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The Guardian - March 31, 2018

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Section:GDN 1N PaGe:1 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:S
Sent at 30/3/2018 18:55
How to make
the perfect
chocolate
sou?e
?
Feast
cYanmaGentaYellowb
What happened
when kids were
allowed to
rewrite the
family rules?
The return of
Cuba Gooding Jr
?
Weekend
Revealed: scale of public sector pay gap
Nine out of 10 organisations,
from NHS trusts to schools,
pay men more than women
Caelainn Barr
Alexandra Topping
Pamela Duncan
PHOTOGRAPH: STEPHEN LANGDON/GUARDIAN
Groundbreaking legislation forcing
employers to disclose their gender pay
gap has revealed that almost nine out
I had 16 weeks of
morning sickness.
And no one knew
about it. A lot of
people struggle
with things in their
day-to-day lives that
their workmates
will never know
about. I just happen
to be one of them?
Jacinda Ardern,
New Zealand?s
prime minister
Interview
Journal, page 6
?
of 10 public sector organisations pay
men more than women.
As government departments, councils, NHS trusts, universities, schools
and other public bodies with more
than 250 employees scrambled to
report their gender pay gap before the
public sector?s midnight deadline yesterday, figures reported so far revealed
women in the public sector were paid
on average 14% less than their male
colleagues.
Despite threats that organisations
could face court if they failed to report
their gender pay gap, a number of
public sector organisations ? which
employ 16.6% of the UK workforce ?
had not submitted their numbers just
hours before the deadline.
The figures ? compiled as part of a
data-gathering exercise unmatched
across the globe ? have provided
unprecedented insight into the pay
structures of public bodies. ?These
figures show us what we expected:
we still see an under-representation
59p
Amount women are paid for every
�men receive at one hospital trust
of women at the top and overrepresentation at the bottom,? said
Sam Smethers, chief executive of
the Fawcett Society. ?The public
sector matters for women because it
is women who are overwhelmingly
dependent on public services, so getting women into decision-making
positions is key.?
In the NHS ? the fifth biggest
employer in the world, where 77% of
the workforce are women ? significant
pay gaps have been exposed.
The Queen Victoria hospital trust in
East Grinstead, West Sussex, has the
worst median pay gap, with women
paid an average of 59p for every �a
man is paid. In an accompanying report the trust, where 2 ?
50
writers you
should start
reading now
?
Review
Saturday
31 March 2018
Issue ? 53,371
�90
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:2 Edition Date:180331 Edition:03 Zone:
Sent at 30/3/2018 23:52
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
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Inside
The Guardian Saturday 31 March 2018
31/03/2018
MS, Lego and me
Learning to live with a life-altering illness
Page 38
Know your onions
A beginner?s guide to growing veg Page 50
Book of the week
Rebel Prince by Tom Bower Page 14
Interview
Colm T骾b韓 on childhood, inspiration and
?the sheer foolishness of Brexit? Page 22
The quick dish
Za?atar ?atbreads with a fried egg Page 7
Six of the best?
Spring side dishes Page 10
A wander near Ronda
Going wild in Andaluc韆?s littleknown parque natural Page 11
Readers? tips
Wild spring ?owers in Europe Page 12
What to see, watch and visit
All our critics? picks Page 4
Just an illusion?
How ?black girl magic? has gained
box o?ce clout Page 8
Journal
Money
Sport
Marina Hyde
Are Corbyn and Blair so di?erent? Page 4
Hair transplants
How mine left me ?nancially broken Page 51
It?s show time
Kevin Mitchell on tonight?s ?ght between
Anthony Joshua and Joseph Parker Page 1
Quick reference
Contact
Cryptic crossword
Back of Journal
Page 12
Killer sudoku
Back of Journal
Page 12
Easter crossword
and sudoku classic
Page 66
Weather
Page 67
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53,371, Saturday 31 March 2018. Registered
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0261-3077.
Continued from page 1
it was making efforts to close the gap.
The department said: ?While women
are in the majority at the very top of
the Department for Transport ? including a female permanent secretary and
the most senior female job-share partnership in government ? these figures
clearly show that we still have work
to do to reduce the gender pay gap.?
The Office for Nuclear Regulation
reported the worst median hourly pay
gap among government agencies at
55% ? for every �a man is paid, their
female counterpart gets 45p. The Civil
Aviation Authority reported a 42% gap,
followed by the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority at 39%.
The figures also revealed every university in the Russell Group in England
and Wales pays women less than men
based on median hourly pay. Durham
University has the largest pay gap in
the group at 29.3%. Six others reported
median gaps worse than the national
average: the universities of Newcastle,
Liverpool, Cardiff, Warwick, Birmingham and Nottingham.
The figures shone a much needed
light on gender inequality in the workplace, said Kate Bell, head of economic
and social affairs at the TUC.
?These figures show us that we
have a long way to go before we close
the gender pay gap in the public sector ? and it is forcing us to ask why,?
she said. ?We still have pay discrimination, there is still a lack of women
in the highest paid jobs, and there is a
still a stark difference in how we value
work that is traditionally seen as men
or women?s work. We knew much of
this, but seeing inequality in your own
workplace really brings it home.?
Private companies have until
Wednesday to file their gender pay
gap figures.
Nine in 10 public
sector employers
pay men more
three in four employees are women,
said consultants ? who were more than
twice as likely to be men than women
? made up a higher proportion of its
workforce than other trusts. It had not
responded to requests for further comment on the gap at the time of writing.
Local government, which employs
more than 1.5 million people, 78% of
whom are women, has also come
under scrutiny. North Hertfordshire district council had the worst
median gender pay at 34%. The council ? whose workforce is 65% female
? said 61% of its top roles were taken
by men, while women dominated the
lowest paid roles, such as in administration. The council said: ?Many of
these jobs are part-time and/or are
suitable for flexible working, which
makes them attractive to women with
caring responsibilities.?
At the time of writing 318 of the
upper-tier councils and local authorities had reported their figures, with
an average median pay gap of 5.4%.
All central government departments
also reported their gender pay gap
before yesterday?s deadline with an
average median gap of 11.1% ? below
the national average of 18.4%.
The average gap at the Department
for Transport is 23%, making it the
only central government department
with a median gender pay gap above
the national average. Women are also
under-represented in the top quartile
at the department, which is 67% male.
The department said the gap was
explained by a higher number of men
in specialist transport roles and that
Additional reporting by Shivani
Kaura and Giacomo Boscaini-Gilroy
Gender pay gap in the public sector
Similar pay
106 report a pay gap
within 1% of zero
Public sector companies
Pay gaps reported so far
100 companies
Women paid more
136 public sector companies report
higher median salaries for women
Men paid more
1,434 report higher
median salaries for men
22.6%
75
Dept. for Transport
At 23% the Department for
Transport has the largest
median pay gap in central
government and is the only
department with a gap greater
than the national average of
18.4%. The Department of Work
and Pensions fared best,
reporting a 0% gap
29.3%
Durham University
40.6%
Queen Victoria
hospital
55.3%
The Office
for Nuclear
Regulation
25
16.7%
Food Standards Agency
0
>60%
40
20
Source: gov.uk. Data as of 4pm, 30 March
0
20
40
>60%
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:3 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 30/3/2018 17:56
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
?
Saturday 31 March 2018 The Guardian
News
3
? A Californian judge has ruled that
coffee companies should carry cancer
warnings on their products
PHOTOGRAPH: ALAMY
New Zealand
republic is
on horizon,
says PM
Eleanor Ainge Roy
Auckland
Fuhgeddaboudit! Judge?s
co?ee cancer warnings
fail to stir up New Yorkers
Dominic Rushe
New York
Asking a New Yorker whether they?ll
give up their morning coffee during
their commute is likely to elicit only
one response ? laughter.
News broke on Thursday that a
California judge had ruled coffee companies should carry cancer warnings
on their products after an eight-year
legal battle with big coffee. The companies, led by Starbucks, had argued
that the levels of acrylamide, a known
carcinogen, present in their coffee
were insignificant and any dangers
were outweighed by coffee?s health
benefits.
But the defendants ?failed to satisfy
their burden of proving by a preponderance of evidence that consumption
of coffee confers a benefit to human
health?, Elihu Berle, a superior court
? Roughly 62% of Americans drink
coffee every day ? an all-time high
judge, ruled. He said that the ?plaintiff offered evidence that consumption
of coffee increases the risk of harm to
the foetus, to infants, to children and
to adults? while the coffee companies?
medical experts ?testified that they
had no opinion on causation?.
Harm to foetuses, infants, children and adults? Sounds scary. But
not to New Yorkers. Three thousand miles away from the California
court, reactions ranged from ?Meh?
to ?Fuhgeddaboudit?.
?California!? said Jarrett Boor, an
architect on his way to work in Manhattan. ?They put warning labels on
everything.? He said it was good in
some cases and that the public should
know when products are dangerous.
?But everything causes cancer: cellphones, GM foods. I?m not giving up
my coffee,? he snorted.
It is little wonder that the city?s
workers don?t seem too worried by
California?s warnings. New Yorkers
drink more coffee than the average
American, but the whole country runs
on coffee these days. According to a
Harvard study, roughly 62% of Americans drink coffee every day, an all-time
high. And, despite the fly that California has dropped in the nation?s latte,
two decades of research suggests that
coffee is good for us, helping to reduce
the risk of illnesses ranging from cancer to heart disease to Alzheimer?s.
One common complaint among
What is acrylamide?
And is it dangerous?
Acrylamide is hard to avoid. While
it is practically non-existent in raw
produce, it is found in all sorts of
foods that are grilled, fried, baked
or roasted, including biscuits,
bread and coffee. That?s because
the chemical forms in the cooking
process when sugars and amino
acids react at high temperatures.
The higher the temperature and the
longer the cooking time, the more
acrylamide is produced.
In April, European regulations
come into force that aim to keep
acrylamide levels in food as low
as possible. Last year, the Food
Standards Agency urged people to
cut down on acrylamide-containing
foods, including crisps, wellbrowned potatoes and well-done
toast. But the FSA made clear that
the risk of cancer was not large.
The most recent comprehensive
study on coffee and cancer came in
2016 from specialists convened by
the World Health Organisation. They
found that while very hot drinks
? those hotter than 65C ? probably
raised the risk of oesophageal
cancer, there was no strong
evidence that coffee raised the risk
of cancer. Ian Sample
caffeine-loving New Yorkers yesterday
was that they were sick of the endless
health bulletins regarding coffee.
?The last public health statement I saw was coffee was good for
you. It reduces hypertension,? said
Marge Wetzler, wearily waiting for a
medium iced latte in midtown Manhattan. ?Now it?s bad for you? I just
don?t buy that.?
?Whatever,? said James Warren, a
bike courier picking up a Starbucks
between stops. ?It?s bad for you, it?s
good for you, it?s bad for you, it?s good
for you. It?s kinda irritating.?
New Yorkers? attitudes were echoed
3,000 miles away in Los Angeles. ?I
just don?t think it would stop me,? Jen
Bitterman, a digital marketing technologist, told the Associated Press in Los
Angeles. ?I love the taste, I love the ritual, I love the high, the energy, and I
think I?m addicted to it.?
Berle?s ruling could spell bad news
for coffee companies. The third phase
of the California trial, brought by nonprofit organisation the Council for
Education and Research on Toxics,
will determine any civil penalties that
coffee companies must pay.
The potential payouts are massive,
if unlikely, with a fine of up to $2,500
(�780) a person exposed each day
over eight years. California has 40 million residents.
While it?s extremely doubtful
that coffee will face the same kinds
of penalties slapped on the tobacco
companies, the case does open up the
possibility of a world without coffee.
?There would have to be an alternative,? said Ali Philippides, a product
manager at the Daily Beast news website, gripping a Starbucks cappuccino.
?I used to drink a lot of Diet Coke and
swapped for fizzy water,? she said.
But could she give up coffee? As she
paused you could almost see the postapocalyptic dystopia of a coffee-free
New York reflected in her eyes. ?Could
I give up coffee?? she repeated. ?No.?
New Zealand?s prime minister, Jacinda
Ardern, has said she expects her country to become a republic within her
lifetime.
In an wide-ranging interview with
the Guardian, encompassing family
guilt and selfies, before flying to London for the Commonwealth heads
of government meeting, Ardern said
there was great fondness for the members of the royal family.
She stressed that breaking from
Britain was not a priority for her
government, but she believed New
Zealand would eventually move away
from the monarchy.
?The most important thing for
New Zealand is we have a very special
arrangement and relationship via our
treaty of Waitangi, and the relationship between Maori and the crown,
so before any conversation like that
occurs, that is something that will
needed to be resolved within New
Zealand.?
Ardern also talked about how her
life had changed since she became
prime minister.
She said she had been given words
of advice from Barack Obama who visited New Zealand for the first time last
week. The former US president told her
a certain level of guilt came with the
territory of running a country.
?I did ask him how he dealt with
guilt,? said Ardern, who is expecting
her first child in June and spoke to
Obama about how he juggled leadership and family life.
?He just talked about the things you
can do to always do your best, and that
there will always be elements [of guilt]
in the roles that we do, and probably
to a certain degree just accepting that
we are still doing our best.?
Ardern talked of trying to keep a
dose of normality to her life, although
shopping had its pitfalls. ?I really value
being able to do normal things,? she
said.
?Getting stopped in the middle of
the lingerie section when you?re trying to stock up on a few things by an
older man who wants a selfie is a little
bit awkward...but I don?t let that get in
the way ... because that is when I get
to interact with people as well.
?Preferably not amongst the underwear, though.?
Journal Interview Page 6 ? Barack Obama talked work-life
balance with Jacinda Ardern
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:4 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 30/3/2018 17:44
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
?
4
National
Don?t look now: space
station set for fiery return
Ian Sample
Science editor
It will all be over in a flash. At some
point this weekend, a fireball will tear
across the sky as China?s out-of-control space station tumbles back to
Earth at 16,500mph and burns up in
the atmosphere.
The Tiangong-1, or ?Heavenly Palace?, has been hopelessly adrift since
the Chinese space agency lost control
of the prototype space lab in 2016 ? five
years after it launched as a bold symbol of the nation?s ambitions in orbit.
From the moment it was lost, scientists around the world began plugging
information on the stricken craft into
computer models to predict how its
final act would play out. Yesterday the
European Space Agency said the unoccupied wreckage would crash back to
Earth between tonight and tomorrow
evening UK time.
?If you?re in the right place at the
right time, and the sky is clear, it will
be quite spectacular,? said Holger Krag,
head of the ESA?s space debris office
in Darmstadt. ?It will be visible to the
naked eye, even in daylight, and look
The Guardian Saturday 31 March 2018
like a slow-moving shooting star that
splits into a few more shooting stars.
You might even see a smoke trail.?
Compared with the International
Space Station (ISS), Tiangong-1 is a
minnow. The 400-tonne ISS would
barely fit inside a football field, while
the 8.5-tonne Chinese station is no bigger than a bus. Visitors to Tiangong-1,
including China?s first two female
taikonauts, Liu Yang and Wang Yaping, had two sleeping berths at their
disposal, but the toilet and cooking
facilities were on the Shenzhou module that ferried them to the orbiting
outpost.
Though Tiangong-1 will be the largest lump of space junk to fall back to
Earth so far this year, it is no recordbreaker. In 2001, the Russian space
agency steered the 120-tonne Mir
space station safely into the Pacific
Ocean. The far less controlled reentry of Nasa?s 74-tonne Skylab in 1979
scattered pieces of hardware over hundreds of miles of Western Australia.
About 100 tonnes of spent rocket
stages, defunct satellites and other
space debris come down each year.
Most of the material burns up in the
atmosphere as aerodynamic friction
turns speed into ferocious heat. As a
rule of thumb, only about 20% to 40%
of a spacecraft survives the inferno of
re-entry. The components that hit the
ground tend to be heat-resistant fuel
tanks, thrusters and other parts, such
as metal docking rings, which can be
the size of a rear tractor wheel.
Yesterday the Chinese space station
was still hurtling around the planet
more than 290 miles above the surface. The atmosphere at that altitude is
thick enough to drag on the solar panels and body of Tiangong-1. Gradually
this slows the spacecraft until gravity
can pull it from orbit. When the spaceship falls below 60miles, it will begin
its re-entry in earnest.
? View of Tiangong-1 before its
terminal plunge towards Earth
The 8.5-tonne space station is travelling at 16,500mph
Chance of re-entry is
higher in these areas
43� north
The potential
re-entry area
Equator
43� south
Source: ESA, Aerospace Corporation
Shape of
Tiangong-1?s orbit
?Within minutes it will be fully
decelerated and the energy it carries
will be translated into heat and aerodynamic forces that rip it apart,? said
Krag. Between 1.5 and 3.5 tonnes of
the spaceship may reach the Earth?s
surface in dozens of pieces over hundreds of miles. The most dangerous
could be fuel tanks that typically hold
toxic hydrazine propellant.
Space agencies around the world
have sophisticated computer models to predict where and when space
debris may land, but even the best
cannot give anything close to a precise answer.
?We will never be able to say upfront
where debris will fall because these
objects are moving so fast,? said Krag.
?Even if you can narrow the re-entry
window to two hours, that still means
you have tens of thousands of kilometres where debris may come down.?
The situation would not be much
better even if the exact point of reentry, 160 miles above the Earth,
could be calculated. ?From that altitude, you still have a fallout zone of
1,000km which might stretch over several countries,? Krag said.
The Chinese space station flies over
land and sea from 43 degrees north and
43 degrees south, which rules out reentry over the UK and much of Europe.
But more than five billion people live
beneath its flightpath, in North and
South America, China, the Middle
East, Africa and Australia.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:5 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
cYanmaGentaYellowbl
?
Saturday 31 March 2018 The Guardian
Testing times
Call for seven hours?
exam revision a day
Page 7
Sent at 30/3/2018 18:24
Deliverance
Why exorcism is
on the rise
Page 16
5
Two accused
of naming
woman in
rape trial
Henry McDonald
Ireland correspondent
Files on two people accused of revealing the identity of the woman at the
centre of a high-profile trial in which
two Irish rugby internationals were
cleared of rape have been sent to the
Public Prosecution Service.
Northern Ireland?s attorney general
will also consider an allegation that
one of the jurors made comments
about the case on a website after the
verdicts had been delivered.
The PPS in Northern Ireland confirmed police had passed on the files
of two people questioned by detectives this week after the end of the
case at Belfast?s Laganside courts on
Wednesday.
The two individuals were arrested
by the Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI) after complaints that
they allegedly named the 21-year-old
woman on social media. The jury in the
nine-week trial unanimously found
the players Paddy Jackson and Stuart
Olding not guilty of rape in June 2016.
They also found their friend Blane
McIlroy not guilty of one count of indecent exposure. Another defendant,
Rory Harrison, was found not guilty
of perverting the course of justice and
withholding information.
The PSNI said yesterday there was a
continuing police investigation into an
offence under the Sexual Offences Act
1992. It is illegal to disclose the identity of complainants in rape and sexual
offence cases.
A PPS spokesperson said it now had
the PSNI files on the investigation into
the use of social media to identify the
woman during the court proceedings.
In a separate development, the lord
chief justice?s office in Northern Ireland said it had referred on the case
of a juror who allegedly commented
on the case after the verdict.
A spokesperson for the lord chief
justice said the matter had been
placed in the hands of the region?s
attorney general, John Larkin QC, for
consideration.
The juror is said to have made the
initial comments after the case on the
Irish media website Broadsheet.ie and
then defended their actions later on
the website of the Irish Times.
The attorney general?s office in
Belfast said the matter was under
consideration. It added: ?The attorney general now has to decide if the
juror was in contempt of court by posting online.?
Meanwhile, lawyers for Jackson,
the fly-half for Ireland and Ulster, confirmed yesterday they were suing an
Irish politician over alleged remarks
in relation to the case.
Russia expels more
British diplomats
in ?regrettable but
expected? tit-for-tat
Shaun Walker
Moscow
Russia announced a further round of
expulsions of British diplomats yesterday, escalating the fallout over the
poisoning of Sergei Skripal and his
daughter, Yulia.
Britain has pointed the finger for the
Salisbury attack firmly at the Kremlin,
and expelled 23 Russian diplomats, a
move that was swiftly followed in kind
by Russia, which also closed down the
British Council, the cultural arm of the
British government.
It follows Russia?s decision on
Thursday to close the US consulate in
St Petersburg and expel 60 American
diplomats in tit-for-tat measures.
The Russians have now ordered
Britain to reduce its diplomatic staff
in Russia to the same level as Russian
diplomatic missions in the UK. The
move was due to irritation in Moscow
that Britain has persuaded so many
other countries to expel Russians.
Russian officials have been taken
aback by the level of coordination
in the expulsions, and the number
of countries willing to go along with
Britain and expel Russians. The US
expelled 60 Russian diplomats and
Ukraine 13, while many other countries expelled smaller numbers.
More than 150 Russian diplomats,
many of whom are believed to be intelligence operatives working under
diplomatic cover, have been expelled
from two dozen countries.
On Thursday, Russia made symmetrical responses to all the countries that
expelled Russian diplomats.
The foreign ministry summoned the
British ambassador, Laurie Bristow,
yesterday morning in light of the ?provocative and unsubstantiated actions
by Britain, which instigated the expulsion of Russian diplomats from various
nations for no reason?.
?It?s regrettable, but in light of
Russia?s previous behaviour, we anticipated a response,? said an Foreign
Office spokesperson. ?However, this
doesn?t change the facts of the matter.
The attempted assassination of two
people on British soil, for which there
is no alternative conclusion other than
that the Russian state was culpable.?
It was not immediately clear how
many people work at Russia?s UK
missions and thus how many British
diplomats will need to be shed.
The Russian embassy in London
said that ?the British side is aware of
the figures in question?, but declined
to give a number. A spokesperson for
the embassy in Moscow said it was too
early to say, and that the FCO did not
give figures for employees at its missions for security reasons.
Russia has vehemently denied
being behind the attack on Skripal,
who came to Britain during a 2010
spy swap. Scientists have determined
? Security personnel remove items
from the US consulate in St Petersburg
? Sixty American diplomats were
expelled as Russia announced closure
of the US consulate in St Petersburg
PHOTOGRAPH: ANATOLY MALTSEV/EPA
the Skripals were poisoned using novichok, a nerve agent produced in the
Soviet Union.
The preferred narrative in Russia
is that Britain orchestrated the attack
on Skripal as a ?false flag? operation to
cast blame on Russia. Andrei Bezrukov,
formerly a deep cover Russian spy in
the US, said on state television this
week that the attack on Skripal was
a diversionary tactic organised by the
Tory government to save Theresa May.
A foreign ministry spokeswoman,
Maria Zakharova, has suggested the
same, posting a clip from the 1980s
comedy Yes, Prime Minister on Facebook in which the characters consider
expelling Russian diplomats to distract
attention from a scandal at home.
Zakharova said the response to the
Salisbury incident has been ?a huge
manipulation of public opinion with
the participation of the British authorities?, while Russian officials have
accused the UK of hiding evidence.
On Thursday, reports emerged that
Yulia Skripal, 33, is now conscious
and talking, having apparently made
a surprising recovery from what was
considered a grave condition. Her
father?s condition is described as critical but stable.
Investigators continue a huge operation to determine how the poisoning
took place.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:6 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:S
Sent at 30/3/2018 15:37
?
6
The Guardian Saturday 31 March 2018
National
? Lake, Ruin and Pine Trees by
Richard Wilson hangs next to work
by Turner, whom Wilson inspired
PHOTOGRAPH: TATE
The art handler?s view
Sublime choices
put experts to shame
Jonathan Jones
N
o curator at any Tate
gallery is allowed
to touch a work of
art. That has to be
done by art handlers,
whose skills are a
mixture of conservation science and
DIY ingenuity. Until his retirement
last year, Ken Simons was art
handling manager at Tate Liverpool.
It?s 30 years since the gallery
opened and Simons was crucial from
day one. So to mark the anniversary,
the museum had the sweet idea of
getting him to curate an exhibition
of his favourite works, from the art
he has handled through the decades.
If the title ? Ken?s Show ? suggests
a populist flavour, it?s misleading.
Far from an accessible grab-bag, it
is a sensitive exploration of some of
the most sublime works in the Tate
collection. Simons has evidently
spent as much time pondering art as
installing it. Such passion often gets
smothered by fashion in exhibitions
bolted together to prove some
tenuous proposition.
No fashion-conscious selector
would give wall space to the Welsh
artist Richard Wilson, who died in
1782. Simons includes Wilson?s Lake,
Ruin and Pine Trees, a rhapsody of
sun-filled sky, dappled leaves and
watery reflections. The crumbling
walls of a Roman building by a still
lake are mirrored by its luminous
surface. ?Temples were often used
in this way in the landscaped parks
of wealthy British aristocrats,? it says
on the Tate website. So much for the
expert view. Instead of seeing this
painting through eyes blinkered by
soundbites, Simons has responded
to its beguiling light.
Yet his decision to rescue it is not
naive. JMW Turner was influenced
by Wilson?s lofty vision of landscape.
cYanmaGentaYellowb
? Rain by Howard Hodgkin, who died
last year, hangs next to Rothko
Simons shows the extent by hanging
Lake, Ruin and Pine Trees next
to Turner?s Sunrise With a Boat
Between Headlands. It is thrilling
to see how Wilson?s structured
luminosity has evolved into a nearabstract symphony of swirling light.
Across the gallery, Mark Rothko?s
1957 Light Red Over Black warps
the light around it like a black hole
sucking in stars. Go as close as the
art handlers will allow and the dark
rectangles sunk into its redness
beckon you in. Like Wilson and
Turner, he uses light to create space.
Rothko recognised his debt to
Turner. When he gave nine paintings
to the Tate, he wanted them to hang
near Turner?s landscapes. Since
Tate Modern opened, that has rarely
happened, for the Rothko Room
and Turner Bequest are in separate
museums. Simons reunites them.
Looking from Rothko?s painted wall
of mystery to Turner?s Snow Storm ?
Steam-Boat Off a Harbour?s Mouth,
their affinity is breathtaking.
This explores how the Romantic
movement that inspired Turner lives
on in abstract art. Simons seems to
love halfway houses between the
real world and the abstract. On either
side of his Rothko are paintings by
Mondrian and Howard Hodgkin.
Each teeters between representation
and visual music. Hodgkin?s Rain
takes its place next to Mondrian and
Rothko, proving what a fantastic
artist we lost last year.
Simons? Romantic sensibility
encompasses Samuel Palmer and
Barbara Hepworth, as well as Rachel
Whiteread. All the works are well
worth a look, except at the end,
where some contemporary art looks
minor. I suspect the curator?s heart
was not in this section. Simons? feel
for art goes into the secret places of
the heart. If only more exhibitions
had this much poetry.
Ken?s Show: Exploring the Unseen is
at Tate Liverpool until 17 June
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:7 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
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?
Saturday 31 March 2018 The Guardian
National
Education
7
? Some psychologists, teachers and
pupils believe less is more when it
comes to revising for exams
PHOTOGRAPH: CHRIS ROUT/ALAMY
?Exam results can
determine the
course of your life
so it?s worthwhile
sacrificing your
holidays?
Barnaby Lenon
Former head, Harrow
Expert?s call for seven hours?
revision a day ?unbelievable?
Scepticism over insistence
that hard work over Easter is
crucial to good exam results
Sally Weale
Education correspondent
An expert recommendation that GCSE
and A-level students should study
for seven hours a day throughout the
Easter holidays has been greeted with
a variety of scepticism, concern and
mild horror by psychologists, teachers
and pupils.
Barnaby Lenon, chairman of the
Independent Schools Council and
former headteacher of Harrow, the
prestigious private boarding school
that educated Winston Churchill, the
actor Benedict Cumberbatch, singer
James Blunt and rugby union player
Billy Vunipola, suggests in a muchdiscussed list of revision tips, a total
of 100 hours? study over the fortnightlong holiday.
All topics should be revised at least
three times before the exam; studies
should start at 9am and finish by 6pm
with regular 30-minute breaks and a
good night?s sleep at the end. ?Good
exam results are made in the Easter
holidays,? he writes in a blogpost for
the Independent Schools Council,
which he chairs.
?Public exam results are important.
They can determine the course of your
life. Other students will be working
hard. So it is worthwhile sacrificing
your holidays.?
Lenon continues: ?The best GCSE
and A-level results don?t go to the cleverest students ? they go to those who
revised in the Easter holidays.?
?That?s unbelievable,? said one
17-year-old studying for A-levels in
politics, economics and French and is
evidently shaken by the idea of seven
hours? revision a day during his holidays which have just begun. ?It?s just
nonsensical. No one could do that. It?s
way too much. No one can concentrate
by themselves for so long.
?My view is I can achieve my
potential with maybe three hours a
day. Seven hours a day is simply not
productive.?
Lenon has an impressive track
record. As well as being head at Harrow for 12 years, he was deputy head
of Highgate school in north London
and headteacher of Trinity school,
Croydon. He is chair of governors of
the London Academy of Excellence, a
selective free school in Newham, east
London, known as the East End Eton,
�000
The amount some parents promise
their children for every A grade they
achieve at GCSE. Some even get a car
Dr Krause?s exam tips
1 Repetition is an essential part of
learning. Studies on neural plasticity
show that repetition can also help
your brain rewire itself so that your
thinking becomes stronger.
2 Learn the difference between
a growth mindset and a fixed
mindset. Fixed mindsets assume
intelligence and creative ability are
a given and there is nothing you can
do to change it. Growth mindsets
thrive on challenge and see failure
as a springboard for growth.
3 When motivation is a problem,
write down your goals. Set a date
and time, and make the fact that you
are getting started public, then force
yourself to do at least 30 minutes of
study. To keep focused walk around
as you study.
4 Prevent distractions ? keep all
technology out of reach.
5 The day before the exam, aim
to run through your work and
complete by 3pm. Do something
that relaxes you the night before.
Go爐o bed at a reasonable time ? not
too early that you toss and turn but
not too late either.
and is a board member of the qualifications watchdog Ofqual. His former
students have gained the best possible qualifications and made it to the
best universities.
As the Easter holidays get under
way and pressure begins to mount
ahead of the summer exams, parents
may increasingly find themselves in
conflict with their offspring over the
fraught issue of exam revision.
For some, it is taken out of their
hands with large numbers of schools
now choosing to open during the
holidays to hold revision sessions.
Experts agree that exams are important and young people need to devote
holiday time to their revision, but
there is also agreement that one size
does not fit all, and it is not helpful to
be prescriptive.
Consultant clinical psychologist
Dr Nihara Krause said motivation can
be a problem and some parents use
money as an incentive to encourage
revision. Some of her young patients
are promised �000-�000 for every
A grade at GCSE, or even a car. ?I don?t
think those are the best motivators,?
she said.
?Personally I think seven hours
is far too much. Students also need
to have a bit of a break. People talk
about trying to do four or five hours.
But there will be some students who
need more time because they are less
efficient with the way they use their
time. There will be others who need
a lot less because they work slightly
differently. These global messages are
not good ones for teachers to give.?
Psychotherapist Sarah Kendrick,
who manages clinical services across
the south of England for the children?s
mental health charity Place2Be, says
parents need to encourage both work
and relaxation. ?We can?t expect
adolescents to work to the timetables
we set them always. What we can do
sometimes as parents is let our stress
and our anxiety about our child?s
achievement get into the mix.
?It?s really important whilst we are
encouraging them to revise ? saying
yes, you need to do this work ? that you
then say what?s equally important is
that you play football or you go swimming or you watch that programme
you were interested in. We need to be
advocates for downtime as well as for
revision.?
According to Kendrick, new GCSEs
which are being introduced this summer have increased academic pressure
on children and their teachers, who
are having to teach a new curriculum
which will be tested purely by endof-year exams rather than any form
of continual assessment.
Alert to the risks to mental health,
schools are running their own stressbuster sessions, including yoga
and resilience training, to support
anxious students. In the higher education sector, universities are offering
therapy dogs and rabbits to try to
soothe anxious students.
Vic Goddard, principal of Passmores Academy, of Educating Essex
fame, agrees that students need to
make some sacrifices in order to be
successful in their exams, but says
family time is important too. ?Revision
is very individual but does need to be
planned for. Giving a blanket number
[of revision hours] may cause anxiety to increase when it isn?t achieved,
which won?t help.
?It is important that the family time
available over the holidays is made the
most of but also that the family supports their young person by helping
them find a suitable amount of time,
and an appropriate environment, to
study what is needed.
?My top bit of advice would not
be about the amount of time needed
and more about the quality of the
deliberate practice undertaken. Oh,
that and put your phones away whilst
you do it.?
Geoff Barton, an English teacher for
30 years, a former headteacher and
now general secretary of the Association of School and College Leaders,
recommends short bursts of revision
of 30 minutes to an hour with regular
breaks in between.
?I would be very worried about a
young person spending seven hours a
day right through their Easter holidays.
In my experience it?s the quality of the
revision, not just the quantity. More
does not necessarily mean better.?
Reflecting on Barnaby Lenon?s
advice, Justine Roberts, founder and
chief executive of the parenting website Mumsnet, said: ?For young people
who?ve left it to the last minute or who
thrive on cramming, this advice could
be great. For others, it risks adding to
already considerable stress levels.?
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:8 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
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Section:GDN 1N PaGe:9 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
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?
Saturday 31 March 2018 The Guardian
National
9
Parole Board boss sacked over Worboys case
welcomes plan for wide-ranging reforms
Erwin James
Nick Hardwick, the former chair of
the Parole Board sacked in the wake
of the high court?s decision to block
the release of black-cab rapist John
Worboys, has predicted the case will
lead to welcome and wide-ranging
changes to the system.
The high court ruled this week
that the Parole Board ?should have
undertaken further inquiry into the
circumstances of his offending? before
taking the controversial decision to
release Worboys.
Hardwick said: ?I think it will be a
better system for the challenge. And it
won?t just work for victims ? I think it
will be a more just system.?
Hardwick had previously made
the case for reforms to make Parole
Board processes more transparent as
the controversy grew about the decision to release Worboys, 60, now
known as John Radford. He was jailed
indefinitely in 2009 with a minimum
term of eight years, and has spent 10
years in jail.
?I think at the very least the Parole
Board should be able to explain its
decisions. People say you?ll get highprofile cases and you?ll get a big row.
Well, this was a high-profile case, there
was no openness in this case, and we
got a big row,? said Hardwick.
He said he and the board had previously thought that Worboys?s
other alleged offences should not be
considered.
?What the judge said, was that
in this unusual and exceptional set
of circumstances, the panel should
have questioned him about those
allegations, to test some of his other
responses,? added Hardwick.
?We didn?t think we could do that.
