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Cranial computed tomography. By A. L. Williams and V. M. Haughton St

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Reviews
Two Hemispheres-One Brain:
Functions of the Corpus Callosum
(Vol 17, Neurology and Neurobiology)
Edited by F. Lepore, M . Ptito, and H . H . Jasper
New York, Alan R. Liss, 1986
What exactly does the corpus callosum do? Complete or
partial destruction of its fibers has few long-term neurological or psychological consequences that can be detected, except by trained observers. Nevertheless, when the right
questions are asked, the effects of callosal damage turn out to
be clear and even dramatic. In the early 1950s, Roger Sperry
began asking the rlght questions. As a result, a wealth of
information has been gathered on the anatomy, physiology,
and psychology of the corpus callosum. It is thus fitting that
this volume, which provides an overview of current understanding of callosal organization and function, is dedicated to
Sperry.
Two Hemispheres-One Brain is a collection of papers presented at the Sixth International Symposium of Neuroscience of the Centre de Recherche en Sciences Neurologiques
de YUniversitC de Montreal, held on May 16-18, 1984. The
volume contains six parts. The initial sec+ion consists of papers on the philosophical implications of brain bisection in
humans. In Part 11, the structural organization of the corpus
callosum is discussed. Among other topics, the topography
of callosal fibers, callosal development, and the relationship
between callosal anatomy and hemisphere specialization are
considered. In the third section, physiological studies of the
callosum are described, particularly with respect to the interhemispheric integration of visual information. This emphasis on visual integration is continued in the fourth section,
which is focused on behavioral studies in experimental animals. The final two sections are on neuropsychological studies in split-brain and normal human subjects.
The thirty-four papers in this volume constitute an excellent summary of current knowledge about the corpus callosum and it is destined to become a classic in the field.
Joseph LeDoux, PhD
New York, N Y
New Books
on Brain Imaging
Positron Emission Tomography and Autoradiology:
Principles and Applications for the Brain and Heart
Edited by M. E. Piielps, J . C. Mazziotta, and H . R. Scbelbert
New York, Raven, I986
690 pp, illustrated
Brain Imaging and Brain Function (Association for
Research in Nervous and Mental Disease, Volume 63)
Edited by L. Sokolo]?
New York, Raven, 1985
308 pp, illustrated, $59.50
New Brain Imaging Techniques and
Psychopharmacology
Edited &y M . R. Tr;;mble
New York,Oxford, 1986
134 pp, illustrated, S4S.00
Cranial Computed Tomography
By A. L. Williams and V . M . Haughton
St. Louis, Mosby, 1985
655 pp, illustrated
These various multi-authored monographs provide information on a similar subject in a variety of ways. The Battistin
and Gerstenbrand book presents the proceedings of a symposium held in Padim in May 1985. Chapters by authoritative scientists cover PET, SPECT, and NMR spectroscopy
and imaging. Most iof the contributors are well-known authorities on their sutbjects, and it was perhaps to be expected
that much of the PET section is devoted to clinical evaluation. The text is typescript photo offset and the illustrations
are satisfactory.
Heiss et al provide an atlas of PET examinations of the brain
studied under a variety of normal and abnormal conditions.
Most of the illustrations come from Cologne but many come
from other well-known PET centers and the reproduction is
excellent. The book .is produced in German and English.
Phelps, Mazziotta, and Schelbert have put together the best
of the PET volumes reviewed here. The chapters, all written
by experts, start with the physiological basics of each of the
systems being examined and thoroughly explore both the
brain and heart in light of present knowledge. In a fastmoving field the book represents the wrirten word on PET
up to 1984.
PET and NMR: New Perspectives in Neuroimaging and
in Clinical Neurochemistry
Edited by L. Battistin and F. Gerstenbrand
New York. Alan R. Liss, 1986
497 pp, illustrated, $90.00
Sokoloff's Brain Imging and Grain Fanrtion presents the
proceedings from the Association for Research of Nervous
and Mental Disease's 1983 Meeting, moving from basic principles to clinical studies in both neurology and psychiatry in
18 chapters. The final three chapters discuss the present state
and future of NMR. The relatively short text offers a useful
overview.
Atlas of Positron Emission Tomography of the Brain
Edited by W . D . Heiss, C. Bed, K. Herbolz, G . Pawlik,
R. Wagner, and K . Wienhard
Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 1985
130 ppq illustrated
Trimble's text, despite its title, is largely a descriptive monograph of PET and isotope-based studies of CBF and NMR in
psychiatry that also includes chapters on epilepsy and dementia. The book provides a useful introduction to brain
imaging techniques.
