PROCEEDINGS O F THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF ZOOLOGISTS FIFTEENTH ANNUAL MEETING The fifteenth Annual Meeting of the American Society of Zoologists was held, December 27 and 28, 1917, at the University of Minnesota,, Animal Morphology Building, Minneapolis, Minnesota. BUSINESS SESSION The business session was called to order by the President, Maynard M. Metcalf, at 2.00 Pam., December 28. The Secretary k i n g absent, W. C. Curtis consented to serve in this capacity for the meeting. Election o j Members The following new members were elected upon nomination by the Executive Committee: BOYDEN,E . A., Ph.D. (Harvard), Instructor Comparative Anatomy, Harvard Medical School, 61 Clark Street, Newton Center, Mass. GUBERLET,J. E., A.M., Ph.D. (Illinois), Professor of Biology, Carroll College, Waukesha, W i s . HANCE,R. T., A.B., M.A., Ph.D. (Pennsylvania), Assistant in Zoology, University of Pennsylvania, Zoological Laboratory, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, P a . HICKERNELL, L. M., A.B., A.M., Ph.D. (Princeton), Assistant Professor of Zool,ogy, Syracuse University, 1052 Ackerman Avenue, Syracuse, N . Y . HYMAN,L. H., Ph.D. (Chicago), Research Assistant, Chicago University, Hull Zoological Laboratory, Chicago university, Chicago, Ill. MICHAEL,E. L., A.B., M.S. (California), Assistant Scripps Institution, L a Jolla, California. PARSHLEY, H. M., A.M., Sc.D. (Harvard), Assistant Professor of Zoology, Smith College, 250 E l m Street, Northampton, Muss. STREETER,GEORGEL., A.M., M.D., Research Associate in Embryology, Carnegie Institution, Johns Hopkins Medical School, Baltimore, M d . YOCUM,H. B., A.B. (Oberlin), M.A., Ph.D. (California), Professor of Zoology, Washburn College, i8i5 Huntoon Street, Topeka, Kansas. 77 . 78 AMERICAN SOCIETY O F ZOOLOGISTS Election of Oficers The nominations for officers made by the Committee on Nominations (H. V. Wilson, W. E. Kellicott and W. C. Curtis) were unanimously elected. George Lefevre, for president during the year 1918. L. L. Woodruff, for vice-president during the year 1918. M. M. Metcalf, for member, Executive Committee to serve five years. Report of the Treasurer The following financial statement submitted by the SecretaryTreasurer, Caswell Grave, was read and accepted subject to its approval by an Auditing Committee consisting of Prof. H. S. Jennings and S. 0. Mast. Receipts during the year, 1917 : Balance on hand January 1, 1917.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $649.58 Dues for 1916, (8). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dues for 1917, 13 a t 11.50 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149.50 Dues for 1917, 183 a t 7.00 ..................... . . . . 1281.00 Dues for 1917, 62 at 5.00. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dues for 1917, 2 a t 6.50 Life Members.. Dues for 1917, 1 at 4.50 Life Member.. . Divident (4th) Ind’l. Sav. and Loan Go. 29.43 Interest a t 4 per cent on Saving Bank deposits.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Total., . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....... $2504.51 Expenditures during the year, 1917: ........ $2.16 Stationery, stamps, postcards.. . . . . . . . . . . ....... 23.21 20.74 Typewriting and clerical assistance.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Printing announcements Loose leaf book for mem 269 subscriptions for Journals, Wistar Inst.. . . . . . . 1677.00 Total.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $1770.66 8733.85 Balance on hand December 28, 1917. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Report of Auditing Committee The Auditing committee, to which the accounts of the Secretary-Treasurer were submitted in Baltimore January 7 , 1918, has made the following report : PROCEEDINGS 79 Baltimore, Md., January 7, 1918. We have examined the accounts of the Secretary-Treasurer a n d find them to be correct. [Signed] H. S.JENNINGS, S. 0. MAST. RESOLUTIONS The following resolutions were passed by unanimous votes : Concerning Time and Place for Annual Meetings In proposing the resolution concerning affiliations with other biological societies, the Executive Committee made the following statement: The Executive Committee of the American Society of Zoologists wishes to direct attention to the. advantage of frequently holding our mid-wihter meetings at the same place with those of other biological societies. We are already affiliated with the American Society of Naturalists and generally meet in the same place with them, having usually ane common session for the reading of scientific papers and one or more common social gatherings. We’now frequently meet in the same place with others of the biological societies. It is hardly practicable, and probably is not desirable, each year to have all these societies meet in the same city, but it probably could to advantage be arranged to bring a good many of them together each year. When such a group of societies are gathered in one city, it may sometimes be advantageous to have one or possible more sessions in which two or more of the societies join, and a joint dinner or a common smoker for several or perhaps all of the societies is very pleasant. Yet, on the other hand, it would doubtless be