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Majesty Magazine July 2017

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Front Cover.qxp:majesty cover March
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Q U A L I T Y
R O Y A L
M A G A Z I N E
100 YEARS OF THE
HOUSE OF WINDSOR
�50
VOL 38 NO 7
SONJA AT 80
MICHAEL AT 75
CAMILLA AT 70
VICTORIA AT 40
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FWORD
IRST
FROM MAJESTY?S EDITOR-IN-CHIEF
SAMIR HUSSEIN/GETTY IMAGES
J
ULY IS ALWAYS one of the busiest months in the royal calendar
and this year is no exception. Anniversaries, milestone birthdays and
a twice-deferred state visit by the King and Queen of Spain are due
to take place.
Prince Michael of Kent, one of the most unassuming and underrated
members of the royal family, will be 75 on 4 July, while the Duchess of
Cornwall celebrates her 70th birthday on 17 July.
Aware of the impending 20th anniversary of the death of Diana, Princess
of Wales at the end of August, Camilla understandably does not want a big
fuss made of her birthday. Prince Charles loves giving parties and no doubt
would have put on something extra-special for his ?darling wife?, but at her
insistence they are having a relatively low-key affair at Clarence House.
Prince and Princess Michael always give a party for his birthday in their
walled garden at Kensington Palace for family and friends.
I was fortunate to talk to Prince Michael recently about his achievements
and, as always, he had some erudite views on the world. I spoke to him the
day after the Manchester terrorist attack and I was keen to get his opinions
of the problems facing the youth of today. The next time I went to
Kensington Palace was with photographer Sebastian Rich to take some
pictures of the Prince and Princess to mark his birthday. That night there
was another terrorist attack, this time on and near London Bridge.
Members of the royal family are quicker to respond publicly to atrocities
than they used to be, but still face the problem that their presence when
visiting the injured in hospital can make it difficult for the police and
emergency services if it happens too soon. They themselves are obvious
targets for terrorists, since an attack on them would create maximum
publicity. Nothing is ever as simple as it seems.
In May the Duchess of Cambridge?s sister Pippa Middleton married
financier James Matthews at the village church in Englefield, Berkshire.
The media attention was out of all proportion for the occasion because twoyear-old Princess Charlotte and Prince George, who will be four on 22 July,
were a bridesmaid and pageboy for the first time. While the Duchess looked
after the eight little bridesmaids and pageboys, Princes William and Harry
strolled to the church together. Meghan Markle, Prince Harry?s girlfriend,
wisely stayed away from the nuptials but joined the party later.
The other attendants ? Pippa?s godson Casimir Tatos, Edward Sebire,
William Ward, Philippa Hoyos, Lily French and James?s goddaughter
Avia Horner, who was three that day ? scattered rose petals as the
newlyweds left the church. The children went home before the evening
revelries, which continued until the early hours of the following morning.
This month the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge will continue their
European charm offensive when they visit Poland and Germany at
the request of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. William and
Catherine?s two-day visit to Paris in the spring was a huge success, but
this latest trip is even more important now that negotiations for the UK
to leave the EU have begun.
Prince George is a pageboy at the
wedding of his aunt Pippa Middleton
to James Matthews on 20 May
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VOLUME 38 NUMBER 7
JULY 2017
06
12
CONTENTS
INSIDE THIS
ISSUE
06
CROWN PRINCESS
As the heir to the Swedish
throne?s 40th birthday
draws near, Coryne Hall
pays tribute to Victoria
12
20
A MODEST MAN
Prince Michael of Kent
talks to Ingrid Seward
about his achievements
and life in the 21st century
20
HOUSE OF
WINDSOR
Ian Lloyd looks at how
the royal dynasty was
successfully rebranded
during the First World War
26
MANY HAPPY
RETURNS
Birthday greetings to the
Duchess of Cornwall, who
will be 70 on 17 July
50
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ARTHUR EDWARDS/GETTY IMAGES
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The Duchess of Cornwall attends the opening
day of the South of England Show at Ardingly,
West Sussex, on 8 June
34
THE ART OF BEING
QUEEN
Trond Nor閚 Isaksen on
the role that Queen Sonja
of Norway struggled to
make her own
44
59
ONE ISLAND,
THREE GOVERNORS
What did Henry and
Beatrice of Battenberg
and Earl Mountbatten of
Burma have in common?
50
56
COURT & SOCIAL
Our monthly round-up
of photographs shows
royal families of the
world at work and play
CHAPTER
AND VERSE
Majesty?s hand-picked
selection of the very
best royal-related books
ROYAL DIARY
The official duties being
undertaken by members
of the House of Windsor
66
AND FINALLY...
Robert Golden reflects on
various aspects of regal life,
both ancient and modern
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GETTY IMAGES
Crown Princess
The heir to the throne?s birthday is always a major event in Sweden but when
Victoria reaches 40 this month the celebrations will be bigger than usual,
says CORYNE HALL
L
ARGE CROWDS ARE expected on Victoriadagen
(Victoria Day) on 14 July, which will begin with a
Te Deum in the chapel of Stockholm?s Royal Palace,
followed by a reception. Gun salutes will be fired
from Skeppsholmen and other batteries around the
country, and the events in the capital will conclude with
a carriage procession. That evening a televised concert will
take place in Borgholm?s IP Stadium in the presence of the
royal family.
The next morning the Crown Princess will meet the
people who have come to greet her in the park at Solliden,
the royal summer palace on the island of 謑and.
Princess Victoria Ingrid Alice D閟ir閑, Duchess of
V鋝terg鰐land, was born at Karolinska Hospital in
Stockholm on 14 July 1977, the eldest child of King Carl
XVI Gustaf and Queen Silvia. For her baptism in the chapel
at the Royal Palace she was dressed in the christening gown
previously worn by her father and his sisters.
It was not envisaged that Victoria would succeed her
father but on 1 January 1980 a new Act of Succession came
into force. The eldest child, irrespective of gender, would
now succeed to the throne. As this law was retrospective
Victoria became Crown Princess, nudging her younger
�
brother Carl Philip, born in 1979, into second place.
ABOVE: King Carl XVI Gustaf and Queen Silvia with their baby
daughter at Solliden in August 1977
OPPOSITE: Crown Princess Victoria in a reception room at
Haga Palace, her home in greater Stockholm
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H臟AN LIND/ROYAL COURT SWEDEN
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SYGMA/GETTY IMAGES
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ANNA-LENA AHLSTR諱/ROYAL COURT SWEDEN
In 1981 the King and Queen moved with their children
to Drottningholm Palace and the following year the family
was completed by the birth of Princess Madeleine.
Summers were spent at Solliden, where the children could
take full advantage of the outdoor life. In winter they went
on skiing holidays to Verbier or Storlien.
On 27 July 1992 Victoria was confirmed at R鋚plinge
Church on 謑and; and three years later she officially came
of age with a declaration in the Hall of State in Stockholm?s
Royal Palace.
Victoria graduated from Enskilda upper secondary school
in 1996 and celebrated by being driven through Stockholm
in her father?s open-top car wearing the traditional students?
white cap. The Princess later revealed that she was bullied
at school because, like her father and brother, she is dyslexic
and had trouble with reading and writing.
With the number of her official engagements about to
increase, Victoria travelled to Germany, France and the
United States to improve her language skills. In 1997, the
Crown Princess embarked on a specially designed course
to provide her with an insight into the workings of the
Swedish Parliament before two years at Yale studying
history and political science.
Low self-esteem led to the eating disorder anorexia, for
which she sought treatment.
She later said of this time: ?It felt like everything in my
life and around me was controlled by others. The one thing
I could control was the food I put in me. Now I?m feeling
well and with the insights I?ve acquired through this I can
hopefully help someone else.?
Victoria completed basic military training before doing
internships at the Swedish Ministry of Defence, the
European Union in Brussels and Swedish Trade Councils
in Berlin and Paris. As the King said, ?she had to learn
about and understand the constitution perfectly, as well as
receive military training?.
If this were not enough, the Crown Princess travelled all
over the world in connection with her patronages. In 2005
she spent a month at the Swedish Embassy in China.
On 19 June 2010 Victoria married Daniel Westling in
Storkyrkan, the cathedral in Stockholm. The Crown
Princess?s choice of wedding date was no coincidence:
apart from her parents, two other future monarchs were
married on this day in the same venue ? King Oscar I to
Princess Josephine of Leuchtenberg in 1823, and Carl XV
to Princess Louisa of the Netherlands in 1850.
Victoria had met the former fitness trainer in 2002, when
her sister Madeleine recommended she enrol at his gym.
He became the Crown Princess?s personal trainer and is
�
credited with helping her recovery from anorexia.
CLOCKWISE FROM TOP LEFT: Crown Princess Victoria with her
parents and siblings at Drottningholm in 1984
The future Queen of Sweden with her husband Prince Daniel
and their children, Princess Estelle and Prince Oscar
The Crown Princess spends the evening of her 21st birthday
at an open-air Victoriadagen concert in Borgholm
Formal attire and insignia for a Royal Patriotic Society event
at Riddarhuset in Stockholm in April
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GETTY IMAGES
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Friendship turned to love but they faced opposition
from the King and others, who felt Daniel?s background
was too ordinary and that the marriage wouldn?t work.
However, their opponents were finally won round and
after much preparation for his new role Prince Daniel has
proved an admirable consort. ?With Daniel by my side I feel
secure,? Victoria said, adding, ?you have probably noticed in
recent years I have been stronger and happier.?
In the autumn of 2010 the couple moved into Haga Palace,
the childhood home of the King and his sisters. Victoria and
Daniel share an interest in animals, nature, health and sport.
The Crown Princess also shares her father?s commitment
to the environment and was appointed a United Nations?
advocate for Agenda 2030, promoting the UN?s Sustainable
Development Goals. Prince Daniel, meanwhile, launched
his own fellowship in 2013, travelling with inspirational
speakers to schools to talk about entrepreneurship.
Marriage and motherhood have been the making of
Victoria. She and Daniel are devoted parents to Princess
Estelle Silvia Ewa Mary, Duchess of 謘terg鰐land, born on
23 February 2012, and Prince Oscar Carl Olof, Duke of
Sk錸e, who arrived on 2 March 2016. Five-year-old Estelle
is already an accomplished performer on the royal stage and
as popular with the public as her mother.
The Crown Princess celebrates her name day on 12 March.
Although last year?s celebrations were cancelled due to
Prince Oscar?s birth, the crowds were out in Stockholm this
year to greet Victoria and her family in an informal gettogether outside the Royal Palace.
Later at a reception, the Royal Flower Foundation
presented Victoria with a substantial donation for her
foundation for disabled children.
Earlier this year there was speculation in the press when
Victoria took a break from her duties for several weeks.
Eventually the royal court announced that the Crown
Princess had wanted to spend some quality time with her
young children. She then embarked upon on a busy schedule
that included official visits to Japan and the Netherlands.
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Taking inspiration from the King and Queen ? who
during her childhood explained the reasons for their visits
abroad ? Victoria does likewise with her own children.
Also in April she attended a memorial service for the
victims of the terrorist attack in Stockholm, when a hijacked
lorry drove into pedestrians, killing four people and injuring
many more. The day after the attack, a visibly emotional
Victoria laid red roses at the scene. Asked by journalists
how Sweden could move forward after such an atrocity, the
Crown Princess replied: ?Together?.
Victoria acts as Regent for the King when he is abroad.
She also attends state events like the opening of parliament,
the national day celebrations and the Nobel Prize
ceremonies. In due course, she will be the first female head
of state of the Bernadotte dynasty.
King Carl XVI Gustaf has praised his firstborn, saying
she ?has shown herself to be a very organised, dedicated
woman when it comes to her role. I?m proud of the way she
approaches her work and the great effort she is making to
prepare herself for when it is her turn to reign.?
Although security will be tight, the hugely popular Crown
Princess Victoria will celebrate her birthday as she always
M
has done ? among the people of Sweden.
