NO. 1301 APRIL 2-8 2018 A HAND UP NOT A HANDOUT �50 EVERY MONDAY S T R AT F O R D - U P O N - AV O N THE TIMES DAILY TELEGRAPH - JOHN WEBSTER TICKETS FROM � BP �ti t ckets for 16-25 year olds Supported by BP Image by H el e en Mayba a nks GUARDIAN WIN! CONTENTS 27: GONE T TOO SOON ON DVD APRIL 2-8 2018 / NO. 1301 TURN TO PAGE 44 T Hello, my name is Raul. Welcome to this edition of The Big Issue. This week as the Commonwealth Games get under way we have some helpful advice from the psychologist who works with Britain?s top divers on how to channel anxiety y on page 13. I use music to relax me. When my friends and I get together we always listen to music, normally rock, but I like classical too. On page 37 we look at other ways that music can help people get by in life and how it can be used to improve society in general. And you can read more of my story y on page 46. INSIDE... LETTER TO MY YOUNGER SELF Author Colm T骾b韓 on orange juice and tennis with a younger man Vendor photo: Martin Strivens THE LEGACY OF MLK Fifty years after his death, a new generation is taking on the ?ght COMMONWEALTH Could the old club ?ll the Brexit breach? All your queries answered THE BIG ISSUE MANIFESTO Cover Illustration: Helen Green WE BELIEVE in a hand up, not a handout... Which is why our sellers BUY every copy of the magazine for �25 and sell it for �50. WE BELIEVE in trade, not aid? Which is why we ask you to ALWAYS take your copy of the magazine. Our sellers are working and need your custom. WE BELIEVE poverty is indiscriminate? Which is why we provide ANYONE whose life is blighted by poverty with the opportunity to earn a LEGITIMATE income. WE BELIEVE in the right to citizenship? Which is why The Big Issue Foundation, our charitable arm, helps sellers tackle social and ?nancial exclusion. THE BIG ISSUE / p3 / April 2-8 2018 WE BELIEVE in prevention? Which is why Big Issue Invest ofers backing and investments to social enterprises, charities and businesses which deliver social value to communities. CORRESPONDENCE Write to: The Big Issue, Second Floor, 43 Bath St, Glasgow, G2 1HW Email: firstname.lastname@example.org facebook.com/bigissueUK bigissue.com @bigissueuk COMMENT OF THE WEEK It?s a good morning with Peter on his pitch I just wanted to say a big thank you to Peter Norman the Big Issue seller at Blackfriars. I?ve stopped and chatted with him and bought The Big Issue from him for the last ?ve years since I started work near his pitch. Every day his friendliness brightens my world. I work on Good Morning Britain and he watches the show and has much to say about it. So Piers and Susanna wrote Peter notes to say ?hi and Tracy not bleaker In ?The writing?s on the wall? [March 19-25], Vicky Carroll discusses the new novel by Jacqueline Wilson about her creation, Tracy Beaker, a care leaver, who is now an adult. Vicky Carroll cites objections that Wilson made Tracy a single parent in a social housing ?at, and the exasperation felt that ?the stereotype of an inevitable bleak future was being reinforced?. But being a single parent and living in social housing can be a good outcome. Many single mums and single dads do an excellent job and maintaining a social housing tenancy can be a mark of success; it means bills are being paid and Housing Association rules are being adhered to. In fact Wilson has said that Tracy ?is going to get her happy ending?. Jan Glynn, Bristol Don?t blame God! So sad to hear about Karl?s crash injuries [News, March 26-April 1] and hope he makes a full recovery. Karl?s belief that God visited him in his near-death experience and the quoted comments are rather unfair on God. I?ve been a Christian since age 37 and one thing I?ve learned thanks for watching? which he was really chufed with. ITV Studios is temporarily moving its daytime production from our present location on the South Bank to White City, which means this week was the last where I?ll see Peter every morning and I?ll miss him very much. Please pass on my thanks to him. Nicolette Amette, email is that God gets blamed for a lot and not thanked enough. As I write this it?s Holy Week and Matthew?s Gospel tells us that during Jesus? cruci?xion the two criminals cruci?ed either side of Jesus both hurl insults at him. Luke?s Gospel then records one of the criminals changes his mind and turns to Jesus acknowledging that Jesus is about to enter His Kingdom ? quite a revelation. This criminal becomes the ?rst person to be told he will be in paradise with Jesus. My message to Karl and everyone else this Christmas is that God loves you, me and all of us! Happy Easter. Tim Hurrell, Exeter Go your own way I was very interested in the Judaism article [March 26-April 1]. As humans, we can see only part of the truth, and Dave and Doreen?s three children have found their own way. Interesting that Reuven ?nds ultra-Orthodoxy an anchor, while his parents ?feel comfortable hardly attending? their synagogue. See Millie?s excellent letter in the previous week?s issue where she gives a ?rst-rate explanation of the Gospel. We have the opportunity to co-operate with God, and there are many paths to doing this. Juliet Chaplin, Sutton Listen up! Great piece by Lucy Anna Scott, on listening to the city [Pause, March 19-25]. So glad The Big Issue publishes thought-provoking things like this. J Woolf, London A healthy alternative During a time of increasing bad-mouthing of homeopathy in the media, it was cheering to read John Bird?s column [March 19-25]. I am dumbfounded by the Humanist Association?s vitriolic condemnation of the idea that the NHS should THE BIG ISSUE / p4 / April 2-8 2018 @bigissue support the Royal London Hospital for Integrated Medicine. Where does their venom come from? I am a great believer and supporter of the NHS and over the years have been a bene?ciary of it. But there are times when an alternative is needed. I have been relieved of regular migraines by having acupuncture. I have an unstable back which is helped by osteopathy. And over the last 30 years I have seen a homeopath for conditions ranging from bronchitis to irregular heartbeat with excellent results. It is more than a question of ?faith?. My ?rst visit to my homeopath was not made in a state of faith, just in desperation. C Eatwell, London @CofEDevon Bishop Sarah the new #BishopofLondon says farewell to @BigissueAndrew on @ExeterCathedral Green before heading up to @dioceseof london after #Easter @ bishopSarahM @BigIssue @maryenglish @BigIssue I buy Big Issue, not only to help the vendors, but to entertain myself with sudoku. It?s always so hard, but this week?s one is harder because there are 4 lines with no number! You are so mean..... @Cathy_Madge Great to see Cardif @BigIssue vendor Polly Baggott?s story in the magazine this week. I remember talking to her during her ?rst week as a vendor and I?m inspired to see how she?s used it as a springboard for the rest of her life. #hope THE EDITOR Bravo Greening: Opportunity must be for everyone The Big Issue takes indie bookshops fight to parliament Photo: Louise Haywood-Schiefer Paul McNamee is editor of The Big Issue @pauldmcnamee email@example.com Photos: Kevin Cowell J ustine Greening?s Social Mobility Pledge is a very good idea. Yet it passed with little fanfare. This may be an accident of timing. It was publicly birthed last week as all attention trained on the countdown to Brexit. Not that this will derail or deter the pledge. The desire to usher through genuine life chances and to make social mobility mean something underpinned much of Greening?s time as Education Secretary. When she was moved aside in January?s reshule, the intention and plans were not stuck in a drawer. Instead, they moved on with intent. And so it was that last Wednesday Greening unveiled the plan. The simple, and broad, intention is to allow kids from less well-of areas to have the same life opportunities as their better-of peers. It means if you?re talented and smart but the pathways to success are blocked, the blocks will be removed. Within this comes the pledge. It calls on employers to sign something that says they will attempt to hire solely on talent, rather than on name or school?s reputation. The pledge gets a little complicated when it begins to explain how even though there will be blind hiring (names as numbers so bias doesn?t sneak in) there will at the same time be some weighting in favour of pupils from underperforming schools. But there is momentum. A number of big employers have already signed up, including ITV and Adidas. And Greening, from Rotherham, is making the right noises about targeting deprived areas in the north of England. There are some legitimate concerns. How can a government that introduced an austerity programme that clobbered the poorest now shift gears to be all about the hand up? And where is the money coming from to make this work effectively? Is this a canny move by Greening to launch a leadership bid ? she clearly is at odds with the way her party is being led and after Brexit is started in March 2019, the jockeying for leader of the Tories could begin again in earnest. These are reasonable questions but should not cloud the inherently smart, good thinking behind the social mobility drive. Where you?re born should not be an impediment to where you end up. Over 20 years ago, my old mate Colin Murray and I, neither from anything close to privileged backgrounds, decided to set up a music magazine in Belfast. We had no money, no contacts and, really, no clue. We had very early experience in journalism, and that was that. We found out about grants and soft business loans. We knocked doors. We played every card we could. And it felt like there was opportunity in those days if you knew where to look and how to ask. We took it and while we didn?t know it, we were making ourselves socially mobile. The magazine, called Blank, didn?t last long but I?m proud that all of us involved used it as a springboard to better futures. That opportunity feels as though it is closing down, that only young people with family money behind them can take risks and break through. This is why Greening?s initiative is important. I don?t care what party is driving it, though I can?t help but wonder why Labour haven?t come up with something similar, because it?s the result that is important. Greening is inviting those of us who have enjoyed career success to extend that ladder back and offer a hand up. While there are ?aws at present in it, we should relish this chance. publishers, allowing the same Lord John Bird has thrown his access to tax breaks and exclusive support behind independent editions enjoyed by the big-hitters. booksellers as they take their Simon Key, of Wood Green?s Big fight to level the playing field with industry giants Amazon and Green Bookshop, became the figurehead of the Waterstones to movement after parliament. outlining the plan The Big Issue on his blog in founder teamed January. up with Arts Baroness Gail Council England Rebuck, Random CEO Darren House Group Henley to launch chair and Labour the Independent peer, said: ?This is Bookshops Bird, centre, with Darren Henley (left) and very timely. The Alliance in Simon Key, are building a ?social Amazon? role of bookshops Westminster. in isolated areas is so important for Around 130 independent bringing communities together.? booksellers have joined forces to For more on the alliance see build a ?social Amazon? capable John Bird?s column on page 11 of collectively bargaining with THE BIG ISSUE / p6 / April 2-8 2018 GRAHAM?S A HAPPY CAMPER! WHAT?S HOT IN THE BIGISSUESHOP.COM? REDDENDI NECK TIE Spice up your look while gi children in Africa, India, the Middle East or Latin America the chance to lear how to read and write for a year. Each hand-designed Reddendi silk tie is colourfu y designed to show of the corner of the earth that you are helping. � ON BIGISSUE.COM THIS WEEK ? Tracy Beaker?s back ? but her new social-house-dwelling single mum status has caused fury Actor Michael Sheen ? why he?s acting against high-cost lenders How an employability rity has a cheeky Nando?s to thank for giving young people a second chance shifted gears by buying himself a �000 campervan with his Big Issue sales. Graham, who was made homeless after losing his job as a ?tter and welder in London in 2010, slept rough in Torquay throughout winter after starting to sell the magazine outside the town?s Waterstones store in October. But the 58-year-old grafted to sell the magazine six days a week to earn himself enough cash to buy the Talbot Express motor home in early March. And the life-changing purchase came just in the nick of time ? as the Beast from the East battered the UK with freezing temperatures and extreme snowstorms shortly after. ?It was a lot better looking out at the snow hrough the window than being out in it, that?s for sure,? said Graham, who also thanked Waterstones for supporting him with a �0 Christmas gift. ?I?ve been dreaming of getting one for ages and the change in my life that it has brought has been amazing. I?ve now got a place to sleep, a shower and a stove and I?m a very lucky man. I couldn?t have done it without The Big Issue. I love it, especially the social element of selling the magazine, and I?ll be continuing to work 9-5 earning with The Big Issue to pay for tax and insurance and running the vehicle. ?This has changed my life.? Steve Carter, Big Issue Devon and Cornwall team leader, said: ?Graham?s an absolutely brilliant vendor, an ideal vendor. He absolutely deserves this ? he has worked his backside of for six days a week and he?s a very happy man now.? Law finally wakes up to prevention message The Homelessness Reduction Act promises to be a key step in halting the rising rough sleeping figures ? if local authorities can foot the bill. Coming into force in England and Wales this week, the act brings a legal framework to a plan that The Big Issue has been behind since our ?rst issue way back in 1991 ? prevention. The new plans require local authorities to take on a legal duty to provide expert advice on how to prevent homelessness to meet the needs of groups most at risk, such as ex-prisoners, care leavers and armed forces veterans. THE BIG ISSUE / p7 / April 2-8 2018 There will also be a new duty to rough sleepers with a pledge to work with them for 56 days to help them ?nd secure sustainable accommodation. But with the government promising to spend �.7m over three years in England to bring in the new measures, it remains to be seen whether councils have the resources to make a diference. Homelessness minister Heather Wheeler said: ?This government is determined to help the most vulnerable in