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The Big Issue - April 09, 2018

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NO. 1302 APRIL 9-15 2018
A HAND UP NOT A HANDOUT
�50
EVERY MONDAY
HE?S BACK...
EXCLUSIVE: JAMES BOWEN ON BOB?S ANIMATED ADVENTURES
PLUS: ?LEONARD COHEN & MY DOG? BY E FROM EELS / THE FINAL COUNTDOWN ? EUROPE ON BREXIT
WIN!
CONTENTS
HE AVENGERS
TUNNEL OF
FEAR
APRIL 9-15 2018 / NO. 1302
TURN TO PAGE 44
Hello, my
name is
Albert.
Welcome to this very special
edition of The Big Issue.
Street Cat Bob has fans all over
the world and now that he?s
starring in a cartoon I think he?s
going to become even more
famous. You can read about
his new venture
on page 18. My
dog, Tyson, is my
best friend so I?m
very interested
to see what an
anthrozoologist
says about how
our pets may have
shaped our evolution
in the feature on
page 22. And you
can read more
about Tyson and
me on page 46.
INSIDE...
AMAZING MAZES
THE BIG ISSUE MANIFESTO
Vendor photo: Louise Haywood-Schiefer
They?re a matter of life and death
WE BELIEVE in a hand up, not a handout...
Which is why our sellers BUY every copy of the
magazine for �25 and sell it for �50.
WE BELIEVE in trade, not aid?
Which is why we ask you to ALWAYS take
your copy of the magazine. Our sellers are
working and need your custom.
WE BELIEVE poverty is indiscriminate?
Which is why we provide ANYONE whose life is
blighted by poverty with the opportunity to
earn a LEGITIMATE income.
WE BELIEVE in the right to citizenship?
Which is why The Big Issue Foundation, our
charitable arm, helps sellers tackle social and
?nancial exclusion.
THE BIG ISSUE / p3 / April 9-15 2018
MY DOG MET
LEONARD COHEN
What E from Eels? hound
got up to while his master
was on tour
FINAL COUNTDOWN
Our post-Brexit relationship with
Europe, with Joey from Europe
WE BELIEVE in prevention?
Which is why Big Issue Invest ofers
backing and investments to social enterprises,
charities and businesses which deliver social
value to communities.
CORRESPONDENCE
Write to: The Big Issue, Second Floor, 43 Bath St, Glasgow, G2 1HW
Email: letters@bigissue.com
facebook.com/bigissueUK
bigissue.com
@bigissueuk
COMMENT OF THE WEEK
MLK?s message hits home
[Re cover feature, April 2-8] Martin Luther
King spoke about the ?Drum Major Efect?;
the Western ideal of being ?rst in
everything, and its destructive repercussion
on the rest of society.
This is exempli?ed in the current housing
crisis where more homes are built for the
?Drum Majors? while less well-of young
people are homeless. A shocking example is
the vast amount of development in villages
across the country where half the existing
old properties are empty second homes.
This is a clear indication of a moral and
social breakdown, with its root cause in the
massive tax-avoidance schemes which are
crippling those who need the most help.
Only by stopping this greed can we tackle
housing and every other social crisis facing
us today. There was talk of doubling council
tax on empty second homes. This is the very
least that should happen.
Martin Grossman, Abington
Good work, Andy!
Pursuit of happiness
A big full respect to Andy who
was grafting on Easter Sunday
at the Barbican Tube stop as I
walked out of Fabric nightclub
at 11pm. He was polite,
courteous and working very
hard in the rain and most
insistent we took his magazine.
A credit to The Big Issue, and a
great example of hard work no
matter what the conditions.
Tom Belte (impressed)
I read with intrigue the recent
issue that stated on the front
cover ?How to be happy; your
essential guide in a world gone
wrong? [March 26-April 1] and
found Dean Burnett?s article to
be quite interesting,
particularly in regards to brain
development at diferent life
stages. My interest was
compounded by my recent
in-roads in learning how to live
with life-long depression, it has
taken my whole life (I?m now
35) to ?nally get any assistance
on this matter. As you can
probably imagine, due to this
condition I am not often a
?happy? person, in fact even
when closer to ?happy? than
?sad? I often appear to be
unhappy and this has led to a
severely lacking social life and
a great deal of isolation that
doesn?t exactly help matters.
Now, imagine my horror
when plastered across one of
the pages of said article are the
words ?If you want to see and
be happy, you?d be best of to
put yourself in the presence of
other happy people?! This
statement seems like
justi?cation for the shunning
of people who aren?t seen to be
?happy? and completely
contradicts the belief that most
any social interaction can help
improve people?s moods!
I would like to ofer a
A valid alternative
Thank you John Bird for your
article on homeopathy [March
19-25]. The multi-national drug
companies have been ripping of
the NHS for years with their
over-priced chemical drugs that
very often do not work, or cause
more side efects. The best
medicine is good healthy food,
and there?s plenty of
information about cheap
alternative remedies, ie herbs,
homeopathy etc.
All the people trying to block
homeopathy often use the lie
that it only works as a placebo,
Well, tell that to ?Homeopathy
at Wellie Level? ? trained vets
and practitioners having
fantastic results on all kinds of
animals and I suggest instead of
the extremely extortionate vet
bills, farmers and pet owners
also check out the remedies for
all animal ailments.
Jackie Crompton, email
Nicely pitched!
I couldn?t agree more with
Chan Yang who emailed your
Correspondence page this
week [March 26-April 1] to
suggest you compile a book
from all the My Pitch stories
from previous issues.
My Pitch is the ?rst page I
turn to when I buy The Big
Issue from George, our vendor
outside Waitrose in Great
Malvern. Some of the stories
are heartbreaking, but
heartwarming too, because
these are the stories of people
who have indeed bounced back
against all odds.
If Street Cat Bob can
become a celebrity, so can the
stars of My Pitch!
Ann Hurman, email
THE BIG ISSUE / p4 / April 9-15 2018
@bigissue
diferent version of the statement
in question: If you want to see
and be happy, you?d be best of to
put yourself in the presence of
other people with whom you
share interests.
Name withheld
@papakowbaiden
The reason I love
buying the @BigIssue is
because it?s an opportunity
to start a conversation.
#Vendor in #Waterloo today
was super polite, respectful,
but a bit shy ? so there?s
no pic of him. But here?s a
pic to mark the interaction.
Interaction left us both
smiling.
@TasneemSharrem
Catching up on last
week?s @BigIssue
on how to be happy by
@garwboy. Respect that he
highlights how happiness is
so unique to each of us and
that we need to explore this
for ourselves but adds that
being in the company of
happy people makes a big
diference too (I agree!)
@ChloeSWilson
Loved reading
@PauldMcNamee?s praise of
@JustineGreening?s Social
Mobility Pledge in this
week?s @BigIssue. Even as a
party member it was the ?rst
I?d even heard of it! Brilliant
way of motivating businesses
to be involved in shaping a
fairer society.
EDITORIAL
Let?s see the
good. It?s a
simple choice
T
Vicky Carroll is managing editor of The Big Issue @vcarroll100
Paul McNamee is away
ROME?S HOMEL
GET FOUNTAIN
CASH WISH
Photos: Rex/Shutterstock and Getty Images
hese last weeks it would be easy to believe that we
have descended into dystopia: mass shootings in
the US, gang violence bringing unprecedented
death to the streets of London. The tragic toll of
stabbings and shootings continues to spiral at a
terrifying rate. Hopelessness and fear could engulf us.
We can?t, shouldn?t, ignore these statistics. But on
page eight of this week?s magazine you will hear from
people who have chosen to approach the fearsome
complexities behind these problems and put into action
ideas about how they might be ?xed. The common theme
is prevention ? also a core ethos of The Big Issue. Rather
than mopping up after crime and violence, throwing
more police oicers at it, why not try to stop it happening
in the ?rst place?
The strength and resilience of people, communities,
especially young people, stepping up with the bold
ambition of changing the world, is genuinely striking.
Rejecting fear for hope, choosing to believe they can
make the world safer and better.
The kids in America now reaching out across the
globe with their March for Our Lives message,
empowering themselves and encouraging others, are
nothing short of extraordinary. And doing it in the face of
a baffling volley of spite and vilification almost
exclusively from adults. Wanting to ?take away?
Americans? right to guns. What do they know, dumb
kids?! Their smartness, wisdom, dignity and wit in the
face of those attacks trumps the haters every time.
Judgment is easy to dish out against the young.
?London is besieged by feral, greedy, careless kids,
shedding blood on the streets?. Blame those who are
supposed to guide, mentor or shape them: lazy, unfit
parents, broken communities, out-of-control schools
and cops who fail the public. There is no shortage of
opinions on what is wrong, and largely these ignore the
vast complexities behind these problems.
The people we need to listen to right now are not those
dishing out blame, but those who have rolled up their
sleeves and are working to fix things, the organisations,
individuals and communities who ? out of grief,
desperation or determination ? try to create change.
Those kids taking up the banner of March for Our
Lives are too young to know or care about late comedian
Bill Hicks, but they are channelling one of his enduring
messages: we can change the world any time we want.
?It?s a simple choice, right now, between fear and love.
The eyes of fear want you to put bigger locks on your
doors, buy guns, close yourself off. The eyes of love
instead see all of us as one.? Hicks suggested we take the
money spent on weapons and defences and instead feed,
clothe and educate the poor. Imagine what a world that
would make.
There?s inspiration all around today if we choose to
look for it. And the strength, compassion and resilience
of the young seems a good place to start.
Tourists have been tossing coins over
their shoulder and into Rome?s famed
Trevi Fountain to celebrate a trip to
the Eternal City for generations.
Rome City Council has marked the
practice, which was popularised by the
1954 flick Three Coins in the Fountain, by
scooping out the proceeds and gifting it
to Catholic charity Caritas to provide food
and shelter for the Italian capital?s
homeless population.
Tradition dictates that throwing one
coin in the water means that you will return
to Rome, with two meaning romance
and three signifying marriage ? but the
cash-strapped council fell out of love with
the idea after finding themselves around
�bn in the red.
The 20-year agreement with Caritas
was cancelled in October last year
and the �2m that is chucked into the
300-year-old fountain each year was
THE BIG ISSUE / p6 / April 9-15 2018
removed using
high-powered vacuum
cleaners. Instead of being
donated to Caritas it was
decided to use it to fund
public service projects.
But last week the
council reversed their
decision. Caritas Rome
director Enrico Feroci hailed.
d.
?Responsibility, transparency, a spirit of
service and witness: these are the attitudes that have guided us in these years
in which the city of Rome has entrusted
the proceeds of the Trevi Fountain coins
to Caritas,? he said.
?While many tourists make a wish
to return to the Eternal City one day,
the funds they unknowingly contribute
allow them to join the Catholic charity
in becoming protagonists of change for
the city?s poor.?
Photo: � Bournemouth Daily Echo
HOMELESS VENDING
MACHINE CANNED
Bill?s brewed up his dream job
ESS
A Big Issue vendor is
drinking in life in full-time
employment after securing a
job as a brewery tour guide.
Bournemouth seller Bill
Webb, 62, has taken up the role
at nearby brewery Southbourne
Ales after impressing bosses.
He tapped into his
experience as a former publican
and restaurant owner to kick
of his new job on March 30.
?The Big Issue has been a
life-changer for me,? said Bill,
who will be selling the
magazine on Mondays and
Tuesdays at Apcoa car park in
the town until the end of April.
?When I ?rst started, I had no
self-con?dence and my
self-esteem was really low.
Through the support of the
magazine and The Big Issue
Foundation I have managed to
turn my life around.
?The new job has been great
and I?m really pleased with how
it?s been going ? it?s a good
group and they have really
taken me to their hearts. I?m
hoping this job will see me
through to retirement.?
And Southbourne Ales
owner Jennifer Tingay has
been suitably impressed with
his eforts so far. She said:
?Hiring Bill just seemed to
be the perfect thing for both
him and us.
?He?s a con?dent
public speaker, he?s
knowledgeable about the
industry and he?s got a really
positive outlook so it?s great to
be able to give him this
opportunity to progress.?
Crash hero Garry ?to inspire others?
Quick-thinking vendor Garry Buchan
has been hailed as a ?great asset to the
community? after leaping to the aid of a
moped rider caught in a crash.
A Mini collided with the moped just
yards from Garry?s pitch on Park Street in
Bristol on March 26, leaving the rider lying
stricken on the two-wheeled vehicle.
While onlookers gathered, the vendor,
who has been selling the magazine for 18
months, leapt into action and used his
rucksack to fill the gap between the
handlebars and the car, protecting the
woman from back injury.
?There were a lot of people stood
around who didn?t act, hopefully I
showed that if a homeless guy can
do it then I can inspire others to
help out too,? said Garry (below), 42 and
originally from north-east Scotland.
?If someone is in need and you are in a
position to help then you have to do it, that?s
why my instincts kicked in.? And Garry
joked that he didn?t even mind that his hot
lunch got cold while he was being heroic!
Garry?s sel?ess actions drew praise from
Avon Fire and Rescue watch manager
Paul Kirk.
?I would like to express my gratitude to Garry and his calm and collected manner and quick thinking,?
he said. ?His actions showed what a
great asset to the community he is,
what he did in that ?rst ?ve or 10
minutes before we got there
made a real diference.?
