Proceedings of the American Association of Anatomists one hundred and third annual meeting 1990.код для вставкиСкачать
PROCEEDINGS OF THE AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS ONE HUNDRED AND THIRD MEETING 0 1990 WILEY-LISS, INC. NOTICE OF THE 1991 ANNUAL SPRING FORUM IN CELLULAR & ORGAN BIOLOGY Sponsored by the AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS will be held in CHICAGO, ILLINOIS April 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 1991 A preliminary announcement with details of the meeting will be mailed to the membership of the Association September first HEADQUARTERS WILL BE THE CHICAGO MARRIOTT Abstracts of papers to be presented at the meeting are due in the Program Secretary’s office December 14, 1990 1A PROCEEDINGS PROCEEDINGS OF THE AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS ONE HUNDRED AND THIRD MEETING April 22-26, 1990 By invitation from the Departments of Anatomy of Hahnemann University, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Medical College of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine, Temple University, and the University of Pennsylvania, The Americn Association of Anatomists convened for its 103rd Annual Meeting from the 22nd through the 26th of April, 1990, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The Wyndham Franklin Plaza Hotel served as headquarters for the meeting. Dr. Peter S. Amenta, Dr. E. Marshall Johnson, Dr. Leonard Ross (chairman), Dr. Tage N. Kvist, Dr. J. Robert Troyer, and Dr. Frank A. Pepe, served as hosts for the meeting. ALLIED MEETINGS The Executive Committee of the American Association of Anatomists met from 1O:OO AM to 5:30 PM on Saturday, April 21, 1990; minutes of this meeting appear in these Proceedings. The Association of Anatomy Chairmen held its interim meeting also on Saturday, April 21, 1990 at 6:30 PM with President Cornelius E. Rosse presiding. Kuypers was chaired by Dr. Peter L. Strick entitled "Transneuronal Transport of Herpes Virus". Papers, the presenters and their affiliations were as follows: "Uptake and Trans-Synaptic Transport of AlphaHerpes Viruses in the Rat Central Nervous System" by Dr. J. Patrick Card of E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company; "EM, Immunocytochemical and Autoradiographic Studies of Virus Transport Through the Trigeminal System" by Dr. Jennifer H. La Vail of University of California; and "Transneuornal Transport of Herpes Simplex Virus in the Motor System of Primates" by Dr. Peter L. Strick SUNY Health Science Center at Syracuse. Following these papers there was a presentation of Krieg Cortical Kudos, a Business Meeting, and at 5:oO PM Dr. Stephen T. Kitai of the University of Tennessee, introduced the annual Pinchey M. Harman Memorial Lecturer. The speaker, Dr. Alan Peters, Chairman and Waterhouse Professor of Anatomy, Boston University School of Medicine, spoke on "Neuronal Interrelations in the Cerebral Cortes". A socializer followed the Harman Lecture. SATELLITE CONFERENCES In conjunction with the 103rd Annual Meeting of the Association in Philadelphia, three separate satellite conferences were organized. As has become customary, the Cajal Club Temple University hosted a three-day conference on convened for its annual meeting, the 44th of that "The Anatomical Basis of the Sectional Imaging organization, on Sunday preceding the opening of the Modalities", organized by Dr. Carson D. Schneck on Association's annual session. The theme for the April 19, 20, and 21. 1990 club meeting was "Functional Integration in the The University of Pennsylvania hosted two Basal Ganglia" organized by Drs. Suzanne N. Haber and John R. Sladek of the University of Rochester. conferences; the first on "Intermediate Voltage Papers, the presenters, and their affiliations were as Electron Microscopy and 3-D Imaging" organized by follows: "Functional Circuits of the Basal Ganglia: Dr. Keith R. Porter, Dr. Lee D. Peechey and Karen by Dr. Stephen T. Kitai, The University of L. Anderson, the second on "Current Approaches to Tennessee; "Striatal Compartmental Organization: in Imaging using Light Microscopy" organized by Dr. siru Hybridization Analysis of Function" by Dr. Joseph W. Sanger. Both of these were on Saturday, Charles R. Gerfen, NIMH; "The Development of April 21. Functional Compartments in the Basal Ganglia" by Dr. Derek J. Van der Kooy, University of Toronto; Thomas Jefferson University hosted the third "Functional Integration vs. Segregation through Basal conference on "Computer Aided Instruction" Ganglia Pathways" by Dr. Suzanne N. Haber, organized by Dr. Ronald P. Jensh on Thursday, April University of Rochester; "Factors Promoting Survival 26. and Growth of Dopamine Neurons: Applications for RESUME OF THE MEETING Neural Grafting in the Basal Ganglia" by Dr. Timothy J. Collier, University of Rochester; "The The first session of the meeting was the Functional Anatomy of Movement Disorders" by Dr. Educational Affairs Committee Refresher Course on Roger L. Albin, University of Michigan. "Cellular Cytoskeleton" organized by Dr. Stanley L. Erlandsen of the University of Minnesota. The A Memorial Symposium in Honor of Hans Refresher Course was offered from 3:30-5:30 PM on 2A AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS Sunday April 22, 1990. It featured as speakers Dr. Richard Linck from the Department of Cell Biology and Neuroanatomy, University of Minnesota, who spoke on "New Concepts for Microtubules and Intermediate Filaments" and Dr. Wayne Vogl from the Department of Anatomy, University of British Columbia who spoke on "Actin Filaments: Intracellular Arrangements and Functions". The next session of the 103rd Annual Meeting was a keynote address scheduled from 7:OO8:OO PM on April 22, by Nobel Laureate Dr. Torsten N. Wiesel from Rockefeller University, who spoke on "Neural Mechanisms of Vision". This presentation was sponsored by the Association of Anatomy Chairmen and by JEOL U.S.A., Inc. On Monday, April 23, the Presidential Symposium was held from 8:30-10:30 AM entitled "The Pliable Nervous System: Changing of Synapse Efficacy", organized by Dr. Jerome Sutin from the Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology of Emory University School of Medicine. It featured speakers Dr. Jerome Sutin who spoke on "Does sprouting of one class of terminals change the behavior of other types of synapses?"; Dr. Robert Moore from the Department of Anatomical Sciences of SUNY at Stony Brook who spoke on "Does sprouting change the density of synapses on target neurons?", and Dr. Charles Stevens of the Salk Institute who spoke on "Activity dependent modulation of synapse efficacy: The current status of Hebb's birds-of-a-feather proposal. 'I. Posters were scheduled to be up the entire day on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday. Monday, a segment of the program from 10:30-11:30 AM was reserved for viewing the posters. Chairman of the R. R. Bensley Memorial Lecture Award Committee presented the award. The R. R. Bensley Award has been given each year since 1979 to honor a young scientist who has made distinguished contributions to the advancement of anatomy through discover, ingenuity and publication in the field of cell biology. The 1990 recipient of the R. R. Bensley Award went to Dr. William C. Eamshaw from the Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy of Johns Hopkins University who spoke on "Structural Concerns of the Human Centromere". The first of three Special Topics Sessions was held on Monday, April 23 from 1:15-3:15 PM. The first section of this session was organized by Dr. Story Landis of Case Western Reserve University and was entitled "Multiple Roles of Growth Factors in Neurodevelopment". It featured as speakers: Dr. Eugene Johnson from the Department of Pharmacology of Washington University who spoke on "Why are N.G.F. Receptors Everywhere (Almost)?"; Dr. Jane Dodd from the Department of Physiology of Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons who spoke on "Cell Patterning and Neuronal Recognition in Spinal Cord"; Dr. Story Landis who spoke on "Target-derived Factor(s) Determine Neurotransmitter Phenotype". The second section was organized by Dr. Carl Feldherr from the Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology of the University of Florida and entitled "Nuclear-Cytoplasmic Interactions". It featured as speakers: Dr. Gerd Maul of Wistar Institute who spoke on "Morphology of the Nuclear Pores and Related Structures"; Dr. Carl Feldherr who spoke on "The Function of the Nuclear Pores in Macromolecular Exchange"; Dr. Pamela Silver from the Department of Biology of Princeton University who spoke on "Biochemical and Genetic Analysis of Nuclear Protein Import". The Association of Anatomy Chairmen A special platform session was scheduled Public Affairs Committee, presented a Workshop on Low-Level Radioactive Waste from 10:30 AM to from 3:30-5:OO PM organized by the Advisory 1290 PM. The moderator was Dr. Gordon Kaye, Committee of Young Anatomists, co-chairpersons Dr. Chairman, New York State Low-Level Waste Group Judy A. Gamer and Dr. Kurt F. Hauser, with six who spoke on the following issues: Background of students presenting. From these six students, the the Problem; States and Compacts; Federal 1990 Jan Langman Awards were chosen. Milestones; Consequences of Failure to meet The Charles Judson Hemck Memorial Milestones. The panel participants were the Hon. Angelo Orazio, Chairman, NYS Low-Level Lecture took place on April 24 at 5:30-6:30 PM. Radioactive Waste Siting Commission; Dr. John The recipient of the award, Dr. David Anderson, Randall, Project Director for Low-Level Radioacative Division of Biology, California Institute of Waste Disposal, NYS Energy Research and Technology spoke on "Development and Plasticity of Development Authority; Mr. William Dornsife, Chief, a Neural Crest-derived Biopotential Progenitor Cell". Division of Nuclear Safety, Department of The Vice-presidential Symposium, held Environmental Resources, State of Pennsylvania; Mr. John R. Vincenti, Executive Secretary, Appalachian Tuesday, April 24 from 8:30-10:30 AM and entitled "Gene Knockout in Development" was organized by Compact of Users of Radioactive Isotopes. Dr. Donald A. Fischman from the Department of The Bensley Memorial Lecture was scheduled Cell Biology and Anatomy of Cornell University. from 11:30 AM - 12:30 PM. Dr. Robert Cardell, The speakers were as follows: Dr. Alexandra Joyner, PROCEEDINGS from the Division of Molecular & Developmental Biology of Mt. Sinai Hospital Research Institute who spoke on "Role of the Mammalian Engrailed-like Genes in CNS Development"; Dr. Rudolph Jaenisch from the Department of Biology of Whitehead Institute, Massachusetts Institute of Biology, spoke on "Induction of Developmental Mutations in Transgenic Mice". The second Special Topic Session was held April 24 from 10:45 AM to 12:45 PM. It was organized by Dr. Robert D. Specian from the Department of Anatomy of Louisiana State University, Shreveport. The first section of this session was entitled "Frontiers in Mucin Biology". The speakers were Dr. Marian Neutra from the Department of Anatomy and Cellular Biology of Harvard Medical School who spoke on "New Approaches: Monolayer Culture Systems and Transgenic Mice"; Dr. Daniel K. Podolsky of Harvard University, Massachusetts General Hospital who spoke on "Complexities of Mucin Glycoprotein Structure"; Dr. Judith St. George of the University of California who spoke on "Biology of Goblet Cells in Respiratory Airways". The second section was entitled "Membrane-Cytoskeleton Interactions: Mechanism and Regulation" organized by Dr. Mary Beckerly from the Department of Biology of the University of Utah. The speakers were: Dr. Paul Forscher from the Department of Biology of Yale University who spoke on "The Cytomechanics of Neuronal Growth Cone Motility"; Dr. Sally Zigmond from the Department of Biology of the University of Pennsylvania who spoke on Leukocyte Actin Assembly Regulated by Chemoattractants"; Dr. Mary Beckerly who spoke on "Actin-Membrane Interaction of Sites of Cell-Substratum Adhesion"; Dr. Clayton Buck of Wistar Institute who spoke on "Integrins as Transmembrane Mediators of CytoskeletonExtracellular Matrix Interactions". The third section was entitled "New Perspectives on the Control of Bird Flight" organized by Dr. Arthur English from the Department of Anatomy and Cell biology of Emory University. The featured speakers were: Dr. Colin J. Pennycuick from the Department of Biology of the University of Miami who spoke on "Structures and Structural Materials in the Wings of Flying Vertebrates"; Dr. Robert S. Hikida from the Department of Zoological and Biomedical Sciences of Ohio University College of Osteopathic Medicine spoke on "Are Bird Muscles just a Modification of the Mammalian Plan?"; Dr. George E. Goslow, Jr., from the Division of Biology and Medicine of Brown University who spoke on "The Neural Control of Flight: What we can Learn from the Starling (Sturnus vulgaris)"; Dr. John Steeves from the Department of Zoology of The University of British Columbia who spoke on "Neural Control of Avian Locomotion: Is it Different?". 3A The Annual Business Meeting of the Association was scheduled from 12:45 - 2:OO PM on Tuesday, April 24. Following the Business Meeting there was a symposium sponsored by the Educational Affairs Committee on "Immunocontraception: Vaccines for the Male and Female", organized by Dr. John Herr from the Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology of University of Virginia School of Medicine. The featured speakers were: Dr. Bonnie Dunbar from the Department of Cell Biology of Bay lor University who spoke on "Developmentally Regulated Ovarian Antigens and Their Roles in Fertility"; Dr. Paul Primakoff from the Department of Physiology of the University of Connecticut who spoke on "Progress Toward a Birth Control Vaccine that Blocks Sperm Function". The Presidential Awards Session was scheduled from 8:OO-1O:OO PM. The Presidential awards session began with the presidential address delivered by Dr. Jerome Sutin from the Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology of Emory University, Atlanta who spoke on "The State of Anatomy and of the American Association of Anatomists in 1990". Both the Bensley and Herrick Awards had been presented following their respective lectures. President Sutin called on Dr. Judy Gamer of the Advisory Committee of Young Anatomists to present the Jan Langman Award. The winners were selected from six students who presented a special platform session organized by the Advisory Committee of Young Anatomists. The winner of the Jan Langman Award war Howard D. Pomeranz of the Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons. Students receiving honorable mention were Robert Mandell and H. T. Safferstein. President Sutin then called on Dr. Kurt Hauser who presented the Dissertation Award sponsored by the Advisory Committee of Young Anatomists and the Association of Anatomy Chairmen. The winner was Delia Ines Lug0 from the Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology of Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, whose dissertation was entitled "Proopiomelanocortin gene expression and peptide hormone secretion in the developing rat pituitary gland". President Sutin next called on Dr. Susan Herring, Chairperson of the Basmajian/Williams and Wilkins Award Committee to present the award for 1990. The winner was Cornelia E. Famum from the Department of Anatomy of the College of Veterinary Medicine, Comell University, Ithaca, New York. In addition, there were honorable mentions given to Richard T. Ambron of Columbia and William J. Babler of Baylor Dental School. 4A AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS President Sutin called upon Dr. Roger Markwald, Chairman of the Henry Gray Award Committee to present the Award. Dr. Markwald stated that he was pleased to present the 1990 Henry Gray Award to Dr. Sanford PaIay, Professor Emeritus of Harvard Medical School. President Sutin then called upon Dr. John Pauly to give a special award of excellence to Dr. Charles E. Slonecker during his term of office as Program Secretary of the Association. The Council of President's Breakfast convened at 7:30-9:30 AM on April 25. The first organized session on Wednesday April 25, was the Morphogenesis and Developmental Biology Symposium entitled "Angiogenesis: The Cellular and Developmental Biology of the Vascular System". This symposium was organized by Dr. Richard Feinberg from the Department of Anatomy of the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey. Speakers for the symposium were: Dr. Judah Folkman from the Department of Anatomy and Cellular Biology of Harvard University who spoke on "Switch to Angiogenesis During Tumorigenesis"; Dr. Drew Noden from the Department of Anatomy of New York State College of Veterinary Medicine who spoke on "Origins and Assembly of Embryonic Endothelial Channels"; Dr. Thomas Poole from the Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology of SUNY Upstate Medical Center who spoke on "Endothelial Cell Origin and the Morphogenesis of Embryonic Vascular Patterns"; Dr. Ken Thomas from the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Merck, Sharp & Dohme Research Laboratories who spoke on "The Structure Stability and in vivo Activities of Acidic FGF". There were four platform sessions scheduled for Wednesday morning: one on "Gross Anatomy" co-chaired by Drs. John Basmajian and W. Stewart; one on "Male Reproductive System" co-chaired by P. J. Gardner and J. C. Herr; one on "Lymphoid Tissues" co-chaired by K. P. Chepenik and D. Osmond; one on "Female Reproductive System" co-chaired by E. Anderson and P. K. Lala. The third Special Topic Session took place on Wednesday afternoon entitled "Regulation of the Cell Cycle" organized by Gary C. Schoenwolf from the Department of Anatomy of the University of Utah. Speakers for the session were as follows: Dr. Kathryn Swenson from the Department of Anatomy and Cellular Biology of Harvard Medical School who spoke on "Cyclins and Regulation of the Cell Cycle in Early Embryos"; Dr. Edward Salmon from the Department of Biology of the University of North Carolina who spoke on "Microtubule Dynamics and Chromosome Movement"; Dr. Thomas Schroeder from the Friday Harbour Laboratories of the University of Washington who spoke on "The Contractile Ring: Motor for Cvtokenesis". Also on Wednesday afternoon, the Educational Affairs Committee sponsored "Innovations in Electronic Anatomy" organized by Dr. Mark Nathanson of the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey. The speakers were: Dr. Robert Chase from the Department of Surgery of Stanford University who spoke on "The Electronic Cadaver"; Dr. David Whitlock from the Department of Cellular & Structural Biology of the University of Colorado who spoke on "Three-Dimensional Computer Images of Human Anatomy"; Dr. Cornelius Rosse from the Department of Biological Structure of the University of Washington who spoke on "The Presentation of Spatial and Abstract Knowledge in Computer-Readable Form". Also sponsored by the Educational Affairs Committee was a program entitled "Scanning Tunnelling Microscopy" organized by Dr. Robert 0. Kelley from the Department of Anatomy of the University of New Mexico. The speakers were: Dr. John A. Panitz from the Department of Anatomy of the University of New Mexico who spoke on "Scanning Tunnelling Microscopy: Status and Prospects for Biological Imaging"; Dr. Stewart M. Lindsay from the Department of Physics of Arizona State University who spoke on "STM Images of Nucleic Acids in Water"; Dr. Paul E. West of Quanscan, Inc., Pasadena, who spoke on "STM Techniques". A workshop on "Scanning Tunnelling Microscopy" was held immediately following the session. In addition to sessions already mentioned, there were platform presentations and poster sessions on each day of the meeting. The meeting officially ended at 5:30 PM on Wednesday, April 25, 1990. There were 402 papers presented either from the platform or by poster demonstration. Total registration for the meeting was 845 individuals as follows: 458 members, 80 non-members, 57 spouses, 219 students and 31 commercial exhibitors. MINUTES OF THE BUSINESS MEETING President Jerome Sutin called the Business Meeting to order at 12:45 PM on April 24, 1990 at the Franklin Wyndham Plaza Hotel in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He announced that the minutes of the Business Meeting of the 102nd annual session of the Association held on April 21, 1989 in New Orleans, Louisiana had been printed in the proceedings of that session. They were published in The Anatomical Record. The minutes were approved as published. The President next called upon Dr. Robert D. Yates Secretary-Treasurer, for a financial report for the year 1989. Dr. Yates explained that two financial statements, one for the general account of the Association, another for the Journal Trust Fund, PROCEEDINGS had been made available as members entered the room for the Business Meeting. He briefly explained the financial statements for the general fund, bringing to the attention of the membership the income and expenses from the meetings citing the increasing costs. Dr. Yates stated there had not been a dues increase in a number of years, which along with inflation and the investment being made in the symposia and workshops had resulted in increasing deficits. He also presented a financial accounting of the Joumal Trust Fund. The financial statements both for the general fund and for the Journal Trust Fund appear in these Proceedings. Dr. Sutin next called on Dr. Marilyn Zimny, Chairperson of the 1990 auditing Committee, for a report. Dr. Zimny announced that on March 20, 1990, the Auditing Committee had examined the books and records of the American Association of Anatomists for the calendar year 1989 and had found them to be correct and in proper order. The report of the Auditing Committee was signed both by Dr. Zimny and Dr. Mary Anderson. 