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Book Review The Chemical Applications of Transmission Electron Microscopy. J. R. Fryer

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[I] Analysis and Optimization of Gas-Phase Reactions, Part 16.-Part 15: B. Solouki, P. Rosmus, H. Bock, G. Maier, Angew. Chem. 92, 56 (1980); Angew.
Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 19, 51 (1980).
121 Cf., e.g., K. Weissermel, H.-J. Arpe: Industrielle Organische Chemie. Verlag
Chemie, Weinheim 1976, p. 51.
131 T. J. Brice, J. Am. Chem. SOC.68, 968 (1946).
141 I. Yuichi, K. Kazuharu, Jap. Pat. 7762208 (1977); Onoda Chem. Co.; Chem.
Abstr. 87. 133857 (1977).
[SI K. Norihisa, I. Fumio, M. Kimiaki, Jap. Pat. 7834705 (1978); Central Glass
Co.; Chem. Abstr. 89, 540 (1978): max. conversion achieved on CrCI,/AIFJ
A120, was 57% at 450°C (cf. Table l).
161 Cf. collections of spectra, such at that of D. W. Turner, C. Baker, A . D.Baker,
C. R. Brundle: Molecular Photoelectron Spectroscopy. Wiley-Interscience.
London 1970.
171 Cf. H. Bock, B. Solouki. .
Wittmann. Angew. Chem. 90,985 (1978); Angew.
Chem. In!. Ed. Engl. 17, 932 (1978); H. Bock, B. Solouki, G. Bert, T. Hirabayashi, S. Mohmand, P. Rosmus, Nachr. Chem. Tech. Lab. 26. 634 (1 978).
181 Cf. also H. Bock, B. Solouki, J. Wilfmann,H:J. Arpe, Angew. Chem. 90, 986
(1978); Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 17,933 (1978).
Ullmanns Encyklopadie der technischen Chemie [Ullmann’s
Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry). Editorial board E.
Bartholome, E. Biekert, H. Hellman, H. Ley (deceased), W.
M. Weigert (deceased), and E. Weise. Volume 17: Milchsaure to Petrolkoks. Verlag Chemie, Weinheim 1979. 4th
edition, xv, 733 pages, bound, DM 425.00.
The individual volumes of Ullmann’s fourth editionl’l are
appearing with admirable regularity. A scan through this
particular volume confirms that Ullmann is a genuine encyclopedia, going beyond the specific realm of industrial chemistry to deal with the necessary foundations and to include
related fields. Individual overlapping entries treat special areas, such as the “oxidation” entry in the present volume,
which describes in summary the oxidation processes for the
preparation of organic intermediates; the many references to
other entries for further information on certain processes are
particularly valuable. To name some of the volume’s entries
taken from the sphere of inorganic chemistry, we have molecular sieves (10 pages), molybdenum (28 pages), sodium
(87 pages), nickel (64 pages), and niobium (12 pages), including their compounds and alloys (especially important compounds such as sodium chloride and sodium hydroxide have
their own entries), nitrides (7 pages), oxide ceramics (15
pages), and peroxo compounds (38 pages). From organic
chemistry there are lactic acid (7 pages), naphthalene and
derivatives (50 pages), aliphatic (10 pages) and aromatic (6
pages) nitriles, nitroso compounds (7 pages), aliphatic (10
pages) and aromatic (34 pages) nitro compounds, optically
active compounds (7 pages), oxalic acid (8 pages), and peroxides and peroxy acids (30 pages). From the sphere of dye
chemistry we can quote naphthalimide dyes (6 pages), naphthoquinone and benzoquinone dyes (5 pages), nitro and
nitroso dyes (9 pages), and optical brighteners (15 pages),
and from the sphere of pharmacology anesthetics (7 pages),
nucleic acids and their derivatives (6 pages), and parasitoses
(8 pages). Interested in fossil fuels? There are 14 pages on oil
sands, 14 on oil shale, 5 on petroleum coke, and 20 on motor
fuels; this last entry is restricted to gasoline, as diesel and turbine fuels are discussed under fuel oils. In addition, the following application-oriented entries should be mentioned:
perfumes (5 pages), furs (9 pages), nitrocellulose (12 pages),
and in particular paper, subdivided into fibrous raw materials (46 pages) and manufacture (59 pages).
[‘j Cf. Angew. Chem. In!. Ed. Engl. 18.491 (1979)
The present volume is the equal of its predecessors in quality of presentation and material. This is undoubtedly due in
essence to the editors’ efforts in finding competent authors
for the wide range of topics and then in coordinating their
Ulfert Onken [NB 497 IE]
The Chemical Applications of Transmission Electron Microscopy. J. R. Fryer. Academic Press, London 1979. x, 286
pages, 126 figures, 4 tables, bound, $ 38.00.
The present monograph treats the principles of image formation and image contrast in an electron microscope, microscope attachments, specimen preparation, high-resolution
microscopy, and phase contrast, as well as the study of surface phenomena, crystal structures, and precipitates from solutions. The fascinating possibility of a n in-situ observation
of a chemical reaction in a n electron microscope is considered in the last of the eight chapters. The book gives a good
balance between theory and empiricism, the current state of
the art in high-resolution microscopy being emphasized in
preference to the physical principles of electron optics. The
examples have been taken mainly from the author’s own
work. It is rather unfortunate that the technical details are
explained predominantly for the example of the Siemens apparatus used in Glasgow, especially as Siemens no longer
produce electron microscopes.
On the subject of high resolution, supplementary information would be desirable in a new edition, such as data on
structural features that favor the use of this method and a
more extensive discussion of the studies on oxides, in which
the most recently published, higher-resolution pictures are
taken into consideration. The table of the graphite compounds requires revision: it contains many printing errors
and does not correspond to the current state of the art.
It was the author’s intention that the bibliography should
provide information on the work of other authors on subjects
treated in less detail here. T o achieve this aim revision is necessary to include further authors, such as S. Andersson and L.
Finally, it should be emphasized that the book is a handy
and practically-oriented summary with emphasis on providing a really useful introduction to the field, up to now not
easily available to those who wanted to familiarize themselves with the methods of transmission electron miscroscoPY.
Reginald Gruehn [NB 494 IE]
0 Verlag Chemie, GmbH. 6940 Weinheim, 1980 0570-0833/80/0202-0148 $02.50/0
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl 19 (1980) No. 2
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