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2018-04-05 Vocable Anglais

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SALON
TROUVE TON
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édito
sommaire
N° 776 / Du 5 au 18 avril 2018
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Pour faciliter le repérage et la compréhension, les mots traduits sont surlignés dans tous les
articles du magazine.
AMÉLIE ARA
RÉDACTRICE EN CHEF
Enough is enough
Le 14 février dernier, Nikolas Cruz, 19 ans, pénétrait dans le lycée Marjory Stoneman Douglas, à
Parkland, en Floride, armé d’un fusil d'assaut AR15 et abattait quatorze lycéens et trois membres
du personnel. La fusillade de Parkland n’aurait
pu être qu’un nom de plus sur la très longue liste
des fusillades survenues en milieu scolaire aux
Etats-Unis. Il n’en est rien.
Avec son incroyable discours du 17 février, Emma
González, lycéenne rescapée, lançait, aux côtés
de ses camarades, un puissant mouvement antiarmes qui ne cesse de grandir aux Etats-Unis.
Près de deux mois après le drame, les étudiants
de cet établissement mobilisent plus que jamais.
La grande manifestation qu’ils ont organisée le 24
mars dernier a réuni des millions d’Américains
à travers tout le pays. Leurs hashtags #NeverAgain et #EnoughIsEnough continuent à secouer
les réseaux sociaux. Et surtout, ils ont plus que
jamais l’attention des médias — le célèbre Time
Magazine leur a même consacré sa couverture du
2 avril dernier. Nous vous invitons à découvrir
comment les étudiants de Parkland ont réussi
l’exploit d’imposer la question de la législation
sur les armes à feu sur la scène politique et dans
le débat public, de manière durable.
Nous nous apprêtons aussi à célébrer deux grands
anniversaires, le cinquantième anniversaire de
Mai 68 et de l’assassinat de Martin Luther King Jr.
– l’occasion de revenir sur les grands mouvements
étudiants qui ont marqué le monde, des années 60
à nos jours, et sur l’incroyable vie de l’un des plus
grands militants pacifistes américains.
et suivez-nous sur
et sur
 B2-C1
L’article est repris sur le CD ou les MP3
de conversation : Des interviews en V.O.
pour améliorer votre compréhension
Tous les articles du magazine sont lus par des
anglophones sur le CD (ou les MP3) de lecture
Retrouvez le reportage vidéo
lié à l’ article sur vocable.fr
Photo de couverture : Erin Schaff/The New York Times
THE ATLANTIC ONLINE (US)
6
.......................................................................................................................................................................
7 Times in History When Students Turned
to Activism
THE NEW YORK TIMES (US)
 B2-C1
8
...........................................................................................................
Sept grands mouvements étudiants qui ont marqué le monde.
Société
How Brexit looms over the Irish border
THE GUARDIAN (UK)
...............
10
Quelle frontière entre les deux Irlande ?
 B2-C1
Why more British students are choosing foreign universities
THE ECONOMIST (UK)
13
......................................................................................................................................................................................
L’exode des étudiants britanniques.
Enjeux
 B2-C1
New anti-Brexit party aims to overturn EU referendum
THE INDEPENDENT (UK)
...............................................................................................................................................................................
15
Au Royaume-Uni, un nouvel acteur dans le paysage politique.
PRATIC’ABLE ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������
17
Vocabulaire, expressions et astuces pour parler
comme un anglophone
Les associations / Prépositions / Soignez votre orthographe ! / Jeux de mots
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A 360°
............................................................................................................................................................................................................................
21
Martin Luther King Jr. Changed a Nation in Only 13 Years
THE ATLANTIC (US)
..............................................................................................................................................................................................
22
Le combat pacifiste de Martin Luther King Jr.
 B2-C1
Culture
Red Sparrow’s Charlotte Rampling interview
THE INDEPENDENT (UK)
..............................................................................................................................................................................
24
Rencontre avec une actrice légendaire.
 A2-B1
BONUS
A la une
How Parkland Students Changed the Gun Debate
Le mouvement initié par les étudiants de Parkland.
 B2-C1
Bonne lecture !
Rejoignez-nous sur
Grand angle ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 4
On parle d'eux .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 5
Les Echos
................................................................................................................................................................................................................
27
Découverte
 B2-C1
THE GUARDIAN (UK)
.........................................................................................................................................................................................
28.
S’adapter aux changements climatiques.
 B2-C1
In doomed Alaska town, hunters turn to drones and caribou
It’s a dog’s world in the lab. Where are the cats?
THE NEW YORK TIMES (UK)
....................................................................................................................................................................
30.
Pourquoi la science préfère-t-elle les chiens ?
Bons plans .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 32
Les sorties ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 34
Le dessin .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 35
L’actualité en images
(CATERS/SIPA)
Grand
angle
INDE
Menar
EXPLOSION OF COLOURS
Célébrer le printemps
Did you know?
Holi marks the arrival of spring and the victory of
good over evil. It was originally a Hindu religious
festival, but it is now widely celebrated across
India, including by non-Hindus. It usually takes
place between the end of February and the
middle of March, and lasts for a night and a day.
over ici, sur / evil (le) Mal / widely ici, par
beaucoup / across ici, partout en / to take, took,
taken place avoir lieu / to last durer.
4
• VOCABLE Du 5 au 18 avril 2018
Inhabitants from Menar, a village in Udaipur, western India, take part in
several celebrations at the beginning of the spring season. During Holi, the
Hindu festival of colours, they smear one another with bright colours, as
depicted in this photograph. The next day they celebrate the Jamrabij
festival, during which men burst firecrackers and fire gunpowder in the air.
This second festival is peculiar to Menar, where it has been commemorated
for 400 years.
inhabitant habitant / several plusieurs / to smear one another with ici, s’asperger de / bright ici, vif / to
depict ici, illustrer / to burst, burst, burst faire éclater/ici, exploser, tirer / firecracker pétard / to fire faire
exploser/détoner / gunpowder poudre (à canon) / to be peculiar to être propre à.
On parle d'eux…
Retrouvez le fil d’infos sur www.vocable.fr
Ceux qui font l'actu
Last month, world-renowned physicist Stephen Hawking passed
away, at the age of 76. The British physicist made ground-breaking
discoveries in his field. He was the first to bring together relativity
and quantum theory to explain the creation of the Universe. He
also discovered that black holes leaked energy, in what is known as
the “Hawking radiation” phenomenon. Although his rare motor
neurone disease (diagnosed when he was only 21) left him in a
wheelchair and unable to speak except through a voice synthesiser,
he continued his research and became an inspiration across the
globe. His science book A Brief History of Time became a worldwide
best-seller that sold more than 10 million copies.
Caroline Beresford
Caroline Beresford, a senior New Zealand
diplomat based in Washington, got into
trouble after posting a series of tweets urging
the US Democratic Party to “please get [its]
shit together or we will all die”. Her tweets
were posted in response to an article from a
political newspaper claiming that Bernie
Sanders and Elizabeth Warren could be
running mates in the American 2020 election.
New Zealand ministry of foreign affairs stated
that it didn’t endorse the tweets, and Caroline
Beresford later apologised.
senior de haut rang / to get, got, got into trouble
s’attirer des ennuis / to urge sb to exhorter qn à / to
get, got, got one’s shit together se ressaisir / in
response to en réaction à / to claim déclarer,
annoncer / running mates ici, tous deux candidats /
foreign affairs Affaires étrangères / to state
indiquer / to endorse approuver / to apologise
présenter des excuses.
(AFP PHOTO / RCMP/GRC)
(SIPA)
(Twitter)
world-renowned célèbre de par le monde / physicist physicien / to pass away décéder / ground-breaking révolutionnaire / field domaine / to bring, brought,
brought together associer; ici, avoir recours à la fois à... et à... / quantum theory théorie quantique / black hole trou noir / to leak ici, laisser échapper / although
bien que / disease maladie / to leave, left, left ici, avoir pour conséquence, réduire à / wheelchair fauteuil roulant / unable incapable / through au moyen de,
grâce à / across the globe partout dans le monde / A Brief History of Time Une brève histoire du temps / worldwide planétaire, dans le monde entier / to sell,
sold, sold ici, se vendre à / copy ici, exemplaire.
(SIPA)
Stephen Hawking
Rex Tillerson
Donald Trump has fired Rex Tillerson as
Secretary of State. The American President
stated that he made the decision because of
the numerous disagreements he had with
Tillerson, in particular regarding North Korea
diplomacy and steel and aluminum tariffs.
Rex Tillerson's spokesman said he only
learned that he was fired when he saw Donald
Trump’s tweet thanking him for his service...
Donald Trump has nominated CIA Director
Mike Pompeo as Tillerson’s replacement.
to fire «virer», congédier / to make, made, made a
decision prendre une décision / regarding
concernant / steel acier / spokesman porte-parole
/ to nominate nommer / replacement ici,
remplaçant.
Brenda Lucki
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has
appointed Brenda Lucki as chief of the Royal
Canadian Mounted Police. She is the first
woman to have been appointed to this
position. She will face several challenges, as
the R.C.M.P. recently had to settle a series of
harassment, discrimination and sexual abuse
claims involving its previous chief and is being
criticised for not doing enough to protect
Canada’s aboriginal population.
to appoint nommer, désigner / chief ici,
commissaire / Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Gendarmerie royale du Canada (mounted police
police montée, à cheval) / to face être confronté à /
several plusieurs / as ici, étant donné que / to settle
régler / harassment harcèlement / abuse ici,
agression / claim accusation, plainte / to involve
impliquer / previous précédent / enough
suffisamment, assez.
VOCABLE Du 5 au 18 avril 2018
•5
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ETATS-UNIS
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SUPPLÉMENT VIDÉO
Parkland
Regardez le discours devenu viral d'Emma
González, rescapée de la fusillade de
Parkland, et testez votre compréhension sur
www.vocable.fr/videos-anglais
THE ATLANTIC ONLINE MICHELLE COTTLE
HOW PARKLAND
STUDENTS CHANGED
THE GUN DEBATE
Comment les lycéens de Parkland ont fait bouger
le débat sur le contrôle des armes
Depuis la fusillade du 14 février dernier, les élèves du lycée Stoneman Douglas de
Floride, aux Etats-Unis, n’ont eu de cesse de militer pour une réforme de la législation
sur les armes à feu. Ils ont réussi à rallier des millions d’Américains à leur cause et à
installer la question du contrôle des armes à feu dans le débat public de manière
durable. Comment sont-ils devenus les visages du mouvement anti-armes ?
E
ighteen-year-old Sabrina Fernandez is
the student-body president of Marjory
Stoneman Douglas High School, in Parkland,
Florida. She lives next door to my oldest friend
and has graciously agreed to share insights on
how she and her classmates are weathering the
aftermath of the February 14 mass shooting—
especially amid the national frenzy surrounding
the #NeverAgain movement that some of the
survivors launched to push for gun-law reform.
ly: “That this change will not be pushed to the
side. We will not just be another statistic. We
will NOT stop until we see change!” It’s hard not
to be awed by the Stoneman Douglas students.
They have been through a trauma that would
leave most adults curled in a prenatal pretzel
under the bed. But these teens have elbowed
their way into one of this nation’s most vicious
policy debates, demanding to have their say. change the gun-control debates across the nation. They have raised $3.7 million for future
events. They have given speeches and interviews, written op-eds, and gone toe-to-toe on
national TV with pro-gun politicians and activists. They have used social media to respond to
snarky critics. MESSAGE FOR THE POLITICAL
LEADERS
ON EVERY FRONT
3. Such efforts by survivors have rightly cap-
op-ed article d'opinion, tribune / to go, went, gone
toe-to-toe with affronter, croiser le fer avec / snarky
sarcastique.
2. Fernandez is not one of the high-profile teens
leading the #NeverAgain charge in the media.
But she is no less serious about shaking up the
system, and she is crystal clear about the message that she and her fellow survivors want to
send political leaders and the public more broad-
tured the public’s attention. Already they have
travelled to Tallahassee, Florida, and Washington, D.C. to make their case for stricter gun laws.
They have organized protests and marches and
rallies that, thanks to social media, have spawned
similar efforts. The students of Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School are precisely the type
of self-confident, socially aware teens poised to
1. student body association des étudiants / door juste à
côté / graciously ici, gentiment / insight point de vue,
idées / classmate camarade de classe / to weather
surmonter, encaisser / aftermath contrecoup,
répercussions / mass shooting fusillade / amid ici, dans un
contexte de / frenzy déchaînement, frénésie / to surround
entourer / to push for faire pression en faveur de.
to be pushed to the side être mis de côté / to be awed
être impressionné / trauma traumatisme / to curl into
(se) recroqueviller / pretzel bretzel (biscuit en forme de
huit) ici, position de yoga complexe / to elbow one’s way
se frayer un chemin / vicious violent, haineux / to
demand exiger / say mot à dire.
2. high-profile (très) médiatisé / teen = teenager
adolescent, jeune / to lead, led, led the charge mener
l'assaut ici, jouer un rôle moteur / to shake, shook,
shaken up ébranler, secouer / crystal clear transparent /
fellow ici, autres /
3. rightly à juste titre / to make, made, made one’s
case défendre ses arguments / march manifestation /
rally rassemblement / to spawn donner lieu à /
self-confident sûr de soi / socially aware sensibilisé aux
questions de société / to be poised to être en passe de /
6
• VOCABLE Du 5 au 18 avril 2018
SUR LE BOUT DE LA LANGUE
"teens have elbowed
their way into ...." (§ 2)
elbow = coude
D'autres expressions :
to elbow through jouer des coudes
at his elbow à ses côtés
to give someone the elbow (GB)
laisser tomber quelqu'un
to use a bit of elbow grease mettre
de l'huile de coude
to have enough elbow room avoir de
la place pour se retourner
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Améliorez votre prononciation en écoutant tous les articles sur le supplément audio de lecture
NIVEAU BASIQUE ET AVANCÉ DU SUPPLÉMENT SONORE
Raffaele De Vito, professeur de commerce international, discute de
l'importance du dialogue entre les étudiants et les élus.