THE BIG ISSUE / p7 / April 9-15 2018
A first-of-its-kind vending machine that
allowed homeless people to access daily
essentials has been removed.
Homelessness charity Action
Hunger installed their pilot machine in
Nottingham?s intu Broadmarsh shopping
centre in December, allowing rough
sleepers to access sanitary products, food
and clean clothing 24 hours a day.
The project was
given a one-month trial
at the shopping centre
that was extended
to three before the
machine was removed
on March 23.
Despite the setback,
Action Hunger founder
Huzaifah Khaled has
spoken about his plans
to bring the idea to
other cities, including
New York, insisting that the vending
machine ensures that ?the bare necessities
are always available?.
But Nigel Wheatley, general manager
at intu Broadmarsh, said: ?We agreed to
support a trial to help get their vending
machine concept of the ground, but
we?ve always said it wouldn?t become a
permanent ?xture at the centre.
?We wish them the best of luck.?
WHAT?S HOT IN THE
BIGISSUESHOP.COM?
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Kit your feet out in these brightly
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amboo
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the ankle as a reminder of the
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ON BIGISSUE.COM
THIS WEEK
? America is still ?ghting for Martin
Luther King?s dream 50 years after
his death
? The Commonwealth
Games are in full swing ?
but who and what is the
Commonwealth?
? Morven Christie and Christian
Cooke reveal how the BBC reshot
Ordeal by Innocence after sexual
assault accusations
ANALYSIS
Floral tributes toTanesha
Melbourne-Blake, 17,
killed in a shooting in
Tottenham on April 4
?If young people take
control, that will help?
Escalating violence in London has horrified the nation.
But parents and campaigners with first-hand experience
say change is possible
L
ast week the spiralling violence
in London ? an epidemic of stabbings and shootings, predominantly involving young people in
gangs ? was ?nally declared a crisis. This
year over 50 murders have occurred,
mainly in the Tottenham, Walthamstow
and Hackney areas, making it the most
deadly year in recent times.
The background causes are complex and
many-layered: austerity policies have
decimated police, social work and outreach
staf numbers, and diminished opportunities for young people. Tottenham MP David
Lammy identified international gang
warlords engaged in drug-running and
people-trafficking as responsible for
arming kids and exacerbating local turf
wars. The ?nger has also been pointed at
rappers and social media glorifying the
culture of violence, while lack of support
for young people with mental health issues
is also cited as a factor.
While it is undoubtedly a police issue,
this deals only with the end result of
violence. But momentum is gathering
behind calls for a focus on prevention, a
concerted efort to invest in resources that
create an alternative future for kids and
the communities they live in.
The ?rst step towards that could be
identifying it as a public health crisis rather
THE BIG ISSUE / p8 / April 9-15 2018
Photo: Dan Kitwood/Getty Images
than simply a criminal justice problem ?
which a decade ago was the ?rst step in
Glasgow?s journey to halt the knife and
gang violence that led to its becoming the
?murder capital of Britain?.
Many of the dead youngsters in London
were simply caught in the vicious and
unrelenting cross?re; but the escalation of
street violence in the last 10 years is also a
symptom of society?s failure to ofer any
better future to our young people, a tragedy
in itself.
Lammy, whose constituency has suffered most from the recent spike in
violence, told the BBC?s Today programme
that he?s ?sick of the political football?,
adding ?what I want is a political consensus? in order to ?nd a lasting solution.
While new measures to tackle the problem
are expected to be announced by the Home
Oice this week, Lammy suggested the UK
capital should take its cue from Glasgow.
He said: ?In the Scotland example they
have a public health strategy, all agencies
coming together.? This concerted efort was
backed up by ample resources, and
bolstered by the the community itself,
where people were sick of the bloodshed,
and stepped up to ask what they could do
to begin a process of change.
Lammy was referring to the Violence
Reduction Unit, which was set up by police
officers Karyn McCluskey and John
Carnochan in Glasgow in 2005 and
extended nationwide a year later. Its results
have been impressive ? in the past decade
Scotland?s murder rate has fallen by 47 per
cent. London mayor Sadiq Khan, who has
come under ?re for being slow to act on
gang violence, is already looking at the
range of initiatives implemented by the
VRU to see if they will work in London,
while Metropolitan police commissioner
Cressida Dick has visited Scotland to
investigate further.
While circumstances in London and
Glasgow are different, McCluskey said
there are similarities: ?We had exactly
what?s happening in London now. We had
a murder rate that was out of control, a
litany of families traumatised by what had
happened, murders, attempted murders.
Emergency consultants were sick of sewing
people together or failing to save them.
?The problem is you need politicians to
commit long-term, it can?t be short-term.
We committed to something that was longterm. We said to people, don?t think this is
going to get better in six months. Everybody
wants a simple solution, don?t they?
Everybody?s looking for the one thing.
There?s no one thing. It was understood
that policing wasn?t the solution on its own.
?The journey we had up here involved
thousands of people ? teachers, youth
workers, doctors, nurses, so many people
giving of their time to try and change this.
And then we had the communities. We
spoke on average to about 15,000 people a
year each. There is no substitute for engaging the community. If they?re not involved
they won?t tell you anything. They know
what?s happening, they hear it on the
streets. And bring in teachers, because lots
of the young people I deal with were known
to services from early on.
?You need to do all the good policing
work but at the same time you?re doing that
you still need to take the time to prevent
it and that?s about keeping kids in school,
because once they?re excluded there?ll be
?You need good
policing work,
but you still
need to take
time to prevent
violence. It?s
very complex?
loads of people trying to attract them when
they?re hopeless and alienated. It?s very
complex. In somewhere like Tottenham for
instance, some of it will be about poverty
and hopelessness.?
Yvonne Lawson knows too well the grief
and heartbreak gang violence wreaks on
individuals and communities. In 2010 she
lost her 17-year-old son Godwin, who was
the victim of an unprovoked stabbing after
going to the aid of friends caught up in
trouble at Stamford Hill, near Tottenham.
She set up the Godwin Lawson Foundation,
which aims to support young people and
help them achieve their potential, removing them from the cycle of violence into a
more positive environment.
?The last few days have been horrifying
as a parent. It has been eight years since I
lost Godwin and it?s a shame that things
are escalating again,? Yvonne said.
?Our research into knife crime comes
down to kids fearing for their personal
safety ? they are quite scared. The other
issue is social media, which is a huge factor
that can escalate the situation and be hard
THE BIG ISSUE / p9 / April 9-15 2018
to control. It can lead to youngsters feeling
pressurised by gangs and some of them feel
like being in a gang is just cool. It glamourises gang culture and people want to be part
of it when they don?t have a clue about the
consequences.
?As a parent, we have a role to play by
knowing what our children are up to and
when they are in the wrong groups and
going down the wrong path.
?Long-term, our early intervention programmes in schools allow them to identify kids who are at risk of going down the
route of joining gangs. We work very closely
with them and schools have a role to help
stop kids from going down that path.?
In the US, students involved in the
Parkland school shooting like Emma
Gonz醠ez and David Hogg have turned
activist to lobby politicians for stricter gun
control laws. Yvonne believes that this
approach from young people could have a
similar impact in London. ?If young people
can take control of their own community
say, ?We are scared for our safety? in a
positive way, not like we saw with the riots,
that will de?nitely help,? she said.
Catch22 works nationally with organisations that put human connections and
relationships back in to public services.
That humanity is essential if change is to
come, as examples from Japan have shown.
?We need to take responsibility and
accountability for our fellow citizens,? said
Beth Murray, director of communications.
?We seem to have devolved our responsibilities as members of society to local
authorities. Whatever you?ve got you
should ofer.
?In Japan they don?t have a formal
probation system, they have volunteers.
The person on the street who has most
status, who knows the most local businesses, whenever someone is released from
prison they have to go to this volunteer who
helps them ?nd a job, helps them ?nd somewhere to live, who gives them legitimacy
? totally voluntarily, totally successful.
?We need to think what do I have? Is it
money? Is it time? Is it a job? What do I
have? Do they need my support? I know
it?s hard when you?re walking past a bunch
of challenging young people and you?re
nervous, but imagine how it feels for that
young person when they see you seeing
them and crossing the street. It?s not going
to make them feel part of society and
they?re not going to play by society?s rules.?
Words: Alan Woodhouse and Liam Geraghty
godwinlawsonfoundation.org
catch-22.org.uk
You can buy
prints of some
artworks featured in
Street Art through
STREET ART
bigissueshop.com
At least half of the profit
from each sale goes
to the artist.
THE CANAL
BY STEVE MCINTOSH
Steve taught himself to draw at
a young age from reading DC
comic books. He submits his
artworks via London homeless
charity the 240 Project. His work
possesses an ethereal quality
and often combines architecture
designs with eerie natural elements
and a sense of otherworldliness.
?My drawing feels more technical
than artistic,? he says. ?Puzzles,
crosswords and historical facts
influence my thoughts and occupy
my time, though my work comes
from my imagination. I don?t feel in
any rush when working, I just take
my time. Each line is considered,
not instinctive.?
Street Art is created by people who are marginalised by issues like homelessness, disability and mental health conditions.
Contact streetlights@bigissue.com to see your art here.
THE BIG ISSUE / p10 / April 9-15 2018
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JOHN BIRD
Data overload, but
nothing about how to
make opposites attract
I
am told that my children and all understanding the unique system that is the we continue to screw ourselves through
children should be analysing data. As child itself. How it is as complex and exciting our inabilities to find a way out of the
preparation for the fourth industrial as any university, any megapolis, any empire, labyrinth of outraged opinions.
revolution. And perhaps something any human invention.
And the fact that, because you?re only ever
called econometrics. This is (presumably)
And that if we can get behind changing as good as the anecdotes you choose to believe
to enable our children, and their children, our pedagogy to ?t tomorrow?s completely ? unless you get everyone else to believe the
to understand the workings of our different world, then we will surely be same anecdotes ? your time and energy is
increasingly computer-driven world.
quids in.
consumed in a bitter, at times prejudicial and
If you know the workings of something,
Unfortunately, the biggest hurdles lie thoughtless, competition. A competition over
the language of something ? and you can in our thinking. Our dreamy wishfulness. resources. A competition over the ?best? way
analyse it ? then you?re much more likely to Our idealism. Our lack of understanding of of handling what?s wrong with the world.
get a job out of it.
our own histories. Our divisions, to remain
I read a (very liberal) magazine article last
But will this bring us any nearer to or leave, to recycle or dump, to save or week that clearly demonstrated that the
understanding that divine
title had absolutely no idea
piece of engineering, biology
why people wanted to carry
and complexity of our own
guns in the U. S. of A. But it did
bodies? Of how, and why,
go on to make the point that a
electrical signals ?re through
lot of people wishing for a
our bodies via incredibly
?rearm in their life feel that
complex systems of nerves?
they?ve lost everything else ?
If one were to expose the
that they?d had all else taken
pipes, tunnels, wires and
from them.
cables that make up a modern
Opposites: how do we bring
city ? even of the most modern
them together? Where is the
21st-century mode ? it
science, the data, the method,
wouldn?t come anywhere
the magic, the cleverness ? the
close to the complex balance
fourth industrial revolution
of organelles, cells, tissues and
solution ? to the yawning
organ systems of the body you
gap between two human
sit in the middle of.
opposites? Between people
Our own ecosystem, which
made of the same blood as one
If we could get over our bitter squabbles, we could face a changing world together
? once set in motion, if fed well
other, both enclosed in an
and if it doesn?t have the problems from squander, or whatever other else may armature called a body, each of them covered
too diicult a birth ? will run on and on, separate us from developing a common, with the same pliable material we call skin.
making all sorts of accommodations for uni?ed human mission.
What is the revolutionary answer to
any poor surroundings. It will act logically
Iwillnottellyoutoomanydetailsofalong make these opposites attract? How do we
if we take in too much of one thing, or not argument I had recently. Suice to say, it was converge humanity towards each other? Or
enough of another. Smoking, fats and of the remain-or-leave variety. I will not will we be forever laden down with all of the
sugars will be accommodated, though share with you if it was with a leaver or a accoutrements of the fourth industrial
eventually they?ll lead to a breakdown; remainer, but what I will tell you is the revolution, and all the world?s current
though not after an incredible struggle by incredible bitterness of the opinion I heard hang-ups and hatreds?
our interconnected organisms to try to about ?those people? who dared to think
Certainly, the vicious and vile struggle
about the EU referendum diferently. And over Brexit, where no love is lost, is at times
adjust to our distorted tastes.
Life sciences, the science of life, and the that such opposition was scum, wrong- as clear an indication that we might more
study of the systems of living complexities headed, dishonest (and much worse).
pressingly need a fourth industrial revolution
Fortunately, I?ve grown through of the heart.
must become one of the most importantareas
if we?re to make the most of the threats and nationalism and internationalism, through
I ?nished the article on America?s gun
opportunities that lie ahead. As we, in some left and right, through reactionary-ism culture aware that blind people in Iowa are
ways, factor in our abuses of the world, the and liberalism and I?ve come out the other allowed to carry guns in public. Now, isn?t
destruction of nature and our now end believing passionately that people thataneat place to start a dialogue about how
completely changed lifestyles; lifestyles are only as good as the anecdotes they to change the world from the head up?
passed down by our ancestors in less- choose to believe.