CLOCKWISE FROM ABOVE: The Swedish and Danish royal heirs with
their spouses in Stockholm for a Liveable Scandinavia seminar
Crown Princess Victoria tours Meiho tuna fishery in Shiogama
during an official visit to Japan in April
A family gathering at the Royal Palace in Stockholm on 30 April
to witness King Carl XVI Gustaf?s 71st birthday celebrations
Arriving at the Opera House in Oslo on 10 May for a gala to mark
the 80th birthdays of King Harald and Queen Sonja of Norway
King Willem-Alexander and the Crown Princess at an Organisation
for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons event in The Hague
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PICTURES: GETTY IMAGES
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Prince Michael of Kent
with his faithful Shadow,
a Battersea rescue dog
SEBASTIAN RICH
OPPOSITE: The Duke
and Duchess of Kent,
with Prince Edward and
Princess Alexandra,
after Prince Michael?s
christening at Windsor
Castle on 4 August 1942
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GETTY IMAGES
A MODEST MAN
INGRID SEWARD recently went to Kensington Palace for an exclusive interview
with Prince Michael of Kent, who will celebrate his 75th birthday on 4 July
P
RINCE MICHAEL OF KENT does not enjoy being
interviewed, but being a gentleman would never allow
anyone to feel uncomfortable in his presence and having
agreed to speak to me was charming and eloquent. He is
essentially a very private person and does not like to boast about
his achievements, even on his 75th birthday.
The Prince grew up a much-loved and much younger
member of the royal family with his widowed mother Marina,
the Duchess of Kent, his elder sister Princess Alexandra and
brother Edward, the current Duke of Kent. Their father
George, fifth of the six children of King George V and Queen
Mary, was killed in an air crash when Prince Michael was only
seven weeks old.
Until his marriage at the age of 35 Prince Michael had no
royal household to worry about and lived the life of an eligible
young army officer who could indulge his love of speed with
cars and aeroplanes. He learnt to fly in his 20s and was part of
the British bobsleigh team at the world championships in
Cervinia in 1971 where he had a terrible accident that left him
with a scarred neck. He grew a beard on his honeymoon while
trekking in the mountains over Kashmir and kept it, as he no
longer had the misery of trying to shave around the offending
scar. Because of the beard, his similarity to the last Tsar is often
remarked upon. In fact, it is due to the last Tsar?s mother and
Queen Alexandra being sisters and they themselves looked
like twins. Their sons, later King George V and Tsar Nicholas
II, also looked like twins and the gene pool merged again with
Prince Michael, grandson of the late King.
The Prince is one of those old-fashioned people who was
brought up to believe that with privilege comes responsibility.
He finds his philanthropic work rewarding and believes his
role in life is to do what he can for others using his position
to help.
On 30 June 1978 he married the beautiful Baroness Marie
Christine von Reibnitz at a civil ceremony at the Rathaus in
Vienna, Austria. Marie Christine is Roman Catholic, so under
the terms of the Act of Settlement 1701 Prince Michael had to
forfeit his place in the line of succession to the throne. On 26
March 2015, with the coming into force of the Succession to
the Crown Act 2013, he was reinstated and is now 45th in line.
Together with Princess Michael ? historical writer, lecturer
and art lover ? they are patrons, heads or presidents of some
117 charities and do it all at their own expense. They now live
full-time at Kensington Palace, where they pay a commercial
rent having sold their beautiful Gloucestershire home, Nether
Lypiatt, some seven years ago. On 30 June, they celebrated 39
years of marriage; on 4 July Prince Michael celebrates his
�
75th birthday.
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What, I asked him, are his proudest achievements?
?I don?t think it is for me to answer!? Prince Michael replied. ?Obviously,
there are certain things which one?s pleased to have done. I am patron of
a charity formed a year ago which I hope will make a lot of difference to
the very poor living in west Africa, where the conditions are difficult for
both humans and animals. One of the things the foundation has done is
to get 12 countries through which the Congo river flows to contribute to
try and unite to improve things. It seems to be working. I have also been
pleased with some of the progress we have made with the teaching of
Russian in UK schools and colleges.
?I started my own road safety award scheme 25 years ago now and it was
a wonderful thing to have started. I head up another organisation that is
trying to reduce the amount of deaths and serious road accidents by 50 per
cent between 2010 and 2020. There is an enormous increase in the number
of cars on the road, so it is quite a challenge.
?We have been driving in Great Britain since the early days and motoring
is in our blood. Our job is to try and get other countries to pull their socks
up and improve standards. Speed is a factor of course and so is awareness,
which you can only teach with experience. The earlier you learn to do
anything the better. I think tying up your shoelaces is a prime example. If
you started learning that as an adult it would make life very difficult.
?Anything you can do to encourage people to drive when they are young
is a bonus, but where do you teach them? I was about seven when I learnt
to drive at Coppins [the Kents? former family home in Buckinghamshire]
but we had the space.?
I talked to the Prince at Kensington Palace the day after the Manchester
terror attack, so I asked him what he thought we could do to help equip
the younger generations for a very different kind of world.
?The great thing in life is to have balance and to be able to encourage
one?s children to be open enough to understand people. To be listeners and
to hear other people?s point of view. Not to be prejudiced, not to be biased,
so you have all the facts at your fingertips. Freddie [Lord Frederick
Windsor] was sent to the same prep school as I was, which couldn?t have
been better for him and the values that he picked up there were exactly as
they were when I was there. He was a bright child, so he could pick up a lot
of information very quickly and he became interested in the classics, which
he studied at Eton and eventually Oxford, where he read Classics.
?It was a mind structure: it makes you think things through; it?s as
exacting as it is demanding. Ella [Lady Gabriella Windsor] was undecided
what she wanted to do with her life, but after four years at Brown
University she developed an interest in anthropology and went on to a
postgraduate term at Oxford. When she came to write and interview
people she had a very broad grasp of various kinds of people and what
drove them and what interested them.
?That is an important thing for anybody. The hunger for knowledge and
curiosity is something that will be with you all their life. If you retain your
curiosity and you are open to innovative ideas and new knowledge, it is
the greatest gift you can probably have.
?The young are very much more independent now because they have
freer lives and a quicker pace of life, which enables them to switch from
one subject to another much more quickly. On the other hand, they are
much more dependent than my generation as they have more people to
lean on for advice. My generation never had it. It wasn?t available. You
had to fight your own battles a lot more; there was no choice. People
didn?t have it in the old days and they just got on with life. Some people
have a crisis where they need to have guidance and help. Others work it
out for themselves, but if you can encourage children to work it out for
themselves, I think it?s a good thing.
?I learnt Russian as a mental exercise in the Sixties when I was in the
Army and it has been very useful. I speak it whenever I possibly can.
Being able to speak languages is a gift, but the first time I went to Russia
was in 1992. I now head up the Chartered Institute of Linguists, which
exists to keep very high the standard of translating on a professional level,
�
representing people in court, for instance.?
CLOCKWISE FROM RIGHT: Eight-year-old Prince Michael in the garden at Coppins,
the family home in Buckinghamshire, 1950
An early informal portrait of the royal couple, Prince Michael sporting the beard
that has now become his trademark
The Kents and Lord Frederick Windsor after the christening of Lady Gabriella
Windsor at the Chapel Royal, St James?s Palace, June 1981
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PICTURES: PRIVATE COLLECTION
The Prince and Princess on their wedding day, 30 June 1978, before a white-tie
dinner at the British Embassy in Vienna
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PICTURES: GETTY IMAGES
PICTURES: PRIVATE COLLECTION
PICTURES: PRIVATE COLLECTION
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PICTURES: SEBASTIAN RICH
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A relaxed Prince and
Princess Michael of Kent
in a Kensington Palace
courtyard, June 2017
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PICTURES: GETTY IMAGES
Prince Michael of Kent is the first member of the
British royal family to speak Russian and he puts his
expertise to effective use.
?I head up the Russo-British Chamber of Commerce.
It?s a trade organisation that promotes trade in both
directions. It was founded in 1912 and has survived
the Russian Revolution, the terrors of the Stalinist
era and it?s been through the difficulties of the last
two or three years. But relations are more stable with
Russia than they were two or three years ago and I
am very positive about it. And of course, trade is the
lifeblood and however difficult things may be you
have to keep the doors open. That?s what we are
trying to do. We have meetings all the time and once
a year a big one in London and one in Moscow.?
The Prince admits he is interested in a broad range
of things and gives them a considerable amount of
his time. He no longer competes at carriage driving,
but occasionally takes the horses out from the Royal
Mews at Windsor.
?I used to enjoy competing, but that was 30 years
ago. The horses and carriages were all Prince
Philip?s. I still occasionally drive. It?s a lovely thing
to do; it?s very dignified and it meant that you
went to six or eight competitions around the
country with lovely parks and very often lovely
houses, and because you?re up high on the carriage
you have a wonderful view of everything.?
Both the Prince and Princess understand how
difficult it is to maintain a private life in today?s
world of social media, so I asked Prince Michael
what he most admired in public figures today.
?I am inspired by people?s energy and their
devotion to various causes. If I am on the same
mental level, I enjoy getting drawn into
discussions and arguments. Everyone has
something to contribute.?
Conservationist, sportsman, animal lover,
linguist, father and grandfather ? the list is
endless but Prince Michael remains modest
about his considerable achievements. He prefers
M
it that way.
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ABOVE: On the balcony at Buckingham Palace with Ella, Freddie and
daughter-in-law Sophie after the 2016 Queen?s Birthday Parade
BELOW: A few days later Prince and Princess Michael of Kent are
in the paddock at Ascot racecourse for the royal meeting
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MAJESTY READER OFFER
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Faberg�s works were and continue to
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HOUSE OF WINDSOR
JOE LITTLE
In the spring of 1917, with the First World War well into its
third year, the time had come to rebrand the British royal
dynasty. It was a difficult task, as IAN LLOYD explains
ABOVE: The Queen?s standard flies over the floodlit Round Tower of Windsor Castle
RIGHT: George V, in a 1917 Punch cartoon, abolishes the German titles held by members of his family
K
ING GEORGE V was the quintessential
British gentleman. He enjoyed the
?hunting, shooting, fishing? lifestyle,
disliked travelling abroad and much
preferred stamp collecting to attending parties.
His wife, Queen Mary, who described herself as
?English from top to toe?, was the first consort of
a British king to speak English as her mother
tongue since the time of Henry VIII.
Yet by 1917 even their undoubted patriotism
was being questioned. For three years Britain and
its empire had been fighting one of the bloodiest
wars known to man. At home the growing casualty
list from the conflict combined with an effective
propaganda machine to create widespread antiGerman feeling and general social unrest. The
King and his advisers became increasingly uneasy
about the mood of the country.
It was so different in August 1914 when crowds
flocked to Buckingham Palace after the war was
declared. The monarch pointedly stayed in the
capital and shut his summer residence, Balmoral
Castle, for the duration. He donned military
uniform when appropriate, observed rationing,
20 majestymagazine.com
banned alcohol at home, rarely dined out and
never went to the theatre. In a morale-boosting
speech to his troops he said: ?I cannot share
your hardships, but my heart is with you every
hour of the day.?
Anti-German riots began almost immediately.
When in 1915 a German U-boat sank the RMS
Lusitania causing 1,198 civilian deaths there was
national outrage. The following year 400,000
British soldiers were declared dead, wounded or
missing during the four-month Battle of the
Somme. All over the United Kingdom, German
establishments were attacked and Germans
interred. Shop owners with names such as Goebel
or Riegler were singled out; even Dachshunds
were kicked in the street. How embarrassing then
that the name of the ruling dynasty itself ? SaxeCoburg-Gotha ? was resolutely German.
In addition, thanks to their continental ancestry,
more German blood than British flowed through
the veins of George V and Queen Mary. Even the
Prime Minister, David Lloyd George, when
summoned to see the King, said: ?I wonder what
�
my little German friend has to say to me.?
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GETTY IMAGES
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POPPERFOTO/GETTY IMAGES
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George V and Queen Mary in Berlin in 1913 for the wedding
of Wilhelm II?s only daughter, Princess Viktoria Luise
OPPOSITE: Tsar Nicholas II, bearing a striking resemblance
to his British cousin, also attends the nuptials
The Rt Hon David Lloyd George, Prime Minister at the time
the royal dynasty was being rebranded
Whilst in the German capital the King is accompanied by
his cousin the Kaiser at a military parade
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PICTURES: GETTY IMAGES
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The year 1917 turned out to be George V?s annus
horribilis. Two particular issues precipitated the change
of the dynasty?s name.