CD audio ou téléchargement MP3 (sur abonnement)
Ellie Branson and his fellow students
participates in the Not One More rally for gun
legislation. (Saul Martinez/The New York Times)
tain innocence, to retain a certain idealism about
how the world should be. 6. More specifically, Parkland—a highly edu-
DARLINGS OF THE MEDIA
4. Jaded political and media types have been
especially impressed. Every time you check the
news, some elected official or journalist or
pundit or reform advocate is publicly marveling
at how these teens are a force unlike anything
the gun debate has ever before witnessed. “Why
the Parkland Kids May Be Different,” teased a
Washington Post headline. “I’ve been covering
mass shootings for decades. I’ve never seen a
phenomenon like these students,” declared the
subhead of a Politico piece. A UNIQUE VOICE IN THE GUN
DEBATE
5. Possessed of that blend of innocence and
savvy peculiar to teenagers, the Stoneman
Douglas survivors indeed have emerged as a
rare, perhaps even unique, voice in the gun debate. They are old enough to advocate for themselves, yet young enough to still embody a cer-
SUCCESSES AND
DISAPPOINTMENTS
9. For her part, Fernandez is encouraged by the
movement’s early progress. Indeed, #NeverAcated, affluent, white-collar enclave—tends to gain has already affected the debate. Last week,
produce the kind of self-confident, socially aware, Oregon lawmakers tightened up some gun remedia-savvy youth who believe that they can strictions, while Florida lawmakers are hamchange the world. These are
mering out a deal to impose a
teens who’ve been raised to know
higher age limit and a longer
their value, to expect their voices They must speak waiting period for purchasing
to be heard—and who have the out and mobilize semiautomatic rifles like the one
cultural resources and know- right now,
used at Stoneman Douglas. Just
how to navigate the system. “We
notably, public outrage is
before the initial as
are equipped because of our
prompting a smattering of coramazing teachers and the educa- shock of the
porations to rethink their ties to
tion they have provided for us to slaughter fades.
the NRA. now use,” Fernandez explained. 10. That said, the Parkland stuBREAKING THE CYCLE
dents have also faced some early disappoint7. These students are not naive. They have watched ments. Six days after the shooting, Florida state
the nightmare of mass shootings play out on the lawmakers voted against even debating a broad
public stage often enough to know the drill: The ban on semiautomatic rifles. More narrowly,
nation is overcome with sorrow and outrage for a despite being pressed on the issue at CNN’s Town
couple of days, after which comes the pushback Hall, Rubio would not agree to reject campaign
from gun-rights forces, the shifting of the political contributions from the NRA. GOP lawmakers in
discussion from guns to mental health or bullying both chambers of Congress are out pitching the
or terrorism or violent video games or angry young usual warnings against rushing to embrace new
men, the drifting of public attention, the lack of gun restrictions. Meanwhile, Donald Trump’s
action by lawmakers, and, finally, the quiet realiza- arm-the-teachers talk comes straight out of the
tion by all that nothing is going to change. NRA’s playbook. 8. This is the precisely cycle that Fernandez and
11. Then again, all grand reform movements are
to retain conserver.
9. disappointment déception, désillusion / to tighten
up rendre plus strict / to hammer out négocier
âprement / rifle fusil / notably remarquablement / to
prompt inciter / smattering poignée / tie lien, rapport
/ NRA = National Rifle Association association
américaine défendant le droit au port d'armes.
her classmates are determined to break. They
understand that to have an impact, they do not
have time simply to grieve. They must speak out
and mobilize right now, before the initial shock
of the slaughter fades and the public loses interest. 6. affluent aisé, cossu / white-collar col blanc (emplois
de bureau, non manuels) / media-savvy à l'aise avec les
médias / know-how connaissances / to navigate se
frayer un chemin, se débrouiller (dans).
4. darling chouchou / jaded blasé / impressed
impressionné / to check ici, jeter un œil sur / elected
official élu(e) / pundit expert, commentateur / advocate
défenseur, partisan / to marvel (marveling, US =
marvelling, GB) s'émerveiller / to witness être témoin
de, connaître / to tease ici, indiquer malicieusement /
headline gros titre / to cover couvrir (reportage) /
subhead sous-titre / Politico média américain spécialisé
dans l'information politique / piece ici, article.
7. nightmare cauchemar / to play out se dérouler, avoir
lieu / public stage scène publique / to know, knew,
known the drill connaître la chanson / to overcome,
came, come accabler, submerger / sorrow douleur,
chagrin / outrage indignation, colère / pushback
contre-attaque / gun-rights forces pro-armes / shifting
déplacement / bullying brutalité, agression (contre les
plus faibles) / drifting ici, détournement / lawmaker
législateur / realization prise de conscience, constatation.
5. blend mélange / savvy jugeote / to advocate for
oneself se défendre, faire valoir sa cause / to embody
incarner /
8. to grieve pleurer, faire son deuil / to speak, spoke,
spoken out ici, faire entendre sa voix / slaughter tuerie,
massacre / to fade s’estomper.
failures until they aren’t. Even if the Stoneman
Douglas students don’t win much in the way of
concrete reforms any time soon, they have succeeded in forcing the debate out of its usual rut—a
feat that in itself had begun to seem impossible. l
10. ban interdiction / narrowly ici, précisément /
town hall débat / Marco Rubio Sénateur de Floride
(républicain) / GOP = Grand Old Party Parti républicain
/ to pitch lancer / warning mise en garde / to rush se
précipiter / to embrace adopter / straight
directement, tout droit / playbook manuel (de
stratégie).
11. grand de grande envergure / failure échec / in the
way of en matière de / any time soon de sitôt / to
succeed réussir / rut routine, (fig.) ornière / feat exploit,
prouesse.
VOCABLE Du 5 au 18 avril 2018
•7
À la une
I Société I
ETATS-UNIS
I  B2-C1
There were more than 200 student protests between January and June 1968
in the United States, among which the famous Columbia University protests.
Joseph McNeil, Franklin McLain, Billy Smith and
Clarence Henderson (from left) sit at an all-white
lunch counter. Greensboro, N.C., 1960. (JACK MOEBES/AP/SIPA)
THE NEW YORK TIMES MAGGIE ASTOR
7 TIMES IN HISTORY WHEN
STUDENTS TURNED TO ACTIVISM
L'activisme étudiant en sept dates clés
Les étudiants peuvent-ils transformer la société ? Alors que nous nous apprêtons à célébrer le 50ème anniversaire de Mai 68 et
que les lycéens américains se mobilisent comme jamais contre les armes à feu, la journaliste du New York Times Maggie Astor
revient sur les mouvements étudiants qui ont marqué l’histoire dans le monde entier.
E
very few weeks or months, after a
man armed with a high-powered
weapon walks into a school or a church or a
nightclub and opens fire, the national response plays out in a rote, almost performative way. The outcry lasts only a few days
before guns fade back into the background
noise of American politics. But nearly three
weeks after a gunman walked into Marjory
Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland,
Florida, and killed 17 people with an AR-15,
the conversation has not faded, because the
students of Stoneman Douglas have taken up
the cause of gun control. 1. high-powered très puissant / to play out ici, suivre / in
a rote way ici, de façon prévisible / outcry cris
d’indignation, tollé / background noise bruit de fond /
AR-15 modèle de fusil d'assaut / to take, took, taken up
the cause of prendre fait et cause pour.
8
• VOCABLE Du 5 au 18 avril 2018
2. Several of those students, and their critics,
have noted the incongruity of teenagers getting
involved in politics. But history is full of movements led by students — albeit usually in college,
not high school. Some were successful and others brutally crushed, but even the latter still
resonate. Here are seven other cases where young
people were moved to challenge adult society. GREENSBORO SIT-INS, 1960
3. The lunch counter sit-ins that would change
U.S. history began with four teenagers who
2. to get, got, got involved in s'impliquer, s'investir dans
/ college (US) université / to crush écraser, anéantir / to
resonate trouver un écho / to challenge défier ici,
protester contre.
3. sit-in manifestation pacifique (où les participants
occupent un lieu public, en y restant assis le plus longtemps
possible) / lunch counter comptoir d'un restaurant /
walked up to a Woolworth’s lunch counter in
Greensboro, North Carolina, and refused to
leave. Those young men — Ezell Blair Jr., 18;
Franklin McCain, 19; Joseph McNeil, 17; and
David Richmond, 18, all students at North
Carolina Agricultural and Technical State
University — made their stand on Feb. 1, 1960.
Within three days, they were joined by some
300 others. By summer, the sit-ins had spread
to more than 50 cities, and lunch counters were
rapidly desegregating. The momentum that
began at the Woolworth’s lunch counter would
eventually contribute to the passage of the
Civil Rights Act of 1964.
to make, made, made a stand ici, mettre son acte de
protestation à exécution / to spread, spread, spread se
propager / to desegregate mettre fin à la ségrégation /
momentum dynamique, élan / passage adoption / Civil
Rights Act loi déclarant illégale la discrimination liée à la
race, la couleur, la religion, le sexe, ou l’origine.
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NIVEAU BASIQUE ET AVANCÉ DU SUPPLÉMENT SONORE
Raffaele De Vito, professeur de commerce international aux Etats-Unis, a
assisté à la naissance de nombreux mouvements étudiants.
CD audio ou téléchargement MP3 (sur abonnement)
UNIVERSITY UPRISINGS, 1968
4. In the spring of 1968, student protests ex-
ploded on multiple continents. In March,
more than 1,000 students at the historically
black Howard University took over the administrative building. They demanded that
the university president resign; that the curriculum emphasize African-American history and culture; that a judiciary system involving students be created; and that
disciplinary proceedings against students
involved in an earlier protest be dropped. The
university agreed to the third and fourth
demands. APARTHEID DIVESTMENT,
1970S-80S
5. On June 16, 1976, several thousand students
near Johannesburg began a peaceful march
that turned deadly when the police attacked
with guns and tear gas. The protesters were
objecting to a law that mandated Afrikaanslanguage education, but they set in motion a
global movement against apartheid. 4. uprising soulèvement / protest manifestation / to
take, took, taken over occuper / to resign
démissionner / curriculum programme (universitaire) /
to emphasize insister sur / disciplinary proceedings
procédure disciplinaire / to drop abandonner.
5. divestment désinvestissement ici, abolition /
peaceful pacifique / deadly mortel, meurtrier / tear gas
gaz lacrymogène / to object to s'opposer à / to
mandate rendre obligatoire / to set, set, set in motion
mettre en branle, déclencher.
6. From the actions of the students of Soweto
grew a vast campaign led by college students in
the United States. From Columbia University to
the University of California, protests compelled
administrators to withdraw billions of dollars
in investments from companies tied to South
Africa. Over time, the resulting economic stress
contributed, along with other factors, to the
dismantling of apartheid. TIANANMEN SQUARE, 1989
7. On June 4, 1989, several weeks of student-led
pro-democracy demonstrations
in Beijing ended in slaughter
when thousands of Chinese
troops began firing on crowds of
protesters in Tiananmen Square.
Hundreds of people, possibly
thousands, were killed; a death
toll was never released. Contrairement au français, dans les
pays anglo-saxons un "college" est
un établissement d'enseignement
supérieur alors que "high school"
désigne un établissement
d'enseignement secondaire.
Exemples :
College of Advanced Technology
institut universitaire de technologie
College of art école des beaux-arts
IRAN, 1999
10. After a series of scuffles between college
students and the police in July 1999, officers
raided a dormitory at the University of Tehran,
wounding at least 20 people and jailing 125. If
their goal was to stop the unrest, the police could
not have gone more astray: In response, more
than 10,000 Iranian students took to the streets. Since Iran’s 1979
revolution,
student activists
had generally been
tied to political
parties. After the
1999 protests,
8. Nearly 30 years later, China is that ceased to be
still not a democracy. And in the case.
some ways, the protests had the
opposite of their intended effect: the crackdown
provided a visceral demonstration of how far the
government would go to suppress dissent, which
discourages some would-be activists to this day.
VELVET REVOLUTION, 1989
9. Eight days after the Berlin Wall fell, signaling
the beginning of the end of East Germany’s communist government, the students of neighboring
Czechoslovakia stepped in to topple their own.
The uprising began with thousands and grew
until Prague was flooded with 500,000 protesters,
who stayed stubbornly peaceful even as riot officers attacked, giving the revolution its name.
Just 11 days after the protests began, the Com-
SUR LE BOUT DE LA LANGUE
"usually in college, not
high school." (§ 2)
munist Party of Czechoslovakia relinquished
power. It was one of the most rapid successes for
a student-led movement in modern history. 6. Soweto = South Western Township, banlieue noire au
sud-ouest de Johannesburg / Columbia University
université située à New York / to compel contraindre / to
withdraw, drew, drawn retirer / stress tension, pression
/ dismantling démantèlement.
7. demonstration manifestation / slaughter carnage,
massacre / troop ici, soldat / to fire faire feu / crowd
foule, groupe / death toll nombre de morts / to release
communiquer, rendre public.
8. intended effect effet escompté / crackdown
répression / visceral ici, traumatisant / demonstration
ici, preuve / dissent contestation.
9. velvet (de) velours / to step in intervenir / to topple
renverser / uprising soulèvement / to flood envahir /
stubbornly obstinément / riot officer policier anti-émeute /
11. In the short term, the protests
forced officials, including President Mohammad Khatami and
Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, to condemn the police raid. But perhaps
more important were the longterm consequences. Since Iran’s
1979 revolution, student activists
had generally been tied to political parties. After the 1999 protests,
that ceased to be the case. And
while Iran’s society remain tightly regulated, the
tradition of student activism has continued there.
BLACK LIVES MATTER,
2013-PRESENT
12. The Black Lives Matter movement began
with three women in their late 20s and early
30s: Patrisse Cullors, Alicia Garza and Opal
Tometi. But when it exploded into national view
in 2014 after the police killing of Michael
Brown, 18, many of the protesters who filled
the streets of Ferguson, Missouri, were students. Like the students of Parkland, they were
protesting gun violence — but by the police,
often involving unarmed black suspects, in
shootings captured on video. Unlike the students of Parkland, they were not lauded in the
prevailing public narrative. l
to relinquish abandonner.
10. scuffle échauffourée, bagarre / to raid faire une
descente dans / dormitory dortoir aussi, résidence
universitaire / unrest instabilité, troubles / to go, went,
gone astray se fourvoyer / to take, took, taken to the
streets descendre dans la rue (pour protester).
11. official responsable, dignitaire / tightly étroitement,
strictement / to regulate réglementer, contrôler.
12. in their late 20s approchant la trentaine / view ici,
portée / to fill occuper, envahir / shooting fusillade, tir(s)
/ to laud louer, applaudir / prevailing dominant /
narrative ici, version des faits.
VOCABLE Du 5 au 18 avril 2018
•9
Société
I Communautés I
IRLANDE
I  B2-C1
Pettigo
THE GUARDIAN LISA O'CARROLL
HOW BREXIT LOOMS
OVER THE IRISH
BORDER
La menace du Brexit plane sur la
frontière irlandaise
Depuis le Good Friday Agreement de 1998, qui a mis fin au
conflit nord-irlandais, les deux Irlande sont séparées par une
frontière ouverte, mais cela risque de changer. La question
divise Bruxelles et le Royaume-Uni, et les communautés
frontalières redoutent le rétablissement d’une frontière «
dure », qui pourrait mettre fin à un commerce de proximité et
faire ressurgir des tensions communautaires…
M
ervyn Johnston sips his tea while
sizing up the pristine-looking
1967 Mini Cooper that has come in for repairs
from across the border. As the UK’s historic
decision to quit the EU plays out, it doesn’t take
much for the softly spoken 78-year-old and
five-times rally-driving champion to cast his
mind back to the days when customs posts and
army checkpoints brought life in the picturesque village of Pettigo to a halt. “We had about half a dozen incendiary
bombs before the big one,” he says, tilting his
chin to the other classic-cars garage across the
road, now run by his son. “That blew the garage
right into the river.” 2.