That, for all the talk about the next John Bird is the founder and Editor in
developed times.
This is why I?ve been banging on aboutthe computerage,andhowwecouldbeatpoverty Chief of The Big Issue. @johnbirdswords
need to educate our school intakes about through education, not that we have already, john.bird@bigissue.com
THE BIG ISSUE / p13 / April 9-15 2018
Illustration: Mitch Blunt
PAUSE
HENRY ELIOT
How to get your mind around mazes
M
ore than 4,000
years ago, in a
cave tomb called
The House of the
Fairies in Sardinia, a human
hand scratched a labyrinth into
the limestone. This coiled, curled
design was remarkably widespread in the ancient world: it
features in the mythology of
native North Americans, it?s
describedintheSanskritepicThe
Mahabharata, it forms one of the
Nazca Lines in Peru and it was
stamped on to Cretan drachmas,
the reverse of which showed the
Minotaur?shead.
The tales we tell about mazes
are just as ancient. Mazes are
dark, paradoxical places, easy to
enterandhardtoescape.Inmany
cultures they have been used as a
metaphor for death: in Celtic,
Vanuatan and Greek mythology,
for example, the centre of the
maze is the ultimate dead end, a
death trap. In other traditions,
Hopi, Hindu and Christian, they
represent rebirth: the centre is a
site of transformation, from
which initiates retrace their steps
and emerge, spiritually reborn. uncanny about facing a maze. It
These clashing associations are is a mirror: you face yourself,
perhapsthereasonwecontinueto externalised and reflected.
find mazes fascinating: we are Perhaps Theseus never met a
simultaneously drawn to the Minotaur,onlythebrutish,thickchallenge, the quest, and tanta- headed aspect of himself.
For thousands of
lised by the chilling
years, the singlepossibilitythatwe?ll
path labyrinth repnevergetout.
resentedtheideaofa
This paradox at
bewildering maze.
the heart of the
The earliest
mazeistheparadox
recognisable maze
of t he hu ma n
designs,withchoices
condition: we are
and dead ends, are
mor t a l, yet we
only 600 years old.
createnewlife.Like
Follow This Thread:
They appear in a
humans, a maze
A Maze Book To
book of technical
has a mouth that
Get Lost In by
drawings by a 15ths w a l low s . It s
Henry Eliot is out
century Venetian
innards are
now (Particular
magus called
convoluted, like
Books, �.99)
Giovanni Fontana.
looped g ut s or
wrinkles of the
brain.Thetwistingpathbreathes
us in towards the centre and out
to the perimeter, like a giant pair
of lungs, and when we finally do
reach the centre, it is both the
deadly pit of the stomach and the
life-giving womb. There is something deeply familiar yet
Amongbizarreillustrations of mechanical camels,
rocket-propelled rabbits and
violenthelter-skeltersheincludes
two mazes, one circular and one
square. He describes them as
?laborious paths? with ?dark,
winding convolutions, terrors,
loops and lonely places?.
THE BIG ISSUE / p15 / April 9-15 2018
Since then we?ve developed
a nd ref ined the a r t of
maze- making. We have used
hornbeam and yew, wooden
fencing, earth trenches, bricks
and mortar, mirrors and even
maize to make mazes, and the
designsareincreasinglysophisticated, incorporating ?islands? of
hedges, mutually accessible
c e nt r e s , p a r t i a l v a l v e s ,
bridges, conditional paths
and technical wizardry. The
prolificAdrianFisher,theworld?s
leading ma ze-ma ker, ha s
designed more than 700 mazes
over the last 40 years, in
34 countries.
Today mazes are familiar
sights in public parks, country
estates, municipal pavements,
advertising campaigns, books
andfilms.Onceyoustartlooking,
you see them everywhere. This
ancient puzzle is as fascinatingas
it has always been. In fact,
perhaps we need the idea
of a maze today more than
ever, to make sense of the
increasingly complex and
confused world around us.
IN 1990
THE YEAR
SARA COX
TURNS 16?
Nelson Mandela is released
from prison after 27 years
/ Gazza cries as England
lose their World Cup semi
to West Germany / Jessica
Tandy becomes the oldest
winner of a Best Actress
Oscar for Driving Miss
Daisy, aged 80
Sara Cox
Queen of Eighties? music
LETTER TO MY YOUNGER SELF
Photos: 〣BC/Ray Burmiston; JMark Campbell/REX/Shutterstock
A
t 16 I was raving. I was the youngest of ?ve and I?ll do this presenting for a couple of years? Twenty
my eldest sister Dot really looked out for me. My years later, here I still am.
If I met the 16-year-old Sara now I don?t think
mum didn?t know I was cadging lifts with boys
in their XR2s to drive me to go clubbing at Angels in we?d have anything in common. She?s 16! Maybe we?d
Burnley. I had a real look going. My hair was a pineapple go riding together, that?s the only way we?d bond. She?s
on the top of my head. I had a terrible spiral perm, my a very diferent creature. I don?t remember her very well.
fringe held up with hairspray. I wore three pairs of knee I still have little glimpses of self-doubt but nothing like
socks and scrunched them down to my ankle so it looks I did at 16. It would blow her mind that I have three
like I had one of those massive tags you get when you?re children. I didn?t even look after my hamsters well, so
on probation. I?d have Kickers on, a Joe Bloggs T-shirt looking after and feeding three small people would have
and huge big parallel jeans that completely covered my been an outrageous thought. There are some things we?d
feet. My best friend Joanne and I would drink Taboo and have in common though. She tried to be a good person,
lemonade and have a grand old time.
and I?ve always done my best.
I don?t have any career regrets, but I do think
During the week I was actually quite quiet and
well behaved at school.Iwasn?treallyabigfanofschool. when I was presenting Breakfast on Radio 1 I was
I remember people saying it was the best years of your just knackered a lot of the time. I loved doing it but
if you?re rea lly going to do
life and I thought, God, I hope not, this is
that job you need to have a lot of early
shit.I?dneverbeenthathappyatschool?I?d
nights and I struggled with that because
been bullied ?cause we?d moved around a
I?d be out every night. Part of the vibe of
couple of times. I was quite awkward, I got
teased a lot. I got teased for having things
that show was us going out and doing what
like long skinny legs, big lips. Now I think,
the audience was doing, being a bit wild. I
here I still am with long legs and big lips;
guess if I hadn?t done that, other parts of
that didn?t turn out so badly.
my career might have taken off more
I wouldn?t go back to being a
sooner. Saying that, I was young. Then
teenager, you don?t have a scooby doo
before I knew it, I had my ?rst baby so that
about anything. I enjoyed getting older,
derailed me a bit. But to be truthful, I
getting more con?dent, learning what I
wouldn?t change any of it.
wanted in life. I had a lot of male mates as
I wasn?t that ambitious or
career-driven for the first 10
anolderteenager,Ifoundthemmuch
years of working, I?m a lot more
less complicated than girls. I realise
now I was just hanging out with the
focused now. I think that?s got a lot
wrong kind of girls. Or maybe girls
to do with my being with my husband
around the age of 16 are just a
Ben for the last 12 years. I?m much
nightmare. But now I have lots of
more settled in my home life now,
great female friends.
so I can focus on my career because
I was really lucky. I was living
I?m happier.
I think being a mum was
with my mum and stepdad and they
always part of the plan. The
worked really hard and a lot, but I
marriage my ?rst daughter came
had a very secure upbringing and I
from didn?t last for much more
wasn?t particularly angsty. I always From top: With daughter Lola at Radio 1?s Big
than a year after she was born [she
had a feeling I?d be alright. I never Weekend in 2007; pioneering Ladette culture on
The Girlie Show with Sarah Cawood in the Nineties
really worried about getting a job, I
split from DJ Jon Carter in 2005] but
think because I have my mum?s work ethic and I?ve never I don?t have any regrets because the result was Lola.
been a snob about the kind of work I do. I?d worked since And she?s a unique product of that marriage. More than
I was 14, behind a bar collecting glasses, on the door of any other kids who come afterwards, the ?rst child is
a nightclub and then as a barmaid. I did have thoughts the real shaker. For the ?rst time you can?t put yourself
of becoming a vet but I knew I wouldn?t stick with study- ?rst. It?s also quite a nice excuse to take yourself of the
ing for all those years. Then I thought of being a mounted merry-go-round. I absolutely loved being a mum. I?ve
police oicer, because I was looking for a job where I been asked to write parenting books but I kind of
could be sat on a saddle all day. I had vague thoughts of hate those. ?Oh look, you?re a celebrity who?s managed
doing media at college but really, I didn?t have a clue.
to have children, just like the billion women who
I always enjoyed writing and drama, and at home came before you. Why wouldn?t people want to read
I?d play the fool and make people laugh. My grandad your children?s cookbook??
It?s nice being at Radio 2 now, I can really be
Vince was a real raconteur and joker. He went to comedy
school for a couple of days; the dream was to get on The myself and talk about what?s going on in my life
Comedians, that big TV show in the Seventies. He never and in my family. But I still feel? I said to Lola the
quite managed it. My sister told me tales of woe from other day, I don?t know if I?m much good at this
college, having no shoes and living on a potato between parenting lark and she said, oh mum, you totally are,
15 people and I thought, God, I don?t fancy that much. we?renottoodamaged. I said, oh thanks babe. Everybody
I got scouted as a model when I was in Paris, while just muddles through, don?t they?
I was walking around a clothes shop. They came up to
me and said, you?ve got a really good look for now. I think
if that happened to my daughter now I?d just bustle her Sara Cox hosts Love In The Countryside, coming soon
away. But I did that for a couple of years, and from that to BBC Two.
came the job presenting The Girlie Show. So I thought, Interview: Jane Graham @janeannie
THE BIG ISSUE / p17 / April 9-15 2018
STREET CAT BOB
at Bob is set to star in his very own
n adventure series, and as a fresh
r opens up Bob?s beloved companion
s Bowen explains why the world?s
ite ginger tabby will be putting his
and enjoying a quieter life. But don?t
bya RS\WbSZg\]bbVSS\R]TbVSbOWZ
THE BIG ISSUE / p18 / April 9-15 2018
THE BIG ISSUE / p19 / April 9-15 2018
STREET CAT BOB
t?s now six years since, while still working as
a Big Issue vendor at the Angel in Islington, I
first began sharing the story of my
life-changing friendship with my ginger cat
Bob. It?s been one heck of a ride. We?ve
achieved things beyond my wildest
imaginings; but it?s been the unexpected aspects of
our success that have meant the most to me.
One of the most rewarding has been our story?s
y
surprising popularity with young children
n. I say
surprising because, when I initially set out to d
describe
how Bob helped turn around my life as a reformed
addict and rough sleeper, I thought the story was far
too dark for a young audience. I didn?t think parents
p
would want their children exposed to somee of the
tougher truths contained within the book. Some of it
wasn?t pretty.
But, to my surprise ? and I have to say, delight ? our
story has touched a nerve with younger readers too.
What has been particularly gratifying has been the
way parents have embraced the books as a way of
communicating some difficult messages to their
young children.
We?ve met many mums, dads and children not just
here in the UK but around the world. Everywh
here we
go parents tell us that our story helps them to broach
subjects that otherwise they might have foun
nd hard
to tackle. In particular our two children?s picture
books ? My Name is Bob and Bob to the Rescuee ? have
ues.
helped mums and dads explain a range of issu
hey like
A few parents, for instance, have told us th
the fact Bob has helped to raise their chiildren?s
awareness of rescue cats and the role we can all play
in helping them. My Name Is Bob imagines Bob?s
life before he met me and portrays him living rough
through no fault of his own. He is treated
d badly
by almost everyone he meets. Several paren
nts have
told us how, inspired by poor Bob?s imaginaryy plight,
their children have taken in cats from charitiies such
as Blue Cross, Cats Protection and Battersea Dogs and
Cats Home.
What?s really interesting is that, as time goes
g
on,
many parents tell me they use this as a steppin
ng stone
to explaining how people too can end up sleeping
rough, again through no fault of their own. They use
Bob
Bo as a means to explaain the
potentially upsetting and con
nfusing
sigght of men and women sleeeping in
d
nd on paveements.
doorways an
really
W h a t ?s
inspiring ab
bout this
is that maany say
?Bob and I have travelled the
world, been on TV and met royalty.
But it?s time to take it easier and
y.
they use this as an opportunity to teach their
children how to deal with such encounters ? and the
underlying problems which have placed these people
in this situation.
Some parents use it to simply teach their children
to be kind. But others say it helps teach the importance
of empathy, of not judging people on appearances and
giving everyone a chance in life. I am overjoyed to
think that we are helping to create a generation that
vviews homelessness and social alienation more
ssympathetically. As someone who has experienced
both, I think it might be our books? greatest
b
aachievement of all, to be honest.
Which is why it seemed natural to build on this
ssuccess and to connect more directly with a wide
yyoung audience by creating a children?s animation,
ffeaturing Bob.