The first was the overthrow of George?s first
cousin, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia. The King
reassured ?Dear Nicky? that ?I shall always
remain your true and devoted friend?, and when
the Russian government asked the British
Ambassador to give the Tsar and his family
asylum in Britain, Lloyd George agreed.
Somewhat unfortunately for Nicholas, Lord
Stamfordham, the King?s Private Secretary, had
become aware of the dissent in Britain. There
were rallies in favour of the Russian Revolution,
criticism of the German-born Tsarina Alexandra
(another of George?s cousins), the rise of
militant socialism and a flurry of letters sent to
the King by his concerned countrymen. Some
of the latter were of especial concern. One
correspondent wrote that he had seen the slogan ?To
hell with the King. Down with all monarchies?
scrawled across a second-class railway carriage wall.
Stamfordham placed the letters in a folder marked
?Unrest in the Country?. He used the information
amassed to tell the Foreign Secretary, Arthur Balfour, that
the Tsar?s possible arrival in Britain was ?strongly resented
by the public? and the topic was ?being discussed not only
in clubs? [i.e. gentlemen?s clubs] but by ?working men? and
Labour MPs. Stamfordham went on to strongly urge the
government not to grant the Tsar asylum. Balfour and Lloyd
George agreed.
George V would of course have had no idea that his
Romanov cousins would be butchered to death the following
year. The most he could be accused of is dynastic ruthlessness,
ensuring the British monarchy survived at all costs. His true
role in the tragic tale remained buried in the archives for
another half century or more. Even later royal figures such as
Earl Mountbatten of Burma (a nephew of Empress Alexandra)
said Lloyd George?s hands were stained with the blood of the
imperial family.
In May 1917 more evidence of anti-royal feeling in the
country came to the King from an unlikely source. Lady Maud
Warrender, an occasional lady-in-waiting to the Queen and the
granddaughter of the philanthropic 7th Earl of Shaftesbury,
was dining with the royal family at Buckingham Palace. She
murmured to a fellow guest that there were rumours that
George V was not as patriotic as he might be. The King
overheard the remark and, according to one account, ?started
and grew pale?.
When another report reached the King ? that the writer
HG Wells had commented that George V presided over ?an
alien and uninspiring court? ? the monarch robustly declared:
?I may well be uninspiring but I?ll be damned if I?m an alien.?
Guided by Stamfordham, he accepted that the time for
private refutation was over. What was needed was a very
�
public demonstration of the King?s patriotism.
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ROYAL COLLECTION TRUST/� HM QUEEN ELIZABETH II 2017
King George V with Lord Stamfordham, his private secretary, in a tent erected in the garden at Buckingham Palace, 1918
From the middle of May, Stamfordham began the lengthy
process of coming up with alternatives to Saxe-CoburgGotha as a name for the royal house. The King rejected
Plantagenet and Tudor. The Prime Minister disliked Tudor
and Stuart and hit on Guelph, which George V turned down.
?It is disastrous,? lamented the Private Secretary to the
former Prime Minister, Lord Rosebery. ?The King is all for
a prompt settlement.?
It was a second major crisis in 1917 ? a development in
the German war machine ? that turned the situation into an
emergency. In the first three years of the war there were
occasional air attacks by German Zeppelin airships, but in
1917 these were replaced by huge bombers bearing the name
?Gotha?, the same as the royal house. On 25 May there were
95 deaths when Gothas bombed the south coast near
Folkestone. Then on 13 June, in a daylight raid over east
London, more of the aircraft killed 162 civilians including 18
children at a school in Poplar. (The Queen visited Mayflower
Primary School, as it is now known, last month to mark the
centenary of the atrocity.)
That same day, while the King visited the injured at St
Bartholomew?s Hospital ? and even watched one survivor
being operated on ? Stamfordham wrote to the Prime
Minister: ?I hope we have now discovered a name which
may appeal to you, and that is that Queen Victoria shall be
regarded as having founded the House of Windsor.?
It was an inspired choice. Windsor Castle had been a royal
residence since the time of William I and with the Thames
24 majestymagazine.com
running alongside the town it was as British as could be.
There was even a precedent in the King?s ancestry. Edward
III, born at the castle in 1312, was known as ?Edward of
Windsor?.
On 17 July 1917 a royal proclamation stated that
henceforth ?Our House and Family shall be styled and known
as the House and Family of Windsor?. Moreover, all of Queen
Victoria?s Germanic-titled descendants ?who are subjects of
these realms?, other than females who might marry a foreign
prince, should also lose their Teutonic names?.
Battenberg relatives adopted the anglicised version:
Mountbatten. The Queen?s elder brother Prince Adolphus of
Teck became Marquess of Cambridge and her younger
brother Alexander Earl of Athlone. ?Shakespeare himself
could not have composed a more resonant or patriotic call to
arms,? royal biographer Kenneth Rose later wrote.
The timing was crucial. By the time the war ended the
following year Gotha aircraft had carried out 27 raids,
leaving 835 British citizens dead and 1,972 wounded. In
addition, almost one million service personnel from Britain
and the empire lost their lives. Furthermore, as hostilities
ended the vast empires of Austria-Hungary, Russia and of
course Germany lost their monarchies.
The House of Windsor grew in strength over the final 18
years of George V?s reign. The war marked and aged him,
and taught the King a lesson that he never forgot: the first
principle of monarchy is to survive and sometimes rules and
M
traditions have to be cast aside in order to do so.
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MAJESTY READER OFFER
F
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royalty such as Elizabeth Taylor, the vaults
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occasionally notorious) names of the last
250 years. Vincent Meylan explores these
remarkable jewellery archives, revealing the
mysteries within for the first time.
Each sale had its intrigue, each its story to
tell. The first auction of jewellery from the
British royal family took place at Christie?s in
1773, after the death of the Princess of
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As the archives reveal, in the subsequent
centuries Christie?s has been party to the
sale of jewellery owned by later royal
generations, from Lady Patricia Ramsay and
the Countess of Southesk through to
Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon.
And, in the wake of revolution and regicide
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p26 31 CAMILLA FINAL.qxp:
The Duchess of Cornwall
visits the Hofburg Palace
in Vienna in April
CHRIS JACKSON/GETTY IMAGES
OPPOSITE: Camilla enjoys
a day at the Cheltenham
Festival 2015 with son
Tom Parker Bowles and
daughter Laura Lopes
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MAX MUMBY/INDIGO/GETTY IMAGES
MANY HAPPY RETURNS
The Duchess of Cornwall may not want any fuss as her milestone birthday draws
near, but INGRID SEWARD thinks it only right to acknowledge Camilla?s many
achievements as a senior member of the royal family
N
OT ALL WOMEN enjoy the prospect of celebrating
their 70th birthday, not even if they are a duchess
with the support of an adoring husband, the Prince
of Wales, who frequently refers to them in public
as ?my darling wife?.
It was only 12 years ago that they married after almost half
a lifetime of loving each other and just wanting to share the
same sky, as one of Camilla?s friends romantically put it. Since
then her life has radically changed from that of country
housewife surrounded by dogs and horses to glamorous wife
of a future king.
She lives in regal splendour at Clarence House during the
week and at weekends divides her time between Highgrove
in Gloucestershire and her own home, Ray Mill House in
Wiltshire, with as many forays as possible to Birkhall.
One of her stipulations when she married her Prince was
that she would keep her own home and have her own space.
It was a wise decision, as marrying into the House of Windsor
at the age of 58 was no easy feat. The restrictions, protocol
and old-fashioned ways of court are second nature to those
born royal; to an outsider ? as others have discovered ? it is
fraught with problems. Camilla always has a place where she
can be with her five grandchildren without the stifling
security around Highgrove. Of course, wherever the Duchess
goes a police protection officer goes too and frequently her
wonderful dresser Jackie Meakin, whom she inherited from
Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother.
Very gradually the Duchess of Cornwall got used to her new
life. She stayed in the background as much as she could and
put her energies into supporting her husband, which she did
admirably. But she could not stay there forever and there was a
definite need for her to become more high profile. She achieved
this as she does everything else ? with grace and good humour.
She has always had to override the spectre of the late Princess
of Wales and will continue to do so in the coming months,
with the 20th anniversary of Diana?s death bringing television
documentaries, interviews with friends and family and, because
of their Heads Together campaign, plenty of words about their
mother from Princes William and Harry themselves.
It was all to be expected and one of the reasons Camilla
doesn?t want a huge birthday party: she feels, quite rightly, it
would not be appropriate for her or Diana?s sons. Instead, she
is having a relatively low-key party at Clarence House for her
friends, her charity workers and the staff who have been so
loyal to her over the years. Camilla believes that mixing
everyone up ? as they do at Italian weddings ? produces the
best atmosphere and that is what she intends to do.
In recent years, the Duchess has vastly increased her charity
commitments and now heads up no fewer than 89 charities
and patronages reflecting her interests in animals, children,
literacy, women?s rights, supporting victims of rape and,
because of the premature death of her mother Rosalind Shand
at the age of 72, osteoporosis. She has long been a great
supporter of the National Osteoporosis Society and became its
president before she married the Prince.
?Seeing someone you love die slowly, in agony, and knowing
nothing about the disease that killed them is heartbreaking,?
�
she wrote in a national newspaper in 2011.
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STEPHEN LOCK/I-IMAGES/GETTY IMAGES
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The Duchess tries her
hand at biscuit making
at a bakery in Wrexham,
north Wales, July 2015
CLOCKWISE FROM
BELOW: Camilla and the
Prince of Wales tour
Sheikh Zayed Grand
Mosque in Abu Dhabi
The couple see the funny
side of a close encounter
with a bumblebee in
Dunedin, New Zealand,
in November 2015
Viewing the paddock
at Ascot racecourse
from a balcony on the
second day of the
2013 royal meeting
MARK CUTHBERT/UK PRESS/GETTY IMAGES
CHRIS JACKSON/GETTY IMAGES
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people?s lives are so much more interesting than one?s own.
It?s like going to a dinner when I am a psychiatrist.
?When I sit down with my team before an engagement
sometimes they are horrified as I say I don?t want to read the
biographical brief because I prefer to prise information out
of people.?
The Duchess says she has to remain grounded and ?laugh
at yourself, because if you can?t you may as well give up. I
sometimes think to myself, ?Who is this woman? It can?t
possibly be me.? That?s how you survive. Also, having so
many friends who, if I even vaguely look like getting uppity ?
which touch wood I never have ? they would just say, ?Look,
come on, pull yourself together! Don?t be so bloody grand!??
Foreign tours are probably the most demanding, partly
because Camilla hates flying and partly because, like many
women, her feet swell and hurt and she longs to get out of her
smart clothes and put on a robe and relax in front of the
television or read a book, which is seldom possible.
MAX MUMBY/INDIGO/GETTY IMAGES
?My family and I watched in horror as my mother quite
literally shrank in front of our eyes. She lost about eight
inches in height and became so bent that she was unable to
digest her food properly, leaving her with no appetite at all.
?The local GP was kind and sympathetic but he, like us, was
able to do little to alleviate the terrible pain Mama suffered
so stoically.
?I believe that the quality of her life became so dismal, and
her suffering so unbearable, that she just gave up the fight
and lost the will to live.?
As a result, the Duchess has an unusually honed sense of
what living with the illness is like, has real empathy and
understands the effect osteoporosis has on families. She
takes the time to talk to sufferers and hear their stories,
which is her talent with everyone.
?If you are a positive person you can do so much more,? she
says. ?People are either glass half-empty or glass half-full. You
just have to get on with it.?
17:10
The Duchess of Cornwall accompanies the Queen on a visit to Ebony Horse Club in Brixton, south London, in 2013
Because Camilla places immense importance on families,
she does not neglect her own. She spends much of her time
with her daughter Laura, son Tom and the five grandchildren
she has between them. She also has the love and support of
her sister, Annabel Elliot, with whom she speaks every day.
Of course, she also has her stepsons William and Harry and
her stepdaughter-in-law, the Duchess of Cambridge. Sadly,
geography keeps them apart and in their busy everyday lives
they have little time to see each other.
The Duchess?s father, Major Bruce Shand, died at the age of
89 and her brother Mark died three years ago due to head
injuries after falling on a New York pavement. He was 62. They
had a good relationship and she jokes that when Mark rang her
it was because he wanted something. It was usually to get
support for his elephant charity, and of course Camilla did
everything she could to help. As a result, she and the Prince of
Wales are joint presidents of Mark?s legacy, Elephant Family.