1. to sip siroter / to size up jauger, considérer / pristine
immaculé, flambant neuf / across the border de l'autre
côté de la frontière / to play out ici, suivre son cours /
softly spoken à la voix douce / rally-driving champion
champion de rallye / to cast, cast, cast one's mind
back to... se remémorer / customs post poste frontière
/ checkpoint poste de contrôle / picturesque
pittoresque / to bring, brought, brought to a halt ici,
suspendre.
2. tilting his chin to... indiquant du menton... / to blow,
blew, blown faire exploser.
10
• VOCABLE Du 5 au 18 avril 2018
BLOODY PAST
Pettigo is unique in
Ireland as it is the only
village divided by the
border after Ireland
gained independence
from Britain in 1922. The
river that runs beneath
his workshop window
places Johnston’s Protestant family in Northern
Ireland and his largely Catholic neighbours on
the other side of the 1820s cut-stone bridge in
the republic of Ireland. 3.
4. This village has seen more than its fair share
of pain. Just to be associated with Britain during the Troubles of the late 60s to 90s was to be
a target. “One day, a couple of IRA men came
3. bloody sanglant, meurtrier / workshop atelier /
cut-stone en pierre de taille.
4. ...has seen more than its fair share of... ...a connu
son lot de... / the Troubles conflit nord-irlandais / IRA =
Irish Republican Army organisation paramilitaire luttant
contre la présence britannique en Irlande du Nord (qui
déposa les armes en 2005) /
to the garage. I was held at gunpoint. They
walked me up the road and held me at the
customs post,” he says, pointing to the stone
wall outside his garage. There were 28 “incidents” in this village, including several fatalities. TWO STATES BOND TOGETHER
5. Thanks to the arrival of the single market in
1993 and the Good Friday agreement in 1998,
to be held at gunpoint être mis en joue / to hold, held,
held ici, retenir / to point indiquer, montrer du doigt /
fatality mort.
5. to bond together se rapprocher, nouer des liens /
single market marché unique / Good Friday
Agreement accord du Vendredi Saint (accord de paix
signé à Belfast en 1998) /
 facile A2-B1 /  moyen B2-C1 /  difficile C1-C2
Téléchargez l’appli Vocable offerte à nos abonnés ! www.vocable.fr/applimobile
The old disused border post on the border between the Republic of
Ireland and Northern Ireland near Jonesborough, Northern Ireland.
(Peter Morrison/AP/SIPA)
the border in Pettigo is now invisible, apart
from a sign advising that speed limits switch
from miles to kilometres at the old yellow-andgreen customs shed on the Donegal side of the
bridge. Cross-border trade has flourished since
peace and, although it is not on a main border
road, the village is blighted by the rumble of
trucks carrying everything from freshly cut
timber to Magners cider across the interstate
bridge. sign panneau / to switch from...to passer de...à... / shed
abri ici, poste / to flourish prospérer / to blight ici,
empoisonner / rumble grondement, vacarme / truck =
lorry (GB) camion / timber bois (d’oeuvre) / cider cidre /
interstate route traversant ou reliant deux États.
6. hard border frontière physique assortie de contrôles
douaniers /
6. “We definitely don’t want a hard border here
as we had one before, but if we do get one,
there’s going to be hassle and I’d say trouble as
well,” says Johnston. Brexit has jolted memories
and generated new anxieties along the 310-mile
border from Donegal to Louth and what locals
fear most is that old divisions and enmities will
be stoked. It is estimated that one million
people live in the border communities, and they
are already feeling the impact. >>>
hassle pagaille, problèmes, difficultés / to jolt
memories réveiller des souvenirs / local habitant de la
région / enmity inimitié, hostilité / to stoke attiser.
7. hurt blessure, souffrance /
SUR LE BOUT DE LA LANGUE
"the Good Friday
agreement in 1998" (§ 5)
Good Friday (Vendredi saint), une
déformation de "God's Friday", est
le vendredi qui précède Easter
Sunday (dimanche de Pâques) et
Easter Monday (lundi de Pâques).
En Angleterre, comme en France, les
enfants sont ravis de participer à un
Easter egg hunt (chasse aux oeufs).
VOCABLE Du 5 au 18 avril 2018
• 11
Société
>>>
I Communautés I
7. “What you don’t see here is the silent hurt
– everyone here was affected,” says Natasha
McGrath, community development officer at
the Termon Complex, a cross-border sports and
community hall across the river. McGrath fears
that the EU funds released after the Good
Friday agreement, which have underpinned
peace, are now at risk. “We have spent the last
two decades building bonds, socially, culturally, economically. The two
states are bound together and
now they are going to be cut
apart,” she says. FEAR FOR THE
BUSINESSES
I  B2-C1
being signed,” says Eves. “There are plenty of
rogues and cowboys out there only too happy
to get going.” TENSE POLITICAL SITUATION
11. The fears now being expressed in Pettigo are
set against a backdrop of tense politicking over
the border. Ireland and the rest of the EU maintain that the only way to avoid a hard border is
for Northern Ireland to stay
in the customs union and
single market, even if the UK
pulls out. Arlene Foster, leader of the Democratic Unionist
Party (DUP), which is propping up the Conservative
government, is adamant
Northern Ireland must quit
the customs union. “You always
have to worry
when
you divide a
community.”
It is a fear that is felt
throughout the shops and
businesses of Pettigo. “You
always have to worry when
you divide a community,”
says Martin Eves, who runs
Enviro Grind, a successful compost and wood
processing plant, just a few miles down the
road on the Donegal side. “Building bridges
takes years and, in my opinion, we are doing
great. It’s not perfect, but to introduce division
now is a complete retrograde step. It is not good
to segregate people.” 8.
IRLANDE
12. “We’re forgotten as it is,
here in Pet tigo,” says
McGrath. “I think [a hard border] will socially
exclude us. Theresa May hasn’t a notion. I don’t
know if they give a crap about us on the border,
and that’s my polite way of putting it.” CROSS-BORDER INITIATIVES
13. Some 60 miles away, in Armagh, the Centre
cannot predict. He is not sure his contracts with
councils in Northern Ireland will be left intact
after Brexit – EU rules may mean that every
load of compost from over the border in Fermanagh must be declared. “It’s the Berlin Wall
approaching us here,” he says, adding that those
sitting on green leather seats in Westminster
“don’t care about Northern Ireland”. of Cross Border Studies is holding a conference
raising just these worries. Of major concern to
its speakers is the continued stability of the
Good Friday agreement, which spawned a web
of cross-border initiatives on everything from
health to fisheries, sport to security. The EU
spent the summer mapping out those activities
and has now documented 142 areas touched
by EU law, now in jeopardy, including crossborder health schemes. 10. With 18 backroads criss-crossing the Pet-
14. “People who have worked in cross-border
9. His business will be affected, in ways he
tigo hinterland, he predicts smuggling will
flourish post-Brexit, another worry for businesses. “I can guarantee you that will happen
within a half-hour of the Brexit agreement
community hall centre communautaire / fund fonds,
financement / to release dégager, débloquer / to
underpin sous-tendre, être à la base de / at risk menacé
/ bond lien / to be bound together être lié.
8. processing plant usine de transformation / step
mesure, décision.
9. council ici, municipalité / load chargement, cargaison /
leather (de, en) cuir / Westminster Parlement
britannique (siégeant au Palais du même nom).
10. backroad route secondaire / to criss-cross
quadriller, parcourir en tous sens / hinterland arrière-pays
/ smuggling trafic, contrebande / rogue escroc, voyou /
...only too happy to get going ...trop heureux de s'en
donner à cœur joie.
12
• VOCABLE Du 5 au 18 avril 2018
co-operation say it is a game-changer,” says
Pamela Arthurs, chief executive of the East
11. tense tendu / to be set s'inscrire, s'ancrer / against a
backdrop of... dans un contexte de... / politicking
manœuvres politiciennes / customs union union
douanière / to pull out se retirer / to prop up soutenir /
to be adamant that ne pas démordre que.
12. she hasn't a notion elle n'en a pas la moindre idée /
to give, gave, given a crap about (vulg.) se soucier de.
13. to raise ici, soulever, évoquer / concern (sujet de)
préoccupation / speaker intervenant / to spawn
engendrer / fishery pêcherie / to map out dresser la
carte de / to document répertorier / law législation / to
be in jeopardy être menacé / health scheme
programme de santé.
14. game-changer facteur qui change la donne /
Border Region, a cross-border community initiative. “The potential for Brexit to go back to
the bad old days, when ambulances were
stopped at the border and patients taken out of
one ambulance and put in another, is there,”
she tells delegates. 15. It is through the work of people such as
Arthurs, who have devoted their lives to improving life on the border, that cancer patients
in Donegal (in the Republic) can now get treatment in Derry (in Northern Ireland), while
children in “the north” can access cardio services in Dublin. “Brexit is not just the topic for
the dinner table here. It is real life, and here, in
the east of Northern Ireland, it looks like it’s
going to affect us in a bad way,” Arthurs says. RESILIENCE
16. The resilience of the border communities is
a point of pride here. “Local people just learn to
adapt; they are different because their life is all
about adapting,” says David Parkes, a 25-yearold jockey, who is back from the UK to recuperate from an injury, in Middletown, a border
crossroads on the northern side between
Monaghan and Armagh. 17. “People on the border learn to sell and buy
anything,” he says. “We could sell sand to the
sheikhs. A lot of people are money-driven
around here.” A Protestant, he explains that he
has spent his life as an “in-betweener”, derided
in a segregated school because he had Catholic
friends. 18. Peace has been welcome, and now neither
Parkes nor the rest of those living by the border
know what is around the corner. “Border people,
we are in a minority,” he says. “Someone is
going to decide our lives at a stroke of a pen.
We don’t have a voice in this.” l
bad old days époque sombre (jeu de mots avec
l'expression good old days, le bon vieux temps).
15. to devote consacrer, dédier / topic sujet.
16. point of pride objet de fierté / injury blessure /
crossroads carrefour.
17. to sell, sold, sold sand to the sheikhs (lit.) vendre
du sable à des bédouins, vendre n'importe quoi à
n'importe qui / money-driven appâté par le gain /
in-betweener intermédiaire / to deride dénigrer, railler.
18. what is around the corner ce qui les attend
prochainement / at the stroke of a pen d'un simple coup
de crayon.
 facile A2-B1 /  moyen B2-C1 /  difficile C1-C2
Société
I Education I
ROYAUME-UNI
I  B2-C1
Students of Harvard University gather for their graduation ceremonies. (Istock)
THE ECONOMIST
WHY MORE BRITISH
STUDENTS ARE CHOOSING
FOREIGN UNIVERSITIES
De plus en plus d'étudiants britanniques choisissent d'étudier à l'étranger
Si le Royaume-Uni a longtemps été une destination particulièrement prisée des étudiants étrangers (et en particulier des
étudiants européens), les étudiants britanniques étaient, eux, peu enclins à aller étudier à l’étranger. Mais, ces trois dernières
années, leur mobilité s’est fortement accrue. Comment expliquer ce regain d’intérêt pour les universités étrangères?
A
fter a talk on attending university in
America, Mazen, a pupil in his penultimate year at King Solomon Academy, a state
school in central London, considers his options.
The idea of studying overseas is “daunting”. But
his interests embrace everything from African
history to biology to music, and he likes the
breadth of courses on offer at American universities. He thinks he will take the plunge. “Nothing in life comes without risk,” he concludes.
2.
Few British students share his outlook.
Among big Western countries, Britain has one
of the lowest rates of students studying overseas. This caution is produced by a mixture of
parochialism (few pupils master a foreign
1. talk conférence, présentation / to attend ici, aller/
étudier à / penultimate avant-dernier / to consider
envisager / overseas outre-mer; ici, à l'étranger /
daunting effrayant /
to embrace comprendre (fig.) / breadth variété / on
offer proposé / to take, took, taken the plunge se jeter
à l'eau/lancer.
2. outlook vision des choses / among parmi / Western
occidental (the West l'Occident) / rate taux, pourcentage,
proportion / caution prudence / parochialism esprit de
clocher (attachement à l'endroit où l'on vit, à son
entourage), insularité / to master maîtriser /
VOCABLE Du 5 au 18 avril 2018
• 13
>>>
Société
Une suggestion ? Ecrivez-nous sur monavis@vocable.fr
>>> language at school) and superiority (universi- UNIVERSITY FEES
ties at home are excellent).
3. But there are signs that Mazen’s attitude is
becoming more common. Although there are no
official statistics, data from international higher education authorities show that most destinations have seen a big increase in the number of
British students in recent years. Of seven countries surveyed by The Economist, America,
Canada, France, Germany and the Netherlands
have all seen growth since 2010. Only Australia
and Ireland have not. THE APPEAL OF AMERICAN
UNIVERSITIES
4. America exerts the greatest pull. It lured 11,489
British students in 2016-17, some 30% more than
in 2009-10. Ivy League institutions now recruit
heavily from Britain’s private schools, whose
pupils can stomach their exorbitant fees and
have the excellent grades required for entry. St
Paul’s, a grand, academically selective school in
west London, sent 31 pupils overseas in 2016,
almost all to America, up from 11 in 2011. A decade
or so ago pupils would rarely turn down Oxbridge, says Alex Wilson, an official at the school.
Now, in order to go abroad, two or three do so
every year. 5. Pupils are increasingly likely to hire agencies
to help with the exams, essays, interviews and
CV development required by American universities, says Will Orr-Ewing of Keystone Tutors,
a London-based firm. Whereas British universities are most keen to get a sense of an applicant’s
academic ability, American ones “really want to
explore who you are”, says one consultant.
Coaching can help candidates work that out. at home ici, britannique.
3. although bien que / data données, chiffres / higher
education enseignement supérieur / to see, saw, seen
ici, connaître, enregistrer / increase augmentation / of ici,
parmi, sur / to survey étudier / (the) Netherlands (les)
Pays-Bas / growth croissance, augmentation.
4. appeal attrait, popularité / to exert exercer / pull
attrait / to lure attirer, séduire / heavily ici, beaucoup / to
stomach supporter; ici, payer / fees frais (de scolarité) /
grade note, résultat / grand prestigieux / almost
presque / decade décennie / or so environ / to turn
down refuser / official responsable / in order to afin de /
abroad à l’étranger / so ici, cela.
5. increasingly de plus en plus / to be likely to être
susceptible de / to hire engager, faire appel à, avoir
recours aux services de / essay dissertation / interview
entretien / whereas alors/tandis que / to be keen to ici,
souhaiter, vouloir / to get, got, got a sense of se faire
une idée de / applicant candidat / ability capacité,
aptitude / to explore découvrir / to work sth out
comprendre qch.