The project was created and written by leading
cchildren?s TV producer and consultant ? and early
vvoice of a character in Peppa Pig ? Debbie Macdonald,
with Garry Jenkins, who co-wrote A Street Cat Named
w
Bob and the Bob children?s books with me. It has been
B
aanimated by the award-winning King Rollo Films and
produced by Shooting Script Films, the company
p
behind the movie version of our story.
b
I acted as an executive producer on the project and,
ffrom the beginning, knew that one of our biggest
cchallenges would be to present Bob in a way that is
aappropriate and appealing to a young, pre-school
aaudience. So I have ? literally ? faded into the
background while the animation is set in a diferent
b
? less dark ? world to our adult books.
Bob lives with his animal friends in an inner-city
park ? aptly named Bowen Park! ? where he sleeps in
p
a battered old bubble car ? the Bobble Car.
Bob is always trying to help people out. It doesn?t
aalways go smoothly, of course. He has many an
aadventure ? and misadventure ? on the way. But
ultimately he always tries to save the day.
u
In one episode he rescues a squirrel that has been
trapped in floods by turning an umbrella into a
parachute and then a boat.
In another he helps a delivery man when a supply
of tuna cans roll down the hill towards him. We won?t
give away how he does it, but it does also teach children
a lesson in how their toys and playthings can be put
to good use. It?s not a completely altruistic act, of
course! Bob fancies tucking into a tin of tuna himself.
In another episode he is being irritated by a bee.
But then he ?nds the bee trapped in a spider?s web.
Bob is too good-hearted a soul to leave him there. But
how can he rescue him?
The animation also aims to promote the idea of
friendship and community. Don?t worry. It?s not all
philanthropy and do-gooding. It?s a pre-school
animation series, after all. So Bob and his pals ?
especially a pair of naughty squirrels called Nutty and
Crunch ? are pretty mischievous too.
The project, along with a new website ?
streetcatbob.world ? is, I hope, the start of a new
chapter in our story. One that will achieve more
positives. It will also, I hope, help me achieve
something else. Bob and I have been together now for
11 years. He?s had an amazing decade. He has travelled
the world and made dozens of TV appearances. He?s
even appeared at a royal ?lm premiere.
In cat years he must be well into middle age so I
feel it is time for him to take it a little easier. To enjoy
the new life he has with me living in a new house in
south London.
Don?t panic. He?s not going to retire completely. He
enjoys meeting people too much for that. Besides, we?ve
got a new book ? The Little Book of Bob ? coming out
this winter and he will make a few appearances at
bookshops to help promote it. We will also continue
to support the animal and homeless charities closest
to my heart. But at the same time I hope the ?ame will
increasingly be taken up by the animated Bob, who
will ? with luck ? carry the spirit, joy and, above all,
the positive and hopeful message of the cat that
inspired him into a new era. And to a whole new
audience too.
Webisodes of Streetcat Bob will be available on
streetcatbob.world and the YouTube channel
bit.ly/StreetCatBobWorld. With thanks to Garry Jenkins
THE BIG ISSUE / p21 / April 9-15 2018
We love our pets. But is it
possible that they actually
shaped the course of human
evolution? Anthrozoologist
John Bradshaw thinks so
A
lthough most of the breeds we know
today are only a century or two old, our
dogs trace their ancestry back to an
unusually friendly variety of wolf ?
now extinct ? that lived somewhere in
eastern Europe around 20,000 years ago. Yet the
pleasure that many of us get from the company of a dog
comes from a habit that goes back even further, perhaps
50,000 years. Our Stone Age ancestors almost
certainly kept pets, long before there were domesticated animals of any kind. We know 20th-century
hunter-gatherers in remote areas of the world, in places
like Borneo, Amazonia and the high Arctic, kept a wide
variety of pets. Some were dogs or pigs they had obtained
by trading with neighbours already in contact with the
West, but the majority were baby animals they had
captured on hunting trips and brought home to raise as
members of the family, alongside their children. Thus
pet-keeping appears to be an integral part of human
nature, and certainly more than a modern afectation.
More recently, most of our dogs (and cats) are
descended from working animals, and now that few of
them perform their traditional roles, we might expect
their popularity to wane. Yet the opposite seems to be
the case. Today, about half the households in the UK
include some kind of pet, and roughly 10 million of these
are dogs. During the recent ?nancial crisis, spending on
pets remained almost unafected: for most owners,
pets are not a luxury, they are a deeply loved part of
the family. Yet pets cost time and money, and
nowadays bring little in the way of material bene?ts, so
logically, pet-keeping should have been on the decline.
Dogs are not only the objects of our afection. As the
?rst animals ever to be domesticated, they also hold the
key as to how the human race began to adapt wild
animals for its own use. It is unlikely that wolves could
ever have been tamed unless those early dogs had been
loved by their owners. First, there would have been no
way their owners could have stopped those early dogs
from mating with their wild cousins still living nearby,
diluting the genes for ?tameness? they carried and thus
slowing the process of domestication to a crawl ? or even
reversing it. Second, in periods of famine the dogs might
have left of their own accord to ?nd food, or even been
used for food themselves (we know that dogs were
regularly eaten in prehistoric times). Either way, the
?tame? genes that suited these dogs for life with people
would have been lost, and domestication would have
had to start again from scratch, when better times came
along. However, if these early dogs had been treated like
we treat our pets today, they would have stood a good
chance of becoming friendlier and friendlier with each
generation. If dogs had shared their humans? sleeping
quarters, whether that be a cave or a temporary hut,
their wild counterparts would have stayed away, so
preventing interbreeding. Dogs given special social
status, as some hunter-gatherers aford their pets even
today, would have ensured that some food was kept for
them even in times of hunger, and prevented their
consumption as food. Kept isolated in this way, the newly
semi-domesticated dogs would have evolved away from
their ancestors? wild ways, and become the
THE BIG ISSUE / p22 / April 9-15 2018
SPECIAL PETS
100,000 years ago: the first burials
containing animal bones
30,000 years ago: the earliest zoomorphic
art appears
30,000-26,000 years ago: footprints found
near the Chauvet Cave in Southern France
supposedly show a child and wolf walking
together, perhaps the earliest evidence of a
pet relationship
14,000 years ago: recent analysis suggests
a grave in Bonn, Germany containing a
man, woman and puppy may be the earliest
evidence of emotional attachment to a pet
10,000 years ago: cats finally start catching
up with dogs, beginning the domestication
process in the Middle East. But cats are still
harder to train, which is why Street Cat Bob?s
high-fiving is so impressive.
afectionate and trainable companions we know today. imitating their parents? lifestyles, but recent research
These early dogs may even have changed the course has shown that it has a genetic basis. Some people,
of human evolution. Innovative methods of hunting, whatever their upbringing, seem predisposed to seek
using packs of dogs, made it possible for our ancestors out the company of animals, others less so. Thus the
to exploit larger prey, such as mammoths and rhinos. genes that promote pet-keeping may be unique to
So successful were they that these giant mammals humans, but they are not universal, suggesting that in
rapidly went extinct, and smaller prey such as antelope the past some societies or individuals ? but not all ?
became scarce. Hunting became less pro?table, so thrived due to an instinctive rapport with animals.
The very same genes which today predispose some
paving the way for the invention of agriculture.
Many of our other domestic animals probably also people to take on their ?rst puppy would have spread
began their existence as pets. The DNA of today?s among the early farmers. Families which included
animal empathisers would have
domestic stock reveals that most
separated from their wild coun?ourished at the expense of those
terparts between 10,000 and
without, who would have had to
5,000 years ago: just as with dogs,
continue to rely on hunting
it is not easy to see how this could
(without dogs) to obtain meat.
have been achieved, if these cats,
Why doesn?t everyone carry the
cattle, pigs and so on had been
genes that make them feel love
treated as mere possessions. The
for animals? Because at some
Prehistoric Fido: A tracing from a cave painting in
technologies available would
point in history the alternative
Font-de-Gaume, France, from 19,000 years ago
have been inadequate to prevent
strategies of stealing domestic
unwanted interbreeding of domestic and wild stock, animals or enslaving their human carers became
and famine would have encouraged wholesale slaughter successful, as shown by the millions of males in the world
? only much-loved individuals could have survived to today who can trace their ancestry back to Genghis
give rise to today?s familiar farmyard animals.
Khan, or the Irish warlords of the U� N閕ll clan. But even
The urge to bring animals into our homes is so if you happen to be one of these, that doesn?t
widespread that it?s tempting to think of it as a necessarily mean you won?t have a dog ? you might have
universal feature of human nature, but there are plenty inherited your pet-loving genes from your mother!
of people who feel no particular ainity for animals,
whether pets or not. The pet-keeping habit often runs The Animals Among Us by John Bradshaw is out now
in families: this was once put down to children (Penguin, �99)
THE BIG ISSUE / p23 / April 9-15 2018
Great Wall of China Trek
20?28 October 2018
Join Team NSPCC
nspcc.org.uk/chinatrek
Registration fee �5
㎞SPCC 2017 Nat ona Soc ety for the Prevent on of Crue ty to Ch dren Reg stered char ty
England and Wales 216401 and Scotland SC037717. J20171417. Photography by Shutterstock.
Trek for every
childhood
SPECIAL PETS
WHEN MY DOG MET
LEONARD COHEN
Photos: Jennifer Delarosa (main); JazzArchivHamburg/ullstein bild via Getty Images (inset)
BY MARK OLIVER EVERETT, E FROM EELS
I
it of. He would come out of the rehearsal
t will rankle me for life that I
room on a regular basis just to pet Bob
never met Leonard Cohen but
and talk to him and stuf.
my dog did.
I was only gone a couple of days and I
W hat happened was we were
get this photo sent to me of my dog with
rehearsing for a tour, I think it was
Leonard Cohen and I?m like, what the
possibly 2006. We were at a rehearsal
fuck? They look so happy. That hurts.
place for a few weeks then we went of
You?re 100 miles away already and
on the tour and it just so happened that
he?s like, ?Look I?ve
Leonard Cohen took
replaced you with the
over our rehearsal
greatest artist ever?. It
room the day after
hurts on so many levels.
we left.
Leonard Cohen wasn?t
The girl who worked
really someone I was aware
at the front desk would
of growing up. My sister
occasionally house-sit
had really good taste in
and dog-sit for me, so I
music but he was one that
left Bobby Jr with her.
eluded her. Why did my
He had been coming
sister have Meet the Beatles
with me to rehearsals
every day ? he was that Time Eels: E lost his dog Bobby Jr in 2017 and Magical Mystery Tour
but not the White Album and
type of dog ? he was like
a person who could just hang out. And so Sgt Pepper? Teenagers get what they get,
they don?t get every album. She was really
he became part of the family at the
into Neil Young and Tom Waits but there
rehearsal place over those three weeks
wasn?t any Leonard Cohen around so I
that we rehearsed.
had to get into that much later.
Bobby was still there but I was gone
Bobby Jr was half Bassett Hound and
when Leonard Cohen came in and
apparently Leonard and Bobby really hit half German Shepherd, which is a
THE BIG ISSUE / p25 / April 9-15 2018
strange mix. He had a birth defect where
his front leg was screwed on sideways.
He was very mellow and laid back, as far
as dogs go.
And then they both died [Leonard
Cohen on November 7 2016, Bobby Jr on
January 9 2017]. So there. They?re both
hanging out in heaven together.
I have puppies now and they are a
constant reminder that Bobby was the
perfect dog. After Bobby, I was like, no
more dogs for me. But I was married and
the person I was married to thought
otherwise and decided she wanted to get
puppies, which I now have 99 per cent
custody of. And they?re nightmares.
I got the dogs, and now I?m stuck with
them. They?re called Manson and Bundy
because they?re terrifying.
They?re very cute in appearance, but
you know, that?s how Ted Bundy got ya.
But I love them, I can?t help it.
Eels? new album The Deconstruction is out now.
They play London, Manchester and
Glasgow in July. eelstheband.com
E was speaking to Steven MacKenzie
With less than a year until the UK
leaves the EU, one song is the anthem
for our age: The Final Countdown
by those Swedish poodle-permed
heroes... Europe. We asked frontman
and songwriter Joey Tempest to
ruminate on the strangely prophetic
lyrics of the rock classic
?WE?RE LEAVING TOGETHER
BUT STILL IT?S FAREWELL?
I was born in Sweden but I consider London
and the UK my home. I married an English
girl and I?ve paid taxes for many many years.
I?m a domicile but I don?t have a British
passport. If I?d had the vote I?d be a
Remainer. I?m in the music business, I?m an
entertainer. Musicians all over the world, we
write for each other and it doesn?t matter what
country you?re from. Music is a free place and
therefore we don?t want to fence anybody in.
?AND MAYBE WE?LL
COME BACK TO EARTH,
WHO CAN TELL??
I think maybe some people have changed
their mind already. It could be a rough and
tumble year coming up, ?nding new trade
deals with partners and rewriting the whole
EU/UK parallel laws. There is going to be a
transition and maybe during that transition
there may be things happening to certain
people that they didn?t expect.
?I GUESS THERE IS
NO ONE TO BLAME?
My personal view is that maybe the vote
should have been about freedom of movement
instead of just leaving or not leaving. It
shouldn?t have been that black and white.
Maybe it should have been about putting
pressure on the EU. The EU should have had
some diferent policy regarding freedom of
movement because we had this big exodus and
it?s diicult to handle when too many people
come at the same time. But I believe in
integration ? this is what we do. The planet
integrates and it will happen no matter what
you do. But who?s to blame? Good question.
