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Book Review The Chemistry of Synthetic Dyes. Volume III. Edited by K. Venkataraman

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Lehrbuch der analytischen und praparativen anorganischen
Chemie (Textbook of Analytical and Preparative Inorganic Chemistry). By G. Jander and E . Blasius. s. Hirzel Verlag, Stuttgart 1970. 9th edit., xxv, 497 pp., 68
figs., 6 tables, bound, DM 28.-.
Recent editions of this book have shown a tendency
toward the introduction of new theoretical chapters or
the updating and extension of existing ones; this tendency
is continued in the present edition. It is thus not surprising
that the chapters on “The law of mass action and ionic
theory” and on “The chemistry of complexes” have been
reformulated and amplified.
However, the continual increase in the theoretical chapters
is making it more and more difficult for the beginner to
use the work as a textbook at the start of his studies, for
too many topics are treated too briefly and with insufficient clarity. One might be forgiven for wondering whether
students in their first year would, for example, gain much
by working through the chapter on “Chemical bonding”,
especially since there is no obvious relationship to qualitative analysis. Again, it would require considerable effort
to understand the concept of Lewis acids and bases (to
which only a single sentence is devoted) or the completely
isolated treatment of the Grimm hydride shift.
The analytical section is very good and comprehensive,
and the separation procedures are well thought out and
reproducible; however, it is so complicated that one cannot
see the picture as a whole, and thus it is unsuitable as
teaching material for chemistry students. It would only
be required in this form in establishments where the topic
of inorganic chemistry is represented solely by qualitative
analysis. On the other hand, the preparative section is
dealt with in far too brief and classical a manner; for example, not a single synthesis of a x-complex is given. This
is regrettable, since preparative work is also a way in which
information on compounds can be conveyed.
For these reasons, this imposing-looking work can only
by recommended with reservations to chemistry students.
The authors have written another book, “Einfiihrung in
das anorganisch-chemische Praktikum (Introduction to
Practical Inorganic Chemistry)”; this book contains sufficient qualitative and quantitative analytical chemistry to
provide the analytical training required for a chemist,
and it is to be preferred to the book under review.
Alois Haas
[NB 23 IE]
Physical Principles and Techniques of Protein Chemistry,
Part B. From the series Molecular Biology. An International Series of Monographs and Textbooks. Edited
by S. J . Leach. Academic Press, New York-London
1970. 1st edit., xiv, 491 pp., numerous figures, $ 11.20.
(Chapter 10). Almost all the chapters are oriented toward
practical applications. There are only a few errors to mar
the high level of achievement ;the most serious of these is the
incorrect definition of the scale of chemical shifts. In some
places an insufficiently clear distinction is made between
“frequency” and “wave number”. Selection of the methods
and the arrangement of the chapters have already been
discussed in the review of Part A“].
It is to be hoped that the projected Part C will soon appear
and complete this very useful survey. If it is still possible,
I would recommend the inclusion of an informative
chapter on electron spin resonance and spin labelling.
Karel Bluha [NB 24 IE]
[l] Cf. Angew. Chem. internat. Edit. 83, 362 (1971).
The Chemistry of Synthetic Dyes. Volume 111. Edited by
K . Venkataraman. Academic Press, New York-London
1970. 1st Edit., xix, 485 pp., numerous illustrations and
tables, bound, $27.50.
The first supplementary volume to the standard work on
dye chemistry (Volumes I and I1 of Venkataraman’s “The
Chemistry of Organic Dyes”) has just been issued, recording the advances made in certain sectors over the past
20 years.
The decisive factor in the carefully balanced presentation
of many of the chapters is certainly that the authors are all
experts in their fields and work in large industrial research
laboratories. Only in this way could the descriptive matter
be so permeated with the knowledge and practical experience and the main lines of advance be traced out with
the maximum of accuracy and clarity while working from
a literature source often consisting of innumerable patents
which are difficult to assess. As in the earlier volumes, the
extremely high number of literature references ensures the
practical usefulness of this book. In accordance with recent
developments, the theoretical fundamentals receive a wider
coverage than before, e. g. in the section on “Color and
electronic state” by Mason, which will also be readily
understood by the chemist. In almost all cases, care is
taken to ensure a smooth transition (or occasionally an
amplification) from the formerly used dyestuffs chemistry
presented in the earlier volumes.
The volumes of this work correspond in content and price
to a volume of Houben- Weyl, and wherever the latter work
is found the former should also be present. The concept of
the new volumes and the stimulus which the field of dyestuffs gives-or is capable of giving-to a large number
of related fields raise this work to the same level. N o dyestuffs chemist working in industry and research can manage
without this book, and anyone who by his profession is
predominantly concerned with the use of dyes will get useful information from relevant sections of the book.
This volume[’] is a collection of further applications of
physical methods in protein chemistry. It consists of the
following chapters: 10. Ultracentrifugal analysis ( J . H .
Coates); 11. Viscosity ( J . H . Bradbury); 12. Optical
diffraction ( S . N . Timasheff and R. Townend) ; 14. Nuclear
magnetic resonance spectroscopy (5. C. Metcalje) ; 15.
Bonding of protons and other ions ( F . R. N . Gurd);
16. Differential thermal analysis ( H . Morita).
Analytical Flame Spectroscopy-Selected Topics. Edited
by R . Mavrodineanu. Macmillan and Co. Ltd., LondonBasingstoke 1970, 1st Edit., xxii, 772 pp.. numerous illustrations and tables, bound, S 14.00.
In most cases the authors place great weight on instructive
hints. The reader is familiarized with the theoretical
fundamentals of the method, and this is done both for
methods which are not much used in protein chemistry
(Chapters 14 and 16) and also for the well known methods
According to the editor’s foreword, this book, the result of
a collaboration between 19 authors, is intended to present
a consistent account of analytical flame spectroscopy,
i. e. atomic emission, atomic absorption, and atomic
fluorescence spectroscopy. Such a book, which covers the
Angew. Chem. internat. Edit. 1 Vol. 11 (1972)
1 No. 6
Peter Dimroth
[NB 35 IE]
547
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