close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

IICPE.2016.8079338

код для вставкиСкачать
$FWLYHDQG5HDFWLYH3RZHU&RQWUROXVLQJ'URRS
&KDUDFWHULVWLFV&RQWUROOHULQD0LFURJULG
3DQNDM9HUPD>@3UDVHQMLW%DVDN>@
6FKRODU0(3RZHU6\VWHP(OHFWULFDODQG,QVWUXPHQWDWLRQ(QJLQHHULQJ'HSDUWPHQW7KDSDU
8QLYHUVLW\3DWLDOD,QGLD
0HPEHU,((($VVLVWDQW3URIHVVRU(OHFWULFDODQG,QVWUXPHQWDWLRQ(QJLQHHULQJ'HSDUWPHQW7KDSDU
8QLYHUVLW\3DWLDOD,QGLD
$EVWUDFW² 7KH PLFURJULG PD\ KDYH DF RU GF PLFURVRXUFHV
SUHVHQWLQLWVFRQILJXUDWLRQ7KHPRVWFRPPRQGFPLFURVRXUFH
XVHG LQ WKH PLFURJULG LV WKH SKRWRYROWDLF JHQHUDWRU ZKRVH GF
RXWSXW OHYHO GRHV QRW UHPDLQ FRQVWDQW IRU KRXUV LQ D GD\
%XW LQ PRVW RI WKH FRQWURO FRQILJXUDWLRQ RI PLFURJULG WKH GF
PLFURVRXUFHLVUHSUHVHQWHGDV DQLGHDOGFVRXUFHZKLFKQHHGV
PRGLILFDWLRQLQSUDFWLFDOVFHQDULR,QWKHZRUNXQGHUWDNHQLQ
WKLV SDSHU WKH IL[HG GF VRXUFH LV UHSODFHG E\ D SKRWRYROWDLF
JHQHUDWRU LQ D VLQJOH SKDVH FRQWURO FRQILJXUDWLRQ RI WKH
PLFURJULG XVLQJ 6LPXOLQN 7KH GF RXWSXW OHYHO RI WKLV
JHQHUDWRU QRZ GHSHQGV XSRQ WKH VRODU LQVRODWLRQ DPELHQW
WHPSHUDWXUH DQG VKDGHG FHOOV LQ D SKRWRYROWDLF PRGXOH 7KH
VDPSOHVRODUGDWDRI3DWLDOD,QGLDUHJLRQLVFRQVLGHUHGIRUWKH
SUHVHQW ZRUN 7KH FKDQJH LQ RSHQ FLUFXLW YROWDJH RI
SKRWRYROWDLFJHQHUDWRUDFWLYHDQGUHDFWLYHSRZHUDFURVVORDGV
DUH UHFRUGHG LQ 6LPXODWLRQ 7KH SURSRVHG FRQWUROOHU XQLW
XSOLIWVWKHSRZHUOHYHODFURVVWKHORDGVDQGWKHSHUIRUPDQFHRI
WKHVDPHLVYHULILHGWKURXJK6LPXODWLRQRIWKHSURSRVHGVLQJOH
SKDVHPLFURJULGPRGHOXVLQJ6LPXOLQN0$7/$%VRIWZDUH
,QGH[ 7HUPV ² 'LVWULEXWHG *HQHUDWLRQ '* 3KRWRYROWDLF
39*HQHUDWRU'LUHFW&XUUHQWGFPLFURVRXUFH
, ,1752'8&7,21
7KH LQFUHDVH LQ WKH GHPDQG RI SRZHU LV LQ WKH GLUHFW
SURSRUWLRQ WR WKH LQFUHDVH LQ SRSXODWLRQ DV ZH DUH DW WKH
YHUJH RI H[KDXVWLQJ PRVW RI RXU QRQUHQHZDEOH UHVRXUFHV
KHQFH WKH LQWHUHVW LQ WKH UHQHZDEOH VRXUFHV RI HQHUJ\ LV DW
LWV SHDN 7KH UHQHZDEOH VRXUFHV RI HQHUJ\ KDYH SURYHG WR
EH XVHIXO IRU IXOILOOLQJ WKH SRZHU GHPDQGV 7KHVH VRXUFHV
KDYH PDQ\ IRUPV OLNH ZLQG HQHUJ\ VRODU HQHUJ\ ELRPDVV
HQHUJ\HWFEXWWKHZLQGHQHUJ\KDYHSURYHGWREHWKHPRVW
