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Book Review The Chemistry of Ceramics. Edited by H. Yanagida K. Kuomoto and M

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BOOKS
Modern Materials
The Chemistry of Ceramics. Edited by
H . Yanugidu, K. Kuomoto and M .
Miyuyamu. John Wiley & Sons,
Chichester, 1996. 263 pp., hardcover
E 19.99.-ISBN 0-471-96733
Engineering ceramics or high-performance ceramics are playing an increasingly important role in the development of
new technologies,
especially in the
fields of microelectronics and telecommunications, automotive and turbine
engineering, power
generation, medical
technology, and special materials such
as cermets. In this
book, which is an
English translation of the second edition
of a monograph first published in 1993,
the editors’ main aim was to present the
basic chemistry and physics of this new
class of constructional materials. The detailed engineering and technical aspects of
ceramics, such as processing methods or
fracture mechanics, are only touched on
at an elementary level.
The work consists ofjust four chapters,
resulting in a structure that is clear and
easy to grasp. The first chapter is an introduction which explains the special importance of ceramic materials, reviews their
history and the present situation, and considers the potential for future developments.
The second chapter dcscribes the characteristic solid state structures of ceramics
and glasses. The crystal structures are
classified according to the coordination
number and the arrangement of the ions.
I
This section contains book reviews and a list of
new books received by the editor. Book reviews are
written by invitation from the editor. Suggestions
for books to be reviewed and for book reviewers
are welcome. Publishers should send brochures
or (better) books to the Redaktion Angewandte
Chemie, Postfach 10 11 61, U-69451 Weinheim,
Federal Republic of Germany. The editor reserves
the right of selecting which books will be reviewed.
Uninvited books not chosen for review will not be
returned.
L
Angew Cheni Int ELI Engl 1997 36, No 20
Point defects and dislocations, which are
of fundamental importance for understanding the relevant powder processing
technology and the properties of polycrystalline materials, are treated in detail. The
microstructures of both dense sintered
and porous materials in molded components are then described, and are related
to their properties. Surface structures are
discussed, first in a general way, then with
special reference to thin films, fibers, and
interfaces.
For a thorough understanding of solid
state syntheses and the properties of the
resulting materials it is essential to have a
detailed knowledge of the different reactions that can occur in ceramics, especially
at high temperaturcs. Therefore the third
chapter begins by concentrating on phase
equilibria, phase diagrams, and phase
transformations. Diffusion and mass
transport in solids, and the many different
types of reactions that solids can undergo
with gases or liquids, are treated in detail.
These discussions then provide the basis
for a section devoted to the sintering processes that play a key role in the compaction of ceramic powders, and make
possible the manufacture of a variety of
technologically important refractory materials. The development of suitable sintering methods has made it possible to
produce a whole range of new synthetic
ceramics with especially valuable properties, such as those based on barium or aluminum titanates, zirconium dioxide, silicon nitride, and silicon carbide. As well as
dealing with the purely physical fundamentals of sintering, the chapter also describes the most important technological
compaction processes. This part ends with
a description of processes for manufacturing ceramic powders, thin films, fibers,
porous structures, and composite materials.
The final chapter is devoted to the physical properties of ceramic materials in relation to their technological applications.
These are discussed under the headings of
thermal properties (melting point, coefficient of expansion, thermal conductivity),
electrical and magnetic properties, and
optical, mechanical, and chemical properties. The treatment of electrical and magnetic properties is quite detailed, but some
5 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, 1997
of the other properties, such as corrosion
behavior, are only covered rather superficially. A more extensive and thorough
treatment of these aspects in a future edition would add further to the generally
very favorable impression given by this
monograph.
In its structure and content The Chemistry of Ceramics is an excellent textbook
which provides a good treatment of the
fundamental relationships betwcen the
structure and properties of modern technical ceramics. It can therefore be recommended unreservedly for chemistry students specializing in solid state chemistry,
and for students of materials science subjects and applied mineralogy.
R a y Riedel
Fachbcreich Materialwissenschaft
der Technischen Hochschule Darmstadt
(Germany)
CVD of Nonmetals. Edited by W S.
Rees Jr. VCH Verlagsgesellschaft,
Weinheim, 1996. 424 pp., hardcover
DM 238.00.-ISBN 3-527-29295-0
This book is a further addition to those
recently published by VCH Verlagsgesellschaft on the topical theme of chemical
vapor deposition (T. Kodas, M. Hampden-Smith, The Chemistry of Metals
CVD, 1994; A. C. Jones. P. O’Brien, CVD
of Cornpound Semiconductoiq 1996).
Chapter 1 is a short introduction which
explains how the book should be used,
and briefly summarizes the basic principles of physical and chemical gas phase
deposition techniques. The reader wishing
to gain a deeper insight should consult the
more advanced literature listed in the bibliography. The topics treated in the main
text are: superconductors (Ch. 2, D. L.
Schulz and T. J. Marks), nonmetallic
(transparent) conductors (Ch. 3, T. Gerfin
and K.-H. Dahmen), compound semiconductors (Ch. 4, G. S. Tompa), insulators
(Ch. 5, A. R. Barron), and structured
ceramics and composites (Ch. 6, W. J.
Lackey). The book ends with a chapter by
G. E. Krauter and W. S. Rees entitled
“Other Materials”, in which the authors
have carefully gathered together all the
topics that would not naturally fit in under any of the other headings.
0570-0833/97/3620-2247 $17.50 + .SO/O
2247
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