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Proceedings of the American Association of Anatomists one hundred and third annual meeting 1990.

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PROCEEDINGS
OF THE
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS
ONE HUNDRED AND THIRD MEETING
0 1990 WILEY-LISS, INC.
NOTICE OF THE 1991 ANNUAL SPRING
FORUM IN CELLULAR & ORGAN BIOLOGY
Sponsored by the
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS
will be held in
CHICAGO, ILLINOIS
April 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 1991
A preliminary announcement
with details of the meeting will be
mailed to the membership of the Association
September first
HEADQUARTERS WILL BE
THE CHICAGO MARRIOTT
Abstracts of papers to be presented at the meeting
are due in the Program Secretary’s office December 14, 1990
1A
PROCEEDINGS
PROCEEDINGS OF THE AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF
ANATOMISTS ONE HUNDRED AND THIRD MEETING
April 22-26, 1990
By invitation from the Departments of
Anatomy of Hahnemann University, Jefferson
Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University,
Medical College of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
College of Osteopathic Medicine, Temple University,
and the University of Pennsylvania, The Americn
Association of Anatomists convened for its 103rd
Annual Meeting from the 22nd through the 26th of
April, 1990, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The
Wyndham Franklin Plaza Hotel served as
headquarters for the meeting. Dr. Peter S. Amenta,
Dr. E. Marshall Johnson, Dr. Leonard Ross
(chairman), Dr. Tage N. Kvist, Dr. J. Robert Troyer,
and Dr. Frank A. Pepe, served as hosts for the
meeting.
ALLIED MEETINGS
The Executive Committee of the American
Association of Anatomists met from 1O:OO AM to
5:30 PM on Saturday, April 21, 1990; minutes of
this meeting appear in these Proceedings.
The Association of Anatomy Chairmen held
its interim meeting also on Saturday, April 21, 1990
at 6:30 PM with President Cornelius E. Rosse
presiding.
Kuypers was chaired by Dr. Peter L. Strick entitled
"Transneuronal Transport of Herpes Virus". Papers,
the presenters and their affiliations were as follows:
"Uptake and Trans-Synaptic Transport of AlphaHerpes Viruses in the Rat Central Nervous System"
by Dr. J. Patrick Card of E.I. du Pont de Nemours
and Company; "EM, Immunocytochemical and
Autoradiographic Studies of Virus Transport Through
the Trigeminal System" by Dr. Jennifer H. La Vail
of University of California; and "Transneuornal
Transport of Herpes Simplex Virus in the Motor
System of Primates" by Dr. Peter L. Strick SUNY
Health Science Center at Syracuse. Following these
papers there was a presentation of Krieg Cortical
Kudos, a Business Meeting, and at 5:oO PM Dr.
Stephen T. Kitai of the University of Tennessee,
introduced the annual Pinchey M. Harman Memorial
Lecturer. The speaker, Dr. Alan Peters, Chairman
and Waterhouse Professor of Anatomy, Boston
University School of Medicine, spoke on "Neuronal
Interrelations in the Cerebral Cortes". A socializer
followed the Harman Lecture.
SATELLITE CONFERENCES
In conjunction with the 103rd Annual
Meeting of the Association in Philadelphia, three
separate satellite conferences were organized.
As has become customary, the Cajal Club Temple University hosted a three-day conference on
convened for its annual meeting, the 44th of that "The Anatomical Basis of the Sectional Imaging
organization, on Sunday preceding the opening of the Modalities", organized by Dr. Carson D. Schneck on
Association's annual session. The theme for the April 19, 20, and 21.
1990 club meeting was "Functional Integration in the
The University of Pennsylvania hosted two
Basal Ganglia" organized by Drs. Suzanne N. Haber
and John R. Sladek of the University of Rochester. conferences; the first on "Intermediate Voltage
Papers, the presenters, and their affiliations were as Electron Microscopy and 3-D Imaging" organized by
follows: "Functional Circuits of the Basal Ganglia: Dr. Keith R. Porter, Dr. Lee D. Peechey and Karen
by Dr. Stephen T. Kitai, The University of L. Anderson, the second on "Current Approaches to
Tennessee; "Striatal Compartmental Organization: in Imaging using Light Microscopy" organized by Dr.
siru Hybridization Analysis of Function" by Dr. Joseph W. Sanger. Both of these were on Saturday,
Charles R. Gerfen, NIMH; "The Development of April 21.
Functional Compartments in the Basal Ganglia" by
Dr. Derek J. Van der Kooy, University of Toronto;
Thomas Jefferson University hosted the third
"Functional Integration vs. Segregation through Basal conference on "Computer Aided Instruction"
Ganglia Pathways" by Dr. Suzanne N. Haber, organized by Dr. Ronald P. Jensh on Thursday, April
University of Rochester; "Factors Promoting Survival 26.
and Growth of Dopamine Neurons: Applications for
RESUME OF THE MEETING
Neural Grafting in the Basal Ganglia" by Dr.
Timothy J. Collier, University of Rochester; "The
The first session of the meeting was the
Functional Anatomy of Movement Disorders" by Dr. Educational Affairs Committee Refresher Course on
Roger L. Albin, University of Michigan.
"Cellular Cytoskeleton" organized by Dr. Stanley L.
Erlandsen of the University of Minnesota. The
A Memorial Symposium in Honor of Hans Refresher Course was offered from 3:30-5:30 PM on
2A
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS
Sunday April 22, 1990. It featured as speakers Dr.
Richard Linck from the Department of Cell Biology
and Neuroanatomy, University of Minnesota, who
spoke on "New Concepts for Microtubules and
Intermediate Filaments" and Dr. Wayne Vogl from
the Department of Anatomy, University of British
Columbia who spoke on "Actin Filaments:
Intracellular Arrangements and Functions".
The next session of the 103rd Annual
Meeting was a keynote address scheduled from 7:OO8:OO PM on April 22, by Nobel Laureate Dr. Torsten
N. Wiesel from Rockefeller University, who spoke
on "Neural Mechanisms of Vision".
This
presentation was sponsored by the Association of
Anatomy Chairmen and by JEOL U.S.A., Inc.
On Monday, April 23, the Presidential
Symposium was held from 8:30-10:30 AM entitled
"The Pliable Nervous System: Changing of Synapse
Efficacy", organized by Dr. Jerome Sutin from the
Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology of Emory
University School of Medicine. It featured speakers
Dr. Jerome Sutin who spoke on "Does sprouting of
one class of terminals change the behavior of other
types of synapses?"; Dr. Robert Moore from the
Department of Anatomical Sciences of SUNY at
Stony Brook who spoke on "Does sprouting change
the density of synapses on target neurons?", and Dr.
Charles Stevens of the Salk Institute who spoke on
"Activity dependent modulation of synapse efficacy:
The current status of Hebb's birds-of-a-feather
proposal.
'I.
Posters were scheduled to be up the entire
day on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday. Monday,
a segment of the program from 10:30-11:30 AM was
reserved for viewing the posters.
Chairman of the R. R. Bensley Memorial Lecture
Award Committee presented the award. The R. R.
Bensley Award has been given each year since 1979
to honor a young scientist who has made
distinguished contributions to the advancement of
anatomy through discover, ingenuity and publication
in the field of cell biology. The 1990 recipient of
the R. R. Bensley Award went to Dr. William C.
Eamshaw from the Department of Cell Biology and
Anatomy of Johns Hopkins University who spoke on
"Structural Concerns of the Human Centromere".
The first of three Special Topics Sessions
was held on Monday, April 23 from 1:15-3:15 PM.
The first section of this session was organized by Dr.
Story Landis of Case Western Reserve University
and was entitled "Multiple Roles of Growth Factors
in Neurodevelopment". It featured as speakers: Dr.
Eugene Johnson from the Department of
Pharmacology of Washington University who spoke
on "Why are N.G.F. Receptors Everywhere
(Almost)?"; Dr. Jane Dodd from the Department of
Physiology of Columbia University College of
Physicians and Surgeons who spoke on "Cell
Patterning and Neuronal Recognition in Spinal Cord";
Dr. Story Landis who spoke on "Target-derived
Factor(s) Determine Neurotransmitter Phenotype".
The second section was organized by Dr. Carl
Feldherr from the Department of Anatomy and Cell
Biology of the University of Florida and entitled
"Nuclear-Cytoplasmic Interactions". It featured as
speakers: Dr. Gerd Maul of Wistar Institute who
spoke on "Morphology of the Nuclear Pores and
Related Structures"; Dr. Carl Feldherr who spoke on
"The Function of the Nuclear Pores in
Macromolecular Exchange"; Dr. Pamela Silver from
the Department of Biology of Princeton University
who spoke on "Biochemical and Genetic Analysis of
Nuclear Protein Import".
The Association of Anatomy Chairmen A special platform session was scheduled
Public Affairs Committee, presented a Workshop on
Low-Level Radioactive Waste from 10:30 AM to from 3:30-5:OO PM organized by the Advisory
1290 PM. The moderator was Dr. Gordon Kaye, Committee of Young Anatomists, co-chairpersons Dr.
Chairman, New York State Low-Level Waste Group Judy A. Gamer and Dr. Kurt F. Hauser, with six
who spoke on the following issues: Background of students presenting. From these six students, the
the Problem; States and Compacts; Federal 1990 Jan Langman Awards were chosen.
Milestones; Consequences of Failure to meet
The Charles Judson Hemck Memorial
Milestones. The panel participants were the Hon.
Angelo Orazio, Chairman, NYS Low-Level Lecture took place on April 24 at 5:30-6:30 PM.
Radioactive Waste Siting Commission; Dr. John The recipient of the award, Dr. David Anderson,
Randall, Project Director for Low-Level Radioacative Division of Biology, California Institute of
Waste Disposal, NYS Energy Research and Technology spoke on "Development and Plasticity of
Development Authority; Mr. William Dornsife, Chief, a Neural Crest-derived Biopotential Progenitor Cell".
Division of Nuclear Safety, Department of
The Vice-presidential Symposium, held
Environmental Resources, State of Pennsylvania; Mr.
John R. Vincenti, Executive Secretary, Appalachian Tuesday, April 24 from 8:30-10:30 AM and entitled
"Gene Knockout in Development" was organized by
Compact of Users of Radioactive Isotopes.
Dr. Donald A. Fischman from the Department of
The Bensley Memorial Lecture was scheduled Cell Biology and Anatomy of Cornell University.
from 11:30 AM - 12:30 PM. Dr. Robert Cardell, The speakers were as follows: Dr. Alexandra Joyner,
PROCEEDINGS
from the Division of Molecular & Developmental
Biology of Mt. Sinai Hospital Research Institute who
spoke on "Role of the Mammalian Engrailed-like
Genes in CNS Development"; Dr. Rudolph Jaenisch
from the Department of Biology of Whitehead
Institute, Massachusetts Institute of Biology, spoke
on "Induction of Developmental Mutations in
Transgenic Mice".
The second Special Topic Session was held
April 24 from 10:45 AM to 12:45 PM. It was
organized by Dr. Robert D. Specian from the
Department of Anatomy of Louisiana State
University, Shreveport. The first section of this
session was entitled "Frontiers in Mucin Biology".
The speakers were Dr. Marian Neutra from the
Department of Anatomy and Cellular Biology of
Harvard Medical School who spoke on "New
Approaches:
Monolayer Culture Systems and
Transgenic Mice"; Dr. Daniel K. Podolsky of
Harvard University, Massachusetts General Hospital
who spoke on "Complexities of Mucin Glycoprotein
Structure"; Dr. Judith St. George of the University of
California who spoke on "Biology of Goblet Cells in
Respiratory Airways".
The second section was
entitled "Membrane-Cytoskeleton
Interactions:
Mechanism and Regulation" organized by Dr. Mary
Beckerly from the Department of Biology of the
University of Utah. The speakers were: Dr. Paul
Forscher from the Department of Biology of Yale
University who spoke on "The Cytomechanics of
Neuronal Growth Cone Motility"; Dr. Sally Zigmond
from the Department of Biology of the University of
Pennsylvania who spoke on Leukocyte Actin
Assembly Regulated by Chemoattractants"; Dr. Mary
Beckerly who spoke on "Actin-Membrane Interaction
of Sites of Cell-Substratum Adhesion"; Dr. Clayton
Buck of Wistar Institute who spoke on "Integrins as
Transmembrane Mediators of CytoskeletonExtracellular Matrix Interactions". The third section
was entitled "New Perspectives on the Control of
Bird Flight" organized by Dr. Arthur English from
the Department of Anatomy and Cell biology of
Emory University. The featured speakers were: Dr.
Colin J. Pennycuick from the Department of Biology
of the University of Miami who spoke on "Structures
and Structural Materials in the Wings of Flying
Vertebrates"; Dr. Robert S. Hikida from the
Department of Zoological and Biomedical Sciences
of Ohio University College of Osteopathic Medicine
spoke on "Are Bird Muscles just a Modification of
the Mammalian Plan?"; Dr. George E. Goslow, Jr.,
from the Division of Biology and Medicine of Brown
University who spoke on "The Neural Control of
Flight:
What we can Learn from the Starling
(Sturnus vulgaris)"; Dr. John Steeves from the
Department of Zoology of The University of British
Columbia who spoke on "Neural Control of Avian
Locomotion: Is it Different?".
3A
The Annual Business Meeting of the
Association was scheduled from 12:45 - 2:OO PM on
Tuesday, April 24. Following the Business Meeting
there was a symposium sponsored by the Educational
Affairs Committee on "Immunocontraception:
Vaccines for the Male and Female", organized by Dr.
John Herr from the Department of Anatomy and Cell
Biology of University of Virginia School of
Medicine. The featured speakers were: Dr. Bonnie
Dunbar from the Department of Cell Biology of
Bay lor University who spoke on "Developmentally
Regulated Ovarian Antigens and Their Roles in
Fertility"; Dr. Paul Primakoff from the Department of
Physiology of the University of Connecticut who
spoke on "Progress Toward a Birth Control Vaccine
that Blocks Sperm Function".
The Presidential Awards Session was
scheduled from 8:OO-1O:OO PM. The Presidential
awards session began with the presidential address
delivered by Dr. Jerome Sutin from the Department
of Anatomy and Cell Biology of Emory University,
Atlanta who spoke on "The State of Anatomy and of
the American Association of Anatomists in 1990".
Both the Bensley and Herrick Awards had
been presented following their respective lectures.
President Sutin called on Dr. Judy Gamer of the
Advisory Committee of Young Anatomists to present
the Jan Langman Award. The winners were selected
from six students who presented a special platform
session organized by the Advisory Committee of
Young Anatomists. The winner of the Jan Langman
Award war Howard D. Pomeranz of the Department
of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Columbia University
College of Physicians and Surgeons.
Students
receiving honorable mention were Robert Mandell
and H. T. Safferstein. President Sutin then called on
Dr. Kurt Hauser who presented the Dissertation
Award sponsored by the Advisory Committee of
Young Anatomists and the Association of Anatomy
Chairmen. The winner was Delia Ines Lug0 from
the Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology of
Columbia University College of Physicians and
Surgeons, whose dissertation
was entitled
"Proopiomelanocortin gene expression and peptide
hormone secretion in the developing rat pituitary
gland".
President Sutin next called on Dr. Susan
Herring, Chairperson of the Basmajian/Williams and
Wilkins Award Committee to present the award for
1990. The winner was Cornelia E. Famum from the
Department of Anatomy of the College of Veterinary
Medicine, Comell University, Ithaca, New York. In
addition, there were honorable mentions given to
Richard T. Ambron of Columbia and William J.
Babler of Baylor Dental School.
4A
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS
President Sutin called upon Dr. Roger
Markwald, Chairman of the Henry Gray Award
Committee to present the Award. Dr. Markwald
stated that he was pleased to present the 1990 Henry
Gray Award to Dr. Sanford PaIay, Professor Emeritus
of Harvard Medical School.
President Sutin then called upon Dr. John
Pauly to give a special award of excellence to Dr.
Charles E. Slonecker during his term of office as
Program Secretary of the Association.
The Council of President's Breakfast
convened at 7:30-9:30 AM on April 25. The first
organized session on Wednesday April 25, was the
Morphogenesis
and Developmental
Biology
Symposium entitled "Angiogenesis: The Cellular and
Developmental Biology of the Vascular System".
This symposium was organized by Dr. Richard
Feinberg from the Department of Anatomy of the
University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey.
Speakers for the symposium were:
Dr. Judah
Folkman from the Department of Anatomy and
Cellular Biology of Harvard University who spoke on
"Switch to Angiogenesis During Tumorigenesis"; Dr.
Drew Noden from the Department of Anatomy of
New York State College of Veterinary Medicine who
spoke on "Origins and Assembly of Embryonic
Endothelial Channels"; Dr. Thomas Poole from the
Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology of SUNY
Upstate Medical Center who spoke on "Endothelial
Cell Origin and the Morphogenesis of Embryonic
Vascular Patterns"; Dr. Ken Thomas from the
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
of Merck, Sharp & Dohme Research Laboratories
who spoke on "The Structure Stability and in vivo
Activities of Acidic FGF". There were four platform
sessions scheduled for Wednesday morning: one on
"Gross Anatomy" co-chaired by Drs. John Basmajian
and W. Stewart; one on "Male Reproductive System"
co-chaired by P. J. Gardner and J. C. Herr; one on
"Lymphoid Tissues" co-chaired by K. P. Chepenik
and D. Osmond; one on "Female Reproductive
System" co-chaired by E. Anderson and P. K. Lala.
The third Special Topic Session took place
on Wednesday afternoon entitled "Regulation of the
Cell Cycle" organized by Gary C. Schoenwolf from
the Department of Anatomy of the University of
Utah. Speakers for the session were as follows: Dr.
Kathryn Swenson from the Department of Anatomy
and Cellular Biology of Harvard Medical School who
spoke on "Cyclins and Regulation of the Cell Cycle
in Early Embryos"; Dr. Edward Salmon from the
Department of Biology of the University of North
Carolina who spoke on "Microtubule Dynamics and
Chromosome Movement"; Dr. Thomas Schroeder
from the Friday Harbour Laboratories of the
University of Washington who spoke on "The
Contractile Ring: Motor for Cvtokenesis".
Also on Wednesday afternoon, the
Educational
Affairs
Committee sponsored
"Innovations in Electronic Anatomy" organized by
Dr. Mark Nathanson of the University of Medicine
and Dentistry of New Jersey. The speakers were:
Dr. Robert Chase from the Department of Surgery of
Stanford University who spoke on "The Electronic
Cadaver"; Dr. David Whitlock from the Department
of Cellular & Structural Biology of the University of
Colorado who spoke on "Three-Dimensional
Computer Images of Human Anatomy"; Dr.
Cornelius Rosse from the Department of Biological
Structure of the University of Washington who spoke
on "The Presentation of Spatial and Abstract
Knowledge in Computer-Readable Form".
Also
sponsored by the Educational Affairs Committee was
a program entitled "Scanning Tunnelling Microscopy"
organized by Dr. Robert 0. Kelley from the
Department of Anatomy of the University of New
Mexico. The speakers were: Dr. John A. Panitz
from the Department of Anatomy of the University
of New Mexico who spoke on "Scanning Tunnelling
Microscopy: Status and Prospects for Biological
Imaging"; Dr. Stewart M. Lindsay from the
Department of Physics of Arizona State University
who spoke on "STM Images of Nucleic Acids in
Water"; Dr. Paul E. West of Quanscan, Inc.,
Pasadena, who spoke on "STM Techniques". A
workshop on "Scanning Tunnelling Microscopy" was
held immediately following the session.
In addition to sessions already mentioned,
there were platform presentations and poster sessions
on each day of the meeting. The meeting officially
ended at 5:30 PM on Wednesday, April 25, 1990.
There were 402 papers presented either from the
platform or by poster demonstration.
Total
registration for the meeting was 845 individuals as
follows: 458 members, 80 non-members, 57 spouses,
219 students and 31 commercial exhibitors.
