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Proceedings of the sixty-second meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists.

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AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY 92549-560 (1993)
Proceedings of the Sixty-Second Meeting of the American
Association of Physical Anthropologists
HILTON HOTEL
TORONTO, ONTARIO
APRIL 1P17, 1993
The American Association of Physical Anthropologists ( M A ) held its 62nd Annual
Meeting at the Hilton Hotel in downtown
Toronto. Our program was organized by
Vice-president Jere Haas, and the local arrangements were handled by Jerome F. Melbye and his committee. They made us feel
welcome and graciously took care of all our
needs. Altogether, over 1,000 members and
visitors attended.
At 8:11 PM, President Michael A. Little
called to order the Annual Business Meeting, welcoming the 94 members in attendance. The minutes of the 1992 Business
Meeting (Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 89:505515,1992) were unanimously approved.
President Little presented the report of
the Executive Committee. He began by
thanking all the members of the Executive
Committee and the Local Arrangements
Committee for all of their hard work this
past year. These people included Vice-President Jere D. Haas, SecretaryPTreasurer
Joyce E. Sirianni, Editor of the American
Journal of Physical Anthropology (AJPA)
Matt Cartmill, Yearbook Editor A.T. Steegmann, Jr., and Executive Committee members Linda Klepinger, Eugenie C. Scott, and
Robert W. Sussman. He also recognized the
outstanding efforts of the Local Arrangements Chair Jerome Melbye and the committee members, Kathy Gruspier, Rob
Hoppa, Loren Vanderlinden, Sue Jimenez,
Larry Sawchuk, Miriam Zylstra, Isabel
Pegg, and Lyn Morrison.
The Executive Committee agreed to publish additional copies of the Meetings Issue
and seek assistance in mailing these to colleagues in countries experiencing economic
hardships.
The President reported that the Executive
Committee nominated A.T. Steegmann, Jr.
0 1993 WILEY-LISS, INC.
to serve as the Editor of the Yearbook of
Physical Anthropology. The committee also
approved the following resolution concerning sexual orientation:
The American Association of Physical Anthropologists oppose all legislation that discriminates against
persons on the basis of their sexual
orientation. The holding of the 1994
AAPA meeting in Denver, Colorado
should not be construed to constitute support €or such legislation. It
is the intent of the AAPA to avoid
scheduling meetings in states or localities that have discriminatory
legislation when making site selections in the future and will avoid
choosing any meeting site that discriminates on the basis of sexual
orientation.
The resolution was approved and the
President’s report was accepted unanimously.
The SecretarylTreasurer’s report for the
calendar year 1992 was given by Joyce E.
Sirianni. The total amount of revenue received was $155,097.17. The total amount
expended was $142,629.97. As of December
31, 1992 our assets held through Merrill
Lynch were valued a t $102,483.00 (Table 1).
The SecretarylTreasurer’s report was accepted unanimously.
Vice-president Jere Haas presented his
report on the 1992 meetings. This year our
association far exceeded all previous annual
meetings in the number of abstracts submitted, accepted, and rejected. A total of 515
abstracts were reviewed by the Program
Committee. Of these, 321 were submitted
for podium presentations, 124 were submit-
AAPA PROCEEDINGS
550
TABLE 1. 1992 AAPA TreasurerS report
RECEIVED
Membership Dues
Meeting Income (Milwaukee)
Meeting Income (Nevada)
Meeting Preregistration (Toronto)
Interest (Bank of Breckenridge)
Total Received
EXPENDED
AJPA & Yearbook
Member Services and Mailings
Meeting Expenses (Nevada)
Sculpture for Life Achievement Awards
AAA Coordinating Council
Brochure
Student Prizes
Local Arrangements (Toronto)
Secretarial Assistance, Supplies, etc.
Insufficient Funds
Tax Preparation & Audit
Letterhead
Bank (FDIC Insurance)
Overpayment of Dues
Total Expended
Cash on Hand 1/1/92
Income, 1992
Expenses, 1992
Cash on Hand 12/31/92
ASSETS HELD THROUGH MERRILL LYNCH (12/31/92)
Securities
Washington Mutual Investors Fund
MLTrust
CD Far West
CD Franklin Savings
MHL Income Realty
CMA Funds
Portfolio Value
ted for poster presentations, and 70 were
submitted for either type of presentation.
Eighteen abstracts were rejected. There
were 24 podium sessions, including 11symposia, where a total of 313 papers were presented. There were nine poster sessions,
where 183 posters were presented. The 1993
Luncheon Address was given by David R.
