close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

The cell of schwann. By Gilbert Causey. xi + 120 pages 40 illustration. $4.75. The Williams and Wilkins Co. Baltimore. 1960

код для вставкиСкачать
Books
CYTOLOGY AND EVOLUTION. By E. N.
430 pages, illustrated.
Willmer. x
$10.00. Academic Press Inc., New York.
1960.
+
The title, although appropriate, is somewhat deceiving because it omits the
fundamental subject. It could better have
been entitled ‘Tissue Culture, Cytology,
and Evolution.” This would have been of
considerable benefit to bibliographers and
reference librarians. The author is well
known among tissue culture enthusiasts.
He is one of the pioneers in the field, is
the author of a small book on technique
which is now in its third edition, and has
published many original contributions.
It is gratifying to find a tissue culture
enthusiast who has the courage to join
Raymond Parker in treating the subject as
a technique rather than a division of science. Unless he has changed his treatment, however, in the new edition of his
book, which I have not seen, Parker is less
venturesome than the author of the book
which we are reviewing. Willmer has
taken the much needed step of probing
philosophically into the implications of
what we have learned from the study of
cells in tissue cultures.
Because of his long association with
living cells in tissue cultures, the author
emphasizes the particular value of this
study as opposed to other analytical
methods. “The results, therefore, obtained
by making extracts of cells or tissues is
not unlike trying to find out the plan of
the practical course in biological chemistry
at a university by applying the most modern and efficient demolition machinery
(cf. the Waring blender) to the biochemical laboratory.”
The critical study of cells in tissue culture provides a first approach to the study
of the living cells of higher animals. The
various modifications of method impose
different conditions on the cells, this in
turn emphasizes the plasticity and vital
qualities of their response. It also points
toward the existence of a limited number
of characteristic qualities and funda-
mental modes of behavior. In developing
his concept of evolutionary cytology, the
author utilizes these factors for comparisons with lower and simpler animal forms.
The first part of the book reviews the
results of tissue cultures. Cells are grouped
into families on the basis of their behavior:
mechanocytes, epitheliocytes, and amebocytes. The behavior and embryology of
so-called simpler animal forms are then
reviewed. Some interesting concepts of
differentiation on the basis of the cell
families are brought out and examples
from many tissues are used for documentation. The final appeal of the author is
for the employment of tissue culture for
analyzing and elucidating some of the
more complicated associations of living
cells in such fields as endocrinology.
There is a subject and an author index
and pertinent references at the ends of
the 19 chapters.
CHARLES MAYO Goss
THE CELL OF SCHWA”.
By Gilbert
120 pages, 40 illustraCausey. xi
tions. $4.75. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. 1960.
+
The author has been publishing the results of experimental investigations of the
degeneration and regeneration of nerve
fibers for more than 10 years. It is natural
that his interest in Theodor Schwann and
the cells which are known by his name
should blossom and go on to the fruition
in this very slender book. Also in his own
words, “I have been prompted to write of
this cell because the great advances that
have been made in recent years in the recording of the electrical changes in nerve
fibers need, for their proper evaluation, a
detailed knowledge of the structural relation of this satellite cell to the nerve fiber.
Also, with the increasing use of the electron microscope, clarification of the previous knowledge of the relationship of nerve
fibers to Schwann cells, and of the intimate relation between Schwann cells and
545
546
BOOKS
the formation of the myelin sheath has
been made possible.”
The first chapter gives a brief account
of Schwann, the development of his concepts, and the impact of those of Ranvier
and Cajal. Other chapters contain descriptions of light microscopic, electron microscopic and tissue culture observations on
peripheral nerves and Schwann cells.
There are also chapters on nerve endings,
degeneration and regeneration, and neoplasms.
The book is amply illustrated but the
reproduction of some of the electron micrographs leaves something l : be
~ desired.
There is a fairly extensive bibliography
with titles and pages but the author states
that, although he tried to make himself
“conversant with all aspects of the extensive literature,” he concentrated on recent
publications and those with extensive lists
of earlier literature. There is no index.
CHARLES MAYOGoss
tant publications is included and there is
an adequate index. A student using this
text should find his time efficiently employed.
CH~LRLESMAYOGoss
OTHER BOOKS RECEIVED
THE MAMMALS OF NORTH AMERICA.
By E. Raymond Hall and Keith R. Kelson. 2 volumes, xxx 546 79; viii
547-1083
79 pages, 553 figures.
$35.00. The Ronald Press Company,
New York. 1959.
METHODS OF ANALYTICAL HISTOLOGY
AND HISTOCHEMISTRY. By Edward
Gurr. xv
327 pages. $13.00. The
Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore.
1959.
COMPARATIVE ENDOCRINOLOGY. Edited by Aubrey Gorbman. xx+ 746
pages, illustrated. $15.00. John Wiley
and Sons, Inc., New York. 1959.
SUBCELLULAR PARTICLES. Edited ’by
Teru Hayashi. viii
213 pages, illustrated. $6.00. The Ronald Press Company, New York. 1959.
HANDBOOK OF PHYSIOLOGY. Edited by
John Field. Section 1: Neurophysiology. Edited by H. W. Magoun. Volume
1 xiii
729 pages, illustrated, $22.00,
1959. Volume 2, v
781-1439 pages,
illustrated, $20.00, Volume 3, v pages
1441-2013, illustrated, $20.00, 1960.
American Physiological Society, Washington, and Williams and Wilkins Company, Baltimore.
LEHRBUCH DER HISTOLOGIE UND
DER MIKROSKOPISCHEN ANATOMIE
DES MENSCHEN. By Philipp Stohr,
Wilhelm von Mollendorf, and Kurt
Goerttler. xvi 560 pages, 500 figures.
DM 36.- -. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena.
28th edition, 1959.
LES STRUCTURES INFRAMICROSCOPIQUE NORMALES ET PATHOLOGIQUES DES CELLULES ET DES TISSUS. By A. Pollicard and C. A. Baud.
475 pages, 138 figures. 5,200 fr. Masson et Cie, Editeurs, Paris. 1959.
A TEXTBOOK OF GENERAL PHYSIOLOGY. By Hugh Davson. xvi
846
pages, 384 figures. $14.50. Little,
Brown and Company, Soston. 2nd edition, 1959.
+
+
+
+
+
+
A FUNCTIONAL APPROACH TO NEUROANATOMY. By Earl Lawrence House
and Ben Pansky. ix
494 pages, illustrated. $12.50. McGraw-Hill Book Co.,
Inc., New York. 1960.
+
This book was written primarily with
the medical student in mind; it is designed
to meet the needs of basic courses in
neuroanatomy at a time when time itself
has became a great factor in medical
education.
Although the approach is functional, as
the title anounces, it is also solidly based
on structure. After a few chapters of general anatomy, including the blood supply
and embryology, the chapter headings are
in terms of function. Almost immediately,
however, the pen of Pansky translates the
function into a structural diagram. These
drawings and diagrams are original and
both skillfully and lucidly executed. They
are obviously by someone steeped in the
morphology of the nervous system. There
are concise summaries, many illustrative
clinical cases, and an atlas of the wellknown Villiger cross sections at the end of
the book. References to the literature are
omitted from the text, but a list of impor-
+
+
+
+
+
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
4
Размер файла
193 Кб
Теги
wilkins, william, 120, causes, schwann, illustration, 1960, baltimore, gilbert, page, cells
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа