CURRENT NOTES The two 1918 William Ellery Hale lectures before the National Academy were given on April 22 and 24 by John C. Merriam, Professor of Paleontology, University of California, the subject being : “The Beginnings of Human History from the Geologic Record.” On May 18 Professor Merriam delivered, before the Biological Society of Washington, a lecture on “Cave Hunting in California,” in which he described the vain quest so far for traces of man’s geological antiquity . On May 9, 1918, Dr. Raymond Pearl gave the sixth lecture of the series on Science in Relation to the War before the Washington Academy of Sciences, the subject of the lecture being: “Biology and War.” Dr. Raymond Pearl has recently resigned his position as Biologist of the Maine Agricultural Experiment Station, Orono, Maine, and has been appointed Professor of Biometry and Vital Statistics in the School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland. For the present Dr. Pearl continues his work as Statistician of the United States Food Administration. Professor A. F. Shull delivered the annual address before the Sigma Xi, of the University of Michigan, on May 28, on the subject “Heredity and the Fate of the Wnrring Nations.” On June 6 Dr. A. HrdliEka lectured on the subject of Man’s Evolution, Past, Present and Future, at the Battle Creek Sanitarium, Battle Creek, Michigan. Dr. Andre Hovelacque, son of Abel Hovelacque, and himself an anthropologist, has been rewarded by the French Government for distinguished medical services in the field, by being made Chevalier of the Legion of Honor. The annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science for 1918, and hence that of Section H has been changed, in view of war conditions and of the large number of scientific men now working at Washington, from Boston to Baltimore. It would seem eminently proper to devote the anthropological meetings, as far as may be feasible‘, to anthropological problems connected with the war. 263 A P E R . JOUR. PHYS. ANTHROP., VOL. I, NO. 2 264 CURRENT NOTES A “Galton Society” has recently been formed in New York City, with a membership limited to 25. Dr. Chas. B. Davenport is president, Prof. J. H. McGregor secretary. According to latest advices from Dr. Simoens da Silva, the organization of the XX Congress of Americanists, which according to present arrangements is to be held at Rio de Janeiro, June 18-20, 1919, is proceeding favorably. Dr. Silva is traveling personally in the interest of the Congress over the most important States of the Republic. The McIntire Prize.-“In 1915 Dr. Charles McIntire resigned the secretaryship of the American Academy of Medicine. I n appreciative Commemoration of his twenty-five years of faithful service, the American Academy of Medicine raised a fund, the income of which will be expended in accordance with Dr. McIntire’s suggestions. The Academy now announces two prizes, to be awarded a t the annual meetings for 1918 and 1921, respectively. . “The subject for 1921is ‘What Effect Has Child Labor on the Growth of the Body.’ The members of the Committee to award this prize are: Dr. Thomas S. Arbuthnot, Dean of the Medical School of the University of Pittsburgh; Dr. Winfield Scott Hall, Professor of Physiology, Northwestern University; and Dr. James Wilson, Emeritus Professor, Practice of Medicine and of Clinical Medicine, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia. “The conditions are : “(1) The essays are to be typewritten and in English, and the contests are to be open to everyone. “ ( 2 ) Essays must contain not less than 5,000 or more than 20,000 words, exclusive of tables. They must be original and not previously published. “(3) Essays must not be signed with the true name of the writer, but are to be identified by a nom de plume or distinctivedevice. All essays are to reach the Secretary of the Academy on or before January 1of the years for which the prizes are offered and are to be accompanied by a sealed envelope marked on the outside with the fictitious name or device assumed by the writer and to contain his true name inside. “(4) Each competitor must furnish four copies of his competitive essay. “(5) The envelope containing the name of the author of the winning essay will be opened by Dr. McIntire, or in his absence by the presiding officer at the annual meeting, and the name of the successful contestant announced byhim. . . . “(7) In case there are several essays of especial merit, after awarding the prize to the best, special mention of the others will be made and both the prize essay and those receiving special mention are to become a t once the property of the Academy, probably to be published in the Journal of Sociologic Medicine. Essays not receiving a prize or special mention will be returned to the authors on application. c. CURRENT NOTES 265 “(8) The American Academy of Medicine reserves the right to decline to give