MINUTES OF THE BUSINESS MEETING
President Jerome Sutin called the Business
Meeting to order at 12:45 PM on April 24, 1990 at
the Franklin Wyndham Plaza Hotel in Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania. He announced that the minutes of the
Business Meeting of the 102nd annual session of the
Association held on April 21, 1989 in New Orleans,
Louisiana had been printed in the proceedings of that
session. They were published in The Anatomical
Record. The minutes were approved as published.
The President next called upon Dr. Robert D.
Yates Secretary-Treasurer, for a financial report for
the year 1989.
Dr. Yates explained that two
financial statements, one for the general account of
the Association, another for the Journal Trust Fund,
PROCEEDINGS
had been made available as members entered the
room for the Business Meeting. He briefly explained
the financial statements for the general fund, bringing
to the attention of the membership the income and
expenses from the meetings citing the increasing
costs. Dr. Yates stated there had not been a dues
increase in a number of years, which along with
inflation and the investment being made in the
symposia and workshops had resulted in increasing
deficits. He also presented a financial accounting of
the Joumal Trust Fund. The financial statements
both for the general fund and for the Journal Trust
Fund appear in these Proceedings.
Dr. Sutin next called on Dr. Marilyn Zimny,
Chairperson of the 1990 auditing Committee, for a
report. Dr. Zimny announced that on March 20,
1990, the Auditing Committee had examined the
books and records of the American Association of
Anatomists for the calendar year 1989 and had found
them to be correct and in proper order. The report
of the Auditing Committee was signed both by Dr.
Zimny and Dr. Mary Anderson.
5A
period. Dr. Slonecker was lauded for his excellent
term as program secretary.
Dr. Zimny reported that the future meeting
sites are listed in the program. Dr. Zimny said that
the meeting in San Diego in 1993 will be joint one
with the Japanese Association of Anatomists. She
briefly outlined the plans for the 104th meeting of
the Association in Chicago in 1991. She also briefly
outlined the program for the Chicago meeting.
Dr. Yates announced the results of the
election: Dr. William P. Jollie, President Elect; Dr.
Keith O’Steen, 2nd Vice President; Drs. George
Martin and Mary Desmond, Executive Committee
Members.
Dr. Sutin then read the list of appointments
by the Executive Committee for representation on
councils and for membership to the various standing
committees of the Association. These appointments
had been confirmed by the Executive Committee at
its meeting the previous Saturday. All appointments
were approved unanimously. A listing of all such
committee members and representatives appears in
President Sutin next called on the Secretary- these proceedings.
Dr. George Erikson was
Treasurer for a report on membership. Dr. Yates appointed Archivist Historian.
announced that the total membership as of March 31,
1990 is 2,633. This includes 1 honorary member, 16
Dr. Sutin advised that the Executive
deceased members, 18 resignations, 95 individuals Committee had recommended that the dues be
who will be dropped for non-payment of dues and 79 increased from $40.00 to $60.00 with the stipulation
new members. Dr. Yates announced that a listing of that 10% of the total be allocated for public affairs
candidates proposed for membership had been made and public education purposes; that the dues for
available on entrance to the room and had been students and foreign members, and emeritus members
approved by the Executive Committee. Dr. Sutin remain unchanged. Dr. Yates then reported on the
called for acceptance of all of the proposed members. financial aspects of why the increase is necessary.
All 79 were approved unanimously for membership; After discussion on this issue; the amendment to
a listing of new members appears in these stipulate 10% for public education was voted on and
Proceedings. Dr. Yates read the names of members passed; another amendment was proposed that the
who had died during the year and asked members dues be increased to $75.00. This amendment was
present to stand for a moment of silence in tribute to voted on and passed.
these colleagues.
Dr. Sutin next opened the floor for any other
Next Dr. Sutin called on Dr. Roger topics of business, old or new.
Professor
Markwald, chairman of the Honorary Membership Scheuermann invited the Association to have a joint
Committee, for his report and recommendations. Dr. meeting with The Anatomical Society of East
Markwald reported that there were no candidates for Germany. Dr. Zimny stated that joint meetings had
honorary membership at this time.
been discussed for New York in 1992 and Boston in
1994. A motion was made that the Executive
President Sutin called upon Dr. Charles E.
Committee explore the possibility of having a joint
Slonecker for a report on the present meeting. Dr. meeting with the EMSA. The motion passed.
Slonecker stated that there were 15 fewer registrants
than for the 102nd meeting in New Orleans. Things
Dr. Sutin returned to the item of old business
have gone very well with the meetings and it has
been the first time in his eight years as program regarding the method by which the ballots are
chairman where the focus was on neuroscience in the tabulated. An amendment to the Constitution was
first two days and on development and cell biology distributed at the New Orleans meeting and
on the second two. Dr. Slonecker felt that it is a represented a first reading and is to be acted upon at
good model for the meeting, not to bring all of the this meeting. The amendment passed regarding the
people in at the same time but over a four day change in the Constitution, Section 2.
6A
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS
Dr. Sutin stated that the last item on the
Agenda was to inform the membership of activities
of the Publications Committee.
Saturday, the
Executive Committee had decided that a ballot would
be sent to the membership asking whether the word
"Anatomy" or an equivalent term such as
"Anatomical" should be included in the title of at
least one of the Journals.
The Publications
Committee also had a meeting interviewing
candidates for editorship of the journal entitled
Developmental Dynamics sponsored by the American
Association of Anatomists. The Anatomical Record
will continue to be published as the Anatomical
___
Record but will appear in two series. Series A will
have a subtitle indicating its concentration in the
field of Cell Biology and series B will have a
subtitle indicating its concentration in the field of
Systems Biology. Dr. Sutin opened discussion to the
floor. Dr. Leblond made the motion that there be a
mail ballot on the question as mentioned. The
motion carried.
The next portion of the business meeting was
devoted to a floor discussion of the journal
publications specifically the Publications Committees
recommendations on the Anatomical Record.
Dr. Kelly asked that a vote of thanks begiven
to Dr. Charles Slonecker for the fine science at this
meeting. We also owe him a great debt of gratitude
for almost a decade of dedicated service as the
Program Secretary.
The meeting adjourned at 2:OO PM.
Financial Statement for the year 1989
INCOME
Cash balance on hand 1/1/89
Receipts from dues
Sustaining Associate Membership
Interest income
Registration
Income From Exhibits
Directories
Membership lists
Classified
Funds transferred from savings
R.R. Bensley Memorial Funds Interest
Miscellaneous Income
TOTAL INCOME
EXPENSES
Office Supplies
Postage
Telephone
Office Equipment
Travel Expenses, officers, representatij es, committee members
Convention Expense
Printing
Secretarial (secy-treasurer, program secy offices)
$56,566.60
74,544.60
3,750.00
3,080.84
45,905.00
24,400.00
100.00
900.00
1,200.00
13,134.03
798.00
900.64
225,229.71
2,553.56
6,768.51
2,391.17
9,497.06
33,171.19
94,270.34
26,947.24
21,241.04
7A
PROCEEDINGS
1,850.00
9,500.00
5,700.00
3,500.00
2,039.82
675.00
1,610.91
Symposia Speakers
Student Bursaries
Dues, NABR, AAMC
Committee Funds
Awards
Professional Expenses
Interest credited to sabings
22 1,7 15.84
TOTAL EXPEIVSES
$ 3,513.87
BALANCE ON HAND 12/31/89
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS
Journal Trust Fund
Year Ended December 31, 1989
456,324.52
Principal Balance 12/31/88
Money Market Interest Income
CMA Money Market
Guardian S & L
Bayview S & L
California Federal S & L
NCNB TX Natl. Bank
First Fed Mich S & L
Northeast S & L
7,393.63
1,857.91
1,232.29
1.01 1.11
4,309.03
1,479.25
2.098.05
19,38 1.27
Dividend Income
Am Info Tech Corp.
NYNEX
Pacific Telesis
Southwestern Bell
Norton Company
Northern Power
Memll Lynch Retirement Benefit
Government Plus Mutual Fund
Eaton Vance Prime R Reserve
578.16
564.96
488.40
508.86
200.00
61.20
6,834.77
10,759.46
1.412.05
Royalties
88.310.37
2 1.407.86
88.3 10.37
129.099.50
TOTAL INCOME
Disbursements
60.403.1 1
Publications
TOTAL DISBURSEMENTS
60.43.1 1
8A
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS
525,020.91
Principal Balance 12/31/89
Principal Account as of 12/31/89
Stocks
99 shares Am. Info Tech Corp.
15 shares Northern States Power
100 shares Norton Company
132 shares NYNEX
264 shares Pacific Telesis
198 shares southwestern Bell
34 shares Union Carbide
3,677.82
13 4 1.55
1,271.80
3,503.36
3,161.57
3,368.75
1.532.95
18.057.80
107,834.57
30,000.00
CMA Money Market
CD- First Federal of Mich S & L
- CN-NCNBTX
- Columbia S & L
Mutual Funds
Investment Portfolio-Govt Plus
Eaton Vance Prime R Reserve
ML Retirement Benefit
50,000.00
25,000.00
122,216.10
5 1,414.4
12.0,498.04
NEW MEMBERS 1990
* INDICATES STUDENT MEMBERS
Michael D. Kawaja
Paul F. Aravich
Matthew J. Cukierski
Steven D. Bain
Ajit Singh Dhawan
*S. A. Larsen
Holli Bemstein-Goral
Ellen R. Dirksen
*Mong-Ting Lee
Joseph C. Besharse
*Eileen C. Foley
Yungchang Lee
Abraham J. Bezuidenhout
Dorothy A. Frenz
Marla B. Luskin
Robert M. Bowker
George E. Goslow, Jr.
Jean E. Magney
*Richard E. Brown
*Barbara A. Hannah
Kevin J. McCarthy
*Gilbert A. Burns
Yoshikage Higashi
John K. McDonald
*Kenneth B. Hisley
William D. Meek
David B. Burr
*Anthony A. Capehart
Esem Perira Cerqueira
Howard T. Chang
*Teresa Ann Conner-Ken
James B. Hutchins
*Mark Hysell
Armando Menendez-Palaez
Maria A. Miglino
Keitaro Isokawa
John D. Moury
Yasutomo Iwai-Liao
E. Hazel Murphy
Douglas A. Cotanche
Midrag S. Jovanivic
David P. Crockett
Gerald J. Kane
*Julie Anne Napieralski
Monica Oblinger
9A
PROCEEDINGS
Martha E. O'Donnell
Sherry L. Rogers
Katherine I. Swenson
*John G. Osborne
Dean Schraufnagel
G.Teo!ilovski-Parapid
*Marie Patestas
*Caroline K. Scott
Malcom C. Townsley
Thomas Pexieder
Dyal N. P. Singh
Robert B. Trelease
*David C. Pfeiffer
George E. Sleek, Jr.
*Michele A. Urban
Karl H. Pfenninger
Richard J. Smeyne
Juan DeDios Vial
Dwight R. Pierce
Alan J. Sokoloff
Sashi Wadhwa
J. R. Ptashekas
*Richard Steinfeld
*Jun Wang
Wolfgang Rauschning
William B. Stewart
James E. Weber
Linda M. Rinaman
Thomas J. Strasmann
Alerick 0. Welsh
Barry R. J. Rittman
Joel A. Swanson
*Wutian Wu
Richard L. Sutton
MINUTES OF THE COUNCIL
OF PRESIDENTS MEETLNG
The Council of Presidents convened for a
breakfast meeting at 8:OO AM in Salon 10 on April
25, 1990. Dr. Jerome Sutin presided. Dr. Sutin
stated that he wanted to spend the time addressing
the issues that had confronted the Executive
Committee over the last year and then give Dr.
Hitchcock, President-Elect, a chance to discuss plans
for the coming year.
Dr. Sutin stated that this year all members of
the Executive Committee were equipped with a
modem and they were put on Bitnet for expediency
in the exchange of information. Dr. Sutin stated that
the Bitnet had proven to be very effective. One of
the areas in which it was used recently was when a
discovery was made that certain institutes of the NIH
were setting aside approximately 20% of their
budgets for discretionary purposes. He stated that
this 20% was used to fund programs which were
below the pay line. Dr. Sutin stated that a letter had
been written to Dr. Murray Goldstein at the National
Institutes of Health and had received the approval of
the Executive Committee through Bitnet. As a result
of that conversation, a meeting with Dr. Goldstein
had been scheduled to take place after the
Association's meeting in Philadelphia. Whether the
FAX machine will replace the Bitnet is open to
question, but nevertheless the Executive Committee
will be able to do its business throughout the year
and not just at the interim meeting and the annual
meeting" of the Association.
One principal issue for discussion relates to
the meetings. Several years ago it was decided to
hold meetings in major metropolitan areas. This was
done with the hope that the local members of the
Anatomy Departments of the Medical Schools would
participate and expand the numbers present. Dr.
Sutin stated it was a little too early to tell what
affect it is having. He stated that the abstracts have
steadily declined over the years. The question was
raised as to how many abstracts were rejected, Dr.
Slonecker stated that this year none were rejected.
The disadvantage of meeting in major cities is the
cost of the hotels, so the Executive Committee
agreed that starting in 1996 we would shift to a
resort city and Dr. Zimny reported that the meeting
in 1996 will be held in Orlando at the Hilton Hotel.
Dr. Sutin stated that he hoped we could stabilize the
meeting at about 1,000 registrants. He said that the
mini-conference concept should help attract people to
the meetings. Dr. Sutin stated that we would be
sponsoring a symposium at the AAAS meeting in
Washington in November, 1990.
Dr. Sutin then moved the discussion to a
consideration of the journals issue and stated what
the Executive Committee had decided. First the
focus of the American Journal of Anatomy will be
changed to
a developmental journal with the
_____
Anatomical Record remaining unaltered at this time.
He also addressed the issue of conjoint meetings with
other academic societies such as the pharmacology
and experimental therapeutics group and physiologists
and nutritionists. These three groups are a part of
FASEB and we would be meetinir semratelv but
V
'
10A
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS
would have conjoint seminars between the four
societies. Other groups that we could affiliate with
would be the histochemists or the Electronmicroscope
Society of America. They do have different meeting
times however: i.e., different from ours. Dr. Sutin
stated that the Developmental Biologists were
supposed to merge with the American Society for
Cell Biology, but that the referendum from the
membership indicated that it had failed and that
perhaps the Anatomists should consider inviting that
group to meet with us. Dr. Sutin stated that a matter
which had evoked a lot of discussion was the area of
contributing funds for public education. He said that
the Public Affairs Committee had been reporting to
the Executive Committee on an annual basis. The
Association of Anatomy Chairmen had become
involved in public affairs and they had increased
their dues from $100 to $300 and with the extra
$200 being committed to public education. Dr.
Kelley stated that there were specific regulations on
501C3 organizations in terms of lobbying efforts that
they can legally become engaged in and this was a
subject of some concern at the AAMC. He also
stated that there was a fine line of distinction
between lobbying and educational issues. He also
addressed the issue of organizations hiring
professional lobbyists to carry out lobbying activitie:.
and whether or not this would be considered legal.
until a specific time and that Dr. Yates would
publish the cut-off date in the Newsletter of the
American Association of Anatomists. Theoretically
or hopefully all of the papers that are submitted to
the American Journal of Anatomy will have been
published prior to the first issue of the
___
Developmental Dynamics journal. No one will have
their paper reviewed a second time and once a paper
has been accepted, it will be published. These are
the principal issues that the Executive Committee has
been dealing with for the past year.
Dr. Sutin returned to the Journals issue which
is a major matter that ha5 been addressed by the
Executive Committee over the last year. He said that
the Publications Committee had recommended a
candidate to be an editor of the American Journal of
_-Anatomy which will become Developmental
Dynamics,. Dr. Paul Goetinck is now at the Scripts
Cancer Center in LaJolla, California. He is a very
highly regarded scientist. He has a very diversified
approach to science. He can deal with molecular
biology as well as structure. The major concerns of
the Executive Committee are the costs for the
venture. These must be addressed. Dr. Skitin stated
that according to Dr. Yates the meetings had cost
between $35,000 and $40,000 over the period of the
last 3-4 years and he stated that dues for the
Association would be increased to $75.00 as was
approved at the Business Meeting by the membership
of the Association on April 23, 1990. Meeting costs
must be factored into the total costs of running the
Association to include the journals. Dr. Sutin stated
that Dr. Yates, Dr. Hitchcock and Dr. Jollie would be
meeting with Paul Goetinck and the appropriate
persons at Wiley-Liss to determine how the cost for
the new journal would be shared.
Dr. Yates and Dr. Zimny stated that the
socializer would probably be scaled down at the next
meeting. It was pointed out that the registration fees
had been raised to $75.00 which hopehlly would
help to offset the costs of the meetings.
Dr. Hitchcock was asked to talk about her
plans for the Association for the coming year. Dr.
Hitchcock stated that she was very happy with the
mini-conference approach to the meetings and felt
that this would be a great asset. She intends to
continue them. Dr. Hitchcock said that she was very
interested in the publications issue and plans to
pursue the matter at greater length over the next year
and also is most interested in marketing the meetings
of the Association. It was stated that the student rate
and the post-doctoral rate for membership in the
Association would remain at $20.00 but members
dues would be expanded to $75.00. It was also
suggested that emeritus members or retired members
have a place to check on the dues notice if they
would llke to make a contribution to the association.
The history of the socializer was briefly
reviewed. Several years ago, we had a banquet at
the meeting and in addition to that a smoker with
beer and pretzels. The members paid for banquet
tickets. Subsequently we did away with the banquet
then the smoker gradually became a dinner party and
it is costing the Association an inordinate amount of
money. The entire matter of costs of social affairs to
the Association will be reviewed in 1990-91.
The Council of Presidents Meeting concluded
at 9:05 AM.
APPENDIX I
Minutes of the Interim Meeting
of the Executive committee
September 30, 1989
Wyndham Franklin Plaza Hotel
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
A question was raised as to the transition
The minutes of the Annual Meeting of the
period between the American Journal nf Anatomy
and the new Developmental Dynamics journal. Dr. Executive Committee of the American Association of
Pauly stated that it was the intent of the American Anatomists held in New Orleans, Louisiana, April 8,
Journal of Anatomy to continue to receive papers up 1989 were approved as circulated.
11A
PROCEEDINGS
Dr. Sutin moved the meeting to a
consideration of the deliberations of the Publications
Committee.
He stated that the Publications
Committee met in New York in June and have
submitted a series of interim recommendations which
they would like to consider before they go to the
next meeting in Puerto Rico. First,only the American
Journal of Anatomy will be altered at thi5 time and
will become a developmental biology journal and the
committee recommends that the title "Patterns in
Development" be considered.
The Anatomical
Record will be published in two series; one in CglJ
_B i o l o a , and the second in Systems Biologv. This
decision is in response to the general comments from
the membership. If the Executive Committee accepts
these proposals then the Publications Committee will
present recommendations for editors.
Dr. Sutin
suggested that we discuss
the
general
recommendations of the Publications Committee at
this time. Namely that the American Journal of
Anatomy be changed and The Anatomical Record be
published in two series. A remark was made that it
was probably best to focus on changing one of the
Journals since some members opposed changing both
of them simultaneously. It was suggested that after
one had been changed and assessed, then altering the
second could be considered. It was stated that the
recent attempts to combine the Society of
Developmental Biology with the American Society
for Cell Biology could cause some difficulty for the
American Association of Anatomists in providing a
forum for the developmental groups. Some members
wondered how much of a niche we would have with
the Developmental Biologists in view of the fact that
there are currently two journals in that field.
However, it was stated that the Publications
Committee had carefully considered a potential niche
for the new Developmental Biology Journal which
will replace the American Journal of Anatomy. Dr.
Yates said that he had spoken to Ann Epner about
the royalty arrangements with the American Journal
of Anatomy and The Anatomical Record. Ann
Epner had told him that the institutional subscriptions
for the American Journal of Anatomy for 1988 were
1,205 in number but in 1989 dropped to 1,155.
Dr. Sutin reported that he had asked A n n
Epner whether or not she felt there was a market for
a new developmental journal and her response was
yes.
The meeting was moved to a consideration of
the Publications Committee recommendations:
1.
That the American Journal
Anatomy be changed to
developmental journal.
Recommendation # I was accepted unanimously.
of
a
2.
