FINAL Saturday 31 March 2018 telegraph.co.uk No 50,655 £ 2.20 e k Wa our y p u rden ga Cook it! s Expert tipng for the lo weekend Saturday Delicious D recipes to r try t with kidss Saturday S Book it! B 1101 best new w fi films, shows,, cconcerts & plays Review R B R I TA I N ’ S B E S T - S E L L I N G Q U A L I T Y D A I LY ‘Give teens a Saturday job to foster a work ethic’ BRITISH teenagers should be encouraged to take up Saturday and afterschool jobs to prepare them for the world of employment, the Work and Pensions Secretary says today. In her first interview since being promoted earlier this year, Esther McVey says that teenage employment is important if Britain is to provide more resilient home-grown workers after Brexit. Ms McVey made the comments to The Daily Telegraph after official research by immigration advisers claimed earlier this week that Britons were perceived to be less hard-working than European immigrants and had far higher levels of absenteeism. Some employers are concerned that young British workers are not ambitious or resilient enough to take over jobs after Brexit that are currently filled by European immigrants. In today’s interview, Ms McVey says she does not regard British workers as “lazy” but stresses that more could be done to help prepare youngsters for the world of work. “Let’s not put ourselves down, we’ve got a very hard-working nation, we’ve now got record numbers of people in employment and nine out of 10 are UK nationals doing those jobs, that has increased significantly,” she says. “But Obituaries Business Weather ISSN-0307-1235 9 *ujöeöu#yxc,nc* ÊÁËÓ 39 41 44 what we’ve got to ... do for business leaders is to say we’ve got to support you, we’ve got to make sure we’ve got the right people you want to employ. “What you’ve seen from the Eighties, particularly in this country, is far fewer people doing Saturday jobs and doing jobs after school. It’s about people understanding what a boss wants and what you want out of a job and I think we’ve come a long way in supporting people in that. That’s why you’ve seen more people getting employed and more British people getting employment.” But she adds there has been a “significant decrease” of as much as 60 per cent in the number of young people working on Saturdays, explaining that some of the fall could be down to an increased focus on academia. The drop means young people do not have the “soft skills” required for work, she says, explaining that young people are turning up for jobs late or constantly checking their phones, leading employers to look elsewhere. The former TV presenter, who lost her seat in the 2015 general election before returning to Parliament last year, also indicates that the Government still has concerns over the inter-generational fairness of the welfare system. She calls for a debate about whether the retirement age should continue to increase and whether pensioner benefits like free bus passes and TV licences should be reviewed to ensure taxpayers’ money is spent effectively. The last Conservative manifesto drew criticism for its plans to meanstest the winter fuel allowance and target elderly people with a so-called “dementia tax” to fund social care. Ms McVey indicates today that the means-testing of universal pensioner benefits is still on the agenda but that any changes would only be made after careful consideration. Interview: Page 11 Editorial Comment: Page 29 HUSSEIN MALLA/AP By Kate McCann Senior Political correSPondent British soldier killed as captured jihadi ‘Beatles’ speak out Alexanda Kotey, right, and El Shafee Elsheikh, members of a brutal Isil group dubbed “The Beatles”, pictured at a security centre in Kobani, Syria, yesterday By Josie Ensor Middle eaSt correSPondent A MEMBER of the British special forces has been killed by a roadside bomb in Syria – the first death of a serving UK soldier in the fight against Isil. The unnamed man was killed on Thursday alongside an American special forces trooper when their convoy hit an improvised explosive device in the northern Syrian city of Manbij, also wounding four members of the local council. He had been embedded with US special forces overseeing a clean-up oper- ation in Manbij, which was controlled by Isil until it was taken by allied Kurdish and Arab forces in summer 2016. It came as two British Isil fighters being held in Syria gave their first interview since their arrest in January. Alexanda Kotey and El Shafee Elsheikh, members of a group of jihad- RAF chief: We need more money and crews to deal with Russia By Ben Farmer defence correSPondent THE Royal Air Force needs more money and airmen if it is to deal with the challenge from Russia, the head of the service writes today, as it prepares to mark its 100th birthday. Air Chief Marshal Sir Stephen Hillier says the RAF is at its busiest for generations and must modernise if it is not to lose its edge over other states. Writing in The Daily Telegraph, he says the RAF is “hard-pressed” from constant operations, and its air superiority which has been taken for granted is under threat. Sir Stephen adds that the RAF remains “at the forefront of the defence of our nation, not least in the face of an assertive and aggressive Russian threat to us, our allies and the international rules-based system”. His comments come as the RAF tomorrow commemorates 100 years since it was formed. Sir Stephen Hillier: Page 4 ists thought to have tortured and killed hostages and dubbed “The Beatles”, said it would be impossible to receive a fair trial in the UK because of the media’s coverage of their case. Manbij, close to the Turkish border, earned the nickname “Little London” Continued on Page 4 Chinese space lab to give ‘splendid show’ By Our Foreign Staff “My fortune cookie just says ‘LOOK OUT!’ ” A DEFUNCT space laboratory set to fall back to Earth in the coming days is unlikely to cause any damage, Chinese authorities said yesterday. The country’s space agency said it would offer instead a “splendid” show akin to a meteor shower. It said the eight-tonne Tiangong-1 would re-enter the atmosphere between today and Monday, though the European Space Agency predicted a narrower window of tonight to late Sunday evening. 2 ** Saturday 31 March 2018 The Daily Telegraph News *** SAturDAy 31 MArCh 2018 . tElEGrAph.Co.uk a boxes boxes page a 24 SPA STRUCK ‘Gardens deliver as much joy as a good cocktail’ page 3 | BEACH BUZZ St Ives ticks all the family holiday CHOCOLATE CHECKLIST On the trail of the cocoa bean in Mexico page 28 | KEVIN BACON ‘I once found a baboon in my room’ page 31 HERITAGE Explore the best hidden historic homes this Easter SAturDAy AturDAy 31 MArCh Embark on rural life in a chocolate box cottage page 10 page 4 rld dy Make the world your own LIFEST Get sp We tes extrem *** I N S I D E TO DAY OPEN ROAD O GARDENING SPECIAL Goodd, clean fun: f rgotteen art the forg of washi wash hin hingg the car Wake u up you arden your ga page 6 p Property p y AGONY Y UNCLE page Grahaam Norton is heree to solve your pprob lems page 30 Saturday 31 March 2018 . telegraph.co.uk Kicker Text to go in here Text to go in here Text here Fame & Fortune Page X Page X across lists during an investigation. Saturday atu tThe urTelegraph da ay Magazine The great Th grea at British Bri ritis tish hw wee weekend kend ke nd starts he here SAturday 31 March 2018 March 2017: ‘corruption at the bank’ This time last year Mr Mundy was tricked into transferring £280,000 to a criminal posing as a Barclays employee. The criminals appeared to have an in-depth knowledge of the banking system, y , according ding to Mr Mundy. Mundy They y claimed they’d spotted a number of suspicious payments on his account. Mr Mundy confirmed the transactions, such as £900 spent at Argos, were not made by him. A week later Mr Mundy, who y w ho previously ran his own fitted furniture furnitur f e business, received a genuine letter Barclays that identified 31 Marchfrom 2018 “unusual activity” on his online account, which was to be frozen as a “precautionary measure”. This legitimate communication from Barclays only made the fraudsters’ story more convincing, he said. On March 13 Mr Mundy received a call from the criminals explaining a corrupt staff member had been identified in a Kent branch of Barclays. He was advised to keep his money safe by making 14 bank transfers of £20,000 each from four Barclays branches, to accounts held at Yorkshire Bank, NatWest, RBS, TSB claiming to be from fr Barclays fraud and HSBC. later, a fraudster department. A year y f Mr Mundy said some Barclays staff posing as a BT engineer e was able to asked him where the money was going con Mr Mundy out o of another but he said he was not warned about £18,500 from ffrom his hiis bank account. scams. Mr Mundy’s family are concerned f He told them he was paying it into his details were shared between family accounts for inheritance criminals who see s him as an reasons, as the fraudster advised. f easy target. Barclays eventually identified the y likely, according to This is highly payments as suspicious and called Mr Sarah Burns, “Scambassador” “Scambassador” for f the Mundy into a branch three days later. National Trading Tradin ng Standards scam The scam was then uncovered. team, who said that sucker lists are t Amy Biddle, Mr Mundy’s daughter, easily obtained online. o said the family famil f y were “completely She said: “The e details of people who shocked” and looked to Barclays have fallen for sscams before are for guidance. able. Criminals are extremely valua valuable. She said they could not contact the working collaboratively, collabo oratively, y trafficking trafficking fraud department and the bank also these details on the dark web and failed to explain the next steps in its trading lists between bettween themselves.” procedure. Yet no bank contacted by Telegraph c Telegra g aph Instead, she said, the manager Money said it proactively prroactively hunted down handed Mr Mundy a “book on scams” protect these lists to pro otect customers. on his way out. Action Fraud said police would only Continued on page a 2 contact potential potentia al victims if they come Financial scammers are buying g and selling se who have havve already d details online of those a Murray r re eports been tricked. Amelia reports SECULAR PROPHET S cam victims are being targeted multiple times by fraudsters who trade, buy and sell so-called “sucker lists” that include their personal and financial information. These lists of people who have previously been conned are circulated between organised crime groups and can be bought on the dark web. There is no exact figure for how many people appear on sucker lists, but Action Fraud, the UK’s fraud and cyber crime reporting centre, estimates that the number of vulnerable consumers whose details are in the hands of fraudsters is “in the thousands”. John Mundy and his family believe his details were placed on such a list after he was tricked into transferring £280,000 into “safe accounts” last March by criminals A RT S , B O O K S , T E L E V I S ION & R A D I O Next sstop, top op Amst terda Amsterdam A new Eurostar r service serv rviicee could co ould l see s this exquisite city off canals canalls giving giving Paris Parriss a run run un for for its money. We reveal what to do, o where wherre to to stay sta ay – and and how to go Dutch Father-in-law of Pippa Middleton accused of raping a minor in France Special Offer Subscribe today and get a free £100 gift card See page 33 Planning P laann a bit of DIY this bank holiday weekend? B oost the value of your house with minimal work Boost Home improve improvements can significant amount to add a significa your home – but the value of yo knowing what return you are likely to get ffro from a project before you invest inve is essential. According to the th Federation of Master Builders and the HomeOwners Alliance, removing an internal wall to create an open-plan kitchen/ diner can boost the value of an average home in London by £48,417. It would cost less than £3,500 and could be done within seven days. Building an outside playroom, pictured, at a cost of £6,653 can add £35,611 to an average home in just 14 days, while spending £4,127 to update the kitchen (an eight-day project) could boost a home’s value by £26,838. Building an en suite bathroom would take 11 days and result in a profit of £9,812. Sophie Christie Subscriber Deal Save up to £13 on tickets to Crazy for Gershwin See page 42 I It’s the Easter holidays a – so get the kids in the kitchen Give your children a taste for cookeryy and they’ll the t ey’’ll soon be hungry g y for for more. r Chef Claire Clair l re Thomson Thomson shows you how am a chef and the kitchen is the axis of our home. I am happiest in an apron, with the radio on, something to cook and people to feed. Bring my children into the mix and this is where the fun really starts. At 11, eight and five years old, grace, Ivy and dorothy all have their own aprons, slung on the kitchen door next to an assortment of mine. each has very different capabilities in the kitchen. grace, the eldest, likes to be left to her own devices. We have a thin, narrow, w tterrace errace house: from two floors up I can hear her industrious clatter as she busies herself with pots and pans downstairs in the kitchen. There is always mess, but what she makes, and the way she will call us into the kitchen when she has finished, makes my heart swell. Ivy is keen on any kitchen tasks involving gadgets. The pasta machine is her favourite favo fa vourite urite bit of kit. kit. We We have have a continues on Pages Pag P es 2-3&5 OR PROFESSOR Comedy star Bill Maynard, the Heartbeat actor, has died after falling from his mobility scooter. Maynard, 89, who played Claude Jeremiah Greengrass in the series between 1992 and 2000, died in hospital in Leicestershire shortly after breaking his hip in the fall. The actor, whose real name was Walter Williams, also played the title role in Oh No, It’s Selwyn Froggitt! and starred in Carry On films. He recently filmed an episode of the game show Pointless and in 2013 Maynard celebrated 60 years since his first TV appearance. hosted the Middleton family – was present at the wedding of James Matthews and Pippa Middleton in May 2017. A Paris judicial official told The Telegraph: “I confirm that David M was placed in police custody on 27 March at the Brigade for the Protection of Minors. Following his arrest, the Paris public prosecutor’s office opened a judicial investigation, overlooked by an examining magistrate. “He was placed under judicial supervision by the investigating judge. The investigation alleges that the crimes were committed in 1998 and 1999. The YORKSHIRE TV David Matthews is facing allegations in France over the ‘rape of a minor’ investigations will now continue as a judicial investigation and will be led by an investigating judge.” A spokesman for Mr Matthews said: “David Matthews categorically denies the allegation and unequivocally contests the untrue and scandalous accusation.” Mr Matthews, the son of a Yorkshire coal miner, is a self-made millionaire who rose from his first job as a garage mechanic to become a racing driver. In 1971 he won a division of the British Touring Car Championships. Page a X Repeatt risks ris d from fr of fraud dark web sts’ s ‘suckerr lis lists’ *** Kicker Text to go in here Text to go in here Text here PEOPLE WATCHING Shane Watson:why I’m anxious ab out the Big Wedding page 7 Review After Afte f r years off price prriCee falls, falls, l there are r signs signs g that the most expensive expe x nsive homes in the capital Capital are now selling. selli l ng. g Anna White investigates investiggates g THE father-in-law of Pippa Middleton is being investigated by French police over allegations he raped a female minor. David Matthews, the father of James Matthews, who married the Duchess of Cambridge’s sister, was questioned by police on Tuesday over an alleged attack and placed under formal investigation by a magistrate. The alleged rape is said to have happened in 1998-99, and was reported to police in 2017. Mr Matthews denies the “untrue and scandalous accusation”. Under French law, being put under formal investigation means there is “serious or consistent evidence” that points to probable involvement in a crime. It is a step toward a trial but investigations can be dropped without proceeding to court. After questioning, Mr Matthews was freed but remains under judicial control, meaning prosecutors have attached conditions to his release or imposed certain limits on who he can meet or where he can go. A judicial source told The Daily Telegraph his “freedom of movement” has not been restricted, meaning he does not have to remain in France. Kensington Palace, which represents the Duchess of Cambridge, did not comment. The 74-year-old, a millionaire former racing driver who owns the Eden Roc hotel on St Barths in the Caribbean – a favourite celebrity haunt which has M Moneyy Kicker K ickeer T ext to go in Text here h ere Text T to g o in here go XXXXXXXXXX XXXXXX XXX ASK JESSICA B E ST B U YS page 26 Essenti l utdoor door job s for Easter weeken end *** Is Luxury r LONDON LoNDoN BACK BaCK IN BusINEss? BusINEsss? By Henry Samuel in Paris and Hannah Furness Saturday 31 March 2018 . telegraph.co.uk PHIL WILKINSON *** HOTSPOTS I N S I D E TO DAY ANDREW CROWLEY FOR THE TELEGRAPH In today’s Saturday Telegraph Your unmissable weekend package NEWS BULLETIN Corden’s father takes aim at BBC film reviewer James Corden’s father has complained to the BBC after a film reviewer said he was “appallingly irritating”. The actor voices the protagonist in the new Peter Rabbit film, in the character’s first big-screen depiction. Mark Kermode’s Radio 5 Live co-presenter Simon Mayo read out a letter said to have been penned by Corden’s father, Malcolm Corden. Quoting the letter, Mayo said: “To hear you describe our son as appallingly irritating... was very difficult to listen to.” Juror’s online posts are being investigated Comments posted on social media by a juror in the rape trial of two Irish rugby players are being investigated by John Larkin, Northern Ireland’s Attorney General. He will investigate whether a juror’s online comments represent a breach of contempt of court. Under law, jurors are not permitted to disclose details of their deliberations in any trial, or engage in conduct that suggests that they will try the issue on the basis of anything other than evidence presented in the trial. is a member of the Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO) and we subscribe to its Editors’ Code of Practice. If you have a complaint about editorial content, please visit www.telegraph.co.uk/ editorialcomplaints or write to ‘Editorial Complaints’ at our postal address (see below). If you are not satisfied with our response, you may appeal to IPSO at www.ipso.co.uk. The Daily Telegraph, 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London, SW1W 0DT *** The Daily Telegraph Saturday 31 March 2018 3 News This will raise a few eyebrows – I visited a tattoo parlour again ended to denote “love reservation intended thy neighbour”. Saying she has “never e told The Telegraph in regretted it”, she ways been very happy 2003: “I’ve always o. But back then, only about my tattoo. ors and Hell’s Angels prisoners, sailors got tattooed. e madly out of control. “Now it’s gone n senators have them.” Even Republican Years later, ass tattoos became even more common, she joked: “I decided ecause it was the most to get a tattoo because shocking thing I could think of doing. m utterly disgusted and “And now I’m Dame Helen did not think she would go back but the idea of saving time in the morning was irresistible By Hannah Furness ARTS CORRESPONDENT Montagu Montague mocks cco-host as she signs sig off from Today To By Hannah Furness ARTS CORRESPONDENT CORRESPONDEN THEY have spent 18 years rubbing along in the Today studio in the early hours of the morni morning, so it was only fitting that Sarah Montague’s final moments on the R Radio 4 show were dedicated to merci mercilessly teasing her co-host. Montague, who le leaves Today to host The World at One, p poked fun at John Humphrys during her h last moments on air, telling him she was looking forward to broadcasting broadcasti single-handed and suggesting he ought ou to retire. She made her fin final appearance as Today host yesterda yesterday, celebrating with a compilation of her best moments and a visit from the entire entir programme team and her own teenage children. Humphrys, 74, who wh joined the show in 1987, told listeners: listeners “In our own little world of Today, it’s the end of an era. She [Montague] is pulling a terrible face at the idea of this th being the end of an era.” mo As his co-host modestly protested at S Sarah Montague, w who left Radio 4’s T Today programme y yesterday after 18 y years BACKGRID NOT long ago, she joked that she was “utterly disgusted” with her own oncecontroversial tattoo after body art became so “completely mainstream”. But Dame Helen Mirren has ventured back into the parlour for a good cause: saving time in the morning. The Oscar-winning actress, often lauded for her natural beauty at 72, has disclosed she has had eyebrows tattooed on in a move she has said makes a “huge difference” to her appearance. The increasingly popular tattoos see individual hair strokes lightly drawn in semi-permanent ink to give realisticlooking eyebrows to frame the face without reapplying a pencil, powder or gel each day. “I’ll tell you what I had done recently, which I love – I got my eyebrows tattooed,” Dame Helen reported in a newspaper. “I was fed up of my brows barely being there and when one of my girlfriends got it done, I thought that they looked great. They’re very lightly and delicately done – but it means that when I get up in the morning and I have no make-up on, at least I have eyebrows. It’s made a huge difference.” Dame Helen, face of beauty brand L’Oreal, has become a prominent advocate for older women, famously insisting her photographs are not excessively enhanced. In 2016, she said she had begun to pay more attention to her eyebrows after playing the Queen on stage in The Audience. “I don’t think the Queen has ever touched them,” she said then. “She’s got quite present eyebrows. So when I was making myself up as the Queen I thought, ‘Oh, that’s actually quite an interesting look’.” Dame Helen already had one small tattoo on her hand, a symbol acquired while “very drunk” with friends during an acting job on an American Indian ‘I was fed up of my brows barely being there and when one of my girlfriends got it done I thought that they looked great’ Dame Helen Mirren insists that her photographs are not excessively touched up but she is happy to have had a little help with her morning beauty regime thanks to eyebrows that are permanently tattooed on use it’s become comshocked because ream, which is unacpletely mainstream, ceptable to me.”” oll by the British AssoIn 2015, a poll y Therapy and Cosmeciation of Beauty omen spend an average tology found women £200 per year on eyebrow grooming. chniques such as miTattooing techniques croblading costt hundreds of pounds uire several sessions to and usually require complete. The cosmetic procedure ts including bruising has side effects and swelling. ach to make-up as she Of her approach e Helen has previously has aged, Dame e get stuck with a look, said: “I think we hen we get older. We particularly when u can experiment. It’s forget that you he world – you can alnot the end of the ff again. ways wipe it off “The irony is that the older you get, e. I think, ‘God, when I the less you care. d probably had much was young, and ouldn’t dream of going better skin, I wouldn’t scara.’” out without mascara.’” the fuss, he told he her: “Wait a minute, don’t interrupt.” “Bit rich coming from you,” she retorted. “I’m not dying, dyin I’m not retiring, I’m only moving a few fe hours and a few metres.” sh was leaving beAsked whether she cause of “something “somethin we said”, Montague joked: “Over 18 years? Every single day.” s confessed, was The true reason, she to experience life with w a little more sleep, working “conventional “conv hours”. re She added: “It’s really weird, people are really nice to you y when you say you’re leaving! You should s try it, John.” Saying she would miss her co-hosts the most, Montague admitted she was “quite looking forward forw to” presenting single-handedly. remain the longest-servHumphrys remains ing Today host, takin taking a salary cut after the BBC talent pay disclosures d showed he was paid between betwe £600,000 and £649,999 in 2016-17. 2016-17 Montague did not feature in the report, report meaning she was paid less than £150,000 £150,0 per year. 4 *** Saturday 31 March 2018 The Daily Telegraph News The smiling, chatty pair accused of brutality Britons said to have been part of the ‘Beatles’ jihadist group deny being involved in killings and kidnapping By Ben Riley-Smith Above: Mohammed Emwazi, Aine Lesley Davis, El Shafee Elsheikh, and Alexanda Amon Kotey. Kotey, below left, and Elsheikh are now detained in Syria victed in Turkey. But the fate of Elsheikh and Kotey is up in the air as Britain and America debate where the jihadists should be sent to stand trial. Both men denied they were part of the group in the interview – though admitted their allegiance to Isil – and distanced themselves from the killing of Mr Foley and other victims. Kotey said that many in Isil “would have disagreed” with the murders “on the grounds that there is probably more benefit in them being political prisoners”. He added: “As for my position, I didn’t see any benefit. It was some- thing that was regrettable.” Kotey also blamed Western governments for failing to negotiate, noting that some hostages were released for ransoms. Elsheikh denounced the chances of justice being served given the media’s portrayal of the group. “No fair trial, when I am the ‘Beatle’ in the media. No fair trial,” he said. He also commented on the stripping of the pair’s British citizenship – something widely reported but not officially confirmed by the British authorities because of privacy rules. Elsheikh said the move exposed them to “rendition and torture” by “being taken to any foreign land and treated in anyway and having nobody to vouch for you”. He added: “When you have these two guys who don’t even have any citizenship... if we just disappear one day, where is my mom going to go and say: ‘Where is my son?’” The pair dubbed the allegations against them “propaganda” and said being stripped of their citizenship was “illegal”. Yet the denials clash with claims from the US authorities who detailed their alleged crimes when announcing terrorism sanctions in the past. Elsheikh had “earned a reputation ‘No fair trial, when I am the “Beatle” in the media. No fair trial’ for waterboarding, mock executions and crucifixions while serving as an (Isil) jailer” since fleeing Britain, according to the US state department. It was a radical contrast to his early life as the son of a Sudanese family who earned a living as a mechanic in White City, east London. He moved to Syria in 2012. Kotey was a guard for the execution cell and “likely engaged in the group’s executions and exceptionally cruel torture methods, including electronic shock and waterboarding,” according to the state department. Part Ghanaian and Greek-Cypriot, he had been living in Paddington, London, before converting to Islam in his 20s and joining Isil. The future for both men now looks uncertain. America wants home countries to take back their jihadists so they can be prosecuted in their own courts. Gavin Williamson, the Defence Secretary, does not want the men back in the UK – yet British officials also oppose them facing the death penalty in the United States. The likelihood of the pair leaving their capture in northern Syria any time soon – despite their vehement denials and engagement with the media – looks pretty slim. AP SMILING and sipping drinks on a brown leather sofa, El Shafee Elsheikh and Alexanda Amon Kotey display few signs of their sinister past. One dressed in a tracksuit top, the other in a blue pullover, the men are seen engaging in conversation and chuckling in newly released photographs. It is only in pictures of them handcuffed and with faces covered by rudimentary masks while being transported that there is a hint of the pair’s threat. In fact these young Britons are two of the country’s most notorious suspected killers, accused of overseeing a brutal regime of executions and torture in the name of Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (Isil). They are accused of forming half of the infamous “Beatles” jihadist group of UK citizens who fled to the Middle East, taking up arms in the hope of forming a new caliphate. The beheadings of David Haines, the British aid worker, and James Foley, the American journalist, are among the crimes that the group is said to have committed. Yet speaking from a compound in northern Syria in their first interview since capture, the two men issued a string of rebuttals. They denied any involvement in the group’s kidnapping or killings, with one going as far as saying Mr Foley’s death was “regrettable”. They hit out at their “Beatles” media portrayal, claiming the nickname would undermine the chance of a fair trial. The jihadists even denounced as “illegal” reported attempts by the British Government to strip them of their UK citizenship. The interview, conducted by the Associated Press, provides a telling insight into the minds of two men allegedly at the heart of the Beatles jihadist cell. Mohammed Emwazi, the group’s leader, dubbed “Jihadi John”, who often brandished a knife in gruesome beheading videos, was killed in a drone strike in 2015. Aine Lesley Davis, another member of the cell, is serving seven years in prison after being arrested and con- Soldier killed while The RAF has come so far in 100 years but its next generation air force must reach for the stars on US forces mission Commentary By Sir Stephen Hillier The Royal Air Force became the world’s first independent air service 100 years ago tomorrow. Its creation was more than just recognition of the revolutionary effect of air power after nearly four years of bitter fighting in the First World War. It signalled that air power’s strength and capability was outgrowing its original purpose as an ancillary to land and naval forces. History has validated conclusively the vision and judgements of those in 1918 who foresaw its strategic potential and drove the creation of the RAF. Today, the RAF remains at the forefront of the defence of our nation. Our air defences are on constant alert in the UK, on Nato duties and in the Falkland Islands, responding to threats from states or international terrorism. Dominance in the air has been a baseline assumption over the past three decades. But our control of the air is now being challenged, as we have seen with the Russians in Syria and through other state-based threats. As others seek rapidly to match or even surpass our technological edge, we must modernise our capabilities in air, space and cyberspace. The RAF needs to grow the next generation air force: to fill gaps, such as with P-8 Poseidon patrol aircraft and in information capabilities; to give greater resilience and sustainability to a hard-pressed front line, such as additional Typhoon squadrons; and to operate within increasingly contested air and space environments, with aircraft like the F-35 Lightning. We need the resources – money and people – to make this happen, while driving modernisation and efficiency. The RAF will respond to the challenge. We will continue working very closely with the Royal Navy and the Army, the Services from which we were formed a century ago. RAF100 gives a unique opportunity to commemorate our past and celebrate our successes today. But it offers much more than that. We can use RAF100 to inspire young people and to connect with all parts of British society. We aim to reach out to up to 2 million young people, inspiring them through this example and a series of programmes, apprenticeships and scholarships, especially in STEM subjects. Inspiring them towards technology and innovation not just in the RAF but across the UK. The superb men and women who serve today are the proud inheritors of the legacy of our first 100 years. We look forward with pride and confidence to inspiring the generations who will take us through our next 100 years. The sky has never been the limit for our people: as our motto, Per Ardua Ad Astra, confirms, they are reaching for the stars. Sir Stephen Hillier is Air Chief Marshal, Chief of the Air Staff Continued from Page 1 because of the large numbers of British Isil fighters stationed in the city during the days of the so-called caliphate. Since 2014 the US-led coalition against Isil has provided weapons, training and other support to Kurdish and Arab forces fighting jihadists in Syria and Iraq. Isil has largely been cleared from northern Syria, but insurgents are known to operate around the city and have carried out a number of attacks in recent months. While British troops have been training Iraqi forces, there has been no official admission they have special forces on the ground in Syria. A Ministry Of Defence spokesman said last night: “It is with regret that we must confirm that a member of the UK Armed Forces was killed by an impro- vised explosive device in Syria yesterday. The individual was embedded with US forces on a counter-Daesh operation when the incident occurred. The family has been notified and our thoughts are with them at this difficult time.” Col. Ryan Dillon, a US-led coalition spokesman, said an investigation was under way to identify the possible attackers. “We have our initial assessment and thoughts on that but we won’t provide them until the investigation is complete,” he said. The incident happened late on Thursday – the day US President Donald Trump said he would pull out forces “very soon”, in an impromptu announcement that caught his advisers off guard. “We’re knocking the hell out of Isil,” he said. *** The Daily Telegraph Saturday 31 March 2018 5 News Why watching your team win could give you a heart attack DEDICATED sports fans have long known that passionately supporting their team through thick and thin can come at a cost. But few would have predicted that doing so might cause them to suffer a heart attack – particularly when their team wins. That, however, is the principal insight of research which has established a link between a club’s sporting victory and increased risk of heart attacks among its fans. The risk was found to be particularly strong among men under 55. Female fans appeared not to be affected. Scientists have long been aware of an association between major sports events and unhealthy behavioural changes, such as drinking alcohol and eating fatty foods. For the study, however, they set out to look for evidence that supporting a team may directly trigger a medical emergency. The Montreal Canadiens are the oldest continuous professional ice hockey team in the world and their fans are renowned for their passion. Researchers at the Montreal Heart Institute analysed admissions data for patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) – a serious type of heart attack – the day after the Canadiens played. They found that in men under 55, a home victory was associated with a 40 per cent increase in STEMI admissions. The association between losing games and hospital admissions was found to be not statistically significant and researchers were unable to explain why it was the successful matches that seemed more likely to prompt heart at- ‘Emotional triggers at the end and/or after the match might impose a greater risk for vulnerable populations’ ulations,” the research team wrote in the Canadian Journal of Cardiology. “This hypothesis is further supported by the notion that significant increases in STEMI hospital admissions occurred one day after a game in our study, while no difference in admission rates were observed on match days.” While the research is the first of its kind to establish an ongoing association between sports results and the health of its fans, scientists have noticed effects following major one-off matches in the past. When the Dutch football team was knocked out of the 1996 European championship following a penalty shoot-out against France, for example, there was a 50 per cent increase in deaths of Dutch men from heart attacks and strokes on the day of the match. Scientists at the University Medical Centre in Utrecht blamed stress, high alcohol intake, overeating and excessive smoking during the game. Dance of the cygnets Students of the English National Ballet School are touring My First Ballet: Swan Lake nationally until May 22, to give children aged three years and upwards their first taste of the magical world of ballet in an adapted version British woman found after barefoot walk in Brazil jungle A BRITISH woman who vanished for five days after walking barefoot into the Brazilian jungle only wanted “time alone” to meditate, her mother said, after she was found alive yesterday. Dr Diane Brewster said her daughter Katherine called her to say she was “amazed” to discover how much of a “fuss” had been made over her welfare. The 27-year-old had been missing since disappearing into the wilderness to meditate at a remote beauty spot. Police had been looking for Ms Brewster, from Brighton, East Sussex, ever since she left a host family on the outskirts of a hippie commune in Alpestre, in the southern state of Santa Catarina. “We are extremely relieved and thankful,” Dr Brewster told The Daily Telegraph. “She’s absolutely fine. She went out on a kind of meditation and has come back to find it all kicking off. “She’s been really quite surprised by it all. As far as she was concerned everything was fine and she’s come back to find this fuss. I’ve spoken to her on the phone and she’s fine. She is giving interviews to Brazilian media.” The people of the UniPermacultura alternative UNIPERMACULTURA/FACEBOOK By Henry Bodkin tacks. They noted, however, that other studies had shown that strong emotional responses may influence heart attack susceptibility, suggesting that watching a victory may be more emotionally significant than a defeat. The fact that women appeared not to be medically affected by the result of the game was particularly striking as previous research had shown that they were more susceptible than men to mental stress-induced myocardial ischemia, which can also lead to a heart attack. “The fact that game outcomes are unknown to the spectator until the end implies that emotional triggers at the end and/or after the match might impose a greater risk for vulnerable pop- AMBER HUNT Researchers show that the health of passionate sports fans is more at risk after witnessing a victory Katherine Brewster returns to the commune community reported her disappearance on Tuesday when she left with only her passport and credit card. Last night they shared a photograph showing she was wearing the same clothes she had left in, with her legs covered in scratches after apparently getting lost in thick undergrowth. Neli da Terra, a local, wrote on Facebook that Ms Brewster was “a guest for a period of 32 days, in search of a contact with earth and nature, always with a quiet behaviour and relationship and without causing any damage to the community and our family”. 