Camilla has admitted to friends that she still finds life on the
royal circuit exhausting but she just gets on with it. ?I think
you have to live on adrenalin,? she says. Curiosity also keeps
her going, as she loves people and is interested in their lives.
?I genuinely like people and I?m so curious about them. Other
30 majestymagazine.com
?What I have learnt from my travels is that by listening
at least as much as we speak, and by trying to understand
before we act, we perhaps stand a better chance of coming up
with the right answers.?
At home the Duchess can indulge herself. She is an avid
reader and enjoys television, as she finds it relaxing and takes
her out of herself. The Prince of Wales understands his wife and
she often retires long before him, takes a bath and gets into bed
with a book, some magazines and fashion catalogues and the
company of her two rescue Jack Russells, Beth and Bluebell.
Above her self-deprecating sense of humour and huge
charm, the Duchess gets the most admiration for the support
she gives her husband. To see them laughing together you
know that they have a wonderful relationship, a connection
and love that transcends everything else.
Because of Camilla, Charles is far more able to cope with
the huge demands on his time and energy. Being royal is a
lonely place, because you are separated from the rest of the
world by your position. Together they have come a long way
and there is little doubt they will support each other in the
years to come, when the Prince of Wales will take up the
M
reins of monarchy and become king.
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At her request, Camilla?s
70th-birthday celebrations
will be low key and private
MAX MUMBY/INDIGO/GETTY IMAGES
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ROYAL COLLECTION TRUST/� HM QUEEN ELIZABETH II 2017
GETTY IMAGES
GETTY IMAGES
ROYAL COLLECTION TRUST/� HM QUEEN ELIZABETH II 2017
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NOTEBOOK
Q
Macedonia, is a replica of the famous Neolithic figure
discovered in Tumba Mad?ari in Skopje.
Gifts received from around the world to mark significant
occasions in Her Majesty?s life, such as birthdays and jubilees,
often make reference to the historical or personal relationship
between the monarch and the nation. In 2016, to celebrate
the Queen?s 90th birthday, Salt Island, one of the British
Virgin Islands, presented Her Majesty with a linen bag
containing salt. This gift reflected the tradition, reintroduced
in 2015, of the island paying the monarch an annual rent of a
pound of salt on their birthday.
Royal Gifts will include more than 100 items given to the
Queen by the people and organisations of the United
Kingdom on Her Majesty?s many visits around the country.
Among them is a gilded bronze owl, a small-scale replica of
the owls designed by John Thorp for the plinths outside Leeds
Civic Hall and inspired by the bird in the coat of arms of the
City of Leeds. On a visit to Aldgate East Tube Station in 2010,
the Queen was presented with a Buckingham Palace sign while
M
meeting London Underground staff at the station.
?Royal Gifts? is part of a visit to the summer opening of the state
rooms at Buckingham Palace between 22 July and 1 October
2017. Tickets and visitor information: www.royalcollection.org.uk
or 020 7766 7300.
CLOCKWISE FROM TOP LEFT: Baskets woven from coconut leaves,
given to Her Majesty by Queen Salote of Tonga in 1953
A Royal Collection Trust member of staff with the Vessel of Friendship
presented by President Xi Jinping of the People?s Republic of China
The hand-beaten silver bowl of fruits given to the Queen by
President Kenneth Kaunda on behalf of the government and people
of Zambia during a visit to Namibia and Zimbabwe in 1991
A gilded bronze owl, a small-scale replica of the owls designed by
John Thorp for the plinths outside Leeds Civic Hall
A beaded Yoruba throne presented by the people of Nigeria in 1956
GETTY IMAGES
UEEN ELIZABETH II is the most travelled
sovereign in British history, undertaking more than
250 overseas visits during her 65-year reign.
During 2016 alone, Her Majesty carried out over 300
official engagements the length and breadth of the
United Kingdom. An important part of these occasions is
the receiving or exchanging of gifts, the subject of the
special exhibition Royal Gifts at this year?s summer opening
at Buckingham Palace.
Displayed throughout the magnificent state rooms, more
than 250 objects from some 100 countries and territories will
explore Her Majesty?s role as head of state and Head of the
Commonwealth. The exhibition will include gifts given during
state visits, overseas tours and official engagements and those
presented to mark significant moments in the monarch?s life.
During a state visit, whether incoming or outgoing, it is
customary for gifts to be exchanged as a symbol of goodwill
between the two countries, as no doubt will be the case when
King Felipe and Queen Letizia of Spain visit the United
Kingdom this month. The Vessel of Friendship, a model of the
?treasure ship? sailed by the 15th-century Chinese navigator
and diplomat Zeng He, was presented to the Queen by
President Xi Jinping of the People?s Republic of China during
a state visit in October 2015. The ship is decorated with a dove,
an olive branch medallion and traditional Chinese symbols of
friendship and peace.
Official gifts are often examples of local craftsmanship and
artistic traditions, such as the colourful beaded Yoruba throne
presented to the Queen by the people of Nigeria in 1956.
Beadwork and royalty are closely associated in Yoruba
culture, and large quantities of beads are considered a sign of
wealth and status. The interlaced motifs on the throne hold
spiritual meaning, including respect for ancestors. A pair of
baskets woven from coconut leaves, given by Queen Salote of
Tonga in 1953 during the Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh?s
seven-month Commonwealth tour, are examples of a creative
industry that Queen Salote had re-established on the island.
During a visit to Canada in 1971, the Queen was presented
with a wooden totem pole carved by the Kwakiutl people on
the country?s north-west coast. Standing at 78 centimetres
high, the pole is topped by the mythical
thunderbird with outstretched wings. A totem
pole on a much larger scale, carved from a single
log of Western Red Cedar, had been given to the
Queen by the people of British Columbia to mark
the centenary of the province in 1958. The 100foot-tall (30.5 metres) pole, one foot for
every year, stands in Windsor Great Park.
On a visit to Namibia and Zimbabwe
for the Commonwealth Head of
Government Meeting in 1991, Her
Majesty received a beautiful handbeaten silver bowl of fruits from
President Kenneth Kaunda on behalf
of the government and people of
Zambia. The silver banana, pear,
apple, orange, tangerine, plum,
pawpaw, cherries and grapes represent
fruits grown in Zambia.
Every year the Queen grants over 100
audiences to leading figures in public life. Many
of these are with new ambassadors and high
commissioners, who present Her Majesty with
their formal credentials and often bring a gift
from their nation. The terracotta figure of the
Great Mother, given to the Queen in 2013 by
Jovan Donev, Ambassador of the Republic of
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Queen Sonja of Norway,
who will be 80 on 4 July
J豏GEN GOMN芐/ROYAL COURT NORWAY
OPPOSITE: Her Majesty
amid her artworks and
ceramics at ?Underway?,
her solo exhibition at
KODE 1 in Bergen
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THE ART OF BEING QUEEN
To mark Queen Sonja of Norway?s 80th birthday, TROND NOR蒒 ISAKSEN charts
her struggle to define a role that had been vacant for more than half a century
I
N JANUARY 1991 Crown Princess Sonja of Norway went
to the South of France to spend some time improving
her French. The stay was cut short by the news that her
father-in-law, 87-year-old King Olav V, had died rather
suddenly in the evening of 17 January.
The next day she flew home, escorted by two French
military planes sent by President Mitterrand, and was met
at Oslo Airport Fornebu by her husband. As their car swept
across the Palace Square the King?s Guard played a fanfare.
For the first time in 52 years, Norway had a queen.
It was never a given that Sonja Haraldsen would be Queen
of Norway. The daughter of an upper-middle-class family,
she was 22 when she met and fell in love with Crown Prince
Harald. However, it took nine years and strong opposition
before they were able to marry in 1968. Sonja often found it
hard to tell whether the arguments against the match were
based on principles or directed at her personally.
In the end, Crown Prince Harald let his father know that
if he could not marry Sonja he would not marry at all, which
would mean the end of the dynasty. When the engagement
was announced, many predicted that it would spell the end
of the ancient Norwegian monarchy. Today some maintain
that Sonja was the best thing to happen to it since the end of
the Second World War.
Sonja faced an additional challenge in that she not only
became Crown Princess but also first lady. Her mother-inlaw, Crown Princess M鋜tha, had died in 1954, three years
before her husband ascended the throne, while Haakon VII?s
consort, the rather passive and often absent Queen Maud,
had died in 1938.
Looking back in a recent interview with Aftenposten, the Queen
described the Royal Palace as ?in some ways an ivory tower? and
thought it an advantage that a ?wholly ordinary citizen with what
�
I hope and believe were different views? entered it.
SCANPIX NORWAY
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GETTY IMAGES
PRIVATE COLLECTION
CLOCKWISE FROM ABOVE:
Crown Prince Harald and
Crown Princess Sonja
with King Olav at their
wedding reception on
29 August 1968
Five months after their
accession, the King and
Queen were solemnly
blessed in Nidaros
Cathedral in Trondheim
Over many years, and in
all seasons, Her Majesty
has explored Norway on
foot and on skis
In Trondheim once again,
this time in June 2016
at the garden party that
followed a Silver Jubilee
service in the cathedral
The Crown Princess holds
Princess M鋜tha Louise,
her firstborn, after her
christening in the Palace
Chapel in October 1971
GETTY IMAGES
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PICTURES: PRIVATE COLLECTION
TROND NOR蒒 ISAKSEN
The court was made up entirely of men, most of them
from a military background. ?The court was marked by
the old way of thinking and I suppose one thought that
a woman was more for decorative purposes than for
having an actual function,? the Queen told me in an
interview in 2006.
?What I first and foremost appreciate is to reach a
result through discussion,? she said in the Aftenposten
interview. ?Not to be presented with a conclusion and
then just have to say yes or no. I want to be part of the
process, part of the development. That was something
I struggled with for many, many years [...]?.
It seems Sonja enjoyed challenging the old guard?s
ideas of what a crown princess was supposed to do ? for
instance by throwing herself into a campaign to get more
women into the armed forces. She was herself appointed
Colonel in the Army and the Air Force and Captain in
the Navy in November 1979. ?One thing I can tell you:
you will never be a member of the Military Society,?
King Olav said. She joined it three months later.
Palace officials seem not to have understood that
the new Crown Princess intended to be a full-time
professional. In the early years she had an office at
home at Skaugum, 22 kilometres west of Oslo, but
went to the Palace for meetings and events. As she
found this unpractical and time-consuming, she asked
her father-in-law for an office at the Palace.
?What do you need that for?? he replied.
?It was only when I asked if one could dig a tunnel
from the Palace to the small pavilion in the Queen?s
Park that I was given an office of my own,? she told me,
adding that it was hard to tell whether it was King Olav
or the courtiers who were most opposed to the idea. �
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The King and Queen?s birthday dinner at the Royal Palace in Oslo on 9 May. Back row: Princess Tatiana, Prince Nikolaos, Princess Mabel,
Prince Constantijn, Princess Sofia, Prince Carl Philip, Crown Princess Marie-Chantal, Crown Prince Pavlos, Hereditary Grand Duke Guillaume,
Hereditary Grand Duchess St閜hanie, the Countess of Wessex, D閟ir閑 Kogevinas, Carlos Eugster. Third row: Lady Elizabeth Anson,
Queen Anne-Marie, Princess Beatrix, Prince Daniel, Crown Princess Victoria, Crown Princess Mette-Marit, Crown Prince Haakon, Princess
M鋜tha Louise, Crown Prince Frederik, Crown Princess Mary, Madeleine Kogevinas, Bernhard Mach, Jenni Haukio, Eliza Read. Second row:
Princess Astrid, Mrs Ferner, Queen M醲ima, King Willem-Alexander, Prince Albert II, Queen Silvia, King Carl XVI Gustaf, Queen Sonja,
King Harald, Queen Margrethe, Grand Duke Henri, Grand Duchess Maria Teresa, King Philippe, Queen Mathilde, President Niinist� of Finland,
President J骽annesson of Iceland. Front row: Emma Behn, Leah Behn, Maud Behn, Princess Ingrid Alexandra, Prince Sverre Magnus
Harald and Sonja were determined that things would be
different when they came to the throne. In the present reign
the royal household has been professionalised and is now run
as an efficient organisation. Courtiers are recruited from a
much wider array of backgrounds and there is now a majority
of women in senior positions, including the world?s first
female Lord Chamberlain.