That the Anatomical Record be
organized into t w o series; Series A,
Cell Biology and Series B, Systems
Biology.
The question was asked whether or not there
will be two separate journals or a single journal with
separate issues. Dr. Sutin stated that he was not
certain if the Publications Committee had envisioned
one volume divided into two series or whether there
would be two separate volumes. It was stated that
the idea was to have two sections in one issue. The
matter of the publication of the Anatomical Record
as a single journal in two series was put to vote by
the Executive Committee and was approved
unanimously.
Dr. Sutin then asked the Executive
Committee to consider the possibility of reduced
subscription rates to the Journals for members of the
Association. This was a recommendation of the
Publications Committee, i.e., that the subscription
rates be reduced for members and included in their
recommendations would be the option to subscribe to
the Journal of Comparative Neurology.
Each
member would then be given the opportunity to
subscribe to one of the three Journals at a reduced
subscription rate. The current subscription rdte is
about $550.0() per year. Dr. Yates stated that he had
discussed with Ann Epner the possibility of reducing
the rate for members and that she had responded that
perhaps this might be possible.
Dr. Yates
emphasized that the membership subscriptions must
be tied to institutional subscriptions, e:g., an
individual at an institution would not be eligible for
the reduced subscription rate if the institution did not
subscribe to the Journal.
Dr. Kelley felt that the Association should
not subsidize the subscription to the Journal below
publisher's cost. The feeling was that we should get
the lowest realistic figure for publication cost\ from
the publishers and then offer the Journal5 to the
membership at that price. Subscriptions would be on
a voluntary basis.
Dr. Sutin said that he would like for Anit
Epner to meet with the Publications Committee in
San Juan, Puerto Rico. The Executive Committee
approved this suggestion.
Dr. Sutin stated that it would be appropriate.
he felt, to appoint a member of the Young
Anatomists to the Publications Committee. A motion
was made, seconded and passed that a young
anatomist be appointed to the Committee.
The
question was raised as to whom should select the
young anatomist for the Committee.
It was
suggested that the Chairman of the Advisory
Committee of Young Anatomists submit 2 names t o
12A
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS
Dr. Ralston for consideration by the Publications
Committee.
Diego, 1994 in Boston, and are negotiating with San
Francisco for 1995.
Dr. Sutin said that there was a su6-committee
of the Publications Committee charged with the
responsibility of suggesting editors for the Journals
and they have four names, two of whom had agreed
to be considered. Dr. Yates said that it was written
in the Constitution that the Executive Committee had
to approve the editors of the Journal.
Dr. Markwald asked about the cost of the
New Orleans meeting and Dr. Yates responded that
the overage was about $25,000. Dr. Markwald asked
what we intended to do about this. Dr. Yates
responded that the registration fees for the meeting in
Philadelphia had been increased. He then gave the
proposed registration fees for the Philadelphia
meeting; $75.00 for members and $85.00 for nonmembers. In addition to that there would be a daily
registration fee of $50.00 if an individual wanted to
attend a single day’s sessions. The idea is to make
the meetings pay for themselves. A motion was
made by the Executive Committee to bring to the
membership a proposal for increasing the annual dues
in the American Association of Anatomists. The
motion was duly seconded and unanimously
approved by the Executive Committee. This matter
must be placed on the Agenda for the Annual
Business Meeting in Philadelphia.
Dr. Markwald said that Dr. Sutin should
bring this matter to the membership at the Annual
Meeting.
It is necessary for the Executive
Committee to consider the responses that had been
received on the Publications issue. Dr. Yates stated
that he had letters that fell into three categories; 1)
reorganize one journal, 2) reorganize both journals,
3) no major changes. He further stated that there
were 16 letters in the first and second categories and
the third had about 10 letters. Thirteen responded to
reorganize one journal and eight to reorganize both
journals. It should be recorded in the minutes that
Dr. Yates presented a report of the meeting
the Executive Committee has considered seriously
those letters submitted by the membership which of the International Federation of Associations of
Anatomists, held in Rio De Janiero, August 6-1 1,
suggest that there be no changes in the Journals.
1989. Dr. William Jollie and Dr. Robert Yates
Dr. Sutin then moved the meeting to a represented the American Association of Anatonlists
consideration of the AAA meeting in 1995. An as delegates to the Congress. Dr. Yates was an
earlier decision was reinforced that we not alternate. At the meeting of delegates, the following
necessarily have a host institution sponsoring an business was accomplished: A Constitution of the
annual meeting. Dr. Slonecker stated that we have Federative International Congress of Anatomists was
made the decision that we are going to meet in major completed and adopted. Actually this Constitution
metropolitan areas; such as Philadelphia, New was approved unanimously by the delegates in
In addition a treasurer (Dr. Robert
Orleans, Chicago, New York.
The concept of attendance.
meeting in a resort area was seriously considered by Yates) was elected by the delegates. A decision was
the Executive Committee. Dr. Zimny stated that Salt made to hold the next International Congress of
Lake City had expressed a desire to host our meeting Anatomists in Lisbon in 1994. The Portuguese will
as well as Orlando. These two areas met with the serve as the host group. A nomenclature committee
of the Congress was elected by the delegates at this
approval of the Executive Committee.
meeting. The individuals who will serve on the
A great deal of discussion centered on the nomenclature committee are as follows:
meeting format as well as the potential sites for
Dr. George Martin, United States of
1.
future meetings.
Dr. Sutin returned to a
America
consideration of whether or not we wanted to restrict
the meetings to metropolitan areas. The consensus
2.
Dr. Whitmore, Secretary General of
of the Executive Committee was that the meeting
the
Anatomical Society of Great
should not be restricted solely to large metropolitan
Britain & Ireland. Dr. Whitmore was
areas, but rather resort areas should be considered.
asked to be the temporary Convener
It was suggested by Dr. Zimny, the program
until the Committee elects a chairman
chairman-elect, that we alternate between large
and secretary.
metropolitan areas and resort areas in the future. Dr.
Slonecker stated that in 1995, in his judgment, we
Dr. Vollrath, President of the German
3.
should stay with the San Francisco setting and in
Anatomical Society.
1996 look at a resort area such as Orlando.
Dr. Landis asked about future meeting sites
and Dr. Slonecker responded that in 1991 we would
be in Chicago. 1992 in New York, 1993 in San
4.
Dr. Klika, President
of
the
Czechoslovakian Anatomical
Association.
PROCEEDINGS
5.
Dr. Grignol, Secretary General of the
French Association of Anatomists.
6.
Dr. Dhem, President of the Belgium
Association of Anatomists.
7.
Dr. Brapes, President of the Brazilian
Association of Anatomists.
8.
Dr. Sprumont, Secretary General of
the Swiss Association of Anatomists.
9.
Dr. K. Yasuta, President of the
Japanese Anatomical Association.
10.
Dr. R. Smith, Secretary General of
of
the Australian
Association
Anatomists
11.
Dr. Keith Moore, from the Canadian
Association of Anatomists.
12.
Dr. Lee Di Dio from the United
States of America.
A dues schedule for member organizations
was presented. The dues are as follows: 1-50
members, $50.00 per year; 51-100 members, $80.00
per year; 101-200 members, $120.00 per year; 201500 members, $150.00 per year; 501-800 members,
$400.00 per year; 801-1000 members, $500.00 per
year; 1001-2000 members, $700 per year; 2001 and
up, $800 per year. The American Association of
Anatomists with 3,000 members would then be
assessed $800.00 per year to become a member of
the International Federation of Associations of
Anatomists. Another point made was that funds are
available from the World Health Organidation. The
World Health Organization is interested in supporting
an International Congress of Anatomists and they
placed their agreement to support the Congress on
three issues.
First, that a treasurer be elected;
second, that there be annual membership dues; and
third, that a constitution be written and adopted by
the International Congress. The level of support
from the World Health Organization will range from
$10,000 and $20,0(X) per year and we are eligible to
apply in July of 1990.
Two awards were given at the Congress.
One, the Sobotta Award won by a Swedish
anatonust, and second, the Zeiss Porter Award which
was won by Professor Ohtani from Japan.
The delegates further elected an Executive
Committee of the International Association comprised
of the president, Moscovici, an assistant to the
president, E.A. Erhart, both these individuals are
from Brazil.
Other members of the Executive
13A
Committee are the Secretary General, Wolfgang
Kuhnel, from Germany; the Treasurer, Robert D.
Yates from the American Association of Anatomists;
and the Secretary, D. B. Thomas.
A second
Secretary is George Grignon from the French
Association of Anatonists. Dr. Yates recommended
that we support the International Federation of
Associations of Anatomists by paying the dues of
$800.00 per year. Dr. Kelley stated that the central
issue in his judgment was whether or not we want to
belong to the International Federation and whether
we should support with our membership fee, the
international community of anatomists.
If the
Federation is going to be the principal representative
in the world, then what will be our posture relative
to the world community; will it ever go forward
successfully if we do not participate, and if we don’t,
are we just trying to save $800.00. Dr. Kelley felt
that we are trying to save a few dollars rather than
focus on an international world federation of
anatomists. Dr. Kelley suggested that we go ahead,
move forward and support the Federation. Dr. Sutin
suggested that we address a letter to the appropriate
individuals stating that we would support the
International Federation and that it would be helpful
if the American Association of Anatomists could
have input into the program for the meeting in
Lisbon. The motion to support the International
Federation through the Lisbon Meeting was approved
unanimously by the Executive Committee.
Dr. Slonecker then discussed the meeting in
Philadelphia. He stated that the meeting would be
called The Annual Forum in Cellular and Organ
Biology sponsored by the American Association of
Anatomists. Dr. Yates said that he would publish an
abstract form in the next Newsletter which would
appear in November or early December. A great
number of individual packets were printed for this
meeting and Dr. Slonecker will send about 10
packages to each department so there will be
abundant abstract forms for members and nonmembers to submit abstracts for the Philadelphia
meeting. Abstracts written by non-members of the
Association do not require sponsorship for this
meeting.
Dr. Slonecker also said that an
announcement of the meeting would be published in
Developmental Biology, Cell Biology, Cell & Tissue
Science and two neuro journals. They will publish
the announcement of our meeting if we condense it
to one page and if we will allow them to put similar
information in our publications. The deadline for
abstracts will be December 15 and the program
committee will meet in Philadelphia January 13-14 to
finalize the program. The people attending this
meeting will be the President, Past President,
President-elect, Program Secretary, Secretary-treasurer
and the Local Arrangements Committee. The AAA
meeting is April 21-25, 1990 and the Executive
14A
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS
Committee will meet on the preceding Saturday.
The Executive Committee meeting will be from
10:OO to 5:30 and the Association of Anatomy
Chairmen will meet on Saturday evening. There will
be 6 satellite conferences in Philadelphia; 3 preceding
and 3 following the meeting. The titles of the
Satellite conferences and details of the program will
appear in the November issue of the Newsletter. Dr.
Slonecker stated that we were exploring support from
the major book companies in the Philadelphia area
for the Special Topics Sessions, and that in the
future, support for all special topics as well as
special programs at the AAA meeting could be
sponsored from funds other than those from the
Association.
Dr. Slonecker then addressed the matter of
the Chicago meeting for 1991. The five people
involved for the program for the Chicago meeting
are: Peter Satir for Cell Biology; John Wood for
Neurobiology; Charles Little for Developmental
Biology; John Trotter for Systems Biology and Stan
Erlandsen for the EAC. The preliminary program for
the Chicago meeting was then presented by Dr.
S lonecker.
Charles
Little
will
do a
Neurodevelopment session on Monday and John
Wood will have a Neuroscience session on that day.
The special topics on Tuesday are Cell Biology Peter Satir; Genetics - Charles Little; and
Neurosciences - John Wood. On Wednesday will be
Cell Biology of Development and Systems Biology
with a microscopic workshop possibly with Dr.
Robert Kelley as coordinator.
The Executive
Committee will have input into the Vice-presidential
Symposium and will also work with the Educational
Affairs Committee in developing their program. In
addition, we are committed to two mini-symposia for
the Chicago meeting. The mini-symposia will nin
for two half days. Dr. Slonecker cautioned the group
that we could over-extend ourselves in terms of costs
of symposia and special topics and other sessions at
our annual meeting. Dr. Slonecker stated that there
were several ways in which we were subsidizing
programs such as graduate student participation at the
meeting and that the cost of the meetings was getting
to be excessive. He suggested that we establish a
total budgeted amount for each of the annual
meetings. A good deal of discussion centered on the
format for the Chicago meeting and the funding for
the various conferences as well as special topics
sessions for that meeting.
Dr. Yates made the
motion that the Society be permitted to offset the
cost of the next two meetings at approximately
$20,000 per meeting from reserves of the
Association, i.e., the meetings in Philadelphia and
Chicago. The motion was seconded and approved by
the Executive Committee. Dr. Slonecker stated that
we should decide on a financial package for each of
the sessions. The money is not to be used for the
organizer’s trave 1, excessive honoraria, etc., but
rather, to improve the quality of the sessions and
meetings in whatever ways possible. It is understood
that the organiLers of the various symposia and
sessions at the meetings will report directly to the
Program Secretary who in turn will report to the
Secretary-treasurer so that the expenses can be
carefully assessed. Dr. Erlandsen suggested that
someone should be responsible for determining how
the whole program is working. To clarify a point,
there will be a specific amount of money for each of
the four sub-conmittees. They will use the money
to develop the programs for the meeting according to
guidelines developed by the Executive Committee.
Dr. Slonecker listed the future meetings of
the American Association of Anatomists:
1990 April 22-26
Philadelphia
1991 April 21-25
Chicago
New York City
1992 March 11-16
1993 March 27-April 1
San Diego
1994 March 19 - 23
Boston
1995 May 5 - 10
San Francisco
Dr. Slonecker stated that a Japanese
delegation would be meeting with the AAC in
Hawaii, 1990, for the purpose of planning for the
joint meeting of the AAA with the Japanese in San
Diego in 1993.
In an effort to increase the involvement of
the Young Anatomists in the meeting, Dr. Sutin
suggested that a member of the Young Anatomists be
placed on each of the program committees; Cell
Biology, Neuro, Systems Biology and Developmental
Biology.
A motion to this affect, was made
seconded and passed by the Executive Committee.
Dr. Rosse then gave an overview of the plans
for the meeting of the Association of Anatomy
Chairmen in 1990. He stated that he and Dr. Yates
and Mr. O’Connor had visited both the island of
Maui and the big island, Hawaii, in order to evaluate
properties at both sites. Dr. Rosse stated that he and
Dr. Yates had tentatively planned for the meeting to
be held on four consecutive days. These would be
half-days meetings on Tuesday, Wednesday,
Thursday and Friday, December 4-7, 1990. One of
the four-half days would be devoted to business
matters, whereas the other 3 half-days would be
concerned mainly with science. The idea would be
to have members of the Association of Anatomy
Chairmen talk about the exciting research they are
doing.
Dr. Kelley raised the question about the
meeting of the AAC with the AAA. Dr. Yates
responded that the AAC meeting in Philadelphia
would be a very short one probably only about 1 1/2
PROCEEDINGS
hours in total length and would be held on Saturday
evening, prior to the opening of the AAA meeting on
Sunday.
Dr. Sutin then moved the meeting to a
consideration of the Presidential Symposium for the
AAA meeting.
The title of the Presidential
Symposium will be "The Pliable Nervous System:
Changing Synapse Efficacy". Dr. Sutin will speak
for about 30 minutes. Robert Moore, from Stony
Brook, will speak on "Does sprouting change the
density of synapses on target neurons?", and Charles
Stevens will speak for approximately an hour on
"Activity-dependent modulation of synapse efficacy:
The current status of Hebb's birds-of-a-feather
proposal." At the Awards ceremony Dr. Sutin would
like to spend about 15 minutes giving a "State of the
Association" address and he would be putting
together a consensus view of the Executive
Committee on where the Association stands, what are
the major challenges and what we propose to do
about them. Along with the usual awards, Dr. Sutin
has asked Dr. Clemente to prepare a 20 minute
presentation to honor the AAA Emeritus Members
from the Philadelphia area. Dr. Erik Erikson will
also be on the program showing slides of members
of the Association at the Presidential Awards
Session.
The question was raised about the AAA
meeting conjointly with other associations such as
EMSA. Dr. Robert Kelley stated that the EMSA
was combining with the MAS group to form the
Microscopic Society of America which would expand
the membership significantly. He suggested that a
collaborative meeting with that group might be
explored.
Dr. Kelley stated that the Electron
Microscope Society of America attracted all of the
major microscope manufacturers and, in addition, had
a tremendous array of commercial exhibits at their
annual meeting.
The meeting of the EMSA is
usually held in early August.
15A
recruiting and placement the timing for such
activities occurs too late in the year. He suggested
that the Placement Service be requested to develop a
summary brochure which would have the CV's of
eligible candidates available for distribution to
Chairmen early in the year (October).
Dr. Kelley asked if there were ways in which
minorities among the senior graduate students and
postdoctoral fellows could be identified since it is
becoming increasingly important for such information
to be available to recruitment officers.
Dr. Sutin then introduced the subject of
membership recruitment. He referred to the new
committee that had been formed, consisting of Bruce
Batten, Story Landis and Jennifer LaVail.
Dr.
LaVail gave the committee report. The committee
presented the following suggestions: first, to
reconsider the requirements for an individual to
become a member, and second, making incentives for
being a member more obvious.
One of the
requirements for becoming a member of the
Association is to be a first author or significant
contributor to a major research paper, which must
have appeared in press. This usually takes about a
year and the suggestion was made by the committee
that we change the requirement to a statement signed
by two members about the candidates potential
contributions to the field. Another point made was
to request that the Anatomy Chairpersons encourage
members of their departments to join the American
Association of Anatomists.
Another possibility
would be to have a one membership fee for an entire
department and have everyone in that department
become a member of the Association. The other
possibility would be to have speakers at the minisymposia and various seminars be given membership
in the Association for one year. The membership
committee also suggested that following each
symposium we have a small socializer so that
speakers could interact with the interested members
of the audience. The cbmmittee suggested that we
request the membership list of other societies so as
to advertise our symposia.
Dr. Zimny stated that she and Dr. Slonecker
had explored the possibilities of the AAA meeting
with other organiLations. They arrived at a list of
potential organiLations which might be considered.
Dr. Yates then read the requirements for
These
include
the
Tissue
Culture
group, membership in the AAA from the Constitution ByHistochemists, and
possibly
the
Physical laws as follows:
Anthropologists
or
Clinical
Anatomists, not
necessarily on a yearly basis but staggered. Other
ARTICLE V - MEMBERSHIP
organizations that might meet with us were
mentioned, including the Crystallographers, and/or
The Association shall consist of regular
scientists who do morphometric work.
Another members, honorary members, student members, and
organization mentioned was Biomechanics and sustaining associate members.
Robotics.
Section 1. Candidates for regular
Dr. Sutin stated that in his judgment we do membership must be persons engaged in the
not do enough for our membership. In terms of investigation of anatomical or cognate sciences, must
16A
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS
hold a Ph.D., or equivalent degree or experience; and
must be proposed in writing to the Executive
Committee by two regular members of the
Association. The application for membership shall
include the individual’s curriculum vitae, with full
bibliographic references. The candidate must have at
least one substantive paper as principal author, or on
reliable testimony must have been chiefly responsible
for at least one of several collaborative papers on
anatomical or cognate subjects. Such papers must
have appeared in print before the meeting at which
their names are to be considered. Those candidates
approved by the Executive Committee must first be
elected by a two-thirds vote of the members present
at the Annual Business Meeting of the Association,
and then qualify by paying their dues after
notification of election.
Dr. Sutin moved the meeting to the last item
on the agenda i.e., areas for general discussion. He
introduced the subject of matrix structure in medical
schools and its impact on anatomy departments. He
stated that it is not so much a matter of what effects
it has on departments as what effects it has on
graduate education. In the matrix structure there is a
tendency for graduate programs to become almost
solely interdepartmental. Although this may be a
reasonable trend it means that you will have students
in anatomy who don’t see anatomy as a separate and
specific discipline.
Is there anything that the
Association should do to have an input into this
matter?