VXFFHVVIXO ZD\ RI KDUQHVVLQJ SRZHU IURP WKH UHQHZDEOH
HQHUJ\ VRXUFHV 7KHVH VRXUFHV DUH DOVR FDOOHG DV
PLFURVRXUFHV
7KH SRZHU GHYHORSHG IURP WKHVH PLFURVRXUFHV LV VPDOO RU
LQ D ZD\ WKH SRZHU LV GLVWULEXWHG 7KH FRQILJXUDWLRQ LQ
‹,(((
ZKLFKWKHVHPLFURVRXUFHVDUHFRPELQHGWRJHWKHUWRDFWDVD
VLQJOH FHOO VR DV WR SURYLGH WKH KLJKHU SRZHU GHPDQGV LV
NQRZQ DV WKH PLFURJULG 7KH PLFURVRXUFHV SUHVHQW LQ WKH
PLFURJULGFDQEHDFPLFURVRXUFHVRUGFPLFURVRXUFHHJD
ZLQGJHQHUDWRUFDQEHDQDFPLFURVRXUFHZKLOHSKRWRYROWDLF
JHQHUDWRU LV D GF PLFURVRXUFH 5HJDUGOHVV RI WKH QDWXUH RI
WKH PLFURVRXUFH WKH VXSSO\ IURP WKHVH VRXUFHV FDQQRW EH
IHGGLUHFWO\WRWKHORDGVRUWRWKHFHQWUDOJULG,QFDVHRIWKH
GFPLFURVRXUFHVWKHGFLVILUVWFRQYHUWHGWRDFXVLQJYDULRXV
FRQWURO FRQILJXUDWLRQV >@ ,Q PRVW RI WKHVH FRQWURO
FRQILJXUDWLRQVWKHGFPLFURVRXUFHLVFRQVLGHUHGDVWKHLGHDO
IL[HG GF VRXUFH ZKLFK LV QRW WKH VDPH IRU PDQ\
PLFURVRXUFHV ,Q WKLV SDSHU IROORZLQJ D SDUWLFXODU FRQWURO
FRQILJXUDWLRQ >@ WKH IL[HG GF VRXUFH LV UHSODFHG E\ WKH
SKRWRYROWDLF JHQHUDWRULQWKH VLQJOHSKDVHFRQILJXUDWLRQRI
WKH PLFURJULG 7KH UHSODFHPHQW PDSV WKH SUDFWLFDO
RSHUDWLRQRIWKHPLFURJULG
7KH GF OHYHO RI WKH SKRWRYROWDLF JHQHUDWRU QRZ GHSHQGV
XSRQ WKH DPELHQW WHPSHUDWXUH VRODU LQVRODWLRQ OHYHO WR
ZKLFKFHOOLVH[SRVHGWRDQGRQWKHQXPEHURIVKDGHGFHOOV
SUHVHQW LQ WKH PRGXOH >@ 7KH VKLIW LQ WKH GF OHYHO RI WKH
PLFURVRXUFH UHVXOWV LQ WKH FKDQJH LQ DFWLYH DQG UHDFWLYH
SRZHUDFURVVWKHORDGVSUHVHQWLQPLFURJULGDQGWKLVFKDQJH
LQSRZHULVPRUHVLJQLILFDQWLQLVODQGHGPRGHRIRSHUDWLRQ
RI WKH PLFURJULG 7KH FRQWUROOHUV EDVHG RQ WKH GURRS
FKDUDFWHULVWLFVDUHWKHQXVHGWREULQJEDFNWKHSRZHUDFURVV
WKHORDGVLQWKHLVODQGHGPRGHRIRSHUDWLRQRIPLFURJULG
7KH GHWDLOV RI WKH V\VWHP PRGHO DUH JLYHQ LQ VHFWLRQ ,,
6HFWLRQ ,,, GHVFULEHV WKH SKRWRYROWDLF FHOO PRGHOOLQJ 7KH
VLPXODWLRQ PRGHO RI WKH PLFURJULG ZLWKRXW FRQWUROOHUV DQG
39 JHQHUDWRU DV D PLFURVRXUFH LV SUHVHQWHG LQ VHFWLRQ ,9
6HFWLRQ 9 LQFOXGHV WKH LPSURYHG VLQJOH SKDVH VLPXODWLRQ
PRGHOZLWKWKHGURRSFKDUDFWHULVWLFVFRQWUROOHUVDORQJZLWK
WKHUHVXOWV)LQDOO\WKHFRQFOXVLRQVDUHPHQWLRQHGLQVHFWLRQ
9,
,, 6<67(0'(6&5,37,21