670
Williams and Haughton present a well-produced compendium of CT findings in a variety of disorders. Written mostly
by the senior author, the text is comprehensive and the illustrations achieve a high quality.
Fred Plum, MD
We have commented in an earlier review that Pedley and
Meldrum’s “Recent Advances” series represents the best
comprehensive information for the neurologist interested in
epilepsy. The present volume maintains the tradition with 14
up-to-date chapters, and again, earns our shortest review:
buy it.
New York, NY
Somewhat in the same format as Pedley, Drs Porter and
Morselli have put together 17 informative chapters on various topics with a strong basis in mechanistic explanation. The
material here is perhaps somewhat less “state of the art,” but
is thoughtful and well presented.
Recent Volumes
on Seizure Disorders
Epilepsy in Children (International Review of Child
Neurology Series)
By J . Aicardi
New York, Raven, 1986
425 pp, illustrated, $67.50
Seizure Disorders in Children
Edited by P . C. Ferry, W . Banner,Jr, and R. A . Wo,f
Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1985
270 pp, illustrated, $29.50
Recent Advances in Epilepsy, Vol 3
Edited by 7.A . Pedlty and B. S. Meldrum
New York, Livingstone, 1986
31 5 pp, illustrated, $62.00
The Epilepsies-BIMR Neurology, Vol 5
Edited by R. J . Porter and P . L. Morselli
Stoneham, Butterworth, I985
3 96 pp, illustrated, $3 9.95
These four books approach their subject in different ways.
The monographs by Aicardi and Ferry et al are primarily
clinically oriented, comprehensive from the standpoint of
their subject, and written for the clinician, whether pediatrician, generalist, or neurologist. Pedley and Porter, on the
other hand, are more concerned with the recent advances in
basic science as they apply to the clinical problem.
Aicardi’s book, as one might expect, is a masterpiece that
provides a clearly expressed, thoughtful, comprehensive,
well-referenced, and informative overview of a subject in
which he stands at the top of world authorities. The bibliography of 1,573 titles alone is worth the price of purchase.
The volume should be on the shelf of every physician and
neurologist caring for epileptic patients, and we predict that
it will be often consulted.
The Ferry book is shorter, simpler, and more directly addressed to the family practitioner. Helpful items include
color pictures of the various available anticonvulsant drugs,
tables of the locations of American Poison Control Centers,
patient information sheets, and practical guides that suggest
how to discuss things with the patients and their parents,
including audiovisual aids to help parents understand the
problem. The book should find its greatest use among general practitioners and pediatricians, but will be valuable for
anyone engaged in the treatment of epileptic children.
Basic Mechanisms of the Epilepsies: Molecular and
Cellular Approaches (Advances in Neurology, Vol44)
Edited bj A. V . Delgado-Escueta, A . A . Ward,
D. M. Woodbury,and R. J . Porter
New York, Raven, 1986
1,000 pp, illustrated, $98.50
In 1969, a volume entitled “Basic Mechanisms of the Epilepsies’’ appeared, and has since served as the benchmark for
scientific research in the field. This tome brings together
material presented at two conferences in 1982 and 1783, and
reflects the leading edge in fundamental neuroscience as it
applies to seizure disorders (at least as expressed at that
time). Chapters include a thoughtful and detailed introductory “New Wave of Research” chapter by the editors, followed by sections entitled: Biochemical Genetics, Epileptogenesis, Spread and Arrest of Seizures, Neurocellular
Anatomy and Cell Damage, and Basic Mechanisms in Man.
The publisher has done an outstanding job in both printing
and illustration, and the volume deserves high praise in every
dimension. For those interested in the neuroscience of
neuronal excitability; the central balance between excitation,
inhibition, and potentials for treatment; and, above all, where
the field is going, Basic Mechanisms of the Epilepsies provides
an outstanding source book.
Fred Plum, M D
New York, NY
Symposia
Proceedings Received
Acute Brain Ischemia: Medical and Surgical Therapy
Serono Symposia Publications from Raven PressVol 32
Edited by N . Battistine, P . Fiorani, R. Courdier, F. Plum,
and C. Fieschi
New York, Raven, I986
384 pp, illustrated, $46.50
Advance in Pain Research and Therapy, Vol9
Edited bj H . L. Field, R. Dubner, and F . Cewero
New York, Raven Press, 1985
923 pp, illustrated
Annals of Neurology Vol 22
No 5
November 1787 671
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