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Materials Science Prize to M. Mayor Organometallic Chemistry Research Award to W. Tolman Solid-State Chemistry Prize to S. Alvarez

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News
W. Tolman Receives Humboldt
Prize
M. Mayor and Team Receive
E. Schrdinger Prize
The Erwin Schrdinger
Prize
is
awarded annually in
recognition of outstanding scientific or
technically innovative achievements in
interdisciplinary research. Members of
the Helmholtz Association (made up of
M. Mayor
15 major publicly
funded
research
institutions in Germany) must be involved
in the research. This year the prize goes to
a team from the Institut f(r Nanotechnologie of the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe
(Germany): Marcel Mayor and Frank
Hennrich (chemistry), as well as Ralph
Krupke and Heiko Weber (physics).
Mayor completed his PhD in 1995
on vitamin B12 derivatives at the Universit6t Bern (Switzerland) under the guidance of R. Scheffold and L. Walder. He
then moved to the Universit8 Louis Pasteur in Strasbourg, at first to undertake
postdoctoral research with Jean-Marie
Lehn on the design and synthesis of
cryptatium compounds, and later to the
Coll;ge de France in Paris. Since 1998
he has led a research group at the Institut f(r Nanotechnologie in Karlsruhe.
His research is focused on correlations
between the chemical structure and
electron-transport properties of molecules, supramolecular assemblies, and
nanostructures, and on nanoscale
objects with tailored physical properties.
The prize was awarded in particular for
interdisciplinary work on the separation
of carbon nanotubes and electron transport through single molecules.[1]
4830
William B. Tolman
studied chemistry
at Wesleyan University in Middletown, CT (USA)
and completed his
PhD in 1987 with
K. P. C. Vollhardt
at the University
of California, Berkeley. He then
W. Tolman
undertook postdoctoral research with
S. J. Lippard at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. His independent
career, which began in 1990 at the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis,
included a spell as a visiting professor
in Berkeley in the research group of
Judith Klinman. Now, as the recipient
of an Alexander von Humboldt Prize,
he will spend a year as a guest in the
research group of W. A. Herrmann at
the Technische Universit6t M(nchen.
TolmanCs research, which encompasses synthetic bioinorganic chemistry,
as well as organometallic and polymer
chemistry, is focused on reaction mechanisms at active centers of metalloproteins and complexes of N-donor ligands
that function as catalysts for the polymerization of cyclic esters. In M(nchen
he intends to devote himself in particular to the development of catalysts for
the synthesis of biodegradable polymers
derived from renewable resources. In
2002 he co-authored a Review in Angewandte Chemie together with L. Que on
biocatalytically relevant rhombic bis(moxo)dimetal cores in copper and iron
complexes.[2]
Solvay Prize to S. Alvarez
to the structure and symmetry of inorganic materials, in particular of molecular magnets. The award of this prize to
Alvarez reflects the growing importance
of quantum chemistry for industrial
research.
Alvarez studied
chemistry at the
University of Barcelona and completed his PhD in
1980 on normal
vibrations of sulfur
oxyanions.
He
undertook postdoctoral research with
R. Hoffmann at
Cornell University
S. Alvarez
(Ithaca, USA) and
has been a visiting scientist in the
USA, France, Chile, and Israel. In
1989, he became professor at the University of Barcelona, where his research
interests include molecular magnetism,
electronic structure and bonding in
solids and strained molecules, supramolecular inorganic chemistry, surfaces,
metal–metal interactions, coordination
chemistry, and bioinorganic chemistry.
He recently reported on intermolecular
CuI–CuI interactions[3a] and on the stereochemistry of tetracoordinate transition-metal complexes[3b] in Chemistry—
A European Journal.
[1] M. Mayor, H. B. Weber, J. Reichert, M.
Elbing, C. von H6nisch, D. Beckmann,
M. Fischer, Angew. Chem. 2003, 115,
6014; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2003, 42,
5834.
[2] a) L. Que, W. B. Tolman, Angew. Chem.
2002, 114, 1160; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.
2002, 41, 1114; b) L. Que, W. B. Tolman,
Angew. Chem. 2002, 114, 1900; Angew.
Chem. Int. Ed. 2002, 41, 1821.
[3] a) M. A. Carvajal, S. Alvarez, J. J. Novoa,
Chem. Eur. J. 2004, 10, 2117; b) J. Cirera,
P. Alemany, S. Alvarez, Chem. Eur. J.
2004, 10, 190.
Santiago Alvarez Reverter (University
of Barcelona) received the 2003 Solvay
Prize for Research in Chemical Sciences, awarded by a foundation of Spanish
industrial companies, for “his contributions to the development of theoretical
models for the study of a large number
of chemical phenomena, in particular
in molecular and nonmolecular solids”.
These quantum-chemical studies pertain
2004 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
DOI: 10.1002/anie.200461855
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2004, 43, 4830
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