?WE?RE LEAVING GROUND
(LEAVING GROUND) WILL
THINGS EVER BE THE
SAME AGAIN??
No, it?s not going to be the same again. If this
is going through, everything?s going to be
rewritten, trading deals will need to be
redone, it?s a new future.
?IT?S THE FINAL COUNTDOWN?
Just a quick run through of how I came up
with the lyric. It was a spin-of of one of the
?rst singles I bought, Space Oddity by David
Bowie. He sang about leaving Earth and
floating in a tin can. I remember being
fascinated by Bowie?s fascination with space.
But I was young, there are some tongue-incheek lines in there. But we?ll get to that?
Joey Tempest (centre) and
Scandi rock oracles Europe
pointed to a rocky Brexit back
in the Eighties; left, Tempest
now, with fewer highlights
THE BIG ISSUE / p26 / April 9-15 2018
?WE?RE HEADING FOR
VENUS (VENUS) AND STILL
WE STAND TALL?
When I was young, my dad was always
talking about Churchill, always talking
about the Second World War and how strong
the Brits were. He drummed that into me
when I was a kid. And at the same time,
I had all my music heroes coming
from the UK so for me it was a mythical
place. What I?m trying to say is the UK is
probably one of the countries that could
handle this even if it is very diicult. The
UK?s resilience, stubbornness, and the
integrity is hard to match in any
other country.
?CAUSE MAYBE
THEY?VE SEEN US
(SEEN US) AND
WELCOME US ALL?
Like someone said, perhaps this vote was
a mistake, but not a disaster. There are ways
around the EU in that sense.
?WITH SO MANY LIGHT
YEARS TO GO AND
THINGS TO BE FOUND
(TO BE FOUND)?
I think it will be quite a long time of sorting
it out. And maybe some people will bene?t
from this happening but some people
will de?nitely not. It?ll be ups and downs
for a while.
?I?M SURE THAT WE?LL
ALL MISS HER SO?
What we miss will probably emerge in the
?ve or 10 years after. What worked better
and what didn?t work better. Some things
will reveal themselves.
?THE FINAL COUNTDOWN?
The song took a life of its own. It has
been used by political parties ? both
Hillary and Trump used it. The song has
started to be played more around new year,
for new beginnings, but the ironic thing is
it?s not really that positive. It?s melancholy,
in a minor key. In the Seventies,
Eighties and Nineties a big fat chunk of the
money was record sales but that?s not
happening any more. I?ve noted that
commercials, TV and movies bring in more
these days. I suppose if it gets played more
on radio and TV that brings in more
royalties. The name Europe wasn?t
anything political, but it?s funny how
everything comes together. We?re called
Europe and we have The Final Countdown
song, it?s crazy.
Europe play venues around the UK as part of
their European tour later in the year, including
their ?rst date at the Royal Albert Hall.
europetheband.com
Joey Tempest was speaking to Steven MacKenzie
@stevenmackenzie
THE BIG ISSUE / p27 / April 9-15 2018
BOOKS
AMONG THE LIVING AND THE DEAD
Born to survive
After the death of her Latvian grandmother, Inara Verzemnieks travelled to her home village
to discover the local cemetery celebrations that connect the living with the dead
M
y great-aunt Ausma tucks a around her, she faced the decision that brother Janis, and her little sister Ausma,
trowel in her handbag and comes to haunt every refugee: should you born when my grandmother was 13. And in
announces herself ready for stay, and endure this violence, or ?ee into this way, I came to know them, the rhythms
the cemetery. Once a year, the unknown, toward the hope of safety, if of the farm, the rituals of the village, until
everyone in the Latvian village of Gulbene not for you, then for your children. My the landscape of these memories felt as real
where she lives gathers in the graveyard for grandmother chose the unknown, to ?ee, to me as the existence we shared, 8,000
a special celebration, when each family my father clasped to her breast.
kilometres, and years away, in a tiny house
assembles around the graves of
in Tacoma, Washington.
its ancestors for an entire day.
Afewyearsago,aftermygrandFor Latvians, cemeteries are
mother?s death, when I was still
like parks, thick with groves of
missing her terribly, and feeling
linden, oak and birch, and people
like I desperately needed counsel
often come to sit in silence and
only she could give, I decided to
beauty the way they would in any
returntohervillage,totryand?nd
city green space. Volunteers tend
anything that could restore some
the graves of those who have no
part of her to me. There, waiting
more living ancestors, so that
for me, I found my grandmother?s
no plot goes neglected. For the
littlesister,Ausma,nowinher80s.
cemeter y
celebration,
While my grandmother was
preparations begin days ahead of
enduring life in the refugee
time. Families arrive with
camps, Ausma, then a teenager,
wheelbarrows full of fresh soil to
had been exiled to Siberia, along
rake over the plots. Others haul
with the rest of my grandmother?s
heaps of cut ?owers purchased
family who had remained behind.
from the vendors who?ve set up
Through Ausma?s extraordinary
temporary stalls along the
eforts, they had all survived, and
cemetery?s main path ? lilies that
were eventually allowed to return
leave streaks of pollen down shirt
to their village, where they set
fronts; spikes of gladiolas that
about rebuilding their lives,
stand nearly as tall as a man.
?nding strength in small rituals
Ausma wants begonias,
of continuity: the ?rst buds of the
something hardy she can plant
bird-cherry tree come May, the
along the edges of the graves of
proper way to rake yourself out of
her brother, her mother, her
the family cemetery plot, so no
father, her grandparents and
footsteps show.
great-grandparents. We wander
?Like
t h i s ,?
Ausma
the rows of stalls until we ?nd a
demonstrates. I have been living
cut that looks suiciently alert,
with her now for several weeks
and that Ausma is certain will
? as I will live with her for the
Inara?s grandmother Livija (right) with her brother Janis and sister Ausma
next several summers to come
take in the old soil. We polish the
For nearly six years, she would live as ? absorbing her stories, learning all I can
headstones ?rst, rubbing loose the ?akes
of lichen and spatters of mud kicked up by a refugee in a Displaced Persons? Camp about my grandmother, our family?s history,
in the British Occupied Zone of northern my place in all of it. Today, as we rake
the summer rains.
I am in Latvia to reconnect with a Germany before finally receiving together, our tines releasing clouds of earth
part of my past I had only ever known sponsorship to the United States.
like pufs of breath from each grave, I think,
I was the ?rst generation to be born in maybe this is the sum of all I am searching
through the stories of my grandmother,
Livija, who once came regularly to this the US, and I went to live with my for, this small moment, among the dead,
cemetery, too, to reflect on histories, grandmother when I was two years old,
Ausma singing a song
collective and personal, to all that bound following the collapse of my parents?
that was ?rst gifted to
her to this land. And then, like so many marriage. At that time Latvia was still part
me in my grandmother?s
others, all across Europe, she was caught of the USSR, and my grandmother was cut
voice, an instruction,
up in the chaos of WW2. For her, the pivotal of from her family who remained behind.
a reminder, a plea: Live.
moment came in 1944, as the worst of the Unable to return home, she accessed it the
fighting between German and Russian only way she could: through stories. With
Among The Living And
The Dead by Inara
troops reached the capital city of Riga, her words, she recreated for me the borders
Verzemnieks is out now
where my grandmother had just given birth of the farm where she was raised. She
(Pushkin Press, �.99)
to my father. As bombs scoured the city introduced me to her siblings, her older
THE BIG ISSUE / p28 / April 9-15 2018
READ MORE FROM...
JANE GRAHAM
REVIEWS
TOP 5 BOOKS
FOR CLEAR MINDS
OLA ROSLING & ANNA
ROSLING R諲NLUND
VISIT BIGISSUE.COM
CENSUS / NOT TO READ
A time for understanding
THE (HONEST) TRUTH
ABOUT DISHONESTY
Dan Ariely
People convince themselves
they are honest and rational.
But in Dan Ariely?s simple experiments,
they prove to be irrational and dishonest,
but in highly predictable ways. We could
possibly use this understanding to build
a more honest society.
Jesse Ball?s novel about a father-and-son odyssey is both a plea for
compassion and a fulsome tribute to a special relationship
Illustration: Dom McKenzie
O
ver the course of his eight
novels, American writer
Jesse Ball has developed
an admirably singular
approachtofiction.Heeschewsemotive
language, and has a ruthless, neversurrender attitude to sentimentality.
He often favours a clinical, pragmatic
style of surrealism in which characters
and locations are not named, but given
initials or symbolic titles.
Ball?s commitment to show-don?ttell writing is evangelical. That, and his
lack of interest in familiar landscapes
or times, means he runs the risk of
leavinghisreaderfeelingdisplacedand
disconnected; impressed, but not
invested.Yetsomehow,ashisnewnovel
Censusunfolds,thestoryofthisfather
and son journey through an unidentified country becomes deeply moving. How
does he do it? By rejecting sign-posting and
contrivance completely and trusting in the
sensitivity and intelligence of his reader.
What we know; a dying man and his
son are crossing an unnamed country, from
towns A to Z, collecting details for the
national census. The father frets about the
future for his son once he is gone (Ball tells
us in the prologue that the son, like his
ownlatebrotherAbram,hasDownSyndrome,
but never specifies this in the novel,
perhaps due to the assumptions he hopes
to challenge).
The people they meet, the different
responses they elicit ? a kiss, a warm grasp,
angry rejections, cautious retreats ? conjure
up a range of responses from the father, from
the fearful and angry to hopeful and delighted. The son?s thoughts are not given, but, just
as the census is a measure of the nation?s
demographics, the son becomes a measure of
its character, and varying capacity for curiosity and suspicion, cruelty and kindness. Along
the way we become almost burdensomely
conscious of the depth of the father?s love for
his vulnerable, intriguing, precious son.
Though the story ? parable? ? is of two
unnamed men, it feels increasingly haunted
byBall?sprologue,inwhichhewritesbeseechingly about his love for his brother, who died
whenhewas24,andwhose?beautifulnature?
Ballrememberswith?aheart...sotremendous,
so full of light?. The father compares censustakingtogoing?intoatempestwithalantern?.
He rallies against the straitjacketing of social
conformity, and prizes boldness, eccentricity
and imagination, asking, with exasperation,
?is there none who can wander alone beneath
a sort of cloth tent painted with dreams??
Ball presents those with Down Syndrome
and other comparable conditions as unique,
enigmatic individuals whose untranslatable
song, carried by the wind, resonates long and
high above us. As a literary knee-capping, a
plea to an impatient, greedy society, Census is
edifying and powerful. As a love letter to
Abram Ball, it is unforgettable.
Chileanauthor/essayistAlejandroZambra
is not your average bear, but I find him
irresistible. His form is sometimes highly
experimental but never gimmicky, and
his writing is exquisite ? funny, clever,
completely original and very readable. His
latest collection, Not to Read, reminds me of
legendary music reviewer Richard Meltzer,
who used to go to rock shows and review the
audience. It is pure pleasure to settle down
with Zambra?s breezy, left-field, witty, often
romantic thoughts about reading ? from the
joy of photocopies and the inadequacy
of Shakespeare?s face, to profound and
important observations about the achievements of great literature (his preferences are
rarely for the canonised). He is the most
charismatic of intellectuals.
Jane Graham @janeannie
Census
by Jesse Ball (Granta, �.99)
Not to Read
by Alejandro Zambra
(translator: Megan McDowell,
Fitzcarraldo Editions, �.99)
THE BIG ISSUE / p29 / April 9-15 2018
THE HAPPINESS
HYPOTHESIS
Jonathan Haidt
In all times people have been
wrong about what really makes
them happy. Why? Ancient wisdom from
all religions are pretty much confirmed
by modern cognitive science.
THE BIG RATCHET
Ruth DeFries
In the future, humanity should
expect to face game-changing
resource shortages like we
always have. Looking back at pivotal
moments in history can teach us how to
deal with future crises.
SUPERFORECASTING
PhilipTetlock and
Dan Gardner
How can we know which
experts to trust? Tetlock left
US intelligence and set up a betting site
for tracking so-called experts? ability to
predict political events. While the TV
sofa experts score worse than random,
there is a group who have developed
methods and personality traits superior
for forecasting.
DANCING IN
THE STREETS
Barbara Ehrenreich
People love to party! In
most traditional cultures life
was hard, but occasionally everybody
stopped work, danced together, and
made fun of the powerful in carnivals and
festivities. Religious leaders managed
to ban these traditions worldwide for
centuries, but with popular music the joy
of ecstasy has come back and drums are
beating again in dancehalls and soccer
stadiums worldwide.
Factfulness: Ten Reasons We?re Wrong
About The World ? by Hans Rosling
with Ola Rosling & Anna Rosling
R鰊nlund, out now (Sceptre, �.99)
FILM
READ MORE FROM...
EDWARD LAWRENSON
VISIT BIGISSUE.COM
Silent treatment
Information can hard to come by when your husband?s imprisoned
in Siberia, as this powerful take on a Dostoyevsky short story shows
S
omewhere deep in rural Russia, in
an overcrowded post oice, a young
woman addresses the grumpy
assistant behind the counter. This
young woman sent her husband, serving a
prison sentence in Siberia, a parcel, which
has just been returned, unopened. If there?s
any explanation, the post oice worker isn?t
providing one, despite the wife?s mounting
anxiety. What?s happened to her husband?
