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Current notes.

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The two 1918 William Ellery Hale lectures before the National
Academy were given on April 22 and 24 by John C. Merriam, Professor
of Paleontology, University of California, the subject being : “The
Beginnings of Human History from the Geologic Record.”
On May 18 Professor Merriam delivered, before the Biological
Society of Washington, a lecture on “Cave Hunting in California,”
in which he described the vain quest so far for traces of man’s geological
antiquity .
On May 9, 1918, Dr. Raymond Pearl gave the sixth lecture of the
series on Science in Relation to the War before the Washington Academy
of Sciences, the subject of the lecture being: “Biology and War.”
Dr. Raymond Pearl has recently resigned his position as Biologist
of the Maine Agricultural Experiment Station, Orono, Maine, and has
been appointed Professor of Biometry and Vital Statistics in the School
of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore,
Maryland. For the present Dr. Pearl continues his work as Statistician
of the United States Food Administration.
Professor A. F. Shull delivered the annual address before the Sigma
Xi, of the University of Michigan, on May 28, on the subject “Heredity and the Fate of the Wnrring Nations.”
On June 6 Dr. A. HrdliEka lectured on the subject of Man’s Evolution, Past, Present and Future, at the Battle Creek Sanitarium, Battle
Creek, Michigan.
Dr. Andre Hovelacque, son of Abel Hovelacque, and himself an anthropologist, has been rewarded by the French Government for distinguished
medical services in the field, by being made Chevalier of the Legion of
The annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement
of Science for 1918, and hence that of Section H has been changed,
in view of war conditions and of the large number of scientific men now
working at Washington, from Boston to Baltimore. It would seem
eminently proper to devote the anthropological meetings, as far as may
be feasible‘, to anthropological problems connected with the war.
A “Galton Society” has recently been formed in New York City,
with a membership limited to 25. Dr. Chas. B. Davenport is president,
Prof. J. H. McGregor secretary.
According to latest advices from Dr. Simoens da Silva, the organization of the XX Congress of Americanists, which according to present
arrangements is to be held at Rio de Janeiro, June 18-20, 1919, is proceeding favorably. Dr. Silva is traveling personally in the interest of
the Congress over the most important States of the Republic.
The McIntire Prize.-“In 1915 Dr. Charles McIntire resigned the
secretaryship of the American Academy of Medicine. I n appreciative
Commemoration of his twenty-five years of faithful service, the American Academy of Medicine raised a fund, the income of which will be
expended in accordance with Dr. McIntire’s suggestions. The Academy
now announces two prizes, to be awarded a t the annual meetings for
1918 and 1921, respectively. .
“The subject for 1921is ‘What Effect Has Child Labor on the Growth
of the Body.’ The members of the Committee to award this prize
are: Dr. Thomas S. Arbuthnot, Dean of the Medical School of the
University of Pittsburgh; Dr. Winfield Scott Hall, Professor of Physiology, Northwestern University; and Dr. James
Wilson, Emeritus
Professor, Practice of Medicine and of Clinical Medicine, Jefferson
Medical College, Philadelphia.
“The conditions are :
“(1) The essays are to be typewritten and in English, and the contests are to be open to everyone.
“ ( 2 ) Essays must contain not less than 5,000 or more than 20,000
words, exclusive of tables. They must be original and not previously
“(3) Essays must not be signed with the true name of the writer,
but are to be identified by a nom de plume or distinctivedevice. All
essays are to reach the Secretary of the Academy on or before January
1of the years for which the prizes are offered and are to be accompanied
by a sealed envelope marked on the outside with the fictitious name
or device assumed by the writer and to contain his true name inside.
“(4) Each competitor must furnish four copies of his competitive
“(5) The envelope containing the name of the author of the winning
essay will be opened by Dr. McIntire, or in his absence by the presiding
officer at the annual meeting, and the name of the successful contestant
announced byhim. . . .
“(7) In case there are several essays of especial merit, after awarding
the prize to the best, special mention of the others will be made and both
the prize essay and those receiving special mention are to become a t
once the property of the Academy, probably to be published in the
Journal of Sociologic Medicine. Essays not receiving a prize or special
mention will be returned to the authors on application.
