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Craniofacial biology. Edited by David S. Carlson. Center for human growth and development Ann Arbor The University of Michigan. 1981. V + 269 pp. figures tables references. $22

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Book Reviews
Edited by David S.
Carlson. Center for Human Growth and
Development, Ann Arbor: The University of
Michigan. 1981. v 269 pp., figures, tables,
references. $22.50 (cloth).
This volume is the tenth monograph in the
Craniofacial Growth Series published by the
Center for Human Growth and Development.
The intent of the volume differs somewhat
from the previous works in this series in that it
does not focus on a specific area of craniofacial
biology, but rather attempts to review the
broad, basic questions of craniofacial growth
and development.
The eleven papers contributed to this volume provide concise statements of a variety of
research problems. Two articles deal with morphological adaptations to functional stress.
From his recorded observations of stress in the
monkey mandible, Hylander concludes that
there are a variety of stress patterns produced
during mastication, and that the morphology
of the primate mandible is closely related to
these patterns. Hinton also notes that changes
in the form of the temporomandibular joint are
functionally induced. Both papers offer fine
historical perspectives, present data that are
valuable to researchers interested in growth
processes, and point out specific problems for
future research.
Two articles are concerned with mathematical representations of changes in craniofacial
form. Moss et al. illustrate various trajectories
of cranial points through space-time based on
different models and urge craniofacial biologists to evaluate these space-time models and
choose the one that best approximates ontogenic reality. Bookstein’s description of two
geometric methods that might be used t o
analyze craniofacial growth is not only well
illustrated, but also easy to follow.
Three papers in this volume present the
0002-9483/82/5803-0347$03.00 0 1982 ALAN R. LISS. INC.
results of animal studies that have direct clinical application. One of the more fundamental
questions as to whether the final length of the
mandible is genetically predetermined and,
therefore, unresponsive to orthopedic treatment is addressed in an excellent paper by
Petrovic et al. Their conclusion is that treatment will not only increase the rate of mandibular growth, but also the amount. Having
manipulated the length of the mandible, what
effect does this have on the muscles of mastication? Maxwell et al. found no significant
changes in either structure or function of these
muscles. McNamara describes three experimental models in which fixed appliances are
used to alter the function of the mandibular
condyle. The value of these experiments is that
they demonstrate the close relationship between form and function in the craniofacial
Two of the contributed works describe the
basic developmental processes of the face.
Moss-Salentijn traces the prenatal migration
of the mylohyoid muscle and relates its early
development to functional activities of the
early fetal mouth. Melsen et al. describe the
development of the nasal septum and speculate on its biomechanical role.
Both the Moffet and Koskinen-Moffet paper
and the Isaacson et al. paper are concerned
with understanding the biological basis of
mandibular rotation and how this knowledge
might aid the clinician in forming a diagnosis
and treatment plan.
In my opinion the book achieves its stated
goal to review the basic biological questions
concerning the growth and development of the
craniofacial region. There is a balance of theoretical, methodological, and clinically oriented
papers and, therefore, it would be a useful text
for a graduate seminar on facial growth.
E. S I R I A N N I
State University of New York
Buffalo, New York
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