Sorely-needed maintenance work on the Royal Palace was
carried out during their first decade on the throne, a process
that saw many of the interiors returned to their original
splendour. As part of this renovation, an office for the Queen
was created next to the King?s and although Crown Prince
Haakon was still unmarried an office for the future Crown
Princess was prepared next to his.
A widower and only child, King Olav was a somewhat
authoritarian figure used to making decisions on his own. In
contrast, King Harald has made the monarchy about teamwork,
first involving himself and the Queen and in later years Crown
Prince Haakon and Crown Princess Mette-Marit. While the
King still has the final word, the Queen, the Crown Prince and
38 majestymagazine.com
the Crown Princess are routinely involved in decisions.
?It is really rather hard work; there are a lot of things that
must be clarified and put in order,? Queen Sonja told me.
?Today we have a work division where the King naturally
takes care of the constitutional [affairs] and I take care of the
more private and administrative [issues], such as the
maintenance of our private houses?.
The Queen is regarded as a professional and efficient
woman, a perfectionist who amasses as much knowledge as
possible before an official visit. To a certain extent this is
probably some sort of over-compensation for the many years
she heard that she was not good enough to marry the heir to
the throne, which made her determined to prove otherwise.
Particularly in earlier years this could lead to some people
finding her reserved and aloof, an impression strengthened
by the very old-fashioned Norwegian she speaks. Queen
Sonja does not possess her husband?s easy-going charisma,
but in the past 15 years or so she has lowered her shoulders
and shown more of her real self, generating an affection for
�
her that was missing in the early years.
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ROYAL COURT NORWAY/GETTY IMAGES
The King and Queen acknowledge a rousing
birthday song performed on the Palace Square
JULIAN PARKER/UK PRESS/GETTY IMAGES
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MARK STEWART
MARK STEWART
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MARK STEWART
MARK STEWART
The Queen believes a first lady is quite free to define
her role, she told me. ?One may take initiatives of one?s
own, but there are also duties one must fulfil. That
makes it very interesting, as one gets the opportunity to
take hold of and explore things one is interested in.
?Some of the most advantageous aspects of the role are
that one gets to meet many people and that one learns
something new all the time. One gets to know society
very well and learn how society works. I suppose few
have visited as many hospitals and old-age homes as we
have. Norway is a long and beautiful country, and we
get to experience how people thrive and to see what is
important to them.?
One topic particularly close to the Queen?s heart ever
since she was a young woman is the arts, which she has
made a major part of the modern monarchy. She has
long collected contemporary art and has done much to
promote Norwegian artists at home and abroad. In 2011,
she set up the Queen Sonja Print Award, believed to be
�
the largest international prize within its genre.
CLOCKWISE FROM ABOVE: The King and Queen take their guests
on a cruise of the Oslo fjord on board the Norge on 10 May
Queen Silvia is prepared for the inclement weather as she
makes her way to the Norwegian royal yacht
AFP/GETTY IMAGES
The Kings and Queens of Belgium and the Netherlands with
Princess Beatrix and her daughter-in-law, Princess Mabel
The Countess of Wessex arrives with Prince Albert of Monaco
and the Grand Duke and Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
Crown Prince Haakon, beardless after shaving it off in fun during
his parents? birthday dinner, and Crown Princess Mette-Marit
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JULIAN PARKER/UK PRESS/GETTY IMAGES
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In recent years the Queen has also tried her hand at creating
art and become a competent artist, although her role does not
allow her the time required to reach a professional level. She
has, however, somewhat cut down on her official duties to
spend more time on her artistic endeavours.
She missed the celebrations of her great friend Queen
Margrethe?s 75th birthday in 2015 as she was in New York
preparing an exhibition and in 2014 for the first time was
absent from an incoming state visit.
The King and Queen have long dreamed of a museum to
exhibit parts of the Royal Collections, but Parliament has so
far not made the necessary funds available. Currently, sections
of the palace mews are being turned into an art gallery, Queen
Sonja?s Art Stables, which will open on her 80th birthday on
4 July. To mark the anniversary, the Queen has also been
invited to exhibit at KODE Art Museums of Bergen as it
reopens its renovated main building. This has met with some
criticism from people who find it odd that such a prestigious
commission has been given to the Queen rather than to a
professional artist.
42 majestymagazine.com
As she enters her ninth decade, Queen Sonja remains very fit
and vigorous. Her brother, mother and maternal aunt all lived to
their mid- or late-nineties, so the Queen may well be putting her
mark on the Norwegian monarchy for many years to come. M
ABOVE: Queen Sonja arrives at Oslo Opera House for a banquet
for 270 guests given by the Norwegian government
OPPOSITE, FROM TOP LEFT: The Countess of Wessex and
Princess M鋜tha Louise both opt for sleeveless gowns
The King and Queen of the Belgians are welcomed to the evening
of music and dance in their many forms
King Juan Carlos and Queen Sof韆 of Spain are among the large
European royal contingent
King Willem-Alexander and Queen M醲ima walk along a (presumably
soggy) carpet designed especially for the occasion
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MARK STEWART
MARK STEWART
GETTY IMAGES
MARK STEWART
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ENGLISH HERITAGE
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ONE ISLAND,
THREE GOVERNORS
Queen Victoria appointed the first royal Governor of the Isle of Wight in the late 1880s.
Two more regal incumbents followed, as CORYNE HALL reports
O
N 8 JANUARY 1889 The Times announced: ?The
Queen has been pleased to approve of the appointment
of His Royal Highness Prince Henry of Battenberg
KG to be Captain and Governor of the Isle of Wight
and Governor of Carisbrooke Castle?. Although the office
dated back to the 16th century when the lordship of the island
became obsolete, it now offered little potential.
Prince Henry?s formal reception took place on 29 July at
Carisbrooke Castle, the island?s ancient seat of government
and one-time prison of King Charles I, in the presence of
representatives from public bodies, the Member of Parliament
and the Deputy Governor. During lunch in a marquee on the
castle?s bowling green, Prince Henry said he ?valued most
highly the honour conferred upon him by the Queen, and in
all ways ... would concentrate his best endeavours upon the
furtherance of the wellbeing of the Isle of Wight?. Privately, he
had no illusions. ?The duties and responsibilities of my office
do not present much scope for activity,? he noted astutely.
Henry, known within the family as ?Liko?, had little else to
do. The German-born Prince had been permitted to marry
the Queen?s youngest daughter Beatrice in 1885 on condition
44 majestymagazine.com
that they made their home with her; Victoria could not, she
maintained, manage without Beatrice as her constant
companion. The marriage produced four children ? Alexander,
Victoria Eugenie, Leopold and Maurice ? and despite their
restricted lives the couple appear to have been happy.
Prince Henry took his appointment seriously. He became
interested in the island?s history and hoped to see some
important restoration work carried out at Carisbrooke
Castle. His official residence was there, although he was
never able to occupy it, being obliged to stay at Osborne
House. He donned his ceremonial uniform to lay foundation
stones, present cups, attend committee meetings, reviews
and parades. When a passenger ship sank off the island in
January 1892 he offered encouragement and help to the four�
day rescue operation.
RIGHT: Princess Beatrice of Battenberg, second royal Governor of
the Isle of Wight, sat for Joaquin Sorolla y Bastida in 1908
ABOVE: The Princess Beatrice Garden at Carisbrooke Castle, set
within her former walled ?privy? garden, opened in 2009
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UNIVERSAL HISTORY ARCHIVE/GETTY IMAGES
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GETTY IMAGES
Yet it was not enough for an active man who had served as
a soldier before his marriage. One of his last official duties was
on 16 August 1895, when he received his mother-in-law at
Carisbrooke Castle as she arrived to visit a bazaar in the
grounds. In December, with Beatrice and the Queen?s
agreement, he volunteered for the Ashanti War and left for the
Gold Coast. On 20 January 1896 he died from a fever.
Henry?s body was brought back to the island and borne on
a gun carriage to Whippingham Church, where he and
Beatrice had been married. Behind came his horse, the
Prince?s boots reversed in the stirrups. Nine-year-old
Alexander walked behind his father?s coffin with the Prince
of Wales and the Duke of Connaught. Behind them came
Liko?s brothers Louis and Francis Joseph. Beatrice followed
with her other children in the Queen?s carriage. The Bishop
of Winchester conducted the funeral service.
By Letters Patent on 8 June 1896 the Queen appointed
Princess Beatrice the next Governor. Some of Beatrice?s first
official duties were in connection with the Diamond Jubilee
celebrations in 1897. An open-air service for more than 200
worshippers was held at Carisbrooke Castle and Beatrice also
accompanied the Queen during formal visits to Newport,
Cowes and Ryde. The opening of the restored rooms in the
gatehouse at the castle in 1898, founded by Beatrice as a
museum and memorial to Liko, gave her special pleasure.
With the death of Queen Victoria in 1901 Beatrice moved
to nearby Osborne Cottage. She attended a torchlight
military tattoo at Carisbrooke Castle in the presence
of King Edward and Queen Alexandra, and later the
unveiling of a memorial to her mother in St James?s Square,
Newport. In 1907 she was present at the large pageant at
Carisbrooke that told the island?s history. The following
year she held a reception for entrants to the Olympic Games?
yachting regatta.
To mark the coronation of her nephew George V in 1911
the Princess presented 18,000 commemorative medals to the
island?s children. Later that summer she welcomed the
newly-crowned King and Queen Mary to the island.
In 1913 Beatrice sold Osborne Cottage and moved into her
official residence at Carisbrooke Castle, above which her
standard flew every summer. Her heavy cast-iron bath was
still in the castle in the 1950s.
On the outbreak of the First World War Beatrice returned
to London and it was nearly five years before she visited
again. In 1919 she unveiled a war memorial at Whippingham,
witnessed the casting of a new peal of bells for Carisbrooke
Church and, in 1927, revived the custom of the Mayor and
Corporation of Newport paying their respects to the
Governor at Carisbrooke once a year.
As Beatrice entered her seventies her pace of life slowed but
in the 1930s she still enjoyed summers at Carisbrooke. One of
her last engagements was to open a garden f阾e in August 1938
in aid of Seaview?s new parish hall. The outbreak of the
Second World War in 1939 prevented further visits.
Princess Beatrice died on 26 October 1944. She had been
Governor for 48 years and maintained her interest in the
island until the very end. In 1945 her body was taken to
Whippingham for interment beside Liko.
The third royal governor was appointed in 1965. Earl
Mountbatten of Burma was a great-grandson of Queen
Victoria and had recently retired after a distinguished
career. Born in 1900 as Prince Louis of Battenberg, he was
the nephew of the first royal governor, whose family took the
�
name Mountbatten in 1917.
CLOCKWISE FROM TOP LEFT: Queen Victoria and her daughter in 1879,
six years before Beatrice married Prince Henry of Battenberg
The betrothed couple in Darmstadt in April 1885, three months
before their wedding at St Mildred?s, Whippingham
The 15th-century gateway tower at Carisbrooke Castle, former
official residence of the Governor of the Isle of Wight
Accompanied by Princess Beatrice, her aunt by marriage,
Queen Mary visits the castle in the 1920s
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PICTURES: GETTY IMAGES
Mountbatten persuaded the Queen to attend his
installation on 26 July and with characteristic flair organised
the ceremony. Finding that the gate of Carisbrooke Castle
was too narrow for the royal car, he declared that the Queen
would have to walk, but during a rehearsal an aide-de-camp
slipped on the cobbles and fell flat on his face. The 300-yearold gate would have to be removed, Mountbatten declared,
overruling protests from the Ministry of Works. The
ceremony proceeded without a hitch.
Although the castle was no longer the Governor?s
official residence, Lord Mountbatten visited the
island several times a year, taking an active part in
its affairs. He championed the hovercraft and the
light Islander plane, pulling strings in high places to
get the results he wanted. Less welcome was his
recommendation of the island as the ideal site for a
maximum-security prison.
When the Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire, the Queen?s
personal representative, had to attend an official funeral on
the island protocol difficulties seemed insurmountable at
first. ?Oh well,? Mountbatten declared, ?we shall just have to
arrive in the same car and walk up the aisle hand in hand!?
Twin thrones in the church solved the problem.
