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Child growth. By Wilton Marion Krogman. 231 pp. figures tables bibliography index. Universtiy of Michigan Press Ann Arbor. 1972 $7.95 (cloth) $2

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prehensive viewpoint which should give
the student a reasonable concept of the
types of research being done in these fields.
These chapters are well illustrated with
many maps, tables, and diagrams.
The discussion of the fossil record begins propitiously with a general cautioning against unnecessary generic and specific terms. Unfortunately, Chiarelli does
not follow his own advice. The text is replete with almost every generic and specific term that has been given including
Euranthropus and Homo palestinus. The
student will surely be confused by the
maze of terms.
Furthermore, the material presented on
the fossil record is sadly out of date. Most
of the fossil finds of the last fifteen years
are totally ignored. No mention is made of
Aegyptopithecus, Aeolopithecus, any of the
Olduvai finds except Zinjanthropus, the
Vertesszollos skull, or any of the finds or
dates from Omo, Lake Rudolph, or Lothagam. The Pleistocene is stated to have
lasted one million years and to have consisted of four glaciations. The Neanderthal foot is described as ape-like.
Chiarelli considers the Australopithecines to be extinct side branches of human evolution. He would drive man from
Protoanthropus which consists of Sinanthropus, Euranthropus, and Atlanthropus,
and the Prophaneranthropi, a group of
forms consisting of the Steinheim, Swanscombe, Fontechevade, and Montmaurin
Chiarelli’s anatomical discussions primarily focus on the relationships between
erect posture and the anatomy of the
skull, vertebral column and lower limbs.
Napier’s work on the hand is also summarized. Other anatomical subjects are
largely ignored except for neuroanatomy.
The comparative anatomy of the brain
is discussed in a comprehensive fashion.
Some attention is paid to brain function
as well as structure.
On the whole, Chiarelli has succeeded in
writing a text which in terrnsof subject
matter he chooses to cover could serve as
a broad based introduction to the field of
primatology for courses in which primate
anatomy is not covered in detail. This text
possesses several good qualities, particularly in the emphasis it gives to evolutionary mechanisms and in its coverage of a
molecular and chromosomal nature not
found in other texts.
Unfortunately, however, the poor quality
of writing which pervades the text often
tends to obscure the author’s logic rather
than to clarify it, and there are misleading and erroneous statements in nearly
every chapter. These problems may result
from the fact that the book was written
largely with the aid of translators.
In addition, many technical terms are
used both in the text and in diagrams
which are never defined; references are
cited in the text which are not listed in
the bibliography and typing errors are
abundant. Some of these problems are
severe enough that despite its good qualities, this book may prove to be a difficult
one to use.
University of Texas, Houston
CHILD GROWTH. By Wilton Marion Krogman. 231 pp., figures, tables, bibliography, index. University of Michigan
Press, Ann Arbor. 1972. $7.95 (cloth),
$2.95 (paper).
This is one of the volumes of the Ann
Arbor Science Library, which consists of
monographs on a wide variety of scientific subjects each of which has been written by a recognized authority in its field.
The series includes, among others, G. H. R.
von Koenigswald’s The Evolution of Man,
Waldo L. Schmitt’s Crustaceans, Oskar
and Katharina Heinroths The Birds, M.
Evans Munroe’s The Language of Mathematics, and Paul W. Merrill’s Space Chemistry. These books are addressed, primarily,
to those who wish to have some authoritative information on the subjects covered
and to have it presented in language that
is understandable to readers who have no
special knowledge of those fields. Child
Growth is a worthy addition to this already distinguished series.
After a very informative Introduction,
the following topics are discussed in successive chapters: Prenatal development and
the newborn child; Growth in height and
weight; Biological age; growth age, growth
of trunk, arm and limb components and
of jaws and teeth; Endocrine glands and
growth; Puberty and adolescence; Roles
of nutrition and environment in growth;
Inheritance factors in physical growth;
The motor use of the body: posture, exercise, sports; and the growing body and
developing behavior. There are two appendices, one of which describes some
statistical methods for dealing with growth
data, and the other is a chart that outlines the age-periods of early postnatal
growth as conceived by Krogman and by
six other authorities on that subject. An
adequate list of references and a good
index are included.
This book is no mere compilation and
summary of pertinent data on child growth
and development: in both the choice of
the material that the author presents and,
even more importantly, in his judicious
evaluation and interpretation of it, the
reader is given the benefit of Professor
Krogman’s many years of study and research in this field. Chapters VIII and IX,
which deal, respectively, with some effects
of environment and of heredity on the
growth of children, illustrate especially
well the author’s ability to make a balanced and well-reasoned appraisal of topics
that have too often been discussed in the
literature with more emotion than discernment.
Those who read Child Growth - and it
deserves a wide audience-will
be rewarded by a clearly written and factual
account of the growth and development
of children and by an interesting and stimulating discussion of its implications for
pediatricians, parents, teachers and all
others who have concern for children and
for the society whose future pattern and
destiny today’s children will inevitably
shape and control.
been carried out over a great many years
by a series of investigators with widely
differing motives in attempts to test many
hypotheses (or none at all) and using
many different methods. In recent years,
however, the great bulk of the studies
have tended to become either repetitive
of earlier investigations or attentive to
minor details that may have been missed
by previous authors. Many studies have
proven somewhat questionable because of
small, biased and mislabelled samples,
because of summation of data sets of
questionable comparability taken by different individuals, because of prior typological trains of thought or subsequent
typological interpretations, and so on.
Many recent studies, too, have started to
be repetitive because they have been confined to examination of observational data
with unknown components of error, or of
meristic or mensurational data studied in
only a univariate or bivariate manner.
All of this results in the likelihood that
such studies will show nothing new compared with earlier similar investigations.
There is no doubt that the multivariate
morphometric approach which can compare information from many different variables and which can allow for the complex pattern of variances and covariances
displayed by them, is capable of revealing
new insights in problems of the relationship of the variation among human individuals in skull shape to its variation in
human populations. Such studies, indeed
such an approach, has become more and
more useful in recent years as biologists
of all types have gained the expertise to
utilize the computer techniques that go
with them. Accordingly, the present study,
though of great interest to anthropoloWILLIAM WALTERGREULICH
gists as providing new insights into human
Stanford University, California
cranial variation, is of especial interest
to all who are investigating the hidden
CRANIALVARIATIONIN MAN: A STUDYBY components of morphology in whatever
ANALYSISOF PATTERNSfield of biology they work. The study is
AMONG RECENT HU- an exemplar of the combined use of disMAN POPULATIONS.
By W. W. Howells. criminant function and factor analyses,
259 pp., figures, tables, bibliogra- and, for the special populations studied,
phy. Vol. 67, Papers of the Peabody the results are of extreme importance.
Thus the study attempts to find the
Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology,
Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. relationship of variation of measurements
of human skulls among individuals to the
1973. $10.00 (paper).
variations between populations. The popuStudies of human cranial variation have lations are very carefully defined (as ac-
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1972, cloth, child, marion, figuren, growth, michigan, index, arbors, bibliography, universtiy, ann, 231, tablet, krogman, wilton, pres
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