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Planning Scheduling and Control Integration in the Process Industries by C. Edward Bodington McGraw-Hill Inc. New York USA (1995). 414 pages

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Book Reviews
Planning, Scheduling, and Control Integration in the Process
Industries, by C. Edward Bodington, McGraw-Hill Inc., New York,
USA (1995). 414 pages. ISBN 0-07-006413X.
This book is divided into three parts, but the division of pages and material is very
uneven (260, 50, and 90 pages between the consecutive parts). This leads to the
initial thought that separating into sections may not be warrented, and that the second
and third parts are not fully developed. Part 3 is astually the most interesting as it
comprises papers written by/for specific companies. These papers are a valuable
inclusion as they make sense of and provide a perspective on the overall objective of
the book. It would probably have been more beneficial to have included these papers
throughout the book at appropriate places.
The title of the book itself will generate interest, especially with those engineers
seeking a book which provides some link between the three aspects of planning,
scheduling, and control. It is worth reading page 3 where the author defines these
terms (which can have a different emphasis and meaning between different
disciplines, and in different industries). The layout of the book (and the included
topics in Part 1) is much as might be expected with Chapters 2 to 10 covering
information systems, databases, data reconciliation, advanced process control,
scheduling, planning, expert systems, process modeling, and management.
Chapter 5 is rather disappointing as it doesn’t really say very much about
advanced process control and is not very useful. In order to achieve the book’s
objectives of integration of the main topics it would be necessary to include a more
significant coverage of process control in order to illustrate its significance and
integration. Similarly Chapter 8 on expert systems provides only a basic overview.
Chapter 9 on Detailed Process Modeling needs to include actual modeling examples.
This chapter includes too many words and descriptions, which would only be
acceptable if the reader had just read a modeling textbook! This chapter is definitely
not useful to someone not familiar with modeling systems and approaches. What
would be a more useful approach would be to link together the objectives of the
model (i.e. design) and then discuss how this is applied to achieve process control.
That would make a lot more sense.
The fvst line of the Preface states that “This book is for people who work in the
process industries or who are preparing to do SO.” My comments in the preceeding
paragraph make this difficult to forsee. Industrial practitioners would probably need
a better refresher on process modeling and advanced control than is presented here.
The recent graduate would be better versed in these aspects but lacks the industrial
experience and insight into practical aspects of company planning and scheduling to
apply the basic techniques effectively.
Part 2 comprising Chapters 11 to 13 does a good job of describing how the
various elements in Part 1 are connected in order to run a successful project. There is
useful discussion about the “...way of thinking about or analyzing integration
projects, and it includes a chapter on financial justification”. Overall this is a useful
book to get an overview of these aspects of project organization and control but it
needs a better focus and more examples to make it an essential reader.
Martyn S. Ray
Diffusion in Zeolites and Other Microporous Solids, by J. Karger
and D. M. Ruthven, John Wiley, New York, USA (1992). 605 pages.
ISBN 0-47 1-50907-8.
The book begins with a brief overviewhntroduction to the topic of diffusion. The
remainder of the text comprises four sections, Part I: Theory; Part 11: Measurement of
Diffusion; Part 111: Diffusion in Selected Systems; Part IV: Diffusion Controlled
Processes. This is a book for scientists, researchers, and academics who are interested
in understanding the mechanisms of diffusion for a better understanding of the design
of mass transfer processes. Part IV will be the section of most interest to practicing
engineers, but even so it is done more comprehensively in other books, with entire
texts devoted to industrial processes. The references are up to date (at least when
published in 1992), however the omission of the article titles in the referencing is a
serious drawback for anyone looking for a particular aspect.
One of the major advantages of this book is the way in which the theory and
experimental techniques associated with diffusion are summarized and reviewed.
The book will provide an essential reference source for the researcher, and also a
welcome overview of this field of study. The major advantage when modelling
diffusion in zeolites is that the particular crystalline framework creates regularity in
the pore structure. However, there are numerous anomolies reported in the literature
related to experimental measurements in diffusional systems, and in particular the
diffusivity values reported for certain systems (often varying by an order of
magnitude). These anornolies are discussed in detail in Chapter 15 and possible
explanations for the discrepancies are also offered. This chapter will probably be the
most interesting to researchers in this field, and a source of ideas and possible future
directions and investigations. Overall an important and welcome monograph on an
important topic.
Martyn S.Ray
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414, process, edward, scheduling, industries, mcgraw, hill, integration, inc, new, page, control, 1995, york, usa, planning, bodington
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