our society and to break the homelessness cycle once and for all.? STREET ART You can buy prints of some artworks featured in Street Art through bigissueshop.com At least half of the profit from each sale goes to the artist. BRIGHTON STREET SCENE BY PAUL BELLINGHAM Paul is 56 and lives in temporary accommodation in Brighton. He has struggled with mental health problems. ?My work is partially spontaneous and partially pre-planned,? he says. ?That is to say I sometimes have a loose or general idea at the beginning of my process, maybe just a couple of shapes or colours, with the hope this will evolve into something with more depth and texture. Experimentation is vital in my work to keep it alive and dynamic. I try to be honest and to remember the code of chance and experiment.? PURPLE CLOUD BY ANA NAGURNAJA ?Sufering from emotional abuse in my family, I grew up a troubled child and developed mental health issues from a very young age,? says Ana. ?That and my unusual outlook on things led to being bullied at school. Despite that, I stayed curious about the world and culture, but sometimes the external world would get too much, so I would retreat into my world of imagination. Having no real friends, I was seeking inspiration from books, art and nature. Nowadays I?m trying to cope with life, work and studies, trying to illustrate the way I see the world through my art: with a little more beauty, kindness and freedom than it might sometimes appear in reality.? Street Art is created by people who are marginalised by issues like homelessness, disability and mental health conditions. Contact firstname.lastname@example.org to see your art here. THE BIG ISSUE / p8 / April 2-8 2018 DUCK REVERSIBLE BLANKET This soft organic baby blanket is fantastic for snuggling up. �.90 EB MEDIUM BLUE CLIPPER Hand crafted from recycled cement bags by villagers in Cambodia. Perfect for travelling, beaches, books, weekends and gyms. �.25 SWIM WITH WHALES TABLECLOTH This collaborative design can take center stage at any celebration this year on this beautiful 100% cotton organic tablecloth. �.00 FROG T-SHIRT The Frog character on this charming organic baby t-shirt is designed using vintage postal materials �.90 FABRIC NECKLACE Rolled paper beads some dipped in gold with African fabric fastening. 100% waste magazine paper. �.00 WITH A SOCIAL GIFT PRICES RANGE FROM �.50-�.25 (PLUS P&P) ROL DOG ORGANIC T-SHIRT - NEON Designed in collaboration with homeless artist ROL (Ray of Light. Profits go to C4WS �.00 BALA SPORT PLAY FAIRTRADE FOOTBALL he keenly priced Bala Play is a quality and durable machine stitched (by hand) leisure ball available in blue and yellow or pink and yellow. �.00 SHOP WITH A SOCIAL ECHO www.bigissueshop.com BEE FREE MUG This mug features artwork created by a collaboration of talented ARTHOUSE Meath artists. Fine bone china. �.50 JOHN BIRD Bookshops are a social necessity that can?t be allowed to die W hen I was commissioned by understanding are surely the strongest ways people the power of the book, you reduce the emptiness that is sometimes filled with a leading publisher, whose to stamp out anti-semitism. To me, a town, village or city is empty anti-social outbursts. emblem was a ?ightless bird But my love of books predates reading. andwhose?rstHQwasatthe without the power of a bookshop. The end of the runway at London Airport, I power to turn a high street into something When, in an orphanage, I went to a local wanted to call my commissioned book I, that holds a vast social echo. That, Christmas party, I won at musical chairs. Bonaparte. It was the name given me in the through its increasing presence, will be full This meant I could put my hand into a large World?sEnd,Chelseaattheageof15byBrain, of readings, discussions, and (at times) barrel of wrapped-up prizes. I rummaged around and came up with what felt like a a misspelt Brian, and I loved the historical nice cups of tea. association.Alas,mywiserpublisherworried Thatiswhywehaveto?ghtforbookshops. book. I took it back and would not unwrap it. that people might think it was the life of a Every last one is precious to us, our quality When one of the nuns asked why I hadn?t small, important Corsican ? rather than a of life, our literature, our public spaces and unwrapped it, I asked logically ?Well, I can?t productofpoverty,crime,roughsleepingand communities. We have to do whatever is read, so why unwrap it?? She uncovered it prisonwhohappenedtobeborn in the magic humanly possible. That is why ? from book for me, and against my wishes. Adults can be period of the post-war dumb sometimes. world. And who was to Book love got me grow into usefulness into printing. I?ve printed books for all throughthegoodoffices ofstartingapublication mannerofpeople.Ilove called The Big Issue. printingandlovebooks, I did the book under and have been asked to the lamer title Some join the Worshipful Luck, and was pleased Company of Stationers a nd Ne w s p a p er toseethatifyouGoogle Makers. I?ll join if this title there is a they?ll have me, and I much better-known author, a Californian, will try and be useful to who has also got a book the trades. with the same name. If But back to bookI ever reproduce it, it shops! I love ?em, old, will be called I, new, and realise that Bonaparte because I you have to be devoted had such deep-seated to knowledge and its aggrandised feelings spread to even consider that I, probably like openingoneorrunning the original, believed I one. Alas, FJ Ward?s of the King?s Road is with wasthegreatestperson us no more. Nor is the on earth. From book thief to bookshop chamption, but John Bird never pinched from John Sandoe (above) Penguin bookshop I still sufer from a Napoleonic complex and you will please thief to bookshop defender ? I am in love (that ?ightless bird) on the same stretch. forgive me if you meet me and it all breaks withthenewinitiativecalledtheIndependent Truelove & Hanson is no longer in out as I describe my plans to take over the Bookshop Alliance. And I was pleased to Knightsbridge. And all the little bookshops world. But at least it got rid of my love of bring them to Parliament to launch their of my childhood are mostly gone. John Sandoe of Chelsea still survives. I miss Hitler, when I ? as an illiterate, post-war initiative last Thursday. We must protect and proactively help the chats I had with Mr Sandoe, alas no crime stat ? venerated and divested all of the books about him from the King?s Road, thesecentresofsocialgood.Wemusttryand longer with us, in the Fifties, Sixties and KnightsbridgeandEarl?sCourt.Whatapiece get communities to adopt them, for local Seventies. And I can put my hand on my of social rubbish I was until, ?nally, in boys? authorities to see them as a plus in their heart, as I said to the late Mr Sandoe, and say prison, I was allowed to practise my reading boroughs and cities, for publishers to see ?I never nicked of yer, sir! God?s truth.? And and become literate, getting rid of my vile them as equals. And we must link this ?ght for it to be true. racism. And then books and learning ? to the battles to save our libraries and also Social-echoing bookshops are right up through reading, and not from nicking them to enhance school campaigns to make all our streets; let?s hope, forever. ?becameamajorpartofmylife.Thefactthat more of our children literate. There is no coincidence that, as a child John Bird is the founder and Editor in I?m now a posh git is largely due to reading and being obsessed by books; hence my love who couldn?t read and write, I got into Chief of The Big Issue. @johnbirdswords of bookshops. For knowledge and trouble. It is no coincidence that, if you bring email@example.com THE BIG ISSUE / p11 / April 2-8 2018 TOO SCARED TO SLEEP TONIGHT Sponsor a room and help give a homeless young person a place to feel safe. Could you sponsor a room today? When you do, you?ll be giving a homeless young person a safe place to sleep and the chance of building a better future. Tonight, thousands of homeless young people who have no one to turn to, risk being attacked or abused. It?s no wonder 13-year-old Jack was scared. Jack became homeless when his relationship with his family reached breaking point. so desperate to sleep but too petrified to close his eyes, afraid that someone was lurking in the shadows, waiting for him. Can you imagine being too scared to even close your eyes? Being desperately tired and just wanting to sleep so it will all go away, even for just a few hours? Jack was eventually able to go home and for a few years, things went well. Then, when he was 16, Jack found himself homeless again. ?I couldn?t cope with all the arguments.? Jack then spent the next two years without any permanent home. His mental health began to deteriorate and his life was rapidly spiralling out of control. Alone and ?It was October and very late one night when I was asked to leave. I had nowhere to go so I vulnerable, Jack could so easily have been walked around looking for somewhere to hide. yet another young victim of violent crime if Centrepoint hadn?t given him a room. I found a bench in the park but I couldn?t sleep. It was so cold.? Centrepoint supports more than 9,200 homeless young people each year across Jack spent hours on that bench, shivering the UK. By sponsoring a room for 40p a in the cold. He had no sleeping bag, just the clothes he?d left the house in. He was day, you can give a young person like Jack He was just 13 years old when he slept rough for the first time. a warm, safe place to stay ? where they can start to rebuild their lives. That?s � a month to provide a roof over their heads ? plus practical and emotional support to deal with the issues they face. You?ll also be helping a young person gain the skills they need to move on to education, training and employment. With help like yours, we gave Jack a safe place to live and the support he needed to rebuild his life. Jack now has a home of his own and is back in touch with his family. He also has a full-time job and a future to look forward to. It all started with a room at Centrepoint, sponsored by someone like you. Tonight thousands more homeless young people will be too scared to sleep. With your help, someone else can find safety ? and the hope of a brighter future ? at Centrepoint. So please sponsor a room for � a month today. To donate visit Centrepoint.org.uk/JackAlone Your donation will go towards funding Centrepoint?s vital work with young people all year round providing accommodation and support. We use models and change the names of the young people we work with to protect their identity; however all stories are true and as told by the young person. Registered Charity No 292411. Illustration: Mitch Blunt PAUSE LAURA COSGROVE How to get on board with anxiety E veryone has a domain i n wh ich t hey ?re trying to perform: day-to-day work , being a mum, being a bus driver. That?s your performance, so look at strategies that can help you be clear on the task and remain focused. Break your goal down into clear steps. Sometimes when you look at what you want to do or what the end point is it can be reallyoverwhelming.Oryoulook at where you want to go and you look at where you are now and you can?t understand how to get there. Breaking it down at least gets you moving, even if you have to stop and reassess later. It?s about setting yourself up in the best way for that time you need to perform by doing simple tasks.Itmeansonceyougetthere you?ve ticked as many boxes as you can and you?re as ready as you could be in that moment. Know what your triggers are in terms of what affects your performance. Are you someone strategies on resetting, regaining who panics if you?re going to be focus and perspective. Anxiety is not necessarily a late? What can you do about that? Imagine yourself there. bad thing. It is simply a response Run through scenarios so you?re to a perceived threat. For some a bit more prepared. Maybe people competition is a threat you?re on your way to an exam so they?ll get anxious, for others and traffic is bad, how am I going competition is fun so they?ll get to manage that? If you know excited. It?s all about your perception of the you?ll be anxious situation. on the first day of a Sometimes if new job a strategy you change your to alleviate that is frame or step back to set up that a bit the situation scenario in your isn?t as scary as he ad s o w hen you immediately you?re actually think it is. And if there it ?s a bit you have an more familiar. Laura Cosgrove increased heart The more you is a performance rate and sweaty understand psychologist for the palms, that could yourself and how English Institute of equally be exciteyou t y pica lly Sport, working with ment, fear, or a lot respond,theeasier GB Diving of other emotions. it is to pre-empt Physiologically they sit u at ion s t h at might trigger anxiety, emotions are the same. Anxiety itself is not a bad or thoughts that affect your perfor ma nce a nd t hen have thing, so if the goal is to get rid of THE BIG ISSUE / p13 / April 2-8 2018 anxiety, that?s probably not a very practical goal. The goal should be: can I function while still being anxious? If you get anxious, know that you?ve done all the work and all the training so when you get to that situation, yes you may feel anxious but that?s OK. Don?t get anxious about being anxious, continue on with the plan. Be prepared. Have your bag packed the night before, make sure you?re organised, what time?s the bus, what time?s breakfast? When you?re a bit anxious or a bit stressed, your capacity to process information decreases so if it?s very simple it?s much easier to understand. Maybe the first step is: I need help, I can?t do this by myself, whosehelpdoIneed?It?snotjust about you, there is a support team around you, whether you?re an athlete or not. The Commonwealth Games in the Gold Coast open on April 4 Colm T骾b韓 Irish novelist, Brooklyn boy THE BIG ISSUE / p14 / April 2-8 2018 IN 1971 THE YEAR COLM T覫B蚇 TURNS 16? The Doors singer Jim Morrison dies at 27 / Disney World opens in Florida / A crush on a stairway at the end of a Rangers-Celtic match at Ibrox Stadium kills 66 football supporters LETTER TO MY YOUNGER SELF Photos: main 〣rigitteLacombe / NYTIMES/Richard Bates; Joel Ryan/Invision/AP/REX/Shutterstock M y father died when I was 12.Forthe?rstthree When I played tennis, everyone was better than me too. years of secondary school I was in the school I sent poems to the local newspaper and they never wherehe?djustbeenteaching.Itwasonlyyears printed them. I read my friends? poems and I could see later,whenIhadtogointotherapy,thatIrealised Ialways something