The judge has said that with this set of
exceptional circumstances you could
have done that ? and I think probably
that?s a good thing.?
He was reluctant to criticise his colleagues and confirmed that he was
sacked. ?I think you shouldn?t have
these sorts of jobs if you aren?t prepared to take responsibility,? he said.
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? Baobabs are harvested from high up in trees PHOTOGRAPH: GETTY IMAGES
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From smoothies to gin,
UK gets taste for baobab
Morwenna Ferrier
In more than 30 African countries, the
baobab tree is steeped in significance
and even superstition. Parts of the tree
are used to treat malaria and infertility.
On occasion, women even give birth
inside its hollow trunk. Now, the rest
of the world is catching on to the benefits of the baobab fruit, which health
food companies are trumpeting as the
newest superfood.
According to the trade magazine
The Grocer, Ocado has seen a 27%
increase in weekly sales of baobab this
year, thanks, in part, to the popularity of liquid breakfasts. Baobab, in its
white powder form, is used predominantly in smoothies and porridge.
It was approved for European
markets 10 years ago, but owing to
its purported levels of antioxidants,
potassium and phosphorus, high
level of vitamin C, calcium and fibre,
its uses have expanded into gin ? the
Elephant London Dry Gin launched in
2013 ? beauty products (it has recently
appeared on the shelves at Liberty and
Selfridges) and yoghurt, with Yeo
Valley adding it to the brand?s more
experimental ingredients in January.
Increased interest in west African
cooking has led to its appearance on
British menus such as Zoe?s Ghana
Kitchen in east London.
?We make baobab butter for our
baobab popcorn; we also use it to
?It?s hard to sell to a
western customer
because of its looks?
Chandni Sanghani
Aduna, superfood website
marinate and pan-fry tilapia and
prawns sometimes and we?re experimenting with a baobab ice cream,?
said Zoe Adjonyoh, the restaurant?s
founder.
The baobab tree is a common sight
in Africa and, owing to its large size, its
fruit is abundant in local markets. But
it has taken time to catch on in the UK.
The issue is, perhaps, an aesthetic
one: though the tree is photogenic, the
fruit is a large oblong with a velvety
green fur ? less attention-grabbing on
social media. The off-white powdery
appearance makes it a challenge for
food photographers.
Chandni Sanghani of Aduna, a
site specialising in carefully sourced
African foods, said: ?It?s hard to sell
to a western customer because of how
it looks.? But it has proved a surprising hit among her customers for its
?healthy sherbet flavour?.
Baobab is harvested using a stick
which is looped around branches
which are 20 metres high and pulled
down, causing the fruits to fall to the
ground.
While Aduna works to ensure trade
is fair, there are concerns that if the
fruit takes off as an international
commodity, baobabs would become
tantamount to a crop, which could
threaten it as a predominantly local
resource and its role as an important
part of local diets and medicines.
Failure to regulate the harvest and
export, and over-farming, could also
affect the tree?s biodiversity.
The hope is that if farmers are able
to regulate these measures in the same
way the coffee industry has attempted
to, it could be a boon to the African
market. Until then, it is best used with
care and consideration for its sourcing.
Remember too, the old Akan and Ewe
proverb: ?Knowledge is like a baobab
tree; no one person can embrace it.?
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Section:GDN 1N PaGe:10 Edition Date:180331 Edition:03 Zone:
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cYanmaGentaYellowb
The Guardian Saturday 31 March 2018
10
Teachers tell
of students
crammed
into ?filthy?
classrooms
Richard Adams
Education editor
More pupils are being squeezed into
classrooms amid ?filthy? working conditions because of fewer cleaners, as
budget cuts take effect on state schools
across England, according to a survey
of teachers belonging to the National
Education Union.
The country?s largest union said a
poll of 900 members showed one in
five said their schools were asking parents for financial contributions as a
result of budget pressures, while twothirds said funding for special needs
provision had been cut.
Schools also appear to be using
redundancies to reduce costs, according to the NEU joint general secretary,
Kevin Courtney, with almost one in
five reporting compulsory staff cuts.
Courtney said 11-year-olds in state
schools in England were still suffering the fallout of the 2008 financial
crisis in terms of austerity and spending cuts. ?This generation of children
should not still be paying the price of
the global financial crisis.?
Three-quarters of secondary school
teachers who responded to the survey
said their class sizes were higher than
previous years, with Courtney citing
one secondary school with 37 pupils
in a maths class.
Almost half of the teachers who
responded said their schools had
asked parents to pay for items including textbooks and materials for art or
design classes.
A spokesperson for the Department
for Education said: ?By 2020, core
school funding will rise to a record
�.5bn ? 50% more per pupil in real
terms than in 2000 ? and the introduction of the national funding formula
will address historic disparities in the
system.
?We trust schools to manage their
own budgets, but offer support to help
them get the most out of every pound
they spend.?
Meanwhile, a survey conducted by
the NASUWT teachers? union ? which
is holding its annual conference in Birmingham ? found 81% of members felt
they had suffered sexual harassment
or bullying, with almost 10% reporting
sexual harassment by pupils.
Oxfam scandal may
have hurt Sport Relief
Haroon Siddique
Fears have been raised about the
potential impact of the Oxfam sexual
abuse scandal on the wider charity
sector after Sport Relief?s on-the-night
appeal raised almost a third less than
in its previous year.
In 2016, the last time the BBC fundraiser was held, �.4m was donated
on the night and a record �.5m in
total, but this year?s amount currently
stands at �.8m.
The charity sector has endured a
turbulent few months. In October,
Oxfam revealed it had dismissed
22 staff members over sexual abuse
allegations in the previous year. More
recently, it temporarily suspended its
work in Haiti to investigate claims of
former staff paying for sex.
Oxfam, which is listed as a ?longterm partner? on the Sport Relief
website, said last month that it had lost
7,000 regular donors in the wake of
the latter revelation but charity bosses
have been hopeful that the rest of the
sector would not be affected.
Andrew Purkis, an ActionAid trustee and former Charity Commission
member, said it was too early to draw
definitive conclusions about Sport
Relief but added: ?I think it would be
surprising if the whole Oxfam furore,
which many people are reading about
? and we know it?s not particularly
an Oxfam story, these problems are
probably worse in a lot of other organisations ? did not have an effect.
?Quite a lot of Sport Relief is going
about and delivering aid in places
[associated with the scandal] like
Africa and I think it would be very odd
if some of that [controversy] did not
rub off ? people might think all that
seems a bit dodgy.?
Stephen Lee, professor of voluntary
sector management at Cass business school in London, said research
showed people often struggled to distinguish between charities, making
it plausible that other organisations
were paying the price for Oxfam?s
failings.
He added that the fear of reputational damage by association could
have affected Sport Relief?s many corporate donors. ?Is [the fall in money
raised] a consequence of individual
donors giving less through the programme?? asked Lee. ?That?s probably
part of it but it must also be corporate
donors reacting to what must be a negative impact on the charity brand.?
He also said Sport Relief might be
suffering from the fact that it was a
?tired format?.
Others experts said austerity,
which could limit what the British
public were willing and able to pay,
might have contributed, as might have
the end to using white celebrities for
appeals, after it was condemned by
an aid watchdog as ?poverty tourism? that reinforces white saviour
stereotypes. Sport Relief stated in
advance that this change to its campaigning could lead to less cash being
raised. However, Purkis suggested the
approach could also encourage some
people who were previously put off to
donate more.
Oxfam declined to comment. Sport
Relief said the organisation ?does not
speculate about why our fundraising
totals vary from year to year?.
From left, actor Zoe Lucker, presenters Kirsty Gallacher and Kate Thornton and
actor Sarah Barrand race for Sport Relief PHOTOGRAPH:CHRIS JACKSON/GETTY
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:11 Edition Date:180331 Edition:03 Zone:
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???
Saturday 31 March 2018 The Guardian
National
Labour leadership
11
? Protesters against antisemitism
took their Enough is Enough
campaign to Westminster
PHOTOGRAPH: ANDY RAIN/EPA
Backlash
Cries of
conspiracy
add to anger
at爈eadership
Heather Stewart
Political editor
Antisemitism row ?It?s taken
media pressure for action?
Dan Sabbagh
Heather Stewart
I
t has been a week in which
Labour?s post-election truce
has been shattered. An ugly
row about antisemitism
revived ill-concealed tensions
between the party?s left and
right that Jeremy Corbyn has been
unable to quell despite repeated
interventions.
The right of the party has highlighted examples of antisemitism
within Labour. Corbyn supporters and allies have sought to rally
around the leader.
There were already divisions
over Corbyn?s response to the Skripal poisoning. Then Luciana Berger,
a Liverpool MP, said last Friday she
had asked the leader?s office for a
response to a story that first surfaced in November 2015: why had
he appeared to raise concern about
the destruction of an east London
mural that clearly had antisemitic
overtones, an image that includes
several apparently Jewish bankers at a table, dining on the backs of
the poor? Labour MPs critical of Corbyn say the issue had been raised in
party meetings, and that the lack of
response forced Berger to go public.
That Friday, the focus of the leader?s office was elsewhere: a decision
was taken to sack Owen Smith after
he had called for a second referendum on Brexit. But that was not
enough to make the mural issue go
away: over three days Corbyn and
his office issued four statements of
ever-increasing apology.
Jewish groups organised an
?Enough is Enough? march on parliament, attended by about 50 MPs
on Monday. Some of them, such
as David Lammy, were abused for
attending. Earlier that day, Corbyn
condemned antisemitism as ?an
evil?, the ?socialism of fools?, but
acknowledged it had surfaced within
Labour and too often had been dismissed as ?simply a matter of a few
bad apples?. He said there had been
300 cases since 2015.
It was not difficult to find examples. On Thursday last week, Labour
suspended Alan Bull, who had been
a candidate for Peterborough city
council, after the Jewish Chronicle asked why he had been selected
despite a link on Facebook to an
?Jeremy needs to
make a stand. I don?t
think he has done
enough until now?
Matthew Mahabadi
Labour councillor
article headlined ?International Red
Cross report confirms the Holocaust
of 6 million Jews is a hoax?.
Bull denies any antisemitism and
says the postings were doctored.
Matthew Mahabadi, a councillor in Peterborough, said he made
his first complaint to the eastern
regional party in November and said
he would resign rather than sit in the
same group as Bull. ?It?s very frustrating; it?s taken pressure from the
media to get action,? Mahabadi said.
?[Bull] should have been expelled.?
He added that what he calls the
party?s antisemitism problem has
been allowed to fester under Corbyn:
?He needs to make a stand. I don?t
think he?s done enough until now.?
Not everybody agrees. Tony
Greenstein, a former Labour member who was expelled in February
but remains close to some in the
party, said Bull had been a victim
of ?fake antisemitism? and ?malicious allegations?, a claim Mahabadi
rejects.
That was not all. Christine
Shawcroft, a Corbyn supporter and
long-standing party leftist, who had
just become chair of Labour?s powerful disputes panel, was forced to
resign after an email she sent to colleagues on the leftwing caucus on
Labour?s NEC was leaked. In a message sent to people she thought of as
allies, Shawcroft said she was concerned to hear of Bull?s suspension,
argued that the original Facebook
post had been ?taken completely
out of context?, warned there were
?elements of the local party [that]
wanted him suspended? and argued
he should be reinstated. She was
asked to step down as panel chair by
Corbyn and forced to apologise. But
39 Labour politicians led by Siobhan McDonagh MP submitted an
open letter saying it was ?highly
offensive? to the Jewish community that Shawcroft remained on the
NEC. Yesterday, Shawcroft hit back
on Facebook, saying she was ?not a
Holocaust denier? and the row was
?being stirred up to attack Jeremy?.
T
he Bull case is only one
of many complaints
clogging Labour?s
disciplinary system, in
which cases take two or
more years to conclude.
It is the most important issue facing
the party?s new general secretary
and Corbyn ally, Jennie Formby, who
starts next week. The most notable
case is that of Ken Livingstone. The
former London mayor has been
suspended since April 2016 after
saying Hitler supported Zionism in
the early 1930s.
There are 70 others, each the subject of fraught local battles in which
an aspect of the defence is that the
accused are victims of politicking.
The group Labour Against the
Witch Hunt promises to counter ?the
cynical protest? by the party?s Campaign Against Antisemitism next
week.
With the May local elections
looming, antisemitism may drop
down the news agenda, but it is
unlikely to fall far until the party
shows it can fairly and effectively
deal with allegations.
Jeremy Corbyn?s latest effort to draw
a line under the antisemitism row
that has rocked the Labour party was
overshadowed yesterday as leftwing
national executive committee member Christine Shawcroft claimed it had
been ?stirred up? to attack him.
Shawcroft, who stepped down as
chair of Labour?s disputes panel on
Wednesday after questioning the
suspension of an alleged Holocaust
denier, used a Facebook post to insist
the issue is ?being stirred up to attack
Jeremy [Corbyn]?.
Her comments came to light just as
Corbyn issued a conciliatory Passover
message, conceding the party must
?do better? in tackling antisemitism.
Shawcroft resigned after an email
emerged in which she questioned the
suspension of the Peterborough council candidate Alan Bull.
He was accused of sharing on
Facebook an article headlined ?International Red Cross report confirms
the Holocaust of 6 million Jews is a
hoax?, illustrated with a photograph
of the gates of the Auschwitz concentration camp.
In a public Facebook post yesterday, Shawcroft said she had not seen
the ?appalling and abhorrent? article
before emailing leftwing colleagues
on Labour?s ruling national executive
council (NEC) to support Bull. ?As soon
as I saw it I told the member that he
should have antisemitism training,?
she added. ?This whole row is being
stirred up to attack Jeremy, as we all
know. That someone who has spent
his whole life fighting racism in all
its forms should find himself being
accused of not doing enough to counter it, absolutely beggars belief.?
Shawcroft stressed in her post she
was ?not a Holocaust denier and would
not support a Holocaust denier?. But
by airing the claim that the antisemitism protests have been an attack on
Corbyn she reignited one of the most
serious concerns for Jewish groups.
She subsequently removed the post.
Shawcroft herself was suspended
from the party in 2015 after publicly
defending the disgraced Tower Hamlets mayor, Lutfur Rahman.
Almost 40 Labour MPs and peers
signed a letter on Thursday night calling for Shawcroft to be removed from
Labour?s NEC altogether. Other senior
Labour figures yesterday added their
voices to calls for her to step down.
The Labour MP Jess Phillips said the
idea that the whole thing was a conspiracy was ?part of the problem?.
Several NEC insiders say Bull?s case
was not an isolated one, and Shawcroft
and allies in the ?left caucus? of the
NEC regularly cast a sceptical eye over
cases brought to the disputes panel.
Journal Jonathan Freedland
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Saturday 31 March 2018 The Guardian
National
Woman missing for five days
is found in Brazilian forest
Dom Phillips
Rio de Janeiro
A British woman who had been missing
from an alternative rural community
in Brazil since last Sunday, sparking
international concern and a police
investigation, has been found alive.
Katherine Brewster, 27, from Seaford, East Sussex, had walked into a
local forest to meditate without telling
anyone where she was going. She lost
her way and was living in a makeshift
shelter when she was found.
A couple who were hosting Brewster
had reported her missing to police on
Tuesday. She had last been seen near
?The row centres on whether younger primary school pupils should wear
hijabs, contrary to some Muslim teachings PHOTOGRAPH: GIDEON MENDEL/CORBIS/GETTY
Teachers? union attacks
Ofsted chief?s support
for school hijab ban
Richard Adams
Education editor
The country?s largest teaching union
has harshly criticised the head of
Ofsted, accusing her of pressurising
schools into banning the hijab, amid a
claim that the watchdog?s stance could
lead to ?increased physical and verbal
attacks? on Muslim girls.
The motion to be debated at the
National Education Union (NEU)
meeting in Brighton over the Easter
weekend targets recent remarks by
Amanda Spielman and her concerns
over Muslim girls as young as five
wearing the headscarf.
Kevin Courtney, the joint general secretary of the NEU, criticised
Spielman?s recommendation that
headteachers adopt a ?muscular liberalism? to override the wishes of
their local communities. ?I think it is
a problem that Amanda Spielman, Her
Majesty?s chief inspector [of schools],
speaks out on this in a way which I
think is frankly very political,? Courtney said at the opening of the NEU?s
annual conference yesterday.
?People are feeling so much pressure from Ofsted, our worry is that
instead of consultation we will find
schools saying: we are going to ban the
hijab. And we think that would be very
damaging to community relations.
It?s not a sensible place to go, so our
guidance will be about how you have
dialogue, respectful dialogue, and dialogue based on love for one another.?
The row stems from Spielman?s
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response to the issue of primary
schools that allow children to wear
the hijab, when Islamic teaching in
many cases reserves it for girls who
have gone through puberty.
St Stephen?s state primary school
in east London scrapped plans to ban
pupils from wearing the hijab in class.
Spielman argued that headteachers
have the right to set uniform rules.
Last year Spielman announced
that Ofsted inspectors had been told
to question Muslim primary pupils
wearing a hijab, and she later said that
expecting pupils to wear the headscarf
?could be interpreted as sexualisation
of young girls?.
?That individual Ofsted inspectors
would ask individual Muslim girls why
they were wearing the hijab, and then
to imply that they were wearing the
hijab because they had been sexualised, indicates somebody who isn?t
in touch with Muslim communities
at all,? Courtney said, introducing the
motion to be debated by the NEU.
An Ofsted spokesperson said: ?The
NEU?s comments are disappointing.
There?s nothing political about ensuring that schools and parents aren?t
being subject to undue pressure by
national or community campaign
groups. Headteachers need to be able
to take uniform decisions on the basis
of safeguarding or community cohesion concerns, and Ofsted will always
support them in doing that.?
The NEU motion calls on the union
to issue guidance to teachers, urging
schools to consult their wider community before imposing bans.
13
a power plant on the banks of the Uruguay river, according to local reports.
Clairton da Silva, 33, co-founder
of an alternative rural community in
Alpestre, in Rio Grande do Sul state
in the south of Brazil, and Edson
Medeiros, a local man, found Brewster
after searching for hours.
She told them that she had gone into
the forest to meditate and disconnect
from modern comforts for seven days,
he said, and had built a makeshift shelter from the leaves of a banana tree.
?We had a feeling we would find her
? She was collecting garbage from the
? Katherine Brewster wanted to
disconnect from modern comforts
river. She went to the forest ? her idea
was to stay some days there, just seeing nature,? he said.
Brewster had superficial injuries
and was hungry, but otherwise was
well. However, cuts on her feet meant
the two men had to carry her some of
the way back to safety.
She had been staying with Neli
Correa and her partner, Luiz Vasconcellos ?Thank God she is well,? Correa
said. ?She is eating some fruit and telling us a little about the experience that
she had. According to her she had a
wonderful experience.?
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?
Saturday 31 March 2018 The Guardian
National
15
The It dress shows how
to promote brands
and influence people
Scarlett Conlon
The dress of the summer isn?t by a
famous high-street brand, nor is it
popular because it has been worn by
a chart-topping singer or famous actor.
The style everyone wants to get their
hands on is by a one-year-old Londonbased label, Kitri, and it?s hot property
because an influential fashion blogger
shared it with her 344,000 followers.
The �5 Gabriella dress ? a green,
belted-shirt style with a black-andwhite print ? amassed a waiting list
of 800 people after Charlotte Groeneveld, known as The Fashion Guitar,
posted a picture on Instagram as part
of a paid partnership between the
blogger and the brand. The post generated nearly 6,000 likes. When it
became available to purchase on the
brand?s website a month later on 19
March, almost 200 sold out in 45 minutes. A new waiting list is now open.
?We?ve worked with influencers
?It?s more
likely my
followers
agree with
the things
I believe we
should buy,
save or toss?
Charlotte
Groeneveld
before, but I don?t think we?ve ever
garnered this much attention with
a dress,? says Haeni Kim, founder of
Kitri, a digital-first business that sells
through its own website.
That the hype and subsequent sales
of the dress came as a result of a paid
partnership shows that social media
?influencers? ? who have cultivated
loyal and longstanding relationships
with their followers ? remain an important resource for brands to tap.
Matchesfashion.com says its partnership with Leandra Medine Cohen
(who has 626,000 followers) on its
800
Number of
people on the
waiting list for
the Gabriella
dress after it
appeared on
Instagram in a
paid partnership
? Charlotte Groeneveld in the Kitri dress PHOTOGRAPH: THEFASHIONGUITAR/INSTAGRAM
?Shop With? initiative produced a
notably strong seller after she posted
a photograph of herself wearing a Toga
coat on her Instagram account. The
post garnered 75,000 likes.
Crucially, says Groeneveld, the
secret to its success as a strategy is that
it must feel authentic to work.
?I?ve built a community of people
who share similar style and like similar things, so in that sense it?s more
likely that [my followers] agree with
the things I believe we should buy,
save, or toss, than from a random person they don?t have that relationship
with,? she explains. ?The personal
relationship is all that matters and
gives you all credibility.?
Figures vary for paid partnerships
and exact remuneration remains
under wraps, but the 2017 State of the
Creator Economy study found 33% of
marketers now allocate upwards of
$500,000 (�0,000) to influencer
marketing and brand partnerships,
according to the trend-forecasting
company WGSN.
?Forward-thinking brands are utilising micro-influencers for Instagram
campaigns in order to promote their
brand to a wider, yet more targeted
audience,? said Sarah Owen, senior
editor of digital media and marketing
at WGSN. ?Once considered a fleeting
marketing tool, the influencer ecosystem has proved to be a longstanding,
viable segment for brands seeking to
convert likes to sales,? she added.
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16
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The Guardian Saturday 31 March 2018
National
News
Religion
More priests to
get exorcism
training amid
reported rise
in爌ossessions
Harriet Sherwood
The Vatican is to hold a training course
for priests in exorcism next month
amid claims that demands for deliverance from demonic possession are
dramatically increasing.
The Vatican-backed International
Association of Exorcists, which represents more than 200 Catholic,
Anglican and Orthodox priests, has
reported an increase in demonic activity throughout the world, triggering a
?pastoral emergency?.
According to a priest from Sicily, the
number of people in Italy claiming to
be possessed by demons has tripled to
500,000 annually, and an Irish priest
has said demand for exorcisms has
?risen exponentially?.
Last year, the Christian thinktank
Theos reported that exorcisms had
become a ?booming industry? in the
UK, particularly among Pentecostal
churches.
But some warn that ?deliverance
ministry? can be a form of spiritual abuse. Critics also say that LGBT
people and those with mental illnesses
are targeted for deliverance in the
belief that their sexuality or psychiatric problems are the result of demonic
possession.
The Vatican training course, held
at the Pontifical Athenaeum Regina
Apostolorum in Rome from 16-21 April,
will focus on exorcism and the prayer
of liberation, a prayer commonly used
for deliverance from possession.
?The fight against the evil one
started at the origin of the world,
and is destined to last until the end
of the world,? Fr Cesare Truqui, one
of the speakers, told Vatican News.
?But today we are at a stage crucial
in history: many Christians no longer
believe in [the devil?s] existence, few
exorcists are appointed and there are
no more young priests willing to learn
the doctrine and practice of liberation
of souls.?
Fr Benigno Palilla, an exorcist
from Sicily who reported a tripling of
demonic possession cases, acknowledged the issue was controversial. But,
he added, ?the demoniacs ? suffer a
lot?.
Training in deliverance was essential. ?A self-taught exorcist certainly
makes errors. I will say more: it would
also take a period of apprenticeship, as
happens for many professionals,? he
told Vatican Radio.
In Ireland, Fr Pat Collins has said he
is inundated almost on a daily basis
with people seeking help to deal with
what they believe to be demonic possession and other evil, and called for
more training in exorcism.
?[If a priest becomes
aware of] genuine
spiritual disturbance
? he must refer to the
diocese ? to exorcists?
Pope Francis
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?
17
? While the
Vatican has
reported a global
rise in requests
for exorcisms,
demand in
Britain is said to
have been driven
by Pentecostal
churches
PHOTOGRAPH: GETTY
?It?s only in recent years that the
demand has risen exponentially,? he
told the Irish Catholic. ?What I?m finding out desperately, is people who in
their own minds believe ? rightly or
wrongly ? that they?re afflicted by an
evil spirit. I think in many cases they
wrongly think it, but when they turn
to the church, the church doesn?t know
what to do with them.?
Pope Francis has said if a priest
becomes aware of ?genuine spiritual
disturbances ? he must not hesitate
to refer the issue to those who, in the
diocese, are charged with this delicate and necessary ministry, namely,
exorcists?.
The Church of England?s guidelines on deliverance say that for some
people ?going through times of suffering and anxiety, or when distressed by
what seem to be continuing experiences of evil within or around them ?
it may be right to ask for God?s saving
help through the church?s deliverance
ministry?.
The guidelines, which were
updated in 2012, say caution must be
exercised and ?the ministry of exorcism and deliverance may only be
exercised by a priest authorised by
the diocesan bishop?.
Such priests should be trained in
deliverance and should not minister alone. They should be covered by
adequate insurance, the document
says. ?Language, body language and
touch should be courteous and considerate ? No one should receive ministry
against their will.?
Doctors, psychologists and psychiatrists should be consulted where
appropriate. Deliverance should be
followed up with continuing pastoral care, and ?should be done with a
minimum of publicity?.
According to Anne Richards, the
C� of� E?s national adviser on such
issues, ?exorcism in a technical sense
is incredibly rare ? I don?t think I?ve
ever come across a case that?s been
authorised?. She said all 42 dioceses
had at least one person experienced
and trained in deliverance.
The church was ?extremely concerned? that deliverance and healing
was undertaken in collaboration with
professionals, such as doctors, and in
the context of good safeguarding practice. But, she added, ?I accept in some
cases people get together and do something ad hoc. It shouldn?t happen ? it
needs to be a proper process.?
According to Christianity and Mental Health, a report by Theos, demand
in Britain is being partly ?driven by
immigrant communities and Pentecostal churches which are very open
about their exorcism services?.
Ben Ryan, its author, said charismatic and Pentecostal churches,
particularly in areas with large west
African communities, were advertising ?healings? and exorcism outside
their premises.
But, he said: ?Some Christians are
sometimes treating mental health
issues as if everything is spiritual. So if
someone tells a church leader they are
suffering from depression, sometimes
the response is that everything can be
treated with prayer. The extreme end
of that is exorcism.?
Meanwhile, the shortage of clergy
trained in exorcism has led to a growing number of independent operators
in Europe who claim they will rid people and properties of demons for up to
?500 (�0) a time, according to the
Economist.
Devil in the
detail Vatican
scrambles to
clarify pope?s
denial of hell
Case studies
Claims of coerced ?deliverance?
?They said things
wrong in my life
might be because
of a demon?
M
elanie was
experiencing
difficulties in her
personal life ? an
abusive husband,
a daughter
diagnosed with autism ? when her
vicar and others in the leadership of
her Anglican church suggested she
needed deliverance.
?They said that things that were
going wrong in my life might be
because of a demon, and if we got
the demon out things would get
better.?
In 2015, Melanie fainted during a
choir rehearsal. ?As I was regaining
consciousness, they said that I
looked at them with an inhuman
face and laughed at them. I was told
this was a mocking spirit.
?Rather than get medical
attention or first aid, they took me
for prayers and kept me there in
quite a forceful manner for three
hours, despite being in considerable
pain. Later, it was discovered that I
had a perforated eardrum, and that
had been the cause of the faint.?
A few months afterwards, she was
collected from her home and taken
to the house of a person unknown
to her. ?Things took a really strange
turn. They pushed me to my knees
and shouted in my face, saying the
spirits were in me and that I was
?It was a forced
exorcism in broad
daylight in a
busy燦HS ward?
S
ue described what
happened to her as ?like
being raped?. ?It was a
forced exorcism in broad
daylight in a busy NHS
ward in the middle of
London [performed] by a doctor
employed by an NHS trust,? she said.
Sue, 67, has been in and out of
psychiatric hospitals for almost 25
years after suffering a breakdown in
her early 40s. In 2011, shortly before
she was expecting to be discharged
from a London hospital having
made good progress as an inpatient,
she claims she was subjected to
an exorcism by an agency doctor
originally from Nigeria.
According to her account, the
doctor led her into a consultation
room and closed the blinds.
?She then leaned over the table
and grabbed my hands and held me
across the table, totally imprisoning
me. She was so strong that I couldn?t
wriggle out of her grip. She didn?t
speak to me and never looked at me.
?She then started chanting and
praying in a language I had never
going to bring down the church.
They forced me to be sick.
?It went on for about two hours.
I felt very traumatised and just
blanked it out.
?They said I mustn?t tell anyone
about it, and I mustn?t come to
church for six months until they
were sure all the demons were gone.
I was in a state of shock.?
Later, one of those involved
suggested to Melanie that her
four-year-old daughter might
not be autistic but possessed by
demons, and that the child needed
deliverance.
When Melanie?s grandmother
died, she found another church for
the funeral. ?The vicar asked me
why we didn?t have the funeral at
our old church, so I told him what
had happened. He was horrified,
and said we must report it.?
The diocese safeguarding team
investigated Melanie?s account.
The first church?s vicar ? who had
not been present during the alleged
exorcism ? had moved to another
parish, but others from the church
were asked to refrain from delivery
ministry and reminded of Church of
England guidance, Melanie said.
She has since had a meeting with
her bishop. ?He was very apologetic
about both the abuse and also the
way it was investigated,? she said.
?The long-term spiritual abuse
has had a massive impact on my life.
I have lost the faith and community
that was so important to me, and
it has left me unable to trust the
very people that you are told to go
to for support and understanding.
I燿on?t want this to happen to other
people.?
heard. I was crying and sobbing
and begging her to let me go. I was
terrified. I felt acute, animal terror.?
The doctor demanded Sue repeat
certain phrases that included the
word ?God?, she said. Sue complied.
?I felt it was the only way I could get
out.?
She added: ?I had no idea what
was happening at the time. I had
no experience of extreme religious
practices. It was only much later
that I was told about exorcisms and
this seemed to fit with what I had
experienced.?
Following the alleged assault, she
said her recovery went into reverse.
?I feel seriously traumatised. I feel
very unsafe in the world.?
Sue reported the alleged incident
to the General Medical Council.
Its medical practitioners? tribunal
service considered the case in July
2015.
In a letter to Sue, the MPTS said:
?Faced with two contradictory
versions of the principal events, the
panel did not find the facts proved
on the balance of probabilities.?
Sue said that not only were
psychiatric patients vulnerable
to emotional, physical, sexual or
spiritual abuse, but their accounts
were less likely to be believed.
The doctor, who did not attend
the MPTS hearing, is currently
practising at a private psychiatric
hospital in the home counties.
Angela Giuffrida
Rome
? A 13th-century
mosaic of hell
in the Florence
Baptistery. The
pope was quoted
in La Repubblica
as saying that ?a
hell doesn?t exist?
PHOTOGRAPH: FINE
ART IMAGES/HERITAGE
IMAGES/GETTY
The Vatican scrambled yesterday to
clarify comments by the pope that
appeared to deny the existence of hell.
In a terse statement, the Holy See
said a lengthy article published in La
Repubblica on Wednesday by Eugenio
Scalfari, 93, the newspaper?s founder,
was ?the fruit of his reconstruction?
and not ?a faithful transcription of the
Holy Father?s words?.
While the Vatican conceded that
Scalfari, an atheist who struck up a
friendship with Francis in 2013, had
held a private meeting with the pontiff ahead of the Easter weekend, it said
an interview had not been granted.
During the meeting Scalfari asked
the pope where ?bad souls? go, to
which Francis was quoted as responding: ?They are not punished. Those
who repent obtain God?s forgiveness
and take their place among the ranks
of those who contemplate him, but
those who do not repent and cannot
be forgiven disappear.
?A hell doesn?t exist ? the disappearance of sinning souls exists.?
The Vatican said the ?literal words
pronounced by the pope are not
quoted? and that ?no quotation of
the article should be considered as a
faithful transcription of the words of
the Holy Father.?
Scalfari is said to pride himself on
not taking notes or recording highprofile interviews. But this is not the
first time he has been accused of misrepresenting Francis: in 2014 he was
rebuked by the Vatican for an article
saying the pope had abolished sin.
The Roman Catholic church?s teachings affirm the existence of hell and its
eternity, saying ?the chief punishment
of hell is eternal separation from God?.
Pope Benedict XVI said in 2007 that
hell ?really exists and is eternal?. In
1999 Pope John Paul II said hell ?indicates the state of those who freely and
definitively separate themselves from
God, the source of all life and joy?.
The controversy came as Francis
washed the feet of 12 inmates, including Muslims, an Orthodox Christian
and a Buddhist, at Rome?s Regina Coeli
prison on Thursday. He told them:
?Everyone has the opportunity to
change life and one cannot judge.?
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Saturday 31 March 2018 The Guardian
National
19
? The 1951 film of A Streetcar Named
Desire starring Vivien Leigh and
Marlon Brando marked a career peak
PHOTOGRAPH: BETTMANN ARCHIVE
?I am waking up
late from a very
bad dream ... How
terribly I have
abused my talent?
Tennessee Williams
Writing in 1969 to his publisher
Tennessee Williams? letters cast
light on battle with self-doubt
Dalya Alberge
He found fame with The Glass Menagerie and won Pulitzer prizes for his
stage masterpieces, A Streetcar Named
Desire and Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, but
Tennessee Williams was plagued by
self-doubt, previously unpublished
letters reveal.
The American dramatist?s lack of
confidence emerges repeatedly from
his correspondence over 25 years until
his death in 1983 with trusted friends,
his publisher James Laughlin, and his
editor Robert MacGregor.
In 1964, he wrote of his ?selfcontempt?, adding: ?I must confess
that I have doubts and fears.? In 1972,
? Williams wrote of ?self-contempt?
and his need for reassurance
No rhyme or reason: howls of
derision for Penn?s ?rst novel
Sian Cain
Move over Morrissey: Sean Penn is a
challenger for the title of most mocked
celebrity novel, an accolade widely
accorded to the former Smiths singer
with his 2015 debut work of fiction.
Early reviews of the Hollywood
actor?s book, Bob Honey Who Just
Do Stuff, to be published next month,
have prompted much derision online.
?Bob Honey is an exercise in
ass-showing, a 160-page self-own,?
was the Huffington Post?s verdict.
Penn?s novel follows Bob as he ?just
do stuff ?, often without much reason.
He variously sells septic tanks, rigs
explosives and kills American pensioners with a mallet, purportedly to
offset their large carbon footprint. He
daydreams about a woman with alopecia called Annie. (?Never one for
psychosexual infantilism or paedophilic fantasy, after their sex he said,
?Good vagina. Maybe more Vietnam.??)