6 *** Saturday 31 March 2018 The Daily Telegraph Politics Anti-Semitism row ‘stirred up to attack Corbyn’, says ally As pressure mounts on Labour leader, Christine Shawcroft says complaints are politically motivated By Harry Yorke Political corresPondent and Hayley Dixon A CLOSE ally of Jeremy Corbyn who was forced to resign over a Holocaust row has claimed that Labour’s antiSemitism problem is a ruse “stirred up to attack” the Labour leader. Christine Shawcroft, who was forced to step down as the chairman of Labour’s disciplinary panel on Thursday, told supporters yesterday that the allegations against Mr Corbyn “absolutely beggars belief ”. In comments that also appeared to undermine Mr Corbyn’s pledge to clean up his party, Ms Shawcroft claimed that concerns about anti-Semitism were politically motivated and an attempt to undermine the party leader. The row came as an official complaint made against Mr Corbyn by members of the Jewish community was last night dismissed by the Labour Party. The complaint, submitted by the Campaign Against Anti-Semitism (CAA), alleged that the Labour leader’s failure to stamp out hatred during the past three years had brought his party into disrepute. The charity lodged an official complaint on Wednesday, but less than 24 hours after its receipt was acknowledged, sources close to Mr Corbyn said that it had been decided it did not cross the threshold for investigation. The CAA, which is organising a mass protest to demand that Labour take the issue seriously, is now considering all ‘If somebody does something as abhorrent as support a Holocaust denier, you have got to forget the past’ legal options. Meanwhile, Mr Corbyn came under growing pressure from his own MPs to suspend Ms Shawcroft after she was found to have attacked Labour Party staff for suspending Alan Bull, a Peterborough activist, for sharing an article describing the Holocaust as a “hoax”. It followed a letter sent to Mr Corbyn on Thursday evening, signed by 39 Labour MPs and peers, which demanded that he live up to his promise to purge the party of anti-Semites and apologists. But in a statement published yesterday morning, Ms Shawcroft insisted she did not support Holocaust denial. Referring to Mr Bull’s case, she again insisted she had not seen his message and had simply been “trying to support members affected by all the shenanigans around council selections”. She later deleted the statement after an angry backlash, insisting that she was “deeply sorry for what I did”. However, her earlier comments reignited calls from Labour MPs that she be ousted, with prominent backbencher Jess Phillips stating that she was “sick to death … of people blaming processes for not being able to take decisions.” Siobhain McDonagh, the MP for Mitcham and Morden, demanded that Mr Corbyn put his party before his friendship with Ms Shawcroft. “I know that leadership is tough and that they have probably been friends for 30 or 40 years,” she said. “But when you are the leader, if somebody does something as abhorrent as support somebody who is a Holocaust denier, you have got to forget the past.” It came as Mr Corbyn faced growing criticism for his handling of Labour’s anti-Semitism crisis, with Jewish leaders, MPs and anti-racism campaigners demanding that he prove his sincerity by taking immediate action. They were joined by Tony Blair, the former prime minister, who, in a veiled attack on Mr Corbyn, warned that blurring the lines between Israel and Jews risked taking Britain back to the antiSemitic tropes seen in Nazi Germany during the 1930s. Writing in The Daily Telegraph (below), Mr Blair says that politicians “cannot sit back and let extremism and intolerance become an accepted part of our public discourse”. In its annual Passover message, the Jewish Leadership Council said there was an “overt groundswell” of Leftwing activists who were unwilling to accept that their party has a problem with anti-Semitism. In his own message to the Jewish community, published yesterday, Mr Corbyn admitted that he had struggled to get a grip on the crisis which is fast enveloping his party, telling members that “we all need to do better”. He said that, while it was easy to “denounce anti-Semitism when you see it in other countries, in other political movements … it is sometimes harder to see it when it is closer to home. “In the fight against anti-Semitism, I am your ally and I always will be.” Is it time for us to stop tolerating intolerance? Commentary By Tony Blair and Moshe Kantor T he French Enlightenment thinker Voltaire once said: “I disapprove of what you say, but will defend to the death your right to say it”. This is the liberal ideal upon which much of Western civilisation was built. Modern Europe still believes there is no such thing as too much tolerance – that freedom of speech is a basic human right. But immigration, far-right extremism and anti-Semitism are testing our values. So how do we maintain liberal principles without being tolerant of the intolerable? One of the fallouts of the financial crisis was the undermining of a European identity established on the pillars of globalisation and open borders. Politics is often polarised, and occasionally paralysed, with politicians who strive for answers swept aside by those riding the wave of anger and frustration. We must protect our freedoms without leaving ourselves open to violence and hatred. If we are to achieve security and protect our civil liberties, we must re-examine our attitudes to tolerance, which can no longer be unconditionally applied to those who reject open-mindedness. As a society we must ask ourselves some tough questions. Should preachers be allowed to influence our youth without any checks and balances? Should criticism (or a boycott) of Israel be tolerated in instances that deploy the type of anti-Semitic tropes seen in the 1930s? Should women, homosexuals or other people not deemed sufficiently devout be vilified and have their rights restricted? And, crucially in today’s digital society, to what extent should technology and media companies, such as Facebook and Google, take responsibility for the dissemination of hatred and fake news? Unless we are able to change the discourse about what tolerance means and how we safeguard it, we risk losing the very freedoms we are trying to protect. European society today too readily turns a blind eye in the name of free speech. But if we are to protect our civil liberties, we cannot tolerate violence, terrorism and those supporting it. As well as defending liberal values, we must robustly confront illiberal ones. Such is the principle behind the Kantor Prize for Secure Tolerance, an initiative launched by The European Council On Tolerance and Reconciliation, which offers a €1 million grant for ideas to help solve one of the biggest challenges of our time: preserving and creating free, open and pluralist societies while maintaining security. We can’t sit back and let extremism and intolerance become an accepted part of public discourse. We must be active in preventing radicalisation, focusing our resources on addressing the greatest threats to society: hate speech, political radicalisation and not integrating diverse communities. To prompt a generational shift we must weed out cultural prejudice and intolerance from education systems or risk polluting young minds. A response from the international community is also necessary, as intolerance is not confined to our borders. We can only break the cycle of radicalisation and extremism if we re-evaluate our priorities, and think afresh. Moshe Kantor is president of the European Jewish Congress One for the road Theresa May poses for selfies with runners, as she performs marshalling duties during the Maidenhead Easter 10 race in Berkshire yesterday. In her hi-vis jacket, blue beanie hat and walking boots, the Prime Minister directed joggers at the event, organised by Maidenhead Athletic Club, in her constituency. The charity fun run is a regular annual fixture in Mrs May’s calendar and sees more than 1,000 joggers run the 10-mile course through country lanes, pavements and cycle lanes. Mrs May and her husband Philip wrapped up well to cheer on the runners and offer help, while some stopped for a selfie on the way past. She also handed out medals to the junior race competitors before the main race began. *** The Daily Telegraph Saturday 31 March 2018 7 May stumps up for portrait that marks special moment in time STEVE PARSONS / PA WIRE By Harry Yorke POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT IT WAS the historic moment when Theresa May signed the Article 50 letter and finally set Brexit in motion. And now, with just one year to go, the Prime Minister has sought to enshrine the memory in the form of a portrait. The Daily Telegraph can reveal that Mrs May recently paid £110 out of her own pocket for an oil painting to hang in her private quarters. She bought it in December, after it was given to her by the artist James Drake, the philanthropist, and Lord Moynihan, who arranged for it to be sent to her private office. The peer, who as Colin Moynihan was a former Olympic rower and sports minister who helped organise the 2012 London Games, is one of Mrs May’s oldest friends. They met at Oxford University in the Seventies, where the pair were both active in the Oxford Union and Conservative Association. Set within a black embroidered frame, the portrait shows the Prime Minister sitting at the Cabinet Table in Number 10, pressing a black fountain pen onto a letter addressed to Donald Tusk, the President of the European Council. She sits beneath a painting of Sir Robert Walpole, Britain’s first prime minister, who took up the office in 1721. According to a Downing Street official, Mrs May paid £110 for the portrait, which is now hanging in one of her private rooms. “She recognised it captured a defining moment in the nation’s history,” the aide added. Under the Ministerial Code, gifts must be declared and held by the relevant department, with ministers required to pay the remaining value of items worth more than £150 should they choose to purchase them directly. Speaking to The Daily Telegraph last night, Lord Moynihan said the painting was a “remarkable” work which demonstrated “strength, empathy and re- The portrait of Theresa May signing the Article 50 letter, painted by James Drake spect” for the prime minister. “James Drake is a close friend. [He] approached me to say he had painted the Prime Minister and asked me to ensure she received the painting as a gift. “I understand she very much likes the way in which he has captured this historic moment,” he continued. Discussing the inspiration behind the painting, Mr Drake, an academic and founder of the Future Science Group, said that he felt “impelled” to capture the “importance of the moment”. “That signature encapsulates a series of political events as iconic and profound as any in my lifetime,” he added. “In this case I couldn’t resist recording a historic moment in oils, based on the striking photograph. I have great respect for the way the Prime Minister has handled one the most challenging episodes in our recent history.” In the wake of her recent Mansion House speech and a breakthrough Brexit deal at last week’s European Council summit, Mrs May is now enjoying a reverse in fortunes, with recent polls showing the Conservatives now leading Labour by four points. 8 *** Saturday 31 March 2018 The Daily Telegraph News Water bottles to turn cloudy in drive to cut plastic waste By Luke Heighton WATER bottles will turn cloudier and “greyish” amid a drive to use more recycled plastic, a major supermarket has announced. The Co-op is to switch all of its ownbrand still, sparkling and flavoured water to 50pc recycled plastic bottles, in a bid to cut waste. The new bottles will have a cloudier and greyer appearance than those that do not contain recycled plastic, the supermarket said. Jo Whitfield, the chief executive of Co-op Food, said: “Our customers expect us to respond to this challenge and help them make more ethical choices, and we’re dedicated to doing just that. “Making these changes will also create new uses for recycled materials, which in turn gives our customers greater confidence in recycling.” The new bottles, which are 100 per cent recyclable and sourced in the UK, will be rolled out to all stores this year, and will save up to 350 tons of plastic annually, a Co-op spokesman said. The supermarket also plans to rid its aisles of black and dark-coloured plastic by 2020, on the grounds that it is harder for sorting machines to detect and it contaminates the recycling stream, reducing the usefulness and value of the recovered material. Iain Ferguson, the Co-operative Group’s environment manager, said: “Suppliers are working hard to make the bottle clearer – and they already have. In the meantime, our bottles will wear this greyish colour, which I see as a badge of honour – we are part of the market for recycled products and are proud of that.” The oceans contain more than 150 million tons of plastic, while more By Hannah Furness and Joe Shute THE Duke of Cambridge has paid moving tribute to “one of the true unsung heroes of conservation”, following the murder of Esmond Bradley Martin. Mr Martin, 76, was found at home in Nairobi in February with a stab wound to the neck. The death of the American conservationist, regarded as the world’s foremost investigator into the illegal trade in ivory and rhino horn, has raised fears he was killed for his work exposing the illegal wildlife trade. Three unnamed men have been arrested in Kenya, under suspicion of being “remotely connected to the crime”. In a statement to The Daily Telegraph, the Duke of Cambridge said: “The world has tragically lost one of the true unsung heroes of conserva- than 100,000 sea mammals and a million birds die from eating or becoming tangled in plastic waste annually. The Co-op’s announcement follows news that Michael Gove, the Environment Secretary, is considering a range of proposals to tackle plastic waste, including introducing charges on bottles that could then be reclaimed at “reverse vending machines”, in return for a small payment. Dozens of countries already have versions of a deposit return scheme system, with costs ranging from around 6p in Australia to 22p in Germany. The German scheme is credited with helping the country achieve a bottle recycling rate of more than 90 per cent since its introduction 15 years ago. In Britain, by comparison, the figure is closer to 40 per cent. Mr Gove said: “We can be in no doubt that plastic is Esmond Bradley Martin was known as the world’s foremost investigator into the illegal trade in ivory and rhino horn ‘Our customers expect us to help them make more ethical choices, and we’re dedicated to doing just that’ wreaking havoc on our marine environment – killing dolphins, choking turtles and degrading our most precious habitats. It is absolutely vital we act now to tackle this threat and curb the millions of plastic bottles a day that go unrecycled.” The Co-op said it fully supported government plans announced this week for a deposit return scheme to cut plastic bottle waste. However Sian Sutherland, one of the co-founders of A Plastic Planet, an environmental campaign group, told The Daily Telegraph: “No matter how many times a plastic bottle is reused or recycled, it will almost always end up in the environment sooner or later. Instead, we have to turn off the plastic tap. “Where is the logic in packaging something as fleeting as water in something as indestructible as plastic?” WARREN BAVERSTOCK / SWNS.COM Co-op says it will wear greyish hue as a ‘badge of honour’ as it switches to 50pc recycled material Duke saddened by ‘senseless murder’ of top conservationist Dark ending A 13ft high tornado-shaped swirl of plankton is caught on camera at night by Warren Baverstock, the UK photographer, just before the creatures were eaten by a whale shark off the coast of Africa. Baverstock hung a light from a boat to attract the plankton. tion. No one knew the markets, recorded the data or understood how this sickening trade operated better than Esmond. I was deeply saddened to hear of his senseless murder at his home in Nairobi.” Charlie Mayhew, chief executive of Tusk, a conservation charity, said Martin’s monitoring of the illegal trade in ivory and rhino horn had provided “irrefutable evidence and effectively alerted the world” to the scale of the crisis, with his loss a “massive blow”. The Duke, who is patron of Tusk, has previously warned of the risks conservationists are taking to prevent the slaughter of endangered animals. Last August, following the murder of Wayne Lotter, a South African conservationist whose work led to the arrest of Chinese ivory traffickers, he said: “Wayne Lotter’s violent and apparently targeted murder shows just how dangerous the situation has become in relation to the big money associated with the illegal ivory and rhino horn trades. “Rangers and conservationists put themselves in harm’s way every day… Governments and NGOs must win this fight for the sake of all of us, especially those in communities whose livelihoods are being plundered by murderous criminals.” ** The Daily Telegraph Saturday 31 March 2018 9 News Wrens fear loss of memorials to their fallen By Tony Diver By Olivia Rudgard RELIGIOUS AFFAIRS CORRESPONDENT and Tony Diver HALFORDS has apologised after it sent an email to customers which urged them to “nail their projects” over Easter. The email was taken by many to be a reference to the crucifixion of Jesus at Golgotha, marked yesterday by Christians in Good Friday services around the country. One Twitter user described the email as “in very poor taste”, while another asked if the company would “be so blunt about Mohammed”. A spokesman for Halfords said that the email had been sent “in error” and that the reference to the crucifixion had been unintentional. “We sent an email to our DIY database last week with an inappropriate title for Easter,” she said. “We did not intend to cause any offence, and would like to take the opportunity to apologise for any upset. “As soon as we were made aware of the issue, we immediately stopped any further activity.” It is understood that the email was only sent to customers on a database for promoting the firm’s “workshop” products, which are for home DIY. Canon Dr Chris Sugden, who writes for Anglican Mainstream, a Christian blog, said it was “good that people spotted a problem with this rather crude piece of advertising”. “But Halfords have apologised and Jesus’ death on Good Friday teaches us to forgive as we have been forgiven,” he said. Halfords’ mistake is the latest in a series of Easter-related PR controversies. Earlier this week, Sainsbury’s revealed that it preferred the term “chocolate eggs” to “Easter eggs” on its packaging. GETTY IMAGES Halfords sorry for ‘poor taste’ Easter message Easter drama The Wintershall Players perform The Passion of Jesus to 20,000 spectators in Trafalgar Square, London, to mark Good Friday and the crucifixion. The 90-minute production with 100 actors has been performed annually since 2010. FOR decades St Mary le Strand has been the official church of the Women’s Royal Naval Service, with memorials dedicated to lost friends. However, their history could be lost as church leaders plan to install a controversial Bible museum founded by a conservative American evangelical. The partnership with the American Museum of the Bible would involve the temporary removal and storage of the pews, along with the kneelers made by former Wrens. The church in Central London, which was the official home of the WRNS, also contains items associated with the service, including a Paschal candle, alms dish and altar frontal. Janet Crabtree, vice-president of the Association of Wrens, told The Daily Telegraph: “We have just expressed our concerns, because it is our church and because of our memorabilia there… It is a difficult situation, and we’re not getting involved in the politics of it.” Margery Roberts, a former church warden who resigned over the plans, said the local parochial church council was “manipulated and gerrymandered” after eight priests were appointed late last year, outnumbering the laity and allowing the plans to go through. She also accused the diocese of “bullying” lay members. The Ven Luke Miller, Archdeacon of London, said the church had been looking at how to “do better” and stay open outside of narrow periods for services at the weekends. But he admitted that the diocese had licensed eight new clergy, partly in response to efforts by lay members to block plans to convert part of the church into a venue for exhibitions. UK and France play blame game over border delays Holidaymakers stuck in their cars for hours as ‘heightened security checks’ cause traffic chaos By Anna Mikhailova POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT and Luke Heighton A DIPLOMATIC row broke out last night after Britain and France blamed each other for chaos to British holiday- makers trying to cross the Channel. Hundreds of families faced “appalling delays” on Good Friday as a result of “heightened security checks” at the French border, the UK authorities said. Last night, Stansted Airport cancelled all outgoing flights as major disruption was brought about by a fire to a shuttle bus outside the main terminal. No one was hurt. France denied its border force had caused the delays and blamed Britain instead. A French embassy spokesman said “tightened security by UK forces on trucks getting out of the UK” caused the problem, along with long ticket queues at Dover. But the Home Office hit back, saying: “It’s definitely the French’s fault. We were told on Thursday night their border force would be carrying out 100 per cent checks on all traffic.” The spokesman said this was “unusual”. Ferry operators warned their passengers they could be stuck at Dover for hours. Asked why the French were ‘Everyone who is in the gridlock deserves an explanation for these appalling delays’ carrying out extra checks over the Easter weekend, a spokesman for the Port of Dover said: “They can do it at any point, and they do.” Charlie Elphicke, the MP for Dover, said: “The families stuck in long queues waiting to cross the Channel will rightly ask why the French brought in heightened checks on the busiest of days.” Highways England said roads approaching Dover were jammed as a knock-on effect. Ferries were held open for as long as possible, but some passengers missed their ferries. Meanwhile, people trying to travel by car on the Eurotunnel at Folkestone faced delays of up to an hour due to an earlier cancellation caused by a technical fault on a carrier. While those who chose to stay in the country over Easter will have avoided the delays, they will have to cope with another cold snap instead. The Met Office issued yellow warnings for snow across most of the UK on Friday, with Scotland, the north of England and areas of higher ground most likely to be affected over the Easter weekend. Yellow warnings for rain were issued for south west England, Wales and the West Midlands, with spray and risk of flooding affecting journey times. 10 *** Saturday 31 March 2018 The Daily Telegraph *** The Daily Telegraph Saturday 31 March 2018 Politics By Kate McCann senior political correspondent F or many around Jeremy Corbyn, Esther McVey has acted as a lightning rod for abuse following the Conservative drive to bring welfare spending under control. The Secretary of State for Work and Pensions has suffered more misogyny than virtually any other politician after John McDonnell repeated calls for her to be “lynched” and labelled her a “stain on humanity”. Now, in her first interview since being appointed to Cabinet, two years after losing her Wirral West seat as a Tory MP in David Cameron’s 2015 election, Ms McVey is determined to show a softer side to Tory welfare policy and change the way her department is perceived. The former TV presenter, who grew up in Liverpool, doesn’t flinch as she describes what it felt like to be publicly bullied and “demeaned” by the shadow chancellor, one of Labour’s most senior figures. “He’s the only person who still thinks he shouldn’t apologise,” she says, explaining his comments helped foster a culture of online bullying and misogyny that plagues the Left of British politics. “They move to a personal attack because they don’t have anything to offer ... it’s about demeaning you in the eyes of others. No one should look and seek to denigrate when what the individual is trying to do is help people. They are now painting a picture of themselves and people are questioning the misogyny within the party. Other groups are coming out and saying we no longer feel at home within the Labour Party because of how they are portraying themselves and what they are doing.” Her words follow a week of soul-searching for Labour following claims that Jeremy Corbyn has done little to stem the tide of anti-Semitism engulfing the Left. Ms McVey became the target for abuse following her defence of the Government’s decision to cut benefits and introduce the so-called bedroom tax in 2013 when, as employment minister, she said the number of people using food banks was to be expected. Since then she has lost an election, won another in former Chancellor George Osborne’s old constituency of Tatton, and returned to the department where she started From GMTV to DWP Esther’s rise to power u Grew up in Liverpool and graduated in law, but joined the BBC as a journalist in 1991. She went on to present and produce programmes including GMTV and consumer shows. She has written a careers book called If Chloe can. u First MP to employ an apprentice and encouraged Parliament to set up the scheme. She has spoken frankly on how marriage and children did not happen for her. u Lost her Wirral West seat in 2015. Before that she was minister for employment, where she defended the bedroom tax and welfare cuts. u Appointed Work and Pensions Secretary in January 2018. Before that she was deputy chief whip after winning George Osborne’s former Tatton seat in 2017. her ministerial career on a mission to change the way people think about the Department for Work and Pensions. “It is important that people realise what a transformation this department has gone through over the last seven years”, she says. “You don’t want to be portrayed as a department that is just saying ‘no’ because that couldn’t be further from the truth. DWP is saying ‘yes’ and how can we help you to succeed? We are the department for social mobility”, she says. “When I came in [in 2013] and you looked at the enormity of the job we had to do – under Labour the number of households where nobody had ever worked had doubled, youth unemployment had shot up – and then what we did turning that around… Labour said there would be a million more people unemployed but that didn’t happen at all. Over two million more people got jobs and now it is over three. “It’s about understanding what we put in process and how we helped people and how we’ve made those seismic changes to get away from that legacy system.” She continues: “Now we’ve got back from where we were, we’ve stabilised and now we’re moving forward, giving a career path and direction to people.” On whether the benefit bill remains too high, Ms McVey is clear that although the Conservative Government will always look to manage taxpayers’ money as carefully as it possibly can, she is shifting the department away from financial calculations and towards a biggerpicture view. She talks about the need to understand how much it costs people to rent or buy homes, and how much a basket of groceries costs. Childcare is an important investment, as is training and work coaching to help people move on in their careers, she explains. The DWP is no longer about just getting people into any old job, but about what happens next when they get there. “That’s the right way to spend money because it is about what gift we can give to an individual so they can be a role model for their children going forward. If you look at where we were when we took office, the number of people who weren’t working in a household, then you look at the impact on a child growing up – educational attainment reduced and five times more likely to be in poverty – I think in a caring society people get that if we have to support those people we will.” It isn’t hard to understand what motivates Ms McVey. “When I was growing up in Liverpool in the Eighties there was mass unemployment. People had dreams before that were crushed and they thought ‘what are the options HEATHCLIFF O’MALLEY FOR THE DAILY TELEGRAPH ‘Labour move to a personal attack because they have nothing to offer’ Interview 11 Esther McVey, the work and pensions secretary, is determined to show critics that her department has a softer side and wants to help hard-pressed families ‘I showed that if you have a true heart and you truly believe in it, you can come back and have a second chance’ for me’, so in many ways this is my ideal job,” she says. She hints at knowing what it’s like when your parents are struggling and talks about working for her father, who ran his own business, when she was a youngster. It’s clear she has unfinished business at the department. “The irony wasn’t lost on me in 2015 when I went from minister for employment to unemployed”, she says. “But I showed I’ve got resilience, I showed that if you have a true heart and you truly believe in it, you can come back and have a second chance.” It is perhaps unsurprising then that she doesn’t agree with critics, including the Government’s own Migration Advisory Committee, which concluded earlier this week that British workers were lazier than their EU counterparts. But she concedes that before her department started to focus on work experience for young people there were gaps in expectation between what teenagers and employers thought the world of work should entail. Her enthusiasm is clear as she reels off pilot schemes, new ideas and projects she is yet to start in a Liverpudlian accent that rises as her excitement grows. Aspiration, independence, giving people the belief in themselves so that they can go out and do a job they really love is what motivates her to keep going. There will be challenges. For example, Ms McVey acknowledges there is a need to have an “honest conversation” about how old people should be when they retire. The department she runs is the same size in financial terms as a small country, “like Portugal”, she explains. The perfect training ground for running the country, then? Ms McVey laughs but doesn’t rule out a leadership bid. It’s something many suspect David Cameron was training her up for in 2015. 12 ** Saturday 31 March 2018 The Daily Telegraph News By Robert Mendick and Martin Evans JOHN WORBOYS could be charged with further offences if he makes another bid for parole, justice experts said last night. The so-called black cab rapist’s release from an indeterminate prison sentence was blocked this week after the High Court ruled the Parole Board had wrongly assessed his case. The panel made its decision based on his 19 convictions, rather than the 100 or more offences he is suspected of committing. Worboys, 60, is now expected to undergo another parole hearing in the coming months at which he will try to persuade officials he is safe to be set free. But in order to convince the panel he is a reformed character, the 60-yearold will have to acknowledge the other rapes and sexual assaults he has never been charged with. It is hoped that any confession he makes could provide the final piece in the jigsaw his victims and the police need to bring more charges against him. Harry Fletcher, the former proba- Worboys’s release was blocked this week tion union chief and now a victim’s rights campaigner, said Worboys was in a Catch-22 situation, which could scupper any chance of him being released in the near future. He said: “What the Parole Board will now have to do, is take into account the other offences.” At the hearing Sir Brian Leveson found there was a huge credibility gap between what Worboys had been prepared to admit – just the offences for which he was convicted – and the nearly 100 further assaults he is thought to have committed. “When the panel re-assess him, they will have to ask him to acknowledge all of his offending and list the other victims. If he denies those he will have a problem and they won’t let him out. “But if he confesses at the next parole hearing to other offences they could charge him with those. “Had he been convicted of multiple rapes he would have got 25 years, similar to the M25 rapist. It’s a complete and utter mess.” Prosecutors have insisted that Worboys was charged with every rape where the evidence had met the threshold. But his victims have said that there is already enough evidence to put extra charges before the courts. The London cab driver was convicted of 19 serious sexual offences against 12 women. He has already paid some of his victims £214,000 in damages after settling a civil claim, but refused to accept liability. Pressure has been mounting on the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) to review its decision not to charge Worboys in connection with some of the 83 cases that police passed on to them. A CPS spokesman has insisted that every rape allegation that met the evidential test was prosecuted. A further 19 women came forward after Worboys’s conviction in 2009 and 10 more went to the police following the Parole Board’s decision. But no further charges have been brought to date and the CPS has said it will only review the cases if new evidence is brought forward. LORNE CAMPBELL / GUZELIAN Black cab rapist will be forced to acknowledge other attacks to Parole Board, justice experts say CREDIT Worboys faces ‘Catch-22’ threat of charges if he makes second release bid Top brass Oliver Gaskell and Anna Mooney of Dobcross Youth Brass Band, West Yorkshire, tune up before their attempt at a 24-hour rehearsal record for a traditional British brass band, as 75 musicians take part. The endeavour ends today at 12.30pm. £1.8m fund to stop historic places of worship crumbling By Christopher Hope CHIEF POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT VOLUNTEERS will be given money to keep churches and mosques in good repair and preserve them “for future generations”, ministers say today. The £1.8 million fund will help worshippers of all faiths take better care of their historical religious buildings. Expert advisers will work with listed sites in Manchester and Suffolk to increase community engagement and provide maintenance plans. The projects, due to begin in the autumn, will receive funding over the next two years with eligible buildings able to access a £500,000 minor repairs fund. Michael Ellis, the heritage minister, said: “The costs of caring for and protecting many listed places of worship can be prohibitive and lead many to fall into disrepair. The innovative pilots ... will help unlock the community potential of these buildings and provide practical guidance so they can be preserved for future generations.” The move comes after the Taylor Review, published in December 2017, called for greater community use of Church of England buildings to help congregations pay for their upkeep. The projects, which will involve all faiths, aim to address routine repairs immediately in the long-term hope of preventing more costly problems. Deborah Lamb, deputy chief executive of Historic England, said: “We are delighted that the Government is funding a new project to support the volunteers who care for historic places of worship.” *** The Daily Telegraph Saturday 31 March 2018 13 News Skater Elise loses again … this time to a cowboy By Martin Evans CRIME CORRESPONDENT AFTER the disappointment of her performance at the Winter Olympics, speed skater Elise Christie, must have been looking forward to getting back home and taking a well-earned break. Unfortunately her bad luck has continued off the rink, after she was ripped off by a cowboy builder. The 27-year-old, who had been tipped for a medal in PyeongChang before crashing out of each race, had paid up front for a major extension to be built. But she was Elise Christie took to Twitter for advice about her unfinished extension left high and dry when the builders suddenly disappeared with her money before finishing the project. Christie, who lives in Nottingham, reported details of her misfortune to her 44,000 followers on Twitter, asking them for any advice. She wrote: “I’ve had an extension built and the people have run off with my money and not finished the project! I was wondering if anyone knows anyone that could help out? Thanks guys.” Television DIY experts Dom Littlewood and Nick Knowles were among those who replied to offer advice. Littlewood wrote: “Your local Trading Standards are the place to start. Good luck I’ll keep my fingers crossed for you.” Knowles wrote: “I’m sure there’ll be someone wanting to help out our most determined inspirational Olympian to get the place finished.” Neighbours also offered to help with recommendations for trustworthy builders who could finish the job. Christie earned the sympathy of the nation four years ago at the Sochi games when she was disqualified from all three races for minor infringements of the highly technical rules. She almost gave up the sport following that disappointment, but decided to persevere and last year became the first British woman to win a gold medal at the world championships. After setting the first world record in the qualifying event at the PyeongChang games, Christie looked on course to repeat the success. However, she crashed out of the first two events before being disqualified in the third, which left her tearful and distraught. Despite her run of bad luck, the Scottish-born athlete managed to maintain her sense of humour over her latest building setback and joked with one of her followers that she was searching for a new builder rather than a hitman. Despite all her Olympic disappointments, Christie, has vowed to compete at the Beijing games in 2022. She grew up in Livingston, West Lothian, before moving south of the border just shy of her 16th birthday. She is now based at the National Ice Centre in Nottingham with the rest of the British team members and is in a relationship with the Hungarian speed skater, Shaolin Sándor Liu. Finger ‘paper cut’ triggers sepsis A GRANDMOTHER is to have all of her four limbs amputated after contracting sepsis from a “paper cut”. The family of Marguerite Henderson, 54, from Crosshill near Lochgelly, Fife, was told to prepare for her death while she lay in an induced coma for seven days. Despite pulling through, doctors will have to ampu- tate her limbs as a result of the deadly infection, which claims around 40,000 lives a year in the UK. Daughter Kim Donnachie said that her mother had noticed a cut the size of a paper cut on an index finger. Within two days Ms Henderson became severely unwell and lost the ability to walk. By Henry Bodkin VCG VIA GETTY IMAGES) Olympian appeals for help after rogue builder makes off with her money The pigs that could provide Huntington’s breakthrough Scientists in the US and China engineered the pigs with the neurodegenerative condition Huntington’s disease, using a gene-editing technique SCIENTISTS have engineered the first pigs with Huntington’s disease in a development that could lead to a breakthrough for humans with the condition. The team used a gene-editing technique to introduce a segment of the human gene that causes the neurodegenerative disease, which affects around 5,700 people in Britain. The research teams at Jinan University in China and Emory University in the US will now be able to test whether it is possible to use the technique to “edit out” Huntington’s before trying it on humans. “We think the pig model will fill an important gap,” said Li Shihua, the co-senior author and professor of human genetics at Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia. “In pigs, the pattern of neurodegeneration is almost the same as in humans.” The new research is published in the journal Cell. 14 ** Saturday 31 March 2018 The Daily Telegraph News ‘Disturbing’ scale of sexual harassment of school staff By Camilla Turner EDUCATION EDITOR ONE in five female teachers has been subjected to either verbal or physical sexual advances by colleagues, pupils or parents, according to a poll carried out by the National Association of Schoolmasters Union of Women Teachers. As well as “upskirting” – where photographs are taken up women’s skirts without their consent – teachers also complained of “downblousing” in classrooms, where photographs are surreptitiously taken down their blouses. Almost a third of those who have been sexually harassed said they have received unwanted touching, while two thirds have experienced inappropriate comments about their appearance or body. Half said they have been subjected to inappropriate comments about sex, while one in five said they have been sexually propositioned, the survey of 1,290 teachers found. Some teachers reported being groped or propositioned by their colleagues while they were trying to teach a lesson. “[The headmaster] would send lewd texts to me. He would visit me often in my classroom when I was teaching and grope me in front of students,” one teacher told NASUWT. A primary schoolteacher told NASUWT: “I had a little girl sat on my lap as she was crying; the head came in and commented he wished he could sit on my lap, in front of a class of six-yearolds.” Of those who did report the sexual harassment, in one in five incidents no action was taken against the harasser. Four in 10 said the harasser was spoken to about their behaviour, but the victim did not feel this matched the seriousness of the incident. Another teacher reported that they had been “slapped on the backside by several male members of staff ” and experienced “comments about my breasts, sex life, comments that I need to ‘go get a ride’ to calm down, comments about how I should go get a man to go home to rather than staying in work late to do marking, lesson plans, etc” Chris Keates, general secretary of NASUWT, said: “Too often teachers are being exposed to sexualised comments and abuse from colleagues, managers, parents and pupils. “While the scale of the sexual harassment is deeply disturbing, equally dis- ‘The head would visit me in my classroom when I was teaching and grope me in front of students’ turbing is the scale of the failure to act on the incidents that were reported.” The union, which is holding its annual conference this weekend in Liverpool, is urging the Government to provide statutory guidance on sexual harassment in schools. Ms Keates said: “NASUWT believes that statutory provisions are urgently needed to require schools to record all incidents of sexual harassment and bullying and to have a policy to deal with such incidents.” Dr Mary Bousted, president of the Association of Teachers and Lecturers said that the advent of camera phones is behind the growth in upskirting. “It is highly unlikely someone would have bought in a camera and develop a photo. But with a camera phone you can just press a button and send it round,” she said. “It can happen in an instant.” MATT CARDY/GETTY IMAGES ‘Downblousing’ is added to the litany of advances made on female teachers, reports a union survey Master puppet The 37ft (11.2m) Man Engine – the largest mechanical puppet built in the UK – is put through its paces ahead of a tour *** The Daily Telegraph Saturday 31 March 2018 15 Union attacks Ofsted over hijab stance NUT vows to challenge schools inspector for ‘going beyond remit’ over head covering By Camilla Turner SCHOOLGIRLS must be allowed to wear hijabs, the country’s biggest teaching union has said, as it launches an attack on Ofsted. Amanda Spielman, the chief inspector of schools, was criticised by teachers for her views on young girls wearing the hijab in the classroom. She is accused of overstepping the mark for comments relating to the head covering, including suggesting that inspectors will speak to young girls wearing it about why they do so. The executive committee of the National Union of Teachers (NUT) has put forward a motion, which will be debated at its annual conference this weekend, arguing that Ms Spielman’s stance on the hijab should be “robustly challenged”. It adds that new guidance should be issued to schools on developing uniform policies. Ms Spielman has previously suggested that the Government must step in to set policies on hijabs in schools.’ saying it was “worrying” that head teachers can be “bullied” by campaigners into changing uniform policies. Her comments came after she threw her weight behind the head of an east London primary school who attempted to ban pupils under the age of eight from wearing hijabs. Neena Lall was later forced into reversing the ban at St Stephen’s School in Newnham after an angry backlash ‘Our worry is that instead of consultation, we will find schools saying they are going to ban the hijab’ from activists who accused her of Islamophobia. She later told MPs that the events at St Stephen’s School set a “dangerous precedent”, since young girls wearing the hijab is a “cultural preference” rather than a religious dictate. Speaking ahead of the debate, NUT general secretary Kevin Courtney said he believes “it is a problem that Amanda Spielman, Her Majesty’s Chief Inspector, speaks out on this in a way which I think is frankly very political”. Mr Courtney said that there is concern about the impact of Ofsted discussing the issue of the hijab. “People feel so much pressure by Ofsted, our worry is that instead of consultation we will find schools saying, ‘We are going to ban the hijab’,” he said. “And we think that would be very damaging to community relations. It’s not a sensible place to go, so our guidance will be about how you have dialogue, respectful dialogue, and dialogue based on love for one another.” Mr Courtney said he believes that Ms Spielman overstepped the mark by discussing hijabs in schools, adding: “I think this goes beyond the remit that Ofsted should have.” The union’s resolution says that statements from Ms Spielman “go beyond the remit of Ofsted” and that there is no evidence that certain clothing has an impact on a child’s learning or achievement. An Ofsted spokesperson said: “There’s nothing political about ensuring that schools and parents aren’t being subject to undue pressure by national or community campaign groups. Head teachers need to be able to take uniform decisions on the basis of safeguarding or community cohesion concerns, and Ofsted will always support them in doing that.” Pupils told to stop high-fiving lollipop man as they cross the road By Daily Telegraph Reporter A LOLLIPOP man has been banned from giving children high-fives while crossing the road. Now a petition to overturn the ban has been launched after council officials issued the order. The council said in a school newslet- which starts at Geevor Tin Mine, Cornwall, today. Parents having to help cash-strapped schools, says NUT By Camilla Turner MIKE MARSLAND/WIREIMAGE; INSTAGRAM A FIFTH of cash-strapped schools are now asking parents for money, a survey by the National Union of Teachers (NUT) suggests. Most schools are asking parents to give what they can without specifying an amount, but in some cases schools ask for a regular monthly payment. Almost half of teachers said their school has asked parents to pay for particular items, such as materials for art of design and technology classes, according to a poll of 900 in the profession. Both primary and secondary schools have started charging parents for attendance at school concerts and sports days, teachers said. Some schools have even started accepting advertising on school premises, the survey found. Kevin Courtney, general secretary of the NUT, said: “The Secretary of State has to address this issue with urgency. Parents, teachers, head teachers or school staff will not let this issue lie.” He White knuckle Broadcaster Jenni Falconer reveals on Instagram that she suffers from Raynaud’s disease added: “Ahead of the local elections, Government would do well to remember the impact school funding had on the voting intentions of the public during the general election.” Over half (55 per cent) of teachers said that class sizes have risen since last year, although some acknowledged that this was due to rising pupil numbers. Earlier this week, MPs warned that academies are using taxpayers’ money to pay “unjustifiably” high salaries to senior staff. In some cases, academy trusts are failing to prove that hefty pay packages are appropriate, according to the Public Accounts Committee (PAC). In a report, MPs argue that if pay is left unchallenged, there is a risk that high wages become accepted as the norm, which will pile more pressure on school budgets. Academies are state schools run by trusts. The PAC report said: “Some academy trusts appear to be using public money to pay excessive salaries.” ter: “We would also like to point out that the Road Safety Team from West Sussex have stated that children must not ‘high 5’ lollipop man Mr Munnery whilst crossing the road.”. “The focus for Mr Munnery is to concentrate on managing the traffic and enabling the children to cross the road safely and the children should be focusing on crossing safely and quickly.” The council has refused to back down after the move was criticised by parents at Buckingham Park Primary School in Shoreham, West Sussex. Jaye Marie Todd, who has two chil- ‘It’s a little bit of harmless fun for the children’ dren at the school, is lobbying the council to overturn the ban. “I feel strongly about this issue because it’s a little bit of harmless fun for the children,” Mrs Todd said. A spokesman for West Sussex County Council called the ban “sound road safety advice”. 16 *** Saturday 31 March 2018 The Daily Telegraph News Buying plants online is dangerous, says Titchmarsh Presenter warns gardeners that using the internet risks bringing ‘devastating’ pests and diseases into UK By Patrick Sawer GARDENERS are putting Britain at risk from “devastating” pests and invasive diseases by increasingly buying their plants on the internet, Alan Titchmarsh has warned. The former presenter of BBC’s Gardeners’ World criticised the growing habit among gardeners of buying from unknown websites offering plants at bargain prices. He said the unofficial DIY botanical trade poses a threat to some of the Britist Isles’ most beloved native species, by introducing deadly pests and diseases. “Many trustworthy growers sell via the internet and it has become the norm to buy plants in this way,” he said. “But the internet is also crammed with ‘bedroom nurseries’ which aren’t nurseries at all. Anyone with a computer and an eye for a fast buck can set themselves up as a nursery. “You will be tempted and you will buy – we all have – but you may unwittingly be laying not only your own garden open to hitherto unknown and devastating pests and disease, but also the entire country.” He also criticised tourists who bring back cuttings in the their luggage when returning from abroad. “We have plant pathogens which can be introduced Britain very easily if people bring plant cuttings back from holiday,” he said. “It just takes one pathogen on one plant and it can spread like wildfire.” One of the worst diseases which horticulturalists fear will come to these shores is Xylella fastidiosa, a virulent bacterium which attacks plants, scorching their leaves and leading to their eventual destruction. The bacterium is already present in parts of Spain and Italy and is carried on olive trees, cherries, lavender, rosemary and figs, but has yet to arrive in Britain. It if does it will pose a threat to many plant species, particularly the vines which supply the developing English wine industry. Writing in the latest edition of Gardeners’ World Magazine, Mr Titchmarsh said: “We come back from our holidays with cuttings of this and that in our sponge bags, unaware that we may be bringing in a pest or disease that could devastate the landscape. “We should be buying only from trusted sources.” He also highlights the case of the oak AGUTTES/SPLASH NEWS 1.7m processionary moth, which is thought to have come to Britain as eggs on a single imported oak sapling. The pest leaves oak trees stripped of their leaves and leaves humans with sore throats and skin rashes. There are currently more than 900 pests and diseases on the UK’s Chief Plant Health Officer’s Risk Register, which records and rates the threat to UK crops, trees, gardens and ecosystems from plant pests and pathogens, and helps government, growers and the wider industry tackle the problem. ’Allo Allosaurus This 28ft-long 155millionyear-old dinosaur skeleton is up for auction in France for around £1.4m. The specimen, found in Wyoming, USA, is believed to be a newly discovered subspecies of the Allosaurus family Spending on yogurt goes up; sales go down Climbers asked for cash to clean Snowdon By Daily Telegraph Reporter YOGURT sales have slumped as consumers ditch sugary treats, new figures have shown. Research found that in 2017 children ate 82 million fewer yogurts than in 2016. Although higher prices showed that the overall amount spent on yogurts was up by 1.5 per cent to £2.6 bil- lion, volume sales were down 1.3 per cent. Among the big-name brands, the decline was by as much as 10 per cent. Kantar Analysts for the trade journal The Grocer found that while adults will eat a yogurt pot in the morning out of convenience, they would not have one at lunchtime or after their evening meal. In addition, a growing move towards veganism and an increase in lactose intolerance has seen more people move towards dairy-free alternatives. The report said: “Brits consumed yogurt on 11 million fewer evening occasions and a whopping 73 million fewer lunch occasions.” Bertie Lewis, a Kantar analyst, said: “Children consuming less yogurts and chilled desserts presents a challenge for the market.” By Daily Telegraph Reporter WALKERS will be asked to donate money to climb Snowdon, which will be spent on a clean-up of Wales’ highest mountain. Although it is free to climb, those wishing to scale Snowdon will be asked for donations in nearby cafés, bars and hotels. Snowdonia National Park says that the money is needed due to the mountain’s growing popularity, with more than 600,000 people climbing it each year. Over 50 businesses in North Wales will take part in the scheme to raise money for maintaining mountain paths and cleaning up litter. Lyndon Bradshaw, who has used Snowdon’s Crib Goch and Pyg Track numerous times, said: “If you can be assured that the money goes directly towards cleaning and maintaining the paths on the mountain I’d have no issue paying a fiver.” Helen Pye, a Snowdon warden, said: “Our job over the next year or so is convincing the people that have the money that they really need to put it towards looking after this iconic mountain.” ** The Daily Telegraph Saturday 31 March 2018 17 News Women in row over drag show as it is declared a male-only zone By Steve Bird AS DRAG queens go, Lacey Lou and Georgie Bee love nothing more than dressing up in garish clothes, slapping on layers of make-up and showing off to adoring fans. But they are among a growing number of performers in Britain who are very different to traditional cross-dressing acts. Unlike men who work as over-thetop female impersonators, Lacey Lou and Georgie Bee are actually women camping it up as women. There is resistance to this new breed of live performer. Male drag queens who fear their female colleagues have an unfair advantage are citing it as an example of cultural appropriation. The world of drag has recently taken on a new lease of life with RuPaul’s Drag Race, a US reality TV show in search of the next drag superstar. And it was RuPaul Andre Charles himself who sparked controversy when he declared that drag is a maleonly sport and women would probably be barred from competing on his show, which is also broadcast in the UK. RuPaul, 57, the programme’s judge, claims that women drag artists lack “danger and irony”, in part because when men dress in women’s clothes they are openly rejecting masculinity. Lacey Lou, Birmingham’s first professional female drag artist, says his comments are an example of misogyny within the gay community. “There are a lot of male drag queens who think drag is only for men. But, it’s really the idea of playing on gender,” she said. “There is a lot of misogyny in the gay community, which I found really surprising when I started working Service stations face inquiry into ‘sky-high’ petrol prices By Wil Crisp as a drag queen. You would expect a suppressed community to understand what it feels like to be disregarded. “A person’s biological sex or gender identity should not prohibit or inhibit their participation in an art form that mocks gender.” Lacey Lou became a drag queen five years ago. Now aged 26, she runs a number of drag events in Birmingham. “When I first started, I looked up to classic male drag queens. But a lot of them didn’t understand me becoming one because they hadn’t seen it before. They would ask if I was a woman. When I said yes, they would say: ‘Well, you’re not a proper drag queen then’. Telling a woman she can’t play her own gender is another layer of misogyny.” Georgie Bee, who in 2016 became the first female performer to win the Sink ‘They would ask if I was a woman. When I said yes, they’d say: “Well, you’re not a proper drag queen then” ’ the Pink drag competition in London, is frank about what makes a drag artist. “If you feel like a drag queen, you are one. It’s nothing to do with what’s in your pants. How you choose to perform gender is up to you. Just make it worth watching,” she says. Both view RuPaul’s claims as misogynistic. “Everyone looks up to RuPaul,” Lacey Lou said. “But I think he has sold out. He hasn’t moved with the times or paid attention to the community he has actually fostered.” Georgie Bee said: “You absolutely do not need validation from RuPaul.” Lacey Lou, 26, Birmingham’s first professional female drag queen, accuses American drag star RuPaul of being misogynistic MOTORWAY service stations have come under fire after they were suspected of ripping off customers by charging too much for petrol. The stations are to be targeted by an investigation into high fuel prices, after Chris Grayling, the Transport Secretary, highlighted the issue to the Government’s competition watchdog. Mr Grayling said that drivers feel “exploited” and called for a probe into Moto, Welcome Break, and Roadchef, the three biggest service station operators. Currently drivers pay on average nearly 21p more per litre for unleaded petrol from these operators, which control the majority of motorway service stations, compared to supermarket petrol stations. Due to the higher prices, the additional cost for a driver refuelling at a service station can exceed £15. Writing to Andrea Coscelli, the head of the Competition and Markets Authority, Mr Grayling said: “I am concerned that prices which are higher than other forecourts may exploit users in a situation where there is less choice and competition and discourage motorists from stopping and re-fuelling when, for safety reasons, they should. “I would welcome a view from the CMA on whether the three private companies that currently operate the majority of MSAs are exercising market power to the detriment of motorists.” Service station operators say higher fuel prices are required to cover their operating costs. “We operate in a very different environment to most other retailers and once you see the costs of providing the facilities and services, the prices soon start to make sense,” Moto said in a statement. Moto said it incurred extra costs by staying open 24 hours a day and providing facilities including car parks, picnic areas and showers. Motoring groups have welcomed the inquiry, with the RAC saying that “skyhigh” prices at motorway service stations could not be justified. Claim to be ‘Glasgow’s oldest pub’ was fabricated to drum up business, admits its owner By Daily Telegraph Reporter AN “ANCIENT” pub’s claim to be the oldest in Glasgow was a lie to drum up business, its owner has admitted. A plaque outside The Old College Bar claims it is “Glasgow’s oldest public house (built circa 1515) – ancient staging post and hostelry”. But Colin Beattie, the owner of the pub in Merchant City, has said that in- stead of dating back to the 1500s, its origins only go so far as the 1800s. Mr Beattie, who has owned the pub for 20 years, also said that the supposedly “medieval” foundations the pub rests on are nothing more than the cobblestones of a Victorian railway yard. He said he was told by his predecessor, Ossie Prosser, that the bar was “Glasgow’s oldest” as a way of boost- ing trade. Mr Prosser was a long-standing Glasgow publican behind some of the city’s most famous drinking holes including The Doublet and The Chancellor in the west end and The Buddies, in Paisley. Mr Beattie says he kept the pretence going because he didn’t have the heart to tell regulars it was a fabrication. “As the owner of the Old College Bar, it may be instructive for me to re- ‘It’s a myth confected by its previous owner, who revealed the truth to me as we exchanged the keys’ veal that it’s not, in fact, Glasgow’s oldest pub – or at least there’s no reliable evidence to support the claim that it is,” he said. “It’s a myth confected by its previous owner, the late Ossie Prosser, who revealed the truth to me as we exchanged the keys for the building and he urged me to keep the ‘story’ going because, he said, it was good for business.” The publican added: “A spurious claim that the pub’s foundations date back to the 16th century is based on unfounded and unproven speculation by an anonymous academic said to have visited the premises. Cobble stones in the basement, said to be the remains of a medieval street, are in fact what’s left of a former railway yard. “The current building in which the bar stands dates to the 19th century and the reason it’s not listed is, quite simply, because it meets none of the requirements for listed building status.” 18 *** Saturday 31 March 2018 The Daily Telegraph *** The Daily Telegraph Saturday 31 March 2018 19 DAVID ROSE FOR THE TELEGRAPH Health Smokeless tobacco signals another heated debate Special Report By Joe Shute in Athens Cigarette giants attempt to stub out their past, with a revolution they say will change the face of smoking At the gates of the Papastratos tobacco factory, a bevy of glamorous hostesses dressed in identical black and wielding clipboards usher guests through. A helicopter whirrs overhead while G4S security guards line the hill winding down towards Athens in the distance. Inside a cavernous marquee filled with politicians and captains of industry, André Calantzopoulos, the chief executive of tobacco giant Philip Morris International (PMI) is preparing to unveil the future. “This revelation will change all that we know about smoking,” he announces to the expectant crowd. The revelation in question is a small plastic capsule into which tobacco sticks are inserted and heated to 350C (662F), allowing users to take puffs. In theory (according to PMI’s own research) this reduces the risks of smoking by up to 95 per cent. What this means for people’s health in the long run, however, remains a point of contention. Tobacco is gambling big on the rise in popularity of these devices, known as IQOS (I quit ordinary smoking). At the Papastratos factory last week PMI announced it would become its second factory to cease production of ordinary cigarettes and instead churn out only the IQOS tobacco sticks, known as HEETS. Since 2008 the company has spent more than $4.5 billion (£3.2 billion) on scientific research, production and development of IQOS and related products. Chances are you will never have seen an IQOS. The crucial difference between e-cigarettes and the IQOS is that the former contains no tobacco at all, while the latter is made up almost exclusively of it – and offers an experience far closer to smoking. As a tobacco product PMI is banned from advertising it. At present there are several IQOS stores selling the devices in Britain, all in London’s trendier districts. As with their counterparts in Athens the outlets are designed more like the Apple Store or a Nespresso outlet than a traditional tobacconist. The walls are bleached wood and customers are encouraged to “create your own IQOS experience” with a range of brightly coloured accessories. In the UK a starter pack (containing 10 packs of HEETS tobacco sticks) costs £121.50. It is difficult not to be left with the impression that the shops are designed to position IQOS as a trendy lifestyle brand. The Athens branch is on a prestige stretch of high street sandwiched between shops selling Rolex and Bulgari watches and staffed by young trendy millennials. Tobacco consumption is falling in Greece but in the latest survey conducted last year 27.1 per cent of the population still admitted they were either regular or casual smokers. By the end of 2018, according to PMI staff, HEET sticks, above, roll off the production line at the Philip Morris factory in Greece which has stopped making traditional cigarettes. Below: young Greeks try out the new IQOS product at the factory launch its aim is to produce 20 billion tobacco sticks a year. PMI – and other tobacco firms investing in similar technologies – insist this is all for the common good. But can the company that once sold us Marlboro Man really now be putting public health over profit? According to Mr Calantzopoulos, who was appointed CEO in 2013, PMI and its stablemates deserve the chance to rehabilitate their reputations. “This rhetoric goes back to the Seventies and Eighties,” he says. “I think the world has changed in 40 years and companies do change as well. I don’t ask people to trust. I ask people to judge on facts and evaluate scientific assessment of this product.” So what are the health implications of a product an estimated five million people worldwide are already using? Earlier this month Public Health England (PHE) published its key findings on so-called heated tobacco products: IQOS, Glo, produced by responsible. They should not be targeted to under-age individuals, rather those who are current smokers and desperately trying to give up but cannot. They should not be trying to sell them to naive users.” Marianna Mattheou, 51, who has smoked for more than 30 years and has a 30-a-day habit, hopes IQOS can cure her habit. She has been smoking IQOS for a month at the behest of her 14-year-old son but admits it has left her with a sore throat. “I don’t trust them 100 per cent,” she says. Alexandros Chatzopoulos, the Facts British American Tobacco, and Ploom TECH by Japan Tobacco International. The devices differ from e-cigarettes as they still use tobacco and therefore in theory allow the big companies a greater share of the profits. The PHE study found that compared to cigarettes the products were “likely to expose users and bystanders to lower levels of particulate matter and harmful and potentially harmful compounds”, but the extent of the reduction varied between studies. It also admitted a dearth of independent research on the health impact – out of 20 studies included in its review, 12 were funded by tobacco manufacturing companies themselves. In December the committee on toxicity (an advisory panel to the Government) released its own independent findings into heated tobacco products. The committee admitted the devices produce “a number of compounds of concern”, including some that can cause cancer. It also expressed concern young non-smokers might start using the products and that they could become a gateway to people smoking cigarettes. Alan Boobis, professor of toxicology at Imperial College London and the chairman of the committee, said that while they discovered heated tobacco products reduce known toxic constituents of cigarettes by between 50 to 90 per cent, any reduction in the medium- to long-term health impact of smoking cannot be stated for certain because of the dearth of available independent evidence. He said his committee was also researching the impact of e-cigarettes and have provisionally concluded they are preferable to heated tobacco from a health perspective. “The reality is big tobacco has clearly recognised the future of cigarettes long-term is very poor and they are trying to develop strategies to sell what they grow,” he said. “We have emphasised the advertising has to be Number of people using cigarettes 5m The number of heated tobacco users worldwide 350C The temperature tobacco sticks are heated to £3bn The amount spent by PMI developing IQOS £121 Cost of an IQOS starter pack including sticks 95pc Risk reduction over traditional smoking, according to PMI % change of people aged 16 and over 2014 2016 +1.6% E-cigarettes Cigarettes -2.7% SOURCE: ONS manager of regulatory affairs at the Greek affiliate of PMI, said the IQOS stores are steadfast in their refusal to sell to non-smokers and under 18s. “We don’t sell to non-smokers,” he says. “We will send them out and say this product is not for you.” Back in London I put this claim to the test. I wander into the High Street Kensington IQOS store and tell the 20-something assistant who approaches me the truth – that I am an ex-smoker interested in the product. She reiterates the rule that they do not sell to non-smokers but still leads ‘I don’t ask people to trust. I ask people to judge on facts and evaluate scientific assessment’ me on a tour of the shop, inviting me to touch the oversized heating blade on the wall to feel the warmth. At one point she grows suspicious of my questions and asks if I work for PMI who apparently perform spot-checks to ensure staff follow procedures. At the end I am offered a brochure and told if I recommend the device to friends they will receive a discount. I am left with the uneasy feeling that the new wave of smoking devices are creating regulatory grey areas – and these are the gaps in which tobacco giants are used to winning big. 20 ** Saturday 31 March 2018 The Daily Telegraph News Cambridge students step up decolonisation campaign By Camilla Turner EDUCATION EDITOR A SUCCESSFUL Cambridge University student decolonisation campaign is to target even more faculties. According to a document, more than 30 departments will be targeted in efforts to alter courses that are perceived to be too dominated by white, male, Eurocentric perspectives. Working groups have been set up to discuss possible changes in a number of subjects, according to a spreadsheet seen by The Daily Telegraph. The classics society has had talks on “what decolonisation would look like”, while a “decolonising physics reading group” is up and running, the document says. The geography faculty is described as being “fairly far ahead” in decolonising its curriculum, while the law, sociology and architecture faculties have decolonisation working groups. Chemistry, medicine and engineering are subjects earmarked for future campaigns, according to the document which was posted on the Decolonise Cambridge Facebook group. The document explains how politics and international studies students “managed to get the department to place decolonisation as core agenda in the forthcoming changes to the curricula” with a student and staff faculty meeting due to take place next term. Decolonisation seminars are due to run in history and philosophy of science units at the start of next term. Jessica Tan, the officer for black and minority ethnic (BME) education at the university’s student union, said she plans to set up a team to centralise efforts to decolonise the curriculum across a range of subjects. Last year, The Daily Telegraph revealed that English literature tutors “could actively seek to ensure the presence” of BME writers on their course, under proposals discussed by the faculty’s teaching forum. The move followed an open letter, signed by 100 students, headed Decolo- nising the English Faculty. However, other leading universities are resisting pressure from decolonisation campaigns aimed at statues and building names as well as the curricula. Oxford University refused to bow to pressure from a group calling for a statue of Cecil Rhodes to be taken down from Oriel College because of his links with imperialism. Meanwhile, Bristol University announced it will not rename the Wills Memorial Building despite campaign- ers claiming it was named after Henry Overton Wills III, whom they allege was a slave trader. Ilyas Nagdee, an NUS officer for black students, said there were many examples of Britain’s imperial past being “celebrated without context or challenge from institutions which are meant to be centres of critical thought.” He said the campaign was “borne out of the frustration of students of colour who have not seen their history reflected in their textbooks”. Manchester fire crews ‘not at fault’ for late arrival after arena bomb attack A woman has had two boys taken from her after a family court judge concluded that she had administered sedatives when they were aged seven and three in an attempt to bolster claims that their father had drugged the youngsters with the aim of sexually abusing them. After analysing issues at a private family court hearing Judge Jeremy Lea exonerated the children and found that any “statements” made by them were the result of “pressure” from their mother and maternal grandmother. He decided that the two women irrationally believed that the children had been abused. The judge concluded that the youngsters should live with their father. Details of the case have emerged after the woman mounted an unsuccessful appeal. Two Court of Appeal judges analysed issues at a public Court of Appeal hearing in London. Lord Justice McFarlane and Lord Justice Peter Jackson said, in a written ruling, that they had dismissed the woman’s appeal bid and refused to overturn orders made by Judge Lea. They said that the children could not be identified. Firefighters should not blame themselves for turning up late to the Manchester Arena attack on May 22 last year, according to Andy Burnham, the city’s mayor. In an open letter addressed to Manchester firefighters Burnham said frontline staff did nothing wrong on the night of the bombing, when 22 people were killed and 500 injured. “I know you were desperate to help but were prevented from doing so by decisions taken above you,” he said. “The failure is not yours but one of process, leadership and culture.” A review published on March 27 found that confusion over whether a gunman was at large after the bombing meant specialist firefighters were not sent to the scene for more than two hours, despite being stationed half a mile away. It concluded that the fire service was “outside of the loop” and played “no meaningful role” during a critical period of the emergency service response effort. Several firefighters have asked for forgiveness and Dawn Docx, Greater Manchester’s interim fire chief officer, has also apologised unreservedly, saying that the service let the region down in its “darkest hour”. PAUL ZIZKA/AURORA/SOLENT Woman drugged children in effort to frame their father for sexual abuse Light fantastic Two daring climbers scale a 30ft ice cave in the Athabasca Glacier in Alberta’s Columbia Icefield in the Canadian Rockies, while the night sky is aglow with the stunning multi-coloured Northern Lights or aurora. More babies being born with syphilis Mothers’ anger at ‘artificial’ milk notice Poppi officer becomes chief constable The number of babies born with syphilis is on the rise because of NHS “complacency” about the risk to women, a senior doctor has warned. Between 1985 and 1999 syphilis was virtually eradicated in the UK, as HIV encouraged people to adopt safer sex practices. However, there have been A hospital trust has been criticised after a letter to new mothers referred to formula milk as “artificial milk”. Worcestershire Acute Hospitals NHS Trust wrote that as of May 1 it “will no longer be providing artificial milk (formula milk) to new mothers”. The memo was shared on Twitter, A senior police officer criticised by the official watchdog over the Poppi Worthington case is formally to become chief constable of Cumbria Police this weekend. Michelle Skeer was criticised by the Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC) over the Cumbria three cases of congenital syphilis in the past year, prompting Dr Patrick French, a genitourinary consultant in London, to say: “Some doctors and nurses don’t know as much about it as they should”. He added: “We shouldn’t be complacent about heterosexuals passing on syphilis”. leading many users to criticise the language used. One, Alis Roberts, said it made her “feel sick to the stomach”. A trust spokesman said: “We take the views of our mums and families very seriously, and will consider carefully all of the feedback on the wording of our information.” force’s response to the 13-month-old child’s death in 2012. But John Woodcock, Labour MP for Barrow and Furness, condemned the appointment amid calls for a public inquiry. Mrs Skeer responded by vowing to restore the “tarnished image” of the force. ** The Daily Telegraph Saturday 31 March 2018 21 News ‘Goldman Sachs traders bet they could gang rape me’, says victim By Patrick Sawer GOLDMAN SACHS has launched an investigation after a former employee claimed six of her colleagues tried to rape her at a client dinner. The firm has reportedly offered to meet the former junior associate, who said the men tried to sexually assault her in London in March 1994 for a bet. At the time she made claims accusing the six of inappropriate and sexist behaviour, leading to three Goldman Sachs foreign exchange traders being forced to resign and another two being disciplined. But she has now come forward with the more serious allegations of attempted rape, after publicity surrounding the Harvey Weinstein scandal triggered an episode of post traumatic stress disorder. The woman, who claims that scores of former Goldman Sachs employees are preparing to lodge claims of sexual harassment against the firm, said: “My male colleagues would humiliate me daily. For example, I was bitten and my name was either slut, mammary or dusty bin. “It culminated in a bet to gang rape me in a private dining room.” She added: “I only managed to escape after a waiter interrupted the incident. Three of my abusers resigned and they all went on to prosper at other banks. I was slut shamed, lost my job and my mental health.” The former employee made the claims in an email to Lloyd Blankfein, the bank’s chief executive. In a separate account of her alleged ordeal published on a website called Stand Up To Goldman Sachs, she said she had signed a non-disclosure agreement after her original allegations were investigated. But she added: “My career and health never recovered. When The New York Times reported the Weinstein rape allegations in late 2017 I had a chronic PTSD episode and I knew I couldn’t stay silent any longer.” In a series of posts on Twitter she added: “I have broken my NDA but have to be fearless. More than 75 for- mer Goldman Sachs employees allege sexual assault, conspiracy to rape, harassment.” The woman also praised a male Citibank employee who rescued her from the alleged attempted rape, along with a black cab driver who drove her home without charge. The woman described the build-up to the alleged attempted rape as a series of daily humiliations in a department where she claims she was paid far less than her male counterparts. She claimed she was bitten by one male trader in the months leading up to the dinner in London and that she was subjected to sexual harassment, including repeated name calling and having pornographic material left on her desk. The allegations follow a similar case at Credit Suisse, which is reviewing its handling of a 2010 assault allegation from a former female employee. Goldman Sachs has provided the woman with its policies on harassment and has reportedly offered to meet her. It said it expressed its “sincere regret at the events that she experienced” and that the action the firm took at the time of the original claims reflected the seriousness of the events and “our lack of tolerance for this behaviour”. A spokesman for Goldman Sachs told The Daily Telegraph: “We took the concerns raised by this individual very seriously when she first brought them to our attention in 1994. “As was reported extensively by the media at the time, and as the witnesses interviewed corroborated, she was the subject of offensive and inappropriate behaviour. We viewed this behaviour as completely unacceptable then and we still hold that view. “Three of the men involved immediately lost their jobs and two others were disciplined. Given the seriousness of the allegations and the amount of time since the events took place, we undertook a thorough investigation of our records, which confirmed that neither she nor her lawyer made any allegation of physical sexual assault at the time.” No Not all black and white Models Dior’s Haute at Christian C Couture Spring/Summer 2018 Co show China. The sho ow in Shanghai, Ch col llection was inspired inspire by the collection Surrealist Su urrealist movement and Dior’s cultural cul ltural connections with China, Ch hina, according to Maria M Grazia Gr razia Chiuri, artistic director Thousands of suspects being released with no conditions By Martin Evans Crime Correspondent THOUSANDS of people suspected of violent and sexual offences have been released without conditions since changes to police bail were introduced last year, it has emerged. More than 3,000 suspects were released while being investigated over offences such as murder and rape by 12 police forces over a three-month period, according to statistics. Among them were almost 1,700 people arrested for violent crime, 768 rape suspects and 31 murder suspects. Changes to the way they are dealt with after arrest were introduced last April after criticism that they spent too much time languishing on police bail. A number of celebrities arrested on suspicion of historic sexual offences under Operation Yewtree, including Paul Gambaccini, the broadcaster, spent more than a year on bail, before being released without charge. As a result of the criticism the system was changed to introduce a 28-day limit to pre-charge bail, with forces instructed to use it only when necessary. Instead, the vast amount of suspects were Released Under Investigation (RUI) without conditions attached. Earlier this month Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabulary warned that vulnerable victims, particularly those who had suffered domestic abuse, could be put at risk by suspects who were released without conditions. A Home Office spokesman said: “Reforms to pre-charge bail balance carefully the interests of victims and witnesses, those on bail and the police.” But Kerry Spence, a criminal defence lawyer with the firm, Hodge Jones and Allen, said far from speeding up the process, the changes had made things worse. She said: “Both suspects and alleged victims are being left in limbo. At least with police bail there were specific dates that we all had to work towards with a potential to review things. With RUI you cannot put formal conditions on the suspect. It has made the whole situation a thousand times worse.” u Trivial disputes between children are escalating to murder “within minutes” due to the influence of social media, Britain’s top police officer has said. Cressida Dick told The Times that the internet normalised violence which is sped up by rivals goading each other on message boards. It comes amid a recent spate of stabbings in London. 