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Book Review Ancient Health Skeletal Indicators of Agricultural and Economic Intensification.

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AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY 138:515–520 (2009)
Book Reviews
EVOLUTIONARY MEDICINE AND HEALTH: NEW PERSPECTIVES.
Edited by Wenda R. Trevathan, E. O. Smith, and
James J. McKenna. New York: Oxford University
Press. 2007. 532 pp. ISBN 978-0-19-530706-1. $45.95
(cloth).
This edited volume is a successful sequel to the first
Evolutionary Medicine and Health by the same editors
(1999). That there has been sufficient growth and development in the last decade to require a thoughtful new
compendium testifies to the vibrancy of the field. The
volume is divided into five parts, the first being a sturdy
review by the editors of the history, theoretical framework, and empirical foci of evolutionary medicine. The
introduction outlines themes that recur throughout the
book, e.g., the concept of an ‘‘evolved physiology’’ at odds
with modern biosocial contexts, the vulnerability of early
life stages, adaptation and plasticity, and the limited
ability of conventional clinical perspectives to address
life-course continua of health and function. A more thorough exposition of some central concepts such as life history theory would have been appropriate here and cut
down the considerable overlap in subsequent chapters.
The first three chapters of Part Two, ‘‘Politics, Nutrition, and Diet,’’ deal with the health consequences of
modern deviations from the ‘‘Paleolithic Diet.’’ In addition to the abundance of energy-dense foods that comprise the modern feast, Turner et al. (Chapter 2) cite
‘‘time famine’’ as a coconspirator. Encroachments on our
time have led us away from traditional means of procuring and processing a great variety of plant foods and
lean protein sources and toward a limited array of convenience foods (largely composed of refined grains, sugars, and saturated fats) and reduced physical activity.
This modern landscape causes a constellation of conditions collectively described as ‘‘diabesity’’ by Lieberman
et al. (Chapter 3). As intriguing examples of how evolutionary medicine can generate explicit clinical and policy
recommendations, both Turner et al. and Lieberman et
al. suggest that our evolved generalist strategies may be
a fundamental source of the failure of modern restrictive
weight-loss programs (grapefruit diet, anyone?). A standout of this section, both in content and quality, is Wiley’s
treatment of postweaning milk consumption (Chapter 5).
Her review of studies demonstrating a general lack of an
association between postweaning milk consumption and
enhanced growth is an excellent model of science challenging accepted wisdom and policy.
The next section, ‘‘Sex, Reproduction, and Health,’’ is
one of the most interesting, tackling subjects as diverse
as early-life impacts on reproductive function, premenstrual syndrome, and placentation. The first two
chapters highlight the central relationship between developmental experience and adult reproductive function.
Chisholm and Coall (Chapter 6) integrate attachment
theory with life history theory, which predicts trade-offs
between reproductive maturation and mortality risk.
They find that poor parental attachment is associated
with accelerated menarcheal age, suggesting that early
familial instability may be a proxy for increased mortality risk. Nuñez-de la Mora and Bentley (Chapter 7) demC 2008
V
WILEY-LISS, INC.
onstrate that ovarian function in early-childhood
migrants from Bangladesh is more similar to that of UKborn women, whether of European or Bangladeshi descent, than to that of Bangladeshi women who migrated
in adulthood. Sievert (Chapter 9) addresses the question
of whether there is evolutionary logic behind menstruation-suppressing oral contraceptives and summarizes
cross-cultural perspectives on menstruation that may
have greater bearing on menstrual suppression than an
evolutionary explanation alone. Robillard et al. (Chapter
11) argue that long-term cohabitation decreases women’s
antigen sensitivity to sperm, possibly preventing preeclampsia. While intriguing, epidemiological evidence
supporting the cohabitation hypothesis is contradictory
and conclusions about effect size are difficult to draw
from their summary. More compelling is their discussion of special adaptations of the hominid placenta
that may relate to the developmental requirements of
encephalization.