Begun. Vice-president Haas thanked the
Program Committee for their efforts. This
committee consisted of George Armelagos,
Eric Delson, Trudy Turner, and Carol
Worthman. The Vice-president also announced the following new Program Committee members: Tim Gage, Jane PhillipsConroy, and Fred Smith.
Along with abstracts, the Vice-President’s office also processed 655 preregistration forms through March 23,1993. The preregistration fees generated $21,300 in income for the association. This year we
$100,525.19
15,312.63
23,833.10
14,500.00
926.25
$155,097.17
$ 82,029.35
27,817.33
22,023.26
4,250.00
1,325.59
1,150.00
1,000.00
1,000.00
750.00
435.84
400.00
363.60
45.00
40.00
$142,629.97
$. 74,605.27
155,097.17
142,629.97
87,012.47
$ 30,775.00
19,862.00
9,809.00
16,443.00
5,033.00
20,561.00
$102.483.00
allowed foreign preregistrants to defer
payment until they arrived in Toronto,
thus eliminating the processing of foreign
bank drafts. The association also received
a grant of $2,000.00 from Cornell University, Division of Nutritional Sciences,
to cover the program expenses. The VicePresident’s Report was approved unanimously.
Matt Cartmill presented the Editor’s report for the American Journal of Physical
Anthropology (see below). He discussed a
trend over the last few years toward a reduction in submissions for publication in the
journal, but noted that submissions for publication appear to be rising this year. He
thanked retiring Associate Editors Barry
Bogin and Ken Korey for their service and
welcomed James Bindon, Henry Harpending, and Linda Klepinger to the AJPA’s Editorial Board.
AAPA PROCEEDINGS
A.T. Steegmann, Jr. offered a report on
the Yearbook of Physical Anthropology. The
full text of his Editor’s Report is presented
below. He expressed concern that the 1993
volume of the Yearbook will contain few papers. He also mentioned that the 1994 volume is already fully committed, and welcomed suggestions for 1995. He suggested
that for the benefit of the majority of the
Yearbook’s readers (graduate students and
nonspecialists), highly technical articles
should not be published unless they are of
interest to more than one area of physical
anthropology or of general educational
value. The Yearbook Editor’s report was approved unanimously.
Sol Katz, our AAAS representative, announced that next year’s AAAS meeting will
be held in San Francisco. He also noted the
success of the paleontology session organized by Milford Wolpoff and Allen Mann at
this year’s meetings. He suggested that
symposia that have a broad appeal to the
general scientific public are appropriate for
next year’s meetings. Finally, he suggested
that the AAPA sponsor a special event in
conjunction with the AAAS in San Francisco.
NSF Program Director Jonathan S. Friedlaender noted a continued decline in applications by senior investigators in his report.
He also mentioned that the success rate of
dissertation proposals remains the same as
last year.
President Little announced the sites of
the future meetings, which will be held in
Denver, Colorado in 1994; Oakland, California in 1995; Durham, North Carolina in
1996; and in St. Louis, Missouri in 1997.
Lorna G. Moore welcomed us to Denver. The
1994 meetings will be held at March 30
through April 2nd at the Westin Hotel, Tabor Center in Denver, Colorado.
Robert Sussman, Student Prize Committee Chair, reported that out of the 24 student presentations submitted for competition, five were selected to receive prizes.
Each prize winner received $200 and is encouraged to submit a finished manuscript to
the AJPA for consideration. The following
are the 1993 prize winners:
THE JUAN COMAS PRIZE: T. Brutsaert,
Cornell University (Fig. 1). “The measure-
551
Fig. 1. Thomas Brutsaert, recipient ofthe 1993 J u a n
Comas Prize for his paper, “The measurement of muscular efficiency (delta-efficiency)in a population of irondeficient anemic males a t high altitude (La Paz, Bolivia).”
Fig. 2. Nancylee J . Friedlander, recipient ofthe 1993
Earnest A. Hooton Prize for her paper, “Survivorship
and reproductive success in a Southern California community.”
ment of muscular efficiency (delta-efficiency) in a population of iron-deficient anemic males at high altitude (La Paz,
Bolivia).”
THE EARNEST A. HOOTON PRIZE:
N.J. Friedlander, Harvard University (Fig.
2). “Survivorship and reproductive success
in a Southern California community.”
THE ALES HRDLIGKA PRIZE: M.W.
Hamrick, Northwestern University (Fig. 3).