At one point Bob sets fire to a dildo
he confided: ?You know how badly I
need reassurance about my work.?
His successes included screen adaptations of A Streetcar Named Desire,
starring Marlon Brando and Vivien
Leigh, and Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, with
Elizabeth Taylor and Paul Newman.
But theatrical flops and the death of
his lover, Frank Merlo, to cancer in
1963, took their toll on Williams, who
found solace in drink and drugs, writing in 1969: ?I am waking up late from
a very bad dream ? How terribly I have
abused myself and my talent in the
years ? since Frankie?s death.?
In a poignant letter of 1960, he
wrote: ?I am tired of writing and writing is tired of me.? A decade later, he
revealed that writing ?came very close
to destroying me?. In 1972 he mused:
in the desert, due to ?an assault of
animism?, which makes just as much
sense as anything else in the book.
Bob is an absurdist character,
clearly modelled on Ignatius J Reilly,
the slobby and universally disdainful
character created by John Kennedy
Toole in his 1980 novel A Confederacy
of Dunces. But where Ignatius?s arrogance is almost perversely charming,
Bob is, at best, a cipher for Penn, who
has a bewilderingly wide capacity for
both strongly liberal and robustly conservative attitudes.
Whenever ?Bob understands?, or
a paragraph starts, ?The thing is?,
Penn?s rage at advertising, gun owners, Hollywood, #MeToo (?reducing
rape, slut-shaming and suffrage to
reckless child?s play??) or Trump (?a
?I have been a writer nearly all my life
? but it adds up to almost nothing.?
The correspondence will be published by WW Norton & Co next
month. The book, titled The Luck of
Friendship: The Letters of Tennessee
Williams and James Laughlin, casts
new light on his life and work. Of 170
letters, 144 are previously unpublished. They have been edited by Peggy
L Fox and Thomas Keith.
Keith said: ?None of the witty, playful, serious and heart-felt letters in this
volume from the last 25 years of their
correspondence, 1958 to 1983, have
ever been published before. The story
that emerges is how Williams?s creative
life flourished while his commercial
success waned, how he maintained a
strong focus on writing from 1963 to
1983 ? in spite of his battles with drugs,
alcohol and depression.
?That story is in dramatic contrast
to popular narratives about how he
was merely a man so drug- and alcohol-ridden and diminished that he was
unable to even function.
?Williams?s own voice along with
Laughlin?s view of Williams create a
bloated blond high priest and pavonine of branding?) rings all too clear.
Bob?s ?ultra-violent scepticism
towards the messaging and mediocrity
of modern times? ends in an ultraviolent killing spree, and the novel
finishes with an epilogue in verse that
? Sean Penn discusses his new novel,
Bob Honey Who Just Do Stuff
richer understanding of what Williams
was like after his critically successful
plays were behind him.?
Creative struggles emerge repeatedly in the letters. In 1973, referring
to plans to publish his play Out Cry,
which explores reality and illusion,
he wrote: ?Something will survive
the Holocaust of these years of halfcrazed, often impotent effort.?
In 1963, he expressed concerns
about interpretations of his plays,
including The Milk Train Doesn?t Stop
Here Anymore: ?I don?t want Milk
Train directed by [Herbert] Machiz
again. He camped it up too much. It
needs more serious treatment.?
Thomas said that Williams?s friendship with Laughlin, a daring publisher
who founded New Directions Publishing, bolstered him in his darkest hours.
They gave strength to one another,
despite each facing mental health challenges. Williams had depression while
Laughlin was diagnosed with hereditary bipolar disorder. In 1963, Laughlin
encouraged his friend: ?These dark
days will pass, even though at the
moment things look black.?
When Williams was struggling to
write in 1962, Laughlin offered advice:
?I hope you will let yourself go in one
play, be wilder, perhaps savager, pour
out all your resentments at the state
of things.?
Keith observed: ?This is exactly
what Williams then proceeded to do
in plays like The Mutilated and Gnadiges Fraulein in 1966. Williams?s
contribution to the worlds of theatre
and literature was always, at its core,
his portrayals of resilience, grace
and endurance in the face of human
suffering. He gave voices to, and
told the stories of, the lost, defeated,
sensitive, peculiar, defiant, and often
invisible people who make up the bulk
of humanity.
?In these letters, readers are
reminded that Williams not only kept
writing to the very end of this life, but
that his lesser known work, late plays,
one-acts and critical failures, are now
part of the canon of his writing.?
simultaneously showcases the sheer
range of Penn?s opinions and the complete lack of range in his poetry (?so
rattled, addled and saddled / our entitlement is recklessly embattled?).
Penn doesn?t just swing and miss
with his ambitious vocabulary; he
swings and cracks a hole in reality as
we know it, leaving us all unsure of
the concept of a good sentence, how a
novel should be structured and generally what makes sense any more.
The novel is bad in the same way
that those from the likes of Morrissey
and the US actor James Franco were
bad: loudly and precociously, with
a tendency to fling about big, empty
words, not because it makes the writing better but because it just looks
smarter, and with an unashamed glee.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:20 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:S
Sent at 30/3/2018 10:32
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Section:GDN 1N PaGe:21 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 30/3/2018 13:41
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?
Saturday 31 March 2018 The Guardian
National
21
? Kitty Whately, left, and Mary
Bevan in the premiere of Coraline,
Turnage?s fourth opera
PHOTOGRAPH: TRISTRAM KENTON/GUARDIAN
Review
This creepy tale should
turn kids on to opera
Coraline
Barbican, London
?????
Tim Ashley
G
iven its world premiere
by the Royal Opera at
the Barbican theatre,
Coraline is MarkAnthony Turnage?s
fourth opera, though
it also marks something of a new
departure for its composer. It is
his first stage work specifically
aimed at a family audience, and
consequently avoids the overtly
combative or scatological stances of
its predecessors.
Its source is Neil Gaiman?s
creepy cult novella about a restless
11-year-old, whose exploration
of her parents? new home takes
her into a parallel world beyond a
bricked-up doorway in her parents?
drawing room. The Other World
seemingly offers limitless comfort
and enjoyment, but its inhabitants
mysteriously have buttons sewn
over their eyes, and it soon becomes
apparent that the love offered
by Coraline?s Other Mother and
Father is sinister in its controlling
possessiveness.
Rory Mullarkey?s libretto deftly
condenses Gaiman?s narrative,
though he makes some subtle
changes: Coraline?s distracted real
Father is no longer a writer but
an inventor, whose contraptions
now play an important part in the
opera?s denouement; and we?ve lost
the talking cat, which is Coraline?s
companion in both worlds.
Turnage initially simplifies
his usually dissonant harmonic
palette, though the score is full of
his trademark collisions between
classical and popular music. There
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are echoes of Britten in Coraline?s
assertions that she will overcome her
fears and destroy the Other World?s
influence. Waltzes and polkas
characterise the thespian downstairs
neighbours Miss Spink and Miss
Forcible, though their Other World
counterparts are allotted a sleazy
tango, full of chromatic meanderings
and suspensions.
As the Other Mother?s true nature
is revealed, meanwhile, Turnage?s
harmonies turn sour as her vocal line
becomes increasingly extravagant
and vertiginous. Though the first
half has its occasional longueurs,
it is a more coherent score than his
previous opera, Anna Nicole, if less
?The supernatural
and mundane rub
shoulders: the special
e?ects drew gasps?
immediately striking than Greek,
with which he made his name, or
The Silver Tassie, which remains his
finest stage work.
The Royal Opera has certainly
done it proud. The supernatural
rubs shoulders with the mundane in
Aletta Collins?s production, in which
the two worlds are placed back to
back as mirror images on a revolving
stage. Magic consultants Richard
Wiseman and David Britland have
been drafted in to provide the
special effects, which drew gasps
from the audience, though Collins
also has a knack of suggesting
unease by the simplest of means.
The scene in which Kitty
Whately?s Other Mother produces
syringes and surgical needles in an
attempt to sew buttons over the eyes
of Mary Bevan?s Coraline (?just a
little incision under your eyelids?)
had me squirming in my seat.
Bevan gives a terrific performance
in the title role. Whately is equally
commanding in her portrayal of
Coraline?s real and other mothers.
Alexander Robin Baker makes a
perfect foil as the two fathers, while
Gillian Keith and Frances McCafferty
camp it up something rotten as
the Misses Spink and Forcible.
Sian Edwards conducts the Britten
Sinfonia with considerable panache.
Not everyone, I suspect, will like
Coraline. But the children in the
audience enjoyed it hugely, and if it
brings new listeners to opera itself,
then it has more than served its
intended purpose.
Until 7 April
Box office: 020-7638 8891
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Section:GDN 1N PaGe:22 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 30/3/2018 14:35
?
22
The Guardian Saturday 31 March 2018
News
Civil rights
Martin Luther King
Jesse Jackson on a killing
that ?redefined America?
One of two surviving
witnesses to King?s
murder, the civil rights
leader recalls his mentor
David Smith
Washington
cYanmaGentaYellowb
J
esse Jackson remembers
the sound of the gunshot
and the sight of blood. They
have been with him for half
a century. ?Every time I
think about it, it?s like
pulling a scab off a sore,? he says.
?It?s a hurtful, painful thought: that
a man of love is killed by hate; that a
man of peace should be killed by
violence; a man who cared is killed
by the careless.?
Jackson and his fellow civil rights
veteran Andrew Young are the last
surviving disciples of Martin Luther
King to have witnessed his assassination on 4 April 1968. Others at the
Lorraine motel in Memphis,
Tennessee, that day have been
claimed by the passing decades. And
each milestone anniversary has
offered a snapshot of Jackson?s ? and
the nation?s ? jagged and jarringly
uneven narratives.
In 1988, two decades after the
deadly shooting, Jackson, a Baptist
preacher, was mounting his second
attempt to become the US?s first
black president. He invoked King
and his death repeatedly as he
took on Michael Dukakis in the
Democratic primaries and caucuses.
He won 11 contests but failed to gain
the nomination.
Forty years after King?s death, the
torch was passed to Barack Obama,
locked in a Democratic primary of
his own against Hillary Clinton and
under pressure over his relationship
with the outspoken pastor Jeremiah
Wright. The senator praised Jackson,
a fellow Chicagoan, for making his
run possible. On the night Obama
won the presidency, Jackson wept.
Now it is 50 years and the wheel
has turned again. Last November
Jackson announced that he had been
diagnosed with Parkinson?s disease.
Donald Trump, endorsed by the Ku
Klux Klan, is in the White House.
And, just as many Americans saw
King?s assassination by the escaped
convict James Earl Ray as a
reactionary strike against incipient
revolution, so Trump?s election has
been interpreted as ? in a phrase that
King used during the civil-rights era
? a ?white backlash? against Obama.
Amid the tumult of the 1960s,
King, who had spoken out against
the Vietnam war, was one of the
most hated men in the US and his life
was in constant danger. His house
was bombed, his followers were
killed, his name was rubbished by
newspaper editorials and his phones
were tapped by J燛dgar Hoover?s
FBI. His two-thirds disapproval
rating in a 1966 Gallup poll sits at
odds with today?s ?I have a dream?
sanctification.
?They loved him as a martyr after
he was killed but rejected him as a
marcher when he was alive,? says
Jackson, 76, still a dedicated activist,
who was speaking by phone from an
?We tend to embrace
martyrs ? He has a
moral authority now
that you wouldn?t see
if he was still alive?
Jesse Jackson
Civil rights leader
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:23 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
Saturday 31 March 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 30/3/2018 14:35
cYanmaGentaYellowb
?
23
?Martin Luther King is greeted on his
return to the US after receiving the
Nobel Peace Prize in 1964
PHOTOGRAPH: LEONARD FREED/MAGNUM PHOTOS
African development conference in
Morocco. ?We tend to embrace
martyrs. In many ways he has a
moral authority now you wouldn?t
see if he was still alive.
?He is a universal frame of
reference for moral authority,
the global frame of reference for
nonviolent justice and social change.
If he had not died, that probably
would not be the case.?
King and a group of close aides,
including Jackson, headed to
Memphis to support predominantly
African American refuse workers
who had gone on strike for better
safety conditions and pay after two
colleagues were crushed to death in
the back of a lorry. On the night of
3 April, members of the civil rights
leader?s inner circle went to a public
gathering at the Mason Temple, a
Pentecostal church.
?He was reluctant to come to the
meeting that night,? Jackson says.
?He had a migraine headache; he
didn?t feel like talking. Ralph
Abernathy [a close friend of King]
and I went to the church. The people
saw us coming in: they were
cheering. ?Then Ralph Abernathy
said to me: ?Jesse, they?re not
cheering for us. They think Martin?s
behind us.? He laughed. He went to
the back of the church and called Dr
King on the phone. He said: ?Martin,
come to the church and let them see
you.? Dr King said: ?I?ll be there in a
few minutes.? And he came.?
King went on to deliver a speech
unbearable in its prescience. He
described the ?threats out there?
and what fate might befall him
at the hands of ?some of our sick
white brothers?. He said: ?But
it really doesn?t matter with me
now, because I?ve been to the
mountaintop. And I don?t mind. Like
anybody, I would like to live a long
life ? longevity has its place. But I?m
not concerned about that now ?
I?ve looked over and I?ve seen the
promised land.?
Jackson says: ?There are those
who think he was anticipating the
next day. He had just come from
a plane which had been emptied
because of the threat of the plane
being hit by a terrorist attack. He
was aware but he felt that ?a coward
dies a thousand times before his
death, but the valiant taste of death
but once.? He refused to be afraid
because of the risk of ambush and
sabotage; he refused to stop what he
was doing out of fear because he did
it out of courage.?
The next day, King was staying
at his regular Memphis haunt, the
Lorraine motel. It was 6pm and the
group were preparing to head out for
dinner.
King was on the balcony outside
room 306. As Jackson, who was in
the car park below, tells it: ?He said:
?You?re late for dinner ? You don?t
even have on a shirt and tie.? I said:
?Doc, the prerequisite for eating is
appetite, not a tie.? He laughed and
said: ?You?re crazy.? We joked around
that way.?
King turned to Ben Branch, a
civil-rights activist and saxophonist
standing next to Jackson, and asked
him to perform his favourite song,
Take My Hand, Precious Lord, at a
rally later that night: ?Play it real
pretty.? Then came the shot. King
was hurled back violently, blood
gushed from his jaw and neck as his
spinal cord was severed. His tie was
ripped off by the force of the bullet.
Jackson heard police shout ?Get
low! Get low!? as they poured into
the scene with guns drawn. He said:
?We were traumatised to see him
lying there soaked in blood, 39 years
old. He?d done so much to make
America better, built bridges, sacrificed his livelihood, sacrificed his
life. I remember Ralph Abernathy
coming out and saying: ?Get back my
? Jesse Jackson in Edinburgh in 2015.
He calls King ?a universal frame of
reference for moral authority?
PHOTOGRAPH: MURDO MACLEOD/GUARDIAN
friend, don?t leave us now.? But Dr
King was dead on impact.?
Jackson walked to his room and
called King?s wife, Coretta. ?I said
to her I think he?s been shot in the
shoulder. I couldn?t say what I saw.
She had a certain resolve, a certain
understanding of the danger of the
mission. She?d seen him stabbed,
she?d heard the threats. She knew
the price you paid for trying to make
America better. She had made peace
with the fact he could be killed, they
both of them could be killed, the
house could be bombed. She?d made
peace with it over a 13-year period.?
King was taken to hospital but
never regained consciousness
and was pronounced dead about
an hour after being shot. It was a
seismic shock. ?In many ways it
redefined America: before and after
Martin Luther King,? Jackson says,
claiming: ?When he was killed,
the FBI in Atlanta jumped on the
tables in jubilation.? But the news
also unleashed fury. Riots broke
out in more than 100 cities, leaving
39 people dead, with more than
2,600 injured, 21,000 arrested, and
damage estimated at $65m.
The civil rights movement was
at a crossroads. Some African
American leaders called for greater
militancy; others vowed to adhere
to King?s nonviolent confrontation
and disruptive resistance. Jackson
reflects: ?We had to make a big
decision: allow one bullet to kill
a whole movement for which we
worked and forfeit the game, or fight
even harder, and we did that. In his
name we kept fighting.?
There were many strides forward
(such as school integration and
? From left: Jesse Jackson, Martin
Luther King and Ralph Abernathy
affirmative action) and some bitter
reversals (school resegregation,
voter suppression and a shift
from spending on poverty to mass
incarceration) along the way.
Jackson draws a biblical comparison:
?Barack won the election in 2008.
That?s 40 years after ?68, which
means that it was 40 years in the
wilderness. We never stopped
working, never stopped raising
issues, never stopped fighting
poverty, never stopped fighting the
war. And then, with the momentum
of 40 years, we take the White
House, win it twice in a row. That
an African American man can win
in this hostile nation toward black
aspiration is significant all by itself.?
And then, as if in malign mockery
of King?s famous phrase ?the arc
of the moral universe is long but it
bends toward justice?, came Trump,
who rose to political prominence
by questioning whether Obama
was born in the US and uses the
presidency to stoke racial divisions.
The writer Ta-Nehisi Coates has
called Trump a white supremacist.
W
ould Jackson
use the same
description?
?[He is] selfdeclared. It?s
not exactly a
secret. Trump?s cabinet make-up,
the decision-makers: there is
white male supremacy ideology.
The dangerous part of the white
supremacy is in a global world we
need the desire and the vision to
compete and communicate with the
world. We?re surrendering world
leadership. There?s no leadership
on climate change, on African
development. We share 2,000 miles
of border with Mexico and they?re a
trading partner; to offend Mexico is
irrational; to offend Canada likewise.
?Dr King believed in multiracial,
multicultural coalitions of
conscience, not ethnic nationalism.
He felt nationalism ? whether black,
white or brown ? was narrowly
conceived, given our global
challenges. So having a multiracial
setting said much about his vision of
America and the world.?
It is this internationalist, outwardlooking perspective that nourishes
Jackson as he looks back on the
achievements of the past halfcentury that his mentor would
surely have applauded. He points to
the restoration of Haiti?s exiled
president, Jean-Bertrand Aristide,
the release of Nelson Mandela and
end of apartheid in South Africa, the
liberation of Africa from colonialism
and, back home, the rising number
of African Americans in Congress
and other political offices.
?The moral arc of the universe
is long and it bends towards justice
? but you have to pull it to bend.
It doesn?t bend automatically,?
Jackson muses. ?Dr King used
to remind us that every time the
movement has a tailwind and goes
forward, there are headwinds. Those
who oppose change in some sense
were re-energised by the Trump
demagoguery. Dr King would have
been disappointed by his victory but
he would have been prepared for it
psychologically. He would have said,
?We must not surrender our spirits.
We must use this not to surrender
but fortify our faith and fight back.??
50 years on
How America
plans to mark
anniversary of
assassination
Jamiles Lartey
Much of the United States will come to
a halt on Wednesday to mark the 50th
anniversary of Martin Luther King Jr?s
assassination.
Memphis, Tennessee, where King
was shot dead on 4 April 1968, will
be at the centre of commemorations
across America to honour the memory
of the country?s most influential and
celebrated civil rights leader.
The National Civil Rights Museum,
built within the Lorraine Motel
where King died, is planning to host
an all-day gathering with performances, speeches and an evening of
storytelling.
The Rev Jesse Jackson, who was
with King on the evening he was killed,
is due to attend, as is the Atlanta congressman John Lewis, who spoke at
King?s 1963 march on Washington,
when the civil rights leader gave his
I Have a Dream speech.
At 6.01pm, the time King was shot,
the museum will ring a bell 39 times
in recognition of King?s age when he
was killed.
In King?s home town of Atlanta,
the centre founded by his widow,
Coretta Scott King, immediately after
his death is also marking the date.
Its director, King?s daughter, Bernice
King, said events at the King Center
were designed to ?introduce the world
to the radical Dr Martin Luther King
Jr ? and to learn about the vital role
our founder, Mrs Coretta Scott King,
played as the architect of the King
legacy?.
That design is a reaction to a common feeling among contemporary civil
rights activists that King?s legacy has
been sanitised and deradicalised as he
has come to be recognised as a national
hero, and that female leaders such as
Scott King are often left out in the
retelling of civil rights history.
The Birmingham Civil Rights Institute, located in the city King once
called the most segregated in America, will host a panel on social progress
in the south and the media?s coverage of it.
The city is where King penned
his influential Letter from Birmingham Jail, after being arrested by the
city?s infamous police commissioner
Bull Connor, who attacked demonstrators with attack dogs and fire hoses
in 1963.
And in Washington DC, where King
helped to orchestrate the 1963 March
on Washington for Jobs and Freedom,
the not-for-profit organisation Washington, DC History & Culture will host a
walking tour that will pass by the spot
on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial
where King delivered his seminal I
Have a Dream speech, and on to his
monument next to the National Mall.
James Earl Ray admitted murdering
King in 1969 and was sentenced to 99
years in jail. He died in 1998.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:24 Edition Date:180331 Edition:03 Zone:
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cYanmaGentaYellowb
The Guardian Saturday 31 March 2018
National
24
Senior paramedics to get
right to prescribe drugs
Denis Campbell
Health policy editor
Hundreds of the UK?s most senior
paramedics will soon be able to give
drugs to patients after a change in the
law that NHS chiefs hope will take the
pressure off overcrowded hospitals.
Seven hundred advanced paramedics across the UK will gain the
right to prescribe medication when
an amendment to the Human Medicines Regulations (2012) comes into
effect tomorrow.
The move is expected to bring about
a reduction in the numbers being taken
to A&E by ambulance and also a fall
in hospital admissions. Patients with
asthma will be able to receive steroids to improve their breathing more
quickly at home than if they had to be
taken to hospital. Similarly, advanced
paramedics will be able to give painkillers to those with chronic back pain
and antibiotics to older people with
urinary tract infections.
?This is good news for patients,?
said Rachel Power, the chief executive of the Patients Association. ?It
will make it easier for them to receive
treatment at home, eliminate the
need to see a second professional in
many cases, and reduce the need for
transportation into hospital that isn?t
clinically necessary.?
In the north-east and London some
advanced paramedics already split
their time between going out answering calls with their local ambulance
service, in their force control room
helping to decide which patients need
to be seen first, and in GP surgeries,
where they undertake home visits ? a
task usually done by the family doctor.
Simon Stevens, NHS England?s chief
executive, said: ?Increasing the range
of treatments offered by paramedics
closer to people?s homes is another
significant step in transforming emergency care as ambulance clinicians
increasingly become part of community urgent treatment services.?
Fenella Wrigley, the medical director of the London ambulance service,
said: ?Specialist paramedics being able
to prescribe medication to patients in
their own home will mean we are better able to meet the patients? needs
and it will mean fewer unnecessary
trips to the GP or to the hospital. It will
also mean our ambulances are free to
respond to other very sick patients.?
Catch up on this week's culture
ulture
re
?Few programmes celebrate humanity,
mani
anity,
in all its complexity, so燾learly?
Mum, BBC Two
?This exhibition reveals the essence爋f
nce爋f
the artist? Van Gogh and Japan,
n,
Van燝ogh museum
Pages 64-65
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Saturday 31 March 2018 The Guardian
National
25
decided I?d be doing the world a
favour if I gave up. The experience
coloured my world view, so when
neither of my children showed much
inclination to learn an instrument
I didn?t push them. My daughter
did try the flute but after she
only managed to produce several
notes ? none of them in the right
order ? over the course of a couple
of months, I was delighted when
she gave up. It was too painful for
both of us. My son refused to even
consider learning an instrument
until he decided to teach himself
guitar in his late teens. So there we
have it. I爃ave needlessly made my
children爏tupider than they might
have otherwise been.
'Hands up
everyone
who thinks
I'm having a
good week'
John Crace?s
Digested week
Yet more evidence has
emerged to prove I
have failed my children
Monday
I was dozing on the sofa with the
South Africa v Australia test match
on in the background on Saturday,
so watched the ball tampering
incident unfold in real time. It was
compelling viewing. What started
as a piece of random TV footage,
followed by some Keystone Cops
moments as the Aussies tried to
cover it up, quickly escalated into
one of the biggest cricket scandals
of modern times. Many people
have commented on how dim
the Australians must have been
to cheat in front of so many high
definition cameras. But cheating
only appears blatant when you are
caught and it?s hard for anyone
to imagine that ? as the Aussies
have insisted ? this was a oneoff event. To do so, you have to
believe that what happened was
this. At lunchtime, David Warner
approached his captain, Steve
Smith, and said: ?The ball isn?t
doing much, skip. How about I
nip out to the hardware store and
buy some sandpaper?? To which
Smith replied: ?Good plan, Davey.
Cheating is no big deal, so why
don?t we just give it a go? It?s not as
if there are any great downsides.
But we?ll get newbie Cameron
Bancroft to do it just in case. He?s
always game for a laugh.?
Tuesday
After more than 420,000 people
took part in the ?Big Garden
Birdwatch? in January, the RSPB
has reported a significant increase
in sightings of goldfinches, longtailed tits and coal tits ? thanks
largely to the mild weather last
autumn. My own bird identification
skills are extremely limited so I have
no idea whether any of these species
have been near my garden, but one
of the highlights of my year so far
was looking out of the back window
at breakfast time to see seven
parakeets picking the fruit off our
small crab apple tree. Many birders
view parakeets with deep suspicion
? they feel they are a bunch of pushy
foreigners without work permits
who have escaped their cages to
wreck the habitat for local birds. I
understand their concerns, but find
it hard to condemn the parakeets
just because of the way they look.
For me there is something utterly
Friday
magical about such beautiful,
bright green tropical birds making
themselves at home in south
London. Every time I spot one, my
spirits rise a little.
Wednesday
Macbeth is having a bit of a moment.
In recent months, there have been
new productions at the National
Theatre and the Royal Shakespeare
Company, both of which have
been given the thumbs down by
the critics. But if you want to try a
Macbeth that does hit the spot, you
'It was just
a爉assive
balls up'
could try Verdi?s version now on at
the Royal Opera House in London,
which I went to today. Although the
opera does take a few liberties ? Lady
Macbeth?s sleep-walking scene is a
far bigger deal in the opera than in
the play and Macbeth?s haunting
?Tomorrow and tomorrow and
tomorrow? manifesto of existential
futility gets reduced to a passing
line ? it remains broadly faithful to
the text and the music never fails
to articulate the internal sense of
conflict. It is, in turns, both tender
and chilling. The production also has
two performers in Anna Netrebko
and ?eljko Lu?i? who are absolutely
at the top of their game, as singers
and actors. It?s rare to find such
perfect casting. Do go, if you can get
your hands on a ticket.
Thursday
Yet more evidence emerges to prove
that I have failed my children. New
research led by Daniel M黮lensiefen,
a music psychologist at Goldsmiths,
University of London, has found that
music lessons help boost academic
performance by convincing kids
they can acquire new skills. My
own musical education lasted until
the age of 11, by which time I had
managed to grind my way to grade
2 piano, before my teacher and my
mother, an accomplished pianist,
It?s often seemed to me that many
anxious people devote their lives
to doing things that make them feel
more anxious. When I was in the
mental hospital we had a therapist
who was always late for the group
sessions. She said her greatest fear
was of being late for things.
Make of that what you will. Like
many writers I know, I spend most
of my day in a state of perpetual
anxiety that what I am writing
isn?t any good. So a big thank you
to the actor Sean Penn whose new
novel, Bob Honey Who Just Do
Stuff, appears to have been written
purely with people like me in mind.
To make us realise that no matter
how bad we think we are, we are
some way off writing sentences
as overblown and try-hard as
his. Here?s one at random, taken
from page 15. ?Transitioning into
adulthood, Bob like any man, was
introduced to evolving nemeses
that began innocently enough
with an opposing neighbourhood?s
militia of dirt-clod warriors and
later爂raduated to the manipulations
of mind mandated by a greengrabbing media.? Even Hunter S
Thompson on a bad acid trip would
have scrubbed that one out. Still,
at爈east I have another digested
read爏orted.
Digested week digested
363 days and counting
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?
26
The Guardian Saturday 31 March 2018
National
Parma ham makers and animal
activists clash over pig welfare
Industry claims footage of
poor conditions released by
campaigners is ?not credible?
Andrew Wasley
Jordan Gass-Poore
Cecilia Ferrara
Images of pigs in filthy pens and barren conditions have sparked a row
between animal welfare activists and
the makers of Italy?s Parma ham.
The campaigners have released
footage that they claim exposes barren
living conditions and injured animals
with abscesses and hernias being left
without adequate treatment.
Their expos� follows a series of
investigations over the past few years
that have appeared to reveal concerning conditions such as pigs being
treated roughly, and sick pigs being left
to die in corridors between their pens.
The Parma ham industry has reacted
with fury to the latest batch of images,
saying they are part of ?a smear campaign?. The Consortium of Parma Ham
argues that it is ?not credible that the
deplorable conditions shown in the
images have escaped the eyes of the
official vets in charge of control in the
breeding farms?. It condemns any violation of animal welfare standards but
says ?we cannot tolerate those who
improperly use our fame just to get
more visibility?.
The industry has grown into a multimillion-euro business, employing
50,000 people and producing about
9m legs of Parma ham a year. But it has
been hit by a number of animal welfare
scandals, including footage apparently
showing workers moving animals out
of pens using sticks, lifting them by
their legs, and throwing them on the
floor. Dead and apparently sick animals appeared to be left in corridors.
The most recent footage, released
by Eurogroup for Animals this week,
seems to show the use of gestation
crates, farrowing crates and barren,
dirty stalls. Paul Roger, a vet with the
UK-based Animal Welfare Science,
Ethics and Law Veterinary Association, viewed some of the footage at
the Guardian?s request and expressed
cYanmaGentaYellowb
concerns at some of the conditions. ?It
is grim,? he said. ?There are clear signs
of poor stockmanship, and a failure to
satisfy the animal?s basic needs.?
The Guardian and the Bureau of
Investigative Journalism were invited
last week to a different farm that also
breeds pigs for Parma and other hams
by an industry body. The first room had
perhaps 100 adult female pigs, housed
in gestation crates with room to stand
up or sit down but not to turn around.
Gestation crates were banned in the
UK in 1999 and are illegal in Sweden. In
mainland Europe pigs may be held in
gestation crates for no longer than four
? A pig farm in northern Italy. Right,
Parma hams prepared for hanging
MAIN PHOTOGRPAH: BLOOMBERG/GETTY IMAGES
weeks after insemination. The farm
also employed farrowing crates, which
house pigs that have recently given
birth. Metal bars hold the adult pigs
in the middle of the crates in an area
that prevents them turning around,
but allows them to stand or lie down,
so that the piglets can move safely
around them without risk of being
crushed. Farrowing crates have been
outlawed in parts of Scandinavia and
in Switzerland, but are legal in most of
Europe, including the UK.
In a third room in the complex,
groups of about half a dozen pigs
were housed in square pens. Some
pens were bare, with no visible straw
or bedding, and a single ?enrichment?
toy hanging from a metal chain.
The conditions were similar, structurally, to the farms in the undercover
footage, but some of the problems
highlighted by Rogers were not present. Narrower slats had been provided
for the piglets, pens were cleaner, the
pigs looked healthy.
The consortium?s Stefano Fanti
says the organisation refers to existing European animal welfare rules that
are mandatory for all breeding farms.
He accepts there may have been shortcomings in some cases previously.
In response to last year?s revelations
the consortium began developing
welfare guidelines with other research
centres, which Fanti says are due to
be rolled out in the next couple of
months.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:27 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
Saturday 31 March 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 30/3/2018 17:40
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?
27
Scientists crack
secrets of the
fragile strength
of eggshells
Nicola Davis
It?s been a tough one to crack, but scientists say they have zoomed in, to an
unprecedented degree, on the structure of shells surrounding chicken
embryos, revealing how they change
to allow young birds to hatch.
Before being laid, bird eggs form
a hard calcium-rich shell with three
main layers. While it was already
known that these thin from the innermost layer outwards as a chick grows
in preparation for hatching ? with calcium from the shell being incorporated
into its skeleton in the process ? quite
what happens at the molecular scale
has been something of a mystery.
Now scientists say they have
discovered that eggshells have a nanostructure, and that it appears to play
a key role in the strength of the shell.
?Everybody thinks eggshells are
fragile but in fact, for their thinness
they are extremely strong, harder than
some metals,? said Prof Marc McKee,
a co-author of the study from McGill
University in Canada. ?We are really
understanding how an eggshell is
assembled and how it dissolves.?
Writing in the journal Science
Advances, McKee and colleagues
describe how they probed the role of
a protein known as osteopontin. This
substance is found throughout the
eggshell and was already thought to
be important in organising the structure of its minerals.
Using a number of microscopy techniques, the team found that in chicken
eggs that had been fertilised and incubated for 15 days the nanostructure of
the inner layers had become smaller in
size, possibly aided by the nanostructure increasing the surface area of the
calcium-containing mineral. The shell
then weakens, allowing it to crack and
the chick to hatch.
McKee said the latest findings could
prove useful in the design of new
human-made materials.
Researchers have found chicks can
escape their shell thanks to a change
in the nanostructure of shell material
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:28 Edition Date:180331 Edition:03 Zone:
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???
28
In brief
National
Police
corporation under freedom of
information rules found these
included 1,692 people arrested for
violent crimes, 768 rape suspects
and 31 murder suspects.
The figures follow the
introduction of a 28-day limit on
pre-charge bail last April, part of a
government shake-up to end the
?injustice? of people being under a
cloud of suspicion for long periods
of time. The measures meant bail
could only be used when deemed
?necessary and proportionate?.
Suspects who are released ?under
Murder suspects freed
without bail conditions
Thousands of people suspected of
violent and sexual crimes have been
released without conditions since
changes to police bail came into
effect, it has been reported.
More than 3,000 people were
released under investigation for
such offences by 12 police forces
from April to June 2017, according
to the BBC. Figures given to the
The Guardian Saturday 31 March 2018
investigation? are still subject to
police inquiries but are not subject
to bail conditions.
A Home Office spokesman said:
?Reforms to pre-charge bail balance
carefully the interests of victims
and witnesses, those on bail and
the police ? The minister for
policing and the fire service wrote
to chief constables in December,
asking them to review their forces?
use of bail to ensure those who
objectively should be on bail are not
being released without conditions.?
PA
PHOTOGRAPH: MARK
KERRISON/ALAMY
For turning Theresa May at the annual
Maidenhead Easter 10 charity run in which
she has regularly been a爉arshal since being
elected as the local MP.
Crime
Witness appeal after
stab death in London
Police are appealing for witnesses
after a man was stabbed to death in
south-east London on Thursday. It
was the 29th fatal stabbing in the
capital so far this year.
