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Proceedings of the American Society of Zoologists. Fifteenth annual meeting

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The fifteenth Annual Meeting of the American Society of
Zoologists was held, December 27 and 28, 1917, at the University
of Minnesota,, Animal Morphology Building, Minneapolis,
The business session was called to order by the President,
Maynard M. Metcalf, at 2.00 Pam., December 28.
The Secretary k i n g absent, W. C. Curtis consented to serve
in this capacity for the meeting.
Election o j Members
The following new members were elected upon nomination
by the Executive Committee:
BOYDEN,E . A., Ph.D. (Harvard), Instructor Comparative Anatomy, Harvard
Medical School, 61 Clark Street, Newton Center, Mass.
GUBERLET,J. E., A.M., Ph.D. (Illinois), Professor of Biology, Carroll College,
Waukesha, W i s .
HANCE,R. T., A.B., M.A., Ph.D. (Pennsylvania), Assistant in Zoology, University of Pennsylvania, Zoological Laboratory, University of Pennsylvania,
Philadelphia, P a .
L. M., A.B., A.M., Ph.D. (Princeton), Assistant Professor of
Zool,ogy, Syracuse University, 1052 Ackerman Avenue, Syracuse, N . Y .
HYMAN,L. H., Ph.D. (Chicago), Research Assistant, Chicago University, Hull
Zoological Laboratory, Chicago university, Chicago, Ill.
MICHAEL,E. L., A.B., M.S. (California), Assistant Scripps Institution, L a
Jolla, California.
H. M., A.M., Sc.D. (Harvard), Assistant Professor of Zoology, Smith
College, 250 E l m Street, Northampton, Muss.
STREETER,GEORGEL., A.M., M.D., Research Associate in Embryology, Carnegie Institution, Johns Hopkins Medical School, Baltimore, M d .
YOCUM,H. B., A.B. (Oberlin), M.A., Ph.D. (California), Professor of Zoology,
Washburn College, i8i5 Huntoon Street, Topeka, Kansas.
Election of Oficers
The nominations for officers made by the Committee on
Nominations (H. V. Wilson, W. E. Kellicott and W. C. Curtis)
were unanimously elected.
George Lefevre, for president during the year 1918.
L. L. Woodruff, for vice-president during the year 1918.
M. M. Metcalf, for member, Executive Committee to serve
five years.
Report of the Treasurer
The following financial statement submitted by the SecretaryTreasurer, Caswell Grave, was read and accepted subject to its
approval by an Auditing Committee consisting of Prof. H. S.
Jennings and S. 0. Mast.
Receipts during the year, 1917 :
Balance on hand January 1, 1917.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dues for 1916, (8). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dues for 1917, 13 a t 11.50 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . 149.50
Dues for 1917, 183 a t 7.00 .....................
. . . . 1281.00
Dues for 1917, 62 at 5.00. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dues for 1917, 2 a t 6.50 Life Members..
Dues for 1917, 1 at 4.50 Life Member.. .
Divident (4th) Ind’l. Sav. and Loan Go.
Interest a t 4 per cent on Saving Bank deposits.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Total., . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
....... $2504.51
Expenditures during the year, 1917:
Stationery, stamps, postcards.. . . . . . . . . . .
....... 23.21
Typewriting and clerical assistance.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printing announcements
Loose leaf book for mem
269 subscriptions for Journals, Wistar Inst.. . .
. . . . 1677.00
Total.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Balance on hand December 28, 1917. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Report of Auditing Committee
The Auditing committee, to which the accounts of the Secretary-Treasurer were submitted in Baltimore January 7 , 1918,
has made the following report :
Baltimore, Md., January 7, 1918.
We have examined the accounts of the Secretary-Treasurer
a n d find them to be correct.
[Signed] H. S.JENNINGS,
S. 0. MAST.
The following resolutions were passed by unanimous votes :
Concerning Time and Place for Annual Meetings
In proposing the resolution concerning affiliations with other
biological societies, the Executive Committee made the following statement:
The Executive Committee of the American Society of Zoologists
wishes to direct attention to the. advantage of frequently holding our
mid-wihter meetings at the same place with those of other biological
societies. We are already affiliated with the American Society of
Naturalists and generally meet in the same place with them, having
usually ane common session for the reading of scientific papers and
one or more common social gatherings. We’now frequently meet in
the same place with others of the biological societies. It is hardly
practicable, and probably is not desirable, each year to have all these
societies meet in the same city, but it probably could to advantage
be arranged to bring a good many of them together each year.