5A period. Dr. Slonecker was lauded for his excellent term as program secretary. Dr. Zimny reported that the future meeting sites are listed in the program. Dr. Zimny said that the meeting in San Diego in 1993 will be joint one with the Japanese Association of Anatomists. She briefly outlined the plans for the 104th meeting of the Association in Chicago in 1991. She also briefly outlined the program for the Chicago meeting. Dr. Yates announced the results of the election: Dr. William P. Jollie, President Elect; Dr. Keith O’Steen, 2nd Vice President; Drs. George Martin and Mary Desmond, Executive Committee Members. Dr. Sutin then read the list of appointments by the Executive Committee for representation on councils and for membership to the various standing committees of the Association. These appointments had been confirmed by the Executive Committee at its meeting the previous Saturday. All appointments were approved unanimously. A listing of all such committee members and representatives appears in President Sutin next called on the Secretary- these proceedings. Dr. George Erikson was Treasurer for a report on membership. Dr. Yates appointed Archivist Historian. announced that the total membership as of March 31, 1990 is 2,633. This includes 1 honorary member, 16 Dr. Sutin advised that the Executive deceased members, 18 resignations, 95 individuals Committee had recommended that the dues be who will be dropped for non-payment of dues and 79 increased from $40.00 to $60.00 with the stipulation new members. Dr. Yates announced that a listing of that 10% of the total be allocated for public affairs candidates proposed for membership had been made and public education purposes; that the dues for available on entrance to the room and had been students and foreign members, and emeritus members approved by the Executive Committee. Dr. Sutin remain unchanged. Dr. Yates then reported on the called for acceptance of all of the proposed members. financial aspects of why the increase is necessary. All 79 were approved unanimously for membership; After discussion on this issue; the amendment to a listing of new members appears in these stipulate 10% for public education was voted on and Proceedings. Dr. Yates read the names of members passed; another amendment was proposed that the who had died during the year and asked members dues be increased to $75.00. This amendment was present to stand for a moment of silence in tribute to voted on and passed. these colleagues. Dr. Sutin next opened the floor for any other Next Dr. Sutin called on Dr. Roger topics of business, old or new. Professor Markwald, chairman of the Honorary Membership Scheuermann invited the Association to have a joint Committee, for his report and recommendations. Dr. meeting with The Anatomical Society of East Markwald reported that there were no candidates for Germany. Dr. Zimny stated that joint meetings had honorary membership at this time. been discussed for New York in 1992 and Boston in 1994. A motion was made that the Executive President Sutin called upon Dr. Charles E. Committee explore the possibility of having a joint Slonecker for a report on the present meeting. Dr. meeting with the EMSA. The motion passed. Slonecker stated that there were 15 fewer registrants than for the 102nd meeting in New Orleans. Things Dr. Sutin returned to the item of old business have gone very well with the meetings and it has been the first time in his eight years as program regarding the method by which the ballots are chairman where the focus was on neuroscience in the tabulated. An amendment to the Constitution was first two days and on development and cell biology distributed at the New Orleans meeting and on the second two. Dr. Slonecker felt that it is a represented a first reading and is to be acted upon at good model for the meeting, not to bring all of the this meeting. The amendment passed regarding the people in at the same time but over a four day change in the Constitution, Section 2. 6A AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS Dr. Sutin stated that the last item on the Agenda was to inform the membership of activities of the Publications Committee. Saturday, the Executive Committee had decided that a ballot would be sent to the membership asking whether the word "Anatomy" or an equivalent term such as "Anatomical" should be included in the title of at least one of the Journals. The Publications Committee also had a meeting interviewing candidates for editorship of the journal entitled Developmental Dynamics sponsored by the American Association of Anatomists. The Anatomical Record will continue to be published as the Anatomical ___ Record but will appear in two series. Series A will have a subtitle indicating its concentration in the field of Cell Biology and series B will have a subtitle indicating its concentration in the field of Systems Biology. Dr. Sutin opened discussion to the floor. Dr. Leblond made the motion that there be a mail ballot on the question as mentioned. The motion carried. The next portion of the business meeting was devoted to a floor discussion of the journal publications specifically the Publications Committees recommendations on the Anatomical Record. Dr. Kelly asked that a vote of thanks begiven to Dr. Charles Slonecker for the fine science at this meeting. We also owe him a great debt of gratitude for almost a decade of dedicated service as the Program Secretary. The meeting adjourned at 2:OO PM. Financial Statement for the year 1989 INCOME Cash balance on hand 1/1/89 Receipts from dues Sustaining Associate Membership Interest income Registration Income From Exhibits Directories Membership lists Classified Funds transferred from savings R.R. Bensley Memorial Funds Interest Miscellaneous Income TOTAL INCOME EXPENSES Office Supplies Postage Telephone Office Equipment Travel Expenses, officers, representatij es, committee members Convention Expense Printing Secretarial (secy-treasurer, program secy offices) $56,566.60 74,544.60 3,750.00 3,080.84 45,905.00 24,400.00 100.00 900.00 1,200.00 13,134.03 798.00 900.64 225,229.71 2,553.56 6,768.51 2,391.17 9,497.06 33,171.19 94,270.34 26,947.24 21,241.04 7A PROCEEDINGS 1,850.00 9,500.00 5,700.00 3,500.00 2,039.82 675.00 1,610.91 Symposia Speakers Student Bursaries Dues, NABR, AAMC Committee Funds Awards Professional Expenses Interest credited to sabings 22 1,7 15.84 TOTAL EXPEIVSES $ 3,513.87 BALANCE ON HAND 12/31/89 AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS Journal Trust Fund Year Ended December 31, 1989 456,324.52 Principal Balance 12/31/88 Money Market Interest Income CMA Money Market Guardian S & L Bayview S & L California Federal S & L NCNB TX Natl. Bank First Fed Mich S & L Northeast S & L 7,393.63 1,857.91 1,232.29 1.01 1.11 4,309.03 1,479.25 2.098.05 19,38 1.27 Dividend Income Am Info Tech Corp. NYNEX Pacific Telesis Southwestern Bell Norton Company Northern Power Memll Lynch Retirement Benefit Government Plus Mutual Fund Eaton Vance Prime R Reserve 578.16 564.96 488.40 508.86 200.00 61.20 6,834.77 10,759.46 1.412.05 Royalties 88.310.37 2 1.407.86 88.3 10.37 129.099.50 TOTAL INCOME Disbursements 60.403.1 1 Publications TOTAL DISBURSEMENTS 60.43.1 1 8A AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS 525,020.91 Principal Balance 12/31/89 Principal Account as of 12/31/89 Stocks 99 shares Am. Info Tech Corp. 15 shares Northern States Power 100 shares Norton Company 132 shares NYNEX 264 shares Pacific Telesis 198 shares southwestern Bell 34 shares Union Carbide 3,677.82 13 4 1.55 1,271.80 3,503.36 3,161.57 3,368.75 1.532.95 18.057.80 107,834.57 30,000.00 CMA Money Market CD- First Federal of Mich S & L - CN-NCNBTX - Columbia S & L Mutual Funds Investment Portfolio-Govt Plus Eaton Vance Prime R Reserve ML Retirement Benefit 50,000.00 25,000.00 122,216.10 5 1,414.4 12.0,498.04 NEW MEMBERS 1990 * INDICATES STUDENT MEMBERS Michael D. Kawaja Paul F. Aravich Matthew J. Cukierski Steven D. Bain Ajit Singh Dhawan *S. A. Larsen Holli Bemstein-Goral Ellen R. Dirksen *Mong-Ting Lee Joseph C. Besharse *Eileen C. Foley Yungchang Lee Abraham J. Bezuidenhout Dorothy A. Frenz Marla B. Luskin Robert M. Bowker George E. Goslow, Jr. Jean E. Magney *Richard E. Brown *Barbara A. Hannah Kevin J. McCarthy *Gilbert A. Burns Yoshikage Higashi John K. McDonald *Kenneth B. Hisley William D. Meek David B. Burr *Anthony A. Capehart Esem Perira Cerqueira Howard T. Chang *Teresa Ann Conner-Ken James B. Hutchins *Mark Hysell Armando Menendez-Palaez Maria A. Miglino Keitaro Isokawa John D. Moury Yasutomo Iwai-Liao E. Hazel Murphy Douglas A. Cotanche Midrag S. Jovanivic David P. Crockett Gerald J. Kane *Julie Anne Napieralski Monica Oblinger 9A PROCEEDINGS Martha E. O'Donnell Sherry L. Rogers Katherine I. Swenson *John G. Osborne Dean Schraufnagel G.Teo!ilovski-Parapid *Marie Patestas *Caroline K. Scott Malcom C. Townsley Thomas Pexieder Dyal N. P. Singh Robert B. Trelease *David C. Pfeiffer George E. Sleek, Jr. *Michele A. Urban Karl H. Pfenninger Richard J. Smeyne Juan DeDios Vial Dwight R. Pierce Alan J. Sokoloff Sashi Wadhwa J. R. Ptashekas *Richard Steinfeld *Jun Wang Wolfgang Rauschning William B. Stewart James E. Weber Linda M. Rinaman Thomas J. Strasmann Alerick 0. Welsh Barry R. J. Rittman Joel A. Swanson *Wutian Wu Richard L. Sutton MINUTES OF THE COUNCIL OF PRESIDENTS MEETLNG The Council of Presidents convened for a breakfast meeting at 8:OO AM in Salon 10 on April 25, 1990. Dr. Jerome Sutin presided. Dr. Sutin stated that he wanted to spend the time addressing the issues that had confronted the Executive Committee over the last year and then give Dr. Hitchcock, President-Elect, a chance to discuss plans for the coming year. Dr. Sutin stated that this year all members of the Executive Committee were equipped with a modem and they were put on Bitnet for expediency in the exchange of information. Dr. Sutin stated that the Bitnet had proven to be very effective. One of the areas in which it was used recently was when a discovery was made that certain institutes of the NIH were setting aside approximately 20% of their budgets for discretionary purposes. He stated that this 20% was used to fund programs which were below the pay line. Dr. Sutin stated that a letter had been written to Dr. Murray Goldstein at the National Institutes of Health and had received the approval of the Executive Committee through Bitnet. As a result of that conversation, a meeting with Dr. Goldstein had been scheduled to take place after the Association's meeting in Philadelphia. Whether the FAX machine will replace the Bitnet is open to question, but nevertheless the Executive Committee will be able to do its business throughout the year and not just at the interim meeting and the annual meeting" of the Association. One principal issue for discussion relates to the meetings. Several years ago it was decided to hold meetings in major metropolitan areas. This was done with the hope that the local members of the Anatomy Departments of the Medical Schools would participate and expand the numbers present. Dr. Sutin stated it was a little too early to tell what affect it is having. He stated that the abstracts have steadily declined over the years. The question was raised as to how many abstracts were rejected, Dr. Slonecker stated that this year none were rejected. The disadvantage of meeting in major cities is the cost of the hotels, so the Executive Committee agreed that starting in 1996 we would shift to a resort city and Dr. Zimny reported that the meeting in 1996 will be held in Orlando at the Hilton Hotel. Dr. Sutin stated that he hoped we could stabilize the meeting at about 1,000 registrants. He said that the mini-conference concept should help attract people to the meetings. Dr. Sutin stated that we would be sponsoring a symposium at the AAAS meeting in Washington in November, 1990. Dr. Sutin then moved the discussion to a consideration of the journals issue and stated what the Executive Committee had decided. First the focus of the American Journal of Anatomy will be changed to a developmental journal with the _____ Anatomical Record remaining unaltered at this time. He also addressed the issue of conjoint meetings with other academic societies such as the pharmacology and experimental therapeutics group and physiologists and nutritionists. These three groups are a part of FASEB and we would be meetinir semratelv but V ' 10A AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS would have conjoint seminars between the four societies. Other groups that we could affiliate with would be the histochemists or the Electronmicroscope Society of America. They do have different meeting times however: i.e., different from ours. Dr. Sutin stated that the Developmental Biologists were supposed to merge with the American Society for Cell Biology, but that the referendum from the membership indicated that it had failed and that perhaps the Anatomists should consider inviting that group to meet with us. Dr. Sutin stated that a matter which had evoked a lot of discussion was the area of contributing funds for public education. He said that the Public Affairs Committee had been reporting to the Executive Committee on an annual basis. The Association of Anatomy Chairmen had become involved in public affairs and they had increased their dues from $100 to $300 and with the extra $200 being committed to public education. Dr. Kelley stated that there were specific regulations on 501C3 organizations in terms of lobbying efforts that they can legally become engaged in and this was a subject of some concern at the AAMC. He also stated that there was a fine line of distinction between lobbying and educational issues. He also addressed the issue of organizations hiring professional lobbyists to carry out lobbying activitie:. and whether or not this would be considered legal. until a specific time and that Dr. Yates would publish the cut-off date in the Newsletter of the American Association of Anatomists. Theoretically or hopefully all of the papers that are submitted to the American Journal of Anatomy will have been published prior to the first issue of the ___ Developmental Dynamics journal. No one will have their paper reviewed a second time and once a paper has been accepted, it will be published. These are the principal issues that the Executive Committee has been dealing with for the past year. Dr. Sutin returned to the Journals issue which is a major matter that ha5 been addressed by the Executive Committee over the last year. He said that the Publications Committee had recommended a candidate to be an editor of the American Journal of _-Anatomy which will become Developmental Dynamics,. Dr. Paul Goetinck is now at the Scripts Cancer Center in LaJolla, California. He is a very highly regarded scientist. He has a very diversified approach to science. He can deal with molecular biology as well as structure. The major concerns of the Executive Committee are the costs for the venture. These must be addressed. Dr. Skitin stated that according to Dr. Yates the meetings had cost between $35,000 and $40,000 over the period of the last 3-4 years and he stated that dues for the Association would be increased to $75.00 as was approved at the Business Meeting by the membership of the Association on April 23, 1990. Meeting costs must be factored into the total costs of running the Association to include the journals. Dr. Sutin stated that Dr. Yates, Dr. Hitchcock and Dr. Jollie would be meeting with Paul Goetinck and the appropriate persons at Wiley-Liss to determine how the cost for the new journal would be shared. Dr. Yates and Dr. Zimny stated that the socializer would probably be scaled down at the next meeting. It was pointed out that the registration fees had been raised to $75.00 which hopehlly would help to offset the costs of the meetings. Dr. Hitchcock was asked to talk about her plans for the Association for the coming year. Dr. Hitchcock stated that she was very happy with the mini-conference approach to the meetings and felt that this would be a great asset. She intends to continue them. Dr. Hitchcock said that she was very interested in the publications issue and plans to pursue the matter at greater length over the next year and also is most interested in marketing the meetings of the Association. It was stated that the student rate and the post-doctoral rate for membership in the Association would remain at $20.00 but members dues would be expanded to $75.00. It was also suggested that emeritus members or retired members have a place to check on the dues notice if they would llke to make a contribution to the association. The history of the socializer was briefly reviewed. Several years ago, we had a banquet at the meeting and in addition to that a smoker with beer and pretzels. The members paid for banquet tickets. Subsequently we did away with the banquet then the smoker gradually became a dinner party and it is costing the Association an inordinate amount of money. The entire matter of costs of social affairs to the Association will be reviewed in 1990-91. The Council of Presidents Meeting concluded at 9:05 AM. APPENDIX I Minutes of the Interim Meeting of the Executive committee September 30, 1989 Wyndham Franklin Plaza Hotel Philadelphia, Pennsylvania A question was raised as to the transition The minutes of the Annual Meeting of the period between the American Journal nf Anatomy and the new Developmental Dynamics journal. Dr. Executive Committee of the American Association of Pauly stated that it was the intent of the American Anatomists held in New Orleans, Louisiana, April 8, Journal of Anatomy to continue to receive papers up 1989 were approved as circulated. 11A PROCEEDINGS Dr. Sutin moved the meeting to a consideration of the deliberations of the Publications Committee. He stated that the Publications Committee met in New York in June and have submitted a series of interim recommendations which they would like to consider before they go to the next meeting in Puerto Rico. First,only the American Journal of Anatomy will be altered at thi5 time and will become a developmental biology journal and the committee recommends that the title "Patterns in Development" be considered. The Anatomical Record will be published in two series; one in CglJ _B i o l o a , and the second in Systems Biologv. This decision is in response to the general comments from the membership. If the Executive Committee accepts these proposals then the Publications Committee will present recommendations for editors. Dr. Sutin suggested that we discuss the general recommendations of the Publications Committee at this time. Namely that the American Journal of Anatomy be changed and The Anatomical Record be published in two series. A remark was made that it was probably best to focus on changing one of the Journals since some members opposed changing both of them simultaneously. It was suggested that after one had been changed and assessed, then altering the second could be considered. It was stated that the recent attempts to combine the Society of Developmental Biology with the American Society for Cell Biology could cause some difficulty for the American Association of Anatomists in providing a forum for the developmental groups. Some members wondered how much of a niche we would have with the Developmental Biologists in view of the fact that there are currently two journals in that field. However, it was stated that the Publications Committee had carefully considered a potential niche for the new Developmental Biology Journal which will replace the American Journal of Anatomy. Dr. Yates said that he had spoken to Ann Epner about the royalty arrangements with the American Journal of Anatomy and The Anatomical Record. Ann Epner had told him that the institutional subscriptions for the American Journal of Anatomy for 1988 were 1,205 in number but in 1989 dropped to 1,155. Dr. Sutin reported that he had asked A n n Epner whether or not she felt there was a market for a new developmental journal and her response was yes. The meeting was moved to a consideration of the Publications Committee recommendations: 1. That the American Journal Anatomy be changed to developmental journal. Recommendation # I was accepted unanimously. of a 2. That the Anatomical Record be organized into t w o series; Series A, Cell Biology and Series B, Systems Biology. The question was asked whether or not there will be two separate journals or a single journal with separate issues. Dr. Sutin stated that he was not certain if the Publications Committee had envisioned one volume divided into two series or whether there would be two separate volumes. It was stated that the idea was to have two sections in one issue. The matter of the publication of the Anatomical Record as a single journal in two series was put to vote by the Executive Committee and was approved unanimously. Dr. Sutin then asked the Executive Committee to consider the possibility of reduced subscription rates to the Journals for members of the Association. This was a recommendation of the Publications Committee, i.e., that the subscription rates be reduced for members and included in their recommendations would be the option to subscribe to the Journal of Comparative Neurology. Each member would then be given the opportunity to subscribe to one of the three Journals at a reduced subscription rate. The current subscription rdte is about $550.0() per year. Dr. Yates stated that he had discussed with Ann Epner the possibility of reducing the rate for members and that she had responded that perhaps this might be possible. Dr. Yates emphasized that the membership subscriptions must be tied to institutional subscriptions, e:g., an individual at an institution would not be eligible for the reduced subscription rate if the institution did not subscribe to the Journal. Dr. Kelley felt that the Association should not subsidize the subscription to the Journal below publisher's cost. The feeling was that we should get the lowest realistic figure for publication cost\ from the publishers and then offer the Journal5 to the membership at that price. Subscriptions would be on a voluntary basis. Dr. Sutin said that he would like for Anit Epner to meet with the Publications Committee in San Juan, Puerto Rico. The Executive Committee approved this suggestion. Dr. Sutin stated that it would be appropriate. he felt, to appoint a member of the Young Anatomists to the Publications Committee. A motion was made, seconded and passed that a young anatomist be appointed to the Committee. The question was raised as to whom should select the young anatomist for the Committee. It was suggested that the Chairman of the Advisory Committee of Young Anatomists submit 2 names t o 12A AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS Dr. Ralston for consideration by the Publications Committee. Diego, 1994 in Boston, and are negotiating with San Francisco for 1995. Dr. Sutin said that there was a su6-committee of the Publications Committee charged with the responsibility of suggesting editors for the Journals and they have four names, two of whom had agreed to be considered. Dr. Yates said that it was written in the Constitution that the Executive Committee had to approve the editors of the Journal. Dr. Markwald asked about the cost of the New Orleans meeting and Dr. Yates responded that the overage was about $25,000. Dr. Markwald asked what we intended to do about this. Dr. Yates responded that the registration fees for the meeting in Philadelphia had been increased. He then gave the proposed registration fees for the Philadelphia meeting; $75.00 for members and $85.00 for nonmembers. In addition to that there would be a daily registration fee of $50.00 if an individual wanted to attend a single day’s sessions. The idea is to make the meetings pay for themselves. A motion was made by the Executive Committee to bring to the membership a proposal for increasing the annual dues in the American Association of Anatomists. The motion was duly seconded and unanimously approved by the Executive Committee. This matter must be placed on the Agenda for the Annual Business Meeting in Philadelphia. Dr. Markwald said that Dr. Sutin should bring this matter to the membership at the Annual Meeting. It is necessary for the Executive Committee to consider the responses that had been received on the Publications issue. Dr. Yates stated that he had letters that fell into three categories; 1) reorganize one journal, 2) reorganize both journals, 3) no major changes. He further stated that there were 16 letters in the first and second categories and the third had about 10 letters. Thirteen responded to reorganize one journal and eight to reorganize both journals. It should be recorded in the minutes that Dr. Yates presented a report of the meeting the Executive Committee has considered seriously those letters submitted by the membership which of the International Federation of Associations of Anatomists, held in Rio De Janiero, August 6-1 1, suggest that there be no changes in the Journals. 