14
• VOCABLE Du 5 au 18 avril 2018
6. There has also been a rise in the number going
to America from poorer families. The Sutton
Trust, a British education charity, runs a summer
school programme at MIT and Yale for bright
pupils from less well-off backgrounds. Since it
was launched in 2012, 267 students have gone
on to an American university, often taking advantage of generous scholarships. Indeed, the
top American universities send representatives
to Britain to spread word that, depending on
family circumstances, their fees are not always
as steep as the “sticker price” would imply. 7. Their efforts are helped by rising tuition fees
in England and Wales, which have made foreign
universities look like better value. In 2012 fees
nearly trebled, to £9,000 ($14,000) a year. By
contrast, students who go to Germany study
free of charge. In the Netherlands, many have
access to state benefits. (British students probably won’t qualify for these discounts after
Brexit.) Even American universities can seem
reasonable by comparison. ENGLISH-LANGUAGE COURSES
8. Growing numbers of English-language cours-
es have helped to entice monoglot Britons abroad.
In the Netherlands, the number of English
bachelor’s courses has risen from 188 in 2011 to
426 today, according to A-Star Future, a firm
which promotes foreign universities to pupils
in Britain. In the same period, the number of
Britons studying in the Netherlands rose from
910 to 2,778. Some elite universities in France
and Italy, including the École Polytechnique and
Bocconi University, now offer courses in English. 6. rise augmentation, hausse / trust fondation,
association / charity association (caritative) / to run,
ran, run ici, organiser / summer school université/cours
d'été / bright brillant, intelligent / well-off aisé /
background ici, milieu, famille / to launch lancer,
démarrer / to go, went, gone on to ici, poursuivre ses
études dans / to take, took, taken advantage of
profiter/ici, bénéficier de / scholarship bourse d’études /
indeed en effet / representative représentant / to
spread, spread, spread word passer le message, faire
savoir, informer / depending on en fonction de / steep
raide; ici, élevé / sticker price prix affiché/annoncé/
déclaré / to imply sous-entendre, laisser entendre.
7. effort ici, initiative / tuition fees frais de scolarité /
Wales (le) Pays de Galles (capitale: Cardiff) / to make,
made, made ici, avoir pour conséquence que / to look
like ici, sembler être / better value plus intéressant
(financièrement) / nearly presque / to treble tripler / by
contrast à l'inverse / free of charge gratuitement /
benefit avantage, aide (financière) / to qualify for
remplir les conditions requises pour bénéficier de/avoir
droit à / even même.
8. to entice attirer, convaincre / Briton Britannique /
according to d'après.
9. Universities have also benefited from rising
international mobility. In 2007, 4.4% of British
residents younger than 15 were born overseas;
today 5.4% are. Since 1987 more than 200,000
British students have spent some time working
or studying abroad under the Erasmus scheme,
a European student-exchange programme
(which may also be off-limits after Brexit). Many
will have returned with happy memories, selling
the idea of foreign study to their siblings or
offspring. Meanwhile, technology shrinks both
distance and parental concern. At the talk attended by Mazen, a speaker from A-list, another
consultancy, reassures parents of the potential
for long-distance mollycoddling: “You can order
Uber, you can have groceries delivered, you can
keep tabs on them.” 10. Badr, another attendee at the presentation on
studying abroad, says he wants to work for
Google before starting his own business. He
reckons that studying in America would be a
good place to start. It is hard to disagree. l
9. to spend, spent, spent passer / scheme programme
/ off-limits inaccessible / to return rentrer / memory
souvenir / to sell, sold, sold the idea of vanter les
mérites de / siblings frère(s) et sœur(s) / offspring (inv.)
progéniture, enfant(s) / meanwhile ici, de plus, par
ailleurs; aussi, de son côté, quant à elle / to shrink,
shrank, shrunk réduire / both à la fois (et) / concern
inquiétude / consultancy cabinet-conseil, société de
conseil / mollycoddling dorlotage / to order
commander; ici, faire appel à / groceries provisions,
courses / to deliver livrer / to keep, kept, kept tabs on
surveiller.
10. attendee personne présente, participant / own
propre / business ici, entreprise / to reckon penser /
place endroit; ici, pays.
SUR LE BOUT DE LA LANGUE
Parlons études !
pupils élèves / students étudiants
state school école publique / public
school , private school école privée
Oxbridge universités d'Oxford et de
Cambridge
fees frais de scolarité
grades notes : to get good grades
avoir de bonnes notes
grade classe, année : first grade
cours préparatoire / twelfth grade
terminale
to study abroad faire des études à
l'étranger
 facile A2-B1 /  moyen B2-C1 /  difficile C1-C2
Enjeux
I Politique I
ROYAUME-UNI
I  B2-C1
SUPPLÉMENT VIDÉO
Le nouveau parti Renew parviendra-t-il à convaincre
les électeurs britanniques ? Découvrez le reportage
vidéo et testez votre compréhension sur
www.vocable.fr/videos-anglais
THE INDEPENDENT LIZZY BUCHAN
NEW ANTI-BREXIT PARTY
AIMS TO OVERTURN EU
REFERENDUM VOTE
Le nouveau parti anti-Brexit vise à annuler le référendum sur l'Union
européenne
Depuis que les britanniques se sont prononcés en faveur d’une sortie de l’Union Européenne, Theresa May mène d’une main de fer
les négociations d’un Brexit fortement contesté dans son pays. Malgré l’inquiétude des citoyens, aucun des grands partis
britanniques d’opposition n’a jusqu’à présent réussi à contrer le Brexit ou à peser dans les négociations. Un tout nouveau parti
espère bien changer la donne...
A
new political party inspired by
the success of French President
Emmanuel Macron has embarked on a
national campaign to overturn the Brexit vote. The Renew party has vowed to be
the “more military arm” of the Remain
campaign, with plans to field more than
200 candidates at the next general election, to ramp up pressure on Brexiteer
MPs in pro-EU constituencies. 1. to vow jurer, promettre,
s'engager à / Remain ici,
partisan/en faveur du fait de rester dans
l'Union européenne / plan projet / to
field ici, présenter / general election
élections législatives / to ramp up intensifier
/ pressure pression / Brexiteer (personne) en
faveur du retrait du Royaume-Uni de l'Union
européenne / MP = Member of Parliament membre
du Parlement, député / constituency
circonscription électorale.
SUR LE BOUT DE LA LANGUE
" a campaign to overturn
the Brexit vote" (§ 1)
Notez l'utilisation du préfixe "over"
dans ces expressions :
to overturn annuler, renverser
to overrule annuler, casser, rejeter
to override annuler, outrepasser
Sandra Khadhouri, James Clarke and James Torrance at the launch of the new Renew political party
campaign at the Queen Elizabeth II Centre in London. (Luke Dray/Cover Images/SIPA)
VOCABLE Du 5 au 18 avril 2018
• 15
>>>
Enjeux
Retrouvez plus d’infos sur www.vocable.fr
Inspired by the rise of President Macron’s populist movement En Marche!, the
centrist party said it could
appeal to voters who felt
“politically homeless and
abandoned” by the EU referendum result and disillusioned by mainstream
parties. 2.
5. Sandra Khadhouri, another party lead-
er, who worked at the UN and Nato, said
“extremes are prevailing” in the wake of
the referendum vote and
compared Britain to a conflict zone. She said: “Millions in this country feel
politically homeless right
now and abandoned. Brexiteers and Remainers, old
and young, nor t h and
south. Many are disappointed w ith the false
promise of Brexit. “Millions in
this country
feel politically
homeless right
now and
abandoned.”
Speaking at a launch
event in London, James
Clarke, one of the party’s
leaders, said: “Some of the
a nt i-Brex it pressu re
groups and movements
are very much focused on asking people
to pressure their local MP to have a second
thought on Brexit. “What we are is almost
the more military arm of that movement,
whereas we are actually standing candidates in seats to threaten those MPs that
are not changing their minds, or are not
standing up for the views of their constituents.” 3.
FIRST ELECTORAL TEST IN
MAY
Renew has recruited more than 1,000
supporters and received 450 applications
from budding MPs, with plans to recruit
candidates to stand in each of the 650
parliamentary constituencies. The party
will face its first test in the local elections
in May and has launched a crowd-funding
campaign to ensure it can field some
candidates in time. 4.
2. rise ascension, montée en puissance, progression /
to appeal to séduire / politically homeless sans
parti (fixe) / mainstream traditionnel.
3. launch (de) lancement, (d')inauguration / to
focus on être centré sur / to have, had, had a
second thought on revoir (sa décision sur) / almost
presque / whereas alors que / actually en fait/
réalité/définitive / to stand, stood, stood ici,
présenter (élection) / seat siège / to threaten
menacer / to stand, stood, stood up for défendre /
view opinion / constituent électeur.
4. application candidature / budding en devenir /
to face affronter / crowd-funding financement
participatif (qui fait appel à un grand nombre de
personnes pour financer un projet, notamment sur
internet) / to ensure s’assurer/garantir que.
6. “It is leaving us poorer,
damaging us in many
ways, and distracting us from addressing
real problems of inequality and division.
Existing parties are failing to protect
people’s interests due to personal ambition
and tribal loyalties. Extremes are prevailing.” 5. to prevail prévaloir, dominer / in the wake of à la
suite de (wake sillage) / right now à l'heure actuelle /
disappointed déçu.
6. to damage faire du tort/être préjudiciable à / way
manière / to address s’occuper de, traiter, tenter de
résoudre / to fail to ici, ne rien faire pour.
WELCOMING BREXIT VOTERS
TOO
Ms Khadhouri said the message to
wavering Brexit voters was ”it’s not your
fault” – as many had not been given
enough information on the reality of leaving the bloc. It comes as Theresa May
gears up for a crunch Cabinet meeting
this week, where senior ministers will
head to Chequers to thrash out what Britain’s future relationship with the EU
should be. 7.
Her top team remain deeply divided
with Brexiteers Boris Johnson and Michael Gove pitched against Chancellor
Philip Hammond and Amber Rudd, the
Home Secretary, on the Government’s
approach. l
8.
7. wavering ici, indécis / enough suffisamment (de) /
bloc ici, l'Union européenne / to come, came, come
ici, survenir / to gear up se préparer / crunch décisif /
senior minister secrétaire d’État / to head to aller à
/ Chequers résidence de villégiature du Premier
ministre du Royaume-Uni / to thrash out débattre/
discuter en détail de.
8. deeply profondément / to be pitched against
être opposé à / Chancellor ministre des Finances /
Home Secretary ministre de l'Intérieur.
SÉJOURS
LINGUISTIQUES
& VACANCES
JEUNES
05 65 77 10 47
www.verdiehello.com
IM012100014
>>> INSPIRED BY EN MARCHE!
destinations
humaines
16
• VOCABLE Du 5 au 18 avril 2018
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www.vocable.fr
PRATIC’ABLE
Vocabulaire, expressions et astuces pour parler comme un Anglais…
AUGUSTIN HABRAN
Les associations
Rejoindre une association est un excellent moyen de
s’intégrer à une communauté et de trouver sa place dans la
société. Voici une idée à laquelle vous devriez penser si vous
avez l’intention de vous installer à l’étranger.
non-profit organisation /
organization association à but
non lucratif
officially recognized nonprofit organization association
reconnue d’utilité publique
parents’ association
association de parents d’élèves
patronage, sponsorship
mécénat
premises locaux
president, chairman (GB)
président
project projet
proxy procuration
report compte-rendu
secretary secrétaire
sports club association
sportive
statutes, regulations statuts
subscription cotisation
treasurer trésorier
useful utile
vice-president, vice-chairman
(GB) vice-président
vote voter
Expressions à retenir
Do not hesitate to join us! N’hésitez pas à nous rejoindre !
Become a member now! Adhérez dès maintenant !
What should I do to become a member? Que dois-je faire pour
adhérer ?
Subscription is $20 a year. L’adhésion coûte 20 dollars par an.
Members of the board will be elected at the next general meeting.
Les membres du bureau seront élus lors de la prochaine assemblée
générale.
This association aims at reducing inequalities in the
neighbourhood. Cette association a pour but de lutter contre les
inégalités dans le quartier.
Retrouvez cette fiche de vocabulaire lue sur le
CD lecture et son commentaire sur la partie
basique du CD conversation.
CD audio ou téléchargement MP3
Bon à savoir
Toutes les universités anglo-saxonnes proposent de
nombreuses associations auxquelles les étudiants peuvent
adhérer. Dans les universités les plus prestigieuses, certains
clubs sont très sélectifs. Dans le même temps, les
associations d’anciens élèves (alumni) sont souvent très
actives.
La société américaine repose beaucoup sur l’engagement
associatif local. Adhérer à une association (pour aider les
sans-abris, surveiller le quartier, etc.) est un excellent
moyen de s’intégrer… et d’être bien vu, notamment dans
les communautés aisées (gated communities)
Testez-vous
Associez chaque mot de la première liste
avec un mot de la seconde :
1- charity
a- place
2- treasurer
b- dedicated
3- consumer association
c- complaint
4- goal
d- project
5- benevolent
e- philanthropy
6- premises
f- account
SOLUTIONS : 1-e ; 2-f ; 3-c ; 4-d ; 5-b ; 6-a.
active actif, efficace
association, society
association
become a member, adhere
adhérer
benevolent bénévole
board of directors conseil
d’administration
board, committee bureau
charity, charitable
organisation (GB) /
organization (US) association
caritative
charter charte
community communauté
consumer association
association de consommateurs
cultural culturel(le)
elect élire
found fonder
foundation fondation
general meeting, general
assembly assemblée générale
goal, aim but
humanitarian humanitaire
member membre, adhérent
membership adhésion
(ISTOCK)
Vocabulaire clé
VOCABLE Du 5 au 18 avril 2018
• 17
PRATIC’ABLE / Grammaire
JOAN GREENWOOD
Prépositions
Piqûre de rappel
Practice makes perfect! (c’est en forgeant
que l’on devient forgeron).
1 Complétez les phrases ci-
dessous avec une préposition ou
mettez ø s'il n’y en a pas besoin.
for to by into in for
at in on about for ø for
1. I’m not interested .......... your offer.
2. Do you know the reason .......... her
absence?
3. He’s very good .......... maths.
4. C
an you translate this .......... Spanish?
5. T
here has been a sharp rise .......... food
prices.
2 Connaissez-vous les prépositions qui accompagnent ces
verbes ?
1. t o speak .......... someone
2. to agree .......... someone
12. to look .......... someone/
something you have lost
3. to apologise .......... someone
.......... something
13. to look forward ..........
something
4. t o attend .......... someone/
something
14. to pay .......... something
5. to believe .......... someone
16. t o speak .......... a subject
6. t o complain .......... someone/
something
17. t o succeed .......... doing
something
7. to depend .......... someone
18. t o think .......... something
(concentrate on)
8. to hope .......... something
9. t o hear .......... something
10. t o listen .......... someone talking
11. to look .......... someone you are
talking to
15. to rely .......... someone
19. t o think .......... something
(remember)
20. to wait .......... someone
SOLUTIONS : 1.to or with 2.with 3.to/for 4.to 5.in 6.about 7.on 8.for 9.about 10.to 11.at 12.for 13.to
14.for 15.on 16.about or on 17.in 18.about 19.of 20.for
Il est parfois difficile de savoir quelle
préposition employer lorsque les
expressions semblent défier toute logique.