22 *** Saturday 31 March 2018 The Daily Telegraph Nigeria’s hunters turn sights on Boko Haram Dispatch By Colin Freeman in Maiduguri ARMED with ancient flintlocks passed down by their forefathers, the bush hunters of north-east Nigeria have chased big game through the forests since colonial times, and before. From gazelles and monkeys to crocodiles and hyenas, their quarry used to be as plentiful as any in Africa, although these days they lament that some wildlife is largely gone. There is one particular species, however, that they are all too keen to hunt to extinction – the Boko Haram fighters who have turned their stalking grounds into a war zone. Stretching across thousands of square miles of Sahel, the forests have become the militants’ main operating base in recent years, offering the perfect cover to build training camps and stage mass kidnappings. Among the hostages who have languished here are the Chibok schoolgirls, whose kidnap in 2014 sparked the global #bringbackourgirls campaign, and 110 schoolgirls from the town of Dapchi, released last week after a month in captivity. Yet while Boko Haram may know the terrain better than the Nigerian army, no one knows it as well as hunters like Bunu Mustapha Bukar, 47, who shot his first rabbits here as a young boy. Hence his decision, along ‘The military bring us along because we know these places – smartphones and Google maps are no use out there’ with other members of his local bush marksmen club, to join forces with the army for Nigeria’s biggest and most dangerous game hunt ever. The hunters’ front-loading muskets may be no match for Boko Haram’s Kalashnikovs, but their ancient tracking skills and knowledge of every forest trail can prove as useful for intelligence gathering as any CIA eye-in-the-sky. “The military bring us along because we know these places well – smartphones and Google maps are no use out there,” Mr Bukar told The Daily Telegraph in an interview at his club HQ in the north-east’s main city, Maiduguri, where a trench now rings the city to fend off Boko Haram attacks. “But human beings are much more dangerous to hunt than animals – you have to be very careful.” Dressed in a mix of traditional and camouflage attire, Mr Bukar’s comrade Hassan Mohammed shows how they blend historic and modern fieldcraft. His weapon is a cap-firing homemade musket known as a “Dane Gun”, named after those brought in by colonial-era Scandinavian merchants, while attached to the barrel is a wolf-claw talisman for good aim. But along with the peacock feather in his hat and the snakeskin charm on his belt – packed with secret herbs said to make the wearer bulletproof – he has a USB-powered bike light strapped GoPro-style to his forehead. “When you hunt animals it is fun, but when you hunt humans, anything can happen,” he said. “One young Boko Haram fighter tried to stab me, but he couldn’t cut me because I have the protection of God.” Hunters like Hassan Mohammed, top, uses homemade guns; above, a map of militant positions Bunu Mustapha Bukar, centre, and other hunters are helping the Nigerian military operation The hunters’ role as vigilantes began centuries ago, when tribal rulers relied on them to report sightings of fugitives and robbers hiding in the forests. Today, they perform a similar function in Boko Haram’s main stronghold in the Sambisa Forest, an area the size of Belgium that stretches towards the mountains of neighbouring Cameroon. Hundreds of Nigerian troops have died here in ambushes over the years, and among the more superstitious soldiers, stories abound that the place is cursed. “When Boko Haram attacks in the Sambisa, any soldier who runs even a mile away will get completely lost and not be able to recognise where he is,” said Mr Bukar. “We often get roped in to help military officers that have ‘Boko Haram are in the bush all the time and they don’t often wash. Some of my men can actually smell them’ disappeared. We also know all the bush roads, so the soldiers never have to take the same route twice. That makes it harder for Boko Haram to plant mines or stage ambushes.” The hunters have quickly adapted their tracking skills to pursue their latest prey. Rather than baboon droppings or hyena pawprints, they search for motorbike tracks, man-sized foxholes, and treetops with broken branches that have been used as lookout posts. Other telltale signs include discarded sim cards – Boko Haram commanders frequently change their phones – and empty packs of Tramadol, a morphine-like drug also popular with State of Iraq and the Levant (Isil). A keen nose also comes in handy. “Boko Haram are in the bush all the time and they don’t often wash,” added Mr Bukar. “Some of my men can actually smell them.” Hunting fraternities all over north-east Nigeria are now helping the army against Boko Haram. Last year, some 10,000 of them gathered at an annual oath-taking ceremony where they swore to banish the insurgents from the Sambisa forever. So far, though, vows have proved easier than deeds. Although Boko Haram has been pushed out of much of its territory in the past three years, last month’s kidnapping in Dapchi shows it is still a capable guerrilla force. And despite the hunters’ magic charms, when fighting Boko Haram, the old jungle law of “kill or be killed” still holds true. “We have lost too many men to count,” said Mr Bukar. “About 30 hunters I know personally have died in battles with Boko Haram – two of them just in the last fortnight.” Facebook says leaked memo ‘was intended to be provocative’ By Ben Riley-Smith US EDITOR A FACEBOOK executive once said the company’s drive to connect people online was a good thing even if “someone dies in a terrorist attack” planned through the website. Andrew Bosworth, wrote an internal memo in June 2016 that said the firm’s “ugly truth” was that it believed in improving connections between people, whatever the consequences. The memo, which was made public by Buzzfeed News, has been dismissed by senior figures at Facebook, including Mr Bosworth, as not representing the company’s views. Mr Bosworth was the vice-president of Facebook at the time he circulated the memo. It read: “So we connect more people. That can be bad if they make it negative. Maybe it costs a life Andrew Bosworth was the vicepresident of Facebook when he sent the memo by exposing someone to bullies. Maybe someone dies in a terrorist attack coordinated on our tools. “And still we connect people. The ugly truth is that we believe in connecting people so deeply that anything that allows us to connect more people more often is *de facto* good. It is perhaps the only area where the metrics do tell the true story as far as we are concerned.” It went on: “That’s why all the work we do in growth is justified. All the questionable contact-importing practices. All the subtle language that helps people stay searchable by friends. All of the work we do to bring more communication in. The work we will likely have to do in China some day. All of it.” Mr Bosworth, said after the memo became public that he “didn’t agree” with the sentiments at the time and that he posted them to provoke new thinking among the company’s staff. He said: “It was intended to be provocative. This was one of the most unpopular things I’ve ever written internally and the ensuing debate helped shape our tools for the better.” Mark Zuckerberg, the founder and CEO of Facebook, said: “This was one that most people at Facebook, including myself, disagreed with strongly. We’ve never believed the ends justify the means.” LEKE ALABI-ISAMA FOR THE TELEGRAPH World news ** The Daily Telegraph Saturday 31 March 2018 23 World news Purists cheesed off with high-speed Camembert New method of processing takes days rather than months – but opponents warn of health problems By Henry Samuel in Paris FRANCE’S top food body has unveiled a “revolutionary” laboratory process to create a range of cheeses that look and smell like the real thing in “days rather than months”. But purists warn that the move could spell “the death of true cheese”. Researchers at the French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA) say they have cracked a way of massively accelerating the ripening process normally essential in creating a cheese with the required texture and aroma. Brie and Camembert normally take about a month to mature, while a mature Comté can take up to three years. “What nature takes three weeks, three months or three years to do, we can do in two to three days using a process that is far faster and less costly,” Romain Jeantet, INRA cheese expert, told The Daily Telegraph. The process, which researchers have coined From’Innov, involves splitting the production of the cheese and its aroma in the laboratory and mixing them later. “With the same material, we can thus make a cream cheese on Monday, a Camembert on Tuesday and a hard cheese on Wednesday,” said Gilles Garric, an INRA colleague, who revealed they were in talks with three dairy giants over the technique. The result was similar to traditionally made cheese, the researchers insisted. To make the end product more nutritious, experts can mix in probiotics – live bacteria and yeasts. But purists are appalled at what they see as the latest attempt to kill off a great French exception – smelly cheese lovingly made with raw milk on a human scale. “This isn’t cheese at all, it’s totally synthetic,” said Véronique Richez-Lerouge, who runs the tradi- tional cheese defence group Association Fromages de Terroirs and recently wrote a book called La Vache Qui Pleure (The Crying Cow). “Industrial dairy groups have long dreamed of making cheese with as little milk as possible in as little time as possible so it costs as little as possible, with a consensual taste to appeal to the masses. INRA has made their dream come true,” she said. “Next they’ll be adding banana or raspberry aroma.” She added: “This is yet another step towards creating dead food rather than Grace Mugabe confronts gold miners as they seize her farm Carry on daughter Ivanka Trump is joined by White House staff as she walks across the South Lawn, before departing with President Trump, who is travelling to Ohio to deliver a speech on infrastructure before continuing on to Palm Beach for the Easter holiday weekend. GETTY IMAGES By Our Foreign Staff Brigitte Macron files VIP fraud claim Exorcists training as possessions rise By Our Foreign Staff AIDES to Brigitte Macron have filed a legal complaint for identity fraud after opportunistic tricksters sent emails in her name seeking VIP treatment, her office has said. The emails sought favours for people supposedly close to France’s first lady – free pickup letting nature run its course. Cheese is alive and needs to be ripened and matured over a long period, preferably with live raw milk. “You cannot create this natural complexity in the laboratory. Humans are made to eat live food with diverse bacteria, not dead food, which causes all sorts of problems, such as allergies.” The new technique for creating cheese will be on show at the Cheese Symposium, organised by INRA with Teagasc and University College Cork, in Rennes, Brittany, next week. from an airport in Morocco for someone posing as her nephew, for example, or the best table at a haute cuisine restaurant in Paris. The scammer or scammers used the email address cabinet@ presidence.fr, pretending to be someone from her office. Presidence.fr is the website of the Présidence art gallery in Paris, which has no connection with the official website of President Emmanuel Macron, Elysee.fr. “An investigation is under way,” Mrs Macron’s office said after the complaint was filed in Paris. A source close to the first lady told RTL the emails were “a very clear attempt to damage her reputation”. By John Phillips in Rome THE Vatican is holding a training course for exorcists to help the Roman Catholic church cope with growing numbers of people claiming to be possessed. The number of Italians approaching exorcists has tripled recently to half a million people, according to Vatican News. Father Cesare Truqui, a priest who learned to cast out demons from Italy’s most famous exorcist, Fr. Gabriele Amorth, told the Vatican Insider that “in the popular mind, the exorcist is a sort of good wizard who deals with the devil”. He acknowledged that many who turn to exorcists in reality have “problems of the family, of losing work, even girls with problems of the heart” while others suffer from “spiritual deviation”. However, critics warn that exorcisms can be a form of “spiritual abuse” and counsel extreme caution when using them. The Church of England said medical professionals must be consulted where appropriate. ILLEGAL gold miners in Zimbabwe have seized a farm belonging to Grace Mugabe, just four months after her husband, the former president, was ousted from power. Local media last night reported that hundreds of squatters took over parts of the former first lady’s Smithfield estate in Mazowe, 25 miles north of the capital Harare, and refused to move when she confronted them on Thursday. Undeterred by the miners, who were waving shovels and machetes at her, Mrs Mugabe ordered them to leave, but they refused, the Daily News reported. They then uprooted citrus trees and dug tunnels on the property, vowing to remain until Mrs Mugabe offered them work. “You no longer have any power to remove us,” one of the miners was quoted as saying. “This is the new dispensation – and we do what we want.” Mrs Mugabe reportedly alerted officers, reportedly stating: “I was shocked to find a group of approximately 400 men busy illegally panning for gold.” She added: “I asked them to stop since I am the owner of the farm. However, the crowd started to shout obscenities at me and continued with their unlawful activities.” Robert Mugabe was forced to quit the political scene he had dominated since independence from Britain in 1980 when the military stepped in and ZANU-PF politicians launched impeachment proceedings against their once beloved leader. The military moved against Mr Mugabe after he sacked Emmerson Mnangagwa, his deputy, apparently to groom his wife as his successor. Mr Mnangagwa was sworn in as president in November. 24 *** Saturday 31 March 2018 The Daily Telegraph World news By Steve Bird and Thomas Lowe THE Russian foreign ministry yesterday gave Britain one month to reduce its diplomatic staff to match that of Russia’s team in the UK, as the fallout from the Salisbury poisoning intensified. The latest development could see scores of employees in the British embassy in Moscow, and consulates in St Petersburg and Ekaterinburg dismissed from their jobs. Laurie Bristow, Britain’s ambassador to Moscow, was summoned to the foreign ministry yesterday morning and told his staff should mirror the exact number of Russia’s diplomatic teams remaining in the UK. Although the Foreign Office refused to say whether this meant Russia was effectively increasing the 23 diplomats it had already expelled, a spokeswoman described the move as “regrettable” but “anticipated”. In a statement, the Russian ministry said it had handed the British ambassador a note of protest, adding that Britain’s “provocative actions” had led to the decision by Western governments to expel scores of Russian diplomats. The UK has blamed Russia for the nerve agent attack on Sergei Skripal and his daughter, Yulia, in Salisbury – a claim that President Vladimir Putin vehemently denies. Britain expelled 23 Russian diplomats, prompting 29 countries, including the US, to expel 145 Russian diplomats, a move Theresa May described as a concerted effort to dismantle their spy network. In response, the Kremlin announced it would expel 150 Western diplomats, including 23 from the British Embassy, and close the US consulate in St Petersburg. Yesterday, a steady stream of ambassadors from Western countries, including Germany, Poland, Canada, Ireland and Australia, arrived at the Russian foreign ministry to be told that some of their diplomats were being ordered to leave. Emerging from his meeting at the ministry, Mr Bristow refused to go into detail about the discussions, but said: “We will study what we have been told and make our decisions accordingly. It is important to remember why this crisis has arisen in the first place. The use of a chemical weapon on the streets of the UK has threatened the lives of a number of people in my country.” A spokeswoman for the Foreign and Commonwealth Office said: “Russia is in flagrant breach of international law and the Chemical Weapons Convention. Actions by countries around the world have demonstrated the depth of international concern.” In a statement, Russia’s foreign ministry labelled the expulsions of its diplomats as “unjustified”. It said the number of personnel employed by the British mission in Russia must be brought into parity with the number of employees in the Russian Embassy in London and its consulate in Edinburgh. However, the Russian and British diplomatic missions function very differently. While Moscow only employs diplomats and people on diplomatic passports, the UK diplomatic staff work alongside local Russian employees who often take on administrative roles. Consequently, the latest move may not see more British diplomats expelled from the country; instead, Russian nationals on the embassy payroll could lose their jobs or be suspended. AFP/GETTY IMAGES Tit-for-tat expulsions could hit local Russian embassy staff Shoulder to shoulder A group of smartly dressed Russian cadets are pictured proudly marching through the city streets of Moscow, where the annual cadet schools get-together took place on Friday 45-second Czech anthem too short for us to celebrate say gold medal-winning athletes By Matthew Day in Warsaw THE Czech national anthem is facing a makeover after complaints that it is too short and insufficiently patriotic. The Czech Olympic Committee argued that the 45-second anthem’s single verse meant gold-medal winning athletes have little time to bask in their glory on the podium. The lyrics of “Kde Domov Můj?” (“Where is My Home?”) also focus on the beauty of the Czech countryside rather than stirring deeds of patriotic derring-do. “Our goal is not to get things changed by law or to dictate to anybody,” said Jiří Kejval, the chairman of the committee. “We want to start a discussion about something new. It is through sport, after all, that most people hear the anthem.” Mr Kejval said that Czech athletes had complained they had too little time on the podium owing to its brevity. “We probably have the second shortest national anthem in Europe,” Mr Kejval said. “The average is around 80 seconds. It’s a shame athletes don’t have more time to enjoy their success.” The committee has also argued that the lyrics lack self-confidence and patriotism and called for a new version, ‘We probably have the second shortest national anthem in Europe. The average is around 80 seconds’ coinciding with the 100th anniversary of the founding of Czechoslovakia. “Where is My Home?” was adopted as the first part of the Czechoslovak na- tional anthem in 1918 and for many years was sandwiched together with the Slovak anthem “Tatrou sa Blýska” (“Lightning over the Tatras”). Following the Velvet Divorce at the start of 1993, when Czechoslovakia split apart, the Czech section was left on its own. To address the problem the Olympic committee commissioned a composer to come up with an alternative, and longer, arrangement of the anthem, which incorporates lines from a long discarded second verse. But so far the public appetite for change is low. “I think we have a beautiful anthem and there is no need to change it,” said Andrej Babiš, the Czech prime minister. An opinion poll on rozhlas.cz, a Czech news website, also found that 98 per cent disapproved of the new version of the anthem. ** The Daily Telegraph Saturday 31 March 2018 25 World news Man Booker bows to China over nominee By Nicola Smith in Taipei and Neil Connor in Beijing ONE of the world’s most prestigious literary prizes has been dragged into a diplomatic spat between China and Taiwan, after it caved in to pressure to change the nationality of a Taiwanese nominee on its website. The Man Booker International Prize said on Friday that it had changed the national origin of Professor Wu Mingyi, 46, one of 13 authors on the 2018 longlist, from “Taiwan” to “Taiwan, The nationality of Wu Ming-Yi, the author of The Stolen Bicycle, was changed from ‘Taiwan’ to ‘Taiwan, China’ who was nominated for this year’s prize for his novel The Stolen Bicycle, a book about Taiwan’s 20th-century history, counts himself among their numbers, and on Thursday he publicly criticised the decision. “My nationality on the webpage has been changed from Taiwan to Taiwan, China, which is not my personal position on this issue,” he wrote on his Facebook page. “I will therefore seek assistance in expressing my personal position to the award organisation,” he added. Earlier this month, the author was hit with a barrage of criticism from China’s nationalist web users when he reportedly posted online that he was “honoured” that his nationality was initially listed as Taiwan. “We should join together and ban his books from being sold on the mainland,” said one commentator on China’s Twitter equivalent, Sina Weibo. The Taiwanese foreign ministry instructed its representative office in London to demand a “correction”. A Man Booker International Prize spokesman said: “We are currently seeking clarification from the Foreign and Commonwealth Office on the UK’s official position on Taiwan following earlier advice that ‘Taiwan, China’ was the correct, politically neutral form.” Airline’s female flight staff can wear trousers Hong Kong airline Cathay Pacific will end its 70-year-old skirts-only rule for female uniformed staff, after the flight attendants’ union won the right to wear trousers. “We welcome and appreciate the company’s decision on giving us an option in choosing uniforms,” said Pauline Mak, the vice chairman of the Hong Kong Dragon Airlines Flight Attendants Association. She said many colleagues expressed concern over wearing short skirts, especially when putting passengers’ luggage into overhead lockers. Californian coffee ‘must carry cancer warnings’ Coffee sellers in California have been ordered to display warnings because the brew may contain an ingredient linked to cancer, a judge has ruled. The culprit – a chemical produced in the bean-roasting process – has been at the heart of an eight-year legal battle. The Council for Education and Research on Toxics wanted the coffee industry to remove acrylamide from its processing or display warnings. Los Angeles Superior Court Judge Elihu Berle on Wednesday ruled in favour of the council, but allowed the coffee makers leave to appeal. Schwarzenegger has emergency surgery Arnold Schwarzenegger, the movie star and former California governor, has undergone emergency open-heart surgery, his representative has confirmed. The operation lasted several hours and followed surgery to replace a catheter valve on Thursday, according to the celebrity website TMZ. The actor was said to be in a stable condition after attending the Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, California. It is not the first time the 70-yearold has undergone heart surgery. In 1997 he had an aortic valve replaced. PETER HEISTEIN.COM/GRAND RUAHA SAFARIS/VIA REUTERS Cat on a hot tin roof American tourist Britton Hayes had a close encounter with a cheetah while on safari in Tanzania. In a video shot by photographer Peter Heistein, Mr Hayes, from Seattle, is seen trying to remain still as the big cat wanders into the vehicle he is travelling in. The cheetah then sniffs around and nibbles on the seat next to him before going on its way. China” after it had received a complaint from the Chinese embassy in London. China claims the island democracy as its own territory, which will be eventually be reunited with the mainland – by force if necessary – and Beijing lobbies relentlessly to exclude Taiwan from global forums and undermine its legitimacy as its own nation. Meanwhile, Taiwan’s population of 23 million operate their own government, currency, military and foreign policy, and the majority of its citizens identify as Taiwanese. Professor Wu, WORLD BULLETIN China’s Jack the Ripper sentenced to death Malala pledges to return home to Pakistan after graduating from Oxford By Mohammad Zubair Khan in Islamabad and Tony Diver MALALA YOUSAFZAI, the youngest ever Nobel Prize winner, said yesterday that she plans to return permanently to Pakistan after finishing her studies in Britain. Ms Yousafzai, who is known across the world simply as Malala, was shot in the head by a Taliban gunman in 2012, while campaigning for female education in Pakistan. She said she plans to return in two years’ time, after finishing her course in politics, philosophy and economics at Oxford University. It will be her first visit to the country since the attack. “My plan is to return to Pakistan as this is my country,” she said. She described herself as “completely focusing on education” at Oxford, but said she wanted “to work for the education of children and make it possible for every girl in Pakistan to receive a highlevel education, to fulfil her dreams and become a part of society”. While in Pa- kistan, Malala, now 20, hopes to visit her home town in the Swat Valley, around 160 miles (250km) from the capital, Islamabad. While many in Pakistan welcomed news of her return, others were more critical of her reforming stance and accused her of promoting her own, nonIslamic, values. A group of private schools declared Friday to be “I Am Not Malala Day”, for what its spokesman described as her “anti-Islam and antiPakistan ideology”. Responding to her critics, she said: “I am proud of my religion, and I am proud of my country. I just don’t know anything I’ve said that makes me antiPakistan or anti-Islam.” A man described as China’s version of Jack the Ripper has been sentenced to death for the rape and murder of 11 women and girls. Gao Chengyong, 54, was likened to the notorious killer from Victorian London due to the way he mutilated the bodies of his victims, which included an eight-year-old girl. He allegedly targeted females dressed in red during his 14-year killing spree, which began in 1988. Gao would follow his victims home, where he would rape and kill them, often by cutting their throat. 26 ** Saturday 31 March 2018 The Daily Telegraph World news At least 16 dead in Gaza clashes as Palestinian protests begin By Raf Sanchez Middle east correspondent AFP/GETTY IMAGES AT LEAST 16 Palestinian protesters were killed and hundreds more injured in clashes with Israeli forces on the Gaza border yesterday, in the bloodiest day of demonstrations in several years. Thousands of Palestinians marched towards the Israeli fence around Gaza as part of demonstrations supported by Hamas, the militant Islamist group that controls the enclave. Israel’s military said some demonstrators threw firebombs and burning tyres at Israeli troops on the other side of the fence. Soldiers fired live ammunition as well as rubber bullets, and tear gas was dropped by drones. The violence comes at the start of a tense period that will culminate in May with the opening of the US embassy in Jerusalem and the 70th anniversary of what Palestinians call the “Nakba” – the mass displacement of Arabs during the 1948 war with Israel. Yesterday’s demonstrations were described as the start of the “Great March of Return”, in which Palestinian refugees will demand to be able to return to their 1948 homes in what is now Israel. Hamas said the people killed had “sacrificed their souls for the sake of the great revolution which precedes the great return”. Meanwhile, Israel said that the marches were “a dangerous, premeditated provocation meant to fan the flames of conflict and increase tension”. A Palestinian farmer was killed early yesterday morning by Israeli strikes in Gaza, according to the Palestinian health ministry. Others were killed in clashes with Israeli forces along the border. An Israeli official said at least two of the dead were known Hamas operatives. The UN Security Council was preparing to meet last night to discuss the What appears to be a tear gas grenade flies towards Palestinian men as they wave flags in Qusra, a village in the West Bank, during demonstrations yesterday violence at the request of Kuwait. ‘Political life in Egypt has been murdered with a very blunt instrument’ Dispatch By Raf Sanchez in Cairo ON THE day that Mubarak’s thugs charged into Tahrir Square on the backs of camels, swinging whips and chains at the protesters, Yasmine el-Baramawy was arrested. Ms Baramawy, then a 28-year-old composer and oud player, had been carrying bandages and disinfectant to treat the wounded when she was stopped on the edge of the square and driven to an officer’s club being used as a detention centre. It was Feb 2, 2011. Neither Ms Baramawy nor the intelligence officer interrogating her knew that in nine days Mr Mubarak would be overthrown, but both of them sensed that something was about to change in Egypt. The officer eventually released her with a few words of threat. “We’ll be back,” he said. Seven years after the Egyptian Revolution, the officer’s warning has been borne out. The Mubarak regime has been replaced by a military government headed by President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, which is by many measures even more repressive and more authoritarian. Mr Sisi won a second term in office this week after all his credible challengers were arrested or intimidated out of the race. His political opponents, including many of the 2011 revolutionaries, believe that it is only a matter of time before he changes the constitution to allow himself to stay in power indefinitely. Egypt’s media has been brought to heel by the state, organised protests are forbidden, and even what little space was allowed for political intellectuals under Mr Mubarak has been mostly closed down. “Political life in Egypt has been murdered with a very blunt instrument and Sisi is responsible for killing it,” said Hassan Nafaa, a liberal political analyst. Sitting in a downtown Cairo café, Shady el-Ghazaly Harb, a surgeon involved in the Tahrir revolution, said he feared that the crackdown on peaceful political dissent would push the next generation towards violence. “We in the January 25 movement were always peaceful and this was our motto and we should stick to it. But the young people today say: ‘It didn’t do us any good’. A lot of them are, out of frustration, being pushed towards violence,” he said. Dr Ghazaly Harb warned Western countries not to convince themselves that Mr Sisi was a stabilising force keeping Egypt and its 90 million population stable, unlike Syria or Libya. “He is taking the country into chaos. And if Egypt erupts it will not just be us suffering but the region and the world,” he said. Most opposition activists agree that there is little chance of scenes similar to those of 2011 in Tahrir Square. The Egyptian security services would stamp out any popular resistance long ‘He is taking the country into chaos… if Egypt erupts it will not just be us suffering but the region and the world’ before it began, they say. Mr Sisi’s defenders argue that what many see as political repression is in fact tough measures necessary to restore public order. Gehad Auda, a professor of political science at Helwan University, argued that Mr Sisi would allow political space to open up again once Egypt’s security situation was stabilised. “You start by working on a strong public order, then within framework of public order, political diversification emerges,” he said. “Once he achieves the strong state he cannot continue without democratisation and a sense of liberalisation.” Ms Baramawy, the oud player arrested at Tahrir Square, is now 35 and performs her music widely across Egypt. She watched this week’s election with frustration, but said she would never believe that the 2011 revolution was in vain. “The generations who saw the people revolting in 2011 are growing up and they learned that they can say no and they can be heard if they say no.” She pointed to a recent video about a school where teachers took five Egyptian pounds (20p) from each pupil, promising to put on a Mother’s Day party with the money. They kept it instead, a small act of corruption not uncommon in Egypt. But the students revolted in protest, occupying the school courtyard to demand the money back. Ms Baramawy watched the video and swelled with pride. “These are the lessons of the revolution,” she said. The Daily Telegraph Saturday 31 March 2018 *** 27 28 *** Saturday 31 March 2018 The Daily Telegraph Comment The Christian calendar is as enriching physically as it is spiritually To order prints or signed copies of any Telegraph cartoon, go to telegraph.co.uk/ prints-cartoons or call 0191 603 0178 readerprints@ telegraph.co.uk MELANIE MCDONAGH H T hank God: Lent’s over. There’s nothing like abstinence to make the heart grow fonder of sweets, chocolate and milk in your tea, which was the sum of my own privations. I know, it pales by comparison with Orthodox Christians who go vegan during Lent, or the Archbishop of Canterbury who gave up lunch (yes; I asked him), but really, I didn’t have the moral fibre to give up drink. Good Friday yesterday was a proper fast day, mind you, but now it’s over. We’re back to normal. Which, in my case, is Mars bars and tea with milk, prior to the Easter egg tomorrow. This is the tradition we’re used to: a 40-day season of abstinence – starting this year on Valentine’s Day – and finishing just as spring comes into its own (supposedly), on April Fool’s Day. And that feels right. In the Christian way of doing things, the fasting stops and the feasting starts when nature’s burgeoning, there’s new life everywhere, hens are laying and the spring lamb is really good, if you like the milk-fed sort. We give up abstinence, in other words, at a psychologically apt moment, when the days are longer and brighter. You can only really appreciate Easter – the culmination of the Christian calendar, the feast of the Resurrection – if you have been foregoing things you like for 40 days. Compare and contrast, folks, with the contemporary cycle of the year. In the modern way of doing things, fasting happens in the month of January, often beginning on January 2 (which, incidentally, is bang in the middle of the 12 Days of Christmas). That’s when we start either dry January or Veganuary – or, worse still, a diet premised on giving up carbs. Going vegan is what medieval Christians did when they fasted – they also replaced meat with fish – and they had no illusions it was anything but privation. They ate beans because they were fasting or because they couldn’t afford meat or game. In other words, precisely at the time when the weather is rubbish and all you want to do is to curl up round the equivalent of a fire, you’re expected to give up all the comforts of the season and go in for showy abstinence. January is precisely when you need your carbs, your puddings, your hot punch, your saturated fats. It’s cold out there. The social historian Nick Groom, in his book, The Seasons, observes that the reason January and February now seem so long is that we’ve changed what used to be a time for eating and drinking into a period of privation. It doesn’t really make much sense. It’s good for us to fast some of the time – psychologically and, as we now know, physically (mice who fast intermittently live longer, so the Church’s restrictions make physiological as well as spiritual sense). But it’s even better to do it at the right time, and Lent happens to be the best possible season for it. So, Happy Easter. Time, tomorrow, to get stuck into the chocolate bunnies. We’ve earned it. How on Earth did our civilisation get from Jesus Christ to Jeremy Corbyn? We are taught that racism is evil, yet the reason antiSemitism runs deep in our history is almost lost CHARLES MOORE OORE J READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/opinion eremy Corbyn and John McDonnell never tire of saying that they condemn racism “wherever it comes from”. But where does it come from? Surely – in Western culture at least – its original, most enduring and venomous form is anti-Semitism. It is true that hating people because of their race or nationality is evil whatever that race or nationality is. If someone hates – to take an improbable example – all New Zealanders, he does them as much wrong as he does to all Jews if he hates them. If Turks hate Armenians, or Hutus hate Tutsis, or Serbs hate Albanians, the deaths of hundreds of thousands can result – indeed, have resulted. But anti-Semitism is more than any of these things. As well as being a cause of mass murder, it is a theory, a purported explanation. It offers itself as a truth – even as the truth. I once sat next to a Frenchwoman at dinner in Paris. “We are not antiSemitic,” she said, “It is all lies. The newspapers only say this because they are controlled by Jews.” Her comically contradictory words encapsulated so much of the anti-Semitic mind – that she claimed to be falsely accused; that Jews do not tell the truth; that Jews have power. There are a remarkably large number of people who think this way, and now, it would seem, plenty of them are in the Labour Party. At any one time, many resent their lot in life. It can be a perverse comfort to feel that it is someone else’s fault. To some, it is especially comforting to be told that it is specifically the fault of a ruthless, brilliant, conspiratorial group of semi-aliens who care for no one but themselves. Social media gives new life to this old and terrible fiction. It seems to offer a key that unlocks the secrets of the world. The theory presents a problem, of course. If the Jews control the world, why did more than a third of their entire population get killed in the Holocaust? The anti-Semite has the answer, though. They didn’t die! They made it up so that we would feel sorry for them and let them live in Israel! Those six million somehow slipped away and continued – to use the mural image that Mr Corbyn originally defended – to play Monopoly on the backs of the wretched of the earth. Any reasonable person contemplating anti-Semitism notices two things about it – that it is mad, and that it is powerful. This combination means it is a prime duty of everyone, especially leaders, to resist it. In 1967, the year of the Six-Day War, my father brought home some books that Jewish friends had published, comparing anti-Israeli cartoons in the Egyptian press with those of Der Stürmer and other Nazi publications. The similarities were absolutely blatant – Jews with hook noses, Jews with bags of gold, Jews as rats, Jews as bloodsuckers. A child of 10 could see it – I know that, because I was a child of 10 at the time. For a great many years, such portrayals have been endemic in the Muslim Arab world. They tell you at a glance that, however real the grievances of many Arabs, and whatever mistakes the state of Israel may have made, something horrible is entrenched – ever more inflamed by Islamism – in the politico-religious culture there. Today, we get some of it here in Britain. Why does Mr Corbyn not glance, then? How did he fail (by his own admission) to notice what that mural he was defending depicted? It is always possible that he is lying about failing to notice, and that he actually is anti-Semitic, despite his protestations to the