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Book Review Thermal AnalysisЧTechniques and Applications. Edited by E. L. Charsley and S. B. Warrington

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view and some insights. To that extent the
book fulfills the aims set out by the editors
in the preface. Those wishing to study the
subject in greater depth will need to extend their reading to advanced monographs and more detailed texts, helped by
the numerous literature references given
(nearly 1500). Although not suitable as a
student textbook, the work certainly offers students with sufficient previous
knowledge an excellent resource for stimulating an interest in inorganic chemistry
with regard both to materials and applications.
Hans Reuter
Institut fur Anorganische Chemie
der Universitat Osnabruck (FRG)
Thermal Analysis-Techniques
Applications. Edited by E. L. Charsley and S. B. Warrington. Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, 1992.
VIII, 296 pp., hardcover E 45.00.ISBN 0-85 186-375-2
This multiauthor work is based on a
course held in 1992 by the Thermal Analysis Consulting Service. It aims to provide
an overview of the most important methods used in thermal analysis (TA) and to
acquaint the reader with some recent advances and applications.
A brief (and superficial) introduction to
TA methods is followed by chapters on
differential thermal analysis and dynamic
difference calorimetry (too brief and too
qualitative), thermogravimetry, supplementary methods (not exhaustive, but upto-date). evolved gas analysis. thermomechanical analysis and dynamic mechanical
analysis (not enough relevant literature
references), controlled rate TA (an important and valuable introduction to this new
technique), applications of TA to polymers (informative, but lacking enough
references to more advanced and detailed
literature), TA in pharmacy (superficial
and does not give an up-to-date review),
applications of TA in metallurgy and materials science (very specialized), applications to minerals and fossil fuels, applications of TA to catalysts (does not remotely
live u p to what the title of the chapter
promises), and quality control by TA (a
first introduction to this important area,
though it does not treat it in much depth).
Unfortunately the chapters concerned
with fundamentals are not by themselves
adequate in either their breadth of coverage or depth of treatment to enable the
reader to apply TA methods. On the other
hand, the chapters on applications are
very uneven in quality. In some cases the
authors are content to merely list examples of applications, and in others only
a few examples are discussed in detail (as in
the case of magnetic resonance TA, a technique which has probably scarcely been
used by anyone other than the inventor
and author of the article). There has evidently been insufficient discussion between
the authors of the individual chapters, resulting in much unnecessary repetition and
a lack of consistency in nomenclature. The
quality of printing is good, despite the fact
that the manuscripts have been reproduced
in ordinary typescript characters (surprising in view of modern text-processing technology), with some of the chapters in justified style and others with an irregular
right-hand margin. Some of the equations
have been very carelessly typed.
Thus we have here a review volume
which is of rather uneven quality (though
inexpensive). It can serve as an introduction to this field, though not in much
Heiko K . Cummenga
Institut fur Physikalische und
Theoretische Chemie
der Technischen Universitiit
Braunschweig (FRG)
Determination of Thermodynamic
Properties. 2nd Edition. (Series:
Physical Methods of Chemistry,
Vol. 6) Edited by B. W. Rossiter and
R . C. Buetzold. Wiley, Chichester,
1992. XI, 743 pp., hardcover
E 157.00.-1SBN 0-471-57 087-7
At a time when the primary literature is
expanding at a near-explosive rate, whereas library budgets are suffering deep cuts,
handbooks have become even more important than they were, say, 20 years ago.
Such classics as the Physical Methods of
Chemistry series aim to provide scientists
involved in research and applications with
a comprehensive, accurate, and concise introduction to the theory, methodology,
and applications of measurement techniques, thus enabling them to select the
most suitable ones for particular problems, and to consult the specialist literature before applying them.
Volume 6 of this 12-volume handbook
is concerned with the determination of
thermodynamic properties (although, regrettably, it does not cover the subject
anywhere near exhaustively). In the chapter on “Mass and Density Determinations”
R. S. Davies and W. F. Koch give a
thoroughly adequate description of the
most important methods of determining
mass, together with their fundamental ba-
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sis, including secondary effects on the
weighing operation. However, in some
places they might have brought out more
clearly the advantages and disadvantages
of the different weighing principles. The
use of weighing methods in applications
such as density measurement, and the
measurement of partial molar volumes,
moisture contents. and specific surface areas, are treated in appropriate detail.
However, for many other applications,
such as the determination of surface tension and contact angle, not even literature
references are given. In the chapter “Pressure and Vacuum Measurements” C. R.
Tilford treats the physical aspects of the
measurement methods thoroughly, but
includes almost nothing on applications,
nor on the suitability of the methods for
particular measurement tasks, aspects that
the chemist wishing to determine properties would expect to find included. For
example, there is not a word about vapor
pressure measurements! P. J. Dunlop,
K. R. Harris. and D. J. Young, in their
chapter “Methods for Studying Diffusion
in Gases, Liquids, and Solids”, give a
lucid introduction to the theory of diffusion (including ternary systems) and describe in great detail the experimental
methods for gases, liquids, and solids.
D. K. Wyatt and L. T. Grady contribute a
chapter on “Determination of Solubility”
(regrettably with some printing errors that
should have been corrected) in which they
review the classical methods. Here the authors could have shortened some of the
material included in the previous edition
and instead given more detail on, for example. gas-chromatographic and optical
methods, the currently important topic of
determining solubilities in liquified and
supercritical gases, and continuous methods. Appropriate space is devoted to the
determination of the rate of dissolution of
solids in liquids. In the chapter on “Viscosity and its Measurement” J. Greener
gives a good and detailed (perhaps even
too detailed) theoretical treatment of the
viscous behavior of fluids. and devotes
special attention to the various sources of
error in viscosity measurements. Unfortunately, though, measurements on gases
are generally not discussed in enough detail. In the chapter on “Temperature Measurement with Application to Phase Equilibria Studies” J. B. Ott and J. R. Goates
give a good introduction to this subject of
great practical importance, with a wealth
of important literature references. and
their account of the application of temperature measurements to investigating
phase equilibria is lucidly presented.
However, it is unfortunate that in deriving
thermodynamic relationships for mixed
OS70-0833~94!0505-0586B 10.00+ .25:0
Angeu. Cliem. Int. Ed. Engl. 1994, 33, N o . 5
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thermal, book, application, edited, warrington, review, charsley, analysisчtechniques
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