about my own poems just wasn?t working. chose to sit in seats where no one could sit beside me. I When I came back from Spain I started working as a went right to the back of the class and sat on my own. I journalist but I still had this urge. I thought God, I?m one stopped seeing my old friends. Basically, I cut myself of of those sad people who has the urge but not the talent. for a couple of years. And no teacher noticed that this I started writing short stories but they got rejected too. boy,who?djustlosthisdad,wassittingaloneandwalking I tried to write a novel but it took years for it to be home alone every day. But no one then had a real accepted. The moment I found out it was accepted was understanding of what a 12-year-old could feel. Or more agreatmoment?18monthslaterthe?rstpublishedcopy to the point maybe, what a 12-year-old could not feel. I arrived in the post. And then I was a new man. wish I ? or anyone around me ? had had some I wouldn?t bring my 16-year-old self to understandingofunexploredgrief.Ijusthadnoideawhat accompany me to the Oscars. He wouldn?t see much showbiz [the film version of his novel Brooklyn got was happening to me. My older sister went of to school after my dad multiple nominations in 2015]. Have you ever seen a died, so it was just me, my younger novelist at the Oscars? You?re at the very brother and my mother. We simply very back. You don?t go through the main didn?t talk about it. It wasn?t to be menentrance. There?s no red carpet. There?s no carpet at all. I found it all very funny. I tioned.Thehousewasbrie?yfullofpeople, went in the side door but I wanted to say then they all left. I missed him, but even bigger than that, I just didn?t know what hi to all the people I knew on the ?lm, like to do with such a huge feeling of loss. None Nick Hornby and Saoirse Ronan so I waited in the foyer. But a man got on my of us managed very well. If I could go back in time I?d say to my mother, look, we have case,saying,?Yousir,aregoinginsidenow. to deal with this. Instead, I became obYouareblockingthewaysir.?Ileftbutthen sessed with poetry. Yeats, Heaney, Sylvia I sneaked back and he was right on me again; ?I told you sir, you cannot wait Plath... I must have been the only boy in there.? Afterwards I went to the Ireland reading ?You stand at the Vanity Fair party but as I was going blackboard daddy, in the picture I in, Elton John was coming out. I have of you? (Plath?s poem Daddy). I nearly said something to him but I started ?lling notebook after notebook with poems. Perhaps I?d have thought,IknowallabouthimbutI?m done that anyway. Maybe not. But surethelastthingheneedsistoknow the poetry held me together emoall about me. When I went in everytionally. And it still does. one seemed to be making a fuss over By the time I was 16 I was some woman so I asked who she was. outwardly quite a gregarious boy It was Lady Gaga. with lots of friends. A lot of my If I could have one last friends liked girls. And I enjoyed From top: College boyT骾b韓 aged 16; (l-r) with conversation with anyone it would talking to girls too. I must have Brooklyn?s screenplay writer Nick Hornby, star be my father. I?d want to tell him known that some of my friends were Saoirse Ronan and director John Crowley everything that?s happened. I didn?t get to have any of those grown-up really, really interested in girls and thought, well, I will be too when I meet the right one. It conversations and arguments, about the church ? my took me a while to work that one out. You see, the whole father was a Catholic ? and about politics ? he was a thing about gay desire is that, if you don?t know about it, Nationalist. And I?d like to tell him how much Ireland?s youdon?tunderstandwhat?sgoingonat?rst.Imusthave changed. I drifted into journalism. I drifted into Spain. I been aware that I enjoyed any chance to see other boys without their clothes on but still I didn?t quite realise. I drifted into America. I drifted back home. I never had a was just compartmentalising my thoughts and not han- career plan. Right now I teach at Columbia University dling them. I had no reference points. I mean, you heard in New York one semester a year. My boyfriend lives in the word queer, but there weren?t any actual queers. It Los Angeles. He?s a very good swimmer but I can beat him at tennis and he?s younger than me. You can?t know was just like the word ghost. When I was in college I did meet a boy who really what this means to me. After all these years. If he only ?aunted his sexuality. I avoided him like the plague knew the amount of work I?ve put into that forehand of untilonedayIfoundmyselfsittingnexttohim.Heturned mine. Honestly, what a thing to tell that boy who sat alone outtobeveryfunny.Andheturnedtomeandsaid,?You?re at the back of that Christian Brothers classroom in 1967: one too aren?t you?? We started to go round together. But in 51 years? time, life will be wonderful... you?ll wake up I still really didn?t know. Then I went to Barcelona and in the morning in California, with pomegranate trees these two very good-looking boys started following me. outside your window. You?ll get your breakfast orange I had many words in my lexicon, but cruise wasn?t one juice straight from the orange tree in the garden. You?ll of them so I just thought, these lads couldn?t be nicer. go and play tennis with a younger, athletic, sporty man. Then I went back to theirs and... that was very exciting. And you?ll win. When I got to university there were a lot of people writing poems and short stories and they were all House of Names by Colm T骾b韓 is out in paperback on April 5 much better than me. It?sbeenlikethatallalongreally. Interview: Jane Graham @janeannie THE BIG ISSUE / p15 / April 2-8 2018 Photo: Afro American Newspapers/Gado/Getty Images MARTIN LUTHER KING MLK during a speech at a Chicago Freedom Movement rally in Soldier Field, Chicago, Illinois, July 10, 1966 THE BIG ISSUE / p17 / April 2-8 2018 The city?s tourist economy has been strengthened by the recently renovated National Civil Rights Museum, which sits on the site of the old Lorraine Motel, where King was shot. It is an astonishing visitor experience ? taking tourists on a journey from slavery to the multiple conspiracy theories that still surround King?s death to this day. In a chilling end-sequence, visitors queue to huddle into an old rooming-house bathroom where the fatal shot was fired from. The perspective down to the motel balcony where King was Promised Land, but that he would not be with them to complete the journey. Such was the powerful forewarnings in the speech that many feared that when King was killed, the journey would stall and that the dream of civil rights would be ?a dream deferred?. Those words had reverberated around African-American culture for decades since they were given life by one of black America?s greatest playwrights, Lorraine Hansberry. She had posed the question in her award-winning play A Raisin in the Sun, (1959), a title she had A march in Memphis, April 8 1968. King?s widow Coretta is in the centre in black Photo: Robert Abbott Sengstacke/Getty Images O n April 4 1968 on a warm spring evening a dream died. A single shot from a pump-action hunting rifle hit Martin Luther King Jr in his right cheek, breaking his jaw, bursting through his vertebrae, and fatally damaging his spinal cord. America?s most famous civil rights activist slumped back on the concrete balcony of the Lorraine Motel, the victim of a sniper ? assumed to be the racist criminal James Earl Ray. The shot not only killed King but stigmatised Memphis in the eyes of millions around the world. It is a calumny that still lingers today. At the time of King?s assassination Memphis was a city struggling to emerge from segregation, with impoverished ghetto communities stretching deep into the city?s Southside. Much has changed but much has stayed the same. Today, Memphis is the sixth poorest among America?s 100 largest cities, 66.1 per cent of residents live in or at risk of poverty and in an area along Crump Boulevard and South 4th Street, not far from the home of Stax Records on East McLemore Avenue, a third of children grow up in a single-mother household, and 80 per cent of them live at or below the poverty line. King?s death unfairly cast Memphis as a city of hate, and yet beneath the dramatic headlines was a unique story of racial integration. Music was Memphis?s greatest love, and remarkably, it became the crossroads where a new kind of racial tolerance germinated. It was here in Memphis that the diverse threads of rock and soul came together. The city?s most famous son, Elvis Presley, was part of a generation of restless white teenagers that grew up enthralled by black music. More defiantly, Jim Stewart, the founder of Stax Records, began his career as a hillbilly fiddler from a Scottish country-dance band and yet gave life to music steeped in the ghetto. Stewart was a gnomish white bank clerk who had to learn to love black music, and who through the idiosyncrasies of time and place built Stax Records on the back of an unprecedented form of racial integration. His studio band, Booker T and the MGs, were a perfectly calibrated racial mix, composed of two white musicians and two black. Today, Memphis has turned music into a powerful driver of the local economy. More than 11.5 million people visit the city annually, heading for Graceland, the Stax Museum and Sun Studios. Music tourism is a $3.2bn industry supporting over 35,000 jobs but while the money has transformed once-dilapidated streets in and around Beale Street, the legendary home of the Blues, less has filtered down to blighted inner-city communities. MARTIN LUTHER KING d n a r e t t a M s e iv L k c la B ? the anti-gun movemenntces a n o s e r l fu r e w o p e k o v o pr of Memphis in 1968" standing when he was shot makes the visitor feel complicit in the killing. It is a rare moment when a museum is more powerfully realised than a feature film. The dream that died in Memphis was not the generalised American Dream, it was the dream of emancipation. King had articulated his vision the night before he was shot, in his now historic Mountaintop Speech. He delivered the resounding oratory to the city?s striking sanitation workers at the height of a biblical thunderstorm when he chillingly prophesised his own death. King told the emotionally charged audience that he had been to the mountaintop and had seen the THE BIG ISSUE / p18 / April 2-8 2018 appropriated from the poem Harlem by Langston Hughes. What happens to a dream deferred? Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun? Or fester like a sore ? And then run? Does it stink like rotten meat? Or crust and sugar over ? like a syrupy sweet? Today, among the leaders of Black Lives Matter and teenage campaigners, enraged by school killings, there is a powerful sense of a dream deferred. A few days before his death, Martin Luther King had made a promise he never kept. He had phoned a grieving mother called Lizzie Payne, who lived near Beale Street in a labyrinthine block of projects known as the Fowler Homes. Payne?s son Larry had been shot dead by a Memphis police officer in March 1968 after small-scale rioting on the fringes of one of King?s earlier marches. Apparently, the teenager had stolen a television set from the smashed window of a department store. Police pursued him to Fowler Homes, trapping Payne in a basement. According to the Memphis police department?s version of events, Payne attacked an officer with a knife and was shot in self-defence. Neither the knife nor even the television set was ever found and the only surviving evidence, the dead boy?s clothing and the policeman?s gun, were dumped in the Mississippi River to conceal evidence. Enraged by the police?s version of events, residents began a campaign to clear Larry Payne?s name. This was nearly 50 years before Black Lives Matter was launched, but the movement has not had to return to history for its causes. They are currently campaigning on behalf of Darrius Stewart, 19, who was shot in the Hickory Hill neighbourhood of Memphis, in July 2015, the victim of a white police officer who allegedly mistook him for someone else. It is uncanny how Black Lives Matter and the anti-gun movement March For Our Lives provoke such powerful resonances of Memphis in 1968. As recently as March 24, students from campuses across the city joined the nationwide campaign against guns departing from Clayborn The anti-gun March For Our Lives in Memphis on March 24 this year Temple, one-time home of the city?s striking sanitation workers, and gathering at the Civil Rights Museum, where King?s death is so powerfully evoked. The questions they are asking today return full circle to that fatal day in April 1968. How could an escaped convict, using a false alias and fake ID, walk into a gun shop and buy a Remington hunting ri?e with crumpled cash? How could he then drive undetected from Alabama to Memphis and kill King? Itisaquestionthatstillremainsunanswered as America?s morbid fascination with guns leaves yet another generation with a dream deferred. Stuart Cosgrove is the author of Memphis 68: The Tragedy of Southern Soul (Polygon, �.99) @Detroit67Book ?DO I HAVE TO TEACH YOU HOW TO BE HUMAN?? Even in the struggle for equality some people are more equal than others, says Tarana Burke ? the woman behind #MeToo A recurring question that Tarana Burke is asked by men is: Can you teach me how I can do better? ??Do I have to teach you how to be human?? is my usual answer. When a man wants something from another man he knows he can?t be disrespectful or insult him. But when it comes to women that awareness goes away completely,? she says. When Tarana Burke was six years old, she was raped by the son of her mother?s best friend. ?For a long time I blamed myself. I didn?t distrust men, I distrusted myself. To others I could say ?it wasn?t your fault? but I couldn?t say that to myself.? Ten years ago, she used the words Me Too in order to support young black girls and the movement, transformed into a hashtag, took on a life of its own in October last year in the wake of the Weinstein scandal and discourse around sexual abuse. When Burke ?rst saw #MeToo trending on Twitter she immediately panicked. ?I thought all the work I had done the past 10 years would be overshadowed and that people wouldn?t understand that it?s not just about words,? she says, worried that people were sharing their stories but without any support. ?Imagine posting #MeToo and no one likes your post or gives you a little heart or says ?I hear you and I?m here for you?. How would that make you feel? Or