No reply, just a demand for a fee. As the
unhappy wife leaves, there?s a confrontation
between the woman behind the desk and
another customer, an old man claiming to
sufer from TB. He concludes the argument
by threatening to gob in her face.
This run-in with oicialdom ? a queasy
mix of naked hostility, willed indiference
andpettyintransigence?ofersacautionary
welcome to the world of A Gentle Creature,
the new ?lm from Belarus-born director
Sergei Loznitsa. The title, taken from a short
story by Dostoyevsky, refers to the unnamed
woman who is determined to discover the
reasonwhyherparcelwasreturned.Andthe
performanceofVasilinaMakovtseva,playing
the role with a downturned smile, sad eyes
and few words, does suggest a certain
meekness,aquietsenseofintrospectionthat
she is reluctant to expose to the world.
But there are also glints of iron to this
gentle creature, or at least a resilience to
withstandtheworstthatlifecanthrowather.
Because things get much worse for this poor
woman when she decides to leave the
joyless routine of her home and travel to the
Siberian prison town where her husband was
sent to serve his sentence to discover way of things here). The cop, incidentally,
his whereabouts.
adds that his advice is ofered in the spirit
She visits the jail, but her requests to of gentlemanly kindness ? and, considering
see her husband are refused ? in one of the merciless logic on display elsewhere,
the film?s many Kafka-esque details, you can see his point.
Director Loznitsa is one
she?s told repeatedly to ?ll
in a particular form, the
of the leading documentary
existence of which no one
filmmakers today, and in
FINAL REEL
can verify.
his recent work he?s
Valeska Grisebach?s third
From a distance this
explored the troubled state
feature Western revolves
vast prison looks
of Russia with worrisome
around a group of German
forbiddingly sombre, but
insistence.AGentleCreature
workers, stationed in Bulgaria
the town outside its walls
is clearly a work of ?ction ?
to help in the
is no less grim. Left to
t unfurls with the
construction
ream logic of an
roam its deadbeat streets,
of a dam. It?s
dult fairy tale, and
the woman is drawn into
an exquisitely
he film?s final-reel
a series of encounters of
pitched drama
successive unease. She?s
equenceisaboldleap
of absorbing
tricked into checking into
to feverish fantasy.
complexity
a brothel and humiliated
It?s hard not to
and slow-build subtlety. Genre
by its raucous clients. A
feel state-of-the-nation
fans might be misled by the
garrulous middle-aged
despair at his portrait of
title ? there are only sideways
gangster in a boy-racer
this prison town ? where
references to classic cowboy
streets are named after
BMW seems to be groomfilms ? but this film satisfies
revolutionary poets and
ing her for some sort of
amply on its own terms.
unspeci?ed bondage. An
overlookedbySovietstatues
elderly woman subjects
? although in its bleak
her to an unhinged tirade (she?s the former absurdity the ?lm also stretches back to a
inmateofanasylum,longsincecloseddown, tradition of Russian literature far older than
the country?s current woes. It?s made with
we?re informed).
Thethreatofviolence,particularlysexual masterly assurance, but Loznitsa?s movie is
violence, stalks the woman?s every moment strong stuf. There?s little room for gentle
in this strange, unsettling place. A police creatures in a world so ?erce and beastly.
oicerurgeshertoreturnhomeandtoforget A Gentle Creature is in cinemas from
her husband ever existed (while, in the April 13
distance, two men viciously attack another
?a detail that passes unremarked, such is the Edward Lawrenson @EdwardLawrenson
THE BIG ISSUE / p31 / April 9-15 2018
INTERVIEW DAVID MORRISSEY
?We turn a blind eye to
people on the same street?
One place, two realities ? the idea at the centre of a new dystopian drama starring
David Morrissey. He tells Adrian Lobb why it?s not that far from real life...
David Morrissey is one of the busiest and
best actors currently working. These two
notions may be linked. He?s in demand, with
characters as diverse as The Governor inThe
WalkingDeadandGordonBrowninpolitical
drama The Deal in his arsenal, alongside
major roles in The Missing 2, Richard II, the
Red Riding trilogy and Blackpool.
This year, we?ve seen him proclaiming ?I
am Rome? in Jez Butterworth?s trippy
historical romp Britannia on Sky Atlantic
before playing Mark Antony in the riproaring, politically prescient production of
Julius Caesar at The Bridge Theatre.
Andforhisnexttrick?Morrisseyplaysthe
police inspector at the heart of The City and
TheCity,anewadaptationofChinaMi閘ville?s
weird-?ction novel.
Theseriesisunlikeanythingwehaveseen
on primetime BBC One, fusing dystopian
alternative history with detective drama, a
tale of two cities sharing the same geographical space but existing under radically diferent laws, customs and cultures. Inhabitants
aretrainedto?unsee?thepeople,streets,cars
and buildings that don?t belong in their part
ofthecity?whileunseen,all-powerfulpolice
force The Breach governs both cities.
Morrisseysays:?TheCityandTheCitywas
fantastic and diferent ? to the point where
I wasn?t even sure I understood it.?
Yetthestoryistoldincompellingfashion.
And stunning production design aids in
diferentiating the cities of Beszel and Ul
Qoma. Real-life relevance is not hard to ?nd.
?We don?t have to look far to ?nd a world
where we don?t see another populace that
lives amongst us. We turn a blind eye to
people who are living on the same street or
In The City and The City people ?unsee? those who don?t fit
housing estate,? says Morrissey. Nothing
exempli?ed this more than the Grenfell ?re.
?Totally. Symbolically and beyond that.
How people were still in denial when it was
right in the middle of their community. That
I found very strange,? he says.
?The community found something really
wonderful happening ? people helping other
people directly. But the powers that be were
hunkering down, trying to keep away from
anyfuckingresponsibility.Itisarealdisgrace,
butverymuchhighlightswhatwearetalking
about in The City and The City.?
The real-world parallels keep on coming.
?China draws all the imaginative leaps
from things that are very close to us. A world
ofhavesandhavenots,aplacethatiscrowded
andmulti-culturalalongsidesomewherethat
is,onthesurface,veryrichandveryordered?
That is the world we live in right now.
?We have an underclass of poverty. It is
very stark in London.?
Morrissey talks about the rise of people
livingonthestreetinLondonduringtheearly
1990s, after he moved from Liverpool, and
the way history is repeating itself with the
recent rise in the visibility of homelessness.
THE BIG ISSUE / p33 / April 9-15 2018
?It is shocking. Really shocking,? he says.
?But as it has gone on, there is a normality to
it. The normalisation of that makes it easier
for it to be invisible.?
We are also, these days, able to create our
ownvirtualcitieswherewecanunseepeople
who disagree with us politically.
?Facebook, Twitter, we build a place that
echoes our beliefs so we don?t engage in
debate.Becauseifwedo,itbecomesabusive.?
This evening, Morrissey will be back on
stage in Julius Caesar, wearing a tracksuit
and propagating propaganda. But for now
he?s dapper, checked suit, Dior spotted tie
and a black shirt. He talks about wagging
school to go to the library to read plays. He?s
a passionate believer in cultural education
? his included the great bands coming out of
Merseyside, The Teardrop Explodes, Echo
and The Bunnymen and China Crisis.
We end by talking identity, and where
Morrissey feels he ?ts in these days.
He says: ?I sometimes feel very detached
from community in general, whether that is
the working-class community I came from
orthemiddle-classcommunityIliveinnow.?
?And I have great internal debates with
myself about where I belong. We ?lmed The
City and The City in Liverpool and
Manchester. So I was back home and I do
have this great sense of belonging in
Liverpool. I feel good there.
?ButIfeellikeIamtreadingonloosesand
a lot of the time with regard to who I am. It?s
probably not great for a human being. But
for an actor it is not a bad thing.?
The City and The City airs on Friday nights on
BBC One and iPlayer. @adey70
Ride the world?s
best road bikes
Receive � off your ticket by entering
discount code, BI10, at checkout
Book now at cyclisttrackdays.com
Enjoy coffee and unlimited cycling on the road
circuit from 10am 4pm. There will be a range of
delicious calzones available for lunch, you will be
able to meet the talented Cyclist editorial team and
you will receive a Cyclist goody bag to take away.
ASSOS of Switzerland will also be offering attendees
the chance to try out their latest summer kit.
14th & 15th April Lee Valley VeloPark, London
29th April Castlecombe Circuit, Chippenham
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Terms and conditions
Discount applicable on full price tickets only. Excludes spectator tickets. All tickets are subject to a �50 booking fee. No refunds permitted.
TV
READ MORE FROM...
LUCY SWEET
VISIT BIGISSUE.COM
OUT AND ABOUT
TOP SEEDS
Nick Cave & The Bad Seeds played to
ecstatic responses across the world on their
poignant, charged and euphoric 2017 tour.
Their show at Copenhagen?s Royal Arena
was ?lmed, and the resultant Distant Sky
movie will be screened in cinemas worldwide
for one night only (April 12, various locations,
nickcave.com). Be prepared to get emotional
once again.
With the Oscars a somewhat distant
memory, it?s time to move beyond the
blockbusters and gravitational pull of
Hollywood to look at what is happening in
cinema on the margins ? the place where
the best ideas and creators are incubated.
Flatpack Film Festival (April 13-22,
various locations,
Birmingham;
?atpackfestival.org.
uk) is back for its
12th year, shining
the spotlight on the
esoteric, applauding
the cinematic square pegs in a
world of round holes. It features shorts, talks,
animation, live soundtracks, rarities and
experiments with VR ? the past, present and
(most of all) future of ?lm in one place.
Staying in the second city, The Last Roman
(from April 13, Birmingham; barber.org.uk)
is a year-long exhibition focusing on the life
of Emperor Justinian I, who died in 565AD
and is known as the ?Last Roman Emperor?.
Alongside expanding the Roman Empire, he
reformed the economy and minted some of
the largest and most impressive coins of the
Empire?s reign. A must for numismatists of
all denominations.
Updating an old urban myth about the
capital, chances are you are never more
than six feet away from a barista in London
these days. If this overjoys (rather than
terri?es) you, then the London Coffee
Festival (April 12-15, Brick Lane, London;
londoncofeefestival.com) will prove a
cafeinated utopia. Right in the historical
epicentre of London hipsterdom, there will
be tastings, talks, scienti?c experiments,
music and the Cofee Masters? competition
to ?nd who is the best at making, serving and
explaining cofee to the city?s picky sippers.
Eamonn Forde @Eamonn_Forde
Mock gods
This Country is breathing new life into the ?spoof doc? format
W
hen it ?s done well, a
mockumentary is like sipping
an ice-cold Martini at the bar of
a fancy hotel. It makes you squirm, but you
know it?s really good. Even if it?s
uncomfortable, a show like The Office
rewards you for seeing the funny and
getting the point. Yes, you are a handsome
comedy connoisseur. Everyone else is a
mouth breather who thinks it?s REAL.
Have another olive, you magni?cent beast.
A bad one, though, is like a sad swig
of Mad Dog on a bench outside
Farmfoods ? giving you an instant
headache. You can
imagine the lines
written on the page and
read out at rehearsal,
see right through the
clunky observations,
the brassy try-hardness
of it all. It makes you
need a lie down.
This Country (BBC
Three) turns out to be
an ice-cold Martini
drunk by the side of a
c ou nt r y la ne i n
Somerset, while someone called Uncle
Trevor is having an argument about
recycling bins. Billed as a BBC documentary about rural social deprivation and the
local disafected youth who wait all day
for a bus to take them to a retail park with
a TK Maxx, it veers from broad comedy to
fiendishly subtle improvisation and
fully ?edged characterisation, back to a joke
about chips.
Written and performed by real-life
Somerset-born brother and sister Daisy
May and Charlie Cooper, This Country
follows cousins Kerry and Lee ?Kurtan?
Mucklowe as they piss about doing nothing,
eating, arguing and shouting. Lots of things
happen, but nothing happens. Scenes drift
past, characters wander in and out.
Plotlines include Kerry engineering double
dinners by volunteering to keep an old
lady company, then running home to scof
another one made by her mum, an invisible
presence who shouts gravel-voiced
obscenities down the stairs. Throughout,
Kurtan tries desperately to look cool ? a
hopeless quest when your mirror is a village
pond full of tadpoles.
It?s all pitch perfect. The details, the
accents, the hormonal teenage slumping
about, the cast of
shambling actors who
aren?t actors. Uncle
Trevor, who tries to
attack his neighbour
with a brick, unaware
that the cousins swap
over their bins every
week, is their real-life
Uncle Trevor. Kerry?s
dad in the show is their
real-life dad. It?s meta.
Do you get it?
Well you should ?
now in its second series, it?s growing faster
than Kerry?s waistline, and Daisy May
Cooper is proving that she?s nearest thing
we?ve got to a young Victoria Wood, with
an uncanny ear for naturalistic dialogue
and the most hilariously expressive face
you?ve seen in years. She is Kimberley,
looking for her friend. She is resplendent
in her England shirt from the market (with
four lions instead of three). Long may she
be slumped on the sofa eating a bag of Co-op
own brand Wotsits. I raise my glass to the
lot of them.
