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Book Review Thermochemical Data of Pure Substances. Parts I and II. By I.Barin

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Carbon Rings” by P . Mazeroiies, and “Rings with Phosphorus Carbon Multiple Bonds” by E. Fluck and B. Neumiilier.
Other chapters deal with the very active interface between
main group and transition metal chemistry. Included in this
category are “Multiple Bonds between Transition and Main
Group Element Atoms“ by W A. Herrmann, “Organometallic IK Systems” by G. Huttner and H. Lung, and “Clusters of
Metals and Nonmetals” by K . H . Whitmire. A significant
portion of this material has been reviewed earlier by these
three authors but is here updated and expanded. Also included is a chapter by the editor on “Unsaturated 4,6 and 8membered Metalloheterocycles and Metal Polymers”. The
timeliness of this chapter, in the light of recent developments
in this field, can be gauged from the references, most of
which date from the 1980’s. Phosphorus-nitrogen ring systems are represented in a chapter entitled “Azaphospholes”
by A . Schmidpeter and K. Karaghiosoff: The vast array of
structural types and many novel classes of compound encompassed within the heading “Polynuclear Transition Metal Complexes with Sulfur Ligands” are reviewed by B. Krebs
and G. Henkel. The review includes both sulfide and thiolate
ligands. The huge scope of this chapter is reflected in over
400 references, even though 1,I -dithiolate and 1,2-dithiolenes, complexes with partial chalcogen spheres, and abiotic
dithio ligands are excluded.
In summary, this book covers the very rapid developments
in selected modern topics in the general area of inorganic
rings, clusters and polymers. The distinguished list of authors who are all major contributors to their respective fields
has ensured that the coverage is thorough. It is a book which
every research library should have.
Philip P . Power [NB 1074 IE]
Department of Chemistry
University of California
Davis, CA (USA)
ters 3 and k i n very bad English and with many typographical errors-deal with the occurrence of Fusarium and
mycotoxins in maize, wheat oats and rye, with special reference to Poland, while Chapter 5 contains a detailed discussion of problems in Mediterranean countries. Chapters 17 to
19 deal with subject matter which is similar, and in some
cases is even the same. In Chapter 6 a new variant of the
Artemia-saiina bioassay procedure is described. The following chapter is a survey of the literature on trichothecene
poisoning in fish. The chapters on the metabolism of trichothecenes in animals are lucid and comprehensible. Also
interesting are the chapters on the hyperparasitism of Fusarium on some species of Claviceps, and the role of cutinase
and cell-wall destroying enzymes in the process whereby
plants become infected with Fusarium. A very nice conclusion is provided by the final chapter on the occurrence of
Fusarium toxins in cereal crops and animal feeds in Europe.
The latest literature (up to 1988) is covered, and the tables
contain a great deal of clearly presented information.
Taken as a whole this multi-author volume is very nonuniform and i s not well balanced. The treatments of many of
the topics could have been shortened by leaving out all the
information that is duplicated from one chapter to another.
This editing should have been possible during the interval of
two years between the seminar and the appearance of the
book.
In my view the book can only be recommended for phytopathologists, since that is where the main emphasis of the
contributions lies. Food chemists, biochemists and chemists
will benefit little from it, especially as there is already a good
choice of books on the mycotoxins field, including some that
are better than this one.
Heidrun Anke [NB 1083 IE]
Lehrbereich Biotechnologie
der Universitat Kaiserslautern (FRG)
Fusarium Mycotoxins, Taxonomy and Pathogenicity. (Series :
Topics in Secondary Metabolism, Vol. 2). Edited by J.
Chelkowski. Elsevier, Amsterdam 1989. xiv, 492 pp., hardcover DFl325.00.-ISBN 0-444-87468-2
Thermochemical Data of Pure Substances. Parts I and 11. By
I. Barin. VCH Verlagsgesellschaft, Weinheim/VCH Publishers, New York 1989. Part I: x, 87 pp. Index, pp. 1-816;
Part 11: vi, pp. 817-1739; hardcover DM 680.00.-ISBN
3-527-27812-5/0-89573-866-X
This book of about 500 pages is based on a seminar on the
topic named in the title which took place in September 1987
in Warsaw. It contains 26 contributions on various topics
relating to molds of the genus Fusarium and their toxic
metabolites. The emphasis in over half the articles is on the
phytopathological aspects, whereas the chemical and analytical aspects are not adequately covered.