In 1974 the Isle of Wight was given county status separate
from Hampshire and the Queen appointed Mountbatten
Lord Lieutenant. He held the post until his murder in 1979.
The three royal Governors have certainly not been
forgotten. In 1982 a memorial to Earl Mountbatten was
unveiled in Newport and a hospice named in his honour.
The Carisbrooke museum is still the only public museum
M
founded by a member of the royal family.
ABOVE: The Queen visits Carisbrooke Castle in July 1965 to install
Earl Mountbatten of Burma as Governor of the Isle of Wight
RIGHT: Lord Mountbatten with Christopher Cockerell, inventor of
the hovercraft, as a service to the island is launched
48 majestymagazine.com
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COURT&SOCIAL
The Queen attends a luncheon at
Drapers? Hall on 31 May to mark the
70th anniversary of her admission to
the freedom of the Drapers? Company
OPPOSITE, FROM TOP: Her Majesty
with Millie Robson, 15, while visiting
Royal Manchester Children?s Hospital
to meet victims of the terror attack
The Queen and Princess Alexandra
arrive on Epsom Downs on Derby Day
50 majestymagazine.com
CHRIS JACKSON/GETTY IMAGES
The monarch with Mary Berry at the
BBC Radio 2 Garden during the RHS
Chelsea Flower Show royal preview
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MARK CUTHBERT/UK PRESS/GETTY IMAGES
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SAMIR HUSSEIN/GETTY IMAGES
The Duchess of Cambridge and bridesmaid Princess Charlotte before the wedding of Pippa Middleton to James Matthews on 20 May
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ARTHUR EDWARDS/GETTY IMAGES
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MAX MUMBY/INDIGO/GETTY IMAGES
The newly-married couple leave St Mark?s Church in the Berkshire village of Englefield, followed by their families
Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank are among the guests
Duty done for Prince George and his fellow pageboys
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COURT&SOCIAL
GETTY IMAGES
ABOVE: The Prince of Wales
and the Duchess of Cornwall
meet members of staff at
the Royal London Hospital
on 6 June following the
London Bridge terror attack
RIGHT: The Duke of Cambridge
and Princess Astrid of
Belgium mark the centenary
of the Battle of Messines
Ridge at Wytschaete Military
Cemetery on 7 June
OPPOSITE: Prince Harry and
97-year-old Daphne Dunne
are reunited during a
walkabout in rainy Sydney
The Prince speaks at the
launch of the Invictus Games
Sydney 2018 at the Overseas
Passenger Terminal
54 majestymagazine.com
GETTY IMAGES
Harry meets members of
the Invictus Team Australia
squad at Admiralty House
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CHRIS JACKSON/GETTY IMAGES
CHRIS JACKSON/GETTY IMAGES
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p56 58 CHAPTER VERSE FINAL.qxp:56-58 CHAPTER VERSE
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MAJESTY READER OFFER
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Written by the Royal
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Princess Helene of
Waldeck and Pyrmont.
525 images over 272
pages. Hardback.
UK & Europe �.00
USA $78.00 CAN $86.00
Rest of World �.00
Prince Charles:
The Passions And
Paradoxes Of An
Improbable Life
B713
Drawing on her access
to the royal family?s
inner circle, Sally
Beddell Smith delivers
unprecedented insights
into the Prince of Wales,
a man who possesses a
fiercely independent
spirit and yet has spent
his life waiting for the
ultimate role. As this
biography shows, Charles
is more complicated and
compelling than we knew
until now. Hardback.
UK & Europe �.00
USA $60.00 CAN $66.00
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Kings Of
Georgian Britain
B717
Catherine Curzon offers
a fresh perspective on the
lives of the four Georges
and the events that
shaped their characters
and reigns. From love
affairs to family feuds,
polical wrangling and
beyond, here is a chance
to peer behind the pomp
and follow these iconic
figures from cradle to
grave. Hardback.
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Connaught:
A Royal Family
Album B682
And Finally... author
Robert Golden has
compiled a fourth
volume of photographs
and anecdotes in his own
inimitable style. Using
300 illustrations, some
from private royal
collections, he focuses on
another branch of Queen
Victoria?s family, the
Connaughts. A detailed
genealogy is also
included. Hardback.
UK & Europe �.00
USA $75.00 CAN $80.00
Rest of World �.00
Diana: Closely
Guarded Secret
B699
Inspector Ken Wharfe?s
first-hand account
contradicts many of the
so-called ?facts? about the
Princess of Wales and
provides an affectionate ?
if not always uncritical ?
insight into this
complex, troubled, but
ultimately fascinating
woman. Softback.
UK & Europe �.00
USA $23.00 CAN $25.00
Rest of World �.00
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Page 57
The Victoria
Letters B701
The official companion to
ITV?s hugely-successful
drama delves into the
private writings of the
young Queen Victoria,
painting a vivid picture
of the personal life of
one of Britain?s greatest
monarchs. Hardback.
UK & Europe �.00
USA $50.00 CAN $55.00
Rest of World �.00
Royal Collections:
Great Britain B696 The Romanovs
Some 460 images from
1618-1918 B693
the Eurohistory Archive.
A brief history of the
royal house is followed
by chapters on Queen
Victoria and all the
monarchs to Elizabeth II,
the junior branches
of the royal family and
much more. Hardback.
UK & Europe �.00
USA $78.00 CAN $86.00
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The story of 20 tsars
and tsarinas touched
by genius and madness,
inspired by holy
autocracy, tainted by
remorseless killing
and sexual decadence.
Hardback.
UK & Europe �.00
USA $63.00 CAN $69.00
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Jubilee
2012
CELEBRATIONS
& TOURS
FER
OF
ICE
PR
LF
HA
Jubilee 2012
Scourge Of
Henry VIII B700
Mary, Queen of Scots
continues to fascinate,
but the story of her
mother, Marie de Guise,
is less well known. Born
into the Lorraine family,
she married James V of
Scotland, and after his
early death spent 18 years
effectively governing
Scotland. Hardback.
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I Did It My
Way ... B686
B570
The incredible nine
months in which the
Queen and her family
marked the 60th
anniversary of Her
Majesty?s accession with
visits all over the UK
and the Commonwealth.
Hardback.
UK & Europe �.75
USA $29.50 CAN $32.00
Rest of World �.00
The memoirs of Prince
Andreas of Saxe-Coburg
and Gotha. Born in Casel,
Germany, he grew up in
the United States, where
he remained until 1965.
His Highness then
returned to Germany to
do national service and
prepare to take over the
family business. He has
now lived in Coburg for
decades and is one of the
town?s most respected
citizens. Hardback.
UK & Europe �.00
USA $78.00 CAN $86.00
Rest of World �.00
The Crown
Jewels B698
The Wicked Wit
Of Queen
Elizabeth II B688
Revealing a side of the
Queen?s personality that
the public rarely sees,
this joyous little book is
a timely celebration of
royal wit as the nation
prepares to celebrate
Elizabeth II?s milestone
90th birthday. Hardback.
UK & Europe �.00
USA $27.00 CAN $30.00
Rest of World �.00
The official inventory
of every item of the
Crown Jewels in the
Tower of London, with
specially commissioned
photography. It captures
the magnificence of a
collection of objects
steeped in history but
still used today. Softback.
UK & Europe �.00
USA $37.00 CAN $40.00
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IAL
EC
SP
FER
OF
Royal
Entertaining
& Style
Life In The
Georgian Court
Ingrid Seward
Majesty?s Royal
Entertaining
& Style B515
Ingrid Seward takes the
reader into the privileged
world of the Queen and
her family and explains
how the royals work
and play. Hardback.
UK & Europe �.50
USA $59.00 CAN $64.00
Rest of World �.00
B697
As the Hanoverian court
gives birth to the British
Georgian era, a golden age
of royalty dawns. These
were men and women
born into a privileged
world, yet beneath the
wigs and robes were real
people living lives of
romance, intrigue and
eccentricity. Hardback.
UK & Europe �.50
USA $51.50 CAN $56.50
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My Royal
Appointments
B602
Modern Royal
Fashion B680
Deirdre Murphy and
Cassie Davies-Strodder
look at seven British
queens and princesses
who understood the
intricacies of dressing
and, with help from their
designers, developed a
unique style. Softback.
UK & Europe �.99
USA $29.99 CAN $32.99
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The Illustrated
Record Reign B679
With more than 200
archival images
highlighting Queen
Elizabeth II?s reign and
a contemplative view of
Queen Victoria?s legacy,
this is a must-have
bookazine for any royal
enthusiast. Softback.
UK & Europe �99
USA $19.99 CAN $22.99
Rest of World �.99
HALF-PRICE OFFER.
Kent Gavin began
photographing the Queen
in the 1960s; since then
his work has taken him
all over the world. This
glossy compilation of his
favourite photographs is
also available in de luxe
and leather-bound
formats; see website for
other offers. Hardback.
UK & Europe �.50
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Pavlos: No
Ordinary King
FER
OF
ICE
PR
LF
HA
RE
DU
CE
D
PR
ICE
BO SIG
OK NE
PL D
AT
E
p56 58 CHAPTER VERSE FINAL.qxp:56-58 CHAPTER VERSE
B659
After the release of the
documentary Pavlos: No
Ordinary King comes a
limited-edition softback
album in English and
Greek. The accompanying
DVD is in Greek with
English subtitles; running
time: 2 hours 28 minutes.
DVD region 0.
UK & Europe �.00
USA $46.00 CAN $51.00
Rest of World �.00
Quicksilver
B685
The final volume in
Princess Michael of
Kent?s Anjou trilogy.
Merchant Jacques Coeur
ascends to greatness and
becomes inextricably
linked to Yolande, Queen
of the Four Kingdoms,
and the King?s mistress,
Agn鑣 Sorel. Hardback;
SIGNED BOOKPLATE.
UK & Europe �.00
USA $48.00 CAN $53.00
Rest of World �.00
The Private
Lives Of The
Tudors B694
A Century Of
Royal Children
Long To Reign
Over Us B681
On Duty With
The Queen B632
Tudor monarchs were
constantly surrounded
by attendants, courtiers
and ministers. Even
in their most private
moments, they were
accompanied by a servant.
It is their eyewitness
accounts that historian
Tracy Borman examines
more closely than ever
before. Hardback.
UK & Europe �.50
USA $58.50 CAN $64.50
Rest of World �.50
B590
Ingrid Seward examines
in detail the young lives
of four generations of
royal children, from
Princess Elizabeth to
baby Prince George. This
is a lavishly illustrated
historical record of a way
of life that is fast coming
to an end. Hardback.
UK & Europe �.75
USA $29.50 CAN $32.00
Rest of World �.00
Crown Of Blood
B710
Lady Jane Grey, ?the
Nine Days Queen?, in
fact reigned for 13 days.
The story of her
undoubtedly tragic life is
a complex one, as Nicola
Tallis reveals. She was a
charismatic individual
who earned the affection
of many of those who
knew her. Hardback.
UK & Europe �.00
USA $50.00 CAN $55.00
Rest of World �.00
Climate Change
B711
Written by the Prince of
Wales, environmentalist
Tony Juniper and
climate scientist Dr
Emily Shuckburgh, this
Ladybird Expert book is
a simple introduction to
one of the most important
issues facing us today.
It explains the history,
dangers and challenges
of global warming and
explores possible
solutions. Hardback.
UK & Europe �00
USA $20.00 CAN $22.00
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HM Queen
Elizabeth II
B573
This special Pitkin
souvenir guide to mark
Her Majesty?s Diamond
Jubilee, illustrated with
over 80 photographs,
looks at every aspect of
the life and times of one
of our most beloved
monarchs. Softback.
UK & Europe �00
USA $16.00 CAN $18.00
Rest of World �00
Royal Exiles
In Cannes B684
Messrs McIntosh and
B閑che look at how the
Bourbons of the Two
Sicilies rebuilt their lives
in exile, all the while
making matrimonial
alliances with most of
the Catholic dynasties
of Europe. Hardback.
UK & Europe �.00
USA $78.00 CAN $86.00
Rest of World �.00
Russia & Europe:
Dynastic Ties B585
Nearly 600 photographs
from archives in Russia
and several European
countries tell the reader
far more about the world
of royalty and aristocracy
than countless pages of
text. Hardback.