“The functional morphology of the lemuroid
wrist.”
552
AAPA PROCEEDINGS
Fig. 3. Mark W. Hamrick, recipient of the 1993 Ales
Hrdlitka Prize for his paper, “The functional morphology of the lemuroid wrist.”
Fig, 5. Daniel Schmitt, recipient of the 1993 Sherwood Washburn Prize for his paper, “Transverse substrate forces on the forelimb during arboreal and terrestrial quadrupedalism.”
TABLE 2. AAPA membershio summaw. Aoril 10. 1993
Total membership database
Renewed
Not renewed
New members for 1993
U S . members
Canadian members
Non-Canadian foreign members
Regular members
Special members
Life members
Spouse members
Student members
1,686
1,424
262
86
1,186
63
180
804
122
14
75
409
ular membership was presented for approval (Table 3). There being no objection to
any candidate, the vote for acceptance was
unanimous.
Nominations Committee Chair Linda
THE MILDRED TROTTER PRIZE: L.C. Klepinger introduced the newly elected ofBishop, Yale University (Fig. 4). “Hominids ficers: President Joyce E. Sirianni,
of the East African Rift Valley in a macro- SecretaryA’reasurer Eugenie Scott, and Exevolutionary context.”
ecutive Committee Member Mark Weiss.
THE SHERWOOD WASHBURN PRIZE: Candidates were thanked for their willingD. Schmitt, SUNY at Stony Brook (Fig. 5). ness to serve, and our congratulations were
“Transverse substrate forces on the forelimb extended to the Nominations Committee for
during arboreal and terrestrial quadrupe- their fine job.
dalism.”
Presentation of the Lifetime Achievement
Kenneth A.R. Kennedy, Membership Awards was the highlight of the business
Committee Chair, updated us on the status meeting. Each of the recipients was recogof our membership (Table 2). The total memnized with a standing ovation.
bership a s of April 1993 was 1,686. Of this
total, 86 were new members, 1,424 renewed PAUL BAKER
Derek Roberts presented the award to
their membership, and 262 did not renew
their membership. A list of nominees for reg- Paul Baker (Fig. 6) and read the following:
Fig. 4. L.C. Bishop, recipient of the 1993 Mildred
Trotter Prize for her paper, “Hominids of the East African Rift Valley in a macroevolutionary context.”
AAPA PROCEEDINGS
553
TABLE 3. Candidates for election to membership i n the
AAPA, April 1993
Ambrose, Stanley H.
Bassoff, Trina B.
Bellomo, Randy V.
Berner, Margit
Bowman, Jacqueline E.
Cameron, Noel
Cappellini, A.D.
Clark, John D.
Cole, Yvonne I.
Crooks, Deborah
Danforth, Marie Elaine
Douglas, Michelle Toomay
Fox, Sherry C.
Frost, Chuck
Gargett, Robert H.
Greiner, Thomas M.
Harrington, Richard J.
Hartwig-Scherer, Sigrid
Hauser, Gertrude
Hiiemae, Karen
Houck, Max M.
Hutchinson, Dale L.
Isbell, Lynne A.
Jacob, Teuku
Jacobi, Keith P.
Kaidonis, John A.
King, Barbara
Knusel, Christopher
Kondo, Osamu
Kozintsev, Alexander G.
Lahr, Marta Mirazon
Leigh, Steven R.
Linscheid, Ronald L.
Lipson, Susan F.
McGrew, William C.
Mensforth, Robert P.
Mitani, John C.
Morris, Alan G.
Nevo, Sarah
Newell, Elizabeth
Papiha, S.S.
Pfau, Richard 0.
Puech, Pierre-FranGois
Sarkar, Sumita
Scheuer, Louise
Shapiro, Liza
Smith, Charles E.
Stewart, Kathlyn
Sullivan. Norman C.
Thompson, Jennifer L.
Ungar, Peter S.
Fig. 6. Dr. Paul Baker receiving the Lifetime
Achievement Award at the Association’s 1993 business
meeting.
that the then situation in physical anthropology in the United States called for
greater rigor and specialization if our subject was to be regarded as a really respectable science. Paul set about pursuing these
objectives quietly, steadily, with diplomacy,
within the framework of the existing system. How well he succeeded, not only to the
benefit of physical anthropology but also of
anthropology in general, is obvious to all.