7KH FRQILJXUDWLRQ RI WKH PLFURJULG LV VKRZQ LQ WKH )LJ WKHWZRSDUDOOHO'*V\VWHPVDQGDUHXVHG
)LJ(TXLYDOHQWFLUFXLWRID39FHOO>@
‫ ܫ‬ൌ ‫ܫ‬௦௖ െ ‫ܫ‬଴ ሺ݁ ଷ଼Ǥଽ௏ௗ െ ͳሻ െ ܸௗ Ȁܴ௣ ூ
ܸௗ ൌ ͲǤͲʹͷ͹Žሺ ೞ೎ ൅ ͳሻ ூబ
)LJ0LFURJULG&RQILJXUDWLRQ
(DFK'*V\VWHPFRQVLVWVRIRQH39JHQHUDWRUDFWLQJDVWKH
GFYROWDJHVRXUFHZKRVHPRGHOLQJLVGHVFULEHGLQQH[WSDUW
RI WKLV VHFWLRQ D SXOVHZLGWK PRGXODWLRQ 3:0 YROWDJH
VRXUFH LQYHUWHU DQG /& ILOWHUV 7KH VWDWLF WUDQVIHU VZLWFK
676 LVXVHGWRFRQQHFWRUGLVFRQQHFWWKH PLFURJULG IURP
WKHXWLOLW\ V\VWHPDWWKHSRLQWRIFRPPRQFRXSOLQJ3&&
'* V\VWHP ZLWK WKH XWLOLW\ JULG VHUYHV WKH WKUHH FULWLFDO
ORDGV LQ WKH JULG FRQQHFWHG PRGH ZKLOH GXULQJ WKH
IDXOWV LQ WKH XWLOLW\ JULG WKH 676 VZLWFK LVRODWHV WKH
PLFURJULGIURPWKH JULGDQGQRZPLFURJULGRSHUDWHVXQGHU
LVODQGLQJPRGHZKHUHWZR'*V\VWHPVDUHWKHRQO\VRXUFH
RISRZHUWRDOOWKHORDGV7KHFOHDULQJRIIDXOWRQWKHXWLOLW\
JULG PDUNV WKH UHFORVXUH RI WKH 676 VZLWFK KHQFH
WUDQVIHUULQJ WKH V\VWHP IURP LVODQGLQJ WR JULG FRQQHFWHG
PRGH
,,, 3+27292/7$,&&(//02'(//,1*
$ VLPSOH HTXLYDOHQW FLUFXLW PRGHO IRU D SKRWRYROWDLF FHOO
FRQVLVWV RI D UHDO GLRGH LQ SDUDOOHO ZLWK DQ LGHDO FXUUHQW
VRXUFH 7KH LGHDO FXUUHQW VRXUFH GHOLYHUV FXUUHQW LQ
SURSRUWLRQWRWKHVRODUÀX[WRZKLFKLWLVH[SRVHG,6& EXW
DPRUHSUDFWLFDOHTXLYDOHQWFLUFXLWZKLFKLQFOXGHVDSDUDOOHO
OHDNDJH UHVLVWDQFH 53 DQG D VHULHV UHVLVWDQFH 56 >@ ZKLFK
PLJKWEHGXHWRWKHUHVLVWDQFHRIWKHVHPLFRQGXFWRULWVHOILV
VKRZQLQ)LJ:KHUH‫ܫ‬଴ LVWKH UHYHUVH VDWXUDWLRQFXUUHQW
DQGܸௗ LVWKHGLRGHYROWDJH
ܸ ൌ ܸௗ െ ‫ܴܫ‬௦ 6RODU,QVRODWLRQ(IIHFW
$V LQVRODWLRQ GURSV VKRUWFLUFXLW FXUUHQW GURSV LQ GLUHFW
SURSRUWLRQ DV JLYHQ LQ HTXDWLRQ &XWWLQJ LQVRODWLRQ LQ
KDOI IRU H[DPSOH GURSV ,6& E\ KDOI 'HFUHDVLQJ LQVRODWLRQ
DOVR UHGXFHV 92& EXW LW GRHV VR IROORZLQJ D ORJDULWKPLF
UHODWLRQVKLS WKDW UHVXOWV LQ UHODWLYHO\ PRGHVW FKDQJHV LQ
92&
‫ܫ‬ௌ஼ ‫ ݊݋݅ݐ݈ܽ݋ݏ݊ܫݎ݈ܽ݋ܵ ן‬
7HPSHUDWXUH(IIHFW
$V FHOO WHPSHUDWXUH LQFUHDVHV WKH RSHQFLUFXLW YROWDJH
GHFUHDVHV VXEVWDQWLDOO\ ZKLOH WKH VKRUW FLUFXLW FXUUHQW
LQFUHDVHVRQO\VOLJKWO\3KRWRYROWDLFVSHUKDSVVXUSULVLQJO\
WKHUHIRUHSHUIRUPEHWWHURQFROGFOHDUGD\V WKDQ KRWRQHV
)RUFU\VWDOOLQHVLOLFRQFHOOV92&GURSVE\DERXWIRU
HDFK GHJUHH &HOVLXV LQFUHDVH LQ WHPSHUDWXUH DQG ,6&
LQFUHDVHVE\DSSUR[LPDWHO\ZKLFKLVPDWKHPDWLFDOO\
H[SUHVVHGDV
ܸை஼ ൌ ܸ௜௡ ሾͳ െ ͲǤͲͲ͵͹ሺܶ௔௠ െ ܶ௦௧ ሻሿ ‫ܫ‬ௌ஼ ൌ ‫ܫ‬௜௡ ሾͳ െ ͲǤͲͲͲͷሺܶ௔௠ െ ܶ௦௧ ሻሿ :KHUH ܸ௜௡ DQG ‫ܫ‬௜௡ DUH WKH RSHQ FLUFXLW YROWDJH DQG VKRUW
FLUFXLWFXUUHQWRIWKHFHOODWWKHVWDQGDUGWHPSHUDWXUHሺܶ‫ݐݏ‬ሻ
LHR&:KHUHDVܶ௔௠ LVWKHDPELHQWWHPSHUDWXUH
6KDGLQJ(IIHFW
7KH RXWSXW RI D 39 PRGXOH FDQ EH UHGXFHG GUDPDWLFDOO\
ZKHQHYHQDVPDOOSRUWLRQRILWLVVKDGHG
,ILQDVWULQJRIQFHOOVFRQQHFWHGLQVHULHVWRIRUPDPRGXOH
RQH FHOO JHWV VKDGHG WKHQ WKH RXWSXW YROWDJHV SURGXFHG E\
WKDWFHOOZLOOEH]HURSOXVWKHYROWDJHVGURSDFURVVWKHVHULHV
DQG SDUDOOHO UHVLVWDQFHV ZLOO EH VXEWUDFWHG IURP WKH WRWDO
YROWDJHVRIWKH PRGXOH7KHWRWDOYROWDJHRIWKH PRGXOHLV
JLYHQE\
ܸ ൌ ݊ሺܸௗ െ ‫ܴܫ‬௦ ሻ 1RZFKDQJHLQWKHYROWDJHDIWHURQHFHOOJHWVVKDGHGZLOOEH
௏
ȟܸ ؆ ൅ ‫ܴܫ‬௣ ௡
7KH HTXLYDOHQW PRGHO RI WKH 39 FHOO LV GHVLJQHG LQ WKH
6LPXOLQNLQ0$7/$%5DE\XWLOL]LQJWKHHTXDWLRQV
,9 6,08/$7,212)0,&52*5,'02'(/:,7+287
&21752//(5
7KHVLPXODWLRQPRGHOVKRZQLQ)LJLVVLPXODWHGZLWKRXW
WKH SUHVHQFH RI WKH FRQWUROOHU 7KH IL[HG GF VRXUFH LV
UHSODFHGE\WKH39JHQHUDWRULQWKHFRQWUROFRQILJXUDWLRQRI
WKH PLFURJULG >@7KH 39 JHQHUDWRU FRQVLVWV RI 39 FHOOV
KDYLQJ WKH YROWDJH PDJQLWXGH RI 9 XQGHU VWDQGDUG
RSHUDWLQJ FRQGLWLRQV LH :P VRODU LQVRODWLRQ DQG
R&WHPSHUDWXUH7KHGFOHYHORIWKHJHQHUDWRULV9
7$%/(,
62/$5,162/$7,21$1'7(03(5$785('$7$>@
7LPH
'LYLVLRQ
+RXUV
6RODU ,QVRODWLRQ
:P
7HPSHUDWXUH
R&
7KH 39 JHQHUDWRUV DUH VLPXODWHG XQGHU WKH GDWD JLYHQ LQ
7DEOH , 7KH LQYHUWHU FRQWURO SDUDPHWHUV ‫ܭ‬௜ DQG ‫ܭ‬௩ DUH
FRQVLGHUHG DV DFFRUGLQJ WR WKH SUHYLRXV FRQWURO
FRQILJXUDWLRQ >@ 7KH UHIHUHQFH YROWDJH ‫ כ ݒ‬LV VHW DW 9
VLQFHWKHUHLVQRIHHGEDFNFRQWURO7KHYDOXHVRIWKHORDGV
ILOWHULQGXFWRUDQGFDSDFLWDQFHVXVHGDUH JLYHQLQ7DEOH,,
7KHQHWDFWLYHDQGUHDFWLYHSRZHUDFURVVWKHORDGVZKHQWKH
PRGHOLVVLPXODWHGXQGHUVDPSOHGDWDFRQGLWLRQVLVJLYHQLQ
)LJDQG)LJ
)LJ 506 UHDFWLYH SRZHU DFURVV WKUHH ORDGV ZLWKRXW
FRQWUROOHU
,W LV FOHDUO\ REVHUYDEOH WKDW WKH DFWLYH DQG UHDFWLYH SRZHU
DFURVVWKUHHORDGVYDULHVZLWKWKHYDULDWLRQLQWKHRSHUDWLQJ