1989. Dr. William Jollie and Dr. Robert Yates Dr. Sutin then moved the meeting to a represented the American Association of Anatonlists consideration of the AAA meeting in 1995. An as delegates to the Congress. Dr. Yates was an earlier decision was reinforced that we not alternate. At the meeting of delegates, the following necessarily have a host institution sponsoring an business was accomplished: A Constitution of the annual meeting. Dr. Slonecker stated that we have Federative International Congress of Anatomists was made the decision that we are going to meet in major completed and adopted. Actually this Constitution metropolitan areas; such as Philadelphia, New was approved unanimously by the delegates in In addition a treasurer (Dr. Robert Orleans, Chicago, New York. The concept of attendance. meeting in a resort area was seriously considered by Yates) was elected by the delegates. A decision was the Executive Committee. Dr. Zimny stated that Salt made to hold the next International Congress of Lake City had expressed a desire to host our meeting Anatomists in Lisbon in 1994. The Portuguese will as well as Orlando. These two areas met with the serve as the host group. A nomenclature committee of the Congress was elected by the delegates at this approval of the Executive Committee. meeting. The individuals who will serve on the A great deal of discussion centered on the nomenclature committee are as follows: meeting format as well as the potential sites for Dr. George Martin, United States of 1. future meetings. Dr. Sutin returned to a America consideration of whether or not we wanted to restrict the meetings to metropolitan areas. The consensus 2. Dr. Whitmore, Secretary General of of the Executive Committee was that the meeting the Anatomical Society of Great should not be restricted solely to large metropolitan Britain & Ireland. Dr. Whitmore was areas, but rather resort areas should be considered. asked to be the temporary Convener It was suggested by Dr. Zimny, the program until the Committee elects a chairman chairman-elect, that we alternate between large and secretary. metropolitan areas and resort areas in the future. Dr. Slonecker stated that in 1995, in his judgment, we Dr. Vollrath, President of the German 3. should stay with the San Francisco setting and in Anatomical Society. 1996 look at a resort area such as Orlando. Dr. Landis asked about future meeting sites and Dr. Slonecker responded that in 1991 we would be in Chicago. 1992 in New York, 1993 in San 4. Dr. Klika, President of the Czechoslovakian Anatomical Association. PROCEEDINGS 5. Dr. Grignol, Secretary General of the French Association of Anatomists. 6. Dr. Dhem, President of the Belgium Association of Anatomists. 7. Dr. Brapes, President of the Brazilian Association of Anatomists. 8. Dr. Sprumont, Secretary General of the Swiss Association of Anatomists. 9. Dr. K. Yasuta, President of the Japanese Anatomical Association. 10. Dr. R. Smith, Secretary General of of the Australian Association Anatomists 11. Dr. Keith Moore, from the Canadian Association of Anatomists. 12. Dr. Lee Di Dio from the United States of America. A dues schedule for member organizations was presented. The dues are as follows: 1-50 members, $50.00 per year; 51-100 members, $80.00 per year; 101-200 members, $120.00 per year; 201500 members, $150.00 per year; 501-800 members, $400.00 per year; 801-1000 members, $500.00 per year; 1001-2000 members, $700 per year; 2001 and up, $800 per year. The American Association of Anatomists with 3,000 members would then be assessed $800.00 per year to become a member of the International Federation of Associations of Anatomists. Another point made was that funds are available from the World Health Organidation. The World Health Organization is interested in supporting an International Congress of Anatomists and they placed their agreement to support the Congress on three issues. First, that a treasurer be elected; second, that there be annual membership dues; and third, that a constitution be written and adopted by the International Congress. The level of support from the World Health Organization will range from $10,000 and $20,0(X) per year and we are eligible to apply in July of 1990. Two awards were given at the Congress. One, the Sobotta Award won by a Swedish anatonust, and second, the Zeiss Porter Award which was won by Professor Ohtani from Japan. The delegates further elected an Executive Committee of the International Association comprised of the president, Moscovici, an assistant to the president, E.A. Erhart, both these individuals are from Brazil. Other members of the Executive 13A Committee are the Secretary General, Wolfgang Kuhnel, from Germany; the Treasurer, Robert D. Yates from the American Association of Anatomists; and the Secretary, D. B. Thomas. A second Secretary is George Grignon from the French Association of Anatonists. Dr. Yates recommended that we support the International Federation of Associations of Anatomists by paying the dues of $800.00 per year. Dr. Kelley stated that the central issue in his judgment was whether or not we want to belong to the International Federation and whether we should support with our membership fee, the international community of anatomists. If the Federation is going to be the principal representative in the world, then what will be our posture relative to the world community; will it ever go forward successfully if we do not participate, and if we don’t, are we just trying to save $800.00. Dr. Kelley felt that we are trying to save a few dollars rather than focus on an international world federation of anatomists. Dr. Kelley suggested that we go ahead, move forward and support the Federation. Dr. Sutin suggested that we address a letter to the appropriate individuals stating that we would support the International Federation and that it would be helpful if the American Association of Anatomists could have input into the program for the meeting in Lisbon. The motion to support the International Federation through the Lisbon Meeting was approved unanimously by the Executive Committee. Dr. Slonecker then discussed the meeting in Philadelphia. He stated that the meeting would be called The Annual Forum in Cellular and Organ Biology sponsored by the American Association of Anatomists. Dr. Yates said that he would publish an abstract form in the next Newsletter which would appear in November or early December. A great number of individual packets were printed for this meeting and Dr. Slonecker will send about 10 packages to each department so there will be abundant abstract forms for members and nonmembers to submit abstracts for the Philadelphia meeting. Abstracts written by non-members of the Association do not require sponsorship for this meeting. Dr. Slonecker also said that an announcement of the meeting would be published in Developmental Biology, Cell Biology, Cell & Tissue Science and two neuro journals. They will publish the announcement of our meeting if we condense it to one page and if we will allow them to put similar information in our publications. The deadline for abstracts will be December 15 and the program committee will meet in Philadelphia January 13-14 to finalize the program. The people attending this meeting will be the President, Past President, President-elect, Program Secretary, Secretary-treasurer and the Local Arrangements Committee. The AAA meeting is April 21-25, 1990 and the Executive 14A AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS Committee will meet on the preceding Saturday. The Executive Committee meeting will be from 10:OO to 5:30 and the Association of Anatomy Chairmen will meet on Saturday evening. There will be 6 satellite conferences in Philadelphia; 3 preceding and 3 following the meeting. The titles of the Satellite conferences and details of the program will appear in the November issue of the Newsletter. Dr. Slonecker stated that we were exploring support from the major book companies in the Philadelphia area for the Special Topics Sessions, and that in the future, support for all special topics as well as special programs at the AAA meeting could be sponsored from funds other than those from the Association. Dr. Slonecker then addressed the matter of the Chicago meeting for 1991. The five people involved for the program for the Chicago meeting are: Peter Satir for Cell Biology; John Wood for Neurobiology; Charles Little for Developmental Biology; John Trotter for Systems Biology and Stan Erlandsen for the EAC. The preliminary program for the Chicago meeting was then presented by Dr. S lonecker. Charles Little will do a Neurodevelopment session on Monday and John Wood will have a Neuroscience session on that day. The special topics on Tuesday are Cell Biology Peter Satir; Genetics - Charles Little; and Neurosciences - John Wood. On Wednesday will be Cell Biology of Development and Systems Biology with a microscopic workshop possibly with Dr. Robert Kelley as coordinator. The Executive Committee will have input into the Vice-presidential Symposium and will also work with the Educational Affairs Committee in developing their program. In addition, we are committed to two mini-symposia for the Chicago meeting. The mini-symposia will nin for two half days. Dr. Slonecker cautioned the group that we could over-extend ourselves in terms of costs of symposia and special topics and other sessions at our annual meeting. Dr. Slonecker stated that there were several ways in which we were subsidizing programs such as graduate student participation at the meeting and that the cost of the meetings was getting to be excessive. He suggested that we establish a total budgeted amount for each of the annual meetings. A good deal of discussion centered on the format for the Chicago meeting and the funding for the various conferences as well as special topics sessions for that meeting. Dr. Yates made the motion that the Society be permitted to offset the cost of the next two meetings at approximately $20,000 per meeting from reserves of the Association, i.e., the meetings in Philadelphia and Chicago. The motion was seconded and approved by the Executive Committee. Dr. Slonecker stated that we should decide on a financial package for each of the sessions. The money is not to be used for the organizer’s trave 1, excessive honoraria, etc., but rather, to improve the quality of the sessions and meetings in whatever ways possible. It is understood that the organiLers of the various symposia and sessions at the meetings will report directly to the Program Secretary who in turn will report to the Secretary-treasurer so that the expenses can be carefully assessed. Dr. Erlandsen suggested that someone should be responsible for determining how the whole program is working. To clarify a point, there will be a specific amount of money for each of the four sub-conmittees. They will use the money to develop the programs for the meeting according to guidelines developed by the Executive Committee. Dr. Slonecker listed the future meetings of the American Association of Anatomists: 1990 April 22-26 Philadelphia 1991 April 21-25 Chicago New York City 1992 March 11-16 1993 March 27-April 1 San Diego 1994 March 19 - 23 Boston 1995 May 5 - 10 San Francisco Dr. Slonecker stated that a Japanese delegation would be meeting with the AAC in Hawaii, 1990, for the purpose of planning for the joint meeting of the AAA with the Japanese in San Diego in 1993. In an effort to increase the involvement of the Young Anatomists in the meeting, Dr. Sutin suggested that a member of the Young Anatomists be placed on each of the program committees; Cell Biology, Neuro, Systems Biology and Developmental Biology. A motion to this affect, was made seconded and passed by the Executive Committee. Dr. Rosse then gave an overview of the plans for the meeting of the Association of Anatomy Chairmen in 1990. He stated that he and Dr. Yates and Mr. O’Connor had visited both the island of Maui and the big island, Hawaii, in order to evaluate properties at both sites. Dr. Rosse stated that he and Dr. Yates had tentatively planned for the meeting to be held on four consecutive days. These would be half-days meetings on Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday, December 4-7, 1990. One of the four-half days would be devoted to business matters, whereas the other 3 half-days would be concerned mainly with science. The idea would be to have members of the Association of Anatomy Chairmen talk about the exciting research they are doing. Dr. Kelley raised the question about the meeting of the AAC with the AAA. Dr. Yates responded that the AAC meeting in Philadelphia would be a very short one probably only about 1 1/2 PROCEEDINGS hours in total length and would be held on Saturday evening, prior to the opening of the AAA meeting on Sunday. Dr. Sutin then moved the meeting to a consideration of the Presidential Symposium for the AAA meeting. The title of the Presidential Symposium will be "The Pliable Nervous System: Changing Synapse Efficacy". Dr. Sutin will speak for about 30 minutes. Robert Moore, from Stony Brook, will speak on "Does sprouting change the density of synapses on target neurons?", and Charles Stevens will speak for approximately an hour on "Activity-dependent modulation of synapse efficacy: The current status of Hebb's birds-of-a-feather proposal." At the Awards ceremony Dr. Sutin would like to spend about 15 minutes giving a "State of the Association" address and he would be putting together a consensus view of the Executive Committee on where the Association stands, what are the major challenges and what we propose to do about them. Along with the usual awards, Dr. Sutin has asked Dr. Clemente to prepare a 20 minute presentation to honor the AAA Emeritus Members from the Philadelphia area. Dr. Erik Erikson will also be on the program showing slides of members of the Association at the Presidential Awards Session. The question was raised about the AAA meeting conjointly with other associations such as EMSA. Dr. Robert Kelley stated that the EMSA was combining with the MAS group to form the Microscopic Society of America which would expand the membership significantly. He suggested that a collaborative meeting with that group might be explored. Dr. Kelley stated that the Electron Microscope Society of America attracted all of the major microscope manufacturers and, in addition, had a tremendous array of commercial exhibits at their annual meeting. The meeting of the EMSA is usually held in early August. 15A recruiting and placement the timing for such activities occurs too late in the year. He suggested that the Placement Service be requested to develop a summary brochure which would have the CV's of eligible candidates available for distribution to Chairmen early in the year (October). Dr. Kelley asked if there were ways in which minorities among the senior graduate students and postdoctoral fellows could be identified since it is becoming increasingly important for such information to be available to recruitment officers. Dr. Sutin then introduced the subject of membership recruitment. He referred to the new committee that had been formed, consisting of Bruce Batten, Story Landis and Jennifer LaVail. Dr. LaVail gave the committee report. The committee presented the following suggestions: first, to reconsider the requirements for an individual to become a member, and second, making incentives for being a member more obvious. One of the requirements for becoming a member of the Association is to be a first author or significant contributor to a major research paper, which must have appeared in press. This usually takes about a year and the suggestion was made by the committee that we change the requirement to a statement signed by two members about the candidates potential contributions to the field. Another point made was to request that the Anatomy Chairpersons encourage members of their departments to join the American Association of Anatomists. Another possibility would be to have a one membership fee for an entire department and have everyone in that department become a member of the Association. The other possibility would be to have speakers at the minisymposia and various seminars be given membership in the Association for one year. The membership committee also suggested that following each symposium we have a small socializer so that speakers could interact with the interested members of the audience. The cbmmittee suggested that we request the membership list of other societies so as to advertise our symposia. Dr. Zimny stated that she and Dr. Slonecker had explored the possibilities of the AAA meeting with other organiLations. They arrived at a list of potential organiLations which might be considered. Dr. Yates then read the requirements for These include the Tissue Culture group, membership in the AAA from the Constitution ByHistochemists, and possibly the Physical laws as follows: Anthropologists or Clinical Anatomists, not necessarily on a yearly basis but staggered. Other ARTICLE V - MEMBERSHIP organizations that might meet with us were mentioned, including the Crystallographers, and/or The Association shall consist of regular scientists who do morphometric work. Another members, honorary members, student members, and organization mentioned was Biomechanics and sustaining associate members. Robotics. Section 1. Candidates for regular Dr. Sutin stated that in his judgment we do membership must be persons engaged in the not do enough for our membership. In terms of investigation of anatomical or cognate sciences, must 16A AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS hold a Ph.D., or equivalent degree or experience; and must be proposed in writing to the Executive Committee by two regular members of the Association. The application for membership shall include the individual’s curriculum vitae, with full bibliographic references. The candidate must have at least one substantive paper as principal author, or on reliable testimony must have been chiefly responsible for at least one of several collaborative papers on anatomical or cognate subjects. Such papers must have appeared in print before the meeting at which their names are to be considered. Those candidates approved by the Executive Committee must first be elected by a two-thirds vote of the members present at the Annual Business Meeting of the Association, and then qualify by paying their dues after notification of election. Dr. Sutin moved the meeting to the last item on the agenda i.e., areas for general discussion. He introduced the subject of matrix structure in medical schools and its impact on anatomy departments. He stated that it is not so much a matter of what effects it has on departments as what effects it has on graduate education. In the matrix structure there is a tendency for graduate programs to become almost solely interdepartmental. Although this may be a reasonable trend it means that you will have students in anatomy who don’t see anatomy as a separate and specific discipline. Is there anything that the Association should do to have an input into this matter? Dr. Hendrix stated that perhaps the Association should either revise or develop a new booklet concerning what anatomists do for distribution to graduate students. Abundant discussion centered on how to deal with the problems of expanding the membership of the American Association of Anatomists. The suggestion was made once again that a flat fee be charged to anatomy departments and that this fee allow all members of a particular department to be members of the American Association of Anatomists. This matter must be thought through clearly before any decision is made. Dr. LaVail then asked for the opinion of the Executive Committee concerning free membership for contributors to mini-conferences and symposia. The consensus was that this would be satisfactory, the idea being that if given a free membership one year, they would receive abstract forms, Newsletters and announcements of meetings. A motion was made that free membership be given to the guest speakers. The motion was seconded and approved by the Executive Committee. In addition to free Dr. Sutin left this as a pending issue for membership, they would also be given registration at further discussion at the Executive Committee of the the Annual Meeting. American Association of Anatomists. The discussion centered on a small socializer after each of the special topics and presidential symposium sessions and the general feeling was that this would be advisable. These socializers will be initiated at the Chicago meeting in 1991. Dr. Slonecker and Dr. Zimny will draft a letter to the individuals who will organize the symposia outlining specifically what their funding will be and what will be given to each of the speakers. Dr. Sutin moved the meeting to a consideration of remonsibilities of the vicepresidents. He suggested that the vice-presidents be charged with the responsibility of helping to develop and subsequently evaluate the programs of the subcommittees. The input would focus on offering suggestions as to which of the programs (symposia, special topics, etc) need changing, expanding, etc. Dr. Sutin stated that there waq a management function of the program that seemed to be missing and that this should be the responsibility of the vicepresidents. The vice-presidents would also be concerned with an evaluation of the meeting itself, perhaps by determining how many people attend specific symposia, the effectiveness of the different symposia and special topics sessions at the annual meeting. Dr. Sutin then referred to graphs illustrating the members of the American Association of Anatomists who are members of other organizations. It must be kept in mind that 52% of the members of anatomy departments in the United States are not members of the Association. At the assistant professor level, about 70% are not members of the AAA and of those assistant professors about 1/3 don’t belong to any association. This was found to be rather astounding by the Executive Committee. Eighteen per cent of our members are also members of American Society for Cell Biology, 6% are members of Developmental Biologists, 28% belong to the Society for Neuroscience. Another graph showed members of other societies who are also members of our Association. Nine per cent of the Cell Biologists belong to the AAA. Twelve per cent of the Developmental Biologists belong to the AAA and 7% of the Society for Neuroscience are members of our Association. Dr. Sutin then began discussion on the topic of better communications between the Executive Committee and members of the Association. He suggested that perhaps one additional page in the Newsletter might be devoted to the comments from members of the Executive Committee with reference PROCEEDINGS to matters they felt would be of importance to the membership. Items such as grant support in departments, membership in the Association, the 52% of the anatomists in anatomy departments who are not members of the Association, etc. Generally the Executive Committee should serve as the long-range planning committee. Dr. Sutin asked the Executive Committee whether or not they wished to continue in that role or perhaps initiate a small sub-committee to deal specifically with such planning. It was stated that we work on a yearly basis and perhaps we should devote time to the development of intermediate and long-range goals. Dr. Sutin stated that sometimes it is advisable to have an outsider who is not directly involved provide an overview. The point was raised that we really do not have a clear understanding of where this Association should be in the 21st century. Dr. Kelley suggested that perhaps two or three young, enthusiastic, highly motivated members could serve to give some suggestions on this matter. He said that certain groups have made major decisions about the kind of research they were going to involve themselves in over the next two decades, and they have moved away from classical structural biology. Dr. Kelley believes that we should have a small group of people keeping their fingers on the pulse of what really is happening in research and the direction that funding agencies are taking in order to place us in a more opportune position for the 21st century. Actually it means that we should have someone keeping their fingers on the pulse of the funding agencies to see how those agencies are thinking in terms of support which, in turn, would make us a "hotter" society. Dr. Sutin suggested that perhaps we need three members to form a sub-committee; one person not a member of the Association, a second member of the Association well respected for their research, and third, an individual who is an administrator; knowledgeable of the place of anatomy in medical schools in terms of the teaching materials, cumculum, etc. Of course, such a group would first turn to the AAA to see what are the goals, purposes, and activities of the Association. We don't have such a document presently. Dr. Sutin left this matter with the Executive Committee and he would suggest the names of a few individuals who could function as an advisory committee. Dr. Sutin moved the meeting to a consideration of committee reports. The fust, the Publications Committee and the second the Program Committee report for the Chicago Meeting, have been presented. 17A PUBLIC AFFAIRS COMMITTEE. Dr. Sutin stated that Dr. Gordon Kave's term on the Committee ends next year (1990). Dr. Yates stated that the current members of the Committee are Bill Brinkley, Joe Coulter, Bob Kelley, Len Ross, Mike Gershon and Gordon Kaye. Dr. Kelley said that the Committee was reconstituted just a few months prior. Dr. Yates reported that the Committee has indeed become much more active; however, it has not really had enough time to fully develop. A new chairman of the Committee will be appointed at the Annual Meeting. Dr. Kelley suggested that we redefine the mission of the Public Affairs Committee. He felt that going to the CAS Meeting and reporting to Dr. Yates was one function and to evaluate the available funds from various institutes of the NIH was yet another, but the overall mission of the committee should be more carefully defined. Dr. Sutin stated that at the Annual Meeting in Philadelphia we would appoint a chairman and redefine the mission of the Public Affairs Committee. ANATOMICAL NOMENCLATURE. (Dr. George Martin) The committee on Anatomical Nomenclature of the American Association of Anatomists met on Monday evening April 10, 1989. In attendance were Dr. Ronald Hammer, a member of our committee; Dr. James Fix, a member of the international committee; Dr. Duane Haines, one of three outside experts invited to the meeting and Dr. George Martin. Since the last meeting, Dr. W. J. Paule retired from the committee and Dr. Richard L. Wood was added. Dr. Martin has asked Dr. Wood to suggest the names of additional experts in cell biology who would be willing to work with him as a subcommittee to review terms in that area as well as in classical histology. It is Dr. Martin's impression that cell biology, like neuroanatomy, is an area that needs work because of the plethora of new terms appearing in the literature. When names of potential committee members are submitted by Dr. Wood, Dr. Martin will pass them on to Dr. Sutin. Dr. Martin asked Dr. Sutin to appoint Drs. Carmine Clemente and Keith Moore to the committee to represent gross anatomy and embryology. If they agree to serve, than this would bring the committee membership to a more appropriate number. Dr. Kelley raised the question of what the Committee actually does and it was stated that if a textbook was being written and there was a question about a specific term or name of a structure, the Committee could give them the accepted terminology 18A AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS and that should resolve any conflicts which might exist. HERRICK AWARD COMMITTEE.(Dr. Story Landis) The Hemck Committee is responsible for selecting the Herrick Awardee. This is a prize that goes to a promising neuroscientist who is not more than eight years out of a Ph.D. The Committee distributes a poster that announces the Award and solicits nominations which are then judged by the Committee members (Mugnaini, Landis, Grafstein, O'Steen and Ross). The poster is being prepared and will be mailed at the beginning of October. Nominations close in the middle of December and the candidate is selected shortly after the beginning of the new year. Dr. Landis stated that about six candidates from last year are eligible for this year's award. EDUCATIONAL AFFAIRS COMMITTEE Dr. Erlandsen gave an overview of the program for the Philadelphia meeting. He focused on the Chicago meeting and felt that an area of interest would be the cell biology of bone. He would approach the other members of the committee about what they are planning for the Chicago program. Dr. Erlandsen stated that the EAC Workshop was excellently attended. One question was raised as to whether we could get manuscripts from some of the special topics speakers. Dr. Erlandsen stated that this would be very difficult to do but attempts are always being made to obtain manuscripts for publication in the Journals. Dr. Erlandsen said that he had contacted all of the guest speakers and given them a preliminary copy of the program. He said that the approach was to bring in very exciting people and have exciting programs so that the speaker at one program would stay and contribute and participate in other symposia. Basic Blue 141, an oxazine dye, selectively stains neutrophil granules when applied from alkaline solution to FAA fixed material. Acid Red 52 stains leukocyte granules when applied to Bouin fixed material, and Synacril Black AN selectively stains the cytoplasm of megakaryocytes after treatment of the specimen with RNase. Dr. Curtis Wilson (USDA, Peoria, Illinois) gave a talk entitled "A biochemist looks at Coomassie blue R and G and amido black". Wilson was concerned with the use of these dyes to identify plant storage proteins in polyacrylamide and agarose gels. Coomassie blue R is a triphenylmethane dye which stains some proteins red and others blue. Whether this effect is due to metachromasia or colored impurities is unknown. Coomassie blue G is commonly used in a protein dye-binding assay. Most batches of amido black stain proteins blue, although some impart grey or black colorations. These color shifts may be due to the presence of dye intermediates or byproducts. Howard Shapiro (West Newton, Massachusetts) talked on "Shapiro's third law of flow cytometry: What's in the bottle is not necessarily what is on the label". In spite of the title, this presentation was primarily concerned with an outline of dye use in flow cytometry. The fluorescence probes discussed included those for DNA (Hoechst dyes, DAPI, propidium), for RNA (Acridine orange, pyronin Y, thioflavin T), and for antibody labeling (Texas red, fluorescein, phycoerythrin). In addition, probes for membrane integrity, membrane potential, intracellular pH, enzyme activity and cytoplasmic calcium concentration were discussed. This included a General Business &k&cg. report on the Stain Commission Assay Lab activities, the Treasurer's and Editor's reports and that of the Publication Committee. BIOLOGICAL STAIN COMMITTEE.(Dr. Paul Marshall) The Biological Stain Commissicn ______ President's Forum. ___ This is primarily a held its annual meeting at-the East Avenue Inn, Rochester, NY. As usual the program was divided question and answer session where the body of into three sections, viz., the Scientific Section, the attenders attempts to answer questions of concern. General Business Meeting, and the President's Forum. Among the issues addressed were preferences in the color of eosin Y powder and the decreased solubility ___ consisted of three of current lots of hematoxylin. In addition, a new Scientific Section presentations from invited speaken;. chapter in the book Biolopical Stains was outlined and the Commission's proposal to certify dye solutions was revealed. Dr. Lawrence Kass (Case Western Reserve There were no items of new business and the University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio) talked on "New dyes for use in hematopathology". meeting of the Executive Committee of the American The dyes discussed included Basic Blue 41, an azo Association of Anatomists adjourned at 5:10 PM. dye, producing a staining pattern similar to Giemsa Respectfully submitted, stain, and Basic Blue 93, another azo dye, which Robert D. Yates, Ph.D. produces selective staining of lysosomes in Secretary-Treasurer formalinlacetic acid/ethanol (FAA) fixed material. PROCEEDINGS APPENDIX I1 EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE MEETING April 21, 1990 Wyndham Franklin Plaza Hotel President Jerome Sutin called the meeting to order at 1O:lO AM. Dr. Sutin announced that Dr. Charles LeBlond had expressed an interest to address the Executive Committee concerning the Journals. He will meet with us at 3:OO PM. Dr. Yates presented the minutes of the Interim Committee Meeting of the Executive Committee held September 30, 1989 at the Wyndham Franklin Plaza Hotel. He stated that the minutes had been distributed to the Committee and asked for any changes. Dr. Yates stated that he would like to have the privilege to change the minutes with reference to grammar, spelling and puncruation. This was approved by the Committee. The minutes were then approved as circulated. Dr. Sutin moved the meeting to a consideration of old business and stated that Dr. Peter Ralston would present the deliberations of the Publications Committee. Dr. Ralston said that the Publications Committee had met on two occasions since the last meeting of the Association. They met with the Departmental Chairmen in San Juan, Puerto Rico and also had another meeting in San Francisco. The thrust of the meetings concerned reorganization of the Journals. The reorganizations have been staggered in time. The Publications Committee has focused on a journal in Developmental Biolog. A sub-committee consisting of Mike Gershon, John Fallon and Don Fischman was appointed to advertise and consider candidates for the editorship of the Developmental Biolog journal. All of the candidates were present in San Francisco at the time of that meeting. One of the candidates has since withdrawn his name. A second candidate was more interested and the Committee spent a good deal of time with this individual discussing how he would reorganize the journal. Ann Epner from Wiley-Liss was present at these meetings. The support for the journal was considered to some degree with Ann Epner. Today the sub-committee is meeting with the candidates who they recommended for the editorship of the journal. A Wiley-Liss representative will attend this meeting. The full Publications Committee will meet at 1:30 PM today to consider the recommendations of the sub-committee concerning the editor of the Journal. Hopefully the entire Publications Committee can agree on the suggestions of the sub-committee and Dr. Ralston then will come back to this meeting with their decision. The Publications Committee will determine whether Dr. 19A "X" is to become editor of the journal or at this time they have no recommendations. The question was raised as to whether it 'would be the recommendation of the Publications Committee to recommend a single individual or two or more individuals. Dr. Ralston stated that it was his belief that a single individual would be recommended. Dr. Yates asked that at the time of the recommendation they would be in a position to discuss the financial needs of the new venture. Dr. Ralston said that he was not certain as to whether they would be in that position at this time. He stated that many of the current journal editors receive an honorarium. Dr. Ralston said that there might well be requests to support the journal over and above what is currently being given. Dr. Ralston stated that he did not feel that the Executive Committee would be in a position to approve a recommendation which they had not had an opportunity to study. Dr. Ralston then dealt with the matter of continued subscriptions to the new journal by libraries over the nation stating that the library base was the source of the royalty income. He further stated that in his judgment the library subscription base was eroding. Dr. Ralston concluded his remarks by saying that the Publications Committee might come to the Executive Committee today with a recommendation for an editor. Dr. Sutin introduced the new members of the Executive Committee; Dr. Mary Desmond, Dr. George Martin, (Executive Committee) Dr. Keith O'Steen (Second Vice President) and Dr. William Jollie (President-Elect). Dr. Sutin stated that the Publications Committee had recommended that the American Journal of Anatomy be changed to a Developmental Biolog journal. He said that the second recommendation of the Committee was for an editor. The Committee further recommended that the _ Anatomical _ Record -_ ~ be published in two series; a Series A Cell BioloB and Series B Svstems Biology. These recommendations had been accepted by the Executive Committee. The question of subsidizing subscriptions to the journals, either by direct payment from the Association or some other source, was not approved by the Executive Committee. The financial implications of the changes in the journal is something that has to be dealt with immediately. The Anatomical Record and the American Journal of _ Anatomy __ changes will be staggered deliberately so that the Publications Committee will not be dealing with changing both journals at one time. Dr. Ralston stated that there are many difficulties with the Systems area but the area of Cell Biology is easier. The difficulty centers on the definition of Systems Biology. In its broad sense it is actually all encompassing and the Publications Committee has felt rather frustrated in making decisions with regard to specific issues in the area of Systems Biology; i.e., should it include evolutionary biology, physical 20A AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS anthropology, etc. Dr. Ralston stated that in an effort to cope with this problem they had added another member to the Publications Committee; Dr. Jack Stem. Dr. Stem is a evolutionary biologist from SUNY. He has actually not joined the Committee but serves in an advisory capacity. Dr. Ralston said that the Committee could deal quite easily with the question of what would be considered DeveloDmental Biology and what would be considered Cell Biology, but the real challenge to the Committee has been to define what areas would be included under the heading of Systems Biology. The question was raised about whether or not the new editor of the journals should begin to solicit papers for publication. Dr. Ralston responded that this solicitation process was indeed going to become a reality immediately. The question was raised as to whether or not it was wise to change the name of the Journal and remove the name of the American Journal of Anatomy and Dr. Ralston responded that it was their intent to leave the American Journal of Anatomy on the masthead of the new journal Developmental Dynamics. The point was raised and should be made emphatic that the Anatomical Record will not change names. The Anatomical Record will be published in two series; a Series A Cell Biology and a Series B Systems Biology, but the name of the journal will remain the Anatomical Record. The question was asked whether the American Journal of Anatomy was the appropriate one to change to Developmental Dvnamics; that the Anatomical Record probably should be changed and the American Journal of Anatom should be published as two series. Dr. Sutin asked for a show of hands as to how many felt the Anatomical Record should be changed and then he asked how many felt it should be as the Publications Committee recommended, i.e., changing the American Journal of Anatomy. The majority believed that the American Journal of -_ Anatom should be changed to Development Dynamics. Dr. Ralston stated that the institutional support base was absolutely essential in the transition phase of the journal. Dr. Yates then addressed the matter of increasing dues for the American Association of Anatomists. He stated that in his judgment the dues should be increased from $40.00 to $75.00 per annum. Dr. Sutin then made the motion that we assign 10% of the dues, whatever the final level will be, to educational affairs. The motion was seconded and passed that 10% of the dues be dedicated to educational affairs. The motion passed unanimously. Dr. Sutin then moved the meeting to a consideration of mini-conferences. He stated that each mini-conference would receive $5,000 as approved by the Executive Committee. He stated that one idea which had been brought up by Dr. Peter Satir was that once a mini-symposium was approved for funding by the Executive Committee that it would have at least two consecutive years to present the program. Dr. Yates stated that the entire program was to be evaluated by the vice-presidents. This is one of the new duties of those offices and they should be evaluating the mini-conferences as well and after a period of time we would look at those conferences in an effort to determine their effectiveness. Dr. Sutin presented a proposal from Dr. Sandy Palay. This wouId be a half-day symposium celebrating the centennial of the Journal of_ Comsarative _ Neuologv. Dr. Karen Hitchcock stated that there was a third one that deals with The Myocardium. Actually the title is Myocardium and neurotransmitters. Abundant discussion centered on the program for the Chicago Meeting. Dr. Zimny stated that an outline of the program was being prepared and would be included in the minutes of the Executive Committee. The Executive Committee approved supporting the mini-conference by Dr. Palay and the mini-conference proposed by Dr. Satir. ~ Discussion then centered on the American Association of Anatomists meeting with other groups such as the American Physiological Society. Dr. Sutin said that one of the difficulties we have is that the number of exhibitors at our meetings is eroding as is the number of individuals attending the meeting. As he stated, no matter how good the meetings are, if no one is around to listen, it really has very little impact. Abundant discussion centered on meeting with other societies. The general consensus after much discussion was that we should explore the possibilities of meeting with the Electron Microscope Society of America and Dr. Zimny will look into this matter. Dr. Sutin moved the meeting to a consideration of Public Affairs matters and he called upon Dr. Yates to give a brief update of the deliberations of the Association of Anatomy Chairmen with reference to this issue. Dr. Yates stated that a decision was made by the AAC in San Juan, Puerto Rico at its Winter Conference to increase the dues from $100 to $300 per year and that the added $200 be devoted to lobbying efforts. It was pointed out that the term "lobbying" was not Dr. Sutin moved the meeting to a an appropriate one but rather "educational affairs" consideration of business transmitted by computer. should replace "lobbying". PROCEEDINGS 2 1A He stated that Dr. Yates would provide each of the stated that practically everyone on the Executive new members of the Executive Committee with a Committee was involved in one way or the other in the development of the program. There were 402 modem if one was not available to them. abstracts submitted, preregistration for the meeting 589. Dr. Slonecker believed that we would have a Dr. Sutin then introduced the topic of similar size meeting to that in New Orleans i.e., 900 modification of the responsibilities of the Executive and 1,000 members. He mentioned that there are Committee. One of the problems he perceives with four satellite conferences; "The Anatomical Basis of the organization is that the presidents serve only for the Sectional Imaging Modalities", Temple one year. Dr. Sutin suggested a cabinet-like structure U n iv ers it y ; "In termed i ate V ol tag e E 1ec t ro n for the Executive Committee whereby each executive Microscopy and 3-D Imaging" and "Current committee member would be responsible during their Approaches to Imaging Using Light Microscopy", term for some area of the organization's operation. University of Pennsylvania; "Computer Assisted The areas would be ones such as membership Instruction", Thomas Jefferson University. recruitment, program oversight, program evaluation, placement service, educational affairs. The goal Dr. Zimny then reported on the meeting in would be to provide quicker information for the Chicago. She stated that she had had the usual members of the Executive Committee and the planning meeting in Chicago with the local officers. Also there would be a regional arrangements committee and that Dr. John Clancy responsibility where each