The 23-year-old was taken to
hospital by a friend he had managed
to call after being stabbed in the
neck. He died later in the evening.
Detectives believe the man, who
has not yet been named but whose
relatives have been informed, was
attacked in the Plumstead area
of Greenwich, possibly near the
railway station.
Yesterday, DCI Richard Leonard,
of the Met?s homicide and
major crime command, said the
investigation was in its very early
stages, adding: ?We are still piecing
together exactly where and how the
victim was attacked.?
He appealed for witnesses,
saying: ?Any fragment of
information is useful to our
investigation and I would urge you
to call police immediately.?
Officers asked anyone with
information to contact them on
0208 721 4805, or by calling 101
and quoting the reference 7434/29
March. They said information
could also be given anonymously
to Crimestoppers on 0800 555 111.
Kevin Rawlinson
Television
You know your Meatfeast
from your Margherita.
But do you know your
pension options?
Over 50 with a de?ned contribution pension?
There?s an easy way to get free impartial
guidance on the options for your pension pot.
To book a free appointment call 0800 138 1585
or visit pensionwise.gov.uk
Star of ITV?s Heartbeat
dies after breaking hip
The Heartbeat actor Bill Maynard
has died, aged 89. Maynard, right,
died in hospital in Leicestershire
shortly after breaking his hip in a
fall from his mobility scooter, his
daughter-in-law said. Jacqueline
Reddin, also an actor, said: ?He was
larger than life and he just loved
showbiz. He was so proud of the
fact that he had been working for 81
years.?
Maynard played the lovable rogue
Claude Jeremiah Greengrass in ITV?s
Heartbeat for eight years. He leaves
a son, daughter, five grandchildren
and three great-grandchildren. PA
Environment
She?eld unions revoke
support for tree felling
Sheffield council has lost another
ally in its plans to cut down up to
17,500 trees after union leaders in
the city withdrew their support and
urged councillors to rethink the
felling project.
The Sheffield Trades Union
Council (TUC) has unanimously
passed a motion calling on
the Sheffield Labour group to
pursue ?an immediate, mediated
settlement to the felling?.
The deployment of dozens of
police officers and security guards
at tree-felling operations has caused
?appalling negative publicity
nationally for the city?, it added.
Two years ago TUC branch leaders
co-signed a letter criticising tree
campaigners for ?an astonishing
lack of perspective?. The change in
position from the unions follows a
decision by Sheffield city council
on Monday to ?pause? tree felling
because of ?the actions of a handful
of people unlawfully entering the
safety zones where tree replacement
work is being carried out?.
Helen Pidd
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:29 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
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?
Saturday 31 March 2018 The Guardian
National
29
? A scene from Ordeal by Innocence,
reshot by the BBC in January in order
to replace an original cast member
PHOTOGRAPH: JAMES FISHER/BBC
?Redunnit?
of Agatha
Christie
series is
?seamless?
Maev Kennedy
The actor who stepped into the
starring role to save a BBC drama production derailed by sex assault claims
has described the re-shoot of Agatha
Christie?s Ordeal by Innocence as ?surprisingly seamless?.
The series, which begins tomorrow
night, was intended as one of the highlights of last Christmas?s schedules.
It was completed in November, but
then pulled after allegations of sexual
assault in the US were made against the
actor Ed Westwick, best known from
his role in the US series Gossip Girl.
Westwick has vehemently denied
the accusations, but the decision was
taken to pull the Christie series, and
reshoot all his scenes.
cYanmaGentaYellowb
Christie fans who have been eagerly
awaiting the three-part adaptation will
be trying to spot the seams, despite the
actor Christian Cooke?s claim.
The reshoot of a crucial 35 minutes
took place over 12 days in Scotland in
bitter January weather. The scenes had
to be stitched together with the originals shot in summer sunshine.
At one point the sharp-eyed may
spot that, while Cooke is manfully not
shivering, his breath is nevertheless
smoking in the icy air.
Cooke was recast as Mickey Argyll,
one of the five adopted children of a
wealthy philanthropist ? played by
Anna Chancellor ? whose murder
sparks the drama.
All the cast involved in his scenes,
including Bill Nighy, and Anthony
Boyle, who had to fly back from
rehearsals for the Broadway opening
of JK Rowling?s stage hit The Cursed
Child, had to be booked to return to
Ardgowan, a mansion and estate on
the west coast of Scotland.
One actor, Alice Eve, was unable to
join them and so her original scenes
were merged with new scenes shot by
Cooke using split screen technology.
All the props had to be reassembled
to re-dress the rooms in 1950s style,
and costumes were flown back from
other productions in Paris and Rome.
The 12-days shooting and post production work are believed to have cost the
BBC about �.
Cooke told BBC Breakfast: ?It was
surprisingly seamless which is a
credit to the producers and the director, I think they had obviously worked
tirelessly behind the scenes to get
everybody back together and logistically I?m sure it was difficult for them,
but they were very sensitive towards
the fact that they wanted it to be a fresh
experience for me.?
He had no idea how his role had
originally been played, he said. ?Every
actor would interpret a role differently so a prerequisite for me was that
I could come in and make it my own
and interpret it my own way?.
The reshoot had the blessing of the
Agatha Christie estate. The author?s
great-grandson, James Pritchard, told
the Telegraph: ?We didn?t want to lose
it. It?s as simple as that. What seemed
an impossible idea ? that you may be
able to get a bunch of actors back, however much later, and that you can film
July in January in Scotland ? was actually achievable.?
The series was written by Sarah
Phelps, a former EastEnders script
writer, who had never read an Agatha
Christie before her successful adaptations of And Then There Were None in
2015, and Witness for the Prosecution
in 2016 ? reviewed by the Guardian as
?expertly cast, perfectly crafted?.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:30 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
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cYanmaGentaYellowb
?
The Guardian Saturday 31 March 2018
National
Immigration
30
After 60 years in UK, man is
told he is here illegally
Londoner who came from
Antigua aged four told he
faces detention and removal
Amelia Gentleman
A man who has lived in Britain for
almost 60 years has been told by the
Home Office he is in the UK illegally.
Elwaldo Romeo moved from
Antigua to the UK when he was four,
59 years ago, and has lived and worked
here continuously ever since. He
was extremely distressed to receive
a Home Office letter this month
informing him that he was ?liable to
be detained? because he was a ?person without leave?.
The letter continued: ?You have
NOT been given leave to enter the
United Kingdom within the meaning
of the Immigration Act 1971.? He has
been told to report fortnightly to Home
Office premises.
The letter also offered advice on
?help and support on returning home
voluntarily?.
Romeo, 63, has no desire to be
helped to return to a country he has
not visited for more than half a century and where he has no close family.
Given he did his schooling in London,
studied at college here, has worked
in the UK for more than 40 years, has
held a British passport, owns his own
home in London, and has two adult
British children and five British grandchildren, he cannot understand why
the Home Office has classified him as
someone here illegally.
He reported in person for the first
time to the Home Office on Tuesday,
but there was official confusion about
who he was and where his papers
were, and he was told to report again
in two weeks. Until the situation is
resolved, he remains worried that
immigration officials may visit him at
home and take him to a detention centre. He has tried repeatedly to call the
number printed on the Home Office
letter, but his calls are never answered.
?It scares the living daylights out of
you ? the threatening language on the
letters,? he said. ?This is the country
I?ve grown up in. I love it and it?s been
very good to me over the years. But I?m
devastated it has come to this. I feel
like I?m being thrown aside.?
His problems are similar to those
experienced by a rising number of people who were born in Commonwealth
countries, moved to the UK as children
in the 1960s, and have only discovered
decades later that their status here has
never been formalised. Some, such as
63
Elwaldo Romeo?s age. He was four
when he moved to the UK with his
mother for her work as a nurse
13
Number of years for which Romeo
is said to have had ?no status? and is
therefore liable for detention
Paulette Wilson, have been wrongly
sent to immigration removal centres
and threatened with deportation, others have been made homeless, lost
their jobs or been refused free NHS
treatment because they are unable to
produce a British passport.
The shadow home secretary, Diane
Abbott, said: ?It is important that the
Home Office is more compassionate.
I think they are being unreasonable.
These are not people who came in
on the back of a lorry. These are lawabiding British citizens.?
When Romeo?s MP, Kate Osamor,
who represents Edmonton in north
London, raised the case with the Home
Office, she was told he was someone
who was ?liable for detention? and has
?had no status since 2005?.
Osamor said she wanted the Home
Office to explain why a large group
of black Caribbean men and women
who had been in the UK since the 1960s
were being targeted by immigration
officials. ?There is a level of discrimination. The rules have changed since
they were children. Why hasn?t the
Home Office made a plan for how to
help them? It needs a much more commonsense approach,? she said.
?People get very worried when they
get this kind of letter. Each time they
have to report to the Home Office,
they don?t know if they?re going to
be detained, and if it?s the last time
they?re going to see their family.?
Romeo thinks that the problem may
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Section:GDN 1N PaGe:31 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
Saturday 31 March 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 30/3/2018 13:59
cYanmaGentaYellowb
?
31
?This is the country
I?ve grown up in.
I love it. But I?m
devastated. I feel I?m
being thrown aside?
Elwaldo Romeo
A ?person without leave?
Elwaldo
Romeo, left, has
worked in the UK
for more than 40
years and in the
past has had a
British passport
PHOTOGRAPH: MARTIN
GODWIN/GUARDIAN
have been caused by his mother failing
to put his surname on his birth certificate in 1955, registering just a first
and middle name. He came to the UK
on his mother?s passport when she
emigrated here to become a nurse.
His father registered him at school as
Elwaldo Romeo, the name he has used
all his life. It is on his driving licence,
mortgage and tax records.
He successfully applied for a British passport in the 1970s but it was
stolen in the 1990s. When he tried to
reapply in 2006 the application was
rejected because his surname is not on
his birth certificate, and officials could
find no record of the earlier passport.
His extensive attempts to unravel this
anomaly have not been successful.
The Home Office phoned Romeo on
Wednesday, the day after the Guardian raised his case. A spokesperson
said: ?We have been in touch with Mr
Romeo to assure him we are urgently
reviewing his case and to help make
sure that he is providing correct information to demonstrate his status.?
Romeo said: ?I?m not impressed
with the way they are dealing with
me and other people in my situation.
People?s lives are on hold. They don?t
take into consideration that I?ve been
here since I was four.
?If anyone asked me I could tell
them where to find pictures of me in
the Islington Gazette playing football
as a child for Islington district. No one
has asked me any of these questions.?
Fire crews need not
say sorry for arena
failures, says mayor
Helen Pidd
North of England editor
Frontline firefighters in Manchester
who turned up two hours late to the
Manchester Arena after the bombing
last year have nothing to apologise
for, according to Andy Burnham, the
mayor of Greater Manchester.
Some firefighters asked for forgiveness after an independent review into
the arena terror attack criticised the
fire service for playing ?no meaningful
role? in the aftermath of the bombing
on 22 May last year.
Poor communication and a riskaverse culture had led to fire chiefs
preventing the service from deploying
until two hours after the bomb went
off, a review by the former civil service
head Bob Kerslake revealed this week.
But Burnham published an open letter to firefighters yesterday in which
he said: ?No frontline firefighter has
to apologise for anything. You and
your colleagues did nothing wrong
that night.?
He told the firefighters: ?The failure
is not yours but one of process, leadership and culture.?
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:32 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 30/3/2018 16:02
?
32
Irish pubs
serve their
?rst Good
Friday pints
for 90 years
cYanmaGentaYellowb
The Guardian Saturday 31 March 2018
National
Press Association
Ireland lifted a nine-decade ban on
serving alcohol on Good Friday yesterday, prompting an early flurry of
drinkers eager to experience the novelty of ordering a pint on the holy day.
Brian Conlon, of Slattery?s Bar on
Capel Street in central Dublin was one
of the first to pull a legal Good Friday
pint. ?It was busier than usual this
morning. When I opened up at 7am
there were queues at the front door,?
he said. ?I think people were more
coming in for the novelty factor that
it was the first time in 90-odd years
that you could legally have a drink.?
The intoxicating liquor act, which
was voted through the D醝l in January, overturned a ban that had existed
since 1927. There were some exceptions to the ban, including people
attending theatre shows or sports
events. A ban on drinking on St Patrick?s Day was lifted in the 1960s.
Yesterday?s move follows a long
campaign by a hospitality industry
infuriated by the lost revenue.
? A spectral presence ... Charlotte Gainsbourg
PHOTOGRAPH: BURAK CINGI/REDFERNS
Music review
Insistent and unsettling
whisper of pop mythology
Charlotte Gainsbourg
Village Underground, London
?????
Laura Snapes
C
harlotte Gainsbourg
rarely tours ? not in
six years ? because she
used to worry about
people witnessing her
onstage discomfort.
But as she made Rest, a lucid
confrontation of her father?s and
sister?s deaths, she realised she no
longer cared.
?I don?t want to pretend that
I?m comfortable, that I have a big
voice,? she said. ?And it?s not that it?s
suddenly that I feel it?s enough. It?s
just that that?s who I am.?
Still, Gainsbourg is almost
invisible during parts of this oneoff UK show. She sits at a keyboard,
not facing the audience, or stands
grasping the microphone with both
hands. Her excellent band?s heavy
refashioning of Rest?s asphyxiated
lounge pop and off-kilter funk
dominates her insistent whisper of
a voice: as on Ring-a-Ring o? Roses,
it often sounds as if a rocket is
taking off, an impression matched
by a synth player pulling cables in
and out of a vertical modular rig
that resembles a flight deck. The
musicians are framed by striking
white neon squares that flash
violently, though Gainsbourg is
never lit directly and assumes a
silvery form in the strobes? haze.
For a presence so spectral,
Gainsbourg emphasises musical
physicality: the funky Songbird
in a Cage (written for her by Paul
McCartney) sounds almost like
a Herbie Hancock breakdown;
suddenly all the light is shocked
out of The Songs That We Sing as if
a star had collapsed. A clubby tone
pervades Sylvia Says, then goes
supernova on Deadly Valentine.
The set mostly revolves around
Rest, and a few old songs ? best of
all, her teenage singles written by
her father. On Charlotte Forever,
she finds a completely different
voice when she channels Serge:
lasciviously lizardy and totally
unsettling. The encore?s Lemon
Incest restores her to a mode in
which she has always felt wholly
comfortable: singing (in French).
Also in the encore, a gasped cover
of Kanye West?s supremely selfloathing Runaway fits Gainsbourg?s
self-effacing scheme. She sits at
the piano, lit from behind. It makes
looking at her blinding, but her
silhouette appears in such sharp
relief on Village Underground?s
back wall that you can make out
individual tendrils of her shaggy
bob. It?s the perfect image: a
suggestion, a black hole ? the
understanding, part of her father?s
legacy, that in pop, mythology
trounces reality.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:33 Edition Date:180331 Edition:02 Zone:
Saturday 31 March 2018 The Guardian
Madagascar
Surging vanilla price
fuels gang warfare
Page 36
Sent at 30/3/2018 22:01
??
Princely sum
m
Salary cut forr king?s
other
wayward brother
Page 38
33
At least 15 Palestinians die
as Israel responds to protest
Military deployed at Gaza
border as six weeks of
demonstrations start
Hazem Balousha Gaza City
Oliver Holmes Jerusalem
At least 15 Palestinians were killed and
hundreds more wounded by Israeli
forces in Gaza yesterday as protesters
began a planned six-week demonstration demanding the right of return for
refugees.
Israel?s military said 17,000
Palestinians were ?rioting? in six locations in the Gaza Strip, rolling burning
tyres at the security fence and its
troops, who, it said, responded ?with
riot dispersal means and firing towards
main instigators?.
The UN security council was due
to discuss the situation last night at
the request of Kuwait, diplomats said.
The Palestinian president,
Mahmoud Abbas, said in a statement
cYanmaGentaYellowb
that Israel was responsible for the violence and declared today a national
day of mourning.
Israeli forces enforce a no-go zone
for Palestinians in areas of Gaza close
to the fence and regularly fire on young
Palestinian men who hurl stones and
firebombs.
While protest camps within Gaza
were set up a few hundred yards from
the heavily fortified barrier, large
crowds marched towards the fence
and started throwing rocks. Ten men
with bullet wounds were stretchered
away. All had been shot in the legs.
The Gaza health ministry later said
15 Palestinians had been killed.
Israel has dismissed the demonstration as a Hamas ploy. Its military
had deployed reinforcements around
Gaza, including more than 100 special
forces sharpshooters and paramilitary
border police units.
?We are identifying attempts to
carry out terror attacks under the camouflage of riots,? Maj Gen Eyal Zamir,
commander of the Israeli military?s
?We are identifying
attempts to carry out
terror attacks under
camouflage of riots?
Maj Gen Eyal Zamir
Israeli commander
southern command, which includes
the border, said yesterday.
The Palestinian health ministry said
at least 500 Palestinians had been hurt
by live fire, rubber-coated steel pellets
or teargas fired by Israeli forces along
the fence.
The protests coincided with the
start of the Jewish Passover, when
Israel security forces are on high alert.
The first fatality occurred hours
before the demonstrations started
when a Palestinian farmer was killed
and a second Palestinian wounded
by an Israeli tank shell, according to
Gaza?s health ministry. Witnesses said
the man was working on his land, but
an Israeli army spokesman said the
pair were ?operating suspiciously?.
Gaza?s health ministry later said three
men were shot dead during clashes.
Ahead of the protest, Israel had
said it was considering force to prevent what it said might be a ?deliberate
charge on its borders?.
The Israeli foreign ministry preemptively placed the blame for any
clashes on ?Hamas and the other
Palestinian organisations who have
manufactured this entire campaign?.
At one protest camp near Gaza City,
a few dozen tents had been erected and
residents were walking around, some
carrying the Palestinian flag.
Fatima Nasser, 65, said she had
come with her seven children, all of
? Palestinian women wave flags and
flash the victory gesture during a
protest near the border with Israel
PHOTOGRAPH: MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/GETTY
whom were unemployed. ?To die
with dignity is better than living a life
full of humiliation. We will return to
our land; we will return to our homeland,? she said. ?Israel kills us anyway,
whether it?s by shooting or blockade.?
Mahmoud Younis, 18, said he had
come to show the world that Gazans
?deserve to live?. He said ?No one
looks at us, no one thinks about us, we
will continue to camp here and come
daily until someone looks at us and
there is a solution to this difficult and
miserable reality.?
The protest is expected to last until
15 May when Palestinians commemorate the Nakba (catastrophe), when
hundreds of thousands fled or were
expelled from their villages during the
1948 war. Most of Gaza?s two million
residents are refugees from the mass
displacement or their descendants,
according to the United Nations.
On 14 May, Israel will mark its 70th
anniversary and a new US embassy
is to open in Jerusalem after Donald
Trump broke with international consensus to recognise the city as Israel?s
capital. That infuriated Palestinians,
who claim East Jerusalem, which
Israel seized in 1967.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:34 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 30/3/2018 15:49
?
cYanmaGentaYellowb
The Guardian Saturday 31 March 2018
Eyewitnessed
Pictures of the week
34
? President
Emmanuel
Macron at the
funeral of the
gendarme officer
Arnaud
Beltrame, who
was killed by an
Islamist gunman
in the Tr鑒es
supermarket
siege after
swapping places
with a hostage
CHESNOT/GETTY
? A bird flies
among pear
flowers at the
Lihu wetland
park in east
China?s Jiangsu
province as
spring arrives
across the
country
XINHUA/BARCROFT
Visitors to
California?s
new Museum of
Selfies pose in
Darel Carey?s
installation,
which uses tape
to create an
optical illusion
MARIO ANZUONI/
REUTERS
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:35 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
Saturday 31 March 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 30/3/2018 15:49
cYanmaGentaYellowb
?
35
Kim Jong-un
waves from his
armoured train
on his unofficial
visit to China,
the first foreign
trip he has made
in his six years
as the leader of
North燢orea
KCNA/REUTERS
? A young Roman
soldier waits to take
part in a holy week
procession in the
Guatemalan city of
Antigua Guatemala
ANDREW MACCOLL/
REX/SHUTTERSTOCK
Schoolchildren
and their
families protest
in Seattle as part
of the March
for Our Lives
demonstrations,
calling for action
on gun violence
and school safety
in the US
LINDSEY WASSON/
GETTY IMAGES
? People gather
in Magadan,
Russia, to
mourn victims
of a fire at a
shopping centre
in Kemerovo,
Siberia. At least
64 people died
VIKTORIA DRACHKOVA/
TASS/GETTY
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:36 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 30/3/2018 17:43
?
36
cYanmaGentaYellowb
The Guardian Saturday 31 March 2018
World
Vanilla wars
Madagascar?s rich
spice brings death
and deforestation
Poorly regulated markets
and corrupt politicians
blamed for rise in violence
Jonathan Watts
Anjahana
T
he vanilla thieves of
Anjahana were so
confident of their
power to intimidate
farmers they provided
advance warning of
raids. ?We are coming tonight,? they
would write in a note pushed under
doors in this remote coastal village
in Madagascar. ?Prepare what we
want.?
But they either undervalued their
target commodity or overestimated
the meekness of their victims. After
one assault too many at the turn of
the year, a crowd rounded up five
alleged gangsters, dragged them into
the village square and then set about
the bloody task of mob justice.
?They hacked and stabbed
them to death with machetes and
harpoons,? says a vanilla farmer,
who was among onlookers. ?I think
it?s good. The police did nothing.
Now the gangsters will be afraid of
stealing from us. We have our own
guard now. The young men of the
community make patrols at night.?
These extrajudicial killings ?
confirmed to the Guardian by a local
priest ? have gone unsolved and
under-reported internationally until
now. But environmental defenders
say they highlight how the surging
price of vanilla on global markets is
connected to village crime and forest
destruction.
Madagascar is the world?s primary
Madagascan vanilla is a
highly prized commodity
supplier of pods used to flavour
ice cream, cakes and chocolate. In
spite of its bland reputation, a morethan-tenfold surge in the value of
the spice over the past five years has
aroused dangerous passions.
Crop thefts have been reported in
most of the key growing regions and
there have been dozens of murders.
Some communities have called for
protection by armed police. Others ?
as in Anjahana ? have taken matters
into their own hands.
From Antananarivo, the capital,
it takes a plane, a ferry, a gondola
and two motorbike rides to reach
this picturesque village. On the
way, Clovis Razafimalala, a forest
defender, explains the vanilla
violence is a product of poorly
regulated global markets, corrupt
local politicians and a flood of cash
from illegal rosewood trades to China.
Clovis, as he is known, has
risked life and liberty to expose
these connections. A co-founder
of Coalition Lampogno, an
environmental watchdog , he
revealed how rosewood was
trafficked through Maroantsetra
port with the connivance of local
businessmen backed by powerful
national politicians.
None of them were punished
over his revelations, but Clovis was
accused of instigating public unrest
and spent 10 months in prison.
Thanks to an international outcry
by Amnesty and other human
rights groups, he was released
last September, but his five-year
sentence has only been suspended.
He has reported threats and an arson
attack on his home ? a sign of the
powerful forces he faces.
Rosewood has become the world?s
most trafficked wildlife commodity,
with sales from Madagascar alone
worth hundreds of millions of
dollars. Almost all of it is illegal
and destined for China, where the
hardwood is prized for furniture. In
2014, a single shipment of 30,000
logs was intercepted in Singapore en
route from the island.
Authorisation for the contraband
shipment ? one of the biggest
seizures in the history of Cites
(Convention on International Trade
in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna
and Flora) ? had come from senior
government officials, according to
documents presented to court.
Since then, trade has slowed. But
Clovis says the gangs that previously
felled and sold rosewood now use
their networks to sell endangered
wildlife and laundering money
through the vanilla industry. ?It?s all
the same people who profit,? he says.
Many share his views. ?It?s a
fact that vanilla is being used to
launder money made illegally
from rosewood sales,? says Harisoa
Ravaomanalina, a specialist in
wood anatomy at the University
of Antananarivo. ?A big mafia is
behind this and they?re close to our
government.?
Vanilla prices have been rising
as a result of increasing demand
for natural flavouring in wealthy
nations, cyclones that disrupted
production, and crime.
But Serge Rajaobelina, an
industry expert, believes 5-10%
of the price rise may be a result of
speculation by rosewood traders.
?They had cash in their pockets and
they saw the value of vanilla going
up so they bought up stocks. This
created a shortage, and so the price
went higher.?
Rajaobelina runs Fanamby, an
NGO that works with thousands
of grassroots farmers to produce
sustainable, traceable vanilla. He
urges international buyers not to
punish farmers, many of whom
are from poor communities, but to
look more closely at the source of
products.
In the near future, he expects
crime will drive up the price.
?Farmers are afraid so they are
harvesting early. That means the
vanilla bubble is going to get bigger
because there is high demand, low
quality and low production.?
Vanilla is adding to deforestation
pressures. At Masoala national
park ? one of Madagascar?s bestprotected forests and home to
many endangered species of lemur
? visitors can hear chainsaws and
see recently felled trees. In one area
just inside the park boundary sign,
a small clearing has been opened for
the cultivation of vanilla.
Locals say they can sell a kilogram
for 1,500,000 ariary (�0), more
than 10 times the price of a few years
ago. With the extra income, they
are building more and bigger homes
using timber from the forest.
The change is evident at
Marafototra, a village on the edge
of the park. One local, who gives
only his first names, Jean Victor,
says he has doubled the area under
cultivation, although he insists his
fields are all outside the boundaries
of the protected area. ?Everyone
in the village is doing it. We?re all
building new homes,? he says.
Forest defenders say the tree
cutting is done stealthily to avoid
detection by satellites. But the
degradation is worsening as people
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:37 Edition Date:180331 Edition:02 Zone:
Sent at 30/3/2018 21:34
cYanmaGentaYellowb
??
Saturday 31 March 2018 The Guardian
37
? A farmer and her child in a
plantation of vanilla near
Sambava, eastern Madagascar
PHOTOGRAPH: PIERRE-YVES BABELON/GETTY
?The vanilla bubble
is going to get bigger
because there is high
demand, low quality
and low production?
Serge Rajaobelina
Industry expert
Nigerian schoolgirls tell
of Christian captive?s
Boko Haram escape bid
Ruth Maclean
Isaac Abrak Dapchi
From left,
Justin ?Vanille?
sells vanilla
pods from an old
truck; workers
spread cooked
vanilla in the sun
to dry; vanilla
hustler Prisco
� l?Appareil,
27, is also a rap
musician
PHOTOGRAPHS:
NATALIE BERTRAMS,
RIJASOLO/AFP/GETTY
arrive at the periphery of the
protected area.
Armand Marozafy, a former park
ranger who works with Lampogno,
blames the authorities. ?Vanilla is
now driving deforestation because
the price is so high,? he says. ?People
have seen how the government
ignored the law and destroyed the
forest to sell rosewood. So they now
feel they can do the same for vanilla.
It?s a new problem with roots in the
old problem.?
Marozafy spent five months
in prison in 2015 ? ostensibly for
defamation ? after he denounced
illegal logging. Human rights groups
say such criminalisation of critics is
becoming more common. Fernand
Cello, a journalist, was charged with
defamation after he reported on
an illegal sapphire mine. Raymond
Mandiny came under similar legal
10
The number of
months forest
defender Clovis
Razafimalala
spent in jail
for exposing
corruption
pressure after he challenged a rare
earth project in the north-western
town of Ambanja. Last October,
an environmental campaigner
called Raleva was given a two-year
sentence after he questioned the
permits for a gold mine.
The problem is not just high
demand for commodities such as
vanilla, rosewood, and minerals, but
a lack of will to tackle corruption and
promote accountability, according
to Ndranto Razakamanarina, the
president of the Alliance Voahary
Gasy, a conservation group building
a network of environmental
defenders.
?In Madagascar today there is no
democracy. It is the critics not the
culprits who are prosecuted,? he
says. Similar sentiments explain why
some feel driven to take justice into
their own hands.
The only Christian among the 110
schoolgirls abducted last month by
Boko Haram escaped from her kidnappers but was caught and brought back
three days later, according to fellow
captives speaking in their first interview since they were returned to their
families last week.
Leah Sharibu is the only one of the
Dapchi girls who Boko Haram refused
to hand over after negotiations with
the Nigerian government, apparently
because she refused to renounce her
faith and convert to Islam. She is still
being held by the group, which has
killed tens of thousands and displaced
millions across north-east Nigeria and
the surrounding region.
Speaking to the Guardian from
their homes in Yobe state, the girls,
who had to leave their friend behind,
described how Leah and two others
had attempted to escape. ?She didn?t
tell us she was leaving,? said Aisha
Ibiwa. ?We thought she was just going
round the corner, but she sneaked out
along with Maryam and Amira.?
After walking for three days, the
three hungry and exhausted girls
approached a family of the nomadic
Fulani people, asking for their help
getting home to Dapchi. Instead, they
were taken straight back to their kidnappers, according to Hajara Adamu,
another of Leah?s friends.
?The Fulani man said to them: ?So
you are the missing girls that we?ve
heard about on the radio.? He gave
them a jerrycan filled with cow?s milk
and brought them back,? Hajara said.
Hajara had worse luck: when she
tried to run away, she was whipped.
She was frogmarched back to the camp
with a gun at her back, after making the
mistake of asking some local women
for directions. ?They started laughing at us and even insulting us, saying
that we wanted to go back to the land
of unbelievers,? Hajara said.
The fact that Leah walked for three
days and was still sent back suggests
that the Boko Haram faction that
held them controls significant territory in the Lake Chad region, which
the Nigerian government has repeatedly denied.
The girls described a terrible journey to the region in the days after
they were originally abducted, during which they watched some of their
friends die, trampled and suffocated
to death in the packed lorry.
?They were saying: ?Pull us up or
we?ll die,? but I couldn?t help them,?
said Fatima Abdullahi. ?I was lucky
that someone pulled me up.? The girls
shouted that some of them were dying
but by the time their kidnappers paid
attention, five were dead. They kept
driving through the night.
?In the early morning, they dug a
hole and put their bodies in it. They
didn?t give them an Islamic burial, and
they didn?t pray,? Hajara said.
Arriving at an area shaded by
trees, the girls were told they were in
Tabdichadi, or ?water of Lake Chad?,
where they stayed for the next few
weeks , watching aircraft circle
overhead.
Boko Haram left only two guards
to watch over the captives, but a tall,
youngish man with a long beard whom
the girls only knew as ?the Khalifa?
came every week to see them.
?He?d take off his balaclava and say:
?You shouldn?t go back to Nigeria. It?s
a country of sinners and unbelievers.
When you go back, convince your parents to come back here to the Islamic
caliphate with you,?? Hajara said.
This man is thought to have been
Abu Musab al-Barnawi, who in 2016
was announced as Boko Haram?s leader
by Islamic State, which apparently had
had enough of the bloodthirsty tactics
of his predecessor, Abubakar Shekau.
The girls? testimony was collected
a week after their liberation and their
visit to Abuja, the Nigerian capital,
where they were immediately taken
to meet the president, Muhammadu
Buhari, who claimed last month that
Boko Haram no longer had ?the capacity to hold a territory and challenge the
sovereignty of the state?.
Schoolgirls released by Boko Haram arrive at Maiduguri airport, escorted by
troops and government officials, to be reunited with their families PHOTOGRAPH: EPA
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:38 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
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?
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The Guardian Saturday 31 March 2018
World
38
? Prince Laurent on his phone during
Belgium?s national day celebrations
PHOTOGRAPH: SYLVAIN LEFEVRE/GETTY IMAGES
Wife of French
president files
complaint over
restaurant scam
Kim Willsher
Paris
Wayward Belgian
prince?s endowment is
cut despite plea to MPs
Daniel Boffey
Brussels
An emotional letter to parliament from
the Belgian king?s wayward brother,
in which he claims to be the most
exploited man in the country, has been
dismissed by MPs who have fined him
15% of his endowment after a series of
embarrassing incidents.
A three-page appeal for clemency
by Prince Laurent, younger brother
of King Philippe, was read out by the
parliamentary speaker before a vote
on the sanction yesterday.
The government had proposed a
reduction in the prince?s ?308,000
(�0,000) annual endowment
in response to his unapproved
appearance, in full naval uniform, at
a ceremony to mark the 90th anniversary of the founding of the Chinese
People?s Liberation Army.
In his letter to the MPs, the 54-yearold says he has lived a life of service to
the state and the royal family, whom
he accuses of hindering all his efforts
to gain financial independence. ?I
even had to get permission to get married, and even today I pay the price for
choosing a woman I love, without title
or fortune,? Laurent wrote.
?I?m not free from mistakes, and
I?m the first to be aware that people
far poorer than me suffer a worse fate.
But I do not think that any other citizen of this country has been, with his
life, used with such relentlessness, and
his projects constantly hindered by his
family and by serious failures of some
political leaders.?
Laurent claimed he had been
unfairly traduced over a ?list of
?46,000
Amount by which the prince?s
annual endowment will be cut
? about 15% of his usual ?308,000
blunders, mistakes, constantly longer
over the years, constantly more overwhelming?, to which he had never
been given a right of reply.
?Do I need to remind you that
neither I nor my family is covered by
social protection (healthcare, disability, pension)?? Laurent asked MPs.
Of the reduction to his stipend, Laurent said the vote was ?the trial of his
life? and an unfavourable decision
would ?likely cause me serious prejudice, and be difficult to repair?.
Belgian MPs were unmoved by the
appeal, and voted in the early hours of
yesterday by 93 to 23 votes in favour of
withdrawing ?46,000 of the prince?s
allocation.
Patrick Dewael, an MP for the Flemish Liberals and Democrats party,
said: ?Princes and princesses are not
obliged to apply for a grant. If they
do, they have a duty to respect rules.
I would like to ask that the prince does
not turn too much into self-pity.?
Brigitte Macron has filed a legal complaint after fraudsters attempted to
steal her identity to get into restaurants and events around the world.
The scammers sent dozens of emails
from an address purportedly linked
to the 蒷ys閑 Palace ? cabinet@presidence.fr ?requesting tables, tickets or
VIP treatment. The address is similar
to that used by the French presidency.
Brigitte Macron has lived in a private
wing of the 蒷ys閑 with her husband,
Emmanuel, since shortly after he won
the presidential election in May 2017.
One of Brigitte Macron?s aides said
yesterday: ?A complaint has been
lodged and an inquiry is under way.?
The aide added that the fraudsters had
been unsuccessful in their attempts to
impersonate her, but there were fears
for her image.
?It?s quite clearly an attempt to
damage her reputation,? a source close
to Macron told RTL radio, which broke
the story. It reported that the emails
had been sent as far afield as Australia,
Hong Kong and Morocco as well as
closer to home, in the last 10 days.