Part Four, ‘‘Environments, Normality, and Lifetime
Health,’’ is the most unfocused, in terms of both content
and quality. Particularly strong are the chapters by Ball
and Klingaman (Chapter 12) and Worthman (Chapter
16), both addressing sleep ecology in wonderfully integrative ways. Ball and Klingaman (Chapter 12) present
an excellent perspective on the interconnected ecologies
of co-sleeping and infant feeding and successfully critique current pediatric recommendations. Worthman’s
(Chapter 16) synthesis of sleep physiology, the biocultural variability of sleep, and the sociocultural functions
of late-evening activity and sleep is an outstanding contribution to the emerging scholarship on sleep that redefines sleep pathology and treatment.
Flinn (Chapter 13) emphasizes the mechanisms by
which psychosocial and interpersonal stress can lead to
hypothalamic-pituitary axis (HPA) dysfunction, which in
turn relates to poor health outcomes, an approach that
augments Coall and Chisholm’s premise that early life psychosocial stress has life history ramifications. Chapters on
mountain sickness and addiction are less successfully integrated but do illustrate the great diversity of healthrelated subjects that can be framed by evolutionary theory.
The final section, ‘‘Chronic Diseases, Old Treatments,
and More Misunderstanding,’’ is the volume’s theoretical
capstone. Kuzawa (Chapter 18) offers a satisfying refinement of his intergenerational inertia hypothesis. He proposes a series of mechanisms that link the early-life
(including prenatal) effects alluded to in other chapters
to developmental and health outcomes across generations and, in the process, demonstrates how a grasp of
comparative literature makes an important contribution
to anthropology. That this chapter is the one most
referred to by other contributors speaks to its innovation
and versatility. Weil’s chapter (Chapter 21) on congestive
heart failure is another example of the comparative perspective put to illuminating use, and her accessible summary of the mismatch between evolutionary and modern
environments is one of the most cleanly delivered in the
volume.
Lewis (Chapter 22) suggests an inherent antagonism
between biology and medicine: whereas the former
studies the phenomenon of life, the latter concerns the
experience of living. Nesse (Chapter 23) offers hope that
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BOOK REVIEWS
evolutionary medicine can place the individual, lived experience within the phenomenology of biological life but
cautions that the field should not emphasize direct clinical recommendations. Rather, he proposes that evolutionary medicine’s role is to generate hypotheses and
guide research programs, a point well demonstrated by
this book. As the editors suggest in the preface, this
chapter could be assigned as an initial reading in any
evolutionary medicine course, and I think it would better
contextualize the following chapters, particularly for
readers who are looking for clinical relevance in evolutionary medicine.
With 23 chapters and over 500 pages, the book could
have benefited from fewer, tighter contributions. Several
chapters summarize important organizing principles
(e.g., life history theory, the mismatch concept), allowing
them to stand alone, but if used as a course text, this
overlap would make assignment of every chapter repetitive. Conversely, there is such diversity of subjects that
this single book could serve the needs of many courses
across different departments. The bibliography, a compi-
PRIMEVAL KINSHIP: HOW PAIR-BONDING GAVE BIRTH TO
HUMAN SOCIETY. By Bernard Chapais. Cambridge, MA:
Harvard University Press. 2008. 349 pp. ISBN 978-0674-02782-4. $39.95 (hardcover).
This is another book that, using primarily nonhuman
primate data, attempts to get at the origins of human
sociality or, as I prefer to express it, the Origins of Society. The shift to upper case is not just stylistic, but
before I attempt to justify it, let me provide a summary
of Chapais’s argument. Like present-day chimpanzees,
the earliest hominids lived in promiscuous multimalemultifemale groups in which only primary kin-ties
between females were behaviorally recognized and which
natal females usually left in order to breed. The move to
preponderant monogamy and pair-bonding was grounded
in male sexual jealousy (mate-guarding) and reinforced
by the development of weapons, which largely obliterated power differentials among males. Pair-bonding, in
turn, encouraged the recognition of father-child links as
well as further ties based on these bonds, i.e., to paternal kin. The father-child tie also strengthened the
brother-sister relationship by (among other things) providing a second parental mediator. It also made possible
the recognition of a female’s brother’s (or a male’s sister’s) mate and offspring, the precursors of in-law and
nepotic relationships. With these relationships in place,
and since females usually left their natal groups, the
ground was laid for peaceful intergroup relations, which
resulted in quintessentially human ‘‘tribal’’ organization.