La solution? Entraînez-vous le plus souvent
possible, en commençant par ces deux
exercices.
Le dessin d'Yves Cotten
6. They had to operate .......... him
immediately.
8. Let me pay .......... it.
9. T
here’s not much demand .......... it these
days.
10. We’ll discuss .......... it over lunch.
11. I ’m applying .......... the position of head of
department.
12. Sales have fallen .......... 2% since last year.
SOLUTIONS : 1.in 2.for 3.at 4.into 5.in 6.on 7.to/about 8.for
9.for 10.ø 11.for 12.by
sur www.vocable.fr
Retrouvez beaucoup plus d'exercices de
grammaire, d'orthographe et de culture
générale sur notre site internet !
18
• VOCABLE Du 5 au 18 avril 2018
Retrouvez Yves Cotten sur et-compagnie.blogspot.fr
7. Send it .......... me and I’ll tell you what I
think .......... it.
/ Prononciation & Orthographe
Retrouvez plus d’infos sur www.vocable.fr
Soignez votre orthographe !
Le saviez-vous ?
1
Choisissez la bonne terminaison :
“those sitting on
-acle, -ical ou -icle
green leather seats
bibl........ obst........ foll........
spher........ part........
farc........ pinn........ mir........
clav........ whims........
in Westminster “
(article page 12 § 9)
Avez-vous remarqué le décor
de The House of Commons
(la Chambre des communes) ?
SOLUTIONS : obstacle miracle pinnacle / biblical spherical farcical whimsical / follicle particle clavicle
Les sièges, ou plutôt les
bancs, sont recouverts de cuir
2
vert, une tradition respectée
Tendez l’oreille
Faut-il prononcer le “h” ? Indiquez pour chaque mot [P] pour pronounced ou
[S] pour silent.
oh
head
exhaust
heir
behind
unhappy
help
honest
hospital
Les bancs de The House of
Lords (Chambre des lords)
sont en cuir rouge.
reliures des documents
hole
sortant des ces deux
chambres suivent également
ce code couleur ?
Vert pour la Chambre des
hour
how
communes, rouge pour la
Chambre des lords ?
John
shepherd
rhyme
d’années.
Mais saviez-vous que les
honor
human
depuis des centaines
uphill
silhouette
vehicle
whole
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Retrouvez beaucoup plus d'exercices de
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générale sur notre site internet !
VOCABLE Du 5 au 18 avril 2018
• 19
SOLUTIONS : [P] head, behind, unhappy, help, hole, whole, hospital, how, human, uphill
[S] oh, exhaust, heir, honest, honor, hour, John, rhyme, shepherd, silhouette, vehicle
PRATIC’ABLE / Vocabulaire
www.vocable.fr
Jeux de mots
T
rouvez les mots
correspondant aux définitions.
Chaque mot contient une syllabe qui se
prononce comme le “u” de “up”.
Ecrivez une lettre par case.

to put into print
a lot of different things
to marvel at

“In God we ......... “


to talk about
sufficient in quantity
a very big vehicle


opposite of beautiful
to feel a lot of pain
finished

to hit lightly



SOLUTIONS : publish, stuff, wonder, trust, discuss,
enough, truck, ugly, suffer, done, country, bump
A retenir
5 mots à mémoriser dans ce
numéro
demonstrators manifestants
civil rights droits civils
riots émeutes
to flee fuir
to upset déranger
Le monde de l’éducation
Complétez ce texte sur Martin Luther King. Pour vous aider, relisez
l’article page 22.
He excelled in school, skipping the ninth and
12th ........................ .
He ........................ from Morehouse College, in Atlanta,
with a bachelor’s ........................ in sociology.
Later, he ........................ a bachelor- ...... -divinity ........................
from Crozer Theological Seminary and a doctorate ..........
systematic theology .............. Boston University.
In 1991, a BU committee would determine that King had
........................ passages of his dissertation from other
........................ work.


opposite of city
2
SOLUTIONS : grades, graduated, degree, earned, of, degree, in, from, plagiarized, scholars’
1
L'expression idiomatique
“We had to put up with lots of teasing”
(article page 30 § 7)
nous devions supporter beaucoup de taquineries.
Comparez :
He has a lot to put up with
il n’a pas la vie facile
It’s difficult to put up with
c’est difficilement supportable
They had to put up with scorn and mockery
ils ont dû tolérer le dédain et la raillerie
We put up with a lot of disruption during the move
nous avons subi beaucoup de perturbations pendant le
déménagement
Ne manquez pas dans le prochain numéro la nouvelle page PRATIC’ABLE : Le 1er mai
20
• VOCABLE Du 5 au 18 avril 2018
À 360°
Retrouvez plus d’infos sur www.vocable.fr
(IStock)
Le tour du monde en V.O.
(SIPA)
Juicing up sales
Not a Barbie doll
For International Women’s Day, Mattel (Barbie’s manufacturer) launched its “Inspiring Women” dolls line, which included Mexican artist Frida Kahlo. But Frida
Kahlo’s doll has been widely criticised, especially because it doesn’t have the artist’s signature unibrow. Kahlo’s family alleged that the rights to use Kahlo’s image have been stolen. “I would have liked the doll to have traits more like Frida’s,
not this doll with light-colored eyes,” Mara Romeo, Kahlo’s great-niece, said. According to Mexican website La Neta Noticias, some social media users suggested
that the doll looked more like Mexican singer and actress Bibi Gaytán.
Coca-Cola is planning to test an alcoholic
bubbly drink in Japan. The company has
never ventured into the “alcopop” (fizzy
drinks made with alcohol) sector before but
it is hoping to appeal to a fiercely
competitive market with this drink.
Coca-Cola is not planning to offer this drink
in other markets. “I think the culture here is
still very unique and special, so many
products that are born here will stay here,”
Jorge Garduño, head of the company’s
Japanese division, said.
to juice up ici, stimuler (jeu de mots) / to plan to
projeter/avoir pour projet de / bubbly pétillant,
mousseux / to venture s’aventurer, se lancer /
alcopop soda (pop) alcoolisé / fizzy gazeux,
pétillant / to appeal to plaire à, séduire / fiercely
farouchement, extrêmement / to offer proposer /
division branche, filiale.
(IStock)
Message in
a bottle
An Australian woman has found what is
believed to be the oldest known message in a
bottle ever recovered. Tonya Illman
discovered the bottle while she was walking
on a beach in Western Australia, and brought
it to the Western Australian Museum, which
authenticated it. Experts said that the
message was thrown from a German ship
sailing from Wales to Indonesia on June 12,
1886. The back of the note asked whoever
found the bottle to write when and where it
had been found and to return it to the German Naval Observatory in Hamburg. This message will be
on display at the Western Australian Maritime Museum for the next two years.
message in a bottle bouteille à la mer / ever jamais, de tout temps / while alors que / ship navire / to sail
naviguer / Wales (le) Pays de Galles (capitale: Cardiff) / back dos, verso / on display exposé.
(IStock)
doll poupée / manufacturer fabricant / to launch lancer / line ici, gamme / widely ici, par beaucoup /
especially surtout / signature ici, caractéristique / unibrow monosourcil / to allege prétendre / to steal, stole,
stolen ici, bafouer, violer (fig.) / great-niece petite-nièce / to look like ressembler à.
Sad record
According to a new study led by Mexico’s
Citizens Council for Public Safety and
Criminal Justice, Caracas, Venezuela, was
the most dangerous capital city in the world
in 2017. The study’s authors said that
Venezuela’s murder rate had become
increasingly difficult to determine, but they
managed to calculate that Caracas had 111.2
murders per 100,000 residents in 2017.
according to d’après / to lead, led, led mener /
citizen citoyen / council conseil / safety sécurité
/ murder meurtre / rate taux, proportion /
increasingly de plus en plus / to manage to
parvenir à.
VOCABLE Du 5 au 18 avril 2018
• 21
Enjeux
I Droits civiques I
ETATS-UNIS
I  B2-C1
THE ATLANTIC ELI LEE
MARTIN LUTHER KING JR.
CHANGED A NATION
IN ONLY 13 YEARS
Comment Martin Luther King a infléchi
le destin d'une nation en seulement 13 ans
Peu de figures ont marqué l’histoire et été célébrées comme Martin Luther
King Jr. Considéré comme l’un des plus grands orateurs et militants pacifistes
américains, il a fortement contribué au vote du Civil Rights Act de 1964, qui a
aboli la ségrégation raciale aux Etats-Unis. Alors que nous commémorons le
cinquantième anniversaire de son assassinat, le journaliste Eli Lee revient sur
les dates marquantes de sa vie.
M
artin Luther King Jr. was just
26 when he came to prominence, by leading a bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama. He was only 39 when he was
killed.
JANUARY 15, 1929:
2. Michael King Jr. is born in Atlanta to Mi-
chael King Sr., a prominent local preacher and
civil-rights leader, and Alberta King, a former
schoolteacher. In 1934, his father changes both
of their first names to Martin—by various
accounts, to correct a birth-certificate mistake
or to honor the theologian Martin Luther. His
childhood is comfortable; he excels in school,
skipping the ninth and 12th grades. He first
becomes conscious of racism at age 6, when a
white friend’s father prohibits his son from
playing with Martin. JUNE 8, 1948:
3. King graduates from Morehouse College,
in Atlanta, with a bachelor’s degree in sociology. Later, he earns a bachelor-of-divinity
(DALMAS/SIPA)
degree from Crozer Theological Seminary,
in Chester, Pennsylvania, and a doctorate in
systematic theology from Boston University.
(In 1991, a BU committee would determine
that King had plagiarized passages of his
dissertation, “A Comparison of the Conceptions of God in the Thinking of Paul Tillich
and Henry Nelson Wieman,” from other
scholars’ work.) JUNE 18, 1953:
4. King marries Coretta Scott, an activist and
intelligent with leadership ability” and has a
“wonderful speaking voice.” The protest lasts
381 days, ending in victory after the U.S.
Supreme Court rules that segregation on
public buses is unconstitutional. JANUARY 10–11, 1957:
6. Notables in the civil-rights movement form
the Southern Christian Leadership Conference to coordinate nonviolent protest actions
in the South. They soon elect King as the
organization’s president. aspiring singer from Alabama studying at
the New England Conservatory of Music. FEBRUARY 1959:
After his death, she would advance her hus- 7. At the invitation of Prime Minister Jawaband’s legacy by founding the Martin Luther harlal Nehru, King visits India for a month,
King Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change. meeting with social reformers, government
officials, and associates of the late Mahatma
1955–56:
Gandhi, whose acts of civil disobedience to
5. Activists organize a boycott of the bus free the country from British rule inspired
system in Montgomery, Alabama, after Rosa King’s own approach to bringing about
Parks, a black woman, is arrested for refusing change. “I left India more convinced than
to give up her seat to a white man. A former ever before,” King writes at the time, “that
head of the state’s NAACP calls on King, now non-violent resistance is the most potent
the 26-year-old pastor of a local black church, weapon available to oppressed people in their
to lead the boycott—because he’s “young and struggle for freedom.” 1. to come, came, come to prominence accéder à la
notoriété.
2. Jr. = junior / Sr. = senior / prominent important, en vue
/ preacher pasteur / by many accounts aux dires de
certains / mistake erreur / to skip sauter / ninth grade
(classe de) troisième / 12th grade (classe de) terminale /
to prohibit interdire.
BU = Boston University / to plagiarize plagier / scholar
expert, spécialiste.
to rule décider.
4. aspiring qui ambitionne de devenir / to advance
promouvoir / legacy héritage, legs.
3. to graduate obtenir son diplôme (universitaire) /
college (US) université / bachelor's degree licence / to
earn obtenir / bachelor-of-divinity degree licence de
théologie /
5. to give, gave, given up céder / NAACP = National
Association for the Advancement of Colored People / to
call on sb to do sth demander instamment à qqn de
faire qqch /
7. government official représentant du gouvernement /
late feu, défunt / disobedience désobéissance / rule
domination, férule / to bring, brought, brought about
entraîner, engendrer / potent puissant / struggle lutte,
combat.
22
• VOCABLE Du 5 au 18 avril 2018
6. Christian chrétien.
 facile A2-B1 /  moyen B2-C1 /  difficile C1-C2
Culture
I Cinéma I
ETATS-UNIS
I  B2-C1
SUPPLÉMENT VIDÉO
(Rich Fury/AP/SIPA)
Regardez la bande-annonce de Red Sparrow
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THE INDEPENDENT GEOFFREY MACNAB
RED SPARROW'S CHARLOTTE
RAMPLING INTERVIEW
Interview avec Charlotte Rampling de Red Sparrow
L’actrice britannique Charlotte Rampling incarne depuis plus de cinquante ans un certain cinéma — puissant, subversif et
élégant. Elle n’a jamais cessé d’étonner avec ses choix de films audacieux, du très controversé Portier de nuit au dérangeant et
sexy Swimming Pool. A l’affiche du blockbuster Red Sparrow, en salles le 4 avril, dans un second rôle assez étonnant, Charlotte
Rampling évoque ses choix de carrière et son récent tournage avec Jennifer Lawrence.
24
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C
harlotte Rampling is standing by
the window of a conference suite
high up in a hotel in Rotterdam, looking
down on the city below. The actor (star of
such films as The Night Porter, The Damned,
Max Mon Amour and Stardust Memories)
is at the International Film Festival Rotterdam for the screening of her new film, Andrea Pallaoro’s Hannah, and to give a masterclass. 2. Rampling is back on Brit-
ish screens this week, in the
big budget Hollywood movie Red Sparrow, as the coldas-ice “headmistress” who
tutors a former prima ballerina (Jennifer Lawrence)
on how to become a seductive Russian spy. played the Holocaust survivor reunited in a
twisted romance with the Nazi officer (Dirk
Bogarde) who had tortured her, in Liliana
Cavani’s The Night Porter (1974), she became
one of the most talked about stars of her era,
just as Jennifer Lawrence is today. The New York Times called The Night
Porter a “a slab of opulent claptrap” and a
“piece of junk”; Roger Ebert proclaimed it as
“nasty as it is lubricious”; Pauline Kael in The
New Yorker found it “humanly and aesthetically offensive”, and another New
York critic labelled it “slick,
demented junk”. 6.
No one does
chilliness and
inner suffering
quite like
Rampling.
Rampling describes the
film as “quite a trip”, and also expresses her
admiration for Lawrence. “She [Jennifer
Lawrence] is in a film world that I am not in,
which is the big machine. When she decided
to do Hunger Games, she realised she was
going into a very big world – and you don’t
probably realise how big that is. But she has
remained...” she searches for the right phrase
before landing on: “very sweet.” 3.
4. “The problem is about how you keep that;
how do you keep yourself within a world like
that, because it is so big. She is the highest
paid female actor, and these are huge productions. She is constantly surrounded by people… she is the girl in the middle of it all. I
am not pitying her, but I am saying I hope
she is able to have another life as well.” THE “GIRL IN THE MIDDLE OF IT
ALL”
7. Cavani’s defence was that
her film was based on real
characters. She had interviewed women who were
active in the Italian resistance and had been sent to the camps. One, a
teacher, was taken to Dachau when she was
18. She survived but was traumatised by her
experience. What startled Cavani was the
woman’s admission that she returned to
Dachau every year. The point Cavani wanted
to make in The Night Porter was that survivors’ stories “can sometimes be controversial,
they can be dark”.
THE NIGHT PORTER: CONTROVERSIAL BUT DEFINING
Rampling doesn’t hide her continuing
pride in what remains the most controversial
film of her long and distinguished career. At
her masterclass the day before my interview,
she had told her audience that, as an actor,
she relies on her “instincts” and never “thinks
of the consequences”. She took on The Night
Porter simply because she was amazed by
8.
5. Early in her career Rampling was herself
the “girl in the middle of it all”. When she
1. below en contrebas / such tel / screening projection
(screen écran; ici, cinéma) / masterclass cours de
maître.
2. to be back être de retour / cold-as-ice glacial, (très)
froid (fig.), de marbre / headmistress directrice / to
tutor former / former ancien / prima ballerina
danseuse étoile / spy espion.
3. quite a trip une expérience / how ici, à quel point / to
remain rester, demeurer / phrase expression,
formulation, choix de mots / to land on tomber sur.
4. huge production superproduction / to be
surrounded by être entouré de / to pity plaindre / to
be able to ici, parvenir à.
5. to play ici, jouer le rôle de, interpréter / twisted tordu,
complexe, pervers / The Night Porter Portier de nuit / era
époque / just as tout comme.
6. slab dalle, bloc, pavé; ici, tas / claptrap blabla,
inepties (de caractère prétentieux ou creux) / piece of
junk ici, (film) sans aucune valeur, de piètre qualité (de la
daube) / nasty désagréable / lubricious salace / to
label qualifier de / slick sophistiqué / demented fou.
7. character personnage / to startle surprendre
(fortement) / admission aveu / to make, made,
made a point souligner un fait.
8. defining déterminant / to hide, hid, hidden
dissimuler / pride fierté / audience public, assistance /
to rely on se fier à / to take, took, taken on ici,
accepter (de jouer dans) / amazed sidéré /
the screenplay. “There was great beauty in it,
really great beauty. It was a tortured, strange,
decadent love story.” 9. Rampling and Cavani “fell out” when the
actor declined to work on the director's next
film, Beyond Good and Evil, about the relationship between philosopher Nietzsche and
the Russian writer and psychoanalyst, Lou
Andreas-Salomé. “She [Cavani] was heartbroken that I didn’t do it, but I couldn’t. I was
too tired.” They were eventually reconciled
and The Night Porter is still probably the film
that defines Rampling’s career. She has
played many other memorable roles, for example opposite a very hirsute Sean Connery
in Zardoz, or as the nearperfect woman in
Woody Allen’s Stardust Memories. She enjoyed a second coming as a movie actor when
she started working with François Ozon in
films like Under the Sand (2000) and Swimming Pool (2003), and in Laurent Cantet’s
Heading South (2005). A EUROPEAN STAR
10. In many ways, though, her career is the
complete antithesis of that of her Red Sparrow co-star Jennifer Lawrence. Having appeared in films set in swinging London in
the 1960s, she went off to Italy and became
a star in European arthouse movies like The
Damned and The Night Porter, not in big US
studio movies. She later married composer
Jean-Michel Jarre and started living in
France, where she is still based. “It made a
big difference to what kind of films I was
going to make and where I was going to go.
I was really on the continent. I wasn’t part
of England any more… and, at that time,
French cinema was much more flourishing
than English cinema.” screenplay scénario.
9. to fall, fell, fallen out se brouiller / director
réalisateur / Beyond Good and Evil Au-delà du bien et
du mal / to be heartbroken avoir le cœur brisé; ici, être
très déçue / eventually finalement / still toujours /
near quasiment, presque / to enjoy jouir de, connaître /
second coming second avènement (Christ); ici, retour /
Under the Sand Sous le sable / Heading South Vers le
sud.
10. in many ways à de nombreux égards / though
cependant / to be set se dérouler / swinging animé, en
ébullition (Swinging London scène artistique et culturelle
qui a fleuri dans la capitale britannique dans les années
1960) / arthouse movie film d'art et d'essai / kind
genre / time ici, époque / flourishing florissant.
VOCABLE Du 5 au 18 avril 2018
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I Cinéma I
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11. Over the years Rampling has worked with
her share of American directors (everyone
from Sidney Lumet and Woody Allen to Todd
Solondz) but always on a very selective basis.
“I didn’t want to be doing something fake,”
is how she describes the choices she makes.
“Somehow, in Hollywood, it felt very fake.”
At the same time, she is very gratified that
after she appeared in high-profile US TV
series Dexter, young people “discovered” her. WOMEN IN PAIN
12. No one does chilliness and inner suffering
quite like Rampling. Her character in Hannah, the film that premiered in Rotterdam,
is very similar to many others she has played
recently – a lonely, traumatised woman trying to cope with her husband’s sudden imprisonment. 13. “It is the family of people I do tend to be
very attracted by in cinema. It’s the kind of
cinema that I’ve always wanted to make, so
11. over au cours/fil de / one's share of de nombreux... /
fake faux, artificiel / somehow pour une raison ou pour
une autre / gratified heureux / high-profile très connu.
12. in pain qui souffre / chilliness froideur / inner
suffering souffrance intérieure / quite tout à fait / to
premiere être projeté en avant-première / to cope with
faire face à / husband mari.
13. family groupe / to tend to avoir tendance à /
Charlotte Rampling as Matron in Red Sparrow. (Twentieth Century Fox)
when they [these kinds of roles] come up, I
will always go for it. It’s not a cinema that’s
very gay and entertaining, but it is a cinema
that is very engaged psychologically.” STREAM OF CONSCIOUSNESS
14. In her life as well as her films, Rampling
SUR LE BOUT DE LA LANGUE
"Rampling is a strange
mixture of openness
and guardedness" (§ 15)
Notez comment le suffixe "ness"
transforme l'adjectif en nom
commun :
open ouvert  openness franchise,
ouverture d'esprit
guarded sur ses gardes, réservé 
guardedness circonspection
D'autres exemples :
mean avare, mesquin  meanness
avarice, méchanceté
stubborn têtu, entêté 
stubbornness entêtement,
obstination
keen enthousiaste  keenness
enthousiasme, volonté
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• VOCABLE Du 5 au 18 avril 2018
always gives the impression of looking inwards. Last year she wrote an “autobiography”, Who I Am, coauthored with Christophe
Bataille and published to mixed reviews. This
wasn’t the typical showbiz memoir but more
a stream of consciousness meditation – in
some ways, a study of the ghost inside her. Rampling is a strange mixture of openness and guardedness. She speaks frankly
15.
to come, came, come up se présenter / to go, went,
gone for sth se lancer, saisir une opportunité /
entertaining divertissant, amusant.
14. stream of consciousness courant/flux de
conscience / as well as ainsi que / looking inwards
introspection / review critique / ghost fantôme, esprit;
ici, âme.
15. openness ouverture d’esprit; ici, franchise /
guardedness prudence, réserve / frankly franchement,
ouvertement /
about the suicide of her sister, the grief it
caused her, and how working on Ozon’s
Under the Sand finally, many years later,
helped her deal with it. At the same time, she
is reluctant to be drawn on such topical issues as the Me Too Movement. Rampling
explains that she is extremely wary about
being misinterpreted. “It chills me,” she says
of the way remarks or soundbites taken out
of context can now immediately be splashed
over the internet. “I am constantly censoring
myself, which is such a pity. There are lots of
things I would love to say and talk about but
I don’t do it that way any more now,” she
closes the conversation on a typically tantalising and enigmatic note. l
grief douleur, souffrance / to deal, dealt, dealt with
gérer / reluctant réticent, hésitant / to be drawn on
être invité à s'exprimer/partager ses connaissances sur /
topical d’actualité / issue question, sujet / wary
méfiant, prudent / to misinterpret mal interpréter,
interpréter à tort / soundbite brève citation / to splash
over répandre/diffuser largement sur (connotation
péjorative) / such a pity tellement dommage /
tantalising mystérieux.
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Échos
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(SIPA)
Brèves de culture
On the run again
(SIPA)
Beyoncé announced that she and Jay-Z will
be going on tour again together. Their 'On
the Run 2' tour will start June 6 in Wales
and will hit the stages of 36 cities in Europe
and in the United States. The married stars
first went on tour together in 2014. Since
then, Beyoncé released her Lemonade
album, Jay-Z his 4:44 album, and divorce
rumours have been circulating...
Fresh literary prize
on the run aussi, en fuite/cavale / tour ici, tournée
/ Wales (le) Pays de Galles (capitale: Cardiff) /
to hit, hit, hit the stage se produire sur scène /
since then depuis lors / to release sortir (dans
les bacs).
The Man Booker International Prize, awarded for translated fiction and hosted in
the United Kingdom, has made its 2018 longlist public. Chaired by author, Lisa
Appignanesi, the judges have selected thirteen titles from a list of 108 books. 10
languages are represented in their longlist. “Tastes have shifted in Britain and
there’s a great hunger for seeing things afresh, for fresh uses of the novel, fresh
work,” said Lisa Appignanesi. This year’s longlist also includes two former winners of the prize: South-Korean novelist Han Kang, and Hungarian author László
Krasznahorkai. The prize’s shortlist will be announced on 12 April and the winner, taking home £50,000, in May.
(Istock)
fresh nouveau, innovant / prize prix, récompense / to award décerner / to translate traduire / to host organiser
/ longlist première liste de sélection, présélection / to make, made, made public rendre public, annoncer / to
chair présider / taste goût, préférence / to shift changer, évoluer / hunger ici, avidité / afresh différemment,
sous un nouvel angle / novel roman / former ancien / shortlist sélection / to take, took, taken home ici,
remporter, empocher.
(2017 Home Box Office, Inc. - diffusion OCS)
Bloody end
HBO executive, Francesca Orsi, has revealed
that the six final episodes of the Game of
Thrones series will feature many character
deaths. She recounted her experience
attending the final script table-read. "None
of the cast had received the scripts prior, and
one by one they started to fall down to their
deaths," she said. She also stated that the
cast and crew gave a 15-minute standing
ovation to creators David Benioff and D.B.
Weiss after the reading.
executive cadre (dirigeant); ici, vice-présidente exécutive / to feature comprendre (fig.) / character personnage
/ to recount raconter / to attend assister à / script table read lecture du scénario par les acteurs (en présence
des scénaristes, du réalisateur) / cast acteurs / prior avant, au préalable / to fall, fell, fallen down to one’s
death mourir / to state indiquer / crew équipe de tournage.
Cultural landmark
London Central mosque, in Regent’s Park,
was given Grade II* listed status. This
protected heritage status recognises the
mosque’s historic, cultural and architectural
importance. Churchill’s war cabinet offered
the location for the mosque in the 1940s,
but the mosque was only built in the
1970s. With its golden dome and 44-metre
minaret, it has become a London landmark.
landmark ici, édifice d’intérêt spécial / Grade
II* édifices particulièrement importants ou
d’un intérêt spécial / listed classé (monument
historique) / location lieu, emplacement.
VOCABLE Du 5 au 18 avril 2018
• 27
Découverte
I Environnement I
ETATS-UNIS
I  B2-C1
Shishmaref
THE GUARDIAN ZACHARIAH HUGHES
IN DOOMED ALASKA
TOWN, HUNTERS TURN TO
DRONES AND CARIBOU
Dans une ville condamnée d'Alaska, les chasseurs
se tournent vers les drones et les caribous
A Shishmaref, petit village situé sur une île minuscule au large de l’Alaska, les effets
du réchauffement climatique se font durement sentir. L’île de quatre kilomètres sur
un rétrécit un peu plus chaque année et sera l’une des premières à disparaître. Une
partie de sa faune l’a déjà désertée. En attendant le déménagement de leur village,
les habitants de Shishmaref doivent trouver de nouveaux moyens de se nourrir…
A
t the edge of an imperiled Alaska 3. With a population of about 600 on a barrier
town, Dennis Davis sent a drone over island at the state’s extreme western tip, Shisha patchwork of ice covering the Chukchi Sea. maref’s days are numbered. Rapid erosion is
“Some people think it’s a toy, but a lot of people eating away at its beaches, and for years the
know that it’s an actual tool,” he said of the community has appealed for federal funds to
$5,000, microwave-sized machine with a cam- move to a new location. But in the meantime,
era mounted to a carbon fiber
residents still need to eat and
frame. As snowmachines
pay bills. So hunters like Davis,
zoomed past, Davis, 39, a resi- Climatic shifts
contending with unstable endent and former police officer, are ever more
vironmental conditions, are
looked at the pictures that were apparent to
having to find new ways to
beamed back. survive. FINDING NEW WAYS
TO SURVIVE
2. Davis doesn’t use the drone
Alaskans who
depend on the
land and sea for
nourishment.
to spot prey, which he believes
would give him an unfair advantage. Instead, he uses it to analyze ice conditions – blue ice is considered stronger than white
ice. Because the climate, and ice formation, is
ever more variable, Davis hoped the drone would
help “set a course for everybody” when they went
out seal-hunting in the springtime. 1. edge bord(ure); ici, périphérie / imperiled en danger /
to cover recouvrir / actual véritable, réel / microwavesized de la taille d'un micro-ondes / to be mounted to
être fixé à / frame cadre, structure / as ici, au moment où
/ to zoom past passer rapidement / former ancien / to
beam back transmettre.
2. way façon / to spot repérer / prey proie / unfair
injuste / instead au lieu de cela / ever toujours plus,
constamment / to set, set, set a course ici, trouver un
itinéraire (sûr) / seal-hunting chasse au phoque.
28
• VOCABLE Du 5 au 18 avril 2018
4. Climatic shifts are ever more
apparent to Alaskans who depend on the land and sea for
nourishment, from indigenous
subsistence hunters to weekend warriors. Moose are extending their range.
But they also face a looming threat from ticks
encroaching on warming northern latitudes.