SDUDPHWHUVRIWKH39JHQHUDWRU
9 6,08/$7,212)0,&52*5,'02'(/:,7+&21752//(5
7KLVVHFWLRQLVGLYLGHGLQWRIXUWKHUWKUHHSDUWV,QSDUW$WKH
FRQWUROOHUXVHGLVGHVFULEHGWKH GHWDLOHGGHVFULSWLRQRIWKH
VLPXODWLRQPRGHOZLWKFRQWUROOHULVDFFRXQWHGLQSDUW%DQG
WKH VLPXODWLRQ UHVXOWV DQG WKH FRPSDULVRQ RI WKHVH UHVXOWV
DUHLQYHVWLJDWHGLQSDUW&
$'HVFULSWLRQRIWKHFRQWUROOHU
7KH IORZ RI UHDO SRZHU 3 EHWZHHQ WZR QRGHV FDQ EH
FRQWUROOHG E\ YDU\LQJ WKH VXSSO\ IUHTXHQF\ DQG KHQFH WKH
SRZHU DQJOH į ZKLOH WKH IORZ RI UHDFWLYH SRZHU 4 FDQ EH
FRQWUROOHGE\FKDQJLQJWKH YROWDJH PDJQLWXGH8VLQJWKHVH
FRQFHSWV WKH UHDO DQG UHDFWLYH SRZHU FRQWURO ORRSV RU WKH
FRQWUROOHUVDUHGHVLJQHG>@+RZHYHUWKHFRQWUROOHULVXVHG
RQO\ LQ WKH LVODQGHG PRGH EHFDXVH LQ WKH JULG FRQQHFWHG
PRGHWKHUHJXODWHGVXSSO\IURPWKHJULGILOOVXSWKHJDSLQ
WKH DFWLYH DQG UHDFWLYH SRZHU DW WKH FULWLFDO ORDGV LQ WKH
V\VWHP
&RQVLGHULQJWKH3ȦGURRSFKDUDFWHULVWLFVDVVKRZQLQ)LJ
KDYLQJWKHPDWKHPDWLFDOUHSUHVHQWDWLRQDV
߱ଶ ൌ ߱ଵ െ ߚሺܲଵ െ ܲଶ ሻ ఠ ିఠ
ߚ ൌ భ మ ௉భ ି௉మ
)LJ 506 DFWLYH SRZHU DFURVV WKUHH ORDGV ZLWKRXW
FRQWUROOHU
)LJ3ȦGURRSFKDUDFWHULVWLFV
3 LV WKH DFWLYH SRZHU DFURVV WKUHH ORDGV XQGHU LVODQGHG
PRGH DQG ZKHQ 39 JHQHUDWRU RSHUDWHV XQGHU FRQGLWLRQV
JLYHQLQWDEOH,3LVWKHUHTXLUHGSRZHUDFURVVORDGVRUWKH
SRZHU DFURVV ORDGV XQGHU JULG FRQQHFWHG PRGH RI
RSHUDWLRQȦLVWKHUHGXFHGIUHTXHQF\DWZKLFKWKHUHTXLUHG
DFWLYH SRZHU LV UHDFKHG 7KH /DSODFH WUDQVIRUPV RI WKH
HTXDWLRQ DQG JLYHV XV WKH UHTXLUHG DFWLYH SRZHU
FRQWUROOHUVKRZQLQ)LJ
7KHRYHUDOOFRQILJXUDWLRQRIWKHFRQWUROOHULVVKRZQLQ)LJ
IURP ZKHUH WKH RXWSXW RI WKH FRQWUROOHU ZKLFK LV WKH
UHIHUHQFHYROWDJHWRWKHLQYHUWHULVIHGWRERWKWKHLQYHUWHUV
LQWKHPLFURJULG
)LJ$FWLYHSRZHUFRQWUROOHU
7KH JDLQ ȕ RI WKH FRQWUROOHU LV IRXQG XVLQJ WKH HTXDWLRQ
VLQFH WKH YDOXHV RI Ȧ DQG 3 DUH XQFHUWDLQ KHQFH
PLQLPXP DOORZDEOH RSHUDWLQJ IUHTXHQF\ Ȧ PLQ DQG
PD[LPXPUHDOSRZHU3PD[LVXVHG7KHYDOXHRIJDLQFDQ
EH DGMXVWHG DURXQG WKH QXPHULFDOO\ FRPSXWHG YDOXH DV
DFFRUGLQJ WR WKH RSHUDWLQJ FRQGLWLRQ GLFWDWH ,Q WKH VLPLODU
PDQQHUE\XWLOL]LQJWKHUHDFWLYHSRZHUGURRSFKDUDFWHULVWLFV
WKHUHDFWLYHSRZHUFRQWUROOHUFDQEHGHVLJQHG&RQVLGHULQJ
