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Book Review Verordnung ber gefhrliche Arbeitsstoffe. Vol. 2 Technische Regeln (TRgA) (Regulations on Dangerous Materials. Vol. 2 Technical Rules). By E. Quellmalz

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cyanate (1.9g, 9.0mmol) is condensed into a solution of ( 2 )
(1 .0 g, 4.1 mmol) in diethyl ether (7 ml) at - 196"C. The temperature is allowed to rise from -50°C to room temperature
within 18h, stirring is continued for 24h, and the solvent
and volatile products are removed in uacuo. The residue is
dissolved in dichloromethane; on cooling to 0"C, compound
( 5 b ) crystallizes (0.375 g, 27 %). 'H-NMR: ~ - N c ( c H ~ )=~ 1.49
(s), ~ > N C ( C H , ) ~ =+1.64 (s). I9F-NMR: ~ c F ~-87.28,
=
-87.45,
- 87.67 (1 1 : l), S C F=~ - 85.86, - 88.33 (1 : 2).
1,3-Dioxo-2,4-bis(trimethylsilyl)-l
,3-bis(trimethylsily1imino)cyclodiaza-h6-thiane( 10) ; Reaction of (1) (2.93 g,
10mmol) with i-C3FTNSO (4.62g, 20mmol) in diethyl ether
(7 ml) at room temperature gives, after three days' stirring,
compound(9)(2.6g,86%),b.p. 130"C,and(lO)(l.Og,23%),
m.p.86"C.Compound ( 1 0 ) is purified by recrystallization from
+
pentane. 'H-NMR: 6=NSi(CH,II=
f0.21, 6=NSI(C:H,),=
+ 0.415;
MS: m/e=444 (18%, Mi).
Received: December 11, 1978 [Z 167 IE]
German version: Angew. Chem. 91. 231 (1979)
a) 0. Glemser, J. Wrgener, Angew. Chem. 82, 324 (1970); Angew Chem.
Int. Ed. Engl. 9, 309 (1970); b) 0. Glemser, S. Pohl, F . M . TeskJ, R.
Mews, ibid. 89, 829 (1977) and 16, 789 (1977).
[ 2 ] F. M . Teesky, R. Mews, B. Krebs, M . R. Udupa, Angew. Chem. 90,
722 (1978); Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 17, 677 (1978).
[3] K . D. Schmidt, R. Mew*$.0. Cknrser, Angew. Chem. 88. 646 (1976);
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 15, 614 (1976); H . W Roesky, M . Aramaki,
1.. Schdtfelder, Z. Naturforsch. 8 3 3 . 1072 (1978).
[4] Compound ( 8 ) had already been isolated as a product of the reaction
between OSFJ and LiN(SiR3)l. but its dirner has not previously been
reported: 0.Glemser, M . F e w , S . P. c'. Halass. H . Saran, Inorg. Nucl.
Chem. Lett. 8, 321 (1972).
[I]
BOOK REVIEWS
The Chemistry of Cyclo-octatetraene and Its Derivatives. By
G. 1. Fray and R. G. Saxtotz. Cambridge University Press.
Cambridge 1978. x, 492 pp., bound, E 30.00.
Interest in cyclooctatetraene and its derivatives has been
increasing steadily since the discovery and development of
a catalytic synthesis by W Reppe and co-workers in 1940.
Although a number of reviews on various aspects of COT
chemistry exist, there has been a need for a standard reference
work to up-date the slim volume by G. Schviider which was
first published in 1965. This need has now been admirably
filled by Fray and Suxton's book which certainly belongs
in every chemical library. In view of the price it is doubtful,
however, whether many individuals will purchase their own
private copy.
Two relatively short chapters on the chemistry of cyclooctatetraene and substituted cyclooctatetraenes are followed by
a mammoth chapter on "Further reactions of compounds
derived from cyclooctatetraenes" in which the authors discuss
the chemistry of such directly related species as semibullvalene,
cyclooctatriene, 9-oxabicyclo[6.1 .O]nona-2,4,6-triene and tricycl0[4.2.2.0~~~]deca-3,6-diene.
The book is rounded-off by
a 50 page appendix which is referred to both in the text
and in the index and which takes the literature coverage
up to the end of 1976. The subject matter is well organized
and both organometallic as well as organic aspects are discussed in detail. The lay-out makes it easy to find the relevant
information while at the same time encouraging the reader
to browse through related material.
P. W Jolly [NB 446 IE]
Atlas of Metal-Liquid Equilibria in Aqueous Solutions. By J .
Kragfen. Ellis Horwood Ltd. and John Wiley & Sons, New
York-London-Sydney-Toronto
1978.1st Edit., 781 pp.,
numerous illustrations, bound, f 35.00.