UK & Europe �.00
USA $78.00 CAN $86.00
Rest of World �.00
This charming Royal
Collection Trust souvenir
album is a record of
seven decades of royal
history and a celebration
of Queen Elizabeth II?s
latest magnificent
milestone. Hardback.
UK & Europe �.95
USA $33.95 CAN $37.95
Rest of World �.95
Former royal press
secretary Dickie Arbiter
reveals the inner
workings of everyday life
at Buckingham Palace
and what it really is
like to be On Duty With
The Queen. Dickie
became one of the
Princess of Wales?s most
trusted confidants before
briefing the global media
on her sudden death.
Hardback.
UK & Europe �.00
USA $50.00 CAN $54.00
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Eddy & H閘鑞e
B594
If Prince Albert Victor,
Duke of Clarence and
Avondale had lived to
become king, Britain
might have had a
Roman Catholic queen.
Biographers have
dismissed his love for
Princess H閘鑞e of
Orl閍ns as a thing of no
consequence, but the
discovery of a cache of
their letters and other
original documents has
cast a new light on the
relationship. Hardback.
UK & Europe �.00
USA $75.00 CAN $80.00
Rest of World �.00
The New Royal
Family B627
William and Kate?s
love story captured the
hearts of the nation and
now, following Prince
George?s first birthday,
interest in this
thoroughly modern
branch of the House of
Windsor has never been
stronger. Softback.
UK & Europe �.00
USA $21.00 CAN $24.00
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Maria Pia
B678
The life of a rather
complicated queen and
also a valuable insight
into the last decades
of the Portuguese
monarchy. Hardback.
UK & Europe �.00
USA $78.00 CAN $86.00
Rest of World �.00
The Queen?s
Coronation B593
This official souvenir
guide tells the story in
pictures of the people,
the ceremony and events
of an extraordinary
occasion. Hardback.
UK & Europe �.00
USA $28.00 CAN $31.00
Rest of World �.00
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15:41
Page 59
ROYAL DIARY
JOE LITTLE
29 June ? 1 July
The Prince of Wales and
the Duchess of Cornwall
will visit Canada to mark
the 150th anniversary of the
Canadian Confederation.
July (dates tbc)
The Duke and Duchess of
Cambridge will visit Poland
and Germany.
1 July
The Princess Royal, Prime
Warden, Fishmongers?
Company, will attend Speech
Day at Gresham?s School,
Cromer Road, Holt, Norfolk.
2 July
The Duke of Edinburgh,
Honorary Member,
Incorporation of
Hammermen of Glasgow,
will attend a reception at
Trades? Hall, 85 Glassford
Street, Glasgow.
3 July
The Earl of Wessex,
Chancellor, University of
Bath, will attend the
Chancellor?s Dinner at Bath
Assembly Rooms, Bennett
Street, Bath, Somerset.
The Countess of Wessex,
Patron, Blind Veterans UK,
will visit the Blind Veterans
UK Community Show
Garden at Hampton Court
Palace Flower Show,
East Molesey, Surrey.
3-7 July
The Princess Royal will
visit the People?s Republic
of China.
4 July
The Queen and the Duke
of Edinburgh will give a
garden party at the Palace
of Holyroodhouse.
The Earl of Wessex,
Chancellor, University of
Bath, will attend summer
degree congregations at
Bath Abbey, Bath.
The Duchess of Gloucester,
Honorary President, Lawn
Tennis Association, will
attend a lunch for volunteers
at the All England Lawn
Tennis and Croquet Club,
Church Road, Wimbledon,
London SW19.
5 July
The Earl of Wessex, Trustee,
The Duke of Edinburgh?s
Award, will attend a lunch
at the Balmoral Hotel,
Princes Street, Edinburgh.
The Earl of Wessex, Trustee,
The Duke of Edinburgh?s
Award, will attend a
reception at the Palace of
Holyroodhouse for young
people who have reached the
gold standard in the award.
The Countess of Wessex will
open the new family room
at Wotton Lawn Hospital,
Horton Roads, Gloucester.
The Countess of Wessex will
visit Wellbeing House, 29
Alexander Road, Gloucester.
The Countess of Wessex will
visit National Star College,
Ullenwood Manor,
Cheltenham.
The Countess of Wessex,
Honorary President,
Linking Environment And
Farming, will visit LEAF
at Overbury Enterprises,
Estate Office, Overbury.
The Duchess of Gloucester,
President, Royal Academy
of Music, will attend a
graduation ceremony at
St Marylebone Parish
Church, London NW1.
The Duchess of Gloucester,
Patron, Friends of St Paul?s
Cathedral, will attend the
annual Festival Service
at St Paul?s Cathedral.
6 July
The Duke of Edinburgh,
Patron, The Duke of
Edinburgh?s Award, will
hold receptions at the
Palace of Holyroodhouse
for young people who have
achieved the gold standard
in the award.
The Countess of Wessex,
Vice-Patron, Royal Bath
and West of England Society,
will visit Mendip School,
Prestleigh, Somerset.
The Countess of Wessex
will visit the Back on Track
charity at Divoky Riding
School, Shepton Mallet.
The Duchess of Gloucester,
Honorary President, Lawn
Tennis Association, will
attend the Championships
at the All England Lawn
Tennis and Croquet Club,
Wimbledon, London SW19.
10 July
The Earl of Wessex will
attend a reception for
Old Armidalians at the
Caledonian Club, Halkin
Street, London SW1.
The Earl of Wessex,
Chairman of the Board of
Trustees, The Duke of
Edinburgh?s International
Award Foundation, will
hold a dinner for Australian
Award Ambassadors.
The Princess Royal, Patron,
South Georgia Heritage
Trust, will open the third
Island Invasives Conference,
University of Dundee,
Dalhousie Building,
Old Hawkhill, Dundee.
The Princess Royal will
unveil a memorial plaque
to commemorate the naval
and mercantile marine
services, St Mary?s Church,
Nethergate, Dundee.
The Princess Royal will
visit the renovated smoked
salmon and trout factory,
RR Spink and Sons Ltd,
Arbroath, Angus.
11 July
The Earl of Wessex, Patron,
London Gardens Society,
will visit the Belvedere
Sports and Social Club
garden, Belvedere, Kent.
The Earl of Wessex, Patron,
London Gardens Society,
will visit the Japanese
Garden, 31 Wansunt Road,
Bexley, Kent.
majestymagazine.com
59
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Page 60
ROYAL DIARY
11 July
The Earl of Wessex, Patron,
London Gardens Society,
will visit Ruxley Manor
Garden Centre, Sidcup.
The Duke of Gloucester,
Patron, Worshipful
Company of Pattenmakers,
will attend a dinner at
Guildhall, London EC2.
12-14 July
The King and Queen of
Spain will pay a state visit
to the United Kingdom and
stay at Buckingham Palace
as guests of the Queen and
the Duke of Edinburgh.
12 July
The Princess Royal, Patron,
First World War Centenary
Woods Project, will visit
Langley Vale Wood, Langley
Vale Road, Epsom, Surrey.
The Princess Royal, Patron,
English Lacrosse Association,
will attend the Federation
of International Lacrosse
Women?s World Cup
opening ceremony, Surrey
Sports Park, University of
Surrey, Guildford, Surrey.
The Princess Royal,
Honorary Air Commodore,
Royal Air Force Brize
Norton, will visit Royal
Air Force Brize Norton to
mark the centenary of the
formation of 101 Squadron.
13 July
The Earl of Wessex,
President, Creative Youth,
will attend the International
Youth Arts Festival
performance of The Upside
Down Sailor at the Rose
Theatre, Kingston-uponThames, Surrey.
The Countess of Wessex will
attend the National Police
Bravery Awards, Dorchester
Hotel, London W1.
The Princess Royal, Prime
Warden, Fishmongers?
Company, will chair
meetings and attend a
luncheon at Fishmongers?
Hall, London Bridge,
London EC4.
The Duke of Gloucester
will open John Wesley?s
Chapel ?New Room?,
36 The Horsefair, Bristol.
14 July
The Princess Royal,
President, Riding for the
Disabled Association, will
visit the Exeter group,
Oaklands Riding School,
Exeter, Devon.
The Princess Royal will
visit Plymouth Marine
Laboratory, Prospect Place,
Plymouth, Devon.
The Duchess of Gloucester,
Honorary President, Lawn
Tennis Association, will
attend the Championships
at the All England Lawn
Tennis and Croquet Club,
Wimbledon, London SW19.
16 July
The Duchess of Gloucester,
Honorary President, Lawn
Tennis Association, will
attend the Championships
at the All England Lawn
Tennis and Croquet Club,
Wimbledon, London SW19.
18 July
The Duke of Edinburgh,
Patron, Royal Institute of
Navigation, will present
awards at the Royal
Geographical Society,
London SW7.
19 July
Princess Alexandra, Patron,
will visit Royal Alexandra
Hospital for Sick Children
and Rockinghorse Children?s
Charity, Eastern Road,
Brighton, East Sussex.
21 July
Princess Alexandra will
open the new theatre and
ward development at Robert
Jones and Agnes Hunt
Orthopaedic Hospital
NHS Foundation Trust,
Oswestry, Shropshire.
Princess Alexandra will visit
Lyneal Trust, Lyneal Wharf,
Ellesmere, Shropshire.
The engagements of
the Prince of Wales and
his family are usually
announced too late for
inclusion. Updated
information is available
from royal.uk and
princeofwales.gov.uk.
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THE ROMANOVS:
AN IMPERIAL TRAGEDY
ROYAL COLLECTIONS VOLUME II
An illustrated history of the Russian
imperial family between 1845 and 1917.
The selection of photographs, 621 in all
spread over 296 pages, ends with the fall
of Tsar Nicholas II. This work is unique
in that it chronicles all branches of the
Romanov dynasty, including some of the
female lines that did not settle abroad:
the descendants of Tsar Alexander II,
Grand Dukes Nicholas, Konstantin and
Michael Nikolaievich, Grand Duke
Michael Pavlovich and his niece
Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaievna,
Duchess of Leuchtenberg.
Using photographic collections owned
previously by various Romanovs, the
authors went to great lengths to produce
an extra-special pictorial account of
this imperial family. Hardback.
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p65 ROYAL HERITAGE AD FINAL.qxp:
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MAJESTY READER OFFER
ROYAL HERITAGE
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p66 AND FINALLY FINAL.qxp:
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AND
FINALLY
such pretence: she wished to enjoy the
same rank as her husband. Writing to
an old friend, she said she would rather
be a ?citoyenne? and beholden to nobody.
Whilst Queen Mary?s elder brother,
the Duke of Teck, was happy to accept
the territorial designation Cambridge,
he wanted a dukedom and not the
marquessate he was given. He was of the
opinion that as he was already a duke ?
and had married a daughter of one of the
richest dukes (Westminster) ? anything
less would be undignified. However,
he was informed that since he held no
landed estates, and his wealth was not
consistent with the highest degree of
the peerage, then the title Marquess of
Cambridge was more appropriate.
S REPORTED elsewhere
His elder son became Earl of
in this issue, the House of
Eltham, the younger one Lord
Windsor is about to
Frederick Cambridge and his
celebrate its 100th
daughters The Ladies Mary and
anniversary. It still has some way
Helena Cambridge.
to go to exceed the House of
Prince Alexander of Teck,
Hanover (1714-1901), the House
another brother of Queen Mary,
of Stuart (1603-1714) and the
was happy to be created Earl of
houses of Tudor, and Lancaster
Athlone. His wife, the former
and York.
Princess Alice of Albany, who
The decision by King George V
since marriage had been known
to change the name from the
as Princess Alexander of Teck,
German Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to
became Princess Alice, Countess
the unquestionably English
of Athlone. There was a 10-day
?Windsor? caused dissension
interval before their children were
within the royal family.
styled Viscount Trematon and
Some 20 individuals were
The Lady May Cambridge.
affected and not all of them
It took several weeks before
welcomed the proposed changes.
