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Nuclear Technology
ISSN: 0029-5450 (Print) 1943-7471 (Online) Journal homepage: http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/unct20
Applied Radiation Chemistry: Radiation Processing
Joseph Silverman
To cite this article: Joseph Silverman (1995) Applied Radiation Chemistry: Radiation Processing,
Nuclear Technology, 109:2, 306-306, DOI: 10.13182/NT95-A35062
To link to this article: http://dx.doi.org/10.13182/NT95-A35062
Published online: 13 May 2017.
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Download by: [University of Florida]
Date: 26 October 2017, At: 00:38
BOOK REVIEW
Downloaded by [University of Florida] at 00:38 26 October 2017
Selection of books for review is based on the editor's opinions regarding possible reader
interest and on the availability of the book to the editor. Occasional selections may include
books on topics somewhat peripheral to the subject matter ordinarily considered acceptable.
Applied Radiation Chemistry: Radiation Processing
Authors
R. J. Woods and A. K. Pikaev
Publisher
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York (1993)
Price
$74.95
Reviewer
Joseph Silverman
According to the dust jacket, this is the "ultimate handbook" for scientists and engineers interested in radiation
processing. An additional claim is that it is an ideal textbook
for graduate-level courses in radiation applications. In fact,
it is not a handbook and not really a textbook. Although
there are many tables and figures, a handbook would have
far more. A textbook would be expected to present some
quantitative examples and exercises; they are conspicuously
absent. However, it is a very well written, very useful, concise description of applied radiation chemistry and radiation
processing.
It is quite a challenge to provide a comprehensive summary of this vast field. Ionizing radiation is but a form of
energy that has been applied to a wide range of processes:
crosslinking of plastic insulation and packaging, sterilization
of biomedical supplies, preservation of foods, destruction
of pathogens in sewage and contaminants in waste streams,
doping of semiconductors, and many more. Also, reactor
coolant chemistry and radiation damage in terrestrial and
space applications are aspects of this field. The radiation
source technology includes nuclear reactors, accelerators,
and large radioactive sources. It is difficult for any volume
of some 500 pages to cover all of this, plus radiation physics and chemistry, but the authors have managed to touch
on almost all of these topics.
In doing so, they have emphasized the radiation chemistry, and with good reason. R. J. Woods is the coauthor of
the best-selling Introduction to Radiation Chemistry. A. K.
Pikaev is a major figure in radiation chemistry with hundreds
of research publications and several books to his credit.
Thus, while the reader should be prepared for some chemistry, the scientists and engineers for whom the work is intended will find the chemistry (as is often said of modern
music but with much less justification) "accessible." Also,
the authors are true to their promise of covering radiation
processing and have included several process diagrams and
considerable technological detail. Furthermore, the references are comprehensive and up-to-date.
The simultaneous attempt at brevity and broad coverage provides a reviewer with many opportunities for specific
criticisms. A significant shortcoming is the cursory treatment
of spatial dose distributions in complex absorbers, especially
now that there are such excellent computer programs for
such calculations. However, the book has already served as
a useful reference for this reader in providing data on the
electron irradiation of waste streams. It has also proved to
be an effective means of introducing a University of Maryland graduate student in nuclear engineering to the radiation chemistry of the primary coolant in a pressurized water
reactor. It would appear that the publisher's claims have
substantial merit.
Joseph Silverman (PhD, physical chemistry,
University
of Maryland) is Professor Emeritus in the Department of
Materials and Nuclear Engineering at the University of Maryland. After receiving his PhD, he spent 8 years in industry
and almost all of his subsequent career at the University of
Maryland. His principal research activity has been devoted
to applied radiation chemistry and physics, and radiation
processing; this has been the basis of more than 100 publications. He has served as a consultant to the United Nations,
the International Atomic Energy Agency, the Atomic Energy Commissions of the United States and several foreign
nations, and industrial companies throughout the world.
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