contrary, and therefore loves anti-Semitic “art”. But I think there is a more likely explanation. In his early years, he adopted a view of the world that was bound to end up letting anti-Semitism in. The main consistent thread of Mr Corbyn’s beliefs is not so much socialism, though he is a socialist. It is that there is a complete explanation for the evils of the world in the power of the white, capitalist, militarist, imperialist West. Jews are a minority everywhere but Israel, often a persecuted minority, so they might be expected to enlist in Jeremy’s ragged army. But no, they have a theory and practice of living successfully in modern Western democracies. Instead of joining a rainbow alliance of grievance to humiliate the dominant indigenous culture, they flourish within it. In the Corbyn mindset, this makes them collaborators with the enemy. By the same logic, modern Israel – a democratic, Western state, with the rule of law, surrounded by autocracies, dictatorships and semigoverned spaces – is an affront to his doctrine of victimhood. So the fierce joke doing the rounds on Twitter – that the slogan of Mr Corbyn’s Labour Party is “For the many, not the Jew” is actually almost true. He has decided that the Jews are on the wrong side in his struggle. From this, it is not such a big step to hating them, or at least to working with “friends”, such as Hamas and Hizbollah, who hate them quite openly. You don’t have to be anti-Semitic to dislike Israel and share the Corbyn world-view about Western wickedness, but if you are, it helps. His Labour becomes your “go-to” party. Blind Mr Corbyn is an almost absurd example of a more cosmic problem. Today is the feast of the Passover. Jews give thanks that God brought them out of Egypt, and thus out of slavery, so that they could receive their own law and at last reach their promised land. Theirs is the first great liberation struggle – the model endlessly studied and celebrated in the Western tradition. Theirs is also the story from which Christianity emerged. Jesus’s Last Supper, which was commemorated on Thursday, was the Passover meal. In his death the next day, Christians see Jesus as the Passover (Paschal) sacrifice. Jesus himself said that he came not to abolish the law and the prophets, but to fulfil them. When a large part of the world became Christian, people began to debate this Jewish heritage. Some thought that because the Jews had killed Jesus and continued to deny his divinity, they should be spurned and punished. Others thought this crazy. Jesus and his apostles were Jews, and the religion he founded did not repudiate Judaism. It universalised it. It took the story of God and a people, and made it the story of God and all people. To attack the Jews was therefore not only an unChristian act, but an anti-Christian one – a form of selfhatred and self-harm. In theory, this argument was won by the right side. We have Holocaust Memorial Day; racism, we are taught, is the ultimate sin. But in practice, the wrong side never gave up. And now that the Christian story is half-forgotten, that history of antiSemitism, and why it goes so deep, becomes easier to forget. This makes the ignorant a prey to the old lies. You sometimes hear it said that the Jews are “the canary in the mine” – their suffering being the early warning for the rest of us. This may be true, but I don’t like the metaphor, because it misses their central role in our story. It was they who first mined the seam from which our civilisation is powered. We and they still work in the same mine. Mr Corbyn is our first ever mainstream democratic leader to reject that civilisation. READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/opinion MICHAEL DEACON on Saturday Easter – the perfect excuse for eggstatic online outrage M y family are staunch traditionalists, and so this Easter, as always, we will be observing one of this country’s most ancient customs. Namely: complaining on social media that Cadbury’s has dropped the word “Easter” from the packaging on its chocolate eggs, even though it hasn’t. It really has become a tradition. Every single year, the social media team at Cadbury’s are engulfed by the same peculiar accusations. Look at some of the messages they’ve received in the past few weeks. “Why have you surrendered to faceless liberals and removed the word Easter from your eggs?” demanded one correspondent. “I hear you’ve eliminated the word Easter from your Easter eggs. Bye bye Cadbury,” growled another. “I heard you’re taking the word Easter off your packaging; if you do that I will no longer buy any of your products,” bristled a third. And to each one, a member of Cadbury’s staff replies, in a polite but slightly pleading tone, that it isn’t true, because the word “Easter” absolutely does remain on the packaging of their chocolate eggs, if their correspondent would only care to look. It’s a fascinating phenomenon, the annual Easter egg fury: post-truth, in eccentric microcosm. Rather than fire off their complaint, any of the outraged could simply have popped down to their local supermarket, and seen with their own eyes that Cadbury’s chocolate eggs have “Easter” written on them. But they didn’t. In fact, it may well be that they didn’t want to look, because cause they didn’t want to find d out that it wasn’t true. They ey wanted to believe it was. as. They actively wanted to be outraged, and to feel the he thrill of righteous victimhood mhood surging hotly through their veins. They wanted to think of themselves as robbed, maligned, persecuted by a shadowy cabal of cackling elitists, hell-bent on destroying g their way of life. Ultimately, I doubt the he complaints were really y about Easter. Cadbury’s ’s eggs are not holy relics. s. There is no mention off chocolate in the Bible; Christ did not feed the 5,000 by dividing up the he hollow halves of a Dairy ry Milk Caramel egg, and the Holy Chalice was not a branded mug with “Toffee Crisp” printed on the side. The first chocolate egg wasn’t produced until about 1,800 years after Christ’s death. Yet still the complaints flooded in. The outrage, I suspect, was its own reward. It often is, online. Your eyes narrow, your heart thumps, and suddenly you feel some somehow noble, heroic, ready to fight to the death in defence of all you h hold dear. You’re a warrior, battling in a just ba cause. That, when you get down to it, is the essential essentia appeal of online outrage: it m makes you feel good. I don’t mean to suggest that I’m s above online outrage, by the ou way. I’m as a susceptible to it as anyone. Which is why, why tomorrow morning, my family morn and I will get up, spend spen four hours solid soli haranguing a leading lea confectioner for con something it som hasn’t done, then ha lie back and bathe in the glow of our own ow fearless valour. valo Same Sam time next year, e everyone? Small children have such powerful imaginations. So powerful, in fact, that they frequently seem convinced that what they’ve imagined, no matter how outlandish, is real. Every so often my four-year-old son tells me – with an entirely straight face, and in vivid detail – about a house he owns. Apparently, this house is “round the corner, far away”. Each time he mentions it, he has a fascinating new aspect to relay. He’ll tell me, for example, that “it’s got a tall roof ”, or that in the garage there’s “a double-decker car”. He imparts this information matter-of-factly, even casually, in the manner of an adult discussing property at a dinner party. Oh yes, darling, simply everyone has a tall roof these days. They’re the latest thing. We had ours heightened by the most wonderful little Polish man, would you like me to give you his number? Not that everything in my son’s nearby, faraway house is perfect. It does have its flaws. In particular, his bedroom sounds as if it was designed by a complete cowboy. “I can’t switch the light on in my room,” he explained to me ruefully, “because the switch is on the ceiling, and I can’t reach it.” Still, he has managed to rectify some of the house’s problems. Fake news: complaints about the removal of Easter from Cadbury’s eggs are false “Inside there’s a broken window,” he told me last weekend, “because a naughty person fired a snowball at it with a cannon and they broke it. So I found the naughty person and I fired them with a cannon, and now they’re dead.” I love it when he talks about his house. I always make a note of the things he tells me about it. I like to think that when he grows up, he’ll be rich enough to have the house actually built for him, exactly as he’s described it to me. I’d love a ride in that double-decker car. Jennie Formby – staunch ally of Jeremy Corbyn, and now General Secretary of the Labour party – was educated at boarding school. Not that there’s anything unusual about that. The hard Left seems to be dominated by people from independent schools. Mr Corbyn himself went to prep school. Seumas Milne (Mr Corbyn’s director of communications), Andrew Murray (his senior political adviser), James Schneider (his head of strategic communications) and Jon Lansman (the founder of Momentum, the pro-Corbyn campaign group) also went to fee-paying schools. Personally, I have no problem with it. There’s no reason why the fight against the one per cent shouldn’t be led by its own members. On the other hand, I can see why some parents might feel concerned. What does it say about Britain’s independent schools that they produce quite so many radical Left-wingers? If you’re considering having your child educated privately, do first ask the school whether they actually teach history. FOLLOW Michael Deacon on Twitter @MichaelPDeacon; READ MORE at telegraph.co.uk/opinion *** The Daily Telegraph Saturday 31 March 2018 29 Letters to the Editor In the Worboys case any element of retribution in the sentencing was sadly lacking SIR – Nick Timothy (Comment, March 29) is correct in saying that our whole criminal justice system is flawed, but he misses one vital point: the need for retribution. Today, retribution is regarded as unacceptable, with rehabilitation the sine qua non, but any justice system that ignores this requirement loses public support. Our primitive ancestors understood this. Crime hurts, and the hurt is doubled if victims see the guilty free and laughing while their pain persists. But personal vengeance creates vicious cycles and destroys communities. Our ancestors therefore took from the individual the right to pursue their own justice in return for a contract from the community that it would avenge their hurt. For decades now, society has reneged on its side of the contract. Crimes are left uninvestigated and the criminals let off lightly, while the victims’ suffering, and sense of violation and insecurity persist. The desire for retribution may be A kind of heavenly astonishment T he diarist John Evelyn was delighted to spend four days in 1680 locked up with Charles II’s library in the private apartments of Whitehall palace. He saw paintings there, too, by Raphael and Titian, but admired none more than a panel painted by Hans Holbein of Mary Magdalen encountering Jesus after his Resurrection. “I never saw so much reverence and a kind of heavenly astonishment in a picture,” he declared. We can tell what he means by contemplating the same picture, which is now on show at the Royal Academy in London as part of its blockbuster Charles I exhibition. It is there because it had belonged to Charles I’s wife Henrietta Maria. A painting of a modest size, 2ft 6in across, it would have been easy to accommodate in a private bedchamber as an aid to devotion. The picture was added by their son Charles to his own collection after the Restoration. It now belongs to the Queen. Even the detail, below, hints at what Evelyn meant. Mary Magdalen is caught in the act of turning round, taken by surprise. Her face is half in shadow for she had come to this place early in the day, while it was still dark, according to St John the Evangelist, who gives a narrative as full of feeling as any painter could wish. She is in a garden, as indicated by the tree behind her, a hawthorn, as Evelyn, an expert on trees, would have been able to tell. In this garden Jesus had been buried the day before last, in a tomb sealed by a big stone. Mary is upset. She has been through a series of bewildering events since the crucifixion of the man she had learnt to love and follow. Crucifixion, we need no telling, is a loathsome and distressing sight to witness. But Mary had come to anoint the dead body of Jesus, which is why she is carrying the handsome pot that Holbein clearly enjoyed depicting. Yet she has found the stone taken away from the sepulchre and no sign of Jesus. After running to tell Peter and John, “They have taken away the Lord out of the sepulchre, and we know not where they have laid him,” she has returned to the tomb weeping. This time she sees two angels sitting inside, who ask why she is crying. “They have taken away my Lord,” she says again. One can hear her grief and frustration. It is at this moment, the moment caught by Holbein, that “she turned herself back” and saw Jesus standing there, alive. She does not recognise him at once, taking him for the gardener. It is only when he speaks her name, “Mary”, that she knows him and answers: “Rabboni.” It is a word, meaning master or teacher, that the Evangelist leaves in the Aramaic in which it was spoken. Mary Magdalen is the first person recorded to have seen Jesus alive again after his death on the cross. As a story it possesses beguiling power. But Christians, when tomorrow they hear the account by St John read in church, will take it as more than a story. For them it is the essence of Easter. Certainly other tellings of Mary Magdalen’s story have fallen lamentably short of the Gospel’s force. Holbein would hardly have been inspired to paint the Magdalen of Jesus Christ Superstar, or even of Garth Davis’s new film, let alone the farragoes of the Dan Brown tendency. It seems the sparer the narrative, the more space there is for the central “heavenly astonishment” of the Resurrection to breath. For the world that does not believe as Mary Magdalen did, there are still truths that hold. That it is good to be a woman who stays bravely when the men have run away. That it is not hoping against hope that wins through but doing what can be done: just bringing a jar to anoint a dead body. We grow used to the renewal of life in spring and new generations. We should not grow used to the idea that horrors such as those of Syria, the prime example now, can never give way to a resurrection. If something can be done for its people and refugees, we must do it, though it is still dark. Get a real job… E sther McVey is right to say that teenagers should be encouraged to take Saturday and after-school jobs. Employers often complain that the skills missing aren’t educational but behavioural: time-keeping, good manners, hard work etc. One can probably learn more from working for a few hours in a corner shop than in three years of academic study at Oxford. Of course, politicians must practise what they preach. Ms McVey is doubtless hard-working and “in touch”, but can all MPs say the same? Perhaps they could refresh their own employability by taking up odd jobs, too, such as a paper round? If nothing else, it might keep the corrupt and the adulterous in check. Appearing on the front page is embarrassing enough, but having to deliver the news personally and by hand would be humiliating. We accept letters by post, fax and email only. Please include name, address, work and home telephone numbers. 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1W 0DT FAX 020 7931 2878 EMAIL dtletters@ telegraph.co.uk FOLLOW Telegraph Letters on Twitter @LettersDesk SIR – Mina Bowater (Letters, March 30) starts from the wrong premise in denouncing the proposition that unprosecuted crimes be taken into account in deciding fitness for release in the Worboys case. The proper starting point is that Worboys was given an indeterminate sentence, with a minimum term of eight years. The question the Parole Board must answer, at its broadest is: has he shown that he is fit for release? In answering this question, there is no question of him being punished for crimes that are alleged but not proved. As the judgment makes clear, what has to be undertaken is a risk assessment of the likelihood of re-offending. A risk assessment, by its very nature, does not require proof beyond reasonable doubt. It is clear from the judgment that Worboys only latterly admitted to the crimes of which he was convicted and sought at all times to minimise the seriousness of the offences he had committed. His statement during the Parole Board process contained inconsistencies. Although it did not express it in these terms, the court found that the Parole Board had not conducted a sufficiently thorough risk assessment in the circumstances of this case and that the process has now to be repeated properly. If he is released, Worboys will always be liable to be returned to prison if he transgresses. This, however, will be scant comfort to any future victims if he is released but re-offends. Andrew Hobson London SW6 Article (March 29) was wrong to include “a judiciary that handed out an overly lenient eight-year tariff, when one of the offences was rape, which carries a life sentence”. As Nick Timothy noted on the Comment page, the judge overseeing Worboys’s trial was tough and handed down an indeterminate sentence with a minimum of eight years. The now-repealed indeterminate sentence in practice meant that the prisoner served a life sentence unless and until released by the Parole Board after the minimum term had been served. The highly experienced judge’s sentence was, moreover, exactly within sentencing guidelines applicable at the time. It should hardly need adding that it could punish Worboys only for the offences of which he had been convicted and not have regard to other like allegations, however serious and numerous, unless the defendant had admitted them. His Honour Peter Birts London SW6 SIR – In its otherwise fair criticisms of the justice system, your Leading Bishop Bell not guilty Selmayr’s rise SIR – There should be no cloud, real or imaginary, over the name of Bishop George Bell (Letters, March 29), who has never been found guilty of anything. The Diocese of Chichester seems to want to take the stance that he is guilty and must prove his innocence. If this is what it thinks, it should say so. However, as correspondents have already pointed out, how can George Bell do this when he is dead? John Drysdale Harpenden, Hertfordshire SIR – The appointment by Jean-Claude Juncker of the German bureaucratic heavy Martin Selmayr as secretarygeneral, the boss of 32,000 EU civil servants, is a curious story that should make unaccountable EU institutions a laughing stock. The resignation of the previous boss was kept secret. Mr Selmayr was initially selected as deputy secretarygeneral and then a few minutes later appointed by Mr Juncker as secretarygeneral without interviewing any other candidates. According to the EU spokesman, this was all above board and played according to the rules. Gerald Heath Corsham, Wiltshire SIR – The action of the diocese of Chichester in running a programme based on the assumption of the guilt of the accused is not merely pernicious, as Colin Bullen says (Letters, March 28). It also wastes parishioners’ money. I cannot think of any allegation of sexual and other abuse or neglect against clergy and other church officers that is not an allegation of current or historic crime. According to the safeguarding training I received last month as a Reader in Coventry diocese, it is the duty of the church authorities to report such allegations to the police. The police are then obliged to investigate the allegations fully, in accordance with the law. It is therefore not the function of the church authorities to investigate such allegations before referring them to the police, for fear of prejudicing the criminal investigation. If a core group investigating such an allegation obtained an admission of guilt from an accused who had been told he had to prove his innocence, his admission would be inadmissible in a criminal trial. It would almost certainly cause the prosecution to be abandoned. Accordingly, quite apart from its astonishing disregard for the law of the land, by running the programme, the diocese of Chichester is wasting its parishioners’ money on a pointless exercise. His Honour Anthony Nicholl Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire Nature’s ice sculpture SIR – Your picture (March 30) of the image of a ship’s captain captured in the clashing waves reminded me of my Greenland polar bear. Geoff Milburn Glossop, Derbyshire ALAMY ESTABLISHED 1855 ignoble, but it is human and must be humanely accommodated. As with Worboys, our justice system must go back to asking: has the criminal’s punishment matched and outlasted their victim’s pain? If not, why not? Victor Launert Matlock Bath, Derbyshire Wind and fracking The working replica built by GKN Sankey in 1990 of Trevithick’s locomotive of 1802 Ancestors who built the largest ironworks SIR – By 1845, following years of hard work and business acumen, John Guest and his wife Lady Charlotte (née Bertie) had created the largest ironworks in the world, at Dowlais near Merthyr Tydfil. Their remarkable story and the later growth of the business is told in A History of GKN by Edgar Jones. As one of their great-greatgrandsons, I trust the Government will ensure that Melrose honours its plan to maintain and strengthen this great firm. It would be tragic if the many years of endeavour were to be negated to enable short-term speculators to make a fast buck. Jonathan Bertie Guest Crieff, Perthshire SIR – Thick. Stupid. Greedy. Selfish. Untrustworthy. No, not the Australia cricket team, the GKN stockholders. If Corbyn gets in and takes it back for us I shall invite him down for a drink. Robin Boon Sevenoaks, Kent When inexplicable habits of speech kick in SIR – When did start become kick start (Letters, March 30)? Richard Gray Marlborough, Wiltshire SIR – We no longer have resistance, it has become pushback. Patrick Brennan Market Rasen, Lincolnshire SIR – When (and why) did Sunday, in the language of weather presenters, become the second half of the weekend? John Wainwright Wakefield, West Yorkshire SIR – Why did Personnel become Human Resources? Alan Shaw Halifax, West Yorkshire SIR – When did include become factor in? Clifford Baxter Wareham, Dorset SIR – When, in almost any type of retail outlet, did “Hello, may I help you?” become “Are you all right there?” Rick Emerson Bagshot, Surrey SIR – My pet hate is the use of the verb grow to mean increase as in “We aim to grow the sales.” Mike Chandler Newport, Isle of Wight SIR – I still fill forms in, but everyone else now seems to fill them out. Dr David Shoesmith Easingwold, North Yorkshire SIR – Marie Millar (Letters, March 29) asks when in the past became back in the day. The former is factual, the latter has a violin player and swinging lamp in the background. Stephen Fyles Watford, Hertfordshire SIR – Ambrose Evans-Pritchard (Business, March 29), cogently and correctly said that offshore wind and shale gas must be the basis of Britain’s long-term energy policy. Energy self-sufficiency is the goal we must strive for in an increasingly turbulent world, and wind farms and shale fracking are clearly the way forward. Protestors will demonstrate but they must not be allowed to endanger Britain’s energy security. James Allan Hartlepool, Co Durham Cheat, blub, sledge SIR – The Australian cricketing icons caught bang to rights cheating in an indisputably premeditated move are now pictured on television blubbing like babies. It’s not great for the image of Australian manhood, but it could come in very useful when they next start sledging. Vincent Hearne Nabinaud, Charente, France SIR – It could just be me but, frankly, I am more disappointed in the Australians for the tears than for the tampering. Judith A Scott St Ives, Huntingdonshire SIR – When can we expect to see Australian diplomats expelled? Tim Bradbury Northwich, Cheshire SIR – Making new cricket balls rough on one side and smooth on the other would save all the bother on and off the field. Andrew Baines Hatherden, Hampshire Some students even no-platform themselves… JULIET SAMUEL MUEL NOTEBOOK T he National Union of Students doesn’t make it easy for reasonable people to take it seriously. This week, though, it set a new benchmark for folly. Gathered for the NUS annual conference in Glasgow, one group of students began to grow frustrated at what they said was an inordinately slow pace of debate. There had been hours of wrangling over procedure, “in an outrageous display of manipulation and bureaucracy”, Cambridge student Angus Satow told The Tab, the student tabloid. They were losing precious time to debate motions that he and his friends thought important, including one on abortion in Northern Ireland and another on student sex workers. There was, of course, only one way for these disgruntled students to express their rage. They decided to occupy their own conference. That’s right. The whole thing came to a standstill for two hours as 150 students sat on the stage chanting and shouting in protest at bad timekeeping. As noted by Tom Harwood, a bemused Durham student: “I suppose what happens when you run out of people to no-platform is that you start no-platforming yourself.” Curious, I had a look at the list of motions that these students wanted to discuss. To my surprise, the document listing them runs to 186 pages. I could not understand why, until I started reading. Every niche angle on an issue requires a separate motion. So rather than holding a comprehensive debate on the cost of student housing or degrees’ value for money, the union holds dozens of debates on niche angles of similar issues. There are at least six motions on free speech and hate speech, five on mental health, five on housing, six on other degree costs, six on access and participation by different minority groups and seven on procurement or living wage issues. If and when the conference gets around to it, these motions are voted upon by roughly 1,200 attendees, then trumpeted as representing the views of seven million students. Among the other motions on the list are several complaining that student unions do not have enough resources to do everything they want to do. I wonder why. An Assyrian protective deity, or lamassu, has been installed on the fourth plinth in London’s Trafalgar Square. The sculpture of the god, represented by a winged bull with a human head, is a recreation of one that was destroyed when Isil vandalised the contents of Mosul Museum in Iraq. The artist, Michael Rakowitz, constructed it out of 10,000 date syrup cans, in reference to a once-thriving Iraqi industry damaged by war. The sculpture gives a rather garish impression when you see it, each coloured tin shining in the London rain. My instinctive reaction was to recoil. It’s not half as tasteful as similar statues made from plain, yellow stone, which you can see in the British Museum. Then I reconsidered. This gaudy apparition is probably much closer to how the statues would have looked originally, brightly painted and positioned imposingly on the walls of Nineveh. The ancients, from Babylon to Assyria to Rome, liked bright colours and gold, rather than the understated white marble or monochrome that obsess modern tastes. I once went to an exhibition in which a museum had created a replica of a Greek statue of Diana, the divine huntress, and then coloured it in along the lines of how it might have looked. The effect was rather shocking. It actually looked vulgar to my unaccustomed eyes, the colours totally obscuring the amazing sensitivity of the sculptor in depicting the softness of skin and the ripples of muscle that were apparent in the unpainted version. I am therefore trying to get used to London’s new, date-can lamassu. It’s a reminder not only of Iraq’s destroyed heritage and humanity’s indomitable desire to reclaim it from the wreckage of war, but also of how historical relics are always coloured by present-day fads and prejudices. It’s a reminder, in other words, not to take ourselves too seriously. is destroying our ability to remember things. Actually, it’s not memory as such that is the problem, but the fact that we haven’t experienced the thing we’re photographing in the first place. Rather than looking at the object or landscape in question, we’re looking at a camera lens, and it’s rather hard to remember something you haven’t actually looked at. This plague is everywhere. More than once at a music concert, I’ve found my view of the stage cut off by a forest of smartphones recording the distant figures. These amateur videographers almost certainly remember little of what they’ve filmed. I myself have been guilty of taking too many snaps sometimes, usually featuring impressive holiday sights that I don’t want to forget. The focusing and clicking is an effort to nail it all down, to affix it in time and in the memory. A better strategy might be to try drawing things. I recently came across the work of an artist, Stephen Wiltshire, whose phenomenal visual memory allows him to recreate accurate and incredibly detailed cityscapes in pen after just half an hour of observing them. The resulting drawings are very impressive – and yet, despite admiring them, I couldn’t help thinking to myself: “He could just take a photo.” FOLLOW Juliet Samuel on Twitter @CitySamuel; READ MORE at telegraph. co.uk/opinion A study published in the Journal of Experimental Psychology says that compulsive smartphone photography 30 *** Saturday 31 March 2018 The Daily Telegraph NEWS REVIEW FEATURES *** The Daily Telegraph Saturday 31 March 2018 Bryony Gordon Why are men so afraid to shed a tear? Page 33 FASHION Lisa Armstrong Eight ways Seoul has become the world’s style capital Page 34 FEATURE ‘Our liberty is in sight’ Jacob Rees-Mogg, MP for North Somerset and Brexiteer Feast, not fuss Inside the modern dinner party Page 32 INTERVIEW GETTY IMAGES; STEVE FINN Generation Game Rosemarie Ford on the beloved show’s return Page 37 In the year since the Article 50 Bill was passed, events have waxed and waned considerably. There was an initial sense of excitement that a great and powerful ship had been launched, one whose maiden voyage was to the “port of Liberty”… but then events intervened. In 2016, the decision to call a general election seemed a masterstroke, an opportunity to gain a large majority that would help ensure that a strong government could negotiate effectively with the European Commission. Alack, alas, the Gods thought otherwise and a hung parliament left a weakened Prime Minister sending off a secretary of state to Brussels unable to bang the table. Theresa May continues to make it clear that “Brexit means Brexit”, and has reassured Parliament and the electorate that, at the end of December 2020, we will leave the single market, the customs union and the European Court of Justice. It is a pity that this is 21 months later than it could have been, but in the great span of our island story it is not an undue delay. Once we have left, freedom from EU structures and regulations will revitalise the UK’s economy. Politicians can be held to account for what they do without blaming Brussels bureaucrats, and we will not be bound by the statist, mixed Are we ready for Brexit? With less than a year to go until the UK leaves the European Union, Asa Bennett asks leading voices about their hopes and fears economy approach that has hampered our economic growth. The destination of “Liberty” is still in sight, even if there have been some winter squalls. When we arrive, we will recognise that these were not significant. ‘We are likely to limp over the finish line’ Nigel Farage, former Ukip leader and Brexiteer We are one year away from a day of national liberation. It is the day children will read about in their history lessons for years to come, and the day we leave the political construct of the European Union, becoming an independent nation once again. I have no doubt there will be repeated attempts by the political class, their media allies and the battalions of global business to stop this liberation from occurring. They will plot and scheme with Monsieur Barnier in Brussels and lobby to get our MPs to reject the final deal and force a second referendum. While I am aware and concerned about that risk, I do not believe that when the final deal comes, our MPs will be stupid enough to deny the will of the people. If they were to choose that route, then prepare for a backlash from a very, very angry public. The fishermen’s protest on the Thames would be as nothing if the public felt genuinely betrayed. Unfortunately, the historic break with the European treaties will not be as a result of a triumphant march towards independence. We are more likely to limp over the finishing line. The huge, unnecessary concessions that have been made by our Prime Minister mean that for a further 21 months of transition we will still, in effect, be a member of the EU, but on slightly worse terms. Whether our Points of view: from left, Nigel Farage, June Sarpong, Jacob Rees-Mogg, Priti Patel, Stanley Johnson and Lord Adonis GDP gets slightly smaller or bigger is anyone’s guess, but crucially it is not the point. Brexit was not a decision made on future economic predictions. This is about our independence, our democracy and our ties with a wider world than our European neighbours. We have just one year to wait for that great day to arrive. ‘I’m not tearing my hair out’ Stanley Johnson, former MEP and Remain campaigner Much of my professional life has been spent working in, with, or for the EU. On April 10 1973, I joined the staff of the European Commission in Brussels as one of that first wave of Brits who crossed the Channel to start new lives and new careers. I believed then, and still believe, in what we were doing. But this really is the beginning of the end, and it leaves a slight bittersweet taste in my mouth. So why am I not tearing my hair out about Brexit? That’s an easy one to answer. Quite simply, I have accepted the result of the referendum. Whatever deal finally Continued on page 32 31 32 *** Saturday 31 March 2018 The Daily Telegraph FEATURES A few weeks ago, I went to a spectacularly bad dinner party where two things were immediately clear on arrival. Firstly, the host and hostess were barely speaking, presumably having just had an almighty row, and secondly, they had severely under-bought on booze. That wasn’t the worst of it. After realising he’d forgotten to buy several ingredients, the hostess sent the host out into 4ft of snow. Then, back at the house, he burnt the starters and accidentally served the main course upside down at the table, accompanied by a side of passive-aggressive bickering. A frozen dessert followed (it was sub-zero outside), eaten in a frosty atmosphere, with everyone wondering how long the hostess could go on talking about herself. It was impressive: almost as impressive as our attempts to drain that one last drop of wine from our glasses as she talked (two bottles between six having been finished an hour earlier). ‘A great dinner party is about sharing food with no protocol or rules’ ‘It was so relaxing to have everything laid out in front of you in one opulent spread’ A feeling of being trapped by good manners is the only way to describe what such an awful evening feels like, so it fills me with a degree of horror to note that the dinner party is back. But luckily there’s a new rule: feast, not fuss. Away with white tablecloths, multiple separate courses and the panicked assembling of fussy plates. This is about huge sharing platters, throwing everything on the table at once, and letting the host have a seat with the guests, rather than a perch in the kitchen in a haze of Mrs Dallowaystyle worry. “So it’s just a posh buffet?” my friend Hannah asks when I invite her to mine – but that sounds more funereal than bacchanalian. And it’s not; what we’re talking about here is something far more sophisticated. Tony Kitous, the owner of London restaurant chain Comptoir Libanais, has just published a book – which hit the Amazon bestseller list this week – showing exactly how to feast. “Cooking for friends and family is as personal as it gets,” he says. “It’s how many people show love. But a great dinner party is about sharing food in a very relaxed environment with no protocol or rules. “It’s all about being informal and showing great hospitality. Feasting in Middle Eastern fashion is perfect for this because it’s all about generosity, with a lot of dishes spread over the table.” His book, Feasts From the Middle East, explains how to serve fresh salads, dips, stews, and chicken and fish alongside each other. Recipes inspired by Kitous’s childhood are Lebanese, Moroccan and Egyptian, so many are vegetarian and vegan. “In our culture it’s the more the better – if you eat in a Middle Eastern home and you manage to finish your food that means we didn’t give you enough,” he adds. “It’s still never happened to me.” With the number of vegans in Britain growing every year – almost Don’t stand on ceremony: Lucy Holden hosted an informal dinner party for her friends using recipes from Tony Kitous’s new book 80,000 carnivores reportedly tried to give up meat in January, according to the co-founder of Veganuary, Matthew Glover, compared with 23,000 in 2017 – the fashion for lighter, healthier food could be driving the feasting trend. But the more you think about it, the more it makes sense. Once upon a time, dinner parties were fraught with rules. As recently as last year, etiquette experts argued that polite guests should be careful to abide by a set of strict protocols; leaving by 10.30pm on a weeknight and 11.15pm at the TONY’S MOUDARDARA, GREEN LENTIL AND RICE SALAD SERVES 6-8 TO SERVE � Sunflower oil, for INGREDIENTS � 2 tbsp oil, plus extra for frying � 1 medium onion, chopped � 1 garlic clove, crushed � 300g green lentils � 1.2 litres hot water � 50g basmati or long grain rice � ½ tbsp cumin � 1 tbsp salt � ¼ aubergine, cut into cubes � 1 tomato, diced � 3 spring onions, chopped � ¼ bunch of mint, finely chopped deep-frying onion, thinly sliced � 1 METHOD the oil in a large saucepan over a low heat. Sauté the onion and garlic for 10 minutes. Add the lentils and hot water. Cover, bring to the boil, then reduce the heat to very low and simmer for about 15 minutes. � Stir in the rice – the lentils should be three-quarters � Heat cooked by this stage – cumin and salt. � Replace the lid and continue to cook on a low heat for 10-15 minutes. Keep testing the rice every five minutes or so. � Meanwhile, crisp the onions for the garnish. Pour enough sunflower oil into a medium saucepan to come about 5cm up the side and warm over a medium heat until a piece of onion sizzles in it. Carefully lower half the slices into the oil and cook CONTINUED FROM PAGE 31 emerges, my concern now is to help ensure that the issues that I and so many others fought for at EU level – such as the environment – do not slip through the cracks. I am encouraged by the fact that the Withdrawal Bill now under consideration in Parliament will ensure that the EU’s existing environmental legislation will, for the most part, be transposed into domestic law. There may even be, as Michael Gove, the Environment Secretary, has suggested, a “green Brexit bonus”. The proof of that particular pudding will be in the eating. We may be voting to walk the plank without actually knowing what awaits us on the other side. But, at the very least, let’s not throw out the baby with the bath water. ‘The public just want it done’ Priti Patel, former cabinet minister and Vote Leave campaigner With a year to go, we must expect the toughest negotiations as we finalise withdrawal arrangements and future trade deals. We must also robustly reject those who want to talk down our country and betray our future. There is an urgency to state a positive, coherent vision for Britain beyond Brexit. This is no longer an argument about whether Brexit was a ne. good idea; the public want it done. Brexit perspective: Vince Cable, the Liberal Democrat leader, below right, and Labour’s Gisela Stuart, below until golden. Spread out on kitchen paper to drain while you cook the remainder of the onions. � Heat a little oil in a frying pan and fry the aubergine until golden. � Fluff up the lentil and rice mixture with a fork – the liquid should all have been absorbed during cooking – and stir in the aubergine, tomatoes, spring onions and mint. � Top with