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Book Review What's in a Name Instrumental Methods for Determining Element. By L. R. Taylor R. B. Papp and B. D

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What's in a Name
Instrumental Methods for Determining Elements. By L. R. Taylor, R. B.
Pupp and B. D. Pollurd. VCH
Verlagsgesellschaft, Weinheim/VCH
Publishers, New York, 1994. 322 pp.,
hardcover DM 128.00, $ 5 1 S O . ISBN 3-527-28096-0/1-56081-038-6
This book is intended for the analytical
chemist who has to choose the most suitable method for a given problem. It treats
in detail all the most important modern
instrumental methods of elemental analysis: atomic absorption spectroscopy
(AAS), atomic emission spectroscopy
(AES), voltammetry, potentiometry,
chromatography, X-ray fluorescence, and
combustion methods. For each method
there is a brief description of the basic
physical principle and the construction of
the instrument. This information is intended only as a short introduction, and
not as a substitute for a thorough study of
the fundamentals of the method concerned. References to detailed specialist
literature in the form of monographs or
original papers are provided.
The authors then compare the various
methods with regard to their practical application, placing special emphasis on the
needs of the user who must decide on a
particular analytical method for the problem in hand. They consider questions
about the sample itself, including the nature of the matrix, sample size, and
sample preparation, economic factors
such as the capital and running costs of
the instrument, its complexity, sample
throughput rate, and possibilities for automation. A clear distinction is made between, on the one hand, purely instrumental factors such as limits of detection,
sensitivity, operating range, precision,
and selectivity, and on the other hand element-related matters such as capabilities
for multielement detection, for quantitative analysis, and for distinguishing between different species of the same element. The authors also discuss questions
such as how widespread is the use of the
instruments concerned (as this affects the
availability of information about applications), and whether the method can be
used for on-line process analysis. Each
chapter is rounded off by giving examples
(in the form of tables) of typical applications of the method, and information
about the main instrument manufacturers, which is useful for requesting promotional and technical information. As well
as the methods mentioned above, the authors also briefly discuss capillary electrophoresis, flow injection analysis, massspectrometric techniques, neutron activation analysis, and spectrophotometry.
The detailed discussions of the various
methods are helpful to the reader both in
choosing suitable analytical methods for
specific problems and, if the question arises, in purchasing a new analytical instrument. In this respect the book differs from
conventional texts in this field, which are
usually confined to treating in detail the
theoretical background and the areas of
application of each analytical method. Znstrumental Methods ,for Determining Elements is therefore a valuable additional
resource for the practical analyst.
Nicolas Braun
Hannover (FRG)
Namen- und Schlagwortreaktionen der
Organischen Chemie. By 7: Luue and
A . Plugens. Teubner, Stuttgart, 1994.
338 pp., paperback DM 36.80.ISBN 3-519-03526-X
This section contains book reviews and a list of
new books received by theeditor. Book reviews are
written by invitation from the editor. Suggestions
for books to be reviewed and for book reviewers
are welcome. Publishers should send brochures or
(better) books to Dr. Ralf Baumdnn, Redaktion
Angewdndte Chemie, Postfach 101161, D-69451
Weinheim. Federal Republic of Germany. The editor reserves the right of selecting which books will
be reviewed. Uninvited books not chosen for
review will not be returned.
A n g w . Chem In[. Ed. Engl. 1995, 34, N o . 8
Organic Syntheses Based on Name
Reactions and Unnamed Reactions.
By A . Hassner and C . Stumer. Pergamon, Oxford, 1994. 452pp., paperback s 28.00.-ISBN 0-08-040279-8
The Noyori homogeneous catalytic reaction for asymmetric hydrogenation will
certainly mean something to you. But are
VerlugsgesellsrhuffmhH. D-69451 Weinheim,1995
you also familiar with the Perkow synthesis
of vinyl phosphates? What d o you know
about the Neber rearrangement? Would
you like to be able to quickly find out
something about the Stork enamine reaction? The two books reviewed here can
help with such questions, rapidly and at
little cost. For the average reader it is still
just as important as ever to have rapid
access to information without using CDR O M or on-line services. Although summaries of important reactions already exist-for example, in the relevant section of
the Merck Index-these two books by
Hassner and Stumer and by Laue and
Plagens bring together information on important reactions of organic chemistry in a
very handy form that is convenient to use.
Although they are very similar in layout,
some clear differences emerge. The book
by Laue and Plagens, in the Teubner series
of student textbooks, has a striking external appearance with a somewhat more
careful standard of production, the typeface and the formulas being well matched
in size and pleasingly arranged. On the other hand the book by Hassner and Stumer,
in the Tetrahedron Organic Chemistry Series, is a compilation of pages produced
directly from the computer, and one is
struck by the large areas of empty space.
The Laue and Plagens book is intended
for students of chemistry, pharmacy, and
related disciplines, and contains clear descriptions, in alphabetical order, of some
130 important reactions of organic chemistry. These include both important name
reactions and others ("Schlagwortreaktionen", key-word reactions) that are
known by descriptive names rather than
being linked to the name of a scientist, e.g.
the di-n-methane rearrangement. As well
as classical examples such as the Finkelstein and haloform reactions, which are to
be found in any traditional textbook of organic chemistry, the compilation also includes many of more recent origin, such as
the Pauson-Khand reaction, the Bergman
cyclization, and the Dotz reaction. In each
case the title is followed by a one-sentence
description of the reaction and a generalized formula scheme. Next there is a brief
discussion in which the main emphasis is
on the reaction mechanism. Other relevant
information is also given; for example, in
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