This abbreviated summary does not do justice to the
cleverness and erudition Chapais displays. He would, I
think, insist that his conclusions are speculative. But
this implies that they are grounded in considerable evidence, and that they might be strengthened or weakened
by further evidence, and I am not at all sure that this is
true. Here it is necessary to invoke a distinction between
two senses in which the word ‘‘evolution’’ has been
employed in social theory. The first refers to a more or
less well documented sequence of events or forms such
as historians, paleontologists, or comparative anatomists
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
lation of historical and innovative references, is an excellent resource. Future collections would do well to
address such subjects as aging, sexuality and zoonoses.
The volume’s somewhat uneven tone and quality could
be due to a lack of clarity on the part of the editors and
contributors regarding their audience, but may also be an
accurate reflection of a young, dynamic science. On the
whole, this thoughtful collection is a solid and important
synthesis of an evolving discipline.
JULIENNE N. RUTHERFORD
Department of Anthropology
Northwestern University
Evanston, Illinois
DOI 10.1002/ajpa.20968
Published online 2 December 2008 in Wiley InterScience
(www.interscience.wiley.com).
unearth or such as historical linguists use when they
examine contemporary languages and infer from them a
common ancestral language. This is real-world evolution,
the quest for ‘‘small’’ origins. The second sense, by contrast, is entirely metaphorical. The forms, if not imaginary, are contemporaneous, and one of them is arbitrarily assigned archetypical status with regard to the
others. Which is to say, the resulting scheme is a construction, not an observation, and the alleged ‘‘sequence’’
is tautologous. In nineteenth-century anthropology, the
archetypes of choice were the Aboriginal Australians and
the Hawaiians. Franz Boas and his students demolished
these particular constructions, but others replaced them,
positing such archetypes as the Aboriginal Australians
(again), the savanna baboon, the Kung, the Yanomamo,
and the chimpanzee (in both its ‘‘common’’ and bonobo
forms). In the style of historical linguistics, Primeval
Kinship occasionally recognizes that gorillas, chimps,
and people have a common ancestor, and it occasionally
infers characteristics of that ancestor from the commonalities among its descendants. But its most frequent tactic by far is to treat the common chimpanzee as if it
were a living hominid fossil, something that both Exists
Now and Existed in the Beginning, and this is much
closer to the ‘‘big’’ origins of theology than an empirical
strategy. Early hominid behavior, Chapais rightly tells
us, does not fossilize, but this is no justification for a
pre-Darwinian employment of ‘‘evolution.’’ And just as
he cannot distinguish the metaphor from Darwin’s precious legacy in his own analysis, he fails to see the same
conflation in the work of others. Lewis Henry Morgan,
Claude Lévi-Strauss, Elman Service, and Robin Fox are
all treated as if they took Darwin seriously, whereas all
expounded ‘‘evolutionary’’ schemes that involve the
(imaginary) unfolding of typologies in (imagined) time.
Should paleoanthropological behavioral reconstructions be abandoned? Not at all. There remains the model
provided by historical linguistics. Moreover, it should be
possible to resort to the fossil record to see if chimpanzees have changed much anatomically. If they have not,
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BOOK REVIEWS
it seems reasonable to infer that their behavior has gone
largely unchanged, giving an empirical basis to their
otherwise archetypical status. But it strikes me as telling that this last strategy occurs to Chapais not at all.