crispy onions. They want to know that their political leaders will stay true to the promise made to them, that Brexit means Brexit. That means delivering a vision for Britain beyond Brexit and grasping this national mission to lay the foundations for Britain to enter a new golden era of freedom and prosperity. ‘We can still vote to stay’ Lord Adonis, Remainer who campaigns to reverse the Brexit decision We do not have to leave the EU. It is not inevitable. As we get closer to the March 2019 deadline imposed by Article 50, more and more people will demand the chance to decide on whatever deal the Government eventually does with Brussels. The alleged benefits of Brexit disappear one by one as the previously unforeseen or unacknowledged dangers mount. That is why, one year on from Article 50, I no longer say that there is a chance that we could be given a final vote on the final deal. Instead, I tell people that it is inevitable that we will get our say. ‘Some things are more important than Brexit’ June Sarpong, broadcaster and Remainer The whole Brexit process is starting to remind me more and more of that famous scene in Fight Club, where Brad Pitt persuades Edward Norton to let go of the steering wheel and plate around the table, muttering: “Have you tried this?” “Yes, but have you tried this?” There’s a Lebanese milk pudding, huge orange cake and baklava to finish. A week later, everyone is still raving about it. “It was so relaxing to have everything laid out in front of you in one opulent spread,” my friend Ben says. “You spend the evening dipping in and out of the food – not the conversation, which is often the case at dinner parties.” Alex, who once spent an entire evening next to a man who talked purely about the A1, agrees. “It’s so nice to be able to enjoy good company, including your host’s when they don’t have to get up to serve you. You’re removed from the guilt of not helping them fret and sweat over the hob or juggle the next bottle of wine, which helps both the drink and conversation flow.” By the end of the night there’s still a lot of food on the table. No one is running for the door or stifling a yawn. Instead, all but two of us go down the road for a nightcap. And when two of the three single people at the table go home together, it must have been a good evening, right? Feasts From the Middle East by Tony Kitous is published by HarperCollins (£20). To order your copy for £16.99 plus p&p, call 0844 871 1514 or visit books.telegraph.co.uk embrace the consequences as they’re driving down a busy, rain-soaked motorway. It certainly doesn’t seem to resemble in any way the Vote Leave slogan of “taking back control”. What Brexit has become, more than anything else, is a giant distraction from the very real problems facing this country, from housing, to the NHS, to inequality and to education. ‘To leave now is foolhardy’ Vince Cable, Liberal Democrat leader and Remainer The country was evenly divided down the middle about the merits of Brexit and Remain. While the balance of domestic opinion may not have greatly changed since the referendum, the world has. The declaration of trade war by President Trump is ushering in a dangerous era of protectionism. I share Theresa May’s belief in free trade but for Britain to leave the EU at this juncture is foolhardy. The fact that the EU has got the Trump administration to retreat from tariffs on EU steel tells us that EU collective action and the threat of retaliation are the best defences for a liberal trading system. As Martin Donnelly, my former permanent secretary, memorably put it: we are giving up a threecourse meal in return for a bag of of crisps. ‘A ‘After Brexit, Germany will fa face tough questions’ Gi Gisela Stuart, former Labour M MP and chair of Vote Leave In spite of a yearning for progress, the negotiations are taking their tim time. No one should be surprised. Th They always do. And as the talks pro progress, we are starting to see the shape of the trade-offs that may be sh necessary and which may mean we ne will end up doing some things wi broadly as before, in particular br where it is in our common interest w to do so. The discussions about our relationship with Russia after the nerve gas attack in Salisbury are one such example. But change there will be. The ssupremacy of EU law, automatic payments into the EU budget and p tthe rules on immigration are areas where it won’t be business as w usual. u The EU will have to change, too, aand not just in response to losing its second-largest net contributor. The se call for fiscal transfer payments will ca inevitably see tense conversations ine between Germany and the other be euro countries. eu To read more, go to telegraph.co.uk/brexit GETTY IMAGES Say goodbye to three courses and starched tablecloths - the age of laid-back dining is finally upon us, says Lucy Holden PAUL GROVER FOR THE TELEGRAPH Feast, not fuss – the dinner party gets a revamp weekend, refusing coffee and an aperitif on the way out. Yet, imposing such rules is a sure way to drain the fun and spontaneity from a gathering. They imply that no one is actually enjoying themselves, and rules are slightly masochistic. As host, you are probably going to burn and cut yourself during the preparation, and miss all the conversation by spending much of the night in the kitchen. Someone always fails to say “thank you”, brings a budget bottle of wine, or tries to bring up Brexit. Why do it to yourself? Narcissism is often the answer. We all want to be seen to be as great hosts; but feasting is a much easier way to avoid a car-crash of an evening. To my feast, I invite seven friends who barely know each other – the key being that none are bores – and cover the table in food. It goes down a storm. Kitous, who wants to start a series of supper clubs, helps me serve lots of hummus, halloumi salad, aubergine, cauliflower and tahini, and the most amazing slow-cooked lamb shoulder. We pass plate after *** The Daily Telegraph Saturday 31 March 2018 �ryony ordon Read more telegraph.co.uk/opinion Email Bryony.Gordon@telegraph.co.uk Twitter @bryony_gordon Chaps, it’s OK to cry… about more than mere sport of men sobbing? It’s not just the question mark over the authenticity of Smith’s tears (by the way, why is it that the word “authentic” sounds so… fake?). It was clear from the unmistakable redness in Lehmann’s eyes that he was overcome with emotion, and nobody seemed to like that either. The overwhelming reaction seemed to be: put it away lads, you’re embarrassing yourselves. The only time it is acceptable for a man to cry in public is if his football team loses an important match or a loved one dies suddenly. Otherwise: dry your eyes, mate. I searched all over the internet for photographs of men weeping – I promise, I’m not a pervert – and the only ones I could find were of sportsmen (David Beckham, Roger Federer, Cristiano Ronaldo) or actors pretending to cry in films. Do you remember when Paul Gascoigne broke down and sobbed on the pitch at Italia ’90? I mean, it’s still so iconic that it’s almost more memorable than the pictures of the England te team the last time w the World they actually won Cup. Yes, I’m writing a column feeli about feelings and emotions again. But I hope you’ll f give me, for me given that, forgive Ste Smith and while Steve Darre Lehmann were Darren bein flamed by the being Bri British press for ha having a weep in pu public, a charity w launching a was c campaign to raise aw awareness of the 84 m in the UK who men tak their own lives take each an and every week. If you are a bloke under th the age of 45 in this countr the thing most country, likely to kill you is not a car o or a gun or a heart atta or crying in attack pu public. It is yourself. Ye the biggest Yes, D espite the recent horror that was Married at First Sight, a Channel 4 show in which participants tied the knot on television with people they had only just met, it seems that the sanctity of marriage is not dead. Official figures show that the number of divorce cases has fallen by more than a third in 14 years. Fewer than 110,000 couples began the legal process last year – a huge drop from 172,000 in 2003. The Ministry of Justice figures show that the number of people going to court to ask a judge to divide their property has also fallen. It seems that people are more aware of the toll that divorce can have on families. Interestingly, the number of people getting married has only decreased by 10 per cent. If you thought that marriage had become unfashionable, then you’d be very much mistaken. People are more aware of the toll that divorce can have on families STEVE CHRISTO/AP; ALLSPORT an plays with ball” is the kind of frontpage news that ‘M tends to make me shrug, in much the same way that the headlines “Pope is Catholic”, “Bear defecates in wood” and “Jeremy Corbyn is deranged” might. Of course men play with balls! That is what they have done since they first discovered rolling objects, way back when. Honestly, if the world stopped spinning every time some bloke cheated with his balls, nothing would ever get done. We would simply grind to a halt, paralysed by the powerful combination of testosterone and things that are round(ish). It’s good to get all the lazy and toxic clichés about masculinity out of the way, isn’t it? Here’s another cliché: men don’t cry, unless it’s over something involving sport. The images of the Australian cricketer Steve Smith – “Captain Cry Baby”, as one paper described him – bawling at Sydney Airport on Thursday have been ripped al media as crocodile apart on social oward, the tears. John Howard, alian prime former Australian cribed the minister, described sportsman as “weak” for his tburst, while emotional outburst, mann was also Darren Lehmann aying the accused of playing e” when “crying game” he welled up as d his he announced tep intention to step d coach down as head at the end of the series. u see “When you an Australian man crying,” said one male tching colleague watching ferences, the press conferences, ’s the end “you know it’s y.” He of masculinity.” was joking, I think. But why do we find ortable it so uncomfortable es to see pictures Marital bliss? That comes long after commitment Crying shame: Steve Smith, above, on Thursday, and Paul Gascoigne, left, at the World Cup in Italy in 1990 killer of young men in Britain is suicide. The brilliant but tiny charity Campaign Against Living Miserably (Calm) have long been trying to change this shocking statistic, and their collaboration this week with ITV and Mark Jenkins, the American artist, in which 84 sculptures of men were placed on the roof of the network’s headquarters, has attracted much attention – not all of it positive. Some have described the artworks as insensitive, given the tragic way in which some people choose to end their lives. Others said that they were shocking. Then again, suicide is. But the sculptures on top of the building are not poised to jump. They are a defiant group, looking out over the capital in solidarity against suicide. A short distance from the sculptures, you will find Waterloo Bridge, a notorious suicide spot in London. In 2008, Jonny Benjamin was talked down from it by a stranger, with whom he was reunited years later. Together, Benjamin and Neil Laybourn tour the country educating people about the reality of male mental health. The beauty of Jonny and Neil is that they could not be more different: Jonny is a gay man with schizoaffective disorder, Neil a Jack-the-Lad former personal trainer from Watford. Together, they teach people that there is no one way to be a man – that masculinity doesn’t always involve toughing things out and putting on a brave face. That to be a real bloke, you don’t have to play with balls. And if you do, it’s OK to cry – even if it’s not over the cricket. Actually, it’s become something that people take incredibly seriously – and that few people want to rush into. It is thought that with less pressure on young people to wed, the people who do, tend to be more committed. I’m noticing that more and more of my friends in long-term relationships are waiting until they are in their 40s to get hitched. By that point, the pressure to have a lavish wedding has disappeared and nobody expects you to have an over-thetop stag or hen do. I used to think that, at 33, I was the last of my mates to make it down the aisle. But as friends announce long engagements (my sister got engaged several years ago and has only just chosen her ring), I am realising that I was practically a child bride. Marriage hasn’t gone away. It’s just that now it’s the end of the journey, rather than the beginning. 33 *** Saturday 31 March 2018 The Daily Telegraph isa �rmstrong Online telegraph.co.uk/fashion Twitter @LisaDoesFashion Instagram @MissLisaArmstrong Welcome to the city where fashion is everything ast year, South Korea recorded its lowest-ever L fertility rate: 1.05 children per woman. With negligible immigration, the country needs to double that figure merely to maintain its 51 million status quo. Is there some kind of hidden correlation with Seoul Fashion Week? All I can say is I’ve never seen such fetishised children as the ones on the unofficial outdoor catwalk that leads to the DDP, the vast, squat Zaha Hadid government building where 64 shows took place last week. Tiny tots, some as young as three, eyes glazing behind their Gucci-esque glasses or firmly fixed on the prize, are painstakingly styled by their momagers in the hope their adorable progeny will be scouted by professional agents. What grotesque exploitation, Miniature models: South Korean children, right and below, are subjected to showcasing the latest fashion trends what disturbingly precocious narcissism, your left brain says, even while your right brain is busy composing an Instagram caption and dumpy bald men wearing (fake) Vetements headbands are yelling at you to get out of their shot. Needless to say, there aren’t many legitimate scouts around. In March, even on sunny days, the icy winds rampage straight off the Mongolian plains, down through China and right up everyone’s trousers with markedly less kerfuffle than Donald Trump. “It’s not usually this cold in March,” everyone tells you. Which is what they always say at every fashion week anywhere in the world. Polar conditions notwithstanding, the wide ramp is the main show in town, not just for the under-fives, but for the slightly less cute teenagers (life’s cruel when you live by the lens) who head here at weekends to try their luck. The shows are open to the public, so the front rows are both less glossy and less inhibited than in the West. Each time a K-pop star places their foot on the special VIP-only mile wide, blue carpeted external staircase, a wave of screams erupts. If the K-pop girls are pretty, the boys are prettier, with soaring cheekbones and expensive BB cream habits. The South Korean male’s spend on beauty products and plastic surgery is the biggest in the world (although the effects are almost natural looking – no obvious guy-liner and crude puffy fillers here). The haircut is halfway between a Beatles mop and an Eton crop. “In Hong Kong, we call it the Seoul Cut,” one buyer who had his clipped there just before leaving for fashion week told me. Hair is a huge recreational LISA ARMSTRONG 34 EIGHT TRENDS THAT CAME FROM SOUTH KOREA 1 Sheet masks 2 Teeny sunglasses 3 Oil sticks 4 White tanning (all the benefits of the sun, none of the tan) 5 Heritage 6 Streetwear 7 Cushion foundations. Even Dior’s is made in S Korea, because the latter patented the technology. 8 BB creams playground. Pink hair, mauve hair, Kardashian hair, bobs… anything that isn’t Kim Jong-Un hair. It’s a great big, productheavy statement of freedom. For all the follicle action, there isn’t much make-up on the catwalks. Anyone visiting Seoul’s catwalks in search of those famous beauty trends might leave mystified. Partly it’s because the no make-up look e’s a has taken off here. But there’s sers more vexing – to the organisers ke-up – reason. “The big local make-up ul artists don’t want to do Seoul er Fashion Week,” one designer explained. A lot of the local niffy, glossy magazines are a bit sniffy, y too. But the designers? They ung want fame by association. Jung Kuho, a successful designerr in le his own right, who in his role ut as executive director has put Seoul Fashion Week on the international map, has the g unenviable task of whittling down the number of shows.. The rest of the world, particularly its closest neighbours, think Seoul is the coolest place on the planet, although one buyer from London confessed she was a bit It disappointed this season. “It uple was much more ahead a couple ts of years ago. Now I feel it’s e.” the same as everywhere else else.” pen Doesn’t that always happen 0 miles m when you’ve flown 5,500 to catch a wave? hen She may have a point. Wh When a trend ignites in Seoul, it’s date e as if a government mandate y, itt has been issued. In a way, k is has; Seoul Fashion Week rean funded by the South Korean ats, government. Trench coats, gà checks, complex layering ry, la Balenciaga, asymmetry, deconstructed jackets … these are all popular in the West. But in Seoul, both on and off the e catwalks, it’s as if they’re part of a compulsory uniform. Vetements and Balenciaga are ubiquitous – and not all are fakes. “The ner Balenciaga Triple S trainer consistently sells out on our e,” Korean language website,” ng says Cassie Smart, buying hion. manager of matchesfashion. com, the London based m onli ine e-tailer. “We launch them online at 9.30am and they sell out within the hour.” That’s enough about Western status symbols: whatt nts? are the Korean equivalents? ally “The problem traditionally with Korean labels is that they tend not to think e internationally,” says Caroline Kim, the Mrs Big of Korean fashion (she’s COO of Solid Homme and Wooyoungmi). ly “This is one of the least racially d.” diverse countries in the world.” There are signs of more internationalism, however. Korean brands do very well in Selfridges. Blindness, an avant-garde Seoul label, made the prestigious shortlistt for last year’s LVMH prize. ge Meanwhile, there’s no shortage of impressive tailoring, even nc from young labels such as Blanc de Noirs and Kumann Yoo n Hye Jin. The quality of Korean workmanship is high – and cheaper than in the West. When a label such as Solid Homme (menswear, but co-opted by many women) combines domestic manufacture with Italian fabrics, it’s hard to beat. Seoul leads in gender fluidity, or at least the appearance of it. When Alessandro Michele, Gucci’s creative director, talked to journalists at his recent show about a post-gender world, he was met with nonplussed expressions. At Seoul Fashion Week, it’s here. On the catwalks, male and female models wear interchangeable clothes. You can’t tell who’s male and who’s female, what are trousers and what’s a coat-suit, and you feel suddenly very old (also, by the way, your skin looks very old because the air is incredibly dry: half your face feels like it’s about to drop off). #MeToo is catching, but less as a statement of feminist intent in Gangnam, home to Seoul’s swankiest fashion and beauty boutiques: Corso Como, Céline, Armani (the first Western designer to set up stall here back in the Eighties), as well as home-grown concept stores such as Boon The Shop, which is packed with labels such as Erdem Erdem, Chloé, Stella McCartney and Al Alexander McQueen. Sho Shop is probably too banal a word word. This is where cuttingedge aarchitecture combines with th thousands of square feet. Tambu Tamburins, a new beauty brand from tthe brains behind Gentle Mons (the cult Korean Monster sung sunglasses line that recently attr attracted €53 million – £46 £46 million – investment from an LVMH-backed priv private equity firm) has five floo in Gangnam and sells floors just three beauty products. W What these retail altars con conspicuously lack is cus customers. Last March, the Chinese government intr introduced an “unofficial” ban on travel to South Korea whic triggered a 70 per cent which ‘We launch them onli online at 9.30am and they sell out with within the hour’ Fashion frenzy: catwalks at, from top, Low Classic, Blanc de Noirs, Minju Kim and Blindness and more as an experiment in public confession. Beneath the carapace of cuttingedge clothes, this is a deeply conservative culture. When two female K-pop stars recently suggested they might be feminists (the first was photographed with a phone case bearing the legend “Girls can do anything”, the second recommended a book by a sexually forthright, feminist writer), fans burned their photos. “You have to remember where we were until recently,” Jung Kuho says, “No one ever talked about sexual molestation or bullying. This is progress.” Rents are sky-high, which doesn’t help (Korean women are the oldest mothers in the world, deferring childbirth until 31). Not that the extortionate prices deter brands from opening ever bigger, flashier temples to Mammon. It’s shoppageddon declin in tourists spending. decline othe countries this would In other lead to mass closures, but most thes showcases are owned, of these part owned, ow or partly by Korea’s com biggest companies: Samsung bega life as a sugar and (which began com textiles company, now owns l 35 fashion labels), Hyundai, Am LG and Amorepacific, which bea owns 33 beauty brands. In the Nineties and Noughties, leviat these leviathans invested in K K-pop and K-movies. They’ve th heft behind since put their fashion so the stores can t stand aloof and afford to empt – glorious shrines empty to Korea’s obsession w with style. Make no mistake, the they are obsessed. The p physical stores are empty empty, but the virtual ones aare thrumming. “Sout “South Korea’s one of our strong strongest markets,” says Cassie Sm Smart. “Shoppers there are really innovative and pioneerin pioneering of new trends and brands. Wh When matchesfashion. com organi organised an official ‘fake garage sale’ in 2015, they sold 12 racks of V Vetements raincoats and 700 ho hoodies in an hour, despite kee keeping the location secret until the last moment. It’s one o of net-a-porter.com’s fastest-grow fastest-growing markets, too: “[Korean lab labels ] PushButton and We11Do We11Done are doing so well – we had to reorder We11done a week after launch,” says the company’s retail fashion director, Lisa Aiken. “There’s a lot of creativity,” adds Caroline Kim, “because the market’s so hungry. Fashion is everything here – status, creativity, a way to conform and a way to stand out…” Just 35 miles away is North Korea. No one makes a big deal about it. But I skipped the shows one morning to go to the border. When you peer across that barbed wire into the bleak emptiness that eventually leads to Pyongyang, catching the tinny sounds of the music each country blasts at one another at various points along the border (K-pop songs from the South; songs praising their great leader from the North), you understand why any expression of choice and economic success is so cherished in the South. The Daily Telegraph Saturday 31 March 2018 *** 35 36 *** Saturday 31 March 2018 The Daily Telegraph *** The Daily Telegraph Saturday 31 March 2018 37 FEATURES Former ‘Generation Game’ hostess Rosemarie Ford tells Nick Harding why the game show’s return is good for teenagers I t is one of the most enduring television shows of the modern age – a ratings juggernaut that ran, in various guises, for 30 years, attracting peak audiences of 25 million. And tomorrow night, The Generation Game returns for a modern reboot fronted by, as 2018 all but necessitates, Mel Giedroyc and Sue Perkins. Though the planned four-week run has already been cut to two, if successful, a new version of the prime-time Seventies hit could be the Beeb’s weekend saviour. With the exceptions of Strictly Come Dancing and ITV’s Ant and Dec’s Saturday Night Takeaway, weekend ratings winners are proving increasingly hard to find. Great British Bake Off duo Mel and Sue face added pressure to deliver as not only do they carry the weight of expectation, they also have big shoes to fill, given that the show is synonymous with Bruce Forsyth, who launched and hosted the original version in 1971 and returned again in the Nineties. But one person t s success is confident of the reboot’s me hostess former Generation Game ie’s Rosemarie Ford, Brucie’s sidekick and dancing partner during his second stintt on the nd 1994. show between 1990 and 0 “It’s been almost 20 ation years since The Generation ens, Game was last on screens, n so there is a generation h that is unfamiliar with it,” Ford, 56, says. She is optimistic that its n line in wholesome fun n will appeal to modern n audiences: “More than ever, I think people d. need to be entertained. or There is still a place for shows that the whole family sit and watch ace together, and still a place for gentle humour. e boys “I have two teenage who like their Xboxes,, but they will sit and watch family shows with us… programmes like The Generation Game ‘I never had a problem being the glam assistant, but we live in a different era now’ provide opportunities for families to sit down together, to be together and laugh together.” The choice of a female presenting duo will also help dampen any comparisons with Brucie. “It would have been a huge ask for a male presenter to follow Bruce,” she says. “Having a duo works because it changes the dynamic, and Mel and Sue are experienced and very warm.” The Generation Game was based on a Dutch show called Één van de acht (One of the Eight) and launched in Britain as Bruce Forsyth and the Generation Game. Broadcasters, who had previously relied on variety formats for their prime-time slots, realised that studio-based game shows were cheaper to produce and just as popular. The Generation Game’s muchloved format pitted four teams of two players against each other in a series of challenges, each team consisting of family members of different genders and generations. In one of the regular segments, contestants attempted to copy a professional at a specific task, such as pottery or bell-ringing; there was always a set-piece performance of some description, and the victors won the chance to watch prizes pass on a conveyor belt – before recalling as many as they could in 45 seconds to win them. One of the rewards was always a cuddly toy, while other regulars up for grabs included such luxuries as fondue sets and dinner services. During Bru Bruce’s reign, the show averaged aro around 20 million viewers a week – in c comparison, the current series o of Ant and Dec’s Saturday Night Takeaway has averaged arou around 7.5 million. Bruce hos hosted the show from 1971 to 11977, until presenting du duties were taken over by L Larry Grayson between 11978 to 1981. Bruce then p picked the mantle back u up from 1990 to 1994, and Ji Jim Davidson hosted from 19 1995 to 2001: when his co contract expired, the show was axed after losing the ratin ratings war against ITV’s new talen talent show, Pop Idol. To Today, the tables have turne turned once more; the music talent show bubble is musi defla deflating, and shows like The X Facto are losing their primeFactor time prowess. Executives will be hoping, then, that The Generation Game can rein reinvigorate weekend sche schedules and inject a little ANDREW CROWLEY FOR THE TELEGRAPH; BBC ‘There is still a place for family TV shows’ old-school charm back into Sunday night viewing. Ford, who is married to actor Robert Lindsay, agrees. “TV companies find it hard to find the right formula, so they probably think, with enough time passed, it is time to try it again. The Generation Game is tried-and-tested, and it is a great show,” she says, fondly. When the BBC announced the new shows were being made in July last year, BBC Studios said audiences had identified The Generation Game as “the TV show that viewers most wanted to see back on their screens”. It follows the return of a number of hugely popular series from decades past, including Porridge and Are You Being Served? According to Ford, the key to ‘What’s on the board, Miss Ford?’: the former glamorous assistant on The Generation Game loved working with Bruce Forsyth, left The Generation Game’s success lay in the eccentric behaviour of the contestants. “You never knew what would happen until you got them in,” she recalls. “They were nervous and were not used to being on camera, so the results were unpredictable. That’s where Bruce was so good because he could adapt to the unpredictability and use it to get laughs.” The show was filmed as live in front of a studio audience and mistakes were kept in, forming a crucial part of the end programme; that rawness was part of the appeal. “There was very little editing, it went out as it happened,” Ford says. “Whatever went wrong went out and, although it could be nerveracking, I had a beautiful safety valve called Bruce whose job was to make sure it all ran to time. He was the consummate professional entertainer. He gave 100 per cent, he warmed up the audience, he was full-on and he was out there driving the whole thing.” Ford took up the role from Anthea Redfern, who Bruce was married to for six years, and Isla St Clair, who worked with Larry Grayson. The job changed Ford’s life. “It was terrifying because it was such a big show. Suddenly, I couldn’t do all the regular chorus-line jobs I did before, and in the first year I was probably out of pocket. But it led to such great opportunities. I was incredibly lucky to have that time and I am privileged to have worked with Bruce on that show,” she says. After her Generation Game turn, she went on to host Come Dancing for seven years. She admits that watching the new hosts will be strange, and hopes that classic Generation Game staples such as the cuddly toy and the potter’s wheel will be included in the new incarnation. One element she does think is outdated, however, is the attractive female hostess role that she played – a job that she believes should now be retired. “The new version has two female presenters, so I assume there won’t be a hostess, but I think that was very much of a time anyway. I never had a problem being the glamorous assistant and people still like glamour if its done in the right way, but we live in a different era now and, in light of what is happening in the entertainment industry and the rest of the world, we have to be careful.” The Generation Game is on BBC One tomorrow at 8pm 38 *** Saturday 31 March 2018 The Daily Telegraph S Social news Birthdays Today: The Marquess of Ailesbury is 92; Mr Richard Chamberlain, actor, 84; Sir Derek Spencer, QC, SolicitorGeneral, 1992-97, 82; Sir John Kemp-Welch, Chairman, London Stock Exchange, 1994-2000, 82; Mr Robert Winter, Lord-Lieutenant and Lord Provost of Glasgow, 2007-12, 81; Lord Steel of Aikwood, Presiding Officer, Scottish Parliament, 1999-2003, 80; Sir Nicholas Winterton, former Conservative MP, 80; Mr Laurie Holloway, musical director, 80; Lord Trefgarne, former Conservative Government Minister, 77; Sir Paul Lever, former diplomat, 74; Lord Foster of Bath, former Coaltion Government Minister, 71; Prof Sir Roderic Lyne, former diplomat, 70; Mr Al Gore, Vice-President of the United States, 1993-2001, 70; Sir William Blair, a former High Court Judge, 68; Mr Robbie Coltrane, actor and director, 68; Mr Tim Burr, Comptroller and Auditor General, National Audit Office, 2008-09, 68; Sir Wyn Williams, President, Welsh Tribunals, 67; the Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair 63; Sir Alan Duncan, MP, Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 61; the Earl of Rosslyn 60; Mr Justice Henry Carr 60; Lord Justice Coulson 60; Mr David Isaac, Chairman, Equality and Human Rights Commission, 60; Sir David Bell, Vice-Chancellor of the University of Reading, 59; Mr Justice Keehan 58; Mr Roger Black, former athlete and Olympic 400 metre medallist; TV sports presenter, 52; the Hon Peter Wilson, Ambassador to the Netherlands, 50; Mr Ewan McGregor, actor, 47; the Duke of Hamilton and Brandon, Premier Peer of Scotland, 40; Mr Hashim Amla, South Africa cricketer; former Test captain, 35; and Ms Giselle Ansley, field hockey player; Olympic gold medallist, women’s tournament, Rio 2016, 26. Tomorrow: Sir William Macpherson of Cluny, a former High Court Judge, is 92; Sir Anthony Gill, Chairman, Docklands Light Railway, 1994-99, 88; Mrs C.M. Patterson, a former Chairman, General Council of the TUC, 84; Dr Richard Repp, Master of St Cross College, Oxford, 1987-2003, 82; Sir David Davies, Chairman, Johnson Matthey, 1990-98, 78; Dame Rosemary Spencer, former diplomat, 77; Lord Wigley, former MP and AM; Honorary President, Plaid Cymru, 75; Lord Myners, Financial Services Secretary, HM Treasury, 2008-10, 70; Mr Leonard van Geest, Chairman, Littlewoods Organisation, 1990-96, 68; Mrs Susan Snowdon, Lord-Lieutenant for County Durham, 67; the Rev Norman Drummond, Scottish Governor, BBC, and Chairman, Broadcasting Council for Scotland, 1994-99, 66; Air Vice-Marshal N.D.A. Maddox, Chairman, Combined Cadet Force Association, 64; Mr Andrew Boggis, Warden, Forest School, Snaresbrook, 1992-2009, 64; Mr Stephen O’Brien, former Conservative MP; UN UnderSecretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Co-ordinator, 2015-17, 61; Mr David Gower, former England cricket captain; broadcaster and journalist, 61; Mr Chris Grayling, MP, Secretary of State for Transport, 56; Mr Chris Evans, radio and television presenter, 52; Mr Andrew Johnson, Headmaster, Stonyhurst College, 2006-16, 51; Mr Stephen Fleming, former New Zealand cricket captain, 45; and Miss Beth Tweddle, former gymnast; three times World Champion and Olympic bronze medallist, uneven bars, London 2012, 33. Today is the anniversary of the inauguration of the Eiffel Tower in 1889. It is also the anniversary of the deaths of John Donne in 1631, Sir Isaac Newton in 1727 and of John Constable in 1837. Mr W.R.H. Douglass and Miss K.R. Kershaw The engagement is announced between William, son of Mr and Mrs Robin Douglass, of Matfen, Northumberland, and Kate, daughter of Mr Mark Kershaw, of Linkenholt, Hampshire, and Mrs Susan Kershaw, of East Challow, Oxfordshire. Online ref: 551626 Online ref: 551411 Mr G.A. Adair and Miss C.M.C. Burton The engagement is announced between George, son of Commodore and Mrs Allan Adair, of Liss, Hampshire, and Christabel, daughter of Mr and Mrs Frank Burton, of Bath, Somerset. Online ref: 551612 Mr D.W. Fleming and Miss C.E. Acworth The engagement is announced between David, eldest son of Mr and Mrs Philip Fleming, of Bray, Co Wicklow, Ireland, and Lottie, eldest daughter of Major and Mrs John Acworth, of Norton Bavant, Wiltshire. Online ref: 551498 Mr P.A. Michael and Miss E.P.J. Cousins The engagement is announced between Peter Alexander Michael, of London and Herefordshire, son of Dr and Mrs Alastair Michael, and Elizabeth Pamela Julia Cousins, of London and Kent, daughter of Mr and Mrs Christopher Cousins. Online ref: 551492 Mr A.K. Carter and Miss K.F. Cole The engagement is announced between Alastair, son of Mr Christopher Carter, of Dorset, and the late Emma Carter, and Katharina, daughter of Mr Alex Cole, of Jersey, and the late Franziska Cole. Online ref: 551566 Mr J.D. Boukhobza and Miss L.C. Harding The engagement is announced between Jonathan, younger son of Mr and Mrs Etsil Boukhobza, of Fleet, Hampshire, and Leila, younger daughter of Mr and Mrs Stephen Harding, of Eccleshall, Staﬀordshire. Online ref: 551594 Mr J.R. Cooper and Miss R.R. Benton The engagement is announced between Jacob, only son of Mr and Mrs R. Cooper, of Lichﬁeld, Staﬀordshire, and Becky, daughter of Mr R. Benton, of Marlborough, Wiltshire, and Mrs B. Benton, of Hawkhurst, Kent. Online ref: 551384 Mr R.C.J. Sladden and Miss A.M.A. Askew The engagement is announced between Rory, youngest son of Mr Christopher Sladden, of Southrepps, Norfolk, and Mrs Nicolette Sladden, of Dunkeld, South Africa, and Anna, elder daughter of Mr and Mrs Richard Askew, of Shotley, Suﬀolk. Online ref: 551592 16+ Scholarships: Sidney Beckles (The Bourne Academy), Stefan Perry (The Thomas Hardye School), Sammy Smith (Highcliﬀe School), Amy van Wingerden (Bournemouth School for Girls), Beatrice Webb (South Wilts Grammar School for Girls), Charlotte Wittram (Talbot Heath). 13+ Scholarships: Nina Allan (The Banda School), Mia Ashby Rudd (Highﬁeld), Katie Battisby (Castle Court), Oscar Berridge (Dumpton School), Ethan Bikhazi-Green (Chafyn Grove School), Hugh Blake (Windlesham House School), Georgie Boon (Forres Sandle Manor), Esther Browning (Dumpton School), Jemima Carrell (Walhampton School), Conor Cherrington (St Neot’s), Jocelin Child (Hazlegrove Preparatory School), Tom Clark (Rokeby School), Merlin Cork (Ringwood School), Eliana Covell (Yarrells), Honoré Cutler (Forres Sandle Manor), Zack Gadsby (Westbourne House), Ollie Glen (Castle Court), Charlie Hallam (Castle Court), Robbie Hemmings (Dumpton School), Elliot Hilton (Dumpton School), Rupert Hutton (Downside School), Max Lockyer (Castle Court), Nat Merrell (Castle Court), Piers Middleton (Poole Grammar School), William Pickard (Dumpton School), Sophia Russell (Cheam), Rohan Samra (Castle Court), Charlie Smith (Highﬁeld), Jessica West (Parkstone Grammar School), Mia White (Twyford School), Tom Williams (Castle Court), Henry Wittram (Castle Court), Imy Woodcock (St Andrew’s School, Pangbourne). The next Open Day will be on Saturday, April 21, 2018. Further details at www.canford.com Bridge news The Lady Milne will be held in Scotland in mid April at the Edinburgh Holiday Inn, writes Julian Pottage, Bridge Correspondent. This will be the fourth event and fourth weekend of the 2018 Home International series. So far England has won the Junior Camrose and the Peggy Bayer; we do not yet know who will win the 2018 Camrose. As hosts, Scotland qualify to have two teams, thereby ensuring an even number of teams in total. The two Scottish teams are as follows: Scotland: Abi Wilson and Sheila Adamson, Liz McGowan and Fiona McQuaker, Sam Punch and Paula Leslie, and Non-playing Captain, Alan Goodman. Scottish Bridge Union: Anne Symons and Helen Kane, Lucia Barrett and Veronica Guy, Laura Middleton and Julia Palmer, and NPC Iain Sime. THE KING’S VISIT TO THE BATTLE FRONT. WITH THE TROOPS. BRITISH ARMY (FRANCE), SUNDAY. The King has been spending a crowded fifty hours in France, during which time he has moved freely amongst the troops which took part in resisting the first bull-rush of the German offensive. It was the wish of his Majesty that his visit should be as quiet and informal as possible, and to this end he refused to allow any programme to be pre-arranged. At 9.30 on Thursday morning the King left Victoria. On arrival in France his Majesty was met by Sir Derek Keppel and an aide-de-camp to Sir Douglas Haig. After lunch a start was made for a town in Northern France. Here Staff officers and corps commanders were presented to the King. Continuing their journey the Royal party came quite by accident upon a resting division and, descending from his car, the King spent a considerable time in chatting with officers and men. Proceeding to another town, the King came upon elements of a division on the move, and they gave a cheer as he bade them Godspeed and good luck. The following morning the King was early astir, and his first visit was to the headquarters of Sir Douglas Haig. Here he was received by guards of honour composed of 17th Lancers and Headquarters troops. A SURPRISE FOR THE SCOTS. The next place of call was the headquarters of the Royal Air Service. The little procession then made its way along by-roads off the main routes of communication to where troops were likely to be resting, and came upon a famous Scottish regiment. In a field officers and men were sitting and so unexpected was this Royal advent that the commanding officer was away at lunch in an adjoining village. When it really dawned upon the canny intelligence of the Scots that the central figure of the little red-hatted group was indeed the King they literally “made the welkin ring.” His Majesty shook hands with the officers and talked with many of the men. Motoring along a road, the next halt was abreast of a Labour Battalion, which was resting after a six-mile march. The King moved down the companies, talking freely, and giving the men the latest news from the battle front. They asked him questions with frank familiarity, which greatly pleased him. Further down the road a machine-gun company was encountered standing easy along the roadside, and the astonishment of these lads at the sight of the Royal Standard on the top of the car and the sudden emergence of the King was a really diverting spectacle. “ARE WE DOWNHEARTED?” On his return journey, the King again came upon these troops. A mass of men, spying his car, made a rush and surrounded it. The King descended and laughingly asked “Who are you?” “We are the ----” came the reply. “Oh, we all know the ----” replied the King. But when, in departing, his Majesty cried out “Are we downhearted?” such an enthusiastic uproar broke loose that the cattle grazing half a mile off raised their heads to see whence the noise came. The afternoon the King spent mainly amongst the wounded. He first visited two hospital trains which were taking their suffering freights en route for base hospitals. His Majesty proceeded to visit what was formerly a great general hospital, but which has become a vast casualty clearing station; and here he walked among stretchers bearing huddled figures, from which arose many groans and gaspings, and, here and there, the sobbings and wheezings of men so exhausted that slumber had overcome pain. The deeply human side of the King came out as he paused often to speak to those who smiled recognition or to inquire about those who seemed in sad plight. “This will buck the boys up more than anything I can think of,” said a chaplain to me. “That poor lad over there has just asked me what is going on, and when I told him the King had come over to visit us, he said, ‘God bless his old heart.’” The King spared himself nothing in this harrowing tour. Easter Day Church Services ST PAUL’S CATHEDRAL: 5.45 Dawn Eucharist; 8 HC; 10.15 Mattins, Canon Pastor; 11.30 Sung Eucharist, Dean; 3.15 Festal Evensong, Rev Helen O’Sullivan; 4.45 Organ recital, Nicholas Freestone; 6 Eucharist. WESTMINSTER ABBEY: 7.30 Mattins (said); 8 HC (said); 10.30 Sung Eucharist, Dean; 3 Evensong and Procession, Rev Anthony Ball; 5.45 Organ recital, Benjamin Cunningham; 6.30 Evening Service, Rev Dr Tony Kyriakides. SOUTHWARK CATHEDRAL: 5.15 Dawn Vigil and Easter Liturgy with Initiation, Rev John Bell; 9 Eucharist, Dean; 11 Choral Eucharist, Bishop; 3 Choral Evensong, Dean; 6 Compline. ALL HALLOWS BY THE TOWER: 11 Festal Eucharist, Blessing of New Fire and Renewal of Baptismal Vows. ALL SAINTS, Margaret St: 8 and 5.15 Low Masses; 10.20 Morning Prayer; 11 Procession and High Mass, Canon Hugh Wybrew; 6 Choral Evensong and Benediction, Rev Julian Browning. ALL SOULS, Langham Pl: 9.30 and 11.30 HC, Rev Rico Tice; 6.30 Evening Prayer, Rev Steve Nichols. GROSVENOR CHAPEL, South Audley St: 6 Dawn Mass, Rev Dr Richard Fermer; 11 Sung Eucharist, Rev Dr Alan Piggot. HTB Brompton Rd: Informal Services: 9.30 Family Drama; 11.30 Rev Stephen Foster; 5 and 7 Rev Martyn Layzell. HTB Onslow Square: Informal Services: 10.30 Family Drama; 4.30 Rev Joel Sales; 6.30 Rev Josh Baines. HOLY TRINITY, Sloane Square: 8.30 HC; 11 Sung Eucharist and Blessing of the Easter Garden, Canon Nicholas Wheeler. ST BRIDE’S, Fleet St: 6 Kindling of Easter Fire, Egg Rolling in Fleet St and Breakfast; 11 Choral Eucharist; 5.30 Choral Evensong. ST CLEMENT DANES, Strand: 11 RAF Formation 100th Anniversary Service, Rev David Osborn, Resident Chaplain. ST GEORGE’S, Windsor: 8.30 HC (said); 10.45 Mattins and Sermon, Dean; 12 HC; 3.30 Evensong. ST GILES-IN-THE FIELDS, WC2: 9 HC; 11 Sung Eucharist and 6.30 Evensong, Rector. ST JAMES GARLICKHYTHE, Garlick Hill, EC4: 10.30 Sung Eucharist, Rev Tim Handley. ST JAMES’S, Piccadilly: 6.30 Easter Dawn Service in the Garden; 11 Parish Eucharist, Rev Dr Ivan Khovacs. ST JAMES’S, Sussex Gardens, W2: 10.30 Procession and High Mass; 6 Festal Evensong. ST MARTIN-IN-THE-FIELDS: 5.30 Easter Vigil and Eucharist; 10 Eucharist, Rev Dr Sam Wells; 1.30 Joint Service in Mandarin and Cantonese, Rev Paul Lau; 5 Choral Evensong. ST MARYLEBONE, Marylebone Rd: 8.30 HC; 11 Choral Eucharist, Easter Ceremonies and Baptism, Rev Stephen Evans; 6 Easter Carols with Prayers for Healing. ST PAUL’s, Covent Gdn: 11 Sung Eucharist. TEMPLE CHURCH, Fleet St: 8.30 HC (said); 11.15 Choral Communion, The Master. QUEEN’S CHAPEL, Savoy Hill: 11 Sung Eucharist, The Chaplain. CHAPEL ROYAL, Hampton Court Palace: 8.30 HC; 11 Choral Eucharist; 3.30 Choral Evensong. QUEEN’S CHAPEL, St James’s Palace: 8.30 HC; 11.15 Choral HC, Canon Paul Wright, Sub Dean. CHAPEL ROYAL of St Peter ad Vincula, Tower of London: 11 HC and State Parade, Canon Roger Hall. CHAPEL ROYAL of St John the Evangelist, The White Tower, Tower of London: 9.15 HC, Canon Roger Hall. GUARDS CHAPEL, Wellington Barracks: 11 Choral HC, Band of the Grenadier Guards, Chaplain. OLD ROYAL NAVAL COLLEGE CHAPEL, Greenwich: 11 Festal Eucharist, Chaplain. CROWN COURT (C-o-S), Covent Gdn: 11.15 Communion and 6.30 Rev Philip Majcher. ST COLUMBA’S (C-o-S), Pont St: 11 Communion, Rev Angus MacLeod; 5 Easter Evening Service, Rev Andrea Price. WESTMINSTER CATHEDRAL: Masses: 8, 9, 12.15, 5.30, 7; 10 Morning Prayer and Solemn Mass; 3.30 Vespers and Benediction; 4.45 Organ recital, Peter Stevens. THE ORATORY, Brompton Rd: Masses: 8, 9; 10; 12.30, 4.30 and 7; 11 Solemn Sung (Latin) Mass; 3.30 Sung Vespers and Benediction. GREEK ORTHODOX CATHEDRAL, Moscow Rd, W2: 9.30 Mattins; 10.45 DEGLI ALBERTI.—On 4th March 2018 to Alexandra (née Demper) and Nicolò, a son, Ranieri Rodolfo Duccio Maria. Online ref: A222952 MITROPOULOS.—On 12th March 2018, to Anna (née McDonald) and Elias, a beautiful daughter, Florence Liberty Jane, a sister for Mable. Online ref: 551619 Golden Weddings TOOLE-MACKSON - COOPER.— On 30th March 1968, at Debden Church, Saﬀron Walden, Graham to Clare. Now in Arundel. Online ref: A223000 LONDON, 1918 A CROWDED TWO DAYS. CANFORD SCHOOL The following scholarships have been awarded for entry to Canford in September 2018: CHOW.—On 22nd March 2018, in Los Angeles, CA, to the Hon Mrs Julia FitzRoy-Chow (née FitzRoy) and Mr Geoﬀrey Chow, a daughter, Frances Harriet FitzRoy-Chow. Online ref: 551518 Tomorrow will be the 100th anniversary of the formation of the RAF. FIRST WORLD WAR Mr S.J. Tiley and Miss C.E. Gray The engagement is announced between Sub-Lt Steven Tiley, RN, eldest son of Mr and Mrs Christopher Tiley, of Taunton, Somerset, and Charlotte, only daughter of Mr and Mrs Michael Gray, of Wick, South Gloucestershire. BRAITHWAITE.—On March 13th 2018, to Alice and Thomas, a daughter, Beatrice Grace Eloise, a sister for Ava. Online ref: A223023 Divine Liturgy. SALVATION ARMY, Oxford St, W1: 11 and 3 Worship and Praise Services, Major Richard Mingay and Major Caroline Mingay. WESLEY’S CHAPEL, City Rd: 11 Morning Service and HC, Rev Jennifer Potter. WESTMINSTER CHAPEL, Buckingham Gate: 11 Howard Satterthwaite. WESTMINSTER METHODIST CENTRAL HALL: 11 HC, Rev Michaela Youngson; 5.30 HC, Rev Tony Miles. BIRMINGHAM: 7 Easter Liturgy with Renewal of Bapitsmal Vows; 11 Choral Eucharist, Bishop; 3.30 Choral Evensong, Dean. BRISTOL: 10 Eucharist and 3.30 Evensong, Dean. CANTERBURY: 8 HC; 9.30 Choral Mattins; 11 Sung Eucharist, Archbishop; 3.15 Evensong; 6.30 Sermon and Compline, Archdeacon. CHELMSFORD: 8 HC; 9.30 Parish Eucharist; 11.15 Festal Eucharist, Bishop; 3.30 Festal Evensong with Procession. CHICHESTER: 8 HC; 10 Mattins, Dean; 11 Sung Eucharist, Bishop; 3.30 Evensong. COVENTRY: 6.15 Service of Light; Liturgy of Initiation and First Eucharist of Easter and 10.30 Cathedral Eucharist, Bishop; 4 Choral Evensong, Margaret Sedgwick. DERBY: 8 HC; 9.15 Sung Eucharist; 10.45 Cathedral Eucharist, Bishop; 6 Festal Evensong, Dean. ELY: 8.15 HC; 10.30 Festal Orchestral Eucharist, Bishop; 4 Festal Evensong and Procession. GLOUCESTER: 7.40 Morning Prayer; 8 HC; 10.15 Eucharist, Bishop; 3 Festal Evensong with Procession to the Cloister Garth, Dean. GUILDFORD: 8 HC; 9.45 Cathedral Eucharist, Dean; 11.30 Mattins; 6 Solemn Evensong with Procession, Canon Andrew Bishop. HEREFORD: 8 HC; 10 Cathedral Eucharist, Bishop; 11.30 Choral Mattins, Dean; 3.30 Choral Evensong and Procession. LINCOLN: 8 HC; 10.30 Sung Eucharist; 12.30 HC; 3.45 Festal Evensong and Procession. LLANDAFF: 7.30 Mattins (said); 8 Holy Eucharist; 9 Procession and Parish Eucharist, Dean; 11 Procession and Choral Eucharist, Bishop; 12.15 Holy Eucharist; 3.30 Solemn Evensong. NORWICH: 7.30 Morning Prayer; 8 HC; 10.30 Sung Eucharist, Bishop; 3.30 Festal Evensong, Rev Dr James Hawkey. OXFORD: 8 HC; 9.45 Choral Mattins, Dean; 11 Choral Eucharist, Bishop; 6 Choral Evensong. PETERBOROUGH: 8 HC; 9.15 Mattins; 10.30 Cathedral Eucharist, Dean; 3.30 Festal Evensong. PORTSMOUTH: 8 HC; 10.30 Eucharist, Bishop; 6 Festal Evensong, Dean. ROCHESTER: 5 Easter Liturgy and Confirmation, Bishop; 8 HC; 10.30 Eucharist of Easter Day, Dean; 10.30 Sunday Club Worship; 3.15 Solemn Evensong, Procession and Blessing of the Easter Garden. ST ALBAN: 8.10 Eucharist to be broadcast live on BBC Radio 4, Bishop; 10 Combined Eucharist, Dean; 3 Evensong to be broadcast live on BBC Radio 3. ST DAVIDS: 8 HC; 9.30 Cymun Bendigaid; 9.30 Family Eucharist, Sub Dean; 11.15 Choral Eucharist, Bishop; 6 Choral Evensong, Sub Dean. ST EDMUNDSBURY and IPSWICH: 6 Dawn Vigil Service with Service of Light, Easter Proclamation and Holy Eucharist; 8 HC; 8.45 Morning Prayer; 10 Festal Eucharist, Bishop; 3.30 Festal Evensong. SALISBURY: 4 Easter Vigil Readings; 5 Easter Liturgy, Very Rev Charles Taylor; 8 HC; 10 Eucharist, Bishop; 3 Festal Evensong, Acting Dean. SOUTHWELL: 6 Lighting of the Easter Fire; Easter Liturgy and Blessing of the Easter Garden; 7.30 Morning Prayer; 8 HC with Hymns; 9.30 Family Eucharist, Dean; 11.15 Sung Eucharist, Bishop; 3.30 Festal Evensong and Procession. TRURO: 5.30 Easter Vigil; 7.30 Morning Prayer; 8 HC; 10 Solemn Eucharist, Bishop of St Germans; 4 Solemn Evensong, Dean. WELLS: 8 HC; 9.30 Sung Eucharist, Bishop; 11.30 Sung Mattins; 3 Festal Evensong, Precentor. WINCHESTER: 8 HC and Blessing of the Easter Garden; 10 Mattins, Dean; 11.15 Festal Eucharist, Bishop; 3.30 Evensong. WORCESTER: 7.30 Morning Prayer; 8.10 HC; 10.30 Sung Eucharist, Dean; 4 Evensong; 6.30 Music and Readings for Easter, Canon Dr Michael Brierley. BAILLIE.—Dr Moira Patricia, died peacefully on 29th March 2018, aged 94 in Eastbourne. Much loved mother of Peter, Shelagh and John and grandmother of Rosanne, Sophie, Charlotte, Jim, Annalisa and Eleanor. A Service will be held at Eastbourne Crematorium, BN23 8AE on Monday 9th April at 3.45 p.m. Online ref: 551679 BARNES.—Simon James, died peacefully on Monday 19th March 2018, aged 70, after a short illness bravely borne. Devoted husband of Caroline and greatly loved father of James. A Service of Thanksgiving will be held at 2 p.m. on Tuesday 17th April 2018 at Holy Trinity Church, Westcott, Dorking RH4 3NN. No ﬂowers please, donations, if wished, for Anthony Nolan may be sent to Sherlock Funeral Service, Dorking, tel: 01306 882266. Online ref: 551680 CHAUNDLER.—Colonel R.J. ‘Bob’ Chaundler OBE, late Royal Artillery, passed away peacefully on 23rd March 2018 two days before his 103rd birthday. Beloved father, grandfather and great grandfather of two sons, six grandchildren and 15 great grandchildren. A Service of Thanksgiving will be held at Crondall Parish Church at 2.30 p.m. on Friday 4th May 2018. No ﬂowers. Donations to the British Legion should be sent to H.C. Patrick & Co Funeral Directors, 86/87 East Street, Farnham, Surrey GU9 7TP. Online ref: A223106 CORNER.—Belinda Mary (née Shaw), passed away peacefully on 28th March 2018 in Melbourne, Australia, aged 74. Beloved wife of John and daughter of the late Michael and Mary, from Cambridge, UK. Devoted mother of Andy and Katie; loving grandmother of Alice, Annabel, Josh, Zach, Will and Ella. Love and happy memories forever. Online ref: A223101 CROSS.—Richard Samuel, dearly loved husband of Pam and father of Susan, Ruth and Edward, died peacefully at home on Saturday 24th March, aged 86 years. His Funeral Service will be held at Flitcham Church on Thursday 19th April, 12 noon. Donations for SOS Children's Villages c/o John Lincoln Funeral Director’s, 40 Greevegate, Hunstanton, Norfolk PE36 6AG. Online ref: 551640 CURD.—Ronald V. W., Captain, RAOC (ret’d) died at home on 20th March at the age of 105. Beloved husband for 77 years of Dorothy, and sadly missed father, grandpa and great-grandpa. A service with friends and family will be held at 12.30 p.m. on 10th April 2018 at Exeter and Devon Crematorium. Donations will go to "Help for Heroes". Online ref: 551667 EVERS-BARNES.—Georgina (née Butcher) died on 28th March 2018, peacefully at home in Moﬀat, formerly the Lake District residing at Long Close Farm, Keswick, Cumbria. She wished to send her friends her love and gratitiude and for them to know she is happy to join her beloved husband Clive again in the Sea of Souls. Online ref: 551635 EYRE.—John Jeremy, died 24th March, aged 83. Much loved husband of the late Rachel, and father of Francis and Charles. Thanksgiving Service at St Saviour’s Church, Birkenhead, Friday 20th April, 12 noon. No ﬂowers please. Donations, if wished, to St John Eye Hospital. Enquiries to Charles Stephens; 0151 645 4396. Online ref: A223104 GREASLEY.—George Owen, of Mountsorrel, Leics, died suddenly in France, 8th March 2018, aged 78, after visiting Holnon CWGC. Husband of Ann, grandfather of George. Online ref: 551379 HABERSHON.—Jean Mary (née Powell) from Rotherham, died peacefully on 3rd March 2018, with her beloved daughters, Sarah and Kate, at her side. Wife of late John W. Habershon. Grandmother to Joe and Charlie. A Service of Thanksgiving will take place at 11 a.m. on Tuesday 10th April, at Whiston Parish Church, St Mary Magdalene, Rotherham. Online ref: A223040 HANKEY.—Helen Christine died peacefully at home on 1st February 2018, aged 96 years. Widow of Christopher and beloved mother to Rupert, motherin-law to Maria and grandmother to Emily. A Funeral Service will be held on Wednesday 11th April at St Mary The Virgin, Westerham at 2 p.m. followed by the burial. Flowers welcome and donations, if desired, to Macmillan Cancer Support c/o Ebbutt Funeral Service, Limpsﬁeld Tel: 01883 713 767. Online ref: 551587 LINFORD.—David, died on 9th March 2018 after a busy and happy life in the building and restoration business. The Funeral will be held on 12th April at 1.30 p.m. in the Lady Chapel of Lichﬁeld Cathedral. Online ref: A223080 LITTLE.—Andrew James died peacefully at home on 22nd March 2018. Beloved husband of Susie, devoted father to Mark, Emma and Alexandra, much loved stepfather to James and Nicholas and adored grandfather. Private cremation. Family ﬂowers only. Service of Thanksgiving will take place at St Mary’s Church, Chipping Norton on Monday 30th April at 2 p.m. Donations for The British Heart Foundation c/o A L Sole & Son, Bidston Close, Over Norton, OX7 5PP. Online ref: 551595 MASSON.—Elizabeth Maud, died 10th March 2018, aged 87. Much loved sister to Ann and Alex and the late Sybil, aunt to Claire and Lynnette, great aunt, godmother and friend of so many in UK. Starting work at 14, she became Nanny to the Galloway family at Chaﬀyn Grove Prep School. In the late 1960s, she became Senior House Matron for physically disabled children at Charlton Park School. Elizabeth lived in Charlton (South East London) for 50 years, becoming a loved and respected member of St Luke's Church where she quietly put her many skills to good use. Memorial Service on 20th April at 2 p.m. at St Luke's Church, Charlton SE7 8UG, then at Charlton House. Commital, family only, will take place earlier. Enquiries: Andrew Johnson Funeral Directors, tel: 0208 854 4544. No ﬂowers, but donations to The Children's Society or Embrace (formerly Biblelands). Online ref: 551637 CHAPMAN.—A Memorial Service for Vivian Chapman QC will be held at Lincoln's Inn Chapel, Lincoln's Inn, London, WC2A at 5 p.m. on 30th April 2018. Online ref: A222656 In memoriam GREASLEY.—Pte George, Royal Gloucs Regt, originally Royal Leics Regt, died 31st March 1918, buried in Holnon CWGC, St Quentin. He twice received illuminated certiﬁcates from the Royal Humane Society for saving men from drowning at Barrow-upon-Soar, Leics. His life remembered by his nephews, George Owen (recently deceased: see Deaths) and George Derek Greasley. Online ref: 551380 DAVIES.—David Dunstan. Remembering our brother on his birthday, who died tragically at Gangwili Hospital, Carmarthen, on February 8th 1998. The bereaved can either look to the past and weep or look to the future and hope. Llewelyn and late sister Dilys. Online ref: 551326 MINTER.—Roberta (née CunninghamReid), on March 28th 2018. Dearly loved wife of Michael, much loved mother and mother-in-law of Milan, Kat and Max, dearly loved Granny of Isabella and Charles, treasured sister and sister-inlaw of Johnny, Charlie, Lennie, Clare and James. Cremation in Mahon, Menorca on Thursday 5th April at 9 a.m. Memorial service in the UK to be conﬁrmed. Online ref: A223103 NIX.—Professor John Sydney, on 14th March 2018. Fellow of Wye College, University of London. Most treasured husband of Sue and a very dear father, grandfather and friend. Loved and deeply respected by generations of students, by fellow academics and throughout the agricultural industry, to which he contributed so much during his long and illustrious career. Funeral Service to be held at the Church of St Gregory and St Martin, Wye on Friday 20th April at 2.30 p.m. No ﬂowers please. A memorial service will take place in London at a later date. Online ref: 551674 PARR.—Arthur "John", aged 86, on 25th March. Beloved husband of Sheila and much loved father of Richard and Helen. Grandfather to Orlando, Imogen, James and Tatiana. Private cremation, family only. A Service of Thanksgiving will be held on Thursday 12th April at 1 p.m. at St Mary & All Saints, Haselor, Warwickshire. No ﬂowers please, charitable donations through Hemming & Peace, Alcester. Online ref: A223082 RIALL.—Georgina Nefert ‘Fisc’, latterly of Southwell, Notts, died 16th March, born 11th April 1942 in Cairo, Egypt. Daughter of the late Major Anthony Claud Riall, RA, Oﬃcer of Legion of Merit (USA), Croix de Guerre (France) and Sylvia Lucy Robertson, of Jersey. Beloved grandmother of James, William, Fred, Jorge and Isabel, and mother to George A. Vere-Laurie and Georgina Hale (née Vere-Laurie). Funeral at Our Lady of Victories, Southwell on 18th April at 10 a.m. and after at Carlton Hall, Carlton on Trent. No ﬂowers please and any kind donations to St Vincent de Paul Society. Online ref: A223083 SMITH.—Margaret Jean (Jane), formerly Wright, died peacefully in her sleep on 23rd March 2018 in her 95th year. Dearly loved and loving wife of Dr. Robert G. Smith (1919-2014) and ever-loving mother to David, Diana, Julia and John as well as to eight grandchildren and ﬁve great-grandchildren. Funeral Service at 12 noon on 12th April 2018 at St Patrick’s Church, Wallington. Family ﬂowers only but donations, if desired, to Tearfund, c/o D.A. Lindsay & Sons, 111 Lower Addiscombe Road, Croydon, Surrey CR0 6PU or via www.funeralzone.co.uk/ obituaries/44437 Online ref: 551675 THORN.—David Stephen, died on 23rd March 2018, aged 84 years. Dearly beloved husband of Biddy, father of Stephen and Nigel, father-in-law of Catherine and grandfather of Alexander and Thomas. Funeral on Monday 16th April at 12 noon at St Alkmund’s Church, Duﬃeld, Derbyshire. Family ﬂowers only, donations in memory of David for the RNLI may be made directly: www.rnli.org or tel: 0300 300 9990. Online ref: 551681 BE NOT overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good. Romans 12.21 WANTED : OLD HAVANA CIGARS, call Sautter's of Mayfair, 0207 499 4866. ** The Daily Telegraph Saturday 31 March 2018 39 Obituaries sacred mysteries David Cobham Conservationist and film and television director whose adaptation of Tarka the Otter became a classic MICHAEL STEPHENS/PA D AVID COBHAM, who has died aged 87, was a film producer and director, writer and conservationist whose output ranged from dramas such as an film adaptation of TH White’s The Goshawk to The Vanishing Hedgerows, the first conservation film made by the BBC, a drama-documentary about Roald Amundsen, the first man to reach the South Pole, which won him a Bafta award in 1976, and children’s television serials. From the 1970s Cobham, an active wildlife campaigner, was the brains behind numerous television nature films and for many years worked closely with David Attenborough for the BBC’s natural history unit. His approach influenced younger conservationists and film-makers, including the Springwatch presenter Chris Packham, who described Cobham as his “hero”. For his 1976 BBC short The Secret Life of the Barn Owl, narrated by Attenborough, Cobham pioneered the use of hand-held night vision devices to show birds at night which have become standard in the wildlife film repertoire. In a 2010 interview with wildfilmhistory.org, he recalled that it was after seeing the documentary that the teenage Packham had first contacted him to ask whether there might be a pair of surplus barn owls he could have. Cobham sent the budding naturalist a pair of young birds which he and his biology teacher reared and released into the wild. Cobham was best known for directing, producing and co-writing (with Gerald Durrell), a feature length adaptation of Henry Williamson’s classic 1927 novel Tarka the Otter, a coming of age drama about a young otter that survives a number of adventures and brushes with death before finally confronting his enemy – an otter hound called Deadlock. Set in 1920s England and filmed over two years, it earned critical praise for capturing the essence of the English countryside, with stunning footage of flora and fauna, while avoiding cloying sentiment, the climactic confrontation between Tarka and his canine enemy being particularly well handled. Released in 1979, with a narration by Peter Ustinov, it went on to make it on to lists of the top 100 children’s films. David Cobham was born on May 11 1930 in North Yorkshire. His mother, a keen amateur naturalist, inspired him with her love of wildlife, and at school he ran the natural history society. He went on to read Natural Sciences at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge. At first he wanted to be a bird artist, David Cobham in 1993 with actress Liza Goddard, who became his second wife, and their dog Punch; (below right) the star of Tarka the Otter even holding an exhibition at the Cambridge department store Eaden Lilley, but soon concluded that he was not good enough. Instead, inspired by Arne Sucksdorff ’s 1953 wildlife drama The Great Adventure, he set his sights on becoming a film-maker. With a friend, John Buxton (later a cameraman with Anglia’s Survival series), he set to work to make a wildlife drama about a family of foxes, building a large enclosure to film them in at Horsey in Norfolk: “Unfortunately it blew down and the foxes escaped. There had been no foxes at Horsey and suddenly there were foxes at Horsey which was not at all popular.” Cobham had better luck with his second effort, Bells on Her Toes, a 20-minute short about training a hawk, made with Noel CunninghamReid, which was accepted by Exclusive Films and screened at cinemas as a filler. The BBC, however, was not interested. Instead, after graduation Cobham worked at Pearl & Dean making commercials before setting out as a freelance documentary maker. In 1968 a film about Donald Campbell trying to break the land speed record brought him an invitation to meet the BBC producer Richard Cawston. When Cobham said that he would like to make a film of TH White’s book The Goshawk, Cawston sent him to see David Attenborough, the controller of BBC Two who gave him the go-ahead. The film, about the relationship between a falconer and his hawk marked the beginning of Cobham’s long association with the BBC. First shown on BBC Two in 1969, it was nominated for a Bafta award. Cobham first got to know the author Henry Williamson after reading an article he had written in the Sunday Telegraph bemoaning the impact of modern farming methods on the countryside. They agreed to make a film about vanishing hedgerows for the BBC which won a glowing review from Clive James in The Observer and a clutch of awards at the 1973 Monte Carlo International Television Festival. On the last day of filming Williamson, who provided the narration, suggested that Cobham might think of filming Tarka the Otter, though by the time the project got off the ground the author had gone into a retirement home. Coincidentally he died on the last day of filming – at the precise moment when Cobham and his film crew were on the banks of the River Torridge filming the death of Tarka, symbolised by three large bubbles breaking the surface and floating downstream to the sea: “It made the hair on my back stand on end because it was a very spooky thing to happen but absolutely true,” Cobham recalled. Cobham’s other projects for the BBC included To Build a Fire (1969), narrated by Orson Welles, based on Jack London’s story about a man and a dog trying to survive during the gold rush; a film in the One Pair of Eyes series (1970) about the sculptor John Skeaping, and a series about Japan, In the Shadow of Fujisan (BBC One, 1987). He also directed and produced the ITV children’s television series Brendon Chase (1980–81), a wildlife adventure based on the classic children’s novel by “BB”; Woof! (1989-97) based on the book by Allan Ahlberg about the adventures of a boy who shape-shifts into a dog; Out of Sight (1996-98) and Bernard’s Watch (1997-2005) about a boy who can stop time with a magical pocket watch. As a founder member, later vicepresident, of the Hawk and Owl Trust, Cobham, who lived in Norfolk, played a huge part in the creation of the Sculthorpe Moor nature reserve near Fakenham. After a pair of peregrine falcons took up residence on the 250ft spire of Norwich Cathedral in 2009, he was largely responsible for securing the agreement of the authorities to the installation of a nesting platform on the spire, along with two webcams. The birds have successfully fledged chicks every summer since 2012. He also published two books. In A Sparrowhawk’s Lament (2014), he reviewed the contrasting fortunes of all 15 species of Britain’s breeding birds of prey, charting their comeback following the banning of DDT and the threats they still face. Bowland Beth (2017) detailed the life and death of a female hen harrier whose short life from hatching in Bowland Forest in Lancashire to her death on a Yorkshire grouse moor, brought to the fore the conflict between gameshoot management and harrier conservation. In 1972 David Cobham married, first, Janet Wallace, who would go on to produce Tarka the Otter. The marriage was dissolved and in 1995 he married, secondly, the actress Liza Goddard, whom he first met when she was cast in Brendon Chase. She survives him. David Cobham, born May 11 1930, died March 25 2018 Bill Lucas Olympic distance runner who won a DFC for his wartime service as a pilot with Bomber Command B ILL LUCAS, who has died aged 101, was a long-distance runner who was expected to bring glory to Great Britain in the 1940 Olympic Games in Helsinki. Instead, war intervened and he spent much of his twenties flying with Bomber Command in raids over Germany – a total of 81 by the time the conflict ended. As he put it: “Hitler deprived me of my best athletic years, so what did I do? I went out and bombed him.” Eventually his opportunity to take part in the Olympics came at the “Austerity Games” in London in 1948. But by then he was 31, past his prime and, thanks to postwar rationing, underfed – he told of how his mother would get extra rations from the local butcher to keep his strength up. The day before his 5,000m heat, Lucas took part in the opening ceremony, which involved catching a bus, a train and two Tubes to Wembley: “Then back home the same night and back again the next morning to compete. We wasted half our energy getting to the stadium.” He failed to qualify after being outrun by Erik Ahldén from Sweden and Emil Zátopek from Czechoslovakia, who later won a silver medal in the final. William Ernest Lucas was born at Upper Tooting on January 16 1917, the only child of a bricklayer – also called William – who had been awarded the Military Medal during the First World War and had later worked on improvements to the Houses of Parliament, rising to become clerk of works. His mother, Mabel, was a seamstress. He was educated at Hillbrook Road primary school and the local grammar school, where he played cricket and rugby. He qualified for a place at Christ’s Hospital, but his parents were unable to afford the ancillary costs and he instead left school at 15 to start in a succession of jobs in the City, including packing parcels for a trading company. Before long his mother had secured an interview for him to be an assessor with the London and Lancashire, an insurance company based in Leadenhall Street. This had a thriving sports club that attracted the tall and skinny young man. Meanwhile, in 1936 he joined the Belgrave Harriers, the country’s biggest athletics club; he would serve on its committee into his nineties and remained a member until his death. Lucas’s earliest races for the club Lucas in 2012; (right), crossing the finishing line of a relay race in 1949; (far right) in 1942, the year he took part in the first ‘thousand bomber’ raid were in the cross country, though he was soon a regular in the mile. In 1938 he took part in the AAA championship at White City, being beaten into second only in the last few strides. He was called up in 1939, but ruled out the Navy because he disliked water and had been turned against the Army by his father’s tales from the trenches. He was nearly rejected by the RAF on account of having an enlarged heart and an uneven heartbeat, but convinced the medical examiner that these were normal conditions for an athlete. He trained as a sergeant pilot, converted to bombers and in August 1941 joined No 9 Squadron to fly the Wellington. He later transferred to No 15 Squadron and continued to bomb targets in Germany and the French Biscay ports. At the end of his tour in November 1941 he began a two-year period as bombing instructor. On the night of May 30 1942 he bombed Cologne on the first “thousand bomber” raid. Sir Arthur Harris, the commander-in-chief of Bomber Command, could only muster 1,000 bombers by using those on the bomber training units flown by instructors to supplement those on his squadrons. “I didn’t feel anything,” Lucas said in 2016 when asked about his recollections of his bombing mission. “We had a target and instructions and you did it. I never thought much about the people below. You have to adopt a wartime mentality.” In October 1944 Lucas converted to the Mosquito before joining No 162 Squadron of the Pathfinder Force. He attacked several German cities, many on the so-called “nuisance raids”. Small numbers of Mosquitos visited a number of German cities each night to drop a few bombs but, more importantly, to deny the factory workers their sleep and to keep the home defences on alert. These raids were often carried as a diversion while the main bomber force attacked a single target. Lucas attacked Berlin on numerous occasions and in January 1945 was Mentioned in Despatches. At the end of the war he was awarded the DFC. He left the RAF in January 1946 as an acting squadron leader to return to his running and to his career in insurance, retiring in 1982. His best year on the track was probably 1950, when he ran three-mile race in 14:11.6, coming fourth in the AAA Championships. He retired from athletics in 1954 and immersed himself in the sport’s administration. Three years later he was the announcer at White City when David Ibbotson brought back to Britain the mile record (Roger Bannister’s famous sub-four minute mile of May 1954 having been broken six weeks later by John Landy of Australia). In later life Lucas served as president of the RAF Association in Haywards Heath. Until his death he was Britain’s oldest living Olympian, attributing his longevity to a daily tipple of whisky. But he still yearned for what might have been. “The biggest regret of my career is my lost Olympic years of 1940 and 1944,” he told Athletics Weekly. “Who knows what I might have achieved. Fantasy is a wonderful thing.” In 2007 he was granted the Freedom of the City of London and five years later was thrilled to use his two complimentary tickets to the London Olympics to watch Mo Farah win gold in the 5,000m. Bill Lucas’s first marriage was in 1944; after the ceremony two families returned to find their homes flattened by German bombs. His second marriage, to Sheena Wilcox (née Robson), was in 1979. She survives him with two daughters from his first marriage. Bill Lucas, born January 16 1917, died March 22 2018 A trick of old stone and lichen in sunlight christopher howse S omething that makes fall.” Elder does have a the cathedral at “sickly” tendency to leave Santiago de Compostela some of its branches thin of so lovely is the mottling of foliage or dying back as its grey granite walls with crackly wood. But elder also an orangey lichen. Its name tends to grow up, as he is Xanthoria parietina and a points out, where human visit to the cathedral roof constructions sicken and fall provides a good close-up of into ruin. its ancient habitat and an A couple of years after outing for all the family. Clare’s death, Longfellow There have been some wrote some lines that begin: scientific studies of the “I like that ancient Saxon weathering effect of this phrase, which calls / The lichen. It hardly seems to do burial ground God’s Acre!” any harm to granite, for the If by “Saxon” he meant the stone at Santiago on which it language of England before thrives has been in place for the Conquest, he was 800 or 900 years without wrong. In reality God’s acre visible deterioration. This came into use in English lichen grows well in Britain only in the 17th century. It too, which shares the mild was borrowed from dampness of Galicia. Germany, where, it is true, “Beauty, beauty!” wrote Saxons still live. A C Benson in his diary a Another bit of confected century ago. “What is it? Is antiquity is projected by it only a trick of old stone some other lines, from a folk and lichen in sunlight?” The song known as The Old question is quoted by Stefan Churchyard (“Come, come Buczacki, who knows a with me out to the old thing or two about the 1,700 churchyard/ I so well know species of lichen in Britain. In his new book Earth to Earth: A Natural History of Churchyards, he points out that many a churchyard supports more than 100 kinds of lichen, some seldom found in other habitats. Lichens can grow slowly – as Lichen at St Cuthbert’s in Kirklinton, Cumbria little as a millimetre a year, and enjoy those paths ’neath the soft being undisturbed. They green sward”). This is by the may escape pollution too in pleasantly named folk singer the churchyard, though Almeda Riddle, and goes there is even a copperback as far as 1972. tolerant lichen that grows A truly ancient word that near lightning conductors goes with churchyards is on church towers. yew. Dr Buczacki notes that Dr Buczacki, still best the oldest known yew in known to many from his 12 Britain grows in Fortingall years on Gardeners’ Question churchyard in Perthshire Time, has put together what and is more than 2,000 might be called a gift book. years old. So it predates It has colour drawings and Christianity. “Whether the photographs (the locations planting of yewe in of which I’d have liked to Churchyards hold not its know) and there is a green originall from ancient ribbon to keep your place. Funeral rites,” wrote old Sir Punctuating his remarks Thomas Browne, quoted about moles and birds, slow here, “or as an Embleme of worms and waxcap fungi resurrection from its are extracts of poetry. I perpetual verdure, may also enjoyed John Clare’s admit conjecture.” Just so. observant transformation of More surprising is the Augustan poetic convention, visit recorded here of when he writes of “where nesting storks to St Giles’s the sickly elder loves / To Cathedral, Edinburgh, in top the mouldering wall; / 1416. I wish we British had And ivy’s kind encroaching storks now, and I wonder care / Delays the tottering why we don’t. *** 40 Saturday 31 March 2018 The Daily Telegraph Markets 52 week High Low (p) Stock The share prices, price-earnings ratios and dividend yields below are supplied by Interactive Data (Europe) Ltd. The yields are calculated using historic dividend payments divided by the closing share price multiplied by 100. 