Dr. Hendrix stated that perhaps the
Association should either revise or develop a new
booklet concerning what anatomists do for
distribution to graduate students.
Abundant
discussion centered on how to deal with the problems
of expanding the membership of the American
Association of Anatomists. The suggestion was
made once again that a flat fee be charged to
anatomy departments and that this fee allow all
members of a particular department to be members
of the American Association of Anatomists. This
matter must be thought through clearly before any
decision is made.
Dr. LaVail then asked for the opinion of the
Executive Committee concerning free membership for
contributors to mini-conferences and symposia. The
consensus was that this would be satisfactory, the
idea being that if given a free membership one year,
they would receive abstract forms, Newsletters and
announcements of meetings. A motion was made
that free membership be given to the guest speakers.
The motion was seconded and approved by the
Executive Committee.
In addition to free
Dr. Sutin left this as a pending issue for
membership, they would also be given registration at further discussion at the Executive Committee of the
the Annual Meeting.
American Association of Anatomists.
The discussion centered on a small socializer
after each of the special topics and presidential
symposium sessions and the general feeling was that
this would be advisable. These socializers will be
initiated at the Chicago meeting in 1991. Dr.
Slonecker and Dr. Zimny will draft a letter to the
individuals who will organize the symposia outlining
specifically what their funding will be and what will
be given to each of the speakers.
Dr. Sutin moved the meeting to a
consideration of remonsibilities of the vicepresidents. He suggested that the vice-presidents be
charged with the responsibility of helping to develop
and subsequently evaluate the programs of the subcommittees. The input would focus on offering
suggestions as to which of the programs (symposia,
special topics, etc) need changing, expanding, etc.
Dr. Sutin stated that there waq a management
function of the program that seemed to be missing
and that this should be the responsibility of the vicepresidents.
The vice-presidents would also be
concerned with an evaluation of the meeting itself,
perhaps by determining how many people attend
specific symposia, the effectiveness of the different
symposia and special topics sessions at the annual
meeting.
Dr. Sutin then referred to graphs illustrating
the members of the American Association of
Anatomists who are members of other organizations.
It must be kept in mind that 52% of the members of
anatomy departments in the United States are not
members of the Association.
At the assistant
professor level, about 70% are not members of the
AAA and of those assistant professors about 1/3
don’t belong to any association. This was found to
be rather astounding by the Executive Committee.
Eighteen per cent of our members are also members
of American Society for Cell Biology, 6% are
members of Developmental Biologists, 28% belong
to the Society for Neuroscience. Another graph
showed members of other societies who are also
members of our Association. Nine per cent of the
Cell Biologists belong to the AAA. Twelve per cent
of the Developmental Biologists belong to the AAA
and 7% of the Society for Neuroscience are members
of our Association.
Dr. Sutin then began discussion on the topic
of better communications between the Executive
Committee and members of the Association. He
suggested that perhaps one additional page in the
Newsletter might be devoted to the comments from
members of the Executive Committee with reference
PROCEEDINGS
to matters they felt would be of importance to the
membership.
Items such as grant support in
departments, membership in the Association, the 52%
of the anatomists in anatomy departments who are
not members of the Association, etc.
Generally the Executive Committee should
serve as the long-range planning committee.
Dr.
Sutin asked the Executive Committee whether or not
they wished to continue in that role or perhaps
initiate a small sub-committee to deal specifically
with such planning. It was stated that we work on a
yearly basis and perhaps we should devote time to
the development of intermediate and long-range
goals. Dr. Sutin stated that sometimes it is advisable
to have an outsider who is not directly involved
provide an overview.
The point was raised that we really do not
have a clear understanding of where this Association
should be in the 21st century. Dr. Kelley suggested
that perhaps two or three young, enthusiastic, highly
motivated members could serve to give some
suggestions on this matter. He said that certain
groups have made major decisions about the kind of
research they were going to involve themselves in
over the next two decades, and they have moved
away from classical structural biology. Dr. Kelley
believes that we should have a small group of people
keeping their fingers on the pulse of what really is
happening in research and the direction that funding
agencies are taking in order to place us in a more
opportune position for the 21st century. Actually it
means that we should have someone keeping their
fingers on the pulse of the funding agencies to see
how those agencies are thinking in terms of support
which, in turn, would make us a "hotter" society.
Dr. Sutin suggested that perhaps we need
three members to form a sub-committee; one person
not a member of the Association, a second member
of the Association well respected for their research,
and third, an individual who is an administrator;
knowledgeable of the place of anatomy in medical
schools in terms of the teaching materials,
cumculum, etc. Of course, such a group would first
turn to the AAA to see what are the goals, purposes,
and activities of the Association. We don't have
such a document presently. Dr. Sutin left this matter
with the Executive Committee and he would suggest
the names of a few individuals who could function
as an advisory committee.
Dr. Sutin moved the meeting to a
consideration of committee reports. The fust, the
Publications Committee and the second the Program
Committee report for the Chicago Meeting, have
been presented.
17A
PUBLIC AFFAIRS COMMITTEE. Dr.
Sutin stated that Dr. Gordon Kave's term on the
Committee ends next year (1990).
Dr. Yates stated that the current members of
the Committee are Bill Brinkley, Joe Coulter, Bob
Kelley, Len Ross, Mike Gershon and Gordon Kaye.
Dr. Kelley said that the Committee was reconstituted
just a few months prior. Dr. Yates reported that the
Committee has indeed become much more active;
however, it has not really had enough time to fully
develop. A new chairman of the Committee will be
appointed at the Annual Meeting.
Dr. Kelley
suggested that we redefine the mission of the Public
Affairs Committee. He felt that going to the CAS
Meeting and reporting to Dr. Yates was one function
and to evaluate the available funds from various
institutes of the NIH was yet another, but the overall
mission of the committee should be more carefully
defined.
Dr. Sutin stated that at the Annual Meeting in
Philadelphia we would appoint a chairman and
redefine the mission of the Public Affairs Committee.
ANATOMICAL NOMENCLATURE. (Dr.
George Martin)
The committee on Anatomical
Nomenclature of the American Association of
Anatomists met on Monday evening April 10, 1989.
In attendance were Dr. Ronald Hammer, a member
of our committee; Dr. James Fix, a member of the
international committee; Dr. Duane Haines, one of
three outside experts invited to the meeting and Dr.
George Martin.
Since the last meeting, Dr. W. J. Paule retired
from the committee and Dr. Richard L. Wood was
added. Dr. Martin has asked Dr. Wood to suggest
the names of additional experts in cell biology who
would be willing to work with him as a
subcommittee to review terms in that area as well as
in classical histology. It is Dr. Martin's impression
that cell biology, like neuroanatomy, is an area that
needs work because of the plethora of new terms
appearing in the literature. When names of potential
committee members are submitted by Dr. Wood, Dr.
Martin will pass them on to Dr. Sutin.
Dr. Martin asked Dr. Sutin to appoint Drs.
Carmine Clemente and Keith Moore to the committee
to represent gross anatomy and embryology. If they
agree to serve, than this would bring the committee
membership to a more appropriate number.
Dr. Kelley raised the question of what the
Committee actually does and it was stated that if a
textbook was being written and there was a question
about a specific term or name of a structure, the
Committee could give them the accepted terminology
18A
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS
and that should resolve any conflicts which might
exist.
HERRICK AWARD COMMITTEE.(Dr.
Story Landis) The Hemck Committee is responsible
for selecting the Herrick Awardee. This is a prize
that goes to a promising neuroscientist who is not
more than eight years out of a Ph.D. The Committee
distributes a poster that announces the Award and
solicits nominations which are then judged by the
Committee members (Mugnaini, Landis, Grafstein,
O'Steen and Ross). The poster is being prepared and
will be mailed at the beginning of October.
Nominations close in the middle of December and
the candidate is selected shortly after the beginning
of the new year. Dr. Landis stated that about six
candidates from last year are eligible for this year's
award.
EDUCATIONAL AFFAIRS COMMITTEE
Dr. Erlandsen gave an overview of the program for
the Philadelphia meeting.
He focused on the
Chicago meeting and felt that an area of interest
would be the cell biology of bone. He would
approach the other members of the committee about
what they are planning for the Chicago program. Dr.
Erlandsen stated that the EAC Workshop was
excellently attended. One question was raised as to
whether we could get manuscripts from some of the
special topics speakers. Dr. Erlandsen stated that this
would be very difficult to do but attempts are always
being made to obtain manuscripts for publication in
the Journals.
Dr. Erlandsen said that he had
contacted all of the guest speakers and given them a
preliminary copy of the program. He said that the
approach was to bring in very exciting people and
have exciting programs so that the speaker at one
program would stay and contribute and participate in
other symposia.
Basic Blue 141, an oxazine dye, selectively stains
neutrophil granules when applied from alkaline
solution to FAA fixed material. Acid Red 52 stains
leukocyte granules when applied to Bouin fixed
material, and Synacril Black AN selectively stains
the cytoplasm of megakaryocytes after treatment of
the specimen with RNase.
Dr. Curtis Wilson (USDA, Peoria, Illinois)
gave a talk entitled "A biochemist looks at
Coomassie blue R and G and amido black". Wilson
was concerned with the use of these dyes to identify
plant storage proteins in polyacrylamide and agarose
gels. Coomassie blue R is a triphenylmethane dye
which stains some proteins red and others blue.
Whether this effect is due to metachromasia or
colored impurities is unknown. Coomassie blue G is
commonly used in a protein dye-binding assay.
Most batches of amido black stain proteins blue,
although some impart grey or black colorations.
These color shifts may be due to the presence of dye
intermediates or byproducts.
Howard Shapiro (West Newton,
Massachusetts) talked on "Shapiro's third law of flow
cytometry: What's in the bottle is not necessarily
what is on the label". In spite of the title, this
presentation was primarily concerned with an outline
of dye use in flow cytometry. The fluorescence
probes discussed included those for DNA (Hoechst
dyes, DAPI, propidium), for RNA (Acridine orange,
pyronin Y, thioflavin T), and for antibody labeling
(Texas red, fluorescein, phycoerythrin). In addition,
probes for membrane integrity, membrane potential,
intracellular pH, enzyme activity and cytoplasmic
calcium concentration were discussed.
This included a
General Business &k&cg.
report on the Stain Commission Assay Lab activities,
the Treasurer's and Editor's reports and that of the
Publication Committee.
BIOLOGICAL STAIN COMMITTEE.(Dr.
Paul Marshall) The Biological Stain Commissicn
______
President's Forum.
___
This is primarily a
held its annual meeting at-the East Avenue Inn,
Rochester, NY. As usual the program was divided question and answer session where the body of
into three sections, viz., the Scientific Section, the attenders attempts to answer questions of concern.
General Business Meeting, and the President's Forum. Among the issues addressed were preferences in the
color of eosin Y powder and the decreased solubility
___
consisted of three of current lots of hematoxylin. In addition, a new
Scientific Section
presentations from invited speaken;.
chapter in the book Biolopical Stains was outlined
and the Commission's proposal to certify dye
solutions was revealed.
Dr. Lawrence Kass (Case Western Reserve
There were no items of new business and the
University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio)
talked on "New dyes for use in hematopathology". meeting of the Executive Committee of the American
The dyes discussed included Basic Blue 41, an azo Association of Anatomists adjourned at 5:10 PM.
dye, producing a staining pattern similar to Giemsa
Respectfully submitted,
stain, and Basic Blue 93, another azo dye, which
Robert D. Yates, Ph.D.
produces selective staining of lysosomes in
Secretary-Treasurer
formalinlacetic acid/ethanol (FAA) fixed material.
PROCEEDINGS
APPENDIX I1
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE MEETING
April 21, 1990
Wyndham Franklin Plaza Hotel
President Jerome Sutin called the meeting to
order at 1O:lO AM. Dr. Sutin announced that Dr.
Charles LeBlond had expressed an interest to address
the Executive Committee concerning the Journals.
He will meet with us at 3:OO PM.
Dr. Yates presented the minutes of the
Interim Committee Meeting of the Executive
Committee held September 30, 1989 at the Wyndham
Franklin Plaza Hotel. He stated that the minutes had
been distributed to the Committee and asked for any
changes. Dr. Yates stated that he would like to have
the privilege to change the minutes with reference to
grammar, spelling and puncruation.
This was
approved by the Committee. The minutes were then
approved as circulated.
Dr. Sutin moved the meeting to a
consideration of old business and stated that Dr.
Peter Ralston would present the deliberations of the
Publications Committee. Dr. Ralston said that the
Publications Committee had met on two occasions
since the last meeting of the Association. They met
with the Departmental Chairmen in San Juan, Puerto
Rico and also had another meeting in San Francisco.
The thrust of the meetings concerned reorganization
of the Journals. The reorganizations have been
staggered in time. The Publications Committee has
focused on a journal in Developmental Biolog. A
sub-committee consisting of Mike Gershon, John
Fallon and Don Fischman was appointed to advertise
and consider candidates for the editorship of the
Developmental Biolog journal.
All of the
candidates were present in San Francisco at the time
of that meeting. One of the candidates has since
withdrawn his name. A second candidate was more
interested and the Committee spent a good deal of
time with this individual discussing how he would
reorganize the journal. Ann Epner from Wiley-Liss
was present at these meetings. The support for the
journal was considered to some degree with Ann
Epner. Today the sub-committee is meeting with the
candidates who they recommended for the editorship
of the journal. A Wiley-Liss representative will
attend this meeting. The full Publications Committee
will meet at 1:30 PM today to consider the
recommendations of the sub-committee concerning
the editor of the Journal.
Hopefully the entire
Publications Committee can agree on the suggestions
of the sub-committee and Dr. Ralston then will come
back to this meeting with their decision. The
Publications Committee will determine whether Dr.
19A
"X" is to become editor of the journal or at this time
they have no recommendations. The question was
raised as to whether it 'would be the recommendation
of the Publications Committee to recommend a single
individual or two or more individuals. Dr. Ralston
stated that it was his belief that a single individual
would be recommended. Dr. Yates asked that at the
time of the recommendation they would be in a
position to discuss the financial needs of the new
venture. Dr. Ralston said that he was not certain as
to whether they would be in that position at this
time. He stated that many of the current journal
editors receive an honorarium. Dr. Ralston said that
there might well be requests to support the journal
over and above what is currently being given. Dr.
Ralston stated that he did not feel that the Executive
Committee would be in a position to approve a
recommendation which they had not had an
opportunity to study. Dr. Ralston then dealt with the
matter of continued subscriptions to the new journal
by libraries over the nation stating that the library
base was the source of the royalty income. He
further stated that in his judgment the library
subscription base was eroding.
Dr. Ralston
concluded his remarks by saying that the Publications
Committee might come to the Executive Committee
today with a recommendation for an editor.
Dr. Sutin introduced the new members of the
Executive Committee; Dr. Mary Desmond, Dr.
George Martin, (Executive Committee) Dr. Keith
O'Steen (Second Vice President) and Dr. William
Jollie (President-Elect).
Dr. Sutin stated that
the Publications Committee had recommended that
the American Journal of Anatomy be changed to a
Developmental Biolog journal. He said that the
second recommendation of the Committee was for an
editor. The Committee further recommended that the
_
Anatomical
_ Record
-_
~ be published in two series; a
Series A Cell BioloB and Series B Svstems Biology.
These recommendations had been accepted by the
Executive Committee. The question of subsidizing
subscriptions to the journals, either by direct payment
from the Association or some other source, was not
approved by the Executive Committee.
The
financial implications of the changes in the journal is
something that has to be dealt with immediately.
The Anatomical Record and the American Journal of
_
Anatomy
__
changes will be staggered deliberately so
that the Publications Committee will not be dealing
with changing both journals at one time. Dr. Ralston
stated that there are many difficulties with the
Systems area but the area of Cell Biology is easier.
The difficulty centers on the definition of Systems
Biology.
In its broad sense it is actually all
encompassing and the Publications Committee has
felt rather frustrated in making decisions with regard
to specific issues in the area of Systems Biology; i.e.,
should it include evolutionary biology, physical
20A
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS
anthropology, etc. Dr. Ralston stated that in an
effort to cope with this problem they had added
another member to the Publications Committee; Dr.
Jack Stem. Dr. Stem is a evolutionary biologist
from SUNY.
He has actually not joined the
Committee but serves in an advisory capacity. Dr.
Ralston said that the Committee could deal quite
easily with the question of what would be considered
DeveloDmental Biology and what would be
considered Cell Biology, but the real challenge to the
Committee has been to define what areas would be
included under the heading of Systems Biology. The
question was raised about whether or not the new
editor of the journals should begin to solicit papers
for publication. Dr. Ralston responded that this
solicitation process was indeed going to become a
reality immediately. The question was raised as to
whether or not it was wise to change the name of the
Journal and remove the name of the American
Journal of Anatomy and Dr. Ralston responded that
it was their intent to leave the American Journal of
Anatomy on the masthead of the new journal
Developmental Dynamics. The point was raised and
should be made emphatic that the Anatomical Record
will not change names. The Anatomical Record will
be published in two series; a Series A Cell Biology
and a Series B Systems Biology, but the name of the
journal will remain the Anatomical Record. The
question was asked whether the American Journal of
Anatomy was the appropriate one to change to
Developmental Dvnamics; that the Anatomical
Record probably should be changed and the
American Journal of Anatom should be published as
two series. Dr. Sutin asked for a show of hands as
to how many felt the Anatomical Record should be
changed and then he asked how many felt it should
be as the Publications Committee recommended, i.e.,
changing the American Journal of Anatomy. The
majority believed that the American Journal of
-_
Anatom should be changed to Development
Dynamics. Dr. Ralston stated that the institutional
support base was absolutely essential in the transition
phase of the journal.
Dr. Yates then addressed the matter of
increasing dues for the American Association of
Anatomists. He stated that in his judgment the dues
should be increased from $40.00 to $75.00 per
annum. Dr. Sutin then made the motion that we
assign 10% of the dues, whatever the final level will
be, to educational affairs. The motion was seconded
and passed that 10% of the dues be dedicated to
educational affairs. The motion passed unanimously.
Dr. Sutin then moved the meeting to a
consideration of mini-conferences. He stated that
each mini-conference would receive $5,000 as
approved by the Executive Committee. He stated
that one idea which had been brought up by Dr.
Peter Satir was that once a mini-symposium was
approved for funding by the Executive Committee
that it would have at least two consecutive years to
present the program. Dr. Yates stated that the entire
program was to be evaluated by the vice-presidents.
This is one of the new duties of those offices and
they should be evaluating the mini-conferences as
well and after a period of time we would look at
those conferences in an effort to determine their
effectiveness. Dr. Sutin presented a proposal from
Dr. Sandy Palay.
This wouId be a half-day
symposium celebrating the centennial of the Journal
of_ Comsarative
_
Neuologv. Dr. Karen Hitchcock
stated that there was a third one that deals with The
Myocardium. Actually the title is Myocardium and
neurotransmitters. Abundant discussion centered on
the program for the Chicago Meeting. Dr. Zimny
stated that an outline of the program was being
prepared and would be included in the minutes of the
Executive Committee. The Executive Committee
approved supporting the mini-conference by Dr.
Palay and the mini-conference proposed by Dr. Satir.
~
Discussion then centered on the American
Association of Anatomists meeting with other groups
such as the American Physiological Society. Dr.
Sutin said that one of the difficulties we have is that
the number of exhibitors at our meetings is eroding
as is the number of individuals attending the
meeting. As he stated, no matter how good the
meetings are, if no one is around to listen, it really
has very little impact. Abundant discussion centered
on meeting with other societies.
The general
consensus after much discussion was that we should
explore the possibilities of meeting with the Electron
Microscope Society of America and Dr. Zimny will
look into this matter.
Dr. Sutin moved the meeting to a
consideration of Public Affairs matters and he called
upon Dr. Yates to give a brief update of the
deliberations of the Association of Anatomy
Chairmen with reference to this issue. Dr. Yates
stated that a decision was made by the AAC in San
Juan, Puerto Rico at its Winter Conference to
increase the dues from $100 to $300 per year and
that the added $200 be devoted to lobbying efforts.