“Though I first became aware of his name
some 40 years ago-I think it was the article
in the AJPA of which he was the seventh of
seven authors, and the folklorists here know
that 7 is a lucky number-my attention was
caught by the succession of papers that followed it of which he was the senior or the
sole author. These dealt with biological adaptation-for example, the papers in American Naturalist on biological adaptation to
hot deserts, in the AJPA on race differences
in heat tolerance, and in Human Biology on
NegroIWhite differences in the insulative
properties of body fat. All these made it imperative that I should meet him personally,
“ ‘It is one thing to be a great scientist and
quite another to be a great teacher; often the and that meeting in fact took place towards
qualities for one seem inversely correlated the end of 1960 at the AAA meeting a t New
with the qualities for the other. Paul Baker York. I so well remember his kindness as he
has both.’ These were the opening sentences poured me into a taxi to take me back to my
of the foreword by Geoffrey Harrison to the hotel. We have maintained contact ever
festschrift prepared as a tribute to Paul since.
“WhyPaul’s interest in adaptation? I wonBaker on his retirement by his former studer whether it was enhanced by the discomdents.
“I have long admired Paul Baker’s profes- forts he himself experienced during his own
sional work. Thirty years ago it was clear exposure to extreme conditions, possibly
554
AAE’A PROCEEDINGS
starting with the rigors of his military service in Italy during World War 11. Obviously
undeterred by this experience, he was undertaking research in the cold of the arctic in
1954; in the heat of the Yuma Desert in
1952,1953,1956; in the hot jungles and rarified altitudes of Peru in the 1960s. Then he
finally turned to somewhere less stressful,
Polynesia, not only for his further scientific
enquiries, but subsequently for the peace of
his retirement. This lifetime research interest stimulated a steady and continuing
stream of books and articles.
“With this interest developing at the right
time in the evolution of our subject, he conceived and brought to fruition several major
research projects, notably those in the
Andes and Samoa. These research projects
provided the opportunity for the stream of
students who came to him at Penn State to
participate in them, to explore particular
facets of the program, to learn from him the
precision that is required in scientific work,
to learn the art of experimental design in a
field situation, and above all to benefit from
the inspiration that he gave, so that now in
their turn they have dispersed throughout
the United States conveying to the rising
generation the ideas, concepts, and outlook
which they learned from Paul.
“But our subject has not only benefitted
by his research and teaching, for he has not
hesitated to give up his time to a wide variety of other professional activities. In the
university that he made his home, he efficiently fulfilled the duties of Executive Officer, Acting Head, and Head of Department. He accepted membership in national
and international committees without number, including some that were really quite
exotic. For example, at the national level
there was the Committee on the Effects of
Herbicides on Vietnam and the Committee
on the Biological Bases of Social Behavior;
at the international level he was a member
of the International Council of Scientific
Unions’ Commission for Predictive Analysis
of World Ecosystems, and of the permanent
council of the International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, to
which he was the United States representative. He was the President of the American
Association of Physical Anthropology (1969-
71) and of the Human Biology Council
(1974-77). I myself especially value my close
association with him during the 10 years
that he was President of the International
Association of Human Biologists. Particularly important was his work in the development of the International Biological Program, and subsequently in the Man and
Biosphere Program, where he was co-chairman of the U.S. committee. Paul has been
extremely active in professional publications, serving as editor, or associate editor,
or as a member of the editorial board, of
numerous journals, such as Human Biology,
the Yearbook of Physical Anthropology,
Handbook of Latin American Studies, and
American Anthropologists. His services to
our subject have already been recognized in
a series of honors and awards, including a
Fulbright lectureship in Brazil in 1962, a
NATO senior science fellowship in Oxford in
1968, and a John Simon Guggenheim memorial fellowship, and culminating in his
election as a member of the National Academy of Sciences in 1980. He received the
distinguished service award of the American
Association for the Advancement of Science.
In the UK he gave the Huxley Memorial lecture in 1982, the highest recognition in the
gift of the Royal Anthropological Institute,
and he was elected an honorary member of
the Society for the Study of Human Biology.
Among the more exotic honors was the conferment on him of the Order of St. Michael of
Croatia.
“Despite the demands of such a dedicated
professional life he has found time for his
principal recreation, sailing. With the succession of boats that he owned in Florida
and Chesapeake Bay, it is not surprising
that his favorite cruising grounds came t o be
the Bahamas, with the Florida Keys a close
second. He ventured elsewhere, of course,
even enjoying the delights of the British waters. Sailing there is very different. For most
of a week‘s cruise in quite a small boat off
the west coast of Scotland he could not see
the bow from the stern. Again during one
horrendous weekend off the coast of Colombia, he was heard to remark that he had
experienced fog, cold, unmarked hazards,
and treacherous tides, but never simultaneously in a 12-hour period.
