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Developmental Disabilities
By Robert J . Thompson, Jr, and Aglaia N . O’Quinn
Oxford University Press, New York, 1979
303 pp, $13.95 clothbound, $8.95 paper
an average of approximately 25 per year. Since Stanford is
undoubtedly the best-known center for sleep studies in the
United States, the size of the problem seems a bit small for
the published attention being given to it.
Handbook of Clinical Neurology, edited by P. J. Vinken
and G. W . Brzyn, EbevierJNorzh-Holland Biomedical Press,
Amsterdam and New York
Reviewed by Hart dec. Peterson, M D
The concept of developmental disabilities is an important
one, and a scientifically oriented treatise on the various developmental disabilities would be valuable for both physicians and nonphysicians working in this area. Unfortunately, the authors of this monograph, a psychologist and a
pediatrician, are knowledgeable in the behavioral and social
aspects of the developmental disabilities but are not
equipped to write on the scientific aspects. This is seen in
their uncritical reporting of the no longer accepted 14 and
6 per second positive spike phenomenon and its association
with “autonomic epilepsy,” or the accurately quoted but
certainly outdated statement that breech delivery is associated with an 18% mortality. The quotation stating that
epilepsy can be a cause of murder, without further discussion, is completley inappropriate for a monograph such as
The volume is further flawed by meager reporting of
treatment methods and results. This information is promised o n the cover page, but there is virtually no discussion
of various treatment modalities applied to individuals with
cerebral palsy syndromes. Treatment of the various forms
of epilepsy is summarized with the repeated statement that
one should use appropriate anticonvulsants, without discussion of agents, doses, complications, o r other aspects of
pharmacotherapy. Sections on mental subnormality, autism, and the loose group of disorders known as minimal
brain dysfunction are more satisfactory.
Unfortunately, the authors do not provide us with current knowledge of the disorders classified as developmental
disabilities, and this volume is not recommended.
New York, N Y
Books Received
and Brief Reviews
Sleep Apnea Syndromes, edited by C. Guilleminault and
W . C . Dement, Kroc Foundation Series, Volume 11, Alan R.
Liss, New York, 1978, 372 pp, price unavailable
The monograph includes the proceedings of a conference
held in July, 1977, at the Kroc Foundation in California. A
difficulty with this field is the relatively small number of
people working in it and the number of times they have
described essentially the same thing in different proceedings, conferences, and journals. This is somewhat illustrated in the present volume, in which, out of 24 main
papers, at least 11 come from the same laboratory at Stanford. The reader cannot help but wonder how large the
problem is. One of the papers indicates that in a six-year
period the Stanford group has studied “over 150’ patients,
Vol 35: Infections of the Nervous System, Part 111,
1978, 584 pp, $106.75
This book continues in the format well established by preceding publications in the series. Contents include parasitic
diseases, amebic infections of the nervous system, African
trypanosomiasis, American trypanosomiasis, toxoplasmosis, malaria, filariasis, echinococcuc infections, helminthiasis, schistosomiasis, paragonimiasis, trichinosis, cysticercosis, eosinophilic meningitis, mycosis, actinomycosis,
aspergillosis, blastomycosis, candidiasis, coccidioidomycosis, cryptococcosis, histoplasmosis, nocardiosis,
paracoccidioidomycosis, and phycomycosis. As if these
topics were not enough, the final chapter is devoted to
uncommon fungal diseases of the nervous system. The
work has worldwide scope, and to have the material together in a single publication is a valuable contribution.
Isn’t it time, however, that the editors of this successful
handbook started putting out regularly recurring comprehensive indices to the contents of all preceding volumes? Certainly, the least they could have offered us is
such an index at the end of Volumes 10, 20, and 30.
Vol 36: Intoxications of t h e Nervous System, Part I,
1979, 570 pp, $106.75
This book covers aspects of poisoning by lead, organic
mercury, inorganic mercury, arsenic, manganese, thallium,
tin, bromide, and other metals. Also included are toxicity
of phytanic acid in Refsum disease (an inclusion a little
difficult to understand); poisoning with methyl alcohol,
solvents and other industrial organic compounds, insecticides, trichloroethylene, cyanogenetic glucosides,
mushrooms, and ergot; and fluorosis and lathyrism. The
comprehensiveness is admirable.