?Kerry is
resplendent
in an England
shirt from the
market (with
four lions)?
THE BIG ISSUE / p35 / April 9-15 2018
@lucytweet1
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MUSIC
READ MORE FROM...
MALCOLM JACK
VISIT BIGISSUE.COM
The eh? team
Sting and Shaggy?s collaboration is the latest in a long line
of strange musical hook-ups
Main photo: Patrick Kovarik/AFP/Getty Images
M
arvel Studios recently staked the
hyperbolic claim that their new
?lm Avengers: Infinity War is ?the
most ambitious crossover event in history?.
?Au contraire!? Twitter protested, and a
meme was born. Cue a stream of reminders
about such improbable genre-clashing
moments in light entertainment history
as the Red Dwarf crew landing on the set
of Coronation Street, Magnum, PI meeting
Murder, She Wrote, and that time the Hof
did panto with the Krankies.
Evidently none of the above are aware
that Sting and Shaggy have made an album
together. Yes, that?s the lute-abusing
worthy-rock bard of the north east and the
Jamaican Mr Boombastic call me fantastic,
united in cod reggae song. The ambitious
crossover event that nobody thought
would happen ? because nobody?s mind is
that twisted, not even the person who put
the Hof together with the Krankies ? has
happened. And the weirdness just keeps
getting weirder. They?re playing at the
Queen?s 92nd birthday party.
Whether they know it or not, Sting and
Shaggy?s album, titled 44/876, places them
among a long lineage of strange musical
collaborations from throughout the ages
which, in some instances, have proved as
ill-advised as they did implausible. As a
warning from history if nothing else: meet
the odd couples and groups.
THE FLAMING LIPS
AND MILEY CYRUS
?She?ll send me pictures
of herself peeing,?
casually mentioned
Flaming Lips? frontman Wayne Coyne
of his new bezzie Miley Cyrus in an
interview. It?d probably be briefer
to list the things that aren?t weird
than the things that are about the
unlikely and evidently not especially
shy personal and professional
kinship that has blossomed between
the acid-guzzling 50-something
psychedelic rock mage and the
ex-Disney child star gone wild.
But hey, they?re both grown-ups, and
while the association hasn?t exactly
proved a blockbuster ? Cyrus?s Coyne
co-produced album Miley Cyrus & Her
Dead Petz did not chart ? it has produced
some good songs, such as We A Family,
the triumphant closer to The Flaming
Lips? latest album Oczy Mlody.
METALLICA
AND LOU REED
In his last piece of
recorded music prior
to is eat in 2013, the late and
legendarily curmudgeonly Lou Reed
delivered his ?nal and arguably most
complete act of musical belligerence.
He teamed up in a gruesome twosome
with monsters of thrash metal Metallica
to make a nigh-on unlistenable record
based on the Lulu plays by German
playwright Frank Wedekind. Decried
as one of the worst albums of all
time, on a par with the former Velvet
Underground frontman?s famously
hated Metal Machine Music ? charitably
described by one reviewer in 1975 as
?guaranteed to clear any room of humans
in record time? ? Lulu left some Metallica
fans so furious that they threatened to
shoot Reed. His work on this earth
was done.
THE BIG ISSUE / p37 / April 9-15 2018
TEXAS AND THE
WU-TANG CLAN
How did this even
happen? In 1997, Scotpop
wet ?annels Texas?s
song Say What You Want was remixed as
Say What You Want (All Day, Every Day)
featuring Method Man and RZA from
Staten Island, New York?s baddest of the bad
hip-hop crews the Wu-Tang Clan ? an
ensemble for whom the ?Controversies?
sub-section on their Wikipedia page runs
the length of a short novella. To make
matters even more surreal, Method Man ?
that?s Cheese Wagstaf to fans of The Wire
? joined the band to perform the song live
at the Brit Awards, towering over Sharleen
Spiteri in her trouser suit like he?s enjoying
an unusually amiable encounter with his
lawyer. It?s so ridiculous it?s sort of inspired.
SUPERHEAVY
There was just so much
going on here it?s hard
to even know where
to begin ? Mick Jagger
plus soul singer Joss Stone plus former
Eurythmic Dave Stewart, Bollywood
composer AR Rahman and Damian ?Jr
Gong? Marley. Jagger hanging out with
a woman a third of his age was of course
nothing new; Jamaican soundsystems
clashed with Indian strings, a song in Urdu,
hour-long jams and lashings and lashings
of cringey cod reggae rather more so. Of
the relatively few people worldwide to buy
SuperHeavy?s one dismal album in 2011 we
can but assume that Sting and Shaggy were
not among them.
Malcolm Jack @MBJack
ADVERTISING CLASSIFIEDS
To advertise: Jenny Bryan 020 3890 3744 / jennifer_Bryan@dennis.co.uk
Fund Management
Investment Director
Maternity Cover ?1 year FTC, Full Time ? Salary on application
Finsbury Park, London
Ref: BII/ID
Big Issue Invest is one of the UK?s leading UK social impact investment ?rms.
Established in 2005, its Fund Management division (BIIFM) currently has
three investment funds totaling c�m assets under management and plans
to expand its offer further.
Our experienced investment team makes debt, equity and project finance
investments into mission-led organisations across the UK. These investments
span a range of sectors, deal sizes and structures, with the common theme
being a commitment to creating positive social impact through finance.
The team is now seeking to recruit an Investment Director on a one year fixed
term contract from June 2018 as maternity cover.
A site near to Bristol Central Quaker Meeting
looks likely to be available if we have the
money to move on it to create
low-running-cost affordable homes.
Invest now to make this possible.
Interest as before.
The Investment Director will:
? Lead impact investments into socially-driven organisations
and projects across a variety of sectors.
? Represent Big Issue Invest externally and contribute to
business and market development; and
? Manage an existing portfolio of clients, identifying key risks
and opportunities.
This opportunity would particularly suit an individual with lending skills who
is looking to gain direct investment experience and/or exposure to the impact
investment sector, or an individual with outcomes-based commissioning or
advisory experience.
For more details on the role and how to apply please go to
www.bigissue.com and click on Work For Us. If you have any queries, please
email personnel@bigissue.com quoting the job reference.
AEOBhousepeople.org.uk
3 Windsor Terrace, Clifton, Bristol BS8 4LW
L
Closing date: Tuesday 27th April 2018
Tel
T : 0117 926 5931
email: tonycrofts1939@gmail.com
Please note that we can only accept applications from those who already
have the right to work in the UK
The Big Issue is striving towards Equal Opportunities
Around 3000 people are currently condemned to death in the
h^ D??? ???? ???? ????? ??? ???? ????? ??????? ????? ????
???????? ???? >????? ????????? ?? ???? Z?? ??? ?? ?????
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of life.
Available on
iTunes
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??????? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ??????????? ????????? ?? ????
Z?? ??????? ?????!?????? ???? ?? ??? h<" ?? ???? ???????
???? ???? ????????? ??? ??? ??????????? ?? ???? ????? ???
?????????????? ?????????
In the words of a prisoner ?My penfriend, his wife and family
have been a blessing for many years. I thank them for walking
this journey with me.?
and
/? ??? ????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ???????????
?? ???????? ? ?????????" ?????? ???? ?? ^ ??
Human Writes,
? >???? '????" t???????" t??? z????" >^?? ?Z>"
?!???? humanwritesuk@yahoo.co.uk
or visit our website at www.humanwrites.org
THE BIG ISSUE / p38 / April 9-15 2018
Type ?Emon & Co?
in the search bar
ADVERTISING CLASSIFIEDS
To advertise: Jenny Bryan 020 3890 3744 / jennifer_Bryan@dennis.co.uk
THE BIG ISSUE / p39 / April 9-15 2018
ADVERTISING CLASSIFIEDS
To advertise: Jenny Bryan 020 3890 3744 / jennifer_Bryan@dennis.co.uk
THE BIG ISSUE / p40 / April 9-15 2018
ADVERTISING CLASSIFIEDS
To advertise: Jenny Bryan 020 3890 3744 / jennifer_Bryan@dennis.co.uk
The Socialist Party
aims at building a moneyless world community based
on common ownership and democratic control with production solely
for use not profit. It opposes all leadership, all war.
for 3 FREE issues of our monthly Socialist Standard write to:
The Socialist Party (BI), 52 Clapham High Street. London SW4 7UN
www.worldsocialism.org.bi
Are your prayers for a soulmate
going unanswered?
Let ?Friends1st? change that for
you ? like we have for many
other Christians ? by
introducing you to your soulmate.
crisisinmentalhealth.org
A patient's experience of
The Mental Health Act 1983
70
�OW
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THE BIG ISSUE / p41 / April 9-15 2018
ADVERTISING CLASSIFIEDS
To advertise: Jenny Bryan 020 3890 3744 / jennifer_Bryan@dennis.co.uk
A WORLD OF HOPE
A BEAUTIFUL COLLECTION OF SONGS
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FEATURING 26 INCREDIBLE ACTS INCLUDING
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LAU, O?HOOLEY & TIDOW, KRIS DREVER, BOO HEWERDINE,
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?Quality of music aside, though, A World Of Hope
?? ?�??�??�? ?�?�襄� ?? ?�� ??� 棋??
?� ??� ????媳? �???�?? �� ?�� ??? ?????
(constructively and positively) as the central
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Postcards For Peace aims to help end discrimination on the grounds of race, gender, disability, sexual orientation
�� ?�????? � �灞???? 毕??????� ???� ��??�� � ??阱???��?? 棋??邋? ?�??� �?? �?�?票�?????�
and create an environment in favour of equality and diversity. Registered Charity No. 1168645
THE BIG ISSUE / p42 / April 9-15 2018
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To advertise: Jenny Bryan 020 3890 3744 / jennifer_Bryan@dennis.co.uk
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THE BIG ISSUE / p43 / April 9-15 2018
COMPETITION
FOUNDERS
John Bird and Gordon Roddick
Group chair
Nigel Kershaw
Managing director
Russell Blackman
EDITORIAL & PRODUCTION
Editor Paul McNamee
Managing editor Vicky Carroll
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Books editor Jane Graham
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& Liam Geraghty
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Classified and recruitment: 020 3890 3744
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WIN!
THE AVENGERS
LOST EPISODE ON DVD
Tunnel of Fear is the 20th episode of the first series of the 1960s
cult British spy-fi TV series The Avengers, starring Ian Hendry,
Patrick Macnee and Ingrid Hafner, and was broadcast by ABC
Television on August 5 1961. It?s one of only three known complete
season one episodes to have survived since the original broadcast.
Lost for 55 years, the episode came to light in a private film
collection in 2016 and was recovered by the British television
preservation group Kaleidoscope.
Now for the first time ever, Avengers fans will be able to own thhe
episode in its entirety on DVD with a host of extra content.
We have 10 copies to give away!
To be in with the chance of winning, just answer
this question:
In what year did Tunnel of Fear air?
BSME Cover of the Year 2017, PPA Cover of the Year
2015, PPA Scotland Cover of the Year 2015 & 2017
PPA Scotland
Consumer Magazine of The Year, 2017
Paul McNamee
British editor of the year 2016, BSME
Send your answers with AVENGERS as the subject to
competitions@bigissue.com or post to The Big Issue, 43 Bath
Street, Glasgow, G2 1HW. Include your name and address.
Closing date is April 24. Include OPT OUT if you don?t want to
receive updates from The Big Issue. We will not pass your details
to any third party. For full T&Cs see bigissue.com
THE BIG ISSUE / p44 / April 9-15 2018
GAMES & PUZZLES
SUDOKU
SPOT THE BALL
A
B
D
E
There is just one simple rule
in sudoku: each row, column
and 3 x 3 box must contain
the numbers one to nine.
This is a logic puzzle and you
should not need to guess.
The solution will be revealed
next week.
F
ISSUE 1301 SOLUTION
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
To win 100 Ways To Be More Like Your Cat
(Last week?s
mark where you think the ball is, cut out and Spot the Ball
send to:
revealed:
Man Utd
Spot the Ball (1302), 43 Bath St, Glasgow,
v Brighton
G2 1HW, by April 17. Include name,
(1983)
address, phone no. Enter by email: send grid
position (eg A1) to competitions@bigissue.com.
PRIZE CROSSWORD
1
8
1
2
3
4
5
4
8
9
10
13
11
12
7
6
11
14
13
15
16
15
17
18
18
19
20
21
22
CRYPTIC CLUES
Across
1. I watch the children?s
game (1-3)
4. Cupholder has a party
about ?ve ? a boastful
show (7)
8. In?uential person shows
the way into port (7,5)
9. Apparent change of
position of friend holding
artist who?s remiss (8)
10. Uncle Frank displays a
symbol (4)
12. Group coming from two
sets (three each?) (6)
14. Plant an accountant
with American
intelligence (6)
16. To engrave and so on is
hard (4)
17. Cancelled when it is
washed out (8)
20. Hope stranger could
become an oice worker
in America (12)
21. Rod?s pen reproduced
answer (7)
22. Wendy kept contents of
the ditch (4)
To win a Chambers Dictionary, send completed crosswords (either cryptic or quick) to:
The Big Issue Crossword (1302), second floor, 43 Bath Street, Glasgow, G2 1HW by
April 17. Include your name, address and phone number.