It was pointed out that the term "lobbying" was not
Dr. Sutin moved the meeting to a
an appropriate one but rather "educational affairs"
consideration of business transmitted by computer.
should replace "lobbying".
PROCEEDINGS
2 1A
He stated that Dr. Yates would provide each of the stated that practically everyone on the Executive
new members of the Executive Committee with a Committee was involved in one way or the other in
the development of the program. There were 402
modem if one was not available to them.
abstracts submitted, preregistration for the meeting
589. Dr. Slonecker believed that we would have a
Dr. Sutin then introduced the topic of similar size meeting to that in New Orleans i.e., 900
modification of the responsibilities of the Executive and 1,000 members. He mentioned that there are
Committee. One of the problems he perceives with four satellite conferences; "The Anatomical Basis of
the organization is that the presidents serve only for the Sectional Imaging Modalities", Temple
one year. Dr. Sutin suggested a cabinet-like structure U n iv ers it y ; "In termed i ate V ol tag e E 1ec t ro n
for the Executive Committee whereby each executive Microscopy and 3-D Imaging" and "Current
committee member would be responsible during their Approaches to Imaging Using Light Microscopy",
term for some area of the organization's operation. University of Pennsylvania; "Computer Assisted
The areas would be ones such as membership Instruction", Thomas Jefferson University.
recruitment, program oversight, program evaluation,
placement service, educational affairs. The goal
Dr. Zimny then reported on the meeting in
would be to provide quicker information for the Chicago. She stated that she had had the usual
members of the Executive Committee and the planning meeting in Chicago with the local
officers.
Also there would be a regional arrangements committee and that Dr. John Clancy
responsibility where each committee member would had agreed to serve as Chairman.
be responsible for contacting people within their own
region. This matter will be left up to Dr. Hitchcock
Dr. Zimny then gave the places for the future
for further consideration during the coming year. Dr. meetings:
Yates suggested that we should make the meetings a
little more international in flavor by inviting the
Chicago
April 21-25, 1991
Germans to attend in New York and the Irish and
New York
March 11-15, 1992
British in Boston. In 1993 we have the Japanese
March 23-April 1, 1993
San Diego
meeting with us in San Diego.
Boston
March 12-23, 1994
San Francisco May 6-10, 1995
Dr. Sutin then moved the meeting to the
Orlando
May 6-10, 1996
reports from officers and called upon Dr. Yates for
the financial statement. Dr. Yates explained the
Dr. Mary Hendrix stated that she and others
financial reports to the Executive Committee. These were interested in sponsoring a "Fun Run" for the
financial statements are included in these Chicago meeting. She said that they had tentatively
Proceedings.
organized one for Philadelphia but were unable to
obtain a permit. Dr. Zimny stated that she would
Dr. Yates then presented to the Executive look into the matter of obtaining a permit for a fun
Committee the results of the election:
run in the Chicago area and would also suggest
possible dates for the event.
President-Elect
Dr. William Jollie
2nd Vice President
Dr. Keith O'Steen
Dr. Slonecker said that two members of the
Executive Committee Dr. Mary Desmond
Japanese society would meet with the Chairmen's
Dr. George Martin
group in Hawaii in early December, 1990. This
Dr.
Yates presented
the following meeting will be concerned with the 1993 session of
the Association in conjunction with the Japanese
membership information:
Association of Anatomists.
Total Members
2 683
1
Honorary Member
Deceased Members
16
Dr. Sutin then asked for approval of the
Resignations
18
nominating committee which is to be chaired by Dr.
Members dropped
95
Robert Goldman. Other members are: Fred Roisen,
New Members
79
Virginia Black, Judy Gamer and Ray Hayes. Dr.
Sutin stated that he tried to get various areas of the
Dr. Sutin then called upon the Program country represented as well as disciplines. It also
within
the
Secretary, Dr. Slonecker and the Program Secretary- includes various constituencies
Elect, Dr. Zirnny for their report. Dr. Slonecker organization.
I
-
22A
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS
Dr. Sutin introduced Dr. Charles LeBlond
who had requested that he be allowed to address the
Executive Committee for period of 5-10 minutes.
Dr. Sutin stated that Dr. Leblond had been concerned
with a number of issues facing the Association and
we are interested in hearing his views. Dr. Leblond
said that in his judgment, changes in the Association
or in the names of the journals or in the content of
the journals should take place very cautiously and
slowly. He stated emphatically that he is proud to
Dr. Leblond referred to the
be an anatomist.
Constitution of the Association which states that "the
purpose of the Association shall be the advancement
of anatomical science". Dr. Leblond said that he felt
that the changes suggested by the Executive
Committee were of such significance that the
membership should be polled. He said that in his
judgment a referendum should be short and simple
with only one question. "To all members of the
American Association of Anatomists: the Constitution
of the American Association of Anatomists states that
the purpose of the association is the advancement of
the anatornical sciences yet prominent members of
the Association feel that other areas other than the
anatomical sciences should be encouraged and that
further changes should take place in order to improve
the image of the Association. One of the steps being
considered by the Executive Committee is to remove
the word "Anatomy" or its equivalent from the
journals. The proposal, as I understand, has the
support of the Association of Anatomy Chairmen.
On the other hand, some members believe that the
term Anatomy identifies our Association and should
be retained in the names of both of the journals.
Because of the significance of this issue in reference
to our Association, you are requested to answer the
following question: Should one of our two journals
include the word "Anatomy" or an equivalent term in
its title - yes or no." The Executive Committee
made the decision to follow through with the
suggestion of Dr. Leblond, that a referendum be
distributed to the membership concerning the issue.
Dr. Sutin stated that Dr. Yates had a request
for presentation of a symposium at the AAAS
meeting in Washington in 1991. The title of the
be
"Prospects
for
symposium will
Immunocontraception" and the organizer will be Dr.
John Herr along with speakers Drs. Bonnie Dunbar,
Jurrien Dean, and Paul Primakoff. It was moved that
we approve expenditures for the symposium with the
AAAS.
The motion was seconded and passed
unanimously.
program. She had prepared a sheet for the chairmen
of each of the sessions to complete. Dr. Markwald
said that he liked Dr. LaVail's questionnaire but he
wondered if there could be someway to raise the
effectiveness of the exhibits with the hope that a
positive response might result in a greater number of
exhibitors at our meeting.
Dr. Sutin then addressed the matter of the top
20% of the funds of certain institutes of the NIH
being available for the director's discretion. Dr.
Sutin said that he had scheduled a meeting with NIH
officials which will take place following this Annual
Meeting.
He said that he thought Dr. Karen
Hitchcock should organiLe delegations to meet with
directors of other institutes in the future.
Dr. Sutin moved the meeting to
consideration of the committee reports as follows:
a
HONORARY MEMBERSHIP Dr. Roger
Markwald reported that there were no nominations
for honorary membership this year.
EDUCATIONAL AFFAIRS Dr. Stanley
Erlandsen reDorted that the EAC has organized
several sessi6ns for the 1990 AAA m e e h g in
Philadelphia, including:
The Refresher Course, organized by
1.
Dr. Stanley L. Erlandsen will be held on Sunday
April 22, 1989, from 3:30-5:30 pm and is entitled
"Cellular Cytoskeleton".
The speakers are Dr.
Richard Linck from the University of Minnesota,
who will speak on "New Concepts for Microtubules
and Intermediate FiIaments" and Dr. Wayne VogI
from the University of British Columbia, who will
discuss "Actin Filaments - Intracellular Arrangements
and Functions". The topic for this years Refresher
Course should fit in well with special topic sessions
on "Nuclear-Cytoplasmic Interactions" organized by
Dr. Carl Feldherr and "Membrane-Cytoskeletal
Interactions" organized by Dr. Mary Beckerle.
The EAC symposium on "Frontiers in
2.
Mucin Biology" has been scheduled as a special
topics session (11) at 10:45 am to 12:45 pm on
Tuesday, April 24, 1990, and will be chaired by Dr.
The
Robert Specian from LSU in Shreveport.
speakers are Dr. Marian Neutra from Harvard, who
will speak on "New Approaches: Monolayer Culture
Systems and Transgenic Mice", Dr. Daniel K.
Podolsky from the Harvard Medical School, speaking
on "Complexities of Mucin Glycoprotein Structure",
Dr. Sutin then moved the meeting to the and Dr. Charles G. Plopper from the University of
reports of the Vice Presidents. Dr. Jennifer LaVail California - Davis, speaking on "Biology of Goblet
stated that she understood that one of the Cells in Respiratory Airways".
responsibilities of the vice presidents was to monitor
3.
A special EAC symposium dealing
the meeting and assess the various aspects of the
23A
PROCEEDINGS
with current topics in science has been organized by
Dr. John Herr from the University of Virginia. This
session is entitled "Immunocontraception: Vaccines
for the Male and Female" and has been scheduled
from 3:00-5:00 pm on Tuesday, April 24, 1991. The
speakers will include Dr. Bonnie Dunbar from Baylor
University speaking on "Developmentally Regulated
Ovarian Antigens and Their Roles in Fertility" and
Dr. Paul Primakoff from the University of
Connecticut, speaking on "Progress toward a Birth
Control Vaccine that Blocks Sperm Function".
The EAC Workshop in Anatomy will
4.
be on "Innovations in Electronic Anatomy" and is
scheduled from 1:30-3:30 pm on Wednesday, April
25, 1990. This workshop is organized by Dr. Mark
Nathanson from the University of Medicine and
Dentistry of New Jersey.
Speakers include Dr.
Robert Chase from Stanford University speaking on
"The Electronic Cadaver", Dr. David Whitlock from
the University of Colorado, speaking on "ThreeDimensional Computer Images of Human Anatomy",
and Dr. Cornelius Rosse from the University of
Washington, speaking on "The Representation of
Spacial and Abstract Knowledge in ComputerReadable form".
Results
Herr.
-
Organizers:
Drs. Robert Klein and John
PUBLIC AFFAIRS COMMITTEE
Dr.
Gordon Kaye reports that a Workshop on Low-Level
Radioactive W&te is organized and will occur April
23, 1990 at 10:30 am. We will try to cover a broad
range of issues in order to educate our members
about the threat to their scientific work from this
issue and the need for responsible action on their
part at the local, state and regional levels.
Dr. Kaye has spent a certain amount of time
visiting Congressional staff whenever he is in
Washington, particularly to talk to House staff about
H.R. 3270 (The Stenholm bill, House version of the
Heflin bill, S-727), legislation that would make it a
federal crime with significant punishments to
interfere with the function of an animal facility, both
research or fm,
federally funded or not. This is the
strongest piece of legislation to come along in
support of our needs and it is essential that we
support it and urge our Congressmen to do so.
BASMAJIAN/WILLIAMS WILKINS AWARD
Dr. Hemnc submitted the annual reoort as
chairperson of hey committee. The Commihee for
The EAC has decided, after considerable 1989/90 consisted of previous winners, Claire
discussion of the pro's and con's, not to sponsor an Hulsebosch, A. Wayne Vogl, and Jeffrey Laitman,
Anatomy Forum for high school students in Arthur English and Susan Herring.
Philadelphia. It was the consensus opinion of the
committee that there was no measurable return from
There were 12 nominations for the award.
sponsoring the Forum and the cost in recent years Seven were holdovers from previous years and 5
did not seem to justify its continuance.
were new.
Of the new nominations, one was
ineligible because his application to join the AAA
The interim meeting of the EAC occurred in has not yet been acted upon. He will be considered
November, 1989, in conjunction with the Cell next year. The final field therefore consisted of 11
Biology meeting. This committee has tentatively incredibly good candidates. More than half of them
planned the following program, after consultation have received teaching awards, and all have
with the chairmen of the Cell Biology and contributed importantly to anatomical research.
Developmental Biology Committees to avoid
duplication:
The Committee found it somewhat painful to
give only one award with so many deserving
1.
Refresher Course - Cell Cycle
candidates. Accordingly, in addition to this year's
Organizers: Drs. Mark Nathanson and Bill Brinkley.
winner, we have designated two honorable mentions.
Although only the winner will receive the $500 prize
2.
State of the Art Symposium - and travel money to Philadelphia, we would like to
tentatively we are planning to have the participants in ask that certificates be prepared for the honorable
the refresher course organize an in-depth symposium mentions as well as for the winner.
on the Cell Cycle.
We are happy to report that the winner this
3.
Emerging FieldsForum in Science - year is Dr. Cornelia E. Famum of Comell, whose
A timely topic on an exciting and stimulating issue letters of recommendation praised her outstanding
in science will be selected for presentation - innovative teaching as the head of the small animal
Organizers:
Drs. Mary Desmond and Robert gross anatomy course. Dr. Fainum will be at the
Philadelphia meeting; she has already submitted an
Specian.
abstract for presentation.
4.
Innovations in Anatomical education Implementation of the G-PEP Report: A spectrum of
The two honorable mentions are Dr. Richard
24A
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS
T. Ambron of Columbia, who has won no fewer than
6 teaching awards, and Dr. William J. Babler of
Baylor Dental, who has won teaching awards from
the University of Virginia as well as Baylor. Dr.
Ambron will not be eligible next year, but Dr. Babler
will remain in the competition.
positions to contact the Placement Service early for
the upcoming meeting. Similarly department heads
were encouraged to send in job descriptions for
vacant positions. As of April 9, 1990, 19 candidates
had submitted their credentials; and 31 job
descriptions had been received.
CHARLES JUDSON HERRICK AWARDDr. Story Landis reported that the responsibility of
this committee is to select a recipient.
The
nominations were solicited from both Anatomy
Departments and Neuroscience Programs and
Departments. There were many qualified applicants
for this award. The winner of the award this year is
Dr. David Anderson of the California Institute of
Technology who spoke on "Development and
Plasticity of Neural Crest-derived Biopotentia!
Progenitor Cell". The candidates not chosen will be
eligible for submission again next year.
All questions comments or suggestions should
be directed to Dr. Charles C. C. O'Morchoe, 190
Medical Sciences Building, SO6 South Mathews,
Urbana, IL 61801 or to his secretary, Ms. Kathy
Carlson.
R. R. BENSLEY MEMORIAL LECTURE
Dr. Robert Cardell reDorted that this award honors a
young scientist who has made original contributions
to cell biology in the spirit of Robert Bensley. Dr.
Bensley would be very pleased with our selection of
Dr. William C. Eamshaw as the recipient of the 1990
Bensley Award.
Dr. Eamshaw is from the
Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy at Johns
Hopkins University and has studied an important
Dr. Eamshaw spoke on
problem in cell biology.
"Structural Concerns of the Human Centromere".
REPRESENTATIVE TO NABR REPORT
Dr. Marilyn Koerinn reDorted that the National
Association for Byomedical Research (NABR)
continues its efforts in supporting the use of animals
in biomedical research and keeping the public aware
of the situation. The Tenth Anniversary Conference
of NABR was held on January 28-30 in Washington
D.C. and was attended by AAA Secretarynreasurer
Yates and myself ar representatives of the AAA.
Our participation in this event gave visibility to
AAA. The first day of the meeting focused on
presentations made by five scientists whose
laboratories were violated. This was followed by
comments made by experienced individuals on how
and what should be done before and after a threat or
break-in occurs. Suggestions were then made by a
spokesperson from AAMC, the Physiological Society
and Neuroscience Association regarding their role as
organizations on this issue as well as their
responsibility to their membership. That evening an
Anniversary Awards Dinner was held.
Service
awards were made to 14 individuals ranging from Dr.
Fred Goodwin and Senator Orrin Hatch to Ann
Landers.
THE PLACEMENT SERVICE Dr. Charles
O'Morchoe reported that the Placement Service of the
Association was active throughout the past year,
maintaining computer entries on positions available
and on applicants seeking positions. As in previous
years, the major activity of the service occurred at
the annual meeting and during the three month
The second day focused on lobbying on
period leading up to the meeting. However, advice
and assistance was given whenever requested Capitol Hill which is one of the most effective ways
available to promote our views on the value of using
throughout the rest of the year.
animals in biomedical research. The day started with
By the conclusion of the meeting in New a review of Federal legislation by NABR. This was
Orleans, Louisiana last year (1989) the Service had followed by visits to members of congress that were
Our group of six NABR
listed 59 candidates and 45 positions. This compares previously arranged.
Conference attenders visited the Louisiana delegation
with the following in previous years:
of two senators and 7 members of the House. We
emphasized the importance of the need for their
~
Candidates
_
X e_x Positions
support of bills HR 3270 and HR 3349 and the
64
1988
59
nonsupport of other bills. We also pointed out other
104
1987
82
aspects of animal welfare issues including the loss of
106
1986
69
scientists in the field due to threats on their work and
In November of 1989 information about the lives. These visits took us approximately 5 hours
service, its format and several copies of participation and we were most satisfied with our interactions with
forms designed for applicants and vacant positions each office.
were mailed to all anatomy departments in the
AN A T 0 M I C A L
United States and Canada. In January and February,
NOMENCLATURE
Dr. George Martin, Chairman,
1990 a second and third notice war sent out to COMMITTEE
departments reminding all anatomists seeking reports that each member of the committee has been
PROCEEDINGS
25A
Dr. Curtis Wilson (USDA, Peoria, Illinois)
gave a talk entitled “A biochemist looks at
Coomassie blue R and G and amino black“. Wilson
was concerned with the use of these dyes to identify
plant storage proteins in polyacrylamide and agarose
gels. Coomassie blue R is a triphenylmethane dye
which stains some proteins red and others blue.
Whether this effect is due to metachromasia or
colored impurties is unknown. Coomassie blue G is
As mentioned in a previous report, the commonly used in a protein dyebinding assay. Most
subcommittee for neuroanatomy would like, at some batches of amido black stain proteins blue, although
some impart grey or black colorations. These color
future date, to consult experts in areas of particular
difficulty. Dr. Martin had hoped to begin this year, shifts may be due to the presence of dye
but held off because the membership has undergone intermediates or by-products.
considerable change. If we can organize sufficiently
Howard Shapiro (West Newton,
at this years meeting and the committee feels it
would be helpful, then Dr. Martin may request Massachusetts) talked on ’Shapiro’s third law of flow
money for travel and honoraria to be used for a cytometry: “What’s in the bottle is not necessarily
limited number of experts next year. During this what is on the label”’. In spite of the title, this
year’s meeting, he would like to discuss the presentation was primarily concerned with an outline
possibility of subcommittees working with members of dye use in flow cytometry. The fluorescence
of the committee in all areas covered by the Nomina. probes discussed included those for DNA (Hoechst
If the committee agrees, the efforts of the dyes, DAPI, propidium), for RNA (acridine orange,
subcommittees will be shared with the committee as pyronin Y, thioflavin T) and for antibody labeling
a whole prior to next year’s meeting.
(Texas red, fluorescein, phycoerythrin). In addition,
probes for membrane integrity, membrane potential,
intracellular pH, enzyme activity and cytoplasmic
BIOLOGICAL STAIN COMMISSION Dr. calcium concentration were discussed.
Paul Marshall submitted the report of the
General Business Meeting This included a
Commission from their Annual Meeting held in
Rochester New York. The meeting was divided into report on the Stain Commission Assay Lab activities,
the Treasurer’s and Editor’s reports and that of the
three sections as follows:
Publication Committee.
This consisted of three
Scientific Section
President’s Forum
This is primarily a
presentations from invited speakers.
answer session where the body of
Dr. Lawrence Kass (Case Western Reserve question-and
University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio) attenders attempts to answer questions of concern.
talked on “New dyes of use in hematopathology“. Among the issues addressed were preferences in the
The dyes discussed included Basic Blue 41, an azo color of eosin Y powder and the decreased solubility
dye producing a staining pattern similar to Giemsa of current lots of hematoxylin. In addition, a new
stain, and Basic Blue 93, another azo dye, which chapter in the book Biological Stains was outlined
produces selective staining of lysosomes in and the Commission’s proposal to certify dye
formalin/acetic-acid/ethanol (FAA) fixed material. solutions was revealed.