Nor is his ethnographic grasp anywhere near
adequate. His key error here is to take seriously LéviStrauss’s ‘‘atom of kinship,’’ which sees the relationship
between brothers-in-law as somehow fundamental to
human kin-reckoning, and which, since it was put forward in 1945, has been the subject of a very considerable
critical literature, which Chapais plainly does not command. Nor is it anywhere close to the truth that ‘‘no
anthropologist other than Lévi-Strauss has attempted to
abstract mankind’s unity with regard to social organization’’ (p. 11). Thus Harold Scheffler, myself, and others
have reached the far more empirically sustainable conclusion that human systems of kin classification everywhere have central (or focal) and peripheral (or derived)
membership; that focal members are much the same
DENTAL PERSPECTIVES ON HUMAN EVOLUTION: STATE-OF-THEART RESEARCH IN DENTAL PALEOANTHROPOLOGY. Edited by
Shara E. Bailey and Jean-Jacques Hublin. Dordrecht,
The Netherlands: Springer. 2007. 409 pp. ISBN 9781-4020-5844-8. $129.00 (hardcover).
As the editors of this excellent volume state in their
foreword, it is appropriate that the first symposium on
human evolution at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig (held in May 2005) was
devoted to the analysis of teeth in a paleoanthropological
context. As a result of the likelihood of mineralized teeth
and dense jaw bones being preserved, the overwhelming
signal in the hominin (indeed, in the vertebrate) fossil record is a dental one. In addition, the intrinsic characteristics of dental hard tissues make them extremely informative about functional, dietary, phylogenetic, and life history parameters. The resulting edited volume is a
significant contribution to the fields of dental anthropology and paleoanthropology and provides a useful glimpse
of the current state-of-the-art of the scientific study and
evolutionary significance of primate and human teeth.
The editors and the contributors have a broad view of the
relevance of dental anthropology to the study of human
evolution, and this conceptual breadth yields papers that
deal with many of the areas where the study of teeth can
furnish insights into the course of human evolution. In
addition, some of the most interesting papers in this volume provide detailed descriptions of new imaging and analytical methods that, in some cases, have already yielded
major returns in the study of dental anthropology and
human origins and, in every case, promise more insights
in the near future.
This volume comprises four thematic sections, each
with an introductory essay and four to seven articles.
The diverse list of contributors includes many leading
researchers in dental anthropology and paleoanthropology, with a strong international flavor resulting from the
presence of authors from Spain, France, Israel, the
United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Australia,
South Africa, and the United States. Much of the work
everywhere, i.e. they are close kin; and that these often
serve as the basis for the classification of in-laws-not, as
Lévi-Strauss suggests, vice versa. In other words, there
really is something primary about primary kin. Chapais
seems to realize this, but he needs badly to cease his flirtation with alternative theories.
WARREN SHAPIRO
Department of Anthropology
Rutgers University
New Brunswick, New Jersey
DOI 10.1002/ajpa.20969
Published online 2 December 2008 in Wiley InterScience
(www.interscience.wiley.com).
presented here is new and should be of significant interest to both students and seasoned researchers in dental
anthropology and paleoanthropology. In addition, this is
an attractive volume, put together with excellent production values, lovely photographs (many in full color), and
well executed and informative line drawings. A few too
many minor typos are only a slight annoyance in this
otherwise very well-produced volume.
Part I, ‘‘Dental Evolution and Dental Morphology,’’
includes two interesting applications of 3D imaging of
dental structures. Olejniczak and coauthors present a
superb description of their use of microcomputed tomography to (nondestructively) reveal internal structures (notably the enamel-dentine junction) of primate
and human teeth. Their careful explanation of important parameters of their work, including slice thickness
and image resolution, will be of great use to other
researchers considering the application of similar techniques. Gantt and coauthors present the results of their
study of hominoid molar enamel thickness using a
related and very promising approach to nondestructive
3D imaging of internal dental structures known as
high-resolution X-ray computer tomography. What both
papers make very clear is that the methodological bar
has been raised significantly with respect to dental anthropological investigation of enamel thickness and
related topics and that researchers would be well
advised to explore these new and very rewarding imaging techniques.