if someone ridicules you or says ?I don?t believe you, that didn?t happen to you??? Burke was living in Alabama when she founded Just Be Inc, a non-pro?t organisation where Me Too became a phrase used to help victims of sexual harassment and assault. When she later moved to Philadelphia to lecture on the topic, students were given a Post-It note after workshops where they were asked to write two things they learned, as well as the phrase Me Too if they had also been the victims of sexual assault. ?When we got home we saw how many people had written Me Too. Almost everyone. It was horrible and we weren?t prepared for it,? Burke recalls. At the office of Girls for Gender Equity where she now works in Manhattan, Burke started working full-time as the programme director with a mission to create better conditions for marginalised groups such as people who are black, gay or trans. On one of the walls hangs a frame containing two questions: What will you accept? What will you refuse? In the United States she sees #MeToo dividing black and white people. She is saluted by the black community but since many of the women who have testi?ed in conjunction with #MeToo are white, rich and good looking, a lot of black people avoided the hashtag, not using it to the same extent. When Burke heard about the hashtag #blackgirlstoo, she was hurt that black people didn?t feel that #MeToo belongs to them, despite the fact she was the one behind it. ?I didn?t think we needed more hashtags. The people with the strongest voices have to invite the rest. Some of them understand that, other people think that they can speak for those who have no voice. But we all have voices, some are just too loud for the others to be heard.? Courtesy of Faktum / INSP.ngo Asylum, Migration and Integration Funding (AMIF) Programme 2014?2020 CALL FOR PROPOSALS FOR PROJECTS UNDER THE ASYLUM, MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION FUND (AMIF) FOR THE INTEGRATION OF REFUGEES The UK Responsible Authority is inviting proposals for projects to be supported through the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF) for a period of up to 2 years. If funding is made available to the UK from the European Union beyond 31 December 2020 there may be an option to extend the project for a further year. Proposals are invited from Devolved Administrations, Local Authorities, Educational establishments, Voluntary and Community Organisations and Public bodies. Applications will not be accepted from individuals. We are looking for projects which deliver against the following Integration indicators as set out in the UK AMIF National Programme: ? ? ? ? Activities to assist in the integration of refugees at a national, local and regional level Development of local, regional and national policy frameworks/measures/tools for the integration of refugees Develop, monitor and evaluate refugee integration policies in the UK. This call for proposals is for those with refugee status, or with another form of humanitarian protection, and their family members, in the UK. Activities to be funded may include, but are not limited to: ? ? ? ? ? ESOL/civic orientation Additional support for teachers of refugee children Mentoring Creation of online support facilities Employability skills All successful projects will be monitored, evaluated and audited during their administration. Eligible applications will be assessed against the following criteria: ? ? ? ? ? Relevance (I縁LHQF\ Effectiveness Added value Sustainability A maximum �m is available to support projects under this Call for Proposals. The amount applied for must be matched with 25% from non-EU sources. Any organisation considering submitting an application must register their interest by emailing $0,)FDOOIRU5HIXJHH,QWHJUDWLRQ#KRPHRI縁HJVLJRYXN You will then be sent further information on how to apply when the Call opens on Wednesday 11 April 2018. The closing date for applications under this fund is 5pm on Wednesday 9 May 2018 street paper Antonio Harris, who sells says MLK?s The Bridge in Memphis, legacy burns within him . ?I ha ve ao gredatrteh sm " I wa nt to d Martin Luther King is my all-time favourite activist. these women and they have nowhere to go. If we had more I love his message of peace and unity. He really cared jobs for the homeless, the homeless wouldn?t be robbing and about poor people. And I hate that he died in Memphis. stealing. We need jobs and we need free shelters. I think there are negatives to free shelters, because people He was a great part of history, but I hate that he died in Memphis. maybe won?t do anything and they?ll just stay in the shelter for free. So I see the pros and cons, but I think My name is Antonio Harris. I am 36. And we need them. The United States is the I was born and raised in Memphis, Tennessee. WIN WHY richest country in the world, and we need I started selling The Bridge (a similar venture WE CAN?T T to t use that to progress. to The Big Issue) because I wanted to interact with people, with my brothers and sisters in WAIT People don?t know this life. I always tell Memphis.Iwashomeless,foraboutthree-and- BY MLK people they need to spend one night on the p a-half months. I was living in the Memphis King?s 1964 bookk sstreet. Have you ever spent a night on the Union Mission, at bus stops; I lived at seven documents sstreet? I?m sure you wouldn?t want to, it?s diferent rooming houses. That time really the history of terrible. But I think everyone needs to do t showed me how important it is to help home- the civil rights itt.Becausethen people will knowhowhard less people. I learned how to give back to the struggle. Specially reissued it is to be homeless. community. In addition to The Bridge, I also to mark the anniversary of his I have a dream. I want to do great things, work with HOPE [Homeless Organizing for death, we?re giving away five I want to help thehomeless and I want to bless Peace and Equality]. otherpeople.ButIalsohaveotherdreams.I?ve copies. Why We Can?t Wait, Through my work with HOPE and The Penguin Classics, �99 always wanted to be a singer. I?ve always loved Bridge, I have seen the reasons that cause singing. I like everything, gospel, rock, espehomelessness. It?s crazy. We have so many Visit bigissue.com to enter cially rock. My favourite band is probably vacant buildings here, and so many people Nirvana.DoyouknowNirvana?ButIalsolike without homes. We really need to turn those vacant buildings classical music. I like Sinatra. intohomesforthehomeless.It?slikethewholeworldisturned I also want to be an actor. I?ve always wanted to be on The upside down. Young and the Restless, my favourite show. And it?s hard, man. I don?t like our president. Not really. I?ve really only liked It?s hard being an actor, they have to memorise their lines and two presidents: Clinton and Obama. I love Memphis, but we everything, but I think I could do it. So I want to be a singer, have problems. We really need women?s shelters. There?s all an actor, and I want to impact people around the world. THE BIG ISSUE / p21 / April 2-8 2018 An archaic hangover from our empire-building days, or an economic lifeboat in our post-Brexit future? As athletes head to the Gold Coast for the Games, we ask what exactly is the Commonwealth? Linford Andrews, a South African diplomat with the secretariat (and major fan of acronyms) sets the record straight THE BIG ISSUE / p22 / April 2-8 2018 TBI: What is the Commonwealth? LA: The Commonwealth is an association of 53 member states and we work to build consensus and understanding across our membership on a number of important global issues. These can vary from trade issues, countering violent extremism, constitution reform, youth empowerment or the protection of human rights. Our resources are relatively small but our strength lies in that we have access at the highest levels of government. Are you part of the government?s Foreign and Commonwealth Office? If I may clarify one thing, the Commonwealth Secretariat is not to be confused with the FCO. We are a fully independent agency. The UK is a member of the Commonwealth ? one of 53 member states. We have our global headquarters here in London and offices in Geneva and New York, providing facilities to a number of small states who are unable due to having their own permanent missions at the UN. How are you funded? From member states. On occasion a member state will provide extra resources for speci?c projects, for example, election observation or CVE ? countering violent extremism. Any connection to the Commonwealth Games? The Commonwealth Games Federation is an independent body that runs the Games. The Secretary-General attends the opening, but more importantly she will be at the Commonwealth Sports Ministers Meeting which is held in the margins of the Games. One of the key areas of our work is what we call SDPs ? Sport for Development and Peace ? that?s working in particular with young people to foster positive interaction and empower them to become positive in?uences in their own communities. So what does the Commonwealth actually do? The Commonwealth is involved in supporting member states in things like removing trade barriers and helping states to manage debt to create prosperity. Each member state of the Commonwealth has an equal voice on key issues of common concern so we ofer a voice for small states on the global stage. Another initiative is the Office of Civil and Criminal Justice Reform, or OCCJR, ofering a mechanism whereby countries can access model laws, model legislation in a whole range of diferent areas. All our work, whether it?s trade, CVE, ensuring that legal systems are just, fair and clear, or youth empowerment are all about supporting our member states in preventing con?icts. THE BIG ISSUE / p23 / April 2-8 2018 With the UK leaving the EU, will our relationship with Commonwealth countries become more important? One of the things the Commonwealth has is the ?Commonwealth advantage?. When it comes to trade, it?s been proven that trade among Commonwealth member states is approximately 19 per cent cheaper than if they?re trading externally with non-member states. The work we do promotes interCommonwealth trade, working on the removal of trade barriers. The African Continental Free Trade protocol has been signed by 44 countries, this in itself creates a lot of opportunities. Nineteen African states are members of the Commonwealth so there is a con?uence of interests there. Could Commonwealth membership give the UK access to the African free trade agreement? As Britain negotiates going forward, it certainly ofers a platform on which to build. Could anyone join the Commonwealth? Any country can freely express its interest to do so. There has been some interest expressed by various countries, but they would need to take the process forward. In many cases it hasn?t been done for various reasons. Some members have poor records when it comes to human rights, for example homosexuals could be stoned to death in Brunei. Can the Commonwealth help introduce reforms? Obviously there are some issues. There are human rights issues, such as those involving LGBT groups and the death penalty, where there?s no consensus across the membership, but what we do is we work closely with human rights commissions in our member states to try and build their capacity. It?s all behind-the-scenes work to promote and advocate Commonwealth values, and a slow-drip exercise. Hopefully over time through our advocacy and in?uence we could afect some key reforms. Nelson Mandela once famously said, and it?s one of my favourite quotes of his, that ?the Commonwealth makes the world safe for diversity?. South Africa was only welcomed back into the Commonwealth in 1994 with the election of Mandela. Did the Commonwealth help end apartheid? In the 1980s we had the Eminent Persons Group, the EPG as it?s called, and the leaders of Nigeria and Australia were involved in trying to advocate positive change in South Africa. It is partly their contribution that eventually led to the changes that took place. When there is Trump describing whole parts of the world ? many of them probably Commonwealth members ? as ?shithole countries? how is the role of diplomacy changing? Diplomacy has always been important, now more than ever. Whatever leaders want to say, y, the myriad of global issues we are now facing, whether climate change or cou untering violent extremism, you have to get leaaders around a table to talk. But leaders shoulld also feel that they can talk quietly behind th he scenes as and when it?s needed to resolve issues. Megaphone diplomacy has a place but it do oesn?t necessarily achieve objectives. It isn?t whaat you say, it?s how you say it. You can deliver diffi fficult messaging, you do it in such a way that you u still have someone on the other side of th he table listening to you. This is how you build in n?uence. Words: Steven MacKenzie @stevenmackenzie THE BIG ISSUE / p24 / April 2-8 2018 THE COMMONWEALTH IN NUMBERS The 53 Commonwealth member states are among the world?s largest, smallest, richest and poorest countries Commonwealth countries span 29,958,050 square km (11,566,870 sq miles), around 20 per cent of the world?s land area The population of the Commonwealth is around 2.5 billion people ? nearly a third of the world?s population 94% 94 per cent live in Asia and Africa Photo: The Commonwealth Secretariat The biggest is India with a population of 1.3 billion, the smallest is Tuvalu with a population of just under 11,000 The woman at the helm of the Commonwealth The Queen may technically be Head of the Commonwealth, but Dominican-born Patricia Scotland (seen here as The Gambia was readmitted to the Commonwealth in 2013) is the current Secretary-General. Scotland has held the position since 2016, and leaders can serve a maximum of two fouryear terms. CHOGM Between April 16-20, leaders from around the Commonwealth will come to the UK for CHOGM 2018. The Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting takes place every two years to ?reaffirm common values, address shared global challenges and agree how to work to create a better future for all our citizens?. High on this year?s agenda will be ocean governance and ways to tackle cyber-crime. Free trade agreements, freedom of movement ? sound familiar? The Rt Hon Patricia Scotland (and Linford Andrews) travelled to Kenya last month for the launch of thee African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) protocol. The deal could potentially allow Commonwealth citizens to travel and trade across Africa. Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyaatta tweeted: ?We have come to the realisation that we can grow together and that it is common sense to unite for our betterment? We are realising we are stronger together #Commonwealth?. Could trading in Africa ?ll the potential void of walking away from the EU? What about that other EU hallmark?at the last CHOGM in 2015, it was proposed thaat there should be freedom of movement for citizens of the UK, Australia, New Zealand and Canada. This may come up on the agenda again this year. 31 members are classi?ed as small states ? with a population of less than 1.5 million people The UK is the ?fth largest country in the Commonwealth population-wise (after India, Pakistan, Nigeria and Bangladesh) In 2016 the combined GDP was over $9 trillion (78 per cent from the four largest economies ? UK, India, Canada and Australia). The EU has a GDP of around $20 trillion Most members have a historical tie with the UK, except Rwanda and Mozambique The newest member is technically The Gambia, which rejoined in February after withdrawing in 2013 220 employees work at Commonwealth HQ in Marlborough House on Pall Mall in London Linford Andrews believes there?s a ?Commonwealth advantage? THE BIG ISSUE / p25 / April 2-8 2018 IN PARTNERSHIP WITH G BRING LASTIN LP E H TO E U S E BIG IS EOPLE HOMELESS P ERED WITH TH D N T N R A PA S R S A O H D THTC S OF VEN NGE TO LIVE A H C L IA C O S UK . ACROSS THE ECTION ISSUE COLL IG B R U O IES, ES? ACTIVIT LES FROM U A S S IS T E N IG B F TH E THEY 25% O SUPPORTING AL SUPPORT IT V TO E H O T G TO ND WILL HEIR LIVES A T VENDORS T C E D N IL N U B O E C R RTHER HELPING RE . THEM TO FU LE B A N E BETTER FUTU A TO TO S Y A NEED W H T LD. HEIR OWN PA AVE THE WOR S D E DETERMINE T E D IN N R T-SHIRT CA SO YES, YOU .UK IP AT THTC.CO H S R E N T R raphy PA : Radski Photog T OUR NEW Photography by LEARN ABOU THE ENLIGHTENMENT BOOKS FILM INTERVEW RADIO MUSIC View from an island page 28 120 Beats Per Minute page 31 Christian Cooke page 32 Radio 4?s renaissance page 35 Life-changing stuf page 37 EXHIBITION TO HULL AND BACK The ?rst solo exhibition by Richie Culver in his home town of Hull telescopes through his formative years in the city, celebrating ordinary, workingclass lives in the north of England. Culver experienced homelessness and long-term unemployment before one of his artworks was exhibited in the Tate Modern leading to exhibitions around the world, and now back to Hull. In a sequence of paintings, Culver explores the complex relationship between jobseeker and advisor played out every fortnight in their 20-minute ?therapy? sessions. The exhibition, No One Knows Me Like Dawn From The Job Centre, runs at Humber Street Gallery, Hull until May 27 THE BIG ISSUE / p27 / April 2-8 2018 BOOKS SO MANY ISLANDS Restless natives Nicholas Laughlin has never lived anywhere but Trinidad. But he?s discovered that, along with many other islanders, the threshold of their horizons can bring an expansive worldview THE BIG ISSUE / p28 / April 2-8 2018 Photo: North Wind Picture Archives / Alamy Stock Photo A n Island Is a World is the title of a up on the shelf. They are a restless bunch: unexpected places. Specific details may novel by the late Trinidadian two thirds of them live elsewhere than their seem exotic, but the motives and anxieties, writer Samuel Selvon, and a originalhomeislands,andsomearemultiple joys and fears we explore in our stories will sentence that summarises migrants. The list of their names almost be vitally familiar to readers anywhere. something essential about Here you will find love poems human geography: islands, large and protest poems, tales of or small, are indeed in some childhood innocence and innocence lost, stories about sense self-contained, worlds leaving home and trying to go untothemselves.Buttheverysea that insulates and isolates is also home again, about never having the medium that connects one left, or asking what home island to every other island, and means in the first place. archipelagoes to continents. It is strange how not strange So Many Islands is a new you may find it, the sense anthology of 17 writers from of affinity with someone small island countries around whose na me you f ind the world, from the Pacific unpronounceable, from a small and Indian Oceans, the place you?d never hope to pin Mediterranean and the down on a map. Caribbean. They come from ?This is the real globalism,? Niue and Grenada, Malta and says Marlon James ? himself an Kiribati, Bermuda and islander, born and bred in Singapore, and other countries Jamaica ? ?a glorious cacophwith familiar and unfamiliar ony that seeks no common ground other than attitude. names. They may be writing from and about small places ? Stories and poems that exist in some smaller than others ? but no other context than their theirideasandthemestaketheir own, characters who owe only measure from the scale of world to themselves, and writers who histories. As Man Booker prizewrite with nothing hanging on winner Marlon James puts it: ?It their backs.? takes a big mind, or at least a Perhaps what the 17 writers big worldview, to write from a in So Many Islands have most small space.? deeply in common is an urge to Smallislandcountrieswithin contend with both the limits the Commonwealth share a past and the possibilities of a small of colonial exploitation. One place ? whether that means legacy in the present is a body of El Dorado: Sir Walter Raleigh found a bounty of natural resources on Trinidad in 1595 cherishing the intimate territory of a familiar community common political and social concerns. Another legacy is English, a world makes a poem about origins and journeys or escaping into a more expansive realm of the imagination. language with manifold accents and a mul- and destinations. I?m an islander myself, born and bred in The shore that bounds every island is titudinous vocabulary, a shared and diverse tongue that allows these island writers to Trinidad,andI?veneverlivedanywhereelse. always a threshold. Looking outwards, the speak to each other across oceans, and to I?m an eager traveller, especially to remote horizon may seem to draw nearer or speaktous.Theirstories,theirinsights,their places,butI?veneverbeenawayfrommyown farther, depending on the weather. But arguments, their jokes, their memories and home island for a longer stretch than six or there is always a horizon, and there are theirquestionstravelfaronunceasingtides. sevenweeks.EverythingthatIamandthink always those ? sometimes writers, someTobelongtoanislandistolookoutwards, and believe is shaped by this biographical- times readers ? who accept the horizon?s understandingthatthehorizonisnotsimply geographical fact. challenge: to wonder, to aboundarybetweenwhatisvisibleandwhat Surrounded by the sea, an island can be yearn, to begin a journey. isinvisible,whatisknownandunknown,but a place of prodigies and exceptions and a challenge: to imagine, to yearn, to leave, to rarities. Island cultures are as unique as So Many Islands: Stories from the Caribbean, Mediterranean, search, to return. island ecosystems. But our connections to Indian and Pacific Oceans is out The 17 contributors to So Many Islands the rest of the world are as obvious and irnow (Telegram, an imprint of range from authors at the start of their resistible as the currents that swirl around Saqi Books, �99) careers to others with published books lined our shores, washing up unlikely flotsam in READ MORE FROM... DOUG JOHNSTONE REVIEWS VISIT BIGISSUE.COM THE ART OF LOSING CONTROL / SLEEPYHEAD Science friction TOP 5 POLICE PROCEDURALS MATT JOHNSON Doug Johnstone dives into two fascinating studies of the brain and its response to states as diverse as euphoria and narcolepsy T THE CHOIRBOYS Joseph Wambaugh A groundbreaking novel that shows a side to policing normally hidden from public eyes. It?s been my favourite read for a very long time. Illustration: Dom McKenzie he mind is an endlessly fascinating thing, and this week we?re looking at a couple of titles that delve into the weirder corners of it, both of them scienti?c books that originate from the personal experiences of their authors. The Art of Losing Control by academic and philosopher Jules Evans is subtitled A Philosopher?s Search for EcstaticExperience,andEvansdoesjust that, looking at humanity?s history of losing ourselves to something bigger. Evans? Philosophy for Life, was a rational look at modern philosophy, but an incident on a mountain convinced him that it missed out a large chunk of human experience. After falling 30ft and breaking his back, Evans experienced something of an epiphanic moment, leading him to examine the topic in detail. And it?s fascinating stuf. In modern western civilisation, any kind of ecstaticexperiencehasbeenmoreorlesswritten off as mental illness. Whether it?s religious revelation, psychedelic drugs or communing with nature, feeling part of something bigger and outside yourself has generally been frowned upon, and certainly hasn?t been taken seriouslyinanyacademiccontext. The Art of Losing Control addresses that brilliantly. Evans is a natural storyteller and his honesty about his own experience is refreshing and disarming. He?s done his research too, looking at ancient religion and philosophy,socialmovementsthathaverelied on ecstatic experience and more. He examines all of this in the context of modern philosophical thought without being heavy-handed or dry, and he throws himself into his research too. The best moments in this book are when Evans joins in with various groups seeking rapture, enthusiasm, wonder or ecstasy.Whetherit?sevangelicalChristianity, intense meditation or partying with ageing hippies, the author puts himself into the mix and gives as clear a description of the indescribable as he can. And he doesn?t shy away fromexaminingthedarksideeither.Whether it?s extreme jihadists, Nazi Germany or football violence, Evans looks at when communal ecstatic experience turns bad, when feeling part of something bigger means attacking a communal enemy. It?s refreshing to read such a smart book that delivers on entertainment as well. Evans takes his subject matter seriously but delivers hisinvestigationsinanendlesslyamusingand eye-opening manner. More sombre in tone is Sleepyhead by science journalist Henry Nicholls. The author has sufered from narcolepsy and other sleep disorders for two decades and this book is a thoughtfulexaminationofthetopicthattakes in personal experience, case studies, scienti?c analysis and historical research. Narcolepsy sees sufferers fall asleep suddenly during the day and in some cases it can be managed through a combination of medication and therapy, but Nicholls argues convincingly that not enough research has been done into it and associated conditions. He also looks at insomnia, sleep paralysis, sleep apnoea and hypnagogic hallucination, where suferers experience terrifying visions just as they?re falling asleep or waking up. It?s all thought-provoking, and Nicholls arranges his materials expertly, blending the personal and the scienti?c. But his frustrations at his situation do lend the book a melancholic air. Nevertheless, this is an important book about an overlooked side of human experience. Words: Doug Johnstone @doug_johnstone The Art of Losing Control by Jules Evans (Canongate, �99) Sleepyhead by Henry Nicholls (Pro?le, �.99) THE BIG ISSUE / p29 / April 2-8 2018 THE SEAGULL Ann Cleeves Many years ago, I was part of a team looking into police corruption. This novel captures the challenges and emotional issues such an investigation raises in a way I have never read before or since. BLACK AND BLUE Ian Rankin The master! No collection could be complete without, at least, one entry from Ian. I confess it was the title that ?rst drew me to this book, Considered a landmark in his career, it was the ?rst Rebus novel to be adapted for television. DEADLY HARVEST Michael Stanley I?ve traced my family history to Africa, as a result of which the continent has always held a fascination for me. I heard Michael Stanley speak about the story behind this book ? witch doctors, muti and the trade in human organs ? and knew I had to read it. I wasn?t disappointed. DEAD MAN?S GRIP Peter James Nobody researches police procedure more thoroughly than Peter James. Set in Brighton, this is the ?rst of his books I read and it remains my favourite. ?I want them to sufer, and I want them dead,? is a ?rst-class strap line to what is a gripping read. Matt Johnson is a former officer with the Metropolitan Police. End Game is published on April 5 (Orenda Books, �99) A GREAT WAY TO FIGHT POVERTY FROM CARE INTERNATIONAL UK Maria?s store helps her support her five children ide jobs for Khoeurm?s farm will prov her local community Raised: �5.00 Needed: �2.10 Raised: �0.00 Needed: �2.48 WHOSE LIFE WILL YOU CHANGE WITH AN INVESTMENT OF JUST �? At CARE International, we know that sometimes, all people need is a little investment to change their lives forever. That?s why we?ve set up this revolutionary new way to help some of the world?s poorest people. It?s called Lendwithcare ? and instead of giving a donation, you can lend from just � to fund a fledgling business. Maria Martinez and Khoeurm Sat are just two of the people you could help to work their way out of poverty when you make a loan through lendwithcare.org. How does it work? 1 You choose an entrepreneur at www.lendwithcare.org 2 You invest any amount from � in their business 3 The entrepreneur?s business begins to grow 4 Your loan is repaid back to you 5 You re-invest in another entrepreneur, you withdraw your money or donate it to CARE International VISIT LENDWITHCARE.ORG NOW TO MEET MORE ENTREPRENEURS AND DECIDE WHO YOU INVEST IN Z/???????????h<Z????????????????????????Z????????????????>?????^??dW d?