committee member would had agreed to serve as Chairman. be responsible for contacting people within their own region. This matter will be left up to Dr. Hitchcock Dr. Zimny then gave the places for the future for further consideration during the coming year. Dr. meetings: Yates suggested that we should make the meetings a little more international in flavor by inviting the Chicago April 21-25, 1991 Germans to attend in New York and the Irish and New York March 11-15, 1992 British in Boston. In 1993 we have the Japanese March 23-April 1, 1993 San Diego meeting with us in San Diego. Boston March 12-23, 1994 San Francisco May 6-10, 1995 Dr. Sutin then moved the meeting to the Orlando May 6-10, 1996 reports from officers and called upon Dr. Yates for the financial statement. Dr. Yates explained the Dr. Mary Hendrix stated that she and others financial reports to the Executive Committee. These were interested in sponsoring a "Fun Run" for the financial statements are included in these Chicago meeting. She said that they had tentatively Proceedings. organized one for Philadelphia but were unable to obtain a permit. Dr. Zimny stated that she would Dr. Yates then presented to the Executive look into the matter of obtaining a permit for a fun Committee the results of the election: run in the Chicago area and would also suggest possible dates for the event. President-Elect Dr. William Jollie 2nd Vice President Dr. Keith O'Steen Dr. Slonecker said that two members of the Executive Committee Dr. Mary Desmond Japanese society would meet with the Chairmen's Dr. George Martin group in Hawaii in early December, 1990. This Dr. Yates presented the following meeting will be concerned with the 1993 session of the Association in conjunction with the Japanese membership information: Association of Anatomists. Total Members 2 683 1 Honorary Member Deceased Members 16 Dr. Sutin then asked for approval of the Resignations 18 nominating committee which is to be chaired by Dr. Members dropped 95 Robert Goldman. Other members are: Fred Roisen, New Members 79 Virginia Black, Judy Gamer and Ray Hayes. Dr. Sutin stated that he tried to get various areas of the Dr. Sutin then called upon the Program country represented as well as disciplines. It also within the Secretary, Dr. Slonecker and the Program Secretary- includes various constituencies Elect, Dr. Zirnny for their report. Dr. Slonecker organization. I - 22A AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS Dr. Sutin introduced Dr. Charles LeBlond who had requested that he be allowed to address the Executive Committee for period of 5-10 minutes. Dr. Sutin stated that Dr. Leblond had been concerned with a number of issues facing the Association and we are interested in hearing his views. Dr. Leblond said that in his judgment, changes in the Association or in the names of the journals or in the content of the journals should take place very cautiously and slowly. He stated emphatically that he is proud to Dr. Leblond referred to the be an anatomist. Constitution of the Association which states that "the purpose of the Association shall be the advancement of anatomical science". Dr. Leblond said that he felt that the changes suggested by the Executive Committee were of such significance that the membership should be polled. He said that in his judgment a referendum should be short and simple with only one question. "To all members of the American Association of Anatomists: the Constitution of the American Association of Anatomists states that the purpose of the association is the advancement of the anatornical sciences yet prominent members of the Association feel that other areas other than the anatomical sciences should be encouraged and that further changes should take place in order to improve the image of the Association. One of the steps being considered by the Executive Committee is to remove the word "Anatomy" or its equivalent from the journals. The proposal, as I understand, has the support of the Association of Anatomy Chairmen. On the other hand, some members believe that the term Anatomy identifies our Association and should be retained in the names of both of the journals. Because of the significance of this issue in reference to our Association, you are requested to answer the following question: Should one of our two journals include the word "Anatomy" or an equivalent term in its title - yes or no." The Executive Committee made the decision to follow through with the suggestion of Dr. Leblond, that a referendum be distributed to the membership concerning the issue. Dr. Sutin stated that Dr. Yates had a request for presentation of a symposium at the AAAS meeting in Washington in 1991. The title of the be "Prospects for symposium will Immunocontraception" and the organizer will be Dr. John Herr along with speakers Drs. Bonnie Dunbar, Jurrien Dean, and Paul Primakoff. It was moved that we approve expenditures for the symposium with the AAAS. The motion was seconded and passed unanimously. program. She had prepared a sheet for the chairmen of each of the sessions to complete. Dr. Markwald said that he liked Dr. LaVail's questionnaire but he wondered if there could be someway to raise the effectiveness of the exhibits with the hope that a positive response might result in a greater number of exhibitors at our meeting. Dr. Sutin then addressed the matter of the top 20% of the funds of certain institutes of the NIH being available for the director's discretion. Dr. Sutin said that he had scheduled a meeting with NIH officials which will take place following this Annual Meeting. He said that he thought Dr. Karen Hitchcock should organiLe delegations to meet with directors of other institutes in the future. Dr. Sutin moved the meeting to consideration of the committee reports as follows: a HONORARY MEMBERSHIP Dr. Roger Markwald reported that there were no nominations for honorary membership this year. EDUCATIONAL AFFAIRS Dr. Stanley Erlandsen reDorted that the EAC has organized several sessi6ns for the 1990 AAA m e e h g in Philadelphia, including: The Refresher Course, organized by 1. Dr. Stanley L. Erlandsen will be held on Sunday April 22, 1989, from 3:30-5:30 pm and is entitled "Cellular Cytoskeleton". The speakers are Dr. Richard Linck from the University of Minnesota, who will speak on "New Concepts for Microtubules and Intermediate FiIaments" and Dr. Wayne VogI from the University of British Columbia, who will discuss "Actin Filaments - Intracellular Arrangements and Functions". The topic for this years Refresher Course should fit in well with special topic sessions on "Nuclear-Cytoplasmic Interactions" organized by Dr. Carl Feldherr and "Membrane-Cytoskeletal Interactions" organized by Dr. Mary Beckerle. The EAC symposium on "Frontiers in 2. Mucin Biology" has been scheduled as a special topics session (11) at 10:45 am to 12:45 pm on Tuesday, April 24, 1990, and will be chaired by Dr. The Robert Specian from LSU in Shreveport. speakers are Dr. Marian Neutra from Harvard, who will speak on "New Approaches: Monolayer Culture Systems and Transgenic Mice", Dr. Daniel K. Podolsky from the Harvard Medical School, speaking on "Complexities of Mucin Glycoprotein Structure", Dr. Sutin then moved the meeting to the and Dr. Charles G. Plopper from the University of reports of the Vice Presidents. Dr. Jennifer LaVail California - Davis, speaking on "Biology of Goblet stated that she understood that one of the Cells in Respiratory Airways". responsibilities of the vice presidents was to monitor 3. A special EAC symposium dealing the meeting and assess the various aspects of the 23A PROCEEDINGS with current topics in science has been organized by Dr. John Herr from the University of Virginia. This session is entitled "Immunocontraception: Vaccines for the Male and Female" and has been scheduled from 3:00-5:00 pm on Tuesday, April 24, 1991. The speakers will include Dr. Bonnie Dunbar from Baylor University speaking on "Developmentally Regulated Ovarian Antigens and Their Roles in Fertility" and Dr. Paul Primakoff from the University of Connecticut, speaking on "Progress toward a Birth Control Vaccine that Blocks Sperm Function". The EAC Workshop in Anatomy will 4. be on "Innovations in Electronic Anatomy" and is scheduled from 1:30-3:30 pm on Wednesday, April 25, 1990. This workshop is organized by Dr. Mark Nathanson from the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey. Speakers include Dr. Robert Chase from Stanford University speaking on "The Electronic Cadaver", Dr. David Whitlock from the University of Colorado, speaking on "ThreeDimensional Computer Images of Human Anatomy", and Dr. Cornelius Rosse from the University of Washington, speaking on "The Representation of Spacial and Abstract Knowledge in ComputerReadable form". Results Herr. - Organizers: Drs. Robert Klein and John PUBLIC AFFAIRS COMMITTEE Dr. Gordon Kaye reports that a Workshop on Low-Level Radioactive W&te is organized and will occur April 23, 1990 at 10:30 am. We will try to cover a broad range of issues in order to educate our members about the threat to their scientific work from this issue and the need for responsible action on their part at the local, state and regional levels. Dr. Kaye has spent a certain amount of time visiting Congressional staff whenever he is in Washington, particularly to talk to House staff about H.R. 3270 (The Stenholm bill, House version of the Heflin bill, S-727), legislation that would make it a federal crime with significant punishments to interfere with the function of an animal facility, both research or fm, federally funded or not. This is the strongest piece of legislation to come along in support of our needs and it is essential that we support it and urge our Congressmen to do so. BASMAJIAN/WILLIAMS WILKINS AWARD Dr. Hemnc submitted the annual reoort as chairperson of hey committee. The Commihee for The EAC has decided, after considerable 1989/90 consisted of previous winners, Claire discussion of the pro's and con's, not to sponsor an Hulsebosch, A. Wayne Vogl, and Jeffrey Laitman, Anatomy Forum for high school students in Arthur English and Susan Herring. Philadelphia. It was the consensus opinion of the committee that there was no measurable return from There were 12 nominations for the award. sponsoring the Forum and the cost in recent years Seven were holdovers from previous years and 5 did not seem to justify its continuance. were new. Of the new nominations, one was ineligible because his application to join the AAA The interim meeting of the EAC occurred in has not yet been acted upon. He will be considered November, 1989, in conjunction with the Cell next year. The final field therefore consisted of 11 Biology meeting. This committee has tentatively incredibly good candidates. More than half of them planned the following program, after consultation have received teaching awards, and all have with the chairmen of the Cell Biology and contributed importantly to anatomical research. Developmental Biology Committees to avoid duplication: The Committee found it somewhat painful to give only one award with so many deserving 1. Refresher Course - Cell Cycle candidates. Accordingly, in addition to this year's Organizers: Drs. Mark Nathanson and Bill Brinkley. winner, we have designated two honorable mentions. Although only the winner will receive the $500 prize 2. State of the Art Symposium - and travel money to Philadelphia, we would like to tentatively we are planning to have the participants in ask that certificates be prepared for the honorable the refresher course organize an in-depth symposium mentions as well as for the winner. on the Cell Cycle. We are happy to report that the winner this 3. Emerging FieldsForum in Science - year is Dr. Cornelia E. Famum of Comell, whose A timely topic on an exciting and stimulating issue letters of recommendation praised her outstanding in science will be selected for presentation - innovative teaching as the head of the small animal Organizers: Drs. Mary Desmond and Robert gross anatomy course. Dr. Fainum will be at the Philadelphia meeting; she has already submitted an Specian. abstract for presentation. 4. Innovations in Anatomical education Implementation of the G-PEP Report: A spectrum of The two honorable mentions are Dr. Richard 24A AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS T. Ambron of Columbia, who has won no fewer than 6 teaching awards, and Dr. William J. Babler of Baylor Dental, who has won teaching awards from the University of Virginia as well as Baylor. Dr. Ambron will not be eligible next year, but Dr. Babler will remain in the competition. positions to contact the Placement Service early for the upcoming meeting. Similarly department heads were encouraged to send in job descriptions for vacant positions. As of April 9, 1990, 19 candidates had submitted their credentials; and 31 job descriptions had been received. CHARLES JUDSON HERRICK AWARDDr. Story Landis reported that the responsibility of this committee is to select a recipient. The nominations were solicited from both Anatomy Departments and Neuroscience Programs and Departments. There were many qualified applicants for this award. The winner of the award this year is Dr. David Anderson of the California Institute of Technology who spoke on "Development and Plasticity of Neural Crest-derived Biopotentia! Progenitor Cell". The candidates not chosen will be eligible for submission again next year. All questions comments or suggestions should be directed to Dr. Charles C. C. O'Morchoe, 190 Medical Sciences Building, SO6 South Mathews, Urbana, IL 61801 or to his secretary, Ms. Kathy Carlson. R. R. BENSLEY MEMORIAL LECTURE Dr. Robert Cardell reDorted that this award honors a young scientist who has made original contributions to cell biology in the spirit of Robert Bensley. Dr. Bensley would be very pleased with our selection of Dr. William C. Eamshaw as the recipient of the 1990 Bensley Award. Dr. Eamshaw is from the Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy at Johns Hopkins University and has studied an important Dr. Eamshaw spoke on problem in cell biology. "Structural Concerns of the Human Centromere". REPRESENTATIVE TO NABR REPORT Dr. Marilyn Koerinn reDorted that the National Association for Byomedical Research (NABR) continues its efforts in supporting the use of animals in biomedical research and keeping the public aware of the situation. The Tenth Anniversary Conference of NABR was held on January 28-30 in Washington D.C. and was attended by AAA Secretarynreasurer Yates and myself ar representatives of the AAA. Our participation in this event gave visibility to AAA. The first day of the meeting focused on presentations made by five scientists whose laboratories were violated. This was followed by comments made by experienced individuals on how and what should be done before and after a threat or break-in occurs. Suggestions were then made by a spokesperson from AAMC, the Physiological Society and Neuroscience Association regarding their role as organizations on this issue as well as their responsibility to their membership. That evening an Anniversary Awards Dinner was held. Service awards were made to 14 individuals ranging from Dr. Fred Goodwin and Senator Orrin Hatch to Ann Landers. THE PLACEMENT SERVICE Dr. Charles O'Morchoe reported that the Placement Service of the Association was active throughout the past year, maintaining computer entries on positions available and on applicants seeking positions. As in previous years, the major activity of the service occurred at the annual meeting and during the three month The second day focused on lobbying on period leading up to the meeting. However, advice and assistance was given whenever requested Capitol Hill which is one of the most effective ways available to promote our views on the value of using throughout the rest of the year. animals in biomedical research. The day started with By the conclusion of the meeting in New a review of Federal legislation by NABR. This was Orleans, Louisiana last year (1989) the Service had followed by visits to members of congress that were Our group of six NABR listed 59 candidates and 45 positions. This compares previously arranged. Conference attenders visited the Louisiana delegation with the following in previous years: of two senators and 7 members of the House. We emphasized the importance of the need for their ~ Candidates _ X e_x Positions support of bills HR 3270 and HR 3349 and the 64 1988 59 nonsupport of other bills. We also pointed out other 104 1987 82 aspects of animal welfare issues including the loss of 106 1986 69 scientists in the field due to threats on their work and In November of 1989 information about the lives. These visits took us approximately 5 hours service, its format and several copies of participation and we were most satisfied with our interactions with forms designed for applicants and vacant positions each office. were mailed to all anatomy departments in the AN A T 0 M I C A L United States and Canada. In January and February, NOMENCLATURE Dr. George Martin, Chairman, 1990 a second and third notice war sent out to COMMITTEE departments reminding all anatomists seeking reports that each member of the committee has been PROCEEDINGS 25A Dr. Curtis Wilson (USDA, Peoria, Illinois) gave a talk entitled “A biochemist looks at Coomassie blue R and G and amino black“. Wilson was concerned with the use of these dyes to identify plant storage proteins in polyacrylamide and agarose gels. Coomassie blue R is a triphenylmethane dye which stains some proteins red and others blue. Whether this effect is due to metachromasia or colored impurties is unknown. Coomassie blue G is As mentioned in a previous report, the commonly used in a protein dyebinding assay. Most subcommittee for neuroanatomy would like, at some batches of amido black stain proteins blue, although some impart grey or black colorations. These color future date, to consult experts in areas of particular difficulty. Dr. Martin had hoped to begin this year, shifts may be due to the presence of dye but held off because the membership has undergone intermediates or by-products. considerable change. If we can organize sufficiently Howard Shapiro (West Newton, at this years meeting and the committee feels it would be helpful, then Dr. Martin may request Massachusetts) talked on ’Shapiro’s third law of flow money for travel and honoraria to be used for a cytometry: “What’s in the bottle is not necessarily limited number of experts next year. During this what is on the label”’. In spite of the title, this year’s meeting, he would like to discuss the presentation was primarily concerned with an outline possibility of subcommittees working with members of dye use in flow cytometry. The fluorescence of the committee in all areas covered by the Nomina. probes discussed included those for DNA (Hoechst If the committee agrees, the efforts of the dyes, DAPI, propidium), for RNA (acridine orange, subcommittees will be shared with the committee as pyronin Y, thioflavin T) and for antibody labeling a whole prior to next year’s meeting. (Texas red, fluorescein, phycoerythrin). In addition, probes for membrane integrity, membrane potential, intracellular pH, enzyme activity and cytoplasmic BIOLOGICAL STAIN COMMISSION Dr. calcium concentration were discussed. Paul Marshall submitted the report of the General Business Meeting This included a Commission from their Annual Meeting held in Rochester New York. The meeting was divided into report on the Stain Commission Assay Lab activities, the Treasurer’s and Editor’s reports and that of the three sections as follows: Publication Committee. This consisted of three Scientific Section President’s Forum This is primarily a presentations from invited speakers. answer session where the body of Dr. Lawrence Kass (Case Western Reserve question-and University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio) attenders attempts to answer questions of concern. talked on “New dyes of use in hematopathology“. Among the issues addressed were preferences in the The dyes discussed included Basic Blue 41, an azo color of eosin Y powder and the decreased solubility dye producing a staining pattern similar to Giemsa of current lots of hematoxylin. In addition, a new stain, and Basic Blue 93, another azo dye, which chapter in the book Biological Stains was outlined produces selective staining of lysosomes in and the Commission’s proposal to certify dye formalin/acetic-acid/ethanol (FAA) fixed material. solutions was revealed. Basic Blue 141, an oxazine dye selectively stains The meeting of the Executive Committee of neutrophil granules when applied from alkaline solution to FAA fixed material. Acid Red 52 stains the AAA adjourned at 5:15 PM. leukocyte granules when applied to Bouin fixed Respectfully Submitted, material and Synacril Black AN selectively stains the Robert. D. Yates, Ph.D. cytoplasm of megakarycocytes after treatment of the Secretarynreasurer specimen with RNase. requested to review the t e r m used in the latest edition of the Nomina Anatomica with an eye to changes, deletions and/or additions in their area(s) of expertise. In his view, cell biology and neuroanatomy are the areas that need the most work. A working list of new and revised terms has been compiled for neuroanatomy which will be used to generate many more additions. AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS 26A AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS 1990-1991 (The year the term expires is listed in parentheses) OFFICERS Karen R. Hitchcock William P. Jollie Jerome Surin Donald A. Fischman W. Keith O’Steen Marilyn Zimny (1994) Robert D. Yates (1992) sident sident-Elect sident-Emeritus st Vice President :ond Vice President )gram Secretary :retary -Treasurer Executive Committee r term expiring 1991 r term expiring 1992 r term expiring 1993 c H. Dieter Dellmann, Gary C. Schoenwolf Robert 0. Kelley, Barbara J. McLaughlin Mary J. C. Hendrix, M.B. Nikitovitch-Winer Mary E. Desmond, George F. Martin term expiring 1994 try Desmond (1992) .1 Brinkley (1992) ; Besharse (1993) Committee on Educational Affairs Stanley L. Erlandsen (Chairman) (1991) Robert Cardell (1994) John Herr (1991) Robert Specian (1991) Public Affairs Committee Robert Kelley (Chairman) (1992) Mike Gershon (1993) : D. Coulter (1992) irt Hauser (1 991) mica Oblinger (1992) ula B. Luskin (1993) Kent Christensen Advisory Committee of Young Anatomists Judy Gamer (Chairman) (1992) Ray Runyan (1992) Cornelia Famuni (1992) Archival Committee George E. EriksoniArchivist Historian) Robert Klein (1992) Mark A. Nathanson (1 99 1) Len Ross (1 992) George Pappas (1992) Lee Gehrke (1992) Douglas Cotanche (1993) Paul G. McGuire (1993) Robert D. Yates Placement Service Charles C. C. O’Morchoe Committee on Nominations for 1990 Robert Goldman (Chairman) :d Roisen rginia Black Judy Gamer Ray Hayes PROCEEDINGS 27A Program Coordinating Committee Karen R. Hitchcock - President Judy Garner (ACYA) 1992 John Clancy (’91 Local