When such a group of societies are gathered in one city, it may
sometimes be advantageous to have one or possible more sessions in
which two or more of the societies join, and a joint dinner or a common
smoker for several or perhaps all of the societies is very pleasant.
Yet, on the other hand, it would doubtless be unfortunate to have any
organization, or any agreement, that would compel invariably joint
sessions or even meeting in the same city.
Your Executive Committee has considered how to secure the advantages of cooperation between the several societies without any interference with the complete freedom of each society each year to follow
its own judgment as to place of meeting and nature of program.
Some have suggested having a coordinating society of which we
should all be members, but we have felt that this involved probably
too much organization, The Physiological, Biochemical, Pharmacological and Pathological Societies have affiliated by a very simplc
method, namely by having the presidents and secretaries of the several
Societies serve together as a& executive committee for the affiliated
group, it being the intention of these four societies to have a common
meeting place and some joint sessions. This plan, while well adapted
for a small group of societies studying closely related subjects, might
not work out so well for a larger more diverse group if it implied an
obligation for all the societies to meet together. Something still more
flexible seems desirable, some arrangement that leaves each society
free from any pressure to meet with the group, if, any year, special
considerations should rnake separation advantageous.
We propose for your consideration, and, if i t meets your approval,
for your adoption, the following plan, namely t o have our President
and Secretary instructed t o consult from year to year with the Presidents and Secretaries of the other biological societies in regard to
common meeting place, joint sessions for scientific discussion, joint
social gatherings, perhaps some avoidance of simultaneous discussion
of the same subject in different societies, and a n y other matters of
cooperation or coordination t h a t may be proposed.
Such consultdtion between the executive officers of the societies
would put no pressure upon any society, but would provide a means
for working out so much of cooperation and coordination as may from
year to year seem natural and advantageous. It is a n arrangement so
flexible as not t o interfere with the growth of new interests and special
affiliations, and yet it provides for Che consideration annually of the
relations between the societies in their meetings. If from such a consultation there should grow closer affiliation between some of the
societies, such as has arisen in the Experimental Biology group, this
would still not interfere with the continuance of the plan of general
consideration of possible joint arrangements for any one year between
a still larger number of the societies. The plan we propose t o you
seems to give absolute freedom t o each society and not even t o exert
pressure upon any, yet will secure t o each a knowledge of the others
plans and will provide a means for securing so much of cooperation
each year as is desired.
We therefore propose to you the following rcsolution :The American Society of Zoologists would call to the attention of
the othcr profcssional biological socicties tho advisability of frequently
selecting a common time and place for their annual meetings, and the
President and Secretaxy are hereby instructed t o consult with their
respective Presidents and Secretaries of the American Association of
Anatomists, American Society of Naturalists, the Botanical Society of
ilmerica, the Ecological Society of America, and The Federation of
American Societics for Experimental Biology with the object of accomplishing this purpose for the meetings of 1918. The results of this
cpnsultation are to be submitted t o the Executive Committee for a
final vote. And we further recommend that this report be brought
again t o the Society a t its next annual meeting with a view t o its adoption as a permanent policy.
We would call attention to the fact that passing this resolution does
not change our relation t o the Society of Naturalists, nor would passing of a similar resolution by an other society interfere with any affiliations i t may already have formed.
The Society will note that our present By-Law 2, c contemplates
just such action as is now recommended. Defining the duties and
privileges of the Secretary-Treasurer , it says : Whenever the proper
officers of a number of related societies shall have a conference with
a view to determining a common time and place for the several annual
meetings, he shall act as the delegate of this Society." Our present
Secretary suggests including also the President of the Society in this
conference, t o conform t o the plan of the Federation for Experimental
Biology, and this suggestion has been embodied in our report.
The Society, on the motion by Mr. Lefevre, directed that a
copy of this resolution be carried to the American Society of
Naturalists in session at Pittsburgh.
Concerning the Life and Work of Franklin Paine Mall
During the year just closing death has'called from our ranks the
genial and able anatomist and embryologist Franklin Paine Mall.
I n his death American science has lost one of its eminent devotees.
Always true to the highest ideals of the investigator and teacher
he endeared himself to all who were fortunate enough t o become acquainted with him. His labors have been ended but the influence of
his numerous publications and the excellence of his work will continue.