3. about environ / barrier island formation géologique
côtière consistant en une ou plusieurs longue(s) île(s)
étroite(s) et parallèle(s) à la côte / tip extrémité, pointe /
[its] days are numbered [ses] jours sont comptés / to
eat, ate, eaten away at ici, éroder / to appeal for
formuler une demande (urgente) de, réclamer / funds
fonds, financement / to move ici, être transféré /
location endroit, site / in the meantime en attendant /
bill facture / to contend with faire face à.
4. shift changement / weekend warrior ici, personne qui
chasse pour le loisir (en fin de semaine) / moose (inv.) élan
/ to extend agrandir / range ici, territoire / to face être
confronté à / looming imminent / threat menace / to
encroach on gagner (du terrain) / warming qui se
réchauffe.
ENDANGERED WILDLIFE
5. The timing of migrations among everything
from bowhead whales to caribou are shifting,
becoming less dependable. More ominously,
unusual mortality events among birds and
marine mammals are becoming more common
in the region. Last year, 39 dead walruses
washed ashore in the Bering Strait region. Four
tested positive for biotoxins from algae blooms,
a new presence in Arctic waters. 6. Such issues come into sharp focus in Shish-
maref, which embodies the extreme dichotomies
in rural Alaska. It lacks basic infrastructure, such
as plumbing for sewage and potable water, and
is reachable only by small planes flown out of
nearby hub communities. But there’s also an
5. endangered en voie de disparition / wildlife faune et
flore / timing ici, cycle, période / among parmi, chez /
bowhead whale baleine boréale / ominously inquiétant
/ mammal mammifère / walrus morse / to be washed
ashore s'échouer (sur la plage) / (the) Bering Strait (le)
détroit de Behring / bloom ici, prolifération, colonie.
6. such ici, de tels (such as tels que) / issue problème / to
come, came, come into sharp focus apparaître
clairement, être clairement visible / to embody incarner,
représenter, illustrer / to lack manquer de / plumbing
plomberie, tuyauterie / sewage (évacuation des) eaux
usées / reachable accessible / nearby voisin / hub
community centre /
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In Shishmaref, more
caribou are venturing
closer to town. (IStock)
tangled piles of antlers rest on roofs. The shifting distribution could be the result of a changing food supply on the tundra or fluctuations
in herd size. But with fewer opportunities to
hunt marine mammals, caribou is becoming
a more dependable option. 11. It’s a similar story with musk oxen, shaggy
prehistoric goats that were wiped out of Alaska
in the 1800s, reintroduced to the mainland just
50 years ago, and are now steadily working their
way back into people’s diets. For some hunters,
terrestrial animals like these are a relatively new
opportunity to reliably put food away. A RACE AGAINST TIME
12. Shishmaref is running out of time. Buildings
are perched perilously close to the ocean’s edge.
Millions of dollars have been spent on a seawall,
but that’s a short-term solution, expected to fail
in the coming years. More than a dozen buildings have been moved to the other side of town
to keep from being swallowed by the sea. In 2016,
residents voted 94 to 78 to relocate the village to
a new site, but the federal dollars and coordination to handle the move are outstanding. l
abundance of natural resources and the traditional knowledge of how to harvest them. 7. Balmier weather has meant ice doesn’t get as
thick and will disappear much faster in the
spring. The conditions create a problem for
hunting ice seals, walruses and bearded seals,
which everyone in Shishmaref calls by their
Inupiaq name, oogruk. “Going oogruk hunting
or walrus hunting, you can go, like, 30, 40, 50
miles without seeing something,” Davis said
of the last few years. GREATER DISTANCES
8. It isn’t that there are fewer animals, but as
they follow retreating sea ice, they are distributed further from the town – prompting hunters to travel greater distances searching for them.
Last year Davis went almost all the way to
Kotzebue, about a hundred miles away, looking
for oogruk. On the way back, the weather took
to harvest récolter, collecter.
7. balmy doux / to get, got, got ici, devenir / thick épais
/ bearded seal phoque barbu / Inupiaq l'un des quatre
grands ensembles linguistiques du groupe des langues
inuites / like ici, disons, par exemple / mile = 1,609 km.
8. to distribute ici, répartir / to prompt pousser (fig.) /
almost presque / away à... de distance /
an unexpected turn, nearly costing the hunting
party all their equipment when his boat became
stuck in the ice and had to be abandoned. tangled ici, enchevêtrés / antlers bois / to rest reposer,
être posé / roof toit / food supply approvisionnement
alimentaire / herd troupeau / dependable fiable, sûr.
11. musk ox (pl. oxen) bœuf musqué / shaggy ici,
laineux / goat chèvre / to wipe out éradiquer /
mainland continent (par opp. à île) / steadily
progressivement / to work one's way back into
réinvestir / diet régime / reliably à coup sûr, avec
certitude / to put, put, put away mettre de côté.
“The way we hunt oogruk or seal hasn’t
changed. The conditions have,” said Percy
Nayokpuk, 65, who runs a store in town and is
Davis’s father-in-law. This season has seen the 12. race against time course contre la montre / to run,
latest freeze-up of the ocean he can remember. ran, run out of time manquer de temps / perilously
9.
NEW FOOD OPTIONS
10. Climate change is having other profound
impacts. Traditionally, people in Shishmaref
relied more heavily on marine mammals for
food. In the last few decades, residents say more
caribou are venturing closer to town, increasing the local harvest. Outside homes all around
town, ruby-red haunches cure in the sun and
dangereusement / to spend, spent, spent dépenser /
seawall brise-lames, digue / to be expected to fail être
voué à l'échec / dozen douzaine / side ici, bout / to keep,
kept, kept sth from (+ger.) empêcher qch de / to
swallow avaler; ici, engloutir / to ici, contre / to relocate
transférer, déplacer / to handle ici, organiser, mener à
bien / outstanding ici, en suspens, non résolu, impayé.
SUR LE BOUT DE LA LANGUE
to take, took, taken an unexpected turn ici, changer
radicalement (ici, virer au mauvais temps) sans que cela
n'ait été prévu / to cost, cost, cost coûter (fig.), valoir,
faire perdre / party ici, groupe / to get, got, got stuck se
retrouver coincé/piégé/pris(onnier).
9. to run, ran, run ici, tenir (fig.) / father-in-law beau-père
/ to see, saw, seen ici, connaître / freeze-up gel.
10. to rely on dépendre de / more heavily davantage /
decade décennie / to venture s’aventurer / to increase
augmenter / harvest ici, chasse / outside à l'extérieur/
aux abords de / all around partout en / haunch cuissot /
to cure ici, sécher /
Les membres de la
famille :
father-in-law (§ 9) beau-père
mother-in-law belle-mère
parents-in-law beaux-parents
brother-in-law beau-frère
sister-in-law belle-sœur
son-in-law gendre, beau-fils
daughter-in-law belle-fille
VOCABLE Du 5 au 18 avril 2018
• 29
Découverte
I Recherche I
ETATS-UNIS
I  B2-C1
THE NEW YORK TIMES JAMES GORMAN
IT'S A DOG'S WORLD IN
THE LAB. WHERE ARE
THE CATS?
Les chercheurs s'intéressent particulièrement aux chiens. Et les chats dans
tout chat?
Plutôt chien ou chat? Le journaliste scientifique James Gorman, qui écrit notamment sur l’évolution et la génétique pour le
quotidien américain The New York Times, a posé la question à un certain nombre de chercheurs. Et la réponse est unanime : en
laboratoire, les chiens sont beaucoup plus étudiés que les chats. D’où vient ce déséquilibre ?
R
ecently someone (my boss, actually)
mentioned to me that I wrote more
articles about dogs than I did about cats and
asked why. I figured I should do some reporting,
so I emailed Elinor Karlsson at the Broad Institute and the University of Massachusetts. She
is a geneticist who owns three
cats, but does much of her
research on dogs — the perfect unbiased observer. 2. The research I have been
SOCIETAL BIASES AGAINST CATS
4. “The research has lagged behind in cats. I think
they’re taken less seriously than dogs, probably
to do with societal biases. I have a vet in my
group who thinks that many of the cancers in
cats may actually be better models for human
cancer, but there has been
almost no research into
them.” Better models than
cancers in dogs, that is. Dogs
get many of the same cancers
as humans, but in dogs the
risk for these often varies by
breed, narrowing the target
when looking for the cause of
a disease. Cultural
attitudes
toward pets
creep into
research.
interested in and writing
about involves evolution, domestication, current genetics
and behavior. And the questions are of the, “What is a
dog, really?” variety. Dogs and
cats have also been used as laboratory animals
in invasive experiments, but I wasn’t asking
about which animal is more popular for those. 3. I had gotten to know Karlsson a bit while re-
5. Furthermore, said Karlsson, cat behavior gets no respect. “Non-cat
people tend to laugh at the idea of studying behavioral genetics in cats, and the animal training
world complains that people tend to dismiss cats
as untrainable.” Cats, of course, can be trained
just as any animal can. porting on research she was doing on wolves. I
asked her whether there was indeed more research on dogs than cats, and if so, why? “Oooh, MORE GENETIC DIVERSITY
that is an interesting question!” she wrote back. 6. Karlsson said that there are good reasons dogs
are studied so intensively. There are many more
1. actually en fait / to figure se dire / reporting
reportage(s), article(s) / geneticist généticien (genetics
génétique) / to own posséder, être propriétaire de /
unbiased impartial.
2. to involve impliquer; ici, concerner / current actuel /
behavior (US)= behaviour (GB) comportement /
experiment expérience scientifique.
3. to get, got, got to know apprendre à connaître /
while alors que, (tout) en / wolf (pl. wolves) loup /
whether si (oui ou non) / indeed en effet/réalité, bel et
bien / so ici, oui, c'était le cas.
30
• VOCABLE Du 5 au 18 avril 2018
4. bias ici, préjugé / to lag behind être à la traîne de/en
retard sur / to do with lié à /almost presque, quasiment
/ that is ici, je veux dire / to get, got, got ici, développer /
breed race / to narrow ici, réduire / target ici, possibilités,
options / disease maladie.
5. furthermore par ailleurs / to get, got, got ici, recevoir
/ to tend to avoir tendance à / animal training dressage
/ to complain se plaindre, déplorer / to dismiss ici,
considérer (connotation péjorative).
dog breeds — about 400 compared to about 40
cat breeds. That means more genetic diversity,
and better tools for studying genomes. 7. She did note, however, that a new reference
cat genome is more detailed than the most recent
dog genome. “We’re all hugely jealous of it, and
had to put up with lots of teasing from the cat
geneticists at the meeting I was at last week,”
she said. 8. Cultural attitudes toward pets creep into re-
search even in the organization of scientific
meetings, Karlsson pointed out. Putting the two
animals together as the subject of a meeting is
more related to their status as the iconic human
pets rather than biological similarity. LACK OF INTEREST IN CATS
FROM SCIENTISTS
9. Next, I called one of the main people respon-
sible for the recent cat genome Karlsson was
talking about, Leslie Lyons at the University of
Missouri. I asked her about there being more
research on dogs than cats. “That’s absolutely
true,” she said, “for several different reasons.”
She agreed that the “the dog is a great model for
cancers.” It’s also true they have been domesti6. about environ.
7. hugely ici, très / to put, put, put up with supporter /
teasing taquineries.
8. toward envers, à l'égard de / pet animal de compagnie
/ to creep, crept, crept into ici, se retrouver dans,
influencer / even même / to point out indiquer / related
to lié à / rather than plutôt que.
9. lack manque /
 facile A2-B1 /  moyen B2-C1 /  difficile C1-C2
(Istock)
Retrouvez plus d'infos dans la newsletter Vocable www.vocable.fr/newsletter
cated longer than cats, and have more breeds,
thus having a greater potential for studying
inherited diseases. 10. But she said social reasons having to do with
popular attitudes toward cats spill over into the
realm of research. Cat lovers are not as interested in fancy breeds — yet. Cats could be bred
in many different shapes and sizes like dogs, she
thus par conséquent, de ce fait / to inherit hériter (de).
10. to spill, spilled or spilt, spilled or spilt over into ici,
se retrouver dans, influencer / realm domaine / fancy
designer, de concepteur, hybride / to breed, bred, bred
élever, faire se reproduire /
said, if there were interest. “We could have a
Chihuahua cat and a Great Dane cat,” although,
she said, “I think that would be a little dangerous.” "I called one of the
people ..." (§ 9)
to call appeler
Synonymes  I phoned, I
telephoned, I rang.
D'autres expressions (d'un registre
plus informel) :
I'll give you a buzz, I'll give you a
ring, I'll give you a tinkle
Notez que to call peut être au
téléphone ou bien en personne :
John's in the garden. I'll call him.
John est dans le jardin. Je l'appelle.
13. As for journalism, my searches on the news
obtain for cats, even though cats are superior to
other animals for studying some diseases, like
polycystic kidney disease, or PKD. “Let’s put
them in drug trials. We could fix the cats and
we could fix humans.” Lyons keeps cats as pets
and did mention during our conversation the
common observation that, “Cats rule, dogs
drool.” database Nexis for dogs and cats kept returning
more than 3,000 hits, which my screen warned
me would take a long time to retrieve. So I settled
for searches of “dog genome” and “cat genome.”
The result, 20 for dogs, six for cats. The dog genome was sequenced before the cat genome. I
would caution against concluding anything
based on this haphazard browsing other than
that the results do back up the researchers’ sense
that there’s more research on dogs. NUMBERS
14. Also, a colleague raised a question that didn’t
11. She said research funds are much harder to
12. And now the numbers: A search of Pub Med,
SUR LE BOUT DE LA LANGUE
much about the kind of research that was undertaken. a database that includes most biomedical journals, yielded 139,858 results for cats and 328,781
for dogs. Google scholar results were almost 1.7
million for cats and 2.9 million for dogs. These
are simple searches, of course, and don’t say
Great Dane Grand Danois, Dogue allemand / although
bien que, même si.
11. funds fonds, financement / even though même si,
bien que / polycystic kidney disease (PKD) maladie
polykystique des reins, polykystose rénale / drug ici,
médicament / trial ici, essai (clinique) / to fix traiter, guérir
/ to rule régner, faire la loi / to drool baver.
12. database base de données / journal revue
(spécialisée) / to yield ici, donner (résultats) / Google
Scholar service de Google permettant la recherche
d'articles scientifiques /
occur to a single expert I interviewed, which shows
that devotion to science can sometimes limit your
point of view. “Is it possible,” my friend, who has
had both cats and dogs, asked, “that there are more
dog studies because the cats won’t consent?” l
kind genre / to undertake, undertook, undertaken
entreprendre; ici, effectuer.
13. as for quant à, en ce qui concerne / to keep, kept,
kept (+ ger.) ne (pas) cesser de, continuer à / to return
ici, donner / hit ici, résultat / screen écran / to retrieve
récupérer, extraire, obtenir / to settle for se décider pour/
contenter de / to caution mettre en garde / haphazard
aléatoire / browsing navigation; ici, recherches / to back
up conforter, confirmer, appuyer / sense sentiment,
impression.
