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Book Review The Chemistry of the Catalyzed Hydrogenation of Carbon Monoxide. By G. Henrici-Oliv and S. Oliv

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extensive bibliography is spread through the text; its entries, both in the biographical/historical part and, not
least, in the scientific/technical sections really d o extend
into 1983. Naturally, it would have been astounding if this
success had been uniform and it must be said that, for example, more than 2 sentences (on p. 110) could have been
wished on the natride ion, Na-, and on the corresponding
oxidation state of gold, Au-, (on p. 1367); nor is the most
recent technology in iron and steel production included.
Yet such points are exceptions which require practically
microscopic examination of the text.
Optically the text is well produced with pleasing formula depictions and clearly laid out tables and diagrams.
Annoyingly, the latter are not free of mistakes: on p. 58 the
caption is twiceover puzzling (H2!). Blocks of text printed
on a grey background emphasize special sections; for
some people this will seem overdone since it breaks up the
continuity of the text o r at least renders it clumsy. The theoretical chapters and the selection of material show a distinct preference for the s and p block elements, to which
1000 of the total 1500 pages are given over. d and f block
elements are banished to the last third of the book so that
little space remains for their coordination and organometallic chemistry. However, this does not amount to being
“anti Cotton and Wilkinson”, since it is precisely in the
chapters on the transition elements that the authors have
striven to pick out the essential points from a superabundance of facts.
Ultimately the question must be posed whether the book
leans toward molecular or solid state chemistry and
whether it can be recommended to protagonists of either
case. The answer must be that the former prevails. Here
the book is best able to satisfy high expectations. However,
in all the other passages too it makes fascinating reading
material, especially for students in first or middle semesters, as well as for the practising chemist and the chemistry
teacher.
The presentation of the book is pleasing and convenient; the English is pleasantly relaxed but still precise.
The book could well be taken from the writing desk, if not
straight into bed, at least as far as the sofa. For around
DM 100 (in paperback) it is edifying entertainment, well
worth the money.
Is a German translation desirable? For reasons already
given in the introduction this would be an enrichment, assuming that the German version was immediately brought
back up to date and that the language was kept as fluent as
in the original so that nothing was lost in this respect. The
book would then easily be in a position to compete with
(the new) Holleman-Wiberg and Cotton and Wilkinson
could only stay in contention so long as it too was modernized and reorganized.
In the introduction (by R . J . GilLespie) and in the authors’ foreword referred to above, it transpires that
“Chemistry of the Elements” breaks with the tradition of
British and American textbooks insofar that it i s concerned
more with timeless facts and phenomena, which theoretical concepts can be measured against and directed towards. This is supposed to stimulate the curiosity without
which future research cannot thrive. As is well known, this
approach is not so novel in German textbooks and so this
newcomer fits well into our landscape.
Professor Greenwood was distinguished in 1983 with one
of the major awards of the German Chemical Society. He
would have deserved it for this textbook alone, even if
many of the modern results about boron compounds were
not based on his scientific work. In the circumstances noAnyew C h m . Inr. Ed. Engl. 25 11986) No. 2
one would begrudge the fact that the chapter on boron hydride compounds has turned out too long.
Hubert Schmidbaur [NB 688 IE]
Anorganisch-chemisches Institut
der Technischen Universitat Munchen (FRG)
The Chemistry of the Catalyzed Hydrogenation of Carbon
Monoxide. By G . Henrici-Olivh and S. Olive. Springer
Verlag, Berlin 1984. x, 231 pp., hardback, DM 146.00.ISBN 3-540-13292-9
The oil crisis and a looming oil shortage have brought
about strong growth in the interest in carbon monoxide derived from coal. In recent years various monographs concerned with the hydrogenation of carbon monoxide have
already appeared. Thus, duplications in the description of
CO hydrogenation reactions were inevitable. The book at
hand, which deals with the literature up to the beginning
of 1984, gives a good survey of the present state, and of the
problems encountered in homogeneous and heterogeneous
catalytic hydrogenation of CO. Mechanistic considerations
assume a central position, and the chemistry of organometallic complexes stands, to a certain degree, at the center of
attention. The attempt to build a bridge between molecular
chemistry and possible surface species is successful. The
authors have been able to choose the essential aspects of
the relevant coordination chemistry from the extensive literature and have illustrated clearly the “metal-organic
zoo” of possible surface compounds by model reactions.
Here the book is of great value.
In 11 chapters the following areas are covered: Transition metal-hydrogen/carbon monoxide interactions: those
reactions that are seen as significant in the hydrogenation
of CO, e.g. hydride formation, C O coordination and C O
bond cleavage are introduced in two opening chapters.
Non-catalytic interactions of CO with H,: apart from mechanistic aspects of the interaction of C O and H2, the formation of formyl-, formaldehyde-, methoxy-, and carbide
complexes is dealt with. Key reactions in catalysis: this
chapter is devoted to certain key reactions, e.g. insertion of
CO, formaldehyde and olefins, as well as elimination of
hydrogen and the influence of ligands. Catalysts and supports: here the interactions of molecular complexes with
carriers is presented. Methanation: after the first part of
this book has mainly been concerned with model reactions, the consideration of catalytic processes begins with
methanation. Again, mechanistic aspects such as carbide
mechanism and CO insertion mechanism are the central
themes. Methanol from CO and H,: the homogeneous and
heterogeneous catalysis of methanol formation is described in this very short chapter. Fischer-Tropsch synthesis;
this is the longest chapter. Alongside model reactions
stand such technical parameters as the influence of pressure and temperature. Homogeneous CO hydrogenation: in
the first section hydroformylation is introduced, in the second, the formation of polyalcohols. Methanol a s raw material: this chapter, which is concerned with the homologation and conversion of methanol on zeolites, does not entirely fit in the supposed context of CO-hydrogenation.Attempt of unified view: In this chapter an attempt is made to
simplify the general problem of C O hydrogenation from a
mechanistic standpoint,
For those interested in the chemistry of organometallic
complexes, the book contains many well known reactions.
Nevertheless, the purchase of this book can be recommended on account of its comprehensive approach. It of-
195
fers an abundance of information about model reactions of
organometallic compounds to the chemist or physicist
working in the field of heterogeneous hydrogenation of
co.
Willi Keim [NB 691 IE]
Institut fur Technische Chemie und Petrolchemie
der Technischen Hochschule Aachen (FRG)
Advances in Chemical Physics. Series Editors : I. Prigogine
and S . A. Rice. Vol. LVIlI: Tagged-Particle Motion in
Dense Media : Dynamics Beyond the Boltzmann Equation.
By T. Keyes and A. J. Masters. ix, 381 pp., bound,
L 87.25.-ISBN 0-471-81349-4; Vol. LIX: Index Volumes
I-LV. Edited by P. L. Radlofi. 376 pp., bound,
L 92.50.-1SBN 0-471-80427-4; Vol. LX: Photodissociation and Photoionization. By K . P. Lawley. John Wiley,
Chichester 1985. ix, 474 pp., bound, E 47.50.-ISBN 047 1-90211-X
Specialist Periodical Reports. Organometallic Chemistry.
Vol. 13. A Review of the Literature Published During
1983. By E. W. Abel and F. G. A. Stone. The Royal Society of Chemistry, London 1985. xv, 491 pp., bound,
L 82.00.-ISBN 85186-611-5
Chemistry of Hydrocarbon Combustion. By D. J . Hucknall.
Chapman and Hall, London 1985. viii, 415 pp., bound,
E 39.50.--ISBN 0-412-26110-3
Recent Developments in the History of Chemistry. Edited
by C. A . Russell. The Royal Society of Chemistry, London 1985. x, 333 pp., bound, L 27.50.--ISBN 0-85186917-3
Organic Photochemistry, Vol. 7. Edited by A. Padwa. Marcel Dekker, New York 1985. xi, 498 pp., bound, $ 89.75
(USA and Canada), $ 107.50 (all other countries).ISBN 0-8247-7421-3
Symmetry in Bonding and Spectra. An Introduction. By B.
E. Douglas and C. A. Hollingsworth. Academic Press,
Orlando, Florida 1985. xii, 456 pp., bound, $ 39.00.ISBN 0- 12-221340-8
The Biology of Crustacea. Series Editor: D. E. Bliss. Vol. 9:
Integument, Pigments, and Hormonal Processes. Volume
Editors: D. E. Bliss and L. H . Mantel. Academic Press,
Orlando, Florida 1985. xxix, 550 pp., bound, $ 79.00.ISBN 0-12-106409-3
Methods in Enzymology. Series Editors: S. P. Colowick and
N . 0. Kaplan. Academic Press, Orlando, FL 1985. Vol.
109: Hormone Action, Part I: Peptide Hormones. Edited
by L. Birnbaumer and B. W . O'Malley. xxviii, 891 pp.,
bound, $ 85.00.-ISBN 0-12-182009-2; Vol. 110: Steroids and Isoprenoids. Part A. Edited by J . H . Law and
H . C . Rilling. xxv, 460 pp., bound, $ 55.00.-ISBN 012-182010-6
The Hirn System. Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry.
Principles. By K . Hirayama. Springer-Verlag, Berlin
1985. ix, 149 pp., bound, DM 138.00.--ISBN 3-54015031-5
Ecological Studies. Analysis and Synthesis. Series Editors :
W. D. Billings, F. Golley. 0. L. Lange, J . S . Olson, H .
Remmert. Vol. 52: Air Pollution by Photochemical Oxidants. Formation, Transport, Control, and Effects on
Plants. Edited by R . Guderian. Springer-Verlag, Berlin
1985. xi, 346 pp., bound, 158.00.-ISBN 3-540-13966-4
Chemical Analysis. Series Editors: P. J . Elving, J . D. Winefordner, and I . M . Kolthoff. John Wiley, Chichester
1985. Vol. 76: Receptor Modeling in Environmental
Chemistry. By P. K . Hopke. vii, 319 pp., bound, =€
86.75.--ISBN 0-471-89106-1; Vol. 77: Molecular Luminescence Spectroscopy. Methods and Applications: Part 1.
Edited by S . G. Schulman Y. 826 pp., bound, =€ 98.25.ISBN 0-471-86848-5; Vol. 78: Inorganic Chromatographic Analysis. Edited by J . C. Mucdonald. xiii, 450 pp.,
bound, f 75.20.- I S B N 0-47 1-86263-0; Vol. 79: Analytical Solution Calorimetry. Edited by J . K . Grime. xvi, 401
pp., bound, =€ 69.40.-1SBN 0-471-86942-2
Practical Approach Series. Series Editors: D. Rickwood
and B. D. Hames. Affinity Chromatography: A Practical
Approach. Edited by P. D. G. Dean, W. S . Johnson, and
F. A. Middle. IRL Press, Oxford 1985. xv, 215 pp., paperback. L 11.00.-ISBN 0-904147-71-1
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Angew. Chem. int. Ed. Engl. 25 (1986) No. 2
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