I n memory of his worth as a man and a scholar and in recognition
of his devotion and contribution t o Zoology we inscribe these minutes
in the permanent records of the Society.
This resolution was passed by a rising vote.
Endorsement qf Work of the Wistar Institute
The American Society of Zoologists heartily endorses the existing
arrangement regarding the Jou.rnals published by The Wistar Institute and expresses its thanks and appreciation for the services rendered through the Bibliographic Card System.
Concerning the Biological Station at Fairport, Iowa
The American Society of Zoologists, assembled in Minneapolis, having learned of the recent destruction by fire of the laboratory of the Biological Station a t Fairport, Iowa, extends its sympathy t o the U. S.
Bureau of Fisheries, and expresses the earnest hope that means will be
found for the early restoration of the building and the resumption of
the valuable work of the Station.
Of Appreciation f o r the Hospitality of the University of Minnesota
The American Society of Zoologists thanks the University of Minnesota and the local committee for the cordial reception and many attentions incident t o the meetings in Minneapolis December 27 and 28,
1917. The Sccretary of the society is hereby instructed t o forward
copies of this resolution t o President Burton and to the chairman of the
local committee, Prof. H. F. Nachtrieb.
I n regard to fisheries
WHEREAS,the new economic conditions relating to the nation’s
food supply brought upon us by the world-war, make it vitally important t h a t there should be a more thorough development, a greater
utilization, and a more intelligent conservation of our fishery resources,
WHEREAS,the Federal Government maintains more than sixty
Agricultural Stations, each liberally equipped with materials, funds
and men engaged in investigation and experimentation in the interests
of agriculture, and
WHEREAS,the Federal Government has as yet only one or two very
poorly equipped and cheaply conducted stations at which investigation and experimentation in the interests of agriculture may be carried
on, therefore be it
Resolved by the American Society of Zoologists, that the Congress be
reauested t o Drovide a n adeauate number of Fisheries Experiment
Stations, equipped with material, funds and expert and pracihal personnel to do for the products of the seas, rivers and lakes what the
Agricultural Experiment Stations and the Department of Agriculture
are doing so well for the products of the land.”
I n regard to problems of North PaciJic
WHEREAS,the world-war has brought home to us as never before a
realization of the necessity of full and accurate knowledge of our food
resources and the necessity of developing and utilizing these resources
t o the maximum extent compatible with their adequate conservation,
WHEREAS,our knowledge of the fishery resources of thc North
Pacific is very imperfect and wholly inadequate to srrvc as a basis
for trustworthy conclusions a s t o the extent and permanence of these
resources, or as t o what is necessary for. their preservation, therrfore,
be it
Resolved by thc Amf.rican Society of Zoologists t h % t the prdpzr tlcpartment or departments of the United States Government, be urged
to take such steps as may be necessary t o provide for a comprehensive
a n d thorough exploration of the Pacific with a view t o the dcvclopmcnt,
greater utilization, and adequate conservation of its fishery resources
of whatever kind, and that, if possible, such exploration be undertaken
in co-operation with other governments possessing territory bordering
the Pacific Ocean.
A t the session held at 2.00 p.m., Friday, December 28, a
symposium on the subject, “The Value and Service of Zoological
Science” was held with papers as follows:
1. Utilitarian Values, by F. M. Guyer.
2. Philosophical Values, by W. E. Ritter.
3. Value to the Individual, by H. B. Torrey.
4. Spiritual Value, by W. C. Curtis.
Arrangement will be made for the publication of these papers.
Presidential Address
The address by the President of the Society, Maynard M.
Metcalf, on the subject, “Darwinism and Nations,’’ will be
published in Science.
The following exhibits were made in room 201 in the Animal
Morphology building.
1. Drawings illustrating the Anatomy of the Tubinares.
R. M. Strong, Vanderbilt University Medical School.
2. Rabbit with Abnormal Eye Showing the Result of Maternal
Antiserum Treatment. M. F. Guyer, University of Wisconsin.
3. The Effect of Removal of Eye-stalks upon Body Color in
Cambarus. Charles Zeleny, University of Illinois.
4. Animal Parasites. Franklin D. Barker, University of
Papers Read
At sessions held during the forenoon and afternoon of Thursday, December 27, and the forenoon of Friday, December 28,
papers listed on the program were read, eighteen in full, twentythree by title.
Abstracts of all papers accepted for the program are printed
as part of the proceedings of the meeting.
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