Care of the Patient with Neurogenic Bladder, by S.
Boyarsky, P. Labay, P. Hanick, A. S. Abramson, and R.
Boyarsky, Little, Brown and Company, Boston, 1979, 250 pp,
Practical guides to managing bladder difficulties in neurological patients are few. The authors have a large experience in the field and have put together a well-balanced and
useful volume written largely from the urological point of
view. One can quibble with several of the physiological
concepts, which repeat some of the classic misinterpretations of cystometrograms. O n the other hand, the
pragmatic advantages of having this book on the shelf for
guiding the care of patients with chronic neurological disorders outweigh its shortcomings as a scientific text.
A Systematic Approach to Neuroscience, Sy E . L. House,
B. Pansky, and A. Siegel, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New
York, 1979, 576 pp, $27.00
This is the third edition of a book formerly titled A Fanctional Approach to Neuroanatomy. The lack of any substantial
consideration of biochemistry or pharmacology and the
very heavy attention to anatomy make one suspect that the
older name may have been a more accurate description of
the contents.
too much waking. T h e contents are largely descriptive and
clinical. Fundamental considerations of the pharmacology
o r biochemistry of sleep are not included.
Neurology of Musculoskeletal and Rheumatic Disorders, by K. K. Nakano, Houghton MiffEin Professional Publishers (Medical Division), Boston, 1979, 401 pp: $40.00
Homosexuality i n Perspective, by William H. Masters and
Virginia E. Johnson, Little, Brown and Company (Nedical
Division), Boston, 1979, 450 pp, $17.50
This is an elementary textbook covering history-taking,
diagnostic procedures, muscle and nerve disorders, spinal
cord disorders, cervical and lumbosacral spine difficulties,
complications of arthritis, and complications of systemic
diseases. Several of the illustrations are reprinted from
other texts, not always with optimal quality. Orthopedists
and rehabilitation specialists may find the volume of value,
but most neurologists will think that its contents are well
covered in more comprehensive volumes.
In this new volume, Masters and Johnson apply to the
physiology and therapy of homosexuals the same attention
to facts and concern for needs that have characterized their
previous efforts to understand heterosexual behavior. The
book covers matters of concern for almost all physicians
who deal with the broader aspects of patient needs.
Neuroscience and Clinical Neurology Review, by D.
Goldblatt, Arco Publishing Company, New York, 1979, 205
pp, s10.00
Congenital and Acquired Cognitive Disorders, edited by
R. Katzman (Research Publications of the Association for
Research in Nervous and Mental Disease, Vol 57), Raven
Press, New York. 1979, 3 14 pp, $25.00
A volume of questions and answers designed to provide a
review of basic sciences pertinent to neurology for examinations such as those given by National Boards, Flex, etc.
This book contains the proceedings of the Association’s
annual meeting held in December, 1977, devoted to
amentias and dementias, including problems in abnormal
brain development in the young and degenerative processes in the old. T h e volume represents a valuable review
of what is presently known about Alzheimer disease-senile
dementia. The 90-odd pages devoted to developmental
problems are less comprehensive in their scope but excellent as far as the coverage extends. The last section of the
book, which delves into the much less well understood
problem of infantile autism, presents its content with a less
sure hand. Perhaps that particular part of the program was
not yet ready for this kind of review.
Peripheral Neurology, byJ . A. Liveson and N . I . Spielholtz,
F . A. Davis Company, Philadebhia, 1979, 434 pp, $ 1 7.95
Chronic Progressive External Ophthalmoplegia, by
L. A.K. Bastiaensen, Stagfeu’s Scient@c Publishing Company,
Leiden, The Netherlands, 1978, 385 pp, price unavailable
The volume represents a thesis covering the author’s clinical study of patients he observed through December, 1977,
together with a detailed review of the literature of all cases
of chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia. T h e
findings include clinical, neurophysiological, morphological, and genetic analysis of the material. Printing and
photographic reproduction are excellent. As a reference
source, this is one done in the classic style.
