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Storage cabinet for anatomical specimens.

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STORAGE CABINET FOR ANATONICAL SPECIMENS
J. C . BOILEAU GRAKT
Dtpartmpnt of A n a t o m y , Z'nicersity of Manztoba
ONE FIGURE
It is usual t o store bulky anatomical specimeiis (i.e., limbs,
liead aiid neck, thorax and abdomen) in metal-lined tanks,
constructed, after the fashion of a traveling trunk, with lid
and tray. Such a method of storage is extravagant in floor
space ; moreover, tlie specimens below the t r a y a r e not visible,
1101- a r e they accessible until the t r a y and its contents have
been lifted out.
The vapor-proof wooden cabinet here reproduced has six
shelves, and so holds as many specimens as three tanks, while
occupying the floor space of but one. Every specimen may
be inspected and removed with ease. Resting on four casters,
the cabinet may be wheeled from one room to another, as its
dimensions (5 feet 104 inches in height, 4 feet 2; inches wide,
and 2 feet 3 inches deep) allow of its passing through a n open
door. The expense of metal lining is avoided, as the hole
of tlie interior of the cabinet is painted with a bituminous,
acid-proof paint. A removable galvanized-iron pan, fitted on
t o the floor of the cabinet, contains a preservative fluid which
supplies sufficient vapor to keep the specimens moist and in
good condition. Each of the six shelves has ample accommodation, without piling one specimen on another, for either
four complete limbs and two half limbs (forearm and harid
or leg and foot) or f o r two specimens of head, neck, thorax,
abdomen, aiid pelvis (cadavera with limbs detached).
I had this cabinet made f o r my department by our university carpenter three years ago, and it has proved so emi91
THE A X A TO M IC A L RhCOItU, VOL.
34,
NO.
2
satisfactoi.y that lust year 1 ortleretl auotlier. A
\voodcn chest which rcmaiiis vapor-proof through tlie various
hirmitlitics of a Winnipeg elimate and m-liich ca11 witlistaiid
the extreme tlcgrcc of dryness wliicli is encountered in the
win t wtime iii a huiltliug licated w-it11 steam under pressure
is likely to prove serviccablc elsewhere. Tlic principal features in tlie construction of this cahinet a r e those which
iwrtaiii to tlic ice-chest. As humidity varies, lumber expands
or shrinks iii breadth. This cabinet, I i o ~ v e ~ c remains
r,
vaporproof and ~ieither.warps iior splits 011 accoiirit of the facts that
some of tlie seams a r e ovei-laid ; d i e r e iiecessary slots a r c
siihstitutid for r01711d iiail holes, glirc is employed, except
u-licre uiieyiial cxpamion might occiir and the direction of
tlip grain of the wooct in the essciitial parts is constant. A s
a i l examplc, if the sitle plaiiks are placed perpciidiciilnrly,
thcii those on the top aiid bottom must extend from side to
side, so that it sliall always be tlic hrcaclth of the planks which
occwpies the antcroposterior plaiics. This will iasnre equal
expaiisioii aiicl shriiikage for the sides, top, aiicl hottom.
Tlie university carpenter (J. Rentham) has supplicd me
Lvitli tlic following tclchnicd description: “The cabinet is
made with 3-incli finislied lumber-spruce, pine, or fir--exw p t tlicl I)ack, tvliic*li is of tlii-ce-ply Inmher. Outside mcasuremciits : iOj iiiclics high, .50: iiiclies wide, aiid 27 iiiclies
clcep. ‘Fop, hottom, and sides 27 inches wide, less thickness
of doors and back. To form rahlnitt for doors plant a 44 by 9
iiich on to the side to extciitl over tho thickness of tlie doors;
this should be ghied as well as ilailed on, but the back stile
a i d tlie rails are just nailed oil in order to hold them in
lace, thus a paneled &ect is created witliout risk of splittiiig
tlie sides, s1iould shriiikage takc place. ‘l’lic middle rail het \vceii the upper aiitl lower door*sis dovetailed iiito the sides,
i i i ortier to stop the spreading which would occur 011 closiiig
llie doors, a s thcsc are tightly fitted. This rail is made of
:<iiicli hy 9 iiich with a piece 1i iiiclies wide, aiid of the same
tliickiiess as the doors, planted on, forming a $-iiich rahbitt
top and bottom. Tlie top aiid bottom rails of the cabinct arc
iiplltly
constructed the same, allowiiig the depth of tlie bottom to
he equal to the depth of the metal pan (2: to 3 inches). The
lieiglit of the doors-top 30 iiiclies, bottom 323 iiiclies. The
pieces 2 iiich 1)y 4 iiicli on which the shelves or t r a y are to
rest are scre~vecl0 x 1 t o the sides through slots, iii order to
o ill(^^ freedom of expnsioii a i d contraction to the sides. It
is advisable t o have these pieces a little sliort. The outside
battens are nailed uiitler the cwd of the t r a p to act a s runners. There a r c t h e e trays or sliclres in the upper, arid
three in the lower section, tlie lowest one slitiiiig just over
tlie metal pail. These trays are made of 2 inch by 3 inch
with l$inch spaces between tlic slats. They arc about equally
spaced. To make vapor-proof, a tliiii layer of felt is glnocl
oii to tlie rahbitt f o r the doors to shut agaiiist.”
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cabinet, anatomical, specimen, storage
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