the prize if none of the essays are of sufficient value. “The present officers of the American Academy of Medicine are: George A. Hare, M.D., Fresno, Cal., President; J. E. Tuckerman, M.D., Cleveland, President-Elect; Charles McIntire, M.D., Easton, Pa., Treasurer; and Thomas Wray Grayson, M.D., 1101 Westinghouse Building, Pittsburgh, Pa., Secretary (now with the U. S. Army).” UNIVERSAL MILITARY TRAINING. Washington Medical Annals, 1917, 339-340. “The following resolutions were adopted unanimously at a meeting of Committees from all States (except Maine and Delaware), held in the Congress Hotel, Chicago, October 23, 1917: “WHEREAS,The experience through which the United States is now passing should convince every thoughtful person of the necessity for the universal training of young men, not only for the national defense in case of need, but also to develop the nation’s greatest asset-its young manhood-in physical strength, in mental alertness, and in respect for the obligations of citizenship essential to democracy; Therefore, be it “RESOLVED by the State Committees of the Medical Section of the Council of National Defense that they strongly urge the adoption by our Government at this time of a comprehensive plan of intensive universal military training of young men for a period of at least six months, upon arriving at the age of nineteen years; and that this body also support the movement to secure the introduction into public schools of adequate physical training and instruction; “RESOLVED, That the members of each State Committee immediately take active steps to insure public support for the subject of these resolutions through the newspapers, through public meetings and through the appointment of committees in each county; also thst copies of these resolutions be forwarded to the Senators and Members of Congress in their respective States, with a personal request that favorable action be taken at the coming session of Congress upon a measure following the principle of the Chamberlain Bill and to become operative as soon as the army cantonments are no longer required for the training of the forces in the present war: “RESOLVED, That each State Committee from time to time report t o the Medical Section of the Council of National Defense as to action taken and progress secured in their several States.” In addition to the above the following resolution was adopted without a dissenting vote by the Clinical Congress of Surgeons of North America at Chicago, October 25, 1917: “WHEREAS, the experiences of the nation convince us of the necessity for universal military training, to furnish qualified men for defense, to strengthen manhood and mental poise, and to make for a more efficient citizenship; and “WHEREAS, we believe it will democratizeyouth and furnish discipline, while developing physical force and endurance, and will produce better fathers and workers for the ranks of peace; 266 CURFiENT NOTES “THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED, that the Clinical Congress of Surgeons a t its eighth annual session urges upon Congress at its coming session the passage of a measure along the general lines of the Chamberlain Bill for Universal Military Training, and that the cantonments now used by the national army be utilized, if possible, for such work.” The Paris School of Anthropology under Bombardment.-In a recent (May 2) letter to the Editor,Prof. L. Manouvrier, Subdirector of the Paris h o l e d’Anthropologie, writes: “The bombardment of Paris has not affected the morale of the population. Notwithstanding its daily horrors and the continuity of the menace day and night the activities of the city have remained normal. During the last lesson of my course a t the Ecole, we came under the trajectory of the shells from the great cannon and heard during the hour the bursting of three shells. Those attending the lecture, as numerous as usual, did not show throughout all this the slightest emotion. . . . I am oppressed,however, by the apprehension that this barbarous, blind destruction may at any moment reach our collections, preserved with those of pathological anatomy in the old building of the school, besides so many other scientific and artistic treasures of Paris. And we have no effective means of protection. Our only hope and confidence lies in the valor of the French, English, Belgian and a t present also the American soldier.” Dr. William C. Farabee, curator in the Museum of the University of Pennsylvania and one of the associate editors of this JOURNAL, has been appointed captain in the Intelligence Corps of the U. S. Army. Dr. Joseph Deniker, chief librarian of the Museum d’Histoire naturelle, Paris, and a distinguished anthropologist, died on March 18, aged sixtysix years. Outside of France, Dr. Deniker, who was of Russian birth, was best known through his valuable work on The Races of Man of which there is an English edition.