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? MAKE A LOAN - CHANGE A LIFE FILM READ MORE FROM... EDWARD LAWRENSON VISIT BIGISSUE.COM Heartstopping Robin Campillo?s 120 Beats per Minute pulses with the energy of a pioneering generation of Aids activists R obin Campillo?s 120 Beats per Minute gets down to business with striking briskness. We?re in a lecture hall somewhere in Paris, and a meeting involving a few score young men and women is about to begin. Rules are established by a no-nonsense woman chairing the event: no clapping ? because it impedes the ?ow of debate ? and smoking is permitted (this is France after all) but only in the hallway. Introductions by new members to the group are curt, and rattled of quickly. The haste lends this early scene a buzzy energy, but there?s a poignant undertow to the rush. Set in Paris in the early 1990s, this terrific drama is a large-canvas, richly coloured docudrama about the early members of the French branch of Act Up, the Aids activism group. The title might refer to the accelerated rhythm of a techno track on a dancefloor or a heartbeat pounding at a high tempo. In any event mortality and hedonism are two big themes here: 120 BPM is a portrait of young lives experienced in a blur of urgency. The French government saw Aids as a disease of gay people, sex workers and drug addicts, and its support for treatment ? as this film vividly reminds us ? was scandalously under-resourced. Many hundreds were dying prematurely. ?We don?t have time,? says one Act Up member at the meeting. He?s referring to eforts to force a drug company to release the results of a promising breakthrough drug, but the comment, of course, has wider resonance. So as well as scenes from these lively immediacy. At one end of the argument is meetings, Campillo chronicles the frontline Act Up president Thibault (Antoine protests the Act Up activists stage to shake Reinartz), who moderates the impulses of the establishment into action. They hurl activists with a politician?s guile; and at the bags of fake blood at government other is Sean, calling for militant action spokesmen; they invade against the drug companies the corporate offices of a and government. medical ?rm withholding If we side more with FINAL REEL test results. Sean?s perspective, that?s in Sergio Leone, the Italian Some of this has no small part thanks to the maestro behind the Spaghetti echoes of the activism livewire charisma that Westerns of the 1960s, is going on in the US and Nahuel P閞ez Biscayart showcased rings to the role. He?s elsewhere at the time, but this month in agnificent ? spiky, it also connects to a a season at ronic, camp, ?erce ? and uniquely French tradition London?s BFI. is relationship with the of street demonstration He?s a giant ew Act Up member ? we hear an extract at of modern athan (Arnaud Valois) is one point from text cinema, and written during the Paris e tender heart of the ?lm a restoration Commune unrest in 1848. ncluding a remarkably of his 1964 At times this is protest timate sex scene that breakthrough mbines a lesson in safe envisioned as exquisite film A Fistful relations with breathy theatrical spectacle: in a of Dollars (with a young sequence of quiet eroticism). Sean?s energy is Clint Eastwood) is getting a devastation the movie intoxicating, which only nationwide release. recreates the moment makes his demise through when Act Up activists laid the disease ? staged with their bodies in a Paris street, to simulate the sorrowful delicacy ? all the more swathes of people already lost to Aids. Over heartbreaking. A big hit at last year?s these sombre visuals Campillo plays the Cannes, this is terrifically agile and opening refrain of Bronski Beat?s Smalltown affecting filmmaking: at the risk of Boy, a heartrending distillation of the ?lm?s sounding worthy ? something this ?lm most mix of exultant joy and deep lamentation. assuredly is not ? it?s a glorious tribute to a Focussing on the leading ?gures in Act pioneering generation of Aids activists. Up and their competing approaches, 120 120 BPM is in cinemas from April 6 BPM is an engrossing ensemble piece that delineates the debates of the time with sharp Edward Lawrenson @EdwardLawrenson THE BIG ISSUE / p31 / April 2-8 2018 ?The biggest fear is that the work will die? Last year?s big Agatha Christie TV adaptation was reshot after sexual assault claims surfaced against its star. Christian Cooke stepped into the breach. He and fellow actor Morven Christie tell Adrian Lobb how they wrestled with a tangle of schedules to keep the production alive A glitzy small-screen version of an Agatha Christie story, adapted by screenwriter Sarah Phelps, has been a ?xture of recent Christmas schedules on BBC One. Last year was to be no diferent. But after ?lming on Ordeal By Innocence had ?nished the production was thrown into turmoil when the ?rst of multiple accusations of sexual assault against actor Ed Westwick surfaced in November. Actors including Bill Nighy, Anna Chancellor, Poldark?s Eleanor Tomlinson, The Crown?s Matthew Goode, Morven Christie from The A Word, Alice Eve and Luke Treadaway ? who played James Bowen in A Street Cat Named Bob, had moved on to their next projects. The BBC eventually announced it was pulling the three-part drama from its prestigious Christmas schedule. Then came con?rmation that, just as Ridley Scott?s 2017 ?lm All The Money In The World had reshot scenes featuring Kevin Spacey with Christopher Plummer in the lead role, so Christian Cooke was to replace Westwick. What it took was a logistical puzzle for production company Mammoth Screen ? reassembling as many of the original crew as possible, arranging time of for actors by now working on other films, television series or plays to reshoot scenes ? this time opposite Cooke in the key role of Mickey Argyll, one of the ?ve adopted children of murdered philanthropist Rachel Argyll. ?It was difficult because Alice Eve was in LA, Anthony Boylee was in New York rehearsing Harry Potter, Luke has loads of things going on n, Matthew is doing his Witchess show [[A Discovery of Witches, ffor Sky], Bill Nighy is always in demand,? says Cooke. ?Butwhenyouhave awillingness from all the actorrs and other Reshoots you sir: Christian Cooke has slotted into the revamped version of Ordeal By Innocence THE BIG ISSUE / p32 / April 2-8 2018 production companies are generous with their time, there are ways of making it work.? For Morven Christie, who plays housekeeper Kirsten Lindstrom in the mystery, it was the best solution. ?The BBC made the only decision they could legitimately make. My biggest thought was that 100-plus people worked on this production. Must everybody be punished for the alleged behaviour of one person within it? ?The original shoot was really gruelling. We worked really hard ? the actors less than everybody else ? and the idea it wou ld just disappea r was devastating. There was so much work in it. And so many incredible women who worked on that production. It was just: whatever it takes to get this done now. And Christian has done a brilliant job.? Cooke has been in the industry since childhood. But he has never been cast Photos: 〣BC and Slaven Vlasic/Getty Images INTERVIEW in such circumstances, or ?lmed with quite such intensity. ?It was two-and-a-half weeks of just me,? he says. ?The other actors were coming in for a few days each. ?What I said to Sandra [Goldbacher, director] is that I love the script and the part isbrilliant,butIwanttobeabletodomyown thing with it. I don?t want to be shoehorned into pre-established blocking that you have alreadydonewithanotheractor.Shewasvery sensitive about that. ?For all the scenes that we had to fully reshoot, I was able to do what I wanted with it and interpret it my own way. That was very important to me. It wasn?t talked about on set, everyone was sensitive, but there was a feeling that they were happy the work was going to be seen. Because the biggest fear when something like this happens is that the work will die.? That the drama hangs together is testament to technical wizardry ? from lighting, sound design, props and wardrobe departments plus skillful editing to ensure new footage ?ts seamlessly with what was ?lmedthepreviousyear.Cookeishopingthat ?guring out whodunit, rather than looking for the joins between the two shoots, will be the game of choice for viewers. The resulting drama is dripping with its own dark secrets. A family living in luxury, but whose lies and betrayals lurk beneath the veneer. ?Sarah Phelps has such a ?ery way of attacking a script,? says Christie. ?Any character could be the lead character ? she gets right inside each one of them. ?And there are things about the story that maketheparticularwaythishasbeentackled quite potent.? Themesofpower,ofabuse,ofdarksecrets being exposed, return us to the current conversations within the acting industry. ?I see the news as everybody else sees it. I read it as everybody else does,? says Cooke. ?And it is clearly a positive thing that people make in order to stand up for that. A co-lead who are abusing their power are being at the point that role came along is a huge stopped or silenced and women feel opportunity that I need, right? Do I have to walk away from it because they are willing empowered to come out and speak up. ?But as long as people don?t think to have this big a disparity between us? it is unique to the entertainment industry, ?Every time a woman speaks up for her because it is not.? pay, for sexual harassment, For Christie, the for sexism or inequality in c onv er s at ion s now the workplace, it costs that happening out in the open woman something. It costs are nothing new. that woman people?s view of ?If you are me and you her, that she is difficult or havebeenhavingthesekind demanding.? of conversations for years now, it is refreshing to see In a shock twist at the end, the context change and a we turn to the subject of shift in tone,? she says. Bill Nighy. ?But on a personal level, ?So much fun. He is the I have always been coolest cat in town,? irritatingly conscious of according to Christie. all of this stuf. Pay parity, And Cooke is an even the balance of roles. bigger fan. ?I became a bit ?One of the jobs I did In the frame: Cooke and Christie were obsessed with him, if I?m quite recently was quite a determined to save the production honest,? he says. ?He is such a lovely guy, prominentonewherethere was a pay inequality. The A Word was so charismatic, so talented, and so generous negotiated before all this happened. But yes, andunpretentiousandunstarryandallthose that was a conversation. It was not easy, but things. He is everything you want from an wehaditanyway.Nowitwouldbeeasier.And older, successful actor. ?There were many times he was not in I didn?t get to equality either. I got to about 10 per cent under.? shot but was standing in reading his lines for Will that change for future series? me. I know a lot of big actors in the world that ?If there is a series three, I will not be would have a stand-in doing it. But he was stepping on to set for a penny less than any determined to be there for me. man in that production. End of.? ?And he has so many great stories, such Christie continues: ?It is not necessarily great taste in music. I went home one night thatthewillisn?tthere,it?sjustthattherehas andImusthavereadabout20articlesonBill been a precedent set for such a long time Nighy. Then I had a day full of great, deep where pay is based on historical quote rates conversations with him, thinking: ?You are ? and historically men have been paid just so efortlessly charming and cool.? ?They say don?t meet your heroes, but it more than women. So this is never going to get better unless you decide to pay us is nice when you meet people you admire equally for doing an equal job. Somebody and they surpass your expectations.? has to make the jump. ?The difficulty up until now, for me, Ordeal By Innocence airs on Sunday nights on personally, has been the sacri?ces that I BBC One and iPlayer @adey70 THE BIG ISSUE / p33 / April 2-8 2018 Clean energy is cheaper than you think. That?s why we?ve teamed up with the Big Clean Switch for our Take The Power Back campaign. With average savings of over �0 a year, we?re making it easy to switch to planet-friendly electricity. Better still, every switch raises money to support the vital work of The Big Issue. Compare prices and switch in minutes at: bigcleanswitch.org/bigissue RADIO TV READ MORE FROM... ROBIN INCE VISIT BIGISSUE.COM Frequency flyers Photo: Lebrecht Music and Arts Photo Library / Alamy Stock Photo Radio 4 is home to some of the most original shows you?ll hear right now SOPHIE WILLAN BRIDGET CHRISTIE SARAH KENDALL Guide to Normality, on BBC Radio Four now Utopia, available on BBC iPlayer until April 6 Australian Trilogy, selected shows available on BBC iPlayer Sophie Willan?s Guide to Normality is sharp, eccentric, provocative, but most of all, it is perpetually funny. After listening to it, I immediately listened to it again, to see what I had missed and savour what I had heard a second time. Her images are wonderfully evocative. A baby is ?a large human blob that looks very much like a sad cabbage?. Her grandmother looks like Morticia Addams, meaning ?you?re not quite sure if she?s a beauty or a crow?. In the first far-too-brief episode, Sophie explained her upbringing and attitude to parents and parenting. She was predominantly brought up by her grandmother as her mother was a drug addict. She describes this as a relief rather than a curse as her mother was not someone intended to be a parent. With deft jokes and anecdotes, Sophie bats away the prescribed notions of how to be a family and bring up children. I am in danger of giving too much away as the excitement of listening to this energy and imagination makes me want to tell you everything in that ham-fisted way that happens when you want to share your delight. Her grandmother?s refusal to eat cr鑝e br鹟閑 comes from having no desire ?to eat the unborn child of a depressed hen?. Sophie is one of an increasing number of sharp and intriguing voices on R4. ?My son said to me the other day, ?Your pursuit of happiness is a futile and worthless quest?. We are just meat and hair like Iggy Pop,? says Bridget Christie in her new apoplectic series of Utopia. I should have written about this three weeks ago, time to find this on iPlayer is limited. Bridget both bolsters and strips apart conceptions of the middle- ?Sophie is one of an increasing number of sharp voices on R4? class liberal elite, a group she has become a member of due to her comedic success and North London domestic situation. Bridget is filled with righteous ire, but also elevates it to such absurdity that she maintains a position of being both correct and preposterous. Her dissection of this ridiculousness means that you can both nod in agreement while also realising that you are absurd, too. It?s the ones that don?t think they are absurd that worry me most. THE BIG ISSUE / p35 / April 2-8 2018 At Radio Awards time, two further radio stars have been picking up perspex obelisks and sprayed metal plaques for their justly lauded work. Sarah Kendall?s Australian Trilogy is an act of enchantment. Each one a perfectly structured story of humour, humanity and sometimes revelatory sadness. I know of one man who saw her live performance of one of these stories on six occasions and burst into tears at the denouement every time. MARK STEEL Mark Steel?s in Town, available on YouTube Mark Steel?s in Town is a showcase for his relentless curiosity. Steel?s ability to come up with a new half-hour show on every town he visits, from Skipton to Ventnor, is an illustration of an engaged and highly curious mind. I reckon the imagination and richness in the variety of Radio 4 comedy output at the moment shames the frequently lacklustre TV comedy output, though just as I say that, I see there is a new series of This Country, so all is not lost. @robinince Around 3000 people are currently condemned to death in the h^ D??? ???? ???? ????? ??? ???? ????? ??????? ????? ???? ???????? ???? >????? ????????? ?? ???? Z?? ??? ?? ????? ??? ???????????? ???? ????????? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ?? ????? ? ??? D??? ???? ???? ????????? ?? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ?????? ???? ???????? ?????????? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ????? of life. ,???? t????? ?? ? ????!???????????" ?????????? ??????????? ??????? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ??????????? ????????? ?? ???? Z?? ??????? ?????!?????? ???? ?? ??? h<" ?? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ????????? ??? ??? ??????????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ?????????????? ????????? In the words of a prisoner ?My penfriend, his wife and family have been a blessing for many years. I thank them for walking this journey with me.? /? ??? ????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ?? ???????? ? ?????????" ?????? ???? ?? ^ ?? Human Writes, ? >???? '????" t???????" t??? z????" >^?? ?Z>" ?!???? firstname.lastname@example.org or visit our website at www.humanwrites.org MUSIC READ MORE FROM... CLAIRE JACKSON VISIT BIGISSUE.COM OUT AND ABOUT MONET SUPPLY Monet & Architecture (April 9 to July 29, Trafalgar Square, London; nationalgallery. org.uk) is a self-explanatory collection of the impressionist?s paintings of buildings. There have been plenty of exhibitions of his work, but this is a genuine ?rst ? collecting 75 of his paintings of cities like Paris, London and Venice as well as of country villages and coastal towns around Europe. A new perspective on an artist more associated with the bucolic. A diferent kind of architecture is on show at Egypt Uncovered: Belzoni & The Tomb Of Pharaoh Seti I (until April 15, Holborn, London; soane.org) . It marks the 200th anniversary of the discovery of the tomb by Belzoni, one of the leading Egyptologists of the 1800s. The main draw is, of course, the sarcophagus and you can see a 3D scan of it alongside the broken lid and learn about the ?sarcophagus parties? Belzoni held for elite society to celebrate his discovery. Ending this week is Living With Gods: Peoples, Places & Worlds Beyond (until April 8, Bloomsbury, London; britishmuseum.org). Its focus is less on what people across diferent cultures believe in religious terms but rather how they believe ? and the holy objects they have accumulated over thousands of years. Discarded Dreams (until May 13, Canterbury; canterburymuseums.co.uk) is an exhibition from Catching Lives, the homeless shelter in Canterbury, and the art projects it runs as part of a rehabilitation programme. Here homeless people express their feelings and experiences on the streets through art. Meanwhile, Pop! British & American Art 1960-1975 (until June 3, Coventry; theherbert.org) looks at the pop art explosion in both the UK and the US where names like Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein and Peter Blake changed the parameters of what art could mean in an age of mass production, culture and consumption. Eamonn Forde @Eamonn_Forde Key change Music as therapy is a powerful force that can transform lives W hat?s the ?rst image that comes to mind when you think about music? Perhaps it?s teenagers listening to pop through tinny speakers on a mobile phone, crowds swaying at a festival or Prommers queueing round the Royal Albert Hall. It could be a picture of someone playing records, tapes, CDs or tapping a laptop. If you?re lucky, you might have fond memories of your own music lessons ? and possibly less fond recollections of scales practice. You may attribute a particular artist to past events. Some couples have a song that?s ?theirs?; others ?nd solace in a break-up soundtrack. For many, auditory stimulation evokes a rainbow of emotions, and the creative process involved in writing and performing music makes it a powerful outlet. For this reason, among others, music has been shown to have therapeutic bene?ts. (Therapeutic in the clinical sense, not dancing on a table to Taylor Swift ? although that can be good for wellbeing too.) Music therapy is a well-established psychological clinical intervention, which is delivered by specially trained therapists (registered with the Health and Care Professions Council), to support people who are sufering from illness or disability. While this strand of care is globally recognised, it doesn?t always get the support it deserves. This is counterproductive, when we consider that sensible investment could significantly reduce impact on overstretched health systems. The UK?s national Arts in Health Conference and Showcase aims to change this by raising awareness of the arts in mainstream healthcare initiatives. The second instalment of the conference takes place on April 19 at Guildhall School of Music & Drama, held in association with THE BIG ISSUE / p37 / April 2-8 2018 that conservatoire and the College of Medicine. Speakers include dancer, presenter and arts advocate Darcey Bussell. The day-long event will also feature music involving home care residents. If you work in health, attendance is worth considering ? ?cost-efectiveness perspectives? are promised, if senior execs need persuading. Another area where music is being used with strategic purpose is the prison sector. Despite tabloid depictions of inmates ser ving their sentences glued to PlayStations, for the majority of prisoners, life behind bars is tough. Incarceration is frequently the culmination of extended periods of abuse, illness, homelessness and lack of support networks. Music workshops ? delivered by organisations such as the Irene Taylor Trust (ITT) ? are used to help engage with prisoners. And far from being a soft option, research has recognised the long-term positive impact of such work: the skills developed through ITT projects have been shown to help people with negative experiences of formal education to engage in further training opportunities, thus reducing the likelihood of reofending. This work has recently been shared internationally. Sara Lee, ITT?s inspiring artistic director, has taken the charity?s workshops stateside, working with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra and Civic Orchestra musicians to deliver projects with young men in detention. One of the recipients is the Illinois Youth Centre, where 15 to 18-year-olds will be encouraged to write and perform new music. Music is fun ? but, if given the opportunity, it can improve how society functions too. Claire Jackson @claireiswriting ADVERTISING CLASSIFIEDS To advertise: Jenny Bryan 020 3890 3744 / jennifer_Bryan@dennis.co.uk A site near to Bristol Central Quaker Meeting looks likely to be available if we have the money to move on it to create low-running-cost affordable homes. Invest now to make this possible. Interest as before. AEOBhousepeople.org.uk 3 Windsor Terrace, Clifton, Bristol BS8 4LW L Tel T : 0117 926 5931 email: email@example.com Available on iTunes x x x WWW and Type ?Emon & Co? in the search bar THE BIG ISSUE / p38 / April 2-8 2018 ADVERTISING CLASSIFIEDS To advertise: Jenny Bryan 020 3890 3744 / jennifer_Bryan@dennis.co.uk THE BIG ISSUE / p39 / April 2-8 2018 ADVERTISING CLASSIFIEDS To advertise: Jenny Bryan 020 3890 3744 / jennifer_Bryan@dennis.co.uk Help create positive futures We help Big Issue vendors turn current issues into future opportunities. 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We would like to able to contact you from time to time, to let you know about the effectiveness and impact your gifts is making possible and to share other ways to help The Big Issue Foundation in the fight against poverty and exclusion. Choose all the ways you?d like us to keep in touch: � Email � Post � Phone � No future contact Please return this completed form to our freepost address: Freepost RTTS-JGTR-LRYR, The Big Issue Foundation, 113-115 Fonthill Road, London, N4 3HH Other ways to donate: Go online at www.bigissue.org.uk/donate Call us on 020 7526 3458 or Text TBIF44 � to 70070 to donate to The Big Issue Foundation and make a difference today THE BIG ISSUE / p40 / April 2-8 2018 ADVERTISING CLASSIFIEDS To advertise: Jenny Bryan 020 3890 3744 / jennifer_Bryan@dennis.co.uk The Socialist Party aims at building a moneyless world community based on common ownership and democratic control with production solely for use not profit. It opposes all leadership, all war. for 3 FREE issues of our monthly Socialist Standard write to: The Socialist Party (BI), 52 Clapham High Street. London SW4 7UN www.worldsocialism.org.bi Alone, lonely, yearning to love and be loved by someone special? Then let ?Friends1st? introduce you to other Christians also looking to TLL[ [OH[ YPNO[ WLYZVU (U VSPUL supportive membership service. Call 0208 088 1910 crisisinmentalhealth.org A patient's experience of The Mental Health Act 1983 THE BIG ISSUE / p41 / April 2-8 2018 ADVERTISING CLASSIFIEDS To advertise: Jenny Bryan 020 3890 3744 / jennifer_Bryan@dennis.co.uk A WORLD OF HOPE A BEAUTIFUL COLLECTION OF SONGS CELEBRATING HOPE, LOVE, UNITY & LIFE IN SUPPORT OF POSTCARDS FOR PEACE. FEATURING 26 INCREDIBLE ACTS INCLUDING HOTHOUSE FLOWERS, LINDA THOMPSON, OYSTERBAND, LAU, O?HOOLEY & TIDOW, KRIS DREVER, BOO HEWERDINE, HORSE, JAKE MORLEY, HAFDIS HULD & MORE ?Quality of music aside, though, A World Of Hope ?? ?�??�??�? ?�?�襄� ?? ?�� ??� 棋?? ?� ??� ????媳? �???�?? �� ?�� ??? ????? (constructively and positively) as the central theme of hope expands through love, unity, courage and peace.? fRoots Magazine CD, POSTCARDS, T-SHIRTS, BADGES & MORE AVAILABLE FROM: POSTCARDSFORPEACE.ORG/SHOP Postcards For Peace aims to help end discrimination on the grounds of race, gender, disability, sexual orientation �� ?�????? � �灞???? 毕??????� ???� ��??�� � ??阱???��?? 棋??邋? ?�??� �?? �?�?票�?????� and create an environment in favour of equality and diversity. 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Freepost THE WRITERS BUREAU Freepost THE WRITERS BUREAU THE BIG ISSUE / p43 / April 2-8 2018 COMPETITION FOUNDERS John Bird and Gordon Roddick Group chair Nigel Kershaw Managing director Russell Blackman EDITORIAL & PRODUCTION Editor Paul McNamee Managing editor Vicky Carroll Features editor Steven MacKenzie Digital editor Ben Sullivan Books editor Jane Graham News & entertainment Adrian Lobb Film Edward Lawrenson Radio Robin Ince Music Malcolm Jack and Claire Jackson Business support manager Robert White Art director Ross Lesley-Bayne Production editor Sarah Reid Designer Gillian Smith Junior designer Matthew Costello Junior sub editor/writers Dionne Kennedy & Liam Geraghty ADVERTISING 020 3890 3899 Dennis Publishing, 31-32 Alfred Pl, Bloomsbury, London WC1E 7DP Group advertising director Andrea Mason Group advertising manager Helen Ruane Account manager Brad Beaver Classified and recruitment: 020 3890 3744 Account director Jenny Bryan Senior sales executive Imogen Williams Vendor Comments firstname.lastname@example.org The Big Issue Group 020 7526 3200 113-115 Fonthill Road, Finsbury Park, London, N4 3HH Group managing director John Montague Group finance director Clive Ellis Group marketing & communications director Lara McCullagh Group HR director Elizabeth Divver Distribution director Peter Bird Big Issue Invest managing director Ed Siegel Big Issue Invest head of lending Daniel Wilson-Dodd email@example.com 0141 352 7260 @bigissue 2nd floor, 43 Bath Street, Glasgow, G2 1HW Distribution/London 020 7526 3200 Printed at William Gibbons BSME Cover of the Year 2017, PPA Cover of the Year 2015, PPA Scotland Cover of the Year 2015 & 2017 WIN! 27 GONE TOO SOON ON DVD Brian Jones, Janis Joplin, Jim Morrison and Jimi Hendrix all died at the age of 27 between 1969 and 1971. But it was not until the death of Kurt Cobain in 1994 that the idea of a ?27 Club? began to catch on in public perception, and was reignited with the death of Amy Winehouse in 2011. This group represent just a few of the many singers and musicians who passed away at that age, and this ?lm looks at the phenomenon and tries to understand why these particular stars are so mythologised and celebrated ? and why indeed their lives ended when they did. Through rare and unseen footage, along with interviews with musicians, critics and music industry insiders as well as medical and psychiatric experts, the ?lm investigates the lives, music, and artistry of these lost icons, frozen in time at the age of 27. In today?s world where drug addiction and mental health issues are on the rise, this doc is sure to propel further debate as it ofers further insight into the world of popular music and its many pitfalls. For your chance to win one of five DVD copies simply answer the question below: Which grunge superstar died at the age of 27? PPA Scotland Consumer Magazine of The Year, 2017 Paul McNamee British editor of the year 2016, BSME Send your answers with 27 as the subject to competitions@ bigissue.com or post to The Big Issue, 43 Bath Street, Glasgow, G2 1HW. Include your name and address. Closing date is April 17 Include OPT OUT if you don?t want to receive updates from The Big Issue. We will not pass your details to any third party. For full T&Cs see bigissue.com THE BIG ISSUE / p44 / April 2-8 2018 GAMES & PUZZLES SUDOKU SPOT THE BALL A B C There is just one simple rule in sudoku: each row, column and 3 x 3 box must contain the numbers one to nine. This is a logic puzzle and you should not need to guess. The solution will be revealed next week. D E F ISSUE 1300 SOLUTION 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 To win The Mind Is Flat mark where you (Last week?s think the ball is, cut out and send to: Spot the Ball Spot the Ball (1301), 43 Bath St, Glasgow, revealed: Ipswich Town G2 1HW, by April 10. Include name, address, phone no. Enter by email: send grid v Newcastle Utd (1975) position (eg A1) to firstname.lastname@example.org. PRIZE CROSSWORD 1 2 4 3 10 9 13 11 12 14 13 15 15 17 16 15 20 20 19 18 20 19 21 7 9 8 12 6 5 CRYPTIC CLUES Across 1. Shopkeeper disinclined to get in ground rice (8) 6. Prepare to ?re an old mate (4) 8. Drives cattle (6) 9. Drilling can be so monotonous (6) 10. Made a claim that was upheld (10) 12. Gradually change part of a revolver (6) 14. Maturing period in German capital (6) 15. It clearly costs nothing to worship here (4,6) 19. It is harmful to remove head and foot from injured ?amingo (6) 20. Wave put into one?s hair (6) 21. Embraced by a go-go dancer, is very keen (4) 22. I?ll take away yours, it?s deceptive (8) 22 To win a Chambers Dictionary, send completed crosswords (either cryptic or quick) to: The Big Issue Crossword (1301), second floor, 43 Bath Street, Glasgow, G2 1HW by April 10. Include your name, address and phone number. Issue 1299 winner is S McCluskey from Wallyford QUICK CLUES Down 2. Dead on time? Not now (4) 3. A bit of heat can beseen in the weather map (5) 4. Arouse feelings ? almost brilliant (7) 5. Bionic man? (5) 6. Be anxious about ofer for salt (7) 7. Paddling without getting one?s feet wet (8) 11. Projecting part on the other side to remain in suspense (8) 13. Out of the wind the self-seeking group is looking lecherously (7) 14. Relating to Dawn or Laura in disguise (7) 16. Language of part of north India (5) 17. Difficult situations encountered on a golf course? (5) 18. Look noble (4) Across 1. Sprinkled (8) 6. Lifting device (4) 8. Horse-drawn carriage (6) 9. Grating (6) 10. Behead (10) 12. Sharpness (6) 14. Passed an opinion (6) 15. Objective (10) 19. Typewriter roller (6) 20. Test (3,3) 21. Old Testament book (4) 22. Coagulating (8) Down 2. Leg-pull (4) 3. Paddled (5) 4. Earthy, bawdy (7) 5. Unearth (3,2) 6. Composed of segments (7) 7. Divided skirt (8) 11. Sentimentality (8) 13. Passivity (7) 14. Caretaker (7) 16. Icons (anag.) (5) 17. Staunch (5) 18. Be on ?re (4) IN ASSOCIATION WITH Issue 1300 solution CRYPTIC: Across ? 