Committee) Bryan P. Toole (Morphogenesis Club) Stanley L. Erlandsen Peter Satir (Cell Biology) Cornelius Rosse (President AAC) Donald Fischman (1 st vice president) Robert Cardell (Bensley Lecture Committee) W. Keith O’Steen (Second Vice-president) Jerome Sutin (President Emeritus) Richard Wood (Neuroscience) Committee on Honorary Membership Jerome Sutin Chairman (1993) Peter Ralston (199 1) John Pauly (1993) Enrico Mugnaini (1991) John Basmajian (1 993) Committee for the Charles Judson Henick Award and Fund Story C. Landis (Chairman) (1991) Alan Peters (1993) Jennifer LaVail (1 993) Committee for the R.R. Bensley Memorial Lecture Robert Cardell (Chairman) (1992) Daniel Friend (1991) Marilyn Zimi (Program Secretar William P. Jol (President-Elec Robert D. Yat (Secretary-Treasurt John Trotter (Systen Charles Lit] (Developmental Biolog Sanford L. Palay (199 Roger Markwald ( I 99 Leonard L. Ross (19s Robert Goldman (1 9s Trustees of the R. R. Bensley Memorial Fund Marilyn L. Zim Robert D. Yates Cornelia Famham (1993) Keith O’Steen (1993) Committee for the BasmajiardWilliarns and Wilkins Award Arthur English (Chairman) (1993) William Stewart (1993) Claire Hulsebosch (1992) Committee on the Journal Trust Fund Aaron J. Ladman (Chairman) (1991) John E. Pauly (1991) Wayne Vogl (195 Robert D. Yates (ex offic Auditing Committee Mary Anderson (1991) Marilyn Zimny (1 992) Jerome Sutin (1991) Gordon Kaye (1991) Representatives to A.A.M.C. Council of Academic Societies Robert Kelley (1993) Karen Hitchcock (19! Robert D. Ya 28A AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS Representative to the Council of A.A.A.S. Marilyn K. Koering (1991) Representatives to the Council of NABR Marilyn J. Koering :uth E. Bulger )uane E. Haines (1993) larmine Clemente (1993) Committee on Anatomical Nomenclature George F. Martin (Chairman) (1991) Ronald Hammer (199 1) Keith Moore (1993) Richard Wood (1991) Donald Cahill (1992) Member of the Biological Stain Commission Paul N. Marshall lob Goldman (1991) 'eter Satir (1992) Publications Committee Henry Ralston III (Chairman) (1993) Don Fischman (1992) Mike Gershon (1991) Tom Marino (1991) Jack Stem (ex officio) John Fallon (1992) Ray Runyan (1992) 29A PROCEEDINGS AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS CONSTITUTION ARTICIXIII-EXRCUTIVECOMMITTEE The management of the affairs of the Association shall be delegated to an Executive Committee consisting of ADOPTED IN 1888 fifteen directors, seven of whom are the officers and (AS LAST AMENDED IN 1990) eight others elected as provided hereinafter. Two of these directors of the Executive Committee shall be elected annually to serve a term of four years; and, so far as ARTICLE ILTITLEAND PURPOSE possible, the Nominating Committee shall take into conSection 1. The name of the society shall be the sideration the geographical distribution of the member“American Association of Anatomists, Inc.,” hereafter ship of the Association when making their recomcalled the Association. mendations. At the end of each year, the Second ViceSection 2. The purpose of the Association shall be the President shall become the First Vice-president and a new Second Vice-president elected from the memberadvancement of anatomical science. ship. So long as the Association is incorporated in the Section 3. The operational year for the Association State of New York, at least one of the officers or one shall start at the termination of the last day of the member of the Executive Committee shall be a legal annual meeting. resident of that state. If no such person from New York has been elected, the President shall appoint from that ARTICLE 11-OFFICERS State one additional member of the Executive CommitSection 1. The officers of the Association shall consist tee to fulfill the legal requirement. Five shall constitute of a President, a First-Vice President, a Second Vice- a quorum of the Executive Committee. President, a Secretary who shall act also as Treasurer, ARTICLE IV-MEETINGS a Program Secretary, a President-Elect, and a PresidentEmeritus. The term of the President shall be for one The Association shall meet at least annually, the time year; however, he shall serve on the Executive Commit- and place to be determined by the Executive Committee. tee for one year as President-Elect and shall continue ARTICLE V-MEMBERSHIP after his active presidency as a member of the Executive Commitee for one year with the title President-EmeriThe Association shall consist of regular members, hontus. The Vice-presidents shall be elected for two years, orary members, student members, and sustaining assoand the Secretary-Treasurer and Program Secretary for ciate members. four years. In case of absence of the President and both Section 1. Candidates for regular membership must Vice-presidents, a member of the Executive Committee be persons engaged in the investigation of anatomical in order of seniority shall preside. or comate sciences. must hold a Ph.D. or eauivalent Section 2. At the annual meeting preceding a n elec- degrei or experience, and must be proposed i i writing tion, the President shall name a Nominating Committee to the Executive Committee by two regular members of of five members. This committee shall make its nomi- the Association. The application for membership shall nations to the Secretary not less than six months before include the individual’s curriculum vitae, with full bibthe annual meeting at which the next election is to take liographic references. The candidate must have at least place. The Nominating Committee shall submit two one substantive paper as principal author, or on reliable names for each office. Each nominee must have agreed testimony must have been chiefly responsible for at to serve if elected. least one of several collaborative papers on anatomical The Secretary shall prepare a printed ballot bearing or cognate subjects. Such papers must have appeared in all names submitted by the Nominating Committee and print before the meeting at which their names are to be provide space for write-in candidates for each office. This considered. Those candidates approved by the Executive ballot is to be mailed to all members with t h e call for Committee must first be elected by a two-thirds vote of papers and advance notice for the next annual meeting the members present at the Annual Business Meeting of the Association. Each member wishing to vote should of the Association, and then qualify by paying their dues return the marked ballot to the Secretary postmarked after notification of election. not later than February 1 of the year of t h e Annual Section 2. Honorary members who have distinBusiness Meeting. The Secretary will have t h e ballots automaticaly tabu- guished themselves in anatomical research may be elected from other countries besides the United States lated and certified. Any candidate receiving a majority of votes shall be and Canada. Nominations by the Executive Committee declared elected. In case of a tie or lack of a majority for must be unanimous, and their proposal with reasons for any office, the two candidates with the most votes shall recommendation shall be presented to the Association be voted on by ballot at the annual meeting; the one at a n Annual Business Meeting, a three-fourths vote of receiving the greater number of votes shall be declared members present and voting being necessary for an election. elected. The Secretary and the Program Secretary may be Section 3. Predoctoral students and postdoctoral felnominated for a second term without additional candilows may be nominated for student membership in the dates for these offices. 30A AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS Association by two regular members who testify in writing that the students are actively engaged in research on anatomical or related topics, or show other evidence of strong commitment to a professional career in anatomy. Candidates for student membership must be endorsed by their advisor or sponsor, who may be. counted as one of the nominators if he or she is a regular member. Student members in good standing may submit abstracts for presentation at the Annual Meeting and will receive all mailings sent to regular members as well as occasional special mailings. Student members may not hold office in the Association or vote at the Annual Business Meeting. An individual may be a student member for a maximum of five years. Section 4. Any corporation or institution interested in anatomical sciences, and in affording support to the Association, may become a Sustaining Associate Member upon invitation of the Executive Cimmittee and the President ofthe Association. Sustaining Associate Mem. hers shall be listed in the program of the annual meeting and with t h e annual list of officers and members of the Association. The representatives of Sustaining As. sociate Members, unless they qualify also as members, shall not be entitled to vote, hold office, or present papers or demonstrations at meetings of the Association. ARTICLE VI-DUES Section 1. The dues of the Association shall be determined by the Executive Committee and ratified by the membership at each annual meeting. A member in arrears for dues for two years shall forfeit membership in the Association but may be reinstated at the discretion of the Executive Committee on payment of arrears. Section 2. A member who has attained retirement status and who informs the Secretary of that fact no longer will be required to pay dues. ARTICLE VII-TRANSACTIONOF BUSINESS Section 1. One hundred members shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business at the Annual Business Meeting. Section 2. Any change in the Constitution of the Association must be presented in writing at one annual meeting in order to receive consideration and be acted upon at the next annual meeting, due notice of the proposed change to be sent to each member at least one month in advance of the meeting at which such action is to be taken. In a n emergency declared by the Executive Committee, the Constitution may be modified without delay or advance notice by a mail ballot if 70% of those members who return their ballots agree to the change and if the Executive Committee agrees unanimously. sively for scientific and educational purposes. Section 3. No part of the net earnings of the Association shall or may under any circumstances inure to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual. Section 4. No substantial part of the activities of the Association shall consist of carrying on propaganda, or otherwise attempting to influence legislation. Section 5. The Association shall not participate in, or intervene in (including the publishing or distribution of statements), any political campaign on behalf of any candidate for public office. Section 6. The Association shall not be organized or operated for profit. Section 7. The Association shall not: A. Lend Part of its income Or without the receipt of adequate security and reasonable rate of interest to; Of a B. Pay any compensation, in for Or Other for personal services rendered, t’; C. Make any part of its services available on a preferential basis to: D. Make any purchase of securities or any other property, for more than adequate consideration in money or money’s worth from; E. Sell any securities or other property for less than adequate consideration in money or money’s worth to; or F. Engage in any other transactions which result in substantial diversions of its income or corpus to: any officer, member of the Executive Committee, member, or substantial contributor to the Association. The prohibitions contained in this Section do not mean to imply that the Association may make such loans, payments, sales, or purchases to anyone else, unless such authority be given or implied by other provisions of the Constitution. ARTICLE IX-PROCEDUREFOR TERMINATION Upon dissolution of the American Association of Anatomists, Inc., the Executive Committee shall distribute the assets and accrued income to one or more organizations as determined by the Committee, but which organization or organizations shall meet the limitations prescribed in Sections 1 to 7 inclusive, of Article VIII, immediately preceding. RESOIXTIONS 1. Resolved, that the Secretary-Treasurer shall accept, on behalf of the Association from the Trustees of the Anatomical Journal Trust Fund (Minot Memorial Fund), the holdings of the trust. It is the intention to hold the ARTICLE VIII-LIMITATIONSOF ACTION corpus of this fund intact as a safeguard against possible Notwithstanding any provision of the Constitution emergencies in the publication of anatomical journals in which might be susceptible to a contrary construction: which the Association may be interested and to promote Section 1. The Association shall be organized exclu- the publication and diffusion of anatomical literature. The income shall be employed with due consideration sively for scientific and educational purposes. given to the Association’s status as a nonprofit corpoSection 2. The Association shall be operated exclu- ration. Szctwn 3. Rulings of the presiding officer shall be in accordance with Robert’s Rules of Order. PROCEEDINGS The President shall nominate, for election by the Association, a Committee on The Anatomical Journal Trust Fund, consisting of three members, with terms of appointment so arranged that one member shall retire at each annual meeting, subject to reappointment if the membership approves. This committee shall have the authority to expend or reinvest the income of the fund, and the Secretary-Treasurer shall make payments against the income as directed by the committee. 3 1A advancement of anatomical science. 7. Resolved, that any member or members speaking in a personal capacity, about a matter within the range of committee responsibilities, shall make clear in the statement that the statement is not made by such member or members acting as chairperson or as committee member or members. No member of the Association shall release or otherwise make any public statement purporting to express the opinion of any committee of the 2. Resolved, that subject to ratification by the member- Association on any issue within the jurisdiction of the ship at the general meeting, the Executive Committee Association without the prior approval of the Executive shall have the power to establish or disestablish rela- Committee. tionships with various scientific and governmental groups. It also shall nominate a t appropriate times, for 8. Resolved, that every member of the Executive Comelection by the Association, representatives to these mittee, officer, or employee of the American Association groups. Their terms of office shall be designated by the of Anatomists, Inc., shall be indemnified by the AssociExecutive Committee in accordance with guidelines set ation against all expenses and liabilities, including by the individual organizations. counsel fees, reasonably incurred or imposed upon him in connection with any proceeding to which he may be 3. Resolved, that motion picture films, in order to be made a part, or in which he may become involved, by included in the annual program of the Association, must reason of his being or having been a member of the be submitted to the local committee in advance of the Executive Committee, officer, or employee of the Assomeeting. It shall be the responsibility of said committee ciation, or any settlement thereof, whether or not he is to preview each film for the purpose of approving its a member of the Executive Committee, officer, or emcontent and to make sure that it can be shown in the ployee at the time such expenses are incurred, except in allotted time. such cases wherein the member of the Executive Committee, officer, or employee is adjudged guilty of willful 4. Resolved, that the Association nominate to The misfeasance or malfeasance in the performance of his Wistar Institute Press, editors of the American Journal duties. Provided, however, that in the event of a settleof Anatomy and the Anatomical Record. ment the indemnification herein shall apply only when the Executive Committee approves such settlement and 5. Resolved, that the Association pay sufficient money reimbursement as being for the best interests of the to defray costs of meetings, so far as not to be a burden Association. on the local committee on arrangements. The foregoing right of indemnification shall be in addition to and not exclusive of all other rights to which 6. Resolved, that the Association approves and encour- such member of the Executive Committee, officer, or ages regional societies that exist or that may be estab- employee may be entitled. lished in the future for the purpose of fostering the 32A AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS SUSTAINING ASSOCIATE MEMBERS Wiley-Liss 41 East 11th Street New York, NY 10003 American Medical Association 535 North Dearborn Street Chicago, IL 60610 B. C. Decker, Inc., Publisher 3228 South Service Road Burlington, Ontario, Canada and 320 Walnut Street Philadelphia, PA 19106 Lea and Febiger 600 Washington Square Philadelphia, PA 19106 Lipshaw Corporation 7446 Central Avenue Detroit, MI 48210 Oxford University Press, Inc. 16-00 Pollitt Drive Fair Lawn, NJ 07410 Urban and Schwarzenberg, Inc. Medical Publishers 7 East Redwood Street Baltimore, MD 21202 The Williams and Wilkins Company 428 East Preston Street Baltimore, MD 21202 Sol Bernick Oliver Perry Jones Geoffrey H.Bourne John Stephens Lana Randall B. Grubb Charles Durward Van Cleave MEMORIALS SOL BERNICK, Ph.D. 1915-1 989 On September 20, 1989, the University of Southern California and the American Association of Anatomists were saddened by the loss of a distinguished colleague, a warm and sincere friend. Dr. Bernick was born in St. Paul, Minnesota on September 29, 1915 and attended public schools in the St. Paul area. He received his Bachelor’s degree from the University of Minnesota and began graduate school in Pathology and Anatomy a t the University of Minnesota. During World War 11, Sol was a Lieutenant in the U.S. Navy. He initially spent a short time a t the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology in Washington and later was stationed in the South Pacific and studied filariasis. While in the Navy, he returned on leave to marry his fiance, Ellen Levy. Upon discharge from the Navy, Sol settled in the Los Angeles area and began working with Lu Bavetta a t the USC Dental School. Together they were the first to definitely establish an important relationship between vitamin deficiency and oral disease. Sol then completed his graduate training a t the University of Southern California. In the late 40’s he became a n instructor in Histology at USC and in 1965 was appointed Professor in the Department of Anatomy in the School of Medicine. Sol began publishing even before he entered the Navy. Two papers appeared in the Journal of Dental Research as early as 1942. Soon after being discharged he renewed his interest in research-three papers appearing in 1948 and five in 1949. This was in an era when anatomists were commended for publishing a paper every other year. Sol’s contributions quickly exceeded the combined total of the whole Anatomy faculty. It was only after he was in his 60’s that this record was broken and then it took a n expanded faculty of 20 members to add up all their publications to exceed his. It is unlikely that any anatomists at USC will exceed his record. The prolific number of papers initially centered around dental research and it was here that he attained his national and international reputation. He published papers on the innervation of teeth and various oral structures; on the inflammatory reaction; on tumorigenesis; on the embryonic formation of teeth and associated structures and lymphatics. Many of these were histochemical observations related to pathologies and various endocrine manipulations. He became quite interested in the reticulo-endothelial system and the response of macrophage activities to various discretions. He accumulated a number of papers relating to arterial lesions and it was perhaps through these observations that he noticed changes in aging tissue. He began to see a consistency in the thickening of the basement membrane of aging tissue and was proud of the fact that if you gave him a tissue in which he was not told the age, he never missed a n older tissue. It was not only papers that he published, but he was instrumental in writing several chapters in more than ten books. He helped write a manual of oral histology with James Avery which is still popular not only a t the University of Michigan, but a t many other schools. His contributions to others, including Periodontics edited by Dan Grant et al., are significant. During his long and successful tenure a t USC he was instrumental in help- 37A ing graduate, Master’s and Ph.D. students. He instilled in them a desire to continue research. But Sol’s contributions to research were only part of what he contributed to society. He constantly had an upbeat personality, a positive attitude, a willingness to help others and, with all this, a natural modesty. He was a unique teacher, full of enthusiasm which he would impart to his students. He not only taught graduate students, but indeed, physical therapists, dental hygenists, dental students, medical students and pharmacy students. In his last years he became more interested in the pharmacy students and was constantly lauded by them. He had a strong feeling for them. He would say, “I’ll match my pharmacy students’ knowledge against the medical students’ any day.” But he was always generous. A year before he died the Physical Therapy Department called in desperation. They suddenly had no one to give the Gross Anatomy lectures. He never turned down a request and in spite of his constant cough, he gave the course. The students all appreciated the knowledge he gave them. His responsibility toward the students cannot be exemplified more clearly than by the fact that he insisted he give a lecture to the pharmacy class even in his weakened condition only five days before he died from bronchiogenic carcinoma. Many other examples exist, but I must mention his own philosophy of what he would characterize as being a “do gooder,” even though he never characterized himself as such. He had a strong desire to help the less fortunate. Twenty years ago he started working with 16-17 year-old high school minority students. He taught them what he knew best. Some became technicians, others went to medical school. How he handled them the first day was interesting. Within the first few hours they were sectioning and staining and viewing the results under the microscope. After one day, they were already doing what it takes a sophisticated technician many weeks to learn. He even taught them the silver technique and they had no trouble mastering it. He gave these kids confidence in themselves, using all sorts of psychological gimmicks. I tend to refer to it as “the Bernick method.” In addition, he was actively involved in another