The book is concerned not with complexation equilibria
in general but specifically with the heterogeneous equilibria
set up when air-(oxygen and carbon dioxide)-saturated suspensions of sparingly soluble hydroxides, oxides, and carbonates
of metals are treated with complexing agents in various concentrations. A total of 600 combinations of 45 metal ions and
29 inorganic and organic ligands are considered.
The work consists primarily of graphic representations from
which the solubility of the precipitates in solutions of the
complexing agent in the pH range 1 to 14 can readily be
seen, as can the (reciprocal) amount of the non-coordinated
metal ions present in the solutions. Only 25 pages are devoted
to essential theoretical explanations. All the curves are computer-plotted with the aid of a suitable program on the basis
of complexation constants and solubility products determined
from other studies. In view of the general dependence of
equilibrium constants on solution partners and that of solubility products on precipitation conditions, the data reported
should be regarded merely as orientational aids.
This well produced book will be of interest mainly to readers
involved in theoretical analytical chemistry. The more practically biased chemist could consult it if he wishes to prevent
precipitation of metals from solutions of their salts.
Fritz See1 [NB 441 IE]
Verordnung uber gefahrliche Arbeitsstoffe. Vol. 2: Technische
Regeln (TRgA) (Regulations on Dangerous Materials. Vol.
2: Technical Rules). By E. Quellrnalz. Weka-Verlag, Kissing
1977. 1st edit., 309 pp., br., D M 36.00.
The subject of this book, by the fact that the author is
experienced in industrial safety, might lead one at first to
suppose it to be a reference book. Even a quick skim, however,
will show the interested reader that this is not merely a book
to be left on the library reference shelves. He will notice
the author's absorbing and practical approach to legal rules
and regulations, and will certainly make a careful study of
the safety measures discussed, which cover the entire field
of chemistry. For rapid information on a given Technical
Rule for Dangerous Materials (Technische Regel fur gefahrliche Arbeitsstoffe, or TRgA) the reader will need to consult
the contents list, since the publisher has not provided a subject
index.
The work covers the TRgA from the introduction (OOI),
the definition of concepts (1OI), the Technical Standard Concentration (TRK) for vinyl chloride and benzene, and the
TRgA for these substances and also for aluminum powder,
arsenic, hepatotoxic halogenated hydrocarbons, radiation
agents, lead, fluorine, silicogenic dust, magnesium, fluxes, and
ammonium nitrate, and also for various technologies. In many
places the reviewer would have liked to see literature references
to the available data. For example, the determination of the
exposure conditions for fluorine by the detection of fluoride
236
0 Verlag Chenrie, GmhH, 0-6940 Weinherm, 1979
0570-0833J79/0303-023~
s 02.S0JO
and the resulations for the investigation in the TRgA could
have been even clearer if more references to the occupational
hygiene literature, e. g. on analytical methods in the biological
matrix, could have been quoted.
Part I is organized in a very clear fashion and helps the
measures necessary in practice to be clearly recognized and
realized. Part I1 offers an excellent presentation of the problems
of characterization, with instructive tables. An impressive statistical proof of the necessity for characterization when dealing
with dangerous materials is given. In Part 111 the working
instructions (in accordance with $13, Section 6 of Arb. Stoff.
V) are explained with many examples; this section is divided
into “Information-actual operating instructions-protection
instructions--first aid-unusual
incidents-problems
of
waste”.
The book belongs not only in the bookcase of the employer
and the chief safety officer; the manager, the “local” safety
officer, the works doctor and the responsible persons at universities and research institutes need it as well.
Hans Zorn [NB 458 IE]
Gas Chromatography with Glass Capillary Columns. By I
T
Jennings. Academic Press, New York 1978. 1st Edit., vii,
184 pp., bound, S 16.50.
The book is intended as an introduction to the topic given
in the title, and turns out to be a successful one. The reader
senses that a practical chemist has committed his experience
to paper. All that the beginner and more advanced user alike
need to know about gas chromatography with glass capillary
columns will be found in this book, starting from production
of columns, drawing and coating, insertion of the column
into the instrument, via a discussion of inlet system and retention time measurements, to sample preparation. Jennings has
admirably presented the central problems of glass capillary
gas chromatography; he considers possible errors and dangers,
and how they can be overcome.
The last part presents selected solutions of problems. This
section is somewhat short and the choice of material somewhat
arbitrary. Nevertheless, purchase of this clearly written book
can be wholeheartedly recommended.
Gerhard Spirrller [NB 443 IE]
Kirk-Othmer: Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. Vol. 1 .
A to Alkanolamines. Edited by H . F. Mark, D. F. Othmer,
C. G . Overherger, and G. 7: Seaborg. John Wiley & Sons,
London 1978. 3rd Edit. xxix, 967 pp., bound, E 50.00.
This is the first volume of the third, completely revised
edition of Kirk-Othmer.
This first taste of the new edition creates a very good
impression in several respects. The editors have remained
faithful to their principle of producing a tersely written and
well arranged reference work serving as an excellent source
of information for all manufacturers and users of chemical
products. In the individual sections of the new edition,
numerous aspects have been included which have attracted
increasing interest during the past decade, such as energy
considerations and data pertaining to safety engineering and
toxicology. Moreover, SI units are now given side by side
with British engineering units which will certainly facilitate
use of the encyclopedia in many countries.
In the first volume both the sections with an engineering slant
(e.g. Absorption, Adsorption, Air pollution) and those concerned with substances (e.g. Acetaldehyde, Acetic acid, Acetone, Acetylene, Acrylamide, Acrylic acid, Acrylic esters, Acrylic fibers, Acetonitrile, Alcohols) accurately reflect the present
Angrw. C‘hmi.
Iill.
Ed Eny/. 18 ( 1 9 7 9 ) N C I 3.
state of the art, and could hardly be improved in their clarity
and presentation.
Thus the third edition of Kirk-Othmer will doubtless live
up to its reputation of being the leading English-language
reference work in chemical technology. Let us hope that the
subsequent 24 volumes will be published in rapid succession.
R. Steiner [NB 444 IE]
Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy. Part A-C. Edited by E.
G. Brame and J . Grasselli. Marcel Dekker, New York-Bade
1976, 1977. 1st edit., 1039 pp. in all, numerous tables and
figures, the whole work SFr. 355.00.
The three parts of this work contain the following chapters:
Introduction to Molecular Vibrations (B. Crawford, D. Swanson);Inorganic Materials ( R .L. Carter);Organometallic Compounds (W F . Edgell); Ionic Organometallic Solutions (W
F. Edgell); Computer Systems (R.P. Young); Organic Materials
(R. A . Nyquist, R. 0. Kagel); Environmental Science (D. S.
Lauery);Food Industry (A.Eskamani);Petroleum ( P . B. Tooke);
Textiles (G. Celikiz);Biological Science (G. J . Thomas, Y. Kyogoku); Polymers (S. C. Brown, A . B. Harvey); Surfaces (C.
D. Craver). A very broad picture is given of the vibrational
spectroscopy of biological (156 pages), inorganic (139 pages),
and organic (1 24 pages) systems. Fibers and textiles (16 pages),
petroleum (34 pages), and even polymers (60 pages) come
off badly.
I have seldom seen a handbook in which the individual
chapters were so variable in quality as in the present work.
The opening chapter often acts as a visiting card; were it
so in this case, it would bide ill for the book. It is certainly
not easy to write an original introduction to vibrational spectroscopy (they can be found in dozens of works). Cruwford
and Swanson have managed this--but how ! “The nucleons
within a nucleus, for example, do not exhibit such nice behavior”; “the practical spectroscopist in the real world”; “We
chemists owe our good fortune to the fact that the forces
between intramolecular particles .. . are of Coulomb nature,
and that the natural constants ... have the values they do”;
these are just a few examples. Messrs. Coulomb, Planck, ecc.
are not thanked in the accompanying footnote; instead, D.
Dennisorz is made responsible for this information. Colloquial
nonsense like this makes the chapter no more than a source
of amusement; fortunately, the following sections are more serious. (Regrettably, in the discussion of hydrocarbon analysis
and group frequencies, no mention is made of the achievements
of the Goubeau group.)
The chapter on the vibrational spectra of inorganic substances is competent. A large part is taken up with the section
on symmetry and group theory (overlap with the first chapter);
it is questionable whether this needs to be repeated in every
book on spectroscopy. It is regrettable to find in Table 10
(NO; vibrations) the terms “NOz symmetric and asymmetric
stretch” (or “. .. bend”) and “NO stretch”; the correct forms
would have been found on p. 28. In the bibliography the
emphasis is on Siebert (and his book); most of the other
German-speaking spectroscopists are missing.
The two chapters by Edgell are important and interesting,
and not only to specialists. In the first of these, Ni(CO)4,
Mn(CO)4Br, and (CH3)rSnC12 are discussed in detail; there
are also tables metal-hydrogen and metal-metal frequencies
and information on vibration calculations. The second chapter
gives information on the most important points on the structure of ionic organometallic solutions.
The chapter on computer systems is highly readable and
informative, considering the new generation of “computerized
grating spectrometers” and the Fourier interferometer. Perhaps the best part of this is the careful (and well explained)
737
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