Part II, ‘‘Dental Microstructure and Life History,’’
includes an eclectic mixture of articles that document
the important work that is being done by dental histologists interested in reconstructing primate life histories
based on the analysis of incremental growth lines in
dental hard tissues. Schwartz and coauthors present a
fascinating account of the complex interplay between
body size, phylogeny, and life history in the gorilla-sized
subfossil lemur Megaladapis edwardsi. Smith and coauthors summarize their histological methods of analysis
of incremental lines in enamel and follow this up with
what should surely be the definitive histological compariAmerican Journal of Physical Anthropology
518
BOOK REVIEWS
son of human and chimpanzee patterns of molar mineralization. Their sample is extremely impressive, including 269 histological sections from 134 molars of 75 chimpanzees and 500 sections from 420 molars of 365 individual humans from four different populations. Another
high point of this section is the contribution by Bromage
and coauthors in which they describe a portable confocal
scanning optical microscope that was used to determine
cross-striation periodicity (i.e., the number of cross striations between Retzius lines) in several molars of Australopithecus africanus.
Parts III and IV include a number of excellent contributions to the study of dental development and diet. On
the methodological front, several articles warrant mention, including Hlusko and Mahaney’s review of the use
of quantitative genetics of pedigreed baboons and mice
to explore aspects of dental field theory. Braga and
Heuze present an innovative approach based on techniques derived from evolutionary developmental biology
(EVO-DEVO) to explore developmental sequences (based
on radiographs) among more than 2,000 children from
Europe, Asia, and Africa. Monge and coauthors also use
radiographs to demonstrate significant geographic variation in molar calcification between African–American
and European–American children. My personal favorite
among these many interesting articles is the work of
Humphrey and coauthors on strontium/calcium (Sr/Ca)
ratios in human deciduous molars. By looking at thin
sections of human molars, they were able to identify the
neonatal line using standard histological methods.
Using a laser ablation approach and mass spectrometry,
ANCIENT HEALTH: SKELETAL INDICATORS OF AGRICULTURAL AND
ECONOMIC INTENSIFICATION. Edited by Mark Nathan
Cohen and Gillian M. M. Crane-Kramer. Gainesville:
University Press of Florida. 2007. 464 pp. ISBN 9780-8130-3082-1. $75.00 (cloth).
Ancient Health is a follow-up volume to the groundbreaking Paleopathology at the Origins of Agriculture
(edited by Mark Nathan Cohen and George J. Armelagos, 1984). Ancient Health continues to explore the earlier work’s theme—the health consequences arising from
the transition to agriculture—and includes some limited
data on general dietary transitions not specific to agriculture. The new volume updates earlier work and
expands the geographic focus to include data from new
geographic regions. The majority of studies in Ancient
Health use traditional measures of malnutrition, pathology, and trauma, but a few include modern techniques,
such as isotopic and elemental analysis of hard tissues.
The major finding of the 1984 volume was that the transition to agriculture and the resulting increase in political and economic complexity had a negative impact on
human health. Based on the new studies in Ancient
Health, the editors conclude that declines in health were
common in prehistory, except in Southeast Asia, where
health was stable or improved.
This volume includes some excellent examples of
scholarship and valuable new data. As a whole, Ancient
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
they then sampled Sr/Ca ratios from enamel that was
developed before birth and after birth in breast-fed and
bottle-fed babies. Their results were supportive of their
initial hypotheses about the effects of breast-feeding
(decreased Sr/Ca ratios) and bottle-feeding (increased Sr/
Ca ratios); the implications for this approach to understand changes in infant diet (including weaning) are
enormous.
As should be clear from these descriptions of some of
the chapters in Dental Perspectives on Human Evolution,
dental anthropology has come a long way from the days
of measuring lengths and breadths of teeth using calipers. The papers presented here emphatically demonstrate that the study of dental morphology, function,
microwear, and microstructure have much to contribute
to the study of human evolution in the 21st century. The
editors and contributors have truly created a state-ofthe-art volume that will be of great interest and utility
to biological anthropologists, paleoanthropologists, and
vertebrate paleontologists.