WKH PDWKHPDWLFDO UHSUHVHQWDWLRQ RI WKH 4( GURRS
FKDUDFWHULVWLFV
‫ܧ‬ଶ ൌ ‫ܧ‬ଵ ൅ ߞሺܳଶ െ ܳଵ ሻ
ா ିா
ߞ ൌ మ భ ொమ ିொభ
4 LVWKHUHDFWLYHSRZHUDFURVVORDGVXQGHUJLYHQRSHUDWLQJ
FRQGLWLRQ RI 39 JHQHUDWRU ZKLOH 4 LV WKH UHDFWLYH SRZHU
DFURVV ORDGV XQGHU JULG FRQQHFWHG PRGH RI RSHUDWLRQ RI
PLFURJULG ( LV WKH YROWDJH UHTXLUHG WR DFKLHYH UHTXLUHG
UHDFWLYHSRZHU)RUILQGLQJWKHJDLQȗRIWKHFRQWUROOHU(
LVUHSODFHGE\(PD[ 0D[LPXPDOORZDEOHYROWDJHDQG4 LV
UHSODFHG E\ 4PD[ 0D[LPXP UHDFWLYH SRZHU RI V\VWHP
7KHEORFNGLDJUDPUHDOL]DWLRQRIHTXDWLRQVDQGLV
VKRZQLQ)LJ
)LJ2YHUDOO&RQILJXUDWLRQRI&RQWUROOHU
%0LFURJULGVLPXODWLRQPRGHOZLWKFRQWUROOHU
7KHGHWDLOHGYLHZRIWKHVLPXODWLRQPRGHOLVVKRZQLQ)LJ
RQO\RQHFRQWUROOHUKDYLQJERWKUHDODQGUHDFWLYHSRZHU
FRQWUROOHUV LV XVHG IRU ERWK RI WKH '* V\VWHPV 7KH
6LPXOLQN PRGHO LV GHVLJQHG NHHSLQJ LQ YLHZ WKDW WKH
PLFURJULG LV RSHUDWLQJ XQGHU WKH LVODQGHG PRGH KHQFH WKH
JULGLVQRWFRQVLGHUHGLQWKHPRGHO7KHVZLWFKHVVKRZQLQ
WKH VFKHPDWLF GLDJUDP LQ )LJ DUH DFWXDOO\ WKH ,*%7¶V
ZKLFK DUH XVHG LQ DFWXDO VLPXODWLRQ PRGHO WKH VLJQ EORFN
DQGWKHVDWXUDWLRQEORFNZLWKWKHXSSHUOLPLWDVDQGORZHU
OLPLW DV LV XVHG WR SURGXFH WKH DSSURSULDWH VZLWFKLQJ
VLJQDOV IRU WKH VZLWFKLQJ GHYLFHV XQGHU WKH 3:0
0RGXODWRU WKH WULDQJOH JHQHUDWRU LV DOVR XVHG ZLWK D JDLQ
EORFN VR DV WR VHW WKH PRGXODWLRQ LQGH[ RI WKH 3:0
VFKHPH7KHGFYROWDJHOHYHORI39JHQHUDWRULV9ROWV
7KH GHWDLOHG GHVFULSWLRQ RI WKH V\VWHP SDUDPHWHUV XVHG LQ
VLPXODWLRQV DUH JLYHQ LQ 7DEOH ,, 3 DQG 4 ZKLFK DUH
UHIHUHQFH YDOXHV WR WKH FRQWUROOHUV DUH REWDLQHG E\
VLPXODWLQJ WKH PLFURJULG PRGHO XQGHU VWDQGDUG RSHUDWLQJ
FRQGLWLRQRIWKH39JHQHUDWRU7KH VDPSOHDQG KROGEORFN
XVHGDWWKHLQSXWRIWKHFRQWUROOHUVLVSURJUDPPHGWRVDPSOH
WKH YDOXHV RI 3 DQG 4 IRU VRPH IUDFWLRQ RI WKH KRXU DQG
KROGV WKDW YDOXH IRU WKH UHVW RI WKH KRXU 7KH VDPSOH DQG
KROG EORFN XVHG DW WKH RXWSXW RI WKH FRQWUROOHU LV
SURJUDPPHG UHYHUVHG DV FRPSDUH WR LQSXW EORFN LW KROGV
WKHLQLWLDOYDOXHVRIUHIHUHQFHYROWDJHVIUHTXHQF\DQGSKDVH
DQJOHIRUVRPHIUDFWLRQRIWKHKRXUDQGVWDUWVVDPSOLQJDIWHU
KROGLQJSHULRGLVRYHU7KLVDSSURDFKRIXVLQJVDPSOHDQG