AAPA PROCEEDINGS
Fig. 7. Dr. Gabriel Lasker with his wife and colleague, Dr. Bernice Kaplan, receiving the Lifetime
Achievement Award at the Association’s 1993 business
meeting.
“It is often said that behind every successful man there stands a successful wife.
Thelma was behind Paul, and she has always stood side by side with him, supporting, encouraging, participating. So that in
recalling a meeting one doesn‘t say ‘Paul
Baker was there,’ one says ‘the Bakers were
there.’ Like Paul, she deserves long years of
happiness and contentment in their retirement in Hawaii.
“Truly it can be said of Paul that ‘he
walked with the giants of vision.’For giving
so freely of his gifts to our discipline, for his
40 and more years of service to our subject,
for all that he has achieved, it is totally fitting that Paul Baker be the recipient of this
year’s Lifetime Achievement Award.”
GABRIEL LASKER
Nicholas Mascie-Taylor presented an
award to Gabriel Lasker (Fig. 7) and read
the following:
“If you were to ask most people in this
room to complete the sentence, ‘Duck is to
water as Lasker is to’. . . , they would say
‘human biology.’ This is hardly surprising,
since he edited the journal of that name for
35 years. During his tenure as editor, H u man Biology grew in stature and became a
highly reputed international journal. In
1945, Gabriel founded and edited the Yearbook of Physical Anthropology and continued to edit it up to 1952. Thus through both
the Yearbook and Human Biology, Gabriel
555
has made every effort to promote the discipline of physical anthropology.
“Beingan editor is no easy task; and being
a good editor like Gabriel requires a wide
range of skills and abilities, including literacy, intellectual curiosity, integrity, patience, kindness, tact, perceptiveness, consistency, dedication, stamina, and above all
a sense of humor. Gabriel, as we all know,
either inherited or developed all of these
abilities and skills in abundance.
“Gabriel was born in England nearly 81
years ago and migrated to the United States
as a child. Perhaps this prepubertal migratory experience initiated his lifetime research into the biological ramifications of
migration and of human variability, plasticity, and adaptability. Whatever the ultimate
cause may have been, Gabriel has become
widely recognized as one of the world‘s experts on migration studies and has conducted field work in Mexico, Peru, and more
recently, in England.
“These field studies and Gabriel’s other
research activities have always involved his
wife, Bunny, professionally known as Professor Bernice Kaplan. Gabriel and Bunny
are a unique partnership45 years young
and still going strong-and I am sure that
Gabriel will be the first to acknowledge the
help and encouragement he has received
from Bunny throughout his distinguished
career.
“Gabriel retired from his position as Professor of Anatomy and Anthropology at
Wayne State University in 1982. Retirement is usually thought of as a time to take
life more easily and to put one’s feet up. Gabriel has been an exception; since 1982 he
has written one monograph, edited three
more, and published 32 scientific papers in
peer-reviewedjournals.
“Imentioned earlier that Gabriel had conducted research in England. In 1976, Gabriel and Bunny spent a sabbatical year in
Oxford. I am pleased to report that they
quickly saw the error of their ways and that
ever since then part of their year has been
spent in Cambridge. These annual visits to
Cambridge have enabled Gabriel to forge
strong links with the Population Structure
Group, the Department of Biological Anthropology, and Churchill College; indeed,
556
AAPA PROCEEDINGS
Gabriel and Bunny became the first couple dence, took a temporary position at the Nain the College’shistory to be elected to Visit- tional Museum, where he worked with Ales
ing Fellowships.
HrdliEka, the stern and implacable father of
“By this time Gabriel was extending his American physical anthropology. By doing
international reputation through his exten- so, he set what must be nearly a record in
sive work on surnames and was in the pro- what might be called institutional monogcess of writing the definitive monograph on amy. In accordance with Dr. Hrdlicka’s
this topic. While looking around for a pub- views on preparation for a career in physical
lisher, he and I thought of persuading Cam- anthropology, after graduating from George
bridge University Press to start a series in Washington University Dale completed the
biological anthropology. With the assistance medical course at Johns Hopkins, before reof Derek Roberts and Sherry Washburn, the turning full time to the National Museum.
series was formally conceived in 1983 and There he worked with Dr. HrdliEka ti1 the
initiated in 1985 with Gabriel’s book. Since latter’s retirement in 1942, a t which time he
then, the series has blossomed (10 mono- assumed Dr. Hrdlicka’s position and took
graphs published, two in press, and five over the editorship of the AJPA.