1 Part payment; 7 Intercom; 8 Wrap; 9 Thor; 11 Mismatch; 13 Beefy; 14 Skull; 16 Emeritus; 18 Twig; 21 Lawn; 22 Anathema; 23 Needle match. Down ? 1 Printable; 2 Ratio; 3 Peru; 4 Yeovil; 5 Newmarket; 6 Marc; 10 Reference; 12 Holograph; 15 Funnel; 17 Moat; 19 Wheat; 20 Stem. QUICK: Across ? 1 Below stairs; 7 Banality; 8 Arid; 9 Lard; 11 Backward; 13 Girth; 14 Franc; 16 Muling; 18 Smog; 21 Bawl; 22 Pathogen; 23 Symmetrical. Down ? 1 Bubblegum; 2 Loner; 3 Walk; 4 Titian; 5 Roadworks; 6 Bier; 10 Dutifully; 12 Decagonal; 15 Invade; 17 Upas; 19 Magic; 20 Char. THE BIG ISSUE / p45 / April 2-8 2018 Photos: Action Images MY PITCH Vasile Raul Stefan, 20 WHSMITH, VICTORIA SQUARE, DROITWICH SPA ?I was impressed by how well The Big Issue was going for my friend, so I tried it too? ABOUT ME... IF I WON THE LOTTERY I would help poor people in this country and I?d also go to Romania and start a Romanian Big Issue. But I?d be the boss. MY HOBBIES I love going to the gym. I run and I also lift weights. I like using Facebook as well to keep in touch with my friends and family. ON MY PITCH? I?m here Tuesday to Sunday from 8.30am until 5pm I ?ve been selling The Big Issue for ?ve months. A friend of mine has been selling the magazine for two or three years, and he told me he was making a decent income and enjoyed it more than working in a factory because he could choose his own hours. He also said it was good for developing sales skills. I was impressed by how well it was going for him so I thought I?d like to try it too. I have a good pitch here in Droitwich and my customers are very kind. They look out for me, ofering me a cup of cofee or something to eat, so I try to help them if I can. Today I helped an old lady into a taxi with her shopping. I look out for them because they look out for me. If I?m not on my pitch for a couple of days they?re asking where I?ve been and if I?m OK. Selling the magazine has helped me with my English. Before I started I didn?t know much of the language but now it?s really improved. I like to interact with customers and socialise and all this is good for learning the language. I?ve been in the UK for two years now. I came over with my mother to earn money because it was really difficult to get work in Ialomita in eastern Romania, which is where I?m from. I worked in construction but only from time to time. Neighbours used to ask me to help out with a job and I would work for them. But it was really hard to ?nd enough of that type of work to get by. I enjoy selling The Big Issue much more. THE BIG ISSUE / p46 / April 2-8 2018 My mother and I live in Birmingham. My father had to stay in Romania with my grandparents because they?re old and needed him to stay and look after them. We miss him a lot. I also left my dogs behind with my father when I came here. They?re German shepherds called Rita and Max and I?ve had them since I was a very small child. But I like it here in the UK and for now I enjoy selling The Big Issue. The work is much better and I enjoy interacting with my customers. They really care about me. Three ladies who buy from me were watching me having my picture taken for this, waving and smiling. Interview: Sarah Reid Photo: Martin Strivens HAVE YOUR APPLIANCE WARRANTIES EXPIRED? If your domestic appliances are over 12 months old, then you could be at risk of FYQFOTJWF SFQBJS CJMMT JG UIFZHPXSPOHOPUUPNFOUJPOUIFIBTTMFPGmOEJOHBUSVTUFE person to repair them. 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Accurate at the time of printing. Get a online quote in just 60 seconds warrantywise.co.uk/bigissue or call us on Freephone 0800 917 9935 Home Appliance Warranty for example homosexuals could be stoned to death in Brunei. Can the Commonwealth help introduce reforms? Obviously there are some issues. There are human rights issues, such as those involving LGBT groups and the death penalty, where there?s no consensus across the membership, but what we do is we work closely with human rights commissions in our member states to try and build their capacity. It?s all behind-the-scenes work to promote and advocate Commonwealth values, and a slow-drip exercise. Hopefully over time through our advocacy and in?uence we could afect some key reforms. Nelson Mandela once famously said, and it?s one of my favourite quotes of his, that ?the Commonwealth makes the world safe for diversity?. South Africa was only welcomed back into the Commonwealth in 1994 with the election of Mandela. Did the Commonwealth help end apartheid? In the 1980s we had the Eminent Persons Group, the EPG as it?s called, and the leaders of Nigeria and Australia were involved in trying to advocate positive change in South Africa. It is partly their contribution that eventually led to the changes that took place. When there is Trump describing whole parts of the world ? many of them probably Commonwealth members ? as ?shithole countries? how is the role of diplomacy changing? Diplomacy has always been important, now more than ever. Whatever leaders want to say, y, the myriad of global issues we are now facing, whether climate change or cou untering violent extremism, you have to get leaaders around a table to talk. But leaders shoulld also feel that they can talk quietly behind th he scenes as and when it?s needed to resolve issues. Megaphone diplomacy has a place but it do oesn?t necessarily achieve objectives. It isn?t whaat you say, it?s how you say it. You can deliver diffi fficult messaging, you do it in such a way that you u still have someone on the other side of th he table listening to you. This is how you build in n?uence. Words: Steven MacKenzie @stevenmackenzie THE BIG ISSUE / p24 / April 2-8 2018 THE COMMONWEALTH IN NUMBERS The 53 Commonwealth member states are among the world?s largest, smallest, richest and poorest countries Commonwealth countries span 29,958,050 square km (11,566,870 sq miles), around 20 per cent of the world?s land area The population of the Commonwealth is around 2.5 billion people ? nearly a third of the world?s population 94% 94 per cent live in Asia and Africa Photo: The Commonwealth Secretariat The biggest is India with a population of 1.3 billion, the smallest is Tuvalu with a population of just under 11,000 The woman at the helm of the Commonwealth The Queen may technically be Head of the Commonwealth, but Dominican-born Patricia Scotland (seen here as The Gambia was readmitted to the Commonwealth in 2013) is the current Secretary-General. Scotland has held the position since 2016, and leaders can serve a maximum of two fouryear terms. CHOGM Between April 16-20, leaders from around the Commonwealth will come to the UK for CHOGM 2018. The Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting takes place every two years to ?reaffirm common values, address shared global challenges and agree how to work to create a better future for all our citizens?. High on this year?s agenda will be ocean governance and ways to tackle cyber-crime. Free trade agreements, freedom of movement ? sound familiar? The Rt Hon Patricia Scotland (and Linford Andrews) travelled to Kenya last month for the launch of thee African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) protocol. The deal could potentially allow Commonwealth citizens to travel and trade across Africa. Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyaatta tweeted: ?We have come to the realisation that we can grow together and that it is common sense to unite for our betterment? We are realising we are stronger together #Commonwealth?. Could trading in Africa ?ll the potential void of walking away from the EU? What about that other EU hallmark?at the last CHOGM in 2015, it was proposed thaat there should be freedom of movement for citizens of the UK, Australia, New Zealand and Canada. This may come up on the agenda again this year. 31 members are classi?ed as small states ? with a population of less than 1.5 million people The UK is the ?fth largest country in the Commonwealth population-wise (after India, Pakistan, Nigeria and Bangladesh) In 2016 the combined GDP was over $9 trillion (78 per cent from the four largest economies ? UK, India, Canada and Australia). The EU has a GDP of around $20 trillion Most members have a historical tie with the UK, except Rwanda and Mozambique The newest member is technically The Gambia, which rejoined in February after withdrawing in 2013 220 employees work at Commonwealth HQ in Marlborough House on Pall Mall in London Linford Andrews believes there?s a ?Commonwealth advantage? THE BIG ISSUE / p25 / April 2-8 2018 IN PARTNERSHIP WITH G BRING LASTIN LP E H TO E U S E BIG IS EOPLE HOMELESS P ERED WITH TH D N T N R A PA S R S A O H D THTC S OF VEN NGE TO LIVE A H C L IA C O S UK . ACROSS THE ECTION ISSUE COLL IG B R U O IES, ES? ACTIVIT LES FROM U A S S IS T E N IG B F TH E THEY 25% O SUPPORTING AL SUPPORT IT V TO E H O T G TO ND WILL HEIR LIVES A T VENDORS T C E D N IL N U B O E C R RTHER HELPING RE . THEM TO FU LE B A N E BETTER FUTU A TO TO S Y A NEED W H T LD. HEIR OWN PA AVE THE WOR S D E DETERMINE T E D IN N R T-SHIRT CA SO YES, YOU .UK IP AT THTC.CO H S R E N T R raphy PA : Radski Photog T OUR NEW Photography by LEARN ABOU THE ENLIGHTENMENT BOOKS FILM INTERVEW RADIO MUSIC View from an island page 28 120 Beats Per Minute page 31 Christian Cooke page 32 Radio 4?s renaissance page 35 Life-changing stuf page 37 EXHIBITION TO HULL AND BACK The ?rst solo exhibition by Richie Culver in his home town of Hull telescopes through his formative years in the city, celebrating ordinary, workingclass lives in the north of England. Culver experienced homelessness and long-term unemployment before one of his artworks was exhibited in the Tate Modern leading to exhibitions around the world, and now back to Hull. In a sequence of paintings, Culver explores the complex relationship between jobseeker and advisor played out every fortnight in their 20-minute ?therapy? sessions. The exhibition, No One Knows Me Like Dawn From The Job Centre, runs at Humber Street Gallery, Hull until May 27 THE BIG ISSUE / p27 / April 2-8 2018 BOOKS SO MANY ISLANDS Restless natives Nicholas Laughlin has never lived anywhere but Trinidad. But he?s discovered that, along with many other islanders, the threshold of their horizons can bring an expansive worldview THE BIG ISSUE / p28 / April 2-8 2018 Photo: North Wind Picture Archives / Alamy Stock Photo A n Island Is a World is the title of a up on the shelf. They are a restless bunch: unexpected places. Specific details may novel by the late Trinidadian two thirds of them live elsewhere than their seem exotic, but the motives and anxieties, writer Samuel Selvon, and a originalhomeislands,andsomearemultiple joys and fears we explore in our stories will sentence that summarises migrants. The list of their names almost be vitally familiar to readers anywhere. something essential about Here you will find love poems human geography: islands, large and protest poems, tales of or small, are indeed in some childhood innocence and innocence lost, stories about sense self-contained, worlds leaving home and trying to go untothemselves.Buttheverysea that insulates and isolates is also home again, about never having the medium that connects one left, or asking what home island to every other island, and means in the first place. archipelagoes to continents. It is strange how not strange So Many Islands is a new you may find it, the sense anthology of 17 writers from of affinity with someone small island countries around whose na me you f ind the world, from the Pacific unpronounceable, from a small and Indian Oceans, the place you?d never hope to pin Mediterranean and the down on a map. Caribbean. They come from ?This is the real globalism,? Niue and Grenada, Malta and says Marlon James ? himself an Kiribati, Bermuda and islander, born and bred in Singapore, and other countries Jamaica ? ?a glorious cacophwith familiar and unfamiliar ony that seeks no common ground other than attitude. names. They may be writing from and about small places ? Stories and poems that exist in some smaller than others ? but no other context than their theirideasandthemestaketheir own, characters who owe only measure from the scale of world to themselves, and writers who histories. As Man Booker prizewrite with nothing hanging on winner Marlon James puts it: ?It their backs.? takes a big mind, or at least a Perhaps what the 17 writers big worldview, to write from a in So Many Islands have most small space.? deeply in common is an urge to Smallislandcountrieswithin contend with both the limits the Commonwealth share a past and the possibilities of a small of colonial exploitation. One place ? whether that means legacy in the present is a body of El Dorado: Sir Walter Raleigh found a bounty of natural resources on Trinidad in 1595 cherishing the intimate territory of a familiar community common political and social concerns.