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The basic forms of elements (phrases) of chaffinch song types +

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Bird song
The basic forms of elements (syllables) of
phrases in chaffinch song types
(Fringilla coelebs L.)
Astakhova O.A.
(dissertation) 2007.
Principles of the analysis of structure chaffinch
song (Fringilla coelebs L.) (with a support on references)
пЃ¬
on perception on hearing the song was subdivided into three parts: the row of
sounds whistle (as if started singing), sounds of trill (are as though pored each
other) and a final stroke or terminal flourish (the example of the analysis is shown
on more widespread type of song C):
fuit-fuit-fuit-fuit
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
til-til-til-tel-tel
chi-kuik
Within the limits of these parts of songs on sonogramms it is possible to allocate
phrases (the elements similar under the form), in this case a trill includes two
phrases;
Elements (syllables) can be simple (the row of sounds whistle and 1-st phrase of
trill) and complex (difficult), consisting of two and more subelements (2-nd phrase
of trill);
Syllables are divided by intervals, but frequently shorter, than phrases;
The stroke (flourish) in many types of songs will consist of elements (syllables),
different under the form (it is possible, therefore it such sharp, remarkable, "bright"
on hearing).
Variability of separate phrases and their syllables (elements) of different
chaffinch song types (Fringilla coelebs L.) in populations of the European
part of Russia
1. Archsimilar forms of elements (syllables):
Р°) the concave form
Started singing of
song type РЎ
Started singing of
song type РЎ*
Trill of song type Рћ
sec
Started singing of song type Рў
Trill of song type РЎ
Trill of song type J*
* - dialect (modified) phrase of song types from different geographical populations of chaffinch (Fringilla
coelebs L.)
b) the convex form
Final stroke of song type РЎ
Final stroke of song type F
Final stroke of song type J
Final stroke of song type Р’
Final stroke of song type Рђ
Final stroke of song type Рў
sРµc
Final stroke of song type Рќ
Final stroke of song type Рћ
2. Angularsimilar forms of elements (syllables):
Р°) it is directed upwards
Started singing of
song type Рћ
Trill of song type Рќ
Trill of type РЎ*
sРµc
Started singing of
song type Р•
Trill of song type J*
* - dialect (modified) phrase of song types from different geographical populations of
chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs L.)
b) it is directed downwards
Final stroke of song type РЎ*
Trill of song type M*
Trill of song type F
Trill of song type G*
Started singing of
song typeРђ
Trill of song type S
sРµc
Started singing of
song type I
Trill of song type Рњ
* - dialect (modified) phrase of song types from different geographical populations of
chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs L.)
3) Zigzag similar form of elements (syllables) :
Р°) it is horizontal located
Final stroke of song type V
Trill of song type Р’
Trill of song type Р•
Final stroke of song type I
Trill of song type N
sРµc
Trill of song type N*
Final stroke of song type N
b) vertically located
Trill of song type Рђ
Trill of song type I
Trill of type Рњ
Started singing of song type F
sРµc
Trill of song type G
4) Pointsimilar form of elements (syllables):
Final stroke of
song type Рђ
Final stroke of
song type I
Trill of song type Q
Trill of song type F
sРµc
Final stroke of song type TS
Final stroke of song type РЎ*
Started singing of
song type Рђ
Started singing of song type F
Final stroke of song type Рў
Started singing of song type I
5) Sticksimilar form of elements (syllables):
Р°) it is vertically located :
sРµc
Trill of song type Рќ
Final stroke of song type Р’
b) it is horizontal located :
Final stroke of song type D
Final stroke of song type Рћ*
sРµc
Started singing of song type Рњ
c) it is inclined to the right
sРµc
Trill of type song Рќ
d) It is inclined to the left
Trill of type song Р’
Final stroke of song type F
Trill of song type РЎ*
Final stroke of song type Р•
Final stroke of song type Р’
sРµc
Final stroke of song type G
The end !
Автор
Olesya Astakhova
Документ
Категория
Образовательные
Просмотров
20
Размер файла
44 490 Кб
Теги
types, forms, elements, basic, song, chaffinch, phrases
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