unfortunate to have any organization, or any agreement, that would compel invariably joint sessions or even meeting in the same city. Your Executive Committee has considered how to secure the advantages of cooperation between the several societies without any interference with the complete freedom of each society each year to follow its own judgment as to place of meeting and nature of program. Some have suggested having a coordinating society of which we should all be members, but we have felt that this involved probably too much organization, The Physiological, Biochemical, Pharmacological and Pathological Societies have affiliated by a very simplc method, namely by having the presidents and secretaries of the several Societies serve together as a& executive committee for the affiliated group, it being the intention of these four societies to have a common meeting place and some joint sessions. This plan, while well adapted for a small group of societies studying closely related subjects, might 80 AMERICAN SOCIETY OF ZOOLOGISTS not work out so well for a larger more diverse group if it implied an obligation for all the societies to meet together. Something still more flexible seems desirable, some arrangement that leaves each society free from any pressure to meet with the group, if, any year, special considerations should rnake separation advantageous. We propose for your consideration, and, if i t meets your approval, for your adoption, the following plan, namely t o have our President and Secretary instructed t o consult from year to year with the Presidents and Secretaries of the other biological societies in regard to common meeting place, joint sessions for scientific discussion, joint social gatherings, perhaps some avoidance of simultaneous discussion of the same subject in different societies, and a n y other matters of cooperation or coordination t h a t may be proposed. Such consultdtion between the executive officers of the societies would put no pressure upon any society, but would provide a means for working out so much of cooperation and coordination as may from year to year seem natural and advantageous. It is a n arrangement so flexible as not t o interfere with the growth of new interests and special affiliations, and yet it provides for Che consideration annually of the relations between the societies in their meetings. If from such a consultation there should grow closer affiliation between some of the societies, such as has arisen in the Experimental Biology group, this would still not interfere with the continuance of the plan of general consideration of possible joint arrangements for any one year between a still larger number of the societies. The plan we propose t o you seems to give absolute freedom t o each society and not even t o exert pressure upon any, yet will secure t o each a knowledge of the others plans and will provide a means for securing so much of cooperation each year as is desired. We therefore propose to you the following rcsolution :The American Society of Zoologists would call to the attention of the othcr profcssional biological socicties tho advisability of frequently selecting a common time and place for their annual meetings, and the President and Secretaxy are hereby instructed t o consult with their respective Presidents and Secretaries of the American Association of Anatomists, American Society of Naturalists, the Botanical Society of ilmerica, the Ecological Society of America, and The Federation of American Societics for Experimental Biology with the object of accomplishing this purpose for the meetings of 1918. The results of this cpnsultation are to be submitted t o the Executive Committee for a final vote. And we further recommend that this report be brought again t o the Society a t its next annual meeting with a view t o its adoption as a permanent policy. We would call attention to the fact that passing this resolution does not change our relation t o the Society of Naturalists, nor would passing of a similar resolution by an other society interfere with any affiliations i t may already have formed. 81 PROCEEDINGS The Society will note that our present By-Law 2, c contemplates just such action as is now recommended. Defining the duties and privileges of the Secretary-Treasurer , it says : Whenever the proper officers of a number of related societies shall have a conference with a view to determining a common time and place for the several annual meetings, he shall act as the delegate of this Society." Our present Secretary suggests including also the President of the Society in this conference, t o conform t o the plan of the Federation for Experimental Biology, and this suggestion has been embodied in our report. (' The Society, on the motion by Mr. Lefevre, directed that a copy of this resolution be carried to the American Society of Naturalists in session at Pittsburgh. Concerning the Life and Work of Franklin Paine Mall During the year just closing death has'called from our ranks the genial and able anatomist and embryologist Franklin Paine Mall. I n his death American science has lost one of its eminent devotees. Always true to the highest ideals of the investigator and teacher he endeared himself to all who were fortunate