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Managing Marine Environments Richard A. Kenchington Taylor and Francis 1990. No. of pages iv + 248. Price 35.00

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BOOK REVIEWS
MANAGING MARINE ENVIRONMENTS, Richard
A. Kenchington, Taylor and Francis, 1990. No. of pages:
iv + 248. Price: f35.00.
Richard Kenchington’s considerable experience of planning and management problems associated with the
Great Barrier Reef Marine Park is put to good use in this
book on Managing marine environments. Its publication
is certainly timely as many countries have passed the first
stages of identifying and designating marine protected
areas and are moving on to what is often the more difficult
but crucial stage ~-that of management of use in these
areas. Although the title of the book suggests it is
concerned with the physical environment, it is indeed
about this difficult issue of controls of human use of sea
areas.
The first seven chapters give a useful account of the
process of getting from the stage where potential marine
protected areas are identified, to highlighting the issues
that most frequently need to be addressed by management and then on to the development and implementation of a management plan. The chapter on The
nature of marine systems relevant 10 management in this
part of the book is a useful reminder of the different
perspective which is needed when dealing with protected
areas in the marine environment. The short sections
make the information easily accessible and text is
frequently interspersed with checklists. These do
interrupt the flow of the book to some extent but they are
likely to be very useful to those involved in drawing up
management plans.
The following six chapters describe the history of the
Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, the development of its
management plans, and their implementation. The Great
Barrier Reef Marine Park is perhaps one of the most
widely quoted examples of a conservation management
regime applied to sea areas, so it is extremely useful to
have a detailed description of the various stages and
problems associated with the area. However these
chapters also have a lot to offer in terms of lessons for the
establishment of marine parks in other parts of the world
and should not be ignored by those who have no specific
interest in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. Hopefully, these chapters should move people away from the
frequently expressed view that, because of the vast area
RIVER PROJECTS AND CONSERVATION: A
MANUAL FOR HOLISTIC APPRAISAL, edited by
John L. Gardiner. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester,
1991. No. of pages: 272. Price: f50. ISBN 471 926 43 4
The key message of this book is simple: river management cannot be left to river engineers (or economists,
politicians, or environmentalists) alone, since the solutions to river management problems lie well outside the
covered by the Park, it is of little relevance to the
difficulties faced by managers of smaller marine parks or
even those which are established in more temperate parts
of the world. For example, the recurring theme of
encouraging public involvement in all stages of the
process is one which has widespread relevance as are the
considerations surrounding zoning parts of the reef for
different uses. Indeed the two short chapters on the
Galapagos Marine Resource Reserve and the initial stages of the development of environmental management plans in the Republic of Maldives demonstrate the
point by applying the same principles to quite different
areas.
The success of a marine protected area can
undoubtedly be influenced by what is happening outside
the boundaries of any reserve and, in some cases, this
requires international liaison. There are also opportunities for additional protection through international
designations. Three of these are described in a short
chapter but this should only be considered as an introduction to the possibilities rather than a full treatment of
the subject area.
In looking at the prospects for progress in his final
chapter, Kenchington singles out recreation and tourism
as providing one of the most important challenges of
coastal and marine environment management. The
effects of land use practices and fisheries are only
mentioned in passing, although it would have been useful
to have these issues discussed in similar detail as they are
undoubtedly significant. In conclusion, he makes the
important point about commitment to the management
phase of marine protected areas. Resources are often
secured for the identification and establishment of
marine protected areas, whereas the important task of
management, which requires long-term support, is frequently seen as a lower priority.
This book cannot leave anyone in doubt about the
scale of the management task and the level of commitment needed to make these areas work. It provides a most
valuable guide to the subject and is well worth reading
and putting into practice.
SUSAN
GUBBAY
Marine Conservation Society,
Ross-on- Wye, England, UK
simple confines of the river channel or a single professional discipline. Both conceptually and geographically, managers need to widen their horizons and
embrace a holistic approach to river conservation. The
main thrust of the manual, therefore, is a timely but wellrehearsed argument that complements similar pressure
for the adoption of integrated catchment planning and
river basin management at a political and strategic level.
At the same time this interdisciplinary approach mirrors
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