The missives requested invitations to luxury hotels and five-star
restaurants in Paris and tickets to the
Australian Grand Prix. A Moroccan
hotel reportedly received a request to
send a car to pick up Macron?s nephew
at the airport.
Presidents? spouses do not have an
official role in France, where the ?first
lady? title does not exist. President
Macron?s campaign declaration that he
would create an official status for his
wife was dropped after a public outcry.
Instead, the 蒷ys閑 published a
?transparency charter? outlining
Brigitte Macron?s role and status, and
the public funds given to her office.
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Charity No. 1109789
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Texts will be charged at your standard network rate plus your donation amount. Please ensure you have the bill payer?s permission before donating. You can also donate by post, send a cheque, postal order or CAF voucher made payable to ?Y Care International? to Y Care International, Think Micro appeal, 67-69 Cowcross Street, London, EC1M 6BP
(Registered Office). Y Care International is a charitable company limited by guarantee and registered in England and Wales (Company reg. no. 3997006). England and Wales charity number 1109789. Your donation will support Y Care International?s work, in partnership with the global network of YMCAs, to provide young men and women aged
15-24 in the world?s poorest communities with the support, skills and training they need to work their way out of poverty.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:39 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
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Saturday 31 March 2018 The Guardian
World
39
Cosmo culture war Anti-porn
campaign celebrates as Walmart
pulls magazine from checkouts
Tom Dart
Houston
E
ven in the digital age,
grabbing a magazine
at the supermarket
checkout is an
enduring American
tradition. Shoppers
at the country?s biggest retailer
were spoilt for choice this week if
they wanted to devour scurrilous
tabloid allegations about Hollywood
celebrities and the health, sexual
proclivities and drinking habits of
the British royal family.
But impulse-buying one of the
most popular women?s magazines,
Cosmopolitan, at a Walmart store
is now out of the question. The
country?s biggest retailer has
bowed to pressure from an antipornography group by evicting the
magazine from prime sites next to
the tills and chocolate bars.
Delighted by its success, the
National Center on Sexual
Exploitation is approaching other
leading retailers in the US to ask
them to follow Walmart?s lead,
putting the magazine squarely on
the battlefield in America?s neverending culture wars.
In 2015, the activists persuaded
Walmart to hide Cosmopolitan?s
covers behind wrappers at checkout
lanes in some stores, Haley Halverson, the group?s vice-president of
advocacy and outreach, told the
Guardian. In recent months, she
said, the group asked Walmart to go
further after receiving complaints
from parents. Describing the move
as a ?great example of corporate
responsibility?, Halverson said the
magazine was part of the ?hypersexualised media? that ?bombards?
young girls.
?A lot of 15- or 14-year-old girls
would pick up Cosmo because it has
?Every single issue
of Cosmopolitan
you pick up focuses
on how to sexually
pleasure a man?
a One Direction band member or
Selena Gomez on the cover, without
really recognising there?s actually
very adult material,? she said. ?The
articles are extremely graphic in
describing sex acts in detail.?
Cardi B, the rapper, is on the cover
of Cosmopolitan?s April issue, which
trails a story that promises to ?Heat
Up Sex!? with ?Sizzling Foreplay
Techniques? and ?Warm Toys For
Your Hot Spots?, while ?microcheating? is under the spotlight.
Cosmopolitan is not banned from
Walmart, but interested parties will
have to find it amid the thicket of
other titles in the main magazine
section where placement and availability might also be viewed by some
as contentious.
In one store in Texas this week,
Disney Junior magazine and a
Crayola colouring book perched next
to copies of Tactical Life gun magazine (cover story: ?Mass Shooting
Mayhem?), Guns & Ammo, Sniper
Journal and periodicals devoted to
the AK-47 and AR-15. Cosmopolitan
was at the other end of the stand,
near the bridal and home furnishings titles.
Towards the rear of the store, a
wide range of guns were in stock in
the Sporting Goods section, among
the shin pads and badminton nets.
PHOTOGRAPH: ZVI LOWENTHAL/NEW YORK TIMES
Fox host?s mockery of Parkland
survivor prompts ad boycott
Reuters
Chicago
At least five companies said they were
dropping advertisements from a Fox
News show hosted by the conservative pundit Laura Ingraham after
she mocked a teenage survivor of
the Parkland school massacre and he
responded with a call for a boycott.
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Parkland student David Hogg, 17,
tweeted a list of a dozen companies
that advertise on The Ingraham Angle
and urged his supporters to demand
they cancel their ads. Ingraham had
taunted him on Twitter over his four
rejected college applications and
accused him of whining.
Hogg is a survivor of the 14 February
mass shooting that killed 17 people
at Marjory Stoneman Douglas high
school in Florida. He and other classmates have become the faces of a
new youth-led movement calling for
tighter restrictions on firearms.
Conservatives who oppose gun
control have been critical of the campaign and its leaders that led to more
than one million people taking part in
last weekend?s March for Our Lives in
Washington and other US cities.
The food company Nestl�, travel
websites Expedia and TripAdvisor,
the online home furnishings retailer
Wayfair and the pet food company
Nutrish all said they were cancelling
their advertisements.
Wayfair said it supported dialogue
? David Hogg addresses the March
for Our Lives rally in Washington
?While this was primarily a business decision, the concerns raised
were heard,? said Walmart, which
operates more than 5,000 US stores.
Cosmopolitan bills itself as ?the
world?s largest young woman?s
media brand?, with a ?mission to
empower fun, fearless females to
own who they are and be who they
want to be?.
It said: ?With our focus on
empowerment, we are proud of
all that the brand has achieved for
women around the world in the
areas of equality, health, relationships, career, politics and social
issues.?
The Washington-based National
Center on Sexual Exploitation
was founded in 1962 and known
as Morality in Media until it was
renamed in 2015. It linked its crusade with the #MeToo movement.
Halverson claimed that Cosmo is
?adding to a culture that enforces
male sexual entitlement ? Every
single issue that you pick up of Cosmopolitan will be focused on how to
sexually pleasure a man in order to
keep him around.?
This suggestion drew condemnation from Michelle Ruiz, the magazine?s former sex and relationships
editor. ?#MeToo is about unwanted
sex and sexual attention, sexual
assault, and harassment, Ruiz told
Vogue.com. ?Shielding women from
reading about the healthy sex they
want to have has absolutely nothing
to do with #MeToo.
?In fact, pulling Cosmopolitan
? a magazine by (mostly) women
for women ? only serves to further
shame women for wanting to own
their sex lives. The real world took
another step toward its slow and
sure conversion to The Handmaid?s
Tale.?
Many conservatives and Christians, though, were delighted. ?The
false ?feminism? Cosmo promotes
wrecks young women?s lives, shatters marriages through divorce, and
has led to millions of babies being
aborted,? Sue Ellen Browder ? a former writer for the magazine ? wrote
in the National Catholic Register.
In a curious twist, one of Cosmopolitan?s biggest critics is Victoria
Hearst ? the granddaughter of William Randolph Hearst, the press
baron who founded the corporation
that publishes the magazine.
In 2001 she used inheritance
money to start a Christian ministry
in the Rocky Mountains and has lent
her support to a campaign called
Cosmo Hurts Kids. In recent months
it has paid for billboards in conservative states that declare: ?Cosmopolitan Magazine Contains Porn.?
and debate but ?the decision of an
adult to personally criticise a high
school student who has lost his classmates in an unspeakable tragedy is not
consistent with our values?.
Ingraham tweeted an apology ?in
the spirit of Holy Week?, saying she
was sorry for any hurt or upset she
caused Hogg or any of the ?brave
victims? of Parkland.
Hogg tweeted that an apology just
to mollify advertisers was insufficient.
He said he would accept it only if Ingraham denounced the way Fox News
treated him and his friends.
?It?s time to love thy neighbour, not
mudsling at children,? Hogg said.
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The Guardian Saturday 31 March 2018
World
Michael Safi
? Just-hatched olive ridley sea turtles cross Versova beach, Mumbai, where
volunteers have restored nesting sites PHOTOGRAPH: AFROZ SHAH/GETTY IMAGES
Mumbai turtles return
after volunteers hatch
plan for beach cleanup
Hatchlings from a vulnerable turtle
species have been spotted for the first
time in decades on a Mumbai beach
that has been rejuvenated in the past
two years by a huge volunteer cleanup
operation.
At least 80 olive ridley turtles have
made their way into the Arabian Sea
from nests on the southern end of
Versova beach in the past week, protected from wild dogs and birds of prey
by volunteers who slept overnight in
the sand to watch over them.
Versova has undergone what the UN
has called the ?world?s largest beach
cleanup project? over the past two
years, transformed from a shin-deep
dump yard for plastics and rubbish to
a virtually pristine piece of coastline.
The man who leads the continuing
cleanup operation, the lawyer Afroz
Shah, said he started anticipating the
turtle hatchings two months ago when
farmers on the southern end of the
two-mile (3km) beach reported seeing turtles in the sand.
?The moment we got that news I
knew something big was going to happen,? he said. Last Thursday, some of
his volunteers called to say they had
spotted dozens of baby olive ridley turtles emerging from their nests.
He called the forest department
and then went down to the beach
with about 25 others, guarding the
area while the tiny creatures hobbled
across the sand, ?making sure not one
hatchling suffered a death?, he said.
The olive ridley species, thought to
be named for the olive-green hue of its
upper shell, is the smallest and most
abundant sea turtle in the ocean, but
is still classified as vulnerable by the
International Union for Conservation
of Nature.
Mother turtles lay eggs in an enormous mass-nesting process known
as arribada. Last month on the coast
of the eastern Indian state of Odisha,
a record 428,083 olive ridley turtles
nested at the Rushikulya rookery.
Though they nest elsewhere in
Mumbai, none had been sighted on
Versova beach in decades, owing to the
acute pollution problem there, Shah
said. ?I had tears in my eyes when I
saw them walking towards the ocean.?
80
Number of olive ridley hatchlings
counted on the once heavily polluted
beach close to India?s megacity
Sumedha Korgaonkar, who is completing a PhD on olive ridley turtles
with the Wildlife Institute of India,
said it was possible small numbers
of the turtles had been nesting on the
beach in past years. ?We can?t say for
sure since regular patrolling for turtles
nests is not done in Mumbai,? she said.
?Beach cleanups definitely have a
positive effect on nesting turtles. Many
beaches that are major nesting sites are
cleaned during the nesting season by
villagers, which increases the chances
of getting nests [there].?
For more than two years, Shah has
been leading volunteers in picking
up rubbish from Versova beach and
teaching sustainable waste practices
to villagers and people living in slums
along the neighbouring coastline.
About 55,000 people live along the
beach and the waterways that feed it
in the megacity. Shah said he taught
them by example, offering to clean
communal toilets and pick up rubbish himself before seeking their help.
?For the first six to eight weeks,
nobody joined,? he said. ?Then two
men approached me and said, very
politely, ?Please sir, can we wear your
gloves?? Both of them just came and
joined me. That?s when I knew it was
going to be a success.?
He said the team had cleaned 13m爇g
of debris from the beach in the past
two years. India has some of the most
polluted waterways and beaches in
the world owing to rapid urbanisation.
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?
Saturday 31 March 2018 The Guardian
World
41
? A boy redeems a voucher from a
bottle recycling machine in Germany
PHOTOGRAPH: CLYNT GARNHAM/ALAMY
In brief
US
Facebook has to defend
?grow at any cost? memo
Facebook has been forced to defend
itself after the leak of a 2016 memo
in which a top executive said
anything the network did to grow
was justified, even if it led to deaths
through bullying or helped terrorists
plan attacks.
Andrew Bosworth, a VP, wrote
?anything that allows us to connect
more people more often is de facto
good?. Mark Zuckerberg, its chief
executive, disagreed and said
Facebook ?never believed the ends
justify the means?. The company
faces a backlash after the personal
information of 50 million users was
used by Cambridge Analytica.
Sam Levin San Francisco
Syria
Rebels reject deal to
leave besieged enclave
A lot of bottle
Germans split on recyling
scheme 15 years after launch
Philip Oltermann
Hamburg
A
t a drinks retailer
on the outskirts of
Hamburg, a father
holds up his threeyear-old son to help
him push an empty
plastic water bottle into a hole on a
large grey machine.
With a whirring sound, the
apparatus pulls the bottle out of
the child?s hand, juggles it on an
assembly line to scan the barcode,
then sucks the container even
deeper into its belly and eventually
shreds it with a satisfying crunch.
?Jackpot!? says the boy, beaming
with glee as the machine spits back a
25-cent voucher.
Next in line, a man carrying a bin
bag brimming with plastic bottles
fails to feel the same joy. ?To be
honest, I think it?s a slog,? says ?黭r�
莂l, 41. ?Somehow the supermarkets
have found a way of making us clear
up after them.?
Germany, which has the
reputation of a recycling world
champion, is seen by many as the
inspiration behind Britain?s new
deposit return scheme for bottles
and cans announced this week.
However, 15 years after its
introduction, views on the scheme
still vary. Introduced in 2003,
Germany?s pfand (deposit) system
has had a overwhelmingly positive
effect on littering and introduced
fun new technology, but it has
come with some unexpected sideeffects, including the hundreds
of pfandsammler or ?deposit
collectors? in the larger cities who
roam the streets searching bins for
Number crunching
25 cents
Typical deposit (roughly 22p) charged
on a non-reusable bottle. The figure is
8-15 cents for glass
1-3%
The proportion of non-reusable
bottles which are not returned in
Germany; 99% of cans are recycled
?3bn
The estimated vlaue to drinks
producers of unredeemed bottles since
the recycling scheme began
plastic bottles. Many are pensioners
or people in precarious living
conditions.
In terms of advancing the
introduction of genuinely green,
reusable drinks containers, the
effect has also been negligible.
The pfand is included in the
sale price of a bottle or can and is
reimbursed when the container is
returned to a vendor.
Almost all German supermarkets
have sophisticated ?reverse vending
machines? that will weigh and
scan your bottle. If your bottle is
not on the list of acceptable shapes
and sizes, the machine spits the
container back at you. If it matches,
the bottle goes down a chute for
recycling or shredding, and the
machine hands you a voucher you
can cash in at the till.
Non-reusable, ?one-way? bottles,
mostly plastic, come with a higher
deposit (usually 25 cents) than
reusable, mostly glass bottles which
come in at between 8 and 15 cents.
The original idea behind the price
difference was twofold: it increased
the incentive for people to return
environmentally-harmful plastics
that would otherwise litter the
landscape, but was also designed
to make non-reusable beverage
containers less attractive in the long
run.
Regarding the former, it has been
a resounding success. Now, only 1%3% of non-reusable bottles are not
returned in Germany; recycling rates
for cans are around 99% ? in part due
to the informal sub-economy of the
pfandsammler.
But while many PET bottles
in Germany are marked with a
recycling arrow, only about a quarter
of those returned find a second life
as a bottle. Others are recycled as
plastic films and fibres, shipped
abroad ? or burned.
A new law, coming into force
in 2019, is designed to correct the
impression that every bottle thrown
into a reverse vending machine is
a boon for the environment: shops
will be forced to distinguish between
reusable and non-reusable bottles
on their shelves.
?Customers will thus be
absolutely clear what kind of
drinks packaging they are buying,?
promised Stefan Hertel of the
German Retail Federation.
Environmental pressure groups
believe the pfand system has not
created much of an incentive for
manufacturers to go green. Drinks
producers make a sizable profit
from the 1%-3% of unreturned nonrecyclable bottles, for which retailers
have charged their customers extra
but never had to pay back a deposit.
Estimates put the value to drinks
producers of unreturned bottles
since the scheme began at more than
?3bn (�6bn).
?If Britain copies the German
system, I expect it will prove a
great success in the fight against
littering,? says Benjamin Bongardt of
Germany?s Nature and Biodiversity
Conservation Union.
?But it will entrench a system that
isn?t very environmentally friendly
in the first place. A tax on drinks
packaging would have proved a lot
more effective.?
The Syrian rebel group Jaysh alIslam yesterday denied reaching a
deal to evacuate the last town in the
besieged enclave of eastern Ghouta.
Talks that could lead to the
exile of the group from the town
of Douma, along with probably
tens of thousands of civilians, have
floundered over Russian demands
that they leave Ghouta, which
borders Damascus.
A scorched earth campaign by the
regime of Bashar al-Assad, backed
by Moscow, has killed over 1,500
civilians in the last few weeks and
devastated the region, which was
once the breadbasket of the capital.
Kareem Shaheen Istanbul
US
Sacked FBI man raises
$300,000 for legal fight
The former FBI deputy director
who was fired by the Trump
adminstration two days before he
was due to retire raised $300,000
(�3,750) in seven hours to help
cover his legal costs, according to a
funding website.
Andrew McCabe was heavily
criticised by the president when he
was forced out of his job ? which
he says was because he is a crucial
witness in the Russia investigation.
A statement on a GoFundMe page
said the goal was to raise $150,000,
but it was changed to $250,000
because of a response that ?has
been remarkable and beyond our
expectations?. Reuters Washington
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Saturday 31 March 2018 The Guardian
World
43
Running and shopping New Zealand
workers give four-day week a spin
Eleanor Ainge Roy
Dunedin
O
n the first weekend
of her employer?s
experiment with
a four-day week,
Kirsten Taylor
freaked out a little
bit. Like a housework hurricane, she
got through mounds of washing,
weeded the garden, cleaned the
windows and mowed the lawn.
She enjoyed spending extra time
with her 21-month-old son, but by
the third day off she was shattered.
?I actually found that day really
hard. I ran myself ragged,? said
Taylor, who is a solo mother. ?I
hadn?t yet programmed that routine
into my life. I thought: I don?t
PHOTOGRAPH: PETER
HEISTEIN/REUTERS
know when the next one of these
is coming, I better get everything
done. I don?t think I did it well, but
heck it was a productive day!?
Taylor is one of 200 employees at
the New Zealand trustee company
Perpetual Guardian, which is
halfway through a six-week trial that
could have profound implications
for the future of labour. Staff are
working four days a week but getting
paid for five.
The experiment will conclude in
mid-April, after which productivity
data will be analysed. Employees
will find out in July if the new
routine will be adopted full-time.
New Zealanders work an average
1,752 hours a year, close to the
average within the Organisation
for Economic Co-operation and
Development. Germans work the
fewest hours, followed by Denmark,
Norway and the Netherlands, while
Mexicans, Koreans and Costa Ricans
clock the most.
Luxembourg is the most
productive country in the world,
despite its workers toiling away for
an average of only 29 hours a week.
Last year the Autonomy Institute
made renewed calls for the
implementation of a four-day week,
saying it would help to even out the
unhealthy distribution of work.
Christine Brotherton, head of
people and capability for Perpetual
Guardian, said many employees
brought a similar level of focus to
making the most of the extra day off
as they would apply to their work.
?People have been thinking quite
hard about that third day off and
how best to use it so it can change
Don?t look now A cheetah gave a tourist family a fright when it
hitched a ride in their safari vehicle in the Serengeti in Tanzania.
The occupants obeyed the tour guide?s instruction not to make
eye contact with the animal and the cheetah was content to
chew the back of the vehicle seat before leaving.
Women get to wear the trousers
as Cathay Paci?c revamps image
Lily Kuo
Hong Kong
After more than 70 years of requiring
its female flight attendants to wear
skirts, one of Asia?s largest airlines
has said it will let them don trousers.
Cathay Pacific has reached the
agreement with unions, which also
covers other uniformed staff. The
Hong Kong-based carrier said: ?Choice
for our people is as important as for our
cYanmaGentaYellowb
passengers. It is imperative that our
customer-facing colleagues not only
feel pride in wearing the Cathay Pacific
and [regional airline] Cathay Dragon
colours but that they also feel comfortable and empowered to carry out their
duties to the best of their abilities.?
This month flight attendant unions
called on the airline to drop its skirtsonly policy. Cathay?s uniform for
female flight attendants includes a red
skirt with two slits at the back, black
stockings and black heels.
?There?s sexual harassment, not
only in the workplace but even on
public transport, people trying to
take pictures under their skirts,? said
Pauline Mak, vice-chair of the Hong
Kong Dragon Airlines Flight Attendants Association.
?We?ve been encountering a lot of
cases by our members ? so I think this
is one of the reasons why we tried to
do something,? Mak said.
Vera Wu Yee-mei, chair of the
Cathay Pacific Flight Attendants
Union, explained to Hong Kong media:
?The stereotype of the flight attendant is very old-style already: looking
pretty, full makeup and wearing a skirt.
It is a good time to have a revamp of
our image.?
their life. Some people come back to
work and are incredibly energised,?
said Brotherton.
?People have been training for
marathons, going to the dentist,
getting their car serviced, or doing
the shopping for their elderly
parents. All the stuff that has been
put on the back burner, but either
helps themselves or their family. Life
administration.
But she added: ?Some people
haven?t quite realised that if we have
three days off, the four at the office
have to be very productive, and we
need to address that.?
For the last two years a Swedish
care home has trialled a six-hour
work day, with mixed results.
Benefits included a 10% drop in sick
leave and higher job satisfaction, but
overall increased costs by 20%.
Amazon is reportedly piloting a
1,752
Number of hours a year that New
Zealanders work on average. The
Germans work the fewest hours
30-hour week for some employees.
While workers on the 30-hour week
receive the same benefits as fulltime employees, they earn 75% of
the salary ? and results aren?t in yet
on the results of the pilot.
Perpetual Guardian?s chief
executive, Andrew Barnes, said
some employees have found the
reduced time to complete their work
stressful, though. ?in general terms,
people are more positive because
they are suddenly able to do things
they otherwise couldn?t do?.
But he expressed disappointment
at the lack of interest in the by
the New Zealand government
experiment, despite its potential
implications for addressing issues
from work-life balance and the
gender pay gap to people?s health
and mental wellbeing.
Kirsten Taylor has now settled
into the new routine. The office is
quieter and ?more concentrated?.
?It was definitely more pressurised
than I would ever have expected.
But now I am nervous about when
it ends. I don?t know anyone who
wants to return to the old routine.?
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?
Saturday 31 March 2018 The Guardian
DIY nightmare
How Homebase
revamp went wrong
Page 47
Uber
Former boss received
$4m consultancy fees
Page 49
45
Mergers and
acquisitions
reach record
high in first
quarter
Reuters
Global mergers and acquisitions
(M&A) had their strongest start ever
in the first quarter of 2018, totalling
$1.2 trillion (�4m) in value, as US tax
reform and faster economic growth
in Europe unleashed the dealmaking
instincts of many companies.
Strong equity and debt markets and
swelling corporate cash coffers helped
boost the confidence of chief executives, convincing them that it was as
good a time as ever to pursue transformative mergers, dealmakers said.
?The clarity on tax has unclogged
some of the M&A activity that was
strategically imperative, but companies were waiting for the right
financial timing,? said Anu Aiyengar,
the head of North America M&A at
JPMorgan Chase.
While the value of M&A deals globally increased 67% year on year in the
first quarter of 2018, the number of
deals dropped by 10% to 10,338, preliminary Thomson Reuters data
shows, reflecting how deals on average are getting bigger.
Among the largest were the $67bn
acquisition by the US health insurer
Cigna of the pharmacy chain Express
Scripts, and the German utility E.ON?s
$38.5bn acquisition of RWE?s renewable energy business Innogy.
M&A volumes doubled in Europe in
the first quarter, while volumes were
up 67% in the US and 11% in Asia.
?The better macroeconomic environment in Europe has created greater
confidence to get things done,? said
Borja Azpilicueta, head of EMEA Advisory at HSBC. ?Deals that have been in
the works for a long time are now coming to fruition and some industries like
utilities are being completely reshaped
by the latest wave of consolidation.?
In the UK, the �1bn battle for
control of the engineering firm GKN
reached its climax on Thursday, with
the turnaround specialist Melrose
clinching victory by a small margin.
The same day, the former Tory party
treasurer Michael Spencer?s Nex Group
agreed a �9bn takeover bid from the
US group CME, the world?s largest
futures exchange.
In the US, the stock market rally was
interrupted in the first quarter by Donald Trump?s announcements on trade
tariffs on Chinese imports.
?Companies have become more
aggressive in pursuing deals that make
strong strategic sense,? said Gilberto
Pozzi, co-head of global M&A at Goldman Sachs. ?But valuations remain
high and boards have recently become
more cautious on large acquisitions.?
Corbyn calls on government to
put GKN jobs before City profits
Kevin Rawlinson
Jeremy Corbyn has accused the government of putting the profits of
speculators before the interests of staff
at one of Britain?s oldest engineering
firms, which is the object of a hostile
takeover deal that has been labelled
an ?abuse of capitalism?.
On Thursday, shareholders in GKN,
which made cannonballs for the Battle of Waterloo and Spitfires for the
second world war, voted to accept
an �1bn offer from Melrose, a firm
that specialises in turning round failing companies and selling them on at
a profit, and which has been labelled
an ?asset-stripper?.
Some of GKN?s shareholders had
only bought into the company a few
days before backing the takeover,
prompting the Labour leader to call
them speculators looking to make fast
cash out of the deal.
?The Tories have put the interests
of City speculators over people?s jobs.
Labour would have stopped the takeover of GKN and, in government, we?ll
make our economy work for the many,
not the few,? Corbyn said. Referring
to the front page of yesterday?s Daily
Mail, which called the deal an ?abuse
of capitalism?, he added: ?You know
things are bad when the Daily Mail
calls out a rigged economic system.?
There were calls for the government
to block the deal on national security
grounds because of GKN?s status as
a defence contractor, including from
Labour MP Rebecca Long-Bailey, who
wrote to Greg Clark, the business secretary she shadows, yesterday.
?This deal from its inception in January of this year has raised issues of
national security. These have been
recognised across political parties,
by trade unions and other commentators,? she wrote, in a letter seen by
the Guardian.
?Amongst the concerns are the fact
that defence contracts are long term
and are undermined by the short-term
business model pursued by Melrose,
the potential breakup of the business
and the loss of jobs and skills.?
She added: ?The history of GKN
has been intertwined with our own
industrial and military history ... The
takeover puts at risk the firm and its
proud heritage. It not only endangers
our national defence, but our industrial strategy, too.?
Yesterday morning, Clark acknowledged he had a statutory duty under
the Enterprise Act 2002 to consider
the national security implications of
the deal, but refused to preempt the
deliberations. He told BBC Radio 4?s
Today programme the assessment
needed to be carried out ?properly
and thoroughly?.
Addressing concerns that the takeover of GKN had been waved through
by speculators, the business secretary said: ?Those shareholders that
bought their shares very recently of
course bought them from other shareholders that chose not in effect to back
the continuing management.?
?It puts at risk our
national defence and
industrial strategy?
Rebecca Long-Bailey
Shadow business secretary
? A GKN engineer at work. The firm?s
shareholders have voted to accept
an牐8.1bn hostile takeover by Melrose
PHOTOGRAPH: GKN
Later yesterday, Corbyn issued a
further call on the government to halt
the takeover, saying: ?This is about
people?s jobs, national security and
our whole industrial strategy.? He
said Clark should ?step in and act in
the national interest?.
Clark said the government?s
approach, as set out in its industrial
strategy, was non-protectionist.
He said ministers would not ?pick
winners as was done in the past and
subsidise or protect them?, saying the government would instead
seek to ?ensure that our business
environment is one in which there
is competition, in which no incumbent is immune from the challenge of
being kept efficient and strategically
focused?.
Vince Cable, the leader of the Liberal
Democrats, was the business secretary
when Kraft took over Cadbury in 2010
and, at that time, he called for a change
in the law to prevent hedge funds and
other short-term investors influencing takeovers.
Yesterday, he said: ?We need to
move to a system with two classes of
shareholders so that short-term holding for speculation cannot be given
the same weight in making judgements about the long-term future of
a company.?
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:46 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 30/3/2018 18:01
?
46
The Guardian Saturday 31 March 2018
Financial
Walmart in early talks to buy health insurer
Humana in deal that dwarfs Asda takeover
Simon Goodley
Walmart is reportedly in the early
stages of negotiations to buy the health
insurer Humana, in a deal that would
mark a new direction for the US multinational retailer.
cYanmaGentaYellowb
The Wall Street Journal reported
that the companies were in preliminary talks, representing the latest
move towards consolidation in the
healthcare industry in recent months.
Walmart and Humana are looking at numerous options including
an acquisition, the Journal reported,
citing people familiar with the issue.
Should Walmart acquire Humana
it would become one of the US?s largest healthcare insurers. A deal would
also dwarf Walmart?s previous biggest
takeover, of Asda, in 1999 for $10.8bn.
Shares in Humana, which has a
market value of about $37bn, rose by
about 11% in after-hours trading on
Wall Street following the report on
Thursday. Shares in Walmart, which
is valued at about $264bn, edged down
by about 1%. Stock markets in the US
were closed yesterday for Good Friday.
The largest American health
insurers have been looking for alternative deals after monopoly concerns
scuppered other tie-ups. Humana?s
attempted merger with its rival Aetna,
and a prospective deal between
Anthem and Cigna, were blocked as a
result of Department of Justice (DoJ)
lawsuits brought by Barack Obama?s
administration. In July 2016, both
of the large potential mergers were
challenged by the DoJ?s antitrust division and several states due to concerns
that the combined companies would
increase prices, dampen competition
and hinder innovation.
The pharmacy chain CVS said in
December it would buy Aetna, and
Cigna announced earlier this month
that it would purchase Express Scripts,
a pharmacy benefits manager.
Walmart already runs a large pharmacy business, which has outlets in
many of its stores, while the retailer
has also attempted to run clinics in
some of its locations.
Co-op to switch
own-brand water
to 50% recycled
plastic bottles
sparkling and flavoured water bottles
will save almost 350 tonnes of plastic
every year. It has also said it plans to
rid its aisles of black and dark-coloured
plastic by 2020 on the grounds that it is
harder for sorting machines to detect
due to its pigment and contaminates
the recycling stream, reducing the usefulness of the recovered material.
Co-op Food?s chief executive, Jo
Whitfield, said: ?Our customers expect
us to respond to this challenge and
help them make more ethical choices,
and we?re dedicated to doing just that.
?Making these changes will also
create new uses for recycled materials which in turn gives our customers
greater confidence in recycling.?
Iain Ferguson, Co-op?s environment
manager, said: ?Suppliers are working
hard to make the bottle clearer ? and
they already have. In the meantime,
our bottles will wear this greyish colour which I see as a badge of honour:
we are part of the market for recycled
products and are proud of that.?
The Co-op said it fully supported
government plans announced this
week for a deposit return scheme to
cut plastic bottle waste.
Press Association
The Co-op supermarket plans to
switch all its own-brand water to 50%
recycled plastic bottles in a move it
expects will present customers with
an ethical dilemma.
The new bottles will have a cloudier and greyer appearance than those
without recycled plastic and the Co-op
said it accepted they could test shoppers? environmentally conscious
credentials.
The new bottles, which are 100%
recyclable and sourced in the UK, will
be rolled out to all stores later this year.
The supermarket has estimated that
the change to all its own-brand still,
STATUTORY NOTICE
Statutory Consultation Notice issued by
Lowestoft Sixth Form College on 31 March 2018
The Corporation of Lowestoft Sixth Form College hereby gives notice in
accordance with the provisions of the Further and Higher Education Act 1992
(as amended by the Apprenticeships, Skills, Children and Learning Act 2009 and
the Education Act 2011 and the Sixth Form College Corporations (Publication
of Proposals) (England) Regulations 2012 (S1 2012 No. 1158) of the proposal
that Lowestoft Sixth Form College (of Rotterdam Road, Lowestoft, Suffolk NR32
2PJ) be dissolved and that its property, rights, assets and liabilities be transferred
to East Coast College, St Peter?s Street, Lowestoft, NR32 2NB.
Lowestoft Sixth Form College provides education for 16-19 year old students
(mainly ?A? Level and Level 3 BTEC courses). The number of funded students
enrolled for 2017/18 is 743 who are all full-time. Dissolution of the Corporation
of Lowestoft Sixth Form College is proposed at the request of the Corporation in
order that it may merge with East Coast College to ensure the continuation of a
broad learning offer in East Norfolk, and North Suffolk.
The date proposed for the dissolution of the Corporation of Lowestoft Sixth
Form College is 1 August 2018. All students enrolled at Lowestoft Sixth Form
College at the date of the proposed dissolution will be able to continue their
education and complete their courses with the merged College.
A document setting out the full proposal and the consultation
arrangements (with details on how to make your views known) is available
free of charge at: www.l6fcecc.co.uk or on request via the email to
l6fcecc@gmail.com.
Representations on the proposal can be made in writing to FOUR Agency,
Hill House, 20 Hill House Road, Norwich, NR1 4BE or via email to
l6fcecc@gmail.com before 24:00 hours on Friday 4 May 2018.
The Corporation will consider all responses received by the above date and
will publish a summary of the consultation and its outcome by 4 July 2018
(to be available at www.l6fcecc.co.uk) and will be available free of charge to
anyone who requests it.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:47 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
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?
Saturday 31 March 2018 The Guardian
Financial
Retail
47
DIY disaster
Bunnings rues
the day it took
over Homebase
Australian company?s foray
into tricky UK market was
bungled from the beginning
Zoe Wood
I
t?s an Aussie institution
in crisis after aggressive
management led to disgrace
and embarrassment overseas.
It also knows a thing or two
about sandpaper. This is not
the country?s cricket side, though,
but Bunnings, the Australian DIY
retailer, that set out to conquer
Britain by revamping Homebase but
ended up writing off A$1bn (�0m)
after a catalogue of major mistakes.
The coming days will be critical
to Bunnings? future in the UK, as
Britons emerge from hibernation
to go shopping, buying plants and
materials for the gardening projects,
weather permitting, they will start to
tackle over the Easter weekend.
?Homebase is undoubtedly the
most disastrous retail acquisition in
the UK ever,? says GlobalData?s retail
analyst, Patrick O?Brien. ?I can?t
think of a worse one that has made
these kinds of losses so quickly. The
double bank holiday is extremely
important for DIY retail because it
sets the tone for spring/summer.
How important it is to Bunnings
depends on whether they are
actually making a decision [about
the future] or have already made it.?
The scale of the Homebase?s
distress became clear last month
when Rob Scott, the parent company
Wesfarmers? managing director,
announced the writedown after
Buyer?s remorse
�0m
The amount Bunnings? parent
company, Wesfarmers, paid for
Homebase two years ago
30,000
Number of products stocked by
Bunnings in the UK, 40% more than
in the old Homebase stores
�0m
One estimate of the amount needed
to keep Bunnings viable in the UK.
The cost of exiting is put at �0m
bungling the 2016 takeover to the
point where quitting the UK has
become a real option.