Issue 1300 winner is Patrick Hanson from North Berwick
QUICK CLUES
Down
2. Promise to use bad
language (5)
3. Highly unnatural
singer (8)
4. Right weight for
cock?ghting? (6)
5. Having the power to
remove the top of
the chart (4)
6. Heavenly messenger
I see and hear (7)
7. Card players deal
thus without any
consideration (3,2,4)
9. One having nine tenths
of the law? (9)
11. Edward had no end
of cider ?rst, having
robbed the orchard! (8)
13. Shoots those who
are gullible! (7)
15. Was terri?ed by
cedars bending (6)
18. Chance of getting a
holiday? (5)
19. Game of pool
perhaps (4)
Down
2. Cloth from ?ax (5)
3. Twilight (8)
4. Cease to occupy (6)
5. Close (4)
6. Copse (7)
7. Rendered un?t to
eat (9)
9. Vividly described (9)
11. Hoodlum (8)
13. Fall rapidly (7)
15. Awkward (6)
18. Torso (anag.) (5)
19. Venerable saint (4)
IN ASSOCIATION WITH
Issue 1301 solution
CRYPTIC: Across ? 1 Clothier; 6 Cock; 8 Steers; 9 Boring; 10 Maintained; 12 Evolve; 14 Ageing; 15 Free church; 19 Malign; 20 Roller; 21 Agog; 22 Illusory.
Down ? 2 Late; 3 Therm; 4 Inspire; 5 Robot; 6 Carbide; 7 Canoeing; 11 Overhang; 13 Leering; 14 Auroral; 16 Hindi; 17 Holes; 18 Peer.
QUICK: Across ? 1 Showered; 6 Jack; 8 Landau; 9 Grille; 10 Decapitate; 12 Acuity; 14 Judged; 15 Impersonal; 19 Platen; 20 Try out; 21 Ezra; 22 Curdling.
Down ? 2 Hoax; 3 Waded; 4 Raunchy; 5 Dig up; 6 Jointed; 7 Culottes; 11 Schmaltz; 13 Inertia; 14 Janitor; 16 Sonic; 17 Loyal; 18 Burn.
THE BIG ISSUE / p45 / April 9-15 2018
Across
1. Coalmining waste (4)
4. Called on (7)
8. Finally (2,10)
9. Maker of ?rearms (8)
10. Comic sketch (4)
12. Attach (6)
14. Teacher (6)
16. Drag (4)
17. Identi?ed guilty
person (inf.) (8)
20. Praise (12)
21. Raffle (7)
22. ---- Rendell, writer (4)
Photos: Action Images
C
MY PITCH
Albert Popa, 39
COSTA, COVENT GARDEN, LONDON
?All my siblings are married with kids
and I?d like that for myself as well?
ABOUT ME...
THE BEST THINGS IN LIFE
I enjoy taking my dog for
a walk when I?m not selling
the mag. I also like Chelsea
Football Club.
MY HOPES
I love travelling and would
love to go to many countries.
I speak four languages and
I learned Italian before
I learned English.
ON MY
PITCH?
I?m here Monday
to Saturday
from 8am
until 4pm
I
have a great pitch here by
Covent Garden and I have a
lot of regulars. People look
out for me here and come every
week to buy the magazine from
me and my Stafy, Tyson. I have
been on this pitch for almost a
year after having a break from
working with The Big Issue for
a few months.
When I was made homeless
me and another guy had three
dogs and we had to give one up.
It was really hard, but Tyson
has been with me since he was
four months old and he?s now
seven-and-a-half! I always
make sure he has the best food
and the best life an animal
could wish for.
When I was on the streets
people would come up and ofer
me money for my dog. But I
would never do that, he?s worth
more than any amount of cash.
He?s my best friend.
I am originally from
Albania and came to London
because of the good working
opportunities. I used to be a
chef at many diferent pubs and
restaurants.
I really enjoyed being a chef,
but in the future I would like
to start up my own business
doing something completely
diferent. I want to create
something that everyone will
like and enjoy. I have respect
for each human being and if
I?ve learned anything from this
it?s that life is an experience. I
believe in God and I believe that
things have happened in my life
journey for a reason.
I?m currently looking
after my friend and his dog as
he recently sufered a heart
attack. He was my landlord, my
manager from my old job and of
course my friend. He has helped
me a lot over the last 10 years
THE BIG ISSUE / p46 / April 9-15 2018
and I am now in a position to
help him because I?m getting
money again. In life, good
things and bad things happen
to you, but you have to stay
positive. The Big Issue is tiding
me over in the meantime and
I?m grateful for it as it?s helped
me earn an income.
I hope that this year I get
back on my feet again. All my
siblings are married with kids
and living in Italy. I would like
that for myself as well.
I play the lottery but I
haven?t won yet. If I won the
jackpot the ?rst thing I would
do is buy a house, put some
away in the bank and then I
would support the people who
have helped me. I would pay
them all back, it?s as easy
as that!
Interview: Megan Harman
Photo: Louise Haywood-Schiefer
?Open my eyes, that I may see wonderful things.?
- Psalm 119:18
Augustine has been living his childhood in
darkness. Will you help a child see the wonder
of God?s creation?
Dear Big Issue reader,
As a fellow Christian, I
wanted to share with you how
incredibly powerful it is to
witness a child seeing for the
first time, after eye surgery.
As we carry out our work at
Christian Blind Mission, we
are constantly moved by the
astonishment and wonder on the
faces of children when the
bandages are removed and they
get their first clear look at
their smiling loved ones.
The photo to the right shows
6-year-old Augustine with
cataracts, leaving him barely
able to see. But cataracts
aren?t difficult to treat.
Surgery taking just a couple of
hours could restore his sight.
Just think, in this short
time his entire life can be
transformed. Instead of living
with darkness, frustration and
exclusion he could have light,
colour and a future filled with
opportunity. He could start
school and find a way out of
poverty. He could even fulfil
his dream of becoming a radio
reporter.
Augustine has been living his life
in darkness, due to his cataracts
Cataract removal surgery
costs �, but families like
Augustine?s can barely afford
even basic necessities, so I am
turning to you in the hope that
you can help.
If you could send a gift of �
today, you could pay for surgery
for a child like Augustine. You
could open a child?s eyes to
the beauty of God?s creation.
And we?ll send you an update on
Augustine?s surgery.
His tearful question each morning:
?Why can?t I go to school??
God bless you,
Andrea Brandt von Lindau
Programme Manager for Inclusive
Eye Health
Your gift could help a child
see and transform a life
Christian Blind Mission is a huge inspiration to me. It works in more than 50 countries,
including some of the world?s poorest communities, to restore sight, mobility and
independence to people living with disability. It?s putting Christ?s love into action for the most
marginalised people. Will you join Christian Blind Mission by supporting this amazing work?
Diane Louise Jordan, Friend of CBM
�
My choice amount of: ___________
I enclose a cheque/postal order/CAF voucher made out to CBM or
Please debit my Visa/Mastercard/Maestro Card/CAF Card
If you are a UK taxpayer and if
you tick the Gift Aid box when
you make a donation, HMRC
will add an extra 25p for every
pound you donate.
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security number:
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signature:
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Date:
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Postcode:
We will send you an update on Augustine?s surgery.
A1804PR-W09
We?d love to keep you informed about our work and how your support is transforming lives.
If you are happy to hear from CBM UK by email or phone, please let us know your details:
Phone:
Email:
We like to contact our supporters with postal fundraising messages and updates from the projects
we support. If you do NOT want to receive such messages from us in the future
please contact our Supporter Care team on info@cbmuk.org.uk or via 01223 484700
Please return this form to: Freepost Plus RSKK-HXAX-CYGZ, CBM,
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Increase the value
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Registered in England and Wales under 1058162 and Scotland under SC041101
Yes, I will give � to make a blind child see the wonder of God?s creation.
I will give:
e they?re terrifying.
They?re very cute in appearance, but
you know, that?s how Ted Bundy got ya.
But I love them, I can?t help it.
Eels? new album The Deconstruction is out now.
They play London, Manchester and
Glasgow in July. eelstheband.com
E was speaking to Steven MacKenzie
With less than a year until the UK
leaves the EU, one song is the anthem
for our age: The Final Countdown
by those Swedish poodle-permed
heroes... Europe. We asked frontman
and songwriter Joey Tempest to
ruminate on the strangely prophetic
lyrics of the rock classic
?WE?RE LEAVING TOGETHER
BUT STILL IT?S FAREWELL?
I was born in Sweden but I consider London
and the UK my home. I married an English
girl and I?ve paid taxes for many many years.
I?m a domicile but I don?t have a British
passport. If I?d had the vote I?d be a
Remainer. I?m in the music business, I?m an
entertainer. Musicians all over the world, we
write for each other and it doesn?t matter what
country you?re from. Music is a free place and
therefore we don?t want to fence anybody in.
?AND MAYBE WE?LL
COME BACK TO EARTH,
WHO CAN TELL??
I think maybe some people have changed
their mind already. It could be a rough and
tumble year coming up, ?nding new trade
deals with partners and rewriting the whole
EU/UK parallel laws. There is going to be a
transition and maybe during that transition
there may be things happening to certain
people that they didn?t expect.
?I GUESS THERE IS
NO ONE TO BLAME?
My personal view is that maybe the vote
should have been about freedom of movement
instead of just leaving or not leaving. It
shouldn?t have been that black and white.
Maybe it should have been about putting
pressure on the EU. The EU should have had
some diferent policy regarding freedom of
movement because we had this big exodus and
it?s diicult to handle when too many people
come at the same time. But I believe in
integration ? this is what we do. The planet
integrates and it will happen no matter what
you do. But who?s to blame? Good question.
?WE?RE LEAVING GROUND
(LEAVING GROUND) WILL
THINGS EVER BE THE
SAME AGAIN??
No, it?s not going to be the same again. If this
is going through, everything?s going to be
rewritten, trading deals will need to be
redone, it?s a new future.
?IT?S THE FINAL COUNTDOWN?
Just a quick run through of how I came up
with the lyric. It was a spin-of of one of the
?rst singles I bought, Space Oddity by David
Bowie. He sang about leaving Earth and
floating in a tin can. I remember being
fascinated by Bowie?s fascination with space.
But I was young, there are some tongue-incheek lines in there. But we?ll get to that?
Joey Tempest (centre) and
Scandi rock oracles Europe
pointed to a rocky Brexit back
in the Eighties; left, Tempest
now, with fewer highlights
THE BIG ISSUE / p26 / April 9-15 2018
?WE?RE HEADING FOR
VENUS (VENUS) AND STILL
WE STAND TALL?
When I was young, my dad was always
talking about Churchill, always talking
about the Second World War and how strong
the Brits were. He drummed that into me
when I was a kid. And at the same time,
I had all my music heroes coming
from the UK so for me it was a mythical
place. What I?m trying to say is the UK is
probably one of the countries that could
handle this even if it is very diicult. The
UK?s resilience, stubbornness, and the
integrity is hard to match in any
other country.
?CAUSE MAYBE
THEY?VE SEEN US
(SEEN US) AND
WELCOME US ALL?
Like someone said, perhaps this vote was
a mistake, but not a disaster. There are ways
around the EU in that sense.
?WITH SO MANY LIGHT
YEARS TO GO AND
THINGS TO BE FOUND
(TO BE FOUND)?
I think it will be quite a long time of sorting
it out. And maybe some people will bene?t
from this happening but some people
will de?nitely not. It?ll be ups and downs
for a while.
?I?M SURE THAT WE?LL
ALL MISS HER SO?
What we miss will probably emerge in the
?ve or 10 years after. What worked better
and what didn?t work better. Some things
will reveal themselves.
?THE FINAL COUNTDOWN?
The song took a life of its own. It has
been used by political parties ? both
Hillary and Trump used it. The song has
started to be played more around new year,
for new beginnings, but the ironic thing is
it?s not really that positive. It?s melancholy,
in a minor key. In the Seventies,
Eighties and Nineties a big fat chunk of the
money was record sales but that?s not
happening any more. I?ve noted that
commercials, TV and movies bring in more
these days. I suppose if it gets played more
on radio and TV that brings in more
royalties. The name Europe wasn?t
anything political, but it?s funny how
everything comes together. We?re called
Europe and we have The Final Countdown
song, it?s crazy.
Europe play venues around the UK as part of
their European tour later in the year, including
their ?rst date at the Royal Albert Hall.
europetheband.com
Joey Tempest was speaking to Steven MacKenzie
@stevenmackenzie
THE BIG ISSUE / p27 / April 9-15 2018
BOOKS
AMONG THE LIVING AND THE DEAD
Born to survive
After the death of her Latvian grandmother, Inara Verzemnieks travelled to her home village
to discover the local cemetery celebrations that connect the living with the dead
M
y great-aunt Ausma tucks a around her, she faced the decision that brother Janis, and her little sister Ausma,
trowel in her handbag and comes to haunt every refugee: should you born when my grandmother was 13. And in
announces herself ready for stay, and endure this violence, or ?ee into this way, I came to know them, the rhythms
the cemetery. Once a year, the unknown, toward the hope of safety, if of the farm, the rituals of the village, until
everyone in the Latvian village of Gulbene not for you, then for your children. My the
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