Burial archaeology Current research methods and developments. Edited by Charlotte A. Roberts Frances Lee and John Bintliff. B.A.R. British Series 211. 1989. 293 ppкод для вставкиСкачать
126 BOOK REVIEWS in both estimated fatness and in lean body mass. Satyanarayana and colleagues discuss the social correlates of undernutrition in India, painting a depressing picture of a never-ending cycle of poverty. Argentina (Narvaez Perez et al.), Algeria (Dekkar), and Canada (Shephard) are the countries for which results of national surveys are presented. The latter two chapters were among my favorites in the volume, emphasizing the mixed blessing of improving economic conditions that lead to lower childhood mortality and better growth, but at the cost of increased levels of obesity and decreased physical fitness. The book presents a great deal of data. Over one-third of the book is tables and graphs. This may explain in part the cost of the volume, but at a price of almost one dollar per page, it is difficult to recommend that any but the most interested actually purchase this book. The volume contains one glaring production error, the total omission of the bibliography from the first chapter. SARASTINSON Department of Anthropology Queens College, City University of New York Flushing, New York takes a conservative approach to basic osteBURIALARCHAEOLOGY: CURRENT RESEARCH, METHODSAND DEVELOPMENTS. Edited by ology. She should have included more recent Charlotte A. Roberts, Frances Lee, and contributions t o aging the adult skeleton, John Bintliff. B.A.R. British Series 211. such as sternal rib ends, auricular surface, and the developments in pubic symphysis 1989.293 pp. (npg). aging. The publication of her data forms are “Burial archaeology seeks to understand useful and can be modified to technological data processing. life through death. . . .” A few papers are “theoretical”in that they The editors deserve credit for collecting a present models and text hypotheses. The diverse array of papers which relate in some paper by O’Sullivan et al. found an associaway to burial preservation, excavation, re- tion between primary dental caries and cricovery analysis, and interpretation. How- bra orbitalia in prehistoric through late meever, Burial Archaeology is far too interest- dieval British samples. Higgins presents ing a book to be beset by editorial problems. physiological models for generating operaThe volume appears to have been put to- tional hypotheses in assessing health patgether hastily, which does a disservice to the terns in agriculturally derived dental and contents and reader. Entry into the volume skeletal remains. May’s article discusses is complicated by a “preface” which is a within site (Ulwell Anglo-Saxon) biological lengthy outline of a conference, list of con- and geographical variation in human bone tributors, papers presented, and posters, fol- strontium content. In essence, while vegelowed by a list of contributors (book?) with tarian and marine diets increase the amount their addresses (7 pages). A “table of con- of strontium in bone, pregnant and lactating tents” followswith the subtitle “case studies” females and children also have normally appearing twice on page ix. Pages 105-108 elevated levels of strontium. She suggests are missing from the text, the bulk of the using dental pathology along with strontium article by J. Richards, entitled “Computers analysis as an indicator of diet. The case studies demonstrate the usefuland Burial Archaeology.” Burial Archaeology could have been di- ness of cremation studies (McKinley),a natvided logically into three sections: general, ural history of tuberculosis from a leper hostechnical, and case studies. The technical pital (Magilton and Lee), and a unique papers outnumber the other categories. This opportunity to test age and sexing techgroup consists of interesting articles on taph- niques on dated 18th and 19th century burionomy (Bethell, Garland, and Janaway), als from Christ Church (Adams and Reeve). bone conservation (Spriggs), cremations These are insightful papers which advance (McKinley),and dental analysis (Bouts and burial studies considerably. Pot, Hillson, and Cruwys). Ann Stirland The general articles by Roberts and BOOK REVIEWS Manchester are commendable in view of the specializations of the study of humankind in Great Britain. (These specializations and concomitant intellectual differentiation are increasingly a fact of life within American antropology.) The editors deserve credit for attempting to encourage a multidisciplinary approach involving a variety of specialists in burial excavation, recovery, and analysis. According to Bintliff, “we can usually focus on the physical individual in the past through burial archaeology in a way that settlement excavation rarely permits.. . . [Wlhenever bodily preservation permits . . . we have the potential to observe . . . the broad characteristics of that individual’s life experience such a s diet, disease, frequency of childbirth, pressures of work and frequency of injury . . . . [Wlhat should interest us is the relationship between the individual’s lifetime experience and that of his or her community, then, of that community’s lifetime experi- 127 ence to that of population groups at everwider geographical scales.” This approach to recovering life-ways and group-ways from burial archaeology is commendable. American anthropologists began to address these issues in the 1960s (Angel) and 1970s (Armelagos, Brown, and Buikstra, among others). Perhaps it was more natural for American anthropology to evolve culturally in the direction as described by Bintliff. If sa, it is commendable that British archeologists, human osteologists, and dental specialists should collaborate in this multidisciplinary volume which provides techniques and explores approaches that advance the reconstruction of life-ways of individuals and groups from burial remains. Y’EDYNAK GLORIA National Museum of Health and Medicine Washington, D.C. BOOKS RECEIVED Cohen, MN (1989) Health and the Rise of Civilization. New Haven: Yale University Press, 285 pp. $12.00 (paper). Donald, M (1991) Origins of the Modern Mind. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 413 pp. $27.95 (cloth). Malina, RM, and C Bouchard (1991) Growth, Maturation, and Physical Actiuity. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics Publishers, xiii + 501 pp. npg (cloth). Mayr, E (1991) One LongArgument: Charles Darwin and the Genesis of Modern Evolutionary Thought. Cambridge, MA: Har- vard University Press, xiv + 195 pp. $19.95 (cloth). Mellars, P (ed.) (1990) The Emergence of Modern Humans: An Archaeological Perspective. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 555 pp. $65.00 (cloth). Micozzi, MS (1991) Postmortem Change in Human and Animal Remains: A Systematic Approach. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas, 124 pp. npg (cloth). Sinopoli, CM (1991)Approaches to Archaeological Ceramics. New York: Plenum Press, xiii + 237 pp. $39.50 (cloth).