Basic Blue 141, an oxazine dye selectively stains
The meeting of the Executive Committee of
neutrophil granules when applied from alkaline
solution to FAA fixed material. Acid Red 52 stains the AAA adjourned at 5:15 PM.
leukocyte granules when applied to Bouin fixed
Respectfully Submitted,
material and Synacril Black AN selectively stains the
Robert. D. Yates, Ph.D.
cytoplasm of megakarycocytes after treatment of the
Secretarynreasurer
specimen with RNase.
requested to review the t e r m used in the latest
edition of the Nomina Anatomica with an eye to
changes, deletions and/or additions in their area(s) of
expertise.
In his view, cell biology and
neuroanatomy are the areas that need the most work.
A working list of new and revised terms has been
compiled for neuroanatomy which will be used to
generate many more additions.
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS
26A
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS
1990-1991
(The year the term expires is listed in parentheses)
OFFICERS
Karen R. Hitchcock
William P. Jollie
Jerome Surin
Donald A. Fischman
W. Keith O’Steen
Marilyn Zimny (1994)
Robert D. Yates (1992)
sident
sident-Elect
sident-Emeritus
st Vice President
:ond Vice President
)gram Secretary
:retary -Treasurer
Executive Committee
r term expiring 1991
r term expiring 1992
r term expiring 1993
c
H. Dieter Dellmann, Gary C. Schoenwolf
Robert 0. Kelley, Barbara J. McLaughlin
Mary J. C. Hendrix, M.B. Nikitovitch-Winer
Mary E. Desmond, George F. Martin
term expiring 1994
try Desmond (1992)
.1 Brinkley (1992)
; Besharse
(1993)
Committee on Educational Affairs
Stanley L. Erlandsen (Chairman) (1991)
Robert Cardell (1994)
John Herr (1991)
Robert Specian (1991)
Public Affairs Committee
Robert Kelley (Chairman) (1992)
Mike Gershon (1993)
: D. Coulter (1992)
irt Hauser (1 991)
mica Oblinger (1992)
ula B. Luskin (1993)
Kent Christensen
Advisory Committee of Young Anatomists
Judy Gamer (Chairman) (1992)
Ray Runyan (1992)
Cornelia Famuni (1992)
Archival Committee
George E. EriksoniArchivist Historian)
Robert Klein (1992)
Mark A. Nathanson (1 99 1)
Len Ross (1 992)
George Pappas (1992)
Lee Gehrke (1992)
Douglas Cotanche (1993)
Paul G. McGuire (1993)
Robert D. Yates
Placement Service
Charles C. C. O’Morchoe
Committee on Nominations for 1990
Robert Goldman (Chairman)
:d Roisen
rginia Black
Judy Gamer
Ray Hayes
PROCEEDINGS
27A
Program Coordinating Committee
Karen R. Hitchcock - President
Judy Garner (ACYA)
1992
John Clancy
(’91 Local Committee)
Bryan P. Toole
(Morphogenesis Club)
Stanley L. Erlandsen
Peter Satir (Cell Biology)
Cornelius Rosse
(President AAC)
Donald Fischman
(1 st vice president)
Robert Cardell (Bensley
Lecture Committee)
W. Keith O’Steen
(Second Vice-president)
Jerome Sutin (President Emeritus)
Richard Wood (Neuroscience)
Committee on Honorary Membership
Jerome Sutin Chairman (1993)
Peter Ralston (199 1)
John Pauly (1993)
Enrico Mugnaini (1991)
John Basmajian (1 993)
Committee for the Charles Judson Henick Award and Fund
Story C. Landis (Chairman) (1991)
Alan Peters (1993)
Jennifer LaVail (1 993)
Committee for the R.R. Bensley Memorial Lecture
Robert Cardell (Chairman) (1992)
Daniel Friend (1991)
Marilyn Zimi
(Program Secretar
William P. Jol
(President-Elec
Robert D. Yat
(Secretary-Treasurt
John Trotter (Systen
Charles Lit]
(Developmental Biolog
Sanford L. Palay (199
Roger Markwald ( I 99
Leonard L. Ross (19s
Robert Goldman (1 9s
Trustees of the R. R. Bensley Memorial Fund
Marilyn L. Zim
Robert D. Yates
Cornelia Famham (1993)
Keith O’Steen (1993)
Committee for the BasmajiardWilliarns and Wilkins Award
Arthur English (Chairman) (1993)
William Stewart (1993)
Claire Hulsebosch (1992)
Committee on the Journal Trust Fund
Aaron J. Ladman (Chairman) (1991)
John E. Pauly (1991)
Wayne Vogl (195
Robert D. Yates (ex offic
Auditing Committee
Mary Anderson (1991)
Marilyn Zimny (1 992)
Jerome Sutin (1991)
Gordon Kaye (1991)
Representatives to A.A.M.C. Council of Academic Societies
Robert Kelley (1993)
Karen Hitchcock (19!
Robert D. Ya
28A
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS
Representative to the Council of A.A.A.S.
Marilyn K. Koering (1991)
Representatives to the Council of NABR
Marilyn J. Koering
:uth E. Bulger
)uane E. Haines (1993)
larmine Clemente (1993)
Committee on Anatomical Nomenclature
George F. Martin (Chairman) (1991)
Ronald Hammer (199 1)
Keith Moore (1993)
Richard Wood (1991)
Donald Cahill (1992)
Member of the Biological Stain Commission
Paul N. Marshall
lob Goldman (1991)
'eter Satir (1992)
Publications Committee
Henry Ralston III (Chairman) (1993)
Don Fischman (1992)
Mike Gershon (1991)
Tom Marino (1991)
Jack Stem (ex officio)
John Fallon (1992)
Ray Runyan (1992)
29A
PROCEEDINGS
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS
CONSTITUTION
ARTICIXIII-EXRCUTIVECOMMITTEE
The management of the affairs of the Association shall
be delegated to an Executive Committee consisting of
ADOPTED IN 1888
fifteen directors, seven of whom are the officers and
(AS LAST AMENDED IN 1990)
eight others elected as provided hereinafter. Two of these
directors of the Executive Committee shall be elected
annually to serve a term of four years; and, so far as
ARTICLE
ILTITLEAND PURPOSE
possible, the Nominating Committee shall take into conSection 1. The name of the society shall be the sideration the geographical distribution of the member“American Association of Anatomists, Inc.,” hereafter ship of the Association when making their recomcalled the Association.
mendations. At the end of each year, the Second ViceSection 2. The purpose of the Association shall be the President shall become the First Vice-president and a
new Second Vice-president elected from the memberadvancement of anatomical science.
ship. So long as the Association is incorporated in the
Section 3. The operational year for the Association State of New York, at least one of the officers or one
shall start at the termination of the last day of the member of the Executive Committee shall be a legal
annual meeting.
resident of that state. If no such person from New York
has been elected, the President shall appoint from that
ARTICLE
11-OFFICERS
State one additional member of the Executive CommitSection 1. The officers of the Association shall consist tee to fulfill the legal requirement. Five shall constitute
of a President, a First-Vice President, a Second Vice- a quorum of the Executive Committee.
President, a Secretary who shall act also as Treasurer,
ARTICLE
IV-MEETINGS
a Program Secretary, a President-Elect, and a PresidentEmeritus. The term of the President shall be for one
The Association shall meet at least annually, the time
year; however, he shall serve on the Executive Commit- and place to be determined by the Executive Committee.
tee for one year as President-Elect and shall continue
ARTICLE
V-MEMBERSHIP
after his active presidency as a member of the Executive
Commitee for one year with the title President-EmeriThe Association shall consist of regular members, hontus. The Vice-presidents shall be elected for two years, orary members, student members, and sustaining assoand the Secretary-Treasurer and Program Secretary for ciate members.
four years. In case of absence of the President and both
Section 1. Candidates for regular membership must
Vice-presidents, a member of the Executive Committee
be persons engaged in the investigation of anatomical
in order of seniority shall preside.
or comate sciences. must hold a Ph.D. or eauivalent
Section 2. At the annual meeting preceding a n elec- degrei or experience, and must be proposed i i writing
tion, the President shall name a Nominating Committee to the Executive Committee by two regular members of
of five members. This committee shall make its nomi- the Association. The application for membership shall
nations to the Secretary not less than six months before include the individual’s curriculum vitae, with full bibthe annual meeting at which the next election is to take liographic references. The candidate must have at least
place. The Nominating Committee shall submit two one substantive paper as principal author, or on reliable
names for each office. Each nominee must have agreed testimony must have been chiefly responsible for at
to serve if elected.
least one of several collaborative papers on anatomical
The Secretary shall prepare a printed ballot bearing or cognate subjects. Such papers must have appeared in
all names submitted by the Nominating Committee and print before the meeting at which their names are to be
provide space for write-in candidates for each office. This considered. Those candidates approved by the Executive
ballot is to be mailed to all members with t h e call for Committee must first be elected by a two-thirds vote of
papers and advance notice for the next annual meeting the members present at the Annual Business Meeting
of the Association. Each member wishing to vote should of the Association, and then qualify by paying their dues
return the marked ballot to the Secretary postmarked after notification of election.
not later than February 1 of the year of t h e Annual
Section 2. Honorary members who have distinBusiness Meeting.
The Secretary will have t h e ballots automaticaly tabu- guished themselves in anatomical research may be
elected from other countries besides the United States
lated and certified.
Any candidate receiving a majority of votes shall be and Canada. Nominations by the Executive Committee
declared elected. In case of a tie or lack of a majority for must be unanimous, and their proposal with reasons for
any office, the two candidates with the most votes shall recommendation shall be presented to the Association
be voted on by ballot at the annual meeting; the one at a n Annual Business Meeting, a three-fourths vote of
receiving the greater number of votes shall be declared members present and voting being necessary for an
election.
elected.
The Secretary and the Program Secretary may be
Section 3. Predoctoral students and postdoctoral felnominated for a second term without additional candilows may be nominated for student membership in the
dates for these offices.
30A
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS
Association by two regular members who testify in writing that the students are actively engaged in research
on anatomical or related topics, or show other evidence
of strong commitment to a professional career in anatomy. Candidates for student membership must be endorsed by their advisor or sponsor, who may be. counted
as one of the nominators if he or she is a regular member. Student members in good standing may submit
abstracts for presentation at the Annual Meeting and
will receive all mailings sent to regular members as
well as occasional special mailings. Student members
may not hold office in the Association or vote at the
Annual Business Meeting. An individual may be a student member for a maximum of five years.
Section 4. Any corporation or institution interested
in anatomical sciences, and in affording support to the
Association, may become a Sustaining Associate Member upon invitation of the Executive Cimmittee and the
President ofthe Association. Sustaining Associate Mem.
hers shall be listed in the program of the annual meeting and with t h e annual list of officers and members of
the Association. The representatives of Sustaining As.
sociate Members, unless they qualify also as members,
shall not be entitled to vote, hold office, or present papers or demonstrations at meetings of the Association.
ARTICLE
VI-DUES
Section 1. The dues of the Association shall be determined by the Executive Committee and ratified by the
membership at each annual meeting. A member in arrears for dues for two years shall forfeit membership in
the Association but may be reinstated at the discretion
of the Executive Committee on payment of arrears.
Section 2. A member who has attained retirement
status and who informs the Secretary of that fact no
longer will be required to pay dues.
ARTICLE
VII-TRANSACTIONOF BUSINESS
Section 1. One hundred members shall constitute a
quorum for the transaction of business at the Annual
Business Meeting.
Section 2. Any change in the Constitution of the Association must be presented in writing at one annual
meeting in order to receive consideration and be acted
upon at the next annual meeting, due notice of the
proposed change to be sent to each member at least one
month in advance of the meeting at which such action
is to be taken. In a n emergency declared by the Executive Committee, the Constitution may be modified without delay or advance notice by a mail ballot if 70% of
those members who return their ballots agree to the
change and if the Executive Committee agrees
unanimously.
sively for scientific and educational purposes.
Section 3. No part of the net earnings of the Association shall or may under any circumstances inure to the
benefit of any private shareholder or individual.
Section 4. No substantial part of the activities of the
Association shall consist of carrying on propaganda, or
otherwise attempting to influence legislation.
Section 5. The Association shall not participate in, or
intervene in (including the publishing or distribution of
statements), any political campaign on behalf of any
candidate for public office.
Section 6. The Association shall not be organized or
operated for profit.
Section 7. The Association shall not:
A. Lend
Part of its income Or
without the
receipt of adequate security and reasonable rate of interest to;
Of a
B. Pay any compensation, in
for
Or Other
for personal services
rendered, t’;
C. Make any part of its services available on a preferential basis to:
D. Make any purchase of securities or any other property, for more than adequate consideration in money or
money’s worth from;
E. Sell any securities or other property for less than
adequate consideration in money or money’s worth to;
or
F. Engage in any other transactions which result in
substantial diversions of its income or corpus to:
any officer, member of the Executive Committee, member, or substantial contributor to the Association.
The prohibitions contained in this Section do not mean
to imply that the Association may make such loans,
payments, sales, or purchases to anyone else, unless
such authority be given or implied by other provisions
of the Constitution.
ARTICLE
IX-PROCEDUREFOR TERMINATION
Upon dissolution of the American Association of Anatomists, Inc., the Executive Committee shall distribute
the assets and accrued income to one or more organizations as determined by the Committee, but which organization or organizations shall meet the limitations
prescribed in Sections 1 to 7 inclusive, of Article VIII,
immediately preceding.
RESOIXTIONS
1. Resolved, that the Secretary-Treasurer shall accept,
on behalf of the Association from the Trustees of the
Anatomical Journal Trust Fund (Minot Memorial Fund),
the holdings of the trust. It is the intention to hold the
ARTICLE VIII-LIMITATIONSOF ACTION
corpus of this fund intact as a safeguard against possible
Notwithstanding any provision of the Constitution emergencies in the publication of anatomical journals in
which might be susceptible to a contrary construction:
which the Association may be interested and to promote
Section 1. The Association shall be organized exclu- the publication and diffusion of anatomical literature.
The income shall be employed with due consideration
sively for scientific and educational purposes.
given to the Association’s status as a nonprofit corpoSection 2. The Association shall be operated exclu- ration.
Szctwn 3. Rulings of the presiding officer shall be in
accordance with Robert’s Rules of Order.
PROCEEDINGS
The President shall nominate, for election by the Association, a Committee on The Anatomical Journal Trust
Fund, consisting of three members, with terms of appointment so arranged that one member shall retire at
each annual meeting, subject to reappointment if the
membership approves. This committee shall have the
authority to expend or reinvest the income of the fund,
and the Secretary-Treasurer shall make payments
against the income as directed by the committee.
3 1A
advancement of anatomical science.
7. Resolved, that any member or members speaking in
a personal capacity, about a matter within the range of
committee responsibilities, shall make clear in the statement that the statement is not made by such member
or members acting as chairperson or as committee member or members. No member of the Association shall
release or otherwise make any public statement purporting to express the opinion of any committee of the
2. Resolved, that subject to ratification by the member- Association on any issue within the jurisdiction of the
ship at the general meeting, the Executive Committee Association without the prior approval of the Executive
shall have the power to establish or disestablish rela- Committee.
tionships with various scientific and governmental
groups. It also shall nominate a t appropriate times, for
8. Resolved, that every member of the Executive Comelection by the Association, representatives to these mittee, officer, or employee of the American Association
groups. Their terms of office shall be designated by the of Anatomists, Inc., shall be indemnified by the AssociExecutive Committee in accordance with guidelines set ation against all expenses and liabilities, including
by the individual organizations.
counsel fees, reasonably incurred or imposed upon him
in connection with any proceeding to which he may be
3. Resolved, that motion picture films, in order to be made a part, or in which he may become involved, by
included in the annual program of the Association, must reason of his being or having been a member of the
be submitted to the local committee in advance of the Executive Committee, officer, or employee of the Assomeeting. It shall be the responsibility of said committee ciation, or any settlement thereof, whether or not he is
to preview each film for the purpose of approving its a member of the Executive Committee, officer, or emcontent and to make sure that it can be shown in the ployee at the time such expenses are incurred, except in
allotted time.
such cases wherein the member of the Executive Committee, officer, or employee is adjudged guilty of willful
4. Resolved, that the Association nominate to The misfeasance or malfeasance in the performance of his
Wistar Institute Press, editors of the American Journal duties. Provided, however, that in the event of a settleof Anatomy and the Anatomical Record.
ment the indemnification herein shall apply only when
the Executive Committee approves such settlement and
5. Resolved, that the Association pay sufficient money reimbursement as being for the best interests of the
to defray costs of meetings, so far as not to be a burden Association.
on the local committee on arrangements.
The foregoing right of indemnification shall be in addition to and not exclusive of all other rights to which
6. Resolved, that the Association approves and encour- such member of the Executive Committee, officer, or
ages regional societies that exist or that may be estab- employee may be entitled.
lished in the future for the purpose of fostering the
32A
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS
SUSTAINING ASSOCIATE MEMBERS
Wiley-Liss
41 East 11th Street
New York, NY 10003
American Medical Association
535 North Dearborn Street
Chicago, IL 60610
B. C. Decker, Inc., Publisher
3228 South Service Road
Burlington, Ontario, Canada
and 320 Walnut Street
Philadelphia, PA 19106
Lea and Febiger
600 Washington Square
Philadelphia, PA 19106
Lipshaw Corporation
7446 Central Avenue
Detroit, MI 48210
Oxford University Press, Inc.
16-00 Pollitt Drive
Fair Lawn, NJ 07410
Urban and Schwarzenberg, Inc.
Medical Publishers
7 East Redwood Street
Baltimore, MD 21202
The Williams and Wilkins Company
428 East Preston Street
Baltimore, MD 21202
Sol Bernick
Oliver Perry Jones
Geoffrey H.Bourne
John Stephens Lana
Randall B. Grubb
Charles Durward Van Cleave
MEMORIALS
SOL BERNICK, Ph.D.
1915-1 989
On September 20, 1989, the University of Southern
California and the American Association of Anatomists
were saddened by the loss of a distinguished colleague, a
warm and sincere friend.
Dr. Bernick was born in St. Paul, Minnesota on
September 29, 1915 and attended public schools in the
St. Paul area. He received his Bachelor’s degree from the
University of Minnesota and began graduate school in
Pathology and Anatomy a t the University of Minnesota.
During World War 11, Sol was a Lieutenant in the U.S.
Navy. He initially spent a short time a t the Armed
Forces Institute of Pathology in Washington and later
was stationed in the South Pacific and studied filariasis.
While in the Navy, he returned on leave to marry his
fiance, Ellen Levy. Upon discharge from the Navy, Sol
settled in the Los Angeles area and began working with
Lu Bavetta a t the USC Dental School. Together they
were the first to definitely establish an important relationship between vitamin deficiency and oral disease. Sol
then completed his graduate training a t the University
of Southern California. In the late 40’s he became a n
instructor in Histology at USC and in 1965 was appointed Professor in the Department of Anatomy in the
School of Medicine.
Sol began publishing even before he entered the Navy.
Two papers appeared in the Journal of Dental Research
as early as 1942. Soon after being discharged he renewed
his interest in research-three papers appearing in 1948
and five in 1949. This was in an era when anatomists
were commended for publishing a paper every other
year. Sol’s contributions quickly exceeded the combined
total of the whole Anatomy faculty. It was only after he
was in his 60’s that this record was broken and then it
took a n expanded faculty of 20 members to add up all
their publications to exceed his. It is unlikely that any
anatomists at USC will exceed his record.
The prolific number of papers initially centered around
dental research and it was here that he attained his
national and international reputation. He published
papers on the innervation of teeth and various oral
structures; on the inflammatory reaction; on tumorigenesis; on the embryonic formation of teeth and associated
structures and lymphatics. Many of these were histochemical observations related to pathologies and various endocrine manipulations. He became quite interested in the reticulo-endothelial system and the response
of macrophage activities to various discretions. He accumulated a number of papers relating to arterial lesions
and it was perhaps through these observations that he
noticed changes in aging tissue. He began to see a
consistency in the thickening of the basement membrane of aging tissue and was proud of the fact that if
you gave him a tissue in which he was not told the age,
he never missed a n older tissue.
