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Early man 2d ed. By F. Clark Howell and the Editors of TIME-LIFE Books. 200 pp. figures bibliography index. Time-Life Books New York. 1970. $3

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Book Reviews
EARLYMAN, 2d ed. By F. Clark Howell
and the Editors of TIME-LIFE Books.
200 pp., figures, bibliography, index.
Time-Life Books, New York. 1970.
$3.95 (cloth).
The format and scope of Early Man are
by now far too familiar to require redescription here. The second edition of this
book, dated 1970, is largely identical to
the first (1965), although a number of
unobtrusive modifications have been made
to the text. Of the illustrations, only one
has been changed, with the substitution of
the skull of Aegyptopithecus for that of
Oreopithecus on page 33, while the appellation Parenthropus has been dropped from
the caption accompanying Zallinger’s series of drawings, “The Road to Homo
Virtually all significant changes in the
text are restricted to the first half of the
book. Alterations in the last five chapters
are extremely minor: for instance, we are
now told the identity of the algae which
blighted the paintings at Lascaux.
Changes in the early chapters are more
extensive; among them is the replacement
of Oligopithecus by Apidium and Parapithecus in the discussion of the earliest
higher primates. The rewriting of this section unfortunately tends to suggest a prosmian-monkey-ape
sequence in primate
evolution, although this model is implicitly
rejected elsewhere in the book. The incorporation of a brief discussion of Aegyptopithecus in this chapter is a welcome
addition. Elsewhere, too, the book incorporates information which has become
available between editions. Thus the likely
affinities between East African Dryopithecus species and the modern African pongids are now much more clearly spelt out.
Fairly extensive changes have been
made in the chapter dealing with Australopithecus. The addition of a couple of
paragraphs on the early results of Howell’s
O m 0 expeditions is notable here, although
it’s a great pity that the opportunity wasn’t
taken to illustrate some of this new material. Among the more theoretical topics,
the discussion of the evolution of hominid
bipedalism has been rewritten, but remains
rather facile.
Introductory books, inevitably involving
a high degree of simplification, provide
perhaps the easiest targets of all for nitpickers, and this book is no exception.
Nonetheless, particularly because it grinds
no axes, it remains among the best available laymen’s introductions to the study of
human evolution. It’s unfortunate, however, that no attempt seems to have been
made to improve the quality of the binding
in the second edition.
American Museum of Naturul
no. 1. 135 pp., figures, tables, bibliographies. Academic Press, New York.
1972. $40.00 annually (6 issues)
If the first issue of Journal of H u m a n
Evolution is typical of those to follow,
its character and content will be influenced
to a n extraordinary degree by its editor,
A. B. Chiarelli. No professional organization is represented by this journal. An editorial board of distinguished scientists
serves for a three year term, but Professor
Chiarelli does not mention by whom they
are selected. What effect this board will
have on this new journal is unknown, but
50% of the articles of the first issue were
submitted by members of the board or colleagues in their departments.
The first number of the Journal offers
little that is new in terms of coverage.
Other journals would have accepted
articles on the subjects covered, although
some of the particular articles might not
have been acceptable in other journals.
Some journals, including AJPA, cover the
same spectrum of subject matter. The editor tells u s in a brief introduction that
journals have become too specialized and
. . the need of synthesis is particuthat
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