The
second chapter, on experimental methods, forms the heart
of the book, both in its subject and in its size. Despite the
need to deal with very diverse measuring methods in a
fairly limited space, this chapter provides a good survey of
the methods that have been used so far in the kinetics of fast
It conceals a tabulated collection of data and literature in
three chapters embracing the following topics :dissociation
properties, spectral data, melting points. This is undoubtedly a selection of a few important physico-chemical
properties of oligonucleotides and polynucleotides. However, one quickly becomes reconciled to this limitation,
since the book proves to be a very handy collection of data
because it is well classified and complete, and its recent
data gives it an additional advantage over Sober’s 1968
“Handbook of Biochemistry”.
The tabulated part is preceded by a chapter on its use. This
chapter should be read carefully, since very extensive use
has been made of symbols and abbreviations in classifying
the material, e.g. to indicate data that were not taken
directly from a publication, but were read from its diagrams.
Each chapter is preceded by a short text with definitions
and special explanations to allow direct comprehension of
the succeeding tables. Footnotes are also used to describe
complicated situations. This arrangement allows a rapid
and accurate grasp of the contents of the tables, which can
be checked and if necessary expanded with the aid of the
The last two chapters are concerned with selected results
from the extensive literature on fast chemical reactions.
The third chapter concentrates mainly on elementary
processes (reactions of protons, electrons, and metal ions),
while the examples in the fourth chapter are taken from
reactions that are of biological interest (enzymes, nucleic
acids). However, the section on metal complex formation
could have been more comprehensive. It should also be
noted that an error has crept into the discussion of the
log k / p K relation in the last chapter: the slope factor a
should not appear in the exponent when the equation is
written in the logarithmic form.
The exercises appended to each chapter underline that
this book is intended for students.
On the whole it provides a lucid introduction to the field
of fast chemical reactions. It can be recommended to all
students and newcomers to reaction kinetics as a primer,
and to the more advanced as a useful addition to the existing literature.
Marie-Luke Ahrens
[NB 96 IE]
Registered n m e s , trademarks, etc. used in this journal,even without specific indicarion thereof, are not to be considered unprotected by low.
0 Verlag Chemie GmbH, Weinheim 1973. - Printed in Germany by Zechnersche Buchdruckerei, Speyer/Rhein.
All rights reserved (including those of translation into foreign languages) N o part of this issue may he reproduced in any form - by photoprint, microfilm, or any other
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Editor: H . Griinewald . Translation Editors: A . J . Rackstrow and A. Stimson.
Publishers: Verlag Chemie GmbH. (Managing Directors Jiirgen Kreuzhage and Huns Scherrner) Pappelallee 3,6940 Weinheim/Bergstr., Germany, and Academic Press Inc.
(President Walter J . Johnson), 111 Fifth Avenue, New York 3, N. Y.,USA, and Berkeley Square House, Berkeley Square, London, W. 1.. England.
Correspondence concerning advertisements should be addressed to Verlag Chemie GmbH. (Advertising Manager H . Both), 6940 Wemheim/Bergstr., Pappelallee 3,
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Angew. Chem. internat. Edit.
1 Vol. 12 (1973) 1 NO.1
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