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Book Review Synthetic Procedures in Nucleic Acid Chemistry. Vol. 1. Preparations of Purines Pyrimidines Nucleosides and Nucleotides. Edited by W. W. Zorbach and R. St

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headings. To make up for this deficiency it would have been
necessary t o provide a much more comprehensive bibliography than that given.
The chapter on the execution of computations would have
been better omitted, since it is too short to give adequate explanations (e.g. of the digital computer) and since it is not
directly connected with the main subject.
Gerhard Quietzsch
[NB 854 IE]
Einfiihrung in die Kernchemie Introduction to Nuclear Chemistry). By K. H . Lieser. Volume I of the series “Kernchemie
in Einzeldarstellungen” (Nuclear Chemistry Monographs).
Verlag Chemie GmbH, EinheimiBerpstr. 1969. 1st Edit.,
xvi + 720pp., 230 figures, 103 tables, bound, D M 78.--.
The author, who lectures in nuclear chemistry at the Technische Hochschule Darmstadt, is to be congratulated on filling a long-standing gap in the German-language literature.
Students or scientists wishing to acquaint themselves with
nuclear and radiochemistry had in the past no alternative but
to turn to American or British textbooks. Apart from the
obvious language problem, there was the additional difficulty
that “Nuclear Chemistry” in the USA leans far more heavily
toward nuclear physics than does “Radio- und Kernchemie“
as understood in Germany. Consequently, chemical aspects
andmethodstend togetsomewhat neglectedinthesetextbooks.
Lieser’s book is oriented entirely toward the requirements of
chemists wanting to learn about nuclear and radiochemistry.
However, every interested reader will find in the book a
thorough but readily digestible introduction t o the theoretical
principles, techniques, and applications of this domain.
In line with the “chemical” approach, the author begins with
the periodic system of elements and the concept of isotopes.
He continues with several chapters devoted t o the physical
principles of nuclear and radiochemistry, followed by discussions of the properties of atomic nuclei and radioactive
radiation, decay processes, and nuclear reactions. The specialized techniques and equipment used are described in the
chapters on radioactive radiation, major installations, separation and chemistry of radionuclides, and applications.
It is especially gratifying t o find detailed sections o n precisely
those nuclear and radiochemical problems which are particularly interesting for the modern chemist and which are
totally absent from other textbooks, e.g. isotopic effects and
the chemical effects of nuclear reactions. They may not,
strictly speaking, belong to the subject-matter of the book,
but since these side effects are constantly encountered in
nuclear and radiochemical experiments, it is right to mention
In addition to the physical principles and the most interesting
chemical problems, the third main topic of the book consists
of applications of radiochemistry and nuclear chemistry in
science and industry. This is yet another pleasing feature, for
many of the other textbooks only give these matters peripheral treatment. Individual chapters are devoted t o nuclear
fuels and reactor chemistry, isolation of radionuclides,
synthetic elements, and isotope separation. Finally, the
chapter dealing with applications includes radiochemical
methods for analysis, biology, medicine, and cosmochemistry.
In conclusion, a few critical remarks are justified. At the same
time, it is only fitting t o point out that their brevity, and the
fact that they concern in the main trivialities, bear witness t o
the excellence of the work. The reviewer would have preferred
the sections on dating and activation analysis, which after all
are among the most important subjects in nuclear and radiochemistry, and also that o n nuclear models, t o have been
given more detailed treatment. The same may be said about
the measurement of radioactive radiation, particularly as
regards modern scintillation and semiconductor measuring
techniques. These matters will of course be given due attention in a later volume in the monograph series. Nevertheless,
Angew. Chem. internat. Edit. I VoI. 9 (1970)
/ No. 3
since many readers, especially students, will buy only the
“Introduction”, it was wrong to curtail the chapter on measuring techniques in this way. Finally, the table of radionuclides in the Appendix does not seem t o be very enlightening, whereas the inclusion of a nuclide chart is thoroughly
The table of nuclides, which finds its way into practically
every textbook o n nuclear and radiochemistry, contains
scarcely any more information than the nuclide chart and is
far less easy t o refer t o than the latter. For anyone seeking
detailed information on a nuclide it will never replacea
G. K. Wolf [NB 856 IE]
detailed table of isotopes.
Synthetic Procedures in Nucleic Acid Chemistry. Vol. 1.
Preparations of Purines, Pyrimidines, Nucleosides, and
Nucleotides. Edited by W. W. Zorbach and R . St. Tipson.
Interscience Publishers, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., LondonNew York 1968, 1st Edit., v + 570 pp., numerous figures,
bound, approx. D M 75.--.
There can be no doubt that this book, the first volume in the
series “Synthetic Procedures in Nucleic Acid Chemistry”, is
extremely useful and meets a definite need. More and more
organic chemists and biochemists are submitting to the lure
of the chemistry of the nucleic acids and nucleic-acid components, and they will find it a great advantage to have their
first steps in this field guided by a collection of typical synthetic methods and tried and tested preparations of the main
starting materials. For this reason, n o library should be without this book.
On the other hand, some of the claims which the editors
make in their preface are not justified. In its descriptions of
synthetic techniques, analytical methods, and the preparation
of the main compounds this book is not, with all due respect
to its editors, completely up-to-date. Indeed, how could it be,
when the literature from 1967 on could only be treated incompletely, if at all? One of many examples must suffice: the
phosphorylation of nucleosides and nucleoside analogs, a
very important reaction, is represented solely by the 2cyanoethyl phosphate method, although more elegant and
effective phosphorylation methods have become available
since 1967.
The editors may well have intended to help the reader find
his way through the very extensive literature of nucleoside
and nucleotide chemistry by representative examples of the
various syntheses, but unfortunately some of the authors are
so sparing in their use of literature references that this opportunity has been missed.
Perhaps these comments will be taken into account in the
subsequent volumes of this series.
Karl-Heinz Scheit [NB 860 IE]
Solute-Solvent Interactions. Edited by J. F. Coetzee and C. D .
Rifchie. Marcel Dekker, Inc., @-ey._’&-London
653 pp., 53 figures, 138 tables, bound
1st Edit., xiv
$ 29.50.
While brief summaries have been published on the influence
of solvents o n the rate and equilibrium position of organic
reactions 11 821, there has been no comprehensive work on the
solute-solvent interactions underlying this solvent effect.
This gap has now been filled in exemplary fashion by the
present book.
The first chapter (Heats and Entropies of Ionization) written
by J . W. Larson and L. G. Hepier contains 44 pages giving a
critical summary of thermodynamic data on the ionization
of B r ~ n s t e dacids in aqueous solutions. The second chapter
(Medium Effects and p H in Nonaqueous Solvents, 51 pp.) by
R. G . Bates deals with acidity scales in nonaqueous solvents
[ I ] Cf. Angew. Chem. internat. Edit. 7, 158 (1968).
[2] Cf. Angew. Chem. internat. Edit. 8 , 465 (1969).
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