KROG EORFN DOORZV XV WR PHDVXUH WKH DFWXDO FKDQJH LQ
SRZHUV ZKHQ WKH RXWSXW RI 39 JHQHUDWRU FKDQJHV LQ WKH
QH[WKRXU
)LJ5HDFWLYH3RZHU&RQWUROOHU
)LJ6FKHPDWLFUHSUHVHQWDWLRQRI6LPXOLQNPRGHO
&6LPXODWLRQUHVXOWVDQGFRPSDULVRQV
7KH HLJKW KRXU VRODU LQVRODWLRQ DQG WHPSHUDWXUH GDWD DV
FRQVLGHUHG LQ WDEOH , LV VKRZQ LQ )LJ DQG )LJ 7KH
DERYH VDPSOH GDWD RI VRODU LQVRODWLRQ DQG WHPSHUDWXUH LV
WKHQJLYHQDVWKHLQSXWWRWKH39FHOOZKLOHQRVKDGHGFHOO
LQ WKH PRGXOH LV FRQVLGHUHG 8QGHU WKH LQIOXHQFH RI WKH
DERYHGDWDWKHRSHQFLUFXLWYROWDJHRIWKH39FHOOFKDQJHV
DVDFFRUGLQJWRWKHLUJRYHUQLQJHTXDWLRQVH[SODLQHGHDUOLHU
VKRZQLQ)LJ
)LJ6RODU,QVRODWLRQOHYHOVRI39FHOOIRUHLJKWKRXUV
)LJ7HPSHUDWXUHOHYHOVRIWKH39FHOOIRUHLJKWKRXUV
)LJ2SHQFLUFXLWYROWDJHRI39FHOO
7KH RSHQ FLUFXLW YROWDJH RI WKH 39 FHOO VKRZV D IDOO LQ
YROWDJHDVWKHLQVRODWLRQDQGDPELHQWWHPSHUDWXUHFRQGLWLRQ
FKDQJHV KHQFH WKH 2& YROWDJH RI WKH 39 JHQHUDWRU DOVR
VKRZVWKHGURSLQWKHYROWDJH
9,&21&/86,216
)LJ &RPSDULVRQ RI DFWLYH SRZHU ZLWK DQG ZLWKRXW
FRQWUROOHU
7KLVSDSHUSUHVHQWVWKHHIIHFWVRIUHSODFLQJWKHGFVRXUFHLQ
YDULRXV FRQWURO VWUDWHJLHV RI WKH PLFURJULG ZLWK WKH 39
JHQHUDWRU 7KH LQYHUWHU YROWDJHV 5HDO DQG UHDFWLYH SRZHU
DFURVV WKH ORDGV KDYH VKRZQ WKH QRWLFHDEOH FKDQJHV 7KH
SRZHU FRQWUROOHU EDVHG RQ WKH SRZHU ORRSV LV DOVR
GHVFULEHG 7KH FRQWUROOHU WULHV WR EULQJ EDFN WKH UHDO DQG
UHDFWLYHSRZHUDWWKHGHVLUHGOHYHOLQWKHLVODQGHGPRGHRI
WKHPLFURJULGZKHQWKH39PRGXOHRSHUDWHVRQWKHSUDFWLFDO
FRQVLGHUDWLRQRIWKHWHPSHUDWXUHDQGVRODULQVRODWLRQOHYHOV
7KHVLPXODWLRQVUHVXOWVFRQILUPHGWKHHIIHFWLYHZRUNLQJRI
WKH FRQWUROOHU LQ WKH LVODQGHG PRGH RI RSHUDWLRQ RI WKH
PLFURJULG
5()(5(1&(6
>@ -LQZHL +H 6WXGHQW 0HPEHU ,((( <XQ :HL /L 6HQLRU
0HPEHU ,((( -RVHS 0 *XHUUHUR 6HQLRU 0HPEHU ,(((
)UHGH %ODDEMHUJ )HOORZ ,((( DQG -XDQ & 9DVTXH ³$Q
,VODQGLQJ0LFURJULG3RZHU6KDULQJ$SSURDFK8VLQJ(QKDQFHG
9LUWXDO ,PSHGDQFH &RQWURO 6FKHP´ ,((( WUDQVDFWLRQV RQ
SRZHUHOHFWURQLFVYROQRQRYHPEHU
>@ < : /L ' 0 9LODWKJDPXZD DQG 3 & /RK ³0LFURJULG
3RZHU 4XDOLW\ (QKDQFHPHQW 8VLQJ 7KUHH3KDVH )RXU:LUH
*ULG,QWHUIDFLQJ&RPSHQVDWRU´ ,(((WUDQVDFWLRQV RQ LQGXVWU\