“Bear in mind that when Dale got into
more under contract), much to Gabriel’s dephysical anthropology it barely existed.
light and pleasure.
“The Human Biology Council held a ‘Sa- Physical anthropologists, such as they were,
lute to Gabe’ in 1982 to mark his significant were often kind of odd-ball anatomists. It
and pioneering contributions to the study of was in 1914 that Martin’s Lehrbuch der Anhuman biology (Sherry Washburn wrote a thropologie had been published, a sort of Old
delightful resume of Gabriel’s career up to Testament of physical anthropology, but it
that point), and the AAPA honored Gabriel was not until 1930 that the Association was
with a symposium last year. However, the founded, with Dale Stewart as one of its
greatest honor which the association can be- charter members.
“Even seven years later, when I attended
stow is nigh, and I am very privileged to
my first AAPA meeting, it was a n exclusive
have been asked to present it.
“So, Gabriel-ditor,
teacher, sometimes group with only 119 members. (The mempreacher, researcher, colleague, and friend bership has since increased over 1,000%). I
extraordinaire-please
come forward and remember the meeting in 1937 well, a s I was
receive the Lifetime Achievement Award for a mere graduate student and tremendously
your extensive and continuing contribution impressed. (As you know, there is nothing
to our discipline of Physical Anthropology.” more mere than a graduate student.) This
was the 8th meeting, and it was held a t the
Harvard Faculty Club, in a room which perTHOMAS DALE STEWART
Alice M. Brues presented a Charles Dar- haps could have held 50 people, but was by
win statue to Douglas Ubelaker on behalf of no means crowded. It is interesting to note
that one hallowed tradition was already in
T.D. Stewart and read the following:
“I suppose most of us, in the course of get- place: the date was set so that you had to get
ting a degree in Anthropology, were exposed your taxes done before you went to the meetto some classic ethnography. So we have ing. The treasurer’s report stated that the
heard of the Australian aborigines and their “expenses in connection with the 7th meetcreation tales. They explained the nature of ing” had been $13.93. But the association
the world they lived in by stories of the had big names by then-Hrdlicka and StewDream Time, when mythic figures much art, and Hooton and Schultz, and Krogman,
larger than any life size of the present to name only a few-and we students sat in
roamed the world creating its more conspic- awe of these great people while we listened
uous scenery. Well, Dale Stewart is one of to a total of 29 papers. Dale Stewart read a
those figures of physical anthropology’s paper on “The problem of the fragmentary
skeleton,” dealing particularly with what
Dream Time.
“Itwas in 1924, while still an undergradu- parts were “useful in determining the physihis early
ate, that Dale, by a n unfortunate coinci- cal affiliation”-foreshadowing
557
AAPA PROCEEDINGS
and long-term work in forensic anthropology. Early on, the National Museum working with the FBI made law enforcement
agencies all over the U.S. aware of what anthropology could do for them.
“But time doesn’t permit to do more
than scratch the surface of Dale Stewart’s
contributions. So I must break off now
and go to the real business of the evening,
presenting this 11-pound trophy for one
who was a physical anthropologist almost
before physical anthropology existed, and
helped shape the professional world we
live in.”
OLD BUSINESS
President Little announced that the
amendment to the Bylaws which would include the Past President and the PresidentElect as members of the Executive Committee was passed by the membership. He
explained t ha t this revision would provide
continuity and give the newly elected President more time to learn about critical issues
facing the Association. The four-year cycle of
offices for a newly elected President will be
as follows: Year One-President-Elect; Year
Two-President;
Year Three-President;
Year Four-Past President.
The Nomination Committee was charged
to nominate candidates for the office of President-Elect for a term beginning in April,
1994.
Sol Katz presented the Revised UNESCO
Statement on Race. After reviewing the
process by which the statement was developed, the voting members were asked to
accept the statement. The vote was 35 in
favor and 43 against with 4 declared abstentions. Noting that there was general agreement in the spirit of the statement, the following motion was made: “Resolved, that
the AAPA membership authorizes the Executive Committee to modify the UNESCO
statement on race and submit it with the
approval of the membership.” The motion
passed .
A brochure entitled “A Career in Biological Anthropology” was compiled by the Executive and Career Development Committees
and is being distributed to high school and
college career advisors.