Prince Leopold of Battenberg,
Apart from two ? Prince Christian
second son of Princess Beatrice,
of Schleswig-Holstein, husband of
was granted the courtesy title
Queen Victoria?s daughter Helena,
Lord before his Christian name.
and Prince Louis of Battenberg,
Fortunately for him, as he was
married to a granddaughter ? the
a member of the Royal Victorian
rest had been largely brought
Order this entitled him to be Sir
up in England and considered
Leopold Mountbatten, otherwise
themselves to be English.
he would have emerged from the
When the Bill ratifying the
changes as Mr Mountbatten. His
changes was put to the House of
elder brother, Prince Alexander of
Lords on 19 June 1917 some peers
Battenberg, was more fortunate,
argued that only those who had
being created Marquess of
taken up arms against the British
Carisbrooke as soon as the changes
should be affected. They felt it
were announced.
was unfair to remove an inherited
After the initial announcement
name or title when one was not an
seven days elapsed before the new
enemy alien. In fact, of the male
titles appeared in the Court
members of the royal family at
Circular of 27 June. The Times
least 10 were actively involved in
newspaper had in fact leaked the
the war effort.
changes in the previous day?s
The King informed those
edition, listing accurately the
affected some two weeks before
nature of the new titles and which
the Bill went to Parliament and
members of the royal family were
became public knowledge.
to assume said styles and titles.
Outwardly they accepted the
At first there was delay and
changes; privately there was some
confusion regarding the courtesy
sabre-rattling. Prince Louis of
titles granted to the children.
Battenberg wrote to his daughter
At the wedding of Countess Zia
His Serene Highness Prince George of Teck emerged as
Princess Louise, who was nursing
de Torby and Harold Wernher at
Earl of Eltham and in 1927 became Marquess of Cambridge
in France: ?It is suggested that we
the Chapel Royal, St James?s
turn our name into English, viz
Palace, on 20 July, Lady Louise
Battenhill or Mountbatten,? he said. visitors? book: ?Arrived Prince Jekyll, left Mountbatten was listed as Princess
?We are only allowed to use our German Lord Hyde?.
Louise Mountbatten.
title with the sovereign?s approval, but
His wife Victoria, a princess in her
Of the four peerages created in 1917,
he can refuse this. If so, we are plain own right, was urged by her cousin only the marquessate of Milford Haven
?Mister?, which would be impossible.?
George V to retain her style and title survives; Carisbrooke and Cambridge
Nevertheless, Prince Louis did have and be known as Princess Victoria, became extinct in 1960 and 1981
a sense of humour. Whilst staying with Marchioness of Milford Haven. Her respectively. The earldom of Athlone
M
his elder son in Scotland he wrote in the
socialist principles, however, eschewed died out in 1957.
THE ROYAL WORLD
AS SEEN THROUGH
THE EYES OF
ROBERT GOLDEN
A
PRIVATE COLLECTION
66 majestymagazine.com
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Page 67
MAJESTY READER OFFER
BOOKBARGAINS
To make way for exciting new lines Majesty is clearing the shelves
and offering a large selection of titles at greatly reduced prices.
Many are out of print, so place your order as quickly as possible!
Full details on our website: majestymagazine.com.
When Charles I was
executed, his son Charles II
made it his role to search
out retribution, resulting in
a manhunt that would last
for 30 years. Softback.
This introduction to the
portraiture of the Tudor
monarchs explores how all
five Kings and Queens of
the English dynasty were
represented. Softback.
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THE REAL TUDORS B714
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THE DIAMOND QUEEN: ELIZABETH
II AND HER PEOPLE B571
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The ?Playboy Prince?
was also an instinctive
diplomat: when he
eventually became King he
did a good job, especially in
foreign policy. Hardback.
This classic reassessment
of the third Lancastrian
king by RA Griffiths is
essential reading for all
students of mid-15thcentury England. Softback.
The story of a mother who
died too young and the
children who are her living
legacy. A sympathetic yet
often startling portrait of
the two Princes. Hardback.
Flora Fraser paints a
riveting portrait of King
George IV?s estranged wife,
a woman who, despite her
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victimised. Softback.
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Andrew Marr turns his
attention to the monarchy,
chronicling the Queen?s
pivotal role at the centre
of the state. Hardback.
The vibrant Renaissance
splendour of the royal
courts of England and
Scotland, with their new
wealth, innovation and
artistic expression. Softback.
FATAL RIVALRY B708
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MAJESTY READER OFFER
Page 68
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TO PLACE AN ORDER PLEASE COMPLETE THE FORM ON PAGE 64 OR VISIT MAJESTYMAGAZINE.COM
of
Zambia. The silver banana, pear,
apple, orange, tangerine, plum,
pawpaw, cherries and grapes represent
fruits grown in Zambia.
Every year the Queen grants over 100
audiences to leading figures in public life. Many
of these are with new ambassadors and high
commissioners, who present Her Majesty with
their formal credentials and often bring a gift
from their nation. The terracotta figure of the
Great Mother, given to the Queen in 2013 by
Jovan Donev, Ambassador of the Republic of
majestymagazine.com
33
p34 43 QUEEN SONJA FINAL.qxp:
Queen Sonja of Norway,
who will be 80 on 4 July
J豏GEN GOMN芐/ROYAL COURT NORWAY
OPPOSITE: Her Majesty
amid her artworks and
ceramics at ?Underway?,
her solo exhibition at
KODE 1 in Bergen
34 majestymagazine.com
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Page 34
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Page 35
THE ART OF BEING QUEEN
To mark Queen Sonja of Norway?s 80th birthday, TROND NOR蒒 ISAKSEN charts
her struggle to define a role that had been vacant for more than half a century
I
N JANUARY 1991 Crown Princess Sonja of Norway went
to the South of France to spend some time improving
her French. The stay was cut short by the news that her
father-in-law, 87-year-old King Olav V, had died rather
suddenly in the evening of 17 January.
The next day she flew home, escorted by two French
military planes sent by President Mitterrand, and was met
at Oslo Airport Fornebu by her husband. As their car swept
across the Palace Square the King?s Guard played a fanfare.
For the first time in 52 years, Norway had a queen.
It was never a given that Sonja Haraldsen would be Queen
of Norway. The daughter of an upper-middle-class family,
she was 22 when she met and fell in love with Crown Prince
Harald. However, it took nine years and strong opposition
before they were able to marry in 1968. Sonja often found it
hard to tell whether the arguments against the match were
based on principles or directed at her personally.
In the end, Crown Prince Harald let his father know that
if he could not marry Sonja he would not marry at all, which
would mean the end of the dynasty. When the engagement
was announced, many predicted that it would spell the end
of the ancient Norwegian monarchy. Today some maintain
that Sonja was the best thing to happen to it since the end of
the Second World War.
Sonja faced an additional challenge in that she not only
became Crown Princess but also first lady. Her mother-inlaw, Crown Princess M鋜tha, had died in 1954, three years
before her husband ascended the throne, while Haakon VII?s
consort, the rather passive and often absent Queen Maud,
had died in 1938.
Looking back in a recent interview with Aftenposten, the Queen
described the Royal Palace as ?in some ways an ivory tower? and
thought it an advantage that a ?wholly ordinary citizen with what
�
I hope and believe were different views? entered it.
SCANPIX NORWAY
p34 43 QUEEN SONJA FINAL v3.qxp:
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GETTY IMAGES
PRIVATE COLLECTION
CLOCKWISE FROM ABOVE:
Crown Prince Harald and
Crown Princess Sonja
with King Olav at their
wedding reception on
29 August 1968
Five months after their
accession, the King and
Queen were solemnly
blessed in Nidaros
Cathedral in Trondheim
Over many years, and in
all seasons, Her Majesty
has explored Norway on
foot and on skis
In Trondheim once again,
this time in June 2016
at the garden party that
followed a Silver Jubilee
service in the cathedral
The Crown Princess holds
Princess M鋜tha Louise,
her firstborn, after her
christening in the Palace
Chapel in October 1971
GETTY IMAGES
36 majestymagazine.com
p34 43 QUEEN SONJA FINAL.qxp:
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PICTURES: PRIVATE COLLECTION
TROND NOR蒒 ISAKSEN
The court was made up entirely of men, most of them
from a military background. ?The court was marked by
the old way of thinking and I suppose one thought that
a woman was more for decorative purposes than for
having an actual function,? the Queen told me in an
interview in 2006.
?What I first and foremost appreciate is to reach a
result through discussion,? she said in the Aftenposten
interview. ?Not to be presented with a conclusion and
then just have to say yes or no. I want to be part of the
process, part of the development. That was something
I struggled with for many, many years [...]?.
It seems Sonja enjoyed challenging the old guard?s
ideas of what a crown princess was supposed to do ? for
instance by throwing herself into a campaign to get more
women into the armed forces. She was herself appointed
Colonel in the Army and the Air Force and Captain in
the Navy in November 1979. ?One thing I can tell you:
you will never be a member of the Military Society,?
King Olav said. She joined it three months later.
Palace officials seem not to have understood that
the new Crown Princess intended to be a full-time
professional. In the early years she had an office at
home at Skaugum, 22 kilometres west of Oslo, but
went to the Palace for meetings and events. As she
found this unpractical and time-consuming, she asked
her father-in-law for an office at the Palace.
?What do you need that for?? he replied.
?It was only when I asked if one could dig a tunnel
from the Palace to the small pavilion in the Queen?s
Park that I was given an office of my own,? she told me,
adding that it was hard to tell whether it was King Olav
or the courtiers who were most opposed to the idea. �
majestymagazine.com
37
p34 43 QUEEN SONJA FINAL v3.qxp:
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The King and Queen?s birthday dinner at the Royal Palace in Oslo on 9 May. Back row: Princess Tatiana, Prince Nikolaos, Princess Mabel,
Prince Constantijn, Princess Sofia, Prince Carl Philip, Crown Princess Marie-Chantal, Crown Prince Pavlos, Hereditary Grand Duke Guillaume,
Hereditary Grand Duchess St閜hanie, the Countess of Wessex, D閟ir閑 Kogevinas, Carlos Eugster. Third row: Lady Elizabeth Anson,
Queen Anne-Marie, Princess Beatrix, Prince Daniel, Crown Princess Victoria, Crown Princess Mette-Marit, Crown Prince Haakon, Princess
M鋜tha Louise, Crown Prince Frederik, Crown Princess Mary, Madeleine Kogevinas, Bernhard Mach, Jenni Haukio, Eliza Read. Second row:
Princess Astrid, Mrs Ferner, Queen M醲ima, King Willem-Alexander, Prince Albert II, Queen Silvia, King Carl XVI Gustaf, Queen Sonja,
King Harald, Queen Margrethe, Grand Duke Henri, Grand Duchess Maria Teresa, King Philippe, Queen Mathilde, President Niinist� of Finland,
President J骽annesson of Iceland. Front row: Emma Behn, Leah Behn, Maud Behn, Princess Ingrid Alexandra, Prince Sverre Magnus
Harald and Sonja were determined that things would be
different when they came to the throne. In the present reign
the royal household has been professionalised and is now run
as an efficient organisation. Courtiers are recruited from a
much wider array of backgrounds and there is now a majority
of women in senior positions, including the world?s first
female Lord Chamberlain.
Sorely-needed maintenance work on the Royal Palace was
carried out during their first decade on the throne, a process
that saw many of the interiors returned to their original
splendour. As part of this renovation, an office for the Queen
was created next to the King?s and although Crown Prince
Haakon was still unmarried an office for the future Crown
Princess was prepared next to his.
A widower and only child, King Olav was a somewhat
authoritarian figure used to making decisions on his own. In
contrast, King Harald has made the monarchy about teamwork,
first involving himself and the Queen and in later years Crown
Prince Haakon and Crown Princess Mette-Marit. While the
King still has the final word, the Queen, the Crown Prince and
38 majestymagazine.com
the Crown Princess are routinely involved in decisions.
?It is really rather hard work; there are a lot of things that
must be clarified and put in order,? Queen Sonja told me.
?Today we have a work division where the King naturally
takes care of the constitutional [affairs] and I take care of the
more private and administrative [issues], such as the
maintenance of our private houses?.
The Queen is regarded as a professional and efficient
woman, a perfectionist who amasses as much knowledge as
possible before an official visit. To a certain extent this is
probably some sort of over-compensation for the many years
she heard that she was not good enough to marry the heir to
the throne, which made her determined to prove otherwise.
Particularly in earlier years this could lead to some people
finding her reserved and aloof, an impression strengthened
by the very old-fashioned Norwegian she speaks. Queen
Sonja does not possess her husband?s easy-going charisma,
but in the past 15 years or so she has lowered her shoulders
and shown more of her real self, generating an affection for
�
her that was missing in the early years.
p34 43 QUEEN SONJA FINAL.qxp:
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