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Comparative primate biology Volume 3 Reproduction and development. Edited By W. R. Dukelow and J. Erwin. New York Alan R. Liss Inc. 1986. xii + 497 pp. tables figures indexes. $120

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541
chapters), while Nadler et al. completely ignore this branch of the primates. The growing literature on aging primates is not
covered.
In the next section, Capitanio catalogs behavioral pathologies and emphasizes that
these are generally, but not exclusively, derived from privation rearing or housing conditions. This view is complemented by
Kaplan’s review of the physiology of psychological stress and its effects on behavior.
The final section, Communication, includes papers on vocal (Snowdon) and on
chemical (Epple) signals. These chapters reveal that the availability of techniques for
study has affected progress in different areas.
There is now a complex of features recognized in primate vocalizations with languagelike qualities. However, although
chemical signals are used by both prosimians
and anthropoids, this modality remains considerably less well understood.
For each topic, readers should find the extensive bibliographies a n important resource. These are current to 1984 and form
about 17% of the text. The production of the
book is good, with few typographical errors
or omitted citations. The subject, author, and
taxonomic indices are helpful. The latter is
especially useful, being cross-referenced by a
variety of synonyms €or common and scientific names. Still, few individuals may be able
to afford the steep price. Encourage your libraries to purchase copies.
LEANNET. NASH
Department of Anthropology
Arizona State University
Tempe, Arizona
COMPARATIVE
PRIMATE
BIOLOGY,
VOLUME3:
REPRODUCTION
AND DEVELOPMENT.
Edited
by W. R. Dukelow and J. Erwin. New York:
Alan R. Liss, Inc. 1986. xii
497 pp., tables, figures, indexes. $120.00 (cloth).
lent critique by Dr. Charles Graham of our
limited information on reproductive aging (or
aging in general) in nonhuman primates, the
emphasis switches to the male reproductive
system. Detailed chapters are presented on
the anatomy of the male reproductive tract,
endocrine regulation of male reproduction,
and primate semen and spermatozoa. Following a n important review on gametogenesis
in primate species by Dr. Terry Baker, chapters on the female reproductive system are
presented. Follicle maturation, ovulation,
and the corpus luteum are discussed, as well
as sperm capacitation and in vivolin vitro
fertilization. Next, superb chapters on implantation, the placenta and fetal membranes, plus primate embryogenesis and
teratology emphasize morphologic aspects of
these processes and the need for interdisciplinary research in anatomy, physiology and
cell biology to explore the regulation of pregnancy and primate development in utero. The
final two chapters on prenatal and postnatal
growth and skeletal development should be
of particular interest to physical anthropologists.
The amount of information provided so succinctly in every chapter is enormous. Notable
examples include multipage tables on the internal structures of the male reproductive
tract, spontaneous and experimental malfor-
+
Volume 3 of Comparative Primate Biology
is designed to provide a comprehensive review on various topics in reproduction, endocrinology, and development in primate
species. It complements volumes 1 (Systematics, Evolution, and Anatomy), 2 (Part A:
Behavior, Conservation, and Ecology; Part
B: Behavior, Cognition, and Motivation), and
4 (Neurosciences), but easily stands alone as
a treatise on primate reproduction and development. Its comparative approach is exemplified by the inclusion of a Taxonomic Index
with the standard Author and Subject Indices a t the end of the book. This index is
useful in finding information on individual
species and also illustrates the huge gaps in
knowledge for many primates which have
not been used in biomedical research.
The text includes 16 chapters by renowned
scientists and primatologists from the United
States and Europe. The book begins with
three chapters reviewing the function and
regulation of the hypothalamic-pituitaryovarian axis, culminating in the hormonal
patterns of the ovarian cycle. After a n excel-
542
BOOK REVIEWS
mations in embryos, and gestation lengths or
growth curves for nonhuman primates. These
broad perspectives illustrate the noticeable
differences, as well as similarities, within
the primate family-and accentuate the need
for continued comparative study and conservative extrapolation of data to Homo sapiens.
Very few areas of primate reproduction and
development are totally missing, although
discrete chapters on the female reproductive
tract (analogous to Harrison and Lewis’
chapter on the male tract) and the endocrinology of pregnancy would add to the volume. Considering the importance of puberty
to reproduction and development, it is also
surprising that this stage did not receive
some attention. Nevertheless, this volume
will serve for years as a much-referenced database for general information on reproduction and developmental patterns in primate
species.
Often books with broad-based comparative
approaches will sacrifice some in-depth perspective on important issues and controversies in the field. To a limited extent this is
true of this volume-for example, Dr. Reid
Norman chose not to discuss the controversy
over the site of estrogen’s action in eliciting
the luteinizing hormone (LH) surge during
the ovarian cycle. However, other articles
such as that by Dr. Marilyn Koering (Follicle
Maturation) provide detailed insight into key
issues. In many chapters, the reader becomes
painfully aware that “the state of the science” is generally descriptive and prevents a
mechanistic understanding of primate reproduction and development. All the authors are
forthright in their remarks, lamenting the
fragmentary information from few species
and the need for modern techniques of cellular and molecular biology in primate research. Most chapters end with sections on
Conclusions and Future Research Needs
which should provide a stimulus for further
work in the field. However, the reader should
recognize that progress is occurring rapidly
in some areas and that chapters only offer a
review of research up to the time that they
were written, which in several cases was
three or so years before publication.
In summary, this book is of high quality
and provides a much-needed information
source on the general aspects of reproduction
and development in primate species. It will
be valuable to all those who are working in
the interdisciplinary field of primatology, including anthropologists. It should also serve
as the foundation for future work, as investigators fill the gaps i n our knowledge of
primate reproduction and development, in
order to understand the origins and biology
of these species, to prevent a n untimely fate
for endangered primates and to provide information relevant for human reproduction,
development, and pathology.
RICHARDSTOUFFER
Divisions of Reproductive Biology
and Behavior
Oregon Regional Primate
Research Center
Beaverton, Oregon
PRIMATE CONSERVATION
IN THE TROPICALthe hunting of primates for food and ornaRAINFOREST.
Edited by C.W. Marsh and mentation, and the trapping of live primates
R.A. Mittermeier. New York: Alan R. Liss, for the pet trade and biomedical research.
Inc. 1987. Monographs in Primatology, Vol. Two themes pervade this volume. First, be9. xviii + 365 pp., figures, tables, index. cause most primates live in rain forests, the
$90.00 (cloth).
future of primates in the wild is linked to the
survival of the rain forests. Second, if primates are to survive in the wild, the trade in
The editors of this book have compiled a live primates must be controlled on a n intercomprehensive collection of articles that re- national level, and the market hunting of
view on a worldwide scale those factors which primates needs to stop. The book contains an
are threatening the future survival of pri- introduction and fourteen chapters, which
mates-the destruction of the rain forests, are divided into three sections entitled Prob-
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development, xii, 120, figuren, liss, erwin, inc, new, 1986, volume, york, primate, edited, comparative, tablet, indexes, biologya, reproduction, 497, alan, dukelow
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