NEW BUSINESS
The President reported that the Executive
Committee approved Wiley-Liss’s request to
raise the member rate for the American
Journal of Physical Anthropology from $45
to $60, and to guarantee that this rate will
remain in effect for a period of five years
(1994-1998). This increase in the journal
cost necessitates a n increase in dues. A motion to raise dues for regular and special
members from $60 to $90, and for student
members from $40 to $50, was made and
approved.
Bill Pollitzer, Chair of the Resolutions
Committee, respectfully submitted the fol1owing :
“We lament the death of two of our members: John Buettner-Janusch and James
Spuhler, and we send our sympathy to their
families.
“We meet in concert with a growing number of allied societies, including Paleoanthropology, Paleopathology, and Human Biology, and we welcome this fruitful
interaction.
“We thank our Program Committee, under the leadership of our Vice-president
Jere Haas, for a n unusually full presentation. We were kept posted by a distinguished
display of pointed posters, and heard profound papers with ponderous passages of
purple prose, aided by continuous coffee.
They spread from adaptation, behavior, and
cemeteries; through demography, dentistry,
dermatoglyphics, development, and disease;
ecology and evolution; genetics and growth;
all the way to primates of the Pliocene and
Pleistocene. We even reached back to the
Miocene to find our sisters and ancestors
over lunch.
“Many also made a good image with a
workshop on imaging; and others got diabetes either by nature or by nurture.
“We are grateful to our outgoing-very
outgoing-fficers:
President Michael Little
and Secretaryfl’reasurer Joyce Sirianni, a s
well a s members of our Executive Committee, and the editors of our publications, Matt
Cartmill, Jonathan Friedlaender, and Ted
Steegmann, who is now legitimate. Thanks
to our editors, all our members are now
whipped into submission-of their best
manuscripts.
558
AAPA PROCEEDINGS
“We welcome our new officers, President
Joyce Sirianni and SecretaryfTreasurer
Eugenie Scott, and our new member of the
Executive Committee, Mark Weiss.
“Thanks t o the passage of the amendment
to the constitution, President Mike Little
has managed to remain on the Executive
Committee as Past President to the benefit
of us all.
“Well-deserved Lifetime Achievement
awards were given to Paul Baker, Gabriel
Lasker, and T. Dale Stewart.
“Special thanks go to the Local Arrangements Committee, headed by Jerry Melbye,
and the many volunteers from the University of Toronto for their stellar performance,
and to the staff of the Hilton Hotel, especially Justin Whiteside.
“Toronto means ‘a place of meeting.’ We
assume that it was named so in honor of this
AAPA meeting.
“Members rose to new heights as they
rode up the CN tower, others went underground in shopping, and some tasted the international flavors in Chinatown.
“Some members learned to speak Canadian and a precious few even learned to convert American to Canadian dollars.
“Our orientation next year is toward Denver, and all are invited regardless of their
orientation.
“Anthropology at its best appreciates our
diversity beneath the broad umbrella of our
common humanity.”
The meeting adjourned at 9:42 PM.
Respectfully submitted,
Joyce E. Sirianni
Secretary-Treasurer
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF
PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY:
REPORT OF THE EDITORS
During the calendar year 1992, the AJPA
published 12 issues in 3 volumes (Vols. 87891, containing 101 research articles, 41
book reviews, 4 audiovisual reviews, 7 Notes
and Comments, 3 errata, 3 obituaries, the
Guide to Authors, the AAPAs Constitution
and Bylaws, the list of current AAPA members, and the Proceedings of the 1992 AAPA
meetings in Las Vegas. The abstracts for
those meetings were published in March,
1992 as AJPA Supplement number 14. The
new, more readable layout and typography
introduced in the April 1992 issue left more
white space on the average page and thus
decreased the number of words per page.
This decrease was counterbalanced by an increase in the number of pages published,
from 1,590 in 1991 to 1,636 in 1992 (excluding the abstracts issues).
The new submissions that arrived at the
editorial office in Durham in 1992 represented the subfields of our discipline in
about the same proportions as in years past
(Fig. 8). The 182 submissions received were
18 fewer than the 200 received in 1991,
which were in turn fewer than the all-time
high of 256 submissions in 1990. This downward trend appears to have been reversed in
the current year, during which we have so
far received 79 research articles and notes
for review. If submissions continue at this
rate, they will hit a new all-time high of 294
submissions during 1993. Nevertheless, we
continue to keep a careful watch on our submission rate and to solicit manuscripts actively.