It was not only papers that he published, but he was
instrumental in writing several chapters in more than
ten books. He helped write a manual of oral histology
with James Avery which is still popular not only a t the
University of Michigan, but a t many other schools. His
contributions to others, including Periodontics edited by
Dan Grant et al., are significant. During his long and
successful tenure a t USC he was instrumental in help-
37A
ing graduate, Master’s and Ph.D. students. He instilled
in them a desire to continue research.
But Sol’s contributions to research were only part of
what he contributed to society. He constantly had an
upbeat personality, a positive attitude, a willingness to
help others and, with all this, a natural modesty. He was
a unique teacher, full of enthusiasm which he would
impart to his students. He not only taught graduate
students, but indeed, physical therapists, dental hygenists, dental students, medical students and pharmacy
students. In his last years he became more interested in
the pharmacy students and was constantly lauded by
them. He had a strong feeling for them. He would say,
“I’ll match my pharmacy students’ knowledge against
the medical students’ any day.” But he was always
generous. A year before he died the Physical Therapy
Department called in desperation. They suddenly had no
one to give the Gross Anatomy lectures. He never turned
down a request and in spite of his constant cough, he
gave the course. The students all appreciated the knowledge he gave them. His responsibility toward the students cannot be exemplified more clearly than by the
fact that he insisted he give a lecture to the pharmacy
class even in his weakened condition only five days
before he died from bronchiogenic carcinoma.
Many other examples exist, but I must mention his
own philosophy of what he would characterize as being a
“do gooder,” even though he never characterized himself as such. He had a strong desire to help the less
fortunate. Twenty years ago he started working with
16-17 year-old high school minority students. He taught
them what he knew best. Some became technicians,
others went to medical school. How he handled them the
first day was interesting. Within the first few hours they
were sectioning and staining and viewing the results
under the microscope. After one day, they were already
doing what it takes a sophisticated technician many
weeks to learn. He even taught them the silver technique and they had no trouble mastering it. He gave
these kids confidence in themselves, using all sorts of
psychological gimmicks. I tend to refer to it as “the
Bernick method.” In addition, he was actively involved
in another minority program, given every August to
incoming medical students who are disadvantaged. This
was a successful course and I can still hear him saying
after the first test of the fall, “See, none of my kids are in
trouble!”
Above all, he was a family man in the traditional
sense. Ellen and Sol brought up three wonderful sons.
Two are prominent physicians and one a prominent
lawyer. He taught his children to enjoy life, especially
sports. They were all active in sports throughout their
growing years. They lettered in college in the sport of
their choice and are still active in their adult years. The
attitude of the whole family is exemplary, one which we
could all emulate.
If I could summarize Sol’s life in one word it would
have to be “Generosity.” No one was ever turned away
from what he could give. He gave to me, to his colleagues, to his students, indeed, to everyone.
W.J. PAULE, PH.D.
38A
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS
DR. GEOFFREY H. BOURNE
1909-1 988
Dr. Bourne died on July 19, 1988, in New York City
from complications of a heart attack which he suffered
three weeks earlier a t the headquarters of the United
Nations, presiding over the graduation ceremonies of
medical students of Saint George’s University receiving
the M.D. degree. Three memorial services were conducted for Dr. Bourne: a t St. Peter’s Church, New York;
a t the Cannon Chapel, Emory University; and one a t the
Blessed Sacrament Church, Grenada, where the ceremonies were conducted by the Roman Catholic Bishops of
Grenada.
At his request, his ashes were scattered on the waters
of the Caribbean by his devoted wife and collaborator,
Dr. Maria Nelly Golarz de Bourne. Dr. Bourne is also
survived by two sons of a previous marriage, Dr. Peter
Geoffrey Bourne of Washington, D.C., and Merfyn Russell Bourne of Great Britain, as well as three grandchildren, Georgina, Gordon, and Diana of Great Britain.
Geoffrey Bourne, the youngest child of Mary Ann
Mellen Bourne and Walter Bourne, was born on November 17, 1909 in Perth, Western Australia, where his
journalist father had moved, attracted by the gold rush.
He was educated at the Perth Modern School and the
University of Western Australia, reading a broad number of subjects and receiving the Hackett Research
Fellowship.
In 1930, he was awarded the Bachelor of Science
degree in comparative anatomy followed by a Science
Honors in histology, cytology, and theoretical physiolOgY.
In 1932, he gained a Masters of Science degree and
started his career as a docent in charge of the course of
bacteriology, and lecturing in histology and embryology
to medical students, and as a scientist publishing the
first of over 600 papers that he either authored or
co-authored during his lifetime.
He received the Doctor of Science degree in 1935 with
a thesis on the histology of the adrenal gland.
His academic success was not achieved at the sacrifice
of other activities. He trained in classical ballet, played
for the University of Western Australia in lacrosse,
hockey, and football. For five years he held the one-mile
record of the state, and in a n Australia-wide athletic
contest he was the winner of both the mile and half-mile
races. Throughout his lifetime he retained an active
program of physical fitness and sports participation.
For two years he was with the Australian Institute of
Anatomy, Canberra, where he was engaged in studying
among other topics, the role of Vitamin C and the
endocrine glands. He developed a method to demonstrate Vitamin C in cells. Dr. Bourne joined the Commonwealth Advisory Council of Nutrition where he was
responsible for undertaking an exhaustive analysis of
the chemical composition and caloric values of the
Australian diet. This resulted in the publication of the
first Nutritional Survey of Australia Foods, a reference
still in use.
In 1938, a t the recommendation of Professor F. Wood
Jones, he was awarded the Beit Memorial Fellowship for
Medical Research and joined the Department of Human
Anatomy and the University Laboratory of Physiology
at Oxford University where he earned a second doctoral
degree, D. Phil., and continued his research on Vitamin
C in a variety of tissues.
With the outbreak of World War 11, his research
emphasized the role of Vitamin C in wound healing and
bone fracture repair. He received the McKenzie Mackinnon Research Fellowship of the Royal College of Physicians of London and the Royal College of Surgeons of
England. He envisaged and edited a book that would
bring together “a number of subjects which are representative of different fields of the study of cells,” and in
1941, under the difficult conditions of war prevailing in
England, the first edition of “Cytology and Cell
Physiology” appeared. He would publish nearly 100
books in his lifetime directed to scholars, students, and
the general public.
From 1939 to 1943, responding to a request by the
British Ministry of Food, he travelled to the British Isles
lecturing to the general public, hospital staffs and health
officers in schools and factories, instructing them in the
methods of maintenance of adequate nutrition under
the dietary restrictions imposed by the war.
In 1943, he was recruited by the British War Office
and with headquarters in India, he was in charge of
Research and Development of Rations, and was Advisor
on Food Rations to the British Special Forces in South
East Asia.
During 1945-1946, he was the Chief Nutritional
Advisor, British Military Administration of Malaya,
responsible for the nutritional needs of the guerilla
forces under the Japanese occupation. After the liberation, he directed the nutritional rehabilitation of the
native population from his headquarters in Kuala
Lumpur returning to Oxford with the rank of LieutenantColonel.
The following year, with the recommendation of Professor Le Gros Clark, he was named Reader in Histology
in the University of London a t the London Hospital
Medical College where he continued his varied research
projects, pioneering the development and application of
histochemical methods. Believing that the fundamental
understanding of biological phenomena lies in our knowledge of the cell, he conceived the International Review of
Cytology as a series of volumes which would offer a
forum where invited authoritative scholars would present
the newest advances on various aspects of the cell,
integrated into the totality of the existing knowledge on
biology.
He invited James Danielli to join him as co-editor, an
association that lasted until the death of Dr. Danielli in
1984. The first volume was published in 1952, and to
date more than 120 volumes and many supplements
have been published. A few years later, using the same
concept, he founded the World Review of Nutrition and
Dietetics which publishes review articles dealing with
various advances in nutrition research. As its sole
editor-in-chief, he guided this publication from its inception until his death.
Always ready for new challenges, in 1957 he accepted
the invitation to fill the vacancy of the chair of Anatomy
a t the Emory University School of Medicine where he
envisioned and subsequently realized the possibilities of
transforming it into a department where the training of
future anatomists and creative scientific activity could
be achieved by recruiting an international group of
established, young scholars as well as graduate students.
MEMORIALS
This was facilitated by a substantial training grant and a
variety of research grants which he received, thus
fostering the work of other scholars. This period reflects
intense publishing and research activity by Dr. Bourne
and his many collaborators on such varied topics as
muscle pathology, aging, sensory receptors, atherosclerosis, cell components and then perineural epithelium, a
structure which was predicted from physiological characteristics of peripheral nerves. Its existence was demonstrated in collaboration with Dr. E. Shantha, a most
gifted young physician-scientist from India.
In the 1960’s, the National Institute of Health selected the Yerkes Laboratories of Primate Biology of
Orange Park, Florida for funding as a Regional Primate
Research Center in response to a competitive application
from Emory University. Dr. Bourne, who was already a
member of the Board of Trustees of the Yerkes Laboratories and a scientist with an intense interest in animals
and a broad interest in a wide variety of disciplines, was
appropriately appointed the Director of the institution
in its new role as the NIH-sponsored Yerkes Regional
Primate Research Center. Dr. Bourne faced the challenging task of creating a new facility a t Emory University,
designing the specialized physical plant, supervising its
construction, and moving the considerable number of
apes from Florida to the new location on the Emory
University campus.
The Primate Center, which he guided for 15 years
with the enthusiasm, optimism and elan that characterized the whole of his professional and personal life,
exemplified most concretely his administrative skills,
scientific insights, and visions. He expanded traditional
behavioral studies into a mutidisciplinary approach,
again by recruiting an international group of scholars
and widening the collaborative research programs by
affiliation with other national and foreign institutions.
Concerned with the conservation of animals in the wild,
he emphasized the breeding of animals for research
establishing the largest breeding colonies of great apes
in captivity. This effort was supported by strong veterinary managmenet, and Dr. Bourne played a central role
in the establishment of the Atlanta Zoological Society.
His publications of this period includes a multivolume
edition of the “Rhesus Monkey,” “Conservation of
Primates” with Prince Ranier I11 of Monaco as coeditor, and several books for the general public on the
nature and lore of great apes. Dr. Bourne’s dedication to
primatology is today expressed in his final wish for the
establishment of a Research Fellowship in Primatology
a t the Yerkes Primate Research Center.
He had been advocating the inclusion of comprehensive courses in human nutrition in the curricula of
medical schools and, after reaching retirement a t Emory
University, he seized the opportunity of teaching such a
course a t the newly established Saint George’s University in the Caribbean island nation of Grenada.
Soon afterwards a t a stage when his professional
standing needed no enhancement, he accepted also the
post of Vice-Chancellor at that newly established medical school. With his wife and collaborator, Dr. Maria
Nelly Golarz de Bourne, he had embarked on the study
of long term effects of weightlessness on monkeys and
had joined the British Interplanetary Society when the
idea of space travel was considered eccentric.
39A
Geoffrey Bourne sustained a level of inner drive and
outward activity that few of us ever match. He continued to work with the fullest vigor for ten additional
years after his retirement from Yerkes, teaching, publishing and guiding Saint George’s to academic excellence, a
wide international recognition while dealing with a
tumultuous Grenadan political situation.
He was a true gentleman, a man of peace, goodwill,
and a fine sense of humor. When faced with adversity, he
responded with thoughtfulness, calm and courage. These
attributes are exemplified by his actions when, in 1979, a
coup deposed the elected Prime Minister of Grenada. Dr.
Bourne’s skillful diplomacy allowed the university to
thrive with minimum political interference. Again in
October 1983 during a week following a “palace coup”
which caused a chaotic stage of seize, before the rescue
mission of Grenada by the Joint Caribbean and American military forces took place, Dr. Bourne worked to the
point of exhaustion in mediating among the political,
diplomatic and military forces of Grenada and those of
the United States in a final attempt to avoid conflict and
thus sparing them from becoming hostages or victims of
the conflict. It was through these efforts that the
medical students of Saint George’s University were
spared.
Geoffrey Bourne was a renaissance man, a scholar
who devoted his life to education and to scientific
endeavors whose wide range of interests and achievements are a manifestation of his zest and love for life in
all its aspects. He had the great fortune to live a rich,
exciting and extraordinarily productive life that matched
the sparkle of his personality and the individuality of his
character.
Those who wish to honor his name and achievements
may contribute to the Geoffrey H. Bourne Fellowship
Fund at the Yerkes Regional Primate Research Center
of Emory University which will support the training of
talented young scientists in primate research.
NELLY GOLARZ DE BOURNE
FREDERICK A. KING
GARMON HARLOW DARON
1904-1 989
Dr. Garmon Harlow Daron, Professor Emeritus of
Anatomical Sciences at the University of Oklahoma
School of Medicine, died in Oklahoma City, June 10,
1989 a t 85 years of age, after a lengthy illness. He was
born to Charles Garman and Mabel Higgins Daron near
McPherson, Kansas, January 29, 1904. Dr. Daron graduated from McPherson College in 1929 and upon receiving his degree, went to the University of California a t
Berkeley for advanced study. Financial problems interrupted his studies and he taught at the university of
Wyoming and later a t Nebraska Wesleyan before returning to graduate study a t the University of Chicago,
receiving the Ph.D degree in 1932. He then taught a t
New York University Medical School (1932-1939),
Georgetown University Medical School in Washington,
D.C. (1939-1947) and the University of Oklahoma
Medical School from 1947 until his retirement in 1970.
At Oklahoma, Daron taught both gross anatomy and
neuroanatomy and was always a favorite with the
40A
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS
students. In fact, when the students established the
“Aesculapian Award” for teaching excellence, Dr. Daron
was the first recipient in 1962 and later again received
the award in 1967 and 1970, the year of his retirement.
His alma mater, McPherson College, honored him in
1976 with their Alumni Citation of Merit.
Although Dr. Daron is best known a s a neuroanatomist, he is the author of one of the key pieces of modern
microanatomical research, the exact neuro-vascular nature of the mechanism of menstruation in the human
female. For the last fifty years almost all major microanatomy texts carried in the bibliography of the
female reproductive system the reference, “Daron, G.H.,
1936. The arterial pattern of the tunica mucosa of the
uterus in the Macacus rhesus. Am. J. of Anat. 58:349.”
Basically, Daron worked out the exact mechanism which
governed the constriction of the helicine arteries of the
tunica mucosa during the secretory stage causing infarction of the stratum compactum and the stratum spongiosum, if fertilization had not taken place, with subsequent sloughing of the tissues. The mucosa was then
restored by regrowth from the stratum basale with the
cycle repeated approximately every 28 days. His research prior to retirement was mainly on cellular volume in the cerebellum, but he will always be remembered for his basic studies on the uterine mucosa.
During his years of retirement, Dr. Daron actively
pursued his lifelong interests of genealogy and music.
His ancestors came to this country well before the
American Revolution and settled in the east central
section of Pennsylvania. He found during his studies
that he was actually of French descent and had soon
traced his family back to its origins in Brittany. He and
his wife published several directories of their Pennsylvania Dutch families and their movement throughout the
United States. He will be missed in genealogical circles
where he was considered a major research contributor.
In his younger years he had played the bassoon to help
pay his way through college during the twenties, and
later in the forties he was a member of the Arlington
Civic Symphony. He served as President of that symphony association in 1947 and has been a strong supporter of the Oklahoma City Symphony. Among the
many associations in which he held membership, needless to say, was the American Association of Anatomists
and of course the Sigma Xi.
Dr. Daron was preceeded in death by his first wife
Ruth Elizabeth (1906-1942) and is survived by his
present wife of 45 years, Gulah Hoover Daron. His
children include Dr. Harlow Daron of Auburn, Alabama,
Carol Arnold of Big Bear Lake, California, Elizabeth
Redmond of Anaheim, California, and Mary Kamp of
Dallas, Texas. There are 11 grandchildren, 4 great
grandchildren, 2 nieces and a nephew.
The writer first met Dr. Daron when he joined the
Medical Faculty at Oklahoma in 1952. In all the years of
our acquaintance, I can never remember him being
other than a perfect gentleman no matter what the
provocation. He was as even-handed with his students as
with his colleagues, always fair and willing to listen. He
was probably one of the best classroom instructors this
institution has ever had. His lectures were gems, even
the most complicated aspect of the nervous system
seemed crystal clear when presented by Dr. Daron. He
was equally expert in the laboratory using the tradi-
tional glass slide approach (most of which he prepared
himself). He was also fond of using Berlin blue stained
brain slices in his teaching to supplement the slide sets.
The department lost a n excellent instructor when he
retired. Even after 20 years of retirement he is still
fondly remembered by former students and senior faculty.
The author would like to thank Mary Daron Kamp as
well as the entire Daron family for providing background information on Dr. Daron not in our departmental files.
JOHN F. LHOTKA
DONALD J. GRAY, Ph.D.
1908-1 989
Born in Spokane, Washington on January 16, 1908,
Donald James Gray, Professor Emeritus of Anatomy,
Stanford University School of Medicine, died on March
29, 1989. The first twenty years of his life were spent in
Spokane followed by ten years of education at the
University of Washington where he acquired his Bachelor’s, Master’s, and Ph.D. degrees. After serving eight
years on the University of Washington faculty in Anatomy, he was recruited to the Stanford Department of
Anatomy by Dr. Charles Danforth, a newly appointed
successor to Dr. Arthur W. Meyer. Fifty years of Dr.
Gray’s life were dedicated to Stanford University. That
service was continuous, save for two periods of sabbatical leave as a National Institute of Health fellow a t
Wayne State University, and for a two-year period
following his retirement when he was a n active teacher
of Anatomy at the University of California, Davis. Dr.
Gray’s contributions during those fifty years helped to
make them golden years for Stanford, his faculty colleagues and a generation of graduate students including
students of medicine. They were golden years for Donald
Gray as well. A happy marriage and two truly great
sons-Bob and Don-who, though different from one
another, brought him enormous satisfaction. It is truly
an uncommon man who writes a letter to his three day
old son, as Dr. Gray did, while riding the train from
Washington State to Stanford a t the time he was being
recruited. Wrote Gray: “By the way, Bobbie, you haven’t
confided in me as yet what your ambitions pertaining to
a future career are-fireman, policeman, circus man,
lawyer, doctor, banker or what? Perhaps you’d like to
think of it for awhile and talk it over with your and my
best girlfriend first. Whatever it is, I know you’ll be the
very best ever.” “You will take good care of mother,
won’t you, Bobbie boy, because we love her so much,
more than anything or anybody, don’t we?” “AfFectionately, Dad.”
In September, 1939 the Stanford Medical School class
of 1944 was the first to have the privilege of learning
Anatomy with Dr. Gray. Students from a whole generation recall the quiet, dignified, methodical, always available and enormously respected man who, by the end of
his first year of teaching had lovingly earned the student
title “the Gray Ghost.” Not just because he moved
MEMORIALS
noiselessly up behind the student a t the dissecting table
to ask a question, or to help with a difficult dissection,
but because at regular intervals he would disappear to
return after a predictable time interval-the time it took
to smoke one pipeful on the back steps of the laboratory,
were minutes free of concern on the student’s part lest
he or she not know an origin, insertion, or relationship.
Every Medical School graduate from 1944 to 1973 knew
not only such things as the origin and insertion of the
latissimus dorsi but also that it took six and a half
minutes to smoke a pipe of tobacco.
Don Gray was Acting Chairman and then Full Chairman of the Department of Anatomy during the twelve
years before his mandatory retirement, a period when he
ably represented Anatomy with characteristic quiet
effectiveness. His work in developmental anatomy by
virtue of its meritorious quality continues to be internationally recognized. He left behind a n enormous and
highly valuable collection of precisely generated human
embryonic sections which now are in the Gardner, Gray,
O’Rahilly collection, an important component of the
Carnegie collection of human embryos a t Davis, California. From this collection and his other research activities, he generated more than fifty scholarly publications.
He was honored by membership in the major senior
scientific associations including the American Association of Anatomists, the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, and the American Association for
the Advancement of Science. He served as Associate
Editor of the American Journal of Anatomy and more
locally, as Associate Editor of the Stanford Medical
Bulletin. Among professionals in medicine, Dr. Gray is
perhaps best remembered for the Anatomy textbook “A
Regional Study of Human Structure.” He linked himself
with his good friends, Ernest Gardner, M.D. and Ronan
O’Rahilly, Master of Science and M.D. to publish this
internationally recognized textbook. I t is published in
English, Portuguese, Spanish and Oriental editions.