minority program, given every August to incoming medical students who are disadvantaged. This was a successful course and I can still hear him saying after the first test of the fall, “See, none of my kids are in trouble!” Above all, he was a family man in the traditional sense. Ellen and Sol brought up three wonderful sons. Two are prominent physicians and one a prominent lawyer. He taught his children to enjoy life, especially sports. They were all active in sports throughout their growing years. They lettered in college in the sport of their choice and are still active in their adult years. The attitude of the whole family is exemplary, one which we could all emulate. If I could summarize Sol’s life in one word it would have to be “Generosity.” No one was ever turned away from what he could give. He gave to me, to his colleagues, to his students, indeed, to everyone. W.J. PAULE, PH.D. 38A AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS DR. GEOFFREY H. BOURNE 1909-1 988 Dr. Bourne died on July 19, 1988, in New York City from complications of a heart attack which he suffered three weeks earlier a t the headquarters of the United Nations, presiding over the graduation ceremonies of medical students of Saint George’s University receiving the M.D. degree. Three memorial services were conducted for Dr. Bourne: a t St. Peter’s Church, New York; a t the Cannon Chapel, Emory University; and one a t the Blessed Sacrament Church, Grenada, where the ceremonies were conducted by the Roman Catholic Bishops of Grenada. At his request, his ashes were scattered on the waters of the Caribbean by his devoted wife and collaborator, Dr. Maria Nelly Golarz de Bourne. Dr. Bourne is also survived by two sons of a previous marriage, Dr. Peter Geoffrey Bourne of Washington, D.C., and Merfyn Russell Bourne of Great Britain, as well as three grandchildren, Georgina, Gordon, and Diana of Great Britain. Geoffrey Bourne, the youngest child of Mary Ann Mellen Bourne and Walter Bourne, was born on November 17, 1909 in Perth, Western Australia, where his journalist father had moved, attracted by the gold rush. He was educated at the Perth Modern School and the University of Western Australia, reading a broad number of subjects and receiving the Hackett Research Fellowship. In 1930, he was awarded the Bachelor of Science degree in comparative anatomy followed by a Science Honors in histology, cytology, and theoretical physiolOgY. In 1932, he gained a Masters of Science degree and started his career as a docent in charge of the course of bacteriology, and lecturing in histology and embryology to medical students, and as a scientist publishing the first of over 600 papers that he either authored or co-authored during his lifetime. He received the Doctor of Science degree in 1935 with a thesis on the histology of the adrenal gland. His academic success was not achieved at the sacrifice of other activities. He trained in classical ballet, played for the University of Western Australia in lacrosse, hockey, and football. For five years he held the one-mile record of the state, and in a n Australia-wide athletic contest he was the winner of both the mile and half-mile races. Throughout his lifetime he retained an active program of physical fitness and sports participation. For two years he was with the Australian Institute of Anatomy, Canberra, where he was engaged in studying among other topics, the role of Vitamin C and the endocrine glands. He developed a method to demonstrate Vitamin C in cells. Dr. Bourne joined the Commonwealth Advisory Council of Nutrition where he was responsible for undertaking an exhaustive analysis of the chemical composition and caloric values of the Australian diet. This resulted in the publication of the first Nutritional Survey of Australia Foods, a reference still in use. In 1938, a t the recommendation of Professor F. Wood Jones, he was awarded the Beit Memorial Fellowship for Medical Research and joined the Department of Human Anatomy and the University Laboratory of Physiology at Oxford University where he earned a second doctoral degree, D. Phil., and continued his research on Vitamin C in a variety of tissues. With the outbreak of World War 11, his research emphasized the role of Vitamin C in wound healing and bone fracture repair. He received the McKenzie Mackinnon Research Fellowship of the Royal College of Physicians of London and the Royal College of Surgeons of England. He envisaged and edited a book that would bring together “a number of subjects which are representative of different fields of the study of cells,” and in 1941, under the difficult conditions of war prevailing in England, the first edition of “Cytology and Cell Physiology” appeared. He would publish nearly 100 books in his lifetime directed to scholars, students, and the general public. From 1939 to 1943, responding to a request by the British Ministry of Food, he travelled to the British Isles lecturing to the general public, hospital staffs and health officers in schools and factories, instructing them in the methods of maintenance of adequate nutrition under the dietary restrictions imposed by the war. In 1943, he was recruited by the British War Office and with headquarters in India, he was in charge of Research and Development of Rations, and was Advisor on Food Rations to the British Special Forces in South East Asia. During 1945-1946, he was the Chief Nutritional Advisor, British Military Administration of Malaya, responsible for the nutritional needs of the guerilla forces under the Japanese occupation. After the liberation, he directed the nutritional rehabilitation of the native population from his headquarters in Kuala Lumpur returning to Oxford with the rank of LieutenantColonel. The following year, with the recommendation of Professor Le Gros Clark, he was named Reader in Histology in the University of London a t the London Hospital Medical College where he continued his varied research projects, pioneering the development and application of histochemical methods. Believing that the fundamental understanding of biological phenomena lies in our knowledge of the cell, he conceived the International Review of Cytology as a series of volumes which would offer a forum where invited authoritative scholars would present the newest advances on various aspects of the cell, integrated into the totality of the existing knowledge on biology. He invited James Danielli to join him as co-editor, an association that lasted until the death of Dr. Danielli in 1984. The first volume was published in 1952, and to date more than 120 volumes and many supplements have been published. A few years later, using the same concept, he founded the World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics which publishes review articles dealing with various advances in nutrition research. As its sole editor-in-chief, he guided this publication from its inception until his death. Always ready for new challenges, in 1957 he accepted the invitation to fill the vacancy of the chair of Anatomy a t the Emory University School of Medicine where he envisioned and subsequently realized the possibilities of transforming it into a department where the training of future anatomists and creative scientific activity could be achieved by recruiting an international group of established, young scholars as well as graduate students. MEMORIALS This was facilitated by a substantial training grant and a variety of research grants which he received, thus fostering the work of other scholars. This period reflects intense publishing and research activity by Dr. Bourne and his many collaborators on such varied topics as muscle pathology, aging, sensory receptors, atherosclerosis, cell components and then perineural epithelium, a structure which was predicted from physiological characteristics of peripheral nerves. Its existence was demonstrated in collaboration with Dr. E. Shantha, a most gifted young physician-scientist from India. In the 1960’s, the National Institute of Health selected the Yerkes Laboratories of Primate Biology of Orange Park, Florida for funding as a Regional Primate Research Center in response to a competitive application from Emory University. Dr. Bourne, who was already a member of the Board of Trustees of the Yerkes Laboratories and a scientist with an intense interest in animals and a broad interest in a wide variety of disciplines, was appropriately appointed the Director of the institution in its new role as the NIH-sponsored Yerkes Regional Primate Research Center. Dr. Bourne faced the challenging task of creating a new facility a t Emory University, designing the specialized physical plant, supervising its construction, and moving the considerable number of apes from Florida to the new location on the Emory University campus. The Primate Center, which he guided for 15 years with the enthusiasm, optimism and elan that characterized the whole of his professional and personal life, exemplified most concretely his administrative skills, scientific insights, and visions. He expanded traditional behavioral studies into a mutidisciplinary approach, again by recruiting an international group of scholars and widening the collaborative research programs by affiliation with other national and foreign institutions. Concerned with the conservation of animals in the wild, he emphasized the breeding of animals for research establishing the largest breeding colonies of great apes in captivity. This effort was supported by strong veterinary managmenet, and Dr. Bourne played a central role in the establishment of the Atlanta Zoological Society. His publications of this period includes a multivolume edition of the “Rhesus Monkey,” “Conservation of Primates” with Prince Ranier I11 of Monaco as coeditor, and several books for the general public on the nature and lore of great apes. Dr. Bourne’s dedication to primatology is today expressed in his final wish for the establishment of a Research Fellowship in Primatology a t the Yerkes Primate Research Center. He had been advocating the inclusion of comprehensive courses in human nutrition in the curricula of medical schools and, after reaching retirement a t Emory University, he seized the opportunity of teaching such a course a t the newly established Saint George’s University in the Caribbean island nation of Grenada. Soon afterwards a t a stage when his professional standing needed no enhancement, he accepted also the post of Vice-Chancellor at that newly established medical school. With his wife and collaborator, Dr. Maria Nelly Golarz de Bourne, he had embarked on the study of long term effects of weightlessness on monkeys and had joined the British Interplanetary Society when the idea of space travel was considered eccentric. 39A Geoffrey Bourne sustained a level of inner drive and outward activity that few of us ever match. He continued to work with the fullest vigor for ten additional years after his retirement from Yerkes, teaching, publishing and guiding Saint George’s to academic excellence, a wide international recognition while dealing with a tumultuous Grenadan political situation. He was a true gentleman, a man of peace, goodwill, and a fine sense of humor. When faced with adversity, he responded with thoughtfulness, calm and courage. These attributes are exemplified by his actions when, in 1979, a coup deposed the elected Prime Minister of Grenada. Dr. Bourne’s skillful diplomacy allowed the university to thrive with minimum political interference. Again in October 1983 during a week following a “palace coup” which caused a chaotic stage of seize, before the rescue mission of Grenada by the Joint Caribbean and American military forces took place, Dr. Bourne worked to the point of exhaustion in mediating among the political, diplomatic and military forces of Grenada and those of the United States in a final attempt to avoid conflict and thus sparing them from becoming hostages or victims of the conflict. It was through these efforts that the medical students of Saint George’s University were spared. Geoffrey Bourne was a renaissance man, a scholar who devoted his life to education and to scientific endeavors whose wide range of interests and achievements are a manifestation of his zest and love for life in all its aspects. He had the great fortune to live a rich, exciting and extraordinarily productive life that matched the sparkle of his personality and the individuality of his character. Those who wish to honor his name and achievements may contribute to the Geoffrey H. Bourne Fellowship Fund at the Yerkes Regional Primate Research Center of Emory University which will support the training of talented young scientists in primate research. NELLY GOLARZ DE BOURNE FREDERICK A. KING GARMON HARLOW DARON 1904-1 989 Dr. Garmon Harlow Daron, Professor Emeritus of Anatomical Sciences at the University of Oklahoma School of Medicine, died in Oklahoma City, June 10, 1989 a t 85 years of age, after a lengthy illness. He was born to Charles Garman and Mabel Higgins Daron near McPherson, Kansas, January 29, 1904. Dr. Daron graduated from McPherson College in 1929 and upon receiving his degree, went to the University of California a t Berkeley for advanced study. Financial problems interrupted his studies and he taught at the university of Wyoming and later a t Nebraska Wesleyan before returning to graduate study a t the University of Chicago, receiving the Ph.D degree in 1932. He then taught a t New York University Medical School (1932-1939), Georgetown University Medical School in Washington, D.C. (1939-1947) and the University of Oklahoma Medical School from 1947 until his retirement in 1970. At Oklahoma, Daron taught both gross anatomy and neuroanatomy and was always a favorite with the 40A AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS students. In fact, when the students established the “Aesculapian Award” for teaching excellence, Dr. Daron was the first recipient in 1962 and later again received the award in 1967 and 1970, the year of his retirement. His alma mater, McPherson College, honored him in 1976 with their Alumni Citation of Merit. Although Dr. Daron is best known a s a neuroanatomist, he is the author of one of the key pieces of modern microanatomical research, the exact neuro-vascular nature of the mechanism of menstruation in the human female. For the last fifty years almost all major microanatomy texts carried in the bibliography of the female reproductive system the reference, “Daron, G.H., 1936. The arterial pattern of the tunica mucosa of the uterus in the Macacus rhesus. Am. J. of Anat. 58:349.” Basically, Daron worked out the exact mechanism which governed the constriction of the helicine arteries of the tunica mucosa during the secretory stage causing infarction of the stratum compactum and the stratum spongiosum, if fertilization had not taken place, with subsequent sloughing of the tissues. The mucosa was then restored by regrowth from the stratum basale with the cycle repeated approximately every 28 days. His research prior to retirement was mainly on cellular volume in the cerebellum, but he will always be remembered for his basic studies on the uterine mucosa. During his years of retirement, Dr. Daron actively pursued his lifelong interests of genealogy and music. His ancestors came to this country well before the American Revolution and settled in the east central section of Pennsylvania. He found during his studies that he was actually of French descent and had soon traced his family back to its origins in Brittany. He and his wife published several directories of their Pennsylvania Dutch families and their movement throughout the United States. He will be missed in genealogical circles where he was considered a major research contributor. In his younger years he had played the bassoon to help pay his way through college during the twenties, and later in the forties he was a member of the Arlington Civic Symphony. He served as President of that symphony association in 1947 and has been a strong supporter of the Oklahoma City Symphony. Among the many associations in which he held membership, needless to say, was the American Association of Anatomists and of course the Sigma Xi. Dr. Daron was preceeded in death by his first wife Ruth Elizabeth (1906-1942) and is survived by his present wife of 45 years, Gulah Hoover Daron. His children include Dr. Harlow Daron of Auburn, Alabama, Carol Arnold of Big Bear Lake, California, Elizabeth Redmond of Anaheim, California, and Mary Kamp of Dallas, Texas. There are 11 grandchildren, 4 great grandchildren, 2 nieces and a nephew. The writer first met Dr. Daron when he joined the Medical Faculty at Oklahoma in 1952. In all the years of our acquaintance, I can never remember him being other than a perfect gentleman no matter what the provocation. He was as even-handed with his students as with his colleagues, always fair and willing to listen. He was probably one of the best classroom instructors this institution has ever had. His lectures were gems, even the most complicated aspect of the nervous system seemed crystal clear when presented by Dr. Daron. He was equally expert in the laboratory using the tradi- tional glass slide approach (most of which he prepared himself). He was also fond of using Berlin blue stained brain slices in his teaching to supplement the slide sets. The department lost a n excellent instructor when he retired. Even after 20 years of retirement he is still fondly remembered by former students and senior faculty. The author would like to thank Mary Daron Kamp as well as the entire Daron family for providing background information on Dr. Daron not in our departmental files. JOHN F. LHOTKA DONALD J. GRAY, Ph.D. 1908-1 989 Born in Spokane, Washington on January 16, 1908, Donald James Gray, Professor Emeritus of Anatomy, Stanford University School of Medicine, died on March 29, 1989. The first twenty years of his life were spent in Spokane followed by ten years of education at the University of Washington where he acquired his Bachelor’s, Master’s, and Ph.D. degrees. After serving eight years on the University of Washington faculty in Anatomy, he was recruited to the Stanford Department of Anatomy by Dr. Charles Danforth, a newly appointed successor to Dr. Arthur W. Meyer. Fifty years of Dr. Gray’s life were dedicated to Stanford University. That service was continuous, save for two periods of sabbatical leave as a National Institute of Health fellow a t Wayne State University, and for a two-year period following his retirement when he was a n active teacher of Anatomy at the University of California, Davis. Dr. Gray’s contributions during those fifty years helped to make them golden years for Stanford, his faculty colleagues and a generation of graduate students including students of medicine. They were golden years for Donald Gray as well. A happy marriage and two truly great sons-Bob and Don-who, though different from one another, brought him enormous satisfaction. It is truly an uncommon man who writes a letter to his three day old son, as Dr. Gray did, while riding the train from Washington State to Stanford a t the time he was being recruited. Wrote Gray: “By the way, Bobbie, you haven’t confided in me as yet what your ambitions pertaining to a future career are-fireman, policeman, circus man, lawyer, doctor, banker or what? Perhaps you’d like to think of it for awhile and talk it over with your and my best girlfriend first. Whatever it is, I know you’ll be the very best ever.” “You will take good care of mother, won’t you, Bobbie boy, because we love her so much, more than anything or anybody, don’t we?” “AfFectionately, Dad.” In September, 1939 the Stanford Medical School class of 1944 was the first to have the privilege of learning Anatomy with Dr. Gray. Students from a whole generation recall the quiet, dignified, methodical, always available and enormously respected man who, by the end of his first year of teaching had lovingly earned the student title “the Gray Ghost.” Not just because he moved MEMORIALS noiselessly up behind the student a t the dissecting table to ask a question, or to help with a difficult dissection, but because at regular intervals he would disappear to return after a predictable time interval-the time it took to smoke one pipeful on the back steps of the laboratory, were minutes free of concern on the student’s part lest he or she not know an origin, insertion, or relationship. Every Medical School graduate from 1944 to 1973 knew not only such things as the origin and insertion of the latissimus dorsi but also that it took six and a half minutes to smoke a pipe of tobacco. Don Gray was Acting Chairman and then Full Chairman of the Department of Anatomy during the twelve years before his mandatory retirement, a period when he ably represented Anatomy with characteristic quiet effectiveness. His work in developmental anatomy by virtue of its meritorious quality continues to be internationally recognized. He left behind a n enormous and highly valuable collection of precisely generated human embryonic sections which now are in the Gardner, Gray, O’Rahilly collection, an important component of the Carnegie collection of human embryos a t Davis, California. From this collection and his other research activities, he generated more than fifty scholarly publications. He was honored by membership in the major senior scientific associations including the American Association of Anatomists, the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He served as Associate Editor of the American Journal of Anatomy and more locally, as Associate Editor of the Stanford Medical Bulletin. Among professionals in medicine, Dr. Gray is perhaps best remembered for the Anatomy textbook “A Regional Study of Human Structure.” He linked himself with his good friends, Ernest Gardner, M.D. and Ronan O’Rahilly, Master of Science and M.D. to publish this internationally recognized textbook. I t is published in English, Portuguese, Spanish and Oriental editions. 