During 1992, the AJPAS effective acceptance rate (ratio of manuscripts published to
manuscripts received) fell from 64 to 59%.
(Fig. 9). New editorial procedures and policies were put into effect last year to reduce
the amount of time that it took to get reviews and initial editorial decisions back to
authors. We are pleased to report that median turnaround time in 1992 fell from 119
to 102 days. Median time from submission to
1992 publication of accepted manuscripts
was 526 days, which is better than the 1990
median of 546 days but not as good as the
497-day median achieved in 1991. We are
working to ensure speedier publication in
1993.
We would like to offer our grateful appreciation to all the hard-working members of
our Editorial Board, and to extend our warm
and special thanks to retiring Associate Editors Barry Bogin and Ken Korey for all the
time, labor, and thought they have put into
processing and evaluating dozens of contributed papers and reviews during their fouryear terms. We know that you will all join us
in welcoming James Bindon and Linda
Klepinger to the AJPAS Editorial Board,
AAPA PROCEEDINGS
559
Year
Fig. 8. Topical areas in physical anthropology (miscellaneous, metrics, primate fossils and evolution,
dermatoglyphics, demography/epidemiology, paleoanthropology, living primates, growth and development, population genetics, dentition, osteology and paleopathology) as a percentage of total submissions
to the American Journal ofphysical Anthropology, 1983-1992.
and in thanking Henry Harpending for returning to our board after a long absence.
We also wish to thank Gregory St. John, Bill
Curtis, Charles Ames, and the rest of the
editorial and production staff at our publishers, Wiley-Liss, Inc., for their generous and
helpful support of our editorial operation,
for all the meticulous work they put into
editing and producing the AJPA, and for
meeting the needs of our authors and subscribers in a prompt and friendly way. Finally, we are grateful for all the patient,
helpful, and constructive reviews sent in by
the 294 different referees whom we called
upon to review AJPA submissions during
1992. As always, the real editorial work of
the journal gets done on the desks of our
reviewers. On behalf of the Editorial Board,
we want to thank all of you for generously
contributing your time and expertise to help
make and keep the AJPA the premier journal
for the discipline of physical anthropology.
Respectfully submitted,
Matt Cartmill, Editor
Kaye Brown, Assistant Editor
YEARBOOK OF
PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY
REPORT OF THE EDITOR
After editing only one Yearbook volume,
Jonathan Friedlaender was called away to
the physical anthropology position at NSF. I
was pleased to be asked to take the next
editorship, and I will do my best to maintain
the strong, diversified, interesting journal
that you all have the right to expect.
Jonathan and Emoke Szathmary have my
thanks for their candid and comprehensive
advice on what the job entails.
Jonathan had begun work on the 1993volume when I came on board last July, but
there was a great deal left to be done. Due to
the late transition, the 1993 Yearbook may
not have the number and diversity of articles usually published but is nevertheless
shaping up as an extremely interesting issue. Articles accepted or under review cover
the following topics:
Growth deficit and child mortality
Melanists and Afrocentric biology
AAF’A PROCEEDINGS
560
a
’b
Y
No. submitted
EA rate (“A)
1970
i
I
I
1980
1990
Year
Fig. 9. Numbers of manuscripts submitted and effective acceptance rate (number of published articles
as percentage of total submissions) for the American Journal ofPhysical Anthropology, 1971-1992.
HLA variation and selection: Reproductive consequences
Audiovisuals for teaching
Clines, clusters, and “race” in ancient
Egypt
Bipedalism and the hominid knee
Evolution of language
Statistical approaches to human adaptability
Imaging techniques in bone losdgain assessment
GGPD deficiency and malarial resistance
Two manuscripts, both dealing with primatology, did not make the deadline, so the
balance may seem a little off. However, it is
my hope that we can maintain representation of all different areas within physical anthropology in the long run.
Articles for the 1994 Yearbook are already
fully committed with the exception of volunteered contributions; they usually number
two to four submissions per year. Please contact me if you have manuscripts, outlines, or
ideas for future reviews.
I would like to thank the Editorial Board
members for insightful suggestions and for
fast responses in reviewing manuscripts.
Particularly, we all appreciate the long, dedicated service of Alan Mann, Ken Morgan,
and Alan Swedlund, who are stepping down
from the Board, and we welcome Paul Leslie, Henry McHenry, and Mark Weiss as
new Board Members.
Respectfully submitted,
A. Theodore Steegmann, Jr., Editor
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