“(8) The American Academy of Medicine reserves the right to decline
to give the prize if none of the essays are of sufficient value.
“The present officers of the American Academy of Medicine are:
George A. Hare, M.D., Fresno, Cal., President; J. E. Tuckerman, M.D.,
Cleveland, President-Elect; Charles McIntire, M.D., Easton, Pa.,
Treasurer; and Thomas Wray Grayson, M.D., 1101 Westinghouse
Building, Pittsburgh, Pa., Secretary (now with the U. S. Army).”
Washington Medical Annals, 1917,
“The following resolutions were adopted unanimously at a meeting
of Committees from all States (except Maine and Delaware), held in
the Congress Hotel, Chicago, October 23, 1917:
“WHEREAS,The experience through which the United States is now
passing should convince every thoughtful person of the necessity for the
universal training of young men, not only for the national defense in
case of need, but also to develop the nation’s greatest asset-its young
manhood-in physical strength, in mental alertness, and in respect for
the obligations of citizenship essential to democracy; Therefore, be it
by the State Committees of the Medical Section of the
Council of National Defense that they strongly urge the adoption by our
Government at this time of a comprehensive plan of intensive universal
military training of young men for a period of at least six months, upon
arriving at the age of nineteen years; and that this body also support
the movement to secure the introduction into public schools of adequate
physical training and instruction;
That the members of each State Committee immediately
take active steps to insure public support for the subject of these resolutions through the newspapers, through public meetings and through
the appointment of committees in each county; also thst copies of these
resolutions be forwarded to the Senators and Members of Congress in
their respective States, with a personal request that favorable action
be taken at the coming session of Congress upon a measure following the
principle of the Chamberlain Bill and to become operative as soon as
the army cantonments are no longer required for the training of the
forces in the present war:
That each State Committee from time to time report t o
the Medical Section of the Council of National Defense as to action
taken and progress secured in their several States.”
In addition to the above the following resolution was adopted without
a dissenting vote by the Clinical Congress of Surgeons of North America
at Chicago, October 25, 1917:
the experiences of the nation convince us of the necessity
for universal military training, to furnish qualified men for defense, to
strengthen manhood and mental poise, and to make for a more efficient
citizenship; and
we believe it will democratizeyouth and furnish discipline,
while developing physical force and endurance, and will produce better
fathers and workers for the ranks of peace;
BE IT RESOLVED, that the Clinical Congress of Surgeons
a t its eighth annual session urges upon Congress at its coming session
the passage of a measure along the general lines of the Chamberlain Bill
for Universal Military Training, and that the cantonments now used by
the national army be utilized, if possible, for such work.”
The Paris School of Anthropology under Bombardment.-In a recent
(May 2) letter to the Editor,Prof. L. Manouvrier, Subdirector of the
Paris h o l e d’Anthropologie, writes: “The bombardment of Paris has
not affected the morale of the population. Notwithstanding its daily
horrors and the continuity of the menace day and night the activities
of the city have remained normal. During the last lesson of my course
a t the Ecole, we came under the trajectory of the shells from the great
cannon and heard during the hour the bursting of three shells. Those
attending the lecture, as numerous as usual, did not show throughout
all this the slightest emotion. . . . I am oppressed,however, by the
apprehension that this barbarous, blind destruction may at any moment
reach our collections, preserved with those of pathological anatomy in
the old building of the school, besides so many other scientific and artistic treasures of Paris. And we have no effective means of protection.
Our only hope and confidence lies in the valor of the French, English,
Belgian and a t present also the American soldier.”
Dr. William C. Farabee, curator in the Museum of the University
of Pennsylvania and one of the associate editors of this JOURNAL,
been appointed captain in the Intelligence Corps of the U. S. Army.
Dr. Joseph Deniker, chief librarian of the Museum d’Histoire naturelle,
Paris, and a distinguished anthropologist, died on March 18, aged sixtysix years. Outside of France, Dr. Deniker, who was of Russian birth,
was best known through his valuable work on The Races of Man of
which there is an English edition.
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