ROBERT L. ANEMONE
Department of Anthropology
Western Michigan University
Kalamazoo, Michigan
DOI 10.1002/ajpa.20987
Published online 12 January 2009 in Wiley InterScience
(www.interscience.wiley.com).
Health has several strengths. First, the presentation of
data from previously underdescribed and new geographic
areas (e.g., Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates, and
Thailand) contributes significantly to the field of bioarchaeology. Second, the editors have included significant
updates to research presented in the 1984 volume, and
some chapters report the results of comprehensive
research. Among these are ‘‘Health and lifestyle in Georgia and Florida: Agricultural origins and intensification
in regional perspective’’ by Larsen et al.; ‘‘The impact of
economic intensification and social complexity on human
health in Britain from 6000 BP (Neolithic) and the introduction of farming to the mid-nineteenth century AD’’ by
Roberts and Cox; and ‘‘Biological consequences of sedentism: agricultural intensification in northeastern Thailand’’ by Douglas and Pietrusewsky. Third, some studies
present innovative approaches as in ‘‘Maize and Mississippians in the American Midwest: twenty years later’’
by Cook and ‘‘A brief continental view from Windover’’
by Doran. Last, some chapters engage the reader in critical discussions of methods, techniques, and analysis,
e.g., ‘‘Population plasticity in southern Scandinavia:
from oysters and fish to gruel and meat’’ by Bennike and
Alexandersen and the above-mentioned Roberts and Cox
chapter.
A major weakness of the volume is inconsistency
between chapters in terms of methods, data, and presentation. Cohen and Crane-Kramer address some of these
519
BOOK REVIEWS
concerns in the book’s introduction. Some studies
present data collected prior to standardization of methods. The editors argue that overall consistency in
methods is less important than internal consistency in
methods employed by the researcher (or group of
researchers) working in the area. Other studies are limited because of the availability of data and/or less sophisticated collection methods. These were included because
they represent pioneering research in previously underdescribed geographic regions. In some cases, the value of
the contribution is questionable because of extremely
narrow scope and analysis (e.g., ‘‘Iron-deficiency anemia
in early Mongolian nomads’’ by Bazarsad). Faced with
the dilemma of which studies to include, the editors
seem to have taken a ‘‘kitchen-sink’’ approach, as is often the case in edited volumes. Inconsistencies in scholarship, methods, and analysis across papers may be due
to the informal organization of the conference that gave
rise to this volume. In the interest of brevity and an audience familiar with their techniques and methods,
authors focus on reporting results rather than methods
and sometimes use different descriptive statistics to
report the same traits. The editors attempt to provide an
overview of health trends across regions in data summary tables at the end of the volume, but they do not
address how the impact of variation in data-collection
methods, reporting, and analysis is factored into the
summaries. For instance, does each author reporting linear enamel hypoplasia (LEH) record presence based on
visual inspection or palpation of enamel surface? Differ-
BOOKS RECEIVED
Adams BJ, and Crabtree PJ (2008) Comparative Skeletal Anatomy: A Photographic Atlas for Medical
Examiners, Coroners, Forensic Anthropologists, and
Archaeologists. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press. 348 pp.
$129.00 (hardcover).
Allen NJ, Callan H, and Dunbar R (eds.) (2008) Early
Human Kinship: From Sex to Social Reproduction.
Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing. 336 pp. $94.95
(cloth).
Bacvarov K (ed.) (2008) Babies Reborn: Infant/Child
Burials in Pre- and Protohistory. Proceedings of the
XV UISPP World Congress (Lisbon, September 4–9,
2006), Vol. 24, Session WS26. Oxford, England: British Archaeological Reports. 223 pp. £38.00 (paper).
Bocquet-Appel J, and Bar-Yosef O (eds.) (2008) The
Neolithic Demographic Transition and Its Consequences. New York: Springer. 544 pp. $319.00
(hardcover).