Perth-based Wesfarmers, one
of Australia?s biggest companies,
bought Homebase for �0m two
years ago, but by Christmas the
heavy losses emerging from its UK
outpost had become untenable. The
chain lost nearly �0m in the last
six months of 2017.
Scott admitted the management
team led by Bunnings veteran Peter
?PJ? Davis had made mistakes.
Perhaps the most glaring error was
axing the entire Homebase senior
management team and about 160
middle managers on getting the keys
to the stores. ?A lot of the issues we
are dealing with today, to be frank,
were self-induced,? a contrite Scott
said last month.
Scott, who inherited the
acquisition signed off by his
predecessor Richard Goyder, also
lamented the decision to jettison
the large home furnishings business
that had been a big draw for many of
Homebase?s female shoppers.
Faced with the might of the
market leader, B&Q, Homebase had
tried to attract female shoppers with
?personalised mood boards? and
attractive displays of cushions and
throws from brands including Laura
Ashley and Habitat. But almost
overnight that USP disappeared as
the Australians chucked out the
chintz en masse and turned the
stores into no-nonsense DIY sheds.
With floor-to-ceiling shelving
akin to the depressing warehouse
area near the checkouts in Ikea,
the industrial chic of the recently
refurbished store on the outskirts of
Twickenham in south-west London
is clearly aimed at hardcore DIYers.
There is a large section devoted
to what looks like a breeding ground
for power tools, with �0 mitre
saws nestling among an exhaustive
selection of cordless drills. There are
�0 four-burner gas barbecues and
�0 log splitters. Ideal for a large
spread in the Melbourne suburbs
perhaps. Not so fab for the average
British back garden.
?There?s definitely less girlie
stuff,? one shopper said. Her partner,
however, was impressed by the wide
choice on offer. Bunnings stocks
more than 30,000 products, 40%
more than the average Homebase
ever did.
Wesfarmers has now moved on to
its second team of bosses, replacing
Davis with Damian McGloughlin,
a former B&Q executive. Up to 40
stores ? the ones that are losing the
most money ? are slated to close
although industry sources suggest a
? Bunnings
outlets in the
UK stock giant
Australian-style
barbecues and a
huge selection of
powertools, but
fewer of the soft
furnishings that
used to attract
many shoppers
to Homebase
MAIN PHOTOGRAPH:
IAN WALDIE/
BLOOMBERG/GETTY
more radical closure programme has
also been under consideration.
But even packing up and going
home would be a massive headache
for Wesfarmers because it is on the
hook for Homebase?s �n rent bill.
In a recent note, a JP Morgan
analyst, Shaun Cousins, calculated
that it would cost Wesfarmers
�0m to throw in the towel versus
more than �0m to finish the job.
Neither option looks attractive.
A third route would be to keep 23
stores that have been converted into
Bunnings outlets and close the rest.
?The least-bad outcome is exit,? was
Cousins? stark assessment.
?Bunnings wholly underestimated
the complexity of the UK market,?
says Richard Lim, chief executive
of Retail Economics. ?The shop
environments didn?t live up to
customers? expectations, while
product selection failed to resonate
with their core customers. These
self-inflicted wounds have been an
incredibly expensive lesson for the
retailer, with the prospect of exiting
the UK becoming a realistic scenario?.
Britons? appetite for spending
money on their homes has been
muted in recent months amid rising
living costs and a softening housing
?Homebase is
undoubtedly the
most disastrous
retail acquisition in
the UK ever. I can?t
think of a worse one?
Patrick O?Brien
GlobalData retail analyst
market. Even B&Q is finding it hard
to get shoppers to part with their
cash. Its like-for-like sales were
down 5.1% in the three months
to the end of January. ?Personal
finances remain under pressure,?
says Lim. ?While inflation has fallen
sharply over the last month, real
incomes still remain in negative
territory. This is taking its toll,
particularly on discretionary bigticket items such as fitted bathrooms
and kitchens.?
Speaking last month, Scott
insisted pulling out of the UK was
?not our preferred option, but
? all options are open. There?s
value in this network and we
want to make sure that we reduce
the trading losses and hopefully
put the business on to a path to
profitability.?
Few of us will be tackling a bigger
DIY project than that this weekend.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:48 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
?
48
New living
wage ?still
not爀nough?
for low paid
Richard Partington
People earning the national minimum
wage would still need to work an extra
six weeks just to cover their everyday
living costs even after an inflationbeating pay rise from this weekend,
according to new analysis.
More than two million workers
will get a pay rise of at least 4.4%
from tomorrow, as the government?s
national living wage increases to �83
per hour from �50 for those over the
age of 25. The increase amounts to
more than �0 per year for full-time
workers on basic pay.
But the Living Wage Foundation
�83
The new national living wage
hourly rate that is coming into force
tomorrow, up from �50
Sent at 30/3/2018 17:25
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The Guardian Saturday 31 March 2018
Financial
estimates the new government minimum would provide a worker with an
annual salary worth almost �800 less
than if he or she had been paid the ?real
living wage? of �75 per hour, which is
calculated to cover what people need
to spend on basic living costs for housing, transport, childcare and food.
The foundation estimates an extra
33 working days would be required
to make up the shortfall between the
government minimum and its own
estimate for the ?real living wage? ?
the equivalent of more than six weeks
of extra work every year.
Tess Lanning, director of the Living Wage Foundation, said about
5.5爉illion people earned less than the
amount required to cover their regular outgoings before the increase, a
rise she welcomed but said did not do
enough to help those on low incomes.
?For these people, this is the difference between struggling to make
ends meet and being able to cover the
basics, from decent meals to heating
bills, to the costs of a birthday cake for
their children,? she said.
The shortfall in pay equates to more
than six months of food and drink bills
for an average household, an average
gas and electricity bill for more than a
year, or almost three month?s worth of
average rental payments.
The gap in London is wider, with
workers thought to need an additional
84 days to earn a real living wage, estimated at �.20 per hour.
PHOTOGRAPH:
MATTHIAS BALK/
PICTURE ALLIANCE
Keep the wheels turning The master cheesemaker at the
Austrian organic dairy plant Plangger, Reinhard Brunner,
holds a wheel of cheese in the ripening cellar of the company?s
factory in Niederndorf, Tyrol. About 50,000 cheese wheels can
be stored in this cellar, where the room temperature is kept at
a燾onstant 11C (51F) with a humidity level of 97%.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:49 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
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?
Saturday 31 March 2018 The Guardian
Financial
49
SpaceX plan for broadband satellite services
gets green light from US telecoms regulator
Reuters
Elon Musk?s SpaceX has been given
formal approval by the US telecoms
regulator to build a global broadband
network using satellites.
?This is the first approval of a
Ex-boss at
scandal-hit
Uber was
paid $4m
by SoftBank
Simon Goodley
A controversial former Uber boss, who
was one of the online taxi service?s
most senior executives when it was
engulfed in crisis last year, was paid
$4m (�8m) in consultancy fees by
the venture capital firm brought in to
revive the company?s fortunes.
Emil Michael received the payment
for advice given to the technology
investor SoftBank as it acquired a
17.5% stake in Uber earlier in the year.
The SoftBank investment was billed
as a fresh start for Uber, after it had
been swamped by allegations of sexual harassment, theft of trade secrets
and data breaches during 2017.
Michael, who left Uber in June, was
reportedly a key ally of the founder
and former chief executive, Travis
Kalanick, whose influence on the
board was diminished after SoftBank
took its stake.
Kalanick resigned from his executive role in June, amid efforts to bring
about wholesale change in Uber?s
corporate culture. In January he sold
about a third of his 10% Uber stake to
SoftBank , while retaining a seat on the
company?s board.
SoftBank declined to comment on
why it had hired such a high-profile
member of Kalanick?s so-called
?A-Team?, but a spokesman added:
? Emil Michael apologised for his
remarks about hitting back at critics
US-licensed satellite constellation
to provide broadband services using
a new generation of low Earth orbit
satellite technologies,? the Federal
Communications Commission said.
The system proposed by the
privately held SpaceX, as Space Exploration Holdings is known, would use
4,425 satellites, the FCC said.
?As is common practice in corporate
transactions, SoftBank occasionally appoints individual consultants
to advise on complex matters. Emil
played a helpful consultancy role in
the Uber transaction.?
While there is no suggestion that
Michael was involved in any of the
historical allegations of illegal behaviour at Uber, he has been portrayed as
a polarising figure.
In 2014 Michael apologised after
suggesting at a private dinner that
Uber might hire a team of researchers to dig up compromising material
on critical journalists.
A first-hand report of the event by
BuzzFeed said he specifically cited
Sarah Lacy, the editor of the technology website PandoDaily, who had
accused Uber of ?sexism and misogyny? and said she would be deleting
Uber?s app from her phone.
Michael said he had been criticising
Lacy for suggesting taxis were a safer
option for women than Uber. He added
that the suggestion Uber might dig up
dirt on its critics was ?hypothetical?.
The incident became newsworthy
once again last year as an engineer
formerly employed by Uber plunged
the company into crisis by detailing
a series of allegations of sexual harassment and discrimination, claiming
that management repeatedly dismissed her complaints, protected a
repeat offender and threatened to fire
her for raising concerns.
Michael?s name also emerged in
a separate row after he and Kalanick visited an escort/karaoke bar in
South Korea several years ago as part
of a business trip, which led to a complaint by a female manager.
Michael?s lawyers, Schillings, said
the businessman was one of 12 executives on the same executive level at
Uber and that he was only responsible
for 2% of the company?s staff.
Schillings added: ?It is false to say
that he held part responsibility for the
alleged corporate culture at Uber ...
Our client had no involvement in allegations of sexual harassment, trade
secret violations or data breaches.?
News of Michael?s consultancy fee
comes as the Guardian also established that SoftBank?s separate
$100bn Vision Fund ? which is backed
by the likes of Apple and the Saudi Arabian sovereign wealth fund ? is barred
from holding a stake in Uber despite
it being set up specifically to invest in
technology companies.
A little-known clause buried in the
SoftBank fund?s rulebook prevents it
taking stakes in ?P2P ride-sharing?,
which rules out investments in Uber
and its competitors.
SoftBank declined to comment
on the restriction or explain why the
clause had been included among the
regulations.
In February the FCC?s chairman,
Ajit Pai, endorsed the SpaceX effort,
saying: ?Satellite technology can help
reach Americans who live in rural or
hard-to-serve places where fibre optic
cables and cell towers do not reach.?
The Federal Aviation Administration said on Wednesday that SpaceX
planned to launch a Falcon 9 rocket on
2 April from Cape Canaveral, Florida.
?The rocket will carry a communications satellite,? it said.
Musk, who is also the founder and
chief executive of the electric car
manufacturer Tesla, said in 2015 that
SpaceX planned to launch a satelliteinternet business that would help fund
a future city on Mars.
SpaceX wanted to create a ?global
communications system? that Musk
compared to ?rebuilding the internet
in space?. It would be faster than traditional internet connections, he said.
SpaceX?s chief operating officer,
Gwynne Shotwell, said: ?This is an
important step toward SpaceX building a next-generation satellite network
that can link the globe with reliable
and affordable broadband service,
especially reaching those who are not
yet connected.? About 14 million rural
Americans and 1.2 million Americans
on tribal lands lack mobile broadband
even at relatively slow speeds.
Jessica Rosenworcel, a member of
the FCC, said on Thursday that the
agency needed ?to prepare for the
proliferation of satellites in our higher
altitudes?.
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Section:GDN 1N PaGe:50 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 29/3/2018 10:49
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The Guardian Saturday 31 March 2018
50
Classified
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:51 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
Fantasy house hunt
Five of the best
homes in towers
Page 57
51
Hair transplants ?How mine
left me financially broken?
?Delighted? with the results
or a ?nightmare experience??
Rupert Jones tries to get to
the root of problems at KSL
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?
Saturday 31 March 2018 The Guardian
New digital dawn
Life will soon become
simpler and cheaper
Page 54
Sent at 29/3/2018 18:12
S
inger Gareth Gates was
so delighted with his hair
transplant he tweeted that
anyone thinking about
having the procedure
should ?go to KSL!?. The
brand claims to be ?the leading hair
loss clinic in the UK? and boasts
that its happy clients include stars
of TV show The Only Way is Essex,
and former X Factor contestant
Jake燪uickenden.
But dig around on the internet
and a different story seems to
emerge: one involving what appears
to be a lot of unhappy customers,
some of whom claim they handed
over as much as �000 to a KSL
company for treatment, but ended
up enduring a nightmare experience.
A Facebook group called ?KSL
Hair The Truth? has been set up and
features posts from people such as
Jerry Smith, who claims the two
procedures he underwent were
?traumatic and horrible? and that
he had been left ?financially broken
and emotionally broken?.
The forums of the website Bald
Truth Talk also feature a number
of complaints and there is a
Twitter page that has published
what appears to be a number of
unfavourable reviews and photos.
But when Guardian Money spoke
to the KSL Clinic, it told us that all
the problems and issues relate to
two other companies, KSL Hair
and KSL Medical, and that the KSL
Clinic was a ?completely separate?
business that has ?absolutely no
current complaints against it and
never has had?.
The KSL Clinic may be a
separate business now, but its
history is intertwined with the
other companies. All three either
are, or were, based at the same
Glasgow燼ddress.
Meanwhile, a man called Simon
Lindsay is a director of both KSL
Hair and KSL Medical, and was,
until last September, a director of
the KSL Clinic, which he co-founded
�,000
What some patients can end up
paying for a transplant, the NHS says
�000
The amount they handed over to a
KSL company, some customers say
? The bald truth ? a Facebook group
and web forums air complaints
PHOTOGRAPH: JURGEN FALCHLE/ALAMY
in 2016. And when Money checked
the KSL Clinic website earlier this
week, the company number and
registered address given was that of
KSL Medical.
On top of that, the KSL Clinic
website describes it as ?UK hair loss
specialists since 2013? ? even though
the company did not exist then.
That爓as the year KSL Hair came
into燽eing.
Jerry Smith said he had a
consultation with KSL Hair at its
Glasgow clinic in January 2015,
conducted by Lindsay, and agreed
to have a transplant procedure
at a cost of �000 (later reduced
to �000). But he claimed: ?The
two procedures from KSL were a
traumatic and horrible experience.
They have damaged my body
beyond repair and decimated my
donor area ... I can honestly say KSL
was the worst mistake I have ever
Continued Page 52
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:52 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
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?
The Guardian Saturday 31 March 2018
Money
52
Continued Page 51
made and I hope all of us affected
finally get our爅ustice.?
Another apparently unhappy
client who has posted on the
Facebook page is Chris, who said
his first procedure was carried out
at the Glasgow clinic in April 2016
and claimed that ?the only thing
that seems to be growing is Simon
Lindsay?s bank balance?.
Many of the complaints on the
Facebook page and elsewhere
appear to relate to KSL Hair.
One unhappy punter is Michael
Gemmell, who wrote on a reviews
website last month that he had
had two transplants at KSL Hair?s
Glasgow燾linic.
?My results are embarrassing
and I?ve been left with horrendous
scarring as a result of malpractice
and very poor standard of work ...
please do not be fooled into handing
over any money,? he says.
This is, presumably, the same
Michael Gemmell who, according to
an official insolvency notice, is being
represented by law firm Jones Whyte
and went to Glasgow sheriff court
earlier this month to seek permission
to bring proceedings against KSL
Hair.
The number of KSL companies
(there are at least six) complicates
things somewhat. What?s undeniable
is that the KSL ?brand? has had
a bumpy time of it recently.
A spokesman for the Scottish
healthcare regulator that registers
clinics told Money this week
that it had received ?a number of
complaints? about KSL Hair.
The regulator, Healthcare
Improvement Scotland (HIS), adds:
?We take complaints from members
of the public very seriously. As a
matter of policy, we do not comment
on ongoing investigations.?
KSL Hair was voluntarily wound
up last October and is currently
in爈iquidation.
Meanwhile, KSL Medical ? which
is based in Glasgow and was set up
in January 2017 ? has announced
on its website that it has just had its
licence to perform hair treatments
suspended by HIS.
On the site, Simon Lindsay, who
describes himself as company
owner/director, states: ?I would like
to offer my sincere apologies to any
customers that we have let down in
any way.?
He adds that he has been advised
that the firm is not legally permitted
to carry out any of its services.
Back at KSL Clinic, the company
says on its website that it ?is set
to continue providing its awardwinning hair restoration services,?
and will now be operating primarily
from Maidstone in Kent, with
support from its newly opened
Manchester clinic.
?We?re the busiest clinic in the
UK, and we?re proud to have treated
so many high-profile celebrities,?
it says, adding that these include
James Lock and Mike Hassini from
ITVBe show The Only Way is Essex,
and ex-All Blacks rugby player
Xavier Rush.
So what does the KSL Clinic say?
Lloyd Hume, who set up the KSL
? Wayne Rooney used the Harley
Street Hair Clinic, not a company
linked to KSL.
PHOTOGRAPH: JOHN WALTON/PA
Clinic with Lindsay and is still a
director, told Money that ?by the
middle of last year I was a little
unhappy about some of the issues
arising from KSL Hair and KSL
Medical?. As a result, he says, it was
agreed Lindsay would resign as a
director. Hume says he agreed to
buy the KSL web domain rights in
February this year.
Asked why his site carried
KSL Medical?s company number
and address, Hume says: ?It?s an
oversight by my media company.?
Hours after Money pointed it out,
this was changed.
Hume claims some of the
people posting on Facebook
?have got personal vendettas
against Simon?. Of Smith?s case,
Hume says: ?I can?t燾omment. He
had his hair done爄n Scotland in
2015. My燾ompany wasn?t even
born爐hen.? Of Gemmell?s case,
Hume says Gemmell made contact
with him, and ?I tried to give him as
much help as I can.?
He adds: ?These are historic
problems.?
Meanwhile, in a statement,
KSL Medical told us: ?Mr Lindsay
cannot make any comment to
you regarding燼ny former client
of KSL Hair or KSL Medical due to
data protection laws and patient
confidentiality. What I can say is,
every client of KSL Hair and KSL
Medical signed a detailed consent
form before proceeding with the
treatment, making them aware of all
risks and expected results.
?We have always done our utmost
to resolve any issue with a KSL Hair
or KSL Medical client.?
abundanceinvestment.com
CAPITAL AT RISK. INVESTMENTS ARE LONG TERM AND MAY NOT
BE READILY REALISABLE. ABUNDANCE IS AUTHORISED AND
REGULATED BY THE FINANCIAL CONDUCT AUTHORITY (525432).
YOU WANT:
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to retire to
YOU NEED:
To save for your
retirement
ISAs for people exactly like you
(although some actually like
wearing hats)
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:53 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
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Section:GDN 1N PaGe:54 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
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54
cYanmaGentaYellowb
The Guardian Saturday 31 March 2018
Money
You?re the expert
I like going to gigs and for some events
I?ve noticed cheap tickets popping up on
secondary websites such as Seatwave and
StubHub. But are they legit? Has anyone
used them? Do tickets arrive on time and
are there problems getting into the venue?
Legit, but you may well feel dirty
afterwards. They almost always
fail to comply with the regulations
and, when you go ?Oooh, a ticket for
ot-much?, you?re presented with
?Oh, we forgot, we?re going to add
ots for our enormous cut? just as
you are about to pay. unprinted
Yes, they?re legit ? it?s always worth
checking as often they are cheaper
than face value. I assume it?s
because people get excited about
the show, buy tickets and then, for
whatever reason, decide they can?t,
or don?t, want to go, but can?t get a
refund. VotePedroSanchez
I have used various third-party ticket
websites. StubHub was brilliant
? I bought tickets for a sporting
There are some risks
but, in most cases,
there are no problems
ctwigg flesner
event in the US, and they were
sent as advertised within a week of
purchase to the UK. Even websites
that are glorified ticket touts have
been reliable for me. BirchCC
For popular events the prices will
be astronomical, but where the
tickets don?t all sell and touts need
to shift them, prices will come down
significantly, often to below face
value. ClayReggazoni
In most cases there doesn?t seem to
be a problem with getting the tickets,
Future perfect?
A new digital age
is about to dawn
When it comes to our
finances, a lot is going to
change very soon, says
one leading futurist
Juliet Stott
T
he way we bank,
borrow money and
buy products such as
insurance, cars and
legal services will
change dramatically
due to exponential advances in
technology. Leading futurist Gerd
Leonhard, whose clients include
Vodafone, Prudential, Lloyds Bank
and UBS, spoke to Guardian Money
about how handling money will
change more in the next 20 years
than it has done in the previous 300.
?What?s happening in finance is
what has already happened in music.
Spotify digitised it, made it easier to
access, more convenient and costefficient. People can access 20m
songs for � a month, rather than
�per song as before. A very similar
change is going to happen with
money and financial services,? says
Leonhard.
In the not-too-distant future,
transactions such as cross-border
payments, small business and
personal loans, and sharing the bill
with friends, will be conducted
within social networks and run
by artificially intelligent systems.
?Increasingly, things will be done by
cloud apps and intelligent assistants.
You won?t need the banks for that. It
will be a boon for consumers,? claims
Switzerland-based Leonhard.
Borrowing money
Forget going to a bank ? soon you
will turn to your friends and family,
or those in your social network.
The borrowing process will all be
facilitated by digital platforms
such as Facebook, Google, Alibaba
and Baidu, divisions of which all
have banking licences, so it?s not a
question of if, but when. Currently,
Leonhard says, this isn?t happening
fast enough, but ?within the next
five years, low-level loans will be
increasingly done via leading digital
platforms?.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:55 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 29/3/2018 18:14
?
Saturday 31 March 2018 The Guardian
Money
? ?Brilliant? service from StubHub
PHOTOGRAPH: ALAMY
although often at a much higher
price than face value. But there are
speculative ticket sales, where the
seller doesn?t yet own the ticket. In
the UK, the Consumer Rights Act
requires clear information. There are
significant compliance issues, and
ongoing enforcement proceedings
by the Competition and Markets
Authority. Also, event organisers
may prohibit ticket reselling through
their terms and conditions. Whether
these would be unfair under the
Consumer Rights Act is untested,
and the legal arguments on this are
finely balanced. In short, there are
some risks and bad practices, but in
most cases tickets arrive in time and
there are no problems. ctwiggflesner
Borrowing cash may soon come
from friends in your social network.
PHOTOGRAPH: DONALD IAIN SMITH/GETTY/BLEND
Buying a car
Where most families now own or
lease their car, in the next five years
they will subscribe to a mobility
service, says Leonhard. ?Nonownership will rise, and people
will borrow, share or use cars on
demand.?
Last year, Cadillac launched
a month-to-month subscription
service called BOOK in New York,
later extended to Los Angeles and
Dallas. Subscribers pay a onetime $500 (�5) initiation fee
and $1,800 monthly to access a
?curated selection of vehicles?. This
fee includes taxes, insurance and
maintenance costs.
Banking
Many have already ditched
traditional banks in favour of the
new wave of smartphone-based
challengers. One of the players
making the biggest waves in the
UK, particularly among under-30s,
is app-based Monzo, which started
out offering a prepaid debit card
before switching customers over to
a full-blown current account. Earlier
this month it announced it had hit
500,000 current accounts, with boss
Tom Blomfield setting a target of 1bn
customers.
However, it faces competition
from a whole stack of rivals. The
German smartphone-based bank
N26 plans to launch in the UK and
the US this year, and says more than
850,000 people across 17 European
markets have already signed up.
Leonhard suggests that there are
other players, such as US-based
Moven ? which launched a moneymonitoring app in the UK last year
cYanmaGentaYellowb
? that aims to disrupt the current
banking model even further.
The shift to digital payments
and money transfers will be mindboggling, insists Leonhard, who
believes anything at a low-level
range of �to �0 will increasingly
be done outside of a traditional
bank for a fraction of the cost.
Services such as TransferWise are
already circumventing the costs for
international money transfers. It
claims its rates are up to eight times
cheaper than those of banks.
Leonhard says you only have
to look to African countries to see
where things are going. M-Pesa,
partly owned by Vodafone, claims
to be the world?s most successful
money transfer service, enabling
millions who have access to a mobile
phone ? but not to a bank account ?
to send and receive money, make bill
payments and so on.
At the last count M-Pesa had
32爉illion active customers, and
says its latest figures show numbers
growing by 13% year-on-year. It is
currently available in the Democratic
Republic of Congo, Ghana, Kenya,
Lesotho, Mozambique, Tanzania,
Egypt and India.
Insurance
Car sharing and the rise of selfdriving cars will eventually make
motor insurance, as we know it,
obsolete, says Leonhard.
Other types of insurance, such as
for buildings, will be upended due
to the ?internet of things? (IoT).
As homes begin to accumulate
smart gadgets connected online,
the chances of unexpected failures
leading to fire, flood etc will
diminish ? and, as risk is reduced,
premiums should fall. Or at least
that?s the theory. With all the data
available from the IoT, drones and
so on, Leonhard says ?an algorithm
can either augment or even replace
a human actuary and accurately
predict the chance of a fire?.
Legal services
Costly fees for routine legal work
are also set to fall as ?robot lawyers?
gain a foothold. One pioneering
?chatbot? in the UK is DoNotPay,
which has helped people overturn
tens of thousands of parking tickets,
and is on a mission to help avoid
paying legal fees altogether. Now
its latest robot lawyer is turning
to other tasks such as lodging a
workplace discrimination complaint
or cancelling an online marketing
trial, even applying for political
asylum or getting a divorce.
55
The reason these secondary ticket
sellers are able to charge so much
is they have a deal with the event
promoters, so they get first chances
to sell tickets even before they are
supposed to go on sale. stvkiley
I?ve used them and got the tickets.
Didn?t have so much joy selling, but
that was more the courier?s fault
than the website. Evelynsmee
If you go to the wire and wait until
the day of the gig, you can often pick
up tickets for face value or below.
I?ve only bought tickets that have an
immediate download. eloisebarnes
It?s not unknown for venues to be
still selling tickets at the same time
as them appearing on a resale site ?
worth checking, certainly, for some
venues. leadballoon
They are legitimate and can be
a good way to sell tickets you
genuinely can?t use (often concerts
go on sale many months in advance,
and things happen), and I?ve picked
up bargains - but buyer beware:
always check what you are paying in
fees. ajchm
Next week
Friends last week had a BBQ (yes, it did rain), which made me think ?I need
one this year!? When?s best to buy one? Should it be a classic charcoal or a
gas-can version? And which is more neighbour friendly (I live in a terrace)?
I爃ave �0-�0 to spend: need I spend more or, given the weather, less?
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:56 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 29/3/2018 18:15
?
cYanmaGentaYellowb
The Guardian Saturday 31 March 2018
Money
56
ATMs Where?s my
�0? Expert battles
bank over cashpoint
Building society refuses to
refund Steve McQueen who
got an error message at a
Liverpool cash machine but
was debited anyway
Miles Brignall
A
n IT data expert
claims Nationwide
staff effectively
accused him of
trying to defraud
the building society
following a routine �0 cash
machine withdrawal that failed to
produce his money.
Steve McQueen, whose previous
work for Cheshire police and other
organisations required him to
pass GCHQ security vetting and to
sign the Official Secrets Act, says
the building society has refused
to refund him after the failed
withdrawal in Liverpool last month.
McQueen, a Nationwide customer
for more than 30 years who says he
has never had cause to complain
about a withdrawal before, used his
debit card at a Santander ATM in the
city?s main shopping precinct.
He says he inputted his pin but,
instead of producing his cash and
receipt, the machine displayed a
transaction error and nothing came
out. Thinking the transaction had
simply failed, he took �0 out of
a Lloyds ATM just along the street.
But when he later looked at his
statement, both transactions had
been debited from his account.
Despite a spate of attacks on ATMs
by criminal gangs across the northwest in recent years, Santander has
told Nationwide that a thorough
check of the ATM and its records had
Steve McQueen?s phantom
withdrawal proves a mystery
PHOTOGRAPH: TOM JENKINS
shown up no discrepancies.
?Therefore I regret that no
adjustment (refund) can be made
to your account,? Nationwide
told燤cQueen, who lives in
Prescot,燤erseyside.
He went back to the building
society, pointing out that there
must have been some mistake
and suggesting that the error code
must have been logged, but he
was爎ebuffed again.
Nationwide, he says, has denied
his refund on the basis that his
money had left the ATM and was
not held at the end of the day, as
happens if a customer fails to take
their cash and it is retained. ?In a
???? ?� ???? ?�???
=h ?????持
?� ???
I"m?h mIG 8V}?
long phone call from Nationwide,
I was effectively accused of trying
to defraud it,? says McQueen. ?I
pointed out that I used to work
in high-level IT security and for
the police, but to no avail. I can?t
understand why there isn?t camera
footage of the incident, but no one
appears willing or able to access it. I
have been treated shabbily.?
The explanation could be that a
criminal had attached a device to
the ATM to prevent the money being
dispensed. This is a problem that has
afflicted Santander ATMs in the area
in the past. In 2016, police warned
people in Lancashire and Wilmslow,
Cheshire, not to use Santander
cash machines over fears they had
been compromised. Officers were
concerned that criminals had fitted
a false front or other device to
ATM machines to prevent the cash
leaving them. Santander shut down
five affected ATMs at the time.
In August 2017, police in Liverpool
arrested a gang armed with a crude
?cash trap device? that they were
allegedly using to rob a cashpoint at
a Merseyside petrol station.
Nationwide told Guardian Money
that only Santander had the CCTV
footage of the incident, which it
had not passed on. ?We have asked
Santander to double-check that
no device has subsequently been
detected on the ATM. We will review
the claim and update the customer
once we receive the outcome of this
request,? says a spokeswoman.
Santander adds: ?This ATM was
replaced a couple of years ago with
one of our new models, which
comes with security measures that
make it difficult for criminals to fit
a cash-trapping device. We have no
record of any installation of a cashtrapping device at any of these new
ATMs.? It says its CCTV cameras
are not pointed directly at the ATM
?to ensure customer privacy of pin
numbers is maintained?.
�
�?? ?诛?
}?? ?? ??� ??� ???? ?� ???? ??� =h ?????痴 ┱�?� ??� � ????
普�??湛 �? �??? ??� ???� ?? �???� �?�? ?? �??? ??� ??? F??? �???�
/?普???? =h ?� ??? ???? ???� ?? �???
?? �? ??� ??� �?� ??� ?????� ?��� ???? ?�? �?? ??? ??�???????
???�?痴 ?�??痴? =? ??�?普? ?????� �?� ?�粘???? ?????� �?�? ?粘???��?????
?� ?�??? ???� ?????????
}???? ???湛 ?� ??? ??� ?????� =h ?????� � ?? O?� ??芸 ?????? ??�
�?痴 ?? ??? �� ??� ????? ??? ???????? ???�?掌� ?? �??� ??????? ???? ????
�?? 吵????? m"? ?????
a?�?� ?��┱? ??? ??� ???� ?� ???�??�?? �? ?? �?? ? ?�? ? ??� ??
??? ?? ??? ?� �� ??� ????? ??? ???�?? m? ??�??�? 普?�� ?? ??�??�?
�?�????痴? ?� ?? ?? ???� ?? �??� ?? ??� �???� /?普?????? ???�?痴 ?�??痴
?? ??? ?�???? ?粘???��????? =� ??? ?� ?????� �?? ??� ????�???? ?� ?
???�??�? ??? ?????� ??�? ?? ? ???????掌 �?�? �??�?
h殖??� ???? =h ?????持 ??�?? ???? ?????� ? 羟�????�???
?? �?? ?? ?? �
??� ?????
=??�??�?? =h? a�?????
=???掌 � /???�? �?????????? h�??痴? I????掌� ???????掌 ?� ?�???掌 � ??� /???�? ??�� ????????? /?普????� /?普???? =??�??????� ??�? ????? ?� / ???�? ?� ??普???? ?� /=I I????掌? sGO??�??????hV?�???�
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:57 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 29/3/2018 18:15
cYanmaGentaYellowb
?
Saturday 31 March 2018 The Guardian
Money
57
Kirton End, Boston, Lincolnshire
�5,000
This restored mill tower dating back to 1833
with an attached modern two-storey structure,
is massive. The tower houses a round ?tted
kitchen, six metres in diameter, plus six
bedroom suites accessed via spiral staircases;
no lift sadly. There are four domestic rooms
in the modern building which was formerly
used to display classic cars. The residence
comes with numerous outbuildings including
garages, workshops, o?ces and orangery all set
in 2.2 acres of landscaped gardens. There?s even
a folly, where the lawn mower is stored.
Poyntons Consultancy, 01205 361 694
?Steyning, West Sussex
�35m
Fantasy
house hunt
Five homes
in爐owers
This Grade II octagonal tower was
designed by Maxwell Ayrton, who
designed the original twin towers at
Wembley. With an external ?helterskelter? staircase, rooms inside are
round, with a first-floor bedroom,
a disused water storage void on
the second, and an observatory on
the third. There is also a three-bed
cottage in the 3.25 acre grounds.
RH & RW Clutton, 01798 344 554
Compiled by Jill Papworth
Douglas, Isle of Man
Guide price, �95m
? Eastney, Portsmouth
�5,000
Harold Tower is a Gothic-style
residence built in the late 1830s
on Douglas Head, overlooking the
bay. The hexagonal tower, which
has 3燼cres of walled grounds,
includes a coach house and guest
cottage, which was once lived in
by the eccentric and melodramatic
painter John Martin. The property
is both grand and hi-spec inside.
The octagonal reception hall, for
example, has five sets of double
doors leading to various reception
rooms. The home boasts a cinema
room and up to eight bedrooms.
Knight Frank, 02078 611 065
The split-level penthouse in this
converted ?Clock Tower?, part of the
old Royal Marine Barracks, boasts
vaulted ceilings, galleried landing
and panoramic views throughout.
The interior may be too bling for
some but quirky features such as
the white clock face being accessible
from the drawing room are fun.
Communal gardens, tennis court,
parking etc will cost just over �000
a year in service charge.
Fine & Country, 02393 277 277
Mick?eld, Su?olk
Guide price, �0,000
This partially converted former
parish church comes with local
planning permission for a threebedroom home, provided the
chancel is retained for public
worship. The tower in the Grade
I-listed building contains a
bedroom reached by a spiral
staircase. Elsewhere, there is
already a sitting room, kitchen and
bathroom. However, there is a lot
more expensive refurbishment
work爊eeded. The property comes
with just under an acre of grounds
? basically the graveyard ? which
people need written permission
from the owners to visit.
David Burr, 01359 245 245
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:58 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 29/3/2018 18:16
?