1554 1174⅜ Yearly (pc) Price (p) +/- Yld P/E 52 week High Low (p) Stock 1276 -3.3 7.2 8.1 1992½ 1612⅛ Prudential 1778½ -6.7 2.6 19.1 802¼ -8.3 5.6 3.6 1468 1078 Jardine Lloyd ● 1282 -7.8 2.7 22.9 2184 1766 Admiral 1844 -7.9 6.2 15.7 1176½ SSE 733 Nat Grid 1279½ 1008 St James Place Engineering / industrial -0.79% 624½ 3254 Government securities 52 week High Low (£) Stock Flat Rdm Price (£) +/- Yield Yield 132.50 123.14 Treas 8% 21 122.36 -2.33 6.54 0.85 132.85 124.02 Treas 5% 25 609 +52.3 0.7 34.6 279 Fenner ● 1712¾ Smurfit Kappa Yearly (pc) Price (p) +/- Yld 1086½ -11.4 3.9 39.1 773½ 542½ Lancashire Hldg ● 580 -15.0 1.9 -22.6 448⅝ 339⅝ StndrdLifeAber 359¾ -17.6 5.9 12.1 2⅛ Melrose Ind ● 231 +8.9 1.8 -192.5 1320 785 Vitec 1230 +8.8 2.5 20.0 6155 4719 Spirax ● 5755 +2.4 1.5 26.8 52 week High Low (p) Stock Yearly (pc) Price (p) +/- Yld NAV 56* +2.3 5.4 -9.6 1697 1354 Smiths Gp 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212* -5.3 3.3 247 Net Asset Values © 2018 Morningstar Estimated at previous day’s close see www.Morningstar.co.uk. 115⅜* +13.1 2.6 34.1 160 105 Fidelity Japan V 143½ -5.3 +6.3 — 311 270 Majedie 282 -5.4 3.5 309 520 +3.5 1.4 22.5 83 66¼ BlackRock Com 72* -5.6 5.6 266¼ Microgen 445 -4.8 1.4 27.1 1314 1127 Murray Intl ● 1196 -5.7 4.2 1137 674½ 333 SDL 410 -6.6 1.5 11.8 338 297 F&C Cap & Inc 315* -5.7 3.4 311 52 week High Low (p) Stock 825¼ 621 Sage Gp 639¼ -19.9 2.4 23.0 268 234 Pacific Assets 247 -5.7 1.1 260 1378 11⅜ Sky 2970½ 26¾ Micro Focus Intl 986¾ -60.9 7.5 18.6 1845 1633¾ Keystone Inv Tr 1675 -5.9 3.6 1853 957½ 639 UBM ● 938 +25.6 2.5 25.3 275 111¾ Laird -5.9 Insurance -5.45% — 166 Media -0.88% 74 Yearly (pc) Price (p) +/- Yld P/E 3.2 1342 1035 Telecom Plus ● 1222 +1.7 4.0 10.3 24¾ 17⅛ HP $ 22 +4.7 2.5 2.7 784 577 BTG ● 676 -11.3 — 77.7 111¼ 85¼ KCOM Group 92⅛ +1.5 6.5 19.0 44¾ 36⅛ Coca-Cola Euro $ 41⅝ +4.5 3.1 1.1 326⅝ 216⅜ BT Group 227½ -16.3 6.8 11.8 119⅜ 81⅝ JP Morgan Ch $ 108¾ +1.7 2.1 2.8 239⅝ 190⅛ Vodafone 194¼ -17.4 6.8 -9.8 33 22⅛ BankAmerica $ 29⅝ +0.2 1.6 3.4 220 88⅝ TalkTalk ● 115¾ -23.8 3.5 19.0 176⅜ 139⅛ IBM $ 152⅝ -0.5 3.9 1.0 865 358¼ Inmarsat ● 362⅛ -26.2 6.6 12.7 37⅜ 27⅛ Xerox $ 28¾ -1.3 3.5 0.7 139¼ 109⅛ United Tech $ Property -5.37% 1297½* +28.2 1.0 32.0 192¼ McKay Secs 275 +14.6 3.3 346 288 BlckRck Grt Euro 318 -5.9 1.7 333 769 500 Daily Mail ‘A’ 646 +8.3 3.5 325 235 Urban&Civic 130⅝ 106 City Nat Res H Yld 113¼ -5.9 4.9 135 775¾ 563 Pearson 749 +1.8 2.3 15.0 623⅝ 450⅞ Segro 601¼* +2.4 2.7 975 714½ 3i 859 -6.0 1.9 700 121¾ 65¼ Trinity Mirror 79½ 3.5 538 471 Mucklow A J 521* +2.1 4.3 1118 952 Witan ● 1014* -6.0 2.2 1028 773 631 Informa 718⅝ -0.5 2.8 19.0 34½ 29¾ Local Shopp REIT 31⅝ +1.5 — … 7.3 6.6 — 259⅝ 184¼ Old Mutual 239¼ +3.3 3.0 12.4 3020 2488 Caledonia ● 2650 -6.0 2.1 3213 4595 3873 Rightmove ● 4347 -3.4 1.3 27.7 117 116⅞ Raven R CnvPref 741* -12.9 1.8 -20.8 411¼ 335 DirectLineIns 381¼ -0.1 9.3 12.0 178 145 JPM Eur Inc 157½* -6.1 3.7 175 1358 1016 Euromoney ● 1224 -6.2 2.5 32.3 385¼ 243 Grainger ● 274⅝ +1.5 4.5 -7.4 — 3570½* -8.4 0.7 10.6 573* +7.2 1.9 29.4 4506* -13.8 1.2 31.9 -8.1 2940½ Shire 422⅛ Beazley ● — 34 Telecommunications -17.09% 306 +6.6 1.0 63.8 117½* … 5.5 42 5643⅝ 3775 Brit Am Tob 4131* -17.7 4.7 — 3956½ 2301 Imp Brands 2426* -23.4 7.0 16.4 568½ RSA 630* -0.4 3.1 24.0 143 120¼ JPM GEMI 128½* -6.2 3.8 134 192 150 Bloomsbury 176½ -6.6 3.8 18.0 3133 2574 Derwent Ldn ● 3102 -0.5 4.3 1087 Hiscox ● 1456 -0.5 2.0 1420 1241 F&C Glob SmCo ● 1300 -6.3 1.0 1318 221¾ 141⅜ ITV 144⅛ -12.9 5.4 14.1 1040½ 748 Workspace Gp ● 992 -1.0 2.3 1046 837 Savills ● 981½ -1.2 3.1 16.7 575 367¾ Royal Mail 833 618 Unite ● 791½ -1.7 2.9 3475 2454 Clarkson ● 528½ 365⅝ Safestore ● 491* -1.7 2.9 1775 1340 Fisher J ● 550 482¼ Aviva 495⅞ -2.1 5.5 14.2 774 665 Alliance Trust ● 699* -6.4 1.9 736 1774 1082 WPP 1132½ -15.5 5.3 820 719 Phoenix ● 763½* -2.4 6.6 -22.3 527½ 442 InvesPerp UK Sm Co 491 -6.4 3.5 518 1784 1399 RELX 1465 -15.8 2.7 17.8 279⅞ 241⅝ Legal & General 257¾ -5.7 6.0 974 821 The Europ InvTr 8.1 890 -6.4 2.6 991 7.9 2.2 289 -0.2 1.7 16.1 672½ 125⅝ -1.5 2.2 2.1 53 Merck $ 54⅞ -2.4 3.5 0.5 77⅞ 28⅜ Foot Locker $ 45⅝ -2.7 3.0 2.9 39⅜ 31⅝ Pfizer $ 35¼ -2.7 3.9 2.6 97⅝ 79¼ Inger Rand $ 85¾ -3.8 2.1 2.9 77⅞ 67⅞ Colgate Palm $ 71⅞ -4.8 2.3 1.4 * Ex-dividend § Ex-rights Cover relates to the previous year’s dividend. Yields are net of basic rate tax. 66⅜ Tobaccos -18.86% 1537 — 2.5 5021 579 Electricity -6.56% 368¾ 927 — 71.5 Europeans -2.44% 54 361⅛ Scot Mortgage 70 8.4 50 Cap&Regional 479¼ -37.16 1754 +17.8 5.8 20⅛ Raven R Wts 1844 -14.7 4.5 12.6 È Information technology 1310 Go-Ahead Grp ● 29⅞ 1664 Severn Trent 138 1952 62¾ 1400¼ 1017⅛ Greggs ● È Tobaccos 7.4 170¼ CLS Hldgs ● 2575 — 128⅝ McDonalds $ 386½ 122⅞ -2.7 Banks -7.95% 178¾ 256⅜ 111 Cobham ● 981 +61.7 3.1 320⅜ -8.4 3.0 38.7 387⅜* -4.5 1.6 14.4 150¼ 5⅝ NEX Group ● 290 BBA Aviation ● 316¼ St Modwen ● 95⅝* -1.4 4.7 992 97 Warehouse REIT 52 week High Low (p) Stock 429⅜ 89⅜ JPM GL Conv 463 +45.0 2.0 15.8 0.4 370⅜ 178¼* -4.2 4.3 102¾ GKN 147⅛ -6.6 2.1 536⅝* -1.9 4.8 151 LondonMetric ● 715⅜ -13.8 5.5 11.2 3 91 Caterpillar $ 189⅛ 648⅝ Utd Utilities 463¼ 173¼ 144¼* -3.1 4.6 141 1078 General financial -1.30% P/E 6.4 104¾ Tritax Big Box ● 581⅜ +1.5 3.7 21.7 Automobiles & parts +44.96% Yearly (pc) Price (p) +/- Yld 219 -7.8 4.3 151⅜ 533½ BAE Systems — 52 week High Low (p) Stock 185¼ Wincanton 266 Town Centre 682½ 9.6 P/E 309 P/E -2720.0 È Mining 99 1383 +2.7 3.6 20.9 — 35.1 Yearly (pc) Price (p) +/- Yld 853 -1.9 3.4 111 Germany — 44.96 Yearly (pc) Price (p) +/- Yld 318¾ 105¼ Ç Automobiles & parts 708 Big Yellow Gp ● 52338 430⅜ Hammerson ● Winners and losers Yearly changes (pc) Investment trusts -4.98% 52 Low&Bonar Yield% With the London Stock Market closed for the holiday, our tables today show the companies listed in order of the performance of their shares in 2018 to date. 910½ 2882 +15.0 2.7 18.6 261⅞ 91 52 week High Low (p) Stock P/E 165⅛ 122⅜ Honeywell $ 145⅛ -5.4 2.1 0.7 102⅜ 75½ Amer Express $ 93½ -5.9 1.5 2.1 540¾ +19.5 4.3 19.7 116⅛ 96¼ Walt Disney $ 101⅛ -5.9 1.7 4.2 3020 +5.6 2.4 28.9 19½ 10½ Marathon Oil $ 15⅞ -6.0 1.3 4.8 1572 +0.4 1.8 19.6 207⅝ 144¼ Home Depot $ 177½ -6.3 2.3 1.8 Transport +5.20% Bold FTSE100 Stocks ● FTSE250 Stocks † Ex-scrip # Suspended ‡ Ex-all Business ** The Daily Telegraph Saturday 31 March 2018 Markets Thursday Close Currencies FTSE 100 FTSE 250 Dow Jones 24300 7150 7100 7050 7000 Biggest riser GKN 24250 463p 24000 3.85 -0.01 23750 FTSE Eurotop 100 2798.01 +14.83 (+0.53pc) +40.00 (+9.46pc) FTSE All Share 6900 Nikkei 225 Mon Tue p 7056.61 +11.87 (+0.17pc) Wed Thu Fri 52WkHigh 7792.56 52WkLow 6866.94 Yield 4.10pc 0.00 P/E ratio 12.71 +0.02 Biggest faller Prudential 1778½p -60½ (-3.29pc) 3894.17 +9.01 (+0.23pc) FTSE All Share Yield 6950 6850 19460.47 +103.88 (+0.54pc) 23500 Mon Tue p Wed Thu Fri 52WkHigh 26616.71 52WkLow 20379.55 24103.11 S&P 500 Commodities Inside Gold Strike it Rich Energy drinks boss William Storey on shaking up his rivals – and entering F1 The new trade wars Commodity producers have much to fear from US battle with China Andy Critchlow Page 43 Page 42 q Rate 1.4028 Change -0.73¢ $1325.01 (£945) -0.53 (-0.04pc) 21159.08 +127.77 (+0.61pc) £€ EURO STOXX 50 3361.50 +30.25 (+0.91pc) Nasdaq +254.69 (+1.07pc) £$ Brent Crude Rate 1.1406 2640.87 +35.87 (+1.38pc) Change -0.11¢ 7063.45 +114.22 (+1.64pc) Page 40 41 p $70.27 (May) +0.74 (+1.06pc) Page 40 Bitcoin threatens to spread havoc among global currency wars By Tim Wallace BITCOIN is threatening to destroy the ability of governments to manipulate their own currencies, as the cryptocurrency creates a new way to evade official controls and move money across borders. The loophole could have significant implications across the world, upending currency wars, hampering efforts to manage crises and challenging traditional ideas of economic development – all of which frequently include restrictions on taking money abroad. As a result, the entire practice of artificially moving exchange rates up or down to suit politicians or central bankers could be rendered untenable, according to research presented by economist Gina Pieters to the Royal Economic Society. Cryptocurrencies can offer drug dealers and money launderers anonymity, allowing them to keep money out of sight of the authorities, but these features also mean capital controls can be circumvented, leaving governments struggling to find a way to stop it. “Bitcoin can fulfil two functions in international markets: an alternative way to obtain a foreign currency and a way to circumvent capital controls,” she said. If such controls cannot be enforced, it means money can move from one currency to another, via Bitcoin, effectively “eroding a country’s ability to control their own exchange rates”. Her study of countries’ official exchange rates compared to the unofficial rates – as seen in the price of Bitcoin – in nations including Argentina, South Africa and China indicates this is the case. Analysing the different rates in this way can also expose potentially illicit behaviour, which was not previously fully known. For example, her study of Poland’s currency suggests Bitcoin may be used as a way to sneak money out of Russia. It can also indicate pressures building when governments try to manipulate markets. In the months before China devalued the yuan in 2015, the Bitcoin exchange rate showed a weak- ening of the currency – highlighting the strains mounting against the Chinese authorities, and indicating that the central bank’s efforts to halt cryptocurrency transactions had failed. Governments may use controls to move markets for a range of reasons, for example propping up their exchange rate, or forcing down the value of the currency to grant the economy a competitive advantage. Melrose in fresh pledges to stop deal being halted By Ben Marlow MELROSE could be forced to make tough new commitments on the future of GKN after the Government threatened to stage a dramatic 11th-hour intervention. While the ink was still drying on its £8bn takeover of the FTSE 100 engineer, Greg Clark, the Business Secretary, shocked both sides with a promise to look into whether ministers should block it on national security grounds. The late twist, nearly three months after Melrose first approached GKN, has been condemned by City sources who accused the Government of political posturing in the face of calls to protect its independence. It leaves Melrose scrambling to make fresh pledges in an attempt to see off the threat of state interference. It is now understood that the turnaround outfit could agree to a legally binding undertaking that requires it to hold on to GKN’s cherished aerospace arm for a minimum of five years – which would go much further than previous pledges to give the Government a veto on any sale. The business is involved in some key UK defence projects and Gavin Williamson, the Defence Secretary, is reported to be concerned that it could end up in the hands of a foreign buyer. Mr Clark told MPs this week that he had four months to assess the situation. However, in an interview with the BBC yesterday, the Business Secretary struggled to make a convincing case for the deal to be halted. “I can’t give a view until I have all the evidence from the key agencies in front of me, to do so would be to prejudice that quasi-judicial judgment,” he said. Mr Clark even praised Melrose for its earlier commitments on research and development, among other key issues. He also rejected calls from critics including Liberal Democrat leader Vince Cable and former trade secretary Michael Heseltine to tighten takeover rules. He said: “It is important that we should continue our long-standing tradition of being a place of competition. “It’s the case that if you’re a public company then you’re constantly under scrutiny by shareholders and by alternative management who say they can do a better job. “The approach that we have reinforced in our industrial strategy is not to have a protectionist approach, not to pick winners as was done in the past, to subsidise or protect them. It is to enGreg Clark, the Business Secretary, is to review whether the GKN deal should go through, citing security concerns ALAMY Turnaround firm may agree guarantee over GKN’s aerospace arm to avoid government veto sure that our business environment is one in which there is competition in which no incumbent is immune from the challenge of being kept efficient and strategically focused.” Despite the backlash, City sources played down the prospect of any referral on national security grounds. GKN supplies parts for military aircraft such as the A400M transporter plane and the F-35. However, few of the parts that GKN makes are regarded as highly sensitive. It has also been pointed out that Melrose was a British company and GKN had been allowed to sell its helicopter business Westland to Italy’s Finmeccanica in 2004. If Melrose gets the green light, advisers to the two companies will share a fee jackpot of approximately £250m. Matthew Lynn: Page 42 High spirits It was a Good Friday for pubs in Ireland as they opened their doors for the first time since legislation came in to allow drinking on the holy day. Queues formed outside bars from 7am after the 90-year ban on serving alcohol was lifted. Investors in line for spring payday despite stock market misery By Tom Rees EMBATTLED investors will be rewarded with a bumper spring payday despite the worst quarter for global stocks in years. Dividends are set to soar to as much as $400bn (£285bn) in the coming months, easing the pain caused by a turbulent start to the year on markets. Wall Street analysts estimate that dividends could climb to a monthly record of $174bn in May. Payouts are expected to be driven higher by buoyant global growth and the savings generated from Donald Trump’s huge corporate tax cuts. Morgan Stanley calculated $400bn is set to be paid into investor accounts between March and May in what is typically a high season for dividend payments. The investment bank argued that the payout will provide “some welcome (temporary) relief ” for investors amid a surge in volatility on markets. A dividend boost will help to bolster investor returns after the global bull run struggled to maintain its momen- tum in 2018. The FTSE 100 suffered its worst quarter since 2011 in the first three months of the year, slipping 8.2pc, while the Dow Jones – the US blue-chip index – snapped a nine-quarter winning streak. Stocks have tumbled this year amid fears central banks will tighten monetary policy more quickly than anticipated. The prospect of tit-for-tat tariffs between the US and its major trading partners becoming a full-blown trade war has also made investors nervous. Stocks came under renewed pres- sure this week amid fears that the data scandal engulfing Facebook could trigger a new wave of regulation for the tech industry. Leading blue-chip indices across Europe, the US and Asia finished the quarter in the red. Dividends reached a record $1.25 trillion last year as the economic recovery hit top gear. Janus Henderson, which compiled the data, predicted that global dividends would climb to $1.35 trillion in 2018 despite the recent pickup in volatility. Clock ticking on BBC’s chance to buy UKTV Google to shine a light on solar potential By Christopher Williams THE BBC faces a countdown to a crunch decision over whether to make a £500m grab for full control of UKTV, the commercial broadcasting joint venture behind the Dave channel. Following the completion of Discovery’s takeover of Scripps, the BBC’s partner in UKTV, the clock is ticking on a 90-day call option triggered by the change of control. The BBC’s commercial arm, BBC Worldwide, has the right to buy out the other half of the firm. Discovery’s $14.6bn (£10.4bn) takeover of Scripps, the US broadcaster of cable channels such as the Food Network, was completed this month, giving the BBC until the first week of June to make a decision. The Corporation is under pressure to increase commercial income amid a squeeze on the licence fee. Full ownership of UKTV, which last year reported a pre-tax profit of £85m, could boost efforts to fill the funding gap caused by new burdens on ‘The company wouldn’t do anything that is not within an agreed framework for BBC Worldwide’ BBC finances such as the World Service and free licences for over-75s. The decision is complicated by a £350m cap on BBC debt set by the Government. In order to buy the other half of UKTV the corporation may require political support to lift the cap and borrow more, with commercial rivals likely to raise concerns over BBC expansion in the pay-TV markets. A BBC Worldwide source told The Daily Telegraph: “The company wouldn’t do anything that is not within an agreed framework for BBC Worldwide.” The price it would be forced to pay is at least predictable and set by a formula in the UKTV shareholder agreement. Discovery’s plans for its UKTV stake are unclear, amid what an industry source described as a “Mexican standoff ” with the BBC. The owner of Eurosport is yet to appoint directors to the broadcaster’s board, which was already undermanned after BBC Worldwide’s appointees quit last year in a row over alleged conflicts of interest surrounding UKTV’s attempts to secure a new pay-TV deal with Sky. By Jillian Ambrose GOOGLE is planning to use satellite imagery to map the “solar potential” of Britain’s rooftops as part of a push into the renewable energy industry. The data could be used to encourage British households to install solar panels on their roofs to help cut energy bills. Using imagery from the Google Maps and Google Earth applications, the tech giant will calculate the total amount of sunlight that falls on a rooftop every year by using weather data, the position of the sun across the seasons, the size and pitch of the roof, as well as any shadows from surrounding buildings or trees. The project also uses machine learning to create a computer tool that can assess the “solar potential” of a rooftop in seconds. Kate Brandt, Google’s head of sustainability, told The Daily Telegraph that “Project Sunroof ” is set to expand 200pc The expansion rate of E.On’s solar and battery business last year, with help from “Project Sunroof” through Europe in partnership with E.On and is likely to map UK rooftops. The “Big Six” firm’s parent company plans to roll out the online tool across the countries in which it supplies energy as part of a multibillion-euro stra- tegic shift towards household energy and networks. Outside of Germany, the UK is E.On’s biggest market by sales. The partnership with E.On covers seven million rooftops across Germany and uses E.On’s solar power and battery product offerings to calculate how much a specific household could save by installing panels and a battery pack. E.On has backed the accuracy of the project with a promise to guarantee the savings calculated by Google. Already Project Sunroof has helped E.On expand its solar and battery business by 200pc last year. The German energy giant is preparing to embark on a complicated £38bn asset swap with rival RWE to shrug off its large-scale power generation assets in favour of its tighter focus on local energy. 42 *** Saturday 31 March 2018 The Daily Telegraph Business comment Matthew ew Lynn We need more raiders like Melrose A 259-year-old company torn to shreds. Britain’s industrial heritage flogged off to asset strippers. Thousands of honest manufacturing jobs put at risk while the hedge funds make millions. In the wake of Melrose’s victorious £8.1bn hostile raid on engineering conglomerate GKN, the cries of outrage were so predictable they almost wrote themselves. Everyone from Jeremy Corbyn to Michael Heseltine was outraged. Almost immediately the Government, which increasingly has a paper-thin commitment to traditional free-market conservatism, said it would review the deal and may still block it. And yet that would be the worst possible response. Melrose won the battle fair and square. While jobs may be lost, that is only because the new managers are good at running businesses more efficiently. Blocking a bid on spurious national security grounds would send out the worst possible signal about the kind of post-Brexit economy Britain wants to create: it would look insular, statist and protectionist. In truth, the FTSE has plenty of old giants that have lost their energy and purpose. We should encourage a few more Melroses, not punish them. There isn’t much that unites Corbyn and the Daily Mail. But they both seem to agree that Melrose’s takeover of GKN is a very bad thing. The Labour leader condemned “asset strippers”, citing a Mail headline on “an abuse of capitalism” to support his argument. Heseltine complained that no other country would allow an industrial treasure like GKN to be swallowed up ‘In a free market, the threat of a hostile takeover is the ultimate sanction’ by a raider. In response, Business Secretary Greg Clark promised to review it on national security grounds. Could it be blocked? The Government has limited powers to interfere in takeovers, but GKN does enough defence work that national security could plausibly be used. From energy prices to minimum wages, Theresa May’s Conservative Party has shown it has minimal interest in free markets. A paternalistic, statist version of capitalism has its attractions for a certain kind of Tory, and blocking this takeover would be the perfect statement of that. And yet it would also be a huge mistake – for two reasons. First, it would send out precisely the wrong message about the sort of economy we want to create. The specific objections to the takeover are completely ridiculous. There is little debt involved, so shareholders were essentially choosing between two management teams. There is no reason to imagine anyone from Melrose will be on the phone to Vladimir Putin over the bank holiday inviting him to buy any tech secrets that might be buried within GKN. Sure, jobs will probably be lost, but only because the Melrose team believe there is room for improving efficiency. National security would simply be an excuse for old-fashioned protectionism. In truth, if we want a protectionist, state-dominated industrial economy, it is probably not a great idea to leave the EU. As we leave, however, we need to concentrate on remaining open, competitive, innovative and dynamic. A sudden lurch towards industrial intervention would hardly convince anyone we planned to be those things. Next, we need more Melroses, not fewer. In the last two decades, the hostile raid has become about as fashionable as shoulder pads. And yet, it may well be overdue a revival. Take a look at the FTSE 100 and there are plenty of giants that look hopelessly tired and confused. Such as? GlaxoSmithKline has been going nowhere for years. Sir Martin Sorrell looks increasingly past his sell-by date, and his WPP empire may well be better broken up. IAG has allowed the British Airways brand to go into miserable decline. Run down the list and there are lots of huge businesses that need new ideas and fresh energy. In a free market, the threat of a hostile takeover is the ultimate sanction. Sure, it is great when companies reinvent themselves. And if that doesn’t happen, it is even better when the shareholders get together to push through a change of management. In the real world, it doesn’t always happen like that. A hostile raid is often the only way to revive a tired business. Block Melrose? Forget it. We should be encouraging a few more raiders to get to work on British business. US may find China holds the cards in a commodity trade war ANDY CRITCHLOW W C ommodity producers quite rightly fear an escalating trade war between the US and China. A full-blown economic collision between the world’s top consumers of raw materials and energy could hit demand hard for key commodities such as oil and metals. Even more chilling for investors and traders would be a return to resource nationalism. President Donald Trump raised the stakes with Beijing earlier this month when he proposed tariffs on imports of steel and aluminium coming into the world’s largest economy. China was the target of this legislation with the country’s overproduction of vital products in the manufacturing supply chain, which he blames for weakening America’s economy long term. Although the initial impact of these regulations is likely to be limited, the raising of new trade barriers and the winding back of globalisation could tilt the scales negatively for commodities markets, which have boomed since China joined the ranks of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) in 2001. Speaking at a recent commodities event in Switzerland following Trump’s proclamation, BHP Billiton’s chief executive Andrew Mackenzie rightly sounded alarmed. As the world’s largest producer of commodities from iron ore, to copper and crude oil, the mining conglomerate depends on open access to markets and commodities still in the ground. “Free trade is vital to the health of the global economy,” Mackenzie said. “It is our collective responsibility to champion the virtues of free trade to make sure we can compete on level playing fields around the world because those are the conditions under which business, countries and the people who live in them will prosper.” China’s impact on commodities markets has been profound. Beijing’s economic operating model is brutally China, with its huge domestic infrastructure, has had a huge impact on commodities simple: gather up supplies of global raw materials and turn them into finished exportable products at competitive prices, or use them to build strategically important infrastructure efficiently and quickly by utilising its vast pool of labour. Consequently, demand for almost every commodity locked underground has soared. Take crude oil for example. In 2000, before China joined the WTO, world oil demand was stagnating below 80m barrels per day of crude, according to BP’s statistics. After 18 years of Chinese economic growth and an explosion in the country’s exports over that period, global consumption is expected to hit a new record above 100m b/d this year, according to S&P Global Platts Analytics estimates. This growth in demand BP expects to continue through to 2040, with the world potentially requiring another 13m b/d of liquid fuel provided China’s economy performs as expected. But a protracted and escalating trade war with the US could fundamentally blow these forecasts apart. Instead of oil markets being obsessed about global oversupply, the balance would then shift back to concerns over demand. The International Energy Agency has already sent the alarm bells ringing. In response to Trump’s latest policy edicts the global energy watchdog warned: “A slowdown (in world trade) would have strong consequences for fuel used in the maritime sector and in the trucking industry.” Transport dominates oil ‘It is our responsibility to champion free trade to make sure we can compete on level playing fields’ demand with commercial haulage by road and sea taking up the largest share of the market. Ironically, Trump’s attempt to limit the flow of Chinese products into America comes as the US sends an increasing flow of its own oil in the other direction. China has emerged as one of the main destinations for US crudes since President Barack Obama lifted the ban on crude exports in December 2015. Last year, almost 40pc of US crude exports headed to China compared with around 20pc the previous year, according to Platts estimates. These flows could soon be increasing despite Trump’s trade policies. The first supertanker to be loaded from the Gulf coast’s Louisiana Offshore Port, known as LOOP, set sail last month with China the likely destination. The shipment could signal a rapid increase in US exports to Asia once new deep water loading facilities are ready at Corpus Christi in Texas. Protectionism could also stoke resource nationalism. The Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (Opec) was forced to enter into an unprecedented pact with Russia two years ago to revive oil prices. The group of 14 producers may now want to extend the deal for up to 20 years, which would effectively give it control over almost half the world’s crude. This kind of pricing power could be vital if a trade war between the world’s top consumers were to hit demand. Whereas the US has focused on boosting its own energy security and domestic supply, China is trying to become more independent in the trading space. The world’s largest importer of crude has recently launched a new oil futures contract on the Shanghai International Energy Exchange to help it hedge against future price fluctuations and establish its own global benchmark behind Brent and West Texas Intermediate (WTI). Denominated in yuan, not dollars, international traders are also permitted to buy and sell for the first time. However, a much bigger jolt to the greenback’s dominance in the $14 trillion global oil market could be on the horizon. Should China also decide to pay for its crude in yuan this would signal an even more profound change ahead for how commodities and raw materials are traded. In terms of the market, Beijing increasingly holds all the cards in any face off with the US and Trump. Meanwhile, the outlook for commodities in general in 2018 looks bright provided the drawbridge isn’t raised any more on global trade. As BHP’s Mackenzie said: “Some of the key uncertainties that weighed on business confidence a year ago have now been clarified. In commodity markets, we have more evidence on Opec strategy and on the Chinese resolve to pursue supply-side reform and to focus on environmental concerns.” Andy Critchlow is head of Energy News, EMEA at S&P Global Platts *** The Daily Telegraph Saturday 31 March 2018 Business ‘I fell into the drinks business after meeting a mad scientist’ ‘D id you know gold isn’t a colour,” William Storey asks, pointing to a shiny motif of a stag’s head adorning an energy drink can. “It’s an amalgam and we went through about 400 iterations before we got it right,” the long-bearded boss of Rich Energy quips. He spent almost a year finding the right mix of copper and yellow he thought was the truest representation of “gold” for a new brand that he launched two years ago. The name “Rich” is short for Richmond, the company’s base from which it hopes to topple the giants that occupy the energy drinks world, including Red Bull, Monster and g is an homage g to Relentless. The stag the deer that live in the affluent south-west London district’s park. Cracking open a can, he makes himself comfortable in the bar area of the posh, boutique Bingham hotel in Richmond. “It’s definitely better than Red Bull,” he asserts matter of factly. “I fell into the drinks business by accident after meeting this mad beverage scientist,” he begins. He bought the rights to a new drink, then developed it further, alongside the brand, over six years. Taking on the likes of Red Bull doesn’t daunt Storey, a maths graduate whose colourful CV includes short stints in the RAF, professional football and tobacco farming in Zimbabwe. “I thought it was counter-intuitive that you couldn’t compete with these big companies,” he states. “If you look at what [Sports Direct chairman] Mike Ashley did, he realised the competition had a very soft underbelly.” At face value, with his ZZ Top style beard and casual clothes, some might doubt the 39-year-old’s business credentials. But, although Storey talks like a man who has consumed too many energy drinks, he mostly speaks in a considered way. There are contradictions such as clichéd phrases like “overheads are the enemy of business” that are quickly followed by claims that he decides who to work with almost based on a gut feeling of whether he trusts them. Yet, relying on his intuition seems to have served Storey well. When g in Zimbabwe on a tobacco working farm, he spotted that a flood of Chinese businessmen were descending on the country and wondered why. He soon discovered that the value of land had been pushed artificially low because of political strife around controversial land reforms. “A farmer I knew had a farm which had been worth $30m but was only team doesn’t seem to daunt the self-confessed petrol head, who enjoys two wheels as much as he does four. Storey, who says he had a regular upbringing and attended a normal comprehensive school, believed if he was to genuinely build a premium brand, ubiquity in supermarkets was not the way forward. “I felt the energy drinks market had been a race to the bottom, with companies such as Boost selling their cans for 49p,” he says. “Boost is a great company and their strategy has been successful but we had decided to launch a premium brand and so I opted for a price point above Red Bull’s.” He adds his company is “not interested in marketing to kids” and instead is focusing on the alcohol mixer market and adult energy drink consumers. He is also unfazed about the sugar tax, something his high energy drink won’t be able to avoid. “The drinks industry has done an amazing PR job of making people think it is punitive,” he sniffs. To get the brand going took a bit of what even Storey himself suggests was a “guerrilla” approach, pulling in favours from his time as a sports promoter for world-leading footballers, boxers and tennis players, and his large network of friends and ‘I’m not going to sell to Red Bull. Having lots of money sitting in a bank account does not do it for me’ JULIAN SIMMONDS FOR THE DAILY TELEGRAPH The boss behind Rich Energy’s assault on rivals Red Bull and Monster is keen to talk up its future – and his F1 venture, says Bradley Gerrard William Storey, boss of Rich Energy drinks and one-time tobacco farmer, is hoping to buy the Formula 1 team Force India, below left worth $2m even though the amount of money being ea earned from the sale of tobacco was va vastly more than that,” he remembers. Storey invest invested in the farm – ownership was wasn’t possible because of the reforms wh which stated landowners had to be Zimb Zimbabwean – and has essentially fund funded Rich Energy by “cashing in his chips” in the venture. And just like Red Bull, Storey is also hoping to line u up on the starting grid of Formula 1. H He is in late-stage discussions tto buy the Force India team from U UK-based Indian tycoon Vija Vijay Mallya, who is fighting ex extradition to India on allegatio allegations of money launde laundering. Supp Supported by a consortium Older savers took £500 hit from Bank’s action on financial crisis By Anna Isaac NEARLY three quarters of older households lost £500 or more on savings income due to post-financial crisis money printing, research has revealed. That is why older people took the biggest economic hit from the Bank of England’s efforts to keep money flowing in the UK economy in order to mitigate the impact of the crisis. People in retirement with savings “lost out” on income from these assets as a result of the central bank injecting cash into the economy after 2007, according to its own report. Close to a third of all households are estimated to have lost £500 or more on their savings as a result of the money printing programme known as quantitative easing. This figure rises to 70pc when the head of the household was aged 65 or above. The Bank of England’s assessment said those older households also saw house prices and the value of their pensions rise. Once these effects were accounted for, only 10pc lost as much as £500 or more. However, including assets such as housing might not accurately reflect how well off a household felt. If someone does not move home, they cannot easily appreciate the rise 70pc The proportion of older households that lost £500 or more on savings interest as a result of Bank of England money printing in the value of their property in cash terms, for instance. The money printing efforts, one of the policy tools at the Bank of England’s disposal, did help younger people during the financial crisis, however. Although younger households, which Oil price boom and weaker euro propel Ineos profits By Jillian Ambrose BRITAIN’S biggest privately owned firm has announced surging profits on the back of the oil price boom. Profits at Ineos, the chemicals giant owned by billionaire industrialist Jim Ratcliffe, grew almost 50pc last year as the global oil price recovery swept into the refining sector. The company, Jim Ratcliffe, the owner of Ineos, has seen a billion euros wiped off the company’s debt pile, reducing it to €4.8bn which owns Scotland’s enormous Grangemouth refinery, was also able to knock a billion euros off its debt pile. Ineos’s annual report laid bare the full effect of the crude price hike as pre-tax profits touched highs of €2.3bn (£2bn), from €1.6bn the year before, in large part due to its dominance in manufacturing chemicals. The rising value of oil and gas lifted the market price for its chemical products too. Mr Ratcliffe’s global empire of refineries breaks down hydrocarbons to create the fuels used by airlines, motorists and the makers of cigarette lighters, as well as chemicals such as ethylene, which can be broken down further to create the chemical building blocks of most plastic materials. Meanwhile, the firm used “intra group funding” to boost financial income from €291.9m in 2016 to €491.9m by the end of last year, by taking advantage of the weaker euro currency. Ineos said foreign exchange gains ballooned to €408.1m for the year, compared to a gain of €84.5m the year before. In recent years, Mr Ratcliffe has set out to gain a tighter grip on the gas the firm uses as feedstock by snapping up the North Sea’s most important oil and gas pipeline system from BP for $250m (£178m), alongside a flurry of UK shale gas licences last year. Despite the industrialist’s 2017 spending spree, which included a Swiss football team and leather jacket brand Belstaff, Ineos managed to reduce its net debt by around a billion euros to €4.8bn. 43 are more likely to be in work, suffered more in the recession due to higher unemployment rates, money printing efforts did lessen the blow overall. Lower borrowing costs on mortgages were especially helpful for these people. In broad terms, the Bank’s work “acted to reduce the extent to which younger households were made worse off ”, the report said. Low wage growth, which has been acutely felt due to rising inflation squeezing household finances in recent years, “would have fallen by much more” had it not been for the Bank’s actions, the report also found. While most households have, once all factors are considered, been better off thanks to money printing actions, they only notice the impact of interest rate hikes, the report noted. This makes it all the more important for the central bank to better explain the impact of policies on household prosperity, it said. Toshiba misses deadline for sale of memory chip unit By Tom Rees JAPANESE tech giant Toshiba has missed the deadline to seal a longawaited $19bn (£13.5bn) deal to dump its flagship memory chip business. Toshiba hoped to complete the sale to shore up its finances by the end of March. But the deal with a consortium led by US private equity firm Bain Capital is yet to be approved by the Chinese competition watchdog, delaying its completion by at least a month. Some of Toshiba’s activist shareholders have railed against Bain’s controversial swoop, arguing that its bid undervalues the business. Investors have also insisted that the troubled firm’s finances were sufficiently bolstered by a $5.4bn share issue in November. Toshiba had to put the unit, which accounts for most of the company’s profit, up for sale after an ill-fated move into nuclear energy. The Japanese firm is also reportedly considering a stock market float of the unit in case the Bain tie-up falls through. It insisted in a statement yesterday that it would go ahead with the deal as soon as possible. of investors, whose identity he is tight-lipped about, Storey is effusive about the potential of his target which reportedly has a £200m price tag. “As a mathematician, I think statistics are meaningless but if one that I heard is even half true…,” he grimaces, arms outstretched. “I heard 40pc of people have heard of a brand through F1 and even if there is only a bit of truth in that, it is a very powerful platform.” Despite his enthusiasm for the sport’s commercial potential, he is not complimentary about its notoriously poor business acumen. “If you created F1 from scratch today, you wouldn’t do it the same way,” he says. Storey suggests 30pc of the cost of running an F1 team could be cut without hitting performance, such is the “profligacy”. “We will invest in the team if the deal gets done but will run it more efficiently,” he adds. He won’t be drawn on the minutiae but says it “beggars belief what is in there”. With the recent change in ownership of F1 on the back of the $4.4bn (£3.1bn) Liberty Media deal in 2016, Storey is more hopeful. “The guys running F1 now are very smart but it will be a couple of years before everyone realises this,” he suggests. “That’s why we have to take this opportunity now because even though it would be better in a couple of years’ time for us, there won’t be a team for sale then.” The prospect of owning a Formula 1 associates in high places. One example of this is the Isle of Man’s TT motorbike race, whose official sponsor is rival Monster. Storey has managed to secure a sponsorship deal with one of the most prominent teams, meaning his brand will get plenty of exposure for a fraction of the cost. He also turned down a deal with Tesco, just months after Rich Energy started. While many start-ups would snap the supermarket’s hand off, Rich Energy said “thanks but no thanks”. Storey has also had to negotiate his way around what he describes as the “drinks industry cartel”, which he suggests made it difficult to get widespread distribution. But using his own shoe leather, he secured direct deals with Hilton, Marriott and several independent pub chains before the gates opened. Rich Energy is expecting revenues of up to £20m this financial year but if various deals around the world come off, Storey reckons it could quickly rise to £150m. “We’ve gone from calling 100 people and 99 saying ‘no’ to people calling us,” he remarks. These people now even include Red Bull, which he says has contacted him requesting a meeting. Storey isn’t sure exactly what his Austrian-based rival is after but he’s certain about one thing. “I’m not going to sell the business to Red Bull,” he frowns. “Having lots of money just sitting in a bank account does not do it for me.” 44 *** Saturday 31 March 2018 The Daily Telegraph Weather and crosswords Weather watch Snow and daffodils in Stuttgart last week Once this Easter’s over, egg-hunting prospects improve By Joe Shute When I scour my mind for memories of Easter, I always end up in my grandmother’s garden on Freeston Road in Boston, Lincs. It wasn’t a particularly big garden but she tended it beautifully. I remember charging across the immaculate lawn searching for foil-wrapped eggs among the forget-me-nots and daffodils. It always seemed to be sunny – even though most of my memories of Boston don’t often involve much sun. How then to explain the Easter weekend? Rain and showers for most, turning to snow in the north. Where I will be, in Inverness, temperatures will go well below freezing. At my gran’s we would have been decamped in front of the electric fire watching the blue lights flicker beneath papery coals. Easter comes early this year but it has been earlier. In 1818 Easter Sunday fell on March 22. That will not happen again until 2285. While we tend to think of it as a distinct fixed point in the year, similar to Christmas, in fact Easter can fall anywhere within a period of 35 days because it is calculated as the first Sunday after the first full moon following the spring equinox. Since 1960, the earliest Easter was over the weekend of March 22-24 in 2008 and the latest was in 2011 when Easter fell between April 23-25. I don’t wish to rub salt into the wound but for Easters which fall in late April, up to 14 hours of sunshine has been recorded. On Easter Saturday on April 23, 2011, temperatures reached 27.8C (82F) at Wisley in Surrey. That said, snow has tended to fall quite regularly over recent Easters. In 2010, 33cm was recorded near Inverness. But if the cold is getting you down, just cast an eye to the future. It will not be until 2024 before Easter Sunday falls again in March – so egg-hunting weather is on its way. The Daily Telegraph published by Telegraph Media Group Ltd, 111 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1W 0DT. Tel: 020 7931 2000 Printed at Newsprinters (Broxbourne) Ltd, Great Cambridge Road, Waltham Cross, Hertfordshire EN8 8DY; Newsprinters (Knowsley) Ltd, Kitling Road, Prescot, Merseyside L34 9HN; Newsprinters (Eurocentral) Ltd, Byramsmuir Road, Holytown, Motherwell; and Independent News and Media, Unit 5 Springhill Road, Carnbane Industrial Estate, Newry, County Down, Northern Ireland BT35 6EF. Registered as a Newspaper at the Post Office. Newspapers Support Recycling. The recycled paper content of UK newspapers in 2016 was 62.8%. 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