enough t o become acquainted with him. His labors have been ended but the influence of his numerous publications and the excellence of his work will continue. I n memory of his worth as a man and a scholar and in recognition of his devotion and contribution t o Zoology we inscribe these minutes in the permanent records of the Society. This resolution was passed by a rising vote. Endorsement qf Work of the Wistar Institute The American Society of Zoologists heartily endorses the existing arrangement regarding the Jou.rnals published by The Wistar Institute and expresses its thanks and appreciation for the services rendered through the Bibliographic Card System. Concerning the Biological Station at Fairport, Iowa The American Society of Zoologists, assembled in Minneapolis, having learned of the recent destruction by fire of the laboratory of the Biological Station a t Fairport, Iowa, extends its sympathy t o the U. S. Bureau of Fisheries, and expresses the earnest hope that means will be found for the early restoration of the building and the resumption of the valuable work of the Station. 82 AMERICAN SOCIETY O F ZOOLOGISTS Of Appreciation f o r the Hospitality of the University of Minnesota The American Society of Zoologists thanks the University of Minnesota and the local committee for the cordial reception and many attentions incident t o the meetings in Minneapolis December 27 and 28, 1917. The Sccretary of the society is hereby instructed t o forward copies of this resolution t o President Burton and to the chairman of the local committee, Prof. H. F. Nachtrieb. I n regard to fisheries WHEREAS,the new economic conditions relating to the nation’s food supply brought upon us by the world-war, make it vitally important t h a t there should be a more thorough development, a greater utilization, and a more intelligent conservation of our fishery resources, and WHEREAS,the Federal Government maintains more than sixty Agricultural Stations, each liberally equipped with materials, funds and men engaged in investigation and experimentation in the interests of agriculture, and WHEREAS,the Federal Government has as yet only one or two very poorly equipped and cheaply conducted stations at which investigation and experimentation in the interests of agriculture may be carried on, therefore be it Resolved by the American Society of Zoologists, that the Congress be reauested t o Drovide a n adeauate number of Fisheries Experiment Stations, equipped with material, funds and expert and pracihal personnel to do for the products of the seas, rivers and lakes what the Agricultural Experiment Stations and the Department of Agriculture are doing so well for the products of the land.” I n regard to problems of North PaciJic WHEREAS,the world-war has brought home to us as never before a realization of the necessity of full and accurate knowledge of our food resources and the necessity of developing and utilizing these resources t o the maximum extent compatible with their adequate conservation, and WHEREAS,our knowledge of the fishery resources of thc North Pacific is very imperfect and wholly inadequate to srrvc as a basis for trustworthy conclusions a s t o the extent and permanence of these resources, or as t o what is necessary for. their preservation, therrfore, be it Resolved by thc Amf.rican Society of Zoologists t h % t the prdpzr tlcpartment or departments of the United States Government, be urged to take such steps as may be necessary t o provide for a comprehensive a n d thorough exploration of the Pacific with a view t o the dcvclopmcnt, PROCEEDINGS 83 greater utilization, and adequate conservation of its fishery resources of whatever kind, and that, if possible, such exploration be undertaken in co-operation with other governments possessing territory bordering the Pacific Ocean. Symposium A t the session held at 2.00 p.m., Friday, December 28, a symposium on the subject, “The Value and Service of Zoological Science” was held with papers as follows: 1. Utilitarian Values, by F. M. Guyer. 2. Philosophical Values, by W. E. Ritter. 3. Value to the Individual, by H. B. Torrey. 4. Spiritual Value, by W. C. Curtis. Arrangement will be made for the publication of these papers. Presidential Address The address by the President of the Society, Maynard M. Metcalf, on the subject, “Darwinism and Nations,’’ will be published in Science. Exhibits The following exhibits were made in room 201 in the Animal Morphology building. 1. Drawings illustrating the Anatomy of the Tubinares. R. M. Strong, Vanderbilt University Medical School. 2. Rabbit with Abnormal Eye Showing the Result of Maternal Antiserum Treatment. M. F. Guyer, University of Wisconsin. 3. The Effect of Removal of Eye-stalks upon Body Color in Cambarus. Charles Zeleny, University of Illinois. 4. Animal Parasites. Franklin D. Barker, University of Nebraska. Papers Read At sessions held during the forenoon and afternoon of Thursday, December 27, and the forenoon of Friday, December 28, papers listed on the program were read, eighteen in full, twentythree by title. FHE ANATOMICAL RECORD, YOL. 14. N O . 1 84 AMERIC.4N SOCIETY O F ZOOLOGISTS Abstracts Abstracts of all papers accepted for the program are printed as part of the proceedings of the meeting.