The Guardian Saturday 31 March 2018
Money
58
1 April No joke, as
price-hike day hits
From phone and TV bills to
NHS prescriptions, the cost
of a raft of goods and services
is going up from Sunday
Miles Brignall
I
cYanmaGentaYellowb
f the Easter weekend is
proving expensive, then stand
by, because it?s only going to
get worse. Tomorrow (1 April)
has been dubbed national
price-hike day as a host of
government bodies and private firms
will increase charges, potentially
adding at least �0 to family
budgets this year.
Council tax bills will rise by
an average of 5.1% (on band D
properties in England), typically
adding an extra � a year. The
average water bill for England and
Wales is to rise by 2%, or �a year,
while the cost of a colour TV licence
goes up from �7 to �0.50 a year.
The NHS charge for a dental
check-up will also increase, by �to
�.60. And if you need a doctor?s
prescription, it will cost �80
? up�p.
Sadly, all this is no April Fools? Day
joke and comes days after a rise in
the cost of stamps ? from 65p to 67p
for a first class stamp ? on 26 March.
Those taking long-distance flights
of more than 2,000 miles from UK
airports will pay ��more in air
passenger duty: taking it to � in
cattle class or �6 at the front.
Mobile phone firms Three, EE,
O2 and Vodafone will hike the cost
of monthly contracts for some
customers by up to 4% on or around
1 April, depending on billing date.
Sky TV and broadband customers
will see their monthly contracts rise
by around � a year.
Hannah Maundrell of Money.
co.uk says: ?As you tuck into your
CAPITAL AT RISK. INVESTMENTS ARE LONG TERM AND MAY NOT
BE READILY REALISABLE. ABUNDANCE IS AUTHORISED AND
REGULATED BY THE FINANCIAL CONDUCT AUTHORITY (525432).
Consumer champions
Miles Brignall & Rebecca Smithers
Milk delivery goes sour, Uber
comes clean, Virgin is non active
Milk & More problems
? Taking off ... the price of flights
PHOTOGRAPH: GETTY
Easter eggs this year, your wallet
could be hit left, right and centre.
These price hikes may appear small
and nothing to worry about, but
add them all together and they
could cost you around �0 extra
a year. You won?t be able to avoid
some of the increases, but you can
certainly take control when it comes
to managing the cost of your energy,
phone and broadband.?
Energy provider E.ON is removing
its dual-fuel and paperless discount
on 19 April. The discount is worth
around � a year to customers who
take both gas and electricity from it.
In effect, it amounts to a 2.7% price
increase for dual-fuel customers.
abundanceinvestment.com
YOU WANT:
To grow
your money
YOU?D LIKE:
To shrink fossil
fuel usage
ISAs for people exactly like you
(although some actually like olives)
My wife and I have been customers
of the local milkman for nearly 35
years, starting with United Dairies,
then Unigate and now Milk & More
? the UK doorstep delivery service
for milk and selected groceries. But
we are close to ending this due to
extreme incompetence.
We have found it difficult to
order goods and change our regular
order because its new website
keeps crashing. For the first time, it
recently suspended a delivery.
We had an email on Sunday
evening saying it was not coming
? we assume because of (not very
deep) snow. But, having paid �
in advance, we are now finding it
difficult to get this payment back.
We see from Trustpilot that we
are not the only customers with
problems. M黮ler (which now
owns the company) appears to be
destroying a service that has been
efficient for many years.
RS, Chobham, Surrey
Milk & More was bought by dairy
giant M黮ler from Dairy Crest in
December 2015 and has a national
workforce of 1,100 milkmen and
women (75% are franchisees)
delivering more than 100m pints of
milk in glass bottles every year.
The company may well have
been a victim of its own success, as
growing consumer concern about
plastic waste has led to a surge in
online customers ? more than 12,000
so far this year. Its new website ?
involving the migration of 150,000
online customers from the old one
? has piled on the pressure and upset
many customers like you.
Chief executive Patrick M黮ler has
recently apologised on Facebook.
The company has also apologised to
you and actioned your refund. But it
came too late to keep your custom,
as you did close your account. More
broadly, it says: ?We acknowledge
that during the launch of the website
we have experienced some technical
issues, and to the customers affected
we send our sincere apologies.?
Damage limitation
After an uneventful 19-minute Uber
journey, I was shocked to be charged
a � cleaning fee for what appeared
(in a photo) to be mustard on the
car?s rear seat and inside the door. I
was not provided with a description
of the incident or the time the photo
was taken, and it is not possible to
see the car registration. It was even
suggested the incident was serious.
Uber is doing nothing to refund me.
SS, London SE5
You are not the only complainant
but Uber acted quickly to refund
your �. It says: ?The app is based
on mutual respect for both riders
and drivers. For licensed drivers
who use the Uber app, their vehicles
? Pint-size problems for Milk & More
PHOTOGRAPH: AFP/GETTY
are their place of work, and any
damage or mess can mean they are
unable to continue working. When a
driver claims a cleaning fee, they are
required to provide us with details
of the trip ? as well as photographic
evidence and a validated cleaning
receipt. We believe this fee was
incorrectly charged to this rider, so
we have refunded it and reopened
our investigation.?
Exercising my patience
My husband and I are longstanding
members of Virgin Active gym. My
husband turned 60 in January, and
I have just found out there is an
over-55 membership at well under
the standard rate. It is not listed
on the main website and seems to
be hidden. This means he has been
overpaying for five years. I am angry
and baffled.
SB, London W14
Your case reflects the complexity of
membership deals from this major
chain ? which, in our view, are as
clear as mud.
However, it would appear your
husband is on a pretty good deal.
Virgin Active says he had originally
wanted a ?flexible? option, which
wasn?t offered by the over-55
membership at the time (it now
is). He then moved to discounted
membership, which it no longer
offers. He should have been put on
the ?club-only? over-55 membership
but, instead, he still has full multiclub access. On top of this, the
company tells us, he is now paying
� a month less than the over-55
membership (� a month with a
minimum 12-month contract). It also
insists the 55-plus membership isn?t
hidden on the website.
Compiled this week by
Rebecca Smithers
We welcome letters but cannot answer
individually. Email us at consumer.
champions@theguardian.com or
write to Consumer Champions,
Money, the Guardian, 90 York
Way, London N1 9GU. Include a
daytime phone number. Submission
and爌ublication of all letters爄s subject
to爋ur terms and conditions: http://
gu.com/letters-terms
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:59 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 29/3/2018 18:17
cYanmaGentaYellowb
?
Saturday 31 March 2018 The Guardian
Money
59
? Spending a penny is counted too ?
or rather the 20 pennies at Euston
PHOTOGRAPH: GETTY
How I spend it
?I am aware all this sounds eccentric
but I am 24 and I am bang on track
to save �,000 by the time I am 27?
Name
Rosie Burns
Age 24
Income
�,000
Occupation
Analyst for a
supermarket
We are keen
to hear how
you spend it:
maybe you?re
a ?squeezed
middle? just
about coping
financially;
a pensioner
working part
time; or a young
adult saving
furiously for
a home. If you
would like to
appear in this
column, contact
spend.it@
theguardian.
com
S
ince I was a teenager, I
have always said I will
own a property by myself,
and I have never lost sight
of this vision. I should
start by saying that I?m
fully aware of how extreme I am. I
also consider myself very lucky to
still live with my parents.
I have saved �,000 in two
years and I have still enjoyed life
to its fullest. In those two years
I?ve travelled to Stockholm,
Copenhagen, Prague, Portugal,
Croatia, Barcelona, Singapore,
Bali, Switzerland, Brazil, Uruguay,
Argentina, Luxembourg and Paris.
I am on a pretty average London
salary (around �,000), and my
weekends are normally spent going
out for brunch/lunch/dinner. I will
never turn down a social event
because of money, I will buy clothes
around once a month, and I drive a
Nissan Micra.
Things I never spend money on
are: alcohol/cigarettes/drugs (I?m
teetotal); lunches at work; hot/cold
drinks; Ubers/taxis.
I have always been into
organisation, especially with money.
I used to look forward to coming
home from university, as I could
neatly file away my bank statements
and take utter delight in highlighting
all the different bits of information.
In my first year of university, I wrote
down everything I spent in my
diary, all colour-coded. I moved on
to my beloved spreadsheets. Each
column had a colour. I even had
a miscellaneous column, where I
would record things such as ?20p ?
toilet at Euston? or ?�? homeless
person?. This was when my OCD
really kicked in. I know what people
? Rosie Burns
counts everything
she spends.
PHOTOGRAPH:
JILL MEAD
�739
�200
Rosie?s monthly take home pay
after燿eductions
The amount Rosie saves each and
every month
are thinking ? why would you not
just look at the bank statement ? but
it doesn?t record cash. When I went
abroad, I would record every penny
spent on an app. There was nothing
more satisfying than working out
where that missing ?3 went.
Despite always putting �0�000 into my savings, I realised
I was recording rather than
budgeting. I then planned ahead
instead. I realised if I had any hope of
saving for a deposit, I would need to
commit to a target amount. I decided
on �,000 by the time I turn 27. I
worked out every payday date until
5 June 2020 and worked backwards.
I was not willing to sacrifice my
travelling, so I decided to save
�200 every four weeks when I got
paid ? �000 for the deposit and
�0 into my holiday budget.
I take home �739 every four
weeks. After I put the �200 away,
I am left with �9 for four weeks.
Around �0 goes on travel to and
from work (I will wait at the barriers
until 6.59pm, when off-peak hits),
� on petrol and � on phone
bills/gym etc. This leaves me with
� to spend on anything I choose.
I go through my diary, adding in
any dinners, nail appointments and
birthdays that I know are coming up,
and estimate how much I will spend.
Some weeks I?ll go over the weekly
budget, so I know I have to cut back
in other weeks, but I rarely dip into
my savings. If I have to borrow
the odd �, I?ll just make up the
difference on the next payday (I?ll set
myself a reminder to pay in an extra
� into my savings on payday).
Again, I am aware this all sounds
eccentric and I am sure I am the
only person in the world who is
this爋bsessed, but I am bang on
track爐o爃it my �,000 savings on
5燡une 2020.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:60 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 29/3/2018 10:48
cYanmaGentaYellowb
The Guardian Saturday 31 March 2018
60
The Guardian Jobs General
Top up
Develop
my salary my cv
get
outdoors
Get paid to learn new skills and give back to your
community this summer. Competitively paid, flexible
seasonal roles available throughout July and August.
apply NOW!
ncsthechallenge.org/staff2018
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:61 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
Saturday 31 March 2018 The Guardian
Sent at 30/3/2018 11:24
cYanmaGentaYellowb
?
Membership
61
? Students from the Eagle Eye, the
Marjory Stoneman Douglas school
newspaper, at the Guardian US office
PHOTOGRAPHS: ALI SMITH/GUARDIAN
? The Eagle
Eye?s Rebecca
Schneid, left,
and Dara Rosen,
right, with
Senator Bernie
Sanders
Breaking the cycle
How Parkland?s students
took over Guardian US
Our young journalist guest
editors, survivors of a horrific
shooting, were inspirational
Oliver Laughland
New York
I
t was among the best editorial
meetings I?ve ever attended,
and it was led by a group
of teenagers. Guardian
readers may have seen that
last weekend we invited a
group of student journalists from
the Marjory Stoneman Douglas
high school to guest-edit our US
edition. A week and a half before we
launched the project, we welcomed
the reporters and editors of the
school news magazine, the Eagle
Eye, to our office in New York for a
pitching session.
Our guests were not just aspiring
journalists but also survivors of the
horrific mass shooting at their school
in south Florida the previous month.
And they were full of brilliant
ideas, informed both by the trauma
they had experienced and their
journalistic instinct.
I first came into contact with
the Eagle Eye while reporting in
Parkland in the immediate aftermath
of the shooting in February. As a
reader, I was impressed with these
student journalists? ability to record
the shooting and also document
the fallout, both in politics and
among the students, teachers and
first responders left reeling from the
experience after the national press
had left town.
It was clear from their work that
they had unique insight and access
to a community, and a blossoming,
student-led movement that had
suddenly found itself at the centre of
a revived discussion on gun control.
What if we gave them our platform, I
thought ? not only to campaign, but
to collaborate and exchange ideas on
how to cover this important moment
in American爃istory?
During our editorial meeting
earlier in March, which lasted hours
longer than we had anticipated,
the students packed our notebooks
full of potential commissions. They
wanted the world to know about the
impossible choices their teachers
were forced to make on the day that
17 people were killed on campus and
so asked us to write a feature and
supplied all the contacts we needed.
They wanted to know what
political leaders in Washington
thought about the campaign rising
out of Parkland, and what avenues
for strong gun control were possible
under the Trump administration.
Our editors were able to organise
a sit-down interview with Senator
Bernie Sanders for them and also
took their questions to Florida?s
Senator Marco Rubio.
But the students were also
clear that they wanted to use our
platform to advocate for substantial
reform, so they wrote a detailed,
informed manifesto together when
they returned to Florida, which
we published last week. They also
reminded us of their own privilege
in the debate, coming from a
relatively affluent suburb of Florida,
and were keen that other young
people affected by gun violence in
impoverished parts of America were
able to share their爏tage.
It was one of those meetings that
left me excited to be a journalist
Eleven students
came to DC to
report from the
march ? sending us
live dispatches and
securing interviews
with the speakers
? The March for Our Lives heads towards the Capitol in Washington, the largest
demonstration for gun control in a generation PHOTOGRAPH: ZACH GIBSON/GETTY
and committed to delivering on
their爄deas.
We had decided that we wanted
our guest editors also to be present
on the day that hundreds of
thousands of people descended
on Washington for the March for
Our Lives, serving as our guest
correspondents. So 11 Parkland
students came from Florida to DC
to report from the march ? sending
us live dispatches and securing
interviews with the speakers and
performers, as well as sending some
superb photography.
The entire collaboration, which
involved reporters travelling
across the country and the work
of a group of dedicated Guardian
editors in the New York office, was
made possible by support from
Guardian readers, who helped us
raise more than $200,000 for Break
the Cycle, the Guardian?s year-long
series to challenge the orthodoxy in
America爐hat action on gun violence
is hopeless.
We?ve been overwhelmed with
how well the project was received.
Our readers have told us how
inspired they felt by the voices and
journalism that came out of it. One
of our guest reporters, Rebecca
Schneid, the Eagle Eye?s co-editor,
sparked a major discussion about
journalistic ethics and objectivity
during a television appearance
on CNN alongside the Guardian?s
dedicated gun violence reporter,
Lois燘eckett.
But above all we were thrilled
to hear these students tell us how
taking part in a project like this
had left them feeling empowered,
by allowing them to express
themselves not just as victims of an
awful episode of gun violence, but as
powerful advocates for change.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:62 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 30/3/2018 12:38
?
cYanmaGentaYellowb
The Guardian Saturday 31 March 2018
62
The week
that was
Russia
Gun control
May hails expulsion of
diplomats after poisoning
Thousands of students
join protests across world
A wave of expulsions of suspected
Russian intelligence agents has
taken place across the world as allies
backed the UK over the Salisbury
poisoning. Theresa May, the prime
minister, welcomed what she called
?the largest collective expulsion
of Russian intelligence officers
in history?, after more than 100
Russian diplomats, alleged to be
spies in western countries, were told
to return to Moscow. May has told
the Commons that Sergei Skripal?s
critical condition is unlikely to
change in the near future.
Australia gave two Russian
diplomats seven days to leave, while
the US is throwing out 60 Russian
officials and has told Moscow to
close its west coast consulate in
Seattle. More than 25 countries have
announced plans to expel about 130
Russian diplomats.
In a tit-for-tat measure, Russia
announced it will close the US
consulate in St Petersburg and expel
60 American staff and will take
similar action against any nation
that爃as forced out its diplomats.
Hundreds of thousands of
students joined the pro-gun
control March for Our Lives
rallies across the US in one
of the largest expressions of
popular opposition in modern
times.
Emma Gonzalez, the
Parkland shooting survivor
who was a leading voice
immediately after the attack
on her school, took to the
stage in Washington DC for
six minutes and 20 seconds,
much of that in silence. She
says it was the length of time
it took a gunman to kill 17
people at her school in Florida
last month.
Along with survivors from the
attack , who have galvanised
the new push for gun reform,
speakers included young
victims of gun violence
from across America. They
sang, they chanted, and they
challenged their parents?
generation to be e?ective in
eliminating gun violence from
society.
Events took place at more
than 800 locations around
the world ? including London,
Sydney, Tokyo, Mumbai, plus
hundreds of places in the US.
Cambridge Analytica
Brexit vote won through
fraud, whistleblower says
Emma
Gonzalez
PHOTOGRAPH: JIM LO
SCALZO/EPA
The EU referendum was won
through fraud, Christopher Wylie,
the whistleblower, has told MPs,
accusing Vote Leave of improperly
channelling money through a
tech firm with links to Cambridge
Analytica.
Wylie told a select committee
that the pro-Brexit campaign had a
?common plan? to use the network
of companies to get around election
spending laws and said he thought
there ?could have been a different
outcome had there not been, in my
view, cheating?.
Wylie, who used to work for
Cambridge Analytica, gave evidence
in a nearly four-hour session before
the digital, culture, media and sport
select committee. He was speaking
after it was alleged that Vote Leave
had broken electoral law by donating
�5,000 to BeLeave. Vote Leave
officially spent �77m, just below
the � limit, but if BeLeave?s
spending was taken into account it
would breach that limit.
Manchester
Fire?ghters? shame at not
helping bomb victims
Firefighters felt ?embarrassed?
and ?ashamed? that they were
stopped from helping victims of the
Manchester Arena terror attack more
quickly, the north-west secretary of
the Fire Brigades Union has said.
Mark Rowe said crews were
waiting to be deployed after the
bombing ? some of them so close
that they had heard the explosion
? but ?the order never came down
from the top?.
His comments came after Greater
Manchester fire and rescue service
was forced to issue an unreserved
apology for turning up two hours
late to the Manchester Arena attack
because fire chiefs followed protocol
instead of showing ?pragmatism?.
An official review of the response
to the attack prompted calls for
ministers to rethink ?inflexible? rules
for dealing with terrorist atrocities
so that emergency services can use
common sense to save lives in future
attacks. The report, commissioned
by Andy Burnham, the mayor of
Greater Manchester, found that poor
communication between the police
and fire service meant the ?valuable?
assistance of fire crews was delayed
by two hours and six minutes after
the bombing, which left 22 dead and
scores injured.
? Emergency services at the Arena on
the night of the attack
Employment
North Korea
Courier ?rm to reform gig
working after death
China reinforces in?uence
with visit by Kim Jong-un
The courier company DPD is to offer
all its drivers sick and holiday pay
and will abolish its controversial
�0 daily fines for missing work,
as part of reforms to its gig-working
model sparked by the death of a
driver it charged for attending a
medical appointment to treat his
diabetes and who later collapsed.
The announcement came six
weeks after the Guardian exposed
the case of Don Lane, who was
delivering parcels for the company
on behalf of retailers including
Marks & Spencer and John Lewis.
The retailers raised concerns
with the company over how it was
treating couriers. DPD said it would
offer its 6,000 couriers the right to
be classed as either a worker or to
remain a self-employed franchisee.
China has confirmed an ?unofficial?
visit to Beijing by Kim Jong-un
as unofficial, at least, as it can be
called when you arrive in a heavily
armoured train built for the purpose.
Kim was pictured meeting President
Xi Jinping in the first known trip
abroad by the North Korean ruler
since he took power in 2011.
North Korea is under severe
sanctions because of its nuclear
programme and China remains its
only major ally. Xi summoned Kim
to Beijing before talks between
Kim, Moon Jae-in, the South
Korean president, and Donald
Trump. Beijing had looked as if it
was being sidelined by Pyongyang?s
approaches to Seoul and
Washington, but Kim?s visit puts
China firmly back at the table.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:63 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
Saturday 31 March 2018 The Guardian
In brief
Sent at 30/3/2018 12:39
?
1 in 21tn
51%
The odds of anyone being hit by debris as
China?s Tiangong-1 space station re-enters the
atmosphere around 1 April are one in 21 trillion,
according to ?gures based on Nasa projections
Art
How a winged bull in Trafalgar
Square is defying Isis
In February 2015, Isis militants ?lmed
themselves drilling the face o? one of the
stone statues that had guarded the gates of
the ancient city of Nineveh for more than
1,000 years. The lamassu were casualties of
a spree of destruction that reduced many of
Iraq?s most precious artefacts to pebbles. On
Wednesday, the lifesize ?ghost? of one of these
fabulous creatures was unveiled atop the
fourth plinth in Trafalgar Square, London. The
14ft-long statue is both a one-o? statement
and part of an ambitious, long-term project by
Michael Rakowitz. The aim of the project is to
reconstruct all 7,000 objects looted from the
National Museum of Iraq in the aftermath of
the 2003 invasion by the US-led coalition.
cYanmaGentaYellowb
63
With a year to go until Britain leaves the EU,
more than half of the UK?s large ?rms have
triggered their plans for a no-deal Brexit,
including shifting work out of the country
Sport
Legal a?airs
Ball-tampering scandal
rocks Australian cricket
High court overturns
decision to release Worboys
Steve Smith, the captain, and his
deputy, David Warner, have been
banned from representing Australia
for a year, with a nine-month ban
for Cameron Bancroft, after Cricket
Australia came down hard on the
players involved in ball-tampering.
Warner has been painted in the
worst light, with Cricket Australia
stating that the vice-captain was
behind the plan. It said he instructed
Bancroft to scuff the ball using
sandpaper with additional advice
on how to do so during the 322-run
defeat to South Africa in Cape Town.
Smith was privy to this but did not
prevent it and, along with Bancroft,
misled the on-field umpires when
they stepped in. Both players are also
noted to have misled the public in
their post-match press conference,
while Warner is further accused of
lying to the referee.
Victims of the serial sex attacker
John Worboys have succeeded
in forcing the Parole Board to
reconsider its decision to release
him爁rom prison. Three judges
at the爃igh court in London have
ordered the Parole Board to carry
out a ?fresh determination? ? and
Worboys will remain in prison
pending the outcome.
Sir Brian Leveson, Mr Justice Jay
and Mr Justice Garnham said on
Wednesday, when ruling in favour
of two women who brought the
challenge, that the Parole Board
should have undertaken ?further
inquiry into the circumstances of
his爋ffending?.
Nick Hardwick, the chair of the
Parole Board, has been forced to
resign after David Gauke, the justice
secretary, told him his position
was爑ntenable.
Society
Media
Children in the north face
poverty and bad schools
Young spend more time on
Net?ix than all BBC TV
The children?s commissioner has
called on the government to put the
needs of northern children at the
heart of its ?northern powerhouse?
project after a report found that
youngsters growing up in the north?s
most deprived communities faced
a ?double whammy? of familial
disadvantage and poor institutional
performance. The study also found
that up to 15% of children in some
areas of the north are dropping out
of education and training before
they are 18 despite new laws aimed
at encouraging them to stay longer.
It also revealed that many children,
especially girls, felt they would not
benefit from regeneration projects in
towns and cities that only produced
a few ?shiny buildings?.
The BBC is facing a crisis over its
youth audience after admitting that
young people are spending more
time watching Netflix than all of
its BBC TV services each week, and
listening to more music on streaming
services than BBC radio stations.
The corporation has traditionally
dominated the UK TV and radio
landscape but is having to reinvent
the way it connects with mediasavvy young audiences who are
turning to digital services ? mostly
provided by US tech companies such
as YouTube, Apple and Netflix ? for
entertainment and news.
?As the trend shifts towards
on-demand viewing, the BBC risks
being overtaken by competitors,?
the燘BC said.
Issue of
the爓eek
Jeremy Corbyn and
antisemitism
Accusations of antisemitism were
levelled at the Labour leader when
he expressed regret for apparently
showing support for the creator of
an antisemitic mural in the East
End of London six years ago. Jewish
leaders accused him of ?siding with
antisemites? and a protest was held
in Westminster.
Rafael Behr, in
the Guardian
?A row erupted over a Facebook
comment posted by Corbyn in 2012,
expressing support for an artist
whose mural was due to be erased
? The work showed caricatured
Jews playing Monopoly on the
backs of emaciated bodies. Corbyn?s
encouraging comment began with
the word ?why?? The answer should
have been obvious. And just a brief
interrogation might have exposed
the artist?s own explanation: ?Some
of the older white Jewish folk in
the local community had an issue
with me portraying their beloved
#Rothschild or #Warburg etc as the
demons they are.?
?It was hardly the first time Corbyn
had come face-to-face with blatant
antisemitism and somehow failed
to see it. When offending items are
brought to his attention, he regrets
that offence was caused. But he also
has a history of casual solidarity with
the offenders. He condemns ?pockets
of antisemitism? in Labour but he
can?t acknowledge that those pockets
are sewn into his movement.?
Hadley
Freeman, in
the燝uardian
?I?m furious with people who imply
a little antisemitism is a price worth
paying to achieve Corbyn?s socialist
society. I?m furious with people
who spent all of last week reading
Russian runes into an image of
Corbyn?s hat on Newsnight, and this
week insist they can?t see anything
antisemitic about a blatantly
antisemitic mural. Most of all, I am
furious with people for insisting
there is nothing to see here, when
we all know that if a Tory or Ukip
politician had done half of the things
Corbyn has done, these same people
would be insisting they be put in
the stocks. The hypocrisy takes the
breath away.?
Hugo Rifkind,
in爐he Times
?Rather than nebulously promising
to fight antisemitism, Corbyn
should ask himself why people who
dislike Jews seem to think that his
party is a party for them. He should
ponder how anticapitalism has
enticed those who hate successful
minorities, and how antiglobalism
has fostered distrust of the children
of refugees.?
? Artist Michael Rakowitz stands
with his reproduction of the lamassu
in Trafalgar Square, London
PHOTOGRAPH: AFP/GETTY IMAGES
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:64 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 30/3/2018 11:29
?
cYanmaGentaYellowb
The Guardian Saturday 31 March 2018
64
The week
in燾ulture
TV
Mum
BBC2
?????
?I can?t have
been the
only viewer
who cried?
Art
Van Gogh and Japan
Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam
?????
Troubled
Vincent meets
the great
zen masters
There is plenty of evidence that
the European artists who laid the
foundations of modernism were
obsessed with the images of Hokusai,
Hiroshige and the other masters who
took woodblock printmaking to a
zenith of sophistication in 18th- and
early 19th-century Japan. In 蒬ouard
Manet?s 1868 portrait of 蒻ile Zola,
a picture of a wrestler by Utagawa
Kuniaki II is pinned up in his study.
Manet?s associate Whistler brought
the cult to Britain in paintings such
as Nocturne: Blue and Gold ? Old
Battersea Bridge, that are manifestly
inspired by Japanese prints.
The most spectacular evidence can
now be seen at the Van Gogh Museum.
Its unique collection includes two
direct copies of Hiroshige prints Van
Gogh painted in 1887. One depicts the
white flowers of plum trees against
a scintillating pink sky, the other a
curvy wooden bridge seen through
driving rain. The fervour with which
he copied Hiroshige leaves no one in
doubt of his reverence for Japanese
art. At the beginning of this scholarly
survey of how that enthusiasm helped
shape his vision, these two paintings
are hung beside Hiroshige?s originals.
And this is where my doubts began.
Even when he is slavishly copying
Japanese art, Van Gogh looks nothing
like a Japanese artist. You?d have to
stand very, very far back and squint
to think his versions of Hiroshige
resemble the originals. Every impulse
of Van Gogh?s brush adds something
of his own. A smooth, dark silhouette
of trees by Hiroshige becomes a raw,
rough, blobby blue cloud whose every
touch looks hard won and difficult.
The black lines of rain that form a cool
curtain across Hiroshige?s picture
become, in Van Gogh?s vision of it,
violent, sinister, oppressive slashes.
Van Gogh?s identification with
Japanese artists was utterly sincere ?
what about the poor bastard wasn?t?
? but as doomed as an uptight western
hippy reading eastern religious texts
outside an Amsterdam cafe. One of
the most tragic exhibits here is an
1888 self-portrait in which he tries
to make himself look like a Japanese
priest with shaven head. What comes
through is not the spiritual calm he
was aiming for but his desperate,
troubled forehead and piercing eyes.
His angst is exhibited in a
formidable row of self-portraits
that includes Self-Portrait with a
Bandaged Ear, painted in 1889 after
he mutilated himself. Here the
contrast between the graceful ideals
Van Gogh saw in Japanese art and
his own tortured reality is even more
painful. On the wall behind him hangs
a print of Mount Fuji by Sato Torakiyo.
Yet the man staring at us from behind
blue eyes is as far from the calm which
that landscape projects as can be.
In a curious way, this exhibition
reveals the essence of Van Gogh. It
makes clear his interest in Japanese art
went beyond cold issues of aesthetics.
Sure, he learned from the way the
woodblock artists framed their scenes
in daring, proto-cinematic sweeps
free from western convention. But he
also saw them as monk-like eastern
visionaries whose art espoused
a爌hilosophy of Buddhist calm.
? The Residence with Plum Trees
at Kameido by Hiroshige (1857)
and Flowering Plum Orchard (after
Hiroshige) by Van Gogh (1887)
VAN GOGH MUSEUM, AMSTERDAM
Compared with his paintings,
the woodblock prints here do
indeed appear at one with nature,
reconciled with life. Yet I have to
confess that I stopped giving them
much attention. Worse, I stopped
caring. Even if these fine works by
Hiroshige and his peers really were
a key influence for Van Gogh, his art
simply blasts them out of the gallery.
Their precise panoramas just look
flat and repetitive compared with
the visionary splendour of his art.
Vincent?s Bedroom glows and sways,
rocks and rolls with intimacy and
passion. No one had ever painted
anything like this before, anywhere.
Van Gogh?s art is self-expressive in a
way inconceivable to Hokusai or, for
that matter, Raphael.
An honest multicultural history
of art has to acknowledge that the
raw individualism of Van Gogh is
as European as his unhappiness.
That?s why so many people from
everywhere on Earth make the trek
to this Amsterdam museum, to
revere a modern soul without equal.
Jonathan Jones
Until 24 June.
What others said
?Why did an artist who had just
hacked off his ear bother to paint
a Japanese picture so carefully in
the background of a portrait that
commemorates this mad moment of
self mutilation? Van Gogh and Japan
will make the answer plain.?
Rachel Campbell-Johnston The Times
?This exhibition shows us, at first,
Van Gogh the copyist, and then, a
little later on, Van Gogh as the great
beneficiary of Japanese influence.?
Michael Glover The Independent
So, did it happen? Did Michael and
Cathy (Peter燤ullan and Lesley
Manville, below) finally throw caution
to the wind in the series finale of
Mum, tell each other how they felt and
set off for a bright new future together?
Well, sort of. The great skill of
Stefan Golaszewski?s sitcom is that
it recognises that big, over-the-top
declarations, while often perfect for
TV, aren?t really the stuff of everyday
life. Thus, in an episode that was all
about moving on ? Pauline (Dorothy
Atkinson) from her divorce, Jason
(Sam Swainsbury) and Kelly (Lisa
McGrillis) to their new home, Michael
to Spain to be with his daughters ?
Cathy finally took the plunge. ?I?d
love to look at you and not notice
your eyes,? she told Michael. ?I?d
love to go to bed at night and not
think about you. I adore you.? It was
the kind of speech Richard Curtis
built an entire industry on. But
after she finished, the desperately
overwhelmed Michael scuttled into
the toilet for a think.
He wasn?t the only one struggling
to cope with relationships. ?She?ll
always love my dad, you know
that, don?t you?? Jason remarked to
Michael, the naked hurt in his voice
transforming him from the slightly
dim punchline of previous episodes
into what he actually is: a grieving
twentysomething who still wishes
every day that the father he adored
could come home.
That?s the pleasure of Mum. For
every laugh-out-loud moment ?
Pauline?s list of the finer things in life
was a particular joy: ?Radio 4, Classic
FM, anything made by an artisan, golf,
Wimbledon, jazz, the Tate ? Kent?
? there comes an acknowledgement
that life can hurt. Or, as Pauline put
it: ?What these happy people don?t
realise is that it will end because
everything good always ends. Those
fabulous smiles will fall from their
faces and they?ll be wading through
rivers of shit like the rest of us.?
Of course, if this programme really
believed that, it would be impossible
to watch. In fact, few programmes
celebrate humanity, in all its
complexity, so clearly. From the
little moments such as when Cathy?s
father-in-law Reg (Karl Johnson)
carefully drew back a strand of his
snoozing wife?s hair while Cyndi
Lauper?s Girls Just Wanna Have Fun
blared in the background, to the big
life-changing ones such as Michael?s
proposed Spanish exile ? this is a
comedy that understands that every
aspect of life is worth cherishing.
And its life-affirming intentions
are never clearer than in its central
relationship. It takes a certain
amount of bravery to step blindly off
a cliff and trust that the person you
adore adores you back. All the more
so when, like Cathy, you are a widow
who was married for decades. That
Manville and Mullan show us all that
fear and love and trust and hidden
pain ? often without saying a word
? is testimony both to their skill and
to the completeness of the world
Golaszewski has created. When
they finally reached for out for each
other, their fingers curling together
as Jason?s bonfire night fireworks
exploded around them, I can?t have
been the only person who cried.
Sarah Hughes
What others said
?The series ended at the perfect place,
with even Pauline discovering that
what really makes her happy is not
Radio 4 and Kent but a delinquent
yob with a history of violence.?
Jasper Rees The Arts Desk
?It was a masterclass in understated
emotion from Oscar nominee
Manville and Emmy-nominated
Mullan. Viewers had been longing for
such a scene and it didn?t disappoint.?
Michael Hogan The Telegraph
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:65 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
Saturday 31 March 2018 The Guardian
What we learned
Sent at 30/3/2018 11:30
?
Opinions of Jasper Johns differ
Francis Bacon, a previously unheard
recording revealed this week, derided
Jasper Johns?s False Start ? which
sold in 1988 for $17.05m (�m) ? as
?nothing?, ?a ridiculous thing?.
Potter-mania is still a thing
egger
Italian bookseller Rudolf Sch鰊egg
has been convicted of stealing a signed
first edition of Harry Potter and the
Goblet of Fire, worth �660.01 more
than it cost in 2000.
Theatre
The Inheritance
Young Vic, London
?????
Angels
in America
meets
Howards End
Film
Isle of Dogs
Cert PG
?????
Wes Anderson
unleashes
a barking
canine caper
Isle of Dogs is another utterly
distinctive, formally brilliant
exercise in savant innocence
from Wes Anderson. I laughed a
lot, not really at jokes but at its
hyperintelligent stabs of visual
invention. It?s a stop-motion
animation ? like his Roald Dahl
adaptation Fantastic Mr Fox from
2009 ? visually controlled to its
every analogue micro-particle;
a complete handmade world.