DSSOLFDWLRQVYROQRSS1RY
>@ ;LVKHQJ7DQJ:HL'HQJDQG=KLSLQJ4L³5HVHDUFKRQ0LFUR
JULG9ROWDJH6WDELOLW\&RQWURO%DVHGRQ6XSHUFDSDFLWRU(QHUJ\
6WRUDJH´ ,QVWLWXWH RI (OHFWULFDO (QJLQHHULQJ RI &KLQHVH
$FDGHP\RI6FLHQFHV%HLMLQJ&KLQD
>@ -LQZHL +H DQG <XQ :HL /L ³$Q $FFXUDWH 5HDFWLYH 3RZHU
6KDULQJ &RQWURO 6WUDWHJ\ IRU '* 8QLWV LQ D 0LFURJULG´ WK
LQWHUQDWLRQDO FRQIHUHQFH RQ SRZHU HOHFWURQLFV ± (&&( $VLD
0D\-XQH7KH6KLOOXMHMX.RUHD
>@ <DRTLQ -LD 'LQJNXQ /LX DQG -LD /LX ³$ 1RYHO 6HDPOHVV
7UDQVIHU 0HWKRG IRU D 0LFURJULG %DVHG RQ 'URRS
&KDUDFWHULVWLF$GMXVWPHQW´,(((WK,QWHUQDWLRQDO3RZHU
(OHFWURQLFVDQG0RWLRQ&RQWURO&RQIHUHQFH(&&($VLD-XQH
+DUELQ&KLQD
>@ < : /L ' 0 9LODWKJDPXZD DQG 3 & /RK ³'HVLJQ
DQDO\VLVDQGUHDOWLPHWHVWLQJRIFRQWUROOHUVIRUPXOWLEXVPLFUR
JULGV\VWHP´,(((7UDQV3RZHU(OHFWURQYROQRSS
±6HS
>@ *LOEHUW 0 0DVWHUV ³3KRWRYROWDLF PDWHULDOV DQG HOHFWULFDO
FKDUDFWHULVWLFV´ 5HQHZDEOH DQG HIILFLHQW HOHFWULF SRZHU
V\VWHPV6WDQIRUG8QLYHUVLW\
>@ 6RXYLN *DQJXOL DQG -DVYLU 6LQJK ³(VWLPDWLQJ WKH 6RODU
3KRWRYROWDLFJHQHUDWLRQSRWHQWLDODQGSRVVLEOHSODQWFDSDFLW\LQ
3DWLDOD´ LQ ,QWHUQDWLRQDO -RXUQDO 2I $SSOLHG (QJLQHHULQJ
5HVHDUFK'LQGLJXOYRO1RSS
)LJ &RPSDULVRQ RI UHDFWLYH SRZHU ZLWK DQG ZLWKRXW
FRQWUROOHU
7KHFRQWUROOHUDFWLRQLQWKHLVODQGHGPRGHRIWKHPLFURJULG
LVREVHUYDEOHLQ)LJDQG)LJDIWHUVRPHIUDFWLRQRID
KRXULHZKHQWKHVDPSOLQJRIWKHWZRSRZHUVLVGRQHWKH
FRQWUROOHUWULHVWREULQJEDFNWKHSRZHUWRLWVRULJLQDOYDOXH
7$%/(,,
6<67(03$5$0(7(56)256,08/$7,216
3DUDPHWHUV
5DWLQJ
'*
,QYHUWHUVZLWFKLQJIUHTXHQF\
N+]
6\VWHP
,QYHUWHUILOWHULQGXFWDQFH
P+
,QYHUWHUILOWHUFDSDFLWDQFH
—)
'FOLQN
YROWDJH
VWDQGDUG 9
RSHUDWLQJFRQGLWLRQV
'*
,QYHUWHUVZLWFKLQJIUHTXHQF\
N+]
6\VWHP
,QYHUWHUVZLWFKLQJIUHTXHQF\
P+
,QYHUWHUILOWHUFDSDFLWDQFH
—)
'FOLQN
YROWDJH
VWDQGDUG 9
RSHUDWLQJFRQGLWLRQV
5DWLQJRIHDFK'*V\VWHP
N9$
Ȧ
+]
ȦPLQ
+]
3
N:
&RQWUROOHU
4
N9$U
3DUDPHWHUV
ȕ
ȗ
(
9
(PLQ
9
/RDG
5//RDGN:N9$U
/RDG
/RDG
5//RDGN:N9$U
5//RDGN:N9$U
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
2
Размер файла
1 480 Кб
Теги
8079338, 2016, iicpe
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа