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Book Review Zeolite Clay and Heteropoly Acid in Organic Reactions. By Y. Izumi K. Urabe and M

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densation reactions of alcohols and thiols.
coupling reactions of aromatic compounds, and aldol condensations. Chapter 13 deals with the thermal and hydrolytic decomposition of a wide variety
of pesticides, which is very important
from the viewpoint of protection of the
environment; examples of the degradation of pesticides and decomposition of
organic peroxides are discussed. Chapter 14 summarizes reactions of carbonyl
compounds. the C O group being probably the most versatile functional group in
organic chemistry. The reactions described include the formation of acetals
and ketals, condensation reactions with
amines and anilines. Knoevenagel condensations, and carbonyl group deprotection. Reactions of carboxylic acids and
derivatives with alcohols, arenes, and
ethylene are described in Chapter 15.
Chapter 16 describes synthesis of amino
acids, polymerization of amino acids, reactions of nucleotides, and formation of
peptides from amino acid adenylates.
Lastly. Chapter 17 contains the miscellaneous reactions which are not discussed in
the previous chapters. The book ends with
a glossary and subject index.
Balogh and Laszlo have produced a
book that sets new standards. They inform the readers expertly, comprehensively, and without unnecessarily lengthy detail about the capabilities and range of
applications of the various clay catalysts
described. The book is nicely written and
each chapter contains a separate list of
references. It can be recommended unreservedly for the chemist working in
academia or industry who wants detailed
information about the applications of clay
catalysts in organic synthesis.
Zeolite, Clay and Heteropoly Acid
in Organic Reactions. By Y; Zzumi,
K. UrahP and M . Onaka. VCH Verlagsgesellschaft,
Publishers, New York, 1992.
166 pp., hardcover DM 128.00.ISBN 3-527-2901 1-7/1-56081-700-3
This book by Y. Izumi, K. Urabe and
M. Onaka describes the applications of
solid catalysts in organic reactions. It contains three chapters with 350 references,
giving a detailed survey of the state of research on this topic up to the end o f 1991.
The first chapter comprises three sections giving a brief introduction to organic
reactions on zeolites and montmorillonite
clay. Each section (except the introduction) is divided into subsections discussing
different reactions. The topics covered are
the use of acid and base sites of zeolites in
Aii,qcw. C ’ l w i i .
Ed. Eiigl. 1994. 33. h’o. I N
the 0-alkylation of alcohols to ethers, Nmonoalkylation of aniline derivatives, ring
opening of epoxides, regioselective bromination with adsorbed bromine on zeolite,
aldol reactions, Michael addition reactions, addition of ester enolates to ynoates,
and carbon-carbon bond forming reactions.
Chapter 2 is devoted to clays which are
potential catalysts in organic synthesis.
After a short introduction to clays, this
chapter discusses the structure and composition o f clays, factors determining
their catalytic efficiency, and new catalytic aspects of synthetic clays. Other topics
covered are the selective hydroisomerization of n-hexane, selective dehydrogenation of cyclohexane, selective etherification of n-butyl alcohol, selective hydrolysis of chlorobenzene to phenol, and
metathesis reaction of propene.
Chapter 3 discusses the usefulness of
heteropoly acids in organic synthesis. This
chapter describes the fundamental chemistry of heteropoly acids, and their uses in
acid-base and redox molecular catalysis
for various types of organic reactions.
The authors have succeeded in providing the reader with a lot of information
regarding organic reactions over solid catalysts. The summary tables, reaction
schemes, and literature references make it
easier for the reader to get more deeply
involved in this wide-ranging field of research and facilitate quick access to the
original papers.
The book is a useful addition to the literature on zeolite, clay, and heteropoly
acid in organic reactions. To those who
are seriously interested in organic reactions using solid catalysts, I can recommend reading this neat and well written
Ganesh Pandey
Organic Chemistry (Synthesis) Division
National Chemical Laboratory
Pune (India)
Comprehensive Handbook on Hydrosilylation. Edited by B . Marciniec.
Pergamon, Oxford, 1992. 754 pp.,
E 150.00.-1SBN 0-08040272-0
This book edited by Bogdan Marciniec
is an extension of the Polish version of
Hydrosil.vlation, published in 1981. The
present monograph aims to provide a
complete coverage of the literature from
1965 up to the beginning o f 1990. Over
1360 literature references and 750 patents
are included. The volume is divided into
two parts. The first part is a critical survey
C VCH 0.69451 Weinheim,1994
of the scope and application of hydrosilylation reactions. The second part is a truly
extensive tabulation of published hydrosilylation reactions from 1965 to 1990.
Part I consists of six chapters which
deal with the systematic trends of the hydrosilylation reaction, focusing on catalyst, silane, and unsaturated substrate.
Chapter 1 is a very brief introduction discussing the rationale and organization of
the subject matter and its relation to other
reviews in the field. Chapter 2 is a survey
o f mechanistic aspects of the hydrosilylation reaction including free radical, acid
and base catalysis, and transition metal
catalyzed reactions. Chapter 3 deals with
the reactivity of the major classes of unsaturated organic compounds and their
utility in the synthesis of organosilicon
compounds. This chapter is organized by
compound class with separate discussions
of alkenes, dienes. alkynes, carbonyls, and
other functional groups. The effects o f
substituents on the organosilane reagents
with regard to reaction rate and regio- and
stereoselectivity are described in Chapter 4. The chapter also includes practical
applications to the synthesis of organosilicon monomers. Chapter 5 is a short discussion of the hydrosilylation reactions of
unsaturated organosilicon compounds,
which are important both as models for
activated curing processes and as routes
to the synthesis of carbosilane oligomers
and polymers. Finally, Chapter 6 covers
some practical applications o f the hydrosilylation reaction including the role of
organosilanes as coupling agents and as
reducing agents for organic substrates.
The use of hydrosilylation in polymer
modification is also discussed. The topics
covered in Part I are very generously illustrated by examples, but sometimes these
get in the way o f the guiding principles.
Also numerous typographical errors,
nomenclature lapses, and hard-to-read
figures make this section of the book difficult for browsing or casual reading.
Part IT of this volume is a nearly exhaustive compilation of hydrosilylation
reactions from 1965 to 1990, and includes
both literature and patent references. The
425pages of data are organized into
tables which list initial reagents, reaction
conditions (catalyst, temperature, time,
solvent, etc.), products with yields, and
references. The primary division of the
tables is according to trisubstituted silanes
of increasing complexity (Si, C, and H
numbers), followed by the type and complexity of unsaturated organic substrates
(C and H numbers). The table is keyed to
a separate bibliography giving the appropriate literature references. Patents are
identified not only by the patent number
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