1975 saw the fourth edition come off the Saunders
Presses-four curtain calls and more to come.
In 1986, Dr. Donald James Gray received the annual
honor given by the American Association of Clinical
Anatomists to the distinguished anatomist chosen by
the Association. This was the third such award and its
plaque reads: “The American Association of Clinical
Anatomists recognize and award this annual honor to
Donald J. Gray, Ph.D., Professor of Anatomy, Emeritus,
Stanford University for his contribution to teaching and
research in the field of Gross Anatomy and Embryology
and in particular, for his publication of the textbook
Anatomy: A Regional Study of Human Structure.” As a
professional, Dr. Gray’s legacy consists not only of the
products of his scholarly investigation, his excellent
textbook, and his administrative contributions but also,
over a span of thirty years, the gratitude of graduates of
the School of Medicine for their introduction to Human
Biology.
During the last twenty-five years of Dr. Gray’s life he
was blessed by his marriage to Rose Marie Vettraino
Gray. She worked with the Stanford Anatomy team
during which Don learned, as we all have learned, what
great strength and character she possesses. In addition
to his wife, Rose, Dr. Gray is survived by a son Robert
and his family-wife Kathy and sons Jeff and Tony, and
4 1A
a son Donald whose family consists of wife Peggy and
daughters Jennifer and Christina.
ROBERT A. CHASE, MD
RANDALL B. GRUBB
1944-1 989
Dr. Randall Barth Grubb, Associate Professor of
Anatomical Sciences, University of Oklahoma Health
Sciences Center, passed quietly away at his home in
Oklahoma City on July 16th, 1989. He was born July
5th, 1944 in Bellevue, Ohio to Ruby and Marvin Grubb,
attended local schools and earned his B.S. in Zoology at
Ohio University in Morgantown, earning his M.S. (Biology) in 1969 and his Ph.D. in Genetics and Developmental Anatomy in 1972. In the same year he accepted the
post of Assistant Professor of Anatomy a t the University
of Oklahoma Medical School where he remained until
his death. Grubb was an excellent instructor, not only in
developmental anatomy but also in gross and microscopic anatomy. His teaching schedule was extensive
and he taught all the standard courses as well as
advanced gross, microanatomy, and embryology, experimental embryology, optical methods, and portions of the
dental course, “Cranio-Facial Complex.” However, as
years passed he tended to restrict his principal teaching
to the field of medical and dental gross anatomy. In
many ways, Grubb was more closely associated with the
dental than the medical school but he taught in both
schools, as well as in the school of pharmacy and as a
visiting professor a t the Mexican Autonomous University of Guadalajara. Among the teaching honors that he
was awarded by the dental students was outstanding
basic science instructor in 1985 and 1988, special commendation for teaching basic sciences 1981182 and 19831
84, plus his award as the outstanding instructor of the
entire dental faculty in 1988. The University of Guadalajara awarded him the status of Professor Extraordinary
in 1987.
His service record was outstanding, ranging from
serving as Departmental Faculty Secretary to serving on
both the Medical and Dental Admissions Committees.
He also served on the Tenured Faculty Committee
(Chair in 1988), the Faculty Appeals Board plus a series
of Curriculum and Promotion Committees. He also was
a member of the State Anatomical Board from 1985
until the present. The list of committees on which
Grubb served takes up 4 pages in his Curriculum Vitae.
His administrative interests spread far from the Medical
Center and he was very active in the Covenant Presbyterian Church and in the PTA organization of the Ridgeview Elementary School. Needless to say, he was a
member of the American Association of Anatomists, the
American Society of Zoology among his many organizational affiliations, plus of course, Sigma Xi.
His research interests were basically centered on
experimental work performed on the newt Notophthalmus viridescens with special attention to mesodermal
responses in limb regeneration and in the formation of
bone and cartilage. The same factors were studied in the
adult newt Triturus viridescens. He published a special
42A
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS
text “Gross Anatomy of the Nervous System” designed The fact that obtaining a medical degree took him 18
for dental students but which was equally popular with years was a favorite discussion subject among medical
medical freshmen. His handling of the cranial nerves students of that period, each class having proudly
was superb. His most recent research was in scanning claimed him as a classmate. Reunion celebrations for
electron microscopy studies of newt long bones. He was these classes were never complete unless Opie was
Session Chair for the 1987 Southwest Developmental present. Among the many awards and prizes he received
during his lifetime, he was most proud of the dedication
Biology Conference.
He is survived by his daughter Tammy Beth Grubb, to him of the student yearbook by the class of 1954.
his mother Ruby Grubb and brother Maynard, both of
Dr. Jones’ contributions in blood research gave him
Bellevue, Ohio, a sister Marsha Briggs of Huntington, an enviable national and international reputation. His
Indiana, and his second brother Corby Grubb of May- papers on stem cell lineage and the anemias were
field Heights, Ohio. Randall Grubb was basically a quite scientific keystones in the hematologic literature. His
reserved man who did what he was asked and did it well chapter in Downey’s Handbook of Hematology was
(probably why he was assigned to so many committees). considered by many to have been the best description of
He will be sorely missed by this Department for his megaloblastic changes in bone marrow. A clearly written
excellent teaching, his outstanding committee work, and paper on mitochondria showed that their superimposifor his constant efforts to aid and assist in any steps tion upon the nucleus contributed to its morphologic
required to improve the functions of his department.
pattern. These and other studies are considered to be
His attitude is probably best illustrated by his behav- “classics” in the field of hematology. When the electron
ior during the last months of his life. In spite of his microscope became available, Dr. Jones recognized very
deteriorating health, he continued to give all lectures early the potential of this technology for hematology and
and attend all laboratories assigned to him, to attend all became a pioneer in the ultrastructural studies of fetal
committee meetings of which he was a member (and erythropoiesis, paramitotic granulation and ribosome
there were many), and take an active part in all depart- bodies in erythroblasts and ferritin transfer into erythromental efforts. His cheerful display of courage in the face blasts under embryonic and pathological conditions. His
of a fatal illness will remain as a n inspiration to all who contributions were characterized as relating classical
have survived him.
morpholic hematology with the emerging physiological
and biochemical views of hematology of the 1950’s and
JOHN F. LHOTKA 60’s. His thinking was in terms of dynamic cell systems
and their functional states and his mastery of morphologic methods was the instrument by which these probOLIVER PERRY JONES
lems were solved. During the years after his retirement
1906-1 989
from the Chairmanship of Anatomy in Buffalo in 1971,
Oliver Jones, Ph.D., M.D., Distinguished Professor his retirement from the University in 1976 and the years
Emeritus of Anatomy a t the School of Medicine and before his death, he maintained an interest in hematolBiomedical Sciences of the State University of New York ogy research but also devoted himself to an examination
a t Buffalo died on June 18, 1989 in his home in Buffalo of the early history of the Medical School in Buffalo
including biographical studies of its founders. These
a t the age of eighty three.
Opie, as he was known to his friends, graduated from contributions were published in national journals and
Temple University in 1929 after which he went to the earned him a reputation as a careful, discriminating
University of Minnesota to earn a Ph.D. degree in historian. Even during this time, however, weekends
Neuroanatomy. Coming under the influence of Dr. Hal were sacred to him, to be spent on his boat on Lake
Downey, the then acknowledged Father of American Chataqua, fishing for muskies, whose sizes for those
Hematology, he shifted his research interests to hematol- which got away seemed to increase with each passing
ogy, receiving the Ph.D. in Anatomy in 1935, followed by year. Naturally, his concern for others, his kindness
a two year period as instructor of Anatomy at Minne- with colleagues in the profession of anatomy and his
sota. In 1937 he joined the Anatomy Department a t the immense knowledge of hematology and anatomy in
University of Buffalo as an Assistant Professor. In 1943, general prompted invitations to be a Visiting Professor
he was promoted to Associate Professor and then when a t a number of institutions in this country and abroad.
While many people who produce outstanding science
during that year Dr. Donald Duncan resigned as Chairman to accept a similar position a t the University of may be elected to scientific bodies, it is a privileged few
Texas a t Galveston, Opie was promoted to Professor and who-because of their human qualities, diplomatic sense
Chairman of the Department of Anatomy. This meteoric and innate leadership-retain a position of permanent
rise may be a record in academia. In 1946, he was influence in scientific society. Dr. Jones was one of them.
appointed Assistant Dean in the School of Medicine, He helped establish and maintain high standards in any
continuing in that post which included the Chairman- society of which he was a member and whether it was a
ship of the Admissions Committee until 1954. He planned national society such as the American Association of
and designed the building of the Medical School on the Anatomists or one like the International Society of
University of Buffalo campus, facilitating its move to a n Hematology, Opie was one of the elder statesmen and in
academic environment in 1953. This provided the basic many cases, one of the founding fathers. No one could
science departments with adequate research and teach- have served more responsibly in the affairs of the
ing facilities and was the beginning of the growth of the American Association of Anatomists than did Opie,
medical school. In 1956, Dr. Jones completed as a having been the Program Secretary for 12 years from
student, a medical degree begun in 1938 which was 1954-1966. In this capacity, he reorganized the prointerrupted by the teaching, research and administra- grams of the annual meetings into one of the best of
tive responsibilities which kept him from his studies. national scientific groups and as was stated by H.
MEMORIALS
Stanley Bennett in a recommending letter for Dr. Jones’
promotion to Distinguished Professor of Anatomy at
Buffalo, “his duties as Program Secretary were marked
by his handling of delicate diplomatic problems with
skill and tact and his services to the American Association of Anatomists were so outstanding that the Executive Committee was reluctant to see him hand over these
responsibilities to another person and prevailed upon
him to continue year after year until it was no longer
appropriate to presume on Professor Jones’ willingness
and good nature.” He served as Vice President of the
International Society of Haematology from 1958 to
1962, and Director of the National Society of Medical
Research from 1956 to 1961. He was also Associate
Editor of theAnatomica1Record (1955-1968) and served
on the Editorial Boards of Blood (1946-55) and Folia
Haematologica (1937-49).
The accomplishments of Dr. Jones during his academic career left an imprint upon his colleagues and the
students who attended his 34 consecutive classes in
gross anatomy. While he was proud of all of them, he was
most proud of those who continued into careers of
clinical hematology and surgery and are presently deans
or department chairpersons in basic science and clinical
departments. His high moral values, honesty, willingness to speak up on questions of ethical behavior and
sense of loyalty to his school will be remembered by
many of his former colleagues.
Dr. Jones was the husband of the late Cathryn M.
Jones, M.D., herself a University of Minnesota graduate
and for many years, Director of the Red Cross Blood
Bank in Buffalo. He is survived by three daughters,
Helen Jones of Maynard, Mass., Carolyn Gurney of
Asheville, N.C., and Ann Davidson of West Yarmouth,
Mass.; a son, Oliver of Columbus, Ohio; two sisters and
10 grandchildren.
HAROLD BRODY
JOHN STEPHENS L A T A
1895-1 989
Dr. John Stephens Latta died in Omaha, Nebraska on
September 17,1989, a t the age of 94. Until after his 93rd
birthday, he had been well and active. For the last few
months of his life, after suffering a cerebral vascular
accident, he lived in a nursing home but he retained his
active mind and amazing memory right up to the end.
For almost seven decades, he was one of the dominant
and most revered figures a t the University of Nebraska
College of Medicine.
Dr. Latta was born on June 5, 1895 a t North Tonawanda, New York. During his boyhood, his family
moved several times and by the time he reached college
age they were living in College Corners, Ohio.
John enrolled at Miami (Ohio) University six miles
from his home and for four years he either walked or
rode a bicycle back and forth to his classes. He graduated
in 1916 with a major in biology and spent part of his
summers at a biological experiment station on Lake
Erie. His talents were quickly recognized and through
the influence of his associates he was awarded a fellowship in the graduate college of Cornell University at
Ithaca, New York. Here he was attracted by the branch
of Cornell Medical College, then located in Ithaca, and
drifted into the Department of Anatomy, where Dr. B.F.
43A
Kingsberry became his advisor. He enrolled in the
Doctoral program with special interests in Embryology
and Hematology which were to become his special fields
of research for the rest of his life.
His studies were interrupted for a few months by
service in the Army during 1918, when he became
attached to the photographic division of the Army
Aviation Corps. He completed his Doctoral degree in
1920 and served as instructor in Embryology and Histology in the School (or college) of Veterinary Medicine a t
Cornell.
At the meeting of the American Association of Anatomists in 1921, he attracted the attention of Dr. C.W.M.
Poynter, then head of the Department of Anatomy a t the
University of Nebraska College of Medicine in Omaha.
Dr. Poynter offered him a position of Assistant Professor
of Anatomy and that fall he moved to Omaha where he
was to spend the rest of his life.
In 1924 he married Ruth Wykoff. They had two
children, both of whom survive. A daughter, Betty Jean
Triplett, lives in Lexington, Kentucky and his son,
Charleton Rex, is a practicing ophthalmologist in Omaha.
At the University of Nebraska, Dr. Latta took over the
courses of Embryology and Histology and several generations of students, several thousand in all, remember
him and those courses as among the most vivid experiences of their medical college days.
Dr. Latta moved up fast. He was made Associate
Professor of Anatomy in 1925 and Professor of Anatomy
in 1928.
In 1929, Poynter became Dean of the College of
Medicine and most of the responsibility for managing
the Department fell on Dr. Latta who was given the title
of Secretary of the Department.
Finally, in 1940 Poynter gave up the Chairmanship of
the Department and Dr. Latta was named in his place.
He continued as Chairman of the Department for twenty
more years until age 65 and remained active as full time
Professor of Anatomy for three more years.
He remained active for a few years more as a research
associate in the newly formed Eppley Center for Cancer
Research and during those years continued to serve as
advisor for several graduate students. His wife’s increasing disability finally forced his retirement and for a time
he devoted himself to caring for her until her death in
1968.
Dr. Latta’s retirement was a superb one. He retained
all of his old interests. He remained active on the
Committee of the Library of the College of Medicine,
which was one of his chief interests almost from the day
of his arrival in Omaha, and he lived to see it grow into
the main regional medical library for this entire section
of the country. For some years until he was well on into
his eighties, he traveled extensively. Even then, the only
problem he made for his traveling companions was
trying to keep up with him. He had a wide acquaintance
with people of all kinds in Omaha and a n active social life
in which he usually figured as the life of the party.
Dr. Latta was active in research during his entire
career. He was one of the early proponents of the
monophyletic theory of blood cell formation following
pioneer workers such as Alexander Maximow, Saxer,
and Vera Danchakoff. He was the first (with one of his
graduate students) at the University of Nebraska to
work with tissue culture in the days when its techniques
were decidedly primitive. When the first electron micro-
44A
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS
scope became available in Omaha, he immediately
adopted this innovation and produced nearly the first
papers in electron microscopy to appear from this area.
For many years, Dr. Latta was almost the heart and
soul of the graduate program in his department and
many of the distinguished graduates of the College of
Medicine studied under his direction.
Dr. Latta received many honors during his long
career. Among them were the University’s Outstanding
Teacher Award and the Award for Distinguished Service
to Medicine. He was elected an honorary member of
Alpha Omega Alpha and later served as the President of
the Nebraska Chapter. He also served as President of
the Nebraska Chapter of Sigma Xi. He was a member of
the Phi Beta Pi medical fraternity, the American Association of Anatomists, the Association of Experimental
Biology and Medicine and the American Association for
the Advancement of Science. For many years he served
on the Nebraska Board of Examiners in the basic
sciences.
With all of his accomplishments, Dr. Latta is probably
best remembered by the members of over forty classes
that he taught in Embryology and Histology. No one in
the history of the College made more of a n impression on
those students, first as teacher, later as counselor and
advisor and finally as friend. Dr. Latta’s memory for his
students was phenomenal. He could almost always call
a n old graduate by name even if he hadn’t seen him for
over twenty years. No one was ever more regularly
sought out and visited by returning alumni than he was.
The University of Nebraska College of Medicine has
been greatly enriched by the many years that Dr. Latta
was here and is so much the poorer for his passing.
EDWARD A. HOLYOKE, M.D.
CHARLES DURWARD VAN CLEAVE
1904-1 989
Charles Durward Van Cleave, Professor Emeritus of
Anatomy a t the University of North Carolina, died in
Chapel Hill on June 22,1989. He was born in Holbrook,
Nebraska on April 4, 1904, and after the A.B. degree at
the University of Colorado he received the Ph.D. degree
at the University of Chicago in 1926. Following ten years
in the Department of Anatomy a t the University of
Pennsylvania and two years in the Department of
Anatomy a t Cornell, he came to the University of North
Carolina a t Chapel Hill in 1940 to remain through his
retirement in 1971.
Throughout his career he taught Gross Anatomy, and
he did it with the skill and success that admitted him to
that small Valhalla of teachers who are legends in their
own time. Some of the bases of the legend are readily
identified. Many, and perhaps most, of his students had
the conviction that his knowledge of his subject was
unlimited and without error. His lectures were erudite
and lucid, and the promptness and success with which
he located elusive structures on the specimen were
considered by many to be almost uncanny. The respect
that he earned was salted with fear-he was honest in
his evaluations, and he recognized no favorites and few
excuses. He was selective in the assistance he gave; he
held that the good student needs little help, but he was
ready to help the confused or the slow student. Urbane
wit and a keen sense of the ridiculous superimposed
upon his basic dignity kept his classes alert and expectant. Students not infrequently reported a comment or
witticism and the results: a n immediate smile by one or
two signalled that they saw the point promptly; some
seconds later additional smiles were consistent with a
lag in perception; the reaction gradually spread through
the room; and three or four paragraphs later a titter was
evidence that a plodder had recognized a gem. A suggestion of the appraisal by his students was embodied more
than once in skits in which he descended from the
heavens with fire and smoke to denounce effectively and
in few words a bit of misinformation. Despite a pretense
of unawareness, the Professor recognized these perceptions and found them embarrassing but amusing; nevertheless, he made no effort to change them. He was
shrewd enough to recognize that these perceptions made
him more effective as a teacher. It was primarily this
legendary effectiveness as a teacher that prompted the
School of Medicine and its alumni to confer upon him a
Distinguished Service Award in 1975 (members of the
Faculty are eligible for this award only after retirement).
His early research was in experimental embryology,
and he used invertebrates as his models in addition to
the more usual vertebrates. When radioactive substances became available for use in biological studies, a
new world opened for him. He saw it possible to investigate problems that are significant in themselves and
implicit in the use of nuclear weapons. One such problem was the utilization of radioactive strontium, expected in the fallout from a nuclear blast, in the growth
of bone, and the extent to which it would compete with
calcium. Then came a request to prepare an in-depth
review of the literature dealing with biologic effects of
radiation, especially during development. The matter-offactness and suavity of the thorough product give little
indication of the massiveness of this literature and the
confusion in much of it.
Van was not a simple person, and even his friends
were not sure that they really knew him. The situation is
suggested by the fact that those who knew him best,
including Mrs. Van Cleave, called him Van. He was the
embodiment of the classic academician-extremely wellread and addicted to the arts and graces that constitute
civilization: good literature, music, the arts, theater,
travel, good food, good drink and good company. He may
have found it difficult to appreciate that not everyone
shared his breadth of interests or their intensity. That
difficulty made him appear aloof, and although he may
not have been aloof, he was different. His birth in
Nebraska and his growing up in the west seemed out of
character; his birth and childhood would have been more
appropriate to the Ivy League or London. This consideration is borne out by his marrying an English girl in
1933.
He was also a private person. During Mrs. Van
Cleave’s long terminal illness, he confessed that he was
grateful for offers of assistance but preferred to care for
her himself. He also appeared mystified that others were
interested in his reasons for a course of action; the
reasons were his province.
American Anatomy has lost a quiet and modest and
distinguished apostle. Somewhat similar persons may
have preceded him and may follow him, but there has
been but one Van.
CHARLES W. HOOKER Ph.D.
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