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The comparative anatomy and physiology of the nose and paranasal sinuses. By Victor Negus. xvi + 402 pages 178 figures. $14.00. E. & S. Livingstone Ltd. Edinburgh and Williams & Wilkins Co. Baltimore 1958

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74
BOOKS
an English translation of these passages
would have been more useful to many
modern Anatomists in this country. Also,
it might have been useful to scholars if the
quotations had been taken from an edition
of greater accessibility such as the Kuhn
Edition of Galen which would have given
the added benefit of the presence of the
Greek text as well as the Latin. The Galenism of the Latin translations of the sixteenth century, colored as they were by
Arabic influence, are quite at variance in
important areas from the true Galen found
in the surviving Greek versions.
The Anatomical Notes are useful for the
non-technical reader, but they are of doubtful assistance to an anatomist and seem to
lack evidence of a close collaboration with
the translator while he was translating.
The placing of the numbers of reference to
the Anatomical Notes is sometimes careless, at least we hope that this explains the
following passage in the section describing
the abdominal wall. After a general statement of the muscle mass, Berengario
writes (in translation) “It is called the
fleshy sheet (panniculosus ~ ~ T ~ O S U S ) ’ ~ . ’ ’
The note number ten reads only these
three words “Vagina recti abdominis.”
It is gratifying to have a translation of
this important milestone in the History of
Anatomy readily available to scholars in a n
inexpensive and attractive book.
CHARLESMAYOGoss
Louisiana State University
THE COMPARATIVE ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF THE NOSE AND
402 pages, 178 figures.
PARANASAL SINUSES. By Victor Negus. xvi
$14.00. E. & S. Livinirstone
Ltd., Edinburgh, and Williams & Wilkins Co.,
”
Baltimore, 1958.
+
The author is Consulting Surgeon of the section three, the air conditioning mechanEar, Nose and Throat Department of King’s ism of the nose with chapters of moistenCollege Hospital and Trustee of the Hunt- ing and warming of air, structure and
erian Collection. He has been writing distribution of air conditioning memarticles about his specialty since 1924 and branes, and measurements of temperature
has published a companion to the present and humidity. Section four covers other
volume, Comparative Anatomy and Phys- functions of the nose, section five, ciliary
action, and section six, exchange of fluid
iology of the Larynx.
This book is remarkable for its breadth in the nose and respiratory tract.
Part I1 deals with the comparative anatand at the same time its thoroughness.
Each facet of the subject has been treated omy and physiology of the paranasal siwith almost equal competence from the nuses, with discussion of the maxillo-turbview point of natural history, comparative inal bodies, effects of changes in olfactory
and human anatomy, physiology, and clin- area on histology, and other functions
ical specialty. He has made good use of ascribed to the sinuses. Part I11 gives the
his connections with the Hunterian Col- anatomy of the human nose and accessory
lection and tempered his speculations with sinuses.
The appendix gives a summary of the
practical applications from his clinical
evolutionary history of man from the evipractice.
The book has three parts and an ap- dence of the nose and larynx. A Glossary
pendix. In Part I, Comparative Anatomy lists the common and scientific names of
and Physiology of the nose, the first sec- the species referred to in the text and illustion treats the nose as an olfactory organ, trations. They include 215 mammals, 16
with chapters on adaptation for olfaction, birds, 15 reptiles, 12 amphibians, 35 fishes,
the uses of olfaction, anatomy of the olfac- 1 4 insects and other vertebrates, and 5
tory organ, accessories to olfaction, olfac- protozoans.
The 178 figures include photographs,
tory acuity and discrimination, and the
organ of Jacobson. Section two discusses photo-micrographs, electron micrographs,
the functions of the nose in respiration; and many diagrams and drawings. Every
BOOKS
important feature is dustrated by these
figures and they are taken from the entire
range of the animal kingdom from the
amoeba to man. The photographs and
photo-micrographs are particularly good
and the number of rare or unusual species
from which they are taken is quite remarkable. The electron micrographs of the lung
are extraordinarily poor.
75
One might expect that a book with this
amount of information would be a dull
catalogue of facts but the contrary is true.
It is easy to read and kept interesting by
the lively curiosity and philosophy of the
author. An entertaining feature is the
frequent use of quotations from John
Hunter to express fundamental concepts
and generalities.
ANGEWANDTE UND TOPOGRAPHISCHEANATOMIE. By Gian Tondury. XI11
578 pages, 411 figures. $18.00. Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart. 2nd
edition. 1959.
+
Professor Tondury has used the same
clarity of organization and treatment in his
second edition while giving the book a comprehensive revision. The section on the
lung has been rewritten with a chapter on
its segmental anatomy. The diaphragmatic area, especially the cardio-esophageal
junction has been given fuller treatment.
The sections on the inguinal region and
uterus have been amplified. The Paris
nomenclature has been added in parenthesis “where necessary.” Professor Tondury has again been most fortunate in ob-
taining the services of a candidate in
medicine as artist. H. A. Meyer has added
several new drawings of the same order
of excellence as those of medical candidate
Paul Winkler in the first edition. Colored
lines have been substituted for black ones
in many of the diagrams, making them
more easily intelligible, especially those of
fascia1 structures in the inguinal region
and perineum. The photoengraving and
printing are of the careful excellence we
habitually expect in books from Georg
Thieme.
STRONG AND ELWYN’S HUMAN NEUROANATOMY. Raymond C. Truex. 4th
edition. xiii
511 pages, 363 figures. $10.00. The Williams & Wilkins
Company, Baltimore. 1959.
+
This treatise, from its beginnings by
Oliver Strong, has progressed remarkably
since it was severed from the fifth edition
of Bailey’s Histology and launched as a
separate book largely through the efforts
of Aldof Elwyn. This fourth edition carries on the traditional purpose of a “clear
presentation of the structural mechanisms
of the human nervous system together with
some understanding of their functional
and clinical significance.” Doctor Truex
has brought a fresh point of view to the
book. Its organization is greatly improved
by adding an introductory chapter, rearranging other chapters, and raising some
parts to chapter status. “Editorial surgery
was undertaken optimistically in what appears to have been a futile effort to
shorten the text material,” according to
the editor, but I think he was quite sucessful in adding the wealth of new material
with an increase of only thirty pages. A
striking improvement has been made by
the more liberal use of colored illustrations. The new diagrams of fiber connections and pathways are particularly clearly
designed and executed. No mention of the
Paris Nomenclature is made in the preface, probably became a change in Elwyn’s
many drawings would have been a tremendous task. It is amusing to me personally to see the terms submaxillary gland
and ganglion because Doctor Truex has
favored the more cacophanous submandibular gland. A few electron micrographs,
particularly of nerve terminations and
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178, livingstone, figuren, edinburgh, victory, xvi, physiology, page, ltd, wilkins, anatomy, 402, william, 1958, comparative, negus, sinuses, baltimore, paranasal, nose
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