# Book Review Treatise on Analytical Chemistry. Edited by I. M. Kolthoff P. J. Elving and E. B. Sandell. Part I Theory and Practice. Vol. 3 and Vol

код для вставкиСкачатьillustrated by the fact that he reviews even the latest papers, including some dated 1964. However, the selection of literature reviewed sometimes appears to be a little onesided, and some relevant matters have been omitted or are only mentioned incidentally, e.g. the bonding effect of hydrophobic interactions or the importance of the structure of water to the mechanism of fast reactions. G. Schwarz [NB 393/251 IE] The Application of Mathematical Statistics to Chemical Analysis. By V . V . Nalimov. Translated from the Russian by P. Basu. Pergamon Press, Oxford-London-EdinburghNew York-Paris-Frankfurt 1963. 1st edit., IX + 294 pp., 54 figs., numerous tables, linen 44.4.0 (about $ 11.60). This book is composed as a manual for analytical chemists or physicists. It has obviously been written with a strong background of personal experience and with careful consideration of the pertinent literature. The reader is assumed to possess a fundamental knowledge of higher mathematics and mathematical statistics. The book is divided into nine chapters. The first three deal with general principles, mathematical statistics in chemical analysis, and random variables. This is followed by chapters on the normal (Gauss) distribution and the distribution functions derived from this and o n Poisson and binomial distributions. Chapter 6 deals with the comparative evalution of chemical analyses, and Chapter 7 with variance analysis. The eighth chapter presents a statisical treatment of linear relationships, including a short section on correlation analysis. The closing chapter gives rules and proposals for the planning of statistical experiments. A particularly valuable list of further literature is given: 172 references with short descriptions of the contents of books and papers covering the period up to 1959. This is followed by a most useful appendix with 15 clear tables of the most important statistical functions. The book contains a wealth of interesting and original thoughts and of step-by-step calculations of numerical examples. The experienced worker in this field will find many suggestions here. The reviewer considers the volume less suitable as an introduction for the beginner, for the main themes cannot be followed well enough. The book adopts a very wide scope, and important conclusions are given unobtrusively in the text; if these had been made more prominent by using italic or bold-faced type, their importance would be more immediately apparent. The symbols used are clear, but the number of concepts introduced could have been reduced. Some definitions are imprecise, and the curves of the Gauss distribution in Figure 1I are poorly reproduced. Some aspects are omitted or given only brief treatment, e.g. the question of the distribution of possible true values around a result found by experiment and the definition of the limit of detection. On the other hand, the book is full of useful ideas and hints. For instance, it is pointed out that decisions reached as a result of statistical criteria are of the nature of agreements. Admirable features of the book are the applications of Poisson distribution to semiquantitative analysis and of binomial distribution to qualitative analysis. Even the Chebysheff inequality is used in analyses when nothing is known of a distribution function. Nalimov himself states in his foreword that he considers his book to be a contribution to the further development of a general statistical theory of chemical analysis. It is certainly a most stimulating and useful contribution. H . Kniser [NB 406/264] Mucopolysaccharides. Chemical Structure, Distribution, and Isolation. By J . S. Brimacombe and J. M. Webber. B. B. A. Library, Vol. 6. Elsevier Publishing Co., AmsterdarnLondon-New York 1964. 1st edit., I X + 181 pp., 10figs. 13 tables, linen D M 31.- (about $8.00). Although numerous monographs have appeared withm recent years on this topic, the present volume is appealing because it brings a careful and comprehensive survey of the 900 more recent literature in clear terms and a systematic order. The authors have attained this their aim firstly by restricting the material covered to the mucopolysaccharides the structures of which have been completely or largely elucidated and secondly by stressing the classical methods of structural analysis in carbohydrate chemistry. There are six chapters given on the individual types of mucopolysaccharides, even blood-group substances being regarded as such (!). Although data are presented on their distribution, preparation, biosynthesis, and enzymatic degradation, the book is not suitable as a work of reference nor for use as a laboratory manual. For example, data on molecular weights and specific optical rotations, which the reader wouid have preferred in tabular form, are scattered throughout the text, and other physical properties that are of importance especially for the biological function, such as viscosities, electrophoretic mobilities, sedimentation constants, etc., are omitted altogether. In addition, the authors have restricted their discussion in the chapters on quantitative estimation, separation, and purification to a mere reiteration of the methods available without commenting on their usefulness. Despite these shortcomings, the experienced worker in this field will take recourse to this very informative book, especially on account of its reliable bibliography, which encompasses 946 titles. E. Buddecke [NB 4021260 IE] Treatise on Analytical Chemistry. Edited by I. M. Kolthoff, P. J . Elving, and E. B. Sandell. Part I : Theory and Practice. Val. 3 and Vol. 4. Interscience Publishers, a Division of John Wiley & Sons, New York-London-Sydney 1961 and 1963. 1st edit., Vol. 3, Section C (concluded) Separation: Principles and Techniques: XVII + 439 pp., numerous figs. and tables, linen 65.15.0 (about $16.00); - Vol. 4, Section D-l : Magnetic Field Methods of Analysis; Section D-2: Electrical Methods of Analysis: XXV + 953 pp., numerous figs. and tables, linen 49.9.0 (about S26.50). Fifty-three of the total of 124 sections planned for the first part - Theory and Practice of Analytical Chemistry - of the analytical handbook “Treatise on Analytical Chemistry” have now appeared. The present partial volume I 3 concludes the Section C begun in the partial volume I 2 o n separatory methods and their principles and practical techniques; the partial volume I 4 contains section D-1 on magnetic analytical methods and section D-2 on electrical methods of analysis. As for the first two partial volumes, the editors have secured competent specialists to write the individual portions. The fundamentals of the methods are described very carefuily and comprehensively, but often the practical aspects receive too little attention. For this reason, the reader will miss a comparitive appraisal of various methods for solving different specific analytical tasks. In the partial volume I 3, H. Irving and R . J. P. Williams deal with liquid-liquid extraction, and J . A . Hermann and J. F. Suttle with methods of separation based on solid-liquid equilibria. Separation and purification by crystallization and precipitation are given much more space than the important new technique of zone melting (only 3 pp.). The major portion of volume I 3 is devoted to chromatography. The fundamentals of chromatographic methods are discussed by I. Rosenthal, A . R. Weiss, and V . R . Usdin; thereafter individual methods are described: liquid-solid adsorption chromatography by B . J. Mair, liquid-solid ionexchange chromatography by W . Rieman and A . C. Bveyer, paper chromatography by H. J. Pardera and W. H. McMitllen, and gas chromatography by C. E. Bennett, S . Dal Nogare, and L. W. Safranski. Here too, the 240-odd pages afford far too little space to go beyond the fundamentals and general execution l o stress the importance of these methods. Thinlayer chromatography is unfortunately not treated in this partial volume, which appeared in 1961. Electrochromatography could at least have been mentioned in the discussion of the fundamentals of chromatographic processes, Angew. Chem. internat. Edit. 1 Vol. 4 (1965) No. I0 if only for the sake of maintaining the principles of classification. The measurement of magnetic susceptibility for analytical purposes is reviewed by L . N.Mulay to start partial volume 1 4 . This section gives a good survey of the subject and deals with both fundamentals and experimental methods and applications. The section by N . F. Chamberlain on nuclear magnetic and electron paramagnetic resonance conveys the impression that these methods which have been applied so much in analysis within recent years are still in the throes of development; the status reflected in this section is that of 1961, but it is written lucidly and intelligibly. This statement also applies in particular to the following section o n mass spectrometry by F. W . Melpolder and R . A . Brown. The fundamentals, measuring techniques, and applications are described in detail; a further useful addition is a literature review of potential analytical applications of mass spectrometry. The section D-1 on magnetic methods of analysis is then closed by an article on ion scattering by S. Rubin. The content of this chapter is good and shows possible analytical applications of this method, which, because of the extensive apparatus required, will at present probably remain restricted to physics laboratories. The larger portion (over 550pp.) of partial volume I 4 is allocated to section D-2 on electrical methods of analysis. Following a chapter by C . N . Reilley on the fundamentals of electrochemical processes at electrodes and another by R . W . Murray on electrochemical techniques, a series of detailed, well-written sections on individual electroanalytical methods is given : chronoamperometry and chronopotentiometry ( P . Delahay), potentiometry ( N . H . Furman), polarography (L. Meites), coulometric analysis ID. D . De Ford and J . W. Miller), stripping analysis ( I . Shain), conductometry and oscillometry (J. W . Loveland), and the analytical importance of dielectric constants ( B . W. Thomas and R . Pertel). The sections are arranged according to methodical aspects of the subject and frequently - as already pointed out in earlier reviews - overemphasize theory and underestimate practice. Moreover, the presentation often should have followed physico-chemical fundamentals more closely and not the historical developments. Comparisons of the values of different methods in practical analysis are often sadly missed. Despite these shortcomings, the two partial volumes 1 3 and I 4 of this series nonetheless represent a valuable addition to the literature o n analytical chemistry. H . Kienitz “€3 4011259 IE] -Registered names, trademarks, etc. used in this journaI, even without specific indication thereof, are not to be considered unprotected by law Q 1965 by Verlag Chemie, GmbH. - Printed in Germany by Druckerei Winter, Heidelberg. All rights reserved. N o part of this journal may he reproduced in any form whatsoever, e.g. by photoprint, microfilm, or any other means, without written permission from the publishers. Editorial office: Ziegelhauser Landstrasse 35, Heidelberg, Germany, Telephone 24975, Telex 461 855 kemia d, Cable address: Chemieredaktion Heidelberg. Chief Editor: W.Foerst . Editor: H . Griinewald. Publishers: Verlag Chemie GmbH. (President Eduard Kreurhuge), Pappelallee 3, Weinheim/Bergstr., Germany, and Academic Press Inc. (President Walter J. Johnson), 1 1 1 Fifth Avenue, New York 3, N.Y., USA, and Berkeley Square House, Berkeley Square, London, W. 1, England. Correspondence concerning advertisements should by addressed to Verlag Chemie, GmbH. (Advertising Manager W . Thiel), Pappelallee 3, Weinheiml Bergstr., Germany, Telephone Weinheim 3635, Telex 46 55 16 vchwh, Cable address: Chemieverlag Weinheimbergstr. Angew. Chem. internat. Edit. Vol. 4 (1965) / No. 10 90 1

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