14. to raise soulever, poser / to occur ici, venir à l'esprit /
single seul; ici, a single... aucun... / both à la fois (et) / to
consent être d'accord, consentir à.
VOCABLE Du 5 au 18 avril 2018
• 31
Bons plans I Langues
DES FORMULES ORIGINALES POUR APPRENDRE L’ANGLAIS
PAR CAMILLE LARBEY
DÉCOUVREZ
LA VIE À LA
FERME
APPRENEZ À CUISINER
COMME UN CHEF
Le succès des émissions culinaires le prouve :
les Français sont passionnés par la cuisine,
et depuis peu par la pâtisserie. Effective
Linguistique a ainsi élaboré une série de
séjours en Angleterre ou aux USA où l’ado
apprendra à mitonner de bons petits plats
après ses cours d’anglais (3560 euros les
deux semaines). Les adultes ne sont pas oubliés avec Activa Langues qui propose une
semaine en immersion dans une famille de
la région de Boston, avec 10 leçons d’anglais
et 3 heures de cours de cuisine (1396 euros).
www.effective-linguistique.com
www.activa-langues.com
On appelle cela le « Farm­
stay » : vous apprenez l’anglais en travaillant dans une
ferme ou un ranch. Selon le
pays et la région, vous aurez
à vous occuper des bêtes, de
la volaille ou des vignes. En
échange du gîte et du couvert, on demande à l’élève 4 à
8 heures de travail par jour —
sauf les week-ends, naturellement. Le temps libre peut
être occupé par des cours de
langue dans la ville la plus
proche ou par la découverte
de la région. Ce type de séjour
est tout de même réservé à
ceux qui n’ont pas peur de
retrousser leurs manches.
Néanmoins, il vous garantira
des rencontres sympathiques
avec des gens du coin.
Les prochaines vacances
de la Toussaint peuvent
être le moment idéal
pour un séjour linguistique de l’autre côté de
la Manche. Pour débuter l’année scolaire sur de
bonnes bases et surtout parce que c’est le moment d’Halloween ! Plusieurs organismes, dont Véla (Vraies écoles de
langues), permettent d’aller en Angleterre au moment où
les rues sont décorées de citrouilles (1700 euros la semaine).
L’immersion dans une famille sera également l’occasion de
sculpter des Jack O’Lantern (les fameuses citrouilles), de
préparer les décorations, de confectionner des gâteaux et de
partir à la chasse aux bonbons !
www.vraiesecolesdelangues.com/
PARTEZ EN
RANDONNÉE
LINGUISTIQUE
(Istock)
Vous avez des fourmis dans les
jambes ? Ce type de séjour est
parfait pour vous : de longues
marches au grand air tout en
parlant anglais. Les guides sont
des natifs anglophones. Ils se
chargeront de revitaliser vos
connaissances de la langue
d’Oscar Wilde. L’organisme La
Balaguère vous emmènera dans
les Highlands écossais pendant une semaine (à
partir de 1975 euros), dont cinq jours de marche. Nul besoin d’être un grand randonneur pour
participer à ce type de séjour. Une fois là-bas, les participants auront l’occasion d’admirer les
paysages verdoyants et d’observer les phoques lors d’une sortie en bateau.
www.labalaguere.com
32
• VOCABLE Du 5 au 18 avril 2018
(Istock)
FÊTEZ
LA VRAIE
HALLOWEEN
(Istock)
(Istock)
Vous êtes du genre à avoir besoin d’activités ludiques et atypiques pour mieux apprendre une langue ? Vocable vous a préparé
une petite sélection de séjours sortant des sentiers battus.
RÉALISEZ VOTRE
PROPRE FILM
Tout le monde connaît Boston aux États-Unis,
mais saviez-vous qu’une petite ville de la côte Est
de l’Angleterre porte le même nom ? L’organisme
Globe Linguistique a mis en place des séjours
linguistiques (1995 euros les deux semaines)
au Boston College —en Angleterre, donc— avec
de nombreuses options d’activités. L’une d’elles,
intitulée « Top Media », vous donnera l’opportunité d’apprendre à écrire un scénario, manier
la caméra, filmer, mettre en place un tournage
et réaliser le montage de votre première oeuvre.
Et si c’était le clap de début d’une grande carrière
dans le cinéma ?
www.globelinguistique.com/
EFFECTUEZ
UN SÉJOUR
SOLIDAIRE
Apprendre l’anglais en effectuant
une activité qui a un sens, c’est
le principe du volontariat. L’organisme CEI permet aux élèves
ayant un niveau élémentaire de
partir en Inde pour participer
au développement de l’agriculture durable et biologique (360
euros la semaine + 150 euros de
frais d’inscription). Si vous êtes
fan d’histoire, un programme
au Cambodge vous fera voyager
jusqu’à une ancienne cité khmère
en ruine où, sur place, vous travaillerez avec une équipe locale à
la préservation des temples (280
euros la semaine + 150 euros de
frais d’inscription). Dépaysement
garanti !
www.cei-sejour-linguistique.fr
PARTEZ EN SAFARI
EN AFRIQUE DU SUD
(Istock)
Retrouvez plus d’infos sur www.vocable.fr
Le circuit Cape Town préparé par l’organisme ECI
(séjour à 2290 euros les 3 semaines) vous fera vivre de
grandes aventures : une rencontre avec les babouins
et les étranges oiseaux à crête du Wilderness National Park ; une descente de rivière en canoë ; une
baignade dans l’Océan Indien ; une balade dans le
jardin botanique de Kirstenbosch et dans la forêt
Tsitsikamma abritant arbres millénaires ; sans
oublier une excursion pour observer les éléphants dans
leur habitat naturel. L’anglais n’est pas mis de côté puisque 40 heures de cours seront réparties sur les
deux semaines.
www.eci.asso.fr/
CHANGEZ D’ENDROIT FRÉQUEMMENT
Pour celles et ceux qui ont la bougeotte, les organismes ont mis en place des programmes de classes
itinérantes afin de découvrir des coins magnifiques tout en apprenant l’anglais. Ainsi, on ne rentre pas
avec le sentiment de frustration car on n’a seulement vu qu’un petit bout du pays. Nacel propose par
exemple un séjour d’une à deux semaines (à partir de 1165 euros) en Irlande dont le circuit en bus passe
par Cork, Dublin, Galway et Waterford. Les matinées sont consacrées aux cours, les après-midis dédiés
aux visites de sites sublimes et à la découverte de la culture irlandaise.
www.nacel.fr
NAGEZ AVEC
LES DAUPHINS
(Istock)
Lors des séjours en immersion,
les loisirs proposés après les cours
sont généralement variés : rugby,
équitation, voile, basket, canoë,
théâtre, escalade, VTT, etc. Il y
en a pour tous les goûts. Mais si
vous choisissez de partir à Malte
avec l’organisme LEC (à partir de
1942 euros les deux semaines),
une étonnante activité vous attend : nager en
piscine avec un dauphin. Avouez que vous n’aurez pas souvent l’occasion de tenter
cette expérience ! Cette formule est destinée aux jeunes de 13 à 17 ans.
www.sejour-linguistique-lec.fr
Séjours linguistiques
Immersion en France
CHOISISSEZ UNE ÉCOLE
GAY FRIENDLY
Certes, toutes les écoles de langue sont censées vous
accueillir quel que soit votre couleur, votre religion,
votre handicap ou votre sexualité. Toutefois, puisque
nous ne vivons pas encore dans un monde ou toutes
les différences sont acceptées, l’école Excite English,
à Manchester, tient à rappeler que chacun et chacune
est le bienvenu comme il est. L’école précise qu’être
gay-friendly ne signifie évidemment pas que tous
les élèves de la classe sont gays ou doivent l’être,
mais que simplement règne dans les lieux une
atmosphère de respect et de tolérance.
www.excite-english.com
Rejoignez la
communauté
Vocable
sur
Séjours Linguistiques
Primaires
Collégiens
l Lycéens
l Étudiants
l Adultes
Grande-Bretagne
Allemagne
l Espagne
l Etats-Unis
l Et bien d’autres ...
l
l
l
l
Nouveautés 2018
contactez-nous !
03 20 63 11 00
Découvrez nos formules sur www.vivalangues.fr
Association loi 1901 n° W595009847 - Agrément Jeunesse et Sports 59 JEP1815
Registre des Opérateurs de Voyages et Séjours n° IMO59100010
RÉSERVATIONS
PUBLICITAIRES
France - Etranger
01 44 37 97 79
publicite@vocable.fr
VOCABLE Du 5 au 18 avril 2018
• 33
Les sorties
Retrouvez plus de coups de cœur sur www.vocable.fr
sur www.vocable.fr jouez et gagnez...
Des entrées pour des films et des expositions, des CD et des DVD, des romans, des voyages…
DVD
LIVRES
DUEL AU SOLEIL
LA FILLE QUI N’EXISTAIT PAS
De Natalie C. Anderson
La vie de Tina, jeune réfugiée congolaise vivant au
Kenya, bascule le jour où sa mère est brutalement
assassinée dans la propriété où elle travaillait comme
employée de maison. Depuis, Tina vit sur un toit et
travaille pour un gang local craint de tous. Persuadée
que le richissime Mr Greyhill, l’ancien employeur et
amant de sa mère, est responsable du meurtre de
cette dernière, elle a juré de se venger. Mais l’enquête
qu’elle entreprend avec Michael, le fils de Mr Greyhill, va
révéler des secrets inattendus… La fille qui n’existait
pas est un thriller extrêmement bien mené qui nous
tient en haleine du début à la fin. Ce roman pour jeunes
adultes aborde aussi des thèmes cruciaux
tels que la quête d’identité, le sort
Des s
des réfugiés et la violence faite aux
livregner !
femmes dans une partie du Congo.
à ga
le.fr
On s’attache très vite à son héroïne,
.vocab
w
w
w
r
forte et intelligente.
u
s
Editions Pocket Jeunesse - 14,90€
EXPOSITIONS
SHEILA HICKS. LIGNES DE VIE
Sheila Hicks est une artiste américaine
installée à Paris, qui réalise des sculptures
textiles très colorées. Cette exposition
présente 145 œuvres de l’artiste, de ses
sculptures monumentales à ses
nombreuses petites compositions textiles.
L’art polymorphe de Sheila Hicks est
unique : en s’adaptant et en se
transformant sans cesse, il joue avec notre
perception de la couleur, de la matière et
de l’espace.
Centre Pompidou
Place Georges-Pompidou, 75004 Paris.
Jusqu’au 30 avril.
De King Vidor
Suite à l’exécution
de son père, Pearl,
une jeune métisse,
part s’installer chez
les McCanles, au
Texas. Si sa
présence ne réjouit
pas l’ancien
sénateur texan, les
fils McCanles sont,
eux,
immédiatement
séduits par sa beauté. Pearl n’est pas
insensible aux charmes des deux frères non
plus mais, entre Jesse le gentlemen et Lewt
le voyou, son cœur balance… Ce western
classique de 1949 nous raconte l’une des
plus belles histoires d’amour du cinéma.
Disponible pour la première fois en version
restaurée.
Carlotta Films - 20,06€
NYMPHÉAS.
L’ABSTRACTION
AMÉRICAINE ET LE
DERNIER MONET
En 1955, Alfred Barr fait entrer au
Museum of Modern Art de New York
un grand panneau des Nymphéas
de Monnet. Dès lors, les critiques
américains présentent Monet
comme une « passerelle » entre le
mouvement impressionniste et
l’expressionisme abstrait américain.
Cette exposition met en résonance
quelques toiles tardives de Monet
avec une vingtaine d’œuvres
américaines de Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko et bien d’autres.
Musée de l’Orangerie
Jardin des Tuileries, place de la Concorde, 75001 Paris.
Du 13 avril au 20 août.
TELEVISION
AFRIQUE DU SUD : VERS LA FIN DE L’ANC ?
En Afrique du Sud, l’African National Congress est au pouvoir depuis 1994. Mais le parti
phare de la lutte contre l’apartheid a déçu beaucoup de ses partisans avec ses dérives
sécuritaires et les récents scandales de corruption. Cyril Ramaphosa, à la tête du parti
et du pays depuis le 14 février dernier, saura-t-il redorer le blason de l’ANC ? Ce
documentaire décrypte l’instabilité actuelle du paysage politique sud-africain.
A voir Arte le 10 avril, à 0h05.
34
• VOCABLE Du 5 au 18 avril 2018
le
dessin
I Décryptage I
ETATS-UNIS
highly hautement, très / emotional émotif, sensible / to show, showed, showed or shown ici, faire preuve de / grief chagrin, peine.
TROPHY IMPORTS
Ryan Zinke, American Secretary of the Interior, has announced that elephant,
lion and bontebok trophy imports would be allowed on a “case-by-case” basis
into the United States. This decision overturns an Obama-era rule that forbade
Americans to import body parts of African elephants killed for sport. The move
has come despite Donald Trump calling trophy hunting a “horror show” last
November.... Hunting organizations, who point out that big-game sportsmen
provide indispensable funding for conservation, and the National Rifle
Association, both supported the decision, while environmental advocates
condemned it. Ryan Zinke and Mr Trump’s two adult sons are trophy hunters.
import importation / Bontebok ou Blesbok antilope de taille moyenne, originaire d’Afrique du Sud / to allow autoriser / to
overturn annuler, abroger / era ère, période; ici, présidence / rule loi / to forbid, forbade, forbidden interdire / move ici,
décision / to come, came, come ici, tomber (fig.) / despite malgré le/en dépit du fait que / hunting chasse / horror show
ici, acte de barbarie/cruauté, carnage / to point out souligner / big-game de gros gibier / to provide fournir; ici, contribuer /
funding financement, fonds, subventions / conservation protection/sauvegarde (environnementale) / rifle fusil / both
tous (les) deux / to support soutenir, approuver / while alors/tandis que / advocate défenseur / son fils.
VOCABLE
bon
à savoir
African
elephants
The African elephant
is the world’s largest land
mammal. It has been classified as
threatened under the US Endangered
Species Act since 1979. But illegal
poaching has increased while the natural
habitat available has dramatically
shrunk, and the number of African
elephants has declined from 5 million a
century ago to about 400,000 today.
mammal mammifère / to threaten
menacer / endangered species espèce
en voie d’extinction/de disparition/
menacée / act loi / poaching braconnage
/ to increase ici, s’accentuer / available
disponible, existant / dramatically
considérablement / to shrink, shrank,
shrunk se réduire (aussi, rapetisser) /
century siècle / about environ.
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ÉDITION ANGLAISE
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VOCABLE Du 5 au 18 avril 2018
• 35
.
« mOnTaiGnE eSt l’iNveNtEur dU rUgbY
iL A écRit leS eSsAis »
Jonathan, 17 ans, Terminale S
ÉDITION 2018
Philosophie - Français - Mathématiques - Histoire - Géographie - Anglais
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LES CLÉS POUR DÉCROCHER LA MENTION
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