close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Теги в мебели

код для вставкиСкачать
Furniture
Furniture is the mass noun for the movable objects intended to support
various human activities such as seating and sleeping. Furniture is also used
to hold objects at a convenient height for work (as horizontal surfaces above
the ground), or to store things.
It can be made of wood, metal, plastics, stone, glass, fabrics, and related
materials. It ranges from the simple pine chest or country chair to the
elaborate marquetry-work cabinet or gilded console table. It is usually
movable, though it can be built-in, as are kitchen cabinets and bookcases.
Furniture can be a product of design and is considered a form of decorative
art. In addition to furniture's functional role, it can serve a symbolic or
religious purpose. Furniture can be made using a variety of woodworking
joints which often reflect the local culture. Stylistically it is related to
architecture and interior design. Throughout history the functional and
decorative aspects of furniture have been influenced by economics and
fashion.
Furniture Design History
Furniture has been a part of the human experience since the beginning of
history. Evidence of furniture survives from the Neolithic Period and later
in antiquity in the form of paintings, such as the wall murals discovered
at Pompeii; in sculpture, and examples have been excavated in Egypt and
found in tombs in Ghiordes, in modern-day Turkey.
The excavation uncovered a range of stone furniture: from cupboards,
dressers and beds to shelves and stone seats.
The medieval period was a stark and somewhat crude time, and that (period)
was reflected in the furniture styles of the era. The furniture of the Middle
Ages was usually heavy, oak, and ornamented with carved designs.
Along with the other arts, the Italian Renaissance of the 14th and 15th
century marked a rebirth in furniture design. Starting in the 15th century, a
similar renaissance of culture occurred in the Netherlands, Belgium and
Northern France. Furniture was characterized by opulent (богатый), often
gilded designs that frequently incorporated a profusion (изобилие) of floral,
vegetal and scrolling ornamentation.
furniture design began to develop rapidly. The century was marked by
the Industrial Revolution, which caused profound changes in society.
With increasing working populations in cities, the rise of a new class of
wealthy of furniture buyers, together with the arrival of mass-production, the
progression of furniture styles was replaced by revival styles.
These revival styles, including Gothic revival, Neoclassicism and Rococo
revival became easy and inexpensive to manufacture as technology
developed during the industrial revolution.
The post WWII Modern style used materials developed during the war
including laminated plywood, plastics and fiberglass.
In modern furniture the dark gilded, carved wood and richly patterned
fabrics gave way to the glittering simplicity and geometry of polished metal.
The use of new materials, such as steel in its many forms, moulded plywood
and plastics, were formative in the creation of these new designs. They were
considered pioneering, even shocking at the time especially in contrast to
what came before.
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
14 Кб
Теги
мебель, теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа