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N. Turro Gives Theodor Frster Memorial Lecture D. Klemm Receives Anselme Payen Award S. Buchwald Receives Bristol-Myers Squibb Award

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versity, where he now teaches as both
Professor of Chemical Engineering and
Applied Chemistry and Professor of
Earth and Environmental Engineering
and carries out research in the field of
photochemistry and electron spin resonance spectroscopy.[1a] His interest in
the philosophy of science led to an
Essay in Angewandte Chemie on revolutionary and pathological science.[1a]
N. Turro Gives Theodor Frster
Memorial Lecture
Nicholas J. Turro (Columbia University,
New York) has been honored as a pioneer of photochemistry by the Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker
(GDCh, German Chemical
Society) and the Deutsche
Bunsen-Gesellschaft
fr
Physikalische Chemie with
the Theodor Frster Memorial Lecture. Turro has made
central and highly innovative contributions to molecular and supramolecular
photochemistry, spectroscopy, and physical organic
N. Turro
chemistry. The central topic
of his research for the last
four decades has been the photon,
whether as a “reagent” for the initiation
of photoreactions or as a “product” in
the deactivation of electronically
excited states. The award lecture at the
meeting of the GDCh Photochemistry
Section in Jena at the end of March
was entitled “Making Covalent Bonds
through Noncovalent Interactions:
Supramolecular and Magnetic Effects
on the Selectivity of Radical–Radical
Combination”. The physicist T. Frster
(1910–1974) investigated fluorescence
and energy transfer (Frster mechanism).
Turro studied chemistry at Wesleyan
University in Middletown, CT (USA)
and completed his PhD in 1963 under
the guidance of G. Hammond at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena. After a postdoctoral period at
Harvard University (Cambridge, MA),
he moved as a lecturer to Columbia Uni-
2320
D. Klemm Receives Anselme Payen
Award
The American Chemical Society (ACS)
has awarded the Anselme Payen
Award to a German scientist for the
first time: to Dieter Klemm of Friedrich-Schiller-Universitt Jena. The
award recognizes
Klemms
exceptional achievements
in the development
of new materials
based on cellulose.
The award was presented during the
ACS Meeting in
San Diego, where
D. Klemm
Klemm gave a lecture on selective
syntheses, new products, and custommade biomaterials in cellulose chemistry. The French chemist A. Payen was
the first to isolate cellulose from wood
in 1838.
Klemm completed his PhD in 1968
under the supervision of G. Drefahl at
the Universitt Jena on nitrogen-containing steroids and completed his habilitation there in 1976 on the chemistry
and photochemistry of low-molecularweight and polymeric o-nitrobenzene
compounds. He then worked for a
number of years in the optical and pharmaceutical industries, before returning
as a lecturer in 1983 to the Universitt
Jena, where he was made professor in
1987. He is co-editor of the book “Comprehensive Cellulose Chemistry”,[2] and
his Review on cellulose as a fascinating
biopolymer and sustainable raw material will appear soon in Angewandte
Chemie.
2005 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
DOI: 10.1002/anie.200500969
S. Buchwald Receives BristolMyers Squibb Award
Stephen L. Buchwald (Massachusetts
Institute of Technology, Cambridge,
MA; MIT) is the recipient of the Distinguished Achievement Award in Organic
Synthesis of the New York pharmaceutical concern Bristol-Myers Squibb
Company.
The
award recognizes
his important contributions to the
development
of
transition-metalcatalyzed coupling
methods.
Buchwald studied chemistry at S. Buchwald
Brown University
(Providence, RI, USA) and Columbia
University, and completed his PhD in
1982 at Harvard University under the
guidance of J. R. Knowles on the mechanism of phosphoryl transfer in chemistry and biochemistry. He then carried
out postdoctoral research in the group
of R. H. Grubbs at the California Institute of Technology on titanocene
reagents and the mechanism of Ziegler–Natta catalysis. In 1984 he became
assistant professor at MIT, and he has
been Camille Dreyfus Professor of
Chemistry since 1997. His research
includes new methods of C C, C N,
and C O bond formation, as well as
the asymmetric reduction of prochiral
compounds. He reported recently in
Angewandte Chemie a universal catalyst
for Suzuki–Miyaura coupling.[3]
[1] a) N. J. Turro, M. H. Kleinman, E. Karatekin, Angew. Chem. 2000, 112, 4608;
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2000, 39, 4436;
b) N. J. Turro, Angew. Chem. 2000, 112,
2343; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2000, 39,
2255.
[2] D. Klemm, B. Philipp, T. Heinze, U.
Heinze, W. Wagenknecht, Comprehensive Cellulose Chemistry, Wiley-VCH,
Weinheim, 1998.
[3] S. D. Walker, T. E. Barder, J. R. Martinelli, S. L. Buchwald, Angew. Chem.
2004, 116, 1907; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.
2004, 43, 1871.
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2005, 44, 2320
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