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Developmental disabilities By Robert J. Thompson Jr and Aglaia N. O'Quinn Oxford University Press New York 979 303 pp $13.95 clothbound $8

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BOOKS
Review
Developmental Disabilities
By Robert J . Thompson, Jr, and Aglaia N . O’Quinn
Oxford University Press, New York, 1979
303 pp, $13.95 clothbound, $8.95 paper
an average of approximately 25 per year. Since Stanford is
undoubtedly the best-known center for sleep studies in the
United States, the size of the problem seems a bit small for
the published attention being given to it.
Handbook of Clinical Neurology, edited by P. J. Vinken
and G. W . Brzyn, EbevierJNorzh-Holland Biomedical Press,
Amsterdam and New York
Reviewed by Hart dec. Peterson, M D
The concept of developmental disabilities is an important
one, and a scientifically oriented treatise on the various developmental disabilities would be valuable for both physicians and nonphysicians working in this area. Unfortunately, the authors of this monograph, a psychologist and a
pediatrician, are knowledgeable in the behavioral and social
aspects of the developmental disabilities but are not
equipped to write on the scientific aspects. This is seen in
their uncritical reporting of the no longer accepted 14 and
6 per second positive spike phenomenon and its association
with “autonomic epilepsy,” or the accurately quoted but
certainly outdated statement that breech delivery is associated with an 18% mortality. The quotation stating that
epilepsy can be a cause of murder, without further discussion, is completley inappropriate for a monograph such as
this.
The volume is further flawed by meager reporting of
treatment methods and results. This information is promised o n the cover page, but there is virtually no discussion
of various treatment modalities applied to individuals with
cerebral palsy syndromes. Treatment of the various forms
of epilepsy is summarized with the repeated statement that
one should use appropriate anticonvulsants, without discussion of agents, doses, complications, o r other aspects of
pharmacotherapy. Sections on mental subnormality, autism, and the loose group of disorders known as minimal
brain dysfunction are more satisfactory.
Unfortunately, the authors do not provide us with current knowledge of the disorders classified as developmental
disabilities, and this volume is not recommended.
New York, N Y
Books Received
and Brief Reviews
Sleep Apnea Syndromes, edited by C. Guilleminault and
W . C . Dement, Kroc Foundation Series, Volume 11, Alan R.
Liss, New York, 1978, 372 pp, price unavailable
The monograph includes the proceedings of a conference
held in July, 1977, at the Kroc Foundation in California. A
difficulty with this field is the relatively small number of
people working in it and the number of times they have
described essentially the same thing in different proceedings, conferences, and journals. This is somewhat illustrated in the present volume, in which, out of 24 main
papers, at least 11 come from the same laboratory at Stanford. The reader cannot help but wonder how large the
problem is. One of the papers indicates that in a six-year
period the Stanford group has studied “over 150’ patients,
Vol 35: Infections of the Nervous System, Part 111,
1978, 584 pp, $106.75
This book continues in the format well established by preceding publications in the series. Contents include parasitic
diseases, amebic infections of the nervous system, African
trypanosomiasis, American trypanosomiasis, toxoplasmosis, malaria, filariasis, echinococcuc infections, helminthiasis, schistosomiasis, paragonimiasis, trichinosis, cysticercosis, eosinophilic meningitis, mycosis, actinomycosis,
aspergillosis, blastomycosis, candidiasis, coccidioidomycosis, cryptococcosis, histoplasmosis, nocardiosis,
paracoccidioidomycosis, and phycomycosis. As if these
topics were not enough, the final chapter is devoted to
uncommon fungal diseases of the nervous system. The
work has worldwide scope, and to have the material together in a single publication is a valuable contribution.
Isn’t it time, however, that the editors of this successful
handbook started putting out regularly recurring comprehensive indices to the contents of all preceding volumes? Certainly, the least they could have offered us is
such an index at the end of Volumes 10, 20, and 30.
Vol 36: Intoxications of t h e Nervous System, Part I,
1979, 570 pp, $106.75
This book covers aspects of poisoning by lead, organic
mercury, inorganic mercury, arsenic, manganese, thallium,
tin, bromide, and other metals. Also included are toxicity
of phytanic acid in Refsum disease (an inclusion a little
difficult to understand); poisoning with methyl alcohol,
solvents and other industrial organic compounds, insecticides, trichloroethylene, cyanogenetic glucosides,
mushrooms, and ergot; and fluorosis and lathyrism. The
comprehensiveness is admirable.
Care of the Patient with Neurogenic Bladder, by S.
Boyarsky, P. Labay, P. Hanick, A. S. Abramson, and R.
Boyarsky, Little, Brown and Company, Boston, 1979, 250 pp,
$13.50
Practical guides to managing bladder difficulties in neurological patients are few. The authors have a large experience in the field and have put together a well-balanced and
useful volume written largely from the urological point of
view. One can quibble with several of the physiological
concepts, which repeat some of the classic misinterpretations of cystometrograms. O n the other hand, the
pragmatic advantages of having this book on the shelf for
guiding the care of patients with chronic neurological disorders outweigh its shortcomings as a scientific text.
A Systematic Approach to Neuroscience, Sy E . L. House,
B. Pansky, and A. Siegel, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New
York, 1979, 576 pp, $27.00
This is the third edition of a book formerly titled A Fanctional Approach to Neuroanatomy. The lack of any substantial
consideration of biochemistry or pharmacology and the
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