The problems of Fusarium taxonomy are discussed in detail, though it is regrettable that in Chapter 10 only the
European species of Fusarium are treated. For those who are
not experts in taxonomy Table 1 of this chapter is very useful,
as this lists the different names used in the three “schools”
for a given species. However, the list of Fusarium metabolites
given in Chapter 1 is incomplete; it does not include the
apotrichothecenes, nor fumonisin B, which is mentioned in
Chapters 2 and 12. Not all the calonectrin derivatives are
listed. In the bibliography one searches in vain for the “Natural Products Database” produced by Berdy et al.; on the
other hand there are unnecessary references to many of the
older original papers. For many compounds only the trivial
name is given, not the systematic name nor the numbering.
Instead of log E the symbol E, is used, although the values
given for this are the same as those given in the literature for
log E. Chapter 2 gives a competent treatment of fusarin C.
One wishes that all the chapters were so well written. ChapAngew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 29 (1990) No. I2
0 VCH
Anyone who had the experience of using a thermochemical data collection such as “Barin, Knacke and
Kubaschewski” (1973,1977) for everyday reference, whether
for calculating reaction equilibria, estimating the ranges of
conditions under which species exist, or determining the cell
potentials of electrochemical chains, will welcome this updated work, with I. Barin as sole author.
Almost 2400 substances are covered, including 100 organic materials and, among inorganic substances, exotic species
such as C,, PuC,.,, and Th,N,O. The wealth ofcompounds
listed undoubtedly makes this collection of tables the most
complete data compilation of its kind in existence, and when
one also takes into account the attractive presentation, the
relatively high price of DM 680 becomes justified. It is also
of interest to the user to know that the thermodynamic information is also available in computer-readable form (though
this is unfortunately not included in the price). Comparing
this work with “Barin, Knacke and Kubaschewski”, not
only have some data been revised and new compounds included (thus confirming the need for this new version), but
also a number of previously listed substances have been
omitted. It would have been useful to give the reasons in
these cases, since even a rejection of earlier data contains
useful information.
k2rlagsgesell.whaft mbH, W-6940 Weinheim. 1990
0570-0s33/90/12r2-1491$3.50+.25/0
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A typical table lists the various thermochemical data for
temperatures increasing in steps of 100 K above room temperature (extending up to 5000 K in the case of B,O, for
example), for the phase stable at each temperature at a
pressure of 3 bar. The data listed include specific heats,
enthalpies and entropies, and the auxiliary functions (GH,,,)/Tand (H-H,,J. A commendable feature is the inclusion also of the enthalpies of formation and free enthalpies
of formation, and of the corresponding equilibrium constants; in the previous work the definition of these functions
led to a serious potential source of error. Whereas the
“Janaf” tables, for example, consistently use energies of formation (so that the values for elements are, by definition,
zero at all temperatures), in “Barin, Knacke and Kubaschewski” the enthalpies of the elements are normalized to
zero only at room temperature, and consequently the values
at other temperatures differ from zero by amounts determined by their specific heats. The present work also lists at
the top of each table the units employed, an arrangement
which, although clumsy, is user-friendly. At the foot of each
table the sources of the data are given; carefully checked
sources such as the “Janaf” tables have been used wherever
possible.
The precision and reliability of the listed data is a tiresome
but unavoidable subject. The experienced themodynamicist
is no doubt well aware that for important calculations one
must consult the original papers. However, the occasionaI
user may be tempted to assume precision values of up to I
part in lo6. For example, H-values are given to within
kJ mol-‘, whereas in the literature one frequently finds
discrepancies of the order of 10 kJ mol-’.
It is unreasonable to expect that error limits, reliability of
data and inconsistencies in the thermodynamic literature can
be taken into account and evaluated in every case, but the
reader should certainly be given appropriate warnings on
these points.
Much space (87 pages of Part I) is devoted to introductory
explanations and comments to accompany the tables, including much useful information and worked examples.
However, I preferred the introductory chapter on “Basic
Principles” in the earlier work, as it was more concise and
more appropriate to the book’s purpose. In the present work
this has been replaced by essentially a collection of formulas.
One should not quarrel with the convention of introducing
units into equations, but it is unfortunate that the logical
notation of the physical-chemical literature has not been
followed, particularly in a work of this nature: expressions of
the form “t,[“C] = T[K] -273.15” should really now be a
thing of the past. Also the logical definitions in the chapter
on “Entropy” are open to misunderstanding; the condition
A S = 0 does not necessarily imply a reversible adiabatic process, but can also apply to an (irreversible) steady state. The
chapters on the pressure dependence of equilibrium constants and on normal potentials could lead to misunderstandings, and are--in view of the rigor of the statementspartly incorrect.
Jouchim Muiei. [NB 1068 IE]
Max-Planck-Institut fur Metallforschung, Stuttgart (FRG)
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Angew. Chem. h i . Ed. Engl. 29 (1990) No. 12
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