1975 saw the fourth edition come off the Saunders Presses-four curtain calls and more to come. In 1986, Dr. Donald James Gray received the annual honor given by the American Association of Clinical Anatomists to the distinguished anatomist chosen by the Association. This was the third such award and its plaque reads: “The American Association of Clinical Anatomists recognize and award this annual honor to Donald J. Gray, Ph.D., Professor of Anatomy, Emeritus, Stanford University for his contribution to teaching and research in the field of Gross Anatomy and Embryology and in particular, for his publication of the textbook Anatomy: A Regional Study of Human Structure.” As a professional, Dr. Gray’s legacy consists not only of the products of his scholarly investigation, his excellent textbook, and his administrative contributions but also, over a span of thirty years, the gratitude of graduates of the School of Medicine for their introduction to Human Biology. During the last twenty-five years of Dr. Gray’s life he was blessed by his marriage to Rose Marie Vettraino Gray. She worked with the Stanford Anatomy team during which Don learned, as we all have learned, what great strength and character she possesses. In addition to his wife, Rose, Dr. Gray is survived by a son Robert and his family-wife Kathy and sons Jeff and Tony, and 4 1A a son Donald whose family consists of wife Peggy and daughters Jennifer and Christina. ROBERT A. CHASE, MD RANDALL B. GRUBB 1944-1 989 Dr. Randall Barth Grubb, Associate Professor of Anatomical Sciences, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, passed quietly away at his home in Oklahoma City on July 16th, 1989. He was born July 5th, 1944 in Bellevue, Ohio to Ruby and Marvin Grubb, attended local schools and earned his B.S. in Zoology at Ohio University in Morgantown, earning his M.S. (Biology) in 1969 and his Ph.D. in Genetics and Developmental Anatomy in 1972. In the same year he accepted the post of Assistant Professor of Anatomy a t the University of Oklahoma Medical School where he remained until his death. Grubb was an excellent instructor, not only in developmental anatomy but also in gross and microscopic anatomy. His teaching schedule was extensive and he taught all the standard courses as well as advanced gross, microanatomy, and embryology, experimental embryology, optical methods, and portions of the dental course, “Cranio-Facial Complex.” However, as years passed he tended to restrict his principal teaching to the field of medical and dental gross anatomy. In many ways, Grubb was more closely associated with the dental than the medical school but he taught in both schools, as well as in the school of pharmacy and as a visiting professor a t the Mexican Autonomous University of Guadalajara. Among the teaching honors that he was awarded by the dental students was outstanding basic science instructor in 1985 and 1988, special commendation for teaching basic sciences 1981182 and 19831 84, plus his award as the outstanding instructor of the entire dental faculty in 1988. The University of Guadalajara awarded him the status of Professor Extraordinary in 1987. His service record was outstanding, ranging from serving as Departmental Faculty Secretary to serving on both the Medical and Dental Admissions Committees. He also served on the Tenured Faculty Committee (Chair in 1988), the Faculty Appeals Board plus a series of Curriculum and Promotion Committees. He also was a member of the State Anatomical Board from 1985 until the present. The list of committees on which Grubb served takes up 4 pages in his Curriculum Vitae. His administrative interests spread far from the Medical Center and he was very active in the Covenant Presbyterian Church and in the PTA organization of the Ridgeview Elementary School. Needless to say, he was a member of the American Association of Anatomists, the American Society of Zoology among his many organizational affiliations, plus of course, Sigma Xi. His research interests were basically centered on experimental work performed on the newt Notophthalmus viridescens with special attention to mesodermal responses in limb regeneration and in the formation of bone and cartilage. The same factors were studied in the adult newt Triturus viridescens. He published a special 42A AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS text “Gross Anatomy of the Nervous System” designed The fact that obtaining a medical degree took him 18 for dental students but which was equally popular with years was a favorite discussion subject among medical medical freshmen. His handling of the cranial nerves students of that period, each class having proudly was superb. His most recent research was in scanning claimed him as a classmate. Reunion celebrations for electron microscopy studies of newt long bones. He was these classes were never complete unless Opie was Session Chair for the 1987 Southwest Developmental present. Among the many awards and prizes he received during his lifetime, he was most proud of the dedication Biology Conference. He is survived by his daughter Tammy Beth Grubb, to him of the student yearbook by the class of 1954. his mother Ruby Grubb and brother Maynard, both of Dr. Jones’ contributions in blood research gave him Bellevue, Ohio, a sister Marsha Briggs of Huntington, an enviable national and international reputation. His Indiana, and his second brother Corby Grubb of May- papers on stem cell lineage and the anemias were field Heights, Ohio. Randall Grubb was basically a quite scientific keystones in the hematologic literature. His reserved man who did what he was asked and did it well chapter in Downey’s Handbook of Hematology was (probably why he was assigned to so many committees). considered by many to have been the best description of He will be sorely missed by this Department for his megaloblastic changes in bone marrow. A clearly written excellent teaching, his outstanding committee work, and paper on mitochondria showed that their superimposifor his constant efforts to aid and assist in any steps tion upon the nucleus contributed to its morphologic required to improve the functions of his department. pattern. These and other studies are considered to be His attitude is probably best illustrated by his behav- “classics” in the field of hematology. When the electron ior during the last months of his life. In spite of his microscope became available, Dr. Jones recognized very deteriorating health, he continued to give all lectures early the potential of this technology for hematology and and attend all laboratories assigned to him, to attend all became a pioneer in the ultrastructural studies of fetal committee meetings of which he was a member (and erythropoiesis, paramitotic granulation and ribosome there were many), and take an active part in all depart- bodies in erythroblasts and ferritin transfer into erythromental efforts. His cheerful display of courage in the face blasts under embryonic and pathological conditions. His of a fatal illness will remain as a n inspiration to all who contributions were characterized as relating classical have survived him. morpholic hematology with the emerging physiological and biochemical views of hematology of the 1950’s and JOHN F. LHOTKA 60’s. His thinking was in terms of dynamic cell systems and their functional states and his mastery of morphologic methods was the instrument by which these probOLIVER PERRY JONES lems were solved. During the years after his retirement 1906-1 989 from the Chairmanship of Anatomy in Buffalo in 1971, Oliver Jones, Ph.D., M.D., Distinguished Professor his retirement from the University in 1976 and the years Emeritus of Anatomy a t the School of Medicine and before his death, he maintained an interest in hematolBiomedical Sciences of the State University of New York ogy research but also devoted himself to an examination a t Buffalo died on June 18, 1989 in his home in Buffalo of the early history of the Medical School in Buffalo including biographical studies of its founders. These a t the age of eighty three. Opie, as he was known to his friends, graduated from contributions were published in national journals and Temple University in 1929 after which he went to the earned him a reputation as a careful, discriminating University of Minnesota to earn a Ph.D. degree in historian. Even during this time, however, weekends Neuroanatomy. Coming under the influence of Dr. Hal were sacred to him, to be spent on his boat on Lake Downey, the then acknowledged Father of American Chataqua, fishing for muskies, whose sizes for those Hematology, he shifted his research interests to hematol- which got away seemed to increase with each passing ogy, receiving the Ph.D. in Anatomy in 1935, followed by year. Naturally, his concern for others, his kindness a two year period as instructor of Anatomy at Minne- with colleagues in the profession of anatomy and his sota. In 1937 he joined the Anatomy Department a t the immense knowledge of hematology and anatomy in University of Buffalo as an Assistant Professor. In 1943, general prompted invitations to be a Visiting Professor he was promoted to Associate Professor and then when a t a number of institutions in this country and abroad. While many people who produce outstanding science during that year Dr. Donald Duncan resigned as Chairman to accept a similar position a t the University of may be elected to scientific bodies, it is a privileged few Texas a t Galveston, Opie was promoted to Professor and who-because of their human qualities, diplomatic sense Chairman of the Department of Anatomy. This meteoric and innate leadership-retain a position of permanent rise may be a record in academia. In 1946, he was influence in scientific society. Dr. Jones was one of them. appointed Assistant Dean in the School of Medicine, He helped establish and maintain high standards in any continuing in that post which included the Chairman- society of which he was a member and whether it was a ship of the Admissions Committee until 1954. He planned national society such as the American Association of and designed the building of the Medical School on the Anatomists or one like the International Society of University of Buffalo campus, facilitating its move to a n Hematology, Opie was one of the elder statesmen and in academic environment in 1953. This provided the basic many cases, one of the founding fathers. No one could science departments with adequate research and teach- have served more responsibly in the affairs of the ing facilities and was the beginning of the growth of the American Association of Anatomists than did Opie, medical school. In 1956, Dr. Jones completed as a having been the Program Secretary for 12 years from student, a medical degree begun in 1938 which was 1954-1966. In this capacity, he reorganized the prointerrupted by the teaching, research and administra- grams of the annual meetings into one of the best of tive responsibilities which kept him from his studies. national scientific groups and as was stated by H. MEMORIALS Stanley Bennett in a recommending letter for Dr. Jones’ promotion to Distinguished Professor of Anatomy at Buffalo, “his duties as Program Secretary were marked by his handling of delicate diplomatic problems with skill and tact and his services to the American Association of Anatomists were so outstanding that the Executive Committee was reluctant to see him hand over these responsibilities to another person and prevailed upon him to continue year after year until it was no longer appropriate to presume on Professor Jones’ willingness and good nature.” He served as Vice President of the International Society of Haematology from 1958 to 1962, and Director of the National Society of Medical Research from 1956 to 1961. He was also Associate Editor of theAnatomica1Record (1955-1968) and served on the Editorial Boards of Blood (1946-55) and Folia Haematologica (1937-49). The accomplishments of Dr. Jones during his academic career left an imprint upon his colleagues and the students who attended his 34 consecutive classes in gross anatomy. While he was proud of all of them, he was most proud of those who continued into careers of clinical hematology and surgery and are presently deans or department chairpersons in basic science and clinical departments. His high moral values, honesty, willingness to speak up on questions of ethical behavior and sense of loyalty to his school will be remembered by many of his former colleagues. Dr. Jones was the husband of the late Cathryn M. Jones, M.D., herself a University of Minnesota graduate and for many years, Director of the Red Cross Blood Bank in Buffalo. He is survived by three daughters, Helen Jones of Maynard, Mass., Carolyn Gurney of Asheville, N.C., and Ann Davidson of West Yarmouth, Mass.; a son, Oliver of Columbus, Ohio; two sisters and 10 grandchildren. HAROLD BRODY JOHN STEPHENS L A T A 1895-1 989 Dr. John Stephens Latta died in Omaha, Nebraska on September 17,1989, a t the age of 94. Until after his 93rd birthday, he had been well and active. For the last few months of his life, after suffering a cerebral vascular accident, he lived in a nursing home but he retained his active mind and amazing memory right up to the end. For almost seven decades, he was one of the dominant and most revered figures a t the University of Nebraska College of Medicine. Dr. Latta was born on June 5, 1895 a t North Tonawanda, New York. During his boyhood, his family moved several times and by the time he reached college age they were living in College Corners, Ohio. John enrolled at Miami (Ohio) University six miles from his home and for four years he either walked or rode a bicycle back and forth to his classes. He graduated in 1916 with a major in biology and spent part of his summers at a biological experiment station on Lake Erie. His talents were quickly recognized and through the influence of his associates he was awarded a fellowship in the graduate college of Cornell University at Ithaca, New York. Here he was attracted by the branch of Cornell Medical College, then located in Ithaca, and drifted into the Department of Anatomy, where Dr. B.F. 43A Kingsberry became his advisor. He enrolled in the Doctoral program with special interests in Embryology and Hematology which were to become his special fields of research for the rest of his life. His studies were interrupted for a few months by service in the Army during 1918, when he became attached to the photographic division of the Army Aviation Corps. He completed his Doctoral degree in 1920 and served as instructor in Embryology and Histology in the School (or college) of Veterinary Medicine a t Cornell. At the meeting of the American Association of Anatomists in 1921, he attracted the attention of Dr. C.W.M. Poynter, then head of the Department of Anatomy a t the University of Nebraska College of Medicine in Omaha. Dr. Poynter offered him a position of Assistant Professor of Anatomy and that fall he moved to Omaha where he was to spend the rest of his life. In 1924 he married Ruth Wykoff. They had two children, both of whom survive. A daughter, Betty Jean Triplett, lives in Lexington, Kentucky and his son, Charleton Rex, is a practicing ophthalmologist in Omaha. At the University of Nebraska, Dr. Latta took over the courses of Embryology and Histology and several generations of students, several thousand in all, remember him and those courses as among the most vivid experiences of their medical college days. Dr. Latta moved up fast. He was made Associate Professor of Anatomy in 1925 and Professor of Anatomy in 1928. In 1929, Poynter became Dean of the College of Medicine and most of the responsibility for managing the Department fell on Dr. Latta who was given the title of Secretary of the Department. Finally, in 1940 Poynter gave up the Chairmanship of the Department and Dr. Latta was named in his place. He continued as Chairman of the Department for twenty more years until age 65 and remained active as full time Professor of Anatomy for three more years. He remained active for a few years more as a research associate in the newly formed Eppley Center for Cancer Research and during those years continued to serve as advisor for several graduate students. His wife’s increasing disability finally forced his retirement and for a time he devoted himself to caring for her until her death in 1968. Dr. Latta’s retirement was a superb one. He retained all of his old interests. He remained active on the Committee of the Library of the College of Medicine, which was one of his chief interests almost from the day of his arrival in Omaha, and he lived to see it grow into the main regional medical library for this entire section of the country. For some years until he was well on into his eighties, he traveled extensively. Even then, the only problem he made for his traveling companions was trying to keep up with him. He had a wide acquaintance with people of all kinds in Omaha and a n active social life in which he usually figured as the life of the party. Dr. Latta was active in research during his entire career. He was one of the early proponents of the monophyletic theory of blood cell formation following pioneer workers such as Alexander Maximow, Saxer, and Vera Danchakoff. He was the first (with one of his graduate students) at the University of Nebraska to work with tissue culture in the days when its techniques were decidedly primitive. When the first electron micro- 44A AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS scope became available in Omaha, he immediately adopted this innovation and produced nearly the first papers in electron microscopy to appear from this area. For many years, Dr. Latta was almost the heart and soul of the graduate program in his department and many of the distinguished graduates of the College of Medicine studied under his direction. Dr. Latta received many honors during his long career. Among them were the University’s Outstanding Teacher Award and the Award for Distinguished Service to Medicine. He was elected an honorary member of Alpha Omega Alpha and later served as the President of the Nebraska Chapter. He also served as President of the Nebraska Chapter of Sigma Xi. He was a member of the Phi Beta Pi medical fraternity, the American Association of Anatomists, the Association of Experimental Biology and Medicine and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. For many years he served on the Nebraska Board of Examiners in the basic sciences. With all of his accomplishments, Dr. Latta is probably best remembered by the members of over forty classes that he taught in Embryology and Histology. No one in the history of the College made more of a n impression on those students, first as teacher, later as counselor and advisor and finally as friend. Dr. Latta’s memory for his students was phenomenal. He could almost always call a n old graduate by name even if he hadn’t seen him for over twenty years. No one was ever more regularly sought out and visited by returning alumni than he was. The University of Nebraska College of Medicine has been greatly enriched by the many years that Dr. Latta was here and is so much the poorer for his passing. EDWARD A. HOLYOKE, M.D. CHARLES DURWARD VAN CLEAVE 1904-1 989 Charles Durward Van Cleave, Professor Emeritus of Anatomy a t the University of North Carolina, died in Chapel Hill on June 22,1989. He was born in Holbrook, Nebraska on April 4, 1904, and after the A.B. degree at the University of Colorado he received the Ph.D. degree at the University of Chicago in 1926. Following ten years in the Department of Anatomy a t the University of Pennsylvania and two years in the Department of Anatomy a t Cornell, he came to the University of North Carolina a t Chapel Hill in 1940 to remain through his retirement in 1971. Throughout his career he taught Gross Anatomy, and he did it with the skill and success that admitted him to that small Valhalla of teachers who are legends in their own time. Some of the bases of the legend are readily identified. Many, and perhaps most, of his students had the conviction that his knowledge of his subject was unlimited and without error. His lectures were erudite and lucid, and the promptness and success with which he located elusive structures on the specimen were considered by many to be almost uncanny. The respect that he earned was salted with fear-he was honest in his evaluations, and he recognized no favorites and few excuses. He was selective in the assistance he gave; he held that the good student needs little help, but he was ready to help the confused or the slow student. Urbane wit and a keen sense of the ridiculous superimposed upon his basic dignity kept his classes alert and expectant. Students not infrequently reported a comment or witticism and the results: a n immediate smile by one or two signalled that they saw the point promptly; some seconds later additional smiles were consistent with a lag in perception; the reaction gradually spread through the room; and three or four paragraphs later a titter was evidence that a plodder had recognized a gem. A suggestion of the appraisal by his students was embodied more than once in skits in which he descended from the heavens with fire and smoke to denounce effectively and in few words a bit of misinformation. Despite a pretense of unawareness, the Professor recognized these perceptions and found them embarrassing but amusing; nevertheless, he made no effort to change them. He was shrewd enough to recognize that these perceptions made him more effective as a teacher. It was primarily this legendary effectiveness as a teacher that prompted the School of Medicine and its alumni to confer upon him a Distinguished Service Award in 1975 (members of the Faculty are eligible for this award only after retirement). His early research was in experimental embryology, and he used invertebrates as his models in addition to the more usual vertebrates. When radioactive substances became available for use in biological studies, a new world opened for him. He saw it possible to investigate problems that are significant in themselves and implicit in the use of nuclear weapons. One such problem was the utilization of radioactive strontium, expected in the fallout from a nuclear blast, in the growth of bone, and the extent to which it would compete with calcium. Then came a request to prepare an in-depth review of the literature dealing with biologic effects of radiation, especially during development. The matter-offactness and suavity of the thorough product give little indication of the massiveness of this literature and the confusion in much of it. Van was not a simple person, and even his friends were not sure that they really knew him. The situation is suggested by the fact that those who knew him best, including Mrs. Van Cleave, called him Van. He was the embodiment of the classic academician-extremely wellread and addicted to the arts and graces that constitute civilization: good literature, music, the arts, theater, travel, good food, good drink and good company. He may have found it difficult to appreciate that not everyone shared his breadth of interests or their intensity. That difficulty made him appear aloof, and although he may not have been aloof, he was different. His birth in Nebraska and his growing up in the west seemed out of character; his birth and childhood would have been more appropriate to the Ivy League or London. This consideration is borne out by his marrying an English girl in 1933. He was also a private person. During Mrs. Van Cleave’s long terminal illness, he confessed that he was grateful for offers of assistance but preferred to care for her himself. He also appeared mystified that others were interested in his reasons for a course of action; the reasons were his province. American Anatomy has lost a quiet and modest and distinguished apostle. Somewhat similar persons may have preceded him and may follow him, but there has been but one Van. CHARLES W. HOOKER Ph.D.