Contemporary Clinical Neurophysiology, edited by
W. A. Cobb and H . V a n Duc’jn (Electroencephalography and
Clinical Neurophysiology, Suppl34: Invited contributions t o
the 9th International Congress of Electroencephalographyand
Clinical Neu ropbys iology), Elsev ierlNorth-Holla nd Biomedical
Press, Amsterdam and New York, 1977, $86.75
The volume covers a wide range of topics and problems in
clinical neurophysiology. Much of it provides information
on the most recent advances in the field as of the date of the
meeting. The book is well referenced and beautifully produced, in the tradition of the publisher.
Sleep Disorders, Diagnosis and Treatment, by R . L.
Williams and I . Karacan, John Wiley G Sons, New York,
1978, 417 pp, $32.00
This is a well-referenced, multiauthored volume dealing
with various aspects of problems of too much sleeping and
594 Annals of Neurology Vol 7 No 6 June 1980
Correlative Neuroanatomy and Functional Neurology
(17th ed), by Joseph G. Chusid, L n g e Medical Publications,
Los Altos, CA, 1979, 464 pp, $12.00
Any book that goes through seventeen editions must be
Understanding t h e Alpha Child at H o m e and School,
by Jack L. Fadely and Virginia N. Hosler, Charles C. Thomas,
Publisher, Springfield, IL, 1979, 238 p p , $15.75
Case Studies i n Neurological Nursing, by Suzanne L.
Wehrmaker and Joann R. Wintermute, Little, Brown and
Company, Boston, 1978, 304 p p , $7.95
Computerized T o m o g r a p h y in Clinical Medicine, by
Patricia Davison Laffey, Wilbur W . Oaks, R. Kumar Swami,
J . George Teplick, and Marvin E. Haskin, Medical Directions,
Philadelphia, 1978, 57 pp, $16.00
Manual for the A d u l t Neuropsychological Evaluation,
by Dennis Swiercinsky, Charles C Thomas, Publisher,
SpringFeld, IL, 1978, I91 pp, price unavailable
Psychiatry i n General Medical Practice, by Gene Usdin
andJerry M . Lewis, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York,
1979, 771 pp, price unavailable
Directory of Certified Psychiatrists and Neurologists,
by the American Board of Medical Specialties, Marquis Academic Media, Chicago, 1979, 702 pp, $19.50
The Inherited Ataxias, edited by R. A. Pieter Kark, Roger
N . Rosenberg, and LawrenceJ . Schut, Raven Press, New York,
1978, 424 pp, $37.00
T h e inherited spinocerebellar degenerations are beginning
to surrender to dissection of their mechanistic bases, and
this volume ably covers the subject. Almost all the experts
in the field contribute, and the book is a valuable compendium of epidemiology, genetic lipid abnormalities, oxidative disorders, defects in protein metabolism, and the effects of virus infections on the cerebellar systems. Al-
though most of the material has appeared earlier in single
studies, the comprehensiveness of the book as well as inclusion of discussion makes this a valuable contribution. It
is highly recommended.
Microneurosurgery (2nd ed) by Robert W . Rand, C . V .
Mosby Company, St. Louis, 1978, 470 pp, $67.50
This is a beautifully produced, largely technical, but entirely authoritative volume by one of the leaders in this
burgeoning surgical field. It will no doubt take its place as a
standard source text for its discipline.
A Textbook of Neurology (6th ed), edited by H . Houston
Merritt, Henry Kimpton Publishers, London, 1979, 961 pp,
The late Houston Merritt’s text reigned supreme over
American textbooks in this field for many years. This latest
edition includes several sections written by D r Merritt before his recent death, including trauma, diseases due to
toxins, and (with Donald Harter) infections. J. L. Antunes
helped with tumors. Sections on vascular disease have been
added by Toole, on developmental defects and on metabolic diseases by H. H. White, and on degenerative diseases by R. Katzman. Charles Poser has contributed the
section on myelin diseases and A. P. Friedman on paroxysmal disorders. The volume remains a benchmark for
its field. References are up-to-date into 1977. As with
previous editions, the mechanisms and molecular bases of
neurological disease receive relatively less attention than
neuropathological and clinical considerations.
Clinical Management of Neurogenic Communicative
Disorders, edited by Donnell F . Johns, Little, Brown and
Company, Boston, 1978, 342 pp, $16.50
The volume is a collection of chapters on various aspects of
language defects written primarily by nonmedical specialists in the speech and language areas. Most neurologists will
find the discussions over-long and the elaborate treatment
recommendations supported by few controlled studies of
their effectiveness. The volume is descriptive rather than
Paraneoplasia: Biological Signals in the Diagnosis of
Cancer, by Jan G . Waldenstrom, John Wiley 6 Sons, New
York, 1978, 173 pp, $1 9.95
Prof Waldenstrom has a long and distinguished history of
contributions on various aspects of the systemic associations and complications of malignant disease. The chapter
on the nervous system is brief and almost entirely descriptive. What is presented in the rest of the book, however,
including the semiology of alterations in other systems associated with cancer as well as some of the general biological effects of malignant disease, makes the volume a valuable reference source.
Complications of Nervous System Trauma, edited by
Richard A. Thompson and John R. Green, Raven Press, New
York, 1979, 345 pp, $32.00
The volume represents the publications of a courseconference held at the Barrow Institute in Phoenix, AZ.
The papers, by multiple authors, cover many aspects of this
major neurological problem. Inevitably, neurologists will
find some contributions more useful or fresh than others,
but there are a number of admirable and informative
chapters. Some, but by no means all, include the contributions o n neuropathology, C T diagnosis in subdural
hematoma, neurootology, posttraumatic epilepsy, radiology of the spine, and root and nerve injury. As in most
discussions of the subject, helpful discussions are lacking
on the late cognitive and psychological effects of severe
head injury as well as documented evidence on how one
can best prevent or treat these serious sequelae.
Pineal Tumors, edited by Henry H . Schmidek, Masson Publishing USA, New York, 1977, 138 pp. $28.50
This book includes seven chapters on various aspects of
pineal neoplasia. Although the material is interesting and
well illustrated, none of it is particularly new, and the same
ground is covered in more succinct statements in various
Neuroendocrine Correlates i n Neurology and Psychiatry, edited by Eugenio E. Muller and Alessandro Agnoli,
ElsevierlNorth-Holland, Amsterdam, 1978, 304 pp, $46.25
The volume contains the papers included in a symposium
apparently held in Italy during 1978. Most of the papers
are relatively short and represent personal research results
rather than comprehensive reviews of the field.
Clinical Neurophysiology of the Vestibular System, by
Robert W . Baloh and Vincente Honrubia, F . A . Davis Company, Philadelphia, 1979, 230 pp, $30.00
The monograph is based on the authors’ extensive direct
experience with this new and increasingly important subspecialty. Much of the work does not appear elsewhere,
and the text is well complemented with informative tables
and illustrations.
Atlas of Topographical Anatomy o f t h e Brain and Surrounding Structures, by Wolfgang Seeger, Springer-Verlag,
Vienna, 1978, 544 pp, $132.00
This is an extensive and detailed atlas of the brain and its
coverings, giving particular attention to vascular relationships and other neurosurgical concerns. The drawings are
clear and the book well produced.
Current Neurology, Vol 1, edited by H . Richard Tyler and
David M . Dawson, Houghton MiffEinProfessional Publishers,
Boston, 1978, 499 pp, $29.00
It is estimated that 50% of all available medical scientific
publications have appeared since approximately 197 3 , a
fact that emphasizes how difficult it is for physicians to
“keep up with the literature.” Tyler and Dawson’s useful book provides reviews of neuromuscular disorders,
demyelinating diseases, degenerative disorders, extrapyramidal disorders, vascular disorders, seizure disorders, neoplasms, defects of higher cortical function, basic
neurosciences, diagnostic procedures, and miscellany.
Most of the chapters are of high quality, and the book
certainly provides more interesting reading than the usual
annual review type publications. The book can be recommended to those who want to keep broadly informed on
what’s happening in medical neurology.
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