Bowler PJ (2007) Monkey Trials and Gorilla Sermons.
Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 272 pp.
$24.95 (cloth).
Burkhardt F (ed.) (2008) Charles Darwin: The Beagle
Letters. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University
Press. 544 pp. $32.00 (cloth).
Campbell CJ (ed.) (2008) Spider Monkeys: Behavior,
Ecology and Evolution of the Genus Ateles. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 352 pp.
$140.00 (hardcover).
ences in methods will yield different LEH frequencies,
perhaps artificially inflating values for some regions relative to others. Or, if cribra orbitalia is reported as percentage of population affected in one study and elsewhere as frequency of affected elements, how is this
compiled into one summary table? These issues warrant
cautious use of the summary tables.
Despite the introductory editorial caveats, the lack of
consistency presents the reader with a challenge to navigate wildly varying chapter formats to find comparative
data derived using the same methods. An effort to
standardize chapter formatting, and include in each article a reference to methods employed for data collection
would have greatly improved the volume without taking
up too much space. With a wealth of data, but such
inconsistencies among studies, Ancient Health is most
appropriate as a reference volume for established academics and advanced graduate students in the field of
bioarchaeology.
KARA C. HOOVER
Department of Anthropology
University of Alaska-Fairbanks
Fairbanks, Alaska
DOI 10.1002/ajpa.20988
Published online 12 January 2009 in Wiley InterScience
(www.interscience.wiley.com).
Jablonski NG, and Leakey MG (eds.) (2008) Koobi
Fora Research Project, Volume 6: The Fossil Monkeys. San Francisco: California Academy of Sciences. 469 pp. $87.00 (cloth).
Jablonski NG, and Leakey MG (eds.) (2008) Koobi
Fora Research Project, Volume 6: The Fossil Monkeys. San Francisco: California Academy of Sciences. $25.00 (DVD).
Magilton J, Lee F, and Boylston A (eds.) (2008)
‘Lepers Outside the Gate’: Excavations at the Cemetery of the Hospital of St. James and St. Mary Magdalene, Chichester, 1986–1987 and 1993. York, UK:
Council for British Archaeology. 312 pp. $80.00 (paper).
Masataka N (ed.) (2008) The Origins of Language:
Unraveling Evolutionary Forces. Tokyo: Springer.
157 pp. $119.00 (hardcover).
Mullins PR (2008) Glazed America: A History of the
Doughnut. Gainesville: University Press of Florida.
224 pp. $24.95 (hardcover).
Radick G (2007) The Simian Tongue: The Long
Debate About Animal Language. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 578 pp. $45.00 (cloth).
Redmond I (2008) The Primate Family Tree: The
Amazing Diversity of Our Closest Relatives. Buffalo,
NY: Firefly Books. 176 pp. $35.00.
Sober E (2008) Evidence and Evolution: The Logic
Behind the Science. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge
University Press. 412 pp. $29.99 (hardcover).
Sommer M (2008) Bones and Ochre: The Curious
Afterlife of the Red Lady of Paviland. Cambridge,
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
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BOOK REVIEWS
MA: Harvard University Press. 416 pp. $39.95
(cloth).
Tomasello M (2008) Origins of Human Communication. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. 400 pp. $36.00
(cloth).
Uerpmann H, Uerpmann M, and Jasim SA (eds.)
(2008) The Natural Environment of Jebel AlBuhais: Past and Present. Tübingen, Germany:
Kerns Publishing. 152 pp. €69.95 (cloth).
Warren MW, Walsh-Haney HA, and Freas LE (eds.)
(2008) The Forensic Anthropology Laboratory. Boca
Raton, FL: CRC. 240 pp. $119.95 (hardcover).
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Wrangham R, and Ross E (eds.) (2008) Science and
Conservation in African Forests: The Benefits of
Long-Term Research. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge
University Press. 280 pp. $130.00 (hardcover).
DOI 10.1002/ajpa.21016
Published online 30 January 2009 in Wiley InterScience
(www.interscience.wiley.com).
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