The screenplay is by Anderson
with Roman Coppola, Jason
Schwartzman and the Japanese
actor and writer Kunichi Nomura,
who was also casting director and
voices the villain of the piece ? the
dog-hating Mayor Kobayashi.
We find ourselves in a dystopian
future Japan where all dogs are
exiled to an offshore island trash
dump, the Isle of Dogs. One of the
interned beasts is Spots (voiced
by Liev Schreiber) whose devoted
master is 12-year-old Atari (Koyu
Rankin), nephew of the dog-hating
mayor. This remarkable boy flies
to the isle in a stolen plane on a
mission to rescue Spots. And in
this he is helped by the ragtag
crew of heroic outlaw pooches he
meets: Chief (Bryan Cranston),
Rex (Edward Norton), King (Bob
Balaban), Boss (Bill Murray) and
Duke (Jeff Goldblum).
The chief Japanese influence on
Anderson here is one I have been
noticing since his 2001 film The
Royal Tenenbaums, and that is
Yasujir? Ozu. Specifically, his habit
of setting up direct sightlines into
camera, a mannerism that will get
cYanmaGentaYellowb
you hit over the knuckles with a ruler
at film school, but which Ozu made
part of his filmic language. And it
is part of Anderson?s rectilinear
compositions, huge panoramas and
intricate tableaux, often alternating
with droll diagrams or layouts.
There?s a difference now. Isle of
Dogs is bleaker and blanker than
Wes Anderson?s habitual visual
confectionery. The landscape of
garbage canyons is grim, which
makes individual details the more
notable. Looking out over the
detritus mountains, you can see
cable cars on the horizon, tiny blobs
on distant threads. Their movement
is hypnotic.
And there are the dogs
themselves, gazing at us square-on
with their black-pebble eyes,
or in profile at each other. Their
expressive clarity of movement is
somehow very funny. I mean it as
the highest possible compliment
in saying they remind me of Jim
Henson?s Muppets.
Cranston?s Chief is the star of this
film: a stray, a maverick, a badass
who is the subject of a plot twist
and燾ounter-twist. Chief broods
about the inevitability of species
destiny. He once bit a human?s hand,
a hand that was trying to feed him,
and there is something strangely
moving about Chief?s burden of
moral self-criticism.
Hosting the Golden Globes a while
back, Amy Poehler got a big laugh
by saying Anderson had arrived at
the ceremony on ?a bicycle made of
antique tuba parts?. Actually, the
tuba, the bicycle and everything else
are all made of thousands of intricate
parts that he has designed and built
himself. What a creator.
Peter Bradshaw
What others said
?All Anderson?s movies have
contained undercurrents of sadness,
but his new film is not merely about
individual wounds, but also about
systemic societal abuses.?
Christopher Orr The Atlantic
?In the fights, all we hear is a hosanna
of snarls, and all we observe is a flurry
of white cotton-wool, studded with
whirling limbs. Only in the mind?s
eye of Wes Anderson could a battle
become a cloud.?
Anthony Lane The New Yorker
This is quite something: a two-part,
seven-hour play by Matthew Lopez
dealing almost exclusively with New
York gay men. You could say it?s
like Angels in America crossed with
Howards End, in that it deals with
the bitter inheritance of Aids and the
spiritual qualities of a house. That
bald summary does scant justice,
however, to a play that, in Stephen
Daldry?s crystalline production,
pierces your emotional defences,
raises any number of political issues
and enfolds you in its narrative.
Lopez?s debt to EM Forster is
palpable. There is even a character
called Morgan who kickstarts the
play by addressing a group of young
men and urging them to look in their
hearts and write. This prompts a
story about a young couple, Eric and
Toby, that ripples outward. Eric is a
kindly, humane lawyer who lives in
a posh Upper West Side apartment.
Toby, his longtime lover, is a sharptongued writer whose success is
based on the denial of his past. Their
impending marriage is threatened
both by Eric?s loss of the family
apartment and by Toby?s fixation on
Adam, the charismatic star of his play.
This leads to the same clash of
values that animates Howards End.
The liberal Eric is drawn to a realestate developer ? named Henry
Wilcox, like the embodiment of
materialism in Forster?s book ? who
has recently lost his own partner,
Walter. One of the best and funniest
scenes shows Henry shocking a
roomful of Eric?s left-leaning friends
by declaring he is a Republican. As in
Forster?s book, a property is pivotal.
Walter always wanted Eric to have
an upstate house he owned that, at
the height of the Aids epidemic, he
turned into a refuge for the dying.
We wait to see whether Eric will ever
come into his rightful inheritance.
While Lopez?s play has a literary
framework, it teems with life and
incident: watching it is like bingewatching a boxset. It tells multiple
stories. One of the most intriguing
shows the success-driven Toby
becoming involved with a rent boy,
Leo, who is not only a lookalike
for Adam but also tests the moral
probity of all who encounter him.
Lopez is also unafraid to periodically
stop the plot and clear the stage for
an impassioned debate: one of the
most intense is about the status of
E
Everybody
Loves Roseanne
A
An impressive 18.4 million
pe
people tuned in to watch the
first episode of Roseanne Barr?s
re
revival of her groundbreaking
9
90s sitcom on US爊etwork�
A
ABC last week.
gay culture which, having fought so
long against oppression, now finds
itself in danger of being co-opted. It
is Eric who cuts through the swirling
opinions by urging the need to
honour the past while living fully in
the present.
This, in a nutshell, is the Forsterian
message that emerges from the play.
I admired its rollercoaster energy
and high entertainment value,
but I found its exclusive maleness
limiting. The only woman we meet
does not appear until the end, when
Vanessa Redgrave (below) makes
a moving appearance as a mother
who belatedly learned to love her
gay son. I also occasionally felt, as
with Adam?s graphic description of
his orgiastic experience in a Prague
bathhouse, that Lopez was exhibiting
his own virtuosity at the expense of
the character?s believability.
In Daldry?s production, staged on
a Bob Crowley set that looks like a
stripped Japanese table, the prime
emphasis is on narrative clarity. The
performances are also exemplary.
Kyle Soller conveys every ounce
of Eric?s instinctive decency and
Andrew Burnap all of Toby?s sad
selfishness. Samuel H燣evine
switches brilliantly between the
fast-rising Adam and the sinking
Leo, and John Benjamin Hickey
as Henry embodies the emotional
isolation of the stinking rich. But the
performance that best epitomises
the play?s values is that of Paul
Hilton who, as Morgan Forster and
Walter, exudes a quiet humanity that
suggests respect for the dead needs
to be balanced by a love of the living.
Michael Billington
Until 19 May. Box office: 020-7922 2922.
What others said
?Divided into six hour-ish episodes,
the experience is a燽it like gorging on
a燾lassy Netflix melodrama.?
Andrez Luukowski Time Out
?A super-smart retelling [of Howard?s
End]. Lopez often splits characters
or characteristics, finding modern
parallels, rewriting fates, adding new
mirrorings down the generations.?
Holly Williams What?sOnStage
65
Last night?s TV
Lee and Dean
Channel 4
?????
This squirm-inducing
mockumentary about cowboy
builders will need to be
watched through your ?ngers
Episodes began its fifth and final
series on BBC2 at the same time that
the first series of Lee and Dean began
on Channel 4. Enough has been said
about Episodes, though. It?s smart,
knowing, probably true, possibly
slightly annoying. This week was no
exception, and it had an interesting
line from Tim, who said: ?Comedies
don?t have to be funny any more.?
Tim is a narcissistic idiot and
we?re supposed to be amused and
appalled by the line. But he may also
have a point, and Lee and Dean may
be a case in that point.
Miles Chapman and Mark
O?Sullivan?s ?comedy? is about a
pair of builders. Lee and Dean have
known each other since school. They
work together and they live and
play together too. It?s not an equal
relationship though: Lee gets all the
girls, notably posh client Mrs BryceD?Souza, who he?s got a regular
thing going with. He?s always going
upstairs to her bedroom to take a
look at her crack. Then Lee gets a
steady girlfriend, Nikki, and starts to
get elbowed out of the picture.
Lee and Dean is a mockumentary,
wobbly camera and all. People Just
Do Nothing and This Country may
have breathed fresh life into the
format, but really? Still? And it?s not
especially original ? I?m getting hints
of Ricky Gervais and Julia Davies
in its watch-through-the-fingers
awkwardness. There is the odd
joke, like when the lads are doing
the crossword at work. Cambodian
Despot (3,3) is the clue, second letter
O. ?Gok Wan,? says Midnight (Jason
Barnett). ?That?s her,? says Nightmare
(Eoin McSorley), writing it in. Ha,
it?s a good joke, but it?s more about
squirming than laughing. And there
are other things going on: a little light
racism, for example. Midnight is
black ? it?s just work bantz, innit?
The show isn?t that funny, then. It
is ballsy, though, and goes to places
many others daren?t. And it gets away
with it with fabulously recognisable
characters and performances, not just
from Chapman and O?Sullivan but
especially also from Camille Ucan and
Anna Morris as Nikki and Mrs B-D?S.
Beyond the boysy banter, the filth
and the squirming, there?s genuine
human tragedy. You?re as likely to
cry as you are to laugh.
Lee and Dean is clever. Not cleverclever, like Episodes, but interestingclever. I know which I prefer, and
it?s not the one with Tim in, because
it seems he may be right: comedies
don?t have to be funny any more.
Sam Wollaston
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:66 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 30/3/2018 13:02
cYanmaGentaYellowb
?
The Guardian Saturday 31 March 2018
66
Puzzles
Guardian Easter crossword No 27,471 set by Maskarade
Each of the 26 clues is divided into two parts leading
to two solutions, both of which end with the letter
indicated. One from each pair of solutions is to be
?tted in to one or other of the two grids, jigsaw-wise.
A Meal which side has to consume,
cycling to The Frog Prince (4-3; 4)
B Top-class sporting event drops
hooter from unknown barge out
in European capital (6; 6)
C Microcosm reveals small reptile
for Louis, maybe, generally
known as Tom, Dick and Harry
(4; 3,6)
D Spotted the cake decorator hasn?t
been at work, so get ahead and
take another?s place (7; 7)
E She?s been given a ring and ball
made square, oddly (7; 10)
F Disguise fellow?s trust of bogus
dandies turning up holding ring
(6; 5)
G Still working for the artist again at
impressive down-tools situation?
(8; 8)
H Swear about a hot batter from
backward youths in uproar (4; 6)
I The writing?s on the wall for Steffi,
appropriate with one capital
letter on steel bangle (8; 7)
J Indian tennis player disturbed trim
raja and pop singer with strap that
is jangling a tad (8; 6,1)
K It may shed light on bedding
material business, after drill that is
pupils? responsibility (10, 10)
L Month when English lectures start
? mid-July ? for Archangel artist
(4; 7)
M Ignore this warning on river ?
?Closure by Member? ? the more
unusual that it has to be proven
(5,5; 7)
N Chief mayor at eastern inn treating
hormone for waterfowl (4; 7)
O Hors d?oeuvre for Venetian artist,
conquistador, prior and Azed
getting served (9; 7)
P Poet?s daughter stumbled about
noon at terminus in Malta ?
happens to turn out handwriting
(3-4; 10)
Q Emirate resident returns
thanklessly to country distressed
by query about independent
mayor N (4; 5)
R Book artist will endlessly maltreat
heartless disloyal fellow?s poor
melody that may be experienced
on mountain top (11; 4,3)
S Eyes pastries at niche adjournment
(5,4; 6)
T Ignoring rules, got undressed
right away around 1.10, left on
board with actors on football
transmission (11; 10)
U Euripides almost broke prayer-desk
at end of matins, hiatus affected
healing process (4-4; 7)
V Novelist will steal fine old volume
and The Wasteland back in archive
generally (7; 5)
W Contemptuous expression from
cat?s-eye inventor, in short,
providing diverse entertainment?
(5; 7,4)
X Wine ? a red, perhaps top-class
Sudoku classic
Chris Maslanka
Hard No 4,022
Pyrgic Puzzles: 1 It means that
whatever amount you paid for your
gas before, suppliers are now paying
you three times that amount to take
it. One wonders: in the interests of
?fairness? have they found someone
that doesn?t always talk sense? 2
Suppose that one number is N/2 +爂
then the other has to be N/2 - g so
that the two numbers add up to N.
Then the product, P, is (N/2 + g)(N/2
- g) = (N/2)2 - g2. Now, since (N/2)2
is a fixed amount from which we
deduct g2, we need g2 to be as small
as possible, which in this context
is 0. Thus the maximal product is
(N/2)2 and the parts are both N/2. In
this particular case the parts are both
50, and the maximal product is 2500.
If N is 99, the two parts are 49.5, and
the maximal product is 2450.25 (if
positive numbers); or 49 & 50 (2450)
Fill in the grid so
that every row,
every column and
every 3x3
box contains the
numbers 1-9. Gone
wrong? Start again
at: theguardian.
com/sudoku Get
more Sudoku
puzzles on your
mobile phone and
compete in the
Sudoku league.
Text Sudoku to
80806 to join free.
? in crate having hen as dodgy
classical figure (8; 6)
Y Poor Rory, excited, but not
listed for a call sign by railway
depository (2-9; 7)
Z Composer from capital ? not
northern Australia ? will take
note of pom Olympic swimming
champion (7; 4,5)
Name
? Tick here if you do not wish to receive further
information from the Guardian Media Group or
other companies screened by us.
Address
Postcode
Telephone number
How many times
a爓eek燿o you buy
the燝uardian?
How many times
a month do you buy
the Observer?
The first 10 entries drawn will win Can You Solve My Problems?
Entries to: The Guardian Crossword No 27,471,
P.O. Box 6603, Birmingham, B26 3PR, or Fax to 0121-742 1313 by first post
on Friday. Solution and winners in the Guardian on Monday 9 April.
Solutions
if the parts have to be integers.
3 I could have gone through each
triangle algebraically but I imagined
elongating each cane and then
sliding them parallel to their original
alignment to get one tripartite
triangle. Well, I am as people keep
reminding me? with, I think, a touch
of admonition? a lazy sod. Then
we have a single triangle so that the
angle x = 180� - (10� + 20� + 30� +
80�) = 40 � There is a lazier way but I
can?t be bothered to tell you. 4 If the
formula holds for n = k, then the sum
of the first k + 1 numbers must equal
[(k)(k +1)(2k + 1)]/6 + (k + 1)2 = (k + 1)
20�
[(2k2 + k) + 6(k
+ 1)]/6 = (k + 1)
30�
[2k2 + 7k + 6]/6
10�
= (k�+ 1)(k + 2)
(2k + 3)/6 = ([k
80�
x
+ 1])([k + 1] + 1)
(2[k + 1] +�/6. But the latter is just
the original formula for k with k
replaced by k + 1; so if it works for k
it works for k + 1; but it works for k
= 1, and so it works for 1, 2, 3, 4... ad
inf. 5 The number clearly contains
a duplication of 1, two 2s, three
3s, four 4s ...nine 9s. So the digit
sum (either longhand or using the
formula from PP4 above) is 570; but
570 is divisible by 3, but not by 9; so
it can?t be a perfect square.
Wordplay: Wordpool b), d), d); EPU
INTERMEDIARY; Same Difference
MILESTONE, MILLSTONE; Cryptic
MOUSE PAD; Enigma RUSSELL (A
RUSTLER); Missing Links a)燾rab/
apple/pie; b) web/cams/haft;
c)爌arking/space/invaders; d) sore/
point/blank; e) coven/ant/elope;
f)燽est/man/oeuvre
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:67 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 30/3/2018 16:40
cYanmaGentaYellowb
?
Saturday 31 March 2018 The Guardian
Weather
Saturday 31 March 2018
UK and Ireland Noon today
On a windy shelf of moor were the
remains of Treforys, a three-street village
built to house quarry workmen
Journal Country diary Page 9
Forecast
67
Around the UK
London
Sunny Mist
Fog
Low 2 High 8
1012
5
Sunny intervals
Lows and highs
Precipitation
Air pollution
Tomorrow
4
9
60%
Low
55%
Low
55%
Low
55%
Low
60%
Low
8
65%
Low
8
60%
Low
55%
Low
Manchester
Mostly cloudy
20
Shetland
Inverness
1008
Overcast/dull
2
5
6
25
8
Birmingham
1004
Rough
Sunny showers
Edinburgh
Low 2 High 6
30
Sunny and heavy showers
Glasgow
Light showers
Monday
Newcastle
ca
7
2
7
Leeds
1000
3
Rain
Sleet
Belfast
Light
snow
Moderate
9
6
Newcastle
York
996
Snow showers
7
Heavy snow
Dublin
Liverpool
rpoo
ol
7
Ice
35C
Thundery rain
1
Birmingham
ming
30
6
Norwich
25
20
Thundery showers
10
8
15
L
London
Cardi?
C
Ca
9
10
X
5
Temperature,
篊
0
9
-10
Wind speed,
mph
Dover
9
-5
Plymouth
Moderate
-15
-20
Cardiff
2
Edinburgh
5
Butterflywatch
Around the world
1024
1024
H
A long, hard winter is no bad thing
for butterflies. Researchers are
discovering that milder winters
wreak more havoc, disrupting the
hibernation of many of our 59 native
species, most of which endure the
coldest months as caterpillars.
So this late spring may be a
blessing in disguise, although erratic
pulses of cold weather could spell
disaster for some species. This
March, I?ve only seen two small
tortoiseshells ? a meagre return.
But British butterflies can
celebrate one thing this month:
the 50th anniversary of Butterfly
Conservation. This dynamic little
charity really fluttered into life
in 1969 when the Rolling Stones
released thousands of large whites
on stage at Hyde Park to remember
their dead bandmate, Brian Jones.
Many of the butterflies were dying,
and the co-founder of Butterfly
Conservation wrote to the Times to
condemn ?the wanton releasing of
butterflies in a park without food
plants in the centre of a large city?.
In the past decade, Butterfly
Conservation?s membership has
more than doubled. It now has
more members than Ukip ? and
Momentum. The butterfly effect is
becoming bigger. Patrick Barkham
1000
L
1016
1008
L
1008
992
L
1000
Cold front
1016
L
Warm front
Occluded front
Trough
Jet stream
The jet stream
will dive south
of the UK,
pushing most of
the precipitation
over Continental
Europe.
Direction of
jet stream
110-159kph
160-209
210-259
0
-2
The Channel Islands
1000
Average speed, 25,000ft
Largely dry with
broken cloud
across England
tomorrow. Rain
will move across
England from
south to north
on Monday.
20
Atlantic front
Low pressure is
over the UK and
west of Europe.
5
Bristol
Nottingham
tting
tt
Atlantic Ocean
260 and above
Forecasts and graphics provided by
Accuweather, Inc �18
Algiers
17
Lagos
32
Ams?dam
10
Lima
23
Athens
20
Lisbon
15
Auckland
22
Madrid
13
B Aires
28
Malaga
18
Bangkok
32
Melb?rne
24
Barcelona
17
Mexico C
25
Basra
30
Miami
27
Beijing
23
Milan
13
Berlin
6
Mombasa
32
Bermuda
20
Montreal
7
Brussels
12
Moscow
3
Budapest
16
Mumbai
32
C?hagen
3
N Orleans
23
Cairo
25
Nairobi
25
Cape Town
24
New Delhi
36
Chicago
11
New York
14
Corfu
20
Paris
11
Dakar
23
Perth
26
Dhaka
35
Prague
9
Dublin
7
Reykjavik
5
Florence
13
Rio de J
31
Gibraltar
17
Rome
16
H Kong
26
Singapore
32
Harare
25
Stockh?m
3
Helsinki
2
Sydney
23
Istanbul
16
Tel Aviv
22
Jo?burg
25
Tenerife
20
K Lumpur
32
Tokyo
16
K?mandu
24
Vancouv?r
11
Kabul
29
Warsaw
12
Kingston
30
Wash?ton
15
Kolkata
33
Well?ton
20
L Angeles
25
Zurich
9
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:68 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 28/3/2018 12:59
103 MOUNT STREET LONDON
cYanmaGentaYellowb
ude
?cash trap device? that they were
allegedly using to rob a cashpoint at
a Merseyside petrol station.
Nationwide told Guardian Money
that only Santander had the CCTV
footage of the incident, which it
had not passed on. ?We have asked
Santander to double-check that
no device has subsequently been
detected on the ATM. We will review
the claim and update the customer
once we receive the outcome of this
request,? says a spokeswoman.
Santander adds: ?This ATM was
replaced a couple of years ago with
one of our new models, which
comes with security measures that
make it difficult for criminals to fit
a cash-trapping device. We have no
record of any installation of a cashtrapping device at any of these new
ATMs.? It says its CCTV cameras
are not pointed directly at the ATM
?to ensure customer privacy of pin
numbers is maintained?.
�
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?? �? ??� ??� �?� ??� ?????� ?��� ???? ?�? �?? ??? ??�???????
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?� ?�??? ???� ?????????
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�?痴 ?? ??? �� ??� ????? ??? ???????? ???�?掌� ?? �??� ??????? ???? ????
�?? 吵????? m"? ?????
a?�?� ?��┱? ??? ??� ???� ?� ???�??�?? �? ?? �?? ? ?�? ? ??� ??
??? ?? ??? ?� �� ??� ????? ??? ???�?? m? ??�??�? 普?�� ?? ??�??�?
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?? ??? ?�???? ?粘???��????? =� ??? ?� ?????� �?? ??� ????�???? ?� ?
???�??�? ??? ?????� ??�? ?? ? ???????掌 �?�? �??�?
h殖??� ???? =h ?????持 ??�?? ???? ?????� ? 羟�????�???
?? �?? ?? ?? �
??� ?????
=??�??�?? =h? a�?????
=???掌 � /???�? �?????????? h�??痴? I????掌� ???????掌 ?� ?�???掌 � ??� /???�? ??�� ????????? /?普????� /?普???? =??�??????� ??�? ????? ?� / ???�? ?� ??普???? ?� /=I I????掌? sGO??�??????hV?�???�
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:57 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 29/3/2018 18:15
cYanmaGentaYellowb
?
Saturday 31 March 2018 The Guardian
Money
57
Kirton End, Boston, Lincolnshire
�5,000
This restored mill tower dating back to 1833
with an attached modern two-storey structure,
is massive. The tower houses a round ?tted
kitchen, six metres in diameter, plus six
bedroom suites accessed via spiral staircases;
no lift sadly. There are four domestic rooms
in the modern building which was formerly
used to display classic cars. The residence
comes with numerous outbuildings including
garages, workshops, o?ces and orangery all set
in 2.2 acres of landscaped gardens. There?s even
a folly, where the lawn mower is stored.
Poyntons Consultancy, 01205 361 694
?Steyning, West Sussex
�35m
Fantasy
house hunt
Five homes
in爐owers
This Grade II octagonal tower was
designed by Maxwell Ayrton, who
designed the original twin towers at
Wembley. With an external ?helterskelter? staircase, rooms inside are
round, with a first-floor bedroom,
a disused water storage void on
the second, and an observatory on
the third. There is also a three-bed
cottage in the 3.25 acre grounds.
RH & RW Clutton, 01798 344 554
Compiled by Jill Papworth
Douglas, Isle of Man
Guide price, �95m
? Eastney, Portsmouth
�5,000
Harold Tower is a Gothic-style
residence built in the late 1830s
on Douglas Head, overlooking the
bay. The hexagonal tower, which
has 3燼cres of walled grounds,
includes a coach house and guest
cottage, which was once lived in
by the eccentric and melodramatic
painter John Martin. The property
is both grand and hi-spec inside.
The octagonal reception hall, for
example, has five sets of double
doors leading to various reception
rooms. The home boasts a cinema
room and up to eight bedrooms.
Knight Frank, 02078 611 065
The split-level penthouse in this
converted ?Clock Tower?, part of the
old Royal Marine Barracks, boasts
vaulted ceilings, galleried landing
and panoramic views throughout.
The interior may be too bling for
some but quirky features such as
the white clock face being accessible
from the drawing room are fun.
Communal gardens, tennis court,
parking etc will cost just over �000
a year in service charge.
Fine & Country, 02393 277 277
Mick?eld, Su?olk
Guide price, �0,000
This partially converted former
parish church comes with local
planning permission for a threebedroom home, provided the
chancel is retained for public
worship. The tower in the Grade
I-listed building contains a
bedroom reached by a spiral
staircase. Elsewhere, there is
already a sitting room, kitchen and
bathroom. However, there is a lot
more expensive refurbishment
work爊eeded. The property comes
with just under an acre of grounds
? basically the graveyard ? which
people need written permission
from the owners to visit.
David Burr, 01359 245 245
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:58 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 29/3/2018 18:16
?
The Guardian Saturday 31 March 2018
Money
58
1 April No joke, as
price-hike day hits
From phone and TV bills to
NHS prescriptions, the cost
of a raft of goods and services
is going up from Sunday
Miles Brignall
I
cYanmaGentaYellowb
f the Easter weekend is
proving expensive, then stand
by, because it?s only going to
get worse. Tomorrow (1 April)
has been dubbed national
price-hike day as a host of
government bodies and private firms
will increase charges, potentially
adding at least �0 to family
budgets this year.
Council tax bills will rise by
an average of 5.1% (on band D
properties in England), typically
adding an extra � a year. The
average water bill for England and
Wales is to rise by 2%, or �a year,
while the cost of a colour TV licence
goes up from �7 to �0.50 a year.
The NHS charge for a dental
check-up will also increase, by �to
�.60. And if you need a doctor?s
prescription, it will cost �80
? up�p.
Sadly, all this is no April Fools? Day
joke and comes days after a rise in
the cost of stamps ? from 65p to 67p
for a first class stamp ? on 26 March.
Those taking long-distance flights
of more than 2,000 miles from UK
airports will pay ��more in air
passenger duty: taking it to � in
cattle class or �6 at the front.
Mobile phone firms Three, EE,
O2 and Vodafone will hike the cost
of monthly contracts for some
customers by up to 4% on or around
1 April, depending on billing date.
Sky TV and broadband customers
will see their monthly contracts rise
by around � a year.
Hannah Maundrell of Money.
co.uk says: ?As you tuck into your
CAPITAL AT RISK. INVESTMENTS ARE LONG TERM AND MAY NOT
BE READILY REALISABLE. ABUNDANCE IS AUTHORISED AND
REGULATED BY THE FINANCIAL CONDUCT AUTHORITY (525432).
Consumer champions
Miles Brignall & Rebecca Smithers
Milk delivery goes sour, Uber
comes clean, Virgin is non active
Milk & More problems
? Taking off ... the price of flights
PHOTOGRAPH: GETTY
Easter eggs this year, your wallet
could be hit left, right and centre.
These price hikes may appear small
and nothing to worry about, but
add them all together and they
could cost you around �0 extra
a year. You won?t be able to avoid
some of the increases, but you can
certainly take control when it comes
to managing the cost of your energy,
phone and broadband.?
Energy provider E.ON is removing
its dual-fuel and paperless discount
on 19 April. The discount is worth
around � a year to customers who
take both gas and electricity from it.
In effect, it amounts to a 2.7% price
increase for dual-fuel customers.
abundanceinvestment.com
YOU WANT:
To grow
your money
YOU?D LIKE:
To shrink fossil
fuel usage
ISAs for people exactly like you
(although some actually like olives)
My wife and I have been customers
of the local milkman for nearly 35
years, starting with United Dairies,
then Unigate and now Milk & More
? the UK doorstep delivery service
for milk and selected groceries. But
we are close to ending this due to
extreme incompetence.
We have found it difficult to
order goods and change our regular
order because its new website
keeps crashing. For the first time, it
recently suspended a delivery.
We had an email on Sunday
evening saying it was not coming
? we assume because of (not very
deep) snow. But, having paid �
in advance, we are now finding it
difficult to get this payment back.
We see from Trustpilot that we
are not the only customers with
problems. M黮ler (which now
owns the company) appears to be
destroying a service that has been
efficient for many years.
RS, Chobham, Surrey
Milk & More was bought by dairy
giant M黮ler from Dairy Crest in
December 2015 and has a national
workforce of 1,100 milkmen and
women (75% are franchisees)
delivering more than 100m pints of
milk in glass bottles every year.
The company may well have
been a victim of its own success, as
growing consumer concern about
plastic waste has led to a surge in
online customers ? more than 12,000
so far this year. Its new website ?
involving the migration of 150,000
online customers from the old one
? has piled on the pressure and upset
many customers like you.
Chief executive Patrick M黮ler has
recently apologised on Facebook.
The company has also apologised to
you and actioned your refund. But it
came too late to keep your custom,
as you did close your account. More
broadly, it says: ?We acknowledge
that during the launch of the website
we have experienced some technical
issues, and to the customers affected
we send our sincere apologies.?
Damage limitation
After an uneventful 19-minute Uber
journey, I was shocked to be charged
a � cleaning fee for what appeared
(in a photo) to be mustard on the
car?s rear seat and inside the door. I
was not provided with a description
of the incident or the time the photo
was taken, and it is not possible to
see the car registration. It was even
suggested the incident was serious.
Uber is doing nothing to refund me.
SS, London SE5
You are not the only complainant
but Uber acted quickly to refund
your �. It says: ?The app is based
on mutual respect for both riders
and drivers. For licensed drivers
who use the Uber app, their vehicles
? Pint-size problems for Milk & More
PHOTOGRAPH: AFP/GETTY
are their place of work, and any
damage or mess can mean they are
unable to continue working. When a
driver claims a cleaning fee, they are
required to provide us with details
of the trip ? as well as photographic
evidence and a validated cleaning
receipt. We believe this fee was
incorrectly charged to this rider, so
we have refunded it and reopened
our investigation.?
Exercising my patience
My husband and I are longstanding
members of Virgin Active gym. My
husband turned 60 in January, and
I have just found out there is an
over-55 membership at well under
the standard rate. It is not listed
on the main website and seems to
be hidden. This means he has been
overpaying for five years. I am angry
and baffled.
SB, London W14
Your case reflects the complexity of
membership deals from this major
chain ? which, in our view, are as
clear as mud.
However, it would appear your
husband is on a pretty good deal.
Virgin Active says he had originally
wanted a ?flexible? option, which
wasn?t offered by the over-55
membership at the time (it now
is). He then moved to discounted
membership, which it no longer
offers. He should have been put on
the ?club-only? over-55 membership
but, instead, he still has full multiclub access. On top of this, the
company tells us, he is now paying
� a month less than the over-55
membership (� a month with a
minimum 12-month contract). It also
insists the 55-plus membership isn?t
hidden on the website.
Compiled this week by
Rebecca Smithers
We welcome letters but cannot answer
individually. Email us at consumer.
champions@theguardian.com or
write to Consumer Champions,
Money, the Guardian, 90 York
Way, London N1 9GU. Include a
daytime phone number. Submission
and爌ublication of all letters爄s subject
to爋ur terms and conditions: http://
gu.com/letters-terms
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:59 Edition Date:180331 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 29/3/2018 18:17
cYanmaGentaYellowb
?
Saturday 31 March 2018 The Guardian
Money
59
? Spending a penny is counted too ?
or rather the 20 pennies at Euston
PHOTOGRAPH: GETTY
How I spend it
?I am aware all this sounds eccentric
but I am 24 and I am bang on track
to save �,000 by the time I am 27?
Name
Rosie Burns
Age 24
Income
�,000
Occupation
Analyst for a
supermarket
We are keen
to hear how
you spend it:
maybe you?re
a ?squeezed
middle? just
about coping
financially;
a pensioner
working part
time; or a young
adult saving
furiously for
a home. If you
would like to
appear in this
column, contact
spend.it@
theguardian.
com
S
ince I was a teenager, I
have always said I will
own a property by myself,
and I have never lost sight
of this vision. I should
start by saying that I?m
fully aware of how extreme I am. I
also consider myself very lucky to
still live with my parents.
I have saved �,000 in two
years and I have still enjoyed life
to its fullest. In those two years
I?ve travelled to Stockholm,
Copenhagen, Prague, Portugal,
Croatia, Barcelona, Singapore,
Bali, Switzerland, Brazil, Uruguay,
Argentina, Luxembourg and Paris.
I am on a pretty average London
salary (around �,000), and my
weekends are normally spent going
out for brunch/lunch/dinner. I will
never turn down a social event
because of money, I will buy clothes
around once a month, and I drive a
Nissan Micra.
Things I never spend money on
are: alcohol/cigarettes/drugs (I?m
teetotal); lunches at work; hot/cold
drinks; Ubers/taxis.
I have always been into
organisation, especially with money.
I used to look forward to coming
home from university, as I could
neatly file away my bank statements
and take utter delight in highlighting
all the different bits of information.
In my first year of university, I wrote
down everything I spent in my
diary, all colour-coded. I moved on
to my beloved spreadsheets. Each
column had a colour. I even had
a miscellaneous column, where I
would record things such as ?20p ?
toilet at Euston? or ?�? homeless
person?. This was when my OCD
really kicked in. I know what people
? Rosie Burns
counts everything
she spends.
PHOTOGRAPH:
JILL MEAD
�739
�200
Rosie?s monthly take home pay
after燿eductions
The amount Rosie saves each and
every month
are thinking ? why would you not
just look at the bank statement ? but
it doesn?t record cash. When I went
abroad, I would record every penny
spent on an app. There was nothing
more satisfying than working out
where that missing ?3 went.
Despite always putting �0�000 into my savings, I realised
I was recording rather than
budgeting. I then planned ahead
instead. I realised if I had any hope of
saving for a deposit, I would need to
commit to a target amount. I decided
on �,000 by the time I turn 27. I
worked out every payday date until
5 June 2020 and worked backwards.
I was not willing to sacrifice my
travelling, so I decided to save
�200 every four weeks when I got
paid ? �000 for the deposit and
�0 into my holiday budget.
I take home �739 every four
weeks. After I put the �200 away,
I am left with �9 for four weeks.
Around �0 goes on travel to and
from work (I will wait at the barriers
until 6.59pm, when off-peak hits),
� on petrol and � on phone
bills/gym etc. This leaves me with
� to spend on anything I choose.
I go through my diary, adding in
any dinners, nail appointments and
birthdays that I know are coming up,
and estimate how much I will spend.
Some weeks I?ll go over the weekly
budget, so I know I have to cut back
in other weeks, but I rarely dip into
my savings. If I have to borrow
the odd �, I?ll just make up the
difference on the next payday (I?ll set
myself a reminder to pay in an extra
� into my savings on payday).
Again, I am aware this all sounds
eccentric and I am sure I am the
only person in the world who is
this爋bsessed, but I am bang on
track爐o爃it my �,000 savings on
5燡une 2020.
Section:GDN 1N PaGe:60 Edition Date:18
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